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Knowledge Is Beautiful sampler

David McCandless


hello Welcome to this sampler of my latest infographic book. I love ideas, truth & beauty. I love to understand the world. So both tomes are full to the brim with data-visualizations & information designs driven by my own questions and ignorance. They free-range across science, nature, thought, food, pop - anything strange and interesting. I was out to sate my thirst for knowledge with this book. I hope you find some of these graphics rich and complex enough to sate yours. David McCandless Sep 2016


TYPE

data

ART

VISUALISATION

PROCESS

mine gather measure

METAPHOR atoms

structured

data

information

linked

inter-connected

information knowledge knowledge MAPPING

DESIGN

examine recognise classify

filter interpret arrange

connect sequence condense

evaluate understand explain

integrate extrapolate generate

molecules

DNA

chromosomes

cells

organisms


Simple Birth-defect chances

Child Killers

Risky business

Child Murderers

Main causes of death

Times Tables Times

Who does it?

Error rate

10%

Disease PARENTS

82

ODDS 1 IN XX

RISK

Homicide

3

Parent / step-parent

Stranger

60

15

Friend / other relative

12

2

11

Unrelated

2.4%

41

Father over 40

2.6%

36

9

Father over 50

2.8%

38

8

Mother over 34

3.7%

27

7

Distant blood relatives

5.3%

19

First cousins

6.1%

16

11.4%

9

60%

10

6 5 4

CUMULATIVE RISK

Older first cousins (he 51, she 38)

12

1

Accidents

23

Suicide

Unknown

3 2 1

sources: The Lancet, Sheridan et al (2013), Yang et al (2007)

Salt

Sodium

body needs

Avg bag of crisps

2

source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Data (2010)

5

grams per day

0.8 grams

World Health Organisation intake target for 2025

2

6

1 teaspoon

governments’ 2.4 Most current daily guideline

source: UK Office of National Statistics, 2011–12. Warning: small sample size

worldwide average intake

10

4

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

source: private study by Caddington School of 232 children, 5-8 years old

Pass the Salt

Unprocessed food

Processed food

10%

Tap water

75%

1%

Added at the table

10–20%

sources: World Health Organisation, Institute of Food Research, Campbell et al (2012)

Big Country

Death Rows Total cost of death penalty for California 1978–2010 $1,940m

Death-penalty trials

Antarctica

source: NASA, Google Maps

the Moon

$1,020m

Incarceration costs

Executions

Cost per execution

13

$310m

$925m

State appeals

$156m Federal appeals source: ‘Executing the Will of the Voters’, Alarcón & Mitchell (2010)

data: bit.ly/KIB_Simple1


The Stellar Nursery Star

Exploding object (nova)

‘Exotic’ Star

Black Hole-type object

Galaxy object

Cloud

SMALL

Young Stellar Object

Main Sequence Star

Brown Dwarf

Planetary Nebula

Protoplanetary Nebula

Protostar

Herbig Ae/Be Star

Magnetar

Pulsar

Supernova Imposter

Soft Gamma Repeater

Extreme Helium Star

Gravastar

Dark Energy Star

Dark Star (Dark Matter)

A star in an early stage of evolution.

Stars in the hydrogen-burning main phase of their life. Often called dwarves.

Lacks the bulk to trigger reactions necessary to shine. Often a companion to a larger star.

A glowing shell of electrified gas expanding from a dying star.

A glowing shell of electrified gas generated as a star runs out of nuclear fuel.

A contraction in a molecular cloud that precedes the birth of a star.

Young star inside a gasdust envelope.

Small, ultra-dense star with gigantic magnetic field spinning 100’s of times per second.

Highly magnetic neutron star emitting pulsed beams of light like a lighthouse.

A massive stellar explosion that has not destroyed its parent sun.

Unknown object emitting large, irregular bursts of gamma radiation & X-rays.

Very rare stellar entity, with almost no hydrogen, the most common element.

A gravitational vacuum star – a theoretical alternative to black holes.

Black-hole replacement made from vacuum or maybe dark energy.

Theoretical object that may have existed in the early universe before normal stars formed.

Giant

Sub Giant

T. Tauri

Bright Giants

Blue Straggler

Neutron Star

Dwarf Nova

Luminous Red/Blue Nova

Stellar Black Hole

Bok Globule

Supernova Remnant

Cataclysmic Variable Star

Dark Star (Newtonian)

Preon Star

Electroweak star

Large hydrogenfusing star a few hundred times the radius of the Sun.

Bright & on its way to becoming a supergiant. Rich in metals & often with planets.

A proto-star about 100 million years into its growth, before it becomes a full star.

Somewhere in between giants & supergiants, very bright but not overly massive.

Slightly mysterious stars that don’t follow the usual curve of star evolution.

Rapidly spinning collapsed core of a massive star, dense & made mostly of neutrons.

A small dwarf star sucking material from a giant star, causing flares & belches.

Explosion caused by the collossal merging of two stars.

Ultra-dense object formed when a massive star gravitationally collapses on itself.

Dense dark cloud of cosmic dust & gas-like cocoons where stars can be born.

A star in mid-explosion, forming a bubble-like shockwave.

Two stars, a white dwarf & a very close ‘donor’ star that feeds the host dwarf star.

An alternative & more stable object than a traditional black hole.

Small, compact star made of theoretical particles.

I can’t explain this one. It’s far too complicated for this little box.

Supergiant

Hyper Giant

Flare Star

Peculiar Star

Supernova

Hypernova

Pulsating / Variable Star

Wolf–Rayet Star

Molecular Cloud Compact Star or H2 Region

Micro Quasar

Luminous Blue Variable

Iron Star

Quark Star

Thorne–Żytkow Object

Biggest & brightest of stars. Massive, hot & destined to explode into supernovae.

Short-lived but incredibly bright & massive stars, shedding huge amounts of mass.

Type of flickering star with very unpredictable & dramatic increases in brightness.

Stars unusually high in metals such as mercury & manganese.

Exploding star, often briefly outshining the brightness of a entire galaxy.

Massively high-energy stellar explosion. May create deadly gamma-ray bursts.

Brightness appears to flicker & fluctuate as seen from Earth.

Massive, very bright old stars shedding massive layers of their mass.

Large interstellar cloud & often stellar nurseries where stars are birthed.

Very massive unknown type of star at the end of its life.

A very small quasar only a few times bigger than the Sun.

Very large & unstable star prone to dramatic energetic outbursts.

Complex quantum effects turn light into iron inside this object, creating a metal star.

Massive neutron star so dense that the neutrons break down into ‘strange matter’.

Giant star with a second object, a neutron star, at its core.

Galactic Cluster

Open Star Cluster

Spiral Galaxy

Barred Spiral Galaxy

Globular Cluster

Elliptical Galaxy

Quasar

Blazar

Lenticular Galaxy

White Dwarf

Supermassive Black Hole

Ultramassive Black Hole

Black Dwarf

Planck Star

Unimaginably huge collections of thousands of galaxies bound together.

Group of a few thousand stars of the same age, formed from the same cloud.

Billions of stars collected in a flat, rotating disc with a distinctive central ‘bulge’.

Common version, featuring a central bar-shaped structure made of stars.

Spherical group of stars orbiting in the outer halo of a galaxy.

Oval masses of old stars without discs & with little new star formation.

Very energetic & active nucleus of a galaxy – the brightest objects in the universe.

Very compact quasar shooting two massive jets of energy from its poles.

Old, thin galaxies with both a bulge & a disk, but only very vague spiral arms.

The burnt-out remains of a star once it’s used up all its hydrogen.

Over 1–10,000 million times bigger than a normal black hole.

Even bigger – a mere 10–40,000 million times bigger than your average black hole.

When a white dwarf sufficiently cools & no longer emits heat or light.

Microscopic star residing at the centre of a black hole.

COMMON

RARE

MASSIVE

THEORETICAL sources: NASA, Space.com, Wikipedia data: bit.ly/KIB_Stellar


Best in Show

INTELLIGENCE

public popularity

The ultimate data-dog

dumb

SIZE

clever

Inexplicably overrated

Great Dane

German Shepherd

Poodle

Shih Tzu

Golden Retriever

Yorkshire Terrier

Boxer

Bulldog

Hot dog!

Labrador Retriever

Beagle

Doberman Pinscher

Herding Hound Non-sporting Sporting Terrier Toy Working

small medium large

Dachshund Miniature Schnauzer

Chihuahua

Pomeranian French Bulldog Rottweiler

Pug Maltese

Bernese Mountain Dog

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Bullmastiff Rhodesian Ridgeback

Mastiff

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

German Shorthaired Pointer

Australian Shepherd Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Brittany

West Highland White Terrier

Basset Hound

Cocker Spaniel

English Springer Spaniel

Boston Terrier

Newfoundland

Shetland Sheepdog

Siberian Husky

Papillon

Bichon Frise

Bull Terrier

Saint Bernard

Australian Cattle Dog

Scottish Terrier

Akita Bloodhound

Italian Greyhound

Samoyed

Irish Setter Cairn Terrier

Whippet

Alaskan Malamute

Border Collie

Lhasa Apso

Pekingese Staffordshire Bull Terrier

English Cocker Spaniel

Chow Chow Brussels Griffon

Dalmatian Old English Sheepdog

English Setter

Bouvier des Flandres

Irish Wolfhound

Tibetan Terrier

Border Terrier

Flat-Coated Retriever

Afghan Hound Basenji Giant Schnauzer

Gordon Setter Tibetan Spaniel

Borzoi Norfolk Terrier Saluki

Belgian Tervuren

Pointer Australian Terrier

Kerry Blue Terrier

English Toy Spaniel Clumber Spaniel

OUR DATA SCORE

Briard Bedlington Terrier

Welsh Springer Spaniel

Affenpinscher intelligence

longevity

Rightly ignored

ailments

costs

grooming

appetite

data score

Greyhound Dandie Dinmont Terrier Pharaoh Hound

Overlooked treasures our data score sources: American Kennel Club, Cassidy (2007), Canine Inherited Disorders Database, ‘The Intelligence of Dogs’, Stanley Coren data: bit.ly/KIB_BestDogs


Meditation The Gist

imagine a string lightly pulling up your head

Good Posture

chill man meditating is acknowledging and observing whatever happens – pleasant or unpleasant – in a relaxed way.

Also Good mentally alert, still

eyes closed / 10% open

straight spine

no ‘no thoughts’ the goal of meditation is not to empty the mind, but to observe the present moment non-judgementally.

breathe naturally through the nose

tongue on roof of mouth tuck chin

shoulders relaxed, dropped and back chest up and out

open this gives insight into how the mind really works, reducing attachment, letting us relax more deeply… microscope …transforming the mind and using it as a device to explore itself and the nature of reality.

knees lower than hips

SIT

belly out, pelvis forward

hands resting on knees

relaxed but erect

comfortable

Common Hindrances

Qualities of Mind Developed in elemental Eastern terms open

laziness

sinking

drifting

stray thoughts

trying too hard

putting meditation off until later

fading of concentration, dullness, sleepiness

restless flightiness of mind, creating excitement or anxiety

random mental phenomena like radio interference

over-focussing or trying to control restricts & tightens the mind

clear

warm

pliant

steady

spacious, empty

sharp, perceptive

tolerant, positive

receptive, flexible

concentrated, centred

space

air

fire

water

earth

tranquil calm, still

agile

light, quick-witted

confident

self-assured, proficient

malleable

strong, workable

upright

straightforward, direct

sources: Buddhist eLibrary, ‘Meditation’ (Wind Horse, 1999)


Types of Meditation

object of concentration

BODY

BREATH

HEART

MANTRA

MIND

60 45

15

30 recommended practice time

mindfulness

attending

loving kindness for self

focussed attention

walking

metta bhavana, cultivation of love

visualisation

loving kindness for others

open monitoring

open monitoring

silent gratitude

alternative name

Simple, condensed instructions on how to practise the technique

Hold attention on a primary object, usually your breath. Mentally note the upward movement of your abdomen as ‘rising’, downward as ‘falling’. That’s it!

Watch your thoughts, let them come and go, without reacting, judging or holding on.

Concentrate while carefully naming thoughts, sensations and other mental processes and distractions.

Acknowledge whatever you're feeling. Playfully extend loving kindness to yourself by silently expressing feelings like: ‘May I be happy / healthy / loved’ etc. Maintain this flow of intention.

Imagine the face of someone you feel grateful to in great detail and silently thank them. Repeat for 4–5 people.

Picture someone you respect and love. Send a stream of metta (loving kindness) towards them using silent, suitable words. If a feeling of happiness arises, absorb yourself into it.

Feel every sensation in your feet while slow walking – contact, rolling, lifting etc. Add attending and name every distraction. Add ‘loving kindness’ and extend metta to everyone who appears in your view.

tradition of origin

Many

Buddhism

Buddhism

Buddhism

Buddhism

Buddhism

Buddhism

meditation name

concentration

metta bhavana

---

sensing loop

belly

three-part breath

breath of fire

circular breathing

segmented breathing 1

segmented breathing 2

balancing

kath, hara, tan t'ien

long deep

agni pran

------

---

---

---

body scan , body contemplation

Just focus on the sensation of the breath in the belly as it rises and falls.

First fill the abdomen with air, then expand the chest, then lift ribs and collar bone. Exhale in reverse.

Rapid rhythmic breaths through the nose. Exhale explosively by contracting anus, inhale by relaxing abdominal muscles.

Inhale from the base of your spine up to the base of your neck. Exhale down the back of your spine.

Mouth in an ‘o’ shape. Make 8 small inhalations (sniffs) through the nose to form one breath. Exhale powerfully and deeply in one go. Repeat.

Focus on your brow point. Make 4 inhale sniffs, hold for a few seconds, exhale in 4 sniffs. Repeat.

Inhale deeply through the nose. Hold breath for 15 seconds. Exhale completely through the nose. Hold breath for 15 seconds. Repeat.

Feel into the sensations in your right foot and then work up around each segment of your body – lower leg, knee, thigh, hip, hand, arm, shoulder – in a loop.

Many

Yoga

Kundalini Yoga

Yoga

Kundalini Yoga

Kundalini Yoga

Kundalini Yoga

Sufism

eating

1 2

zen

microcosmic orbit

transcendental

mantra

---

zazen, ‘just sitting’

---

TM

---

Block right nostril with knuckle. Take 4 slow, even breaths through left nostril. Repeat on other side.

Counting your breaths (1 for inhalation, 2 for exhalation) up to 10. If your mind wanders, gently go back to 1. Just sit like this.

Use the breath to circulate energy through an oval ‘microcosmic’ orbit. Start at the throat, end at the forehead.

Silently, repeat a given, single, rhythmical sound-phrase (mantra) over and over again.

Kundalini Yoga

Zen Buddhism

Taoism

Many

alternate breath

analytical

---

rushen, self-inquiry

Chant a single, rhythmical sound-phrase (mantra) over and over again. Examples: ‘Haum Mani-Padme-Om’, ‘Sa-Ta-Na-Ma’, ‘Sabbe Satta Sukhi Hontu’, ‘So Hum’ (I am), ‘Sat Chit Ananda’.

Take twenty minutes to eat 3 raisins. Savour every detail: the look, the anticipation, the chew, the taste, the swallow.

Sit with a deep question in your mind. ‘Who am I?’ is a good one. Explore who is thinking, hearing, seeing, wondering. What happens in the immediate moment as you ask this question?

Many

---

Dzogchen (Tibtean Buddhism) sources: BuddhisteLibrary.org, BerzinArchives.com


Top 500 Passwords Is yours here?

size = password strength

text

password

baseball

dragon

abc123

letmein

football

harley hunter hockey george

jennifer

buster jordan master batman charlie killer love jessica access daniel andrew hello maggie joshua ashley corvettedallas hammer freedom amanda matrix ginger heather computer anthony bitemecamaro martin cowboy iloveyou golfer falcon asdfgh bailey matthew aaaaaa chelsea diamond jackson austin bigdog cheese guitar maverick boomer cookie iceman joseph coffee andrea booboocompaq ferrari dakota hardcore james justin black knight melissa eagles gateway bulldog chickencowboys johnny brandy chris diablo enter fender internet junior banana brandon marine john boston blue charles lakers barney edward gandalf hannah johnson london asdf badboybigdaddy marlboro chester fishing chicago angels jack cameron girls madison arsenal buttheadcrystal david iwantu jasper golden flower angel booger carlos jasmine liverpoo golf danielle forever angela butter captain dennis jackie lauren maddog green bear lucky jason debbie casper giants helpme bubba jeremy lovers driver happy canadacooper doctor maxwell fred gemini hotdog jaguar lover florida gators dolphins fish alexis braves buddy calvin dolphin gunner freddy apples beaver cocacola apple jonathan magic fire gordon alex beavis apollo beer bonnie jackass heaven doggie flyers arthur blazer legend asdfasdf bill birdie bigboy cool animal baby frank donald lifehack godzilla august billybrian jake copper little dave albert bronco marvin broncos chevy elephant garfield free horny america carter cricket mark house jessie kitten airborne brooklyn christindexterexplorer kevin gregory action king december adidas benjamin dreams buffalo louise kelly cartman donkey einstein guinness kitty magnum eagle digital beatles ford girl marcus jester cherry genesis hotrod alexande cassiechance celtic college fantasy gibson

bond007

eagle1

heka6w2 jordan23

monkey

mustang michael

123456

shadow

superman

sunshine

pass

696969 111111 2000

trustno1

10

1234567 123456789 654321

soccer thomas test tigger ranger

michelle pepper 6969 50 orange starwars 123123 robert princess 666666 silver taylor william yankees 1111 sexy summer nicole patrick yellow 121212 richard panties merlin sparky thunder purple secret samantha 100 nascar phoenix whatever 131313 tigers scooter mickeymoneypeanut snoopy morganplayer porsche zxcvbn steelers wizardxxxxxx mercedes smokey welcome tennis mike rabbit scooby yamaha spider tiger monster please rachel steven 11111111 miller redsox winter rangers midnight sexsex 7777777 oliver panther raiders slayer zxcvbnm viking qazwsx murphy wilson shannon winner prince redskins theman victoria mother willie tiffany muffin startrek rocket 112233 250 turtle sophie toyota united sandra mountain pookie winston 8675309 tucker sierra packers success newyork trouble 5150 xxxxxxxx 222222 victor monica nicholas rosebudstupid tomcat 777777 88888888 testing qwertyui metallicnathan samson 987654 voodoo 2112 xavier 1212 peaches rainbow member warrior 7777 peter walter scott scorpio sydney voyager power 232323 555555 skippy travis zzzzzz 2222 parker 4444 steve star tester viper yankee rebecca scorpion topgun williams paul private runner sammy 69696969 willow phantom rock saturn 123321 surfer 11111 white shelby super nissan platinum wolf 999999 sharon therock michigan online qwert walker 1313 sweet teresa racing police nelson teens redwings speedy nirvana trinity vampire xxxx 87654321 nothing playboy reddog sucker stella 333333 sniper 888888 natasha pumpkin mexico snowball

ncc1701

ou812

thx1138

rush2112

red123

123abc

passw0rd

test123

500 Z 0

A THEMES

1ST

12345678 1234 12345

qwerty

FREQUENCY

RANK

9

6%

ANIMAL COOL/MACHO

FLUFFY

FOOD NAME

NERDY/POP

PASSWORD/ACCESS

REBELLIOUS/RUDE

SIMPLE ALPHANUMERIC

SPORT

TRULY RANDOM

sources: various data breaches, Xato.net, TroyHunt.com data: bit.ly/KIB_Passwords


Political Power Sources

DEMOCRACY

DIRECT

REPRESENTATIVE

EMERGENT

PARTICIPATORY

MONARCHY

EMIRATE

SULTANATE

CALIPHATE

CONSTITUTIONAL

rule by the people

people vote & decide on everything

people elect representatives who vote & decide on everything

no central planning, usually via technology

broader participation, such as consensus decision-making

unquestioned rule by unelected, power, unbound by constitution

rule by Emir (a dynastic Muslim leader)

rule by Sultan (an Arabian king)

rule by Caliph (supreme Islamic political & spiritual leader)

ruler bound by constitution, often just a figurehead

SWITZERLAND

MOST DEMOCRACIES

THE INTERNET

OCCUPY MOVEMENT

SAUDI ARABIA

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

BRUNEI

OTTOMAN EMPIRE

UNITED KINGDOM

REPUBLIC

PARLIAMENTARY

TECHNOCRACY

BUREAUCRACY

WIKICRACY

ANARCHY

MATRIARCHY

SOCIOCRACY

ADHOCRACY

MERITOCRACY

rule by elected president via an elected executive

ruler bound by constitution, often just a figurehead

de-facto rule by technical experts (usually scientists)

important decisions made by (non-elected) technical officials

high-level bureaucracy mediated by software

no publicly enforced power

rule by women

rule by group reasoning

rule by disorganised individuals

power held according to merit or ability

USA (arguably)

UNITED KINGDOM

THE EU, GOOGLE

most technical government institutions

WIKIPEDIA

TWITTER, FRENCH REVOLUTION

ELEPHANTS, BEES, ALIENS

QUAKERS

THE INTERNET

CONFUCIANISM

AUTOCRACY

ARISTOCRACY

ANOCRACY

STRATOCRACY

THEOCRACY

OLIGARCHY

PLUTOCRACY

KLEPTOCRACY

NARCOCRACY

CORPORATOCRACY

$

absolute (usually abusive) rule by a single person or party

rule by a small, unelected, privileged ruling class

power between warring elites (halfway autocracy & democracy)

constitutional rule by military power

rule by spiritual leader or God-given spiritual system

rule by a small group of elites

rule by a small minority of rich citizens

corrupt rule by ‘thieves’ for personal power & wealth

rule by powerful drug lords

rule by corporations or corporate interests

LATIN AMERICAN DICATORSHIPS

PRE-REVOLUTION FRANCE

ZIMBABWE, KENYA

MYANMAR

VATICAN CITY, IRAN TIBET (PRE-CHINESE RULE)

APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA, USA (arguably)

CITY OF LONDON

RUSSIA (arguably) USA (arguably)

GUINEA-BISSAU, MEXICO (arguably)

EAST INDIA COMPANY, USA (arguably)

sources: Wikipedia, BBC History data: bit.ly/KIB_RulingCasts


Live Long…

…and Prosper

Strength of science Suggestive

What will really extend your life?

male / female specific

Average annualised % return

Good Strong

-10

-5 7 hours ideal, but no more than 8 hours a night. Less sleep is better than 8 hours+

YEARS

+5

+10

Bonds

25%

+15

+20

Stocks Property Others

Becoming a shareholder of a bank

25 TIME SPAN

Sleep too much Be optimistic Get promoted Live in a city Live in the country

Managers & those with more professional responsibility live longer than those with more ‘routine’ work

Eat less food

Women with highest levels of cynical hostility are 16% more likely to die earlier

short (~1 year)

medium (~5)

long (~10)

20

20% California house prices 2013

19

Hang out with women – a lot! Drink a little alcohol

Includes reliability, non-impulsivity & being neat & orderly

20

Venture capital

Apple stock 1984–2013

Seen 10–20% lifespan boost in rats & monkeys…not yet proved in humans

Have a long-lived maternal grandfather Men who spend a lot of time with women in their formative years

Large-cap growth

21

longer (10+)

gov bonds 16.5 Greek (2013)

Be conscientious

Those drinking a little a day (less than 2 units) do better than complete abstainers

Have more orgasms

Shoot for 350 a year!

15

15%

Private equity

And a little red wine With close friends Be polygamous, maybe

Men with more than one wife live 12% longer No matter how much you exercise, sitting too much raises your risk of death

Loneliness equivalent to smoking 15 cigarettes a day

12.4

10%

Sit down More pets

Brazilian gov bonds

Cat owners are 30% less likely to have a heart attack, especially in the elderly

Eat red meat

8.4 Gold

Avoid cancer

7.2

Corporate bonds

7.7

US gov bonds (average)

8.2

Avoid heart disease

5%

When aged 30–49 years

4.5 Chinese gov bonds

Get married! Be rich 25 years shorter life expectancy

Australian gov bonds

Poorer people die 5–10 years earlier than their privileged peers

Be a woman

Become obese

Mediterranean- & Japanese-style diets

10 years gained if you quit age 25; 5 years gained if you quit between 45–59

Quit Eat healthy Live healthily

0%

Obviously, combine diet & exercise

Exercise more

0

China property savings 2.8 Bank account

1.8

Bank current account (on paper)

US house market

New York State property

0.2 Short-term treasury (1 yr)

Domestic equity

‘High-yield’ bonds

9.2

UK property (2000s)

8.5

US shares US stock market

9.4

Hedge funds

Emerging markets

7.8

yield 6.3 High equity portfolio

4.1

3.9 2.7

3.5 3.0

US house prices (2000s)

US house prices (1990s) UK property (1990s)

Inflation (USA) Average return (most investors)

1.6

0.0 US property

Cash

-0.7

UK shares

loss -2.2 Actual in real terms

loss -2.3 Actual due to inflation

Have a long-lived sibling

If your siblings are long-lived, you probably will be too

3.2

11.6 Small caps

5.0 International equity

4.6 Investment grade bonds

3.6 Fixed income

gov bonds 1.7 US (2013)

Suffer severe mental illness

Keep smoking

9.8

9.5

property 6.1 London (2013)

Be alcoholic Get health checks

11.3

Global private equity 11.0

Go to church regularly

Flexible capital

12.7

Shanghai property

(due to inflation)

150+ mins brisk walking per week

-2.8 Liquid capital

loss -3.7 Actual in real terms

Live at a high altitude -5%

RECIPE

married happy-go-lucky outdoors-loving sex-mad hippy party-girl in senior management with a cat

Lowest

Low

Medium

High

Highest

Crazy

RISK

sources: British Medical Journal, PLOS Medicine, New Scientist

sources: Forbes, TradingEconomics.com, The Economist. Yahoo! Finance, USA Today

data: bit.ly/KIB_LiveLong

data: bit.ly/KIB_Gambling


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Knowledge is Beautiful (Sampler)  

A book by David McCandless about Miscellaneous facts and ideas are interconnected and represented in a visual format, a "visual miscellaneum...

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