October 2011 This issueâ€™s focus: ISelect species of the southeast Stagmomantis carolina (Carolina Mantis) Mantis Stagmomantis floridensis (Larger Florida Mantid) Tenodera sinensis (Chinese Mantid) IIOotheca report and observations IIIMantid enclosures
Select Species of the Southeast Stagmomantis carolina The Stagmomantis carolina, carolina or the carolina mantis, is known for its many color forms. Some of the forms I've seen over the years are green, black, silver, grey, blue-green, green, brown, tan, and even multi-colored. multi
The Stagmomantis carolina is the state insect of South Carolina, which is where I live. Though it is not very big, it is quite colorful. They make good pets and are easy to take care of. I keep them in large numbers and in separate cages. I suggest this species for any mantid breeder. Color-
Stagmomantis carolina is a very colorful species as can be seen when many specimens are compared to each other.
SizeMales: 42-55mm 55mm (With one freak specimen almost 61mm). 48mm is about average. Females: 42-62mm 62mm (Usually well over 50mm). 54mm is about average.
BehaviorMales: They are great fliers and are known to come c to lights at night in numbers. They are very fast runners also, quite hard to catch after spotting in a bush. You should feed them moths, small grasshopper nymphs, lacewings, flies, or smallmedium crickets. Females: They are flightless, as their wings only cover over 3/4 of their abdomen. They can ca run very fast. They will occasionally show their wings for threat display but I rarely see such behavior. The females of this species tend to not
be aggressive with each-other. other. You should feed them small to medium sized grasshopper nymphs/adults, softsoft winged inged beetles, moths, lacewings, or flies. Found inGardens, street sides, fields, high gh grass, scrub, and shrubbery. All over the east and even in parts of the west. Stagmomantis floridensis
The Stagmomantis floridensis (or Larger Florida Mantid) is a lot like Stagmomantis carolina, carolina just larger and a little less colorful. It is a very interesting species. Not much is known about them. Their thoraxes are a little different than that of Stagmomantis carolina,, being proportionately longer and thinner.
Color- Not as colorful as the Stagmomantis carolina but still VERY colorful. Often grey, rey, brown, or green. SizeMales: 62-74mm. 65mm is about average. Females: 70-90. 74mm is about average.
BehaviorMales: Same as Stagmomantis carolina, carolina except probably a bigger appetite. Females: Same as Stagmomantis carolina, carolina except probably a bigger appetite.
Found inGardens, street sides, fields, high grass, scrub, and shrubbery. Restricted to Florida.
WHATâ€™S THE DIFFERENCE? Stagmomantis floridensis is on the left of all three photos. Stagmomantis carolina is on the right. Notice the difference in size and shape as well as color.
The Tenodera sinensis is an imported species from Asia. It is known to be the largest species in the US. It is popular among breeders but is also hard to raise from nymph to adult. If caught as an adult though, ough, they are simple to keep. They are a pretty common mantid in many parts of the US.
ColorGreen or brown usually. Sometimes a sort of tan color. Their forewing's front margin is usually a strong green color, which is a very noticeable feature in this species. SizeMales: 85-95mm. 95mm. 89mm is about average. Females: 90-110mm. 110mm. 94mm is about average.
BehaviorMales: They can fly but they are quite clumsy, sometimes crashing into things then falling to the ground. They eat a pretty good amount of food. Grasshoppers seem to be the best thing for them though most other insects will do. Females: Some of the lighter-bodied lighter ones can fly a little. Not great though. Their flight is mostly used as a sort of landing gear for jumping from high places. They eat a LOT of food. Feed them lots of large grasshoppers and other large insects. Cicadas are known to work as feeders but grasshoppers g are easier to catch, naturally.
Found inGardens, street sides, fields, high grass, scrub, and shrubbery. Found all over the east and in some parts of the west. Originally from Asia, where there are many other Tenodera spp (the only other Tenodera in the US is Tenodera angustipennis).
Ootheca report and observations 1.
Tenodera a angustipennis
Stagmomantis carolina The Stagmomantis carolina ootheca is usually narrow and about 15-25mm in length. Sometimes a smaller ootheca is deposited though. Those smaller, rounder oothecas often hold less nymphs and take a shorter time to hatch. An average ootheca of the Stagmomantis carolina holds about 30-50 nymphs. 2. Tenodera sinensis The Tenodera sinensis ootheca is usually large (between 25-45mm) and roughly round in shape. In late summer and early fall, the Tenodera sinensis lays her ootheca, containing around 200 nymphs. 3. Tenodera angustipennis The Tenodera angustipennis ootheca looks a lot different than that of its congener, the Tenodera sinensis. The size is a little smaller (20-40mm) and it is lighter in color. 4. Mantis religiosa The ootheca of Mantis religiosa is quite large. Almost as large as that of the Tenodera sinensis. This species of mantid does better with a diapause in its incubation process. This means that it is best to refrigerate it for a few weeks while it is incubating.
Stagmomantis carolina Found in SC1: the wild: 9/12/11 9/13/11
10/18/11 Tenodera sinensis Found in TS1: the wild: 9/14/11
9/13/11 (mating not confirmed ) MANTID GIVEN AWAY! DEAD
9/15/11 (mating not confirmed) DEAD
9/29/11 (mating not confirmed) DEAD
Tenodera angustipennis From Tunkhannock, PA: Late September/Early October, 2011 Mantis religiosa From Tunkhannock, PA: September, 2011 September, 2011
Here is how one can make a simple cage for their mantids… It is cheap and easy. I call this one “The Bottle Cage”. It is a medium sized cage and can house many different types of mantids from nymph to adult (except for the larger species). You can add an optional feeding hole to these cages. One way is by cutting a hole and using a piece of foam as a plug. Another is by placing the lid of a soda bottle or pill container over a hole which can be cut into the side of the cage. Make sure to glue the neck of the lid in place so that it doesn’t fall off, making it easy for the mantid to escape. If your mantid doesn’t have good grip I suggest you line the inside with more screen material so that the mantid can climb easily. What you’ll need:
This is what you get in the end: So that is how you make a simple bottle cage. It is quick, easy, and cheap. It is also a smart way to recycle your bottles (You could probably do a smaller version with smaller bottles than the 2-liter). So before you throw away your 2-liter 2 bottle just think about how much money you are saving on mantid enclosures. Give it a try!
Written by: Ryan Minard Edited by: Ryan Minard Photos taken by: Ryan Minard Illustrations by: Ryan Minard
Mantid Research Report
9/21/11-10/20/11 Duncan, SC Mantid Research Report Issue 1: October 2011 Information gathered from personal observations and from otherâ€™s observations. All specimens featured in this issue were taken in to be studied and photographed. Specimens collected in: Duncan, SC Greer, SC Winterhaven, FL
Thank you for reading!