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April, 2012

April María Fernanda Ramírez Cristian Josué Campos Magazine Editors


Index Content

Pages

Values Program

……………………………………….3 -5

Technology ………………………………………………... 6-7

Curiosities …………………………………………………… 8-13

Learning Corner …………………………………………….. 14-16

International News ……………………………………… 17-18

Teen Health

Sports

……………………………………….. 19-20

……………………………………………………….. 21


VALUES PROGRAM Responsibility and Honesty "Not snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds." Though some might arguably include responsibility under the heading of integrity, it is my third core value. The idea of responsibility is more than simply a willingness to accept blame or criticism for shortcomings, negligence, or oversight. It is the establishment of priorities, placing rightful obligations to others as high as obligations to self. To be responsible is to always do the right thing in the eyes of loved ones, valued business associates, and my community. It is to value the trust and confidence of others. It is the determination to keep a promise or make right some unintentional wrong, even when it is costly or inconvenient to do so.

ignorance, or passing the blame can shift the burden to someone else. Unless you can point the finger at the man who is responsible when something goes wrong, then you have never had anyone really responsible."

Admiral Hyman G. Rickover of the U.S. Navy described responsibility as: "…a unique concept: It

can only reside in a single individual. You may share it with others, but your portion is not diminished. You may delegate it, but it is still with you. You may disclaim it, but you cannot divest yourself of it. Even if you do not recognize it or admit its presence, you cannot escape it. If the responsibility is rightly yours, no evasion, or what is appropriate to wear when, how to put clothes on, how to shop, and how to take care of it. As we become a responsible member of society we are able to take care of our basic needs and enter into the life of the community. As we grow up, we will learn to complete our

To be able to be responsible requires the desire to be so, knowledge of what is expected, and ability to meet those expectations. For example, to be responsible for clothes, it means need to know

homework on time, get to school ontime, and clean up his room, among other responsibilities. The responsibility and honesty are related too. Being honest is related to tell the truth when we have done something mad to something important or to someone, and is the responsibility to accept it. This happen when we were


children, our parents teach us to always The Day the Ladder Slipped say the truth in cases if we broke a glass This was the day I fell from the roof as I was trying to with a toy, maybe accidentally but we did retrieve my football from the gutter between our house and it. our neighbors. Honesty is very important. All social What a disaster – the ladder slipped. I had not tied it to the activity, every human endeavor that down pipe like my dad always did. There was slimy green requires concerted action jams as people stuff growing on the guttering and the ladder just slipped are not free. Honesty is not just openness, sideways. I felt myself falling. I heard my voice shouting out the ability to tell the truth, but in the … honesty of honest work for an honest day's pay. “Help!” which was pretty stupid because I knew there was no How do you cultivate honesty? Like most of the virtues appropriate to develop and exercise in harmony with others. The more exercise, the more it becomes a settled arrangement. But there is a rapid response can be given in three words: take it seriously.

one around. Crash, the ladder fell against my neighbor‟s glass porch. I remember thinking „I‟m going to get cut up here, I must cover my eyes.‟

I raised my hands to my face, but I didn‟t feel anything. I just remember landing on the ground with a horrible thud. The ladder smashed the porch, but I had not been at the top of it It should be recognized that honesty is fortunately, however I had fallen a long way and had landed fundamental to human relationships, awkwardly. My foot was bent at a funny angle underneath me friendship, for authentic community life. and when I tried to stand up my legs wouldn‟t take my weight. Then the pain started. It was terrible. My Mum was at work and my neighbors were on holiday. If I was to get help I had to somehow move myself from the back garden up the drive to the road in the front. Then hopefully someone would see me and call for an ambulance. It was difficult to think straight because of the pain I was feeling. It came in waves and when it was at its worst I thought I was going to be sick. I managed to drag myself on to my hands and one knee. I heard my breath coming in great gulps. I was angry because I thought I may be crying and I didn‟t want anyone to find me in tears. Then I realized that it was just my body reacting to the shock and the pain. I looked around for blood and couldn‟t see any, so I thought I‟d try pulling myself along the ground dragging the dead fish beside me. I pulled it out and tried to lay my unusable leg along it. Eventually, trembling and gasping I reached the pavement


outside my house. I felt myself sink down I told them how I struggled to lift the ladder up to the onto the pavement and enter a kind of guttering, and how I managed to entice the dog over to me, blackness. and how just as we were starting to go back down the ladder, it had slipped on the algae and I had fallen. Next thing I knew I was being lifted into an ambulance on a stretcher. Someone My mother looked at my father and he raised his eyebrows. was stroking my forehead. It felt very “I think I get the picture now. I did wonder, I must say, but I comforting. I passed out again. think I can guess what happened now.” He said. I don‟t remember anything after that until “What do you mean guess?” I said acting hurt. I saw my mum and dad looking down at “Dave, I took the dog to the vet today. He‟s still there, me. I was in a strange room. My parents recovering from his operation,” said mother quietly.“You‟ll looked very concerned. be able to help me in the shop like I asked you to. Sorry, “Mum?” I said after taking in the scene, son, but you never have been the greatest footballer in town, “Where am I?” and I could really use your help on a Saturday afternoon.” My mother immediately started to cry and to kiss my hand. My dad explained that I was in hospital and that I had had an emergency operation on my ankle. Apparently I had hurt it so badly when I fell that it would not have righted itself.

I looked away, too embarrassed and disappointed to speak.

“Tell you what, son, don‟t make feeble excuses to explain away your carelessness and I won‟t make fun of your sporting efforts. By the time your ankle has healed you will have taught me all I need to know about computing, and I‟ll buy you that bike you‟ve been wanting. You don‟t have to Oh, no, not broken my ankle! I couldn‟t score goals on a bike do you?” said my dad believe it. I had tried so hard for a place in the team. I felt so stupid and so angry. It was the football that had caused this disaster in the first place. “Whatever happened?” said my mum; “We saw the ladder and the broken windows next door.” I couldn‟t tell them. How could I say I was such a lousy shot I had kicked the ball up on the roof? My dad had been pretty sarcastic about my place on the team. Now what would he say? I had to make myself into a hero instead of a laughing stock.


Technology

A day doesn't go by where you don't hear about Internet safety and how to protect children online. With the popularity of such sites as MySpace and Facebook, adults are now beginning to jump on the bandwagon and join social networking sites to network or meet up with friends, but are you as safe as you think online? Read on to learn how to protect yourself on social networking sites.


Instructions

searching for them, or may be searching for something else.

1. If you choose to sign up for an account on a 3. Don't put up a lot of personal stuff. Its fine to put social networking site you are exposing yourself up your relationship status and things of that sort, to people. Your decision to sign up for the site to but including an address, phone number, reconnect with high school friends or to potential occupation, even your name, is sometimes not a employers may be a great one, but you have still smart thing to do. This just makes it easier for exposed your life to anyone who wants to see. those potential predators to track you down if One option is to set your profile to private, they want to. Include the basics, maybe you have which many sites allow you to do. By doing this, to say what you do for a living in order to however, a person has to be your "friend" on the network with people, but don't reveal too much. site in order for them to view your information. 4. Including photos of yourself is OK, professional 2. Screen the people who request to be your friend. ones are best, maybe a few with friends, but don't Do you know them? Why are they asking? include raunchy photos of yourself, it just makes Don't think you have to say yes to everyone you more of a target then another person. because you want a lot of friends, that could lead to a lot of trouble. On some sites you are able to 5. There are hackers that will break into account send a message to them without becoming friends, after account and steal personal things. If you why do they want to be your friend? There is so notice that your account has been hacked, change much talk about children online and predators passwords immediately.


( ) Can Animals Sense Earthquakes? “The belief that animals can predict earthquakes has been around for centuries” In 373 B.C., historians recorded that animals, including rats, snakes and weasels, deserted the Greek city of Helices in droves just days before a quake devastated the place.

strangely before the ground shook—barking or whining for no apparent reason, or showing signs of nervousness and restlessness. But precisely what animal’s sense, if they feel anything at all, is a mystery. One theory is that wild and domestic creatures feel the Earth vibrate before humans. Other ideas suggest they detect electrical changes in the air or gas released from the Earth. Earthquakes are a sudden phenomenon. Seismologists have no way of knowing exactly when or where the next one will hit. An estimated 500,000 detectable quakes occur in the world each year. Of those, 100,000 can be felt by humans, and 100 cause damage.

Accounts of similar animal anticipation of earthquakes have surfaced across the centuries since. Catfish moving violently, chickens that stop laying eggs and bees leaving their hive in a panic have been reported. Countless pet owners claimed to have witnessed their cats and dogs acting

One of the world's most earthquake-prone countries is Japan, where devastation has taken countless lives and caused enormous damage to property. Researchers there have long studied animals in hopes of discovering what they hear or


feel before the Earth shakes in order to use that sense as a prediction tool. American seismologists, on the other hand, are skeptical. Even though there have been documented cases of strange animal behavior prior to earthquakes, the United States Geological Survey, a government agency that provides scientific information about the Earth, says a reproducible connection between a specific behavior and the occurrence of a quake has never been made.

Erratic Behavior in Dogs

"What we're faced with is a lot of anecdotes," said Andy Michael, a geophysicist at USGS. "Animals react to so many things—being hungry, defending their territories, mating, predators—so it's hard to have a controlled study to get that advanced warning signal."

Researchers around the world continue to pursue the idea, however. In September 2003 a medical doctor in Japan made headlines with a study that indicated erratic behavior in dogs, such as excessive barking or biting, could be used to forecast quakes. There have also been examples where authorities have forecast successfully a major earthquake, based in part on the observation of the strange antics of animals. For example, in 1975 Chinese officials ordered the evacuation of Haicheng, a city with one million people, just days before a 7.3magnitude quake. Only a small portion of the population was hurt or killed. If the city had not been evacuated, it is estimated that the number of fatalities and injuries could have exceeded 150,000.


H oly W eek T he last week of Lent is known as Holy Week. It is when Christians remember the last week of J esus' life and is the most important time in the Christian year. T here are many church services and processions.

Pa lm Sund a y Palm Sunday marks the start of H oly Week. It reminds Christians of the journey J esus made into J erusalem on a donkey. J esus was going there to celebrate the J ewish festival of Passover (Pesach). J esus chose a donkey to show that he had come in peace. On that day many people welcomed J esus waving palm branches and throwing them down in the path of the donkey.

In churches on Palm Sunday Christians are given small palm crosses made from palm leaves. Left over palm crosses are kept to be burnt so that their ashes can be used in a special service on the first day of Lent (Ash Wednesday) the following year. T his ash is put on people’s foreheads.


them and the wine was his blood -shed for them. He was telling them that On the night before his death J esus he was going to die and that when had a final meal with his friends. they share bread and wine they should T his meal was one of the festival remember him. meals for Passover. Before the meal Christians share bread and wine at J esus did something which surprised his their church services all year round, friends. He washed the feet of every but it is even more special on Maundy person, a task which was normally done T hursday. J esus also told his friends by a servant. By doing this he wanted that they should love one another. It to show his followers that they should was later on this night that J udas love one another in humble ways. betrayed J esus in the Garden of Gethsemane.

Maundy T hursday

Later in the meal which is known to Christians as 'T he Last Supper', J esus passed round bread and wine. He said the bread was his body broken for


Good Friday

On Good Friday Christians remember the day that J esus was killed on the cross. He was nailed to a wooden cross by Roman soldiers. T his is the reason why the cross is an important sign for Christians today. T here are crosses in churches and many Christians wear a cross on a chain. At Easter people eat hot cross buns which have a cross shape on the top.

Good Friday is a sad day and churches never have flowers or decorat ions on this day. T he church is left dark and there is just a simple cross on the altar. It is known as Good Friday because Christians believe that J esus gave up his life for the good of everyone. T he Crucifixion is remembered in J erusalem even today. Large crowds of Christians take the same path as J esus. In some countries people act out the story of J esus' last day while others watch and think about the events which happened long ago.


Easter Sunday Easter Sunday is a happy day for Christians because they believe that J esus rose from the dead on this day. T hey believe that J esus' resurrection or coming alive shows that death is not the end of everything. Many go to church to thank God for J esus' life. Church bells are rung and churches are decorated with flowers such as white lilies which are associated with Easter. T he colors in the church change to white or gold which are thought to be the best colors.


How to Read Effectively in English? If you’re an English learner living in a non-English-speaking country, your English input will be different from the input of someone who lives in, say, America. A learner in America (assuming he interacts with people on an everyday basis) will get most of his input by listening to everyday, informal conversations between people.

Reading a book or watching a movie in English is an incredibly

motivating and powerful experience that can produce a dramatic growth in the number of words, phrases and grammar structures that you can use. Up till now, when reading English, you have probably been given a passage to read with questions to answer at the end. You have concentrated on reading accurately in order to answer the questions correctly. You probably felt that you needed to know the meaning of every word. Moreover, you probably felt that in order to understand the passage properly, you had to translate every sentence to your language but in this article we’ll see instruction how to read it effectively and faster.


1. Read different materials at different speeds: Skim or speed-read less important items, and save critical or difficult works for when you are most alert and have time. 2. Pick out the main ideas of a book by reading its cover flaps and scanning the table of contents. Use the index to quickly locate key words. 3. Survey the layout of your reading material. Look at the title and the boldface section headings, and piece together the logical flow of the paper. This framework will guide you in reading the piece more carefully. 4. If you need to skim, try reading the first sentence of each paragraph (which usually is the topic sentence) to get a general idea of its content.


5. Practice reading more quickly by moving your index finger down a row of text at a speed slightly faster than your normal reading speed.

6. Highlight or underline sparingly so the truly useful information doesn't get lost. 7. Jot down quick notes, questions or thoughts that will make it easier to refer to the material later. Taking notes also makes for active reading and better retention of important points.


International News

TOULOUSE, France — The French authorities were searching on Monday for a man suspected in a string of methodical killings that have terrorized this city and the surrounding area in southwestern France, after an attack outside a Jewish school on Monday morning that killed four people, including three young children. It was the third murderous attack on unarmed people in the region in little over a week, and the most deadly attack against Jews in France since a 1982 assault on a Paris kosher restaurant. The police said that the same gun, a .45-caliber automatic pistol, was used in all three shootings, the one Monday and two earlier attacks on French paratroopers, and that the modus operandi was the same — a man on a powerful motorbike, also the same in each instance, who shot and then fled. The local prosecutor, Michel Valet, said that a religious instructor, his two children and another child, the daughter of the school’s director, were killed in Monday’s attack and that a 17-year-old boy was seriously wounded. The killer “shot at everything he could see, children and adults, and some children were chased into the school,” Mr. Valet said. The suspect pursued his last victim, an 8-year-old girl, into the concrete courtyard, seizing and stopping her by her hair, said Nicole Yardeni, who leads the regional branch of the Crif, France’s most prominent Jewish association, and who viewed video surveillance footage of the killing. His gun appeared to jam at that point, Ms. Yardeni said. Still holding the girl, the killer then changed weapons, from what police have identified as a 9 millimeter pistol to the .45-caliber. He shot her in the head and left, never removing his motorcycle helmet. Antiterrorism magistrates arrived from Paris to take charge of the investigation into all three shootings on Monday, officials said, working under the belief that a single suspect carried out the attacks. On Monday, the killer arrived and fled on a motorbike, following the same approach used in the two previous attacks. In those shootings, a man wearing a motorcycle helmet killed three French paratroopers and critically wounded another. The soldiers were all Arab or black, and appeared to have been targeted specifically, witnesses said. “We know that it is the same person, the same arm that killed the soldiers, the children and a teacher,” the French president, Nicolas Sarkozy, said Monday night.


“We are faced with an individual who targets his victims specifically,” said Élisabeth Allannic, a spokeswoman for the Paris prosecutor’s office, which is handling the investigation. “He targets his victims for what they represent.” The interior minister, Claude Géant, said it was worrying that the gunman seemed to act with impunity and coldness, and that he clearly had a sophisticated knowledge of weapons. Immediately after the shooting Monday morning, leading politicians and Jewish community leaders descended on the school, Ozar Hatorah, a low-slung brick and stucco complex in a quiet warren of residential streets known as La Roseraie, or the Rose Garden, just outside downtown Toulouse. A tall, white corrugated metal wall fences the school off from the street; six bullet holes, numbered by the police, were visible in the wall. Officials identified the victims as Rabbi Jonathan Sandler, 30, a religious instructor at the school; his two sons, Arye, 6, and Gabriel, 3; and Miriam Monsonego, 8, who is the daughter of the school principal, Yaacov Monsonego.

“It is unbearable that someone be able to dehumanize children to this point,” Ms. Yardeni said, choking back tears.

Rabbi Sandler came to Toulouse from Jerusalem with his family in July to teach at the school, a friend said. The Israeli Foreign Ministry said that the rabbi was a French citizen but that his wife was Israeli and that their children

had dual nationality. Israel announced that in accordance with the wishes of the families, the victims would be flown to Israel on Tuesday for burial. Another student, 17, a boy, was said to be wounded and in critical condition at a local hospital.


How to take care of your skin in the summer? Summer is approaching once Summer is approaching once again! Thankfully, due to developments and discoveries in science, we are more aware of the dangers of exposure of your skin to the sun, so we can wear our summer clothes with more comfort of mind.

Here are some tips to remember when going out for the day:

Try to keep out of the sun from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., when the sun's rays are strongest. Tanning is overrated, anyway. But you do need some sun to process vitamin D, which helps keep skin smooth and moist.

Use sunscreen, although remember that you have to reapply it based on its SPF. Make sure that it's water-resistant ifi you're going swimming! There are even spray-on sunscreens for hair to prevent damage caused by exposure to the sun! Don't forget lip balm with sunscreen in it! Just remember to keep away from lab-created skin products; melanoma is caused by the chemicals in many skin products!

Think about what clothes you're wearing. Cotton will help prevent sunburn unless the fabric is white. Also, try to reduce the amount of skin exposed to the sun, especially with children.

Try to keep in the shade, or keep items on hand like umbrellas, sunglasses and hats.

Scrub your skin and keep it hydrated with quality body washes and lotions.

Ingest cod liver oil and other sources of vitamin D.

Pay attention to what you eat, and eat healthy; your skin is a reflection of what you eat!


If you develop skin issues, try these tips:

If you get a sunburn, apply aloe vera gel after it was kept in the fridge. Try putting on a washcloth was was in the freezer as well. And don't pick sunburned skin!

If you have a blister, depending on where it is, put a Band-Aid on it! It prevents friction and adds padding. When friction is not an issue, you may want to allow it to be exposed to air.

If you develop head rash, apply a hydrocortisone cream or take an oatmeal bath.


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