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September Tips to take your nails clean Values Program Technology Health tips Curiosities


Peace and Brave “If we have no peace, it is because we have forgotten that we belong to each other. Ordinary people doing extraordinary things: The value that forges families, businesses and different nations. Courage is a universal value that teaches us to stand up for what is worth, to master our fears and overcome adversity. Without courage in difficult times our lives could drift, however the inner strength driven by conscience, can take us further than we could imagine. Being brave is not easy. Sometimes, courage means facing the consequences of our actions, products from our mistakes. Like the child who admits to his parents that it was he who broke the neighbor's window, the employee who recognizes not doing his job as he should, the parent who agrees to their children should have spent more time with them.

Life itself is not simple and can sometimes be surprisingly hard: The death of a loved one, illness, ruin a business are examples of extremely difficult times. Courage is the difference between sink or keep walking. A state of harmony characterized by the lack of violent conflict and the freedom from fear of violence is called peace. Commonly understood as the absence

of hostility, peace also suggests the existence of healthy or newly healed interpersonal or international relationships, prosperity in matters of social or economic welfare, the establishment of equality, and a working political order that serves the true interests of all. In international relations, peacetime is not only the absence of war or violent conflict, but also the presence of positive and respectful cultural and economic relationships.

Peace is the priceless characteristic of any society. If we think deeply, we cannot but come to the conclusion that peace is the ultimate of life. It is a combination of positive feelings of happiness, calmness, contentedness, love, compassion and harmony with nature, with the absence of negative ones like pain, conflict, hostility and imbalance with nature. We may attain this peace when the inner self and the

outer environment are in balance and harmony. One who experiences peace would depict a healthy physical and mental state, which needs nourishment from inside and outside, i.e. spiritual and material needs. The word Salam or the phrase Salam in Malaysia is greetings that depict peace unto others. Indeed the word Islam too has its roots in a word that means peace. “Assalamu’alaikum” which means ‘peace unto you’ is also said to be the greetings of the people of the Paradise. The cost of absence of peace can be huge. For example, to prevent just housebreaking we install burglar alarms, keep dogs, pay for security guards, keep lights on when we go for vacations etc. But even in the worst moment, we need to get calm and obtain peace.

Technology YEAH! I DON'T HAVE A LEG BUT I'M A ATHLETE In addition to the standard artificial limb for everyday use, many amputees or congenital patients have special limbs and devices to aid in the participation of sports and recreational activities. Within science fiction, and, more recently, within the scientific community, there has been consideration given to using advanced prostheses to replace healthy body parts with artificial mechanisms and systems to improve function. The morality and desirability of such technologies are being debated. Body parts such as legs, arms, hands, feet, and others can be replaced. The first experiment with a healthy individual appears to have been that by the British scientist Kevin Warwick. In early 2008, Oscar Pistorius, the "Blade Runner" of South Africa, was briefly ruled ineligible to compete in the 2008 Summer Olympics because his Cheetah Flex-foot prosthetic limbs developed by biomedical engineer Van Phillips and

manufactured by Ossur were said to give him an unfair advantage over runners who had ankles. Pistorius did not qualify for the South African team for the 2008 Olympics, but went on to sweep the 2008 Summer Paralympics, and has been ruled eligible to qualify for any future able-bodied sporting events.

The Paralympic Games is the world's second largest major international multi-sport event, involving athletes with a range of physical and intellectual disabilities, including mobility disabilities, amputations, blindness, and cerebral palsy.

Types of Artificial Limb There are four main types of artificial limbs. The type of prosthesis depends on what part of the limb is missing.

Transtibial prosthesis: is an artificial limb that replaces a leg missing below the knee. Transtibial amputees are usually able to regain normal movement more readily than someone with a transfemoral amputation, due in large part to retaining the knee, which allows for easier movement.

Transradial prosthesis: is an artificial limb that replaces an arm missing below the elbow. Two main types of prosthetics are available. Cable operated limbs work by attaching a harness and cable around the opposite shoulder of the damaged arm. Transhumeral prosthesis: is an artificial limb that replaces an arm missing above the elbow. Transhumeral amputees experience some of the same problems as transfemoral amputees, due to the similar complexities associated with the movement of the elbow.

Transfemoral prosthesis: is an artificial limb that replaces a leg missing above the knee. Transfemoral amputees can have a very difficult time regaining normal movement. In general, a transfemoral amputee must use approximately 80% more energy to walk than a person with two whole legs.

In recent years, new plastics and other materials, such as carbon fiber, have allowed artificial limbs to be stronger and lighter. Additional materials have allowed artificial limbs to look much more realistic, which is important to transradial and transhumeral amputees because they are more likely to have the artificial limb exposed.

HEALTH TIPS Beauty and womanhood go hand in hand. The mental and the physical well-being of a woman are very well reflected in a healthy looking radiant skin. Your skin is not just a reflection of external factors but also of various internal factors. A healthy diet and active lifestyle is a must to ensure that you are beautiful, inside out. It is very important to keep yourself hydrated during winters. So drink lots of water, eat lots of fruit and fresh vegetables and avoid alcohol, tea, coffee, soda and other caffeine rich drinks as they tend to dehydrate the body.

Many of us, irrespective of our hectic schedules do ensure that they eat healthy and follow a strict fitness regime. But amidst this, many of us often tend to neglect a very important part of our body- our nails. Gorgeous looking nails would not just boost the inner confidence in you but also make you feel pampered. Cold weather dehydrates your nails and cuticles, leaving them prone to breaking, chapping and discoloration. The best way to keep nails in top shape is by maintaining a meticulous nail care routine, especially during the cold season.

Don’t bite your nails. 1. Eat healthy: What we eat directly reflects on our nails. Our nails are composed of calcium and other minerals. So, it is very essential to replenish them, which you can do so by an adequate supply of calcium, vitamin A, phosphorous, zinc, folic acid, silica, vitamin C. That is a long list that’ll do a food technologist proud, isn’t it? Let’s deconstruct that to something we can relate to, shall we? Here we go. Drink plenty of milk and also make sure you eat plenty of milk products like cheese, yogurt etc. Eggs, green leafy vegetables such as spinach, parsley, coriander, broccoli, apricots, carrots, and almonds are also very good supplements

to your diet. Drink lots of water as it will not just prevent wrinkles on your skin but also avoid your nails from getting brittle. Also look out for discoloration of nails or developing ridges, because they are indication of vitamin deficiency. Deficiency of Vitamin B12 leads to dryness and darkening of nails. 2. Personal hygiene: Clean nails are not just necessary to look good but also necessary to ensure your well-being. Our nails can carry lots of disease causing bacteria and germs. Winters, especially, make our nails more porous and susceptible to fungus. Trim your nails regularly. But do not file your nails immediately after

bath because they tend to break. Avoid back and forth motion while filing your nails and make sure you stick to one direction. Resort to nail buffing as it augments blood circulation, stimulating nail growth and voila you have strong and shiny nails. When you wash hands, make sure you massage soap near your nails and cuticles. Rinse and moisture them well .You could also use a soft brush to clean them. Dead skin around the nails could be removed using a pumice stone. Do not keep exposing your nails to extreme temperatures, very hot water or direct heat and cold. They lead to brittle nails. 3. Keep them well moisturized: Apply moisturizer while watching TV, before going

to bed and after washing your hands. Massaging hot oil once a week could give you smooth and soft fingers and nails. Vitamin E oil is very good for nails and so is castor oil. You could also use petroleum jelly to massage your beautiful nails. Massaging nail serum could also stimulate circulation and help your nails grow faster as during winters your nails tend to grow slow. 4. Avoid harsh chemicals as they make your nails brittle and damage them very badly. Use a base coat before applying paint. Use non acetone nail polish remover to prevent your nails from being fragile, better stick to acetate containing nail polish removers. Vibrant colors like crimson red, neon blue, deep pink, deep burnt rust, grey is the new black, electric green are the hot trends seen at runway currently. Apply vinegar on your nail to last the polish longer.


IOWA CITY — His convention speech was only hours old when President Obama, confronted by a weak new jobs report, found himself Friday having to use precious time on the campaign trail to account for the country’s continued anemic economic recovery. As he has been forced to month after month, the president responded by shifting the blame to Congressional Republicans, calling on lawmakers to pass the jobs bill he proposed last year and that has been languishing since. “Today we learned that after losing around 800,000 jobs a month when I took office, businesses added private-sector jobs for the 30th month in a row,”

Mr. Obama told a campaign rally in Portsmouth, N.H. He did not mention the actual number of new jobs reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics earlier in the morning, which was a figure lower than expected. “But that’s not good enough,” Mr. Obama said. “We know it’s not good enough.” The president called on Congress to commit to extending middleclass tax cuts. “If Republicans are serious about getting rid of joblessness, they can create one million new jobs if Congress passes the jobs plan I sent them,” he said.

Mr. Obama is on a postconvention campaign trip through crucial swing states, starting in New Hampshire on Friday morning before heading to Iowa City and then ending in St. Petersburg, Fla. There he will begin a bus tour over the weekend through Florida, a perennial battleground. He was joined by his full ticket: The first lady, Michelle Obama (who the president called “amazing” at the convention), Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. and his wife, Jill Biden. Mitt Romney, the Republican presidential nominee, wasted no time in jumping on the jobs report Friday. On his way to a campaign stop near Sioux City, Iowa, Mr. Romney told reporters that the latest employment report was a fresh reminder that Mr. Obama’s leadership has left Americans with little more than broken promises and empty hope.

“There’s almost nothing the president has done in the past three and a half, four years that gives the American people confidence that he knows what he’s doing when it comes to jobs and the economy,” Mr. Romney said, adding that the president’s speech Thursday to the Democratic National Convention contained even more promises that will go unfulfilled. “What is he going to do to get this economy going?” Mr. Romney said. “All he said last night was the same as what he said four years ago, which by the way; he made a lot of promises four years ago. Can you think of any of those promises that were met? I mean, he was going to create jobs. We haven’t. Lower unemployment? He hasn’t.

Rising take home pay? It’s gone down.” His appearance in Iowa came as the Romney campaign was ramping up activity on another front. It announced on Friday a major advertising campaign in eight swing states. The commercials – 15 in all – are specifically tailored to resonate with voters in each of those states. In Florida, for example, people will see commercials about falling real estate values and high foreclosure rates. In Colorado, where the military and defense contracting is a large employer, people will hear how the president’s budget cuts could cost 20,000 military jobs there. And here in Iowa, they will hear how “excessive

government regulations are crushing small businesses and family farms.” The president, meanwhile, got in some licks of his own. During his speech, Mr. Obama tried out a new attack line against the Republican push for tax cuts, deriding the Republicans as running to tax cuts as the solution for every problem. On Friday morning, as is his wont when he finds a line he likes, Mr. Obama was ready to expand. Mr. Romney and his running mate, Representative Paul D. Ryan, Mr. Obama said, view tax cuts as a miracle cure. “Tax cuts to help you lose a few pounds! Tax cuts to help improve your love life!” Then, he grinned.

THE DAY THAT PEOPLE WON’T FORGET FOUR PLANES hijacked, ONE CRASHED IN THE PENTAGON, ONE IN Pennsylvania, TWO DESTROYED THE WORLD TRADE CENTER On September 11, 2001, at 8:45 a.m. on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with 20,000 gallons of jet fuel crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact left a gaping, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110-story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher floors. Then, 18 minutes after the first plane hit, a second

Boeing 767–United Airlines Flight 175–appeared out of the sky, turned sharply toward the World Trade Center and sliced into the south tower near the 60th floor. The collision caused a massive explosion that showered burning debris over surrounding buildings and the streets below.

The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Laden's alQaeda terrorist organization, they were allegedly acting in retaliation for America's support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War and its continued military presence in the Middle East.

three East Coast airports and boarded four flights bound for California, chosen because the planes were loaded with fuel for the long transcontinental journey.

Soon after takeoff, the terrorists commandeered the four planes and took the controls, transforming ordinary commuter jets into guided missiles. The 19 terrorists easily As millions watched the smuggled box-cutters and events unfolding in New knives through security at York, American Airlines Flight 77 circled over

downtown Washington, D.C., and slammed into the west side of the Pentagon military headquarters at 9:45 a.m. Jet fuel from the Boeing 757 caused a devastating inferno that led to the structural collapse of a portion of the giant concrete building. All told, 125 military personnel and civilians were killed in the Pentagon, along with all 64 people aboard the airliner.

nerve center of the U.S. military, the horror in New York took a catastrophic turn for the worse when the south tower of the World Trade Center collapsed in a massive cloud of dust and smoke.

The structural steel of the skyscraper, built to withstand winds in excess of 200 miles per hour and a large conventional fire, Less than 15 minutes after could not withstand the the terrorists struck the

tremendous heat generated by the burning jet fuel. At 10:30 a.m., the other Trade Center tower collapsed. Close to 3,000 people died in the World Trade Center and its vicinity, including a staggering 343 firefighters and paramedics, 23 New York City police officers and 37 Port Authority police officers who were struggling to complete an evacuation of the buildings and save the office workers trapped on higher floors. Meanwhile, a California-bound United Flight hijacked about 40 after leaving

fourth plane– 93–was minutes Newark

International New Jersey.



Knowing that the aircraft was not returning to an airport as the hijackers claimed, a group of passengers and flight attendants planned an insurrection. The passengers fought the four hijackers and are suspected to have attacked the cockpit with a fire extinguisher. The plane then flipped over and sped toward the ground at upwards of 500 miles per hour, crashing in a rural field in western Pennsylvania at 10:10 a.m. All 45 people aboard were killed. The intented tarket will never be known.

cannot dent the steel of American resolve." In a reference to the eventual U.S. military response he declared, "We will make no distinction between the terrorists who committed these acts and those who harbor them." Operation Enduring Freedom, the American-led international effort to oust the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and destroy Osama bin Laden's terrorist network based there, began on October 7.

At 7 p.m., President George W. Bush, who had spent the day being shuttled around the country because of security concerns, returned to the White House. At 9 p.m., he delivered a televised address from the Oval MEMORIAL “9/11� ATTACK Office, declaring, "Terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundation of America. These acts shatter steel, but they

HAPPY INDEPENDENCE D AY , EL S A L VAD O R Under the influence of the American Revolution, the American people dream of freedom from colonial rule. The Creoles of Central claimed independence to escape the control of the indigo trade exercised by the metropolis.

In 1811, there were popular uprisings in San Salvador, San Pedro Grande, Santiago Nonualco, Usulutรกn,

Chalatenango and elsewhere. The heroes and Delgado Arce, unable to control the rebellious people, accepted the repression applied by the colonial authorities. On 24 January 1814, Pedro Pablo Castillo, second mayor of San Salvador, leads a popular uprising. Repression reached independence all mayors, who were imprisoned, and the heroes themselves, Arce, Celis and Juan Manuel Rodriguez, nor this time supported a popular uprising that had no control. They were released to swear allegiance to the King of Spain, and Pedro Pablo Castillo was hanged.

The independence of Central America was proclaimed in Guatemala on September 15, 1821. Like in many other parts, to one or other side of the Atlantic, the freedom and the people got the wealthy enjoyed. At the time of independence, the founding fathers were their owners. After independence, Creoles and mestizos were divided into two groups, liberals and conservatives, pushing the natives of any discussion on power. On November 22 of 1824, was promulgated the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Central America in an attempt to keep the joint region. The first president of the Federation was the Salvadorian Manuel JosĂŠ Arce, who failed to convince liberals and conservatives of

the desirability of the unity of the region. The leader of American unity was, however, the Honduran Francisco Morazan, who was twice elected President of the Federation, in 1830 and 1835. He made the first liberal reform throughout Central: granted religious freedom, enacted the law of divorce, the convents became in model prisons and barracks, encouraged and democratized education and abolished tithes and first fruits to the Church taxing the people.

However, the Federal Republic, consisting of fifty states, each of which is independently reserving the legislative, executive and judicial, was actually a partnership in which the local oligarchies reserved the government of their respective provinces. The Constitution, moreover absolutely prepared by minority groups, guaranteed power-sharing between regional chiefs with the firm intention to ensure the maneuverability needed to control at will the territory as their own interests. These private interests lacked, however, the depth of national importance or indispensable to last long. In 1838 began to show the breakdown of the system as a result of tensions between

its components, tensions that eventually led to civil war. President Morazรกn, appointed in 1830, did his best to keep the union, first as Federal President and later as President of El Salvador, until his execution in 1842, but his efforts were fruitless. Federative idea, however, did not die at all and still appears in the speeches of many politicians, feeding ideas and the Central American Common Market.

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