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Education... from page 1

of government employees, which include teachers, have been frozen. The last salary increases were given in 2000, a 10 percent increase (P440) and five percent in 2001 (P242). AC T e s t i m ate s t hat a Teacher I receives only P9,939 gross monthly salary. Compare this to what the Department of Labor and Employment (DoLE) says: A family of six needs P17,820 a month in order to survive. This means that there is living salary gap of P7,881.00. A study released by the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) also show that teachers in the Philippines work an average of 1,176 hours per year and teach classes of over 50 students. Definitely, whatever salary they receive does not correspond to their load of work. Likewise in a congressional report in 2000, Rep. Jesli A. Lapus pictured the dismal state of public school teachers. Among the congressman’s findings were that teachers are paying from 36 percent to 108 percent effective interest plus fees to private lenders accredited by the Department of Education (DepEd). Loans The perennial delay in salary, especially for newlyhired teachers, are forcing teachers to borrow from lending institutions. This was facilitated by a payroll system that institutionalized the automatic deduction of loan payments computed by some 187 lending institutions - data which the DepEd had no control over. Furthermore, the system allowed the deduction from the teacher’s loan payments of a service fee paid to DepEd personnel. In a DepEd study conducted during the term of Secretary Roco, a teacher on the average has about 16 non-statutory deductions, including payments for insurance premiums and loans. “So numerous are the teachers’ non-statutory deductions that whereas in most public and private entities a pay slip is usually about one-third the size of an 8 1/2” x 11” sheet of paper, the DepEd pay slips run across two

sheets of computer forms, with as many as 50 lines of non-statutory deductions,” it stated. Palatino, who is also a young Education graduate from the University of the Philippines, said nobody but the government should be blamed for this problem. “We can’t blame our teachers for leaving the country or for working as housemaids,” he told Bulatlat. “They have all the reason to do that since the government is not giving them the right compensation and the respect they deserve as educators. It is the government’s inaction to teachers’ legitimate demand for salary increase and other benefits that drives more teachers and fresh Education graduates out of schools where they really belong.” Poor performance Lack of teaching items and low salary are not the only reasons, however, for the shortage of teachers. Apparently, many Education graduates don’t pass the LET and end up being idle or underemployed The only national assessment which can be used to gauge the quality of outputs of Teacher Education is the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET). Republic Act 3687 known as the Professionalization Act for Teachers transferred the responsibility of Teacher Certification from the Civil Service Commission (CSC) to the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) and replaced the Professional Board Examination for Teachers (PBET) in 1996. The results of national licensure examinations paint a disturbing picture. The passing rate in the 1992, 1993 and 1994 national passing percentages was only 10.60, 13.78, and 26.73, respectively. In each of these three years, the numbers taking the test ranged from 130,000 to 140,000. In each of these three years, the examination repeaters constituted close to 50 percent. Every year thereafter, due to the low passing rates, the number of examinees increased significantly. The mean performance scores in the LET have always been below 50 percent. For example, the mean scores of applicants for mathematics and science licenses in 1996 were only 39.19 and 39.60, respectively. The national mean score in Filipino (46.76) was

the highest of the academic subjects in 1997. The findings from the licensure examinations given in the last years confirm many of the findings of Dr. Lily Ann Pedro and Ma. Fe L. Augusto of the University of the Philippines, particularly for Mathematics majors. Both studies found that, despite the Teacher Education program’s provision of courses to satisfy units for a major or specialization, the graduates of many institutions do not show adequate knowledge in mathematics. Tests administered to them show very low performance scores even in basic content skills in Mathematics. The same could be said of majors in Science and other fields. Abilities The performance scores in the General Education component of the LET reflect the abilities of the teacher examinees. In the 1996 LET, the highest score was 72 percent. However, scores as low as 4, 1 and zero percents were registered by some examinees. Similar observations were made in studies of the PBET tests where examinees scored zero, indicating that they did not answer any item correctly. Many Education graduates in the provinces are also not passing the LET. Compared to the national passing average, 2001 and 2002 results of the (LET) show that Mindanao’s average passing for both years were at least 8 percentage points lower than the national passing average. Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao’s (ARMM) passing percentage stood at only 6.97 percent in 2002 and it consistently had the lowest passing percentage in the previous years. Palatino opined that the LET examinees’ performance shows the low quality of preservice Teacher Education in the country. “Many Teacher Education Institutions are producing half-baked graduates who add up to the bulk of LET non-passers and unemployed or underemployed teachers,” he said. “Even these schools are now being turned into mere for-profit diploma mills rather than as training ground for future mentors.” Declining quality Palatino fears that the problem in the shortage of teachers and poor performance in LET may lead to a further slide in educational

standards. If the government and the Education department will not do anything to arrest this alarming trend, he says, the country will be seeing more classrooms with no teachers in our schools despite an oversupply of Teacher Education graduates who end up being housemaids here or abroad. “How can we uplift the quality of basic and secondary education in the country if more than 60 students are cramped up in a small classroom due to lack of teachers?,” he said. All these, Palatino said, send a distressing signal to the education sector. “We could only imagine what kind of students we are producing if their teachers are not adequately equipped with the skills,” he said.

Fiesta... from page 1

numbers will also be held to be performed by various school contingents to be capped by a Battle of the Bands concert at the municipal gym. The search for the Ms. Opol 2012 will culminate in the coronation night on August 31, and another live band concert with a star from Manila will provide entertainment on the eve of the town’s fiesta day on September 2. Yasay said the municipal government will give recognition to the indigenous people as well as to the best performing barangays in peace and order based on the barangay good governance index it launched recently. Vice Maor Chizarina Ortigoza and municipal councilors Elvin Edrozo, Mulo Ebonia, Edgar Cortez, Oscar Romero, Cecilio Abuhan, Carlitos Baculio, Lovelove Otacan, Lovejoy Triambulo and Rolly Balangot are now finalizing the preparations for a memorable fiesta celebration. “We will also invite Congressmen Bambi Emano, Peter Unabia, Benjo Benaldo and the leadership of the Padayon Pilipino,” Yasay said, “so that they can give inspiration to the people.” He said the mere presence of these officials would show that they are there to serve the people.


T O D AY ’ S P A I R I N G


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Daily Horoscope ARIES: You can start implementing new plans for asserting yourself in society. Business relationships and partnerships are favoured today. Try to take full advantage of all the opportunities, but avoid pushing your luck! Today you can rely on your intuition. Business partnerships are going smoothly, but you should remain patient and wait for the results of your work to start showing. TAURUS: You are in a good intellectual shape and will have good chances to succeed in the social and sentimental departments. This is a favourable day for communication and for contacts with important people. You will be making sound decisions regarding partnerships, which will bring you satisfactions. A relative will pay you a visit in the evening. Don’t stay up too late! You need to rest. GEMINI: You will be in a very good mood and will have the opportunity to make a major decision with regards to the family budget. You can successfully tackle important business issues and will be able to complete activities initiated a long time ago. This is a good day for communicating with elder people. CANCER: You have excellent ideas and are determined to put them into practice. The opportunity to start a business might arise. Your communication skills will help you establish new reationships with important persons. You can successfully deal with home and domestic issues. Don’t make important decisions by yourself alone! LEO: You will be making sound decisions which will bring you success in society and in your love life. Today is a favourable time for communication and business trips. You have original ideas, worth implementing. In the evening you will pay a visit to friends. You are advised not to neglect your need for rest. VIRGO: Before noon you might decide to leave on a trip in order to solve a problem for your loved one. You can deal with financial issues, but you are advised to avoid speculations. You can rely on intuition in making major decisions. LIBRA: You will have the opportunity to solve a financial issue. This is a good day for business, and you will be determined to complete older tasks. Communication with younger people in your family will be favoured as well. You are advised to avoid making promises that you are not sure you can keep. SCORPIO: You have been planning to leave on a short trip, but you are advised not to ignore domestic duties. Inspiration will help you solve difficult issues. However, you may want to consider your loved one’s advice as well. In the afternoon, an older relative will ask for your help in a health matter. SAGITTARIUS: Your original ideas will be well received by your loved one. You are advised to make the best out of this favourable moment. You will be very effective at work and determined to accomplish all tasks. However, you are advised to avoid overtime. Tomorrow is another day. You may encounter minor financial difficulties, but an elder relative will help you. CAPRICORN: This morning you might meet an experienced business person willing to share some secrets with you. This meeting will encourage you to start a business. Your chances are very good. Don’t rush! AQUARIUS: You will have original ideas, worth implementing. If you need more money, don’t hesitate to borrow from an elder relative! Seek for your loved one’s opinion on the subject! You may want to slow down a little. Tomorrow is another day. PISCES: Chances are you won’t be able to keep your schedule, therefore you are advised not to make a tight plan for today. In the morning you will be making a short trip and will meet an older person who will give you sound business advice. Don’t rush! You are advised to remain patient and wait for the results of your work to start showing.

PCSO DRAW RESULTS - AUG 30, 2012 11a.m. - 08-20 4p.m. - 18 23 9p.m. - 01-29 49-08-01-02-28-35 Jackpot Prize: Php 167,793,847.20 21-25-46-43-02-27

11 a.m. 6-8-8 4 p.m. 2-3-0 9 p.m. 5-0-8 SUERTRES RESULTS

DATE 11 am 4 pm 9 pm Jackpot Prize: AUG 23 590 262 539 Php 30,532,060.80


Jackpot Prize:

Php 4.500,000,.00 19-12-32-27-07-35

Jackpot Prize: Php3,026,993.40


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AUG 24 AUG 25 AUG 26 AUG 27 AUG 28 AUG 29

047 322 643 309 179 449

143 146 384 533 472 171

069 450 967 703 239 628

4-D : 6-9-8-6





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