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Europe on the Move

www.getmobileproject.eu www.facebook.com/getmobileEU This project has been funded with support from the European Commission within the framework of the Lifelong Learning Programme of the Education and Culture Directorate General.


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Europe on the Move


Europe on the Move European Project ‘Get Mobile’: Guidance and European Training in Mobility Opportunities for Business - Inspiring Lifelong Learning and Enterprise! 2011-1-GB2-LEO05-05491 www.getmobileproject.eu Copyright © 2013 Get Mobile Consortium All rights reserved This project has been funded with support from the European Commission within the framework of the Lifelong Learning Programme of the Education and Culture Directorate General. This publication reflects only the views of the authors, and the European Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. Reproduction or translation of any part of this work without the written permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Request for permission or further information should be addressed to Militos S.A. (www.militos.org). Only the authors/contributors of papers have the right to reproduce and translate their papers without prior permission.


Europe on the Move Facts, information and tools about mobility to help European Citizens to “Get Mobile” EU citizens have the right to work in any other EU country and to move there with their families. This right has been enshrined in the European treaties since the inception of the European Economic Community, back in 1957. Yet, still today, only 3.1 % of the EU labour force has lived in another EU country than their own. The EU Commission has initiated and funded several programmes, initiatives and projects in order to facilitate and encourage greater intra-EU mobility. This brochure aims to briefly introduce the current EU policy, the importance of mobility for the workers, job seekers as well as students and trainees alike and to present the most important programmes and tools available. This small brochure was developed in the frame of the Get Mobile Project (http://getmobileproject.eu/). Get Mobile supports Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) and unemployed (and/or under-employed) female graduates by encouraging greater European mobility. It supports graduates and students to find out more about the benefits of going abroad on a placement within Europe, while at the same time promotes the idea of a European labour market by engaging and supporting SMEs in the process. Hence, if you have always dreamed of living abroad and if you are interested in working in another European country and therefore expand your horizons and gain valuable experience, this guide will help you take the next step and take off your career.

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Europe on the Move

Contents The Freedom of Movement ........................................................................................... 3 A fundamental principle in the European integration process.................................... 3 Mobility – A key policy objective in the Europe 2020 strategy.................................... 4 Flagship initiative “Youth on the Move” .......................................................................... 4 Europe’s Chance to Battle the Economic Crisis............................................................... 5 Major EU programme, initiatives and tools.................................................................. 7 EURES - The European Job Mobility Portal...................................................................... 7 Lifelong Learning Programme............................................................................................ 8 Erasmus - the most successful student exchange programme .............................. 8 Leonardo da Vinci (LdV)................................................................................................... 9 Erasmus+ - A new EU programme for education, training, youth and sport.......... 11 Your first EURES job............................................................................................................ 11 EaSI: New Programme for Employment & Social Innovation..................................... 12 Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs.................................................................................. 12 EUROPASS - Serving EU Citizen Mobility!....................................................................... 13 EU projects fostering Mobility in Education, Training and Labour ......................................................................................................15 Get Mobile - For your career!............................................................................................ 15 Biz-on-Board ........................................................................................................................ 18 Tools that help European Mobility..............................................................................20 Facts and Figures on Mobility........................................................................................... 20 Key Studies / Publications on EU Mobility.................................................................. 20 Statistics & Data on EU Mobility................................................................................... 21 European Survey on Professional Success .................................................................22 What (professional) success means? How successful do you feel?....................... 22

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The Freedom of Movement

The Freedom of Movement A fundamental principle in the European integration process The “Freedom of Movement” is one - if not the most important - fundamental principle of the European Union. Initially established at the Treaty of Rome as a freedom designed for workers (Article 48), the free movement of persons is nowadays listed as one of the EU citizenship rights (Article 21, TFEU), whilst its importance has also been underlined by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (Article 45). “4 freedoms” of the EU: Free movement of people, goods, services & capital Being free of restrictions or borders and being able to freely decide where to live and work is no less than the core idea of an integrated Europe. As it is shown by a Eurobarometer survey conducted in 2007, European citizens consider the free movement of people, goods, and services within the EU as the most positive result of the European integration. The free movement of people and labour is essential for the creation of an area without internal frontiers, and for the strengthening of economic and social cohesion as well as for the ground-breaking concept of a European citizenship. Consequently, this freedom of all symbolises the idea and construction of today’s European Union, as an innovative model and organisation that abolishes internal frontiers, border controls, removes barriers and overcomes outdated perceptions, thus enabling and promoting peace, stability, justice and economic prosperity.

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Europe on the Move

Mobility – A key policy objective in the Europe 2020 strategy In 2012, only 2,8 % of EU citizens were residing in another EU Member State Intra-EU mobility refers to free movement of EU citizens within the EU. Over the last forty years, the notion of mobility has been evolving constantly and growing stronger with the active support of the European Commission and national policy makers leading to a reduction – and in some cases removal - of legal and administrative fences and barricades. Despite all these improvements, actual mobility levels within Europe tend to be still rather low. More specifically, the annual cross-border mobility rate in the EU is only 0.29 %, while at the same time, the annual mobility rate in the United States of persons between the 50 States is 2.4 %. In addition, only 0.25 % of workers move between EU Member States each year, while, in 2012, 2.8 % of EU citizens were residing in another EU country. To foster intra-EU mobility and to promote European citizenship in order to create a common conception of a European identity, there is still need for a coordinated response and effective actions. In this context, the enhancement of mobility is one of the objectives of the new Europe 2020 Strategy that will seek to have a positive effect on growth and employment in the European Union. The Europe 2020 Strategy was launched in 2012 by the European Commission and is currently one of the most important overall EU policy documents. By prioritizing smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, the strategy highlights the “high-employment economy” as essentially important in order to achieve social and territorial cohesion. In order to increase employment rates, the Europe 2020 Strategy calls for the “promotion of labour mobility across Europe” through targeted education and development of skills that will enable people to enter the labour market everywhere in Europe. In addition, the European Commission continues to remove legal and practical obstacles to free cross-border mobility and aims at improving portability conditions so as to respond to the financial crisis and the unemployment situation in Europe by creating a genuine EU labour market.

Flagship initiative “Youth on the Move” Youth on the Move is the EU’s flagship initiative to respond to the challenges young people face and to help them succeed in the knowledge

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The Freedom of Movement

economy. It is a framework agenda announcing key new actions, reinforcing existing activities and ensuring the implementation of others at EU and national levels. Youth on the Move will be implemented in close synergy with the ‘Agenda for New Skills and Jobs’ flagship initiative, announced in Europe 2020. Youth on the Move will focus among others on the below lines of action: w

Smart and inclusive growth depends on actions throughout the lifelong learning system, to develop key competences and quality learning outcomes, in line with labour market needs. Youth on the Move will support e.g. apprenticeship-type vocational training and high quality traineeships as workplace learning experiences, building bridges to the labour market.

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Youth on the Move will support the aspiration that by 2020 all young people in Europe should have the possibility to spend a part of their educational pathway abroad, including via workplace-based training. A Council Recommendation aimed at removing obstacles to mobility is proposed as part of the Youth on the Move package, accompanied by a ‘Mobility Scoreboard’ to measure Member States’ progress in this regard. A dedicated website on Youth on the Move giving access to information on EU mobility and learning opportunities has been set up. The new intra-EU initiative ‘Your first EURES Job’ will support young people to access employment opportunities and take up a job abroad, as well as encouraging employers to create job openings for young mobile workers. The Commission will also consider transforming the preparatory action ‘Erasmus for young entrepreneurs’ into a programme to promote entrepreneurs’ mobility.

Europe’s Chance to Battle the Economic Crisis The economic crisis that began on September 2008 triggered deep social, institutional, financial and political challenges. In this context, extensive unemployment amounts to one of the most critical and persistent problems across the EU, taking into account that over 26 million people are out of work and numbers are still going up. Fighting youth unemployment has moved to the very top of the EU policy agenda

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Europe on the Move

Over the past couple of years, citizens and residents in Greece, Spain, Portugal and Italy have been most hardly hit by the economic crisis and austerity measures. In these countries, the youth unemployment rate even exceeds a staggering 60 %. Paradoxically, at the same time, countries such as Germany, Austria, Luxembourg and the Netherlands have historically low unemployment rates, below 5 % in some cases. Hence, to reduce unemployment and restore growth, the EU aims to increase employee mobility and encourage flexibility. In this light, the willingness of the European population to extend the search for jobs beyond national borders can lower the domestic unemployment rate, ameliorate the problems of the countries in crisis in the short-term, as well as ease the skills shortage in Central and Northern Europe. Moreover, at personal level, mobility enables individuals to come out of unemployment, gain professional experience abroad and thus add to their own formal qualifications through cultural insights and new language skills. In today’s world, mobility is not a cost but an economic necessity. It has a beneficial effect on the European economy, the society as a whole as well as on each individual, and can be a key factor for the economic recovery and to battle the economic crisis.

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Major EU programme, initiatives and tools

Major EU programme, initiatives and tools EURES - The European Job Mobility Portal EURES is a cooperation network between the European Commission and the Public Employment Services of the EEA Member States (namely the EU countries plus Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) and other partner organisations. Switzerland also takes part in EURES co-operation. EURES implements the labour market policy goals of the European Union by providing information, advice and job-matching services not only to workers and employers but also to citizens that want to move and work abroad. In this light, the EURES job mobility website receives 4 million visits per month, sets up 150,000 contacts per month between jobseekers and employers leading to approximately 50,000 placements per year, and on average hosts 750,000 CVs at any one time in a given month. Thus, EURES constitute an important reference tool and facilitating service for EU labour mobility.

Useful Info for EURES:

1,204,124 job-seekers & 32,016 organizations registered It leads to 50,000 placements per year But EURES is much more than a job vacancy service. It also provides relevant information on labour markets and living and working conditions. EURES aims to increase people’s awareness of their rights regarding mobility. This applies not only to the opportunities available but also to the coordination of the administration systems in place, such as those governing social security and the recognition of diplomas. ďƒĄ For more information see https://ec.europa.eu/eures/home.jsp?lang=en

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Europe on the Move

Lifelong Learning Programme As the flagship European Funding programme in the field of education and training, the Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP) enables individuals at all stages of their lives to pursue stimulating learning opportunities across Europe. It is an umbrella programme integrating various educational and training initiatives. LLP is divided in four sectorial sub programmes and four so called ‘transversal’ programmes. It is an integral part in the effort to foster European mobility. In 2012 alone, 130,000 company placements in other EU countries for university-level and vocational students have been achieved by the several sub-programmes.

Erasmus - the most successful student exchange programme Erasmus became part of the EU’s Lifelong Learning Programme in 2007, covering areas such as student placements in enterprises, university staff training and teaching for business staff. Erasmus has a a budget of EUR 3.1 billion for the period 2007-13. During the academic year 2011-12, 33 countries took part in the Erasmus Programme: the 27 EU Member States, Croatia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey. In 2011-12 the number of Erasmus students exceeded 250 000 and, thanks to the Programme, more than 46 000 staff from 33 European countries spent time abroad. Erasmus mobility, with its core focus on skills development, is a central element of the European Commission’s strategy to 252.827 students went combat youth unemployment, featuring to another European prominently in the Europe 2020 strategy country to study or train for growth and jobs. Student mobility contributes to individuals’ personal development and equips them with a wide range of competences and skills that are increasingly valued by employers – from foreign languages and greater intercultural awareness, to quick adaptability to changes and an entrepreneurial mindset. In this way, mobility boosts job prospects and encourages labour market mobility later in life. In 2011-12

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Major EU programme, initiatives and tools

Mobility supported by Erasmus has thus promoted the internationalisation of the European Higher Education system, contributed to its modernisation, and paved the way for the Bologna Process. It now supports the Bologna goal that by 2020 at least 20 % of all graduates from the European Higher Education Area should have spent a period of time studying or training abroad. Work placements in companies abroad have been supported through Erasmus since 2007 (they had been previously managed within the Leonardo da Vinci Programme for vocational education and training) and are increasingly popular. By 2011-12, grants have already been awarded to more than 177 000 students for this purpose. Out of the 252 827 Erasmus students, 48 083 went on work placements abroad in 2011-12. Close to 3 million students have participated since it started in 1987, as well as over 300 000 higher education teachers and other staff since 1997. The annual budget is in excess of 450 million euro and more than 4 000 higher education institutions in 33 countries participate. ďƒĄ For more information see http://ec.europa.eu/education/lifelong-learningprogramme/ erasmus_en.htm

Leonardo da Vinci (LdV) Vocational education and training (VET), which is supported by the Leonardo da Vinci programme, can provide a route into employment or a motivation to further study, either for people of school age or for those who already have work experience. As part of the EU Lifelong Learning programme LdV focuses on initial and further vocational education and training. Since 1995, 860,000 people beneficiated from Leonardo da Vinci’s actions From 2007 to 2011 it provided EUR 1.27 billion in grants and funded 16,700 mobility projects The Leonardo da Vinci Programme, created in 1995, provides grants to projects that support European VET systems to become more attractive, relevant, career-oriented, innovative, accessible and flexible. It provides funding for individuals to spend a period abroad to improve their competences, knowledge and skills, as well as for cooperation between organisations,

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Europe on the Move

Since it was created in 1995, the Leonardo da Vinci programme has enabled 860 000 people to travel abroad for training or work experience, or for professionals to gain new skills and develop VET tools, methods and systems. In the five years from 2007-2011 it has provided EUR 1.27 billion in grants. sectors and countries to improve the quality and recognition of vocational training. Funding for mobility accounts for 60 % of the Leonardo da Vinci Programme budget and 62 % of all projects. From 2007-2011, it funded 16 700 mobility projects and 375 000 individual training periods.

Germany, the United Kingdom and Spain were the top three destination countries for individuals taking a Leonardo training in 2007-2011 Leonardo da Vinci funds many different types of activities of varying scales. These include mobility initiatives enabling people to train in another country, co-operation projects to transfer or develop innovative practices, and networks focusing on topical themes in the sector. Types of Leonardo da Vinci Mobility Actions: w

People in Initial Vocational Training can do work-related training abroad. Participants can still be at school or college or in alternative VET schemes (apprentices).

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People in the labour market enable people after graduation in vocational training or higher education to have a work-related training abroad in order to improve their employment potential.

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Professionals in vocational education and training can exchange experiences abroad to improve their skills and knowledge.

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Mobility certificates are given to organisations that have shown a particular quality in carrying out Leonardo da Vinci mobility projects (knowledge, experience and resources) and have developed an internationalisation strategy.

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Preparatory visits enable people working in the vocational education and training sector to travel abroad to visit partners and plan a project under the programme.

ďƒĄ For more information see http://ec.europa.eu/education/lifelong-learningprogramme/ldv_en.htm

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Major EU programme, initiatives and tools

Erasmus+ - A new EU programme for education, training, youth and sport Erasmus+ is a new programme that will start in 2014 and will significantly increase the funds allocated for the development of knowledge and skills. Erasmus+ is based on the premise that investing in education and training is the key to unlocking people’s potential, regardless of their age or background. Erasmus+ (2014-2020) will bring together all the current EU and international schemes for education, training and youth. In particular, it will merge the Lifelong Learning Program initiatives, namely Leonardo, Comenius, Grundtvig, Erasmus and Jean Monnet actions, the Youth in Action programme and five other international programs including Erasmus Mundus and Tempus into one single, simplified and modern program. Erasmus+ will offer mobility opportunities for over 5 million people in 2014-2020 Erasmus+ will focus on student and educator mobility, cooperation in the field of education with non-EU countries and policy reform. Its main objective is to improve employability of the youth by acquiring supplementary competences, as well as improving their language skills and flexibility. Emphasis will be given to participants from lower social-economic background and disadvantaged groups. It is expected that up to 5 million persons will beneficiate from EU subventions for getting education or training experience abroad between 2014-2020 - twice as many people as today.  For more information see http://ec.europa.eu/education/news/20130719erasmus-plus-preparation_en.htm

Your first EURES job ‘Your first EURES job’ is a small scale, targeted labour mobility scheme that was launched in 2012. The Youth Opportunities Initiative announced the scheme as an instrument to help 5 000 young people find a work placement in other EU countries until 2014. Looking for a work placement (as a jobseeker, job changer,) or for workforce (as an employer) in another Member State should become as easy as searching in one’s own country. ‘Your first EURES job’ is a customised work placement

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Europe on the Move

tool focusing on young people aged between 18-30 and businesses or other organisations (SMEs7 in particular). It aims to help young people to find a work placement in any Member State and employers to recruit from outside their home country, through the provision of information, recruitment, job matching and financial support. Besides contributing to workers’ freedom of movement within the EU, the scheme aims at being a labour market-intervention tool to help fill bottleneck vacancies in response to labour demand and economic needs and address labour mobility obstacles.  For more information see http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=993

EaSI: New Programme for Employment & Social Innovation From 2014 on a new programme has been agreed to be launched entitled “EU Programme for Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI)”. This initiative will integrate and extend the coverage of Progress, EURES and the European Progress Microfinance Facility. EaSI will support the efforts of Member States in the design and implementation of employment and social reforms at European, national as well as regional and local levels through policy coordination, identification, analysis and sharing of best practices. Furthermore, on mobility, this new EU programme will undertake initiatives emphasising on workers’ geographical mobility.  For more information see http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?langId=en& catId=89&newsId=1093

Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs is a cross-border exchange programme which gives new or aspiring entrepreneurs the opportunity to acquire new skills on how to manage and grow a new business and other valuable knowledge by working with an experienced entrepreneur in another EU country for 1 to 6 months. There is no age limit and the (future) company or activity can be in any sector.

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Major EU programme, initiatives and tools

New entrepreneurs have the chance to: w

Learn from an experienced entrepreneur in another EU country how to best start and manage an SME;

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Receive practical and financial assistance, before and while being abroad Develop international connections and knowledge about foreign markets;

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Benefit from possible co-venturing opportunities and the development of cross-border markets;

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Gain of insights into a different cultural and organisational setting/ workplace;

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Understand of the regulatory framework in another EU country.

The specific objectives of the programme are: 4 On-the-job-training

for new entrepreneurs in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) elsewhere in the EU in order to facilitate a successful start and development of their business ideas;

4 Exchanges

of experience and information between entrepreneurs on obstacles and challenges to starting up and developing their businesses;

4 To

enhance market access and identification of potential partners for new and established businesses in other EU countries;

4 Networking by building on knowledge and experience from other European

countries. ďƒĄ For more information see http://www.erasmus-entrepreneurs.eu/

EUROPASS - Serving EU Citizen Mobility! Europass is a new initiative which aims to help people make their skills and qualifications clearly and easily understood in Europe, thus facilitating the mobility of both learners and workers. The Europass documents have been designed in such a way as to help people chronicle their skills and competences in a coherent manner, whether they are planning to enrol in an education or training programme, looking for a job, or getting experience abroad.

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Europe on the Move

Both the Europass CV and the web tool supporting it has helped since 2005 4.5 million citizens to complete their CV. The new Europass CV was launched in 2012 and it is available in all EURES countries’ languages. Also, users completing the Europass CV can choose to integrate it directly into the EURES portal’s database, thereby creating a EURES jobseeker profile. Europass consists of the following elements: w

The Europass CV presents your skills and qualifications clearly and effectively. The Europass CV can be completed in 25 different languages and other Europass documents can be attached to it. The Europass CV may be completed online with the help of guiding instructions or the CV template may be downloaded and completed offline.

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The Language Passport is a self-assessment of your linguistic skills and qualifications to record language skills and competences.

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The Europass Mobility, established by higher education institutions, lists the skills acquired during a mobility period in another European country. It is a personal document, which is used to record an organised period of time spent in another European country for the purpose of learning or training.

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The Diploma Supplement was developed jointly by UNESCO and the Council of Europe and is issued to graduates of higher education institutions along with their degree or diploma.

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The Certificate Supplement provides additional information on a vocational education and training award which is not available on the official certificate.

The Europass portal, run by the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop), offers an interactive tool to complete the Europass CV and the Europass Language Passport. On average, around 22 000 CVs are created every day.

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EU projects fostering Mobility in Education, Training and Labour

Age of Europass CV online users ≤20

31-35

21-25

10.5% 12.8%

31.3%

20.2% 25.3%

35+ 26-30

Source: CEDEFOP

ďƒĄ For more information see http://europass.cedefop.europa.eu/en/home

EU projects fostering Mobility in Education, Training and Labour Get Mobile - For your career! The Get Mobile project provides exciting opportunities for small businesses and unemployed female graduates to get involved in mobility activities across Europe. It is a project funded by the European Commission within the framework of the Lifelong Learning Programme for Education and Culture.

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Europe on the Move

So, if you want to stay mobile, Get Mobile! 99% of all enterprises in Europe are SMEs - 90% of these are micro-enterprises (less than 10 employees). SMEs traditionally under-utilise the potentially valuable resource and source of innovation and creativity that European female graduates undertaking a mobility could provide. Research shows that SMEs (particularly female owned micro businesses) has revealed a ‘fear of the unknown’ involved in taking on a placement trainee, particularly one who is not a native speaker. As a result, many micro-enterprises across Europe are missing out on potential innovation, creativity, intercultural and language learning benefits that larger SMEs and companies with more resources benefit from. Companies with placement vacancies in Business and Sciences (BS) also say they want more female trainees to apply but cannot access this target group. Women also expect greater levels of personal support which they often say is lacking from companies (25% compared to 16% men) deterring going on placement abroad. Consequently, Get Mobile’s objectives are: w

To encourage greater European mobility of female recent graduates (particularly unemployed or under-utilized) in BS (Business and Sciences);

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To promote concepts of the value of female mobility in under-represented fields (BS) in Europe to under-represented companies (esp. female owned SMEs);

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To support companies to be more inclusive and more likely to take on female placements in under-represented fields of BS or looking to start a business;

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To better prepare companies and graduates/unemployed for the European placement experience;

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To promote European mobility opportunities to women-owned microbusinesses across Europe and thus enable them to enter onto new markets;

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To make Vocational Educational Training (VET) practices more attractive to under-represented groups.

Over the past 2 years, the Get Mobile project has been developing and providing training and guidance materials to SMEs (esp. micro-businesses) and female graduates to encourage both under-represented target groups to participate in future European mobility actions. Post-university work

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EU projects fostering Mobility in Education, Training and Labour

experience to support labour market access and European mobility is crucial to accessing jobs. For females graduating in BS or thinking of starting up in business, a lack of role models and access to relevant work experience is harder. This project therefore encourages a traditionally difficult group to engage in mobility actions: EU women-owned SMEs to host female trainees looking to gain skills and/or start up in business. As part of this project, three main products have been developed: 1. A business handbook entitled “Tapping into European Talent - Finding and Hosting a Work Placement from Europe - Best Practice Guides for SME’s”. This handbook constitutes an essential support tool for SME‘s in the Get Mobile project, as it provides useful resources and information in order to help small companies to find, recruit and host a trainee from abroad. 2. The Get Connected Zone, an interactive online database that brings together female graduates looking for placement or employment opportunities and SMEs looking for trainees. In particular, this database enables female graduates and SMEs from partner countries (Greece, Iceland, Italy, Netherlands, Turkey, and UK) to create their own online profiles and contact each other for placement opportunities. 3. The Get Mobile Circles™, which consists of career advice and placement preparation sessions that were designed so as to provide training and support to female graduates before their placements abroad, and therefore assure that they will profit and make the most out of this valuable experience. In the Get Connected Zone you can: w

Post your details as a female graduate looking for work placement experience abroad

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Post your details as an SME looking to host a female placement trainee

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Connect with other registered users to share information about working in another country or hosting a European placement trainee. Using the forum you

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Europe on the Move

can share experiences, tips, information and support, as well as reading about success stories. Hence, the Get Mobile project results in creating an important opportunity for SMEs and female graduates, which is of key importance, especially nowadays, due to the economic crisis. In addition, it stimulates the EU development by addressing the challenges in the respective field and attaining the benefits of an integrated single labour market. ďƒĄ For more information see http://getmobileproject.eu/

Biz-on-Board Biz-on-board (BoB) is an initiative within the Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs (EYE) programme. The general objective of the Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs programme is to help entrepreneurs enrich their experiences, through learning and networking, and by spending periods of time in enterprises run by experienced entrepreneurs in other Participating Countries. BoB aims therefore to enhance entrepreneurship, internationalisation and competitiveness of new and established micro and small enterprises within Europe. The specific objectives of BoB and EYE are: w

Provide on-the-job-training to new entrepreneurs in small and mediumsized enterprises (SMEs) in another country, in order to facilitate a successful start and development of their business ideas;

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Foster exchanges of experience and information between entrepreneurs, on obstacles and challenges faced, when starting up and developing their business;

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Enhance market access and identification of potential partners for new and established businesses in other EU and participating countries;

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Promote networking by building on knowledge and experience from other European countries.

The biz-on-board is taking advantage of the excellent reputation of the bizon-board partners consortium as well as the strong and broad network of

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Tools that help European Mobility

business contacts throughout Lithuania, Greece and Europe biz-on-board consortium and aims to enable at least 70 relationships involving Lithuanian and Greek entrepreneurs. Furthermore, the biz-on-board project aims to: w

Promote entrepreneurship through the programme and offer new entrepreneurs opportunities to learn from established and successful business owners;

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Help to provide on-the-job-training to new entrepreneurs in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) elsewhere in the EU in order to facilitate a successful start and development of their business ideas;

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Empower business independency and creativity of young people while gaining competitive skills that set the grounds for solid sustainability and business growth;

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Support the extroversion of young entrepreneurs and allow the transfer of best practices from EU countries to Lithuania and Greece and vice versa;

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Give space for fresh and innovative ideas to flourish, to be communicated and to find common partners or investors for business development;

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Promote dynamic networking by building on knowledge and experience from other European countries;

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Inspire young entrepreneurs to become active, innovative, creative and independent citizens;

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Increase competitiveness, internationalisation and growth of SMEs.

ďƒĄ For more information see http://www.bizonboard.eu/index.html

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Europe on the Move

Tools that help European Mobility Facts and Figures on Mobility Key Studies / Publications on EU Mobility “Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions: Commission’s Action Plan for Skills and Mobility”, European Commission (2002). http://youth-partnership-eu.coe.int/youth-partnership/ documents/EKCYP/Youth_Policy/docs/Employment/Policy/Com_Actionplan_ Skills_Mobility.pdf “Free Movement of EU Workers”, Social Agenda no. 34, European Commission (2013). “Green Paper: Migration & Mobility: Challenges and Opportunities for EU Education Systems”, European Commission (2008). http://eur-lex.europa.eu/ LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2008:0423:FIN:EN:PDF “Green Paper: Promoting the Learning Mobility of Young People”, European Commission (2009). http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri= COM:2009:0329:FIN:EN:PDF “How Free is Free Movement? Dynamics and Drivers of Mobility within the European Union”, Meghan Benton and Milica Petrovic, Migration Policy Institute Europe (2013). http://www.migrationpolicy.org/pubs/MPIEuropeFreeMovement-Drivers.pdf “International Migration Outlook”, OECD (2013). http://static.pulso.cl/ 20130612/1768132.pdf “International Mobility of the High Skilled”, OECD, Policy Brief (2012). http:// www.oecd.org/science/inno/1950028.pdf “Intra-EU Mobility: The ‘Second Building Block’ of EU Labour Migration Policy”, Yves Pascouau, Issue Paper No. 74, European Policy Centre (2013). http:// www.epc.eu/documents/uploads/pub_3500_intra-eu_mobility.pdf “Labor Mobility in an Enlarged European Union”, Martin Kahanec, Discussion Paper No. 6485, IZA (2012). http://ftp.iza.org/dp6485.pdf

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Tools that help European Mobility

“Labour Mobility and the Portability of Social Rights in the EU”, Anna Cristina d’Addio and Maria Chiara Cavalleri, CESifo Working Paper No. 4153 (2013). http://ideas.repec.org/p/ces/ceswps/_4153.html “OECD Employment Outlook”, OECD (2013) “Policy Paper on Mobility”, EURASHE (2012). http://eurashe.eu/library/ modernising-phe/EURASHE_Policy_Paper_Mobility_Oct2012.pdf “The Effects of International Mobility on European Researchers: Comparing Intra-EU and U.S. Mobility”, Linda van Bouwel and Reinhilde Veugelers, KU Leuven (2013). https://lirias.kuleuven.be/bitstream/123456789/418318/1/ MSI_1310.pdf “The European Labour Market: Success through Flexibility and Mobility”, Wido Geis, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung & Centre for European Studies (2013). http:// www.kas.de/wf/doc/kas_34466-544-2-30.pdf?130523134716 “Trends and Gaps in the Academic Literature on EU Labour Migration Policies”, Marie de Somer, NEUJOBS State of the Art Report No. 5 (2012). http://www. neujobs.eu/sites/default/files/publication/2012/12/NEUJOBS%20D.18.1.pdf

Statistics & Data on EU Mobility “Erasmus-Facts, Figures & Trends: The European Union Support for Student and Staff Exchanges and University Cooperation in 2011/2012”, European Commission (2012). http://ec.europa.eu/education/erasmus/doc/stat/ erasmus1112_en.pdf “Facts & Figures about EU Mobility Programmes in Education, Training, Research and Youth”, European Commission (2012). http://ec.europa.eu/ education/focus/doc/mobilityfigures.pdf “Geographical and Labour Market Mobility Report”, European Commission, Special Eurobarometer 337 (2009). http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/ archives/ebs/ebs_337_en.pdf “Labour Mobility in the Euro Area”, Deutsche Bank, Reports on European Integration, EU Monitor 85 (2011). http://www.dbresearch.com/PROD/DBR_ INTERNET_EN-PROD/PROD0000000000278645.PDF

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Europe on the Move

European Survey on Professional Success What (professional) success means? How successful do you feel? If you know the answers or you want to approach the concept of success fill in the European Survey on Professional Success at http://icapgroup.successsurvey-eu-june-2013.sgizmo.com/s3/ The consultancy company Militos Emerging Technologies & Services and the Social Enterprise for Education and Lifelong Learning knowl, with the cooperation of ICAP Group S.A. are jointly conducting a European survey on Professional Success. This survey aims to define the concept of professional success. The Survey is supported by the Federation of Hellenic Associations of Young Entrepreneurs (Ο.Ε.SΥ.Ν.Ε), the Hellenic American Union (HAU), the Hellenic American College (HAEC), the Greek part of the European Network of Mentors for Women Entrepreneurs (Business Mentors), and the European Centre of Women and Technology (ECWT). The questionnaire addresses anyone who has sought and achieved professional success with the aim to shed light into an important aspect of professional, social and individual reality as it is experienced and/or reflected everyday by thousands of professionals, entrepreneurs as well as executives.  The survey findings could serve as a source of inspiration and motivation for individuals who seek success. Also, they can become tools of substantial support, reflection and future action for those who process and propose employment policies.  For more information see http://www.militos.org/en/archives/europeansurvey-on-professional-success-by-militos-knowl-with-the-cooperation-oficap-group

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Get Mobile - Europe on the Move