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Soccer History Origins 1609-1862 Roman times and Soccer soccer-like game played by the Italians called “Calcio” In the US soccer can be tracked back to the Original Jamestown Settlement in 1609 Resembled the shrovetide games in England


History Cont.  1500’s in Colleges in England  1800’s the first formal rules began to be governed  Association Football was shortened to Assoc “ASOK)  This was later shortened to soccer  In 1904 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)


Original FIFA  France, Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland  1996 FIFA had grown to over 197 member associations


US Soccer Timeline  1620 Pilgrim Fathers, upon settling at Plymouth Rock found American Indians playing a form of soccer.  The Indians called it “Pasuckquakkohowog ,” which means “they gather to play football.”  1820 M American colleges played soccer, but there was no intercollegiate competition.  Rules were casual and changed often.


First Soccer Club  1862 The Oneidas of Boston, the first organized soccer club in America, was formed by Gerritt Miller Smith.


College Soccer  1865-1876 Soccer was initiated as an organized college sport in the USA  Princeton and Rutgers Universities engaged in the first intercollegiate soccer match Nov. 6, 1876, in New Brunswick, N.J.  Rutgers won the match 6-4. The game was more similar to both rugby and soccer than gridiron football.


US Timeline Cont.

 1884 The American Football Association was organized in Newark, N.J., uniting the numerous metropolitan areas  1885-1886 The U.S. and Canada played a game a year against each other, representing the first “international” soccer games to take place outside the British Isles  1904 The Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) was formed in Paris on May 21.


New Professional League  1921 The original American Professional Soccer League (APSL) began.  Franchises were granted to North East cities


US Timeline Cont.  1930 The USA was one of 13 nations to compete in the first FIFA World Cup competition in Montevideo, Uruguay.  1941 The National Soccer Coaches Association of America (NSCAA) was organized  1950 The first college bowl game was played in St. Louis Jan. 1. Penn State University tied the University of San Francisco 2-2.  1959 The first NCAA championship tournament was held in Storrs, Conn.  1971 Pele` retired from international competition


New League  1978 the Major Indoor Soccer League (MISL) debuted with six franchises:  Including Philadelphia kixx


History Cont.  1982 The United States made a formal bid to host the 1986 World Cup.  1983 FIFA awarded the 1986 World Cup to Mexico, rejecting the U.S. bid  1990 The U.S. competed in the World Cup for the first time in 40 years.  1991 The U.S. Women’s National Team captured the firstever FIFA Women’s World Championship in China with a 2-1 win over Norway


The Mid 1990’s The age of Enlightenment  1994 U.S. Soccer served as host national association for the 1994 FIFA World Cup and, in conjunction with World Cup USA 1994, Inc.,  staged the greatest event in FIFA history.  More than 3.5 million fans flocked to U.S. stadiums — breaking by more than one million the attendance record established in Italy in 1990 —  The U.S. team advanced beyond the first round for the first time in 64 years, falling to eventual champion Brazil 1-0.


History  1993 U.S. Soccer held the first-ever Strategic Summit  Wanted to develop soccer in US.  The USA’s 2-0 defeat of England made headlines around the world. Attendance and media interest were high,  286,761 people attended the tournament’s six games.


The Mid 1990’s The age of Enlightenment  1996 The women’s national team won the first-ever women’s soccer gold medal at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, defeating China 2-1 in the championship game.  The U.S. men’s Olympic team narrowly missed advancing to the quarterfinals with a 1-1-1 record.  Major League Soccer was launched, providing the United States with its first Division I outdoor pro league since the North American Soccer League ceased operations in 1984.  FIFA awarded the 1999 Women’s World Cup to the United States and U.S. Soccer pledged it would be the biggest and most successful women’s sporting event ever.


1999 World Cup  In front of over 90,000 fans at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, Calif., the U.S. women won the 1999 FIFA World Cup  5-4 in shootouts over China


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