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TOWARDS A WEAK ARCHITECTURE ZHONGHUI ZHU SELECTED WORKS 2011-2016 APPLY TO M.ARCH II PROGRAM YALE SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE


Strong And Weak

Nothing is weaker than water, yet for overcoming what is hard and strong, nothing surpasses it. – Lao Tzu

Towards a Weak Architecture The new CCTV Headquarters in the heart of Beijing, with its shining glass façade and extravagant cantilever structure, has redefined the image of Beijing. When I first visited this building, I was not as amazed as I thought would be; instead, its gigantic structure felt tyrannical, arbitrary and most of all, STRONG. What really attracted me were the surrounding urban villages, which appeared WEAK, yet real and organic. This made me wonder: What was the problem with strong architecture? Why was I more attracted to the weak? With a condescending position towards nature, the individual, and human emotions, strong architecture has caused a series of problems, ranging from a deteriorating ecosystem to the neglected individual’s needs. Ironically, when trying to solve these crises in an unchanged condescending way, it inevitably introduces new problems. This vicious cycle has made strong architecture powerless, and weak architecture, in contrast, emerges as a potential solution. Weak architecture firstly responds to basic human survival needs. Just like water flowing to the lowest level, weak architecture addresses the places where the need is greatest. It also redeems the individual’s dignity and amplifies the richness of everyday life. Most of all, by rooting in fleshly memory and site context, weak architecture resonates and consoles each individual’s emotional needs.

CONTENTS GLISTENING IN DESERT | 01 Shelter and Memorial for Desert Water Source

MUSEUM UNDER BRIDGE | 02 Spatial Stimulus of Urban Junk Space

MEMORY OF COAL | 03 Industrial Memory Through Light and Material

SPORE CITY | 04 Reactive Growth of Trading Market

Behind weak architecture is a humble, caring yet determined architect, who understands space as container for daily life, provides care neglected by rapid urbanization, and most of all, surrenders to the real needs of people. He needs to constantly remind himself to stay weak, to embrace not the government, developer, or utopian architectural pursuit, but each and every individual.

Futuristic Response to Unpredictable Disaster

As Lao Tzu said, "The highest excellence is like (that of) water", I believe weak architecture will turn out to be strong.

OTHER WORKS

NOAH OASIS | 05


Strong And Weak

Nothing is weaker than water, yet for overcoming what is hard and strong, nothing surpasses it. – Lao Tzu

Towards a Weak Architecture The new CCTV Headquarters in the heart of Beijing, with its shining glass façade and extravagant cantilever structure, has redefined the image of Beijing. When I first visited this building, I was not as amazed as I thought would be; instead, its gigantic structure felt tyrannical, arbitrary and most of all, STRONG. What really attracted me were the surrounding urban villages, which appeared WEAK, yet real and organic. This made me wonder: What was the problem with strong architecture? Why was I more attracted to the weak? With a condescending position towards nature, the individual, and human emotions, strong architecture has caused a series of problems, ranging from a deteriorating ecosystem to the neglected individual’s needs. Ironically, when trying to solve these crises in an unchanged condescending way, it inevitably introduces new problems. This vicious cycle has made strong architecture powerless, and weak architecture, in contrast, emerges as a potential solution. Weak architecture firstly responds to basic human survival needs. Just like water flowing to the lowest level, weak architecture addresses the places where the need is greatest. It also redeems the individual’s dignity and amplifies the richness of everyday life. Most of all, by rooting in fleshly memory and site context, weak architecture resonates and consoles each individual’s emotional needs.

CONTENTS GLISTENING IN DESERT | 01 Shelter and Memorial for Desert Water Source

MUSEUM UNDER BRIDGE | 02 Spatial Stimulus of Urban Junk Space

MEMORY OF COAL | 03 Industrial Memory Through Light and Material

SPORE CITY | 04 Reactive Growth of Trading Market

Behind weak architecture is a humble, caring yet determined architect, who understands space as container for daily life, provides care neglected by rapid urbanization, and most of all, surrenders to the real needs of people. He needs to constantly remind himself to stay weak, to embrace not the government, developer, or utopian architectural pursuit, but each and every individual.

Futuristic Response to Unpredictable Disaster

As Lao Tzu said, "The highest excellence is like (that of) water", I believe weak architecture will turn out to be strong.

OTHER WORKS

NOAH OASIS | 05


01

GLISTENING IN DESERT Shelter and Memorial for Desert Water Source

2016 International VELUX Award Entry Collaborator: Zhe Jiang Adviser: Prof. Hui Wang Contribution: Concept 60%, Analysis 40%, Design 50%, Physical Model 80%, Rendering 70%

For Bedouins people, the nomads living in African Desert, water means more than essential life supply for them. It is the center of their daily life which the entire village and livelihood build upon. Also, the ever glistening and shining water in desert represents hope and spiritual home. However, due to climate changes in recent years, most lakes which used to be havens for Bedouins, have evaporated greatly and are on the edge of completely drying out. This crisis has jeopardized their traditional way of living, leaving them struggling for survival. Hence, our design aims to

preserve the water source and also maintain the image of water in desert. Over-exposure to direct sunlight is one of the major reasons for the drought of lakes. Thus, the shelter is made up of small reflective panels to prevent direct sunlight and increase inner water vapor circulation. Moreover, each panel will reflect sunlight at a different angle, creating a glistening effect from a distance. The shelter builds on the original water level as a reminiscence. Looking from the distance, it seems inserted in the desert softly as the original lake did.

1


01

GLISTENING IN DESERT Shelter and Memorial for Desert Water Source

2016 International VELUX Award Entry Collaborator: Zhe Jiang Adviser: Prof. Hui Wang Contribution: Concept 60%, Analysis 40%, Design 50%, Physical Model 80%, Rendering 70%

For Bedouins people, the nomads living in African Desert, water means more than essential life supply for them. It is the center of their daily life which the entire village and livelihood build upon. Also, the ever glistening and shining water in desert represents hope and spiritual home. However, due to climate changes in recent years, most lakes which used to be havens for Bedouins, have evaporated greatly and are on the edge of completely drying out. This crisis has jeopardized their traditional way of living, leaving them struggling for survival. Hence, our design aims to

preserve the water source and also maintain the image of water in desert. Over-exposure to direct sunlight is one of the major reasons for the drought of lakes. Thus, the shelter is made up of small reflective panels to prevent direct sunlight and increase inner water vapor circulation. Moreover, each panel will reflect sunlight at a different angle, creating a glistening effect from a distance. The shelter builds on the original water level as a reminiscence. Looking from the distance, it seems inserted in the desert softly as the original lake did.

1


Strategy

For Bedouins people, the nomads living in African Desert, water means more than essential life supply for them. The glistening water also represents hope and spiritual home. However, due to climate changes, most lakes are on the edge of drying out. This crisis has jeopardized their traditional way of living, leaving them struggling for survival.

Over-exposure to direct sunlight is one of the major reasons for the drought of lakes. Thus, the shelter is made up of small reflective panels to prevent direct sunlight and increase inner water vapor circulation. Moreover, each panel will reflect sunlight at a different angle, creating a glistening effect from a distance. The shelter builds on the original water level as a reminiscence. Looking from the distance, it seems inserted in the desert softly as the original lake did.

Rainfall and Evaporation(mm)

Background

In the past century, the annual precipitation rate has fallen greatly due to greenhouse effect. However, as the annual evaporation rate going up each year, the area of the lakes in desert has shrunken greatly. 1. The area of the lake has declined greatly due to drastic climate change.

2. A shelter designed to prevent direct sunlight and evaporation to help protect the water source.

3. The surface of the Shelter, with reflective panels, renaissances the sparkling effect original water from a distance.

4. The water and pavilion becomes desert shelter.

Many lakes which used to be the desert oasis and living place for nomads, have completely dried out. Hence, the desert nomad people are forced to move out and find new place to live. As the lakes keep disappearing, they are facing severe survival problem.

CONCEPT Due to climate changes in recent years, most lakes which used to be havens for Bedouins, have evaporated greatly and are on the edge of completely drying out. This crisis has jeopardized their traditional way of living, leaving them struggling for survival. Hence, our design aims to preserve the water source and also maintain the image of water in desert.The shelter builds on the original water level as a reminiscence. Looking from the distance, it seems inserted in the desert softly as the original lake.

Low-tech Panel Detail Each of the small reflective panels on the surface is made of two different metals, steel and aluminum, riveted together both on the top and bottom. When heated up, steel will expand twice as much as aluminum does, so the panel will bend to a certain degree. The higher the temperature is, the more the panel will bend, which can better prevent the direct sunlight.

Steel 2.3*10-5/oC

Aluminum 1.2*10-5/oC

Original Water Level Current Water Level

Steel

Aluminum

Metals have different Thermal Expansion Coefficients. Steel expands twice as aluminum does.

The top and the bottom of the steel and aluminum panels are riveted together.

The reflection structure will bend with rising temperature due to the different expansion.

2


Strategy

For Bedouins people, the nomads living in African Desert, water means more than essential life supply for them. The glistening water also represents hope and spiritual home. However, due to climate changes, most lakes are on the edge of drying out. This crisis has jeopardized their traditional way of living, leaving them struggling for survival.

Over-exposure to direct sunlight is one of the major reasons for the drought of lakes. Thus, the shelter is made up of small reflective panels to prevent direct sunlight and increase inner water vapor circulation. Moreover, each panel will reflect sunlight at a different angle, creating a glistening effect from a distance. The shelter builds on the original water level as a reminiscence. Looking from the distance, it seems inserted in the desert softly as the original lake did.

Rainfall and Evaporation(mm)

Background

In the past century, the annual precipitation rate has fallen greatly due to greenhouse effect. However, as the annual evaporation rate going up each year, the area of the lakes in desert has shrunken greatly. 1. The area of the lake has declined greatly due to drastic climate change.

2. A shelter designed to prevent direct sunlight and evaporation to help protect the water source.

3. The surface of the Shelter, with reflective panels, renaissances the sparkling effect original water from a distance.

4. The water and pavilion becomes desert shelter.

Many lakes which used to be the desert oasis and living place for nomads, have completely dried out. Hence, the desert nomad people are forced to move out and find new place to live. As the lakes keep disappearing, they are facing severe survival problem.

CONCEPT Due to climate changes in recent years, most lakes which used to be havens for Bedouins, have evaporated greatly and are on the edge of completely drying out. This crisis has jeopardized their traditional way of living, leaving them struggling for survival. Hence, our design aims to preserve the water source and also maintain the image of water in desert.The shelter builds on the original water level as a reminiscence. Looking from the distance, it seems inserted in the desert softly as the original lake.

Low-tech Panel Detail Each of the small reflective panels on the surface is made of two different metals, steel and aluminum, riveted together both on the top and bottom. When heated up, steel will expand twice as much as aluminum does, so the panel will bend to a certain degree. The higher the temperature is, the more the panel will bend, which can better prevent the direct sunlight.

Steel 2.3*10-5/oC

Aluminum 1.2*10-5/oC

Original Water Level Current Water Level

Steel

Aluminum

Metals have different Thermal Expansion Coefficients. Steel expands twice as aluminum does.

The top and the bottom of the steel and aluminum panels are riveted together.

The reflection structure will bend with rising temperature due to the different expansion.

2


Glistening effect Water has more than the practical value in the desert. It also represents hope and livelihood. After a long expedition, seeing the shining water surface will be the most consoling to mind and body. Thus, the surface of the pavilion resembles the original water surface, shining in the desert, guiding people to its protection and safe haven. The shelter would become a place to reminisce and introspect, while its surface will forever glistens in desert.

Variation in 24 hour In different times of day, the panels on the surface will change the bent angle according to the temperature. This helps the shelter to react to differently throughout the day to better preserve the water, and also creates different shining effect under sunlight. Mild morning sunlight is reflected through the panels, and the glisten of water lights up the space below. At noon, strong sunlight is reflected and the evaporated water will return to the source. During sunset, the light is reflected on the bent panels while the water is preserved as the temperature is still high. At night the moon light will go through the panels and shine on both the panels and the water. 5 AM

6 AM

7 AM

9 AM

10 AM

12 PM

13 PM

14 PM

15 PM

17 PM

19 PM

20 PM

21 PM

5 AM

6 AM

7 AM

9 AM

11AM

1 PM

3 PM

5 PM

7 PM

8 PM

3


Glistening effect Water has more than the practical value in the desert. It also represents hope and livelihood. After a long expedition, seeing the shining water surface will be the most consoling to mind and body. Thus, the surface of the pavilion resembles the original water surface, shining in the desert, guiding people to its protection and safe haven. The shelter would become a place to reminisce and introspect, while its surface will forever glistens in desert.

Variation in 24 hour In different times of day, the panels on the surface will change the bent angle according to the temperature. This helps the shelter to react to differently throughout the day to better preserve the water, and also creates different shining effect under sunlight. Mild morning sunlight is reflected through the panels, and the glisten of water lights up the space below. At noon, strong sunlight is reflected and the evaporated water will return to the source. During sunset, the light is reflected on the bent panels while the water is preserved as the temperature is still high. At night the moon light will go through the panels and shine on both the panels and the water. 5 AM

6 AM

7 AM

9 AM

10 AM

12 PM

13 PM

14 PM

15 PM

17 PM

19 PM

20 PM

21 PM

5 AM

6 AM

7 AM

9 AM

11AM

1 PM

3 PM

5 PM

7 PM

8 PM

3


Component analysis The pavilion is attach to the columns inserted in the lake, which support the main beam structure. And the secondary structure is therefore attached on the it and supports the reflective panels. With the structure and technology that's simple and feasible, this could be a potential solution in the desert.

Roof details Reflection Panels

Each of the small reflective panels on the surface is made of two different metals, steel and aluminum, riveted together both on the top and bottom. The reflective panels are connected to the secondary structure, which is a grid system in the size of the panel.

Secondary Structure

Main Structure

Reflection Panels

Column Vertical Section

Water Source

Horizental Section

4


Component analysis The pavilion is attach to the columns inserted in the lake, which support the main beam structure. And the secondary structure is therefore attached on the it and supports the reflective panels. With the structure and technology that's simple and feasible, this could be a potential solution in the desert.

Roof details Reflection Panels

Each of the small reflective panels on the surface is made of two different metals, steel and aluminum, riveted together both on the top and bottom. The reflective panels are connected to the secondary structure, which is a grid system in the size of the panel.

Secondary Structure

Main Structure

Reflection Panels

Column Vertical Section

Water Source

Horizental Section

4


Variation in the Future- Desert OASIs When the water is still plenty, the shelter would slow down the drying process of the lake, while serving as a safe haven and public space for nearby people. The shelter will provide sufficient protected space for plants to grow and people to dwell.

Refraction

Reflection

Variation in the Future- Safe Haven As the climate keeps getting worse and most of the other lakes in the desert area have completely dried out, the glistening shelter could guide nearby refugees towards it and offer hospitality. As the refugees look down from the hill, the glistening surface resembles the original water and hope.It will become the safe haven and protect the only water source from completely drying out.

Refraction

Reflection

Variation in the Future- Memorial If the drought is inevitable, the shelter would become a place for people to reminisce and introspect. The direct desert light will be filtered through the panels, and shine on the deserted riverbed, while its surface will keep on glistening in desert.

Refraction

Reflection 5


Variation in the Future- Desert OASIs When the water is still plenty, the shelter would slow down the drying process of the lake, while serving as a safe haven and public space for nearby people. The shelter will provide sufficient protected space for plants to grow and people to dwell.

Refraction

Reflection

Variation in the Future- Safe Haven As the climate keeps getting worse and most of the other lakes in the desert area have completely dried out, the glistening shelter could guide nearby refugees towards it and offer hospitality. As the refugees look down from the hill, the glistening surface resembles the original water and hope.It will become the safe haven and protect the only water source from completely drying out.

Refraction

Reflection

Variation in the Future- Memorial If the drought is inevitable, the shelter would become a place for people to reminisce and introspect. The direct desert light will be filtered through the panels, and shine on the deserted riverbed, while its surface will keep on glistening in desert.

Refraction

Reflection 5


02

Musuem Beneath Bridge Spatial Stimulus of Urban Junk

3rd Year Museum Design Studio Individual Work Advisor: Prof. Zhengnan Zhou Site: Tianning Overpass, Beijing, China

Highway system, which is the foundation of modern society has also caused great problem. It provides the structure of the fast transportation system modern society has relied on. However, it has also created vast social problems. The space underneath the bridge is known to be chaotic and negative. In many cases, it has been reduced to deserted parking lot, garbage dumpster and homeless shelter. Also, the seperation of the highway has scattered the urban space and made passing throught it an advanture.

Therefore, I tried to solve this problem with a gentle interference. With the aim to revitalize the space without rebelling the original structure, I've designed a museum as a spatial stimulus. Its form is rather simple and hiding underneath the overpass, with only a few volume and linkages sticking out. In this way, it has helped reconnected the local space that is separated by the bridge. When passing through on the linkage, it is a rather delightful visit to the museum. Its form and material appear weak contrast to the strong overpass above, but it contains the power to provide lively space for the local residence. 6


02

Musuem Beneath Bridge Spatial Stimulus of Urban Junk

3rd Year Museum Design Studio Individual Work Advisor: Prof. Zhengnan Zhou Site: Tianning Overpass, Beijing, China

Highway system, which is the foundation of modern society has also caused great problem. It provides the structure of the fast transportation system modern society has relied on. However, it has also created vast social problems. The space underneath the bridge is known to be chaotic and negative. In many cases, it has been reduced to deserted parking lot, garbage dumpster and homeless shelter. Also, the seperation of the highway has scattered the urban space and made passing throught it an advanture.

Therefore, I tried to solve this problem with a gentle interference. With the aim to revitalize the space without rebelling the original structure, I've designed a museum as a spatial stimulus. Its form is rather simple and hiding underneath the overpass, with only a few volume and linkages sticking out. In this way, it has helped reconnected the local space that is separated by the bridge. When passing through on the linkage, it is a rather delightful visit to the museum. Its form and material appear weak contrast to the strong overpass above, but it contains the power to provide lively space for the local residence. 6


Junk Space Of overpass

Generation Process

On Beijing Second Ring Road, various giant overpasses are constructed to satisfy the ever-increasing traffic. It promotes the efficiency of the city, while also separates the urban space and leaves vast junk space underneath. It also makes the act of passing through it an inhuman experience. It has become a cluster of negative space in the city.

Sitting humbly beneath the overpass, the musuem with a few linkages sticking out reconnects people in nearby district and provide several cirulations regarding to different people's need.

1. The current seperation of the overpass.

2. Beside the bridge are various communities and urban parks.

3. A pedastrain walkway system is settled to provide passage.

4. The volume under the bridge contains various functions.

5. Two volumes sticking out of the overpass and facing the parks.

6. The negative space beneath the bridge is revitalized into community center.

Concept: Soft Intervention The overpass on the site has separated the local residence from easily crossing. The main volume, with multiple functions, is in simple form inserted under the overpass, with a few linkages providing necessary passage for local citizens.

1. The second ring road has seperated the space and makes it difficulut to pass through.

2. A bridge is settled as a linkage for people from the side and provide direct access.

3. A simple volume is inserted under the overpass as an urban musuem and community center.

4. Pass through the bridge will also be a visit to musuem, with multipul functions open to public.

Master Plan

10m

30m

60m

120m

7


Junk Space Of overpass

Generation Process

On Beijing Second Ring Road, various giant overpasses are constructed to satisfy the ever-increasing traffic. It promotes the efficiency of the city, while also separates the urban space and leaves vast junk space underneath. It also makes the act of passing through it an inhuman experience. It has become a cluster of negative space in the city.

Sitting humbly beneath the overpass, the musuem with a few linkages sticking out reconnects people in nearby district and provide several cirulations regarding to different people's need.

1. The current seperation of the overpass.

2. Beside the bridge are various communities and urban parks.

3. A pedastrain walkway system is settled to provide passage.

4. The volume under the bridge contains various functions.

5. Two volumes sticking out of the overpass and facing the parks.

6. The negative space beneath the bridge is revitalized into community center.

Concept: Soft Intervention The overpass on the site has separated the local residence from easily crossing. The main volume, with multiple functions, is in simple form inserted under the overpass, with a few linkages providing necessary passage for local citizens.

1. The second ring road has seperated the space and makes it difficulut to pass through.

2. A bridge is settled as a linkage for people from the side and provide direct access.

3. A simple volume is inserted under the overpass as an urban musuem and community center.

4. Pass through the bridge will also be a visit to musuem, with multipul functions open to public.

Master Plan

10m

30m

60m

120m

7


Beneath the overpass Spatial layout generation

1. Volumn beneath the bridge Volumn with passage for vehicles.

3. Volumn sticking out out of the overpass for scernery of park and river.

5. Circulation for nearby neighbors to pass through.

7. Linkage for nearby neighbors to pass through and its surrounding functions

9. Circulation for visiting the museum.

2. Void made to allow the structure of the overpass.

4. Pubic function penatrating the cube and facing the neighborhood.

6. Surrounding road and overpass for vehicles.

8. Another linkage for nearby neighbors to pass through and its surrounding functions

10. Circulation for local residence to pass throught with musuem functions accessible. 8


Beneath the overpass Spatial layout generation

1. Volumn beneath the bridge Volumn with passage for vehicles.

3. Volumn sticking out out of the overpass for scernery of park and river.

5. Circulation for nearby neighbors to pass through.

7. Linkage for nearby neighbors to pass through and its surrounding functions

9. Circulation for visiting the museum.

2. Void made to allow the structure of the overpass.

4. Pubic function penatrating the cube and facing the neighborhood.

6. Surrounding road and overpass for vehicles.

8. Another linkage for nearby neighbors to pass through and its surrounding functions

10. Circulation for local residence to pass throught with musuem functions accessible. 8


Circulation anaLysis The museum mainly contains ciruculation system for two target groups: the visitors that travels through the museum and the residence that passes through.

For museum visitors, there is a circulation that passes by all the major functions and all the parts of the museum.

For local residence, the musuem have linkages that connects with museum functions open to them.

1. Community Library

1. Overpass Structure Lobby

2. Pocket Park under Overpass

2. Stage for City Viewing

3. Entrance from Neighborhood

3. Story Box

4. Community Art Gallery

4. Sky light Gallery

Sticking out of the overpass At the end of the overpass, there are volumns that stick out of the coverage of museum, demonstrating the existence of the building.

9


Circulation anaLysis The museum mainly contains ciruculation system for two target groups: the visitors that travels through the museum and the residence that passes through.

For museum visitors, there is a circulation that passes by all the major functions and all the parts of the museum.

For local residence, the musuem have linkages that connects with museum functions open to them.

1. Community Library

1. Overpass Structure Lobby

2. Pocket Park under Overpass

2. Stage for City Viewing

3. Entrance from Neighborhood

3. Story Box

4. Community Art Gallery

4. Sky light Gallery

Sticking out of the overpass At the end of the overpass, there are volumns that stick out of the coverage of museum, demonstrating the existence of the building.

9


03

MEMORY OF COAL Industrial Memory through Material and Light

UED Young Architects Growth Plans | National Finalist Top 30 Location: Liaoning, China Collaborator: Ning Tang, Yufeng Zhu Adviser: Mr. Xu Wang Contribution: Concept 40%, Analysis 40%, Design 70%, Physical Model 80%, Rendering 70%

The UED Young Architects Development Plan is a public welfare campaign for young architects and architectural students, which is launched by CBC and UED magazines. In 2015, a competition based on a real project is organized emphasizing Fushun City’s leading role of sustainability. The winning proposals will be constructed by students and mentors. After two rounds of selection, our group was shortlisted as top 30, winning the chance to realize the proposal. Our proposal is to renovate one of the dilapidated factory workshops

in the demonstration area, which served as a train repair shop. With the exhaustion of coal mine and change of industrial structures, the city of Fushun has lost its motive power and its abundant population as well. The coal industry, which endowed Fushun with a glorious past, is now outdated and despised. Even worse, it is regarded to endanger the urban environment. We wish to renovate the workshop into a museum introducing the history of coal industry of Fushun, enabling people to have a close insight into the intimate relation between the city they live in and the coal industry. 10


03

MEMORY OF COAL Industrial Memory through Material and Light

UED Young Architects Growth Plans | National Finalist Top 30 Location: Liaoning, China Collaborator: Ning Tang, Yufeng Zhu Adviser: Mr. Xu Wang Contribution: Concept 40%, Analysis 40%, Design 70%, Physical Model 80%, Rendering 70%

The UED Young Architects Development Plan is a public welfare campaign for young architects and architectural students, which is launched by CBC and UED magazines. In 2015, a competition based on a real project is organized emphasizing Fushun City’s leading role of sustainability. The winning proposals will be constructed by students and mentors. After two rounds of selection, our group was shortlisted as top 30, winning the chance to realize the proposal. Our proposal is to renovate one of the dilapidated factory workshops

in the demonstration area, which served as a train repair shop. With the exhaustion of coal mine and change of industrial structures, the city of Fushun has lost its motive power and its abundant population as well. The coal industry, which endowed Fushun with a glorious past, is now outdated and despised. Even worse, it is regarded to endanger the urban environment. We wish to renovate the workshop into a museum introducing the history of coal industry of Fushun, enabling people to have a close insight into the intimate relation between the city they live in and the coal industry. 10


History of Coal Industry in Fushun The coal industry used to bring Fushun with glory in the past, and it also reflects the history of Chinese modern industry at the same time. It should not be forgotten. Fushun is in the process of transforming into a tourist city. By re-planning historic industrial sites, improving geological conditions and renovation of old workshops, the city is trying to present the past to the people and bring opportunities to itself as well.

1940s

1960s

1980s

1990s

2000s

Japanese War

The Golden Age

Open Up

Industrialized

Depression

In 1905, the Japanese invaded into Fushun and gained the right of mining. The exploitation and construction of coal mining areas started since then.

After the Liberation, the coal production continued to increase , and this motivated the development of heavy industry in north-eastern area of China.

However, the massive need for coal mine and the excessive mining resulted in the neglect of geological protection and land subsidence.

With the development of technology, the efficiency of coal digging has grown a lot, bring more people to the industry and prosperity to the area.

Since the 1980s, the mineral vein began to dry up and sites had to be shut down. The industrial transformation resulted in the neglect of heavy industry.

renovation strategy The design seeks to preserve much of the old structure, including the original concrete structure, brick facade, machine for producing coal and the roof, and at the same time, the window in the facade will be changed into coal gibbon wall, and the machine will be extended with light tunnels for display. A new second floor will be inserted to prolong the visiting procedure. An extension to both end will become entrance and exit.

Original Structure

Original Facade

Original Machine

Original Roof

Inserted Slabs

Inserted Coal Gibbon Wall

Inserted Light Tunnel

Extended Entrance 11


History of Coal Industry in Fushun The coal industry used to bring Fushun with glory in the past, and it also reflects the history of Chinese modern industry at the same time. It should not be forgotten. Fushun is in the process of transforming into a tourist city. By re-planning historic industrial sites, improving geological conditions and renovation of old workshops, the city is trying to present the past to the people and bring opportunities to itself as well.

1940s

1960s

1980s

1990s

2000s

Japanese War

The Golden Age

Open Up

Industrialized

Depression

In 1905, the Japanese invaded into Fushun and gained the right of mining. The exploitation and construction of coal mining areas started since then.

After the Liberation, the coal production continued to increase , and this motivated the development of heavy industry in north-eastern area of China.

However, the massive need for coal mine and the excessive mining resulted in the neglect of geological protection and land subsidence.

With the development of technology, the efficiency of coal digging has grown a lot, bring more people to the industry and prosperity to the area.

Since the 1980s, the mineral vein began to dry up and sites had to be shut down. The industrial transformation resulted in the neglect of heavy industry.

renovation strategy The design seeks to preserve much of the old structure, including the original concrete structure, brick facade, machine for producing coal and the roof, and at the same time, the window in the facade will be changed into coal gibbon wall, and the machine will be extended with light tunnels for display. A new second floor will be inserted to prolong the visiting procedure. An extension to both end will become entrance and exit.

Original Structure

Original Facade

Original Machine

Original Roof

Inserted Slabs

Inserted Coal Gibbon Wall

Inserted Light Tunnel

Extended Entrance 11


3

5

2

7

4

1

6

3

Ground Floor Plan

2

1

5

3

1m

3m

6m

12m

5. Fireplace 1. Entrance 6. Gallery 2. Reception 7. Exit 3. Coal Gibbon Wall 4. Light Tunnel 8. Coffee house

6

6

1. Gallery 4. Recepetion 2. Coal Gibbon Wall 5. Light Tube 3. Fire Place 6. Stair Case

2nd Floor Plan

1m

3m

6m

12m

1. Gallery 4. Recepetion 2. Coal Gibbon Wall 5. Light Tube 3. Fire Place 6. Stair Case

Roof Plan

1m

3m

6m

12m

Coal Memory: Fireplace 12


3

5

2

7

4

1

6

3

Ground Floor Plan

2

1

5

3

1m

3m

6m

12m

5. Fireplace 1. Entrance 6. Gallery 2. Reception 7. Exit 3. Coal Gibbon Wall 4. Light Tunnel 8. Coffee house

6

6

1. Gallery 4. Recepetion 2. Coal Gibbon Wall 5. Light Tube 3. Fire Place 6. Stair Case

2nd Floor Plan

1m

3m

6m

12m

1. Gallery 4. Recepetion 2. Coal Gibbon Wall 5. Light Tube 3. Fire Place 6. Stair Case

Roof Plan

1m

3m

6m

12m

Coal Memory: Fireplace 12


1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Longitude Section 1-1

2-2

3-3

4-4

5-5

6-6

7-7

8-8

9-9

10-10

11-11

12-12

Circulation A specific circulation route is designed to better experience the building. The whole journey features different aspects of coal history. People could feel the material and memory through space and light. 13


1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Longitude Section 1-1

2-2

3-3

4-4

5-5

6-6

7-7

8-8

9-9

10-10

11-11

12-12

Circulation A specific circulation route is designed to better experience the building. The whole journey features different aspects of coal history. People could feel the material and memory through space and light. 13


Fireplace In the chilling winters in the past, families would light the stove fire. The cold air would be expelled by the burning fire produced by the coal. We hope to recreate the stove fire and bring people with warmth when they are sitting at the fireplace and watching the coal burning.

Ventilation Analysis

Light Diffusion

Light Tunnel Original machine and its tube will be preserved. At the same time, a light tube attach to its structure will become the primary resource for lighting and memory. An extension to the foundation will be added as a way to look at the machine.

Extension

Machine

Light Tunnel

Original Structure

Coal Gibbon Wall By creating the cage walls filled with coal mine, people would have a chance to view it with a new perspective. The light would permeate through the coal into the interior. Thus, the coal mine could get rid of its dark past and become the leading role of the space.

Steel Structure

Wire

Frame

Foundation

Coal

Coal Gibbon Wall 14


Fireplace In the chilling winters in the past, families would light the stove fire. The cold air would be expelled by the burning fire produced by the coal. We hope to recreate the stove fire and bring people with warmth when they are sitting at the fireplace and watching the coal burning.

Ventilation Analysis

Light Diffusion

Light Tunnel Original machine and its tube will be preserved. At the same time, a light tube attach to its structure will become the primary resource for lighting and memory. An extension to the foundation will be added as a way to look at the machine.

Extension

Machine

Light Tunnel

Original Structure

Coal Gibbon Wall By creating the cage walls filled with coal mine, people would have a chance to view it with a new perspective. The light would permeate through the coal into the interior. Thus, the coal mine could get rid of its dark past and become the leading role of the space.

Steel Structure

Wire

Frame

Foundation

Coal

Coal Gibbon Wall 14


04

Cellphone App

Infrastructure

Recreation

Recycling

Transportation

Retail

Trading

Public Activities

iDurban app enables instant requests .

Newly inserted infrastructures offer necessary service.

Recreational facilities amuse the kids.

These spores assures sanitary market space.

The spores offer easy transportation between markets.

Retail functions in original markets are distributed.

Trading of herb is the feature of Warwick markets. The spores will carry and distribute this function.

Those spores provide nearby neighborhoods with public spaces, stimulating social activities.

SPORE CITY Reactive Growth of Trading Markets

2014 UIA Student Competition | Top 15 Finalists Location: Durban, South Africa Collaborator: Zhengyu Qin, Xiaowei Zhang, Jingwei Tan, Jianing Liu Adviser: Prof. Weimin Zhuang Contribution: Concept 50%, Analysis 60%, Design 50%, Rendering 40%

The project is an urban intervention on Warwick Junction, the biggest transportation in South Africa. The complex conditions of the site and the vicinity make it impossible to rely merely on physical solutions. Moreover, the future urban condition will be so unpredictable over time. Thus, we propose a design in which local automobiles are refitted into moving spores, carrying basic elements of the original markets and distributing to the Warwick Area. By connecting to cell phone apps, the automobile spores can explore and react to people's needs on an

urban scale. After a long span of time and data cloud processing, the unpredictable movement of spores will be settled down to a balanced network structure, which is bounded up with citizens’ various requests. Our proposal can be divided into three scales: large, medium and small. Large scale strategy manipulates on automobiles spores network within the whole Warwick Area. Medium scale strategy is the renovation of Warwick Junction, eliminating urban division. Small scale strategy focuses on the remolding of automobile spores, forming markets otherwhere. 15


04

Cellphone App

Infrastructure

Recreation

Recycling

Transportation

Retail

Trading

Public Activities

iDurban app enables instant requests .

Newly inserted infrastructures offer necessary service.

Recreational facilities amuse the kids.

These spores assures sanitary market space.

The spores offer easy transportation between markets.

Retail functions in original markets are distributed.

Trading of herb is the feature of Warwick markets. The spores will carry and distribute this function.

Those spores provide nearby neighborhoods with public spaces, stimulating social activities.

SPORE CITY Reactive Growth of Trading Markets

2014 UIA Student Competition | Top 15 Finalists Location: Durban, South Africa Collaborator: Zhengyu Qin, Xiaowei Zhang, Jingwei Tan, Jianing Liu Adviser: Prof. Weimin Zhuang Contribution: Concept 50%, Analysis 60%, Design 50%, Rendering 40%

The project is an urban intervention on Warwick Junction, the biggest transportation in South Africa. The complex conditions of the site and the vicinity make it impossible to rely merely on physical solutions. Moreover, the future urban condition will be so unpredictable over time. Thus, we propose a design in which local automobiles are refitted into moving spores, carrying basic elements of the original markets and distributing to the Warwick Area. By connecting to cell phone apps, the automobile spores can explore and react to people's needs on an

urban scale. After a long span of time and data cloud processing, the unpredictable movement of spores will be settled down to a balanced network structure, which is bounded up with citizens’ various requests. Our proposal can be divided into three scales: large, medium and small. Large scale strategy manipulates on automobiles spores network within the whole Warwick Area. Medium scale strategy is the renovation of Warwick Junction, eliminating urban division. Small scale strategy focuses on the remolding of automobile spores, forming markets otherwhere. 15


unbalanced need and supply Due to the top-down urban planning system, Durban has suffered from the unbalanced network of need and supply. The major market locates near the train station, which only adds up to the chaos in the area, while most people live outside the city center. As a result, most people need to travel a long way for market. People's need is neglected in this planning system.

Major Market Areas

Places with Needs

Barrier of Supply

Needed Spots

Markets

Main Neighborhood

Barrier

Transportation System

Strategy: reciprocal growth from Down to top Instead of the rigid top-down develop system, we try to cater to individual's need and let this guide the development of city. We designed an mobile app, iDurban, which enables people to request various function. At the same time, the market is dissolved into vehicle cells to fulfill people's need, which may even settle down as permanent infrastructure is need is consistent. Grassroots Participation The iDurban App will collect people's need instantly and transfer the data to cloud center.

Acupunctural Solution Through data cloud processing, the vehicle spores will become settled facilities in places which constantly require certain functions.

Reciprocal Feedback The app will sent the corresponding vehicle spore to the needing space, fulfilling people's need.

Intervention The Data cloud will become a facility to smart city urban planning. Tacticle Urbanism Refitted automobiles, carrying functions extracted from the markets, are distributed in response to different request sent by the cell phone app. 16


unbalanced need and supply Due to the top-down urban planning system, Durban has suffered from the unbalanced network of need and supply. The major market locates near the train station, which only adds up to the chaos in the area, while most people live outside the city center. As a result, most people need to travel a long way for market. People's need is neglected in this planning system.

Major Market Areas

Places with Needs

Barrier of Supply

Needed Spots

Markets

Main Neighborhood

Barrier

Transportation System

Strategy: reciprocal growth from Down to top Instead of the rigid top-down develop system, we try to cater to individual's need and let this guide the development of city. We designed an mobile app, iDurban, which enables people to request various function. At the same time, the market is dissolved into vehicle cells to fulfill people's need, which may even settle down as permanent infrastructure is need is consistent. Grassroots Participation The iDurban App will collect people's need instantly and transfer the data to cloud center.

Acupunctural Solution Through data cloud processing, the vehicle spores will become settled facilities in places which constantly require certain functions.

Reciprocal Feedback The app will sent the corresponding vehicle spore to the needing space, fulfilling people's need.

Intervention The Data cloud will become a facility to smart city urban planning. Tacticle Urbanism Refitted automobiles, carrying functions extracted from the markets, are distributed in response to different request sent by the cell phone app. 16


SMALL SCALE - TACTICAL URBANISM

REFITTED VEHICLE SPORES In the very beginning, the vehicle spores are refitted to extract various functions from the Warwick markets and also to provide some additional functions acting as infrastructure. After the exploration is finished, the vehicle spores will settle down in the right places and form new markets elsewhere.

Transportation Customers can easily be transfered from one market to another by the tricycle spores.

Recycling Spores remoulded from trolleys serve as recycling tools, ensuring sanitary of the markets.

Herb Trading Peddlers selling herbs are able to utilize refitted truck spores as trading stands.

Aid Station This kind of spores can offer preliminary treatment in neighborhoods.

Restroom Restroom spores solve the problem that the original markets lack infrastructure.

Accommodation Accommodation facilities enables peddlers or homeless people to spend the nights.

Exhibition The spores add color to monotonous atmosphere of the neighborhoods or markets.

Film Movies encourage people to gather, which is beneficial to cohesion of societies.

Grocery Shop Cells carry the fresh vegetables and meet to the city, and people could order to buy.

Gym The spores refitted into gyms provide people with facilities where they can work out.

Clothes Store The spores offer better shopping experience and make trading more flexible.

Internet Cafe Internet connections enables people get in touch with all kinds of information.

Chatting Whenever feeling lonely, just read through people's profile and if you like someone you could meet there.

IDURBAN APP The iDurban app is designed for citizens or visitors to request and evaluate certain services or facilities. In short term, the app requests directly control the movement of vehicle spores. In the long run, the app enables data cloud to collect a large amount of information for processing, and thus, perceive various demands within Warwick Area so as to precisely locate the settled vehicle spores.

Beverage The spores serve as beverage stands, offering resting space in the markets.

17


SMALL SCALE - TACTICAL URBANISM

REFITTED VEHICLE SPORES In the very beginning, the vehicle spores are refitted to extract various functions from the Warwick markets and also to provide some additional functions acting as infrastructure. After the exploration is finished, the vehicle spores will settle down in the right places and form new markets elsewhere.

Transportation Customers can easily be transfered from one market to another by the tricycle spores.

Recycling Spores remoulded from trolleys serve as recycling tools, ensuring sanitary of the markets.

Herb Trading Peddlers selling herbs are able to utilize refitted truck spores as trading stands.

Aid Station This kind of spores can offer preliminary treatment in neighborhoods.

Restroom Restroom spores solve the problem that the original markets lack infrastructure.

Accommodation Accommodation facilities enables peddlers or homeless people to spend the nights.

Exhibition The spores add color to monotonous atmosphere of the neighborhoods or markets.

Film Movies encourage people to gather, which is beneficial to cohesion of societies.

Grocery Shop Cells carry the fresh vegetables and meet to the city, and people could order to buy.

Gym The spores refitted into gyms provide people with facilities where they can work out.

Clothes Store The spores offer better shopping experience and make trading more flexible.

Internet Cafe Internet connections enables people get in touch with all kinds of information.

Chatting Whenever feeling lonely, just read through people's profile and if you like someone you could meet there.

IDURBAN APP The iDurban app is designed for citizens or visitors to request and evaluate certain services or facilities. In short term, the app requests directly control the movement of vehicle spores. In the long run, the app enables data cloud to collect a large amount of information for processing, and thus, perceive various demands within Warwick Area so as to precisely locate the settled vehicle spores.

Beverage The spores serve as beverage stands, offering resting space in the markets.

17


Medium scale: Architectural intervention A cemetery is located near Warwick Junction, but the new trading market reuses the current parking lot, which only adds up to the chaos in the site, and extents the original market. Therefore, the medium scale strategy will be the new center of market, which can also distributed in the city.

Warwick Junction

Existing Market Proposed Extension (Current Parking Lot)

5m

15m

25m

50m

DESIGN PROCESS

1. The parking lot located near Warwick market is potentially valuable.

2. By lifting parking lot up and interfering it with a garage, the green space can be utilized.

3. The new parking garage hosts more vehicle, and can be the center for spore cells.

4. The ramp have access to each floor and thus enables the cell to go to different markets.

5. A facade facing the park is occupied by public activity spaces.

6. Direct access to the park is added to the public space. 18


Medium scale: Architectural intervention A cemetery is located near Warwick Junction, but the new trading market reuses the current parking lot, which only adds up to the chaos in the site, and extents the original market. Therefore, the medium scale strategy will be the new center of market, which can also distributed in the city.

Warwick Junction

Existing Market Proposed Extension (Current Parking Lot)

5m

15m

25m

50m

DESIGN PROCESS

1. The parking lot located near Warwick market is potentially valuable.

2. By lifting parking lot up and interfering it with a garage, the green space can be utilized.

3. The new parking garage hosts more vehicle, and can be the center for spore cells.

4. The ramp have access to each floor and thus enables the cell to go to different markets.

5. A facade facing the park is occupied by public activity spaces.

6. Direct access to the park is added to the public space. 18


Large scale - Reactive growth

2015: Vehicle spores

2020: Settled infrastructure

2025: Market Otherwhere

Refitted automobiles, carrying functions extracted from the markets, are distributed in Warwick Area, in response to different requests sent by the cell phone app. The markets are dissolved and scattered through out the city.

Through data cloud processing, the vehicle spores will become settled facilities in places which constantly require certain functions or services. In this way, the spores becomes a self-adapting way of urban design, fulfilling people's need and making the city a balanced network of need and supply.

Through the redistribution of automobiles spores network within the whole Warwick Area and its settlement, new market will be built in areas with large demand.It perform both as a market for moving vehicles, a public space for citizen and a parking garage if no longer needed. 19


Large scale - Reactive growth

2015: Vehicle spores

2020: Settled infrastructure

2025: Market Otherwhere

Refitted automobiles, carrying functions extracted from the markets, are distributed in Warwick Area, in response to different requests sent by the cell phone app. The markets are dissolved and scattered through out the city.

Through data cloud processing, the vehicle spores will become settled facilities in places which constantly require certain functions or services. In this way, the spores becomes a self-adapting way of urban design, fulfilling people's need and making the city a balanced network of need and supply.

Through the redistribution of automobiles spores network within the whole Warwick Area and its settlement, new market will be built in areas with large demand.It perform both as a market for moving vehicles, a public space for citizen and a parking garage if no longer needed. 19


05

NOAH OASIS Futuristic Response to Unpredictable Disaster

2015 Evolo Skyscraper Competition | Honorable Mention Collaborator: Yidong Ma, Zhengyu Qin, Zhe Jiang Adviser: Prof. Hui Wang, Prof. Rong Zhou Contribution: Concept 60%, Analysis 40%, Design 50%, Rendering 40%

Noah Oasis is a drastic and futuristic strategy to respond to man-made disaster, the oil spill. This proposal extends the dwellers of architecture from human beings to all creatures and also extends the ability of architecture to restoration of ecosystem. We aim to explore new possibilities of skyscrapers. To recover the marine environment from oil pollution, we propose three stages for growing of architecture. In short term, when an oil spill incident happens, the floaters at the end of each pipe will immediately absorb the

spilled oil covering the surface of the sea. After that, the architecture will grow into a vertical bio-habitat and help revive the biodiversity. Eventually, when the sea level rises to a disastrous degree, the twig like structure would continue to remain above the sea level. Then the oil rig will become the Noah Oasis.Eventually, when the sea level rises to a disastrous degree, the twig like structure would continue to remain above the sea level. Then the oil rig will become the Noah Oasis.

20


05

NOAH OASIS Futuristic Response to Unpredictable Disaster

2015 Evolo Skyscraper Competition | Honorable Mention Collaborator: Yidong Ma, Zhengyu Qin, Zhe Jiang Adviser: Prof. Hui Wang, Prof. Rong Zhou Contribution: Concept 60%, Analysis 40%, Design 50%, Rendering 40%

Noah Oasis is a drastic and futuristic strategy to respond to man-made disaster, the oil spill. This proposal extends the dwellers of architecture from human beings to all creatures and also extends the ability of architecture to restoration of ecosystem. We aim to explore new possibilities of skyscrapers. To recover the marine environment from oil pollution, we propose three stages for growing of architecture. In short term, when an oil spill incident happens, the floaters at the end of each pipe will immediately absorb the

spilled oil covering the surface of the sea. After that, the architecture will grow into a vertical bio-habitat and help revive the biodiversity. Eventually, when the sea level rises to a disastrous degree, the twig like structure would continue to remain above the sea level. Then the oil rig will become the Noah Oasis.Eventually, when the sea level rises to a disastrous degree, the twig like structure would continue to remain above the sea level. Then the oil rig will become the Noah Oasis.

20


HIgh Possibility of Oil Spill Statistics have shown a strong demand for deepwater rigs. The underwater oil will remain a mainstream energy resource in the predictable future. Meanwhile, with the development of technology, these offshore rigs have gone further and further into the sea. Many previous intact marine areas will soon be exploited by the development.

Location of Existing Oil Rigs The drastic development of offshore rigs comes with the great potential risk of oil spill, which will endanger the whole ecosystem tremendously for decades. Throughout history, several great incidents have caused lives of millions marine animals and their damage would take decades to recover. The clean up of the spill, however, is still inefficient and time-consuming.

Key Strategy The project transforms the original rigs into vertical bio-habitats,which aims to exert instant response to oil spill, restore damaged ecosystem and offer all beings shelter of living and from future disasters. The original rig will become a reactor center, where the spilled oil will be converted into catalyst and building materials. The structure underwater will be attached to pipes with a floater at the end.

Ecological Damage Damage on Marine Life

Wetland Pollution

2. Trigger System A new structure system of pipes and reactor is added onto the original rig.

3. Restoration The spontaneous structure enables all creatures inhabit around the Noah Oasis.

Damage On Bird Population

Plankton can be killed by spilled crude oil Sea turtles population is hard to be rebuilt

Affected Sea Birds

1. Unpredictable Spill Oil spills will immediately emit a large amount of crude oil into the sea.

Dolphins would follow rescue teams and approach towards the spilled oil Shrimps are vulnerable to crude oil because they are motionless

Northen gannets spend most of their life at sea

Laughing gulls often swirl over beaches

1. Crude oil leaked during an accident

2. Floaters & Pipes released to absorb oil

3. Coral reefs & twig structures growing

4. New structural formation completed

5. Ecosystem revived bio-habitat established

6. Survived from rise of sea level

Brown Pelicans dive into the oil because the oil slick looks calm

Affected Turtles

Sperm whales often swim up to water surface to take the breath

Affected Dolphins

Clapper rails are plantiful in saltwater marshes polluted by oil

21


HIgh Possibility of Oil Spill Statistics have shown a strong demand for deepwater rigs. The underwater oil will remain a mainstream energy resource in the predictable future. Meanwhile, with the development of technology, these offshore rigs have gone further and further into the sea. Many previous intact marine areas will soon be exploited by the development.

Location of Existing Oil Rigs The drastic development of offshore rigs comes with the great potential risk of oil spill, which will endanger the whole ecosystem tremendously for decades. Throughout history, several great incidents have caused lives of millions marine animals and their damage would take decades to recover. The clean up of the spill, however, is still inefficient and time-consuming.

Key Strategy The project transforms the original rigs into vertical bio-habitats,which aims to exert instant response to oil spill, restore damaged ecosystem and offer all beings shelter of living and from future disasters. The original rig will become a reactor center, where the spilled oil will be converted into catalyst and building materials. The structure underwater will be attached to pipes with a floater at the end.

Ecological Damage Damage on Marine Life

Wetland Pollution

2. Trigger System A new structure system of pipes and reactor is added onto the original rig.

3. Restoration The spontaneous structure enables all creatures inhabit around the Noah Oasis.

Damage On Bird Population

Plankton can be killed by spilled crude oil Sea turtles population is hard to be rebuilt

Affected Sea Birds

1. Unpredictable Spill Oil spills will immediately emit a large amount of crude oil into the sea.

Dolphins would follow rescue teams and approach towards the spilled oil Shrimps are vulnerable to crude oil because they are motionless

Northen gannets spend most of their life at sea

Laughing gulls often swirl over beaches

1. Crude oil leaked during an accident

2. Floaters & Pipes released to absorb oil

3. Coral reefs & twig structures growing

4. New structural formation completed

5. Ecosystem revived bio-habitat established

6. Survived from rise of sea level

Brown Pelicans dive into the oil because the oil slick looks calm

Affected Turtles

Sperm whales often swim up to water surface to take the breath

Affected Dolphins

Clapper rails are plantiful in saltwater marshes polluted by oil

21


Oil Transformation

8 Twig structure - fertilize plants As the twig structure is growing, the fertilizer will help to create habitat for plants, birds and humans.

Above-water Functions Helipad The top of the core is a helicopter landing pad for both research and commercial purposes. It serves to facilitate aerial survey performed by scientists, e.g. geologists of biologists, to assess enviroment situation. Besides, it also serves for other incidents including transfer patients to receive emergency care, etc.

Birds Observatory The structure above the water will be paradise for birds. Therefore, a bird observatory is located on top of the tower, which will be a place for the study of bird migration and bird population. The observatory is also a viewing platform for tourists.

7 Injector - inject P.T.M. Injectors collect the plastic material converted from the oil and inject it upwards to form the twig-like structure above the water.

Plastic Twig Structure Spill oil, sucked up by floaters, filter and transformed by the processor and reactor, will eventually be emited by the injector to extrude plastic pipes. Those pipes rises and entwines until reaching the top of tower. Plants such as vines grows with the pipes and provide place for bird's nest. Finally the upper stucture will become home for birds and eco-friendly facade for humans.

Residential Units 6 Oil tank - store oil Oil tanks collect superfluous oil for future processing.

Inside the tower are resident blocks. People whose settlement were polluted by spill oil or inundated by rising sea level will live in the tower. Besides these permanante residences and researchers, travellers could live here to enjoy vacation as well.

5 Reactor - convert crude oil Reactor is the most important part of the processing procedure, which is used to convert crude oil into catalyst for coral reefs and produce plastic as the material for twigs growing on the rig.

Public Space The plastic twig structures create an indoor public space with the height of several storeys. People can do various activities inside this public space.

Recreational Center Recreation center is on the platform adding color to marine life. The center includes a canteen, a gymnasium, a public park on the platform deck,a shopping center,a museum to commemorate the spill oil disater and a theater.

Research Facility The research facility includes a laboratory to study marine system and petroleum processing, a spill oil process system and a storage system. The process system utilize spill oil to produce special matter to accelerate the growth of coral. The waste of that process convert to plastic to realize the upper structure.

4 Processor - preliminary processing Processor is used for preliminary processing of thecrude oil, which can remove impurities, such as sand and sediment, from the oil.

3 Absorber - absorb oil from pipes Absorbers are used to absorb crude oil from underwater pipes and send it upward for further processing.

2 Pipes - transport oil and catalyst Underwater pipes are used to transport spilled oil absorbed by floaters and send back catalyst converted from oil. Coral reefs will grow on the skin of the pipes at fast speed with the help of the catalyst.

1 Floaters - collect spilled oil Floaters act as the ends of underwater pipes, floating to support the weight of those pipes and absorbing spilled oil covering the surface of sea water.

22


Oil Transformation

8 Twig structure - fertilize plants As the twig structure is growing, the fertilizer will help to create habitat for plants, birds and humans.

Above-water Functions Helipad The top of the core is a helicopter landing pad for both research and commercial purposes. It serves to facilitate aerial survey performed by scientists, e.g. geologists of biologists, to assess enviroment situation. Besides, it also serves for other incidents including transfer patients to receive emergency care, etc.

Birds Observatory The structure above the water will be paradise for birds. Therefore, a bird observatory is located on top of the tower, which will be a place for the study of bird migration and bird population. The observatory is also a viewing platform for tourists.

7 Injector - inject P.T.M. Injectors collect the plastic material converted from the oil and inject it upwards to form the twig-like structure above the water.

Plastic Twig Structure Spill oil, sucked up by floaters, filter and transformed by the processor and reactor, will eventually be emited by the injector to extrude plastic pipes. Those pipes rises and entwines until reaching the top of tower. Plants such as vines grows with the pipes and provide place for bird's nest. Finally the upper stucture will become home for birds and eco-friendly facade for humans.

Residential Units 6 Oil tank - store oil Oil tanks collect superfluous oil for future processing.

Inside the tower are resident blocks. People whose settlement were polluted by spill oil or inundated by rising sea level will live in the tower. Besides these permanante residences and researchers, travellers could live here to enjoy vacation as well.

5 Reactor - convert crude oil Reactor is the most important part of the processing procedure, which is used to convert crude oil into catalyst for coral reefs and produce plastic as the material for twigs growing on the rig.

Public Space The plastic twig structures create an indoor public space with the height of several storeys. People can do various activities inside this public space.

Recreational Center Recreation center is on the platform adding color to marine life. The center includes a canteen, a gymnasium, a public park on the platform deck,a shopping center,a museum to commemorate the spill oil disater and a theater.

Research Facility The research facility includes a laboratory to study marine system and petroleum processing, a spill oil process system and a storage system. The process system utilize spill oil to produce special matter to accelerate the growth of coral. The waste of that process convert to plastic to realize the upper structure.

4 Processor - preliminary processing Processor is used for preliminary processing of thecrude oil, which can remove impurities, such as sand and sediment, from the oil.

3 Absorber - absorb oil from pipes Absorbers are used to absorb crude oil from underwater pipes and send it upward for further processing.

2 Pipes - transport oil and catalyst Underwater pipes are used to transport spilled oil absorbed by floaters and send back catalyst converted from oil. Coral reefs will grow on the skin of the pipes at fast speed with the help of the catalyst.

1 Floaters - collect spilled oil Floaters act as the ends of underwater pipes, floating to support the weight of those pipes and absorbing spilled oil covering the surface of sea water.

22


Rooftop Public Space Helicopter Pad

Residential Building

Bird Observation

Reaction Center

Vertical Transimitter

top structure

Residence

Bird Observation

The twig structure and the core tower serve as a new kind of bird habitat and human residency, maximizing interaction between the two.

Recreation Center

Workshop Fishing Deck

Reaction Center Oil Transmitter

The original rig platforms are transformed into spaces with multiple functions. It is the heart of Noah Oasis because it is in charge of converting spilled oil into building materials and restoring bio-system.

Noah Oasis Shelter Fishing Deck

Underwater Viewing

Underwater Viewing

Crued Oil Purifier

Marine Observation

Submarine Functions The submarine structure aims to get close to the marine creatures. When travelling down, they can get out of the indoor space and dive into the sea water.

Marine Observatoin

Submarine Structure 23


Rooftop Public Space Helicopter Pad

Residential Building

Bird Observation

Reaction Center

Vertical Transimitter

top structure

Residence

Bird Observation

The twig structure and the core tower serve as a new kind of bird habitat and human residency, maximizing interaction between the two.

Recreation Center

Workshop Fishing Deck

Reaction Center Oil Transmitter

The original rig platforms are transformed into spaces with multiple functions. It is the heart of Noah Oasis because it is in charge of converting spilled oil into building materials and restoring bio-system.

Noah Oasis Shelter Fishing Deck

Underwater Viewing

Underwater Viewing

Crued Oil Purifier

Marine Observation

Submarine Functions The submarine structure aims to get close to the marine creatures. When travelling down, they can get out of the indoor space and dive into the sea water.

Marine Observatoin

Submarine Structure 23


Oasis for Human Beings Although Noah Oasis is intended for all creatures from marine life to birds, it serves for human beings essentially. The experience of the architecture from humans' aspect of view is always a primary concern in this proposal. The public living space is where residents and visitors can have various activities and enjoy communication. Also, the interaction between human beings and other creatures can be realized in this space.

The public living space contains various social activities

The high inner space offers people unprecedented experience. 24


Oasis for Human Beings Although Noah Oasis is intended for all creatures from marine life to birds, it serves for human beings essentially. The experience of the architecture from humans' aspect of view is always a primary concern in this proposal. The public living space is where residents and visitors can have various activities and enjoy communication. Also, the interaction between human beings and other creatures can be realized in this space.

The public living space contains various social activities

The high inner space offers people unprecedented experience. 24


OTHER WORKS

SHIMA ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DORMITORY BUILDING DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

TROJAN HORSE - HOUSING FOR MIGRANT WORKERS

Feb 2016 - May 2016 Major Designer | Hubei, China Collaboration with NGO for funding

Feb 2015 - May 2015 Bachelor Degree Thesis | Independent Work Adviser: Prof. Nianxiong Liu

With the aim of applying my ideas in a practical way, I collaborated with an NGO, The Flying Box, to design and construct a new dormitory and classroom building for a rural elementary school. The building was separated into two parts: a rigid box for dormitories floating over four independent unites of classrooms in varying shapes and colors, which created lively place for students to play and explore.

The Trojan Horse project explored how to realize architect's ambition within the control of capital and government. Located in the subway station where many migrant workers gather, the urban complex seeks to provide sufficient living and educational space for them. The scaffold used during construction is preserved and later transformed into minimal living space.

First Floor Plan

Exterior View

Second Floor Plan

North Elevation

Interior Renovation

Interior View 25


OTHER WORKS

SHIMA ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DORMITORY BUILDING DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

TROJAN HORSE - HOUSING FOR MIGRANT WORKERS

Feb 2016 - May 2016 Major Designer | Hubei, China Collaboration with NGO for funding

Feb 2015 - May 2015 Bachelor Degree Thesis | Independent Work Adviser: Prof. Nianxiong Liu

With the aim of applying my ideas in a practical way, I collaborated with an NGO, The Flying Box, to design and construct a new dormitory and classroom building for a rural elementary school. The building was separated into two parts: a rigid box for dormitories floating over four independent unites of classrooms in varying shapes and colors, which created lively place for students to play and explore.

The Trojan Horse project explored how to realize architect's ambition within the control of capital and government. Located in the subway station where many migrant workers gather, the urban complex seeks to provide sufficient living and educational space for them. The scaffold used during construction is preserved and later transformed into minimal living space.

First Floor Plan

Exterior View

Second Floor Plan

North Elevation

Interior Renovation

Interior View 25


OTHER WORKS

BRAVE NEW CCTV - REIMAGINE CCTV AS URBAN THEME PARK

HOTEL SI - INTERN CONSTRUCTION DESIGN

Feb 2014 - April 2014 3rd Year Design Studio | Independent Work Adviser: Mr. Yansong Ma

Jan 2016 - Feb 2016 Intern at OFIS arhitekti | Ljubljana, Slovenia Supervisor: Spela Videcnik

In Brave New World, Aldous Huxley predicted the future as individual overwhelmed by too much information and truth are covered by the sea of choices. This future seems to have already come true. CCTV, from strict censorship, also faces the change to the state described by Huxley. Thus, the new quarter, as an urban amusement park, could offer the media power of CCTV, while in turn creating public spaces.

The project is a luxury hotel construction design. Located near city center, it is as one of the major urban and architectural landmark of the City of Ljubljana. My major responsibility concern detail design and construction drawing. It provided me the chance to get involved in a real project and get to know more about the details of the building and how to work as an architect.

Lobby Floor Plan

Detail Design and Construction Drawings 26


OTHER WORKS

BRAVE NEW CCTV - REIMAGINE CCTV AS URBAN THEME PARK

HOTEL SI - INTERN CONSTRUCTION DESIGN

Feb 2014 - April 2014 3rd Year Design Studio | Independent Work Adviser: Mr. Yansong Ma

Jan 2016 - Feb 2016 Intern at OFIS arhitekti | Ljubljana, Slovenia Supervisor: Spela Videcnik

In Brave New World, Aldous Huxley predicted the future as individual overwhelmed by too much information and truth are covered by the sea of choices. This future seems to have already come true. CCTV, from strict censorship, also faces the change to the state described by Huxley. Thus, the new quarter, as an urban amusement park, could offer the media power of CCTV, while in turn creating public spaces.

The project is a luxury hotel construction design. Located near city center, it is as one of the major urban and architectural landmark of the City of Ljubljana. My major responsibility concern detail design and construction drawing. It provided me the chance to get involved in a real project and get to know more about the details of the building and how to work as an architect.

Lobby Floor Plan

Detail Design and Construction Drawings 26


depiction of daily architecture

SURVEYING AND DRAWING OF BUDDHIST TEMPLE

A classic villa with new extension in the front, Qingdao, China.

July 2014 - Aug 2014 Practice of Architectural Surveying | Collaboration with Jingwei Tan, Lingya Chen Adviser: Prof. Luke Li The ancient Chinese temples are a very important part of people's daily life, and it contines to be in the modern time. People would go to temples for good luck or on festivals. However, many temples are suffering from severe damage. We have depicted the real condition of the Buddha statues as they are, including the decay, broken parts etc. In this way, its real condition is perserved and could be restored.

A debilitated house on Tsinghua Campus. 27


depiction of daily architecture

SURVEYING AND DRAWING OF BUDDHIST TEMPLE

A classic villa with new extension in the front, Qingdao, China.

July 2014 - Aug 2014 Practice of Architectural Surveying | Collaboration with Jingwei Tan, Lingya Chen Adviser: Prof. Luke Li The ancient Chinese temples are a very important part of people's daily life, and it contines to be in the modern time. People would go to temples for good luck or on festivals. However, many temples are suffering from severe damage. We have depicted the real condition of the Buddha statues as they are, including the decay, broken parts etc. In this way, its real condition is perserved and could be restored.

A debilitated house on Tsinghua Campus. 27


TOWARDS A WEAK ARCHITECTURE ZHONGHUI ZHU SELECTED WORKS 2011-2016 APPLY TO M.ARCH II PROGRAM YALE SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE

Zhu Zhonghui Portfolio  

Princeton M.Arch II Candidate, Personal Website: www.zhu-zhonghui.com

Zhu Zhonghui Portfolio  

Princeton M.Arch II Candidate, Personal Website: www.zhu-zhonghui.com

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