Soccer History Origins 1609-1862 Roman times and Soccer soccer-like game played by the Italians called “Calcio” In the US soccer can be tracked back to the Original Jamestown Settlement in 1609 Resembled the shrovetide games in England
History Cont. 1500’s in Colleges in England 1800’s the first formal rules began to be governed Association Football was shortened to Assoc “ASOK) This was later shortened to soccer In 1904 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)
Original FIFA ď‚§ France, Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland ď‚§ 1996 FIFA had grown to over 197 member associations
US Soccer Timeline 1620 Pilgrim Fathers, upon settling at Plymouth Rock found American Indians playing a form of soccer. The Indians called it “Pasuckquakkohowog ,” which means “they gather to play football.” 1820 M American colleges played soccer, but there was no intercollegiate competition. Rules were casual and changed often.
First Soccer Club ď‚§ 1862 The Oneidas of Boston, the first organized soccer club in America, was formed by Gerritt Miller Smith.
College Soccer 1865-1876 Soccer was initiated as an organized college sport in the USA Princeton and Rutgers Universities engaged in the first intercollegiate soccer match Nov. 6, 1876, in New Brunswick, N.J. Rutgers won the match 6-4. The game was more similar to both rugby and soccer than gridiron football.
US Timeline Cont.
1884 The American Football Association was organized in Newark, N.J., uniting the numerous metropolitan areas 1885-1886 The U.S. and Canada played a game a year against each other, representing the first “international” soccer games to take place outside the British Isles 1904 The Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) was formed in Paris on May 21.
New Professional League ď‚§ 1921 The original American Professional Soccer League (APSL) began. ď‚§ Franchises were granted to North East cities
US Timeline Cont. 1930 The USA was one of 13 nations to compete in the first FIFA World Cup competition in Montevideo, Uruguay. 1941 The National Soccer Coaches Association of America (NSCAA) was organized 1950 The first college bowl game was played in St. Louis Jan. 1. Penn State University tied the University of San Francisco 2-2. 1959 The first NCAA championship tournament was held in Storrs, Conn. 1971 Pele` retired from international competition
New League 1978 the Major Indoor Soccer League (MISL) debuted with six franchises: Including Philadelphia kixx
History Cont. 1982 The United States made a formal bid to host the 1986 World Cup. 1983 FIFA awarded the 1986 World Cup to Mexico, rejecting the U.S. bid 1990 The U.S. competed in the World Cup for the first time in 40 years. 1991 The U.S. Women’s National Team captured the firstever FIFA Women’s World Championship in China with a 2-1 win over Norway
The Mid 1990’s The age of Enlightenment 1994 U.S. Soccer served as host national association for the 1994 FIFA World Cup and, in conjunction with World Cup USA 1994, Inc., staged the greatest event in FIFA history. More than 3.5 million fans flocked to U.S. stadiums — breaking by more than one million the attendance record established in Italy in 1990 — The U.S. team advanced beyond the first round for the first time in 64 years, falling to eventual champion Brazil 1-0.
History 1993 U.S. Soccer held the first-ever Strategic Summit Wanted to develop soccer in US. The USA’s 2-0 defeat of England made headlines around the world. Attendance and media interest were high, 286,761 people attended the tournament’s six games.
The Mid 1990’s The age of Enlightenment 1996 The women’s national team won the first-ever women’s soccer gold medal at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, defeating China 2-1 in the championship game. The U.S. men’s Olympic team narrowly missed advancing to the quarterfinals with a 1-1-1 record. Major League Soccer was launched, providing the United States with its first Division I outdoor pro league since the North American Soccer League ceased operations in 1984. FIFA awarded the 1999 Women’s World Cup to the United States and U.S. Soccer pledged it would be the biggest and most successful women’s sporting event ever.
1999 World Cup In front of over 90,000 fans at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, Calif., the U.S. women won the 1999 FIFA World Cup 5-4 in shootouts over China