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Korean–English Dictionary Æ 5 ø  Z Œ > ‡

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c 2002¸ Copyright °  7  4 27{ Z 9  Leon Kuperman. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with the Invariant Sections being LIST THEIR TITLES, with the FrontCover Texts being LIST, and with the Back-Cover Texts being LIST. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation Licenseâ€?. Created using Ă´ Ç/  JLATEX ĂĽ


´ â    1â V

‰ 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10

GNU Free Documentation License Applicability and Definitions . . . . . Verbatim Copying . . . . . . . . . . . . Copying in Quantity . . . . . . . . . . Modifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Combining Documents . . . . . . . . . Collections of Documents . . . . . . . Aggregation With Independent Works Translation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Termination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Future Revisions of This License . . .

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GNU Free Documentation License

Version 1.1, March 2000 c 2000 Free Software Foundation, Inc. Copyright ° 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

Preamble The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other written document “free” in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially. Secondarily, this License preserves for the author and publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for modifications made by others. This License is a kind of “copyleft”, which means that derivative works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense. It complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft license designed for free software. We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free software, because free software needs free documentation: a free program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the software does. But this License is not limited to software manuals; it can be used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or whether it is published as a printed book. We recommend this License principally for works whose purpose is instruction or reference.

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ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of the License in the document and put the following copyright and license notices just after the title page: c YEAR YOUR NAME. Permission is granted to copy, distribute Copyright ° and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with the Invariant Sections being LIST THEIR TITLES, with the Front-Cover Texts being LIST, and with the Back-Cover Texts being LIST. A viii


copy of the license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License”. If you have no Invariant Sections, write “with no Invariant Sections” instead of saying which ones are invariant. If you have no Front-Cover Texts, write “no Front-Cover Texts” instead of “Front-Cover Texts being LIST”; likewise for Back-Cover Texts. If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of free software license, such as the GNU General Public License, to permit their use in free software.

ix


Korean Alphabet Consonants and their names (click and go) Â… e  ] kiyok

f Ă– R  niun

; g  Âł tigut

£ h ¡  riul

£ i ¸  mium

£ j š  piup

ÂŁ k Âş  s˘ iot

ÂŁ l  iung

m ÂŁ Âź  c˘ iut

ÂŁ n ½  ˘ ch iut

£ o ž  kh iuk

ÂŁ p Âż  th iut

£ q À  ph iup

ÂŁ r Ă  hiut



 

 

 

 



Vowels

a <  ĂŚ  ya < yĂŚ a #o U ce # byo dye Â&#x203A; U ĂŻo Ăż ?wa  @wĂŚ C gwe Âł Ă&#x20AC;yo Ă&#x2039; Ă u Awo M 3 (we Â&#x20AC; Dwi Ă&#x2039; Ă&#x201A;yu Ă&#x192; ĂŁu Â&#x2DC; +uy l i

1


G Ă&#x203A; Âą  â&#x20AC;&#x201D; (be) like; similar; be the same; (be) equal (to) Ă&#x203A;l Âą G  1. like. A Â? HBĂź  <= G°   s Ăş ĂŤ Â&#x2013;[ Ă&#x; t# Ăž Q&  Â&#x2019;  A is made exactly like B. 2. together  1 an inlet; an estuary 5 2 a dog; a hound. Ă&#x192; 5 ÂşH  a male dog. Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2122; Â&#x152;  a bitch. [ H tH Ăž  a stray dog. > h\ ÂŚl  Ă&#x2DC; Ă&#x201D;  keep a dog. > h | 9   a dog barks.  ÂŤ, Â&#x17D;, G a piece; items, units, objects 5 (counter).  Ăľ [ j> h three apples.  Â&#x2122; a lid; a cover 5 \ 5 Ăś months (time or duration) Ă&#x201D; (counter) Ă 5 Â&#x161; Â&#x203A;Q â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the beginning of school â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Ăž â&#x2C6;ź   (school) begin e   there Ă&#x2021; Ă&#x2030; ~  anxiety; concern; apprehension; a worry; trouble; care; fear. â&#x2C6;ź   feel anxiety; be worried (about) h   1. a street; a road; a town; a quarter. 2. distance

  go; proceed; travel; attend (some place) N  a shop; a store   - be close, near =  sometimes; now and then; occaÂł sionally Ă&#x; Ă&#x192;n   teach; instruct (in); educate ' Ă&#x2014; a bag; a briefcase; a suitcase; a Â&#x2018; trunk ! b â&#x20AC;&#x201D; be light Ă&#x160; Ă Â?D a singer; a vocalist. â&#x2C6;źĂ&#x201E; Âť' Â?â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Â&#x; a popular song singer ÂŁ ¡ autumn; fall  ¤ ´ o" a family; a household; mem4 bers of a family * Ă&#x2014; most; extremely Â&#x2018; m  a branch; G 9m D  a bough; a limb; Ă&#x2018;m 5 Ăł  a twig; a sprig m ´ Ă?a Ă&#x2021; c â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Ă&#x2013; (of) every kind and Ă&#x2039; description. m ´ Ă?a Ă&#x2021; cÂ&#x2DC; Ă&#x2039; + various; diverse; of all kinds (sorts). m ´ Ă?a Ă&#x2021; cÂ&#x2DC; Ă&#x2039; + ¡ Ă&#x201D;Â&#x17E; Ă&#x2021; ¡ all ĂŚ sorts and conditions of people. G Ă&#x201C; Âąj  the ribs G Ă&#x201C; Âą 

 Â&#x2122;  â&#x20AC;&#x201D; change (oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s clothes) ´ Ă&#x201D; Ă&#x2021; T Âź Ă&#x2019; f  thank you ´ Ă&#x201D; Ă&#x2021;  potato(es) ´ Ă&#x201D; Ă&#x2021; 0 Ă&#x2014; crispy fried potatoes, potato Â&#x2018; chips G Ă&#x2022; Âą pack (cigarettes) G Ă&#x2022; Âą e  suddenly G ĂŞ Âą 1. value; worth ĂŞ G Âąl Ă&#x2018;  Ă?  be worth; be valuable; be of value; be worthy 2. price; cost; charge ´ Ă&#x; Ă&#x2021; Â&#x203A; ĂŻ go (and come back) G Ă&#x2DC; Âą Ă&#x152; Ă â&#x20AC;&#x201D; bring

4 health >"

Â&#x17E; Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018; â&#x2C6;ź   (be) healthy; well; sound Â&#x17E; >

/> Ă&#x192; ÂĄ the opposite side; the other side.  | -Âź \ # Â across; opposite; on the opposite side >

Â&#x17E; ¡ involuntarily emitted semen ä >

Â&#x17E; ¡ Hr a building; a structure ä >Ă°

Â&#x17E;  yÂ&#x203A; a keyboard. â&#x2C6;źÂ&#x20AC; 5 Â&#x2022;l Â&#x152;  keyboard instruments  Ă&#x2030; ~  1. roll [turn] up (oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sleeves); tuck up; fold up. Â&#x2122; èB \ ÂŚ  # Â&#x17D; Q` ÂŚo    tuck [roll] up oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sleeves. 2. remove; take away; take down; pull down. 3. walk

h u Ă&#x161;   1. hang (from, on) 2. be against (a law); trespass (a law); be contrary to. 3. take (time)

# u Ă&#x161; a  walk, go on foot

# u Ă&#x161; aÂ&#x203A; ĂŻ  walk, come on foot 2


ÂŁ u Ă&#x161; ¸ walking; stepping; a step; pace. Ă´  Ă&#x2021;  6   §ô ÂŁ Ă&#x2021;  6  § step by step.  ÂŁ Â? r Ă&#x2030; 6  §Ă&#x153; ÂŁ ÂźÂ&#x2013; Ă? at a rapid pace; with a rapid step.  6  §` ÂŁ ÂŚ  8 F ¤ Ăş   [0 yĂ&#x2020; p Ă&#x2019; ] quicken [slacken] oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pace

ÂŁ u Ă&#x161; ¸   Letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s walk now!   ¡ winter; the winter season 

Ă&#x153; r Ă&#x161; è marriage; wedding; matrimony. W V R Âż  ÿĂ&#x201C; economy. 

] â jÂ&#x2020; Ă&#x2020; economics < Ăą N Ă&#x2018;" 5  bill, check k N   be, exist, stay (honorific) §e Â&#x201D;  meat §7 Â&#x201D;  Korea University § Â&#x201D;  â&#x20AC;&#x201D; be/feel thankful §Â&#x2DC; Â&#x201D; Âż aunt (fatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sister) §Â&#x2DC; Â&#x201D; ÂżĂ&#x2030; Ă&#x2122; uncle (fatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sisterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s husband) §) Â&#x201D; Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2019; l cat è â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź Â&#x153; ÂŤ golf è â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź Â&#x153; ÂŤ(Â&#x; ¡)n   - play golf §Â&#x; Â&#x201D; ¸ pus  -Â&#x153; Âş place â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź ÂťĂ&#x2030; â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź Â&#x153; Ă&#x2122;(Â&#x; ¡)  - study x a Ă&#x2021; S park j Âťd â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź Â&#x153; c notebook 9

Ă&#x2021; r Ă&#x161;  decision a §K Â&#x201D; Ă&#x2022;¢ Âą šf ĂŚ   tank you  ø ´ school subject â  ø

fruit Â&#x2122; Â&#x161;  Ă&#x2122; ÂŞ%  Kwanghwamun, Kwanghwa K Gate Ă´P Ă­ 9 ½- be OK, be alright  Ă´P Ă­ 9 ½  Âł Ă&#x20AC; youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re welcome! or donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t mention it!; it makes no difference, it doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t matter, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s okay. (Literally: itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s one of ten million (words)) â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  f Â&#x203A; ĂŻ, 9 Ă´P Ă­ ½  Âł Ă&#x20AC; not at all, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s all right; no, thanks. Ăş* Â&#x192; Âż Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018; - be quite something, be impressive Ăş* Â&#x192; Âż Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018; r very, very much ¨Ă&#x160; ÂŹ Ă professor ¨ ÂŹ

classroom Â&#x2122;

ÂŹg ¨ C suburb(s) ¨= ÂŹ  teaching materials; textbook ¨ ÂŹ Ă&#x2030; exchange . ¨ ÂŹ Ă&#x2030;x . j S switchboard, telephone, exchange operator ¨ ÂŹ Ă&#x2030;Â&#x161; . Ă Ăžj Â&#x201C; Âť exchange student ¨m ÂŹ ÂŹ church (Protestant) Š¿ Ă&#x201E; (ÂŁ R ¡)   - do viewing or sightsee Š¿ Ă&#x201E; (ÂŁ R ¡)  - go viewing/sightseeing  ŠĂ&#x2020; Ă&#x201E; Ă shoes  soup Âą   Âą  Â&#x2122;

national (-ly) established  Âą  Â&#x2122;

7 Â&#x161; à ޏ ¨ a national university P B ! L places, institutions (counter) ĂŞ B !  > soldier, serviceman š hoof Âą  S bound volumes (counter) N q  oyster Âą   cave Âą  Âş exorcism Âą   ear y ÂŤ that NOUN Ă&#x153; ÂŤĂ&#x2014; Ă&#x153; # Â&#x2019; just, just (as one is), without doing anything ÂŤ8 Ă&#x153; Â&#x2013; Âż even so, nevertheless ÂŤ8 Ă&#x153; "  and so; and then; therefore ÂŤ8 Ă&#x153; Âł Ă&#x20AC;(?) is that so? really? (thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s so. really) ÂŤ Ă&#x153; af   so, what I mean to say is; so, what youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re saying is ÂŤ Ă&#x153; a¢ > then, in that case, if so Â&#x2C6; ÂŤÂĄ Ă&#x153; >P U L but; and then; by the way ÂŤÂ Ă&#x153; in that case; then 7 ÂŤĂ? Ă&#x153; N   in that way, like that; so ÂŤĂ? Ă&#x153; m  ĂŻ Ă&#x2018; but 5 ÂŤh Ă&#x153; Â&#x201D; § and also; and then ÂŤĂ? Ă&#x153; picture Ă? ÂŤ$ Ă&#x153; \ Â&#x2030; day before yesterday Ă&#x2014; Âł ; * Â&#x2018; theatre; cinema 9% D F Â&#x192; the area near, the vicinity _ Âł ; Â&#x201C;Âł Ă&#x20AC; I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t really know. Let me think 3


l   age 

 ÂťU ä c in the future, some time later, later Ă&#x201C; day Âą H Ă&#x201C;v Âą H  weather Ă&#x201D;7 Ă&#x2021; Âľ %  Great South Gate K Ă&#x201D;Â&#x17E; Ă&#x2021; Âľ âj Â&#x201C; Âť younger brother Ă&#x201D;9 Ă&#x2021; Âľ  brother and sister Ă&#x201D; Ă&#x2021; Âľ  man Ă&#x201D; Ă&#x2021; Âľ ĂŹ  >Ă&#x201E; Š boyfriend Ă&#x201D;Ă&#x192; Ă&#x2021; Âľ > husband ÂĄ Ă&#x2DC; daytime; noon Âą H  6  pay Âż 6 > next year =  6 b  go down  6 bÂ&#x203A; ĂŻ  come down h 6   descend  6

tomorrow Â&#x2122; j¢ Ă&#x2020; Â&#x17D; > cold noodle dish Â&#x2C6; jĂ&#x160; Ă&#x2020; Â&#x17D; Ă ice water j& Ă&#x2020; Â&#x17D; q  ice coffee /Ă&#x2C6;  Ă too much so, too; very, to an excessive degree  - put in, insert y Ă&#x203A; 3 yes O c  Ăś l  tie, necktie -> Âż =Â&#x201C; j(l Âť U cÂł Ă&#x20AC;) is a person born in suchand-such a year Âż-- play Â&#x2022; Âż8 Â&#x2022;  song Âż8 Â&#x2022; Ă&#x2014; ' Â&#x2018; norĂŚbang; Korean karaoke box ¿ç Â&#x2022; Ă&#x192; notebook Âľ paddy field a Ă? Ă - put/place it â Â? Ă w- lie down Ă&#x2026; Ă  who? (as subject) Ă&#x2026; Ă Ă&#x201E; Ă&#x2026; Š who? (non-subject) Ă  Ă&#x2026;  (boyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s) older sister Ă Ă&#x2039; Ă&#x2026; (boyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s) older sister (honorific) Ă?  snow K "  eye K "

;Âż  Âł > this year = Âł Âł ; Ă&#x20AC;

Friday Â&#x2122; e  h  - wait e &  feelings, mood P e & (l P )  ĂŹ Ă&#x192; - be in a bad mood e & (l P ) ¤ Ă - be in a good mood 4 e  ´ ä  dormitory e   train Â&#x2122; 

road, way, street  Z c caf´e U Ă&#x17E; Âą - cut (hair), sharpen (pencil), mow (grass) C 1 sesame C 1H Âşl D  neatly, cleanly C 1H Âş D  - be clean ´ without fail; be sure to S ÂŞ ½ flower(s) S ÂŞ Âł = Ă&#x2020; - quit (smoking, drinking) Âł = Âż the end; the tip Âł = Âż  - it stops, ends, finishes Âł = Âż6  - finishes it s  - wear (gloves, ring) s  - wear (lenses) L Ă? Ă&#x160; Ă&#x2022; kimbap (rice/seaweed/vegeÂą tables) n Ă? Ă&#x160;  kimchi (pickled spicy cabbage)

  I  ( )- get/be better   - attend (church); go out    country, nation  Ă&#x2C6; Ă tree  ĂŹ Ă&#x192;  be bad  Â&#x203A; ĂŻ  come out 4


Â&#x2013; degree of temperature Âż Âż" Â&#x2013; ÂŽ Â&#x201D; library ¸ Âżk Â&#x2013;  city ¿ÿ Â&#x2013; ?Ă&#x152; Ă - help ¿½ Â&#x2013; Ă?(ÂŁ Ă&#x2021; ¡)  - arrive ´ â Â&#x17E; Â&#x2122;

independence ´# â Â&#x17E; a German language ´ â Â&#x17E; Â&#x2122;

Germany ´ â Â&#x17E; Â&#x2122;

Ă&#x201C; K Âą German language ´ â Â&#x17E; Â&#x2122;

 ¡ Ă&#x201D; a German Ă&#x2021; Âľ money a Ă&#x2018; Âľ(l a Ă&#x2018; )Ă&#x17E; ÂŤ-- costs money ¡ â Â&#x17E; - goes back, returns there  all, everything  ¡ â Â&#x17E; k - die, pass away (honorific) ¢  áe  chicken (as meat) ¡ â Â&#x17E; Âł Ă&#x20AC;- comes back, returns here f  - attend, go on a regular basis âO Â&#x17E; 3 neighborhood Ă&#x;  Ă&#x192;- be different â7 Â&#x17E; % K  Greate East Gate Ă&#x2019;   NOUN (an)other NOUN(s) R âj Â&#x17E; Â&#x201C; Âť younger brother or sister h   leg âò Â&#x17E; Ă&#x2018; for the duration of, during, for (a 5 '  Ă&#x2014; tea room, tabang Â&#x2018; week) ÂŁ  ¸ after; adjacent, next to  @Âł  Ă&#x20AC; itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s OK; itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll do; itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s acceptable; it n  - get hurt, injure oneself works Ă&#x17E;- polish; brush (teeth) Âą I C- become b Ă&#x2019;- close it ({ Ă&#x2021; Âś Â&#x2014; Â&#x152; â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź š closes it) ({ Â&#x2014;Â? Â&#x152; H   ¡ ä   both, both of them closes it (plain style)) D at the back; behind { Ă&#x201C; 1 months (counter) 2 moon Âą I ÂŤ-- costs (money) Ă&#x17E; Ă&#x201C; Âą I  dollar (counter) ÂŤ-- lift; hold Ă&#x17E; ĂŁ chicken (as a bird) Âą I ÂŤ Ă&#x17E; l ĂŚ ÂŤh Ă˝  dry cleaning b ĂŁÂ&#x201D; Âą I §e  chicken (as meat) ÂŤh Ă&#x17E; - give (honorific) Ă&#x201D;: Ă&#x2021; Âś  cigarette(s) ÂŤk Ă&#x17E; - eat, drink (honorific)  vehicles, machines (counter) 7 Âś- listen to; hear; take (courses) ĂŚ Â&#x17E;  7 ÂŽ Â&#x201D; embassy ¸ ¡# ĂŚ Â&#x17E; a- go in, enters Ă 7 Â&#x161; four-year college Ăž ¡# ĂŚ Â&#x17E; aÂ&#x203A; ĂŻ- come in, enter; return home Ă 7 Â&#x161;ÂŹ Ăž ¨ university ¡# ĂŚ Â&#x17E; aÂ&#x203A; ĂŻT zÂł Ă&#x20AC;! come in! (Literally: please c house (honorific) Ă&#x2039; ] inter) H more   back, spine Â&#x17E; & Â&#x20AC; c P U thanks to NOUN; thanks to you Ă&#x2039;  daughter (hon.) Ă? H w- be hot  Ă&#x201C; daughter Âą V L place P 1 time (when) D Ll P ç Ă&#x192; a date 1% D U K c because of, on account of Ll P ç Ă&#x192;(Â&#x; ¡)  - have a date Â&#x2039; + - leave, depart Ă&#x2026;â Ă&#x201A; ÂŤ the news Ă&#x201A;ÂŁ Ă&#x2026; ´ New York  ¡ always ĂŚ Â? Âź- be late ĂŚ Â? ÂźN ĂŚ Â?  late (adv)



5


am pleased) Ă&#x2018; 5 ĂŻ ÂŞ comics, cartoons â- be much/many Ă­ K âl Ă­ K  a lot, much, lots (adverb) Ă&#x201C; horse Âą K Ă&#x201C; language; words, speech Âą K Ă&#x201C;(ÂŁ Âą K ¡) Â&#x17E;  ¡- obey (listen to words) ĂŚ Ă&#x201C;> Âą K ¸ words, speech (humble or honĂŚ orific equivalent of ´ Â&#x2DC;) Ăş Ă&#x201C;> Âą K ¸ ĂŚ - say (huble) Ă&#x201C;> Âą K ¸ ĂŚ T zÂł Ă&#x20AC; go ahead; please say what you have to say Ă&#x201C;(ÂŁ Âą K ¡)  - speak, talk Ă&#x2013; taste Z & Ă&#x2013;ĂĄ Z & !- taste bad, no taste good  Ă&#x2013;(l Z & ) Ă&#x2018; - be tasty, delicious Ă? Ă&#x2DC;- be right, correct; hit the mark Âą K  g Â&#x203A; ĂŻ radio Ă&#x2DC;Ă&#x2013; Âą K > R Ă&#x192; ÂĄ across/opposite from  l   lighter - put on/wear (a tie) 9  ak   Russia 9 - tie  ak  Âą K Russian language Ă&#x201C; 9 w- be spicy  ak   ¡ Ă&#x201D; Russian person Ă&#x2021;  9

every day Â&#x2122; > U ÂĄ > London <  9 Ă&#x2DC;Â&#x161; ¸ Âż ticket counter Q câ ÂŤÂ&#x; Ă&#x2014;% Ă&#x2014; restaurant Â&#x2018; 9 _ cĂ&#x152; Ă beer h  Korean mile (li) = 1/3 U.S. mile A what? 0 (counter) x-- be distant, far xh  head; hair xh ()  ĂŹ Ă&#x192;- be dumb xh () ¤ Ă - be bright/intelligent 4 Â&#x201A; - eat 7 Â&#x201A; l 7 - (w/ ¡ ) starch it >$ n ¢  first (or all), before anything else

h Â&#x2026; Ă&#x17E;  far  Ă&#x2021; Ă&#x2122; the living room (in an apartment)

h Â&#x2026; Ă&#x17E; "  from a distance  h  animals, fish, birds (counter) xh  = comb  k - drink yĂ? ÂŤh  daughter-in-law  ÂŁ ¸ oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mind, spiritual center, heart   persons, people (counter) Z Ă&#x192;  n - finish it Ă Z Ă&#x192; Â? namechard, business card Ăž Ă&#x2018; 5 ĂŻ - meet  how many?; some/several Â&#x201A; Ă&#x17E; Ă&#x2018; 5 ĂŻ "  Ă° 5 G Ă&#x2022;¢ Âą šf ĂŚ   nice to meet you; Âż Â&#x201A; Ă&#x17E; >j = Â&#x201C; Âťl T zÂł Ă&#x20AC;? what year were you born nice to see you; (literally: I meet you, so I in? ÂŁ Âż moreover, whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s more; (yet) again ÂŁ ¿ý YÂł Ă&#x20AC; see you later! (polite style) (literally: see you again) ÂŁ Âż Ă&#x201E; øþ N r¢ Ă? šf ĂŚ   see you later! (formal) (Explanation: ¢ ¸ again, ~ Â&#x17D; Âł x_ Â&#x2019; vm Ăž   humbly see/meet. Literally: I will humbly see you again.) ´ @ ÂŤ ´ @ - be bright, intelligent





6


Ă Â&#x201A; Ă&#x17E; Â&#x161;Âż Ăž >l = T zĂ&#x20AC; Âł? what year are you (in ¡$ ä   of course P school)? ¡Ă&#x2019; ä  Âľl e U cÂł Ă&#x20AC;. of course. A what? 0 ÂżĂ&#x2020; Â&#x2DC; Ă all, everyone  i  America, USA Âą ÂżQ Â&#x2DC; c day after tomorrow  i  Âą ¡ Ă&#x201D; person from USA, American Ă&#x2021; ÂżĂ&#x; Â&#x2DC; Ă&#x192;- not know T i zâ ÂŤ Mrs, (before the name) ÂżĂ&#x; Â&#x2DC; Ă&#x192;Ăľ r# Ă? aÂł Ă&#x20AC; I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t understand  i â ÂŤ Miss (before the name) Âż Â&#x2DC;  hat ò i Ă&#x2018; 5 - be sorry, feel sorry ´ throat â  ò i Ă&#x2018;T 5 Ă&#x2019; Âźf   Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m sorry, excuse me (Liter´³ â   Ă&#x20AC;

Thursday Â&#x2122; ally: I feel uneasy) ¡ â  Âł Ă&#x20AC; I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know Ă&#x153; i è(l q U cÂł Ă&#x20AC;) (is) unmarried ¸ body â    at the bottom, below, under(neath) Â&#x2122;  Âş 1 pond 2 nail â   Ă -- bite Ă&#x2C6; Ă  Ă&#x2C6; w- be heavy Ă  Ă&#x2C6; : Âą ÂŞ ^& [d Ă&#x201C; Â&#x201D; t] the national flower Ăź of Korea â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the Rose of Sharon. Ă&#x2C6; Ă  : Âą ÂŞÂ&#x17E; â Ă&#x2018; the beautiful land of Korea. 5 Ăą



Every year from June to October a profusion of mugunghwa blossoms graces the entire country. Unlike most flowers, the mugunghwa is remarkably tenacious and is able to withstand both blight and insects.

Ă&#x2019;  Š- exchange, change    ocean, sea Â&#x2014;  Ă&#x2014; just (below, above); straight ĂŹ  Ă&#x192;- be busy m   trousers Ă? Ă&#x2021; š  Dr., Ph.D. Ă&#x17E; outside Âą L  half 5 Ă°  oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s class, homeroom 5 Ă° m 5 Ă°  (finger)ring Ă´ 5 Ă° 5  side dishes Ă&#x2019;- receive, get Ă&#x2021; š Ă&#x201C; foot Âą L Ă&#x201C;¡ Âą L Ă&#x2021; Ă? toe Ă&#x201D; night; evening Ă&#x2021; š Ă&#x201D; chestnut Ă&#x2021; š Ă&#x2022; cooked rice Âą L Ă&#x2014; room Â&#x2018; ' Ă&#x2014;; Â&#x2018; '  just a moment ago, just now Âł Ă&#x2014;Â&#x161; Â&#x2018; ' Ă Ăž vacation Ă&#x203A; field Âą L

Ă&#x2C6;Â&#x; Ă Ă&#x20AC; knee  Ă Ă&#x2022; Ă&#x2C6;  which?, what kind of? M Ă Ă&#x2020; Ă&#x2C6; what? Ă Â&#x2026; Ă&#x2C6;  trade ] Ă Â&#x2026; Ă&#x2C6; m ] ÂŹ  trading company  door, gate K % V K %  problem ¡ water ä  ¡- ask ä  ¡Â&#x17E; ä  > goods

7


:  stomach : () Ă&#x2122; Ă&#x2030;Ă&#x; Ă&#x192;- (stomach) be full, sated : Ă&#x2039; Ă - learn 9 ` c ÂŞÂ&#x2020; department store \ ! ah - throw it away ! aâ ÂŤ bus > times (counter) U ÂŁ >ÂĄ U ÂŁ Ăľ number

 Ă&#x; Â&#x2019; already - take off (clothes) Ă&#x201E;

Â&#x2014; ~ Ă&#x; Ă&#x2014; + negative (not) particularly  bottle (counter) Z Ă&#x201E; Â&#x2122; Ă&#x2014;- look at, see Â&#x2122; Ă&#x2014;6 - spend (time); send Â&#x2122; Ă&#x2014;§  usually, normally ´Â&#x2013;  ÂĄ Âż corridor, hallway ¡  ÂĄ d ballpoint pen ½ ¸ spring  ÂĄ m ÂĄ  paper bag (counter) Ă&#x2030; Ă&#x2122;Ă&#x; Ă&#x192;- sing (a song) Ă&#x2030; Ă&#x2122;Ă&#x; Ă&#x192;- be full (stomach) Ă&#x2030; Ă&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Âż(Â&#x17E; ¡) parents ĂŚ Ă&#x2030; Ă&#x2122;Â&#x2026;  kitchen 7 Ă&#x2030; Ă&#x2122;ĂŞ > your/his wife  Ă&#x2030; Ă&#x2122;  rich person Ă&#x2030; Ă&#x2122;ĂĽ Ă&#x192; boots Ă&#x2030; Ă&#x2122;n - post it, mail it Ă&#x2030; Ă&#x2122;Âż Ă?(ÂŁ Ă&#x2021; ¡)  - make a request, ask a favor/errand -&  esteemed people (counter) P -&  minutes (counter) P -&  person (honorific) P & ! P

chalk Â&#x2122;  ¡  1 fire; light; a light 2 U.S. dollars (counter)  ¡ Â&#x201D; §e  pulgogi  ¡ # a French language  ¡ Ă&#x192; > ÂĄ - be uncomfortable, inconvenient j  rain j Ă? L Ă&#x2022; pibimpap Âą j  - be expensive

jn   beach Â&#x161; j je Ă&#x;  airplane Â&#x2122; 

Ăž  building b - comb =  Ă&#x160; b  Ă shaved ice, ice slush Ă&#x;  Ă&#x192;- be fast Ă&#x201C;h Âą W  quickly Ă&#x2014; bread Â&#x2018; 2 Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018; 2

bakery Â&#x2122; Â?â , ÂŤ bus ¡ horn  

- buy  -- live  ø  apple ¡  Ă&#x201D; people (counter) Ă&#x2021; ¡  Ă&#x201D; person Ă&#x2021; %  Ă&#x2014;(ÂŁ Â&#x2018; ¡)  - love  

private(-ly established) Â&#x2122;  

7 Â&#x2122; Â&#x161; à ޏ ¨ a private university Â&#x2DC;  ÂżĂ&#x2039; 1 your wife; somebody elseâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Ă? wife (elegant/honorific) 2 Madam, Mrs; oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s teacherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s wife (you can use it separately when speaking to/about your teacherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s wife) Ă&#x2C6;  Ă  Â&#x2122;

office  

fact; in fact Â&#x2122;  

Ă&#x2013; Â&#x2122; R  in fact ĂĄ 

business  Â&#x20AC;  D son-in-law l   between l    a Korean soft drink like SevenupTM *  Ă&#x2014; company president Â&#x2018; 8


Ă&#x2DC;  Âľ cousin l Ă&#x2DC;  ÂľĂ&#x2026; l Ă   cousin (boyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s older female cousin) Ă&#x2DC;  ÂľÂ&#x17E; l âj Â&#x201C; Âť cousin (boy or girlâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s younger cousin ) (either gender) Ă&#x2DC;  ¾¼ l >f U  cousin (girlâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s older female cousin) Ă&#x2DC;  ÂľĂ&#x152; l C cousin (boyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s older male cousin) f Ă&#x2018; mountain 5 Ăą Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2122; 5 Ăą Ă&#x2014;(Â&#x; ¡)  - stroll, take a walk Ă&#x201C; 1 years of age (counter) 2 flesh Âą M Ă&#x201D;Ă&#x2DC; Ă&#x2021; Âş Âľ uncle (on fatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s side) l Ă&#x201D;Ă Ă&#x2021; Âş Â&#x161;Âż Ăž >(Â&#x201C; = j Âť) third-year student Ă&#x2014; table Â&#x2018; ( Ă&#x2014;Ă&#x2021; Â&#x2018; ( Ă&#x161; upper reaches of a river Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018; (  box, case, chest (counter)  new ; Â&#x192; ;  dawn ] Ă&#x2039; ; Ă shrimp Ă&#x2039; ; Ă 0 Ă&#x2014; shrimp chips Â&#x2018; dĂ&#x17E; Âľ z ÂŤÂ&#x20AC; Dn  sandwich j_ Âť Â&#x201C; cĂ&#x152; 9 Ă draft beer jĂŠ Âť Â&#x201C; > birthday (honorific)  j Âť Â&#x201C;

birthday Â&#x2122; je Âť Â&#x201C; - turn out a certain way jĂŚ Âť Â&#x201C; ÂŤĂ? fresh cream Ă? Ă­  ÂŤ shirt, dress-shirt - stand "  from (colloquial, means from the some" thing which is the place) " " Ă&#x2014;7 Â&#x2018;  Sogang University  " ¡  7 Seoul National University Â&#x2020; " bookstore \ >ÂŹ n ¤ ¨  missionary > n ¤ ¡ present, gift ä >Â&#x201C; n ¤ j teacher Âť >Â&#x201C; n ¤ jĂ&#x2039; Âť teacher (honorific); Mr, Mister Ă?

Ă&#x161; Â&#x2026; Ă l u  dirty dishes

Ă&#x161; Â&#x2026; Ă  u l(Â&#x; ¡)  - wash the dishes

 Â&#x2026; Ă  diarrhea

Â&#x2026; Ă Ă&#x2014; sugar Â&#x2018;

Ă 

Â&#x2026; ÂŞ tale, legend  surname ] Ă&#x2026; v ] Ă&#x2026;  (your or his) esteemed surname Â? ] Ă&#x2026; Ă Ăž surname (honorific) Ă&#x2014; ] Ă&#x2026; # Â&#x2019; match(es) Ă&#x2014; ] Ă&#x2026; $ Â&#x2018; church (Catholic) zÂż T Ă? laundry Ă&#x2021; zÂż T Ă?(ÂŁ Ă&#x2021; ¡)  - do laundry, launder zÂż T Ă?Â&#x161; Ă&#x2021; Âż laundromat, cleaners ÂŤM â (  sweater, jumper Âż5 Â&#x161; (Â&#x; ¡)  - introduce Âż5 Â&#x161; (Â&#x; ¡) š  Ă&#x2019;- be/get introduced Ă&#x2021; ÂżĂ&#x152; Â&#x161; Ă Korean rice vodka, soju ´ inside 4 ¢ Âľ hand i Ă&#x2022; Âľ¡ i Ă&#x2022; Ă&#x2021; Ă? finger Âľ| i Ă&#x2022; 0(V Ă&#x201C; Âą) granddaughter ÂľĂ&#x2039; i Ă&#x2022; guest; customer Ă? Âľ i Ă&#x2022;  grandson ÂľĂ&#x152; i Ă&#x2022; Ă ( l ) grandchild(ren) Ă&#x20AC; ² b  shopping Âś¡ ä  Ă&#x2021; Ă? spoon Ă Â&#x17E; Ă&#x160; > towel

Ă Â&#x201D; Ă&#x160; § hard work Ă Â&#x201D; Ă&#x160; § T zÂł Ă&#x20AC; goog-bye! (to someone working) (Explanation: Ă&#x192; ÂşÂ&#x201C; ÂŚ hard work, i.e., keep up the good work) Ă Â&#x201D; Ă&#x160; § Â&#x201E; # Â&#x201D; aÂł Ă&#x20AC; thank you for helping me; well done! (Explanation: Ă&#x192; ÂşÂ&#x201C; ÂŚ hard work, i.e., well done) Ă Â&#x201D; Ă&#x160; §  Â&#x2122;

f   hello! (to someone working) Explanation: Ă&#x192; ÂşÂ&#x201C; ÂŚ hard work, i.e., youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re doing a great job) Ă ĂĄ Ă&#x160;

class, lesson  à Ă&#x2020; Ă&#x160; (ÂŁ Z ¡)  - swim Ă Ă&#x2020; Ă&#x160; Ă&#x2014; Z * Â&#x2018; swimming pool Ă Âł Ă&#x160; Ă&#x20AC; Â&#x2122;

Wednesday Ă  Ă&#x160; Â&#x2122;

¸   imported goods Ă&#x201A;( Ă&#x160; x 3 i supermarket 1 ´V ä   homework, assignment ¡ any alcoholic drink ä  9


 ä ¡

bar, tavern, drinking establishment Â&#x2122;  D- rest  Dw- be easy Ăš ø Ă&#x2014;N  easily Ăš ø Ă&#x2014;k   letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rest â ÂŤ

è ÂŤ scarf â ÂŤX l ç Ă&#x192; skate(s) â ÂŤo  ski(s) â ÂŤo (Â&#x; ¡)  - ski â ÂŤÂ ĂŻĂĽ Ă&#x192; sports k  1 oâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;clock (counter) 2 poem k ĂŤ Ă&#x2018; hours (counter); time â&#x20AC;&#x201D; k 5 ĂŤ Ă&#x2018;l 5   ¢ Ă&#x201A;  šf ĂŚ   itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s time (to begin or stop) (Explanation: r ç Â&#x2013; time; r Ă&#x; ç Â&#x2013;s Ă&#x;  time (as subject);   all, completely; Âż Â&#x2013;_ Â&#x192; vm Ăž   it has become . . . ) k N  watch k Â&#x153;  countryside, the country â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź  ĂŠ >  Silla (ancient Korean state) k 6  downtown, city center h Ă? Ă?  psychology k ] c esteemed house/home of the Ă&#x2039; parents-in-law (for females) k Ă&#x2030; Ă&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Âż parents-in-law (for females) k  ! aĂ&#x2039; father-in-law (womanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s) (honĂ? orific) k  ! am  father-in-law (womanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s) k # axf  mother-in-law (womanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s) k # axĂ&#x2039; mother-in-law (womanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s) Ă? (honorific) k Âź Ă?(ÂŁ Ă&#x2021; ¡)  - begin k * Ă&#x2014; market Â&#x2018; k Ă&#x2C6; C city hall e k o - order k Â&#x2039; @ examination Â&#x201C; Ă&#x201E; Ă? Ă? Š family members $ Ă? Ă? Ă&#x2014; dining room, restaurant, cafeteria, Â&#x2018; refectory Âż Ă? Ă? Ă? dining table, kitchen table Ă&#x2021;  ĂŠ >- wear (footwear)

ĂŠ% >   newspaper K >ÂŁ  ĂŠ 

Ă&#x17E; ÂŤ credit card >L  ĂŠ Ă&#x201C; shoes, footwear in general Âą

Q Â&#x2122;  c discourtesy

Q Â&#x2122;  d discourtesy

Q Â&#x2122;  d Ăľ r¢ Ă? šf ĂŚ   excuse me (for what Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m about to do). (Literally: I am about to commit a discourtesy)

Q Â&#x2122;  dT Âźf Ă&#x2019;   excuse me (for what I am doing). (Literally: I am commiting a discourtesy) Â&#x2122; 

Q dh 9 r¢ šf Ì   excuse me (for what I did). (literally: I have committed a discourtesy)

& Â&#x2122;  Ă&#x2014; disappointment Â&#x2018;

Ă&#x2013; Â&#x2122;   in fact R š- be disliked, distasteful  š#  a - dislike it Ă? Ă? Ă? Ă? - be bored - want to Â&#x2122;   - cheap, inexpensive Ă&#x201C; hulled rice Âą X Âś X ­ m - pours (rain) ÂŤ- wear (glasses) Ă­ Ă­ ÂŤ- wear (a hat) ÂŤ- use it Ă­ Ă­ ÂŤ- write -v  1 polite title for name 2 seed

-- know it  v   young lady; form of address for unmarried women e   baby    a short while ago, just a moment ago

10


6   my wife f  ¢ > or (sentence-initial), or (between Â&#x2C6; nouns) f  c UÂł Ă&#x20AC; no; it is not f  Â&#x203A; ĂŻ no Ă&#x17E;  ÂŤĂ&#x2039; son (honorific) Ă? Â&#x17E;  ¡ son ĂŚ 8   below, lower, down, downstairs 8  ÂĽ  downstairs; the floor below Ă&#x;  Ă&#x192; l ç Ă&#x192; part-time work for students Ă&#x;  Ă&#x192; l ç Ă&#x192;(Â&#x; ¡)  - do part-time work for students    maybe, probably, perhaps   Âż Â&#x2013; maybe, probably (more tentative) Ă&#x2C6;  Ă    anything, anything at all !  aĂ&#x2039; father (honorific) Ă? !  a m father l   child l  â ÂŤĂŚ ÂŤĂ? ice cream Ă? $  v  mister (any man old enough to be married); form of address Ă&#x152;  Ă very Ă&#x152;  Ă xf  maâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;am (any woman old enough to be married) 

 ¸ ä  maâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;am (casual for  Ă&#x2026; Ă&#x2019;Qm ) Ă&#x2019;   (not) yet, still Ă? Ă&#x201C;  morning; breakfast Ă? è  ÂŤ- hurt, be painful Ă&#x2018; inside 5 ò Ă&#x2018;Âż 5 ò  glasses R Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x20AC; 5 ò  V T zÂł Ă&#x20AC;? how are you?; hello! (literally: are you peaceful (well)?) Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x20AC; 5 ò r V  in good health Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x20AC; 5 ò r V  T zÂł Ă&#x20AC; good-bye! (To one who is leaving. Literally: go in peace (i.e., health)) Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x20AC; 5 ò r V N T zÂł Ă&#x20AC; good-bye! (To one who is staying. Literally: stay in peace (i.e., health)) Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x20AC; 5 ò r V Ă&#x152; Ă Ă&#x2C6; Ă T zÂł Ă&#x20AC; good night (honorific) Ă&#x2018; 5 ò @Âł Ă&#x20AC; itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s no good; it wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t do; itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not acceptable; it doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t work

Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x152; 5 ò Ă snacks to go with alcohol, food to go with alcoholic drinks ĂĄ- sits Âą N ĂĄĂŁ Âą N Ă&#x192;T zÂł Ă&#x20AC; please take a seat, sit down Ă&#x201C;Ăľ Âą N r# Ă? aÂł Ă&#x20AC; I understand Ă&#x201C; Âą N Â&#x17E; ¡- understand, catch (something ĂŚ said) Ă&#x153; in front Âą N  child < e <  baby Ă&#x201E;  Š baseball Ă&#x201E;  Š (Â&#x; ¡)  - play baseball Ă? medicine Ă&#x2C6; Âť Ă?(ÂŁ Ă&#x2C6; Âť ¡) Â&#x201A;  - take (eat) medicine 7 Ă?Ă&#x2014; Ă&#x2C6; Âť ' Â&#x2018; drugstore Ă?Ă&#x153; Ă&#x2C6; Âť è(ÂŁ q ¡)  - get engaged Ă?Ă&#x153; Ă&#x2C6; Âť è q  fianc´e(e) Ă&#x2014;Âś Â&#x2019; ) Ă&#x201D;: Ă&#x2021;  foreign cigarettes Ă&#x2014;Ă&#x201C; Â&#x2019; ) K Âą socks Ă&#x2014;ÂĄ Â&#x2019; ) ´ a suit  Ă&#x2014;Ă&#x152; Â&#x2019; ) Ă whiskey; western spirits e <  talk, chat, story aĂ? # ÂŤ which? what kind of? ag #  where? aD # 1Âł Ă&#x20AC;? how is it? how about it? aĂŠ # N Â&#x201C; ? how? in what way? a # bw- be difficult ah # - be young (a child) axf #  mother axĂ&#x2039; # mother (honorific) Ă? a" # Â&#x203A; ĂŻT zÂł Ă&#x20AC;! welcome! (Literally: come (in) right away!) aV #  yesterday >f U ÂĽ  older sister (girlâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s) >V U ÂĽ  when? >V U ÂĽ    always >d U ÂĽ  ½ sometime or other, at one time; some time ago

 Â ĂĄ  how many? how much?

 Â ĂĄ   about how much? approximately how much?

11


ĂĄÂŁ

 ¸ ice  " ÂŁ  T zÂł Ă&#x20AC; please forgive me !- be nonexistent, not exist, not have  å # Z Ă&#x2020; a English language !#  å aÂł Ă&#x20AC; does not exist, here is not, arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  Z Ă&#x2020; ÂŞ movie, film ' Y Ă&#x2020; ah  rubbish, junk; something or  Z Ă&#x2020; ÂŞĂ&#x201E; Š¿ (ÂŁ R ¡)  - see a film someone cheap and shabby  Z Ă&#x2020; ÂŞ: Ă&#x2039; Ă movie actor U c to (to the place e.g., to go to the place)  next to, beside ~ ĂĄ U cN  to (to the living thing e.g., to give d yes U something to the living thing) dĂŹ U Ă&#x192;- pretty, cute U cN "  from (from the living thing) dÂť U Ă? reservation Ă&#x2C6; U c"  from (place) dÂť U Ă?(ÂŁ Ă&#x2C6; ¡)  - make a reservation fh Â? I S cl ' a elevator, lift ĂŻ- come Â&#x203A; # b-- open it Â&#x203A; ĂŻÂ? ¡ today ĂŚ # bÂŽ Â&#x201D; small hotel, inn ¸ ĂŻ Â&#x203A; dm Â&#x2039; Ă&#x152; Ă&#x201A;â ÂŤ orange juice # be  here ĂŻĂ&#x; Â&#x203A; Ă&#x192;- ascend, rise # be ¤ ¸ý 4 YÂł Ă&#x20AC; say there! excuse me! ĂŻĂ&#x2019; Â&#x203A; ÂŽ R ´ on the right X # bÂ&#x17E; âÂ&#x201C; j younger sister Âť ĂŻĂ&#x2019; Â&#x203A; > R Ă&#x192; ÂĄ on the right # b a â&#x20AC;&#x201D; several, various ĂŻ Â&#x203A;  older brother (girlâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s) # bÂ&#x; ¸ summer  ĂŻÂŚ Â&#x203A; > morning, A.M. Â&#x2021; # bÂ&#x2122; Ă&#x2014;T zÂł Ă&#x20AC;! hello! hey there! excuse me! ĂŻ Â&#x203A; # b a squid (hello on the telephone, or when peering ĂŻ Â&#x203A; # b aĂ&#x2014; 0 Â&#x2018; squid chips into a dark house. Also means look here! ĂŻĂ&#x2018; Â&#x203A; Ăą afternoon, P.M. # b  woman ´ jade  ÂŁ # b ĂŹ >Ă&#x201E;  Š girlfriend ¡  ÂŁ - go up Â&#x2026;  train station ] ¡  ÂŁ Â&#x203A; ĂŻ- come up -ÂĽ >/-Âż o > = years (counter) Âş clothes; garment  ÂŁ >Ă&#x201E; o ÂĽ Š research ?Âł Ăż Ă&#x20AC; get, receive;  Â? HÂź  t #  # QQm Ă´ Ă&#x2021;  >Ă&#x201E; o ÂĽ Š(Â&#x; ¡)  - do research _" Â&#x2026; fĂź <â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź š I get letter(s) from my mother >Ă&#x201E; o ÂĽ Š

(professorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s) office Â&#x2122; ? Ăż l Ă­ ÂŤ shirt, dress shirt >; o ÂĽ  play, drama Âł ?ĂŞ Ăż > wine  >e o ÂĽ  postponement @(Âł  Ă&#x20AC;?) why? >e o ÂĽ  performance  @  ¢ > the reason is; because Â&#x2C6; >7 o ÂĽ  Yonsei University CÂŹ g ¨Ž Â&#x201D; diplomat ¸ >¡ o ÂĽ Ă?(ÂŁ Ă&#x2021; ¡)  - â&#x20AC;&#x201D; get in touch, make conC g  foreign country Âą tact C g  Âą ¡ Ă&#x201D; a foreigner Ă&#x2021; >T o ÂĽ z age (honorific) C g # Âą a foreign language >! o ÂĽ

pencil Â&#x2122; g CÂş Ă&#x201D;Ă&#x2DC; Ă&#x2021; Âľ uncle (on motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s side) l

f ~ ĂĄ w key g CT Âťxf Ă&#x2019;  grandmother (on motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

Ă? ~ ĂĄ r Ă?  diligently side)  Z Ă&#x2020;  England Âą CT g Âť Ă&#x2019; ! am  grandfather (on motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  Z Ă&#x2020;  Âą ¡ Ă&#x201D; English person Ă&#x2021; side)  Z Ă&#x2020; ÂŽ Â&#x201D; consulate ¸ Ă SÂŽ Ă&#x2013; ´ on the left X 12


Ă Ă&#x192; S Ă&#x2013; > on the left ÂĄ Ă&#x20AC;h Âł  cooking, cuisine Ă&#x20AC;h Âł (Â&#x; ¡)  - cook Ă&#x20AC;¤ Âł ¸ nowadays, these days ĂŚ Ă&#x2C6; ÂŁ Ă business, matter to take care of " ÂŁ (Â&#x; ¡)  - forgive Ă h Ă&#x2039;  we, our Ă Ăą Ă&#x2039; Ă&#x2018; umbrella 5 à ¤ Ă&#x2039; > first of all, before anything else n Ă Ă&#x2039; Ă&#x2039; Ă&#x201A; milk Ă W Ă&#x2039; Â&#x2026;  post office Âą Â&#x17E; P ( â sports Â&#x17E; P ( â(ÂŁ ¡)  - do sports; exercise Â&#x17E; P ( â* Ă&#x2014; sports stadium Â&#x2018; Â&#x17E; P ( ⪠ sneakers, tennis shoes -x S Korean monetary unit, won j Ăś(I Ă&#x201D; \ Ă&#x201C;) month names (counter) Âą ܳ Ă&#x201D; \ Ă&#x20AC;

Monday Â&#x2122; D above, over, on (top); upstairs Â&#x20AC; Dâ Â&#x20AC; ÂŤo  whisky DÂĽ Â&#x20AC;  upstairs, the floor above k R Ă&#x2013; ](Â&#x; ¡)  - retire Â&#x161; R Ă&#x2013; j bank Ă&#x; Â&#x161; R Ă&#x2013; jx Ă&#x; S banker j ¸â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź  ÂŁ Ă&#x2DC;Ă&#x160; Ă beverage, something to drink ¸Ă?  ÂŁ  food Ă? ¸Ă?  ÂŁ Â&#x2020; Ă? restaurant \ ¸  ÂŁ Ă? music Ă&#x2021; ¸  ÂŁ Ă?ÂŹ Ă&#x2021; m concert + Â&#x2DC;  doctor, physician + Â&#x2DC;  chair  tooth, teeth l  this l -l - be (the same as, equal to) (copula) 7 l  Ewha Womenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s University  l  in a while, a while later Ă? l N   in this way, like this Â&#x; l ¸ (given) name  Â&#x2DC; l Âż aunt (motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sister) Â&#x2DC; l ÂżĂ&#x2030; Ă&#x2122; uncle (motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sisterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s husband)

13

lÂŁ  > NOUN this NOUN (week, month) U ( Â&#x2018; - be stange, odd Ă&#x2014; l  l e  talk, chat, story  l e (Â&#x; ¡)  - talk, chat V l  now (finally) Â&#x161; l Ă Ăž> Âż =(Â&#x201C; j Âť) second-year student Ă&#x153; l è(ÂŁ q ¡)  - get divorced -ĂŞ >&   portion (of food) P >Âş  ĂŞ Ă&#x201D; ginseng Ă&#x2021; >Âş  ĂŞ Ă&#x201D;Ă&#x152; Ă&#x2021; Ă ginseng wine >V  ĂŞ  now (finally)

matter, business Â&#x2122; 

days (counter) Â&#x2122; 

(ÂŁ Â&#x2122;  ¡)  - work, do work

Ă&#x201D; Â&#x2122;  Âľ Japan e

Ă&#x201D; Â&#x2122;  ÂľĂ&#x201C; e K Âą Japanese language

Ă&#x201D; Â&#x2122;  Âľ e ¡ Ă&#x201D; person from Japan Ă&#x2021;

# Â&#x2122;  a Japanese language

# Â&#x2122;  a - get up; stand up

Âł Â&#x2122;  Ă&#x20AC; Â&#x2122;

Sunday

Ă&#x153; Â&#x2122;   early (adv) Ă?

Â&#x161; Â&#x2122;  Ă Ăž> Âż =(Â&#x201C; j Âť) first-year student - read Â&#x2122; 

- wear; put on Â&#x2122; 

mouth Â&#x2122;  - be, exist; stay; have Ă? Ă&#x2018; # Ă? Ă&#x2018; aÂł Ă&#x20AC; it exists, there is/are # Â&#x2122;  a! ah - forget

- sleep (  â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź š sleeps) |  0& P  children (honorific) Â&#x17E;  â  car, automobile â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź  Ă&#x2DC; materials (written) Ă&#x;  Ă&#x192;- cut


 9  sisters e $ Âł Ă&#x20AC;! hey there! (a bit brusque or even  ÂŚ > Â&#x2021;  bicycle rude)  V  &  children (honirific) P $   evening; supper   Ă&#x152; Ă often Ă? $ N   in that way Âź Ă?- â&#x20AC;&#x201D; be little Ă&#x2021; Â&#x2020; - are few \ Âź Ă?Âż Ă&#x2021; > last year = >Â&#x153; Â&#x2021; ÂŚ Âť oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s major, specialization â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź Âź Ă? Ă&#x2021;Ă&#x2013;  R ! am  uncle (faterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s younger >Â&#x153; Â&#x2021; ÂŚ Âť(ÂŁ â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź ¡)  - major in something brother) >Ă&#x2030; Â&#x2021; ÂŚ Ă&#x2122; the whole thing, total Ă&#x2018; glass (to drink); cupfuls (counter) 5 Ăł >Ă&#x2030; Â&#x2021; ÂŚ Ă&#x2122;  everyting, all of it O Ă&#x201C; Âą well; often >U Â&#x2021; ÂŚ c earlier, before O Ă&#x201C; Âą @Âł Ă&#x20AC; Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s going well. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s turning out > Â&#x2021; ÂŚ ÂŞ telephone well. > Â&#x2021; ÂŚ ÂŞ(Â&#x; ¡)  - make a phone call O Ă&#x201C; Âą j Â&#x201C; Âť~ - be handsome/good-looking Ă&#x160; > Â&#x2021; ÂŚ ÂŞ(Â&#x; ¡)   -- make a phone call (usually said of males) > Â&#x2021; ÂŚ ÂŞ(Â&#x; ¡) š  Ă&#x2019;- answer the phone Ă&#x2021; O Ă&#x201C; Âą Â&#x201C; j~ Âť # Ă&#x160; aÂł Ă&#x20AC; be handsome/good-look> Â&#x2021; ÂŚ ÂŞÂŁ >ÂĄ U Ăľ telephone number ing (usually said of males) >) Â&#x2021; ÂŚ Â&#x201E; [not] at all O Ă&#x201C; ¹ò Ă&#x2018; 5 @Âł Ă&#x20AC; itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not going well - be young (but past puberty) Â&#x2030; â O Ă&#x201C; Âą Âł Ă&#x20AC;! good night (polite, but not hon Ă? \ Â&#x2020; lunch Ă? orific)

k Â&#x2030; â  plate O Ă&#x201C; Âą - do well, do (it) well ¡ 9 Ă&#x2021; Ă? chopsticks Ă&#x2021; Âź Ă&#x201D; Ă&#x2021;Ăš Ă&#x2018; a short while, a moment 5 ´ a Ă&#x2021; Ă?(U Ă&#x2021; c) exactly at (a time) Âź Ă&#x201D; Ă&#x2021;k  a short while  a Ă&#x2021; Ă&#x2014; * Â&#x2018; station/stop (train) O Ă&#x2022; ÂąĂ&#x160; Ă k - eat (honorific) Ă&#x2021; a Ă&#x2021; Ă&#x161;Ă&#x2014; * Â&#x2018; bus stop O Ă&#x2022; Âąm  magazine K a Ă&#x2021; Ă&#x201C;(Â&#x2014; Âą Ă&#x2014;) truly, really -* Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018; flat objects (counter) K a Ă&#x2021; Ă&#x201C;l Âą U cÂł Ă&#x20AC;? really? is it true? * Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018;(ÂŁ ¡) Ă&#x2014;  Â&#x2122;- do grocery shopping % a Ă&#x2021;  main gate (of a university) K * Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018;G Ă&#x2022; gloves Âą ĂĄ a Ă&#x2021;

Â&#x2020; ~ (ĂŁ \ Ă&#x192;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2014;) passionate(ly) * Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018;  rainy season, seasonal rains x a Ă&#x2021; S garden j * Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018; () m - rainy season sets in n a Ă&#x2021;  politics * Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018;Â&#x2DC; Âż mother-in-law (manâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s) n a Ă&#x2021; Â&#x161; Ă Ăž political science * Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018;ĂŞ > father-in-law (manâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s)  V Â 

the most; number one Â&#x2122; * Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018;ĂŞ >#  aĂ&#x2019;  father-in-law (manâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s) (elegant) R   V ¸ manufactured good(s)  * Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018;ĂŞ >*  Ă&#x2014;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2018; Âż parents-in-law (manâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s) Âż; Â&#x153;  a little Âł  3 i jacket 1 ÂżĂ&#x2030; Â&#x153; Ă&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Âż grandparents = i ĂĄ !- be not interesting, boring  Â&#x153; Âż

 nephew = i Ă&#x2018; - be interesting Ă? Âż

Â&#x153; Ă&#x201C; V Âą niece = i Ă&#x2018; N Ă?  interestingly, in such a way ¡å 4 ¤

(ÂŁ  ¡)  - graduate that it is interesting ¸ a little; please 4 ¤ Â&#x2022; j Ă&#x;Ă°  tray (flat thing to carry dishes) 5 4l ¤  paper $  yon, that (over there) Ă - be good; be liked 4 ¤ $ e  over there Ă - be good 4 ¤ 14


Ă  4 ¤  -, ¤ Ă  4   Âł Ă&#x20AC;, ¤ Ă  4 T Âźf Ă&#x2019;   to like it (in the sense â&#x20AC;&#x153;loveâ&#x20AC;?) Examples: Â?  Hs   s â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź a ~ % â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź š I like this; G Â&#x2122; è\ ÂŚa  ~ %   â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź š? Do you like vegetables?  Â? H& 

Ăą ¨u ½ Â? H  ` â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź ÂŚa  ~ % Ă´ Ă&#x2021;   I like playing tennis Â?¢ h 4T Âźf Ă&#x2019;   Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m sorry, excuse me (literally: I feel uneasy) Ă a state, a province Ă&#x152; Ă - give Ă&#x152; Ă ĂŤ Ă&#x152; Ă&#x2018; week (counter) 5 Ă Â&#x2014; Ă&#x152; Ă&#x2014; mainly, mostly, for the most part Ă  Ă&#x152;

state (-established), provincial(-ly Â&#x2122; established) Ă  Ă&#x152;

 Â&#x2122; 7Â&#x161; à ޏ ¨ a state university Ă K Ă&#x152; Ă&#x201C; weekend Âą Ă Ă&#x2C6; Ă&#x152; Ă  k- sleep (honorific) Ă % Ă&#x152; (ÂŁ K ¡)  - order (at restaurant) Ă T Ă&#x152; zÂł Ă&#x20AC; please give Ă  Ă&#x152;

week (counter) Â&#x2122; Ă

Ă&#x152; ÂťU ä c during the week, on week days ´- die ä

Í ä

Ă&#x2018; middle, midway 5 Í ä

Ă&#x2018;U 5 c midway, in the middle Âť ä

 China ± » ä

Âą Âą K Cinese language Ă&#x201C; Âť ä

 Âą ¡ Ă&#x201D; person from China Ă&#x2021; Ă&#x201A;â Ă&#x152; ÂŤ juice ¡ ĂŚ ¤ w- be enjoyable, pleasant, fun ¡Ă&#x161; ä

 u N enjoyably ; m  now Âł ĂŹ m Ă&#x2018; past, last 5 6 m - get along  m ĂŁ

subway, underground, metro Â? >m  ĂŤ  rice, meal (honorific)

% Â&#x2122;   question K

house, home Â&#x2122; 

 Â&#x2122;  ¡ Ă&#x201D; my wife Ă&#x2021; - salt (  â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź š is salty) 1ä G ÂŤ jazz ´ side, direction X ÂŽ

 car, vehicle   tea - wear (a watch) - cold ( â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x203A;â&#x20AC;Ź š is cold) ¸ Ă&#x2DC; ticket (train, bus) Ă? Ă&#x2021; ½ - be good by nature; be a good boy (girl, dog) Ă&#x201D; truly, really (exclamation) Ă&#x2021; ½ Â&#x161; > Âż vegetable(s) Ă&#x201C; b  M  window Ă&#x2DC;- look for; find Âą P Ă&#x2DC;- withdraw (money) from; fetch Âą P (money)  buildings (counter) > c book 9 d cĂ&#x2014; 9 d ( Â&#x2018; desk Â&#x192;ÂŁ % ¸ the beginning; first time  Â&#x192;ÂŁ % ¸Ă&#x201E;  øþ N r¢ Ă? šf ĂŚ   pleased to make your acquaintance (formal style) (Explanation: Â&#x192;` % v beginning, first time, ~  Â&#x17D; Âł x_ Â&#x2019; vm Ăž   will humbly see/meet. (literally: I see you for the first time i.e., how do you do?) > thousand  § >ĂŻ   § Ă&#x2018;U 5 cÂł Ă&#x20AC; youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re welcome! or donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t mention it! (Literally: itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s one of ten million (words)) >§   § >r    slowly

Â&#x2013; Â? ĂŁ Âż railway B first ? Ă&#x2C6; C e Ă&#x2C6; m  jeans CÂ&#x161; e Ă&#x2C6; Âż(Â&#x; ¡)  - clean up ĂŻ7 Â? (Â&#x; ¡)  - invite someone ĂŻ7 Â? (Â&#x; ¡) š  Ă&#x2019;- be/get invited Ă&#x2021; -Â? ĂŻ (a) second (counter)

15


Ă? Ă&#x2122;w- be cold ¸ ( ¡) Ă&#x2122; ĂŚ Ă?- dances (a dance) Â&#x201A; x - get tipsy/drunk -ÂĽ  floors (of a building) (counter) n - strike, hit n - play (tennis, golf) n   skirt  ĂŹ >Ă&#x201E; Š friend  ĂŹ >Â&#x2021;  relative Â&#x201C; Â&#x2122; 

á  blackboard 5



- ride in, ride on  Â&#x201D; §- go (riding) Â&#x201D; §Â&#x203A; ĂŻ- come (riding) ÂŁ ¡ towel  Ă&#x201C; mask Âą R # @ a - be born cf Y â ÂŤ tennis cf Y â ÂŤ(Â&#x; ¡) n  - play tennis cl Y ÂĄ ¡ table  cQ Y cj ÂŚ > television Â&#x2021; Ă&#x2014; Â&#x; Â&#x; Ă&#x2014;Ă&#x152; Ă&#x201A;â ÂŤ tomato juice Ă&#x2014;Âł Â&#x; Ă&#x20AC; Â&#x2122;

Saturday  § - get through to, make contact with  § ÂŞ(Â&#x; ¡)  - get through to, make contact with on phone



?  digs out ?    Canada ?    ¡ Ă&#x201D; a Canadian Ă&#x2021; 9 e g( xâ ÂŤ campus & q  coffee

Q r ä c pair (of shois, etc.) Â&#x17E; Ăł nose Â&#x17E; ĂłR cg  comedy Â&#x17E; óç Ă&#x192; coat Âľf o Ă&#x2122; cç 9 Ă&#x192; dä Â&#x2039; ÂŤ contact lenses ¡ I ÂŚ  cola ĂŚ ÂŤ- be large ĂŚ ÂŤĂ? cream Ă? G 9 D ! am  uncle (fatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s elder brother)

-- sell it 

( Ă&#x17E; P ÂŤ pounds (sterling) (counter)

p  party Ă&#x201C; arm Âą S d ballpoint pen ½  > side, direction ÂĄ Ă&#x192; >m ÂĄ Ă&#x192;  letter > ÂĄ Ă&#x192; - be comfortable; convenient >r ÂĄ Ă&#x192;  comfortably; conveniently Ă&#x2DC; ticket ¸ Ă&#x2122;-- solve it; undo it Ă?  ¡  1 starch, glue 2 grass  ¡ (ÂŁ ¡) Â&#x201A;  l 7 - starch it è ÂŤ% Ă&#x2014;â Â&#x2018; ÂŤ France è ÂŤ% Ă&#x2014;â Â&#x2018; ÂŤĂ&#x201C; K Âą French language ÂŤ% è Ă&#x2014;â Â&#x2018; ÂŤ ¡ Ă&#x201D; person from France Ă&#x2021; ÂŤÂ&#x2014; è Ă&#x2014; program (TV); pro (sports) ÂŤh è   nondairy creamer

 - add/put (sugar)

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/Ă&#x2014; Ă&#x2014; Â&#x2018; ( Â&#x2018; always  years (counter) B g! 9 h a  hamburger -Â&#x161; j bound for (a place). e.g.: @ Ă&#x; /Â&#x201E; Â?  ' Â&#x;l   a TĂŚjon train, train bound for TĂŚjon Â&#x2021;h )  waist, lower back Â&#x201E; tongue ) C older brother f Ă&#x152; CV f Ă&#x152;  brothers (for males); brothers and sisters ĂľĂ&#x152; ÂĄ Ă Australia ĂľĂ&#x152; ÂĄ Ă  ¡ Ă&#x201D; an Australian Ă&#x2021; ĂľM ÂĄ f hotel Â? è q Ă&#x153; (" ) alone, on oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s own, by oneself ĂŽ N Š  black tea, English tea ĂŽÂŚ N Š Âť Hong Kong I - do (½ Ă&#x2039;m +   does it (formal style)) ĂŽÂŚ N Š Âť I ¡ Ă&#x201D; person from Hong Kong Ă&#x2021; Â&#x201D; § and ÂŞÂł  Ă&#x20AC; Â&#x2122;

Tuesday Â&#x161;ÂŹ Ăž à ¨ school ÂŞĂ&#x2014;  * Â&#x2018; Â&#x2122;

toilet, restroom, bathroom, Â&#x161;e Ăž Ă  term, semester washroom -Ă Â&#x161;Âż Ăž >(l = U cÂł Ă&#x20AC;) is a student in such-andÂŹ m  company such a year or grade (at school) ÂŹ m x S company employee j Â&#x161;Â&#x201C; Ăž Ă j student Âť ÂŹ m ÂŞ conversation Â&#x161;Â&#x201C; Ăž Ă jm Âť ÂŹÂŽ Â&#x201D; student union (building) ¸ ĂąU Ă&#x2018; c after, later  about, approximately 5 ø òm Ă&#x2018;  tissue paper; toilet tissue,  5 ø  Korea Âą TM Kleenex  5 ø K Âą Ă&#x201C; Korean language Âą Ă&#x203A;h ĂŠ - be cloudy, overcast  5 ø  Âą ¡ Ă&#x201D; Ă&#x2021; a Korean Ă&#x203A;h ĂŠ - become/get cloudy  5 ø # Âą a Korean language strength, energy Ă? Ă&#x2014;  5 Âą Ăž ø Ă Â&#x161; Korean Studies (l Ă? Ă&#x2014; ) Ă&#x17E; ÂŤ-- be difficult, taxing Y 5 ø c 1 to (to the living thing e.g., to (strength enters) give something to the living thing) 2 from (from the place) (colloquial) Y 5 ø c " from (from the living thing) Âťxf Ă&#x2019; T  grandmother ÂťxĂ&#x2039; Ă&#x2019; T grandmother (honorific) Ă? Âť Ă&#x2019; T ! aĂ&#x2039; grandfather (honorific) Ă? Âť Ă&#x2019; T ! am  grandfather Â?\ Ăž Ă Â&#x2030; together Âźh Ă&#x2019; T  rationality, reason Ă&#x2013;Â&#x2013; Z / ÂżĂ&#x153; ÂŤ hot dog ¨8 ¡  ¨ ¸ platform  - bloom, blossom q Ă? q Âľ ] - be tired  q Â&#x2022; Âż piano  q Â&#x2022; Âż(Â&#x; ¡) n  - play piano Ă&#x2039; q Ă - smoke  q  pizza



17

Korean to English Dictionary  

Korean to English Dictionary

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