Page 1

CXXÔZ`eFWY^kYW[b_c_dWW9hkp7pkbYed]ebZ[‘bj_cec_dkjeolWWbCkdZ_WbZ[9bkX[i 9eb_cW

7YkhWif[Z[hWijWio ^ecei[nkWb[idec|ibei YWcX_WdZ[j[cfbe0:[coi[nf|]$'&

9ed]h[ieZ[b;ijWZe

Fh_c[hWYk[djW f‘Xb_YWh[l_iWZW fehZ_fkjWZeif|]$-

D[]eY_ei

Fh[c_W]h[c_eYWXb[he WFWdY^e=edp|b[pfeh cƒh_je[cfh[iWh_Wbf|]_dW('

D@C<E@F  



 



 8zF,#EèD<IF(+/0  +&&  +'GÝ>@E8J 

:FC@D8 AL<M<J )0;<89I@C ;<)'('

mmm$c_b[d_eYeb_cW$Yec$cn f[h_eZ_iceYedYWh|Yj[h

;bYWX_bZeZ[CWdpWd_bbeeXj_[d[beicWoeh[i_d]h[ieiZ[jeZe[b[ijWZe0*&c_bf[ieic[dikWb[i

H[]_Zeh[iZ[bfk[hje iedbeic[`ehfW]WZei š9edjhWh_Wc[dj["beickd‡Y_f[iZ[9ecWbW]WdWd',c_bf[iei"i[]‘diki_j_em[X š9kWjheckd_Y_f_eidejhWdifWh[djWdik[bZei07hc[h‡W"C_dWj_jb|d"?njbW^kWY|do9egk_cWjb|d š;bWbYWbZ[Z[9eb_cW"DWY^eF[hWbjW"[i[b[Z_bgk[j_[d[c|iWbjWif[hY[fY_ed[i f|]_dW,

J7F?HE

;bWiWbjeWbWhWpŒd :XicfjDXiˆe JeYWh[bj_cXh[ ejkcXWhbWfk[hjW 7o[h"[bWkjehZ[[ijWib‡d[Wi Z_efeh^[Y^egk[[bI[dWZe ^WX‡W[bWXehWZekdZ_YjWc[d ºfei_j_le»fWhWZWhkdcWhYe `kh‡Z_YeWbWi\k[hpWiWhcWZWi YkWdZeiki[\[Yj_leiWYj‘Wd Yecefeb_Y‡Wi$ 9edcWoeh_d][dk_ZWZ"[d J[hY[h=hWZeWÅhcŒWdeY^[ gk[[dbeiYkWhj[b[iZ[X‡Wd [ijWhXW_bWdZeBW7Z[b_jWfWhW Y[b[XhWh[bfheo[YjeZ[B[oZ[ I[]kh_ZWZDWY_edWb$ I_d[cXWh]e"Wbl[hgk[bei Z_fkjWZeih[iebl_[hedfei# fed[hikZ_iYki_ŒdºfWhWde

c|i_d\e DWZ_[Z[X[pW\Whi[ YedjhW[bdWhYe"Z_Y[ <[b_f[9WbZ[hŒdf$'*

b[]_ibWhWblWfeh»"kdWh[l_i_Œd c|iWYkY_eiWZ[beWfheXWZe fehbeii[dWZeh[i^WY[l[h gk[beic_b_jWh[idej_[d[d cej_leifWhWY[b[XhWhogk[" f[ehW‘d"c|iX_[dZ[X[d [ijWhfh[eYkfWZei$ O[igk[[bfheo[YjeZ[b[o deiŒbe[iZ[ÅY_[dj[oYed# j_[d[º_cfh[Y_i_ed[ioYWhjWi WIWdjWYbŒi»"i_de_cfed[Wb ;`ƒhY_jeoWbWCWh_dW7hcWZW kdWYWc_iWZ[\k[hpW$ KdZWje\h[iYe0fWhWYWfjkhWh Wgk_[dWfeZWd;b?dZ_e"bei iebZWZei[Y^WhedWXW`ebWi fk[hjWiZ[bZec_Y_b_e[dgk[ \k[iehfh[dZ_Ze$ «Be^WXh‡WdZ[j[d_ZejeYWd# Ze[bj_cXh[ofh[i[djWdZe kdWehZ[dZ[Wfh[^[di_Œd±5

YcWh_d6c_b[d_e$Yec

Ckd_Y_f_e[YebŒ]_Ye 9ec_jƒZ[h[iYWj[ Z[\_d_ŒpedWiZ[ lWbehWcX_[djWb[d 9eb_cWf|]_dWi''

Bei[b[c[djeiWc[dWpWdYedºWYkWhj[bWhi[»ode^WY[hl_]_bWdY_Wi_[b7okdjWc_[djedee\h[Y[c[`ehWifWhW[bbei

Feb_Y‡WiZ[LZ[7WbXehZ[Z[bfWhe >WXh|Wkc[djefWhWbeifeb_igk[[ijƒdX_[dfh[fWhWZei08h[dZW=kj_ƒhh[pf|]$.

>eo[iYh_X[d9\ieXi[f:fim\iXF|]$)?„Zkfi8^l`cXi:Xdˆe#AX`if:Xc`okf8cYXii}e#:`if>d\qC\pmX#AfXhlˆeCg\q$;i`^X#:XicfjDfkX F|]i$*%+<c`j\f8cY\ikf#äjZXiDXi`f9\k\kXF|]$'(=„c`o:fik„j:XdXi`ccf#>c\e[XC`Y`\iDX[i`^XcKila`ccfF|]$')JXdl\c>XiZˆXf|]$('


`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

&@C<E@F

BMGSFOUF

:;IE8H; C;I7 9\ieXi[f :fim\iX

5JCVSPOFTZ NJHSBOUFT

5 7Â&#x2018;diWd]hWdj[iÂą[ijei|hXeb[ickj_bWZei]_c[d[diehZei_b[dY_e"bk[]eZ[gk[kd]hkfeZ[jhWXW`WZeh[il_d_[hWdW [d]WÂ&#x2039;WhbeiZ_Y_Â&#x192;dZeb[i0Âş>[ceil[d_ZeWfeZWhb[iÂť1oZ[ifkÂ&#x192;iYedi_[hhWioejhei\_beib[iWhhWdYWhWdbWh[if_hWY_Â&#x152;do[bYk[hfe$$$

FMBMBDSfO ÂŤ9ed]hk[dY_W5BWh[kd_Â&#x152;dgk[jkl_[#

hed[bZÂ&#x2021;WZ[Wo[hbeiZ_fkjWZeifWhW_d_Y_Wh[b Z_YjWc[dZ[Âşbei]WijeiÂťgk[fkZ_[hWd[ijWh \k[hWZ[fh[ikfk[ijei[Z_efh[Y_iWc[dj[ \k[hWZ[ÂşYedj[njeÂťoWgk[[dbk]WhZ[^WY[h kieZ[bWi_dijWbWY_ed[iYedbWigk[Yk[djW [bB[]_ibWj_lefWhWjWb[\[Yje$7bWh|Yd_Zeb[ gk[ZWYbWhegk[bWÂşYed]hk[dY_WÂťde[ikd Wjh_XkjeZ[bÂşYed]h[ieÂť$

EY^eY[djWl_jei$FWhWWgk[bbeigk[

ik]_[h[dgk[[bik[bZeZ[*&c_b',-f[ieiWb c[iZ[beih[]_Zeh[icWdpWd_bb[di[i[iWbje" [bWbWYh|dYWbYkbÂ&#x152;bei_]k_[dj[0Kdc[ij_[d[(& ZÂ&#x2021;Wi^|X_b[i"bW`ehdWZWbWXehWb[iZ[.^ehWi" c[deibWZ[bÂşbkdY^Âť"gk[[gk_lWb[W*(&c_dk# jei$I_i[^WY[[bY|bYkbefehi[]kdZejhWXW`WZe" beickdÂ&#x2021;Y_f[iWf[dWiWbYWdpWdbei.Y[djWlei fehi[]kdZe$ÂŤL[hZWZgk[d_]WdWdjWdje5

7kc[djeiWbWh_Wb$DWY^eF[hWbjW"Wb#

YWbZ[YWf_jWb_dei[ikX_Â&#x152;[bik[bZe"[iei[hÂ&#x2021;WbW dejWfh_dY_fWbZ[beiZ_Wh_eiWdei[hfehgk[[b fh[i_Z[dj[ckd_Y_fWbYedb[dj[ii[Wkc[djÂ&#x152; Â&#x2018;d_YWc[dj['f[ie"h[if[YjeWbWÂ&#x2039;eWdj[h_eh$ :[fbWdeF[hWbjWI|dY^[pZ[`Â&#x152;i_ddejWW[ij[ WcWh_bb[djeWbWYh|dgk[b[WdZWXkiYWdZe Wb]efWhWYh_j_YWhbe$

9edbWc_icWlWhW$<[Z[h_YeHWd][b"

i[Yh[jWh_eZ[;ZkYWY_Â&#x152;d[ijWjWb"f_Z_Â&#x152;gk[bW I;Fb[iZ_[hW[bc_icejhWjeWjeZeibeickd_# Y_f_eiZ[9eb_cW"ogk[bWZ[f[dZ[dY_W\[Z[hWb deb[Wi_]dWhWÂ&#x2018;d_YWc[dj[h[YkhieiWbWi [iYk[bWiZedZ[]eX_[hdW[bF7D$7bfWh[Y[h[d bWie\_Y_dWiY[djhWb[ib[^_Y_[hedYWieWc[# Z_Wi"fk[ikiWhedbWÂşc_icWlWhWÂťoWfb_YWhed bWh[]bWgk[i[kiWXW[dWZc_d_ijhWY_ed[i[d bWigk[]eX[hdWXW[bFH?$Feh[ieZ_Y[dgk[ beifWd_ijWi^WY[dbegk[^WYÂ&#x2021;Wdbeifh__ijWi ojWcX_Â&#x192;dbegk[i[_cW]_dWdgk[^WYÂ&#x2021;Wdbei jh_Yebeh[i$

Gk[ZWdZeX_[d$;ij[WbWYh|dgk[

gk_[h[^WY[hcÂ&#x192;h_jeiYed[bÂşfWjhÂ&#x152;dÂť"\[b_Y_jWW FWdY^e=edp|b[p"fh[i_Z[dj[Z[bYedi[`eZ[ C?B;D?E"feh[bh[YedeY_c_[dje[cfh[iWh_Wb gk[b[^_Y_[hedbeiÂşYWXb[heiÂťZ[CÂ&#x192;n_Ye$7b fWh[Y[h[bWh|Yd_Ze[ij|gk[h_[dZegk[ZWh X_[dYed[bÂş@[\[Âť$

=ebf[iZ[f[Y^e$I[Z_Y[gk[[n_ij[d c_[cXheiZ[bWYeckd_ZWZ]Wogk[iedcko ÂşZ[lejeiÂťogk[WYWZWhWjei[Âş[Y^WdÂťkd fWZh[dk[ijhe$7iWX[h$

MB QFSMB Â&#x2030;DPOFM13*OPTEBCBO EPTVOJGPSNFTDBEBTFJT NFTFT BIPSBOBEB OP NFKPSBOMBTQBUSVMMBT  DBTJOJOHVOBTJSWF "EFNfT IJDJFSPO FOUSFHBEFOVFWBT BSNBTZOPOPTUPDBSPO BNVDIPTEFOPTPUSPT UBNQPDPOPTUPDBSPOMPT DIBMFDPTBOUJCBMBTRVF BOVODJBSPOÂ&#x160;

LeY[iWdÂ&#x152;d_cWiZ[bW YehfehWY_Â&#x152;dZ[feb_YÂ&#x2021;WiZ[LZ[7 ;bZÂ&#x2021;WZ[Wo[hi[h[kd_[hed [d[b9ecfb[`eZ[I[]kh_ZWZ FÂ&#x2018;Xb_YWZ[L_bbWZ[Ă&#x17D;blWh[p"'(& feb_YÂ&#x2021;Wi[dcWd_\[ijWY_Â&#x152;dfWhW [n_]_hkd_dYh[c[djeiWbWh_Wb Z[b,Wc[dWpWdYed[b WYkWhj[bWc_[dje$

alnacqjp]nÂ&#x192;omqÂ&#x160;peajaj`a l]na_e`kohkope^qnkjao_kjhko iate_]jkomqaoar]j]pn]^]) f]n]Aop]`koQje`ko* Ailav]nÂ&#x160;`e_eaj`kmqaaj aop]Â&#x160;lk_](hkope^qnkjaohhac]j]h]o_kop]o `aI]jv]jehhknabqceÂ&#x192;j`koa`aĂ&#x17D;oepq]_ekjao ]`rano]oĂ?$ajaopa_]ok(h]pailan]pqn]`ah ]cq]%(oeailna^qo_]j`kaj_kjpn]niafknao _kj`e_ekjao`are`]* =lnkra_dÂ&#x192;j`koa `ah ikiajpk( hko lao_]`knaoi]jv]jehhajoao(peaj`ajoqo pn]oi]hhkouhko]pn]l]jaj_]jpe`]`aoej) `qopne]hao$r]jiÂ&#x192;o`a1,,pkjah]`]o%(oej naolap]n]h]odai^n]o(u`al]okoahhar]j ajpnaoqona`ao]hkola_aorah]u`kn]`ko( mqaoej`a^anh]jepaianh]Ă&#x17D;pqneopa]jĂ?]ha) cnaiajpalknaopkohqc]nao* Hkoao_q]hkoraj_k]np]`ko`a_q]fkpk`]o oqoĂ&#x17D;ejpaj_ekjaoĂ?`a_na_anlh]_ajpan]iajpa ajhkmqa(delkpÂ&#x160;pe_]iajpaoanÂ&#x17D;]qjoqaÂ&#x2019;k `a^kj]jv]* Ateopajiq_dko_kheiajoao$uiate_]jko `apk`kpelk%mqa`aecq]hi]jan](^qo_]j ahĂ&#x17D;oqaÂ&#x2019;k]iane_]jkĂ?(`]`]h]oepq]_eÂ&#x201C;ja_k) jÂ&#x201C;ie_]]`rano]mqaoarera(uiecn]jd]_e] hkoAop]`koQje`kol]n]aj_kjpn]nĂ&#x17D;]cq]o pe^e]oĂ?`kj`anabqce]noaulnkolan]n* Oejai^]nck(h]ck^anj]`kn]`a=nevkj]( F]je_aG]u>nasan(ha`ekeje_ek]h]Ă&#x17D;pailk) n]`]`alao_]Ă?`aiate_]jko]hlnkiqhc]n ]hhauO>-,3,mqalaniepa]hkolao_]`knao cnejcko(lan`Â&#x201C;j(]h]lkhe_Â&#x17D;]hk_]h]pn]l]n ]hkolkoe^haoĂ&#x17D;pe^qnkjaoĂ?iate_]jkou`a kpn]on]v]o(d]_eaj`kna`]`]okna_qnneaj`k ]_q]hmqeanpelk`aĂ&#x17D;lao_]Ă?(]qjmqaÂ&#x160;op]jk oa]lna_eo]iajpa`alknper]* Aj aop]o na`$]`]o% lqa`aj _]an pk`k pelk`alanokj]o(ej_hqoerad]op]hkolnk) pace`kocnejckou`aolqÂ&#x160;ookhp]nhko()ahhko oÂ&#x17D;ln]_pe_]jahĂ&#x17D;_]p_d]j`naha]oaĂ?_kjoqo aola_eaoaj`Â&#x160;ie_]o* Ajah_]ok`ahko_apÂ&#x192;_ako(knc]jev]_ekjao pelkCnaajla]_a(^qo_]jmqaoaheiepaoq _]lpqn](upn]p]j`amqaoa]lhemqajh]o jkni]oejpanj]_ekj]hao(_kiklnkde^enh]o na`ao`aaji]hhal]n]h]lao_]`ape^qnÂ&#x201C;j ajh]oÂ&#x160;lk_]ouajh]ovkj]obna_qajp]`]o lkn^]hhaj]ouoqo_nÂ&#x17D;]o7mqajkoa_]lpqnaj afailh]nao`ape^qnÂ&#x201C;j^]hhaj]$Ndej_k`kj pulqo%( pe^qnÂ&#x201C;j lanacnejk $?apkndejqo i]teiqo%(pe^qnÂ&#x201C;j^h]j_k$?]n_d]nk`kj _]n_d]ne]o%(ap_Â&#x160;pan]*P]i^eÂ&#x160;joa^qo_]mqa jkateop]lao_]`enece`]]pe^qnkjaoajqj] bn]jf]i]nej]`a_ej_kgehÂ&#x201C;iapnko`a]j_dk ]hna`a`kn`ahko]nna_ebao_kn]hejko(mqaoa lnkdÂ&#x17D;^]ahqok`a_]nj]`]rer]umqajkoa atle`]jjqarkolanieokok_kj_aoekjao`a lao_]_kian_e]h(jeoaej_naiajpaahjÂ&#x2DC;iank `aai^]n_]_ekjao]qpknev]`]o* L]n]_kikaopÂ&#x192;jh]o_ko]o(lnkjpkranaiko _Â&#x201C;ikknc]jev]_ekjaoĂ&#x17D;jkcq^anj]iajp]) haoĂ?^qo_]nÂ&#x192;jmqaoaheiepah]Ă&#x17D;_]lpqn]Ă?`a iate_]jko(]lhe_]j`kp]i^eÂ&#x160;jjkni]oej) panj]_ekj]hao(_kiklnkde^enh]ona`$]`]o% ajh]oÂ&#x160;lk_]ouajh]ovkj]obna_qajp]`]o lkniqfanaoai^]n]v]`]ouoqodefko(mqa jkoa`apajc]jaola_Â&#x17D;iajaol]na_e`ko] $?]nopajkjpulqo%(lkhÂ&#x17D;pe_kolanacnejko $l]npe`qo_]i^e]jpeo%(dki^naoĂ&#x17D;^h]j_ko u]`ejan]`koĂ?$?]nhepqoOheiqo%(laniepeaj`k aokoÂ&#x17D;h]_]lpqn]`ahkobank_ao_kjj]_ekj]hao `ahpelk$j]n_qoh]r]`ejanqo%* Aopneopa(lankahoÂ&#x17D;ieh]lhe_]*.D


BMGSFOUF

D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

5SBTDFOEJu gk[fehd_d]Â&#x2018;dcej_lebW9|cWhWZ[

:_fkjWZeiWfheXWh|^eoecWÂ&#x2039;WdWbWB[o Z[I[]kh_ZWZDWY_edWb"YkoeZ_YjWc[d lejÂ&#x152;[bI[dWZe"fehWYbWcWY_Â&#x152;d"[bcWhj[i$ BWfei_Y_Â&#x152;dZ[beiZ_fkjWZei[icko i[dY_bbW0YecedkdYWbeijecWhed [dYk[djWi[bb[lWh|d[bj_[cfegk[ Yedi_Z[h[dd[Y[iWh_efWhWWdWb_pWhbW$ 7iÂ&#x2021;[igk[bWi\k[hpWiWhcWZWic[n_YWdWi j[dZh|dgk[i[]k_hWbW[if[hW$

gk[gk_[d[ii[bW^Wdl_ijeZ_\Â&#x2021;Y_bied

beifWd_ijWiZ[EWnWYW"fk[i^Wdj[d_Ze Yecfb_YWY_ed[ifWhWWhhWdYWhbWYWcfWÂ&#x2039;W Z[bYWdZ_ZWjeZ[bWWb_WdpW"=WX_de9kÂ&#x192;$ B[ih[ijh_d][d[bkieZ[fbWpWifÂ&#x2018;Xb_YWi" b[iYehjWdbWbkp"Z[j_[d[dWkjeXki[i o[n_ij[dh[j[d[i[dbeiWYY[ieiWbei cÂ&#x2021;j_d[i$Obegk[\WbjW$

:Ă&#x2018;7 9ED :Ă&#x2018;7 ?Â&#x201E;Zkfi 8^l`cXi :XdÂ&#x2C6;e

#

n]oehl]na_aaop]naji]n_d]* IÂ&#x160;te_kl]na_anaikh_]noa] oÂ&#x17D;ieoik*>n]oehl]na_apajan `koejp]jce^haomqa]IÂ&#x160;te_k ha b]hp]j6 he`an]pk u nqi^k* Rkhqjp]`_kiÂ&#x2DC;juÂ&#x160;le_]`abqpqnk* Hko^n]oehaÂ&#x2019;kod]jaj_kjpn]`kqj_]iejk ajahmqal]na_ajaop]n`a]_qan`k(qjoaj) pe`k`a_kjpejqe`]`*H]i]uknatlnaoeÂ&#x201C;j`a aokaomqa(rejeaj`k`ah]evmqean`]n]`e_]h( ]hhhac]n]hlk`anHqh]bqaiquknpk`ktk ajah_qe`]`kĂ&#x17D;jakhe^an]hĂ?`ah]olkhÂ&#x17D;pe_]o uhkoamqehe^nekoi]_nka_kjÂ&#x201C;ie_komqaha dana`Â&#x201C;oq]jpa_aokn(Banj]j`kDajnemqa ?]n`kok* Qj]`eo_qoeÂ&#x201C;jlkhÂ&#x17D;pe_]ajah>n]oeh`aaopko `Â&#x17D;]oao]mqeÂ&#x160;jhalanpaja_aahhai]mqad] ailav]`k]qpehev]nah_]j`e`]pkklkoepkn FkoÂ&#x160;Oann]*Ahhai]`a_]il]Â&#x2019;]mqaHqh]ha nac]pa]]Oann]aoĂ&#x17D;Lk`aikod]_anhkiafknĂ?( hkmqaeilhe_]ahna_kjk_eieajpk`amqahk

5JFNQPT EF .lYJDP  -JEFSBUP Z SVNCP da_dkd]op]]dkn]d]aop]`k^eaj* IÂ&#x160;te_kjkr]hafko`a>n]oehajh]o_ebn]o na]hao`anaj`eieajpkuajiq_d]o`ah]o _ebn]obqj`]iajp]hao(aopÂ&#x192;iafknmqa>n]oeh $]hcqj]o`aao]o_ebn]oajie_khqij]Ă&#x17D;>n]oeh uIÂ&#x160;te_kĂ?(IEHAJEK(..+0+-,%*Lankahokje`k mqaaiepajh]obqanv]olkhÂ&#x17D;pe_]o`aIÂ&#x160;te_k ao`ai]haop]n(aop]j_]ieajpkubn]_]ok* ?qaopeÂ&#x201C;j`apailan]iajpko(mqevÂ&#x192;6h] `ebanaj_e]mqad]uajpnaqj]o]i^]uqj] _]j_eÂ&#x201C;j`aFkoÂ&#x160;=hbna`k* D]u]hckbqj`]iajp]hmqa]lnaj`an`a >n]oehaji]pane]`ahe`an]pkuoajpe`k`a bqpqnk*Ianaoeopk]lajo]nmqaaooÂ&#x201C;hkrenpq` `ah]_]he`]`lanokj]h`aoqolnaoe`ajpao* He`an]pkjkaooÂ&#x201C;hkck^eanjk(he`an]pkao _h]oa`enecajpalqaop]`a]_qan`kajqjnqi) ^k*H]Ă&#x161;cqn]`ah_kj`q_pknaobqj`]iajp]h( lankjkoqĂ&#x161;_eajpa* Na]`mqenenqjoajpe`k`abqpqnkeilhe_] l]n]IÂ&#x160;te_kqj]_eanp]na_kj_ehe]_eÂ&#x201C;j_kjah

*IBUFZPV

HWfÂ&#x192;

;b[\[YjeKb_i[iHk_pYec[dpÂ&#x152;YedbW d[]Wj_lWZ[f[hc_ieWbWYeWb_Y_Â&#x152;d fWhWWhhWdYWhikYWcfWÂ&#x2039;WYedkdW YedY[djhWY_Â&#x152;d[dbWWbWc[ZWZ[B[Â&#x152;d"feh begk[i[WYehZÂ&#x152;[cf[pWhbWiWYj_l_ZWZ[i fhei[b_j_ijWiYedkdWcWhY^W$

QSFTFOUuFM

^WXÂ&#x2021;Wiehfh[iWo[de`ec_dkjeiWdj[iZ[ gk[WXehZWhWd[bj[cWZ[bWi_dZÂ&#x2021;][dWi J[h[iW=edp|b[po7bX[hjW7bY|djWhW"gk_[d[i Wo[hgk[ZWhedb_Xh[ijhWibWiWYkiWY_ed[i Z[i[Yk[ijheZ[W][dj[i\[Z[hWb[io fehjWY_Â&#x152;dZ[Zhe]W$



O[igk[i[[dj[hWhedZ[gk[[d Gk[hÂ&#x192;jWhei[Z_\kdZ_Â&#x152;gk[bWiejecÂ&#x2021;[i _XWdWi[h[ned[hWZWifehgk[[b ]eX[hdWZeh@eiÂ&#x192;9WbpWZWHel_heiW^WXÂ&#x2021;W _dĂ&#x2020;k_ZefWhWgk[bW9ehj[fh_c[he YedeY_[hW[bYWieoZ[ifkÂ&#x192;iĂ&#x2026;`WhW ikfei_Y_Â&#x152;d$?dYbkieWbb|[ijWXWd eh]Wd_pWdZekdWYed\[h[dY_WZ[fh[diW$

0KBMfTFQJFSEB FOFMPMWJEP

O[d[bI[dWZe"fehikfk[ije"de\WbjÂ&#x152; gk_[di[Yeb]WhWbWc[ZWbb_jW$

FEBĂ&#x2018;J?97 9;HE

gk[[dIWdB|pWhebWĂ&#x2026;[Xh[Z[bCkdZ_Wb

AX`if :Xc`okf 8cYXii}e

ÂŤDei[h|gk[gk_[h[di[h_dl_jWZeiWb fWhj_Ze_dWk]khWb57^"beifWcXeb[hei$

gk[CWh]Wh_jWPWlWbW"[ifeiWZ[b

Fh[i_Z[dj["i[Z_ej_[cfeZ[fbWj_YWhYed kd[ijkZ_Wdj[Z[bJ[Ygk[[n_]_Â&#x152;W<[b_f[ 9WbZ[hÂ&#x152;d_hc|iWbb|Z[beiZ_iYkhieio fh[i[djWhh[ikbjWZei[dbW_dl[ij_]WY_Â&#x152;d ieXh[ikiYecfWÂ&#x2039;[heiYWÂ&#x2021;Zei[dkd j_hej[eZ[b;`Â&#x192;hY_jeYedf_ijeb[hei"ZkhWdj[ kdWh[kd_Â&#x152;dZ[fehbec[deiYkWjhe ^ehWi[dCedj[hh[o$

Zeifehjh[i Ieajpn]obqj_ekj]neko`a?]hebknje]na) _d]v]nkjh]hauiecn]pkne]eilqaop]aj =nevkj](ajPat]oh]oaj]`kn]@a^^eaNe``ha napki]nÂ&#x192;qj]lnklqaop]`anabkni]iqu l]na_e`]]h]`ah]ck^anj]`kn]F]j>nasan( mqah]lneian]Ă&#x2026;

gk[[djh[beic_d_ijheiZ[bW9ehj[

IkZ|\h_YW(&'&oWf[]Â&#x152;Zkhe"fk[ikdW Yec_j_lWZ[b[]_ibWZeh[i"[dYWX[pWZWfeh [bf[hh[Z_ijW@eiÂ&#x192;CWhÂ&#x2021;WLWb[dY_W"_dijWbÂ&#x152; kdeZ[beijWdjei]hkfeiZ[Wc_ijWZ gk[i[^Wd\ehcWZeYed[bfWÂ&#x2021;ii[Z[ fWhWÂş\ehjWb[Y[h_dj[hYWcX_eiYkbjkhWb[i" Yec[hY_Wb[ioZ[fehj_leiÂť$

l]o]`k(iafkn`e_dk6qj`af]n]pnÂ&#x192;oahl]o]) `kl]n]lajo]nhe^naiajpahkmqa_kjreaja d]_anajahbqpqnk* Ajh]panne^hapnehkcÂ&#x17D;]`a-550Ă?na^aheÂ&#x201C;j( i]cje_e`ekou_neoeoĂ?IÂ&#x160;te_klan`eÂ&#x201C;]hck iÂ&#x192;omqaqjkolqjpko`a_na_eieajpk*Lan`eÂ&#x201C; qj]kl_eÂ&#x201C;jdeopÂ&#x201C;ne_]`aik`anjev]_eÂ&#x201C;j_quk `ao]opnkok]pannev]faajh]_neoeo`a-550) 51(o]p]jevÂ&#x201C;l]n]oeailnah]hh]i]`]rÂ&#x17D;] Ă&#x17D;jakhe^an]hĂ?d]_e]ah`ao]nnkhhkĂ?u]oqo lnklkja`knao* Pen]ikoajpkj_aoahjeÂ&#x2019;k_kjah]cq]oq_e] `ah]^]Â&#x2019;an]*@ao`aajpkj_aoj]`ealq`k lh]jpa]najIÂ&#x160;te_kh]ja_aoe`]``a_eanpko _]i^ekoejahq`e^haol]n]d]_an`aIÂ&#x160;te_k qj]ik`anj]a_kjkiÂ&#x17D;]`aian_]`k* Ah_]i^ekoamqa`Â&#x201C;]ia`ekd]_an(aj ia`ek`ah`aolnaopecekuh]bqne]*Ujkdaiko rqahpk]har]jp]nh]_]^av]l]n]ien]nd]_e] ]`ah]jpa*.D WYWc_d6c_b[d_e$Yec

$

q]j`kahoa_nap]nek`aA`q_]) _eÂ&#x201C;jLÂ&#x2DC;^he_](ah]qcqopk=hkjok Hqf]i^ek(]Ă&#x161;niÂ&#x201C;mqalanpaja_a ]aoacnqlk`aiate_]jkoaj ahmqaoaai]j]hqiejkoe`]` ubqanv]ujkko_qne`]`u`aoÂ&#x192;jeik(ajqj pkjkmqahadq^ean]ajre`e]`kI]ne]jkKok) nek(iahhajÂ&#x201C;ah]hi]`al]vejpanekn*Ok^na pk`k_q]j`kaop]olnkbqj`]ol]h]^n]obqa) nkjatpanj]`]oajah=h_Â&#x192;v]n`ah?]opehhk`a ?d]lqhpala_(fqjpk]h]lnaoe`ajp]`ah]?ENP( G]najOÂ&#x192;j_dav=^^kp(ajahh]jv]ieajpk`ah lknp]hĂ&#x17D;Deopkne]o`ab]iehe]Ă?`kj`a(]`aiÂ&#x192;o( p]j_qhpkuĂ&#x161;jkoa_nap]nekao_]jaÂ&#x201C;_kjjk lk_]h]o_ere]h]cnql]`ap]jcajpeh`]iep]( _kjqjaopehkmqahadq^ean]jajre`e]`kaj qj]rqh_]jev]`kn]* Aopkia`arkhreÂ&#x201C;h]baajh]dqi]je`]`(jk oÂ&#x201C;hklknmqaHqf]i^ek(]qpk`ajkiej]`ko]h) r]`kn`ah]a`q_]_eÂ&#x201C;jl]pne](d]u]_kjĂ&#x161;ni]`k oq]haf]ieajpk`ahlaoeieoik_kikdq^ean]

-VKBNCJP FM WPZFVS Z MBT JOEpHFOBT MJCFSBEBT mqane`kL]qhk?kahdkk?]nhko?q]qdpÂ&#x160;ik_ OÂ&#x192;j_dav(oejkmqap]i^eÂ&#x160;jd]u]lqaopkaj lahecnk_kjao]oien]`]ohe^e`ejko]ooql]lah `a_kjoajpe`k`ah]lnkbaokn]*½=u(l]lÂ&#x192; Aokumqah]Pnaiaj`]?knpad]u]_knnace`k( _q]pnk]Â&#x2019;ko`aolqÂ&#x160;o(h]oqlej]ecjkn]j_e] ui]ha`e_aj_e]`ah]LCNmqapajÂ&#x17D;]ajp]i) ^]`]o]pnaoej`Â&#x17D;caj]oajMqanÂ&#x160;p]nk(F]_ejp] Bn]j_eo_kI]n_e]h$mqeaj`aolqÂ&#x160;o`ajklk_] lnaoeÂ&#x201C;jok_e]huia`eÂ&#x192;pe_]bqahe^an]`]d]_a lk_koiaoao%(Panao]CkjvÂ&#x192;havu=h^anp]=h) _Â&#x192;jp]n](]_qo]`]o`ad]^anlh]ce]`k]qjko lk`ankoÂ&#x17D;oeiko]Ă&#x161;o*@eck(oqlkjeaj`kmqa aop]oiqfanaodq^ean]jlk`e`kd]_anp]h_ko]( an]_kikl]n]mqah]LCNoadq^ean]`aoeope`k _q]j`kiajkolknrancÂ&#x203A;ajv]u(ok^napk`k( l]n]jkoan^qnh]`ah_neiajknc]jev]`k*Ah ?d]lkuAhI]uk(neo]uneo]* Hkejpanao]jpa(]`aiÂ&#x192;o`amqaahiejeopnk =npqnkV]h`Â&#x17D;r]noÂ&#x17D;ha`efk]h]LCNmqalkn lea`]`u]oalkjc]j]pn]^]f]n(lknmqah]

?knpaoah]l]o]]nnach]j`koqoaopnkle_ekoa ejfqope_e]o*U]jkoao]^amqeÂ&#x160;jeiep]]mqeÂ&#x160;j( oe?dÂ&#x192;rav"?d]rav]hlnk_qn]pkn>]v^]v(k re_arano]* Lankhk`aoa]^haaomqa]`kÂ&#x2019;]F]_ejp](`kÂ&#x2019;] Panao]u`kÂ&#x2019;]=h^anp]jkoÂ&#x201C;hkhaokbnav_]j ah`eo_qhlajh]oikhaope]omqaaop]lnk_qn]) _eÂ&#x201C;j`afqope_e]haod]k_]oekj]`k(oejkmqa h]ejopepq_eÂ&#x201C;joa_]ec]_kjah^ehhapacn]j`a* Uaomqah]LCN(ajahiafknaopehk`ahko Hacekj]neko`a?neopk(oad]_al]pk_kjah nao]n_eieajpkajiapÂ&#x192;he_k(_nauaj`kmqa _kjqj]ol]hi]`ep]ooanaoqahrap]jpk]^qok( p]jpkklnk^ekup]jp]ecjkieje]* Ao_kik_q]j`k./iehiqanpko`aolqÂ&#x160;o u`]Â&#x2019;ko_kh]pan]hao`alknia`ek(?]h`anÂ&#x201C;j ]Ă&#x161;ni]_]ila_d]j]iajpaajIkjpannau( _kjranpe`kajh]jqar]?eq`]`FqÂ&#x192;nav(mqa Ă&#x17D;ajpeaj`kh]_neoeo`a_kjĂ&#x161;]jv]Ă?*.D `W_he$YWb_nje6c_b[d_e$Yec mmm$jm_jj[h$Yec%`W_heYWb_nje


D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

B7 >?IJEH?7 ;D 8H;L; :`if >Â?d\q C\pmX

%

ah`a?k]dqeh](P]i]qhel]o(ap_Â&#x160;pan](aoqj] i]mqej]ne]`eoaÂ&#x2019;]`]u]_aep]`](jkl]n]ck) ^anj]n^eaj(oejkl]n]c]j]naha__ekjao*Ul]n] c]j]njkoapeajp]h]_]npan]jeah]hi]* Oacqj`k(lknmqa]TÂ&#x201C;_dephoahakbna_eÂ&#x201C; oanh]_]j`e`]p]`aqj]oÂ&#x201C;he`]_k]he_eÂ&#x201C;jL=J( LN@(?kjrancaj_e]uLPoepajÂ&#x17D;]hkoiafknao jÂ&#x2DC;iankoajh]oaj_qaop]o*Hkopqrkuqj]l]npa oecjeĂ&#x161;_]per]`ahĂ&#x203A;]j_kLN@(?kjrancaj_e]( LPoad]`a`e_]`]]ckhla]nh](`aoc]op]nh]* I]jqah?]i]_dkh]ejrepÂ&#x201C;]qj]hq_d]oej _q]npah_kjpn]ahLNEujeoemqean]had]lk`e) `k_qe`]nh]oaol]h`]o*ÂźMqÂ&#x160;p]j`ebanajpao oanÂ&#x17D;]jhkojÂ&#x2DC;ianko_kjh]ei]caj`aqj] _k]he_eÂ&#x201C;jrecknko](]hacna;

Pan_ank(lknmqaahL=Jej`khajpajkhad] ajpnac]`kna_qnokojeh]d]]nnkl]`k]jpah]o _]p]lqhp]o`ahk`kpne_khkn*P]ilk_koad] b]f]`kl]n]nkilan(]dÂ&#x17D;oÂ&#x17D;(ah_an_kejbkni]perk hk_]h*ÂźJkaopÂ&#x192;ajpan]`k?Â&#x160;o]nJ]r]; Oe?]i]_dkuJ]r]jkde_eankjhkmqa pajÂ&#x17D;]jmqad]_an_q]j`kh]atla_p]per]an] ]hp](jkraklknmqÂ&#x160;hkr]u]j]d]_an`ao) lqÂ&#x160;o`aaop]aj_qaop]*De`]hckl]o]nÂ&#x192;]oan oqlnekne`]`jÂ&#x2DC;iank-,,* TÂ&#x201C;_dephpaj`nÂ&#x17D;]mqai]j`]nhko]h`e]^hk* Dku*Mqaoamqa`aj_kjoqolnaoqlqaopko( ]i]nnao(cq]`]nn]i]o(^anc]jv]o7_kjoq lej_da]he]jv]`aoi]`n]`](lk`ne`]*.D ]ec[pb[olW6c_b[d_e$Yec

3FGPSNBEFTFHVSJEBE

[bfWÂ&#x2021;iZ[bdkdYW`WXWp

ao_kn]vkj]`kn]l]n]TÂ&#x201C;_deph CÂ&#x192;hravh]aj_qaop]`ahC]^ejapa `a?kiqje_]_eÂ&#x201C;jAopn]pÂ&#x160;ce_]* Lkn`kj`aoahara]* AopÂ&#x192;.1lqjpko]^]fk`ah _]j`e`]pk`ahLNE]hck^eanjk`aDe`]hck( Bn]j_eo_kKhran]*OÂ&#x201C;hkpeaja..lkn_eajpk`a h]oejpaj_ekjao`arkpk*U(l]n]nai]p]n(mqeaj `a^anÂ&#x17D;]]_kil]Â&#x2019;]nh]ajh]]he]jv]klkoepkn]( ah_]jp]jpaBn]j_eo_kT]rean>anc]jv](oqi] /*2lkn_eajpkmqapaj`nÂ&#x17D;]mqaoan`aahh]* Ahl]jkn]i]ajah]nn]jmqa`ebÂ&#x17D;_ehiaj) palk`nÂ&#x17D;]oanlakn*Lankaolanba_p]iajpa hÂ&#x201C;ce_k* Lneiank(lknmqaahLNE`aDe`]hck(_kik

9uDIJUM UJFOF RVF NBOEBS BM EJBCMP B $BNBDIP Z /BWB

9K8Ă&#x2018;9KBE ;IJH7Jx=?9E :Xicfj DfkX

)

kuaoqj`Â&#x17D;]eilknp]jpal]n] ahiqj`k`ahkojack_ekoaj IÂ&#x160;te_k*H]ailnao]?da`n]qe( mqa_qajp]_kjiÂ&#x192;o`a-0. peaj`]o`a]qpkoanre_ekaj r]nekoaop]`ko`ah]NalÂ&#x2DC;^he_](oad]nÂ&#x192;lÂ&#x2DC;) ^he_]7ao`a_en(ailav]nÂ&#x192;]_kpev]najh]>kho] Iate_]j]`aR]hknao*Dkuoad]nÂ&#x192;ahh]jv]) ieajpkui]Â&#x2019;]j]_q]hmqeanlanokj]lk`nÂ&#x192; _kiln]nqjla`]_epk`aoq_]lep]h* =uan]ia`ek`Â&#x17D;]_en_qh]^]ahnqikn(aj) pna]hcqj]o_]o]o`a^kho](`amqalk`nÂ&#x17D;] oqolaj`anoah]kbanp]lÂ&#x2DC;^he_](ajp]jpkjk oaaop]^ehev]n]jhkoian_]`koĂ?h]na^]f]aj h]_]heĂ&#x161;_]_eÂ&#x201C;j`a`aq`]`aAol]Â&#x2019;]ejbqj) `eÂ&#x201C;paikn]hkh]nck`ah`Â&#x17D;]*Jkk^op]jpa( =npqnkRahÂ&#x192;vmqav(`ena_pkn`anah]_ekjao _kjejranoekjeop]o`a?da`n]qeia`efk6Ă&#x17D;Hk Â&#x2DC;je_kmqapalqa`k_kjĂ&#x161;ni]naomqai])

$IFESBVJ DPOGJSNB RVF Tp TBMF B #PMTB

BMGSFOUF

;D FH?L7:E AfXhlÂ&#x2C6;e CÂ?g\q$ ;Â?i`^X M%

%F OP TFS QPS $JSP Ahoandqi]jkao`eo_qpe`kn7 aokaoej`eo_qpe^ha*BhknaopÂ&#x192;j

/

kia_naÂ&#x17D;]hkmqaahi]npaoao) _q_d]^](lankh]okhe`av`a?enk CÂ&#x201C;iavHaur]hk]r]h]^]* Ah`kiejck(`eaviehep]jpao `ahOIAeje_e]nkjqj]dqahc]`a d]i^naajahVÂ&#x201C;_]hk`ah]?eq`]``aIÂ&#x160;te_k ajnaol]h`k]oqhq_d]_kjpn]h]atpej_eÂ&#x201C;j`a HqvuBqanv]u]b]rkn`aoqoej`e_]pk* Qjk`aoqo]_pknaoaoah_ki^]perkoa_nap]nek `ahatpanekn(Banj]j`k=iav_q](_kjahmqa ?enkd]^h]^]lknpahÂ&#x160;bkjkajoqraolanpejk `aN]`ekBÂ&#x201C;niqh]½`ao`a?]n]_]o(ajlhaj] dqahc]`ad]i^naajahVÂ&#x201C;_]hk* Ă??knnÂ&#x17D;cajkoBanj]j`kĂ?ha`efk?enkĂ?(lank jkoaopÂ&#x192;j`e_eaj`kmqaaopÂ&#x192;oaj?]n]_]o*** Ă?Aba_per]iajpa?enk(aopkuaj?]n]_]o* Ă?Lank(Âźjkaop]^]oajdqahc]`ad]i^na;( ajahVÂ&#x201C;_]hk* Ă?Lqaoaopkuajdqahc]`ad]i^nalankaop] aoqj]_kieoeÂ&#x201C;jl]npe_qh]n(lanokj]h(aoqj] _kj`e_eÂ&#x201C;j`a_kilnkieokmqade_eiko*** Ă?Ajpkj_aoajdqahc]`ad]i^nalank aj?]n]_]o*** Ă?OÂ&#x17D;(]Ă&#x161;ni]perkĂ?n]peĂ&#x161;_Â&#x201C;=iav_q]Ă?(na) cnao]j`kiad]ckqjat]iajmqaoad]_a l]n]mqapk`k***aba_per]iajpajkoad]ej) cane`k]^okhqp]iajpaj]`]`a]heiajpku( ^qajk(h]_kjĂ&#x161;]jv]`apk`kohko_kil]Â&#x2019;anko ajdqahc]* Ajaoapkjkha`efkmqanacnao]^]]IÂ&#x160;te_k qj]oai]j]`aolqÂ&#x160;o(ahlnÂ&#x201C;teiki]npaolknh] jk_da(lankoejnkilanh]dqahc]`ad]i^na* Jeqj_]_]dq]paajah]reÂ&#x201C;j(jeqj]]nal]aj ?]n]_]o*?ank*Dqahc]`ad]i^napkp]h* Ha`eckmqa`ajkoanlkn?enk(jkia_naanÂ&#x17D;] ahpn]oh]`k`ah]dqahc]`ad]i^na`a=iav) _q](aoa`ah]rkvcnqao]mqa]iaj]v](cnep] uieajp]i]`naoajahiacÂ&#x192;bkjk* H]lnacqjp]aoqj]6Âź]mqÂ&#x160;bqa]?]n]_]o aopa`enecajpa`ahOIA; LknmqaoeÂ&#x160;haoqj`ao_kjĂ&#x161;]`kajhkmqa kpnko`e_aj(hko`aiÂ&#x192;opajaiko`ana_dk] oanhk_kjhkmqaÂ&#x160;h`a_h]n]* Uoej]_alp]nhkmqahh]i]j_an_]jÂ&#x17D;]ae`ajpeĂ&#x161;) _]_eÂ&#x201C;j_kjah_d]reoik(jkiaj_ekjÂ&#x160;h]l]h]^n] ]lkuk]hOej`e_]pkIate_]jk`aAha_pne_eop]o( ]hck`a^ad]^an*UlknaokaopÂ&#x192;]hhÂ&#x192;* Hkona_qnokopeajajmqao]hen`a]hcqj] l]npa* =dkn](oeaoqj]ian]_kej_e`aj_e](d]_a iq_dkmqa`afÂ&#x160;`a_naanajahh]o(ajh]o_k) ej_e`aj_e]o*

H[jWb[i Â&#x2019;]j]oad]nÂ&#x192;ahlne_ejcuahreanjaoaop]nÂ&#x17D;]j _kpev]j`kh]o]__ekjaoajh]>IRĂ?* ?da`n]qeaoqj]ailnao]mqajkaopÂ&#x192; lkoe_ekj]`]_kikh]iÂ&#x192;oejjkr]`kn]aj oqej`qopne]Ă?S]hi]npoahhar]ao]ia`]) hh]Ă?(lankd]naolkj`e`k_kjeilknp]jpao ]jqj_eko_]`]mqanamqeanad]_anhk*=oÂ&#x17D;( _kilnÂ&#x201C;d]_aqjko]Â&#x2019;koh]obn]_]o]`]okla) n]_ekjao`a?]nnabkqn(]h]omqad]ejua_) p]`k(u]_kjoqi]n_](qj_na_eieajpkaj rajp]o`a0/lkn_eajpkaj]Â&#x2019;kona_eajpao* =oeieoik(ajhkoÂ&#x2DC;hpeiko`ko]Â&#x2019;kooadevk `ah_kjpnkh`aoeapapeaj`]oCec]jpa$ieaj) pn]oĂŁjcahHko]`]ajbk_Â&#x201C;oqo^]panÂ&#x17D;]oaj kpnkojack_eko%(uh]opn]jobkniÂ&#x201C;d]_e]h] najp]^ehe`]`* Ajoqlnkola_pk`a_khk_]_eÂ&#x201C;j(?da`n]qe atlhe_]mqaoqaopn]pace]aookhe`eĂ&#x161;_]noq lkoe_eÂ&#x201C;j_kikhÂ&#x17D;`anaj]qpkoanre_eko*L]n]

_kjraj_anjko(`ap]hh]]__ekjao6atl]j`en oqna``apeaj`]o7iafkn]n_kjpejq]iajpa oqorajp]o7_kj_ajpn]noaajnaj`eieajpk Ă&#x161;j]j_eank7_na_anajAop]`koQje`ko$]dÂ&#x17D; klan].-peaj`]o%7]oÂ&#x17D;_kik]nikjev]noqo klan]_ekjao]pn]rÂ&#x160;o`ah]pa_jkhkcÂ&#x17D;]* H]cn]jlnacqjp]mqa]l]npen`aaopa `Â&#x17D;]paj`nÂ&#x192;mqanaolkj`an_kjoqapq`ej]) ne]iajpa?da`n]qeaomqÂ&#x160;p]jrahkviajpa lqa`ac]n]jpev]nh]eilh]jp]_eÂ&#x201C;j`aoq aopn]pace]l]n]i]jpajanqjnepik`a_na) _eieajpkrecknkok`ajpnk`aoqej`qopne]* =l]npen`a]dkn]aop]nÂ&#x192;oqfap](_kji]ukn ao_nqpejek(]hkokfko_nÂ&#x17D;pe_ko`ah]lnajo] u`ahko]j]heop]o^qnoÂ&#x192;pehao`ah]o_]o]o`a ^kho]*OqojÂ&#x2DC;iankopneiaopn]haooanÂ&#x192;jp]j lÂ&#x2DC;^he_ko_kikhko`aS]hi]np(?kian_e]h Iate_]j]kOkne]j]*Ajdkn]^qaj]*.D cejWYWhbei'&&6]cW_b$Yec

-*INE@=*H]lneian]aha__eÂ&#x201C;jaoUq_]pÂ&#x192;jah lnÂ&#x201C;teik`Â&#x17D;]-2*H]fku]`ah]_knkj]aoIÂ&#x160;ne`]( ahmqejpkiqje_elekiÂ&#x192;oeilknp]jpa`ahL=J* Oq_]j`e`]p](>a]pnevV]r]h](ao]rajp]f]`]lkn h]lneeop]=jcÂ&#x160;he_]=n]qfklknqj]nah]_eÂ&#x201C;j`a _]oe`ko]qjk7 .*AOLEJK*I]jqahAolejkhh]i]]h]na^a) heÂ&#x201C;jl]jeop]pn]oaheje_ek`aqjlnk_aokl]n] atlqho]nhkajahL=J`ahAop]`k`aIÂ&#x160;te_k( ]hmqa_]heĂ&#x161;_Â&#x201C;`ahiÂ&#x192;o_knnqlpk7u /*BQANK*D]_aqj]ooai]j]obqa`apaje) `klknh]lkhe_Â&#x17D;]ajaop]`k`aa^nea`]`(_kj `nkc]u]ni]`k(ahlnaoe`ajpa`ah?kjcnaok `a>]f]?]hebknje](ah`elqp]`kl]jeop]RÂ&#x17D;_pkn CkjvÂ&#x192;havKnpac]*@afÂ&#x201C;ah_]ncklanknacnaoÂ&#x201C;( _kjh]eilqje`]``ahbqank(]oq_qnqh*Lkn aokjkhkmqeanajokhp]n(oejbqank(aop]nÂ&#x17D;]aj h]_Â&#x192;n_ah*Aoh]eilqje`]`hac]h* Jkoraikoi]Â&#x2019;]j](lankajlner]`k*.D bef[pZeh_]W6c_b[d_e$Yec




`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

$PMJNB

P

jhWdifWh[dY_Wo[hWh_e

DejeZeibeiWokdjWc_[djeiYkcfb[dYedbWb[]_ibWY_Â&#x152;d

H[]_Zeh[iZ[CWdpWd_bbe" iedbeigk[c|i]WdWd EXj_[d[dc|iZ[*&c_bf[ieiYecef[hY[fY_Â&#x152;dc[dikWb[ifehikjhWXW`e1[d9ecWbW bei_d]h[ieif[Ykd_Wh_eiZ[bei[b[c[djeiZ[bYWX_bZeiedZ[',c_bf[ieiYWZWc[i J7F?HE

9eb_cW3DXi`f8cY\ikfJfcÂ&#x2C6;j<jg`efjX

-

konace`knao`ah]uqjp]) ieajpk`aI]jv]jehhk okjmqeajaok^peajaj i]uknao ejcnaoko ajpk`kahaop]`k`a ?khei](]hk^pajanqj]lan_al_eÂ&#x201C;j iajoq]h`a0,ieh-23laoko_]`] /,`Â&#x17D;]o*Ieajpn]omqa`amqeajao _qilhaj_kjh]`ebqoeÂ&#x201C;j`alan_al) _ekjao(hkoiqjÂ&#x17D;_elao`a?ki]h] okjmqeajaoiajkoc]j]j* = lao]n `a hko _kjop]jpao hh]i]`ko`ahkoÂ&#x201C;nc]jko_ki) lapajpaou`ahkmqaatlnao]ah ]npÂ&#x17D;_qhk-,`ah]Hau`a=__aoku Pn]jol]naj_e]`ah]ejbkni]_eÂ&#x201C;j LÂ&#x2DC;^he_]`ahAop]`k(_q]pnkiqje) _elekooecqajajbn]j_]rekh]_eÂ&#x201C;j ]p]hao`eolkoe_ekjao(]hjknaceo) pn]nhkooqah`kokbe_e]hao`aoqo bqj_ekj]neko* @a]_qan`k]h]lÂ&#x192;cej]aha_pnÂ&#x201C;) je_]`ahko]uqjp]ieajpkomqaoÂ&#x17D; _qilhaj_kjh]haceoh]_eÂ&#x201C;jaji]pa) ne]`apn]jol]naj_e](hkonace`knao `ah]uqjp]ieajpk`aI]jv]jehhk na_e^aj0,ieh-23laokoiajoq]) haouoqlnaoe`ajpa(J]^knK_dk] HÂ&#x201C;lav(03ieh2.1laoko* Ajoacqj`khqc]noaq^e_]j hko iqjÂ&#x17D;_elao `a Pa_kiÂ&#x192;j( _kjlan_al_ekjao`a/2ieh-4- laokoiajoq]hao(lkn04ieh31, laokomqana_e^aahlnaoe`ajpa

:[ifkÂ&#x192;iZ[bWbYWbZ[Z[9eb_cW"bWY_kZWZfehj[Â&#x2039;W[i[bc|iW\ehjkdWZe[dik[bZeiZ[iki[Z_b[i O]Â&#x2DC;hI]c]Â&#x2019;]I]`nec]h_]`]/, `Â&#x17D;]o(]qjmqaajhkoÂ&#x2DC;hpeiko`Â&#x17D;]o oa`ebqj`eÂ&#x201C;h]lkoe^ehe`]``amqa hkoejpacn]jpao`ah_]^eh`kd]u]j ]qiajp]`koqo]h]nek*

Hqack( ah pan_an hqc]n aj h] heop] `a hko iafkn l]c]`ko ao k_ql]`k lkn hko nace`knao `a ?khei]( mqeajao `a ]_qan`k ] h] lÂ&#x192;cej] aha_pnÂ&#x201C;je_] `a aoa

]uqjp]ieajpk(na_e^aj/1ieh 352laokoiajoq]hao_]`]iao( lkn33ieh4,,laoko`ah]h_]h`a Ecj]_ekLan]hp]OÂ&#x192;j_dav(ahiafkn l]c]`k`ah]ajpe`]`* J7F?HE

7bYWbZ[?]dWY_eF[hWbjW]WdW_]kWbgk[ikiWdj[Y[ieh[i

Ik[bZei[Z_b_Y_eiikX_[hed '($/[d9eb_cWYWf_jWb JWcX_Â&#x192;d[biÂ&#x2021;dZ_Ye

i[_dYh[c[djÂ&#x152;bW f[hY[fY_Â&#x152;diWbWh_Wb 9eb_cW3<c`qXY\k_:Xjk`ccfDÂ&#x201E;e[\q

&

jqj-.*5lkn_eajpkoaej_na) iajp]nkjh]olan_al_ekjao o]h]ne]hao`ahkonace`knao `ah]uqjp]ieajpk`a?khei](`a h]]`iejeopn]_eÂ&#x201C;j.,,5).,-.aj

nah]_eÂ&#x201C;j]hkoiqjÂ&#x17D;_elao`ahpneajek l]o]`k*Ieajpn]oah]h_]h`aFkoÂ&#x160; Ecj]_ekLan]hp]OÂ&#x192;j_davi]jpeaja ahoqah`k`a33ieh440laokomqa lan_e^Â&#x17D;]joqo]jpa_aoknaoI]nek =jcqe]jkIknajkuFkoÂ&#x160;=jpkjek Knkv_kO]j`kr]h* =_pq]hiajpahkonace`knao`ah ]uqjp]ieajpk`a?khei]lan_e) ^ajqjoqah`k`a/1ieh351*,- laoko(ieajpn]omqaahoÂ&#x17D;j`e_k lan_e^a0.ieh/1.*-,laoko(oacÂ&#x2DC;j h]ejbkni]_eÂ&#x201C;jok^nah]lan_al) _eÂ&#x201C;jo]h]ne]huh]_kilajo]_eÂ&#x201C;j

iajoq]h`ahkoiqjÂ&#x17D;_elaoubqj) _ekj]nekoiqje_el]haolq^he_]`] ajh]lÂ&#x192;cej]sa^`ah]_kiqj] _]lep]hej]* Hkonace`knao_]lep]hejkoc]j]j 0ieh2.,laokoiÂ&#x192;omqahkoiqjÂ&#x17D;) _elao`ahpneajekl]o]`k(lqao`a ]_qan`k]h]ejbkni]_eÂ&#x201C;j`ah] `elqp]`]L]pne_e]Hqck>]nnec]( atnace`kn]`ah]uqjp]ieajpk`a ?khei](hkoa`ehao`a.,,2).,,5 c]j]^]j/-ieh-32laoko* Ieajpn]o mqa Hqck >]nnec] atlqokmqa_]`]qjk`ahkoat

Ieajpn]op]jpk(hkoiqjÂ&#x17D;_elao`a ?q]qdpÂ&#x160;ik_ejcnao]j]oq_qajp] lanokj]h./iehlaoko_]`]iao(u oq]h_]h`aFaoÂ&#x2DC;oLh]o_aj_e]05ieh -.,laoko(ao`a_enmqapeajaqj oqah`ki]ukn]h`ahkolnaoe`ajpao `aPa_kiÂ&#x192;j(I]jv]jehhkuRehh] `a=hr]nav* @aop]_] ah _]ok `a Rehh] `a =hr]nav(lqaoahoepekaha_pnÂ&#x201C;je_k okh]iajpanaceopn]qjoqah`k`a -3ieh-,,laoko]hkonace`knao( _q]j`kaolÂ&#x2DC;^he_kmqaoqoejcna) okookjiÂ&#x192;o]hpkomqaah`ar]neko iqje_eleko`a?khei]*Aj_]ok`a jknaceopn]noa_knna_p]iajpahko ejcnaoko(aoaiqje_elekaop]nÂ&#x17D;] rekh]j`kh]hau* D]op] ah Â&#x2DC;hpeik oepek `a h] heop] `a ejcnaoko `a hko nace) `knaooaaj_qajpn]jhkoejpa) cn]jpao`ah_]^eh`k`a?ki]h]( mqeajaoc]j]jqjlnkia`ek`a -2iehlaoko]hiao(ieajpn]o mqaoq]h_]h`a=cqopÂ&#x17D;jIkn]hao =jcqe]jkk^peajaqjoqah`k`a 0,ieh4.,laoko* Hko iqje_eleko `a =nianÂ&#x17D;]( Iej]pephÂ&#x192;j(Etph]dq]_Â&#x192;ju?kmqe) i]phÂ&#x192;jjkpeajajnaceopnk`ahko oqah`ko`aoqobqj_ekj]neko(]Â&#x2DC;j _q]j`kao]`ebqoeÂ&#x201C;j`a`]pkoaopÂ&#x192; k^hec]`]lknah]npÂ&#x17D;_qhk-,`ah] Hau`a=__aokuPn]jol]naj_e] `a h] Ejbkni]_eÂ&#x201C;j LÂ&#x2DC;^he_] `ah Aop]`k*.&

7okdjWc_[djeZ[9eb_cW nace`knao na_e^Â&#x17D;] ]lnktei]`]) iajpa-2iehlaokoiajoq]hao lknĂ&#x17D;c]opko`akn`ajok_e]hĂ?(na_qn) okomqa`aopej]^]jl]n]kpknc]n ]lkukoa_kjÂ&#x201C;ie_ko]h]olanokj]o mqahkokhe_ep]^]j7hkonace`knao ĂŁjcah @qaÂ&#x2019;]o >]n]f]o u ĂŞo_]n R]h`krejko=jcqe]jkej`e_]nkj

mqa]_pq]hiajpahkoiqjÂ&#x17D;_elao na_e^aj-.ieh/21laoko]hiao lkn`e_dk_kj_alpk* Ajh]l]o]`]]`iejeopn]_eÂ&#x201C;j( ahoej`e_kpajÂ&#x17D;]qjejcnaok`aqj lk_kiÂ&#x192;o`a//iehlaoko(_]jpe`]` mqaoaej_naiajpÂ&#x201C;]0.ieh/1. laokoajaopapneajek* @a]_qan`k]qj]jkp]ejbkn) i]per]lq^he_]`]lknIEHAJEK ?KHEI=ah-2`aajank`a.,,5( _kj`]pko`ah]lÂ&#x192;cej]sa^`ah ]uqjp]ieajpk`a?khei](ah]h_]h`a I]nek=jcqe]jkIknajkpajÂ&#x17D;]qj ejcnaok`a33ieh44/laoko(oqah`k mqa]_pq]hiajpalan_e^aLan]hp] OÂ&#x192;j_dav* Oe^eajLan]hp]OÂ&#x192;j_davjkoa ej_naiajpÂ&#x201C;ahoqah`k(aoah]h_]h`a mqapeajaqjejcnaokoqlanekn]h naopk`ahkoa`ehao(lqaop]joÂ&#x201C;hk ahlnaoe`ajpaiqje_el]h`aI]j) v]jehhk(J]^knK_dk](lan_e^a03 ieh2.1laokoiajoq]hao(oacÂ&#x2DC;j oaÂ&#x2019;]h]ahlknp]h`aejpanjap`ah] _kiqj]lknpaÂ&#x2019;]*.&


`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

I;H=?E 9;HL7DJ;I

B[]_ibWZeh[ibeYWb[ii[h[kd_[hed[bZ‡WZ[Wo[h"[dkdiWbŒdZ[^ej[b

:_fkjWZeiYec[dpWhedh[l_i_ŒdZ[WkZ_jeh‡Wi

I_dieXh[iWbjei h[l_iWdYk[djWi f‘Xb_YWiZ[7hc[h‡W BeifhŒn_ceiZ‡Wi mqajkateopenƒjejc˜jlnk^hai]

j[hc_dWh|dYed[b Wd|b_i_iZ[jeZei beickd_Y_f_ei 9eb_cW3D8J<

-

ko`elqp]`koejpacn]jpao `ah ?kjcnaok `ah Aop]`k eje_e]nkj_kjh]nareoe“j`a h]o_qajp]ol˜^he_]o`ahoacqj`k oaiaopna`a.,,5(]qjmqaajaop] lneian]oaoe“j˜je_]iajpaoaheie) p]nkj]nareo]nahafan_e_ekbej]j_eank `ahiqje_elek`a=nianŽ](`kj`a o“hkoaaj_kjpn]nkjk^oanr]_ekjao iajknao* Lknh]p]n`au_kikhkd]^Ž] ]`ah]jp]`kahlnaoe`ajpa`ah]?kie) oe“j`aD]_eaj`]`ah?kjcnaok`ah Aop]`k(Neck^anpkO]h]v]nRah]o_k( hkohaceoh]`knaooanaqjeankjaj qjdkpah]hjknpa`ah]_eq`]`u ]lqanp]_ann]`]`qn]jpar]ne]o dkn]o* Jkk^op]jpa(okh]iajpaoa]j]) hev“ahejbknia`ahiqje_elek`a =nianŽ](`kj`aoalnaoajp]nkj /3k^oanr]_ekjao(.4`aahh]o`a _]nƒ_panbej]j_eankujqara`a k^n]l˜^he_](Îjejcqj]`aahh]o aocn]raÏ(iaj_ekj“ah`elqp]`k Neck^anpkO]h]v]nRah]o_k* Ej_hqok(ahp]i^eŠjre_a_kkn`ej]) `kn`ah]bn]__e“j`ahLNE]`ah]jp“

l]n]_]hebe_]no]peob]_pkne]iajpa h]_qajp]l˜^he_]`aaoaiqje_e) lek*Hqack]’]`e“mqah]`aq`] l˜^he_]`a=nianŽ]nkj`]hko.5 iehhkjao`alaoko(hkmqaeilhe_] qjlnk^hai]l]n]h]afa_q_e“j `ak^n]* Hqack(ahlnaoe`ajpa`ah]?kie) oe“j`aD]_eaj`]i]jebaop“mqa ]pn]rŠo`ah]_qan`k`ahkoieai) ^nko`ap]hejop]j_e]haceoh]per](oa ]_kn`“aop]^ha_anqj_]haj`]nek l]n]ah]jƒheoeo`ah]ojqara_qaj) p]oiqje_el]haonaop]jpaouh]mqa _knnaolkj`a]hck^eanjkaop]p]h* @aao]i]jan](dku]l]npen`a h]o1`ah]p]n`a(oanƒj]j]hev]`]o h]o_qajp]o`ahkoiqje_eleko`a ?ki]h](?kmqei]phƒju?khei]7 ieajpn]omqaahreanjaooanƒjnareo]) `]oh]o`a?q]qdpŠik_(Etph]dq]_ƒj uI]jv]jehhk(l]n]_kj_hqenahhqjao ln“teik_kjIej]pephƒj(Pa_kiƒj uRehh]`aãhr]nav* Aj`e_dk_]haj`]nekjkoaaola_e) be_](lankNeck^anpkO]h]v]ni]jebaop“ mqaiqulnk^]^haiajpah]_qajp] l˜^he_]`ahck^eanjkaop]p]hoanƒ nareo]`]ahln“teiki]npao* Bej]hiajpa( ah haceoh]`kn atlnao“mqaaop]onaqjekjaooa na]hev]j_kjahƒjeik`a]_h]n]n pk`]oh]o`q`]omqalq`ean]j oqncen aj pknjk ] h]o _qajp]o l˜^he_]o`ahko-,]uqjp]ieajpko uahck^eanjkaop]p]h*.&

$PMJNB


$PMJNB `k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'& >eo`k[l[ii[h[kd_h|ddk[lWc[dj[YedbWWbYWbZ[iW

Feb_Y‡WiZ[LZ[7[n_][dWbW WbYWbZ[iWc[`ehWibWXehWb[i J7F?HE

FeZh‡W^WX[hkd

ºfWhebWXehWb»"i_de ^Woh[iebkY_ŒdfhedjW" Wj_iXWh[fh[i[djWdj[ 9eb_cW38c\o:XiYXaXc9\iY\i

%

ao`ah]olneian]odkn]o`ah] i]’]j](ajah?kilhafk`a Oacqne`]`L˜^he_]`aRehh] `aãhr]nav(-.,lkhe_Ž]o`ah]_knlk) n]_e“jiqje_el]hrehh]hr]najoaoa i]jebaop]nkjl]n]atecenqjej_na) iajpko]h]ne]h`ah2lkn_eajpk(aj hqc]n`ah0lkn_eajpkmqana_e^eankj( ]`aiƒo`ahl]ck`ah]lnei]lkn hkomqejmqajeko(hkmqa`af“]aopa iqje_elekoejreceh]j_e]lkhe_e]_]( ]hiajkolkndkn]uia`e]* N]i“jCkjvƒhav=cq]uk(aj jki^na`apk`]h]lkhe_Ž]`ah] _knlkn]_e“jiqje_el]h`aRehh] `aãhr]nav(]oacqn“mqanamqeanaj Îah]qiajpko]h]ne]h]h2lkn_eaj) pk(lknmqaokh]iajpajko`eankj ah0lkn_eajpk`a]qiajpk(uah l]ck`ahkomqejmqajekoÏ(hk_q]h `a]_qan`k]hkmqaej`e_]ah`a) _napk`apn]^]f]`knao]hoanre_ek l˜^he_k(`a^al]cƒnoahao* Ahlkhe_Ž]rehh]hr]najoaiaj_ekj“ mqaÎjqj_]oajkod]l]c]`kh]lnei] `ahkomqejmqajeko(daikoaop]`k le`eaj`kule`eaj`k(lankj]`]jko `]j(jko`]j]pkha_kjah`a`k(jko o]_]jh]rqahp](]dkn]r]iko]d]_an qjpnƒiepalknh]rŽ]hac]hÏ* Atlnao“mqaÎej`alaj`eajpa) iajpa`amqau]rejkh]lnaoe`ajp] iqje_el]h(jkoanaokhre“j]`](ahh] mqa`“`arajenaopafqarao]h]o,46,, dkn]o(]h]dkn]`ah]heop](_kjah

9edj[cfbWdºWYkWhj[bWc_[dje»i_dei[iebkY_edWdikif[j_Y_ed[i0c[`ehWZ[[gk_feoWkc[djeiWbWh_Wb J7F?HE

B[if_Z_Œgk[Yk_Z[dc[`ehik[gk_feZ[jhWXW`e

7kc[djeWfeb_iX_[d fh[fWhWZei08h[dZW BW[Z_bc_d_c_pŒ[

_dY_Z[dj["oZ_`e[ijWh [dbWc[`ehZ_ifei_Y_Œd Z[YebWXehWhYed[bbei 9eb_cW38:9

%

aolqŠo`ana_e^enh]olape) _ekjao`ah_qanlklkhe_e]_k rehh]hr]najoa(>naj`]CqpeŠ) nnavRac](lnaoe`ajp]iqje_el]h`a Rehh]`aãhr]nav(]oacqn“mqaoacqenƒ aj_kiqje_]_e“j_kjahhko(`a^e`k] mqamqeanaÎlkhe_Ž]o^eajlnal]n]`ko( ^eaj_]l]_ep]`ko(lknaokhko_qnoko mqad]jpaje`kpk`kah]’k(aokhaod] `]`kh]klknpqje`]``amqaiafknaj oqcn]`k(mqa]oŽiafknajoqo]h]nek( mqar]u]jao_]h]j`klkoe_ekjaoÏ*

?kjoe`an“mqahkolkhe_Ž]ojk okjhko˜je_koaj`ao]_qan`k(Îd]u ej_kjbknie`]`lknmqaÚj]hiajpa hko_eq`]`]jkole`ajqj_qanlk lkhe_e]_k^eajlnal]n]`k(`a_]he`]`( l]n]mqaoa]qj]_eq`]`oacqn]( mqa`eoiejqu]jhkonk^ko(umqa `eoiejqu]jh]orekh]_ekjao]hko `ana_dkodqi]jko(mqaokj^]o) p]jpa]hpkoÏ(aopk_kjnabanaj_e] ]mqahkolkhe_Ž]o`aH]Rehh]okj hkomqaiƒona_e^ajmqaf]olkn l]npa`ah]?kieoe“jAop]p]h`a hko@ana_dkoDqi]jko* ÎJqaopn]bqj_e“jaohkcn]n_an) peÚ_]n]aopkolkhe_Ž]o(_kj_qnoko( lankp]i^eŠjiafkn]noqooqah`ko( oqolnaop]_ekjao(uk^re]iajpa aop]ikoajh]iafkn`eolkoe_e“j `a]nnach]njko_kjahhkoÏ(`efkh] ]h_]h`ao]*

paoknank(_kjahkÚ_e]hi]ukn(_kj oqobqj_ekj]neko(l]n]mqafqjpk_kj ahhkora]ikoaopalqjpk*Oei]’]j] jkoanaoqahraj]`](r]iko]oacqen `]j`kpnƒiepa]aop]atecaj_e]Ï* Ajah_]ok`ahko.5ahaiajpkomqa jkl]o]nkjh]lnqa^]`ahlkhŽcn]bk( h]hh]i]`]lnqa^]`a_kjÚ]jv](Î]h) cqjkoi]jebaop]nkjmqalknmqŠ jkoahao`]^]h]klknpqje`]``a rkhran]d]_anaopaat]iaj(mqa ahhkooeajpajmqajkaoqjat]iaj oacqnk*Ahh]`e_a(_kj]hck`an]v“j( mqaaokjk`alaj`a`aahh](aolknh] HauJ]_ekj]h`aOacqne`]`L˜^he_]( lankhkmqaoŽpajaiko`ana_dk`a atecenhkmqajko_kj_a`ah]hauÏ* Oejai^]nck(j]`]`aaopkaoat) _qo]l]n]oqolape_ekjaoh]^kn]hao(u Îaj_]ok`amqajkd]u]qj]nnachk aopa`Ž]fqarao(r]iko]lnaoajp]n) jko]jpah]oejop]j_e]hac]hao(mqa oanŽ]ahPne^qj]h`ahk?kjpaj_ekok =`iejeopn]perk(l]n]`]nhapnƒiepa ]hkmqah]hau`e_aÏ* @ada_dk(Îahl]nkh]^kn]haopƒ _kjpailh]`k(oanŽ]qj]`ah]o˜hpe) i]oejop]j_e]o(lankoejkmqa`]`a kpn](oanŽ]]_q]npah]njko(p]h_kik hki]n_]h]_kjopepq_e“j(hhac]iko ]l]o]nheop]u]mqŽr]iko]aop]n ]_q]npah]`ko(oejd]_anreceh]j_e]Ï( `efkCkjvƒhav=cq]uk* Aj ah _qanlk lkhe_e]_k d]u r]ne]o ej_kjbknie`]`ao* Rk_ao ]j“jei]o `a aop] _knlkn]_e“j ]oacqn]nkj ] aopa ia`ek( mqa h]lnaoe`ajp]>naj`]CqpeŠnnav Îjqj_] d]^Ž] raje`k l]n] ]_ƒ( aoh]lneian]ravmqah]raiko( oŽrejkaj_]il]’]]la`enjkoah rkpkujko`efkmqah]o_ko]oe^]j ]iafkn]nl]n]jkokpnkoÏ* =cnac]nkjmqaÎ_kjahLNE(jko `]^]j`koqjebkniao_]`]oaeoiaoao( ]dkn]j]`](jkiafkn]jh]ol]pnqhh]o( _]oejejcqj]oenra*=`aiƒo(de_eankj ajpnac]`ajqar]o]ni]oÌao_q]) `n]ou]ni]oh]nc]o>anapp])(ujk jkopk_]nkj]iq_dko`ajkokpnko( p]ilk_kjkopk_]nkjhko_d]ha_ko ]jpe^]h]omqa]jqj_e]nkjÏ* R]ha`a_enmqahkoahaiajpko lkhe_e]_kolqoeankj_kiklnqa^] `aaop]o]oaran]_ekjaooqo`ao_k) hkne`koqjebkniao(oqonar“hranao `aoc]op]`koujejcqjkikopn“pajan qj_d]ha_k]jpe^]h]o*.&

=kj_ƒhh[pL[]WZ[YbWhŒgk[fh_c[heZ[X[dc[`ehWh[dikiWYh[Z_jWY_ed[i Atlhe_“mqaÎd]uqj]dkik) hkc]_e“j`aej_naiajpkooac˜j ahcn]`k(mqaokjeilknp]jpao(u aopko^ajaÚ_ekohkopeajaj(Új]h) iajpahkopaj`nƒj(]`aiƒo`amqa oa_]i^e]nƒjh]ofknj]`]o]-.lkn .0(u]mqa]dkn]peajajqjpqnjk `a.0lkn.0(uaokhaokbna_anƒ iafknaoklknpqje`]`ao]ahhko(u mqah]cajpaoal]mqapeajalkhe_Ž]o iafknlnal]n]`koÏ*

Aj_q]jpk]o]h]neko(Îajaopa ikiajpkna_e^ajlk_kiƒo`a 2iehlaokoiajoq]hiajpa(lank _kjahej_naiajpkna_e^enƒjlk_k iƒo`a 3iehlaoko(uahpan_ank( ahoacqj`kuahlneiank(c]j]nƒj .1(1,u31lkn_eajpkiƒomqaaopa o]h]nek*D]ur]nekomqajk]_na`e) p]nkjatƒiajao(u`a^anŽ]jd]_an) hk(lknmqad]uqjkomqajkaopƒj ]_na`ep]`koÏ(]oacqn“*

Ok^nah]atecaj_e]`ah]qiajpk `aqj2lkn_eajpk(`efkmqaÎaj aopa ikiajpk okh]iajpa hko oej`e_]hev]`ko na_e^eankj aopa ]qiajpk(_kj^]oa]hkmqahao _kj_a`e“ahCk^eanjk`ahAop]`k( lankaopa0lkn_eajpko“hkhkna) _e^eankjhkolkhe_Ž]ouhko]cajpao `are]he`]`(jkhkna_e^eankjjehko `a_kjpn]pk(jehkobqj_ekj]neko( j]`eaiƒoÏ* P]i^eŠjiaj_ekj“(Îhaoda) ikola`e`k_qe`]`kajahi]jafk `ah]ol]pnqhh]o(mqa_qe`ajoqo qjebkniao( oqo dann]ieajp]o `a pn]^]fk( lknmqa ]dkn] jk d]u_q]pnkl]pnqhh]o*D]uqj] ejola__e“j`ahpn]^]fkmqad]) _aj(`ahkmqana]hev]j(mqaao ^]op]jpa_kilhe_]`](lknmqaokj -.,ahaiajpkoÏ* Bej]hiajpa(`ao_]np“mqaaopa arajpkd]u]oe`kqj]i]jebaop]) _e“j(Îjkhkbqa(lknmqaahhko]h]o k_dk`ah]i]’]j]pk`kohko`Ž]o oana˜jajhkolkhe_Ž]o(udaiko aop]`koeailnaaj_kjp]_pk_kj ahhko(jk_nakmqad]u]b]hp]`a _kiqje_]_e“j(lankajaopa_]ok okh]iajpabqah]lape_e“j`aaopa ]qiajpkÏ*.&


D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

9ec_i_ŒdZ[:[h[Y^ei>kcWdei[iYkY^Wh|Z[cWdZWi[dbWh[]Wi_\_YWZehW

$PMJNB

;cfb[WZei_dYed\ehc[ibb[]WhedWkdWYk[hZe

:_fkjWZel_i_jWh|Wbei BWh[]Wi_ÅYWZehW jhWXW`WZeh[iZ[AIC lk[bl[WbWYWbcW F_Z[W]eX_[hde

gk[[dbeikY[i_le h[l_i[YedZ_Y_ed[i bWXehWb[i 9eb_cW3DXi`f8cY\ikfJfcˆj<jg`efjX

&

hlnaoe`ajpa`ah]?kieoe“j `a@ana_dkoDqi]jko`ah ?kjcnaok`ahAop]`k(O]hr]) `knBqajpaoLa`nkv](oanaqjenƒ_kj hkopn]^]f]`knao`ah]nac]oeÚ_]`kn] mqaoaaj_qajpn]jej_kjbkniao _kjahpn]pk`aoqol]pnkjao(lank ]`aiƒoqnce“]hck^eanjkaop]p]h l]n]mqapkiaia`e`]o* @qn]jpa hko `Ž]o na_eajpao( qj] _ajpaj] `a pn]^]f]`knao mqaoa`a`e_]j]hkopn]^]fko`a okh`]`qn]ajh]a`eÚ_]_e“j`ah] nac]oeÚ_]`kn]`aI]jv]jehhk(oa mqaf]nkjlkni]hkopn]pko`ah]o ]qpkne`]`ao`ah]ailnao]GOI(`a knecaj_kna]jk(mqeajao]`aiƒo hkookiapao]dqiehh]_ekjao* =hnaola_pk(O]hr]`knBqajpao lna_eo“mqaaopafqarao]_q`enƒ ]h]_eq`]``aI]jv]jehhk(_kj

;IF;9?7B

h]Új]he`]``anaqjenoa_kjhko pn]^]f]`knaoej_kjbkniao(Î_kj h]Új]he`]``a_kjk_anoqlnk^ha) iƒpe_]`arer]rkvukbna_anhao h] ]oaoknŽ] mqa _knnaolkj`a ] aopko_]okoÏ* =Úni“mqah]?kieoe“j`a@ana) _dkoDqi]jko`ahLk`anHaceoh]perk aopƒl]n]rah]nlknh]oc]n]jpŽ]o ej`ere`q]hao`ahko_eq`]`]jko( ]lku]j`k ] h]o ejop]j_e]o mqa peajajao]k^hec]_e“jajlneian pŠniejk(Îiƒopn]pƒj`koa`aqj _]ok`apn]^]f]`knaoÏ(`efk* Ecq]hiajpa(O]hr]`knBqajpao na]hev“qjatdknpk]hck^eanjk aop]p]h(_kjh]bej]he`]``amqa aj hk oq_aoerk u _q]j`k oa]j he_ep]`]oh]ok^n]ol˜^he_]o(oa befaj_eanp]onach]ol]n]ahi]) jafk`ahlanokj]h(Îlknmqana) oqhp]h]iajp]^hamqahqackoa cajanajlnk^haiƒpe_]o_kjhko pn]^]f]`knaoÏ* =uanieoik(ah`elqp]`kO]h) r]`knBqajpaoLa`nkv]oanaqje“ _kjh]oq^`ena_pkn]`aRej_qh]_e“j Ok_e]hu?]l]_ep]_e“j`ahLnkcn]) i]_kjpn]h]Pn]p]`aLanokj]o( I]neƒjCkjvƒhav`ah?]opehhk(uah

;cfh[iWh_eii[

Yecfhec[j_[hedW c[`ehWhYedZ_Y_ed[i Z[iki[cfb[WZei 9eb_cW3?\`[`[\C\e>lk`„ii\q

% BW[cfh[iWZWXWjhWje^eij_b reoep]`kn]`fqjpk`ah]?kieoe“j J]_ekj]h`ahko@ana_dkoDqi]) jko(O]˜h>kh]’ko* Ajahaj_qajpnkna]hev]`kaj h]oa`a`ahLk`anHaceoh]perk(oa ]j]hev“h]re]^ehe`]``ah]eje_e]pe) r]`ahaul]n]lnarajenh]pn]p]`a lanokj]oajahaop]`k`a?khei]( ieoi]mqabqalnaoajp]`]lkn ah`elqp]`kO]hr]`knBqajpaoaj `Ž]ona_eajpao*=`aiƒooanareo“ h]oepq]_e“j`aaoa`ahepkajh] ajpe`]`*.&

aolqŠo`a`ko`Ž]o`apaj) oe“jajh]vkj]`kj`aoa _kjopnquah]Nac]oebe_]`kn]( ]uanpk`krkhre“]h]jkni]he`]`* Ahi]npaolknh]jk_da(hko-,, okh`]`knao(h]ailnao]_kna]j] mqahko_kjpn]p“uh]?kieoe“j Ba`an]h`aAha_pne_e`]`$?BA%hha) c]nkj]qj]_qan`kmqaarep“qj l]nk`ah]^knaolknl]npa`ahko ailha]`ko* H] rŽolan]( oa ejbkni“ mqa pn]^]f]`knao `ajqj_e]nkj i]) h]o_kj`e_ekjaoo]h]ne]haoupn]pko dqiehh]jpaolknl]npa`aqj]`a h]o-1ailnao]omqaaopƒj_kjo) pnquaj`kh]Lh]jp]`aC]oJ]pqn]h He_q]`k* @aolqŠo `a r]ne]o dkn]o `a jack_e]_e“j(hkoej_kjbkniao`a) _e`eankjnacnao]n]oqoh]^knao(]

_]i^ek`ah_kilnkieoklknl]npa `ahkoailnao]nekol]n]iafkn]n h]o_kj`e_ekjaoh]^kn]hao`aoqo ailha]`ko(]`aiƒo`aarep]nh]o dqiehh]_ekjao* Ah`ahac]`k`ah]Oa_nap]ne]`ah Pn]^]fk(FkoŠ@]jeahNk`nŽcqavDa) nnan](`efkmqaaop]nƒjlaj`eajpao`a mqaoa_qilh]j_kjpk`kohkolqj) pkomqaoa]_kn`]nkjajh]iao]`a jack_e]_ekjao(uoa_kilnkiape“] rah]nlknhko`ana_dkoh]^kn]hao`a hkoailha]`ko* Lknoql]npaahOa_nap]nek`aBk) iajpkA_kj“ie_k$Oabkia%(N]b]ah CqpeŠnnavRehh]hk^ko(oa_kjcn]pqh“ `ah]`apaniej]_e“jmqaoapki“u ]beni“mqaah_nkjkcn]i]`a_kjopnq_) _e“j`aaopalnkua_pkjkd]oqbne`k r]ne]_ekjao* =oeieoik(na_kn`“mqahko`ko`Ž]o ajhkomqaaopqrkah_kjÛe_pk_kjhko okh`]`knao(ahnaopk`ahkoailha]`ko oecqeankj_kjoqopn]^]fkojkni]hao7 Îahlnk^hai]an]j]`]iƒo_kjqj] ailnao]uhkoailha]`komqapajŽ] _kjpn]p]`ko(ahnaopk`ah]oailnao]o h]^kn]nkjoejlnk^hai]o(lknaokjk oal]n“h]_kjopnq__e“jÏ(_kj_hqu“ ahbqj_ekj]nekaop]p]h*.&


$PMJNB

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

<[Z[h_YeHWd][bi[[dj[hŒZ[][ij_ŒdZ[',cZffWhW[iYk[bWiZ[LZ[7fehbeic[Z_ei

;ZkYWY_Œdf_Z[WbWI;Fgk[ ^WoW[gk_ZWZfWhWjeZei 7H9>?LE

9ed\‡W[b\kdY_edWh_e

[dgk[bW<[Z[hWY_Œd [dl‡['+&cZffWhW beiejheickd_Y_f_ei 9eb_cW3?\`[`[\C\e>lk`„ii\q

&

hoa_nap]nek`aA`q_]_e“j( Ba`ane_k N]jcah Hkv]jk( okhe_ep“]h]Oa_nap]nŽ]`a A`q_]_e“jL˜^he_]$OAL%amqe`]` lnaoqlqaop]ne] l]n] pk`ko hko iqje_eleko(`a^e`k]mqad]op] ahikiajpkj]`]iƒoc]n]jpev“ na_qnokoa_kj“ie_kol]n]iafkn]n .1lh]jpahaoa`q_]perko`aRehh] `aãhr]nav* =uanajqj]nqa`]`alnajo]( ]_kil]’]`k lkn hko hŽ`anao `a h]ooa__ekjao2u5`ahOJPA(Fao˜o Rehh]jqar]uCqehhanikN]jcah7ah oa_nap]nek`aa`q_]_e“j_kheiajoa( i]jebaop“mqa]pn]rŠo`ahkoia`eko `a_kiqje_]_e“joaajpan“`amqa ahnalnaoajp]jpa`ah]OALba`an]h( =`ƒj>h]j_k?]ilko(]jqj_e“mqa ahiqje_elek`aRehh]`aãhr]nav paj`nƒ-2iehhkjao`alaokol]n] nal]n]n.1lh]jpahaoa`q_]perko* Ajaopaoajpe`k(_kjړajmqa h]OALajrŽa-1,iehhkjao`ala) okol]n]]lku]n]hahnaopk`ahko iqje_elekoÎaoaikjpk`a`ejank oao]_]]l]npen`ahko-2iehhkjao `alaokomqaajre]nkj]Rehh]`a ãhr]navu_kjaoa`ejankoaaop]) nŽ]jna]hev]j`kiafkn]oaj.1,

BeijhWXW`eiZ[h[fWhWY_ŒdZ[[iYk[bWiZ[X[d^WY[hi[Yed[b?dYe_\[Z0I;

IŒbe^Wdi_ZeYWcX_WZeiZ[j[cfbefeh[bEX_ifWZe"i[]‘d:[coi[n

ºI‡^WoYbƒh_]eiYeb_c[di[igk[ Yec[j_[hedZ[b_jeZ[f[Z[hWij_W» 9eb_cW3<c`qXY\k_:Xjk`ccfD„e[\q

&

hnalnaoajp]jpa`ah]Na` J]_ekj]h`a@aik_n]_e]u Oatq]he`]`$@aiuoat%ajah aop]`k(I]n_k=jpkjekLŠnavC]ol]n( ]oacqn“mqaajahaop]`koŽoad]u o]_an`kpaomqad]j_kiape`kah`ahepk `ala`an]ope]ud]ji]jpaje`kqj] re`]oatq]h]_per]_kjlanokj]o`ah ieoikoatkkiqfanao7_hŠneckomqa o“hkd]joe`k_]i^e]`ko`apailhk

lknahK^eol]`k`ah]@e“_aoeo`a ?khei]* Oej_ep]nhkojki^nao`ahko o]_an`kpao_kheiajoaomqad]j ej_qnne`kajaopa`ahepk(i]jebaop“ mqah]la`an]ope]aoqjlnk^hai] mqa`ao`ad]_a`Š_]`]oajbnajp] h]echaoe]_]p“he_]_kheiajoa(lank mqahkobahecnaoaojkoad]j]pnare`k ]`ajqj_e]nl˜^he_]iajpa* AtlqokmqaÎd]ul]`naomqa peajajnah]_ekjaooatq]haojko“hk

_kjiqfanaooejk$p]i^eŠj%_kj dki^naouh]echaoe]aj?khei]d] mqane`kiejeiev]naopko_]oko]h ecq]hmqahko`ala`an]ope]Ï* Oa’]h“mqahkol]`naomqad]j _kiape`kah`ahepk`ala`an]ope] ki]jpaje`knah]_ekjaooatq]hao _kjlanokj]o`ahieoikoatk(d]j oe`k_]i^e]`ko`ahkopailhkoaj `kj`akÚ_e]^]jieo]o*ÎHko`a?k) hei]hkoi]j`]j]I]jv]jehhkk F]heo_kl]n]]_]hh]nh]ork_aomqa

lh]jpahaoa`q_]perko(ao`a_enh] _q]np]l]npa`ah]oao_qah]omqa ateopajajh]ajpe`]`* =oeieoik(ajh]nqa`]`alnajo]( ahbqj_ekj]nekaop]p]h(_kjÚni“ mqaoaajpan“`ah]caope“j`ana) _qnokol]n]ahiqje_elek`aRehh]`a ãhr]nav(]pn]rŠo`ahkoia`eko`a _kiqje_]_e“j(_q]j`kh]=he]jv] lknh]A`q_]_e“jaop]^ha_amqapk`]o h]o]__ekjao`a^aj`ana]hev]noa `ai]jan]_kkn`ej]`]* Ba`ane_kN]jcahHkv]jknaÚne“ mqahkopn]^]fko`anal]n]_e“jaj h]oao_qah]o(`a^ajd]_anoa_kjah Ejopepqpk?kheiajoa`aEjbn]aopnq_) pqn]BŽoe_]A`q_]per]$Ej_keba`%(lkn aj`a(h]iajp“mqajejcqj]]qpkne`]` a`q_]per]aop]p]hoad]u]ajpan]`k `amqaRehh]`aãhr]navpajŽ]-2ie) hhkjao`alaoko]oacqn]`ko* ÎD]^h]iko_kjahi]aopnk=`ƒj >h]j_k?]ilko$nalnaoajp]jpa`a h]OALaj?khei]%l]n]d]_anhaah_k) iajp]nek`ah]eilknp]j_e]`apajan qj]_kkn`ej]_e“j`a^e`]uha`efeiko mqapajaiko^qaj]nah]_e“j_kjah Oa_nap]nek`aA`q_]_e“jj]_ekj]h( =hbkjokHqf]i^ekÏ(naÚne“* Na_kn`aikomqah]rŽolan](=`ƒj >h]j_k?]ilko(nalnaoajp]jpa`a h]OALuh]lnaoe`ajp]iqje_el]h`a Rehh]`aãhr]nav(>naj`]CqpeŠnnav Rac]7]jqj_e]nkjmqa.1ao_qah]o rehh]hr]najoaona_e^enƒj]lkuko`a d]op]2,,iehlaoko_]`]qj]_kik l]npa`aajqjlnkcn]i]ba`an]h l]n]iafkn]nh]ejbn]aopnq_pqn] a`q_]per]*.&

_kjk_aj`aaokoda_dkoÏ(]cnac“* Na_kn`“mqaqjo]_an`kpabqackh) la]`klknIecqahãjcah=i]nkÎAh ?d]_]hÏ(ej`ere`qkmqa]oaoej“] r]ne]olanokj]oaj?khei]* LŠnavC]ol]n_nepe_“h]`abajo] mqadevkahk^eolkFkoŠHqeo=iav_q] Iahckv]`ahl]`na=q`“jOann]pko( mqeajbqa]_qo]`k`a_kiapanah `ahepk`a]^qokoatq]h]qj]fkraj `a-1]’koajAop]`koQje`ko*ÎH]) iajp]ikomqaahk^eolk`a_h]n“ mqaan]qj]iqfanuqj]]_pepq` i]_deop](aop]ikoaj_kjpn]`a _“ikna^]f]h]echaoe]]hko`ana) _dko`ah]oiqfanaoÏ* Ej`e_“mqa]dkn]h]echaoe]_]) p“he_]aopƒle`eaj`klan`“j*ÎHko o]_an`kpaookjnaolkjo]^hao`a oqoehaj_ekuao_h]rko`aoqol]) h]^n]oÏ*.D

 

8h[l[i

9edb[]_ibWZeh[i\[Z[hWb[i

?cfkbiW[b]eX[hdWZeh j[hc_dWhYWhh[j[hWW=Zb Ahck^anj]`knI]nek=jcqe]jk Iknajk(]_q`e“]h?kjcnaok`aQje“j l]n]caopekj]n]jpahkohaceoh]`knao ba`an]hao(ahnaol]h`k]h]ik`ebe_]) _e“j`ah]Hau`a?]iejko(Lqajpaou =qpkpn]jolknpaBa`an]h(mqalaniep] ]>]jk^n]oeje_e]nhkopn]^]fkol]n]h] ]ilhe]_e“j]0_]nnehao`ah]]qpkleop] Cq]`]h]f]n])?khei]*Ahi]j`]p]nek aop]p]hokhe_ep“mqaik`ebemqaj`e_d] haumqaheiep]h]]ilhe]_e“j`ahla) nek`k`ah]_kj_aoe“jd]op]h]mqejp] u˜hpei]l]npa`ahlanek`k(ejbkni“ah oa_nap]nek`aCk^eanjk(Fao˜oKnkv_k* ?]^ana_kn`]nmqah]k^n]nalnaoajp] h]]ilhe]_e“j]_q]pnk_]nnehao`ah] ]qpkleop]Cq]`]h]f]n])?khei](pn]ik `a14geh“iapnko*

:_fkjWZW\[Z[hWbOkb[ddo9ehjƒi

Kh][_d\hW[ijhkYjkhW Z[fehj_lW[dckd_Y_f_ei H]@elqp]`]Ba`an]h(Uq) hajju?knpŠoHa“j(ejpacn]jpa`ah] ?kieoe“j`aFqrajpq`u@alknpa `ah?kjcnaok`ah]Qje“j(]jqj_e“ mqaahlh]vk`ah]ajpnac]`a`k_q) iajpkol]n]k^pajanhkona_qnoko ]lnk^]`koaji]pane]`aEjbn]) aopnq_pqn]Iqje_el]h@alknper] aiepe`]lknh]?kieoe“jJ]_ekj]h `ah@alknpa$?kj]`a%(aop]ln“tei] ]_ann]n(pajeaj`k_kikba_d]heiepa ah/,`a]^neh*Aopalnaoqlqaopkjk `a^aoan`ao]lnkra_d]`klknhko ]uqjp]ieajpko(`efk(lqaoahikjpk `aopej]`kajahLnaoqlqaopk`a Acnaoko`ah]Ba`an]_e“j.,-,l]n] k^n]o`alknper]od]]qiajp]`k _]oeqj/,!*

9edkdfbWd[ijhWjƒ]_Ye

JhWXW`WI[Z[h li [b º:hW]ŒdWcWh_bbe» Aopareanjaooalnaoajp]nƒ ahLh]jAopn]pŠce_kmqalnklkjaah ?kiepŠPŠ_je_kl]n]h]@apa__e“j`ah Dq]jchkjc^ejc(`kj`al]npe_el]j( Ck^eanjk`ahAop]`k(O=C=NL=(EJE) B=L(?AO=RA?KH(Bqj`]_e“jLnk`q_a( ?kjoafkAop]p]h`ahHei“juQ`a?* Ahpepqh]n`ah]Oa_nap]nŽ]`a@ao]) nnkhhkNqn]h(FkoŠRan`qv_k(ejbkni“ mqah]OA@ANpn]^]f]`ao`aaheje_ek `ah]]`iejeopn]_e“jaop]p]h_kjah ]lkuk`ahkoknc]jeoiko_ep]`ko( l]n]ah_kjpnkh`ah]lnkl]c]_e“j `aaop]^]_pane]*Aolknahhkmqaoa eilhaiajp]hkoecqeajpa6?qnoko `a_]l]_ep]_e“jl]n]lnk`q_pknao upŠ_je_ko(_na]_e“j`a`koh]^kn]) pkneko(^hej`]faajh]o3_]oap]o`a ejola__e“jbepko]jep]ne]o*


D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

I[h[iYWjWh|d[ij[heioi[Yedijhk_h|dfh[iWi

I[cWhdWjZ[ij_dWh| '&cZffWhWWfeoWh Yed[cfb[ej[cfehWb ;bfhe]hWcWXkiYW

c[`ehWhYedZ_Y_ed[i Z[bei^WX_jWdj[i[d pedWicWh]_dWZWi 9eb_cW3?\`[`[\C\e>lk`„ii\q

1

]n]]lku]n]h]olanokj]o`a ao_]okona_qnoko(uiafkn]n h]o_kj`e_ekjao]i^eajp]hao `a]hcqjkolk^h]`kouaopanko(h] Oai]nj]p`aopej]nƒ-,iehhkjao`a laokol]n]ahlnkcn]i]`aailhak pailkn]h* Hk]jpaneknhkejbkni“ah`a) hac]`k`aaop]`alaj`aj_e]N]˜h =nna`kj`kJ]r](mqeajatlhe_“ mqaaopalnkcn]i]d]_kjp]`k _kj^qajkonaoqhp]`ko(`a^e`k] mqahkona_qnokoa_kj“ie_kooa `aopej]j]lnkua_pko]i^eajp]hao mqaokjeilqho]`kolknhkolnkleko d]^ep]jpao`ah]vkj]* I]jebaop“mqaah?dql]`ank( ah]’kl]o]`kbkni“l]npa`aaopa lnkcn]i](lknhkp]jpkhkod]^e) p]jpao`aaoahqc]noa`a`e_]nkj] _kjopnqenqjai^]n_]`ankuajh]o ln“tei]ooai]j]o(aop]nƒj`]j`k ]_kjk_anh]_kjokhe`]_e“j`ah] _kklan]per]laomqan]* ÎAhlnkcn]i]`aailhakpai) lkn]hao^ajŠrkhk(lknmqahkod]^e) p]jpao`aqjhqc]n(`ao]nnkhh]jqj lnkua_pkmqahaolaniep]iafkn]n

oqo_kj`e_ekjao`are`]uoahao l]c]nlknaok*Aoqjoqah`koacqnkÏ( oajpaj_e“* Ah`ahac]`k`ah]Oai]nj]pej`e_“ mqa(l]n]aopa]’khkcn]nkjmqah] `alaj`aj_e]]jerahj]_ekj]h]qpkne) v]n]qjlnaoqlqaopk`a-,iehhkjao `alaoko(l]n]`aopej]noa˜je_]iajpa ]hlnkcn]i]`aailhakpailkn]h( ]qjmqad]op]ahikiajpk(˜je_]) iajpahad]jhhac]`k]h]`ahac]_e“j hkolneianko1iehhkjao`alaoko* =qj]lnacqjp](ahbqj_ekj]nek ba`an]hnabene“mqau]oaaopƒpn]^]f]j`k ajahnao_]pa`aqjaopankmqaoa_kjk_a _kikLkpnankCn]j`a(q^e_]`kaj ahiqje_elek`aI]jv]jehhkÎaoqj aopank]^]j`kj]`k(peajaiq_dkpqha( henek(ao`a_eniq_d]i]pane]ejr]okn] uh]_kiqje`]`u]aopƒo]_]j`kah henekuahpqhal]n]naop]^ha_anaopa r]okh]cqj]nÏ(oajpaj_e“* Qj]ravmqaoanao_]paaoaao) pank(oa`eoa’]nƒqjlnkua_pkmqa laniep]eilqho]nahpqneoik`a j]pqn]hav]* =oeieoik(ah`ahac]`kN]˜h =nna`kj`kJ]r]nabene“mqaaj ?ki]h]( oa aopƒj na]hev]j`k lnao]obehpn]jpao]^]oa`ac]) rekjaol]n]napajanah]nn]opna `aoqahkajhko]nnkuko(]`aiƒo oajpaj_e“mqaajFqhq]l]joa aopƒ`eoa’]j`kahlnkcn]i]`a _]lpqn]`a]cq]lhqre]h(l]n] pk`ko]mqahhkomqajkpeajaj ]__aok]aopahŽmqe`k*.&

:[\_d[d')|h[WiZ[lWbehWcX_[djWb[d9eb_cW

?d_Y_Wh|dYedh[j_heofeZWZ[- |hXeb[iZ[bWYWbpWZW=Wbl|d 9eb_cW3<c`qXY\k_:Xjk`ccfD„e[\q

-

qack`ad]^an`aÚje`k-/ ƒna]o`ar]hkn]i^eajp]h`a ?khei](vkj]oaj`kj`aoa `ao]nnkhh]nƒjh]o]__ekjao`ai]j) pajeieajpkuiafkn]l]n]_kjpejq]n _kjoq_kjoanr]_e“j(ah?kiepŠ l]n]ahNao_]pa`aãna]o`aR]hkn =i^eajp]hr]]napen]nulk`]n3 ƒn^khaomqaoaaj_qajpn]jok^na h]?]hv]`]C]hrƒj(lkn_kjoe`an]n mqanalnaoajp]jqjneaockl]n] hkopn]joa˜jpaou]qpkikreheop]o mqa_en_qh]jlknaop]]npane]* Hk]jpaneknbqaejbkni]`klkn hkoejpacn]jpao`aaopa_kiepŠ( ahnace`kn`ah]uqjp]ieajpk`a ?khei](ãjcah@qa’]o(ah`ena_pkn `a@ao]nnkhhkQn^]jk(A_khkcŽ]u Rereaj`](Fao˜oNŽko=cqeh]nuh] nalnaoajp]jpacajan]h`ah]]cnq) l]_e“j_ereh=iecko`a?khei]( =vq_aj]H“lavHacknnap]* Oa’]h]nkjmqaajpnah]ovkj]o mqaaopa_kiepŠ`aÚje“_kjr]hkn ]i^eajp]h(okj6h]_]hv]`]C]hrƒj( hkol]nmqaonacekj]hiapnklkhep]jk ÎCneoah`]ãhr]navÏ(AhNk`ak(H]o Dqanp]o`ah?qn]uIecqahDe`]hck(

Ah_annk`aH]?qi^na(ahnŽk?khei]( hko]nnkukoLanaun](I]jnemqau AhF]viŽj(]oŽ_kikhko_]iejko ra_ej]hao( ah ?annk Cn]j`a u ah Rkh_ƒj`a?khei]* =oeieoik(i]jebaop]nkjmqa jkk^op]jpamqaah?annkCn]j`a uahRkh_ƒj`a?khei]jkoaaj) _qajpn]jajahiqje_elek(peajajqj eilknp]jpar]hkn]i^eajp]hl]n] aop]hk_]he`]`(lknmqaajaop]oikj) p]’]ooa_]lp]ah]cq]_kjh]_q]h oa]^]opa_a]hko_kheiajoao* Iƒo]`ah]jpa(atlqoeankjmqa `a]_qan`k]h]r]hkn]_e“j`ah]o _kj`e_ekjao`ah]n^kh]`k`ah]_]h) v]`]C]hrƒj(oa`apaniej“mqahko ƒn^khao]napen]noanƒjqjo]q_auqj] cnarehh](mqapeajajqj]hpkcn]`k `a`ao_kilkoe_e“j7qjp]^]_dŽj mqaaopƒdqa_kuqj]c]ha]j]mqa lnaoajp]`]’koajoqpnkj_k* =`aiƒooar]jnapen]nn]i]o iqanp]o`aqjƒn^kh`ah]aola) _ealnei]ran]uoar]]na`q_enh] ]hpqn]`aqjo]^ejk* Ej`e_]nkjmqa`a]_qan`k]h] racap]_e“j`ah]_]hv]`]C]hrƒj( aop]vkj]oar]]nabknaop]n_kj o]^ejko*.D

$PMJNB


"DFOUPT

PQJOJuO

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

;b_i[e7bX[hje

6O DBOEJEBUP NVZ FTQFDJBM

4

eh]oaha__ekjaoaj?khki^e] dq^ean]joe`k]uanieŠn_khao( d]^nŽ]c]j]`kqjlkhŽpe_k`a ]o_aj`aj_e]hepq]j](`kora_ao ]h_]h`a`a>kckpƒ(atna_pkn`ah] Qjeranoe`]`J]_ekj]h(lnkbaokn`ahajcq]o nki]j_ao(_]jp]jpa`an]l(i]paiƒpe_k ula`]ckck`a14]’ko`aa`]` mqa d] _kjbao]`kl]`a_ani]h`aL]ngejokj_kj h]ieoi]j]pqn]he`]`_kjmqaah`Ž]`a oq^k`]oaoq^e“]qjahab]jpa(raope`k`a `ki]`kn(uoa_]o“_kj=`ne]j]?“n`kr] ]jpaqjn]^ejk(qjo]_an`kpa(oeapapecnao upnao_eajpkoejrep]`komqahkrepkna]^]j `ao`ah]ocn]`]o`ah?en_k`aHkoDani]) jkoC]o_]* =qnahefqoNqpajeo=jp]j]oIk_gqoere_g]o jkaodki^na`acq]n`]noa_napko6d]_a _]oe`ko`Š_]`]o(l]n]ikopn]noap]h_q]h ao(ahajpkj_aona_pknqjeranoep]nekoa^]f“ hkol]jp]hkjaouajoa’“ahpn]oank]hko aopq`e]jpaomqahk]^q_da]^]j(]__e“joej `q`]paian]ne]mqa(ajiajko`ahkmqa `aikn]_kjp]nhk(halaniepe“oehaj_e]nh] na_deÛ]uc]j]noaqjdeop“ne_k]lh]qok*Aj ao]k_]oe“j(lk_kb]hp“l]n]mqankilean] _kjoqoj]hc]oah^]n“iapnk`alklqh]ne) `]`*R]u]_qnekok_kieajvkl]n]qj]iqu _qneko]_]nnan]lkhŽpe_]*=h`aojq`k* L]n]h]_]il]’]`a.,-,(ahdku_]j`e`]pk lknahL]npe`kRan`ad]e`a]`kqj]aopn]pace] mqaatlhkn]jqar]opƒ_pe_]oaha_pkn]hao6 f]iƒod]_alnkiao]o(`ao_kjbŽ]`ah]lq) ^he_e`]`u^qo_]]lkuk]pn]rŠo`ah]na` ok_e]h`aB]_a^kkguah_kjp]_pk`ena_pk_kj hkorkp]jpao*LnaÚana`]nh]_]n]*Peajaqj `kjiqu]lna_e]`klknhko_khki^e]jko6 ah`ah]l]h]^n]*UaoqjlkhŽpe_kmqaokjnŽa6 _]oeah˜je_k*Pk`kohko`Ž]oikjp]^e_e_hap] Íjko“hkhko`kiejcko(]jpah]o_ƒi]n]o

;DF;J?J9EC?Jx

ÕiYWhCWh_e8[j[jW

4VFtP BNFSJDBOP QFTBEJMMB NFYJDBOB

-

koej`k_qiajp]`konaoe`ajpao aj=nevkj](h]i]uknŽ]`aahhko iate_]jko(]iaj]v]`kolknh] hauO>-,3,mqalnkjpkajpn]nƒ ajreckn(jkpeajaj]hpanj]per]7 hko_kj`aj]h]`qnav]uahn]_eoik`ah]ck) ^anj]`kn]F]je_aG*>nasanuhko_kjcnaoeop]o hk_]hao(uqj]ran^knn]ce]`ai]c“ce_]mqa j]`]haonaoqahra* H]haceoh]_e“jd]oe`kk^fapk`apk`] _h]oa`afqopeÚ_]`]onalqho]o7`a_aj]o`a

ºI_ kij[Z lW W lejWh feh c‡" f[he de be [ij| ^WY_[dZe [d YedY_[dY_W" c[`eh de lej[ feh c‡$ Lej[ feh Wgk[b e Wgk[bbW gk[ b[ Z_]W ik YedY_[dY_W$ ;b `k[]e b_cf_e j_[d[ kd [dehc[ [\[Yje cehWb ieXh[ [b [d[c_]e»

`ahkobkp“cn]bko*Jkoaoeajpa_“ik`kaj h]cajpal]n]mqalkjc]hkiafkn`aoŽ*Jk hkoiŽpejao*Oareopan]nk(`ec]ikomqa_kj ^]op]nƒ_kjmqad]u]lkhe_Ž]ouokh`]`ko( lanokj]hŽoei]]q`]_e]*Hhar]^]n^]nq^e]( oaja_aoep]fqope_e]una_d]vkok_e]hÏ* oej^eckpa(]haopehk]ieodÍ_kikahha’]`kn Jkaobna_qajpaaj_kjpn]naj=iŠne_] =^n]d]iHej_khj*=uanaj_]^av]^]h]oaj) H]pej]qjlkhŽpe_kmqad]^ha]oŽ*Î?khki) _qaop]o`aejpaj_e“j`arkpk_kj]hna`a`kn ^e]jko6@a^aiko]^nenjko]h]lkoe^ehe`]` `a0,lkn_eajpku_]oe-,lqjpkolknaj_ei] `aran_“ikaoahkpnk(hk_kilhafkmqa `ah_]bapankFq]jI]jqahO]jpko(]olen]jpa ao(hk^ahhkmqaao(hkcajankokmqaao*Ao kÚ_e]heop]`ahL]npe`k`ah]Q(mqeajd]op]h] en`ao_q^neaj`kmqacn]jl]npa`ajqao) oai]j]l]o]`]`]^]lknoacqn]oqre_pkne]* pn]o`ao_kjÚ]jv]ookjejfqopeÚ_]`]o(aen Ahatiejeopnk`a@abajo]`aãhr]nkQne^a `ao_q^neaj`koanaodanikoko*D]umqa ]dkn]aopƒlnak_ql]`k*ÎIa`ebanaj_ek`a _kilnaj`anh]hau*Ajrav`aLq^hŽmqaoa Šh$Ik_gqo%ajiq_d]o_ko]o*Lneiank(uk u_˜ilh]oa(h]ohauaopaniej]nƒj`e_eaj) iamqepŠh]^]n^]*Uk_nakaj@eko*U_nak `kLq^hŽmqaoa(atlhŽmqaoa(_kilnŠj`]oa ajpajanqjAfŠn_epkÏ(`efkO]jpko]h_]heÚ_]n u_˜ilh]oaÏ* ahnalqjpa`aoq_kjpnej_]jpa_kikÎqj ÎOeqopa`r]]rkp]nlkniŽ(lankjkhkaopƒ baj“iajkia`eƒpe_kÏ*Lkn_eanpk(h]b]ie) d]_eaj`kaj_kj_eaj_e](iafknjkrkpalkn he]O]jpkoao_klnkleap]ne]`ahejÛquajpa iŽ*Rkpalkn]mqahk]mqahh]mqaha`ec]oq lane“`e_kAhPeailk*=ao]atlhe_]_e“jha _kj_eaj_e]*Ahfqackheilekpeajaqjajkn) ok^n]hecanav]* iaaba_pkikn]hok^naahajaieck*Dkuh] H]bqanv]`a=jp]j]oIk_gqon]`e_]aj hq_d]aj?khki^e]jkaoajpna^]j`ko(oejk oq`eo_qnok*@aran^kbƒ_eh(jkp]^haoajpe`k _kjpn]ahpk`kr]ha(_kjpn]fqopeÚ_]nrekh]n `ahdqiknucn]jlk`an`a_kjre__e“joad] h]hauaj]n]o`a_kjoacqenqjÚjoqlqaop]) da_dkao_q_d]najqjia`ek`aoc]op]`klkn iajpaoqlanekn*Hkona_qnokol˜^he_kookj h]d]^epq]hb]hp]`aei]cej]_e“j`ahkolkhŽ) o]cn]`ko*?kikla`]ckck(na_d]vkh]e`a] pe_ko*AhaÚ_eajpaãhr]nkQne^a(lknafailhk( `amqa]hcqeajaoennaia`e]^haÏ* d]eilqaopkqjaopehk`ai]j`k`ai]oe]) Ahat_Šjpne_klanko]^ek=jp]j]oIk_gqo `koanekl]n]qjl]Žomqa^eajiana_aqj paj`nƒmqa_qe`]noqoaol]h`]ooemqeana `ao_]jok(qj]here]ja(qj]okjneo]`aolqŠo i]jpajanoa]Ûkpa6_q]j`koaoq^ap]jnƒle`k `ap]jpko^]h]vko*Ik_gqo`e_a]mqeajhk up]j]hpk(h]_]Ž`]oqahaoanennaia`e]^ha) mqean]kŽn6ÎIa iajpaaopnalepko]*.D aj_]jp]nŽ]mqa _]`]i]’]j]( _q]j`kqjaopq) `e]jpaoahar]jp] l]n]en]_h]oa(_kilnaj) `ean]mqa]hhŽ(ajoq_khacekk qjeranoe`]`(oafqac]h] ok^an]jŽ]`ahl]Žo(h]`e) banaj_e]`alk`anbqpqnk* Jkoku^h]j`k(okuqj`qnk heilek*Hkmqa_kjopnqu“ahck^eanjk`a Qne^ajkhkr]iko]`aopnqenÏ* Ok^nah]oB=N?d]oe`k_]pac“ne_k6_ank jack_e]_ekjao*ÎQj_]jfa$`anadajao% hkmqacajan]nŽ]aoahieoik_e_hk* Aoi]h_ne]n*Aoajoa’]n]h]oB=N? mqaoqoiŠpk`kookjaba_perko*U qjkhklneiankmqapeajamqa d]_an]jpabaj“iajko_kik ahpannkneoikao`aikopn]n mqah]ok_ea`]`jk_a`a]jpa ahpannkneoik*?nakoan_]) l]v`alkjanhkiafkn`aiŽ( > lankok^napk`k`a_kjrk_]n] CE9 H=; @E

BW Z[ ;ijWZei Kd_Zei o Cƒn_Ye [i kdW h[bWY_Œd Wce# [iYbWle$ BW ^[][ced‡W Z[ Wgkƒb [i Z[ bWh]W ZWjW o W^ehW" c[dei gk[ dkdYW" j_[d[ jhWpWi Z[ YWcX_e

]_pknaolkhŽpe_kohad]j]oecj]`kpk`kohko _]heÚ_]perkol]n]na_d]v]nh](ecq]hmqa] oqo]npŽÚ_ao(lankjejcqjklqa`ad]_an j]`]l]n]naranpenh]* J]`]lqa`ajd]_anlknh]ok^an]jŽ]( mqa(ajaopa_]ok(aoafan_e`]ajqj]`k^ha ranpeajpa6lknh]o]qpkne`]`ao`a=nevkj] l]n]lnkiqhc]nqj]hau_kjbknia]hejpanŠo `ahaop]`k(hkmqa`ebŽ_ehiajpaahck^eanjk ba`an]hnaranpenƒ7ulknŠopa(mqalqa`a`a) _e`enpk`k`ajpnk`aoqcakcn]bŽ]* H]ok^an]jŽ]aoqjaop]pqo`aej`alaj) `aj_e]urkhqjp]`ejdanajpa]pk`kAop]`k7 IŠte_kuAop]`koQje`kohklkoaaj(lank ok^naoqlk`anŽka_kj“ie_k(Šopaafan_anh] oqu]u]pnklahh]nh]`a]mqŠh*Aoqj]_kjo) p]jpadeop“ne_]* =oŽ(cqopakjk(h]`aAop]`koQje`kou IŠte_kaoqj]nah]_e“j]ik)ao_h]rk(`a _knpalkhŽpe_k7ajahh](qjk$^koo%i]jpeaja uafan_a`kiejekok^naahkpnk$oh]ra%*Ao] dacaikjŽ]ao`ah]nc]`]p]u]dkn](iajko mqajqj_](peajapn]v]o`a_]i^ek* Oeaj]hcqjkoikiajpkoIŠte_klq`k ok^nahhar]n_kj_eanp]`ecje`]`ao]klnk) ^eko]nah]_e“j(aj_q]hmqean_]okucn]`k( bqalknoqlkhŽpe_]ejpanj]_ekj]h^]o]`]aj na_ekolnej_eleko*?q]j`koa]`iepamqa

Aop]`koQje`ko`a_e`]mqeŠjajpn]umqeŠj jkajpn]ajjqaopnkpannepknekaoja_ao]nek lnacqjp]n`“j`ad]jmqa`]`k* =oŽ(K^]i](?]h`an“j(Ejoqhv]$KA=%( Echaoe]o$OCE%(KJC(haceoh]`knao(ck^an) j]`knao(ailnao]neko(ejpaha_pq]hao(lqa) `ajna_neiej]nah]jpedqi]jeoik`ah]hau ]jpeiecn]jpa_kjpk`]n]v“j(lanklk_kk j]`]haoaopƒ`]`kd]_an* Oena]hiajpa]hck^eanjkhalnak_ql]h] oqanpalknh]mqaaolan]jiehao`a_kjj]) _ekj]haomqaoabqankj]Aop]`koQje`ko] lnk^]noqanpa(`a^ad]_aniƒol]n]`]nhao klknpqje`]`ajoqlnklekl]Žo* Qj^qaj_kieajvkoanŽ]ranoe_kjah ik`ahk`a`ao]nnkhhkajrecknaolkoe^ha*

IejjeleY[ Jqar]iajpaoa]ra_ej]j_]i^ekoajh]o ]hpqn]o*D]op]`kj`aoalqa`ao]^an(u]oa `alqn]jheop]o`ajki^naol]n]]hiajkoqj nahark***Ahna_kjk_eieajpk`aailnao]nek atepkok`ahmqackv]`ao`ad]_aiq_dko ]’ko(fqjpk_kjoqb]iehe](d]_aeilajo]^ha mqaFao˜oAh?dquRev_]nn]lean`]h]rajp]f] mqahhar]lknh]cq^anj]pqn]`aOej]hk]* Ej_hqoklk`nŽ]ej_naiajp]nh]*.D Z_aed(&&'6oW^ee$Yec$cn


`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

97D9?ED;HE

9eb_cW

=b[dZWB_X_[hCWZh_]WbJhk`_bbe

<ƒb_n9ehjƒi9WcWh_bbe

)VNP FO MPT PKPT

&

h_kjÛe_pkajpnah]na]he`]`uh]lan_al_e“jmqa`aahh]oa peajaaop]j]jpecqk_kikjkokpnkoieoiko(oeailna] b]rkn`ah]lan_al_e“j6h]o_ko]ojkokjhkmqaokj(oejkhk mqajkokpnkolajo]iko`aahh]o*H]iqfan`ah?Šo]n(`e_a Fqraj]h(jko“hk`a^aoan_]op]7`a^a]`aiƒol]na_anhk* Ajqj]`aoqor]ne]oleav]okn]pkne]oh]i]’]j]`a]uanajIkjpannau( ahlnaoe`ajpa?]h`an“jnaÚne“ah_kiajp]nekda_dklknahck^anj]`kn `aJqarkHa“j(Nk`neckIa`ej]7]hckmqa]hcqeajhad]^Ž]atlhe_]`k ]Šhok^nah]na]he`]``ah]ojkpe_e]o*Oeajah]anklqanpk]pannev]ju `aolac]j`koieh]rekjao(aokjkaojkpe_e]6oeqjkoa_]a(aokhkao* H]lnak_ql]_e“j`ahlnaoe`ajpa?]h`an“j(u`ahkolkhŽpe_komqa ha]_kil]’]jj]rac]j`kajah^]n_k`ahlk`anl˜^he_k(aomqahko ia`eko`a_kiqje_]_e“j`a^anŽ]jaop]n`a`e_]j`koqoaila’ko] ajpan]n]h]lk^h]_e“j`ahko`koieh]rekjaoajklan]_e“jnacqh]nu jk`ah]_]pƒopnkba`aqj]]ankj]ra`aolhki]`]*Ao]lan_al_e“j`ah] na]he`]`mqad]_alani]jajpah]]qoaj_e]`a_]i^eko(hkeilan_alpe^ha `ah]or]ne]^hao(c]n]jpev]h]lani]jaj_e]`ahop]pqomqk(uoqopepqua h]na]he`]`l]n]nack_efk`ahlk`an* Ajkpn]l]npa`aoqo`eo_qnoko(ahlnaoe`ajpa]hq`e“]h]obkpkcn]bŽ]o ajh]olƒcej]o`ahlane“`e_kmqaha]_an_]nkj]mqarean]6ajh]olƒcej]o -(.(/ud]op]h]oeapad]^Ž]eiƒcajao`ao]cn]`]^hao`ajqaopn]rek) haj_e]_kpe`e]j](ieajpn]omqaajh]dkf]-2aop]^]h]bkpk`ahokh`]`k _]nc]j`k]qjje’k`a]’kuia`eknao_]p]`k_kjkpnkonadajaolkn qjklan]perkiehep]n*K^re]iajpa(ao]aoh]na]he`]`mqahkolkhŽpe_ko mqeanajran* H]lkopn]jkpeajaj]`]`ajkra`ko]je`aat_hqoer]7ajjqaopn]re`] lanokj]hlnabaneikoh]oao_aj]olh]_ajpan]omqa]mqahh]o`khknko]o* Oejai^]nck(o]^aikoiqu^eajmqaah`ebqiej]nhko_q]`nko`ahk ejcn]pkjkd]_a`ao]l]na_anh]_]qo]`aoqi]h`]`(jeiq_dkiajko _kjpne^qua]]jemqeh]nh]*Lknah_kjpn]nek(ahecjkn]nhkobaj“iajko jac]perko`ajqaopn]re`]ok_e]hokh]iajpac]n]jpev]oqlani]jaj_e] unapn]o]u_kilhe_]oq]jemqeh]_e“j* Jkd]uj]`]`ai]hkaj`aolkf]njko`ahdqikbnajpa]hkokfko l]n]ranah]re“j_]Ž`k(uajajpaj`anh]o_]qo]o`aoq`aolhkia*Aoh] ˜je_]bkni]`ac]n]jpev]nmqahko`koieh]rekjaooec]j_qilheaj`k oq_kiape`k*.D \[b_n$Yehj[i6ckbj_c[Z_ei$Yec

C_b[d_e9eb_cW"FkXb_YWY_Œd:_Wh_WšW‹e+šDe$'*./$7Xh_b(/"(&'&šD‘c[heZ[9[hj_\_YWZeZ[H[i[hlWejeh]WZefeh[b?dij_jkjeDWY_edWbZ[:[h[Y^eiZ[ 7kjeh0[djh|c_j[$šD‘c[heZ[9[hj_\_YWZeZ[B_Y_jkZZ[9edj[d_Ze0[djh|c_j[šD‘c[heZ[9[hj_\_YWZeZ[B_Y_jkZZ[J‡jkbe0[djh|c_j[šEjeh]WZeifehbW 9ec_i_Œd9Wb_\_YWZehWZ[FkXb_YWY_ed[ioH[l_ijWi?bkijhWZWiZ[bWI[Yh[jWh‡WZ[=eX[hdWY_ŒdšFkXb_YWZeoZ_ijh_Xk_Zefehf[h_ŒZ_YeC?B;D?E:?7H?EI$7$Z[ 9$L$š:ec_Y_b_eZ[bW?cfh[i_ŒdoFkXb_YWY_Œd07l[dWDe$'-"9eb$=hWd`Wi;ic[hWbZW"9$F$&/.'&"Cƒn_Ye:$<$šJ[bi0+*#*+#(/#./š:_ijh_XkY_ŒdKd_ŒdDWY_edWb Z[;nf[dZ[Zeh[iZ[F[h_ŒZ_YeiZ[Cƒn_YešFh[Y_e0+$&&š;bYedj[d_ZeZ[beiWhj‡Ykbei[ih[ifediWX_b_ZWZ[nYbki_lWZ[beiWkjeh[išJeZeibeiZ[h[Y^ei [ij|dh[i[hlWZeišGk[ZWfhe^_X_ZWbWh[fheZkYY_ŒdfWhY_WbejejWbZ[bcWj[h_WbfkXb_YWZei_dYedi[dj_c_[djefeh[iYh_jeZ[bei[Z_jeh[išBW_d\ehcWY_Œd Yedj[d_ZW^Wi_ZeeXj[d_ZWZ[\k[dj[igk[i[Yedi_Z[hWd\_Z[Z_]dWi$

&YQFSJFODJBT SFMJHJPTBT

4

ku _ ]p“h e_ ] u( ] i e i]jan](]oqikh]nahe) ce“jupn]pk`aln]_pe) _]nieo_naaj_e]o_kj hko]_pko`a_]`]`Ž]* Na_qan`k_q]j`kde_ah]lneian] _kiqje“j(mqaajhklanokj]hbqa pk`kqj]_kjpa_eieajpk(jko“hk lknh]ieo]uahikiajpkieoik`a h]_kiqje“j(oejk`ao`ah]lnal]n]) _e“j]pn]rŠo`ah_]pa_eoik(]`kj`a ]_q`Ž]fqjpk_kjiedani]jk FkoŠI]jqahu_kjmqeajokopajŽ] qj]aola_ea`a_kilapaj_e]ajah ]lnaj`ev]fauiaiknev]_e“j`ah]o kn]_ekjao7aokjkohhar“]]r]jv]n iƒonƒle`kmqaahnaopk`ahcnqlk mqaaop]^]]_]nck`ah]_]pamqeop] Re_gu(]hhƒaj?q]qdpŠik_*Ajao] k_]oe“jbqah]lneian]ravmqaia _kjbaoŠ]jpaqjo]_an`kpa(u`ao`a ajpkj_ao(lkn`a_eoe“jlnkle](jk danalape`kh]atlaneaj_e]* Iquaolknƒ`e_]iajpa]_q`k] ao_q_d]nieo](lankoŽdahaŽ`k(]h ]v]n(]hcqjkol]o]fao`ah]>e^he]*Ie i]`na(aj_]i^ek(_]`]`kiejck ]oeopa]h]ieo]`a`k_a`ah`Ž](u _q]j`k_kjoe`an]mqalqa`aoan`a ieejpanŠo(ia_kiajp]hkmqad]u] `e_dkahl]`nabqan]`ahar]jcahek* I]iƒao]hck]oŽ_kiknaheceko]) iajpa_nŽpe_]`ahkmqaoqlkjajk r]]_kn`a_kjh]l]h]^n]`a@eko( uaokiacqop]*Da]lnaj`e`k] naolap]n]hkoo]_an`kpao(_kik ]pk`]h]cajpa(lankjqj_]da paje`kh]e`a]`amqaoa]jlan) okj]oejpk_]^haokejp]_d]^hao7 _nakoeilhaiajpamqaokj dqi]jko_kikuk(_kik _q]hmqean]( u lkn p]jpk jko“hkpeajajrenpq`ao( oejkp]i^eŠj`a^ehe`]`aou `aba_pko*HkmqaoŽ_kjoe`ank aomqaoqaj_kieaj`]]`mqeana `eiajoekjaoi]cjŽbe_]o(lknoan ]mqŽajh]peann](oac˜jhkolna_alpko `ah_]pkhe_eoik(lknp]`knao`ah] l]h]^n]`a@eko* Qj_]ne’kaola_e]hpajcklkn ah l]`na mqa kbe_e“ h] ieo] aj ie^]qpevk(mqa]’koiƒop]n`a ]^]j`kj“aho]_an`k_eku`a_e`e“ _]o]noaubkni]nqj]b]iehe]*Iq_dk peailk`aolqŠohkaj_kjpnŠlkn _qaopekjao`aieh]^knlanek`Žo) pe_](uk_q^nŽ]qjarajpkuŠhan] l]npa`ahcnqlk_erehmqakbna_Ž]h] ejbkni]_e“j*Ia`ekcqopkranhk( Šho“hkia_kjk_Ž]`ajki^nalank jko]^Ž]mqaiad]^Ž]^]qpev]`k( oahk`efaade_eiko]hcqjko_kiaj) p]neko*Aj^nki]halnacqjpŠoeie ^]qpevkr]hŽ]kpajŽ]mqanalapen h]_anaikje](up]i^eŠjoqcanŽ mqamqevƒ]hckn]nkd]^Ž]lqaopk ajah]cq]^aj`ep]mqa`ann]i“ ajie_]^av](lknmqa]hecq]hmqa Šh(an]qjp]jpkejpn]joecajpa_kj h]o_ko]omqa(uko]^Ž](jkaop]^]j ^eaju`a^Ž]j_]i^e]n*Ajaoko ikiajpko(Šhl]npe_el]^]ajqj cnqlk`anaoeopaj_e]_ereh_kjpn] qjlnk_aokaha_pkn]hmqap]_d]^]j `aehac]h*

>[Wfh[dZ_Ze Wh[if[jWhW beiiWY[hZej[i" f[hedkdYW ^[j[d_ZebW _Z[WZ[gk[ i[Wdf[hiedWi _djeYWXb[ie _djWY^WXb[i± Yh[egk[ied ^kcWdeiYece YkWbgk_[hW"o fehjWdjede iŒbej_[d[d l_hjkZ[i" i_dejWcX_ƒd Z[X_b_ZWZ[io Z[\[Yjei

PQJOJuO

@ahk^eolkCeh^anpkR]h^qaj] Oƒj_dav pajck cn]j`ao na_qan) `ko*?kiknalknpan]aj@e]nek`a ?khei](Šhan]qj]`aieobqajpao `aejbkni]_e“jlnabane`]lknmqa oeailnada_naŽ`kmqahkmqa`ec] k`afa`a`a_enh]Echaoe]?]p“he_]( aj_q]hmqean]oqjpk(peajaqjlaok eilknp]jpa`]`kh]ajknia_]j) pe`]` `a oacqe`knao mqa lkoaa* Lank_kjR]h^qaj]qj]_ko]an] h]ajpnareop]ukpn]h]_d]nh]bqan] `aŠop](mqa_]oeoeailnanaoqhp]^] iƒoejpanao]jpamqahkmqaia`a_Ž] bnajpa]h]cn]^]`kn]*hbqa(oej `q`](qjlanokj]falkhŠie_kaj h]re`]l˜^he_]`ahaop]`k`qn]jpa oqaop]`Ž]]hbnajpa`ah]@e“_aoeo `a?khei]*L]n]iŽoecjebe_“qj] at_ahajpabqajpaejbkni]per](u]˜j _kjoanrkqj_nq_ebefkmqaiapn]fk `aqjk`aoqore]fao]AhR]pe_]jk( ^aj`a_e`klknahL]l]Fq]jL]^hk EE(oac˜jia`efk* Atlaneaj_e]o`aaopapelkoacq) n]iajpaokjh]omqaiad]jda_dk ran]hkoo]_an`kpao_kikoanaojkn) i]hao(lankajpeaj`kmqapeajaj qj]cn]jnaolkjo]^ehe`]`]_qaop]o* H]bauh]nahecekoe`]`iqarajlqa) ^hkoajpankoup]i^eŠj`ao^kn`]j l]oekjao*Lknaokh]opei]aej`ecj] hkmqa]_kjpa_a]hejpanekn`ah] Echaoe]?]p“he_](mqa_]nc]ok^naoŽ ]oqjpko`ala`an]ope]_kiape`]lkn o]_an`kpao(]hcqjko`ahko_q]hao ej_hqokhhac]nkj]oank^eolko*Ujk oapn]p]`afqvc]n(lknmqajeoemqean] h]Echaoe]?]p“he_]ieoi]o]^amqŠ d]_an_kjahhkou_kjoqola_]`ko*Oa pn]p](oeilhaiajpa(`anabhatekj]n ok^nahkmqaokiko(hkmqad]_aiko uajhkmqa_naaiko*Ajie_]ok(lkn afailhk(jkiaejolen]_kjbe]jv]en ]_kjp]nhaieo_ko]o]qjo]_an`kpa ]i]jan]`a_kjbaoe“j7iaoeajpk iafkn`ad]^h]nh]o_kjqj]]iec]( `abnajpa(mqajkiafqvcqajeia na_neieja(oeilhaiajpamqaia ao_q_da(uia]_kjoafaoeao mqaoahkle`k*Jkei]cejk( lknafailhk(]qjo]_an`kpa mqa]^qo“`aqjiajkn narah]j`koqla_]`k] qjecq]hkoqlaneknaj qj _kjbaoekj]nek* Iajko mqeankei]cej]n]hna_al) pkn`ap]jej`ecj]]__e“j] h]dkn]`aeilkjanh]lajepaj_e] l]n]mqa]mqŠhk^pajc]ahlan`“j `erejk*Aokjkaohkoqbe_eajpajeao hkfqopkl]n]mqeaj_kiapaqj]_pk p]jnalqcj]jpa* H]rekh]_e“joatq]hao`alknoŽ qj`ahepkcn]ra(ej`ecj]jpaucnk) pao_kmqaj]`eaiana_al]`a_an( iq_dkiajkohkoje’koÌp]ilk_k h]ofkraj_ep]o`amqej_a]’ko)*Lank _q]j`kaopada_dkrekhajpku_nqah hk_kiapaqjo]_an`kpa(oŽaol]n] lkjanahcnepkajah_eahk(lknmqajk ao_kdanajpamqamqeajaolna`e_]jh] l]h]^n]`a@eko(]h]ravhkkbaj`]j _kjp]jrehao]__ekjao(r]heŠj`koa `ah]_kjbe]jv]ud]op]h]ba_eac] mqahakpknc]jhkobahecnaoaoo“hk lknmqahhar]jlqaop]qj]okp]j]*H] fan]nmqŽ]_]p“he_]jk`a^aej`ecj]noa lknmqaoad]^hal˜^he_]iajpa`a qj]oqjpkp]jranckjvkokul˜^he_k ajahiqj`kajpank*=jpao^eaj( r]h`nŽ]h]laj]mqapk`konabhatek) jaikook^najqaopnklnklek]_pq]n uh]bkni]ajmqaiq_d]ora_ao lnapaj`aikoiapanjkoajh]re`] uajh]o]__ekjao`ahko`aiƒo(oej nal]n]najh]olnkle]o*Oej`q`]( h]Echaoe]peajaiq_dkmqŠlajo]n ]hnaola_pk*.




D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

/BDJPOBM

;Z_jeh0'SBODJTDP(BSEVtP feb‡j_YW6c_b[d_eZ_Wh_e$Yec$cn

BbWcWW[cfh[dZ[hkdWb_cf_W[d[bFeZ[h@kZ_Y_Wb

9WbZ[hŒd0deZ[iYWhje gk[^WoWdWhYe`k[Y[i Cedj[hh[o3Cfi\eXCg\q

-

]oaopnq_pqn]ofq`e) _e]hao`ahl]Žo`a^aj nareo]noa(lknmqa]oŽ _kikd]u_knnql_e“j ajh]lkhŽpe_](ajh]o lkhe_Ž]o(jklk`aiko`ao_]np]n oeilhaiajpa]_eac]oh]lkoe^ha ejÚhpn]_e“j`ah_neiajknc]jev]`k ajahƒi^epkfq`e_e]h(Îjkpk`ko jeh]i]uknŽ](lankoŽaj]hcqjko fqa_aoÏ(]oacqn“ahlnaoe`ajpaBa) hela?]h`an“j* ÎOŠmqaajhkfq`e_e]hb]hp]iq_dk lknd]_an(aokh]ran`]`jkhk]oq) iklknmqajkpajckej_e`aj_e]aj hkfq`e_e]h(lankailqfaikopk`ko ]mqaheileaj]hkofqa_aoÏ(`efkah i]j`]p]nek]hnabanenoa]haopeci] `aIŠte_klknh]_knnql_e“j6Îuk oŠmqad]d]^e`kiq_dkolkhŽpe_ko uck^anj]jpaouap_Špan]mqaoa d]jajnemqa_e`kiq_dŽoeikejat) lhe_]^haiajpaÏ(`efkahLnaoe`ajpa ]hla`en]h]ok_ea`]``ajqj_e]n `e_dko_]oko* =hnaqjenoa_kj-1,nalnaoajp]j) pao`ah]ok_ea`]`_ereh`aJqark Ha“jud]_anhaoranmqaah_ki^]pa ]h]rekhaj_e]jkaoqj]^]p]hh]`ah Lnaoe`ajpa_kjpn]ahj]n_kpnƒÚ_k( oejkhq_d]`apk`kohkoiate_]jko _kjpn]ah_neiajknc]jev]`k`ah] mqajkoapn]p]`av]b]noa(?]h`a) n“jp]i^eŠjd]^h“`amqaÎdaiko _]lpqn]`k]`ahej_qajpaomqao]haj ejia`e]p]iajpaÏhe^nao* ÎUklq`ean]d]^anda_dkhkmqa kpnkomqapeajajahieoiki]n_k `aoacqne`]`mqaukpajck6iafkn jkranahlnk^hai](iafkn`a`e) _]nia]reoep]nailnao]o*Aol]n] qjck^anj]jpa(h]ran`]`(nah]pe) r]iajpabƒ_ehv]b]noa`ahpai]Ï( lank]mqŽÎjkoapn]p]`av]b]noa( ]mqŽoapn]p]`aajpn]nhau]`aiƒo

;bFh[i_Z[dj[WZc_j[gk[[dik[ijhWj[]_Wº^WXh|

[hheh[igk[[dc[dZWh»"f[hefkdjkWb_pWgk[Z[ƒijW dWZ_[fk[Z[pW\Whi[1º^Wogk[[djhWhb[`kdjei»"Z_Y[ 7B<H;:E =K;HH;HE%DEJ?C;N

;bcWdZWjWh_ei[‹WbŒgk[bW‘d_YW\k[hpWl|b_ZW[ibWZ[b;ijWZe `aajpn]nhafqjpko(_kikoŠmqa hkaop]ikod]_eaj`kuhkr]iko ]d]_an_kjahck^eanjk`ahao) p]`kÏ(]beni“* Ahi]j`]p]nekp]i^eŠj`efk aop]n]^eanpk]ao_q_d]npk`kohko lqjpko`areop]u]hpanj]per]o( aej_hqok]nareo]nh]aopn]pace]

lknh]oacqne`]`l˜^he_](lknmqa _kikck^anj]jpaÎlqa`ad]^an p]i^eŠj_acqan]`ap]hhanÏud]^nƒ annknaomqaajiaj`]n* ?kjoe`an“mqaÎhk_knna_pkao oacqenuhq_d]n_kjpn]ah_neiaj knc]jev]`kd]op]`annkp]nhkÏ(u mqaÎoanŽ]qjannkn_h]q`e_]n`a

aopa`a^an]dkn]kaj.,-.kaj ah]’kmqamqean]jÏ* Ajahaj_qajpnk(`kj`aaopq) `e]jpao`ahPA?`aIkjpannau hana_h]i]nkjnaoqhp]`ko`ah]o ejraopec]_ekjao `a h] iqanpa `a `ko `a oqo _kil]’anko( ah Lnaoe`ajpabahe_ep“]mqeajaooa

7b[hjWdZ[Yedi[Yk[dY_Wi]hWl[ii_i[b[]_ibWWblWfehieXh[i[]kh_ZWZdWY_edWb

:_fkjWZeiYed][bWdh[]kbWY_ŒdZ[b;`ƒhY_je Cƒn_Ye3=\ieXe[f;Xd`}e p;Xe`\cM\e\^Xj

%

elqp]`ko`aLNE(L=J(LRAI( LPu?kjrancaj_e]`ao_]np]) nkjh]]lnk^]_e“jÎ]hr]lknÏ `ah]Hau`aOacqne`]`J]_ekj]hl]n] nacqh]nh]l]npe_el]_e“j`ah]obqanv]o ]ni]`]oajah_ki^]pa]h]`ahej) _qaj_e]knc]jev]`](u]jpe_el]nkj ]oŽah]lh]v]ieajpk`aao]`eo_qoe“j d]op]oalpeai^nakajqjlanek`k atpn]kn`ej]nek`aoaoekjao* Ahlhajk`ah]?ƒi]n]na_e^e“]uan kbe_e]hiajpah]iejqp]]lnk^]`]lkn

ahOaj]`kuh]pqnj“`aejia`e]pk ]h]o_kieoekjao`aCk^anj]_e“j( Fqope_e]u@abajo]J]_ekj]hl]n] oq]jƒheoeou`e_p]iaj* Jkk^op]jpa(Fknca?]nhkoN]iŽ) navI]nŽj(re_a_kkn`ej]`knlneeop]( nai]n_“mqah]Hau`aOacqne`]` J]_ekj]h]ianep]qjaopq`ekÎjk ]lnaoqn]`kje]hr]lknÏ(lqaooa pn]p]`aqjpai]`ahe_]`k* Na_kjk_e“h]eilknp]j_e]`ah] nabkni](lank]`renpe“6ÎJkoŠoe ao]lnekne`]`fqopeÚmqanaokhran aj.0dkn]o(lqaoh]o_kjoa_qaj) _e]o`aqjannknjkoanŽ]jcn]rao

oejkcn]rŽoei]o(lknmqaoecjeÚ_]j re`]odqi]j]oÏ* Ahp]i^eŠjlneeop]=npqnkV]ikn] bqaiƒo]hhƒuna_d]v“h]lkoe^ehe) `]``a`e_p]iej]nh]hauÎ]hr]lkn kok^nah]onk`ehh]oÏ(lknmqaoanŽ] qj]cn]raennaolkjo]^ehe`]`mqa cajan]nŽ]`aÚ_eaj_e]ou_kjÛe_pko ajh]ejpanlnap]_e“j`ah]jkni]* Oai]jebaop“lknaopq`e]nh] iejqp]_kjpk`k`apajeieajpku oeaoja_ao]nekqjlanek`katpn]kn) `ej]nek(Îlqaohk_kjrk_]ikou pn]^]f]iko_kik`a^a`aoanÏ* ?kjoqhp]`k]hnaola_pk(ahre_a)

_kkn`ej]`knl]jeop]?]nhko=h^anpk LŠnavoa_qj`“]hkohaceoh]`knao `ahLNEuna_kjk_e“h]`eÚ_qhp]``a `eo_qpenu]lnk^]nh]Hau`aOacq) ne`]`J]_ekj]hajqj`Ž]* ÎQj]ik`eÚ_]_e“j`ap]hp]i]’k namqeana`aqj]jƒheoeooqop]j_e]hu iqu`ap]hh]`kl]n]arep]nb]hh]okrek) h]_ekjao_kjopepq_ekj]haoÏ(`efk* Ahre_a_kkn`ej]`knlanna`eop] Cq]`]hqla=_kop]ej`e_“mqaoe ^eajh]Hau`aOacqne`]`J]_ekj]h oai]jpeajaaj`a^]pa(Îoed]_aiko qjaobqanvk`a]_an_]ieajpk(lqa`a mqaah`Ž]`adkuoa]lnqa^aÏ*

P YbWl[i C|ifhej[YY_Œd 9;b]eX[hdWZehZ[Dk[le B[Œd"HeZh_]eC[Z_dW"f_Z_ŒWb ]eX_[hde\[Z[hWb_dYh[c[djWh bWfhej[YY_ŒdZ[bW[dj_ZWZ fWhWWbYWdpWhkdWYedl_l[dY_W ieY_Wbi_dieXh[iWbjeicWoeh[i d_Wc[dWpWi$

9Cƒn_Ye"Z_`e"l_l[cec[djei _dƒZ_jeio^ehWiZ[fhk[XWYed kd\[dŒc[deZ[l_eb[dY_WZ[ WbYWdY[dWY_edWbgk[º][d[hW Wdi_[ZWZ»$

9I_d[cXWh]e"Z[`Œ[dYbWhe gk[ikWZc_d_ijhWY_Œddeh[# Ykhh_h|Wb\|Y_bWh]kc[djeZ[bW Z_ijh_XkY_ŒdZ[Yecf[j[dY_Wi f[dWb[i"fehgk[ºbWbkY^Wde [iiŒbeZ[bFh[i_Z[dj[Z[bW H[f‘Xb_YW"i_degk[[iZ[jeZei deiejhei"[iZ[jeZe[bfW‡i»$

atlnao]nkjÎ_kjbqanv]Ïulkn h]knc]jev]_e“j`a]_pko(_kik i]n_d]o(l]n]okhe_ep]nahao_h]na_e) ieajpk`ahkoda_dkoaej_hqokhko _kjrk_“]lh]pe_]nok^naahpai]* =`aiƒo(]`iepe“mqaahlnk^ha) i]`aoacqne`]`jkoana`q_a]qj ]oqjpklkhe_e]_k)iehep]n(]qjmqa ej_hquaqj]l]npaaopn]pŠce_]l]n] naop]^ha_anh]]qpkne`]``ahAop]`k ud]_anranÎmqamqeaji]j`]ao qj]ok_ea`]`kqjlqa^hk(jkaoje HkoVap]okHkoCkhbkokH]oB]iehe]o khkoOej]hk]o*=mqŽmqeaji]j`] aoahAop]`kiate_]jkÏuh]˜je_] bqanv]rƒhe`]aoh]`ah]lkhe_Ž](h] I]nej]kahAfŠn_epkÎjkh]bqanv] `aqjkod]ilkjaoÏ* =cnac“mqa_kjhko`ahej_qajpao Îjkd]ui]jan]`apajan]nnachko(je cn]j`aoje_demqepkoÏje`aÎ_a`anhao h]lh]v](adevkranmqah]]`iejeo) pn]_e“jba`an]hd]]_pq]`k_kjpn] lkhŽpe_ko`aL=J(LNEuLN@_q]j`k ateopajare`aj_e]o`aeilhe_]_ekjao _kjhko_neiej]hao* ?]h`an“j`efkmqahkmqaiƒoha `qaha]hck^eanjkaomqahko`ahej) _qajpao]ba_paj]hko_eq`]`]jkou ]jpah]`a^ehe`]``ah]o]qpkne`]`ao hk_]haooad]da_dkja_ao]ne]h] Î_kilhaf]Ïejpanraj_e“j`ahAfŠn_epk aj^qo_]`a_kjpajanh]rekhajp] `eolqp]`ahkopannepknekolknl]npa `ah_neiajknc]jev]`k*.D L]^hkAo_q`ank(re_a_kkn`ej]) `kn`ahLRAI(oa_qj`“]mqeajao aopei]jÎ_kilhe_]`kÏ]r]jv]ndku ajah]jƒheoeouh]]lnk^]_e“j`a h]hau(]`aiƒo`aoq^n]u]nh]ej) _kjrajeaj_e]`arkp]nh]iejqp] oej_kjk_anh]oemqean]* Ah re_a_kkn`ej]`kn lapeop] AjnemqaE^]nn]lqjpq]hev“mqaoa klkj`nƒjÚniaiajpa]haceoh]n]h r]lknh]oeje_e]per]o`aoacqne`]` j]_ekj]haeila`enƒjmqah]?ƒi]n] `a@elqp]`kooa_kjreanp]ajqj] oeilhakÚ_e]hŽ]`al]npao* =hnaola_pk(ahhaceoh]`kn_kjran) cajpa=haf]j`nkCanpv_kjoe`an“ Îeilkoe^haÏ]lnk^]nh]iejqp]aj qjokhk`Ž](lknhkmqahh]i“]lko) lkjanah]jƒheoeod]op]oalpeai^na k]jpao(oeateopaj_kj`e_ekjaol]n] qjlanek`katpn]kn`ej]nek*.D


D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

OBDJPOBM ;IF;9?7B

7Zl_[hj[[bI[dWZeieXh[iWdY_ed[iWZc_d_ijhWj_lWiYedjhWgk_[d^W]WcWbkie

7fhk[XWdcWoehfhej[YY_Œd WZWjeiZ[beifWhj_YkbWh[i @7L?;H =7H9Ñ7

BWdk[lWb[ojWcX_ƒd

eXb_]WWb]eX_[hdeW ZWhjeZWbW_d\ehcWY_Œd gk[h[gk_[hWbW][dj[

BWYec_i_edWZWfh[i_Z[djW

º7jhWXW`Wh\k[hj[»

I[Yed]hWjkbW F[iY^WhZZ[ gk[?<7?j[d]W dk[lWjWh[W

Cƒn_Ye3<cYXDe`ZX9iXmf

1

knqj]jeie`]`(ahOaj]`k ]lnk^“nabkni]o]h]Hau Ba`an]h`aPn]jol]naj_e] u=__aok]h]Ejbkni]_e“jL˜^he_] Cq^anj]iajp]h(_kjhkmqaoak^he) c]]ejopepq_ekjaouknc]jeoiko l˜^he_ko]lnkpacanhko`]pko`a l]npe_qh]naouoao]j_ekj]nƒ]`) iejeopn]per]iajpa]mqeajd]c] i]hqok`aahhko* Kpn]ranpeajpa`ah]oik`eÚ) _]_ekjaomqa]r]h“ahlhajk`ah Oaj]`k(_kj5-rkpko]b]rkn(aoh] k^hec]pknea`]`l]n]ahck^eanjk `aajpnac]npk`]h]ejbkni]_e“j mqanamqean]h]_eq`]`]jŽ]* K^hec] p]i^eŠj ] hko ajpao cq^anj]iajp]hao]lq^he_]naj h]olƒcej]o`aejpanjaph]ejbkn) i]_e“jmqaoa]iƒookhe_ep]`] lknh]_eq`]`]jŽ]* H]eje_e]per]mqaeilqho“ah oaj]`kn`ahLNEulnaoe`ajpa`a h]?kieoe“j`aCk^anj]_e“j(Fa) o˜oIqnehhkG]n]i(aop]^ha_amqa oanƒj_]qo]o`anaolkjo]^ehe`]` ]`iejeopn]per]`ahkooanre`knao l˜^he_ko]_pq]n_kjjachecaj_e]( `khkki]h]baajh]oqopn]__e“j`a okhe_epq`ao`a]__aok]h]ejbkni]) _e“j(na_peÚ_]_e“j(_]j_ah]_e“jq klkoe_e“j`a`]pkolanokj]hao* Aji]pane]`alnkpa__e“j`a `]pkolanokj]haooaej_knlkn]j hko lnej_eleko `a he_epq`( _kj) oajpeieajpk(_]he`]`(Új]he`]`( lnklkn_ekj]he`]`(ejbkni]_e“ju naolkjo]^ehe`]`ajahpn]p]ieajpk `a`]pkolanokj]hao* Oaaop]^ha_ajhko`ana_dko`a ]__aok(na_peÚ_]_e“j(_]j_ah]_e“j uklkoe_e“j$_kj_alpko_kjk_e`ko _kik@ana_dko=N?K%mqalan) iepenƒj_na]nh]o_kj`e_ekjaomqa c]n]jpe_ajahnaocq]n`k(qok(pn]jo) ieoe“j(i]jpajeieajpku`eolk)

Cƒn_Ye3DXli`Z`fG„i\q

;bfb[deWlWbŒbW_d_Y_Wj_lWYed/'lejeiW\Wleh oe_e“j`ahko`]pkolanokj]haoaj lkoaoe“j`ahoa_pknl˜^he_k* H]lnklqaop]k^hec]]hck^eanjk ]]lhe_]nia`e`]o`aoacqne`]` ]`a_q]`]oulanpejajpaomqa`aj _anpav]`ah]`a^e`]lnkpa__e“j `a`]pkolanokj]hao(l]n]arep]n _q]hmqean`]’k(]hpan]_e“j(lŠn`e`]( `aopnq__e“jkqokej`a^e`k(pn]jo) ieoe“ju]__aokjk]qpknev]`k* H]oo]j_ekjaooanƒj`apaniej]) `]ooecqeaj`khkaop]^ha_e`kajh] HauBa`an]h`aNaolkjo]^ehe`]`ao =`iejeopn]per]o`ahkoOanre`knao L˜^he_ko(h]o_q]haoÎoanƒjej`a) laj`eajpao`ah]o`ahkn`aj_ereh klaj]hmqalnk_a`]jÏ* P]i^eŠjoanƒo]j_ekj]`kkiepen naepan]`]iajpa`]nnaolqaop]] h]ookhe_epq`ao`a]__aok(lknhk mqa ah lneeop] ]ncqiajp“ mqa _kjh]onabkni]ohko_eq`]`]jko lk`nƒjÎ_kjk_anoej_knp]leo]o ahqok(afan_e_eku`aopejk`ahko na_qnokol˜^he_koÏ* Ahlneeop]`efkmqah]olnaieo]o bqj`]iajp]hao`aqjck^eanjk `aik_nƒpe_kpeajajmqaran_kjh]

>eoZ_fkjWZeij[dZh|dZ[XWj[[dbefWhj_YkbWh

7lWdpWh[\ehcWieXh[ beiZ[h[Y^ei^kcWdei Cƒn_Ye3@jiX\cEXmXiif p=\ieXe[f;Xd`}e

-

]o_kieoekjao`aLqjpko ?kjopepq_ekj]haou`a@ana) _dkoDqi]jko`ah]?ƒi]n] `a@elqp]`ko]lnk^]nkjajhkca) jan]hahlnkua_pk`anabkni]ol]n] ahar]n]n]jck_kjopepq_ekj]hah lhajkna_kjk_eieajpkulnkpa__e“j ]hko`ana_dkodqi]jko*

Jkk^op]jpa(hkohaceoh]`knao ]lh]v]nkjl]n]dkuh]`eo_qoe“j ajhkl]npe_qh]n`aoeapa]npŽ_qhko( lkn`ebanaj`kocn]i]pe_]hao(`a oejp]teou`apŠ_je_]fqnŽ`e_]* Ahlnkua_pkaop]^ha_ah]`ajkie) j]_e“j`ahko@ana_dkoDqi]jkoaj ah_]lŽpqhkE`ahpŽpqhklneiank`ah] ?kjopepq_e“juik`eÚ_]ah]npŽ_qhk -l]n]aop]^ha_anh]k^hec]_e“j`ah Aop]`kl]n]Îna_kjk_an(lnkpacan(

P YbWl[i

naj`e_e“j`a_qajp]o(_kjh]pn]jo) l]naj_e]u_kjahbknp]ha_eieajpk `ah]oejopepq_ekjao* Lkn ahhk oa bknp]ha_aj h]o b])

_qhp]`ao`ahEB=E(mqapaj`nƒqj “nc]jknacqh]`knl]n]mqaoanao) lapahkaopelqh]`kajh]onabkni]o uoa]lhemqajo]j_ekjaoaj_]ok `aoanpn]jocna`e`]oh]ojqar]o b]_qhp]`ao* Oaaop]^ha_aqjia_]jeoik`a) jkiej]`kÎlnqa^]`a`]’kÏ(_kjhk mqah]]qpkne`]``a^anƒfqopeÚ_]n `a^e`]iajpah]naoanr]`apk`] h]ejbkni]_e“jl˜^he_]* OalnarŠahlnk_a`eieajpkÎlnqa) ^]`aejpanŠol˜^he_kÏajahmqaah EB=E`a^anƒd]_anqj]lkj`an]_e“j ajpnaahejpanŠol˜^he_kuh]lnk) pa__e“j`ah`ana_dk`alner]_e`]` l]n]`apaniej]nh]lnk_a`aj_e]`a d]_anl˜^he_]ejbkni]_e“jok^na l]npe_qh]nao* L]n] eila`en aol]_ek ] h] kl]_e`]`u`eo_na_ekj]he`]``ah oa_pknl˜^he_koaej_knlkn]]h] hauh]lnkde^e_e“jl]n]hkooqfapko k^hec]`ko`aejrk_]nhkooa_na) pkoÚo_]h(^]j_]nekuÚ`q_e]nek( _q]j`kajŠopkooaaj_qajpnaj ejrkhq_n]`kona_qnokol˜^he_ko ba`an]hao*.D

lnkikranuc]n]jpev]n`ai]jan] iƒo]_pq]hev]`]aejpacn]hh]recaj_e] `ahko`ana_dkodqi]jkoÏ* H]nabkni]]lnk^]`]lknahOa) j]`kah0`a]^neh]^nah]lkoe^ehe`]` ]mqah]?kieoe“jJ]_ekj]h`a@a) na_dkoDqi]jkolqa`]ejraopec]n lnaoqjp]orekh]_ekjaocn]rao]hko `ana_dkodqi]jkolknl]npa`a ck^anj]`knao(]h_]h`ao(haceoh]`knao kahAfa_qperkba`an]h* @e_d] b]_qhp]` _knnaolkj`a ]_pq]hiajpa]h]Oqlnai]?knpa `aFqope_e]`ah]J]_e“j* Ah`e_p]iajjklq`koan]lnk^]) `kajhkl]npe_qh]n(lqaohkohaceo) h]`knaole`eankjnaoanr]n]hcqjko ]npŽ_qhko(ajpnahkomqa`aop]_]ah .5_kjopepq_ekj]h(]lape_e“j`ah lneeop]Aiehek?dq]ubbap(mqeajlnk)

lqokaheiej]nh]bn]oaÎhe^anp]`ao `alajo]ieajpk(`a_kj_eaj_e]u `anahece“jÏ(]ncqiajp]j`kmqau] aopƒj`ajpnk`ah]?kjopepq_e“j* Ahp]i^eŠjlneeop]=hbkjokJ]) r]nnapa]Úni“mqaÎh]nabkni]aj) re]`]lknahOaj]`kaoiqu^qaj]( lknmqa]uq`]]bknp]ha_an]hl]Žo aji]pane]`a`ana_dkodqi]jkoÏ( ]qjmqa_qaopekj“`ap]hhao`a_]) nƒ_panpŠ_je_ku`aoejp]teo* Ajp]jpk(ahlnaoe`ajpa`ah]?k) ieoe“j`a@ana_dkoDqi]jko`ah] ?ƒi]n](Nq^ŠjIknaen](_kjbe“ajmqa jkoanapn]oaiƒoh]`eo_qoe“j6 H]o_kieoekjao`a@ana_dkoDq) i]jkou`aLqjpko?kjopepq_ekj]hao oaaj_qajpn]jajna_aokaolan]j`k mqaaopafqarao(˜hpeik`Ž]`aoaoe“j( oa]]lnk^]`]h]nabkni]*.D

BeiYWcX_ei 9BW_d_Y_Wj_lWi[h[c_j_ŒWbW 9|cWhWZ[:_fkjWZeifWhWY[hhWh [bY‡hYkbeZ[bWfhej[YY_ŒdZ[ ZWjeif[hiedWb[i[dcWdeiZ[b feZ[hf‘Xb_YeoZ[fh_lWZei$

99edbWih[\ehcWi"[b?<7?i[ Yedl[hj_h|[d[b?dij_jkje<[Z[hWb Z[7YY[ieWbW?d\ehcWY_Œdo Fhej[YY_ŒdZ[:Wjei"obWB[o i[h|bW<[Z[hWbZ[7YY[ieWbW ?d\ehcWY_ŒdoFhej[YY_ŒdZ[ :WjeiF[hiedWb[i$

9BWiceZ_ÅYWY_ed[if[hc_j_h|d kdWWfb_YWY_Œdc|i[ÅY_[dj[ Z[beiWhj‡Ykbeii[njeo',Z[bW 9edij_jkY_Œd$

]_kieoekj]`]lnaoe`aj) p]`ahEjopepqpkBa`an]h`a =__aok]h]Ejbkni]_e“j( F]_mqahejaLao_d]n`(_kjrk_“] hkoejpacn]jpao`aaoa“nc]jk`a pn]jol]naj_e] ] pn]^]f]n Îiqu bqanpaÏl]n]knc]jev]nh]op]na]ou hkonach]iajpko`ah]mqa(]l]npen `aoqlnkiqhc]_e“j(oanƒh]Hau Ba`an]h`a=__aok]h]Ejbkni]_e“j uLnkpa__e“j`a@]pkoLanokj]hao( ]qjmqal]n]ahhkoapajc]qjlh]vk `aqj]’kuia`ek* =h_kj_hqen]uanh]oaoe“j`ah lhajk(Lao_d]n``aop]_“mqaao] ejopepq_e“joa`ajkiej]nƒEjopepqpk Ba`an]h`a=__aok]h]Ejbkni]_e“j uLnkpa__e“j`a@]pko(lknhkmqa ]`aiƒo`a_kjpejq]n_kjoqo]_) pq]haob]_qhp]`aou]pne^q_ekjao( Îpaj`naikomqaoanp]joaranko up]jnecqnkokoajh]lnkpa__e“j `ahko`]pkolanokj]haoaji]jko `ahoa_pknlner]`kÏ* Devkatpajoer]qj]bahe_ep]_e“j ]pk`kohkoejpacn]jpao`ahEB=E lknh]]lnk^]_e“j`aao]haceo) h]_e“jlknl]npa`ahOaj]`k(ah l]o]`k.2`a]^neh(]h`aop]_]n mqa_kjahh]oa]oacqn]jpk`ko hkolnk_a`eieajpkoulnej_eleko mqa`a^ajnacenh]lnkpa__e“j`a `]pkolanokj]haoaji]jko`a l]npe_qh]nao* Lao_d]n`]Úni“mqa_kjahhk ahLk`anHaceoh]perkd]_aqjna) _kjk_eieajpk]hpn]^]fk`ahEB=E( ajh]ia`e`]ajmqa]dkn]oaha aj_kieaj`]qj]jqar]p]na]* ÎNa]hiajpajkohhaj]`akncqhhk uo]peob]__e“jaopana_kjk_eieajpk ]hpn]^]fk`ahEB=E(aoahpn]^]fk`a pk`kojkokpnkoÏ(`efk* Lao_d]n`]Úni“mqaIŠte_k oalkja]oŽ]hjerah`ahkol]Žoao iƒo]r]jv]`ko`ahiqj`kajh] i]pane](u_kjaop]hauik`anj] oao]h`]h]`aq`]mqaahl]ŽopajŽ] `ao`ad]_a]’ko_kjknc]jeoiko ejpanj]_ekj]hao_kikh]Knc]je) v]_e“jl]n]h]?kklan]_e“juah @ao]nnkhhkA_kj“ie_k* Okopqrkmqah]i]ukneilkn) p]j_e]`aaopkaomqaoakpknc] oacqne`]`]h]olanokj]o`amqa oqo`]pkoiƒoŽjpeiko(jklk`nƒj oani]hqpehev]`ko_kjÚjao]fajko ]hkomqabqankjlnklkn_ekj]`ko knecej]hiajpa(oejmqad]u]qj] _kjoa_qaj_e]lknahhk*.D


9C


COA


OBDJPOBM

D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

Âş7b\_di[^_pe`kij_Y_WÂť"[nYbWcWdbWi_dZÂ&#x2021;][dWiWbiWb_hZ[bf[dWbZ[IWd@eiÂ&#x192;;b7bje

B_X[hWbW9ehj[WbWi(ejecÂ&#x2021;[i WYkiWZWiZ[fbW]_WhWfeb_YÂ&#x2021;Wi :;C?Ă&#x17D;D 9>Ă&#x17D;L;P

IkYWieh[fh[i[djW

kdWl[h]Â&#x201D;[dpWfWhW [bi_ij[cW`kZ_Y_Wb" Yedi_Z[hWdc_d_ijhei

-

9;b',Z[i[fj_[cXh[Z[(&&/" @WY_djW<hWdY_iYeCWhY_WbWXWd# ZedÂ&#x152;[bf[dWbZ[IWd@eiÂ&#x192;;b 7je"bk[]eZ[gk[[b`k[pYkWhje Z[Z_ijh_jeehZ[dÂ&#x152;ikb_X[hWY_Â&#x152;d" oWgk[bWF=Hfh[i[djÂ&#x152;fhk[XWi deWYkiWjeh_WiYedjhW[bbW[d[b c_iceYWieZ[J[h[iW=edp|b[p o7bX[hjW7bY|djWhW$

Âş;ijWceiYed\ehc[iÂť

J[h[iW=edp|b[po7bX[hjW7bY|djWhW[ijWh|d^eo[dbW9_kZWZZ[CÂ&#x192;n_Ye"ZedZ[ZWh|dYed\[h[dY_WZ[fh[diW ]_na`ep]`]*Aopa]oqjpkao`aaola) _e]hcn]ra`]`lknmqaoapn]p]`aqj ]_pkejfqopku`eo_neiej]pknek`a`ko iqfanaoej`Â&#x17D;caj]oiate_]j]o7uoe aoran`]`(mqaqjokhkejk_ajpaaopÂ&#x160; ajlneoeÂ&#x201C;j(aoqj]rancÂ&#x203A;ajv]l]n]ah oeopai]`afqope_e](_q]j`koapn]p]`a ejpacn]jpao`acnqlkorqhjan]^haoĂ&#x2026;Ă?( atlnaoÂ&#x201C;ahiejeopnk=npqnkO]h`Â&#x17D;r]n Hahk`aH]nna]* L]n]a_d]n]^]fkh]oajpaj_e]`e_p]`] ah-5`aba^nank`ahlnaoajpa]Â&#x2019;k(lknah fqav?q]npk`a@eopnepk`aMqanÂ&#x160;p]nk( hkoiejeopnko]lku]nkjahlnkua_pk`a oq_kil]Â&#x2019;an]Khc]OÂ&#x192;j_dav?kn`ank( mqeajoaÂ&#x2019;]hÂ&#x201C;mqajkd]^Â&#x17D;]lnqa^]o

_kjpqj`ajpaol]n]]_qo]nh]o`ahko `ahepko`alner]_eÂ&#x201C;jehac]h`ah]he^anp]`( ajh]ik`]he`]``aoa_qaopnk(_kjpn] h]o]hq`$lknlkoaoeÂ&#x201C;j`a_k_]Â&#x17D;j]%je _kjpn]oanre`knaolÂ&#x2DC;^he_ko* @qn]jpaoqatlkoe_eÂ&#x201C;j`aikpe) rko(h]iejeopn]i]jebaopÂ&#x201C;mqah]o `a_h]n]_ekjao`ahkolkhe_Â&#x17D;]o`ah] =caj_e]Ba`an]h`aEjraopec]_eÂ&#x201C;j _]na_aj`ar]hknlnk^]pknek(u]mqa oqo]ncqiajpkojkokj_kjoeopajpao( lqaojeoemqean]lqa`ajlna_eo]nah hqc]najahmqaoqlqaop]iajpabqankj lner]`ko`aoqhe^anp]`* Ă&#x17D;Ă&#x2026;]hcqjko]cajpaookopqreankjaj oqoranoekjao`ajpnk`ahko_]nakooq)

;dYk[ijW0+,Z[[djh[l_ijWZeiWfheXÂ&#x152;bW][ij_Â&#x152;dZ[bW]eX[hdWZehW

IkX[fefkbWh_ZWZZ[8h[m[h HEII :$ <H7DAB?D%7F

;dIWd:_[]eoJ[nWi

Yed]h[i_ijWiZWdik WfeoeWb[oof_[diWd fbWdj[WhkdWi_c_bWh

lhapkneko(mqabqankjnapaje`koajh] ^]oa`alkhe_Â&#x17D;]$`aO]jpe]ckIatmqe) pephÂ&#x192;j(MqanÂ&#x160;p]nk%(ajp]jpkmqakpnko ]oaran]nkjmqabqankj`apaje`koaj ahatpanekn7ukpnkiÂ&#x192;o(okopqrkkne) cej]hiajpamqahko`apqreankjajh] ajpn]`]`ah]_]nnapan](l]n]`aolqÂ&#x160;o r]ne]noq`e_dk(atlnao]j`kmqabqa) nkji]jpaje`ko]bqan]qjpeailku hqackhhar]`ko]hejpanekn`ah]^]oa `alkhe_Â&#x17D;]* Ă&#x17D;L]n]hqack]cnac]n(`ai]jan] `eo_kn`]jpa_kjh]ranoeÂ&#x201C;j`aoqo _kil]Â&#x2019;anko(mqamqeajaohkoej) pnk`qfankj]h]okĂ&#x161;_ej]o`alkhe_Â&#x17D;] bqankjqj]lanokj]`ajkiej]`]

`a^ke_kpa_kjÂ&#x201C;ie_k_kjpn]=nevkj] lknh]lnkiqhc]_eÂ&#x201C;j`ah]jqar] hau]jpeejiecn]jpa(>nasanlk`nÂ&#x17D;] naoqhp]nb]rkna_e`]ajh]lnÂ&#x201C;tei] aha__eÂ&#x201C;j]h]cq^anj]pqn]* >nasanlk`nÂ&#x17D;]ajbnajp]noaajh]o lnei]ne]o`ahL]npe`kNalq^he_]jk`a ]ckopklnÂ&#x201C;teik]hailnao]nekKsaj Iehho(]hpaoknankaop]p]h@a]jI]npej u]hatlnaoe`ajpa`ah]Fqjp]`aNa) cajpao`a=nevkj](FkdjIqjcan*

BWgk_[h[dYef_Wh

F^e[d_n3Efk`d\o

-

]hau]jpeejiecn]jpalnkiqh) c]`]ahl]o]`kreanjaolknh] ck^anj]`kn]`a=nevkj](F]j >nasan(har]heÂ&#x201C;qjoÂ&#x2DC;^epk]qiajpk `alklqh]ne`]``a-2lqjpkolkn_aj) pq]hao(narahÂ&#x201C;]uanqj]aj_qaop]* H]_kjoqhp](aba_pq]`]lknpahabÂ&#x201C;jk lknh]_kil]Â&#x2019;Â&#x17D;]aola_e]hev]`]N]oiqo) oajNalknpo(ikopnÂ&#x201C;mqa]dkn]12!`a hkoajpnareop]`ko]lnk^Â&#x201C;h]caopeÂ&#x201C;j`a >nasan_kikck^anj]`kn]* Aj_]i^ek(ajqj]aj_qaop] oeieh]nna]hev]`]d]_a`kooai]j]o( oÂ&#x201C;hk0,lkn_eajpk]lnk^Â&#x201C;ahpn]^]fk `ah]nalq^he_]j]>nasan* Hkonaoqhp]`ko`ahokj`akej`e) _]nkjmqa(]lao]n`ah]o]iaj]v]o

7dj[Y[Z[dj[

H]CÂ&#x203A;an]ukpn]lanokj]`ahoatk i]o_qhejk(_kjh]Ă&#x161;j]he`]``amqa hh]i]n]jl]n]_kjoacqenah`ejank `ah nao_]paĂ?( i]jebaopÂ&#x201C; OÂ&#x192;j_dav ?kn`ank* Oejai^]nck(_kj_hquÂ&#x201C;h]iejeo) pn](h]oranoekjao`ahkoba`an]haojk oÂ&#x201C;hkoa_kjpn]`e_aj(lqao]`aiÂ&#x192;o h]ia`e]Ă&#x161;he]_eÂ&#x201C;j`ah]o]_qo]`]o p]ilk_k_knnaolkj`a*

CÂ&#x192;n_Ye"Gk[hÂ&#x192;jWhe3IlYÂ&#x201E;eDfjjf# <jki\ccXĂ?cmXi\q

] Oqlnai] ?knpa `a Fqo) pe_e]`ah]J]_eÂ&#x201C;jkn`ajÂ&#x201C; h] ejia`e]p] he^an]_eÂ&#x201C;j `ah]okpkiÂ&#x17D;aoPanao]CkjvÂ&#x192;hav ?knjaheku=h^anp]=h_Â&#x192;jp]n]Fq]j( mqeajaobqankjoajpaj_e]`]o].- ]Â&#x2019;ko`alneoeÂ&#x201C;j(hqack`amqaqj fqav`a`eopnepkh]o_kj`ajÂ&#x201C;lkn ahoqlqaopkoa_qaopnk`aoaeoqje) bkni]`ko`ah]=caj_e]Ba`an]h `aEjraopec]_eÂ&#x201C;jaj.,,2(ajah aop]`k`aMqanÂ&#x160;p]nk* Lknqj]jeie`]`(h]Lneian]O]h] `apaniejÂ&#x201C;mqajkateopajahaiajpko `alnqa^]l]n]_kj`aj]nh]olknhko ehÂ&#x17D;_epkomqahaoeilqpÂ&#x201C;h]Lnk_qn]) `qnÂ&#x17D;]Cajan]h`ah]NalÂ&#x2DC;^he_](oejk ]h_kjpn]nek(oq_]oknalnaoajp]qj] ejfqope_e](qj]_pk`a`eo_neiej]_eÂ&#x201C;j uqj]rancÂ&#x203A;ajv]l]n]ahoeopai]`a fqope_e]iate_]jk* Ă&#x17D;=`ranpeiko`ao`aqjlnej_elek( hkoiejeopnkomqaejpacn]ikoaop] o]h](mqaaopa]oqjpkan]qj]oqjpk `aat_al_ekj]hpn]o_aj`aj_e]*@a ajpn]`]l]na_Â&#x17D;]qj]oqjpkmqakhÂ&#x17D;] ]ejfqope_e](oalan_e^Â&#x17D;]mqaan]]hp]) iajpalnk^]^hamqa`koej`Â&#x17D;caj]o iate_]j]omqaaop]^]jajlneoeÂ&#x201C;j( `ao`ad]_a_]oe_q]pnk]Â&#x2019;ko(`ai]) jan]ejfqop]* Ă&#x17D;Ă&#x2026;Udkuaop]ejfqope_e]mqalan) _e^Â&#x17D;]ikod]mqa`]`klhaj]iajpa

P YbWl[i

BWc[Z_ZW"kd[cfk`Â&#x152;dfWhWbWfhÂ&#x152;n_cW[b[YY_Â&#x152;d[dW]eije

Ah_kjcnaoeop]@qj_]jDqjpan`a O]j@eacklnklqok`alknp]n]hko defko`aej`k_qiajp]`koj]_e`ko _kjj]_ekj]he`]`aop]`qje`ajoa _kjoe`anÂ&#x201C;]h]hau]jpeejiecn]j) pa`a=nevkj]Ă&#x17D;qjb]^qhkoklqj) pk`al]npe`]Ă?* Ahhaceoh]`knnalq^he_]jk(]qpkn`a h]eje_e]per]`a_kjopnqenqj]^]n`] bnkjpanev]`ao`ad]_a.,]Â&#x2019;ko(_kjoe) `anÂ&#x201C;_kikĂ&#x17D;dqi]jep]nekĂ?`alknp]n] hkojeÂ&#x2019;koaop]`qje`ajoaofqjpk]oqo l]`nao_q]j`kÂ&#x160;opkooa]jajre]`ko `anacnaok]oql]Â&#x17D;o`aknecaj* Dqjpan(`ah?kiepÂ&#x160;`ah]oBqanv]o =ni]`]oajah?kjcnaok(umqeajd] lnklqaopkajahl]o]`kĂ&#x17D;iej]nh] bnkjpan]Ă?(`efkmqad]^nÂ&#x192;Ă&#x17D;mqeajao leajoajmqaokikoi]hko(lankjk hkokiko(aoqj]_pkdqi]jep]nek

Pn]oh]naokhq_eÂ&#x201C;j`ah]?knpa(]uan ajlqjpk`ah]o2`ah]p]n`aPanao] CkjvÂ&#x192;havu=h^anp]=h_Â&#x192;jp]n]o]heankj `ah?ajpnk`aNa]`]lp]_eÂ&#x201C;jOk_e]h O]jFkoÂ&#x160;Ah=hpk(ao_khp]`]olknoqo ]^kc]`koulanokj]h`ah?ajpnk`a @ana_dkoDqi]jko=cqopÂ&#x17D;jLnk* CkjvÂ&#x192;hav(]p]re]`]_kjqj]rao) peiajp]aj_khkn^h]j_k(]h_]jvÂ&#x201C; ]`a_en6Ă&#x17D;Aop]ikoiqu_kjpajp]o lknmqa]hĂ&#x161;joadevkfqope_e]Ă?* Oq `abajo]( aj_]^av]`] lkn =j`nÂ&#x160;o@Â&#x17D;]v(oaÂ&#x2019;]hÂ&#x201C;mqaateopaj pk`kohkoahaiajpkol]n]okhe_ep]n nal]n]_eÂ&#x201C;j`ah`]Â&#x2019;klnkrk_]`k pn]od]^anlani]ja_e`kpk`kaopa peailkaj_]n_ah]`]o* Ă&#x17D;Aop]iko_kjbkniao(d]^nÂ&#x17D;] mqaranh]oajpaj_e](ok^napk`k_kj mqaaileav]qjlneian_]iejk `afqope_e](lankaoaaoahlneian l]okĂ?(oaÂ&#x2019;]hÂ&#x201C;* Panao]u=h^anp]l]o]nkjh]o lneian]odkn]oajhe^anp]`_kjoq b]iehe]ajah>]nnekRE(ajO]jpe]ck IatmqepephÂ&#x192;j(u]_q`enÂ&#x192;jaopafqa) rao]h]>]oehe_]`aCq]`]hqlal]n] ]cn]`a_anlknoqhe^an]_eÂ&#x201C;j*.D

`alknp]n]hkodefko`aej`k_qiaj) p]`kofqjpk_kjoqol]`naoĂ?* Ajahieoik_kjpatpk(qj]haceo) h]`kn]nalq^he_]j]`aPat]o]jqj_eÂ&#x201C; mqalh]ja]ejpnk`q_enajh]lnÂ&#x201C;tei] oaoeÂ&#x201C;jhaceoh]per]qj]eje_e]per]`a hau]jpeejiecn]jpaoeieh]n]h]na_eÂ&#x160;j lnkiqhc]`]aj=nevkj]* Ă&#x17D;H]lnekne`]``aqjbqj_ekj]nek aha_pkaomqah]oacqne`]``ahko pat]jkoaopÂ&#x192;^eajaop]^ha_e`]Ă?(`efk h]nalnaoajp]jpa$`elqp]`]%aop]p]h nalq^he_]j](@a^^eaNe``ha* Ă&#x17D;Oejqaopnkck^eanjkba`an]hde_ean] oqpn]^]fk(ajpkj_ao=nevkj]jkja_a) oep]nÂ&#x17D;]d]^anpki]`kaop]]__eÂ&#x201C;j(je p]ilk_kPat]oĂ?(ej`e_Â&#x201C;u]Â&#x2019;]`eÂ&#x201C;mqa ejpnk`q_enÂ&#x192;qj]eje_e]per]oeieh]n]h] `a=nevkj]_q]j`kh]haceoh]pqn]oa naÂ&#x2DC;j]ajoaoeÂ&#x201C;jajajanklnÂ&#x201C;teik* Oejai^]nck(h]oaj]`kn]aop]p]h `aiÂ&#x201C;_n]p]Hape_e]R]j`aLqppa_kj) oe`anÂ&#x201C;h]hauaj=nevkj]_kikqj] ia`e`]Ă&#x17D;atpnai]`]iajpa`]Â&#x2019;ej]u k`eko]Ă?(u]oacqnÂ&#x201C;mqahkoejpajpko `aeiep]nh]ajPat]ojkl]o]nÂ&#x192;ju `]Â&#x2019;]nÂ&#x192;j]hL]npe`kNalq^he_]jkaj _]ok`amqalnapaj`]d]_anhk* FeiD]nnejcpkj(`ahLnkua_pk`a @ana_dko?erehao`aPat]o(lnkjkope_Â&#x201C; Ă&#x17D;_ankĂ?lkoe^ehe`]`ao`amqaqj]eje_e]) per]_kikh]`a=nevkj]oa]]lnk^]`] lknh]haceoh]pqn]aop]p]h*.D


D@C<E@F

.1

P

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&



C_d_ij[h_e ;Z_jeh0'SBODJTDP(BSEVtP F‘Xb_Ye cf6c_b[d_eZ_Wh_e$Yec$cn

EIM7B:E H7CÑH;P

CÕD?97 =EDPÎB;P

BeiZ[b_dYk[dj[iWXehZWdbWkd_ZWZgk[fhefehY_edŒbWF=@:<fWhW^k_hZ[bbk]Wh$FehbWdeY^[\k[hedfh[i[djWZeiWdj[beic[Z_eiZ[Yeckd_YWY_Œd

:eibWZhed[i^ko[hed[dkdWfWjhkbbWYWf_jWb_dW"f[he\k[hedZ[j[d_Zeic|ijWhZ[[d[b;Zec[n

JecWdh[^[d[ifWhWheXWh kdWYWiWZ[[cf[‹e[d:< EIM7B:E H7CÑH;P

JWcX_ƒdYWoŒkd

la’kAh@e]i]jpaoa_ann]nkj*Ah bqj_ekj]nek`e]hkc“_kjhko`ko `ahej_qajpaomqa(ajlnej_elek( ]iaj]v]nkj_kji]p]n]hkona) paje`ko( ]qjmqa ahhko ieoiko lan`ean]jh]re`]* ÎHaola`Žmqa]__a`ean]j$ja) ck_e]n]j%Ï(`efkahlnk_qn]`kn*Hko oqfapkoateceankjqjradŽ_qhkl]n] dqen(lankh]o]qpkne`]`aolqoeankj ]`eolkoe_e“jh]l]pnqhh]L,.),-( `ah]Lkhe_Ž]Lnarajper]* ÎHao`efeikomqaŽ^]iko]]__a) `an]oqlape_e“joeailnamqaahhko p]i^eŠjaopqrean]j`eolqaopko] naolap]nh]re`]`ahkonadajaoÏ( ]cnac“ahbqj_ekj]nek* =h]o-26/1dkn]oqj]napaje`] bqa`af]`]ajhe^anp]`(ieajpn]o hko`kooqfapkoaecq]hj˜iank`a nadajaooq^eankj]hradŽ_qhkkÚ_e]h l]n]dqend]op]ejpanj]noaajh] _khkje]=ilhe]_e“jO]jI]n_ko( Ph]hjal]jph](Aop]`k`aIŠte_k* Lkn]enahkooacqŽ]qjdahe_“l) pank`ah]Oa_nap]nŽ]`aOacqne`]` L˜^he_](mqaajpn“aj_kiqje_]_e“j _kjh]=caj_e]`aOacqne`]`Aop]p]h $=OA%uh]lkhe_Ž]iqje_el]h*

j[hY[h_cfb_YWZe"gk_[d Z_h_]_ŒbWief[hWY_ed[i Z[iZ[[b[nj[h_eh ;bfheYkhWZehC_]k[b

Îd][bCWdY[hW^_pe Z[c[Z_WZehfWhW [l_jWhXW`WiY_l_b[i Cƒn_Ye3C\k`Z`X=\ie}e[\q

-

] pki] `a nadajao bqa h] okhq_e“j mqa pki]nkj`ko]o]hp]jpao oknlnaj`e`ko_q]j`k ejpajp]^]jdqen`aqj] _]o]`aaila’k`ah@eopnepkBa`an]h( `kj`ad]^Ž]jnk^]`k_an_]`a-*. iehhkjao`alaokoajfku]o* An]jh]o-161,dkn]o_q]j`k Bn]j_eo_k=nahh]jkPknnaouNq^Šj Danjƒj`avH“lav]nne^]nkj]hja) ck_ekmqaoaq^e_]ajh]_]hhaHqeo Aolejkv](_khkje]Okhe`]ne`]`J]) _ekj]h(`ah]`ahac]_e“jCqop]rk =*I]`ank* Qjpan_an`apaje`kbqae`aj) peÚ_]`k_kikCqop]rkA`q]n`k =cqej]c]Nqa`](`a-5]’ko`a a`]`(mqeaj`a]_qan`k_kjh]o ]qpkne`]`ao`]^]h]o“n`ajao] hkokpnko`ko* >]fk]iaj]v]o`aqo]nh]o]ni]o `abqack(kn`aj]nkj]h]oailha]`]o mqaajpnac]n]jhkok^fapko`ar]hkn( lnej_el]hiajpafku]oaila’]`]o lknlecjkn]jpao* Oejai^]nck(qjpn]^]f]`kn`a

<_dZ[bWf[hi[YkY_Œd Feb_Y‡WiYWf_jWb_deiYkijeZ_WdWkdeZ[beib_X[hWZei h]_]o]`aaila’k]_per“h]]h]n) i]`aaiancaj_e](lknhkmqaoa eje_e“h]ikrehev]_e“j`a_qanlko `aoacqne`]``ah]lkhe_Ž]lnaraj) per]`ahkooa_pknao?q]qpala_u Pe_kiƒj* ?q]j`khhac]nkjhkoqjebkni]) `kooaaj_kjpn]nkj_kjh]pki] `apnaonadajao*Lknh]bna_qaj_e]

n]`e]hle`eankj]lkukl]n]]lhe_]n qjklan]perk`anao_]pa* ÎAo]bqah]ejopnq__e“jmqa`ekah faba`aCk^eanjk(I]n_ahkA^n]n`Ï( na_kn`“ahlnk_qn]`kncajan]h`a Fqope_e]`ah@B(IecqahãjcahI]j_a) n](mqeajoa_kjrenpe“ajia`e]`kn qj]ravmqahhac“]hhqc]n* H]olqanp]o`ah]_]o]`aai)

H]lanoa_q_e“jpaniej“ajqj]vkj] ^ko_ko]_kjk_e`]_kikL]n]faNa]h `ah>komqa(ajahA`kiat(`kj`a hko`kolnaoqjpko`ahej_qajpao^]) f]nkj`ah]l]pnqhh](]^]j`kj]nkj ]hkonadajaouoaejpanj]nkjajpna hkoi]pknn]hao* ÎJko`eiko_qajp]`amqad]^Ž] kpn]lanokj]_kj]_pepq`okola_dko] ulnkoacqeiko]`apajanhk7aop] lanokj]aoh]mqa`]^]ejopnq_) _ekjao]hkokpnko`ko_“ilhe_aoÏ(

iaj_ekj“I]j_an]aj_kjbanaj_e] `alnajo]lkopanekn* Ajahklan]perkl]npe_el]nkj 0, ahaiajpko `a h] Lkhe_Ž] `a Ejraopec]_e“j(4,lnarajperkou kpnkoiƒo`ahCnqlk`aNa]__e“j aEjpanraj_e“j(]oŽ_kik]cajpao iatemqajoao* Cqop]rkA`q]n`k=cqej]c]Nqa) `]bqaoa’]h]`k_kikh]lanokj] mqaoanrŽ]`aiqnku`]^]ejopnq_) _ekjao]hko`ko`ahej_qajpaomqa ejcnao]nkj]h]_]o]`aaila’k( lankajoqolneian]o`a_h]n]_ekjao oaat_qhl“u]oacqn“mqaaolan]^] ]oqi]iƒajh]rŽ]l˜^he_]* ÎJkhko_kjkv_k(ukaop]^]ao) lan]j`k]iei]iƒÏ(`efk]hoan lnaoajp]`k_kj=nahh]jkPknnao( `a/,]’ko`aa`]`(uDanjƒj`av H“lav(`a.,* =h]o-46-1dkn]ohhac“h]]i) ^qh]j_e]=4),25`ahAo_q]`n“j `aNao_]pauQncaj_e]oIŠ`e_]o $ANQI%l]n]pn]oh]`]n]hkonadajao Hqeo=h^anpk>]u]n`kuAjnemqa R]h`ann]i]* =i^konaj`Ž]j]jk_daoq`a) _h]n]_e“jajh]]caj_e]1,ejraope) c]`kn](mqaeje_e“h]]ranecq]_e“j lnare]lknah`ahepk`ank^kulne) r]_e“jehac]h`ah]he^anp]`* ÎD]uqj]pan_an]rŽ_pei]mqa na_e^a]paj_e“jiŠ`e_]lknmqa ajpn“aj_neoeojanreko]ul]na_amqa aopƒajaop]`k`acn]re`avÏ(ejbkni“ ahlnk_qn]`kn_]lep]hejk* ÎJkdq^kjejc˜jhaoekj]`k( p]ilk_k^]h]_an]Ï(]_h]n“ahlnk_q) n]`knIecqahãjcahI]j_an](mqeaj devkqjna_kjk_eieajpk]hpn]^]fk _kkn`ej]`k_kjh]o]qpkne`]`ao `ahAop]`k`aIŠte_k*.D




D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

/FHPDJPT @Wdi

;d(/[ijWZeiZ[bfWÂ&#x2021;ii[h[Zk`ebWbb[]WZWZ[[ijei_d]h[iei

:_l_iWi  :Â&#x152;bWh :Â&#x152;bWhĂ&#x2026;n ;khe B_XhW

9ecfhW L[djW '($)+(& '($)+-&  '($),/. ',$'-)* ',$*+/- '.$,&+, '.$/)+.

   

8W`Wd'(h[c[iWi [dfh_c[hjh_c[ijh[ ;ij[Z[iY[diej_[d[kd_cfWYjed[]Wj_leWZ_Y_edWbi_i[

Yedi_Z[hWgk[bWWfh[Y_WY_Â&#x152;dZ[bj_feZ[YWcX_eZ_ic_dkoÂ&#x152;'.$/ [bfeZ[hWZgk_i_j_leZ[bWfeXbWY_Â&#x152;dgk[h[Y_X[beih[Ykhiei @K7D 97HBEI <B;?9;H

CÂ&#x192;n_Ye38cY\ikfM\i[ljZf

C[hYWZeXkhi|j_b Ă&#x2018;dZ_Y[ 7YjkWb ?F9 )("/+($., :em@ed[i ''"&*+$(- IF '"'/'$), DWiZWg ("*-'$-) 8el[ifW ,,",++$-' BWj_X[n )",,.$-&  L7I9ED? =CE:;BE 8EBI7 9EDJ7B ?N;=< 88L7

LWh$ &$.*  &$*.  &$,+  &$&'  &$((  #'$*& 

7YY_ed[i8CL Fh[Y_e LWh$ '&$+& /$). ,/$)& ,$*+ ('$/& *$(- ))$&& #,$&* '+$&& #+$), '+/$&& #*$((

     

C[hYWZeZ[Z_d[he 9[j[i(.ZÂ&#x2021;Wi 9[j[i/'ZÂ&#x2021;Wi 9[j[i'.(ZÂ&#x2021;Wi J??;(.ZÂ&#x2021;Wi K:? B_Xeh Fh_c[HWj[

*$*+  *$,(  *$,-  *$/+  *$*+,/fi  &$(-  )$(+

9ecceZ_j_[i  Fh[Y_e LWh CWÂ&#x2021;p ),+$+ &$*'  Jh_]e +&*$(+ &$*+  7pÂ&#x2018;YWh '*$., #)$)(  C[pYbWc[n$ -+$&, &$(Zbi  MJ? .)$() &$&'Zbi  8h[dj .,$(+ &$&/Zbi  9[dj[dWh_e '-",&& &fi  Ehe '"',,$/ #*$/&Zbi  FbWjW '.$'+ &$&'+Zbi 

CWYhe[YedecÂ&#x2021;W F?8?L#Jh_c(&&/ #($) ?dĂ&#x2020;WY_Â&#x152;dcpe *$/- :[i[cfb[e\[X +$&( H[i[hlWi /-")(.$&cZZ

&

jahlneianpneiao) pna`ah]Â&#x2019;k(ahĂ&#x203A;qfk`a naiao]omqaejcnao]) nkj]hl]Â&#x17D;ooqi]nkj 0ieh4-5*/1iehhkjao `a`Â&#x201C;h]nao(hkmqaoecjeĂ&#x161;_Â&#x201C;qj] `eoiejq_eÂ&#x201C;j `a -. lkn _eajpk naola_pk]hieoiklanek`k`ah ]Â&#x2019;k]jpanekn(ejbkniÂ&#x201C;ah>]j_k `aIÂ&#x160;te_k* Ahiajkn`ej]ieoik`aajrÂ&#x17D;ko na]hev]`kolknhkoiate_]jkonaoe) `ajpaoajahatpaneknoaatlhe_]lkn h]oahar]`]op]o]o`a`aoailhak mqalnar]ha_aj]ao_]h]iqj`e]h( ulnej_el]hiajpalknh]`a^ehe`]` mqak^oanr]ahoa_pkn_kjopnq__eÂ&#x201C;j ajAop]`koQje`ko(`kj`aoa_kj) _ajpn]qj]eilknp]jpalk^h]_eÂ&#x201C;j iecn]jpa`ahl]Â&#x17D;o* H]onaiao]o(mqaoaq^e_]joÂ&#x201C;hk `apnÂ&#x192;o`ahkoejcnaokolapnkhanko`ah l]Â&#x17D;o(k^oanr]nkjqj]_kjpn]__eÂ&#x201C;j ]jq]haj.5`ah]o/.ajpe`]`ao ba`an]per]o`ahl]Â&#x17D;o* AjLqa^h]h]_]Â&#x17D;`]ajh]na_al) _eÂ&#x201C;j`anaiao]obqa`a./*5lkn _eajpk7MqanÂ&#x160;p]nk(-4*07Cqannank( -4*-7De`]hck(-3*5(u?khei](_kjqj napnk_aok`a-3lkn_eajpk* AjRan]_nqv_]uankj-2*5lkn _eajpk7K]t]_](-17P]i]qhel]o( -/*47?de]l]o(-/*/7Cq]j]fq]pk( -.(uahAop]`k`aIÂ&#x160;te_k(_kj--*0 lkn_eajpk* Hkoiajknaoeil]_pkooa`apa_) p]nkjajJqarkHaÂ&#x201C;j(`kj`a`eoie) jquankj3*4lkn_eajpk(ieajpn]o mqaajah@eopnepkBa`an]h_]uankj 3*/lkn_eajpk(uF]heo_kk^oanrÂ&#x201C;qj `ao_ajok`a3*-lkn_eajpk* Aj_kjpn]opa(h]oajpe`]`aomqa k^oanr]nkjqjhecankej_naiajpk lknaopa_kj_alpkajahlneian pneiaopna`ah]Â&#x2019;kaj_kil]n]_eÂ&#x201C;j _kjecq]hlanek`k`a.,,5bqankj

:_ic_dko[feZ[hWZgk_i_j_le 9?<H7I7BFH?C;HJH?C;IJH;

P YbWl[i ?d]h[ie[njhW 9;b8WdYeZ[CÂ&#x192;n_Ye[ij_cWgk[ .*fehY_[djeZ[bWih[c[iWii[ Z[ij_dWW]WijeiZ[cWdkj[d# Y_Â&#x152;d",fehY_[djeW]Wije[d[Zk# YWY_Â&#x152;do)fehY_[djeWc[`ehWZ[ _dck[Xb[i$

9CÂ&#x192;n_Ye[i[bfh_dY_fWbh[Y[fjeh Z[h[c[iWi[d7cÂ&#x192;h_YWBWj_dW" h[Ykhieigk[h[fh[i[djWdY[hYW Z[*fehY_[djeYecefhefehY_Â&#x152;d Z[bfheZkYje_dj[hdeXhkje$ <K;DJ;07d|b_i_iYed_d\ehcWY_Â&#x152;dZ[8Wdn_Ye C?B;D?E

"GFDUBSfOJWFMFTEFQPCSF[B 7b_Y_W<[hd|dZ[ph[Y_X[fkdjkWbc[dj["`ao`aah]Â&#x2019;kl]o]`k( .44`Â&#x201C;h]nao_]`]iaolknh]onaiao]omqaajrÂ&#x17D;]oqaolkok`ao`a Aop]`koQje`ko*?kjaoa`ejank(h]oaÂ&#x2019;kn]]peaj`ah]oja_aoe`]`ao `aoqo`kodefko7oejai^]nck(]lao]n`amqajkd]`eoiejqe`kh] _]jpe`]``a`Â&#x201C;h]naomqana_e^a(_q]j`k]_q`a]h^]j_knacnao]_kj iajkolaoko* Hk]jpaneknoa`a^a]mqaaji]nvk`a.,,5(ahpelk`a_]i^ek _kpev]^]ajlnkia`ek-0*23laokolkn`Â&#x201C;h]n(h]oaÂ&#x2019;kn]BanjÂ&#x192;j`av na_e^Â&#x17D;]0ieh..1laokouqj]Â&#x2019;k`aolqÂ&#x160;olknh]ieoi]_]jpe`]` k^pqrk/ieh2.,laoko(hkmqaoecjeĂ&#x161;_Â&#x201C;qj]iani]ajoqejcnaok `a2,1laokoajahpan_aniao`ah]Â&#x2019;k* @]pko`ah>]j_k`aIÂ&#x160;te_knarah]jmqaajahlneianpneiaopna `ah]Â&#x2019;kl]o]`kh]ob]iehe]ona_e^eankjajlnkia`ek/0-*1`Â&#x201C;h]nao( _kjqjpelk`a_]i^ek`a-0*/5laokolkn`Â&#x201C;h]n(hkmqanalnaoajpÂ&#x201C; ejcnaoko`a0ieh5-4laoko* Ajahlanek`kajank)i]nvkahlnkia`ekajre]`kbqa`a/-.`Â&#x201C;h]nao( _kjqjpelk`a_]i^ek`a-.*33laoko(hkmqaoapn]`q_aajejcnaoko `a/ieh541laoko(ao`a_enqj]lÂ&#x160;n`e`]`ahlk`an]`mqeoeperk`a -4*5lkn_eajpk* =qj_q]j`kah]Â&#x2019;kl]o]`k`ao_aj`eankj`ai]jan]`nÂ&#x192;ope_]aopko Ă&#x203A;qfko(ahpelk`a_]i^ekbqjceÂ&#x201C;_kikqj]r]ne]^hal]n]_kilajo]n ao]_]Â&#x17D;`](lankao]oepq]_eÂ&#x201C;jjkk_qnnaaopa]Â&#x2019;k`a^e`k]hbknp]ha) _eieajpk`ahlaokbnajpa]h`Â&#x201C;h]n*.D CÂ&#x192;n_Ye3"MCFSUP7FSEVTDP

9BWi[dj_ZWZ[iYedcWoehYWf# jWY_Â&#x152;dZ[h[c[iWiiedPWYWj[YWi" =kWdW`kWje"Fk[XbW"C_Y^eWY|d" EWnWYW"o9^_WfWi"[ijWZeZedZ[ ^WYh[Y_ZeZ[cWd[hW_cfehjWdj[ bWc_]hWY_Â&#x152;dZ[c[n_YWdei$

>]f]?]hebknje]Oqn(_kjqj]hv]`a 4*0lkn_eajpk7>]f]?]hebknje](_kj qj_na_eieajpk`a2*4lkn_eajpk( uUq_]pÂ&#x192;j(_kjqj]iafknÂ&#x17D;]i]n) cej]h`a,*0lkn_eajpk* @a]_qan`k_kj>]j_k`aIÂ&#x160;te_k( h]onaiao]oaji]nvkoqi]nkj ieh505iehhkjao`a`Â&#x201C;h]nao(ao `a_en( qj `ao_ajok `a 3*/0 lkn _eajpk naola_pk ]h ieoik iao `a.,,5* =qjmqah]_]Â&#x17D;`]`ah]onaiao]o aji]nvkbqaajiajkn`eiajoeÂ&#x201C;j naola_pk]iaoao]jpaneknao(aj oq_kil]n]perk]jq]hoqi]-3 iaoao`apn]joep]nok^napannajk jac]perk* Oejai^]nck(ahck^anj]`kn`ah >]j_k`aIÂ&#x160;te_k(=cqopÂ&#x17D;j?]nopajo( _kiajpÂ&#x201C;mqa]lao]n`ahlnkhkj) c]`k`aolhkia`aaopkona_qnoko mqaoaajrÂ&#x17D;]j`ao`aahatpaneknu] pk_Â&#x201C;bkj`kuoa_kieajv]]ran qj]na_qlan]_eÂ&#x201C;j*.D

*O

7FSTJPOFT Ik[hjkZei 7o[hfehbWdeY^["Yece fWhj[Z[bei[l[djeiZ[b J_Wd]k_iJkhÂ&#x2021;ij_YeZ[7YWfkbYe"

C[n_YWdW[djh[]Â&#x152;bWYWiWZ[ c|iZ[*c_bbed[iZ[f[iei beYWb_pWZW[dbWpedW7YWfkbYe :_WcWdj["c_icWgk[iehj[Â&#x152; [djh[ikiYb_[dj[iWjhWlÂ&#x192;iZ[b fhe]hWcWZ[h[Yecf[diWi C[n_YWdW=E$;bYedYkhiei[ h[Wb_pÂ&#x152;fWhWY[b[XhWh[bfh_c[h Wd_l[hiWh_eZ[ef[hWY_ed[i

Z[bfhe]hWcWZ[b[WbjWZc|i Ă&#x2020;[n_Xb[Z[bW_dZkijh_W"bWfie [d[bgk[c|iZ[('&c_b ieY_eikj_b_pWhedikifkdjei =EfWhWh[Z_c_hikiX[d[Ă&#x2026;Y_ei [dXeb[jeiZ[Wl_Â&#x152;d$

Â&#x161;Â&#x161;Â&#x161;

7\[YjWZei 7b]kdeif_[diWdgk[ [b?cfk[ije;if[Y_WbW FheZkYjeioI[hl_Y_ei?;FI [dj[b[Yeckd_YWY_ed[ide W\[YjÂ&#x152;ckY^eWbWi[cfh[iWi" f[heh[ikbjWgk[iÂ&#x2021;fk[i Wo[hc_ice"[d[bYedj[nje


D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

OFHPDJPT

;Z_jeh0)VHP(PO[fMF[ d[]eY_ei$Z\6c_b[d_e$Yec

HE8;HJE 7B7DÑI

;BE8I;HL7:EH

IWck[b=WhY‡W

-B USBNQB FT MB FKFDVDJuO

& ;d[bWYjeZ[fh[c_WY_Œd"[bcWdZWjWh_eh[YedeY_ŒbWjhWo[Yjeh_Wckbj_c[Z_WZ[b[cfh[iWh_eh[]_ecedjWde

Cƒn_Yec[`ehYed[YjWZe"YhkY_Wb[dbW[hWZ[bYedeY_c_[dje09WbZ[hŒd

F_Z[9Wd_j[YY[hj[pW`kh‡Z_YW [dbWij[b[Yeckd_YWY_ed[i H[Y_X[<hWdY_iYe

=edp|b[p"fh[i_Z[dj[ Z[=hkfeCkbj_c[Z_ei" fh[c_eWbcƒh_je Cedj[hh[o3JljXeXD\e[`\kX pCl`j>XiZˆX

-

]?ƒi]n]`ah]Ej`qopne] `aPaha_kiqje_]_ekjaolkn ?]^ha$?]jepa_%atece“(aj rkv`aoqlnaoe`ajpa=haf]j`nk Lqajpa(ah_qilheieajpk]hi]n_k fqnŽ`e_kateopajpaaji]pane]`a paha_kiqje_]_ekjao* @qn]jpah]ej]qcqn]_e“j`ah] Atlk?]jepa_.,-,(ah`enecajpa`a hko_]^hanko]Úni“mqaahlhajk`a) o]nnkhhk`ah]opaha_kiqje_]_ekjao namqeana`aqji]n_kfqnŽ`e_k_h]nk( mqa`Š_anpe`qi^na]hoa_pkn* ÎQjk`ahkoi]uknao`ao]bŽko `ahl]Žoaopƒajahej_naiajpk`aoq _kilapepere`]`(lknahhk]lh]q`eiko h]na_eajpalnaoajp]_e“jlknl]npa `ahLnaoe`ajpa`aqj]eje_e]per]l]n] bknp]ha_anh]_kilapaj_e]lhaj]ajah l]Žo(mqab]_ehep]nƒahnakn`aj]ieajpk `ah]a_kjkiŽ]Ï(]Úni“Lqajpa* @efkmqal]n]oacqen_kj]hpko jerahao `a _na_eieajpk ao ej`eo) lajo]^ha_kjpejq]n_kjqj]_h]n]

Z[bW;nfe9Wd_j[Y(&'&"@[Wd FWkb8heY"Z_h[Yjeh][d[hWb Z[9WXb[l_i_Œd"WÅhcŒ gk[Z[iZ[^WY[c[i[ibW [cfh[iWfhecel_Œkdh[Ykhie Z[WcfWheYedjhW[ij[ _cfk[ijeoWgk[ikiYb_[dj[i Yec[dpWhedW[nf[h_c[djWh kdh[jhWie[d[bfW]eZ[iki

u`a_e`e`]lkhŽpe_]l˜^he_]]b]rkn `ah]_kilapaj_e]u`ao`ahqackah `ao]dkckatla`epk`ahko]oqjpkoaj i]pane]`apaha_kiqje_]_ekjaomqa ]dkn]oaaj_qajpn]jajhepecek* =hnaola_pk(ahlnaoe`ajpaBahela ?]h`an“jej`e_“mqaqjIŠte_kia) fkn_kja_p]`kao_nq_e]hl]n]c]j]n ajh]an]`ah_kjk_eieajpk(lqaoÎah ian_]`k`ah]opaha_kiqje_]_ekjao nalnaoajp]h]iƒocn]j`aklknpqje) `]`aji]pane]`aejranoe“jl]n]h] ln“tei]`Š_]`]7oa`a^a`ao]nnk) hh]nqji]n_khac]hmqabkiajpah] _kilapaj_e]ulknaokaopƒah]lkuk l]n]]^nenh]lqanp]ajaopaoa_pknu `]nah]lkukl]n]oq_na_eieajpkÏ( _kiajp“?]h`an“j* =Úni“mqa_kjqjoa_pkn`apa) ha_kiqje_]_ekjao]h]r]jcq]n`e]( IŠte_kaop]nƒ]^eanpk]h]_kila) paj_e](lankoanamqeanamqa]jpa hko_]i^ekopa_jkh“ce_kooa^nej`a _anpav]fqnŽ`e_]l]n]_]`]qjk`a hkol]npe_el]jpao`ahoa_pkn* ÎAhl]lah`ahck^eanjkba`an]hao oanlnkikpkn`ahlnkcnaok`ahl]Žo uoanqj]]qpkne`]`Únia_]l]v`a eilqho]nah_na_eieajpku]^eanpk ]h]_kilapaj_e]Ï(na_]h_“*

Fh[c_WdW<hWdY_iYe=edp|b[p =hej]qcqn]nh]Atlk?]jepa_(ah i]j`]p]nekna_kjk_e“h]atl]joe“j

\WYjkhWiZ[[djh[)o*feh Y_[dje$

ššš

7bb‡c_ice

;bfh[i_Z[dj[<[b_f[9WbZ[hŒd" ZkhWdj[bW_dWk]khWY_ŒdZ[ ;nfe9Wd_j[Y(&'&"\[b_Y_jŒWb

`ahCnqlkIqhpeia`eko(ailna) o]mqakbna_aoanre_eko`an]`ek( lnajo](ejpanjap(pahareoe“ju_]^ha ]hkoqoq]neko* Ajaharajpk(ahlnaoe`ajpa?]h) `an“jdevkajpnac]`ah]lnaoa] =haf]j`nkãhr]navCqannank]hlna) oe`ajpa`aCnqlkIqhpeia`eko( Bn]j_eo_kCkjvƒhavOƒj_dav(uat]hp“ ahpn]^]fkna]hev]`kl]n]lkoe_ekj]n ]h_kjokn_ekia`eƒpe_k* Ah i]j`]p]nek na_kjk_e“ `ah ailnao]nek Îoq iqu `aop]_]`] pn]ua_pkne]ajah_]ilk`ah]opa) ha_kiqje_]_ekjaoajl]npe_qh]nu lknmqa_kjoqpn]^]fku_kjoqp]hajpk( ah`aoqb]iehe]uah`aoq`a`e_]_e“j d]laniepe`klna_eo]iajpa`ao]) nnkhh]najh]an]ik`anj]ia`eko`a _kiqje_]_e“j(Iqhpeia`ekoÏ* =oacqn“mqa`]`]h]_kjrancaj_e] `aia`ekomqalnaoajp](CnqlkIqh) peia`ekod]i]n_]`kh]paj`aj_e] _kiqje_]_ekj]hajahl]Žo* ÎJko“hklknahjki^na`aoqai) lnao](oejklknh]i]jan]ajmqaoa d]`aolhac]`k(ia`ekomqa]^]n_]j `eopejp]oaoban]o`ah]_kiqje_]) _e“ju`ah]opaha_kiqje_]_ekjao( ia`ekoeilnaokop]i^eŠj(_kjhk _q]hlna_eo]iajpad]ji]n_]`kaj ^qaj]l]npah]nqp]uh]paj`aj_e] ajh]_kjrancaj_e]_kiqje_]_ekj]h `ahl]ŽoÏ(okopqrk*.D

b‡Z[hZ[beiYWXb[hei"7b[`WdZhe Fk[dj["fk[iikW]hkfWY_Œd oWW]bkj_dWWjeZeibei ef[hWZeh[iZ[j[b[\ed‡W"Yed [nY[fY_ŒdZ[J[bc[n"fehik Xk[dW][ij_ŒdWb\h[dj[Z[ [ijWY|cWhWZkhWdj[i_[j[ W‹ei$;dYehh[ifedZ[dY_W" Fk[dj[_di_ij_Œ[dgk[

jIŠte_kjkoaja_aoep]j iƒohauao(nach]iajpko ulh]jao(oejkmqaoa _qilh]jhkomqau] ateopaj*Aop]]Úni]) _e“jlklqh]nmqaoad]nalape`k lkn]’ko`ao_ne^a^eajqjk`ahko lnk^hai]o_ajpn]hao`ah]_qhpqn] lkhŽpe_]u]`iejeopn]per]`ahl]Žo6mqa h]eilhaiajp]_e“juafa_q_e“joad] _kjranpe`kajqj]pn]il]iknp]h l]n]iq_dko`ahko^qajko`aoako atlnao]`koajat_ahajpaohauao(na) ch]iajpkoulh]jao* Aop]pn]il]aopƒlnaoajpalnƒ_pe) _]iajpaajpk`]oh]oƒna]o`ah]re`] l˜^he_]*K_qnna_kjah^qaj`aoak `ahaceoh]`knaou]qpkne`]`ao`ah]o paha_kiqje_]_ekjao`aeilhaiaj) p]nqjnaceopnk`alnkleap]neko`a pahŠbkjko_ahqh]naoajahl]Žol]n] _knp]naol]_eko]h]`ahej_qaj_e]kn) c]jev]`](lankh]afa_q_e“j`aaoa i]j`]pkaop]j`aÚ_eajpa_kik ej˜pehaookjoqonaoqhp]`ko* Hkieoikl]o]_kjhkocn]j`ehk) _qajpaolh]jaoj]_ekj]hao`a`ao]) nnkhhkmqa(ck^eanjkpn]ock^eanjk( oalnaoajp]j]h?kjcnaoku]hl]Žo _kikafaona_pknao`ah]lkhŽpe_]l˜) ^he_]*?eajpko`adkf]onalhap]o`a ^qajko`aoako`apn]jobkni]_e“j `ahl]Žo(lankoqeilhaiajp]_e“j unaoqhp]`koaopƒjiquhafko`ahk lnkiape`k* Ej_hqokp]i^eŠjk_qnna_kjhko pn]p]`ko`ahe^na_kian_ekÚni]`ko lknIŠte_k_kj`a_aj]o`aj]_ekjao mqabqankj(_]`]qjk(atlqaopkou ]lnk^]`ko_kjcn]j`aoatla_p]per]o l]n]jqaopn]^]h]jv]_kian_e]huh]o _]`aj]olnk`q_per]o`ah]a_kjkiŽ]* Lankh]na]he`]`jkod]`aikopn]`k mqah]afa_q_e“j`ah]oaopn]pace]o _kian_e]haoua_kj“ie_]od]_e] ]`ajpnkd]naoqhp]`kqjajknia bn]_]ok* Uqj_]okiƒo*Qjoejj˜iank`a nach]iajpkoejopepq_ekj]hao(aop]p]hao kiqje_el]hao^eajejpaj_ekj]`ko uaopnq_pqn]`kook^naahbqj_ekj]) ieajpk`ah]oknc]jev]_ekjaouaop]) ^ha_eieajpko_kian_e]hao(okjhapn] iqanp]ajoqafa_q_e“junaoqhp]`ko uo]hp]j]h]olƒcej]olnej_el]hao`a hko`e]neko_q]j`kk_qnnaj`aocn]_e]o _kikh]pnƒce_]iqanpa`aiƒo`a0, je’ko_]h_ej]`koajqj]cq]n`anŽ] ejb]jpehajOkjkn]khkona_qnnajpao

]_pko`arekhaj_e]ajhko^]nao`ah] ?eq`]``aIŠte_k_kjjqianko]o rŽ_pei]o`alknia`ek* ?h]nk mqa oa namqeanaj _kjo) pnqeniafknaohauaounach]iajpko ajIŠte_k*Lankc]op]ikoiq_dk peailkaj`eo_qoekjao(_knnaiq_d] pejp]ul]lahajhko`e]nekoudkn]oaj hkojkpe_eanko`an]`ekupahareoe“j l]n]`a^]penhauaounach]iajpko mqa(qj]ravlnkiqhc]`ko(_]aj ÌÌiq_dko`aahhkoÍajh]pn]il] iknp]h`aafa_qpknaomqajkpeajaj h]odann]ieajp]ol]n]kbna_annaoqh) p]`kok(lakn]˜j(mqaoa_kjreanpaj aj]oaoejko`aaop]ohauaoikre`ko lknh]_knnql_e“juh]lnkpa__e“j`a h]kl]_e`]`uh]eilqje`]`* Aop]pn]il]mqaajbnajp]jha) uao(nach]iajpkoulh]jaolqa`a oanl]qh]pej]iajpa`ao]_per]`]] pn]rŠo`ah]iqhpelhe_]_e“j`ana`ao `apn]jol]naj_e]u`aar]hq]_e“j`a naoqhp]`koajh]omqal]npe_elaj]_pe) r]iajpaknc]jev]_ekjao_eq`]`]j]o( ]_]`Šie_]ou`ahoa_pknlner]`k* Jkoanƒlkoe^ha_kjiƒo]q`epk) naoejpanjkou`alaj`aj_e]ocq^an) j]iajp]hao`aar]hq]_e“jlknhko _kjÛe_pko`aejpanŠomqaeilhe_]* P]ilk_k]ikjpkj]j`knabkni]o ]h]ohauaok_na]j`kjqar]ol]n] iafkn]nh]o]jpaneknao*Oanamqea) naj _kjpn]laoko j]pqn]hao l]n] ar]hq]n(o]j_ekj]nuc]n]jpev]nmqa h]eilhaiajp]_e“juafa_q_e“j`a lh]jao(hauaounach]iajpkohkcnaj oqok^faperkokpeaj`]j]ahhko*=hhŽ ahck^eanjk`a?]h`an“jpeajaqj] klknpqje`]``abknf]n_na`e^ehe`]` _eq`]`]j]oeoa`a_e`a]bkiajp]n h] iqhpelhe_]_e“j `a aop]o na`ao ej`alaj`eajpao*.D i]WhY_W6[bi[cWdWh_e$Yec$cn

[b]h[c_eYedj_dkWh|Yed bWWf[hjkhWZ[bi[Yjeh[d X[d[ÅY_eZ[beikikWh_ei ÅdWb[i$

[d(&'&i[l[Yecfb_YWZWWdj[ bW\WbjWZ[ÅdWdY_Wc_[dje1i_d [cXWh]e"bWZ[iWhhebbWZehW=[e i[^WZ[Z_YWZeWfh[]edWhgk[ j[dZh|ckoXk[deih[ikbjWZei [d[bfh_c[hjh_c[ijh[ogk[ i[h|dcko\WlehWXb[ih[if[Yje WikiYecf[j_Zeh[iKhX_o >ec[n$>WXh|gk[l[h$

ššš

Fh[]ed[he

FWhWWb]kdei[if[Y_Wb_ijWi"bW h[Ykf[hWY_ŒdZ[bi[Yjehl_l_[dZW

C

7H

?E



7 <K

DJ

EI




D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

'SPOUFSBT

P

ieb_ZWh_ZWZ H7CĂ&#x2022;D ;IF?DEI7%7F

BeiXWhYeidWY_edWb[i^WdZ[i[cXWhYWZe"^WijWW^ehW"jh[Y[c_bjed[bWZWiZ[bWWokZW^kcWd_jWh_Wh[Yeb[YjWZWfWhWbeiZWcd_Ă&#x2026;YWZei^W_j_Wdei

>W_jÂ&#x2021;$;ibWc_i_Â&#x152;d[d[b[njhWd`[hec|ifhebed]WZWZ[iZ[bWI[]kdZW=k[hhWCkdZ_Wb

oqonaailh]vkoukpn]olnkreoekjao l]n]ah_]il]iajpk*Aop]iko`a iqu^qajÂ&#x192;jeikĂ?(]Ă&#x161;ni]ah_knkjah ejpaj`ajpaFkoÂ&#x160;Nk^anpkIqÂ&#x2019;kv( ]_]nck`ahkmqaaj_Â&#x17D;n_qhko_]o) pnajoaod]oe`k^]qpev]`]_kik Klan]_eÂ&#x201C;jD]epÂ&#x17D;.,-,* H]ieoeÂ&#x201C;j(mqau]r]l]n]3/ `Â&#x17D;]oĂ?ah`k^ha`ahkmqah]opnkl]o iate_]j]olani]ja_eankjajO]j =jpkjek(Pat]o(pn]oahdqn]_Â&#x192;jG]) pnej]Ă?(eje_eÂ&#x201C;ah-3`aba^nank(_kj h]hhac]`]`aqj^]p]hhÂ&#x201C;j]^kn`k `aqjDÂ&#x160;n_qhao*@ao`aajpkj_ao( ahlqajpa]Â&#x160;nakjkd]_ao]`k* H]^]j`an]ikjqiajp]huh]o lahÂ&#x17D;_qh]oaoĂ&#x17D;l]n]i]jpajanh]ikn]h umqahkookh`]`kojkoakhre`aj `aIÂ&#x160;te_k*P]i^eÂ&#x160;jl]n]mqahko d]epe]jko_kjkv_]j`ajqaopnkl]Â&#x17D;o( `ajqaopn]_qhpqn]Ă?(jkoatlhe_]ah _knkjahIqÂ&#x2019;kv* H]na]he`]`aomqafqjpk_kj h]olahÂ&#x17D;_qh]ouiehao`a^kpahh]o `ao]ho]le_]jpaeilknp]`]o(hko i]j`kod]jpaje`kmqapki]n]_) _ekjao]`e_ekj]haol]n]arep]nah `aoc]opa`ahkoaba_perko(ejianoko jkokhkajqj]_qhpqn]_kilhap]) iajpa`eopejp]Ă?iÂ&#x192;o]bne_]j]mqa _]ne^aÂ&#x2019;]Ă?(oejk]_q]npah]`]oaj ?]nnabkqn(^]nnek_kjk_e`klknoq ejoacqne`]`* H]okhq_eÂ&#x201C;j6]_pere`]`aoejpanj]o( iÂ&#x2DC;oe_](HkoĂŁjcahao=vqhao(Hko >qgeo(Ejpk_]^ha*Ă&#x17D;L]n]`aolnaoqnev]n ]jqaopn]cajpadaiko`a_e`e`k p]i^eÂ&#x160;jknc]jev]npknjako`abÂ&#x2DC;p) ^khĂ?(`e_aIqÂ&#x2019;kv*H]iÂ&#x192;ona_eajpa _Â&#x192;o_]n]h]c]j]nkjhko_k_ejanko `ar]ne]oqje`]`ao*Raj_eankj0)- ]h]Lkhe_Â&#x17D;]Iehep]n(mqa(ajoai]) j]o]jpaneknao(bqa`aolhac]`]aj p]na]o`a_ki^]pa]hj]n_kpnÂ&#x192;Ă&#x161;_k ajahjknpa`ahl]Â&#x17D;o* =_kopqi^n]`] ] ailnaj`an ieoekjao`ah]ncklh]vkuklan]n _kj]qpkjkiÂ&#x17D;]naola_pk]hpannepknek iate_]jk(h]I]nej]hhar]h]`ah]j) pan]aj_q]jpk]lani]jaj_e]6oqo pnkl]o(]ankj]raouj]rÂ&#x17D;kod]jaop]`k ajh]eoh]`abkni]ejejpannqile`] `ao`aah-0`aajank(h]lokoqlanekn ]hiaouia`ekmqalani]ja_eÂ&#x201C;oq ieoeÂ&#x201C;jajEj`kjaoe](aj.,,0* Ă&#x17D;Ajaopaikiajpk]Â&#x2DC;jaop]iko aba_pq]j`kahpn]jolknpauh]`ao_]nc] `ah]o-1iehpkjah]`]omqabqankj na_kha_p]`]oajIÂ&#x160;te_klknl]npa `ah]ob]iehe]oiate_]j]o*Hhar]iko u]iÂ&#x192;o`apnaoiaoao]mqÂ&#x17D;Ă?(atlhe) _]ah_]lepÂ&#x192;j`a_kn^ap]O]hkiÂ&#x201C;j ?]iav(_kkn`ej]`kn`ah]ieoeÂ&#x201C;j dqi]jep]ne]`ah]I]nej]ajD]epÂ&#x17D;* Ă&#x17D;Aop]atlaneaj_e]jkod]ajoaÂ&#x2019;]`k iq_dkĂ?]Â&#x2019;]`a?]iav*Ha__ekjao aji]pane]`a_kiqje_]_ekjao(`a ]hkf]ieajpk`alanokj]h`ai]neja) nÂ&#x17D;](_qaopekjao`ahikreieajpk`a _]nc](`ah]ejbn]aopnq_pqn]lknpq]ne] ja_ao]ne]Ă?* Aolkoe^ha]lna_e]n]mqÂ&#x17D;qj] ao_aj] ejqoq]h bqan] `a Ran]) _nqv(O]hej]?nqvkI]jv]jehhk6 qj]Ă&#x203A;kpehh]ejpacn]`]lkn_ej_k ^]n_ko`acqann]`ah]I]nej]oe) cqabkj`a]`]aj]cq]o`aLqanpk LnÂ&#x17D;j_ela(ajqjiqahhalnaop]`k lknqj]_aiajpan]_khki^e]j]* ?kjr]nekore]fao_]`]qjk(ahV]) lkpa_k(Qoqi]_ejp](L]l]hk]l]j(( Dq]opa_kuahP]n]o_kd]j`ao_]n) c]`kd]op]-/iehpkjah]`]o`ah] ]uq`]dqi]jep]ne]na_kleh]`]lkn IÂ&#x160;te_k*Unaop]j`koiehiÂ&#x192;o*H] ieoeÂ&#x201C;j(oecqa*.D

;bZ[ifb_[]k[c|i [nj[dieZ[CÂ&#x192;n_Ye BWi\k[hpWiWhcWZWiZ[dk[ijhefWÂ&#x2021;i^WdYedl[hj_Zebeih[ijeiZ[ kdYeb[]_eYWjÂ&#x152;b_Ye[d[be[ij[Z[Fk[hjeFhÂ&#x2021;dY_f[[dkdWXWi[Z[ie\j# fem[h"kdYWcfWc[dje^kcWd_jWh_ei_dfh[Y[Z[dj[i[dik^_ijeh_W Fk[hjeFhÂ&#x2021;dY_f[3MÂ&#x2C6;Zkfi?l^fD`Z_\c& \em`X[f

¡

PknepkkkkĂ?(cnep]La`nkEj) b]jpa`ao`aqj]l]jp]hh] `a_ejaeilnkreo]`]ajh] mqaajh]oÂ&#x2DC;hpei]ojk_dao oad]jlnkua_p]`klahÂ&#x17D;_qh]o `ahO]jpk(?]jpejĂ&#x203A;]o(?]lqhej]u Re_ajpaBanjÂ&#x192;j`av*=qjmqa_kj pk`]lnk^]^ehe`]`jkajpeaj`aj hkmqa`e_aLalaahPknkĂ?je>hqa @aikjkI]nekIknajkĂ?(`a_aj]o `ad]epe]jko]lh]q`aj]hpÂ&#x160;niejk `ah]bqj_eÂ&#x201C;j7qjaola_pÂ&#x192;_qhklk_k d]^epq]hl]n]hkod]^ep]jpao`ahk mqamqa`]`ah^]nnek`a?]nnabkqn( `aopnqe`kajoq_]oepkp]he`]`lkn ahoeoikmqaah-.`aajank]nn]oÂ&#x201C; _kjh]_]lep]h`aD]epÂ&#x17D;* H]lnkua__eÂ&#x201C;j`a_ejaj]_ekj]h( ]_kil]Â&#x2019;]`]lknpn]joieoekjao_kj) pejq]o`aiÂ&#x2DC;oe_]iate_]j](bkni] l]npa`aqj]jkp]j`aop]_]`]narkhq) _eÂ&#x201C;jajahlajo]ieajpk`elhkiÂ&#x192;pe_k u_]opnajoa`aIÂ&#x160;te_k(_qukoaba_pko lk`nÂ&#x17D;]jik`eĂ&#x161;_]nh]bkni]ajh] mqaoalan_e^ah]l]npe_el]_eÂ&#x201C;j`a h]obqanv]oiehep]naoiate_]j]oaj ieoekjaoejpanj]_ekj]hao*

-FWBOUBSBHSJDVMUVSBDPTUBSfNEE'"0 ;bZ_h[Yjeh][d[hWbZ[bWEh]Wd_pWY_Â&#x152;dZ[bWi mqaoa`a^apn]^]f]nl]n]Ă&#x17D;nabqj`]nh]]cne_qhpqn]Ă? DWY_ed[iKd_ZWifWhWbW7]h_YkbjkhW<7E"F]_mqao ajahh]ncklh]vkajqjl]Â&#x17D;omqapeaja4,lkn_eajpk @ekqb(]Ă&#x161;niÂ&#x201C;]uanmqah]na_kjopnq__eÂ&#x201C;j`aaoa oa_pknajD]epÂ&#x17D;_kop]nÂ&#x192;4,,iehhkjao`a`Â&#x201C;h]nao( pn]oah`ar]op]`knoeoik`ah-.`aajankl]o]`k*Ă&#x17D;Qj Ă&#x161;j]j_e]ieajpk`aqjko4,,iehhkjao`a`Â&#x201C;h]nao oanÂ&#x192;ja_ao]ne]l]n]na_kjopnqenqj]]cne_qhpqn] ik`anj]u_kilapeper]_kjahĂ&#x161;j`a]heiajp]n] qj]lk^h]_eÂ&#x201C;j`aqjko-,iehhkjao`alanokj]oĂ?( `a_h]nÂ&#x201C;@ekqb`qn]jpaoqejpanraj_eÂ&#x201C;jajh]/-?kj) banaj_e]nacekj]h`ah]B=Kl]n]=iÂ&#x160;ne_]H]pej]u ah?]ne^amqa]uaneje_eÂ&#x201C;ajL]j]iÂ&#x192;*@ekqboaÂ&#x2019;]hÂ&#x201C; ?kjpk`ku^]j`an]ikjqiajp]h( peaj`]o`a_]il]Â&#x2019;]unkp]_eÂ&#x201C;jd]^e) pq]h`apnkl]o(ahAfÂ&#x160;n_epkiate_]jk d]hkcn]`k_kjranpenhkonaopko`aqj _khacek_]pÂ&#x201C;he_k]hkaopa`aLqanpk LnÂ&#x17D;j_elaajqj]^]oa`aokbp)lksan( qj_]il]iajpkdqi]jep]nekoej lna_a`ajpaoajoqdeopkne]*Lknmqa ]iÂ&#x192;o`apnaoiaoao`ah^nqp]hpanna) ikpk(uajbkni]ej`alaj`eajpa] h]IeoeÂ&#x201C;j`aJ]_ekjaoQje`]ol]n] h]Aop]^ehev]_eÂ&#x201C;j`aD]epÂ&#x17D;$Iejqop]d% aej_hqok`aAop]`koQje`ko(h]o

`aoqlk^h]_eÂ&#x201C;jlk^naajahoa_pknnqn]h*Ah`ena_pkn cajan]h`ah]B=K]`ah]jpÂ&#x201C;mqaajah_knpklh]vkoa `a^aj_kj_ajpn]nhkoaobqanvkoajh]pailkn]`] ]cnÂ&#x17D;_kh]`alnei]ran]$`ai]nvk]i]uk%(mqalnk) lkn_ekj]2,lkn_eajpk`ah]lnk`q__eÂ&#x201C;j]jq]h`ah l]Â&#x17D;o(oacÂ&#x2DC;jah`eo_qnok`a@ekqb`eopne^qe`klknah knc]jeoikhqack`ah]ejpanraj_eÂ&#x201C;jajh]oaoeÂ&#x201C;j( mqaoa`ao]nnkhh]]lqanp]_ann]`]* FWdWc|3&'&

bqanv]o]ni]`]oiate_]j]oĂ?p]jpk ahAfÂ&#x160;n_epk_kikh]I]nej]Ă?]Â&#x2DC;j lani]ja_aj aj h] ]^]pe`] eoh]( ajhkmqau]aoah`aolheacqaiÂ&#x192;o lnkhkjc]`k`apnkl]oiate_]j]o ajahatpn]jfank`ao`ah]Oacqj`] Cqann]Iqj`e]h*

Ef[hWY_Â&#x152;d>W_jÂ&#x2021;(&'& ?kjk_e`]_kikĂ&#x17D;?]il]iajpk?]) nnabkqnĂ?(h]^]oaoad]pn]jobkni]`k ajqj]_k_ej]i]oer]mqa]heiajp] _]`]`Â&#x17D;]]-1iehd]epe]jkoumqa

klan](bqj_ekj]ui]jpeaja]1,, okh`]`koiate_]jkoaop]_ekj]`ko u]lnkreoekj]`ko]iÂ&#x192;o`a.ieh 4,,gehÂ&#x201C;iapnko`a`eop]j_e]`a pannepknekj]_ekj]h7qj]klan]_eÂ&#x201C;j hkcÂ&#x17D;ope_]f]iÂ&#x192;o]jpaoailnaj`e`] lknahAfÂ&#x160;n_epkkh]Bqanv]=Â&#x160;na] `aIÂ&#x160;te_k* Ă&#x17D;Jqaopnklanokj]h`a_k_ejanko u`akpn]oÂ&#x192;na]oaonahar]`klaneÂ&#x201C;) `e_]iajpal]n]arep]noq`aoc]opa* ?]`]iao(qjDÂ&#x160;n_qhao`ah]Bqanv] =Â&#x160;na]reaja]na_kcanhkoupn]an]


D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

GSPOUFSBT

;Z_jeh[i0*SFOF4FMTFS)PSBDJP#FTTPO \hedj[hWi$Z\6c_b[d_e$Yec

9ebecX_W$ºxbj[dZh‡WfheXb[cWi^WijWYedbWCWZh[J[h[iW»0IWdjei

;ifW‹W$;b`k[pZ[dkdY_Wº_dj[hƒiZ_h[Yje»

;nb‡Z[hZ[C#'/[n_][ CW]_ijhWZeWZc_j[bW h[YkiWY_ŒdZ[=WhpŒd h[if[jeW>k]e9^|l[p CWZh_Z3Afj„8ekfe`fCg\q

@EIx L7H;BB7%H;KJ;HI

;bcWdZWjWh_e

l[d[pebWde[ijh[dŒ ikYk[djW[dJm_jj[h Yedkdº;fW"«gkƒjWb5» 8&]ej|38^\eZ`Xj

&

h_]j`e`]pklnaoe`aj_e]h`ah Lkhk@aik_nƒpe_kuatfaba `ah]`aoikrehev]`]cqanne) hh]I)-5(Cqop]rkLapnk(atece“]uan ]hi]j`]p]nekrajavkh]jkDqck ?dƒravmqanaolapa]h]evmqean`] _khki^e]j](]h]mqahh]i“Î_k) ^]n`kj]Ïajia`ek`ah]_]il]’] aha_pkn]h*Î?dƒravd]h]jv]`kqj ejoqhpk_kjpn]h]evmqean`]_khki) ^e]j]u_kjpn]kpnko_]j`e`]pko( uukhanaolkj`kmqaŠhjkpeaja jejcqj]]qpkne`]`l]n]]p]_]n qj]evmqean`]mqad]o]^e`kd]_an qj]?kjopepq_e“j`aik_nƒpe_]Ï( `efkLapnk* Ah]olen]jpana]__ekj“]oŽ]qj] `a_h]n]_e“jna_eajpa`a?dƒrav( ajh]mqa_]heÚ_“`aÎ_k^]n`kj]Ï ]h]evmqean`]_khki^e]j]*Lapnk ]oacqn“mqaajre]nƒqj]_]np]]h lnaoe`ajpa?dƒravÎateceŠj`kha mqanaolapa]hko_khki^e]jkou mqajkejpanrajc]ajh]lkhŽpe_]Ï ejpanj]* Ah_]j`e`]pk(mqa_qajp]]laj]o _kj1!`aejpaj_e“j`arkpk(oac˜j qj]aj_qaop]`aC]hhqllq^he_]`] ]uan(d]^Ž]]oaran]`kah`kiejck l]o]`kmqaÎahlnkua_pk`a?dƒrav _dk_]Ï_kjahoquk*?khki^e]_a) ha^n]nƒh]lneian]rqahp]`ah]o lnaoe`aj_e]haoahln“teik/,`a i]uk(uoeaoja_ao]nekoana]hev]nƒ qj]oacqj`]nkj`]ah.,`afqjek* AhkÚ_e]heop]Fq]jI]jqahO]jpkou ahej`alaj`eajpa=jp]j]oIk_gqo

9kXW$9kcfb[,+Z‡Wi[d^k[b]WZ[^WcXh[ ;bZ_h_][dj[Z_`eWdj[BkbWgk[deiWX[Yk|dZei[_h|Z[bfeZ[h Úcqn]j_kikhkob]rknepko`ah]o aj_qaop]o* O]jpko]Úni“]uanmqaoa]mqeaj oa]ahln“teikck^anj]jpa`aoq l]Žooacqenƒjh]opajoekjao_kj Rajavqah](lqao?dƒravpaj`nŽ] lnk^hai]oÎd]op]_kjh]i]`na Panao]`a?]h_qp]Ï*Ah_ki]j`]jpa `ah?ki]j`kOqn`aAop]`koQje) `ko(cajan]h@kqch]oBn]oan(]Úni“ ]uanmqaahck^eanjk`aRajavqah] _kjpej˜]pajeaj`kjatko_kjh] cqannehh]_khki^e]j]`ah]oB=N?* Ahcajan]h`efkmqahkojatkoej_hqe) nŽ]jÎ]lkukÚj]j_eank(lkoe^ehep]n oqo_]l]_e`]`ao`ao`aqjlqjpk `areop]hkcŽope_kÏ* ?dƒrav`af“p]i^eŠj]uanaj _h]nkaj>n]oehoq]lkuk]h]_]j`e) `]p]kÚ_e]heop]@ehi]Nkqooabbaj h]oaha__ekjao`ak_pq^naln“teik( mqa`aÚjenƒj]hoq_aokn`ahlna)

:7yEI 9EB7J;H7B;I @i\e\ J\cj\i

&

&

hi]ceopn]`k`ahPne^qj]h Oqlnaik Hq_e]jk R]nah] ]`iepe“]uanh]na_qo]_e“j lh]jpa]`]lkn>]hp]o]nC]nv“jl]n] ]l]np]nhk`ahlnk_a`eieajpk]^eanpk _kjpn]Šhlknqj]lnaoqjp]lnar]ne_]) _e“j]hejraopec]nh]o`ao]l]ne_ekjao `ahbn]jmqeoik*Ahfqav`ah]=q`eaj_e] J]_ekj]h_kjoe`an]mqaR]nah]d] i]jebaop]`kqjÎejpanŠo`ena_pkÏ ajahlnk_a`eieajpk]hkneajp]nhko ao_nepko`ah]o]_qo]_ekjao* AhPne^qj]hOqlnaik]^ne“qj lnk_aok]C]nv“jlknqj`ahepk`a lnaoqjp]lnar]ne_]_e“j$`e_p]n] o]^eaj`]oqj]naokhq_e“jejfqop]% `qn]jpah]ejopnq__e“j`ah]_]qo] lknh]o`ao]l]ne_ekjaomqapqrea)

nkjhqc]n`qn]jpah]`e_p]`qn]`a Bn]j_eo_kBn]j_k$-5/5)-531%* Aop]`a_eoe“joqlkj`nƒh]oqope) pq_e“j`aR]nah]_kikejopnq_pkn `ah]_]qo]]hiajkopailkn]h) iajpa( ieajpn]o oa pn]iep] ah ej_e`ajpa`ana_qo]_e“j*Ajqj ]qpklnkre`aj_e]h`e_p]`k]uanah ejopnq_pkn`]pnao`Ž]o`alh]vk] h]o`ebanajpaol]npaolanokj]`]o ajahlnk_a`eieajpkl]n]mqaoa lkoe_ekjaook^naaopa]oqjpk* P]i^eŠjah]^kn]nƒoqlnklekej) bkniaajahmqa(k]_alp]h]on]vkjao `aC]nv“j(k^eajoaklkja]ahh]o* Aopkoao_nepkooanƒjahar]`ko]h] O]h]`ahkLaj]h(mqa`a^a`aoecj]n ]qjoqopepqpkajh]ejopnq__e“j`a h]_]qo]uqjejopnq_pkn`ah]lnkle] na_qo]_e“j*.D

h i]npao( ]jpao `a re]f]n ] >n]oehl]n]naqjenoa_kjoq l]n^n]oeha’k(Hqh]`]Oehr](ah lnaoe`ajpa`aRajavqah](Dqck ?dƒrav(oak_ql“`alkjanoq lnkle]lea`n]ajah_]iejkaha_pkn]h`a @ehi]Nkqooabb(_]j`e`]p]kÚ_e]heop]] hko_kie_eko`ak_pq^na(`amqeaj`efkao Îiqu]iec]jqaopn]ÏuÎpajaikoiq_d] ail]pŽ]Ï* ÎD]uiq_d]ail]pŽ]ajpnajkokpnko( d]uqj]^kjep]]ieop]`Ï(]’]`e“?dƒrav ]jpah]pahareoe“j`a?]n]_]o*Nkqooabb(`a2- ]’ko(atfab]`ac]^ejapa`aHqh]u]jpecq] cqannehhan](r]oacqj`]_kj.5!`alnaba) naj_e]oajh]˜hpei]aj_qaop](lkn`apnƒo

oe`ajpaHqevEjƒ_ekHqh]`]Oehr]* =hoanej`]c]`kok^naahpai]aj >n]oehe](`kj`aokopqrkqj]naqje“j _kjHqh](?dƒrav`efkmqajk`aoa] ejpanbanenajpai]oejpanjko^n]) oeha’ko(lankhqack]`iepe“6ÎIe _kn]v“jaopƒ_kj@ehi]*Pai]j`k qj^aok(@ehi]Ï* @akpn]l]npa(?dƒravaopnaj“ ]uan`ai]`nqc]`]oq_qajp]aj Pseppan_q]j`kajre“]oqou]iƒo `a/2iehoacqe`knaoqjlneianu aolan]`kiajo]famqa`]eje_ek] oqlnaoaj_e]ajaop]na`ok_e]h*ÎAl] ¼mqŠp]h;=l]na_Ž_kikhk`efa(]h] ia`e]jk_da*L]^n]oehiarku*Uiqu _kjpajpk]pn]^]f]nlknRajavqah]* Raj_anaikoÏ(`e_apatpq]hiajpaah lneianud]op]]dkn]˜je_kiajo]fa `ahfaba`aAop]`k(mqa]`klp“ah jki^na`a<_d]rav_]j`]jc]l]n] _kiqje_]noalknaop]rŽ]*.D

<Wh_‹Wih[Y^WpWf[Z_ZeZ[.. efei_jeh[ifWhWZ[`WhWokde BW>WXWdW38=G

6

jcnqlk`a44klkoepknao _q^]jkole`e“]Cqehhan) ikB]ne’]omqahar]jpah] dqahc]`ad]i^namqai]jpeaja `ao`ad]_a21`Ž]o(lankah`eoe) `ajpana_d]v“h]okhe_epq`lknmqa `e_amqa`a^aokopajanÎh]lnaoe“j ok^naahck^eanjkÏ* Î=oqieikoh]naolkjo]^ehe`]` `a]_an_]njko]peqj]raviƒo_kjah lnkl“oepk`amqa`alkjc]opqdqahc] `ad]i^naÏ(ejbkni]nkj]B]ne’]o 44`eoe`ajpaomqaÚni]nkjahpatpk ÎHh]i]`k`ah]L]pne]Ï(ajpnac]`k]h dqahcqeop]ajahdkolep]h`kj`aao ]paj`e`k`ao`aah--`ai]nvk* HkoÚni]jpaooqceanaj]B]ne’]o

$IfWF[ ZB MF FDIu MB TBM B MB EFMGpO EF -VMB `ahhŽ`anok_e]h`ai“_n]p]uatck^anj]`kn `ah]ej`qopne]hO]kL]qhk(FkoŠOann]$/2!%* Hko`e_dko`a?dƒravlqa`ajlanfq`e_]n] Nkqooabbiƒo`ahkmqah]]uq`]j(u]mqa jeoemqean]ahieoikHqh]d]oe`k_]l]v `aao_kj`an]hkh]nck`aoq`k^hai]j) `]pkh]o`ebanaj_e]omqahk`eopejcqaj`ah oeailnaej_“ik`k?dƒrav(ajpnaahh]oh] `eolqp]okn`]lknhkoaol]_ekouik`ahko `a`ao]nnkhhkajh]nace“j(_q]j`khko`ko aocneiajoqo_ki^qope^hao_kiklqjp] `ah]jv]6?]n]_]o(ahlapn“hakuahap]jkh( >n]oehe]*ÎAjlkhŽpe_]jkateopaj_q]he`]) `aoÏ(`e_a?]nhkoH“lav(]j]heop]^n]oeha’k `ah]Úni]O]jp]bah`a]o(aj]hqoe“j]h] lkhŠie_]]^eanp]ajh]caklkhŽpe_]nacek)

j]hbnajpa]hkoik`ahkoajancŠpe_koaj lqcj](mqaoad]jpn]`q_e`kaj`eolqp]o `ahe`an]vck* H]o_ko]olk`nŽ]j_kilhe_]noa]˜jiƒo l]n]h]`ahbŽj`aHqh](u]mqaoac˜jahEjopepqpk >n]oeha’k`aKleje“jL˜^he_]uAop]`Žope_] $E>KLA%(h]rajp]f]`aOann]lk`nŽ]_na_an ]02!oeoanapen]`ah]_kjpeaj`]ahatie) jeopnk?enkCkiao(`ahL]npe`kOk_e]heop] >n]oeha’k(mqad]op]h]oai]j]l]o]`]pajŽ] k_dklqjpko`a]_alp]_e“j(]h]l]n`ah] _]j`e`]p]uatiejeopn]I]nej]Oehr](`ah L]npe`kRan`a* L]na_ean]mqaaj>n]oeh(]_ej_kiaoao `ah]oqnj]o(oar]]nalapenahao_aj]nek `a?deha(`kj`alaoa]_kj_hqenoqi]j)

he`an]nh]_]il]’]ÎUk]_qokÏlkn h]he^anp]``ahkolnaokolkhŽpe_ko _q^]jko(qjko.,,oac˜jh]klk) oe_e“j*AhnŠceiaj_q^]jkna_d]v] hh]i]nhko]oŽuokopeajamqaokj Îian_aj]nekoÏ`aS]odejcpkj* ÎIale`ajmqaialkjc]]h bnajpa`aqjlnkua_pkl]n]la`en h]]ijeopŽ]`ahkolnaokolkhŽpe) _ko(lankiajacqŠ]]_alp]nao] lape_e“j(lknmqaaoqjlnkua_pk ejre]^haÏ(`a_h]n“B]ne’]o* H]_]il]’](oac˜jahpatpk(^qo) _]na_kha_p]nÎ-,(,,,Úni]oÏl]n] la`en]h]=o]i^ha]Îh]he^anp]``a pk`kohkolneoekjankolkhŽpe_kouh] at_]n_ah]_e“j`ahko.1lnaoko_kj lna_]nekaop]`k`ao]hq`Ï(lnej_el]h `ai]j`]`aB]ne’]o*.D

`]pk_kj34!`a]_alp]_e“j$lknaj_ei] `aoqo_knnahecekj]nekouatlnaoe`ajpao L]pne_ek=uhsej(A`q]n`kBnaeuNe_]n`k H]cko%(h]ok_e]heop]ik`an]`]Ie_dahha >]_dahap Ílneian] iqfan aj lnaoe`en ahl]ŽoÍjkhkcn“pn]oh]`]noqoŠtepko]h _]j`e`]pkkÚ_e]heop]uatlnaoe`ajpaBnae( mqeajbqa]nnkhh]`klknahailnao]nek`a `ana_d]Oa^]opeƒjLe’an]* Lank]jpao`ahko_kie_ekoaj>n]oeh Íl]Žo]hmqaHqh]`af]_kjh]lanola_per]`a _kjranpenoad]_e].,-2ajh]mqejp]lkpaj_e] a_kj“ie_]iqj`e]h(_kj_na_eieajpk`a h]ej`qopne](ah_kian_ek(hkoailhakouh] i]o]o]h]ne]hÍ(d]^nƒajRajavqah]aj oalpeai^nah]`eolqp]lknhko-21ao_]’ko `ah]=o]i^ha]J]_ekj]h(ahl]nh]iajpk qje_]ian]h*@ao`au]hkolnkj“ope_kojk okj]hajp]`knaol]n]ah_qaopekj]`k_d]) reoik(u]mqah]klkoe_e“joad]]he]`kaj h]Iao]`aQje`]`@aik_nƒpe_]$IQ@%( _kjia`ek_ajpaj]n`acnqlkoul]npe`ko( ulk`nŽ]hkcn]nd]op]5,]oeajpko*.D




D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

5FOEFODJBT

j[dZ[dY_Wi6c_b[d_e$Yec

P YbWhWXeoW 9HĂ&#x2018;78K?JH;I

Pi_Y$$$ D?=;B JH;8B?D%7<F

;_dij[_d"kdXk_jh[h[Y_Â&#x192;ddWY_Ze" i[Wb_c[djW[d[bfWhgk[peebÂ&#x152;]_Ye [dbWY_kZWZWb[cWdWZ[>Wdde# l[h$;bf|`WhedWY_Â&#x152;[b/Z[WXh_b fWiWZe[d[bfWhgk[o[ij|i_[dZe Yh_WZefeh[bf[hiedWb$

CÂ&#x192;n_Ye3I\[XZZ`Â?e

%

eopejp]o]_]`aie]ou a`epkne]haomqalq) ^he_]j`e__ekj]neko ]j]hev]jh]ik`eĂ&#x161;) _]_eÂ&#x201C;j`ahpÂ&#x160;niejk la`an]ope]*Ajh]]_pq]ha`e_eÂ&#x201C;j`ah] Na]h=_]`aie]Aol]Â&#x2019;kh]`ah]Hajcq] $N=A%(ahla`an]op]p]i^eÂ&#x160;jaoqj] lanokj]mqaln]_pemqaah_kepk]j]h( oaiÂ&#x192;jpe_]iajpad]^h]j`k* Ah`aoqok`aaop]]_al_eÂ&#x201C;jd] `apaniej]`kmqar]neko`e__ekj]neko oaaj_qajpnajajlnk_aok`aik`e) Ă&#x161;_]naop]ajpn]`](l]n]aheiej]nqj] amqel]n]_eÂ&#x201C;jkbajoer]l]n]iq_dko umqanaoqhp]laknajlhajkao_Â&#x192;j) `]hklknhko]^qoko`aiajknaoaj ahoajk`ah]Echaoe]_]pÂ&#x201C;he_](ejbkniÂ&#x201C; ah`e]nekaol]Â&#x2019;khAhL]Â&#x17D;o* =l]npa`a]^qokoatq]h_kiape`k _kjjeÂ&#x2019;ko(Ă&#x17D;la`an]ope]peajakpn] ]_al_eÂ&#x201C;j(`k_qiajp]`]ajpatpko( mqaaoh]lnÂ&#x192;_pe_]`ah_kepk]j]hĂ?( ]Ă&#x161;niÂ&#x201C;@]nÂ&#x17D;kRehh]jqar](oa_nap]nek `ah]N=A(una_kn`Â&#x201C;mqaah`e__ek) j]nekjkoÂ&#x201C;hkna_kcah]ooecjeĂ&#x161;_]) _ekjaolna`kiej]jpao(lqao(_kik atlhe_]ahlnaÂ&#x192;i^qhk`ah]Â&#x2DC;hpei] a`e_eÂ&#x201C;j(peaja_kikieoeÂ&#x201C;jb]_ehe) p]nĂ&#x17D;_h]raol]n]h]_kilnajoeÂ&#x201C;j`a patpkoao_nepko`ao`aah]Â&#x2019;k-1,,Ă?* Oejai^]nck(]Â&#x2019;]`eÂ&#x201C;Rehh]jqar](]h pn]p]noa`aĂ&#x17D;qokomqah]cajpajk ajpeaj`a_kik_kiqjao(oar]] nareo]nh]ajpn]`]ajh]lnÂ&#x201C;tei] a`e_eÂ&#x201C;jĂ?(h]recaoeikpan_an](mqa o]h`nÂ&#x192;]h]rajp]aj.,-/*Ajahh]( Ă&#x17D;h]ok`kiÂ&#x17D;]r]]`ao]l]na_an_kik ]_al_eÂ&#x201C;joacqj`]`ala`an]ope]Ă?( _kjĂ&#x161;niÂ&#x201C;Rehh]jqar](u]_h]nÂ&#x201C;mqah] a`e_eÂ&#x201C;jkjhejaej_knlkn]nÂ&#x192;lnk^]) ^haiajpaaop]ajieaj`]]jpao* Laoa]mqah]o]ok_e]_ekjaomqa `aĂ&#x161;aj`ajhko`ana_dko`ahkoc]uo oaoeajpaj`ena_p]iajpa]hq`e`]o( ah_]pa`nÂ&#x192;pe_klqjpq]hevÂ&#x201C;mqaah `e__ekj]nek]_]`Â&#x160;ie_kĂ&#x17D;jqj_]d] aop]^ha_e`kh]nah]_eÂ&#x201C;jajpnala`a) n]ope]udkikoatq]he`]`Ă?(u]mqa h]ok`kiÂ&#x17D;]Ă&#x17D;oalqa`ana]hev]naj) pnalanokj]o`ahieoikoatku`a `eopejpkoatkĂ?*Lankiq_dkokpnko `e__ekj]nekoupn]`q_pknao(p]jpk aol]Â&#x2019;khao_kik`ahajcq]ejchao]( oÂ&#x17D;amqel]n]jla`an]ope]_kjdkik) oatq]he`]`(]hcqjkoej_hqok_kik lneian]kÂ&#x2DC;je_]]_al_eÂ&#x201C;j* AhamqÂ&#x17D;rk_koalnk`q_alknmqa d]op]ahoechkTEToa]_qÂ&#x2019;Â&#x201C;h]l]) h]^n]dkikoatq]hl]n]]hq`en]h] nah]_eÂ&#x201C;joatq]hajpnalanokj]o`ah ieoikcÂ&#x160;jank*=jpaooaqpehev]^] h]l]h]^n]la`an]op](mqalnkreaja `ahcneack_hÂ&#x192;oe_kl]e`Â&#x201C;o$`ahjeÂ&#x2019;k% uan]opÂ&#x160;o$]i]jpa%*Aop]l]h]^n] d]_Â&#x17D;]nabanaj_e]]h]nah]_eÂ&#x201C;j$jk oeailnaoatq]h%mqaaop]^ha_Â&#x17D;]jaj h]]jpecq]Cna_e]hkoiq_d]_dko ]`khao_ajpao_kjqj]`qhpk_kik l]npa`aoqlanek`k`abkni]_eÂ&#x201C;j a`q_]per](ikn]huiehep]n*

Â&#x2030;-BWFSEBEFTRVFTPOHFOUFDPOGJBCMF  IPOFTUB1BSBFMQVFTUPRVFFTUBNPT CVTDBOEPOFDFTJUBNPTQFSTPOBMEFTVNB DPOGJBO[B USBCBKBEPSFT5JFOFOVOBDPO EVDUBJSSFQSPDIBCMFÂ&#x160; 9h_ij_Wd<[hd|dZ[p"h[ifediWXb[Z[kdW[cfh[iWZ[HeiWh_e" 7h][dj_dW$BWĂ&#x2026;hcWfkXb_YÂ&#x152;kdWdkdY_efWhWYedjhWjWhiÂ&#x152;be jhWXW`WZeh[igk[f[hj[d[pYWdWbeiJ[ij_]eiZ[@[^el|$

P l[djWdW  Z[bW][dj[gk[X[X[[djh[kdWeZeiYefWiZ_Wh_Wi Z[WbYe^ebj_[d[c[deih_[i]eZ[Z[iWhhebbWhZ_WX[j[i j_fe("i[]Â&#x2018;dkd[ijkZ_eh[Wb_pWZe[djh[)+c_bWZkbjei YedjhebWZeiZkhWdj['&WÂ&#x2039;eifeh[bZeYjehC_Y^[bC$ @eeij[d"Z[bWKd_l[hi_ZWZMW][d_d][d"[d>ebWdZW$

BWH[Wb7YWZ[c_W;ifWÂ&#x2039;ebW[b_c_dWh|bWh[\[h[dY_WWbWieZecÂ&#x2021;W

:_YY_edWh_eiZ[Y_Z[d h[Z[Ă&#x2026;d_hf[Z[hWij_W ;bjÂ&#x192;hc_dejWcX_Â&#x192;di[kj_b_pWWYjkWbc[dj[fWhW^WY[hWbki_Â&#x152;d WbWh[bWY_Â&#x152;di[nkWb[djh[f[hiedWiZ[bc_ice]Â&#x192;d[he1[Z_jeh_Wb 7]k_bWhdeh[j_hWh|bW^ecei[nkWb_ZWZYecei_dÂ&#x152;d_ce ;<;%7H9>?LE

&M1BQBMMBNBBMBDPIFSFODJB ;bfWfW8[d[Z_YjeNL?[n^ehjÂ&#x152;dku]hkoo]_an`kpao]reren`a i]jan]_kdanajpa_kjaho]_n]iajpkna_e^e`kunao]hpÂ&#x201C;ahpn]^]fk na]hev]`kĂ&#x17D;lknp]jpkoĂ?o]_an`kpaomqaoaajpnac]jĂ&#x17D;_kjcajankoe`]`Ă? lkn@ekoulknhkoĂ&#x161;ahao* AhlkjpÂ&#x17D;Ă&#x161;_ahk`efk]jpar]nekoiehao`aĂ&#x161;ahaomqa]oeopeankjajh] lh]v]`aO]jLa`nk]h]]q`eaj_e]lÂ&#x2DC;^he_]`ahkoieÂ&#x160;n_khao(ajh]mqa nao]hpÂ&#x201C;h]oĂ&#x161;cqn]o`a`koo]jpkobqj`]`knaoep]he]jko(Hakj]n`k Iqne]h`kuFq]j>ajepk?kppkhajck(mqa`a`e_]nkjoqore`]o]hko lk^nao(ajbanikouhkoiÂ&#x192;oja_aoep]`ko* Ahk^eolk`aNki]hkolqok_kikafailhku`efkmqah]rk_]_eÂ&#x201C;j o]_an`kp]hoapeajamqareren_kikqj`kjcn]pqepk`ah]ieoane_kn`e] `a@eko(Ă&#x17D;_kjoajpe`k`ana_kjk_eieajpk(]hacnÂ&#x17D;]u]iknĂ?* AhL]l]]cnacÂ&#x201C;mqaaho]_an`kpa`a^a_kjpejq]nh]cn]jk^n]`aFa) oq_neopk(Ă&#x17D;h]`ao]hr]nh]o]hi]oĂ?(upeajaĂ&#x17D;h]naolkjo]^ehe`]``areren `ai]jan]_kdanajpa_kjaho]_n]iajpkna_e^e`kĂ?*>aja`e_pkTRE( ]jeiÂ&#x201C;]hkoo]_an`kpaoĂ?mqaaopa]Â&#x2019;k_aha^n]jah=Â&#x2019;k`ahO]_an`k) _ekud]joe`khh]i]`ko]hR]pe_]jkl]n]h]_h]qoqn](ahlnÂ&#x201C;teik-- `afqjekĂ?]]bnkjp]nh]o`eĂ&#x161;_qhp]`ao_kjh]oanaje`]``ahaolÂ&#x17D;nepq u]ajpnac]noqore`]]hko`aiÂ&#x192;o(aola_e]hiajpa]hkoiÂ&#x192;olk^nao uja_aoep]`ko* Ă&#x17D;Mqaahafailhk`ahko`koo]jpkoehqiejaahiejeopanek`ap]jpko o]_an`kpaomqaoaajpnac]j_kjcajankoe`]`]@ekou]hkoĂ&#x161;ahaoĂ?( ]cnacÂ&#x201C;ahL]l]* >aja`e_pkTREle`eÂ&#x201C;p]i^eÂ&#x160;j`qn]jpah]]q`eaj_e](ajaol]Â&#x2019;kh(] hkoĂ&#x161;ahaoaol]Â&#x2019;khaouh]pejk]iane_]jkomqana_ajl]n]mqahkoo]) _an`kpaooaajpnacqajĂ&#x17D;_kj]hacnÂ&#x17D;]uĂ&#x161;`ahe`]`Ă?]h]ieoeÂ&#x201C;jĂ&#x17D;mqaoa haod]_kjĂ&#x161;]`kĂ?*

;bi[Yh[jWh_eZ[bWH7;WdkdY_Â&#x152;gk[Yehh[]_h|dWdj[ibWl[hi_Â&#x152;dedb_d[

9eckd_ZWZ]Woh[WYY_edW Oejai^]nck(dkuh]l]h]^n]jkoÂ&#x201C;hk peajaqj]_kjjkp]_eÂ&#x201C;jjac]per]( oejkmqa`ao_ne^aqj_kilknp]) ieajpk`ahe_perk*Ahlnaoe`ajpa`a h]Ba`an]_eÂ&#x201C;jAop]p]h`aHao^e]j]o( C]uo(Pn]joatq]haou>eoatq]hao`a Aol]Â&#x2019;]$Bahcp^%(=jpkjekLkra`]( _kjoe`an]ej`ecj]jpai]jpajanaj ahpÂ&#x160;niejkla`an]ope]]_al_ekjao mqa]hq`]j]hhkoc]uo* Ă&#x17D;Ahhajcq]faaoiqueilknp]jpa( p]jpkl]n]jkni]hev]nh]o_ko]o_kik l]n]lanlapq]nh]`eo_neiej]_eÂ&#x201C;jĂ?( _kiajpÂ&#x201C;Lkra`]*H]Bahcp^r]]ok) he_ep]n]hL]nh]iajpkaol]Â&#x2019;khmqa

]`klpaqj]naokhq_eÂ&#x201C;jejop]j`k] h]Na]h=_]`aie]]ik`eĂ&#x161;_]naopko oecjeĂ&#x161;_]`kouhko`akpn]ol]h]^n]o( _kikahpÂ&#x160;niejki]pneikjek*

7b]kdeii[h[i_ij[d Oejai^]nck(kpnkoa`epknaoi]j) paj`nÂ&#x192;jh]onabanaj_e]o]h]dkikoa) tq]he`]`*Ah@e__ekj]nek`ahAol]Â&#x2019;kh =_pq]h(`aA`epkne]h=cqeh]n(ik`e) Ă&#x161;_]nÂ&#x192;oÂ&#x201C;hkoqlneian]]_al_eÂ&#x201C;j`ah pÂ&#x160;niejkla`an]ope](mqaoanaĂ&#x161;ana ]h]Ă&#x17D;nah]_eÂ&#x201C;jdkikoatq]h`aqj dki^na_kjjeÂ&#x2019;koĂ?*Ajh]jqar] a`e_eÂ&#x201C;joaej_hqenÂ&#x192;]h]oiqfanao( lknmqau]oalqa`aj`k_qiajp]n

9_kZWZZ[bLWj_YWde3&'&

_]okoajhkomqaÂ&#x160;op]o]^qo]j`a iajknao(oacÂ&#x2DC;jatlhe_Â&#x201C;]AhL]Â&#x17D;oah lanokj]hmqalq^he_]aoaÂ&#x17D;j`e_a* Lankahoacqj`koecjeĂ&#x161;_]`k(Ă&#x17D;na) h]_eÂ&#x201C;jdkikoatq]hi]o_qhej]Ă?(jk oa]hpan]nÂ&#x192;6Ă&#x17D;Mqai]uknep]ne]iajpa dkuoaeilkjc]ahlneianoecje) Ă&#x161;_]`kjkmqeana`a_enmqaahkpnk jkateop]*?]oepk`]oh]ol]h]^n]o peajajiÂ&#x192;o`aqj]]_al_eÂ&#x201C;juao ah_kjpatpkahmqa]_h]n]_qÂ&#x192;haoh] ahace`]aj_]`]_]ok*Jkoalqa`a _]i^e]nh]deopkne]`ah]hajcq] lknmqad]u]lanokj]omqaoar]u]j ]kbaj`anĂ?(atlhe_]nkj* Aoa`e__ekj]nekkbna_a`kobn]c)

iajpkol]n]`k_qiajp]naop]]_al) _eÂ&#x201C;j*Ahlneianklnk_a`a`ah]jkrah] PknnaikhejkoCn]jDkpah(`aĂŁjcah L]hkiejk6Ă&#x17D;D]op]hko`kola`an]op]o `ah].-2`qaniajpn]jmqehko(oejlna) k_ql]noa`ahmqÂ&#x160;`enÂ&#x192;j*Okjoqa_ko*** UaopÂ&#x192;j_]o]`ko***7oa_]o]nkjlknhk _ereh(_h]nkĂ?7ahoacqj`kbn]ciajpk lanpaja_a]H]ojejb]o(`aBn]j_eo_k Qi^n]h6Ă&#x17D;?kiku]Â&#x160;n]iko_]i]) n]`]o`aen]lkn_]n^Â&#x201C;j`aaj_ej]( ]qjmqa`aaopkjqj_]oad]^h]oa ajpnajkokpnko(_kikoedq^eÂ&#x160;oaiko _kiape`kfqjpkola`an]ope]k_ko] oaiaf]jpa(iahharÂ&#x201C;`ah^n]vk]h] ?]o]`aMqara`kĂ?*.D


D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

UFOEFODJBT

D_[]WZe]cWj_ice 97C8?E :; <H;9K;D9?7

01."ÂśQBSBRVl

=\ieXe[f D\aÂ&#x2C6;X 9Xihl\iX

-

qack `a mqa ah L=J ]jqj_eÂ&#x201C;mqajk]lk) u]nÂ&#x192; ah lnkua_pk `a Ă&#x17D;nabkni]ejpacn]hĂ?aj i]pane]`an]`ek(pru paha_kiqje_]_ekjao(ahpai]o]h`nÂ&#x192; `ah]]caj`]nah]_ekj]`]_kjh]lkhÂ&#x17D;) pe_]uhkoia`ekoĂ?mqevÂ&#x192;nacnao]nÂ&#x192; d]op]ahlnÂ&#x201C;teikoatajekĂ?(uoanÂ&#x192; naailh]v]`klknkpnkmqau]cajan] lkhÂ&#x160;ie_]6ahKnc]jeoikLnkikpkn `aIa`eko=q`ekreoq]hao$KLI=%( `alaj`eajpa`ah]Oack^(_na]`kah l]o]`k/-`ai]nvk*

?DJ;D9?ED;IOH;JĂ&#x2022;H?97 Qj]_]n]_panÂ&#x17D;ope_]`ahck^eanjk`a ?]h`anÂ&#x201C;jaoh]b]hp]`apn]jol]naj) _e]aj`a_eoekjao*H]_na]_eÂ&#x201C;j`ah KLI=aoqjafailhk*Ao_h]nkmqa peajalknk^fapkcajan]n_kjpaje`ko umqalnapaj`aejop]h]nuklan]n aop]_ekjao`an]`ekupr*Hkmqajk `e_aah`a_napkaol]n]mqÂ&#x160;oa_na]aj na]he`]`(iÂ&#x192;o]hhÂ&#x192;`ah]napÂ&#x201C;ne_]mqa aj_eann]jbn]oao_kikĂ&#x17D;_k]`uqr]n ]hbknp]ha_eieajpk`ah]l]npe_el]) _eÂ&#x201C;j`aik_nÂ&#x192;pe_]Ă?kĂ&#x17D;bknp]ha_anh] qje`]`j]_ekj]huh]ejpacn]_eÂ&#x201C;j ok_e]h`ah]oiejknÂ&#x17D;]oĂ?*U_kikjk d]u_h]ne`]`(h]ooqole_]_e]o]_an_]`a h]oejpaj_ekjaocq^anj]iajp]hao]h _na]nahKLI=r]jaj]qiajpk*

9K;IJ?ED7C?;DJEI Hko_qaopekj]ieajpkookj`eranoko6 -%mqaoamqeana_na]nqjĂ&#x17D;oqlania) `ekĂ?cq^anj]iajp]h_kjĂ&#x161;jao`a lnkl]c]j`]]jpah]_an_]jÂ&#x17D;]`a.,-.7 .%mqa]pn]rÂ&#x160;o`ahajpa(Ck^anj]) _eÂ&#x201C;j_kjpnkh]nÂ&#x192;hko_kjpaje`ko`ah EIAN(N]`ekA`q_]_eÂ&#x201C;j(?]j]h--u ?]j]h..7/%mqaoe]^okn^ean]aopko ia`eko(ahÂ&#x201C;nc]jkrekh]nÂ&#x17D;]h]Hau`a h]=`iejeopn]_eÂ&#x201C;jLÂ&#x2DC;^he_]Ba`an]h mqaej`e_]mqah]Ă&#x17D;oa_pknev]_eÂ&#x201C;jĂ?`a hkoia`ekoaop]p]hao_knnaolkj`a] h]OAL70%mqah]_na]_eÂ&#x201C;j`ahKLI= ej_qnnaajehac]he`]`lknmqal]n] lkjanhk]bqj_ekj]nh]OALuCk^an) j]_eÂ&#x201C;j`a^anÂ&#x192;j`aopej]nl]npa`a oqona_qnoko(ujkaopÂ&#x192;lnareopkajah Lnaoqlqaopk`aAcnaoko`a.,-,*

Âş:K;yE:;B7II;y7B;IÂť P]i^eÂ&#x160;joa_kiajp](oejmqaoa] ja_ao]ne]iajpaqj_qaopekj]ieajpk( mqah]_na]_eÂ&#x201C;j`ahKLI=aop]nÂ&#x17D;] rej_qh]`] _kj h]o l]h]^n]o lnk) jqj_e]`]olknBahela?]h`anÂ&#x201C;jah .3`ai]nvk`a.,,5(`qn]jpah] _aha^n]_eÂ&#x201C;j`ahko_ej_qajp]]Â&#x2019;ko `ah?]j]h--(_q]j`k`ekejopnq__ek) jao]oqooq^kn`ej]`kol]n]mqah] _k^anpqn]`aao]pahareokn]bqan] ]ilhe]`](uajqjh]loqo`efkmqa6 Ă&#x17D;Rku]]lnkra_d]nmqaaopÂ&#x192;j]mqÂ&#x17D;

]hcqjko`aieo_kh]^kn]`knao(ah oa_nap]nek`aCk^anj]_eÂ&#x201C;j(mqaao ah`qaÂ&#x2019;k`ah]ooaÂ&#x2019;]hao(]djk(ah`a ?kiqje_]_ekjaouPn]jolknpao(u] jkoÂ&#x160;_q]h(lank]hcqjk`ahko`kok h]Oa_nap]nÂ&#x17D;]`aA`q_]_eÂ&#x201C;jLÂ&#x2DC;^he_]7 haorku]la`en(haorku]ejopnqenl]n] mqaoalkjc]j`a]_qan`ku]ran] mqÂ&#x160;lea`n]oaoq^aj(lankmqa(kf]hÂ&#x192;( ?]j]hKj_alqa`]ranoaajpk`kah pannepknekj]_ekj]h_kjqj]oaÂ&#x2019;]h ]^eanp]*OÂ&#x160;mqapki]nÂ&#x192;peailku( lknoqlqaopk(d]^nÂ&#x192;mqaranajh]o lnkle]obna_qaj_e]o`eolkje^hao`ah ck^eanjkba`an]h7ajĂ&#x161;j(]hckoahaor] ]k_qnnenĂ&#x2026;Ă?*=l]najpaiajpa(hkmqa oahaok_qnneÂ&#x201C;bqa_na]nahKLI=*

:;I9EDE9?:E Ah-5`a]^neh]jqj_e]nkjh]`aoec) j]_eÂ&#x201C;j`a=haf]j`nkKn`kÂ&#x2019;kLÂ&#x160;nav _kik`ena_pkn`ahknc]jeoik*Ah jki^n]ieajpkp]i^eÂ&#x160;jbqa_qao) pekj]`klknmqaoqpn]^]fkiÂ&#x192;ona) _eajpabqaajah?eoaj(ajpe`]`mqa( ejarep]^haiajpa(d]_alajo]naj aolekj]facq^anj]iajp]h*P]i^eÂ&#x160;j pn]^]fÂ&#x201C;aj?kiqje_]_eÂ&#x201C;jOk_e]h`ah] Lnaoe`aj_e](ajpeailko`aBkt(uaj NP?(ahÂ&#x192;na]`aCk^anj]_eÂ&#x201C;j]_quk _]nckaopÂ&#x192;h]receh]j_e]`a_kjpaje`ko ajia`eko]q`ekreoq]hao* Ah`ena_pknjkd]o]he`k]h]hqv

lÂ&#x2DC;^he_]l]n]atlhe_]nahaop]`kaj mqaoaaj_qajpn]oqcaopeÂ&#x201C;j]hbnajpa `ahKLI=*U]aopeailk`amqahk d]c]aejbknia_kj`ap]hha_Â&#x201C;ikr] ]bqj_ekj]n*D]op]]dkn]oqofabao( CÂ&#x201C;iavIkjpajh]?Â&#x192;i]n]`a@e) lqp]`kouahoq^oa_nap]nekDÂ&#x160;_pkn Rehh]nna]hajnqa`]`alnajo](`eankj h]_]n]l]n]pn]p]n`aatlhe_]nhkmqa oanÂ&#x192;ahKLI=*Ud]umqa`a_enhk6 jk`af]nkj_h]n]oh]o_ko]o* D]^nÂ&#x192;mqaoacqen_kj]paj_eÂ&#x201C;jah `ao]nnkhhk`aaopajqarkajpa(lkn) mqaaba_per]iajpalqa`a_kjranpenoa ajahĂ&#x17D;oqlania`ekĂ?cq^anj]iajp]h mqa]hcqjkopaiaj(lankp]i^eÂ&#x160;j( oeh]o_nÂ&#x17D;pe_]ouh]lnaoeÂ&#x201C;j]nna_e]j(aj qjknc]jeoikejklan]jpau`are`] _knp]*=oÂ&#x17D;`aĂ&#x17D;ahÂ&#x192;ope_kĂ?aooq`a_napk `a_na]_eÂ&#x201C;ju]oÂ&#x17D;`aej_kjoeopajpah] lkhÂ&#x17D;pe_]ba`an]hok^nahkoia`eko*

C?9HEED:70H7:?E;:K979?Ă&#x2022;D<C Ah`ena_pkn`aN]`ekA`q_]_eÂ&#x201C;j( =jpkjekPajknekIqÂ&#x2019;kv(]jqj_eÂ&#x201C; mqah]aieokn]paj`nÂ&#x192;qj]bna_qaj_e] `aBI*OanÂ&#x192;Ă&#x17D;atlaneiajp]hĂ?(oaÂ&#x2019;]hÂ&#x201C;( uaop]nÂ&#x192;q^e_]`]_kikbna_qaj_e] Ă&#x17D;ejpania`e]Ă?ajpna`koaieokn]oaj klan]_eÂ&#x201C;j`af]j`kqjaol]_ek`a 0,,gdvujk4,,(_kikej`e_]h] rapqop]jkni]pÂ&#x160;_je_]recajpaaj IÂ&#x160;te_k*Kf]hÂ&#x192;l]oalnkjpklknh] b]oaĂ&#x17D;atlaneiajp]hĂ?uajpna]h]`a bqj_ekj]ieajpkaop]^ha*Oeh]_na]_eÂ&#x201C;j `ahKLI=laniepah]na_kjranoeÂ&#x201C;j pa_jkhÂ&#x201C;ce_]`aaieokn]o_kikN]`ek A`q_]_eÂ&#x201C;j(^eajraje`k(oeailnau _q]j`kao]iafknÂ&#x17D;]pÂ&#x160;_je_]u`a _k^anpqn]jkoa]l]n]lkpaj_e]nh] lnkl]c]j`]`ahck^eanjk*.D

<[b_f[7h_pc[dZ_ h[_j[hWgk[[ij| cWb[bYedj[d_Ze i[nkWbZ[bWI;F CÂ&#x192;n_Ye3<l^\e`XA`dÂ&#x201E;e\q

6

j]^qaj]a`q_]_eÂ&#x201C;joatq]h `a^a_eiajp]noa]hiajko ajqj]ikn]hj]pqn]h(mqa eilhe_]naolapk]lanokj]o(hqc]nao upeailko(]oÂ&#x17D;_kikqj]`eo_elhej] ok^naoÂ&#x17D;ieoik(_kjpnkh`aaik) _ekjaouoajpeieajpko*Oejaopk( oalqa`ahhac]n]oanao_h]rk`ah] lnkle]oatq]he`]`u(aj]hcqjko _]oko(qj`acajan]`koatq]h*Aop] ikn]hjkao`kci]peoiknahecekok( oejki]`qnavdqi]j](]Ă&#x161;niÂ&#x201C;ah k^eolkBahela=neviaj`e* H]iajpÂ&#x201C;mqaĂ&#x17D;oad]u]joqo_ep]) `k_kiajp]nekoiqu]cnaoerkou ^qnhao_ko(`ao_]heĂ&#x161;_]_ekjao`apk`k pelkud]op]ejoqhpkohÂ&#x160;lankoĂ?lknh] nqa`]`alnajo]ajh]mqa`efkmqa Ă&#x17D;aopala_]`ku`ahepkjkaoat_hqoerk `ah_hank(oejklnk^hai]ok_e]h(u mqaahankpeoikat]_an^]`kmqa aopÂ&#x192;ajpk`]ol]npaolqa`ad]_an iÂ&#x192;o`ebÂ&#x17D;_ehh]reraj_e]`ah_ahe^]pk uahnaolapk]hkojeÂ&#x2019;koĂ?* EjoeopeÂ&#x201C;ajmqa`a^a`]noaqj] _kilhap]a`q_]_eÂ&#x201C;joatq]h(mqa ]uq`a]bkni]nqj]oatq]he`]`i]) `qn](oejna`q_enh]]ejbkni]_eÂ&#x201C;j cajep]h(_kikh]mqaoaeil]npaaj hkohe^nko`apatpkkĂ&#x161;_e]hao*. D

JhWjWhedW][dj[YedjhWXW`e"f[hei_di[]khecÂ&#x192;Z_Ye

Âş:[X[dZWhbWZ_h[YY_Â&#x152;dZ[bJh_XkdWb;Yb[i_|ij_YeÂť

9bÂ&#x2021;d_YWZ[BeiĂ&#x17D;d][b[i _d_Y_WWj[dY_Â&#x152;d]hWjk_jW

;bcW_bZ[bW?]b[i_W[ikdW WYY_Â&#x152;dc[Z_|j_YW0CWi\[hh[h

:7C?7D :EL7H=7D;I%7F

BeiĂ&#x17D;d][b[i38G

(

ajpa`apk`]oh]oa`]`ao _kiajvÂ&#x201C;]hhac]n]jpao`ah ]i]ja_an(ajqj]i]Â&#x2019;]j] bnÂ&#x17D;]u^nqiko](d]_eaj`kqj]Ă&#x161;h]`a _eajpko(]hcqjkoajoehh]o`anqa`]o( kpnko_kfa]j`k]lku]`koajiqhap]o( iq_dko`aahhko_kjb]hp]`a`eajpao( lankpk`ko^qo_]j`kh]ieoi]_ko]6 ]paj_eÂ&#x201C;jiÂ&#x160;`e_]cn]pqep]* Oapn]p]^]`aqj]ao_aj]mqa lk`nÂ&#x17D;]aop]nk_qnneaj`kajqjl]Â&#x17D;o `ahPan_anIqj`kkmqevÂ&#x192;aj]hcÂ&#x2DC;j oepek_kikJqar]KnhaÂ&#x192;jopn]oah l]ok`ahdqn]_Â&#x192;jG]pnej](lankjk an]]oÂ&#x17D;*Oaaop]^]`ao]nnkhh]j`kah i]npaoajah_ajpnk`aHkoĂŁjca) hao(uh]o_eajpko`alanokj]omqaoa lnaoajp]nkjjkan]jnabqce]`ko`a qj`ao]opnakqj]cqann]_ereh(oejk lnej_el]hiajpacajpapn]^]f]`kn] oejoacqnkiÂ&#x160;`e_k* Qjk`aahhko(GajjuCehhapp(jk d]^Â&#x17D;]_kjoqhp]`k]qjiÂ&#x160;`e_kaj`ko ]Â&#x2019;ko(`ao`amqalan`eÂ&#x201C;oqpn]^]fku oacqnk]hko03]Â&#x2019;ko`aa`]`* =`ne]j]R]hajvqah](qj]_ko) iapÂ&#x201C;hkc]mqapn]^]f]lkn_qajp] lnkle]u_]na_a`aoacqnk(pn]fk]qj defk`a4]Â&#x2019;ko_kjiq_d]oleav]o `ajp]hao_kj_]neao*Bn]jg?]nk`eja( qj]iec]^hadki^na_]jkok`a13 ]Â&#x2019;ko(mqeajhhacÂ&#x201C;ajoehh]`anqa`]o(

Kdefjec[jh_ijWlebkdjWh_e"WdWb_pWWkdWf[hiedWi_dYeX[hjkhW _kiajpÂ&#x201C;mqad]^Â&#x17D;]lan`e`kl]npao `a]i^]oleanj]o`a^e`k]`e]^apao( ajbania`]`mqa]dkn]aop]^]_]q) o]j`kaopn]ckoajoqkfk`ana_dk7 ja_aoep]hajpao*Ă&#x17D;Pajck_k^anpqn] lknie`e]^apao(rku]qj]_hÂ&#x17D;je_]( lankjk_q^naat]iaj`ah]reop]Ă?( oaÂ&#x2019;]hÂ&#x201C;?]nk`eja* =bqan](ajahbnÂ&#x17D;k(r]neko_eajpko iÂ&#x192;o`alanokj]o(]hcqjko^]h]j_a]j`k iqhap]ook^naoqo_]`an]o(aolan]) ^]jl]_eajpaiajpaoqpqnjkl]n] ejcnao]n]HkoĂŁjcahaoOlknpo=naj]( qja`eĂ&#x161;_ek]jpecqkajahmqa]hcq) j]ravfqc]nkjhkoH]gano`ah]hec]

lnkbaoekj]h`a^]hkj_aopk* ?eajpko`aokjneajpao`k_pknao( k`kjpÂ&#x201C;hkcko(]_qlqjpqneop]o(mqe) nklnÂ&#x192;_pe_ko(klpkiapneop]oukpnko lnkbaoekj]haorkhqjp]neko(pk`kopn]Â&#x17D;) `kolknahcnqlkoejĂ&#x161;jao`ahq_nk Naikpa=na]Ia`e_]h$N=I%(_kj oa`aajPajaoÂ&#x17D;* Ajahlneian`Â&#x17D;]`a_hÂ&#x17D;je_](`a oeapalnkcn]i]`ko(h]lneian]`]i] `a?]hebknje]I]nÂ&#x17D;]Odneranu]hcq) jkobqj_ekj]nekoreoep]nkjahhqc]n7 Odneran_kiajpÂ&#x201C;mqana_e^eÂ&#x201C;qj] ha__eÂ&#x201C;j`adqieh`]`lknah]h_]j_a `ahaobqanvk`arkhqjp]neko*.D

CÂ&#x192;n_Ye3<l^\e`XA`dÂ&#x201E;e\q

&

h_knnakaha_pnÂ&#x201C;je_kmqah] =nmqe`eÂ&#x201C;_aoeo `a IÂ&#x160;te_k lkj`nÂ&#x192;]`eolkoe_eÂ&#x201C;jl]n] lnaoajp]n`ajqj_e]ook^nao]_an`kpao la`an]op]uhkomqad]u]jnkpkah rkpk`a_]ope`]`aooÂ&#x201C;hkqj]]__eÂ&#x201C;j Ă&#x17D;ia`eÂ&#x192;pe_]Ă?mqajk_kilnkiapa] h]o]qpkne`]`aoa_haoeÂ&#x192;ope_]o]j]`]( lknmqaao]hckeilanokj]h*L]n] `aikopn]nrkhqjp]``a]_pq]noa paj`nÂ&#x17D;]mqa]^nenahPne^qj]hA_ha) oeÂ&#x192;ope_kl]nn]]dÂ&#x17D;`ajqj_e]n(]Ă&#x161;niÂ&#x201C; AhekI]obannan(ejraopec]`knajna) hecekjao`ah]Ao_qah]J]_ekj]h`a =jpnklkhkcÂ&#x17D;]aDeopkne]$AJ=D%* FkoÂ&#x160;`aFaoÂ&#x2DC;o=cqeh]n(naolkjo]^ha `aN]`ekuPahareoeÂ&#x201C;j`ah]=nmqe) `eÂ&#x201C;_aoeo(`ek]_kjk_anmqad]^nÂ&#x192; qj_knnakaha_pnÂ&#x201C;je_kaj`kj`aoa na_e^enÂ&#x192;jh]o`ajqj_e]o(oejai^]nck( I]obannan_kjoe`anÂ&#x201C;mqaoanÂ&#x192;ejpana) o]jparand]op]mqÂ&#x160;lqjpkna]hiajpa ah_]n`aj]hJkn^anpkNeran]oar]] _kilnkiapanaj]lhe_]nh]fqope_e] ]hkola`an]op]o* Aopalnk_a`eieajpk(`efk(peaj`a ]jknaokhranahlnk^hai](oalqa`a `a_enmqaoÂ&#x201C;hkoalnapaj`aĂ&#x17D;p]l]n) haahkfk]hi]_dkuoarqahra]hck eilanokj]h***jkoanÂ&#x192;hkieoikmqa hhac]n]jpaahPne^qj]hA_haoeÂ&#x192;ope_ku `ajqj_e]n(lankjkmqeanajl]c]nhko _kopko`a`aoecj]n]qj]lanokj]mqa oaaj_]ncqau]peaj`]lanokj]hiajpa ]hko`ajqj_e]jpaoĂ?(]^qj`Â&#x201C;*

Ă&#x17D;Oemqeanajoanoanekomqa`ajh] `ena__eÂ&#x201C;j`ahPne^qj]hA_haoeÂ&#x192;ope_k l]n]mqa]oeop]jh]olanokj]o(mqa har]jpajh]`ajqj_e]_]jÂ&#x201C;je_]u ajrÂ&#x17D;ajqj]_kle]l]n]h]?kjcna) c]_eÂ&#x201C;j`ah]Bauhaajpnacqajkpn] ]hko]ba_p]`koĂ?(]cnacÂ&#x201C;* U]Ă&#x161;niÂ&#x201C;mqaha`]jqjiafkn pn]pk]mqeajaomqeanaj]jqh]noq i]pneikjekmqa]h]olanokj]o mqahhac]j]`ajqj_e]nqj]^qok oatq]h(lknmqaoapeajamqad]_an qjlnk_aok^qnk_nÂ&#x192;pe_k* Ahhh]i]`k`ah]o]nmqe`eÂ&#x201C;_aoeo `aIÂ&#x160;te_ku`aLqa^h]`alneiank lnaoajp]n]jpaahIejeopanekLÂ&#x2DC;^he) _kh]`ajqj_e]`a]^qokoatq]hu hqack]h]`eÂ&#x201C;_aoeoĂ&#x17D;aoqj]bkni]`a ahq`enh]naolkjo]^ehe`]`mqapea) jah]Echaoe]u`aahq`enhkofqe_eko _]jÂ&#x201C;je_koĂ?(ej`e_Â&#x201C;* Ă&#x17D;Ah`ahepk`a]^qokoatq]haj IÂ&#x160;te_klnao_ne^a]hkooaeoiaoao( `aolqÂ&#x160;ooÂ&#x201C;hkhao`e_ajĂ?½hÂ&#x192;opei]I]n) c]nepkĂ&#x2018;(aoqj]bkni]ejpahecajpa`a v]b]noaĂ?(]^qj`Â&#x201C;*AjAQoalqa`a `ajqj_e]nd]op]-,]Â&#x2019;ko`aolqÂ&#x160;o `a_qilhenh]i]uknÂ&#x17D;]`aa`]`u ]_alp]jhkolanep]faooe_khÂ&#x201C;ce_ko* U_kjoe`anÂ&#x201C;ah]_]`Â&#x160;ie_k`ah] AJ=Dmqah]hauiate_]j]aok^ok) hap](lknmqap]joÂ&#x201C;hkahl]l]Fkoald N]pvejcan`ekejopnq__ekjao`ana_e^en h]omqaf]od]op]-,]Â&#x2019;ko`aolqÂ&#x160;o`ah ]^qokoatq]h*Lknhkmqahkok^eolko iate_]jkooa]nnkl]j_kjh]haceo) h]_eÂ&#x201C;jmqahao_kjreaja*.D




D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

$VMUVSB

;Z_jeh0"SJFM(PO[fMF[ YkbjkhW$Z\6c_b[d_e$Yec

P jec[dejW

PZ[b_jeic[deh[i$$$

Âş;D9EDJHED7PEFExJ?9EÂť;D@7H:Ă&#x2018;DB?8;HJ7: ;bZÂ&#x2021;WZ[^eoWbWi('0'+^ehWi"[d[b@WhZÂ&#x2021;dB_X[hjWZ"i[Z[iWhhebbWh|[b [l[djeÂş;dYedjhedWpefeÂ&#x192;j_YeÂť"YedcÂ&#x2018;i_YW"ZÂ&#x192;Y_cWioYefbWiZ[bJhÂ&#x2021;e >kWij[YWH[Wb"WiÂ&#x2021;Yeceb[YjkhWZ[fe[cWiWYWh]eZ[bei[iYh_jeh[i Yeb_c[di[iC_]k[bB[Â&#x152;d"Ă&#x2022;iYWhH[dÂ&#x192;HeXb[i"=k_bb[hc_dW9k[lWioCW]ZW EhepYe1[di[]k_ZW"WbWi(&0)&^ehWi"[d[bJ[Wjhe>_ZWb]e"i[cedjWh|bW fk[ijW[d[iY[dWÂşCWÂ&#x2039;WdWiZ[WXh_bocWoeÂť$9koW[djhWZWi[h|]hWjk_jW

P `Wdi

1VFTTFSfFMNFKPSSFHMBNFOUP QPTJCMF FM RVFTFSWJSfEFCBTFQBSBFNQF[BSBPQFSBS MBMFZEFMMJCSP ZUPEPMPRVFTFRVJFSB  QFSPFMDBTPFTRVFOPMMFHBBMQVOUPEPOEF FEJUPSFTZDPOTVNJEPSFTQVFEBOWJWJSMB FYQFSJFODJBEFMQSFDJPzOJDP&TEFDJS  FTUBNPTDBTJFOMBTNJTNBT

;behZ[dWc_[djeZ[bWB[ofWhW[b<ec[djeZ[bWB[YjkhWo[bB_Xhede^WZ[`WZeZ[bjeZeiWj_i\[Y^eiWZ_ij_djei [if[Y_Wb_ijWi"Wb]hWZeZ[Yedi_Z[hWhgk[deYkcfb[YWXWbc[dj[beieX`[j_leigk[Wd_cWhedikYh[WY_Â&#x152;d

;bh[]bWc[djede]WhWdj_pW CÂ&#x192;n_Ye3A\jÂ&#x2019;j8c\af

$

]oe`ko]Â&#x2019;ko`a^ea) nkjpn]jo_qnnenl]n] h]]l]ne_eÂ&#x201C;j`ahna) ch]iajpk`ah]Hau l]n]ahBkiajpk`a h]Ha_pqn]uahHe^nk(lq^he_]`kaj ah@e]nekKĂ&#x161;_e]h`ah]Ba`an]_eÂ&#x201C;j ahl]o]`k./`a]^neh(ah@Â&#x17D;]Ejpan) j]_ekj]h`ahHe^nku`ah@ana_dk `a=qpkn(lankiÂ&#x192;o]hhÂ&#x192;`akbna_an naolqaop]o]hkoieai^nko`ah] ej`qopne] a`epkne]h( hao lh]jpa] jqar]o`q`]o* H]?Â&#x192;i]n]J]_ekj]h`ah]Ej`qo) pne]A`epkne]hIate_]j]$?]jeai%( ]pn]rÂ&#x160;o`aoqlnaoe`ajpa(Re_pÂ&#x201C;) ne_k=h^knaoO]jpe]ck(bqa`ah]o lneian]ork_aoajna_kjk_anmqa( _kikpk`kejopnqiajpkhac]h(ah nach]iajpkaolanba_pe^ha(]hcn]) `k`a_kjoe`an]nmqaah]jÂ&#x192;heoeo `ap]hh]`kmqad]^nÂ&#x192;`ana]hev]noa ajhkolnÂ&#x201C;teikoiaoaolaniepenÂ&#x192; ]Ă&#x161;j]nhkajqjbqpqnk* Ă&#x17D;Ajpnahk`aoa]^hauhklkoe^ha( pajaikohklkoe^ha(mqalqa`aoan iq_dkajaopaikiajpk(lknmqa Ă&#x161;j]hiajpapajaikoh]hauuahna) ch]iajpkl]n]lk`anh]klan]n7lkn iÂ&#x192;olanba_p]mqaoa]qj]haukqj nach]iajpk(d]op]mqajkhkklan]o pa`]o_qajp]`ah]olkoe^haob]hh]o mqalqa`aopajan*@aikiajpk pajaikomqa_kjĂ&#x161;]najh]^qaj] rkhqjp]`uhko`aoako`ahhac]n] qj^qaj]nnachkpk`]h]_]`aj] lnk`q_per](ajlnku^ajaĂ&#x161;_ek`a h]ha_pqn]uahhe^nk*Ă? L]n]PkiÂ&#x192;oCn]j]`ko(a`epkn`ah Bkj`k`a?qhpqn]A_kjÂ&#x201C;ie_](d]u ]hcqj]ovkj]oajahnach]iajpk mqajkaopÂ&#x192;jiqu_h]n]okmqa l]na_anÂ&#x17D;]jeilknp]jpaol]n]ah ^qajbqj_ekj]ieajpk`ah]ha) ceoh]_eÂ&#x201C;j(_kikh]ateopaj_e]`a o]j_ekjao(Ă&#x17D;jklknmqa_na]mqahk iÂ&#x192;oeilknp]jpa`ah]ohauaooa] _Â&#x201C;ikpn]p]n]hkoejbn]_pknao(lank aol]npa`ahkmqad]_aklan]perk aopapelk`a`k_qiajpkoĂ?* Ă&#x17D;@aolqÂ&#x160;od]u]hcqj]o`q`]omqa iaoqncajajhklanokj]h(haoqncaj]h Bkj`k`a?qhpqn]ajhkejopepq_ekj]h( _kik_qÂ&#x192;hoanÂ&#x192;ahpn]p]ieajpk]h]o naeilnaoekjao(]h]oeilknp]_ekjao `alk_koafailh]nao*Ă? Oe^eajna_kjk_a_kikqjda_dk lkoeperkh]lq^he_]_eÂ&#x201C;j`ahnach]) iajpk]Ă&#x161;j`a_kiajv]n]pn]^]f]n ok^na]oqjpko_kj_napko(Cqehhan)

[bfh[Y_eÂ&#x2018;d_Ye"

ran`]`qjlna_ekĂ&#x161;fk*Jkokpnkou] hk]lhe_]iko(lankoejo]j_ekjao( b]hp]nÂ&#x17D;]iq_dklknd]_an*Ă?

;bfh[Y_eĂ&#x2026;`e

Z_Y[d[Z_jeh[i CĂ&#x2022;D?97 =EDPĂ&#x17D;B;P

Jkl_[hedgk[jhWdiYkhh_hYWi_ZeiWÂ&#x2039;eifWhWgk[i[fkXb_YWhW[bZeYkc[djegk[_dijhkc[djWbWb[oZ[bb_Xhe

Â&#x2030;6OQPDPJODPNQMFUP QFSPFTMPRVFUFOFNPTÂ&#x160; I_dWcXW][i"Jec|i=hWdWZeiWY[fjWgk[ naiepeÂ&#x201C;(ajh]lneian]oai]j]`ai]nvk`aaopa [bh[]bWc[djeZ[bWB[ofWhW[b<ec[djeZ[bW ]Â&#x2019;k]h]?kjoafanÂ&#x17D;]FqnÂ&#x17D;`e_]`ah]Lnaoe`aj_e]`a B[YjkhWo[bB_XheaopÂ&#x192;Ă&#x17D;qjlk_kej_kilhapk(lank h]NalÂ&#x2DC;^he_](mqah]`arkhreÂ&#x201C;(_kjoqok^oanr]_ek) aohkmqapajaikol]n]]nn]j_]nĂ?*Ajh]?]jeai na_kjk_ajmqa(_kikpk`kejopnqiajpkhac]h(ah nach]iajpkĂ&#x17D;aooacqn]iajpalanba_pe^haĂ?* Qj`k_qiajpkmqa(]hecq]hmqah]hau(]pn]raoÂ&#x201C;lkn qjran`]`anklanelhkhac]h6ahlnkua_pkl]oÂ&#x201C;lkn h]?kieoeÂ&#x201C;j`aIafkn]Nacqh]pkne]$?kbaian%(`a h]Oa_nap]nÂ&#x17D;]`aA_kjkiÂ&#x17D;]7bqaat]iej]`klknh] @ena__eÂ&#x201C;jCajan]h`a=oqjpkFqnÂ&#x17D;`e_ko(`ah?kjoafk J]_ekj]hl]n]h]?qhpqn]uh]o=npaou(jqar]iajpa( lknh]@ena__eÂ&#x201C;j`a=oqjpkoFqnÂ&#x17D;`e_ko`ah]Oa_na) p]nÂ&#x17D;]`aA`q_]_eÂ&#x201C;jLÂ&#x2DC;^he_](`alaj`aj_e]mqah] ikMqef]o(`ena_pkn`aa`epkne]h =hi]`Â&#x17D;]u`aLnkraa`kn]Ao_kh]n Ă?]i^]o]oajp]`]oajK]t]_]Ă?( _kej_e`aajahpai]`ah]oo]j_ekjao(

jao(]h]Oa_nap]nÂ&#x17D;]`aA`q_]_eÂ&#x201C;jLÂ&#x2DC;^he_]l]n]h] beni]`ahnabnaj`k* Ă&#x17D;?kikl]o]_kjiq_dko`aaopko`k_qiajpkoĂ?( ]oaran] PkiÂ&#x192;o Cn]j]`ko( hko ran^ko _kj mqa oana`]_p]jh]ok^hec]_ekjaokh]o]pne^q_ekjao oqahajmqa`]nlkn`a^]fk`ahkmqaqjkmqannÂ&#x17D;]( ajpkj_aooaqo]j]beni]_ekjaoqjlk_koq]rao( _q]j`kqjkdq^eaoa`aoa]`kqjlk_kiÂ&#x192;o`a _kilnkieok(`a]nnkfk*Ă? =dkn]oÂ&#x201C;hkmqa`]aolan]n_Â&#x201C;ikoa`ao]nnkhh]nÂ&#x192; h]hau_kjoqnach]iajpk*

lknmqaoai]jpeaja]i^ecq]h] ]lhe_]_eÂ&#x201C;j`ahlna_ekĂ&#x161;fk]hhe^nk6 Ă&#x17D;Lqa`aokjk]lhe_]nhk(]hĂ&#x161;j]hjk d]ujejcqj]o]j_eÂ&#x201C;jĂ?*

Ă&#x17D;AopÂ&#x192;(lknafailhk(ahpai]`a h]op]nfap]o`a`ao_qajpk(mqaoa kiepeÂ&#x201C;ajah`k_qiajpk(_q]j`k aoeilknp]jpal]n]lk`anpajanaj

Ajpnah]o`q`]omqaoqnceankjajpna hkoa`epknao_kjoqhp]`kooaaj_qaj) pn]hknabanajpa]hbqj_ekj]ieajpk `ahlna_ekĂ&#x161;fk]hhe^nk(l]n]ah_q]h oa]jqj_e]ajahnach]iajpkh]lq) ^he_]_eÂ&#x201C;j`aqjkoheja]ieajpko l]n]ahbqj_ekj]ieajpk`ahnaceopnk `ahkohe^nko(hkmqa`eĂ&#x161;ana`ahk mqaiq_d]cajpaaolan]^]_kj ah`k_qiajpk(]`a_en`aPkiÂ&#x192;o Cn]j]`ko(mqau]an]ahbqj_ek) j]ieajpk`ahnaceopnk* Ă&#x17D;D]ujqarkol]okod]_e]ahbqj) _ekj]ieajpk`alna_eko^]o]`kaj ahlna_ekĂ&#x161;fk(h]iajp]^haiajpajk aopÂ&#x192;oqĂ&#x161;_eajpaiajpa_h]nk(lankjk d]umqaoanjelaoeieop]ojeklpe) ieop]o(lknmqajkaoahĂ&#x161;j]h(lank ]hieoikpeailkaoqj]iafknÂ&#x17D;] naola_pk]hkmqaaola_eĂ&#x161;_]^]h] hau*?nakmqad]umqaailav]n] klan]n(]h_]^k`aaopko5,`Â&#x17D;]oaj mqa]l]na_anÂ&#x192;jhkoheja]ieajpko( u`apa_p]n`Â&#x201C;j`ad]ur]_Â&#x17D;ko* Ă&#x17D;Aolankmqaaokoheja]ieajpko pajc]jpk`]h]_h]ne`]`mqaoaja_aoep] l]n]klan]n(lknmqahklaknmqalqa`a l]o]nha]qj]haumqapeaja^qaj]o ejpaj_ekjaou_h]n]oqkneajp]_eÂ&#x201C;j aomqa]hl]o]n`ah]e`a]]qj]hau( hqack]qjnach]iajpku`aolqÂ&#x160;o] qjkoheja]ieajpko(oa_kilhemqauoa `aorenpÂ&#x2DC;ah]ejpaj_eÂ&#x201C;j_h]n]6b]_ehep]n ah]__aok]hkohe^nkoĂ?(]oacqn]Cn]j]) `ko(mqeajbkniÂ&#x201C;l]npa`ahcnqlk`a ]jÂ&#x192;heoeomqa(`ao`ad]_a_ej_k]Â&#x2019;ko( eilqhoÂ&#x201C;h]haceoh]_eÂ&#x201C;j* @a]_qan`k_kjahnalnaoajp]jpa `ahkoa`epknaolner]`ko(Re_pÂ&#x201C;ne) _k=h^knao(`qn]jpahkoiaoaona) _eajpao(?kj]_qhp]u?]jeaid]j _kh]^kn]`kaj]ola_pkopÂ&#x160;_je_ko `ahnaceopnk`alna_eko(hkmqaoa aop]^ha_ap]jpkajh]hau_kikaj oqnach]iajpk(]qjmqaaolan]mqa h]onaqjekjaooalqa`]jatpaj`an ]kpn]oÂ&#x192;na]omqaiÂ&#x192;o]`ah]jpaoa _kjoe`anaiana_aj]paj_eÂ&#x201C;j* Ă&#x17D;H]hauuoqnach]iajpkpaj`nÂ&#x192;j mqalanba__ekj]noaajahbqpqnk(paj) `nÂ&#x192;jlnk^hai]omqar]iko]jkp]n ajh]klan]pere`]`(h]o_kjpnkran) oe]omqaoahhac]n]j]lnk`q_enaj qjikiajpk`]`k(lank_nakmqa `a^aiko_kjĂ&#x161;]najahpn]^]fkuh] ^qaj]ba`apk`kohkomqaejpacn]iko h]_]`aj]`ahhe^nk*Ă?.D


D@C<E@F

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

DVMUVSB ?D7>

:[gkƒi[h‡[dbWi^_[dWi"b_XheZ[Z_lkb]WY_ŒdY_[dj‡\_YW

J[h[LWb["kdl_W`[Wbei c_ij[h_eiZ[bY[h[Xhe ;IF;9?7B

º;b[ijkZ_eZ[bW

fi_Yebe]‡W[ifWhj[ Z[c_l_ZW»"Z_Y[bW Yeckd_YWZehW 9h|d[eh[ijWkhWZeZ[bYecfb[`e\kd[hWh_e

Cƒn_Ye3A\j’j8c\af

;b?D7>fkZeh[iYWjWh'(,eiWc[djWi

"

PanaR]haoqahaq^e_ƒnoahaaj hkoia`eko`a_kiqje_]_e“j( ok^napk`kajahƒna]`ah] ejbkni]_e“juah]jƒheoeolanek`Žo) pe_k(lankd]uqj]l]npa`aoqre`] mqajkaop]j_kjk_e`](oe^eajha d]`]`kaol]_ekajhko`eopejpko hqc]naoajhkomqad]pn]^]f]`k6 oqbkni]_e“jlnkbaoekj]h_kik loe_“hkc]* Cn]`q]`] aj loe_khkcŽ] aj h] Qjeranoe`]` =jƒdq]_ Í_kj iaj_e“jdkjknŽÚ_]Íuqj]ao) la_e]he`]`ajjaqnkloe_khkcŽ](h] _kiqje_]`kn]d]oe`k_]pa`nƒpe_] aejraopec]`kn]ajh]QJ=Iuajh] Qjeranoe`]`E^ank]iane_]j]6qj] bkni]`are`]mqaoapn]jobkni“ _q]j`khakbna_eankjpn]^]fkaj Pahareo]* ÎAhaopq`ek`ah]loe_khkcŽ]u `ah_ana^nkaol]npa`aiere`]( ie bkni]_e“j( hk mqa iƒo ia cqop]aejpanao]*Pajckiq_dko ]’kod]_eaj`klamqa’]o_ko]o `a`erqhc]_e“j_eajpŽÚ_]6oacqŽ pn]^]f]j`kjk`ao`ah]]_]`aie]( oejk`ao`ahkoia`eko`a_kiq) je_]_e“j*Ï Aj oqo lneianko ]’ko _kik lnkbaoekj]haop]^]_kjraj_e`]`a mqaoqre`]aop]nŽ]ajbk_]`]]h] _eaj_e]u]h_ana^nk(mqevƒoahpai] mqaiƒohaejpanao](_kikoanaÛaf] ajqjhe^nkmqanaÛatekj]]_an_] `aqj“nc]jkmqa]˜j`ao]bŽ]] _eajpŽÚ_koaejraopec]`knao6@amqŠ oanŽajh]odeaj]oukpnkoieopaneko `ah_ana^nk$Lh]jap](.,-,%* ÎD]u qj _deopa mqa `e_a Ð`a mqŠoanŽajh]odeaj]ooedqahaj dknne^ha(oa]heiajp]j`a_]nnk’] ud]_ajah]iknqj]rav]h]’kÑ* =l]npen`aahhkao_ne^kqjpatpk ok^naah_ana^nk`ah]odeaj]ou( ajaola_e]h(ok^naoqoeopai]kh) b]perk(iƒo`ao]nnkhh]`kmqaah`a hkolannko*Ï

>WbbWd[dJbWj[bebYe [dj_[hheiZ[bi_]beNL? Bei[igk[b[jei

\k[hed^WbbWZei[d [bY[djheZ[bi_j_e fh[^_if|d_Ye Cƒn_Ye3Efk`d\o

% 9Wj[Zh|j_YWZ[bWKD7CoZ[bWKd_l[hi_ZWZ?X[heWc[h_YWdW =laj]oahlqjpk`al]npe`]`a qjre]falknh]_knpav]_ana^n]h lnklqaopklknPanaR]ha(mqeaj hkieoikd]^h]ok^nahko_ajpnko `ah`khknu`ahlh]_an`ahkooanao dqi]jko(mqakbna_al]jkn]i]o ]_an_]`ah]o`aopnav]omqalkoaaj ƒcqeh]o(_kjafko(oeieko(^]hhaj]o k`ejko]qneko* ÎOkikohkmqaokikocn]_e]o ]jqaopnk_ana^nk(ahk^fapkiƒo _kilhe_]`kajahqjeranok(lkn) mqaokjiehhkjao`ajaqnkj]o h]o mqa pn]^]f]j( _kj _]i^eko ^ekahŠ_pne_ko k ^ekmqŽie_ko( mqa`]j_kiknaoqhp]`k]i]n( naŽn(hhkn]n(bqi]n(_kianÅpk`k hkmqad]_aikoaopƒ^]o]`kaj jqaopnkoeopai]janrekok_ajpn]h uajjqaopnk_ana^nk*Ï

:_lkb]WY_ŒdY_[dj‡ÅYW I]aopn] `a peailk _kilhapk ajh]Qjeranoe`]`=jƒdq]_(aj i]pane]o_kikjaqnk]j]pkiŽ](

jaqnkÚoekhkcŽ](lnk_aoko_kcjko_e) perkouloe_kÚoekhkcŽ]`ahhajcq]fa( PanaR]haoeailnaejpajp“ikopn]n ao]l]oe“jajhko`eranokoia`eko `a_kiqje_]_e“jajhkomqad] _kh]^kn]`ku]dkn]rqahra]oqo knŽcajao* ÎIaejpanao]^]na_kn`]nmqajk o“hkhkooanaodqi]jkopajaiko _ana^nk(hko]jei]haop]i^eŠjhk peajaj(d]op]hkoejoa_pkopeajaj qjlamqa’koeopai]janrekokmqa haolaniepad]_anpk`k* ÎJk pajaiko ah i]jq]h `ah _ana^nk(je`ajkokpnkoieoiko( hkooanaorerkookiko_kikqj] cn]j_kilqp]`kn]`ah]mqajk pajaikoi]jq]huaop]ikoqjlk_k ]_eac]opn]p]j`k`aajpaj`an_“ik bqj_ekj]ikoumqŠokiko*Ï @a mqŠ oa nŽaj h]o deaj]o ao qj]dann]ieajp]`a`erqhc]_e“j _eajpŽÚ_](ajh]mqaoaajpnapafaj ah_kjk_eieajpk_eajpŽÚ_k_kjah `kiejek`ahhajcq]fa*.D

aner]`k `a h]o atlhkn]) _ekjaona]hev]`]o]hCn]j >]o]iajpk `a h] Vkj] =nmqakh“ce_]`aPh]pahkh_k(ajh] ?eq`]``aIŠte_k(aola_e]heop]o`ah EjopepqpkJ]_ekj]h`a=jpnklkhkcŽ] aDeopkne]$EJ=D%aj_kjpn]nkj-/- ajpeannkomqa`]p]jlnk^]^haiajpa `ahoechkTRE* Jkk^op]jpa(ahcnqlk`a]nmqa“) hkckoaj_]^av]`kolknO]hr]`kn Cqehhai=nnkhhkokh]iajpalq`k nao_]p]n-.2ko]iajp]o*H]onao) p]jpaobqankj`af]`]oajahhqc]n lkn_qaopekjao`a_kjoanr]_e“j( ]qjmqad]joe`klnkpace`]o(lqao _kjpej˜]jh]oat_]r]_ekjaouoa aolan]mqap]i^eŠjlqa`]joan har]jp]`]o* Hkolneiankoej`e_eko`aaopa _kilhafkbqjan]nekoejlna_a`aj) paobqankjnaceopn]`ko`ajpnk`ah oepeklnadeolƒje_kajpna.,,4u .,,5(h]lokajahmqad]op]aoa ikiajpkoad]^Ž]j_kjp]^ehev]`k 1,ko]iajp]o* Ah_kjfqjpk`aaomqahapkobqa d]hh]`kajqj]q^e_]_e“jkn`aj]`] ]l]npen`ah_ajpnk`ah]a`eÚ_]_e“j lnadeolƒje_](`kj`ad]op]d]_a ]hcqjkoiaoaohko]nmqa“hkcko`ah

<[b_f[9WbZ[hŒdl_i_jWh|bWck[ijhW[bfhŒn_cebkd[i

7Xh[]hWdh[jheif[Yj_lWZ[<h_ZW[d8[hb‡d

;IF;9?7B

8[hb‡d38^\eZ`Xj

'

ne`]G]dhkaoqj]]npeop] rajan]`]ajAop]`koQje) `ko(lankoqok^n]op]i^eŠj peajajajAqnkl]ej_kjp]^hao]`al) pko(lknhkmqaahIqoakI]npej Cnkleqo`a>anhŽj(qjk`ahkoiƒo eilknp]jpao`ah]_eq`]`(ha`a`e_] ]l]npen`ai]’]j]h]i]uknna) pnkola_per]atlqaop]d]op]]dkn] aj=hai]je]* Hkolnal]n]perko`ah]iqaopn] oa_kjrenpeankjajqj`ao]bŽklknh]o _ajev]o`ahrkh_ƒjeoh]j`Šomqal]) n]hev“ahpnƒÚ_k]ŠnakajAqnkl]*

Qj]l]npa`ahko-1,_q]`nko `apk`kahiqj`khhac“_kj`a) ikn]uk^hec“]hkoknc]jev]`knao ]_]j_ah]nh]reoep]`ah]lnajo] lnare]]h]ej]qcqn]_e“j*ÎAop]iko _qilheaj`khkolh]vkooac˜jhk lh]ja]`k(lankd]_eaj`kpqnjko atpn]u`ajk_daÏ(atlhe_“ah`e) na_pkn`ahI]npejCnkleqo(Canakj Oearanje_d* Iq_d]olejpqn]o`ah]ejÛquajpa ]npeop]oqnna]heop]an]jd]op]]dkn] `ao_kjk_e`]ou`kok^n]oeilknp]j) paod]^Ž]joe`k`]`]o`qn]jpaiq_dk peailklkn`ao]l]na_e`]o* Lknlneian]ravoanƒjatlqaop]o

BWf_djehWc[n_YWdW[il[d[hWZWjWcX_ƒd[d;khefW

EJ=Dhkcn]nkjh]na_qlan]_e“j`a hkoajpeannko* Ah]nmqa“hkckO]hr]`knCqehhai( `ena_pkn`ahlnkua_pk]nmqakh“ce_k( _kiajp“mqal]n]`apaniej]nh] pailkn]he`]`uÚhe]_e“jŠpje_]`a hkoej`ere`qko(`qn]jpaaopa]’koa _kjpej˜]_kjh]b]oa`ah]jƒheoeo`ahko naopko“oako(hkoi]pane]hao]ok_e]`ko $_anƒie_]lnadeolƒje_]u_khkje]h( bn]ciajpko`ai]`an](naopko`a patpehaouiap]h%uh]o_]n]_panŽope_]o `ah_kjpatpkiknpqknek* D]op]ahikiajpk(`efk(oad] lk`e`kk^oanr]nmqaah_kilhafk bqjan]nekaopƒ_kilqaopklknoaeo jerahao`aajpeannko(h]i]uknŽ]( kneajp]`ko`aJknpa]Oqnu`eo) lqaopko`ai]jan]kn`aj]`]* @a^]fk`ah`al“oepk`aaomqaha) pko(_kjpejq“(oa`apa_p“l]npa`a qjleok`aaopq_k`ai]jqb]_pqn] lnadeolƒje_](`ah_q]hoapki]nkj iqaopn]ol]n]oqba_d]ieajpkaj h]^kn]pknek* H]o at_]r]_ekjao( ]’]`e“ ah p]i^eŠj_kkn`ej]`knj]_ekj]h`a =nmqakhkcŽ]`ahEJ=D(d]j]nnkf]`k cn]j_]jpe`]``aare`aj_e]o]n) mqakh“ce_]omqanamqeanajaopq`ek* Na_kn`“mqa]hkh]nck`ah]atlhk) n]_e“j(ajaopaoepek]nmqakh“ce_k oanao_]p]nkjhkoaomqahapko`a-/- ej`ere`qko`a`ebanajpaoa`]`ao u`a]i^kooatko(]hcqjko`ahko _q]haooaaj_kjpn]nkj]ok_e]`ko ]bn]ciajpko`ai]`an](lknhk mqaoalqa`aejbanenmqabqankj ajpann]`koaj]p]˜`aou]h]qo]jv] _neope]j]*.D

aj=hai]je]h]o`kocn]j`ao_kha_) _ekjao`ak^n]o`aG]dhkmqad]u ajahiqj`k(h]_kha__e“jKhia`ku h]Cahi]j*H]_qn]`kn]Dahc]Lnec) jepv)Lk`]oa]^k_“]h]^˜omqa`] `ah]ok^n]o`qn]jpapnao]’koÎaj _ƒi]n]o`apaoknkoup]hhanao`a b]hoeÚ_]`knaoÏ* Ahlnaoe`ajpa`aIŠte_k(Bahela ?]h`an“j(reoep]nƒah/`ai]ukh] atlkoe_e“jBne`]G]dhknapnkola_per]* =oŽhk`ek]_kjk_anahiqoak(mqa lknao]reoep]_ann]nƒoqolqanp]o]h l˜^he_k]l]npen`ah]o-16,,dkn]o `ahhqjao* H]ej]qcqn]_e“jkÚ_e]h`ah] atlkoe_e“j(i]’]j]reanjao(oanƒ aj_]^av]`]lknahiejeopnk]haiƒj `a?qhpqn](>anj`Jaqi]jj(ulknh] oa_nap]ne]iate_]j]`aNah]_ekjao Atpaneknao(L]pne_e]Aolejko]*.D


28

Jueves 29 de abril de 2010

cine

Gwyneth Paltrow, la fiel ‘Pepper Pots’

Vuelve Man

Con la incursión de estr minado al Oscar, Micke bre de acero prom

El nuevo villano, ‘Ivan Vanko’

M La armadura causará problemas a ‘Tony Stark’

Más aventuras vivirá el célebre héroe

‘Iron Man’

ma frenta a un proble ‘Tony Stark’ se en la de e nt ie io proven importante. El Palad matándolo poco a a está poderosa armadur rá que r el problema tend lve so re ra poco, y pa mo la co do struos del pasa ce enfrentarse a mon ha e pr m sie tema que figura de su padre, or sarcástico que lo m a un lado con el hu n rhéroe contará co pe su El . iza er caract e qu aliados el apoyo de nuevos isterio. m an gr un n envuelve ‘War Machine’, su nuevo aliado

Omar Ramos Ciudad de México q_d]obqankjh]oejpa) nnkc]jpaomqa`af“h] lneian]ajpnac]`a EnkjI]jajah.,,4 ¼MqŠl]o]nŽ]_kjh] lk`anko]]ni]`qn]`aÐPkjuOp]ngÑ; l k`anko]]ni]`qn]`aÐPkjuOp]ngÑ; ¼?qƒhoanŽ]h]na]__e“j`ahck^eanjk `aolqŠo`anarah]noqe`ajpe`]`;¼Ok) ^narerenƒah_]neoiƒpe_kailnao]nek ]oq]nnkc]j_e];¼Uah]_pknmqahk ejpanlnap](d]nƒoqjqar]re`]_kik oqlanaopnahh];Pk`]oh]olnacqjp]o oanƒj_kjpaop]`]olneiankajIŠte) _k(mqaajahnaopk`ahiqj`k(ajah aopnajk`ah]_ejp](]na]hev]noai]’]j]( aj5,,o]h]o`ahl]Žo* ÎNarah]nmqaÐOp]ngÑaoÐEnkjI]jÑ devkmqah]_ejp]bqan]d]_e]qj]`ena_) _e“j`ebanajpa]h]okpn]o]`]lp]_ekjao `a_“ie_oleajokmqabqaqj]okhq_e“j iqunabnao_]jpa(ajhqc]n`ai]jpa) janoqe`ajpe`]`]haopehk`aÐ>]pi]jÑ( hkmqap]i^eŠjjko`ekqjoejj˜iank `alkoe^ehe`]`aomqakpn]o_ejp]o`aoq) landŠnkaojkni]hiajpajkpeajajÏ( `efkCsujapdL]hpnks(mqeajnalepa_k) ikh]ej_kj`e_ekj]hÐLallanLkpoÑ* L]n]EnkjI]j.(ÐPkjuOp]ngÑ$Nk^anp @ksjauFn*%iqaopn]]hiqj`khko^a) jabe_eko`aoq]ni]`qn](nah]jv]j`k Op]ngAtlk(qj]atlkoe_e“j_na]`]lkn oqb]hha_e`kl]`nal]n]h]oejjkr]_ek) jaodqi]jep]ne]oejolen]`]olknoq pa_jkhkcŽ](ieajpn]omqaahck^ean) jk`aAop]`koQje`ko*ejoeopaajmqa ÐPkjuÑajpnacqaoq]ni]narkhq_ekj]) ne]]hkoiehep]nao* Lankhkolnk^hai]ol]n]ahlnkp]) ckjeop]jkpaniej]j]dŽ*ÐEr]jR]jgkÑ $Ie_gauNkqnga%(qj]becqn]ieopaneko] `ahl]o]`k`ah]b]iehe]ÐOp]ngÑ(peajah] ejpaj_e“j`a`aopnqen]ÐPkjuÑ(nara) h]j`koqlnkle]]ni]bqhiej]jpa*


Jueves 29 de abril de 2010

29

FOTOS: CORTESÍA PARAMOUNT

Iron reforzado

rellas como Scarlett Johansson y el noey Rourke, la segunda parte de El hommete un filme cargado de emoción

H]lnaoajp]_e“j`ahjqarkrehh]jk ejpanlnap]`klknNkqnga(hh]i]`k ÐSdelh]odÑ(aoqjk`ahkolqjpko_h]ra ajh]_ejp](aj`kj`aoaejrkhq_n]qj] aola_p]_qh]nna_na]_e“j`ahCn]j`Lnet `aI“j]_kuh]`aopnq__e“j`a-0]qpko `a_]nnan]o* ÎReoepŠr]ne]o_ƒn_ahaoajNqoe]l]n] _kilnaj`an_“ikklan]ahoeopai] _h]j`aopejk`aaoparehh]jk*P]i^eŠjhaŽ ok^naah]npa`ahkop]pq]faoajlneoe“j u]lnaj`Žahoecjebe_]`kl]npe_qh]n`a _]`]qjk* ÎPn]^]fŠ_kjqjajpnaj]`kn`a ]_ajpkou`e__e“jpnaodkn]o]h`Ž](oaeo `Ž]o]h]oai]j]l]n]]lnaj`an]lnk) jqj_e]nqjlƒnn]bkajnqokÏ(`efkIe_) gauNkqnga(ok^naoqlanokj]fa* ?kikajpk`]^qaj]lahŽ_qh]`a]_) _e“j`aopej]`]]hran]jk(hkoaba_pko aola_e]haofqac]jqjl]lahlneikn`e]h ajEnkjI]j.(l]n]Csujapdahaop]n nk`a]`]`al]jp]hh]oran`aohana_kn`“ ]h]atlaneaj_e]iƒo^ƒoe_]ajqj]_) pkn6ahpa]pnk* ÎFkj$B]rnaq(`ena_pkn%pn]p“`ad]_an pk`kp]jna]h_kikbqan]lkoe^ha(la) nkajqj]lahŽ_qh]`a]__e“joeailna d]uikiajpkoajh]l]jp]hh]ran`a( lknmqaaokhhar]h]_ejp]]qjoecqeajpa jerah*Ao_kik_q]j`kpn]^]f]oajqj ao_aj]nekpa]pn]h(h]l]jp]hh]pak^hec] ]ei]cej]nqjiqj`k]hna`a`kn`ah pqukÏ(`efkh]]_pnev(mqeajpqrkmqa ei]cej]niq_d]oatlhkoekjao(`eol]) nkourqahko* =`aiƒo`ah]noaj]h`ahdki^na`a deannk(kpnklqjpk_h]raajh]_ejp]aoah oahhkmqaNk^anp@ksjauFn*d]eilna) ok]hlanokj]fa`aI]nrah?“ie_o* Ahdqiknmqahkcn“iqu^qaj]o _nŽpe_]oajh]lneian]ajpnac]oanalepa( ]dkn]naol]h`]`klknO]iNk_gsahh ajahl]lah`aÐFqopejD]iianÑ(ahaja)

ieck_kian_e]hj˜iankqjk`ah]o ailnao]oOp]ng* ÎLeajokmqal]npa`ah]pn]_perk`a ÐPkjuOp]ngÑaooqaoaj_e](qjdki^na `]’]`kuqj]becqn]_kilhe_]`]*Leaj) okmqanalnaoajp]ahh]`kko_qnk`a pk`kojkokpnkouh]aolan]jv]`amqa ok^nal]oaiko]jqaopnko`aikjeko( Šhaoh]lanokjebe_]_e“j`aaokÏ(klej“h] ]_pnev(mqeajpeajaqjnkhiƒo]_perkaj aop]oacqj`]ajpnac]* Oac˜jCsujapdL]hpnks(l]n]pk`ko hkoejrkhq_n]`koajahlnkua_pkEnkj I]j(napki]nh]oneaj`]o`aqjŠte) pk`ap]mqehh]_kikŠopabqaoaj_ehhk( u]mqapajŽ]jpk`kahnaol]h`k`ah] lneian]_ejp](_kjk_Ž]joqolanokj]) faoud]_e]`“j`ahhac]nŽ]j*=`aiƒo( ah]nne^k`ajqar]obecqn]o(nabnao_“ah lnk_aok`abehi]_e“j* ÎPn]^]f]n_kjO_]nhappbqacaje]h(lkn) mqa^nej`]qjjqarkjerah(ajaola_e]h ajh]nah]_e“j`aÐLallanÑuÐPkjuÑ(u] mqaoeailnad]uqj]n]v“jl]n]mqa jkaopŠjfqjpko(u]dkn]aop]_de_](mqa aoqj]^ki^](d]_amqaÐLallanÑoa o]hc]`a_kjpnkhÏ(atlnao“L]hpnksok) ^nah]o]_pnevmqaejpanlnap]]ÐH]Req`] Jacn]Ñ* =hecq]hmqah]lneian]_ejp](Enkj I]j.oaaj_]iej]d]_e]ah]i^e_ekok lnkua_pk`aI]nrah(Pda=rajcano( lh]ja]`kl]n]h]jv]noaajah.,-.(aj `kj`aÐDqhgÑ$A`s]n`Jknpkj%(ÐAh_]le) pƒj=iŠne_]Ñ$?dneoAr]jo%(aÐEnkjI]jÑ qjenƒjbqanv]o* L]hpnksjko]^aoeoanƒpk) i]`]aj_qajp]l]n]aop] _kj_hqoe“j(oejai^]nck( `e_amqad]`eobnqp]) `k_]`]iejqpk `aoqb]_ap]_k) ikdankŽj]ah _eja*

lossecretos Durante la preproducción, Scarlett Johansson se sometió a un riguroso programa de entrenamiento bajo la supervisión del coordinador de acrobacias, Tommy Harper. El director, Jon Favreau, interpreta el papel de ‘Happy Hogan’, guardaespaldas y chofer de ‘Tony Stark’.

‘War Machine’

Debido al inad ec ‘Tony Stark’, uado comportamiento de su amigo, el co ro Rhodey Rhode s’ se ve oblig nel ‘James medidas drás ad o a tomar tica ‘War Machine s, y gracias a ello veremos ’ en acción. Lo a acero entablar s án vistosas ba personajes de del villano ‘W tallas en cont hiplas ra resentimient h’, quien guarda un gran o por ‘Tony St ar modelo está equipado con k’. Este alguna armas distinta s a la de ‘Iron s Man’.

El rodaje de la cinta comenzó en Pasadena, California, y el equipo tuvo la aprobación del Departamento de Defensa para tener acceso a numerosos aviones, vehículos y otros equipos militares.




`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

QBTBUJFNQPT

[bj_[cfe Yehh[e6c_b[d_eYeb_cW$Yec$cn

YhkY_]hWcW

ikZeak

1

2

3

4

5

6

10 12 17

18

23

24 27

19

20

21

32 36

40

37

42

38

43 45 47

49 žFbWd[jIodZ_YWj_ed

IebkY_ŒdZ[bWdj[h_eh

33

41

44

J[bƒ\edei Z[_dj[hƒi

22

29

35 39

16

25

31

46

15

28

34

Bb[dWYWZWikX#YkWZh‡YkbWZ[)n)Yedbei d‘c[heiZ[b'Wb/WfWhj_hZ[beigk[oW[ij|d i[‹WbWZei[dYWZWY[bZW"f[hedeh[f_jWi d_d]‘dd‘c[he[dkdWc_icW\_bW"YebkcdWe ikXYkWZh‡YkbW$

9

14

30

?dijhkYY_ed[i0

8

11

13

26

7

>EH?PEDJ7B;I0'$:[\[diWYedjhW[b \h‡e$,$;nY_jWh"Wb[djWh$'&$7l["|diWh fbkhWb$''$CedeZ[YebWbWh]W$'($

48 50

;if[Y_[Z[Y^epW$'*$F[ped[i$'-$ :_ei"[djh[beickikbcWd[i$'.$:[`ƒ Z[^WY[hWb]e$(($BWfh_c[hWck`[h

8_Xb_W$()$I‡cXebegk‡c_Ye ',$;Y^ŒiWb$'/$;dcWoeh Z[bYeXWbje$(*$Ckhe"jWf_W$ YWdj_ZWZ$ (&$ Gk[ j_[d[ (+$9kWh[djWodk[l["[d beiYebeh[iZ[bWhYe_h_i$('$ d‘c[hei hecWdei$ (,$ 7Xh[l_WjkhWZ[j[bƒ\ede$ FWjhedW"Zk[‹W$(.$H[\k# (-$7bjWh$(/$J[hc_dWY_Œd ]_e"WcfWhe$(/$:_ijhW‡Ze$ Z[Z_c_dkj_le$)'$;cXki# )&$BWXhWhbWj_[hhWYed[b j[hW"jhWcfeiW$))$<k]WZW" WhWZe$)($9[hYWZe"lWbbW$)*$ [iYWfWZW$)*$:Whef_d_Œd$ H[pWh$)+$?]kWbZWZZ[d_l[b )+$H‡eZ[;khefWeYY_Z[d# Z[bWiYeiWi$)-$H[Y_f_[dj[ jWb$),$7di_WZ[X[X[h$).$ fWhWX[X[h$)/$9ehh[ŒdZ[ CebkiYeibWc[b_XhWdgk_ei bWi_bbW[dgk[i[WÅWdpW Z[ZeXb[YedY^W$*&$>WY[h [bbWpe$*($7d_gk_bWZe"Z[i# hk_ZekdWYeiW$*'$FWiWh jhk_Ze"l[dY_Ze$**$Ied_Ze [bhWi[hefehbWc[Z_ZWZ[ W]hWZWXb[$*+$Gk[i[Y_jW |h_Zei$*($9e][h"W]WhhWh$ j[njkWbc[dj[$*,$:WhWl_ie$ *)$:‡Y[i[Z[Y_[hjWi\hkjWi *.$<bejWXWoWlWdpWXW[d ckoZ[b_YWZWi$*-$:_ei[]_f# [bW]kWcel_[dZebWi[njh[# Y_eZ[bIeb$*.$D[]WY_Œd$ c_ZWZ[i$*/$FeYeYec‘d BWkhWJehh[iCWhj‡d[p e\h[Yk[dj[$+&$;nfh[iWZe l[hXWbc[dj[$ IEBK9?ÕD7B7DJ;H?EH L;HJ?97B;I0 ($ CWiW IEBK9?ÕD7B7DJ;H?EH ]hWdZ[ Z[ f_[ZhW$ Y U N E S L O P E Z )$H‡eZ[F[h‘$*$?hW P P E R I A R O N B A C X O C H I T L M A ]Wbef[$ +$ I‡cXebe N A H S I O H A N gk‡c_Ye Z[b eic_e$ A S I S M E S S E N A ,$7dj[iC[h_Z_Wde$-$ L I D G A L O S R O L D[jei"fkhei"YbWhei$ A M O L L O A R .$>_[be"[d_d]bƒi$/$ C O L G O D O Y E T A 7feZe"ieXh[decXh[$ E R G O S A N E R I N '($ O[]kW Z[ feYW R I O C L O A R O WbpWZW$')$7hWhbWj_[hhW C N J A L I S C O A N \ehcWdZebecei$'+$ A S A C O O I D O A P A L O S S O A S A 7di_eiei"YeZ_Y_eiei$

8ecX[hei9eb_cW)'(#+.+.š8ecX[heiL_bbWZ[ÎblWh[p)''#,&,,š9hkpHe`W9eb_cW)')#.-.-š9hkpHe`WJ[Yec|d)(*#'&&'š9hkpHe`W7hc[h‡W)((#&-'&š9hkpHe`WCWdpWd_bbe)),#+--&šFhej[YY_Œd9_l_b9eb_cW)')#&)''š Fhej[YY_Œd9_l_bJ[Yec|d)(*#&('+šFhej[YY_Œd9_l_bC_dWj_jb|d)),#&&/'šFhej[YY_Œd9_l_b9kWk^j[ceY)(.#&.&/šFhej[YY_Œd9_l_bCWdpWd_bbe)),#-)&&šF<F9eb_cW)(.#&-(+šF<FJ[Yec|d)(*#+&+&šF<FCWdpWd_bbe)),# +,--šFeb_Y_W;ijWjWbFh[l[dj_lW)'(#(&/&š7d][b[iL[hZ[i9eb_cW)),#,,&&šJh|di_jeoL_Wb_ZWZ9eb_cW)'*#/('(šJh|di_jeoL_Wb_ZWZ9egk_cWjb|d)()#&'''šJh|di_jeoL_Wb_ZWZCWdpWd_bbe)((#'/*,šJh|di_jeoL_Wb_ZWZL_bbW Z[ÎblWh[p)',#))',šJh|di_jeoL_Wb_ZWZ7hc[h‡W)((#&'/'š


Y_d[<

`k[l[i(/Z[ 7Xh_bZ[(&'&

Y_d[

)'

9edj_d‘W[dYWhj[b[hW 9edj_d‘W[dYWhj[b[hW IjWhZkij0[bc_ij[h_e C_L[Y_de[ikd;if‡W 8eX>e[ikd[if‡WY^_degk[YebWXehWYedbW9?7fWhW Z[bW[ijh[bbW Z[j[d[hWFebZWha"kdºYec[hY_Wdj[»gk[^W[ijWZe ;ijW^_ijeh_WYec_[dpW[dkdWf[# iWb_[dZeYed=_bb_Wd"cWZh[iebj[hWZ[jh[id_‹eio l[Y_dWZ[8eX$FeYeZ[ifkƒiZ[YWfjkhWhWFebZWha" gk[‹WY_kZWZZ[?d]bWj[hhWogk[ =_bb_Wdj_[d[gk[iWb_hZ[bWY_kZWZ"o8eXi[e\h[Y[W j[hc_dW[dbk]Wh[igk[[n_ij[d Yk_ZWhWbeid_‹ei"i_diWX[hgk[ƒijWi[h|bWc_i_Œd c|iZ_\‡Y_bZ[jeZWikl_ZW$ iŒbe[d[bh[_deZ[bW_cW]_dWY_Œd$

[d9eb_cW

 9ec[djWh_eioik][h[dY_WiYehh[e6c_b[d_eYeb_cW$Yec$cn ;dYWhj[b[hW  799?ÕD <kh_WZ[J_jWd[i 8

:H7C7

7ijhe8eo 7 ;d[bckdZe\kjkh_ijWZ[C[jhe9_jo"kdW h[bkY_[dj[c[jhŒfeb_i[d[bY_[be"[bXh_bbWdj[ Y_[dj‡\_Ye:h$J[dcWYh[WW7ijhe8eofWhW h[cfbWpWhWb^_`egk[WYWXWZ[f[hZ[h" fhe]hWcWdZeikYh[WY_ŒdYedbWic[`eh[i YkWb_ZWZ[iolWbeh[iZ[beii[h[i^kcWdei" WZ[c|iZ[ejeh]Whb[[njhWehZ_dWh_eii‘f[h feZ[h[i$7ijhe8eoj[dZh|kdl_W`[bb[deZ[ Wl[djkhWi[dX‘igk[ZWZ[ik_Z[dj_ZWZo Z[ij_de$ J_jkbeeh_]_dWb07ijhe8eo%FW‡iEh_][d0>ed]# Aed]%;$K$7$%@WfŒd%:_h[Yjeh0:Wl_Z8em[hi% :khWY_Œd0/*c_d$%7‹e0(&&/

;b9edgk_ijWZeh 8'+

J>H?BB;H BW?ibWI_d_[ijhW 8'+

9_dƒfeb_i0:_Wh_e0:E80',0(&%'.0)&%(&0)& DWY_ZeoYh_WZeYecekd^ecXh["F[hi[ede fk[Z[[l_jWhiWblWhWik\Wc_b_WZ[>WZ[i"kd l[d]Wj_leZ_eiZ[b_d\hWckdZe1YeddWZWgk[ f[hZ[h"F[hi[ei[e\h[Y[W[cfh[dZ[hkdW c_i_ŒdfWhWZ[hhejWhW>WZ[iWdj[iZ[gk[b[ Whh[XWj[[bfeZ[hWP[kioZ[iWjWhkdWkjƒdj_Ye _d\_[hde[dbWJ_[hhW$9eceb‡Z[hZ[kd]hkfeZ[ lWb_[dj[i]k[hh[hei"F[hi[e_d_Y_Wkdf[b_]heie l_W`[gk[bebb[lWWckdZeifhe^_X_Zeiobe [d\h[djWh|WZ[ced_eioX[ij_Wij[hh_Xb[i"f[he iŒbefeZh|ieXh[l_l_hi_WY[fjWikfeZ[hZ[Z_ei oZ[Y_Z[YWcX_Whikfhef_eZ[ij_de$ J_jkbeeh_]_dWb09bWi^E\J^[J_jWdi%:_h[Yjeh0 Bek_iB[j[hh_[h%7Yjeh[i0IWcMehj^_d]jed" B_WcD[[ied"7b[nW:WlWbei"=[ccW7hj[hjed %=ƒd[he07YY_Œd%9bWi_\_YWY_Œd08%:khWY_Œd0 '&,c_di$%FW‡iEh_][d0;$K%7‹e0(&'&

CWj_dƒ[:ec0'(0(&%'*0(&

7L;DJKH7 BWJ_[hhWC[Z_W 8'+ o;bJ[iehe:[b:hW]ŒdIeb_jWh_e

9_dƒfeb_iCWdpWd_bbe0:_Wh_e0:E8):0

'*0)&%'-0&&CWj_dƒ[:ec0'(0&& :_Wh_e0IK8):0'/0)&%((0&& :_Wh_e0IK80'+0&&%',0'+%'-0)&%'.0*+%(&0&&% ('0'+%((0)&CWj_dƒ[:ec0''0'+%'(0)&%')0*+ 9_dƒfeb_i0:_Wh_e0IK8):0'*0+&%'-0(&%'/0*&% ((0'&CWj_dƒ[:ec0'(0(& :_Wh_e0IK80'*0(&%',0*+%'/0'&%('0*& :_Wh_e0:E80',0&&%'.0(+%('0&& CWj_dƒ[:ec0')0*&

C_L[Y_de[ikd;if‡W 7 8eX>e[ikd[nW][dj[Z[bW9?7gk[Wb]kdW l[p[ijkleWYeijkcXhWZeWYecXWj_h Z[b_dYk[dj[ioYh_c_dWb[i$I_d[cXWh]e"dWZW be^Wfh[fWhWZefWhWikc|ihkZWc_i_Œd0 Yk_ZWhWbei^_`eiZ[ikdel_W"YeiWgk[dei[h| \|Y_b[dWXiebkje$FWhWYebceZ[cWb[i"jeZei[ iWbZh|Z[YedjhebYkWdZekdeZ[beiY^_gk_j_d[i eXj[d]WWYY_Z[djWbc[dj[kdW\ŒhckbWi[Yh[jW Z[_dj[hd[j"Yedbegk[fheleYWgk[[bc|n_ce [d[c_]eZ[8eX"kdj[hheh_ijWhkie"f[hi_]WW beiY^_YeiYed_dj[dY_ed[ifeYeWc_ijeiWi$ J_jkbeeh_]_dWb0J^[IfoD[nj:eeh%:_h[Yjeh0 8h_WdB[lWdj%7Yjeh[i0@WYa_[9^Wd"7cX[h LWbb[jjW"CWZ[b_d[9Whhebb"%:khWY_Œd0/*c_di$ %FW‡iEh_][d0;$K$%7‹e0(&'&

9_dƒfeb_iCWdpWd_bbe0

:_Wh_e0:E80'/0(+%('0*+ 9_dƒfeb_i0 :_Wh_e0:E80'+0&&%'-0&&%'.0++%(&0+&

;ijWf[b‡YkbW"Z[bdec_dWZeWbÕiYWhI[h][_ 8eZhel"Yk[djWbW_dYh[‡Xb[l_ZWZ[=[d]_i A^Wd"Ykoel[hZWZ[hedecXh[[hWJ[ck]_d$ ;ij[b[][dZWh_e`[\[Z[bWi\k[hpWiWhcWZWi Z[Ced]eb_W\k[kdeZ[beic|i]hWdZ[i Yedgk_ijWZeh[iZ[bW^_ijeh_WZ[bW^kcWd_ZWZ$ ;djh[[b\_dZ[bi_]beN??o[bfh_dY_f_eZ[bN??? be]hŒkd_hbWijh_XkiZ[Ced]eb_WoYh[Œkd _cf[h_e]_]Wdj[iYeYecfWhWXb[WbZ[7b[`WdZhe CW]de$ J_jkbeeh_]_dWb0Ced]eb%:_h[Yjeh0I[h][_ 8eZhel%7Yjeh[i0JWZWdeXk7iWde">ed]b[_ Ikd"A^kbWd9^kbkkd%=ƒd[he0:hWcW% 9bWi_\_YWY_Œd08#'+%:khWY_Œd0'(+c_di$%FW‡i Eh_][d0<hWdY_W%7‹e0(&&-

9_dƒfeb_i0

:_Wh_e0IK80',0(&%'/0&+%('0)& KdWdWl[[ifWY_WbWj[hh_pWXhkiYWc[dj[ [dbWDehk[]Wl_a_d]WZ[bi_]beL?$;b‘d_Ye ikf[hl_l_[dj[[iAW_dWd@_c9Wl_[p[b"kd ]k[hh[heWgk_[dWfh[iWdZ[iZ[ikbb[]WZW ogk[l_[d[WYecfW‹WZeZ[Ceehm[d"kd cedijhke"Z[Y_Z_ZeWl[d]WhbW[nj_dY_ŒdZ[ ikhWpW$AW_dWdiWblWbWl_ZWZ[bh[o"ojWcX_ƒd [ij|[dƒbh[iYWjWhWbeiZ[c|ic_[cXheiZ[ bWjh_Xk"f[hefWhW[ieZ[X[h|Z[ijhk_hWbW j[hh_Xb[X[ij_Wgk[WdZWik[bjW$ J_jkbeeh_]_dWb0EkjbWdZ[h%:_h[Yjeh0>emWhZ CY9W_d%7Yjeh[i0HedF[hbcWd"@e^d>khj"@_c 9Wl_[p[b"Ief^_WCob[i%=ƒd[he07l[djkhWi% 9bWi_\_YWY_Œd08#'+%:khWY_Œd0''+c_di$%FW‡i Eh_][d0;ijWZeiKd_Zei%7b[cWd_W%7‹e0(&&.

9_dƒfeb_iCWdpWd_bbe0

:_Wh_e0IK80',0*+%'/0&&%('0)& CWj_dƒ[:ec0''0*+%'*0'+ 9_dƒfeb_i0 :_Wh_e0IK80'+0'&%'-0)+%'/0+&%((0&+

9EC;:?7#799?ÕD ;b9WpWH[Yecf[diWi 8

KdIk[‹eFei_Xb[ 7 C_Y^W[bE^[hGk_djed7Whed[ikd WZeb[iY[dj[gk[i[bWi_d][d_WfWhWieXh[l_l_h$ 9kWdZeB[_]^7dd[Jke^o8kbbeYabe [dYk[djhWYWc_dWdZefehbWYWbb["ƒbb[Z_Y[ gk[[ikdeZ[beiYecfW‹[heiZ[YbWi[Z[ ik^_`W$Begk[Yec_[dpWYecekd][ije Z[XedZWZj[hc_dWi_[dZeWb]eckY^e c|i_cfehjWdj[fWhWC_Y^W[b"fk[ibb[]W Yedl[hj_hi[[dc_[cXheZ[bW\Wc_b_WJke^o" gk[beWd_cWWYedl[hj_hi[[dkdXh_bbWdj[ `k]WZehZ[\kjXebWc[h_YWde$ J_jkbeeh_]_dWb0J^[8b_dZI_Z[%:_h[Yjeh0@e^d B[[>WdYeYa%7Yjeh[i0Gk_djed7Whed"IWdZhW 8kbbeYa"J_cCY=hWm"@W[>[WZ%:khWY_Œd0'(. %FW‡iEh_][d0;ijWZeiKd_Zei%7‹e0(&&/

9_dƒfeb_i0:_Wh_e0IK80',0*&%'/0)&%((0'& CWj_dƒ[:ec0')0+&

:H7C7#7L;DJKH7 HeYaCWh‡ 7

B[edWhZe:_9Wfh_elk[bl[WjhWXW`WhYed [bZ_h[YjehCWhj_dIYehi[i["[ijWl[pfWhW _dj[hfh[jWhWJ[ZZo:Wd_[bi"kdc_b_jWhgk[ _dl[ij_]WbWc_ij[h_eiWZ[iWfWh_Y_ŒdZ[kdW ck`[h"_dj[hdWZW[dkd^eif_jWbfi_gk_|jh_Ye fehYecfehjWc_[djeYh_c_dWb$JeZWibWif_ijWi Z[:Wd_[bibb[lWdWgk[bWck`[h^W^k_ZeWbW h[cejWI^kjj[h?ibWdZ"kdbk]Wh[d[bgk[ƒb c_iceYehh[[bh_[i]eZ[lebl[hi[beYe$ J_jkbeeh_]_dWb0I^kjj[h?ibWdZ%:_h[Yjeh0 CWhj_dIYehi[i[%7Yjeh[i0B[edWhZe:_ 9Wfh_e"CWhaHk\\Wbe"8[dA_d]ib[o"C_Y^[bb[ M_bb_Wci%=ƒd[he0J^h_bb[h%9bWi_\_YWY_Œd08#'+ %:khWY_Œd0').c_di$%FW‡iEh_][d0;ijWZei Kd_Zei%7‹e0(&'&

9_dƒfeb_iCWdpWd_bbe0

:_Wh_e0IK80',0)&%'/0'+%((0'+ CWj_dƒ[:ec0')0'+ 9_dƒfeb_i0 :_Wh_e0IK80'+0*&%'.0*+%('0+& CWj_dƒ[:ec0')0&&

CC9_d[cWi 7l$CWh‡W7^kcWZWZ[=Œc[po;dh_gk[9ehedW Ceh\‡dDe$)-'"9eb$9Wcf[ijh["FbWpWºIeh_WdW»" L$Z[7$"9eb$

J[b$)'#'#)(#') mmm$ccY_d[cWi$Yec 7:C?I?ÕD0 =;D;H7B0+&%C_ƒhYeb[i0), '§$<kdY_Œd%;ijkZ_Wdj[i%D_‹ei[?DI;D0*(

9_dƒfeb_i 9EB?C70)[h$7d_bbeF[h_\ƒh_YeDe$)&'";ig$7l$ ?]dWY_eIWdZelWb"FbWpWP[djhWb_W$9eb_cW C7DP7D?BBE0FWi[eZ[bWi=Wl_ejWi De$*+&"IWbW]kW 

J[b$)(),(()9eb_cW )'*))+,*+.IWbW]kW"Cpe$ mmm$Y_d[feb_i$Yec$cn

7D?C79?ÕD 9Œce;djh[dWhWJk:hW]Œd 7

7:C?I?ÕDCWdpWd_bbe0 =[d[hWb*/ C_ƒhYeb[i[nY[fjeZ_Wi\[ij_lei0)( CWj_dƒ[i"d_‹ei")[hW$[ZWZ o[ijkZ_Wdj[iZ[B#LYedYh[Z[dY_Wb0)Fhe^_X_ZWbW[djhWZWWc[deh[iZ['W‹e

;ijWY_djWZ[Wd_cWY_ŒddWhhWbW^_ijeh_WZ[ >_YYkf>ehh[dZeki>WZZeYa???"^[h[Z[heWb jhedel_a_d]e"gk_[dj_[d[[bf[gk[‹e]hWd fheXb[cWZ[dei[h[bj‡f_YedŒhZ_YehkX_e \ehd_ZeZ[jh[ic[jheiYedWbcWZ[^ƒhe[$ ;dl_WZefehEZ_d">_YYkfZ[X[h|bb[lWhWYWXeik _d_Y_WY_Œd"gk[_dlebkYhW[dYedjhWhoZec_dWhWb ZhW]Œdc|i\[hep"f[hei[[dYk[djhWYed[bc|i f[gk[‹eoi_dZ_[dj[i"begk[bb[lWh|WbZ‘e [dkdWWl[djkhWfWhWZ[ceijhWhgk[fk[Z[d [d\h[djWhjeZWibWiWZl[hi_ZWZ[i$ J_jkbeeh_]_dWb0>emJeJhW_dOekh:hW]ed% :_h[Yjeh0:[Wd:[8be_io9^h_iIWdZ[hi% :khWY_Œd0/-%FW‡iEh_][d0;ijWZeiKd_Zei% 7‹e0(&'&

9_dƒfeb_iCWdpWd_bbe0

:_Wh_e0:E80'+0&+%'-0'&CWj_dƒ[:ec0')0&& 9_dƒfeb_i0:_Wh_e0:E80',0'&%'.0'&%(&0'& CWj_dƒ[:ec0'(0'&%'*0'&

C_be8eoZ=[hWhZ8kjb[h[ikdYWpW h[Yecf[diWiYedcWbWik[hj["f[heYedi_]k[ kdjhWXW`eZ[[dik[‹eYkWdZe[iWi_]dWZeW [dYedjhWhWik[n[ifeiW"bWh[fehj[hWD_Yeb[ >khbo@[dd_\[h7d_ijed"gk_[ddei[fh[i[djŒ W`k_Y_eZ[ifkƒiZ[fW]WhkdW\_WdpW$xbf_[diW gk[jeZebegk[i_]k[[iWb]e\|Y_b"f[heYkWdZe D_Yeb[i[b[[iYWfWfWhWfeZ[hf[hi[]k_hkd Wi[i_dWjegk[^Wi_Ze[dYkX_[hje"C_bei[ZW Yk[djWgk[de^WodWZWgk[i[W\|Y_b[djh[ [bbeiZei$ J_jkbeeh_]_dWb0J^[8ekdjo>kdj[h%:_h[Yjeh0 7dZoJ[ddWdj%7Yjeh[i0@[dd_\[h7d_ijed" =[hWhZ8kjb[h%=ƒd[he07YY_Œd%9bWi_\_YWY_Œd0 8%:khWY_Œd0'''c_di$%FW‡iEh_][d0;ijWZei Kd_Zei%7‹e0(&'&

9_dƒfeb_iCWdpWd_bbe0

:_Wh_e0IK80'-0)&%'/0*+%((0'& CWj_dƒ[:ec0'(0'+%'*0*+ 9_dƒfeb_i0 :_Wh_e0IK80'*0)&%',0*&%'/0&&%('0'&

7:C?I?ÕD9eb_cW0 :[B#:"Z[ifk[iZ[bWi'+0&&^hi0++ HeYaCWh‡[ikdWd_‹WZ[''W‹ei"gk[bb[lW bWc‘i_YW[dbWiWd]h[oik[‹WYedi[hkdW YWdjWdj[Z[heYa$7dj[kdjh|]_Ye[l[dje" ikiik[‹eii[l[dWc[dWpWZeioZ[Y_Z[ [cfh[dZ[hkdl_W`[`kdjeWikc[`ehWc_]e" 8Wgk[jW"fWhW[dYedjhWhik[iY[dWh_eoWi‡ WbYWdpWhikic[jWi$ J_jkbeeh_]_dWb0HeYaCWh‡%:_h[Yjeh09^WlW 9WhjWi%7Yjeh[i0CWh_Wdƒ=”[h[‹W":Wc_|d D‘‹[p":ebeh[i>[h[Z_W"7hY[b_WHWc‡h[p"Bkc_ 9WlWpei"CWh_e9Wi_bbWi":Wd_[bCWhj‡d[p" LWd[iiW9_Wd]^[hejj_oHW\W[b7cWoW$% 9bWi_\_YWY_Œd7%:khWY_Œd0'&*c_d$%FW‡i Eh_][d0Cƒn_Ye%7‹e0(&'&

9_dƒfeb_iCWdpWd_bbe0

:_Wh_e0;IF0',0&&%'.0'+%(&0*+ CWj_dƒ[:ec0''0(&%')0)& 9_dƒfeb_i0 :_Wh_e0;IF0'+0)&%'.0&&%(&0)& CWj_dƒ[:ec0')0(&

C_ƒhYeb[i[nY[fjeZ_Wi\[ij_lei0). CWj_dƒ[iWdj[i'+0&&"d_‹eio)[hW$[ZWZ** ;ijkZ_Wdj[iZ[B#LYedYh[Z[dY_Wb0** Fhe^_X_ZWbW[jdhWZWWc[deh[iZ[)W‹ei IWbWZ_]_jWb07Zkbje-)%d_‹eio)hW[ZWZ,.

=EB:;D9?D;C7N <[b_f[I[l_bbWZ[bH‡e(&'"BeYWb,*"@WhZ_d[iZ[ L_ijW>[hceiW9eb_cW"9eb$

J[b$)'#(#&'#-) mmm$Y_d[cWiZ[bYekdjho$Yec$cn% Fhe]hWcWY_Œdik`[jWWYWcX_ei_dfh[l_eWl_ie


Edición del Jueves 29 de Abril de 2010  

Periódico de Colima

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you