Why Software Quality Assurance? Software Quality Assurance plays an important role in providing clear vision to the software development process. The main support is expected from QA by the project management team in this regard, even though the role of QA is to ensure quality & process compliance. The vision is required to prevent any undesirable event that might occur. Software Quality Assurance (SQA) is defined as well organized for a systematic approach to evaluate the quality of software. It checks the adherence to software development standards, processes, and procedures. SQA includes the systematic process of assuring that standards and procedures are established and are followed throughout the software development life cycle and test cycle as well. The compliance of the build with agreedon standards and procedures is evaluated through process monitoring, product evaluation, project management etc. The important reason of involving software quality testing in the process of software product development is to make sure that the final product build is as per the requirement specification and complies with the standards. Following is the standards that are followed. 1. Requirement analysis and definition 2. Design architecture and description 3. Coding and logic analysis 4. Change and configuration management 5. Testing and standard compliance 6. Release management and Release Control Software quality assurance is concerned with building software with required quality and maintaining the level of quality. Software processes are important paradigm in achieving the software quality. Software Quality Assurance is indeed a positive way to accomplish the ultimate goal of customer satisfaction. Every due care must be taken to locate the bugs and fix the same. Thus, testing needs to be done right from the beginning of software development life cycle to ensure bugfree software release. Quality Assurance Testing is conducted not only to locate bugs, but also for a variety of other objectives like performance, confirmatory tests etc. SQA looks for the reason why the error occurred. Looking for errors is really easy but tracing the roots of the problem is another thing. Software quality assurance main goal is building software with required quality and maintaining the level of quality. Software quality can be quantified into two topics such as: Functional quality of Software: It shows how the software confirms to the basic level design, based on functional requirements and attribute can also describe as objective of the software.
Structural quality of Software: It reflects to how well the software meets the non functional requirements like security, usability and accessibility which helps to achieve proper delivery of the functional requirements. Functional quality checking all the functionality with the requirements specification and is measured through the software testing. In contrast Structural quality defines the analysis of the software inner structure and source code. SQA easily provide solutions to the problem since they look for the root of the problem instead of just answering. By providing the root cause of the problem, they have the ability to provide solutions to these problems fast. But instead of one solution only, the SQA should be able to provide more than a solution.
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