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Micronesia & the Pacific: Palau, Guam, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnopei, Kosrae, Marshalls, Hawaii and Manila


Guaranteeing Quality Education Palau Community College (PCC) a post-secondary vocational/technical and academic institution, takes pride in providing well-rounded, quality instruction through its diverse faculty and staff. PCC now offers twenty-two (22) programs, allowing students to obtain AA, AS, AAS and ATS degrees, in various fields. The PCC Continuing Education program offers short-term training designed to help working professionals upgrade their knowledge base, or leam a new skill to help them advance in their career.

School of Arts & Sciences Agricultural Science Criminal Justice „ Education: z Early Childhood Education z Elementary Education z Secondary Education z Special Education „ Enviromental/Marine Science „ Liberal Arts „ Library & information Services „ Nursing „ Palauan Studies „ Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM) „ Disciplines Program

School of Business Business Accounting Business Administration „ Information Technology „ Office Administration „ Tourism & Hospitality z Food & Beverage Operations z Hospitality Management z Hotel Operations z Tour Services

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School of Technical Education „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „

Air Conditioning & Refrigeration Technology Architectural Drafting Automotive Body Repair Automotive Mechanics Technology Construction Technology Electrical Technology General Electric Technology Small Engine & Outboard Marine Technology

Cooperative Research & Extension (CRE): A land Grant System, PCC-CRE seeks to collaborate with partners and clients to generate, develop and disseminate practical and sustainable technologies and knowledge in agriculture, aquaculture, environment, food and human sciences to benefit the people of the Republic of Palau and the surrounding region.

Continuing Education (CE): Provides short-term training on just about any topic of interest.

ADDRESS: Palau Community College, P.O. Box 9, Koror, Palau 96940, Tel.: (680) 488-2470/2471, Fax: (680) 488-2447 E-mail PCC President: tellei@palau.edu or dahliapcc@palaunet.com, www.palau.edu Accredited by the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges (ACCJC) – Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC)


Table of Contents

From the Editor

--------------------- 3 WE RECOMMEND WHILE IN PALAU - - - - - - - - 5 PALAU: The World’s First Shark Sanctuary - - - - 6 Palau - Republic of BELAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 History of Mother and Child Monolith - - - - - - 12 DEVELOPMENT BANK GREENS PALAU - - - - - - - 13 Airai State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 Palauan Traditional Skills - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 Ngchesar State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 18 Melekeok State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 19 Ngiwal State, Babeldaob Island PALAU - - - - - - 20 Ngaraard State, Babeldaob Island, PALAU - - - - 21 Ngarchelong State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22 Ngardmau State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 Ngeremlengui State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 Ngadpang State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26 Aimeliik State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 27 Peleliu State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28 TBP&J Association - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 Angaur State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 Hatohobei State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 32 Sonsorol State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 33 Kayangel State, PALAU - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 34 A lobster in a time of war - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 35 Guam State, USA - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 36 Yap State, FSM - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 Outer Islands of Yap State, FSM - - - - - - - - - - - 42 Chuuk State, FSM - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 43 Pohnopei State, FSM - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 44 Kosrae State, FSM - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 45 Marshall Islands - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 46 PCC Tourism Club & its Tour-Guiding - - - - - - - 47 Saipan, CNMI - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 48 Oahu Island - Hawaii Islands, USA - - - - - - - - - 49 Bottom Fishing in Palau - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 51 Manila, Philippines – A Gate to Micronesia - - 52 Koror State, PALAU

Dear readers, I am very proud of my PCC students-students who hail from all over Micronesia-especially those from the Tourism & Hospitality - Tour Guiding & Planning Class and Tourism Club who are always ready to promote and give presentations of traditional skills, legends, and chants and dancing to our visitors. I am also proud of myself because this year I became a mother. I delivered my daughter Viki in March 2011. She is always with me during the student presentations for our visitors, and she is always very interested and attentive. It is an exciting time for my husband, her and me as well. The students who helped to create this 5th issue worked hard to get it all together, especially Herry, the Assistant-Editor-in-Chief. Thank you all - you make me very happy. I would also like to thank all the students and young people who also helped to prepare the Annual Charitable Auction (held each fall) to raise more funding for this issue and the shipping cost of the TRAVELER Magazine. In October 2011, we held the Auction for the 3rd time, and again, it was a very successful event. We would like to thank all the local business and individuals for their donations and all those who attended the Auction. As in previous years, the magazine will be sent to dive shops and travel agencies in Europe, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Asia. If you are interested to learn more, have any suggestions, or would like to donate, write to us at: dankainmicronesia@yahoo.com. Finally, I would also like to thank those who helped to create the TRAVELER Magazine-all the proofreaders and volunteers. Because of you all, we can again say TBP&J Association (Tourism, Business, Project & Journalism Association) and its projects are successful this year. THANK YOU ALL! Remember the TRAVELER Magazine is on line: www.dankainmicrtonesia.com/traveler.html and on Facebook. Have a nice time reading this issue. Please enjoy it. Danka Haskova Ledgerwood

Let’s Ta l k English

Palau

Yap

Kosrae

Pohnpei

Marshalls

Chuuk

Hello

Alii

Mogethin

Lenwo

Kaselhlie

Yokwe

Ran-anim

Thank you

Mesulang

Kammagar

Kulo

Kalangan

Komol tata

Kinisou

Bye

Mechikung

Kefel

Fah Osun

Kaselel

Bar loyuk

Kone no

How are you?

Ke uangerang?

Ke urgom?

Kom Fuhkah?

Lai Romw?

Ejet am mour?

Ifa usum?

I’m fine

Kmal Mesisiich

Bfel rogog

Nga Kuhna

Mattu

Emman

Pochekun

Stay connected with PNCC! PalauCel GSM-900 Mobile - Palau’s only nationwide coverage. Debusch cards = lowest rates. Prepaid Internet & Wi-Fi Hotspots. pncc@palaunet.com or www.palaunet.com

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Koror State, PALAU written by Huessein Derbai Seventy percent of Palau’s population of 20,000 lives in Koror State. Koror was the capital of the Republic of Palau until October 1, 2006 when Melekeok became the new capital. Nonetheless, Koror is still considered the commercial capital of Palau because all major infrastructures such as the shipping port, hospital, major shopping centers, hotels and restaurants are located here. Palau’s economy heavily depends on the tourism industry. Palau offers some of the best - if not the

best - diving, fishing and snorkeling experiences in the world. The Rock Islands have pristine white sandy beaches and I recommend going there at least once while in Palau. Koror is also home to the Dolphins Research Facility called Dolphin’s Pacific. TV shows “Survivor“ from the USA, France and the Philippines were filmed in Palau. My hometown is very small; it holds true to the statement “Big things come in small packages.“ I am proud to say I am from Koror.

Experience Family Time written by Charlotte Higa If you like to enjoy family time in Palau like Palauans do, go to Long Island. It is on the left side of Malakal Island. Coming from Koror, walk along the main street, passing Rock Island Café (on your left) and Ngarachamyong Cultural Center (on your right), until you reach a Y intersection where Palau Visitors Authotity (PVA) will be on your right side. At that intersection go straight ahead (veering left) along the building that has a $1.99 Store on your left side and

continue for about /2 mile along the main street, cross the bridge and then Long Island is on your left. When your are there you can relax in the hut or jump into the water or swim with your friends and loved ones. You can bring your picnic basket, drinks in a cooler (also music) and just relax and enjoy yourself. So, if you want to have a quality time, head to Long Island. It’s a perfect place to relax and have a memorable time. 1

Ngerielb - Legend of Ngermid written by Meleana Ngirmeriil An old woman and her daughter lived in the small hamlet of Ngerielb in Ngermid, in the State of Koror, which is situated near the water. One day their problems of poverty were compounded when the mother discovered that her daughter was pregnant. In Palau, in the olden days, an unmarried girl who became pregnant withhout having made at least a formal arrangement for marriage was strongly censured by the community, and the girl and her family were stigmatized for life. Thus, to avoid further disgrace, the mother cautioned her daughter to be particularly careful in observing all the traditional taboos on food for pregnant women. The daughter diligently obeyed her mother’s advice, and after several months she gave birth to a baby girl. The grandmother was still concerned that her daughter observe the rituals and avoid food that she was not supposed to eat. One day she cautioned her, “Daughter, you seem to like ‘keam’ (name of local nuts) but it is not good for women who have just given birth. I would advise you to abstain from eating it until you are strong.“ One day the grandmother went to the taro patch while her daughter stayed home to care for the baby.

The daughter could not resist eating “keam“ and cut one open, finding that one side of it was a bit larger than the other. As she was trying to get the meat out of the larger side, her mother came home. She was so surprised to see her mother that she left the house, went to the edge of the dock and jumped in to the water. The mother pleaded with her to return, and she began to cry, but to no avail. The daughter swam on futher, finally surfacing as a dugong. When the mother saw what happened, she lost all hope of her daughter ever returning. The mother wanted to honor her daughter and to have people remember her daughter’s fate. She sighed and spoke to her for the last time, “It is clear that you do not want to listen to me, so now your price is a ‘kluk’ (Palauan money) and this price will be paid as a tribute to a married woman.“ (Palauan people of ancient times believed dugong to be sea mermaids. Stories revolved around these gentle mammals shedding tears when threatened. A Palauan male wearing a bone extracted from the mammal’s spinal column was a display of courage and prestige.)

Islander Heritage: Authentic Palauan story boards, wooden and ethnic art work collections, jewelry and more souvenirs. Open daily. Tel.: 488-6889

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WE RECOMMEND WHILE IN PALAU: DINE AND HAVE A DRINK AT:

The TAJ Restaurant – An excellent Indian Restaurant (the best in Micronesia) with a variety of cocktails. It’s located on the 2nd floor, next to the Bank of Guam on the main street. Friday’s lunch buffet is only $14 and every day there is a Happy Hour from 5-7pm. Suriyothai at Kalvos – A Thai Restaurant on the main street (next to the Print Store and close to the TAJ Restaurant). It boasts a casual but excellent preparation of a very large menu of Thai meals in Koror. Dragon Tei Restaurant – Great Japanese restaurant on the main street about one block east of (on the same side as) Top Side Blue Bay Petroleum Gas Station (formerly Mobil). Kramer’s Restaurant & Bar – The spot to be for the ex-pat community, it features European, American, Mexican and Asian dishes. Each weekday there is a special dish for $10 or $12 (with soup). Closed on Sundays. Find it on Malakal Island (Koror State): turn left after the Palau Royal Resort (then right and left again). Jive Restaurant – Great Japanese and International meals with a beautiful view and ocean breeze. During low tide you can see giant clams as well. (Location: on the right on the way to Long Island from Koror Island to Malakal Island). Penthouse Hotel Restaurant – Do not miss this opportunity to try Palauan meals such as crabs and fish with delicious sauces, or taro soup and salads. (Behind the Surangels Shopping Mall). Rock Island Café – Open for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Good cappuccino and coffee option in Palau (main street next to Coconut Hut). Coconut Hut – Great breakfast or lunch place where you can get sandwiches, bentos /lunch in a box, burritos, ice-cream and more (main street). A Bai Coffee House – The best coffee with different flavors and small dishes or cookies. Internet/WiFi is available if you have your own laptop/computer. Located cross the street from Palasia Hotel (main street). Red Rooster – The local beer brewery which you have to try at least once while in Palau. A great option for tap beer (dark, light, or mixture).

ACTIVITIES AND ADVENTURES: Mandara Spa at PPR & PRR – Relax during a Balinese massage at PPR (Palau Pacific Resort) or PRR (Palau Royal Resort) with luxury flower bath. Call for an appointment: 488-2600. Melusch Dil Beauty Salon – Great hair cut, massage and facial treatment services, manicure, pedicure & spa, ask for special deals & packages – next to the Organic Farm Office (pass Belau National Hospital, it is on left side, on the way to PPR). Sonia’s Beauty Salon – Very good massage, pedicure, manicure, spa & hair cut place (next to the Taj Restaurant, on the main street Koror). Sea Bird Cruise – Take a cruise on the ship during sunset or for star gazing, and enjoy dinner with a drink or cocktails from 5pm till 8 pm. After 9pm till midnight enjoy grilled meals on the top deck (Located at T-Dock), Call: 488-0606. PICRC & Aquarium – Visit this small but very informative Aquarium which will explain a lot of about the reefs, corals, and the underwater kingdom. Jungle River Cruise – A river cruise by boat to see Palauan crocodiles and amazing nature. Call: 488-1188. Belau National Museum (BNM) - Explore history and culture at the BNM with a Gift Shop where you can find books, traditional jewelry, post cards, and other gifts. They make great presents for your family. Etpison Museum – Great display of culture and history of Palau and other islands in Micronesia. Danka Ledgerwood’s Photo Gallery – Great display of photographs from Palau. You can meet the photographer Danka or witness young people presenting traditional skills, such as weaving baskets from coconut leaves & flower leis, tasting Palauan meals and chanting/dancing. Call for an appointment 488-5036 or 779-7473. Islander Heritage – Great variety of souvenirs for you and your family or friends – on the main street, Koror.

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PALAU: The World’s First Shark Sanctuary On September 25, 2009, before the United Nations General Assembly in New York City, H.E. President Johnson Toribiong of Palau made history when he declared the entire waters of Palau’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) as the world’s first officially recognized shark sanctuary. Through his actions, President Toribiong has placed Palau at the very forefront of global efforts to protect sharks from unsustainable

roughly the size France, for sharks, mantas, rays and other marine creatures. Palau’s first shark conservation organization, Palau Shark Sanctuary (www.sharksanctuary.com), founded in 2001 with a vision to establish Palau’s EEZ as a shark sanctuary, played a leading role in securing the historic declaration before the United Nations. Palau Shark Sanctuary is a member of the Global Shark Initiative and continues to work for the protection of sharks worldwide. Sam’s Tours, a local tour operator with a well-established reputation for excellent service, offers a wide selection of diving, snorkeling and kayaking experiences where visitors may enjoy the excitement and wonder of learning about sharks

over-fishing practices worldwide. Although Palau is a tiny Pacific Island nation, the Palau shark sanctuary provides a protected area of over 600,000 square kilometers (230,000 square miles),

Photographs by Todd Essick

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while visiting the world’s very first shark sanctuary. For more information contact Sam’s Tours: Tel: +680-488-1062 E-mail: info@samstours.com Website: www.samstours.com


Dive Site Zone 1 Siaes Corner Siaes Tunnel Ulong Channel Shark City Blue Holes Blue Corner Virgin Blue Hole Ngemelis Coral Garden New Drop-off Fern’s Wall (Turtle Wall) Big Drop-off Ngemelis Wall German Wall / Channel Clam City Wonder Channel Jellyfish Lake (snorkel) Ngerchong Inside Ngerchong Outside Alice’s Garden Barnum’s Wall Turtle Cove Ngedebus Coral Garden Ngedebus Corner Ngedebus West White Beach Point Orange Beach South Dock Peleliu Wall Peleliu Cut Peleliu Corner Peleliu Express Yellow Wall Honeymoon Beach Santa Maria Point Runway Wall USS Perry (Tec/Trimix)

Dive Site Zone 3 Velasco Reef George Bush Wreck Destroyer Samidare Blue Hole Kayangel Wall Kayangel Atoll

Dive Site Zone 2 Devilfish City West Channel Satan’s Corner Devil’s Playground Teshio Maru Jake Seaplane LST Type 1 Ryuku Maru Pinchers Lagoon Amatsu Maru Chuyo Maru Chandelier Cave Gozan Maru Helmet Wreck Mandarinfish Lake Zeke Fighter (upside down) Short Drop-off Lighthouse Express Lighthouse Channel Buoy 6 Wreck Sata Tanker Iro Kamikaze Maru Bichu Maru Zeke Fighter (snorkel) Raizan Maru

Top Dive Sites: Zone 1: 1. Blue Corner 2. Blue Holes 3. German Channel 4. New Drop Off 5. Siaes Tunnel 6. Ulong Channel 7. Peleliu Cut Zone 2: 1. Chandelier Cave 2. IRO 3. Jake Sea Plane

For more information go to: www.samstours.com/divemaps.html


Hi! My name is Swing Jr. Let me and my dad show you a peaceful fun time in Palau. Check out our tours: 1. Rock Island Charter Tour: $400 (4 people) 2. German Channel and Big Drop Of Tour: $600 (4 people) 3. Private Island Camping Charter Tour: $800 (4 people) 4. Private Island One Day Charter Tour: $600 (4 people) 5. Fun Diving: $120 (min. 4 pax) 6. Peleliu War Sights Tour: $540 (4 people) 7. Big Island Waterfall Charter Tour: $125 (min. 2 pax) 8. Boat Cruising and Snorkeling: $85 (min. 4 pax)

9. Trolling Charter Full Day: $800 (4 people) 10. Bottom Fishing Charter: $500 (4 people) 11. Night on the town tour: $45 (min. 2 pax) 12. Koror/Airai Tour with Shopping: $65 (min. 2 pax) 13. Night fishing Airai side: $75 (min. 4 pax) 14. Boat Charter $600 whole day or $400 half day 15. Rock Islands Kayak Tour: $100 (min. 4 pax) Lunch and drinks during each tour are included.

Permits are not included which are: Rock Islands = $35, Stone Monoliths = $5, Waterfall = $5, Fishing = $20

Please call for reservations â˜ş Thank you = Sulang â˜ş E-mail: swingstours@palaunet.com Tel: (680) 488-4098 Cell: 7795828


Palau - Republic of BELAU The flag of Palau was adopted on January 1, 1981. Like other Pacific island groups, blue is the color which represents the ocean and the nation’s place within it. The bright blue of the field, which might be assumed to be symbolic of the Pacific Ocean, is in fact a representation of the transition from foreign domination to self-government. The golden disk, which sits slightly off center toward the hoist, represents the full moon. Palauans consider the full moon to be the optimum time for human activity. At this time of the month, celebrations, harvesting,

sowing, fishing, tree-felling, and the carving of traditional canoes are carried out. The moon is a symbol of peace, love, and tranquility. Palau is 70 30’ North Latitude and 1330 30’ East Longitude. The Capitol is in Melekeok State. Palau’s Island area is 171 square miles (444sq km). There are 2 official languages: English and Palauan. Total population is around 22,000.

Want to ease your mind? Come on down to Koror State where you can choose from different tour operations to take you to our southern lagoon island where you can relax and enjoy the peaceful breeze from the ocean and walk in the sand. You can also check out

written by Kimuu Gathan

different restaurants, hotels, motels and shopping centers. At sundown you can enjoy and dance the night away at our different night clubs located in Medalaii, Ngemelchel, and Ptelul a Chang. Come one, come all!!

Legend of Ngerbeched A long time ago, people from Ngerbeched lived in Uchelbeluu (past Lee Marvin Island) until it was flooded. They moved to Ngerengchol (next to Uchelbeluu) and settled for a while. Their god named Uchellechelid traveled to Koror in search of land where his people could settle down. He came to Koror and found Ngerbeched. So he went to see Ibedul (Chief of Koror). As they talked, Ibedul began to tell him about how the people of Ngerkebesang mistreated and disrespected the people and belongings of Koror. Ibedul asked Uchellechelid if he could take down the Ngerkebesang. Uchellechelid agreed and told him that on this coming full moon night he and his people would take down Ngerkebesang. Ibedul then asked what he would want in return if he wins the war. He offered him different kinds of money but Uchellechelid said he only wanted the land, and pointed out to Ngerbeched.

written by Adeline Santos

written by Kimuu Gathan

Uchellechelid went back to Ngerengchol and told his men to prepare for the war on the full moon night. The full moon night came and they went to Ngerkebesang and attacked them and won the war. After the war, Ibedul celebrated with a huge feast in Meketii, but forgot his deal with Uchellechelid. So Uchellechelid took his men there to dance traditional dance for three days. Ibedul again offered them different kinds of money, but Uchellechelid said he only wanted what he asked for during their last meeting. On the third day, Ibedul remembered what Uchellechelid wanted so he asked them to stop the dance. He apologized to them and told Uchellechelid that Ngerbeched is now for him and his people. Uchellechelid went back to Ngerengchol and took all his people to Ngerbeched where he named it Ngerbeches/Tumuk.

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Koror State, PALAU

written by Rhonda Ngirarorou

History of Mother and Child Monolith There is an ancient stone monolith of a Mother and Child located in Ngermid hamlet in Koror. It is very interesting to visit this ancient stone figure of a woman holding a child in her arms. The story as told from one generation to the other is as follows:

Long ago, a “Bai,“ or men’s meeting house, stood at Ngermid hamlet in Koror. At that time, women were forbidden to view the men gathered at or even enter the Bai. However, it so happened that a young woman had to pass near the Bai on the way to and from her family’s taro patch. Though this woman had a child, she still lived with her mother and sister, as she had no husband. Every time she passed near the Bai she would over-hear the men talking and laughing. Curiosity consumed

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her and she became obsessed with a desire to watch the men, even though she knew this was forbidden. One night, she took her child, sneaked to a thicket in the side of the Bai, and watched the men. Later, one of them went out of the Bai with a lantern to relieve himself and caught a glimpse of someone’s shadow hiding in the thicket. The man sounded the alarm. All the men scrambled out the door. The young woman panicked and ran out from her hiding place. Nevertheless, struggling as hard as she could, her legs seemed to be growing heavier and heavier. The young mother could no longer move as she and her child slowly turned into a stone figure. The figure of the young mother and her child can still be seen at Ngermid village in Koror. Long exposures to rain, wind, and sun have deteriorated the image but a closer look still can indicate the figure of the young woman and her child.


DEVELOPMENT BANK GREENS PALAU The National Development Bank of Palau, a government corporation, is charged with the promotion of economic development in the Republic. The Bank has identified the energy sector as a critical component affecting economic growth in the country and is taking steps to develop alternatives to fossil fuels which the country depends on so heavily at present. Intuitively, efficiency and renewable energy are an integral part of any program and the Bank has endeavored to address both issues in accordance with the Republic’s National Energy Policy. Figure 1 EESP Model Home In January 2009, Italy’s grant of a half a million dollars to the NDBP to subsidize loans for new homes if the homeowner installed energy saving features was implemented. NDBP established an innovative approach to promoting energy conservation through this program. Additional subsidies were given to four homeowners who also agreed to show their homes and energy efficiency features. Features include fully opening windows, orienting the home on an East-West axis, white roofing, ceiling fans, radiant barrier insulation in the roof, soffits in the roofing Figure 2 EESP Homes eaves and others. Homeowners who choose to participate in the program enjoy from a minimum of three-thousand up to six-thousand dollars in subsidy that is applied to their loan. The program has been so successful that additional funding has been awarded for additional new homes and for existing homeowners to retrofit their homes and avail of the savings in energy costs and the subsidy. The program was even extended to the Palau Housing Authority which serves the low income market. The Bank has also moved to support renewable energy projects. NDBP is applying for subsidized interest rate funding from the European

Investment Bank (EIB) to reduce costs for renewable energy loans to households and businesses. EIB Funds will complement subsidy monies from the Global Environmental Fund’s SEDREA grant through the United Nations Development Program to improve affordability and feasibility of renewable energy in the Republic. Top International Consultants provided assistance to design the solar equipment best suited for the Palau environment and suppliers who Figure 3 ELP On Grid Training could provide affordable and reliable systems for the program. The same consultants then provided intensive training for installers and inspectors to ensure that the special equipment identified for the program would be installed and Figure 4 NDBP Off Grid System serviced correctly. About twenty local trainees completed the eighty or more hours of classroom and hands-on training that was offered. The Development Bank purchased and installed five On-Grid Solar systems and one Off-Grid system at the Bank to demonstrate the technology to others, and as part of the installation training offered to contractors.

Figure 4 NDBP On Grid Solar

The Bank has approved 4 residential on grid solar system loan applications and is in the process of having the systems installed. One system has already been installed by a trained local contractor.

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Airai State, PALAU written by Josephine Rengulbai and Adeline Santos Airai State is a stepping stone to Palau because the state has the International Airport. This state was formerly called Belias and is known as the state with a lot of hibiscus flowers. The governor is a woman, Mrs. Victoria Kanai. This state organizes a lot of events hosted by the officials of Airai. Also experience the wonderful scenery that nature has to offer while feeling and smelling the fresh ocean breeze. I highly recommend visiting the ancient meeting place of the men’s club of Ngerusar and other historical places as Bai a Rengarairrai, WWII Japanese Communication Center, WWII Japanese sea plane wrecks which are underwater, Ii era Iemruchel (a cave),Yap Stone Money and others. Bai ra Rengarairrai: Bai ra Rengarairrai is the last traditional style bai in Palau. This bai was renovated in the 1984. It is said to be at least 180 years old. The bai is 68ft. wide and 40ft. high. It is the oldest standing Traditional Chief’s meeting house in Palau. WWII Japanese Communication Center: Located at the road junction to Ked and Kesebelau areas and near the Airai State Community Center. The building surroundings contain a concrete cistern, WWII tanker, and several defense guns. WWII underwater Japanese sea plane wrecks: Just a few minutes from Ngerusar village at the South-West of the ongelungel channel lie two seaplane wrecks. Yap Stone Money: The money is located on the island of Metuker ra Bisech. The disk is about 3.5 meters in diameter and 20 cm diameter.

Il er a Itemruchel written by Filly Carabit Ii er a Itemruchel is just one of the many historical sites located in the State of Airai. The site is located at a rock island in Ngerusar hamlet in Airai State.

The site is uniquely important to the people of Ngerusar because it was used in ancient days as a meeting place for the traditional young men’s club of Ngerusar, named Ngaraklasekl. Members used this cave as a gathering place to discuss fishing matters and fishing trips, especially when Ngerusar village was planning a feast (mur) or when klechedaol (invited guests) were coming to the village. Ngaraklasekl was restored in July 2006 with a grant from the National Park Service (U.S.A.) through the Office of Arts and Culture, Executive Branch of ROP, and is now open to the public. The site is very close: it takes only a minute by boat to get to the site from the dock of Ngerusar. I highly recommend visiting it to see the ancient meeting place of the men’s club of Ngerusar and experience the wonderful scenery that nature has to offer while feeling and smelling the fresh ocean breeze. For more information on how to visit the site, please call Airai State Government between 7:30am-4:30pm at phone number 587-3511.

Noble Belias written by Merii Derbai There are many reasons I love Airai State. It is my home. There are many legends and one of them is Noble Belias. He was the only person to ever acquire ten titles (positions) of ranks and he was married to Ebil, the Queen of Airai who wore a bachel (Palauan shell money). Airai’s legends are very interesting which makes it great to tell our kids. When activities come up like the Olchotel Belau Fair, Airai people gather together as one and help each other figure out ways to truly represent the state of Airai and when they come to a conclusion, they can really show how beautiful the state and people of Airai are.

For more information on how to visit the site & get permission to take photos, please call 587-3511 Airai State Government between 7:30am - 4:30pm.

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Palauan Traditional Skills

written by Timothy Rafael

Weaving Using Coconut leaves & Other Plants

Coconut leaves are very useful and can be used to make brooms, baskets, leis, marmar, plates, and local toys. Palauan children learn to adopt nature and grow up in nature, playing in the forests, and swimming

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in the ocean. In Palau, little children use coconut leaves to make different kinds of toys on their own. One of them is called Aderadorb which means wind mill in Palauan.


Weaving Wind Mills

written by Timothy Rafael

1. Take two pieces of coconut leaves from the coconut tree. 2. Cut the leaf into two pieces with a knife, and keep the sticks between the leaves. 3. Fold the two pieces of leaves, and weave them to make a cross. 4. Use the stick to go through the middle of the cross, and tie the edge. This is how to weave a wind mill. Children like to run around with this toy, and enjoy the cross spinning around.

Making Brooms out of Coconut Leaves This is the traditional way to make brooms out of coconuts leaves. 1. Gather and collect coconut leaves. 2. Use a small knife and cut each leaf into two pieces. 3. Keep the sticks between the leaves after you cut the leaves. 4. After you finish cutting all the leaves, gather all the sticks, and combine them. Tie it with a rubbe band on the edge of the broom. This is a traditional way to make brooms out of coconut leaves. The brooms work well, and it is easy for us to sweep the ground, especially if the ground is hard. This traditional skill is not only known in Palau, but also in Pohnpei, Yap, Chuuk, Kosrae, Guam, CNMI, and the Marshall Islands.

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Ngchesar State, PALAU written by Allyne Andrew Ngchesar is a beautiful state of the Republic of Palau. It is also the location of a Mangrove forest, where shrimp, prawns, and crabs thrive. The current state flag of Ngchesar shows six stars surrounding a bird, which is facing the hoist, on a green backround. Ngchesar State’s population is 267 inhabitants who live on an area of 41 km2. The sacred totem of Ngchesar is the Stingray, taking on two forms: on land - a bird as reflected on the State flag - and in the ocean - a stingray.

relations to Ngchesar obey the taboos and rules set by elders of the state in regards to the stingray god. The gods come in two forms, a bird which is identified on the state flag, and the white-spotted stingray. The main topic of taboo is not to disturb nor hurt the stingray, in both land and sea form. On the other hand, if the taboo is disobeyed or violated, victims and their families will go through pains almost similar to what they’ve done to the gods. The early Palauans developed a complex and highly organized social system that today mystifies all but the most dedicated anthropologist. In the Palauan matrilineal system, which still exists, nuclear families and extended families, called clans, were related through the mother’s side of the family. The mother’s brother had a role nearly equal to the natural father in providing for the children. And many children were adopted, always within the extended family and often as a means to manipulate land, wealth and human resources. Men ruled as chiefs, but it was the women who Spotted Eagle Ray, Photograph by Kevin Davidson, Courtesy of Sam’s Tours chose those chiefs and had the Both are called “Ochaeiu“, a Palauan term, to its power to rescind chiefly status. Women also held people and most of whom recognizes him. I look the money of the clan. My biological mother forward to sharing my knowledge and some of originated from Ngchesar, which entitles me to be the experiences I have had in relation to the a strong Ngchesar citizen, rather than from my sacred totem of Ngchesar, the Stingray. father’s side. I’ve not just learned but have seen Though the origin of the Palauan people is shrouded with my own eyes how such punishments have in folklore and legend, the most accepted theory, been enforced and the results that follow. In based on linguistic similarities, holds that the some cases where the taboo was violated, death islands were settled thousands of years ago by may occur or sickness that has no known cause. people migrating from Southeast Asia and But the gods are forgiving. If violators become Indonesia - people who thought nothing of aware of their wrongdoings and seek forgiveness, sailing hundreds of miles across unchartered seas usually in money form, then the gods will allow in open outrigger canoes. This remains the origin forgiveness through a human person speaking. of the Palauan people, but each individual state A gathering is held, where families prepare for the has its their own totem as well as their own next steps of forgiveness, whether it’ll be a hot beliefs in life and the many superstitions that medicinal bath or other traditional herbal medication. came about. In the cases l’ve witnessed, all were cured and As for Ngchesar, it is important that all blood are living daily, normal lives.

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Melekeok State, PALAU written by Lalii K. Remeliik and Willa Walter

Melekeok State is one of the most beautiful states in Palau, with its sandy white beaches and clear blue water. It is 11 square miles (28km2) in area and is situated between Ngchesar State and Ngiwal State. It has many qualities to catch the attention of people visiting Palau. It has bungalows for people visiting and many peaceful places to go to relax and just soak in the beauty of the state. The biggest lake in Palau, called Ngardok, happens to be the biggest lake in Micronesia, and is located in Melekeok State. It is one of the unique qualities and a great attraction of this state. The capitol of Palau is Ngerulmud and is located in Melekeok. It is right across from the Korean Memorial for the Koreans who fought in WWII. The capitol consists of 3 buildings which include the Judiciary, Executive and Legislative branches. The Stone Monoliths, in height from 3.3-8.6 feet in Ngermelech village, are also one of the main attractions of this state. Legend says that the spirits that worked with Odalmelech (god of Ngermelech) were caught working during daylight by local people, therefore Odalmelech told them to carve their faces on the stones so they will forever face the horizon and the rising sun. It is this legend that catches the attentions of tourists who visit this state. There is also a canoe house in one of the villages that is loved by visitors. It’s beside the ocean

where we can see the waves crashing into the reef. The air is cool and it’s a great place to relax and also see some of the traditional canoes made by the locals. In every other state people are always interested with the traditional bai in the states. The bai in Melekeok is located in the village called Ngerang. This bai was the only one for the chiefs of Melekeok where they would have their meetings; this bai was called Bai ra Melekeong. Another bai, called Bailechesau, was for the public or the people of

Melekeok. There is another bai which is just for the chiefs (rubak) of Ngerubesang to have their meetings to discuss matters that concerns only to Ngerubesang.

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Ngiwal State, Babeldaob Island PALAU written by Emadech Oiterong and Annalisa Ngiraklei On the Northeast coast of Palau’s largest island Babeldaob, in Ngiwal State, are the remains of a sunken village with stone pathways and dwelling platforms that can be seen underneath the sea. The island village was called Ngibtal. Mythical legends of the origin of Palau have ancient demigods traveling from village to village performing acts, which teach the people livelihood and sustenance. In this legend, the female demigod Dirrachebedesungel, after having taught the women of Palau how to grow taro, settled down in Ngibtal as an old woman. She had a son who was often away traveling to other viliges. In other mythical stories he is the spider god who

seduces a beautiful village girl and becomes her husband. This is his contribution to the knowledge of natural childbirth which he learned from his mother. Before that all women who were pregnant had to be opened through their stomach to remove the baby. The mother usually died and the baby could live. But the story about the old lady continues like this: Old mother lives in the village and everyday she would see the fishermen of Ngibtal passing her house with their catch after returning from sea. Nobody would be so nice to give her a fish. She had her breadfruit tree and she ate it every day. Finally, after a long time her son came home and found out that no one showed kindness to his mother. Feeling remorse for his neglect and sadness that his mother went hungry most of the days he went out to the yard where a huge

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breadfruit tree stood by the water’s edge. The trunk of the breadfruit tree was hollow and he broke off a limb of the branch. After that with every surge of the ocean wave quantities of fish were driven up and out of the tree in to the yard. The old woman had a lot of fish to eat every day. The villagers at seeing it got jealous and wanted to gain an abundance of fish for themselves. One day, a group of young men went to her yard and chopped the tree down. The ocean arose through the trunk of the tree flooded and sank the entire village of Ngibtal. Everyone perished except for the old woman who migrated to another village. There she assumed another title and name. Ngiwal State has 250 people, beautiful beaches and a beach called Honeymoon Beach close to the paved road. According to another Palauan legend, the most beautiful woman was from Ngiwal. Her name was Surech and when the chief heard of her beauty he asked to see Surech’s face. She was afraid that the chief would want to marry her, so she asked her boyfriend to cut off her head and send it in a basket to the chief.


Ngaraard State, Babeldaob Island, PALAU written by Akiko Udui Vacations have been one of the factors in people’s life that most of them work very hard for to go to an amazing place. Well, tell you the truth you can just come to Ngaraard State to the North Beach Cottages in Chool Village of the Ngarard State and experience wonderful nature and white

gas station on the big island Babeldaob: so if you do not have enough gas please stop there and get the gas. If you like to hike on a very old stone pathway you might try that. This stone path connects the east part and west part of the state. You might

sandy beach. It is around 45 minutes from Koror, the main island in Palau. After the Palau-Japan Friendship Bridge you go around Shell Gas Station and on that intersection turn left. It is the only

like to visit Ngerchokl spring and Ngerkall Lake as well. The traditional dish of this state is taro leaf soup, which is very yummy.

North Beach Cottages - Have an amazing holiday without leaving Palau and paying for an air-ticket! Grill on the beach or ask for meals from the restaurant.

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Ngarchelong State, PALAU written by Keida Dulei and Ursela Salvador This is a legend that I like a lot about my village. In the olden days in Palau, the gods were working at the bottom of the sea carving out stone as a supporting structure for the Bai (mens’ meeting houses), in Ngarchelong, a village in the Northern most tip of Babeldaob. One night as they were carrying some of the finished stones to the Bai site, two magicians heard them and came out of their houses. Through powers derived from magic,

several nights so the Gods decided to never return to a place where daylight came so fast that they were unable to work on the bai. As a result of that, the Bai in Ngarchelong was never completed, since the gods could only work at night. Some of the Gods left early, some of them were still working and when sun came they turned into the monoliths scattered around the unfinished bai. The supporting stone structures are now a famous

one of them called Uchel, made a rooster appear which crowed seven times. Immediately after the seventh time it crowed, sunlight suddenly appeared.

archaeological site in Palau. They can still be seen in Ngarchelong State to this day. When I was a small girl during school-lunch breaks we went to that sight and had coconuts to drink. We told stories many times about the legend of that place. We use to look around and we could see the smile on the stones. Many times we felt the Gods’ spirits were with us, so we got scared and ran back to school as fast as we could.

“You are the creator of sunlight“, said Uchel’s companion Yechadrengel. He had also picked up a larger rounded stone and cast it high into the sky. The stone turned into the sun. This continued for

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Leo and Josephine in Palau traditional outfit in front a traditional bai - a men’s meeting house


Ngardmau State, PALAU written by Sarah Ngiraked, Keida Dulei, and Ursela Salvator Ngarchelong is at the northern most tip of the island of Babeldaob. Only the state of Kayangel is farther north. Ngarchelong is an important historical site and has undergone archeological excavation. Ngarchelong is the site of ancient stone monoliths which are mysterious in origin. Traditional Palau religion regarded these stone monoliths as sacred prayer ground. There are other stone monoliths located in and around the islands but one will not see as many as there are in Ngarchelong. Monoliths are at a popular and impressive archaeological site called Badrulchau. The stone monoliths cover an area of five acres with scattered stones and carved faces. Badrulchau is considered Palau’s premier archaeological site, which dates as far back as A.D. 161. Legend says that the Palauan gods were working at the bottom of the sea carving out stones as a supporting structure for the Bai (men’s meeting houses) in Ngarchelong. One night as they were carrying some of the finished stones to the Bai site, two magicians heard them and came out of their houses. Through powers derived from magic, one of them called Uchel, made a rooster appear which crowed seven

times. Immediately after the seventh time it crowed, sunlight suddenly appeared. "You are the creator of sunlight," said Uchel’s companion Yechadrengel. He had also picked up a larger rounded stone and cast it high into the sky. The stone turned into the sun. This continue for several nights so the gods decided to never return to a place where daylight come so fast that they were unable to work on the bai. As a result of that event, Ngarchelong was never completed, since the gods could only work at night. Some of the gods left early, but some of them were still working and when sun came they turned into the monoliths scattered around the unfinished bai. The state has a population of slightly under 500 people, making it the fifth most populated of Palau’s sixteen states, although it is ranked thirteenth in land (with only about 10 square kilometers). The village of Mengellang serves as the state capitol, and lies toward the south of the state. Mengellang and Ollei are the State’s main population centers.

Ngardmau - The Famous Waterfall written by Wai Ngiraikelau

The legend of the waterfall which is told in Ngardmau tells that many years ago an eel came out of the forest to rest on a cliff. The eel had magic powers and the people of Ngardmau saw it as a God. The eel was huge and had only one eye. When it lay down, it slept so deeply that it never woke again. Time went by, and the eel transformed into a river. Its head became the waterfall and it is the highest waterfall in Palau. A gem in the middle of Palau, the 105 meters waterfall is shallow, warm and you can receive a fist-pounding neck and back massage while standing under it. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Palau.

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If you want to visit this waterfall, starting from Koror, it takes about 30 minutes by car. From Koror drive towards the West coast of Babeldaob, after the bridge you take the left turn, just across the Shell gas station at Airai State toward Aimaliik State. Then follow the Compact (main) road to the entrance of the waterfall which will appear on the right side of the road between mile marker 19 and 20. This waterfall is open for everyone from 9am to 5pm everyday. The cost per each person is $5 exclude Ngardmau citizen. After paying the fee, take a walking stick (which is on the beginning of the trail) and cross the Ngertebechel river holding the rope and go upstairs to the waterfall. For the hike have safe water-shoes, sunscreen and water to drink. It is around 1-2 hours hike one way. Enjoy the view and take pictures for your memories.


Ngeremlengui State, PALAU written by Taina Yano

We start our tour in Airai State and turn left on the main road to continue to Ngeremlengui State. This is a great place to have lunch. This state is also called “You never know dish“ because people of this state will never tell you the recipe of their dish. The first place we visit is a village called Mount Ngeruach. It is located behind the Ngeremlengui State Office. Ngeruach is one of the tallest mountains in Palau and is also the place where Milad El Dil, a famous and legendary woman, lived in a cave. “Milad“ means she died and rose again. Milad is the mother of 4 kids

called: Ngeremlengui, Melekeok, Aimeliik and Koror. These are also names of the states that are the four corners of Palau, and this was the beginning of Palau. Inside this cave you can see one of Milad’s baskets made of rocks. Milad was the first woman to make a Taro Patch, where women go to plant taro. After visiting Milad’s cave we will go to see some of Ngeremlengui’s beautiful lakes. After that we will have free time to swim, chat and do some weaving and learning things about the Palauan way.

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Ngadpang State, PALAU written by Mesikt Idechong Ngatpang State has given birth to many of Palau’s successful local leaders such as former Senate President Surangel Whipps Sr. and former President Ngiratkel Etpison, to name a few. It is good to visit Ngatpang State Office and see the memorial bust President Ngiratkel Etpison. Every president has a great story, and his is no exception. Ngatpang State also has breeding farms for rabbit fish and crabs so you can go there to buy fish or crabs, or go to the Ngatpang market near the National Gymnasium in Koror (usually Wednesday to Friday after payday), where you can get them too. When you come to Ngatpang you can also visit the ancient village of Ikerbeluu, which is no longer inhabited but is a beautiful place to walk around. Ngatpang State also has nice hiking opportunities such as a hike to Tabecheding (also known for its bottled water in Palau) - Ngatpang’s own waterfall. Refresh as you splash around in the cool freshwater or sit under the cascade for a relaxing time. This is a great way to end a wonderful day.

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Aimeliik State, PALAU written by Chris Pablo On our way to Aimeliik State we can stop by under the Palau-Japan Friendship Bridge and take a few moments to view the amazing ocean. Along the way to Aimeliik you will see beautiful scenery including local farms and animals along the road. Aimeliik is located on the southwest corner of Babeldaob. It has around 37 square km of land and mangrove areas, as well as low rolling hills and some rugged terrain along the west coast. Large areas of commercial agriculture development exist in Aimeliik. When we arrive in Aimeliik we will first go to Chelechui village where we can see the tomb of Masol, the fiercest warrior in Aimeliik who was stoned to death by the women of the village for killing one of their sons. The stones were left to form his tomb. There is also a story about a giant snake that lived during the ancient times. Chelechui village with the ancient terraces looks like a giant snake hanging around it.

want to buy to take home as a souvenir. Aimeliik Ancient Terraces Two-thousand four hundred years ago, Palauan ancestors moved from the coastline inland and began extensive earthworks, altering forever Palau’s landscape to meet their needs. The earthworks reached monumental proportions about 800 years before any such large structures were constructed anywhere else in the Pacific. Palau is the only Micronesian island nation with ancient earthworks. There is no other place in the world where earthworks form such morphologically varied and vast landscape that indicate a sociopolitical district. Aimeliik State has one of the largest terrace complexes in Palau, which today can still be seen in the Ngebeded Terrace complex that consists of number of terraces such as Ouballang er Ngerkelalk, Ouballang ra Ngebedech, Euid el Ked and Ouballang ra Imul.

The largest prehistoric terraces in Palau can be found in the village of Ngebedech. We can also go to Aimeliik Bai and Ngchemeanel Village to have some refreshments at the dock. It is a great spot to go swimming and fishing. We can also visit a local Palauan who carves excellent storyboards with different legends of Palau, which you might

For more information contact: Aimeliik State Government, Lelly Obakerbau, Tourism Program Coordinator, P.O. Box 458, Republic of Palau 96940 Tel: (680) 544-2967 or e-mail: asgov@palaunet.com or asgovtourism@palaunet.com

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Peleliu State, PALAU written by Indira Singeo

Peleliu is my home state, and I recommend visiting this island. It is located about 23 miles South of Koror, and it is only 5 square miles in size. The population is approximately 700. The reef island

is also the sight of one the bloodiest battles of WWII. Forests were bombed and burned to the ground. Today, the island is filled with leafy foliage that covers up the battle scars. Peleliu has numerous sights that are majestic to the eye. One of the most popular sights is the Swimming Hole that was created during the war by a bomb. It’s mixed with fresh and salt water. Another sight called the Bloody Nose Ridge is also fascinating. There are about a hundred or more steps to take to reach the top. The view is spectacular. You can see Peleliu’s amazing ocean reefs, jungle and other Rock

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Islands. If you want to visit Peleliu there are several ways to get there. You can take the state ferry with a reasonable price and takes around 3 hours to get there. If you want to get there in an hour

you can hire a speed boat (around $40-$60) or ask any tour operator or dive shop to bring you there (prices might vary). Enjoy your stay. Written by Indira Singeo If you are interested in WWII Historical Operation - The Battle of Peleliu, code-named Operation Stalemate II, was fought between the United States and Japan in the Pacific in the World War II, from September to November 1944 on this island of Peleliu. Written by Sarah Ngiraked


Tourism, Business, Project and Journalism Association (TBP&J Association) - a nonprofit association registered in Palau, PO Box 1224 Koror, Palau E-mail: dankainmicronesia@yahoo.com, www.dankainmicronesia.com/association.html The Tourism, Business, Project and Journalism Association is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting pride in the treasures of Micronesia - in its traditional arts, culture, histories and natural beauty. We support education and sustainable living by teaching the community ways to make a living while promoting their Micronesian heritage. Our mission is to help people revive, support and promote Micronesian traditional arts and cultures, histories, natural beauties and other important issues of Micronesia. Youth are our primary audience, but we are interested in working with others who share our dedication to promoting Micronesia. We work with the community to achieve our mission by: 1. Helping people create their own projects 2. Supporting youth exchange programs 3. Seeking out funds to support developing projects 4. Publishing TRAVELER, a magazine written by Micronesian students, at least once per year and distribute around the Europe, USA, and other countries so we help to bring the world visitors to the region 5. Training people to document their community heritage with the use of oral histories, story telling, story boards or other methods 6. Helping people develop their own tourism, business or journalism projects and promote them, mainly in Europe, the USA, Asia, N. Zealand and Australia Our future goals include starting an international Youth festival to bring young people together and help them create friendships and share the culture of Micronesia throughout the world. For more information or donations please contact: Danka Ledgerwood (President/Chair Person) Tel: (680) 488-5036, Cell: 680-779-7473, dankainmicronesia@yahoo.com TRAVELER - Micronesia and the Pacific - Editor in Chief: Danka Haskova Ledgerwood Assistant Editor in Chief: Herry Frank, Barbora Eliasova and Ron Ledgerwood Writers & Presenters: Huessein Derbai, Charlotte Higa, Meleana Ngirmeriil, Adeline Santos, Kimuu Gathan, Rhonda Ngirarorou, Josephine Rengulbai, Filly Carabit, Timothy Rafael, Donna-Rhia Riang, Merii Derbai, Allyne Andrew, Willa Walter, Lalii K. Remeliik, Emadech Oiterong, Annalisa Ngiraklei, Akiko Udui, Keida Dulei, Ursela Salvador, Sarah Ngiraked, Leon Mengloi, Wai Ngiraikelau, Taina Yano, Mesikt Idechong, Chris Pablo, Indira Singeo, Kapono Rafael, Rosania Victor, Jessica Emesiochel, Cindy Hanson, Taylor Iraket, Ayla Udedei, Persian Ito, Charlotte Yomai, Evelyne Tachibelmel, Maverick T. Mwalusholing, Megan Beard, Amsina Sakuma, Harter Hertin, RJ Spenser Joe, Rolphy Renton, Jason Henson, Danfield Shabazz, Leah Sakuma, Deidre Yamanguchi, Jackson Jack, Raphael Rodriguez, Holy Field Takeo, Michael Pretrick, Hadden Seklii, Mallen Lagimai, Charlotte Yomai and Evelyn Tachibelmel Photographers: All photographs Š 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 Danka Ledgerwood, unless otherwise noted Underwater photographs on Yap Map: Ron Ledgerwood and Jason Landis Consulting Editors: Cindy Haro & Ron Ledgerwood Proofreaders: Cindy Haro, Veronica Beruzz, Karen Spiller, Anna Schumaker Production Service - Graphics Designer: Boris Caban, Printing House: Knihtlac Gethofer Slovakia Published by TBP&J Association - non-profit association in Palau Tourism, Business, Projects & Journalism Association (TPB&J Association), non-profit organization registered in Palau, which is supporting developing projects, would not have been able to publish this issue without the support of different individual donors, firms and associations in Palau, Yap, Kosrae, USA, Australia, Canada, and Europe (especially in Slovakia). If you are interested to get future issues and/or donate and support the association or a project please let us know. Write us to: dankainmicronesia@yahoo.com. For more information about the association and developing projects as the TRAVELER Magazine, Youth Festival 2011 and others go to: www.dankainmicronesia.com/association.html. If you like to see this or previous issues on line go to: www.dankainmicronesia.com/traveler.html. Please to not hesitate to write us if you have any suggestions. We are happy to get your feedback. Thank you very much for your kindness. On the cover page photograph by Danka Ledgerwood is Daulbei Isechal in her traditional outfit infront of a traditional meeting house weaving a coconut basket, Palau.

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Angaur State, PALAU Angaur Story I am from the island of Angaur, Republick of Palau. Angaur is the island located in the south west of Palau, 7 miles southwest of Peleliu. It is approximately 4.2 square miles. In Angaur, we believe that sharks are the goddesses of the ocean. The sharks in Palau are very harmless, and they never attack humans. People from Angaur believe that sharks in Palau are protecting the marine life and other creatures from humans. A long time ago in Angaur, there was a man who was half-shark and half-human. The man transformed into a shark, and went swimming in the deep ocean. As he was swimming in the ocean, he saw fishing hooks that were trying to kill the other fish. The man always took the fishing hooks by biting them, because he wanted to protect the other fishes. That is why the fishermen were struggling to catch fish. The man was the leader of the sharks, and he taught the sharks not to attack humans. This is why the sharks in Palau are very harmless. My clan believes that this man was our ancestor. That is why in my clan, we have the duty to protect sharks. In our beliefs, it is not good to catch and kill a shark. If we do, the spirit will punish us. Written by Timothy Rafael

Come to Angaur if you would like to know more about WWII and remains of phosphate mining, which occurred long before WWII. This island is also a good one to visit if you like to relax and enjoy the beauty of natural magnificence of the nature. Please take this trip to have a pleasurable time and be amazed by simple life. There was a young boy named Uab. He was a son of Latmikaik raise on this island. The young boy had such a huge appetite that feeding him became a burden for his family and the whole community. He became as tall as a giant. He ate almost every

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Photos by Vivi Nguyen

bite of food he could get, and his mother did not know what to do with him. One day while getting ready for a meal, his mom and the people of Angaur burned Uab. He fell down, and his body was scattered into hundreds of parts which created islands. This is how Palau was formed. On Angaur there are two tall statues. One of them is Statue of Santa Maria from the time of the phosphate mining, and the other is the Statue of Lazarus E. Salii. Mr. Salii was a well-respected politician of Palau who was the second president of the Republic of Palau. Phostate Mining began in 1909 and it was owned by a group of bankers from Bremen, Germany. I recommend visiting the watchtower, lighthouse, and Cemetery of Soldiers who died during WWII. Also, it is fun to hike through the jungle, be amazed by the monkeys, fish the famous trolling areas, participate in fishing sports, and ride a bike to explore Angaur’s beaches and picnic areas. Surf and hunt for creatures such as crabs, bats.

Angaur is famous also because of its bread and cookies, so if you’d like, ask people there for a recipe and buy some to take home with wonderful memories from the trip. Written by Kapono Rafael


“Stop AIDS - Keep the Pr omise“ An awareness event at Palau Community College (PCC) Mesekiu Bai for PCC students organized by OA221 Classes

The ABCs of HIV/AIDS & STI Prevention: Abstinence - Don’t have sex. Be Faithful - Be faithful to one partner who is also faithful to you. Condoms - Use condoms correctly and consistently every time you have sex. Do other less risky behaviors

Free & Confidential Testing Available for: HIV Hepatitis B Syphilis Chlamydia Gonorrhea

OA 221 Students invite all to the I n t e r n a t i o n a l C u l t u r a l Yo u t h F e s t i v a l with the motto:

“NO TABACCO & NO DRUGS USE“ = “NOTANODU“

May 5, 2012 at PCC For more information e-mail: dankainmicronesia@yahoo.com


Hatohobei State, PALAU written by Rosania Victor

“Tobi“ for short

People living on Tobi depend on farming and fishing. Usually there are two types of crops they plant on their farm: giant taro and gray taro. There are also sweet potatoes, local vegetables, fruits, coconuts and others. Life here is simple and free of pollution. It does not depend on currency, but people here depend on local product. When you come to Tobi you can swim in the fresh and clear ocean with turtles and fish. You can also play volleyball or jog, and in the evening enjoy story-telling by local people. You can also enjoy Tobi Island is one of the remote southwest islands of Palau, located approximately 380 miles from Koror. Tobi is comprised of two islands, Tobi and Helen Reef, with Helen Reef reserved as a conservation area. Helen Reef is about 40 miles east of Tobi and has 360 people but today less than 20 people reside on the island. Photos by Wayne Andrew

walking the on soft white beach around the island or go fishing and be amazed by the sunset beauty on the beach. If you decide to go diving (please bring your diving gear with you), you will have wonderful experiences. How to get there? Well, you might come by a boat owned by the Hatohobei State Government, which can carry 200 passengers and cargo. The fare is $20/local and $50/foreigner. Plan to stay for 1 to 2 weeks and bring your own provisions. Tobi is a place where you can relax and spend your entire summer break, listen to birds singing, hear the sound of waves on the shore and enjoy the cold summer breeze to smoothe away your stress. Sunset plays an important part to people living on Tobi Island: every sunset, people gather on the beach and watch the sun go down. It is a common practice of the people of Tobi. If you need more information, please contact me at Tel: 488-5104 or e-mail rosevictor65@yahoo.com or Rosania@palaunet.com

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Sonsorol State, PALAU

Sonsorol is located about 300 km southwest of Anguar, combined with Fanna, Pulo Anna and Merir. They are in total 3 square km. The islands are miniature platforms of reef composed of limestone and sandy soils covered by forest and bush. Along the sandy beaches, coconut palm trees are abundant and were the primary source of copra production on the islands. For culture

and history seeking travelers, Sonsorol has the Bair a Ringal, a registered site for its significance as the place used by the island chiefs for meeting and used as a navigation-leaming center as well as a place to stay for travelers. Fanna is an uninhabited bird-nesting site, while Merir is known for nesting turtles.

Photos by Vivi Nguyen

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Kayangel State, PALAU Beautiful Kayangel

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kayangel http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Kay angel#encyclopedia

written by Persian Ito Kayangel Islet (also called Ngcheangel or Ngajangel) is is the largest and only inhabited islet of Kayangel Atoll in Kayangel State. It is 1,570 m long from north-south width a width between 270 m in the south and 700 m in the north. The land area is about 98 hectars (240 acres). The are 5 villages primarily oriented on the western shore (lagoon side) and there are only 138 people living in those 5 villages. There is one small school that goes from kindergarten to 9th grade and a small library. You can get there from Koror in 2 hours by speedboat and while you are there you can kayak, swim and snorkel. You can also go fishing or harvest bananas and drink coconut juice with local people and enjoy a bungalow stay on beautiful white, sandy beaches. It is truly a relaxing place to be. Photos by Vivi Nguyen

My name is Jessica Emesiochel and I am from the Republic of Palau. I graduated from PCC and I’m going to present the “Beautiful State of Kayangel.“ Palau shows the physical boundaries that Kayangel differentiate this island archipelago. Ngeriunges One of these destinations is Palau’s only called Ngerebelas Kayangel. Kayangel consist Orak of three atolls (Kayangel Atoll, Ngaruangel Reef, and Velasco Reef) located in the northernmost part of Babeldaob, and a bar barrier reef including a lagoon. This lagoon is mostly covered with sand. The western side of this atoll has a small passage into the lagoon for boats than can also attract large fish, dolphins, and sea turtles. The island is also represented by numerous marine animals. Despite the strong tidal currents, the lengthy boat trip, and limited accommodations, visitors are attracted to the lovely atolls and pristine beauty of this island. Kayangel Atoll is the only inhabited atoll of Kayangel State, covering most (99%) of the land area of Kayangel State. There are four densely wooded islets on the eastern and southern rim of the oval-shaped atoll, called Kayangel, Ngeriunges, Ngerebelas, and Orak. Kayangel Islet (also called Ngcheangel or Ngajangel), is the largest and only inhabited islet of Kayangel State. There are five villages primarily oriented to the western shore (lagoon side) Orukei, Dilong, Doko, Olkang, and Dimes. They stretch over 1.5 km (0.93 mi) from North to South and are not clearly separated from each other. The villages are very small, given the aggregate population of only 138 people. For more information you might go to:

written by Jessica Emesiochel


A lobster in a time of war written by Mesikt Idechong Have you heard the story of Beab and Rekung? It is a story that tells of the friendship between a rat and a crab. How about the girl that turned into a dugong because she had disobeyed her mother? Palauans, like their Micronesian siblings, are generally concrete in their thinking. The creatures that they saw in the jungle, oceans, or in their homes they used to express feelings, illustrate ideas, and most especially, to teach children in a simple, yet profound way, about morals and principles. That is why they used a rat and a crab to illustrate the true meaning of friendship and the story of dugongs to teach us important lessons of respecting our elders. Yes, if Palauan culture was a basket made of coconut leaves, these stories would have aided the experienced fingers that weave it together. I had grown up having the bad habit of always worrying and being indecisive. I was like a painter who could never be satisfied with his artwork. Others have said it was superb! Others said it was beautiful! But the painter kept saying, “No, no, it needs something more. Just a little bit more. I’m not satisfied with it. I’m not done with it. I’m not ready to show it.“ I was going through just one of thes times when my father, Noah Idechong, told me a story that made a deep impression on me. There once was a little lobster that was standing outside of his home, enjoying the calm, fair weather of the day. The sea is silent. The sun is high. Small waves gently slosh over the tiny reef that is his little home. It is a good and relaxing day. While he is still lost in his tranquil thoughts, something happened. It came upon him suddenly. Without warning, a huge school of marine creatures dart

right past him. He sees barracudas! Sharks! Turtles and much more! All of them are rushing by in a flurry of fins and tails. Startled, the lobster yells out to a fish passing by, “Hey! What’s going on? Where is everyone going?“ “War! War!,“ the little fish replies, “There is war. Hurry up and get ready. We’re going to war!“ “War!?“ the lobster realizes, “I must get ready!“ So the lobster quickly swims into his house to find his weapons. He quickly fits into his armor first. Next, he puts on his helmet. Then, he attaches his spears. The lobster has so many spears. One by one he attaches his pears on his back. He looks over himself and thinks, “No, I think I still need more spears.“ One by one he puts on more. Looking over again, he is still not satisfied, so he attaches more and more. Finally, donned in his armor with every spear that he owns, he is confident that he is now equipped and ready at last. The time had come. He courageously swims out of his house ready to fight and ready for victory! But there was only one problem. The war had already ended. He had spent so much time getting ready that when the time finally came, it was too late. Like the lobster, are you sometimes afraid to go forward because you think that you still need more spears? Do you ever feel that you are not prepared or equipped enough to do something that needs to be done? Whether it’s a change in a career, training for an event, a decision to make lifestyle changes, or witnessing to someone about God’s love, do not wait until you have all the spear you need. It might be too late then. Don’t wait to act when action is needed the most. With what you have, go forward in trust. Don’t be a lobster in a time of war.

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Guam State, USA Swimsuit or Adventure On a tropical island it’s a pretty sure bet that there are plenty of water activities to amuse yourself with and Guam is no exception. The ocean is our playground and there is no end to the things you can do in the water, but what about activities that don’t require getting wet? Hiking, racecar driving, golfing, fishing, and skydiving are just a few of the activities you’ll find on Guam where a swimsuit is optional. Take your first step, literally, to discovering all Guam has to offer by setting out on foot, hiking, or "boonie stomping" as we call it, to secluded jungle locations or along sandy beaches that the average visitor never sees. Tramp through lush vegetation on hikes rated easy to very difficult and cool off in concealed ponds, natural pools, and countless waterfalls of every size. Guam is a hiker’s paradise with treks that wind up and down hills, scale cliff walls, and meander through beautiful jungles. Each region of Guam has its own unique natural features and artifacts from history. An easy hike along Tanguisson Beach in the north will take you to Shark’s Hole, an underwater pool that can be explored during calm seas, and a short walk through the jungle leads you to the Lost Pond, one of our island’s hidden fresh water treasures. Further south, hikers can descend a cliff to an underground swimming pool and site of ancient Latte stones. Latte stones are located throughout the jungles of Guam and can only be visited by foot. The exact history of the Latte has been lost, but Chamorros believe they were used as pillars to support homes and structures, keeping them off the ground and away from pests while allowing cool breezes to sweep beneath for comfort. These mysterious relics from ancient times are worth hiking through dense jungle to see as are the numerous caves, some with pictographs on the walls drawn hundreds of years ago by our ancestors. If you’re more of a leisurely walker, one that prefers

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written by Cindy Hanson to haul a set of nine irons over a canteen and backpack, you’ll fall in love with each of Guam’s nine golf courses. Guam’s idyllic year round weather means every day is perfect for nine or eighteen holes! Each course is meticulously manicured and landscaped to merge seamlessly with Guam’s natural beauty. Imagine swinging away from one cliff to another, the ball sailing over crashing waves on a course designed by golfing legends Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer. It’s always tee time on Guam and you can stay at a golf resort to ensure your place on the dawn patrol. All courses feature a complete clubhouse and the amenities you’d expect at any premier golf course. Walking and hiking might not be your style at all; you might prefer a little transportation for your sightseeing journey to adventure on Guam. The choices range from horseback to bicycle, scootcar to helicopter, whatever mode strikes your fancy at the time! Bicycles, mopeds, and funky little Scootcars can be rented from businesses in Tumon, the heart of Guam’s tourism industry. Explore the sites of Tumon at your own pace or take it up a notch by heading south to Guam’s version of the wild, wild West. There are several ranches on Guam where you can see the sights from horseback with your trusty mount forging the best path. Once you’ve made it south, a visit to Gef Pa’go is a must for those who relish learning about the culture and customs of their island hosts. Designed to bring the past alive, Gef Pa’go is a replica of a Chamorro village with thatched huts and structures built using traditional methods along the shores of the village of Inarajan. Visitors can learn to weave with coconut and pandanus leaves to create baskets, fans, headbands, and other small items. There are Chamorro cooking classes, jewelry making using shells and sea glass, and art classes on the workshop schedule. Gef Pa’go also conducts tours of the Chamorro Cultural Village and to the Inarajan Historic District, featuring homes built in the early 1900s.


You can learn more about Guam’s natural flora and foliage by visiting the Namo Falls Botanical Park. Follow a path through the park to the Guello and Guella waterfalls while feasting your eyes on the colorful display of ginger, plumeria, orchids, halaconia, hibiscus, and gardenia nestled amongst groves of bamboo, pandanus, and tropical fruit trees. Tantalize your taste buds in earnest as you feast on star apples, mango, papaya, breadfruit, and an abundance of other local and locally grown produce at Hamamoto Tropical Fruit World. If none of these unique avenues for adventure have caught your fancy so far, it could be that you require something a bit more extreme - like an aerial view of Guam as you jump from a plane and skydive to earth. If that sounds boring, you can always fling yourself skyward seated in the middle of a sphere-like cage that is catapulted to the heavens courtesy of two bungee-like cables. The Slingshot is an experience you won’t soon forget! Wind down from an eventful day by taking in the

stars that twinkle in our night skies. Guam’s location near the equator allows a breathtaking view of constellations, planets, and stars unseen in most other locations. A visit to the University of Guam’s Planetarium will let you see the constellations in an entirely new light. Be sure to check their website at www.guam.net/planet to find out when the next show is. Planetarium public shows are almost always the second full week of the month on Thursday, Friday and Saturday at 6:30 and 7:00pm. The doors open at 6:00 and public shows are always free. The possibilities for fun, sun, and adventure are endless on Guam and we haven’t even talked about helicopter and plane tours, jungle riverboat cruises, deep sea fishing, or mentioned a single water-related activity - and you know that list is endless! But the moral of this story is: you don’t need a swimsuit to experience a jewel in the Pacific and the gem of Micronesia, the gorgeous island of Guam, USA! All you need is your imagination and thirst for adventure and excitement; Guam will provide everything else!

Tourism Club Students & weaving baskets’ presenters at Danka Ledgerwood’s Photo Gallery at Palasia Hotel in Palau with visitors (If you are interested to have presentations by Tourism Club Students for more info please see page 45)

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The States of Yap, Pohnpei, Kosrae and Chuuk are the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM).


Attention! Please ask for permission before taking pictures of people and before entering any property off the main road. Most dirt roads, shorelines and even waters in Yap are privately owned. Please ask at YVB (Yap Visitors Bureau) for advice or ask your hotel, tour operator or travel agency to arrange a guide/tour and permissions for you.


Yap State, FSM YAP - My home You might ask me “where is Yap?“ Yap lies just 9 degrees north of the equator, 500 miles southwest of Guam, 300 miles to the northeast of Palau, 800

written by Maverick T. Mwalusholig miles from the Philippines, and 4,000 miles from Gilligan’s Island. The eastern side of Yap is in the Pacific Ocean, while the western side of the island

is in the Philippine Sea. Yap is one of the four states that comprise the Federated States of Micronesia, and the others are Pohnpei, Chuuk and Kosrae. Yap is the westernmost of the states (less than an hour flight from Palau or 2 hours from Guam). Yap consist of Yap Proper, where most of the hotels and dive shops are located, as well as nundreds of islands and atolls that extend 600 miles to the east, and one atoll about 80 miles to the south. Yap is known as the Island of Stone Money. There are amazing stone money banks in the villages and some people have their stone money in front of their houses. Yapese navigators sailed by traditional canoes to Palau, where the quarry was located, carved stone money for about 3 months, and sailed back by traditional canoes, dragging the stone money by using bamboo rafts to bring them to Yap. Many Yapese navigators and their carved stone money were lost in the sea because of bad weather and this is why women were always crying when men were going for their journey from Yap because nobody knew if they

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would ever return. At the end of the 19th century, Capt. O’Keefe offered to bring the stone money from Palau using his ship. All families whose men were going to Palau to sail and carve the stone money had to prepare old coconuts (called copra) and sea cucumbers to pay for the transport of the stone money. Nobody cried anymore but they had

to work hard to get as much copra and sea cucumbers as possible to pay Capt. O’Keefe. Stone money became much larger during this time. You can see the difference in the villages of Yap such as Maalay (Kanifay Municipality), Kaday (Daipebinaw Municipality), Maa (Tomil Municipality), Makiy, Wanyan (both Municipality), Chool, Wucholab (both Maap Municipality) or others. Two of the biggest pieces of stone money from O’Keefe’s time are on Rumung Islands (also called Forbiden Island), located about 25 minutes by small boat from Colonia, the capital, 15 minutes from Chool Village Maap Municipality, or 30 minutes by boat from Colonia.

Yap, Micronesia

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Outer Islands of Yap State, FSM Ulithi, Fais, Satowal, Woleai are just some of the Outer Islands of Yap State. When you like to experience outer islands of Yap State like Falalop (on the photo), Ulithi or Fais, you have to fly by a small plane. Round-trip ticket cost approximately $200. You have to have a permission to go to any Outer Island so you have to make these

one or more of lavalava. You can use it as a skirt, a wall decoration or a table cloth and also bring to your family, a present which will be special because you will know the weaver. Also by doing it you support the local economy and you will have a unique piece because each is made by hands and is not the same as the others.

When you fly to Falalop (main island) of the Ulithi Atoll, you can see this view.

arrangements ahead. Ask DJ Travel Agency or Village View Hotel to help you to visit the Council of Tamol the Outer-Islands Chiefs’ Council, and get written permission. Fee is $5 per person per each island you would like to visit. Write to: djtravelagency@yahoo.com You will enjoy the stay on coral atolls & white coral-sandy beach. It is amazing but also rural area. You can stay in a family house room and have meals prepared by the family. You can swim and snorkel, walk around the islands and take photos of women weaving lavalava which is a traditional skirt. When you get an invitation try to drink local tuba with men (usually during weekends). You can choose from the alcoholic or non-alcoholic which they call “tuba for women and kids.“ If you would like to bring a great present, buy Beyond the Reef Dive Shop in Colonia, Yap, offers great diving for 3-4 people in a boat. Contact us: beyondthereef@mail.fm or Call: 350-DIVE

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Chuuk State, FSM written by Megan Beard There are two things that people will tell you about when you say you’re leaving for Chuuk, FSM: the roads and the love stick. The stories about the roads in Chuuk are typically quite harrowing. Most people talk about needing a paddle to get across the potholes and they say you can tell which drivers are drunk because they’re the only ones driving straight down the roads, everyone else is swerving to miss all of the holes. It is true that there are some potholes that are a bit more like canyons, and driving in Chuuk is like a lot like off-roading even in the middle of town, but, with a small SUV, most of the roads are manageable and, in my experience, it was actually quite fun to drive there. After visiting the island, now flat, fully paved roads just seem so boring. They say that over the next few years, all of the roads are going to be fixed and repaved. I’m almost sad to see that happen. There is a certain charm to the way it is now and I feel like I’m part of a special club having driven and survived to tell stories about the roads in Chuuk. For the love stick, there are many stories, but basically the love stick was a traditional part of courtship in Chuuk. In the past, young men would carve a long wooden stick with a personalized pattern. If a young man liked a young woman, then he would sneak to her house in the middle of the night. He would poke his love stick into the young woman’s hut and try to wake her up. The girl would touch the love stick and if she felt the carved pattern of the boy she liked then she would pull the love stick inside, signaling for the boy to come inside. If she felt the pattern of a boy

she didn’t like, then she would push the love stick back out of the hut. There are many stories about how this was a dangerous practice though. Sometimes girls had a hard time telling if it was the right pattern for the guy they liked. Or worse, sometimes boys poked the wrong person in the hut, waking up the mother or the father instead of the girl he liked. The love stick is no longer used in Chuuk, but many tourist shops still sell the beautifully carved sticks. Though most of the stories about Chuuk involve the roads or the love stick, after visiting the islands, I have to say that there is a third topic that definitely deserves some attention: the people. Though Chuuk is not one of the wealthiest states in Micronesia, the people really go out of their way to share what they have and to make visitors feel welcome. During my time in Chuuk, I, along with nine traveling companions, stayed at the Kurassa Hotel in Weno. Though we were only there for a short time, we were nearly adopted by the family. They gave us the nephew’s car to borrow, told us about where to shop and do laundry, took us out for a very fun evening of dancing at the Happy Landing Q Bar, and even invited us to the sister’s novena. I would have thought that this was a unique and special experience, but I found that throughout my stay in Chuuk, time and again people were kind and helpful and touchingly generous. Overall, I would say that Chuuk is an island not to be missed on your travels in Micronesia. Though it is not the most advanced or wealthiest state in the Federated States, there is something very special about Chuuk and the Chuukese people. There is a saying in the island, OIC, which stands for “Only in Chuuk,“ and after visiting, I would have to say that there are many things that are OIC, and I’m glad to have had the opportunity to experience a few.

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Pohnpei State, FSM written by Amsina Sakuma, Harter Hertin and Herry Frank I am from Pohnpei. I recommend that when you come to Pohnpei, you visit prehistoric Nan Madol. It used to be a special place for the nobility and for mortuary activities presided over by priests several hundreds years ago. Nan Madol was built many centuries ago. It was built by men of Pohnpei. Nan Madol was built on the top of a coral reef and much of the city was underwater. This is a city made of rocks. Nobody knows where the rocks came from, but natives said it was magically flown through air. This is the city they called King’s Palace. Whoever becomes the king will rule Nan Madol and must be a blood relative or in the clan of the king.

While you are in Pohnpei you should try Sakau (Kava in Polynesia), which is a drink from a pepper plant with the same name. Sakau is a ceremonial drink for adults and young youths; the ceremony starts at sunset. Ngatik Atoll is one of an outer islands of Pohnpei, about 96 miles southern Pohnpei. You can go there either by a ship or a small plane. If you go by a

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ship it will take 12 hours and if you go by a plane it will take only 45 minutes. The population is about 500 people. Nukuoro Atoll is also an outer island of Pohnpei, located 251 nautical miles southwest from Pohnpei. This island is under Pohnpei State but people speak Naduoran language (Polynesian language) which is unique; it is totally different from Ponapean language. The population is around 600 and their cultural group is Polynesia. Nukuoro consists of 46 small islets around a beautiful blue lagoon. The main islet is named Nukuoro, and it is where people stay and live. Everybody on this island knows and helps each other. With the 46 islets you can walk around its reef and complete the cycle within eight to ten hours if you run and walk non-stop. All islands have clean and white beautiful beaches and fascinating different kinds of blue water where you can swim and snorkel freely. You can come to Nukuoro by a ship in three days. There is no electricity, airport, hotels, vehicles or street lights. The main road is only filled with white sand and when it is full moon, it shines on your way on the road. There is an elementary school, two churches, buildings, one dispensary and main government office. Our homes are built locally using wood and weaved coconut leaves for roofs. It is a great place to spend your honeymoon, enjoy the perfect view of the full moon, find black or rainbow pearl, learn how to weave a local basket, Photos by and catch a fish. Ivan Benjamin Kadannged

(More about Pohnpei on page 51)


Kosrae State, FSM written by RJ Spenser Joe and Rolphy Renton Kosrae is one of the most beautiful states in the FSM (Federated States of Micronesia). It is surrounded by green trees and a very deep blue ocean. If you go there, the people are very kind with a smile. When you reach there, you can find a tour guide who can show you around. This island is poor but people are always friendly and trying their best to develop the island. There are a lot of activities when you are there like kayaking, fishing, farming, snorkeling, hiking and diving, but not on Sundays. Sunday is a holy day to rest. When you do hiking or camping, you have to be with someone from the island to escort you or you ask the owner of the place that you are going to stay over night. There are 4 municipalities: Tafunsak, Lelu, Malwem and Utwa.

Kosrae is also called “Island of the Sleeping Lady“. Once upon a time there was a girl name Makantawe. She was a daughter of a whale. The mother (whale) always goes out into the water to swim. When the warriors (king’s soldiers) came to this village, they saw her and kidnapped the daughter. When mother returned from swimming she started to look for her. Finally she found her in King’s ruin. Mother took the daughter and she went through mountains back home. When mother whale, holding the daughter to walk through the mountains, daughter asked mother to drop her and wait. Mother waited and waited for so long that she became sleepy, lay down and died. Her body formed the island call Lelu, or Island of the Sleeping Lady.

Photos by Joan Sauer, drawing by Nelson Waguk

Kosrae EcoTours & Lodging - Best Price Guaranteed P.O. Box 637, Kosrae FSM 96944 kosrae@micronesiagrandtour.com www.micronesiagrandtour.com Tel: (691) 370-7856, Fax: (691) 370-8828

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Marshall Islands written by Jason Henson

Photo by Suza Golth

Laura, in Majuro Atoll, is the best place that I would recommend to stay. Laura is a village where most of the traditional lifestyle is still practiced these days. This village has the best natural environment as great beaches and the ocean surround it. There are

also farms you can visit. People here always honor visitors and welcome them with great respect. Laura is a beautiful place where you can enjoy the calm and have a peaceful vacation. In this village you can come, relax and experience the simple life that people here live. You will not believe that you are in the 21st century. Laura has an amazing lagoon, white sandy beaches, and crystal clear saltwater in which you can float and feel the gentle refreshing cool water from the Pacific. You can swim and snorkel the whole day it is a very popular thing to do. So put on your mask and enjoy the view.

Legend of the Copra (Tobolar) written by Danfield Shabazz A long time ago in an island called Mili, Marshall Islands, lived a lady named Lijobke and her two sons. Her eldest son was Lakum and the youngest was Tobolar. Her youngest son wasn’t an actual human being. It was some sort of a coconut but with two eyes a nose and ears. The eldest really despised him. He hated his little brother because he was different from other human beings and could never help his older brother with the chores because he had no hands and legs. Even though Tobolar was like this his mother never gave up on him because she had a feeling that her son would bless her with all that she needs. When Lakum came home every day he wanted to get rid of his brother for he was of no use and only liked to eat a lot. So one day when the mother returned from a hard day of labor, Tobolar told her that one day she wouldn’t have to work anymore but would eat and drink from what he will provide for her and for generations to come. One day Lakum came from the field and really got fed up with Tobolar and his unworthiness. So Lakum tried to hide his brother from their mother but Lijobke came home in time to find Lakum accusing his younger brother. So she cried and cried for she knew she didn’t have any place safe for her son. One morning she

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woke up and Tobolar called to her and told her that it was time for him to go. She cried and cried for she didn’t want her son to go away. And he told her not to worry because he’ll be just outside her window. She was wondering how he could be outside her window and what her son intended to do. So he told her to bury him in the ground right outside the window. She was startled by what her son was saying to her. She never wanted her son to be buried in the ground. But Tobolar told her that it was time for him to go and to provide for his mother. And so she did as she was told by her beloved son. Days passed and nothing happened, until one morning Lijobke woke up and saw a coconut tree growing outside her window. And she was delighted by what she could do with that coconut tree which her son provided for her. She could make mats to sleep on, she could eat from the coconut fruit, make fire from the husk, drink from the coconut, and many more things. Nowadays, the Marshallese believe that the reason why we have coconuts is because of Tobolar and they have named coconuts after him. Marshallese depend more on a coconut tree than anything else. It is one of our main resources that we maintain in our daily lives. And that’s the Legend of the Tobolar.


PCC Tourism Club & its Tour-Guiding Committee Active Again PCC Tourism Club students supervised by their advisors - PCC Professors - are now offering some cultural and land tours as part of their “learning experience“ for visitor or any interested individuals or groups. It is also a fundraising activity for the Tourism Club and Traveler Magazine. If you are curious and would like to experience a cultural tour, contact the President of the Tourism Club, other officers or Chairpersons of the Tour-Guiding, Food & Beverages or other Committees at PCC or write to: dankainmicronesia@yahoo.com. The Club offers a half or whole day Babaldaob Tour (including Crocodile Farm and Prison Story-board Store on Koror) and a cultural-traditional weaving, cooking traditional way meals and/or story-telling tour about Lebuu Prince, history of Palau or/and legends of Palau.

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Saipan, CNMI written by Leah Sakuma

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Saipan, along with sister islands in the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas (CNMI), is the gateway to Asia. It is one of the fourteen islands and numerous small islets that stretch approximately 450 nautical miles along a generally north-south axis. Saipan is located only 1,272 miles south of Tokyo, 1,438 miles east of

Saipan is tropical. There are two basics seasons: the rainy season from July to November, and the dry season for the remaining months of the year. Saipan is in the typhoon belt, and these storms occur most frequently during the rainy season. The majority population of Saipan is the native Chamorro people. The Carolinians make up the

Manila and 2,951 miles north of Sydney. This makes Saipan an easily reached year-round destination for a vacation in the sun and the surf. All the islands of CNMI are of volcanic origin, some still have volcanoes, and several are uninhabited. Saipan itself is a raised limestone island about thirteen miles long and from four to eight miles wide. The highest peak on the island is Mount Tapochao at 1,554 feet. The climate of

second largest ethnic group. There are about 23,000 residents of the CNMI of which 20,000 live on Saipan. There are many peace memorials in Saipan. One that is frequently visited is Banzai Cliff where an unknown number of Japanese patriots leaped to their death. I have to say, I love Palau, and also I love Saipan because I have a lot of great memories and friends by being there for whole my childhood.


Oahu Island - Hawaii Islands, USA

If you go to Micronesia from USA you will probably go via Hawaii. If you take an “around-the-world-trip“ you should definitely go via Hawaii. If you miss Hawaii you might miss a lot; so remember and try to include Hawaii at least for two-three days. There is a lot to see for weeks but if you do not have a lot of time make a few day stop on Oahu Island. The most famous beach on Oahu is Waikiki Beach. It is a long white sand beach with hundreds of surfers waiting for the perfect waves

all the time. Nearby are restaurants and bars where they serve delicious refreshments through the whole day. For amazing sun set stay close to the beach by a restaurant or just buy a beer or wine and sit on the beach to watch the colors. On Oahu are not only beautiful beaches but also the Polynesian Cultural Center which shows you different Pacific traditions and culture such as Fiji, Hawaii, New Zealand, Samoa, Tonga, Tahiti, Easter Islands and the Marquesas. During the day there are performances of each nation starting every hour with dinner and flower lei to welcome you

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at the beginning. The Polynesian Cultural Center on Oahu is called also the number one paid attraction in Hawaii. There are over 100 Polynesians in vibrant ceremonial costumes, reliving their 5,000 year history through songs, dances and stories. It is Open at noon Mondays through Saturdays and is closed on Sundays. Oahu Island is also known for WWII sites as Site of Surrender ending World War II and the location of the world’s last battleship, which is three football

fields long and over 20 stories tall. The biggest gun in the fleet, spell-binding stories of presidents, general and kamikaze attacks and various guided tours are also available. The general admission is $16 for an adult and $8 for children from 4-12 years old. Do not take a lot stuff with you because you have to leave it all in a storage room. The Battleship Missouri Memorial in Pearl Harbor is a great lesson of WWII with the opportunity to walk in, take photos and go around for hours. American heroes had fought and experienced one of the bloodiest battleships in the Pacific. If you like to learn more about the Dec. 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, do so by visiting the USS Arizona Memorial. The Visitor’s Center is free from 7:30am to 5pm except Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year’s Day. Shuttles to the memorial operate from 8am to 3pm daily, and allow passengers about a 15 minute visit. It is a place to visit while in Hawaii.

Crouching Lion Inn Restaurant & Bar - an amazing place to relax and have delicious meals and mixed drinks not only during every day "ALOHA Happy Hours" from 4-7pm. Events every month. Check them out. 50


Bottom Fishing in Palau written by Deidre Yamanguchi Getting hooked on bottom fishing is as easy as getting hooked on any hobby that gives you an adrenaline rush. And bottom fishing, although some say is boring (for all you do is dangle your line on the side of the boat and wait, and if nothing bites you can actually rot with the rest of your bait on the boat in the middle of the ocean) is perhaps one of the most exciting, if not therapeutic, water sports in Palau. The excitement of fishing comes not from the type of fish you catch but rather on that first bite, the snag, and then the pull. One can only imagine the leopard coral grouper or the brown marbled grouper staring at the bait, smelling it, tasting it, and then, "hmmmm…." Yet the most exciting part is probably when you find a group of red snapper or any group of fish that you got lucky enough to stumble upon. This is when chaos actually occurs on the boat and no one wants to either drink or eat anything but pull the fish into the boat, take the hook out of its mouth, throw it in the boat, grab another bait, put it on the hook, and throw it back in the water. When you are lucky enough to find a group of fish in one place, it is best to keep the food coming so they don’t wander away, or so they say. So, one neglects eating, drinking, lighting up a cigarette, or even chewing a betel nut. Yet the best part of it all is

perhaps the laughter and the joy in the boat. You can tell that the quiet ones who never uttered a word since the fishing trip started are smiling up to their ears and making comments about how theirs are bigger than yours or how theirs are going to feed the whole village. The battle of wits does not stop until the fish move away or until the boat is full of fish, enough indeed to feed a whole village. The therapeutic part of the fishing comes after a whole night or a whole day of fishing and you make your way home. The wind is at a standstill and the water almost looks and feels like you are traveling on soft glass. You can actually feel the boat slice through the water like a sharp knife cutting through paper; smell the flowers that grow on the side of the rock islands and the ocean at its rawness; stop the boat and hear nothing but the birds and the waves crashing on the rocks. And when you actually lean on the side of the boat to reach for the calmness you truly realize the beauty of this country, this island we call Palau. It is a melancholic beauty because at its most calmness your senses come alive. And you cannot help but think, if I lived here, breathed here, fished here, and just existed here on this place I call home what more I could I want in life? What more?

Pohnpei Sokehs Rock, FSM written by Jackson Jack The Sokehs Rock, known as the "Diamond Head of Micronesia," rises 662 ft over Pohnpei’s harbor. A natural beacon for seagoing vessels, this impressive promontory beckons visitors to scale its basal face. Those who reach top are awarded with a magnificent vista of Sokehs Island and the

rest of Pohnpei. In addition to its prominence as a point of interest, Sokehs Rock also played a role in Pohnpei’s history. In 1910, dissidents fled to the top of the rock seeking refuge from German government troops during the Sokehs Rebellions, Pohnpei’s last battle against foreign rule.

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Manila, Philippines – A Gate to Micronesia written by Raphael Rodriguez I have called Manila home every summer since I first returned to it, after a long absence that began my freshman year of high school. And having experienced it firsthand for so many years, I can confidently say that it is a wonderful tourist destination. Like many cities in Southeast Asia, Manila has certain characteristics that make it unique. One of those defining characteristics is the faith of the people. Filipinos have always been known for their deep religious faith, and one of the many tourist attractions to see while in Manila has to do with its religiosity, the Cathedral of Manila, an architecturally significant house of worship built during the Spanish occupation of the Philippines. This cathedral is one of the most beautiful I have ever seen. Spanish influence and architecture bleeds through the walls of the cathedral. After services have ended, one can enjoy passing through Fort Santiago to learn about the country's national hero Jose Rizal, as well as seeing artifacts from the Spanish colonial era. Manila is a city of many sights and sounds. In addition to the rich cultural aspect of the city, you can enjoy a busy metropolitan life and have fun at the many malls and restaurants that are within walking distance from your hotel. If you want to do something outside of the bustling metropolis, the Manila Zoo and Botanical Garden is a great place to view wildlife. The zoo features many animals, but the bird exhibits are exceptional; you may even see some migratory birds that call the zoo their home, if you’re lucky. When your tranquil day at the zoo or busy day in the city comes to a close, it is a must to view the sunset on Manila Bay, a place which is regarded as one of the best places on earth to view a sunset. One must always make Manila Bay a destination when in the Philippines. Whether you spend an exciting day in the bustling city of Makati or a relaxing day at the zoo, Manila has a little bit of everything to entertain the frequent or not-so-frequent traveler.

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PALAU © 2008 Danka Ledgerwood, First Birth Ceremony, Palau “Get Amazing Photographs to Remember Unique Events of Your Life by Danka Ledgerwood!“ E-mail: dankainmicronesia@yahoo.com Cell: (680) 779-7473


Travel magazine 5  

Volumeme 5 (2011-2012) Micronesia & the Pacific: Palau, Guam, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnopei, Kosrae, Marshalls, Hawaii and Manila Culture, Business,...

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