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Rooted in tradition · Exploring the future

Vol. 44 · Issue #15

Thursday, Feb. 24, 2011 Loyalist College · Belleville, ON · Canada

Cornering the debate on coyotes By Janek Lowe More than 1,000 people, concerned about threats to livestock and people, are calling for an Ontario-wide bounty on coyotes. Bruce-Grey-Owen Sound MPP Bill Murdoch this week presented a petition from his constituents to Queen’s Park calling for the bounty. Murdoch said he gets at least one or two calls about coyotes into his weekly call-in radio program. “There are too many of them,” said Murdoch. “People are concerned about their children, and people are losing lambs and cattle.” A Trenton family’s pet dog was killed by coyotes last Friday. Murdoch said the petition to Queen’s Park is more about bringing the issue to the public’s attention. But the solution to a surging coyote population is more complex than simply thinning the pack, say biologists. Widespread bounties would only make the problem worse because of the coyotes’ increase in their birth rate if their population declines. “Controlling the population is not even possible,” said Lesley Sampson, co-founder of Coyote Watch Canada and an educator with almost 20 years experience. “Scientists agree, removing one allows another to move in. When the dominant male is taken out of the pack, the fallout from that becomes complex.” Sampson said it’s unfair to blame the coyotes. “Because a coyote comes onto a porch, humans call that aggressive,” he said. “If we’re leaving food out, it’s an attractant. Once that reinforcement has been made, seeing a human there, the welcome mat has been left. Coyotes don’t understand politics.” “We’re plowing down fields and trees to put up houses,” said Jason Brockman, owner of Critter Catcher Nuisance Animal Control in the village of Hastings. “They need to eat.” Brockman favours a more controlled hunt with professionals taking a specific number per area.

Janek Lowe

Albert Coles, a lifetime hunter, carries coyote pelts outside of the pen area where he keeps his hounds, on his Quinte West property. Random hunting risks an uneven thinning of pack from region to region. With coyote hunting legal yearround, communities across the province are taking the issue into

their own hands. John Locke, co-owner of The Fence Depot in Cornwall, organized a coyote hunting competition through the month of February. The competition was in response to his customers re-

porting a drop in the region’s rabble and grouse populations. “And they just wanted something to do,” said Locke. “We have a big buck contest and turkey contest, but there’s nothing to do this time

Solar panels help farm earn money Four panels each produce 10 kilowatts per hour

of year.” Locke estimates 500 coyotes are killed annually in the region. So far, the 105 hunters in the competition have turned in 120 coyotes. ...See Coyotes, Page 2

Curbside organics may come to Quinte

By Clover Raftis

By Michelle Berg

The land during this time of year is bare, so the wind whips through the plains where corn and soy are grown during the summer and fall season. No animals reside in this place, although there is ample room. Old barns and farm homes are scattered along the highway in the area this 2000-acre farm calls home. There may be a lack of animals, but there are still objects that Jeff Kell, 28, the managing farmer for Kell Farms on Hamilton Road between Quinte West and Belleville, must take care of, and keep an eye on, daily. Kell Farms recently installed four solar panels, acquired through the Ontario Power Authorities micro-FIT program. Each panel cost the farm $90,000, with four on the Hamilton Road property. That’s a total cost of $360,000. “We were looking for some supplemental income, a regular paycheque month to month,” said Kell. Farming has faced endless hardships in the last decade, and the Ontario Power Authority has offered a solution. “You can see the ads for micro-FIT in all the farming magazines. It’s everywhere a farmer looks,” said Kell. Each panel can produce up to 10 kilowatts per hour, earning Kell Farms a contracted 80 cents per 1 kw/h. As long as there are sunny skies the return on investment should be approximately $12,500 per year. However, that means that the owners of Kell Farms will take up to 10 years to pay off the installation fees. Micro-FIT stands for Micro Feed In Tariff program. There is also a FIT program (Feed in Tariff), geared towards renewable energy that outputs over 10 kilowatts per hour. What does this mean to the average Ontario resident? And does it help offset the rising costs of hydroelectricity in Ontario? Ontario Energy Board is poised to rule on a 6.2 percent increase on electricity rates. Even though there are many green energy initiatives, this will not help Ontarians with their monthly hydro

If plans go ahead, the Quinte region’s garbage won’t go to waste. The nine Quinte municipalities are in the process of looking at an integrated waste management plan and whether they will start up a curbside organics program. “Forty per cent of what is going into the landfill are things that can be composted,” said Jeff Lauritsen, Quinte Waste Solutions’ communications co-ordinator. “If you have a curbside organics program, you can extend the life of local landfills by diverting that organic waste.” Canadians generate more waste per capita than anyone else in the developed world, according to the Association of Municipalities of Ontario. Forty per cent of Ontario’s garbage is shipped to the U.S. Since 1989, Ontario has filled 649 of its own 730 landfills. With only 81 landfills left, Ontario is left with a decision to create more landfills or take the initiative to reduce materials being sent to landfills. Quinte Waste Solutions has captured 82 per cent of recyclables from residents with the blue box program, diverting 41 per cent of the total waste from ending up in landfills. Donald Scharfe, Quinte Waste Solutions planning co-ordinator, completed an integrated waste management plan in June 2010 on behalf of the nine member municipalities that make up the Centre and South Hastings Waste Services Board. The plan lays out ways of recycling and reusing materials to better society, the environment and the economy. A major part of the plan is the idea of curbside organics. “Curbside organics is proven to be more effective than backyard composting,” said Lauritsen. “We only have backyard composting,” explained Rick Clow, general manager of Quinte Waste Solutions.

Clover Raftis

Kell Farms, which mainly produces grain products, installed four solar panels in October of 2010, although the panels were not operational until late January of 2011. bill according to Vanda Wall, media advisor for the Ontario Energy Board. The newly installed panels will “not impact delivery fees,” said Wall in a phone interview, “because of any costs accrued during the installation.” It’s the connection to and upgrading of the grid itself that causes the fees to remain the same. However, Kell had to pay for the installation and upgrades to the grid himself, as do any individuals who step into the micro-FIT and FIT programs. According to Robert Christie, vice president of operations for Cleave Energy, the rising costs of hydro in Ontario will not be affected by the installation of green energy, including that of the solar farms. “The grid in Ontario as a whole is outdated and needs upgrades, especially for us to be able to harness green energies being installed in the last few years,” said Christie. When solar panels are installed, Hydro One does an analysis of the grid system where the panels will be implemented. If necessary they rec-

ommend upgrades at the customer’s expense. “I don’t think they’ll last in the wind,” said Kell, “How long will they really last? And what is the government going to do if they break down and no contractor is available to fix them?” Cleave Energy, based in Picton, Ont, has been around since 1984 and has specialized in high efficiency construction since 2000. It wasn’t until 2006 that the company installed its first solar panel, and in 2009, they jumped right into the micro-FIT and FIT programs, offering Ontario residents a chance to give back and make some cash while helping the environment. “We thought there was tremendous opportunity and followed up with the opportunity,” said Christie. Last year, the company installed 200 micro-FIT panels (10 kws or less) and 10 FIT panels (10kws or more). According to Christie, most of the large companies and farms that have installed FIT solar panels are merely meeting their own demands, and as

that helps out the grid by relieving the energy system from the weight of their consumption, the real difference is viewed with the micro-FIT solar panels. “The biggest solution is the micro-FIT program, that brings in the biggest savings,” said Christie. “It would be nice to see more emphasis on roof-top solar panels in larger cities like Toronto and Ottawa.” If there were more rooftop panels in larger cities, it would greatly affect the grid and Ontario would be able to export more energy than ever before. So before you jump aboard the solar panel bandwagon, officials recommend taking the time to research the company that will be installing it. “It’s always handy to give a call to Hydro One to see if you have the capacity,” said Christie. “You need a company with history that adheres to the ESA (Electrical Safety Authority), a company that plays by the rules.”

...See Curbside, page 3


Page A2 · The Pioneer · February 24, 2011

Earth Hour simple way to fight climate change By Mihal Zada

Kristine Benham

Customers quickly fill up the newly reopened Bellevegas Boardroom & Lounge bar, downtown Belleville Saturday night.

Bellevegas brings music to Belleville

Owner hopes to change city’s nightlife reputation By Kristine Benham Mike Botterill reopened the Bellevegas Boardroom & Lounge at 228 Front St. last Friday and is bringing more music to downtown Belleville. “Downtown Belleville has been getting a bad rap,” Botterill says, concerned about his city’s reputation. One of Botterill’s goals is to bring some change to downtown’s nightlife reputation and positively help other local businesses. Botterill, 30, a long-time resident of Belleville, graduated from Centennial Secondary School and con-

McGuinty makes stop in Belleville By Michelle Berg Premier Dalton McGuinty will be in Belleville on Friday to share his plan for Ontario’s future. Bill Saunders, CEO of the Belleville and District Chamber of Commerce, says he is happy to be offered the chance to host a luncheon with guest speaker McGuinty. According to the Chamber, the premier will be making a 45-minute presentation on “Ontario’s Plan for Jobs and Growth.” “As a Chamber, we’re interested in economic growth,” said Saunders. “More business opportunities and economic growth.” The premier will be in Belleville Friday at the Greek Banquet Hall, which can accommodate 200 people. Doors will open at 11 a.m. and McGuinty’s presentation starts at 11:45 a.m. with a buffet at 12:30 p.m. Tickets were sold in advance and the deadline has passed.

Finding pets on Facebook By Kristine Benham

A Belleville woman wants to keep pets safe with Facebook’s help. Jennifer Nicholls created the Quinte Lost Dog Network Facebook page three weeks ago. With 146 followers so far, she hopes to cater to the surrounding areas and help as many people as she can. Nicholls, who works from home, was inspired by Nova Scotia’s Lost Dog Network and felt that her community could use a similar resource. “This is so people know what to do if you lose or find a dog, and to give people tips and resources, like local numbers for animal services,” said Nicholls. The first issue Nicholls addressed on the page was the prominent issue of coyotes that attack pets at night. “A family lost their dog to coyotes in Trenton last week and the news wrote one line about it in the paper,” she said. Quinte West OPP issued a public warning to watch for coyotes after a dog was attacked and killed Friday night in Trenton on Dufferin Street. Ron Pierce of Pierce Animal Control also warns people annually to not let their dogs out unattended at night or in the early morning. Coyotes can take advantage of a tied pet left alone but will avoid humans. “It’s our own fault, really, we give them what they need to survive,” Nicholls said about the coyotes that attack pets and eat garbage.

tinued his education by pursuing football at McMaster University. He also played professional football for the Montreal Alouettes, Edmonton Eskimos, Hamilton Tiger-Cats and the Calgary Stampeders of the Canadian Football League. He opened the business last year. The bar can hold as many as 100 people. Botterill, who also owns and manages the apartments above the bar space, said he’s offering a better quality of entertainment. “I want to let people get up and personal with new and upcoming musicians,” Botterill said. Matt Henning, a 21-year-old surveying student at Loyalist College said, he enjoys the new bar. “It’s a refreshing change from the typical MJ’s and Little Texas nights,”

said Henning, who went to The Bellevegas Boardroom & Lounge Saturday evening to see the band Maple Tower perform. Other changes to downtown include the Tuscan Flatts, a restaurant and bar that is changing management and its name. Tammy Carlson, the new manager, is changing the bar to an Irish pub called The Rover’s Irish Pub. She plans to give people a lively music line-up to enjoy and a place to socialize, eat and have fun. Carlson is in the middle of renovating the space. She said she recognizes Bellevegas Boardroom & Lounge as a positive addition to improving downtown Belleville both musically and esthetically. “The generations are changing. They are bringing a lot

of transformation to downtown with the café, lounge feel. They have to bring them what they want and they have softer music,” Carlson says about Bellevegas. “Downtown is starting to remind me of a miniature Kingston,” she said about the nightlife improvements. Cogeco TV will begin filming live musical performances in March for the bar. Some of the artists expected to rock Bellevegas include Santa Clara and Laurell on March 12, and Alanna Clarke and The Matthews Brothers on March 18. Botterill said the community could follow the Bellevegas Boardroom Lounge Facebook page. The bar’s hours are 9 p.m. until 2 a.m. Thursday to Saturday each week.

Debate continues over coyotes Continued from Page 1 “It’s man’s fault for taking more and more of the wilderness,” said Locke. “They’re going to come closer to the cities and to the farms to find food.” Locke said people who object to the bounty don’t understand the issues. “How do you find the problem coyote when they’re traveling in a pack?” he said. Murdoch said a solution from the Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) was to allow the species to over-populate naturally until they die from starvation or disease but he believes that’s cruel to the animals. The MNR did not respond to calls by deadline. Murdoch is highly critical of bi-

ologists. “They have no more knowledge than I do,” he said. “These biologists are nuts. They don’t live in the real world. Murdoch said the MNR need to change its approach. “I know when we have too many deer, the MNR cull them,” says Murdoch. “Same with too many turkeys. Not called a bounty. Called a cull because they make money off of it. Doesn’t seem to be the same with coyotes.” Murdoch said children could be at risk. “And when it happens, are you going to compensate the people, and go to the parents of a child killed and say sorry? It’s done. It’s too late.” “I’m looking for other solutions,” said Murdoch. “But I don’t have any, and neither do the biologists. If they come up with a better idea than

mine, I’ll listen.” Bette Jean Crews, president of the Ontario Federation of Agriculture, said when 20 baby lambs are killed it doesn’t make the news. She describes the sadness she feels hearing from farmers who go to their barn in the morning to find a bloodsoaked ground. “It scares me to death that we aren’t going to get the attention until a child dies.” But Sampson punctuates the benefit coyotes bring to our landscape - their beauty and vital role in controlling rodent numbers and cleaning the up the land. “They’re here to stay,” said Sampson. “People are getting rich off of killing animals. I think in 2011 as a sentient society we have to be able to sit down at the table and look at the facts.”

Want to save the planet? Get your index fingers ready. On March 26 at 8:30 p.m., residents and corporations all over the world will be shutting off their lights for 60 minutes. Earth Hour is considered one of the biggest voluntary actions in history. earthhour.org, the website created by the World Wildlife Fund, claims that in 2010 Earth Hour became the world’s largest-ever global climate change initiative. Belleville residents say they might use the hour to do simple things they wouldn’t normally think of doing. Ashley Ballenthin is just going to enjoy nature. “I’d probably go take a walk and actually enjoy being outside,” says Ballenthin. “You’re so busy in the day that you never really appreciate outside.” Alexa Hansen Forson doesn’t have too much planned. “I celebrate it very minimally,” said Hansen-Forson. “Like I’ve done in the past, by turning off all the power in the house.” Hansen Forson recognizes the value of Earth Hour: “I think it’s to raise awareness that things need to be cut back, at the rate our civilization is going.” Businesses in Belleville are participating, dimming lights and signage. “We shut off the road sign and shut off a lot of the lights in the hotel,” said Brad Williams, general manager of the Clarion Inn and Suites in Belleville. “The guests understand because the whole street does it and we just follow suit.” At the Quinte Mall, exteriors signs are dimmed and individual stores are encouraged to turn off whatever lights they can. In the concourse, just enough lights are left on to keep things safe. “We have participated in Earth Hour for the last two years and we will this year,” said Greg Taylor, general manager of the mall. “We encourage all the retailers to participate.” In previous years, Belleville’s green task force committee, headed by city councillor Tom Lafferty, has encouraged residents and businesses to get involved with Earth Hour. The committee may plan to do the same this year but none of the members were available for comment. Some question the validity of switching off lights for only one hour a year, but the exercise is meant as a message. “The main point of Earth Hour,” reads earthhour.org, “is to show the world that a solution to the world’s environmental challenges is possible if we work on them together.” Earth Hour began in 2007, organized in Sydney, Australia, by the World Wildlife Fund. More than two million residents and businesses worked together to organize an hour of darkness.

Comic shop keeps its doors open Action Packed Comics changes name to Goodsell Collectables By Niamh Malcolm Belleville’s ‘nerds’ experienced a scare two weeks ago when Action Packed Comics threatened to close. A week later, co-owner Andrew Goodsell said he couldn’t face another customer with the bad news.  “It got to a point where I felt that it would be too much of a sad story to see this place go. I would rather go broke trying to keep it open even for a little bit longer and say I took the opportunity to do something like this,” said Goodsell.  Goodsell has been co-owner of Action Packed for years but this will be the first time he will be on his own.    “I’m very nervous and a little scared but I want to be optimistic,” said Goodsell. “If it pays itself off and gives me a little bit of money to put food in my fridge and a roof over my head, then I will go without breakfast, eat my dinner and be happy.”  When faced with the reality of closing, Goodsell said he felt he couldn’t stomach it. Every night after most stores on Front Street had closed for the day, Action Packed was filled with friends playing games.   “I appreciate the little things, like waking up and realizing I’m going to go to work, and I’m going to make someone happy just because they walked into my store. Even if I don’t make a sale, I feel successful that I made someone’s life better just by being open.”  Action Packed Comics has been

Niamh Malcolm

Andrew Goodsell of Action Packed Comics had a hard time facing his customers as the threat of closing almost became a reality, however, Action Packed Comics will be opening up as Goodsell Collectables next month. a constant fixture of Belleville’s Front Street for the last five years. While it will continue to have the same feel and location, the name will change to Goodsell Collectables.  “It’s going to be a whole new store,” said Goodsell. “I can’t wait until I can say which action figures come into my store and which ones don’t. It will be the same with the board games. It’s incredibly hard to choose which ones will move and

which ones won›t. Right down to the card stock it will change up, but hopefully it will make all the players happy.” “I don’t know how I would get my comics if Action Packed closed,” said Aodhan Freake, a regular customer. “I would definitely feel as if we were losing a key local business in our community. I guess I would have gone to either Kingston or Toronto. For newer comics I would have to

get an online subscription.” Like many small businesses, this one’s inception came during a lighthearted conversation between two friends.  “Just before we originally opened up, I was talking to someone about opening a comic shop. He had the money, I had the determination. It went from just being a joke to becoming a reality,” said Goodsell.


Page A3 · The Pioneer · February 24, 2011

Historic plane unveiled at RCAF museum Silver Dart 5 replicates first airplane to fly in Canada By Adam Jackson When someone loses their job, their first thought isn’t usually to build an airplane, but for Mark Taylor, that’s exactly how it happened. When Taylor was laid off, he approached Ed Lubitz about re-creating an airplane that has enormous significance to Canadian aviation history. It took eight months of hard work and designing, but they managed to re-create history. Lubitz, a retired Air Canada pilot and aircraft enthusiast, alongside Taylor, a longtime friend, created a working, full-sized model of the Silver Dart 5 – the first airplane to fly in Canada. On Wednesday, the aircraft, which is constructed of bamboo, wires and tarps on the wings, was officially unveiled at the RCAF museum in Quinte West. Lubitz and Taylor donated the aircraft at no charge to the museum. Lubitz had re-created old aircraft before. He started working on airplanes shortly after his retirement from Air Canada. This particular aircraft was the most challenging. Due to the period it was created in, there are no drawings and very few images of the aircraft. During the official ribbon-cutting ceremony at the museum, Lubitz provided a brief history of the airplane, including the interesting fact that the airplane was first flown into Canada to go to Alexander Graham Bell’s estate in Cape Breton, N.S. John McCurdy, Frederick Baldwin, Glenn Curtiss, Thomas Selfridge and Bell originally built the aircraft in New York State. It was flown eight

Adam Jackson

Ed Lubitz (pictured), along with friend Mark Taylor spent eight months constructing a replica of the Silver Dart 5, the first airplane ever flown in Canada. times before being flown into Canada. Local dignitaries attended the event, including Quinte West Mayor John Williams. “The museum is a great asset for the community and it’s great having it in the city. This is a great addition

to the museum,” said Williams. The crowd was made up of a variety of people, from members of flying clubs to the brass of CFB Trenton. Lynn Haugo, a member of the Kingston Ultralight Club, took the trip to Trenton to see the historical

aircraft. “It’s fantastic, even though Ed flew large aircraft, he’s a part of our community. Technically, this plane is an ultralight,” said Haugo. During his closing statements in front of the crowd of more than 30 people, Lubitz stressed that the ‘ig-

norance of youth’ is an important part of being innovative and cuttingedge. “The old guys who didn’t know anything sure got smart over the years,” said Lubitz. “They were innovative, state of the art and we must be as well.”

Everyone needs to get moving Today’s children heavier and weaker than ever before By Natelie Herault For the first time in history your children’s life spans could be shorter than our own. Statistics Canada states that only seven per cent of young people are engaging in 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day, at least six days a week, as recommended in the new guidelines for healthy active living. “Physical activity is so complex because parents don’t know how to get their kids active,” said Jennifer Ronan, a public health nurse with the Hastings and Prince Edward Counties Health Unit. Children of this generation are heavier, rounder, fatter and weaker than they were a generation ago, states Statistics Canada.

Sir Mackenzie Bowell Public School is making an effort to keep their children from living up to this fact. A Grade 8 leadership group for daily physical activity has been working with Ronan to come up with ways to motivate the student body. The group came up with the idea of a weekly walking club, pitting boys against girls to see who can walk further. The school is working collectively to ‘walk across Canada’ by having students match the 4500 kilometre distance across the country. They aim to complete this goal by Earth Day, April 22. The program was launched three weeks ago, and has the participation of the majority of the school. Every Wednesday, students spend their first recess walking laps around the gymnasium, a venue that will change to the schoolyard when the weather improves. “Everyone’s really excited about it. Almost the whole is school doing the walk,” said Rachel Rae, a mem-

ber of Sir Whitney’s daily physical activity leadership group. On Jan. 24, 2011, the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology released its new guidelines for healthy active living. These had been under development since 2007 and implemented research on advances in exercise science as well as international consensuses. These guidelines are the first ever of their kind in the world, as they provide limits to children and youth’s recreational screen time and sedentary behaviour. Children spend an average of six hours a day in front of a television or computer screen, while the guidelines recommend limiting screen time to a maximum of two hours a day. Ronan said she feels that although these guidelines are helpful, the bigger message needs to be to move towards these initiatives. “There’s a lot of guilt involved in parenting. We can’t beat ourselves up over having a day on the couch;

we just need to do better the next day.” In 1971, the average age that children began watching television was four. Today it is five months. Despite recommendations that screen time should be zero for children under two years, more than 90 per cent of children begin watching television before they reach this age. A study by the American Academy of Pediatrics shows that the metabolic rate in children while watching television is markedly lower than during sleep. This suggests a clear link between screen viewing and childhood obesity. “Even playing Lego or going on the computer, at least [children] are fidgeting and moving,” said Ronan. However, the problem is not specific to the home. Over the past decade, physical education in public schools has been cut down from a daily occurrence to only happening two or three times a week. If students do not take part in sports at

recess, there is minimal activity and they spend most of their school day at desks. Although some schools like Sir Mackenzie are taking steps to get their students active, Ronan said that there is little pressure to do so. “There are physical mandates in place, but there is no accountability around it. The ‘daily physical activity police’ aren’t going to come; there are no repercussions,” said Ronan. However, schools in the Quinte region are notably good at educating their students on healthy active lifestyles. In May of last year, eight schools in Hastings County received awards in recognition of their quality physical education programs. While Sir Mackenzie is closing at the end of this year, McMaster is hoping to have the leadership group set up a walking club program at one or both of the schools that will absorb its students.

Quinte Waste Solutions look at compost Continued from Page 1 Clow said Quinte Waste Solutions has distributed 30,000 composters since 1993 and through that, there has been a reduction in waste-related costs. “The Quinte area is considered by Waste Diversion Ontario to be a model community for not only diverting waste but doing it efficiently,” said Clow. Approximately 5,000 tonnes of organic waste is diverted from landfill each year through backyard composting, resulting in a net savings in tax dollars of about $350,000, according to Quinte Waste Solutions composting program. Even though many people participate in backyard composting, only about 15 per cent of compost-able materials can be used in backyard composting. A central composting facility can handle additional material that can’t be put in a backyard composter like milk, fat, bones, meat and fish. Larry Tripp, a resident of the Thurlow, has been composting for many years but said “one thing I don’t like about doing your own compost is that it attracts raccoons and skunks.” “The city is looking at the green cart proposal – curbside organics,” said Clow. “If they decide to go with it, a service similar to a garbage pick up would include collecting and handling organic material.” Tripp said he would definitely participate in the green-cart program, “as long as they don’t charge an arm and a leg.” Scharfe listed many ways to re-

“It took about three years to put the plan in place. Each municipality has to decide what route to go – if they want their own compost facility and what types of organic wastes they’ll accept.” Kingston’s solid waste manager, John Giles ceive funding like the Green Infrastructure Fund grant, which could provide up to two-thirds of eligible infrastructure costs. Kingston embraced the green cart program in April 2009 and by the end of 2010, had diverted 7,343 tonnes of organic waste from landfills. Kingston’s solid waste manager, John Giles, said the city distributed green-carts to 38,000 households with reserve funds from the Waste Diversion Ontario grant. “Fifty-six per cent of those households participate in the green-cart program, according to our quarterly audits,” said Giles. The municipality of Kingston decided to use a third party to run the compost facility. “It took about three years to put the plan in place. Each municipality has to decide what route to go – if they want their own compost facility and what types of organic waste they’ll accept,” explained

Giles. “You have to find out if there is interest in the business world in processing organics before getting set up.” Not only will the green-cart program reduce the negative impact organic waste has on the environment but the cost of garbage bag tags quickly adds up. “What motivates people? Money,” said Lauritsen. “Especially with the economy the way it is. There is an incentive for people to use the green bin. It would offset the costs in garbage tags for that stuff to go sit in a landfill.” By reducing the number of times garbage needs to be emptied, residents will save money on disposal costs. “Reduce the things people buy, reuse as much as they can, recycle, compost, recover energy from that, then what’s left goes to landfill,” said Lauritsen. “If you think about what’s left, it’s literally diapers and construction site materials.” Lauritsen said some people look at waste as waste – Quinte Waste Solutions looks at it like dollar bills. “You can make money from this stuff,” explained Lauritsen. “It’s not like a landfill where you just keep piling it up. It’s not just money out – it’s money in too – by collecting, processing, then marketing that soil, and whatever product that comes out of it.” Lauritsen believes creating more landfills is a short-term solution for waste. Creating facilities to compost and reuse organic waste could potentially lead to zero waste.

Michelle Berg

Larry Tripp has been composting for many years in Thurlow but doesn’t like how it attracts raccoons and skunks. Tripp said he would definitely participate in a green-cart program.


The Pioneer · Feb. 24, 2011 · Page A4

Give us a heads-up! E-mail The Pioneer with your game schedules and scores at pioneer@loyalistc.on.ca

Ice is home for Red McGillivray Father of ice boating in the Quinte region has taught many By Audra Kent During the winter months, ice may be in the heart of Red McGillivray, but he may be one of the warmest people you’ll ever meet. McGillivray is an ice boater and has been for 77 of his 82 years. “My first ice boat – my grandfather took me when I was about six,” says McGillivray. “That was on Sydney Harbour. And that spring, my father took me on the first sailing vessel I was ever on -- the Bluenose.” Not surprising that sailing, summer or winter, has been a mainstay, if you’ll pardon the pun, ever since. McGillivray and his wife, Sheila, live in Carrying Place, just a stone’s throw from the east end of the Murray Canal, overlooking the western shores of the Bay of Quinte. And at this time of year, it’s the cold westerly winds that warm this older gentleman’s heart. McGillivray is like the father of ice boating in the Quinte region. He has taught many a sailor the tricks of manoeuvering an ice boat along the expanse of a frozen bay. Gord Devries is one such student. At the age of 30, Devries, now 53, approached a group of ice boaters, which at one time numbered about 65 in this region, and asked if he could try it. “This guy took me one ride in his boat and I was hooked,” says Devries. That was about 23 years ago and the two men, together with about 15 other local ice boaters, carve up the western end of the Bay of Quinte as often as they can.

“You have to have good ice and good wind and you have to be in a position so that when the ice is good and the wind is good, you can say, ‘I’ll see ya’ and you’re gone,” says McGillivray. “Good ice” for the ice boater is black ice – flat and smooth and with as little snow as possible. “When you get going fast, it’s really noisy. But when you get glare ice, there’s no noise, there’s just speed, cause nothing will stop you. Nothing slows you down,” says McGillivray. And on the Bay of Quinte, those conditions can be available right up until April. “We know where the ice is good. We don’t go in the river. We don’t go in the canal. People see them open and they figure, well, it’s not safe, but we know where it is safe,” says McGillivray. Safe, however, is the operative word. McGillivray has seen his fair share of mishaps. He’s been through the ice “many, many times,” and he’s suffered serious injury because of the strain on his body. Pointing to his right arm, McGillivray chuckles, “I have no bicep in this arm,” adding, while pointing to his left arm, “and I have no tricep in this arm.” “They’re detached,” explains Devries. And McGillivray’s wife of 56 years, Sheila, has had to give up the sport altogether. “I did it for 22 years. But then my arthritic fingers tend to break in the cold. They’re brittle at the joint, and I would pull the sheet in and the fingers would break,” says Sheila. After breaking three fingers – “not all three the same day” – the doctor recommended she sell her boat. “I loved it. If you like speed… I loved it,” she says with a passion that may well contain a hint of remorse.

Audra Kent

For 77 of his 82 years, Red McGillivray has enjoyed the sport of sailing – summer and winter. Embracing the winds of our cold Canadian winters, the Carrying Place resident carves up the frozen waters of the Bay of Quinte in his ice boat. Nevertheless, Sheila happily encourages her husband to get out on the ice at every opportunity. “This year we got on December the 18th and we go every available day. My wife keeps track of the days,” says McGillivray. For the most part, an ice boat is comprised of one main fuselage (sometimes a two-seater, but most commonly built for one), three steel runners, one sail and a horizontal cross member known as a plank. The plank is what provides stability for the vessel which, depending

on the class of boat, can achieve speeds exceeding 100 mph. “The big boats will do probably six or seven times the speed of the wind,” says Devries. McGillivray has owned a number of boats over the years, but perhaps his favourite is the Nite class Red Baron he currently owns. The Red Baron measures 16 feet from the tip of the forward runner to stern, and boasts an 18-foot mast and a width of 10 feet. The two-seater vessel includes an enclosed cockpit with rudders pow-

ered by his feet, instead of the typical hand-held tiller. The boat seems to be his pride and joy and he welcomes anyone interested in trying ice boating to take a spin with him out on the frozen waters of the Bay of Quinte. McGillivray and his fellow ice boaters leave their boats on the ice just west of Trenton every winter. “When I started, I was the youngest guy here. I started when I was 30. I was the kid here. I was the snotnosed kid,” says Devries. “And now he can almost keep up to me,” jokes McGillivray.

Championship volleyball starts today By Tyler Pollard Championship volleyball is at Loyalist this weekend. Two years ago, Loyalist Athletics successfully bid on hosting the Ontario College Athletic Association 2010/2011 women’s volleyball championships. Loyalist will host seven teams. The event kicks off Thursday morning with a banquet before the games begin. The first game starts at 1 p.m. between Nipissing Lakers and Sheridan Bruins. Loyalist plays firstplace Humber at 7 p.m. in a muchanticipated game. “The girls have had a hard season, “said Jim Buck, Loyalist athletic director. “They are working very hard. They went 17-3 in regular season leaving them third in the East. They are ready for the championships.” The championships run from

Thursday until Saturday. Despite the beginning of Reading Week, organizers are hoping to draw a few hundred people to support the Lady Lancers. “We have a lot more confidence playing here. We practise here almost every day,” said Delia LeBlanc of the Lady Lancers. This is LeBlanc’s first time playing at provincials and she thinks it will be a less nerve-racking experience playing at home. Buck has accounted for the event in his budget, keeping money aside to ensure the weekend runs smoothly. “When a team enters the OCAA they pay a fee and a portion of that fee covers championships. The rest we absorb with our budget,” said Buck. The athletic department estimates the cost of hosting the event at $5,000 to $8,000.

Janek Lowe

Loyalist Lancers volleyball power Joanne Laton (left) at practice Wednesday night. The lady Lancers face Humber College in the quarter finals Thursday night. “I’m really excited,” said Laton. “We’re going for gold.”

Lancers play final basketball game of the season Majority of team will graduate and not return By Tyler Pollard

Tyler Pollard

Loyalist Lancers battle it out with second-place Durham Lords during Tuesday night’s game in Peterborough. Nick Liard passes it by Tyler McGarrity during the first half when the two teams were tied going into the second half.

Fizzled out the season. The Men’s Loyalist Lancers’ basketball team played their final game of the season Tuesday night against Durham Lords. They had a strong first half and seemed like they wanted it more but what appeared like a never-ending bench of the Durham Lords prevailed late in the second half when they took a point lead and finished with a 93-76 win over Loyalist. That leaves Loyalist with a 6-14 regular season outcome and out of the playoffs. “They’re a strong team but I would say we came out a lot stronger then they did, we actually wanted to win. The fact is that it meant a lot for them because it meant third place or second place. We wanted to make it a little harder for them to get to the playoffs,” said Calvin Chevannes, forward of Loyalist Lancers. It was an emotional night for the team. It was the final game for Alex Sargeant since he has hit his fiveyear limit for college and university

sports. “It was his night. We wanted him to shine. I didn’t care about points. I wanted him to score,” said Chevannes, who is being looked at by Memorial University in Newfoundland to continue his education as well as play for their basketball team. The majority of the team will graduate this year and not return. “I still haven’t decided what I am going to do. They will fly me out and see how I play and if it goes well, then we will see what they offer me,” said Chevannes. Nick Liard is going into his final year and said he has big hopes for the team. “I hope that the players who are on the team already put in a strong summer and get ready for training camp so we can have a strong season next year,” said Liard. The coaches have their work cut out for them. They need to fill a few solid roster spots and fill some big shoes, said Liard. Being a college, students are usually only here for two or three years. Sports teams have a higher turnover rate than university sports. Players don’t have a chance to form that bond which helps with the success of the team, said Liard. “Hopefully our coaching staff looks into recruiting. They already have eyes on a couple of players,” said Liard.


The Pioneer · February 24, 2011 · Page A5

Tell us about your events. Email The Pioneer with the details at pioneer@loyalistc.on.ca

Entertainers delight audience By Clover Raftis Clients of Royal Le Pages Lorraine O’Quinn had their funny bones tickled on Wednesday with an exclusive gut-busting comedian act. Canadian comedians John Hastings and Scott Faulconbridge entertained a packed house at the Empire Theatre. John Hastings, an Ottawa native, won the 2010 Irwin Barker Award at the Canadian Home-grown comedy competition, which was part of the 2010 Just For Laughs Festival in Montreal. Scott Faulconbridge was nominated for a 2009 Canadian Comedy Award and has recently opened for Howie Mandel at the National Arts

Center in Ottawa. Scott also has been seen regularly on CBC’s “The Debaters”, where comedians go head-to-head. Hastings’s opening performance was fresh and light, with a heavy emphasis on sarcasm, which played greatly against Faulconbridge’s great improv skills, throwing his body into his act. As in many comedic acts there was one individual who was picked on in the crowd, the man was gingerly referred to as ‘muscles.’ The crowd roared with laughter and it was quite visible that they had enjoyed themselves. Hastings and Faulconbridge do not disappoint and are great Canadian comics, definitely two to keep your eye on.

Opera music will be ringing out from Belleville’s Cineplex Odeon By Clover Raftis

Clover Raftis

Scott Faulconbridge entertained the clients of Lorraine O’Quinn from Royal LePage for a customer appreciation night at the Empire Theatre.

Pearls? Check. High heels? Check. Hot date? Not important, but check it anyways. Belleville residents are getting ready to view a live performance of New York’s famed Metropolitan Opera without ever leaving city limits. New York’s Metropolitan Opera is playing at the Cineplex Odeon in Belleville for the next few weeks, with one opera playing on the big screen every other week. Residents can view a live or encore presentation of an opera on the big screen, seated in the familiar, intimate and cozy environment of Cineplex Odeon. The Met’s award-winning series of live high definition performances are being transmitted to movie theatres such as Cineplex Odeon. Last year, the series reached over 2.2 million viewers and had been viewed in 44 countries. This Saturday, a live performance of Iphigenie En Tauride (GLUCK) will be playing at the theatre. But don’t worry if you are not fluent in the French language, there will be subtitles. Iphigenie En Tauride is a twisted story in which Iphigenie is killed by her father’s hand, or so he thinks, so that he may set sail from Greece to engage Troy in war. While her fam-

ily believes her dead, Iphigenie is taken to Diane’s Temple in Tauride to become a high priestess. All the while knowing her family thinks she is deceased, she is forced to pray for peace and safety of Troy, a home that is not hers. Yes, ladies and gentleman, that is opera: twisted, convoluted and dramatic. Dorothy Temple, president of the Quinte Opera Guild, warns those who haven’t been to an opera performance before are advised to “remain subdued. Opera is dramatic and can at times seem just silly.” Remember that soap operas got their name from the original opera performances and soap came into the picture simply because companies such as Tide were sponsors for the programs. Although a great opportunity for Belleville residents to view opera, Jeannette Cornelissen, vice-president of the guild said she still prefers live performances. “It’s not the same as what you would get with live opera, but to see it, you would have to go all the way to Toronto,” said Cornelissen. If you are not able to attend this weekend, worry not: there are many opportunities to take in a little show as The Met: Live in HD! will be continuing its series until July 11, 2011.

Belleville band sends message of Christianity Message Through Motion does its promotion through social media By Agnes Ramos An up-and-coming Belleville band is quickly making waves and climbing the ladder of success. Derek Dowling (vocals/guitar), Alex Lyon (guitar), Jordan Salmon (bass), Greg Murphy (drums) and Graham Stone (keys) form Message Through Motion, a Christian rock band based in Belleville. Dowling, the band’s singer/guitarist talks about the importance of having support from family, friends and the community. “Trying to convince your parents that you want to make this as a ca-

reer is always a hard thing. But once you convince them, it’s so great. All of our families are really supportive,” said Dowling. Dowling describes their sound having elements of metal, naming Thrice, Underoath, and IvoryLine as some of the band’s musical influences. “At times (our sound) is intense, but usually there is some sort of melodic or atmospheric feel to it. I would just describe it as emotional,” said Dowling. The band got together just less than a year ago but has already established quite a fan base. The band’s official Facebook page has a following of a little over 1,500 people. Their first album, The Searching, a six-track EP that the band recorded at a professional studio in Cobourg,

“This summer was really good for us. For a few months, we were the number one unsigned band in the world on MySpace.” Derek Dowling has sold 200 copies. Not bad for a young, newly formed and unsigned band. Part of Message Through Motion’s success is their huge web presence. The band uses social media sites such as Facebook, MySpace, and Twitter for promotion.

“This summer was really good for us. For a few months, we were the number one unsigned band in the world on MySpace,” said Dowling. After that surge of popularity, the band members made it a priority to always reply back to fan comments. Dowling said it takes a lot of time but that it is very well worth it. Dowling said a strong work ethic also sets them apart from other upand-coming bands. The band practices Sunday evenings at Desert Stream Christian Fellowship in Belleville, where Dowling’s father is a pastor. “The key is to never be satisfied with where you���re at,” said Dowling. “Unless you really keep on top of it, things can fall apart pretty fast. It’s good to be happy about success. Al-

ways looking for the next step really helps.” Despite trying to break into a secular music scene, Dowling says that being a Christian rock band has never been a detriment to their success. “It all depends on how you push it. We’re just playing music. The lyrics and the message behind the music have moral character and a Christian influence,” said Dowling. “But we’re not trying to be a worship group. If they want to accept it, that’s great and if they don’t and just want to listen to the music, that’s great too.” The band is set to play a show in Peterborough on Friday. They will be heading to Toronto to join 800 other musicians for Canada Music Week in March.

Doubt, A Parable tells controversial story of Catholic school ‘Replacement’ play delights audiences throughout its run By Andre Lodder Despite reasons for doubt, after its final show last Saturday, director Liz Marshall’s version of a classic parable is being called a success by those involved in the production. Doubt, A Parable, set in 1964, focuses on the controversy between a nun at a Catholic school who assumes the worst of Father Flynn and one of the school’s students. The award–winning production was written by John Patrick Shanley and debuted on Broadway in 2004. In 2008, Shanley’s production made its way to the big screen and featured the likes of Meryl Streep, Philip Seymour Hoffman and Amy Adams. On a much smaller scale, Marshall’s take on the production managed to fill seats throughout its run at the Pinnacle Playhouse in Belleville. Last Saturday marked the final show, but there was a lot involved in getting the production to that point. The play wasn’t originally supposed to be in the 2010-2011 season of the Belleville Theatre Guild. For The Pleasure Of Seeing Her Again was originally slotted to be in place of Doubt. There were some tickets sold that even had the first play’s title on them.

“Due to unforeseen circumstances, we had to change the play because we were unable to get the rights to the original play,” said Marshall. “Usually we have the whole summer to prepare for a play but we couldn’t start Doubt until October.” There’s a lot of preparation involved in a production and the loss of time could have proved costly for everyone involved. “It was rushed,” said Marshall. “The key is to know what you want, what you want for your cast, what you want for your stage, lighting, everything.” But Marshall wasn’t the only one focused on preparation. Acting requires a lot of time and commitment. “I go over lines whenever I’m driving, while I’m at work, whenever there’s free time,” said Rob Lloyd, who plays Father Flynn. “You want to go over your lines to make on-stage conversation sound more natural.” It helps to have experience for theatre. With more than 30 years of experience and more than 20 plays under her belt, Marshall proved that past experience helps when it comes to focusing on a production. Some actors find it easier if they can relate to the character they play. Diane Burley says playing the role of Sister Aloysius was made easier because of a previous career in teaching. Esther Parry agrees, saying that being a mother helped her play the

Andre Lodder

From left, Diane Burley, Corrie Allan, Rob Lloyd and Esther Parry, the cast of Doubt, act out a scene in the controversial classic, directed by Liz Marshall. role of Mrs. Muller. For Carrie Allen, it’s a different story. “I try not to relate myself to the characters I play,” said Allen. “You don’t want your personality to

show in the character you’re playing.” Now that the show is finished, Marshall and the rest of the Belleville Theatre Guild move their attention

to the rest of the season. The next production is She Stoops to Conquer, a play by Oliver Goldsmith, directed by David Henderson. The show runs from March 31 – April 16.


Page A6 · The Pioneer February 24, 2011

On the street We asked people at Loyalist College the following question: Do you feel Catholic schools pushing Catholic ideals should be publicly funded?

Editorial

Ken Avery, “No, it’s a free country. If you’re gay, you’re gay. If you’re straight, you’re straight. We’re all part of the public; our money shouldn’t exclude people due to their preference.”

Simone Telford, “It’s OK for the Catholic schools to be publicly funded, but don’t push their ideas on others that are not in the Catholic system.”

Laura Waddell, “Gay, straight, it’s all part of the public. Public money should benefit all.”

Casey Hewett, “Personally I don’t think they should be funded at all. The public doesn’t fund private schools or Jewish schools. Why should the public fund Catholic schools? That is what the church is for.”

Jason Potter, “Catholics already have too much pull in their religion, we don’t need to fund their ideals because we don’t agree with them.”

Ken Deck, “Public school boards are funded already; why give any religious schools money? It’s their decision to join the religion — they can find their own means of funding.”

Feed land, not landfills Belleville is no longer living up to its trailblazer title. Much like the hare from Aesop’s fables, we have foolishly fallen asleep on the important path to the 100-per-cent garbage diversion rate finish line. Once upon a time, the Centre and South Hastings Waste Services Board boasted a nearly $1-million initiative, named Blue Box 2000. It aimed at decreasing the amount of waste headed for waste yards, thus preserving our environment and our landfills. It was free recycling bins and backyard composters for all. The city surprisingly also had in its budget the tens of thousands of dollars it took each year to keep the program running. That was in 1991. Twenty years later, we are still using the same faded and largely outdated system. The city and society have grown out of its once-innovative waste diversion program. It’s time for a new pair of running shoes to catch up with the rest of the eco-conscious world. The most obvious and progressive next step is a curbside organics program or simply, composting. The creation of such a program would decrease the amount of residual waste transported to our saturated landfills. In fact, compostable organic materials make up about 40 per cent of the waste in this region’s garbage, according to Quinte Waste Solution’s 2007 audits. So if almost half of our garbage is compostable material, why aren’t we composting it? Original ideals of backyard composting have probably discouraged a few. Smell, flies and the meticulous upkeep are all common misconceptions about correct backyard composting. These problems can actually be eliminated with a few easy steps. But those who are still skeptics would be amazed at the ease of curbside pick-up. A curbside pick-up program and a central composting facility have the ability to handle additional material that can’t be put into backyard composters. Say goodbye to stinky fish remnants and bacon grease in your kitchen garbage can. Outside of the home, composting cuts back on harmful greenhouse gases and methane that are produced while rotting in a landfill. Recycling our waste material also provides us with a new, usable and highly valuable product. We need to be feeding our land, not our landfills. Cost is probably the first thing that comes to mind, but creating a composting program will save more in the long run in comparison to the amount it takes to create and maintain new landfills – landfills that will soon be needed in the region if we don’t change our ways. If the city did it before with a groundbreaking recycling program, surely we can do it again.

Ban lifted on gay-straight alliance, but not the attitude Don’t applaud just yet. While a decision by the Halton Catholic District School Board earlier this month to ban a gay-straight alliance group has been lifted, the attitudes behind the initial decision remain the same. Yes, the ban has been lifted. No, the school board will not sanction a gay-straight alliance. At least not whole-heartedly. Instead of following the example of roughly 70 public schools across Ontario and supporting a gay-straight alliance, the board has, in a new draft inclusion policy, opted to form a staffrun group designed to assist students of same-sex orientation. In addition to sidestepping use of the word ‘gay’ in the proposed group’s title (using instead the acronym SIDE for safety, inclusivity, diversity and equity) the proposed group’s mandate also pushes to lead gay students toward approved Catholic sexual morality. The decision has upset students and gay activists alike, and rightly so. First, when the word gay is taken out of the title, the meaning behind the group is lost. It’s no longer a group dedicated to gay students but instead becomes a circus-like after-school group that bunches everything controversial under one blanket and refuses to address anything specifically. Second, having Catholic staff working under a board with anti-gay agendas running the “diversity” group would be like locking a hungry tiger up with a group of baby lambs and expecting everyone to get along. The outcome could be a disaster. Now, it’s not like things are going to change overnight. To date, not one gay-straight alliance exists in all 29 Catholic school boards across Ontario, despite a section of the Ontario English Catholic Teachers’ Association handbook stating the association denounces all threats to human life, including homophobia, and is committed to supporting programs which defend the dignity of life. The association doesn’t have any influence on board decisions, but could the school boards not make a reasonable effort to move forward? Public schools like Bluefield High in Hampshire, P.E.I., and Riverview High School in Riverview, N.B. host student-run Christian groups, so why can’t a Catholic school play host to a gay-straight alliance? Critics cited in a LifeSiteNews.com article published Dec.16, 2010, argue pathetically the groups would encourage the normalization of the homosexual lifestyle. Well, perhaps publicly funding Catholic schools in Ontario for the past century has wrongly encouraged the normalization of the Catholic lifestyle. Maybe this needs to stop. But a better solution would be that the Catholic school board take a lesson from its own teachings and stop demonizing things like personal sexuality and focus on the fundamentals of Christianity: love and acceptance.

Opinion

Coffee guzzler debates the plastic spoon issue By Natelie Herault College frequently means late nights, and late nights usually call for coffee in the morning. Would you like some guilt with that? There are enough things to worry about in your cup of Joe – what with the issue of fair trade coffee beans and sugar, whether the cow who gave your cream was fed hormones and the devastating environmental impact of coffee cups. But now in Loyalist College’s cafeteria we face another issue: stir sticks, or the lack thereof. Last year, it came to Loyalist’s attention that students were using the wooden stir sticks from the cafeteria to jimmy the pool tables for free games, so the cafeteria stopped distributing them. But now what do I use to stir my coffee? When I was first faced with a lack of stir sticks, the most immediate, viable solution was to use a plastic spoon. So I stirred my coffee, threw the spoon away, and drank my beverage. The next morning, no stir sticks again, so I grabbed another spoon. Stir, throw away, drink. Stir, throw away, drink. Stir, throw away, drink. By the time next Monday rolled around, it occurred to me that wooden stir sticks might be gone from my mornings for good. My heart sank as I realized that I never even appreciated them! I never even thanked them for blending my morning addiction so perfectly every day! I quickly stirred, threw away, and comforted myself with a warm beverage. Tuesday morning I decided I needed to get to the bottom of the issue. “Are the stir sticks on back order or something?” I asked caf-

eteria staff, casually while paying my $1.69. It was then I learned the truth: never again would its thin wooden frame magically blend the brown and white together into delicious liquid harmony. Instead, I would have to settle for the stout, white, slippery spoon whose very existence is detrimental to the environment. OK, I admit it, wooden stir sticks aren’t great for the environment, either. But at least wood has the potential to be a renewable resource, even if we aren’t re-planting at the rate we are destroying. Plastic spoons, however, require both chemical pollutants and fossil fuels to manufacture. Ever wondered why there is such an oil crisis in the world? Maybe one reason is we are manufacturing unnecessary plastic utensils! Both wooden and plastic utensils require production, packaging, and transportation. It is clear that I have a love affair with coffee, and even I have to question: do we really need a utensil manufactured specifically for stirring? What about good ol’ fashioned metal spoons? Many independent cafés use a metal spoon system, which consists of about 20 spoons and two cups (one labelled ‘clean’ and the other, ‘dirty’). The spoons start out in the ‘clean’ cup, then, after use, are placed by the participating coffee drinker in the ‘dirty’ cup. The resources it takes to clean a metal spoon pale in comparison to those it takes to manufacture its single-use plastic counterpart. Although the effort of dishwashing is something that today’s increasingly lazy society might groan at, I personally am ready to take on the challenge. Tomorrow, I’m packing a metal spoon.

Making people accountable for themselves By Irene Fior Bev Oda, Canada’s minister of international co-operation, doctored a document and then lied about it. While there are many issues that can be raised from this incident, the real question is – will the minister be held accountable for her actions? Unfortunately, personal accountability has become a foreign concept these days and it’s certainly not limited to government officials. You don’t have to look far or hard to find countless examples of people looking to make a situation someone else’s responsibility when conditions aren’t in their favour. The Canadian Medical Association wants to ban tanning bed use by minors . . . the Canadian Cancer Society wants the B.C. government to pay for smoking cessation therapies . . . a consumer advocacy group wants to ban caramel colouring from pop because it may cause a cancer risk . . . the Weight Coalition, a health group from Quebec, wanted MPs to tax soft drinks “in order to reduce consumption.” THEN, the money collected could be reinvested into health promotion programs . . . Here’s a novel concept – how about not drinking the pop,

smoking the cigarette or tanning in the first place? If that isn’t bad enough, an article published in Time magazine this week talks about the latest diagnosed condition of “sidewalk rage.” Apparently, it can affect anyone who gets pissed off at people who somehow end up obstructing the flow of traffic on a busy sidewalk. In extreme cases, it may even indicate to a psychiatric condition known as “intermittent explosive disorder.” Are you kidding me? At what point are we going to start using the computer we were born with and taking a proactive preventative measures approach to living life? Motivational speaker and author John G. Miller defines personal accountability in his best-selling book, The Question Behind The Question. “Personal accountability means making better choices in the moment with the objective of eliminating blame, complaining and victim thinking from one’s life,” Miller writes. If we don’t stop passing the buck soon, the infrastructure of our very existence is going to collapse under the weight of stupidity. In the meantime, could somebody please come and tear down this wall so I don’t have to keep banging my head against it? The Pioneer is currently produced by journalism students for Loyalist College and the surrounding area. In the spirit of the pioneers who settled our community and who were rooted in tradition, these pioneers always had an eye on the future. Our students strive to serve the public interest, seek the truth and uphold the highest standards of our profession.

Editor, Mariza Dunham Gaspar Photo editor, Nathan Rochford In Focus, Irene Fior Faculty advisers: Patti Gower, Luke Hendry, Frank O’Connor, Scott Whalen, Theresa Suart Managing editor, Mike Beaudin Publisher, Jane Harrison

The Pioneer welcomes your letters and comments. Please send material to the editor at the address below before Wednesday. We reserve the right to edit submissions for content and length. All letters must be signed and include a daytime phone number. For advertising information, rates and placement, please contact Sandi Hibbard-Ramsay, at the college, 613-969-1913, ext. 2591; by cell at 613-848-5665; or at home, 613-965-6222. Pioneer newsroom, 1N9, Loyalist College, Box 4200, Belleville, ON K8N 5B9 · 613-969-1913, ext. 2852 or 2108 FAX 613-969-1036; e-mail: pioneer@loyalistc.on.ca

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INFOCUS

Supplement to The Pioneer 路 February 24, 2011 路 Page B1

This week INFOCUS... Page A2

Listen Up

Page A3

I Am Who I Am

Page A4 A Light In The Dark

Page A5-6 Minding My Mind

Page A7 Committed To Change

Page A8

Leap of Age


Page A2 · The Pioneer · February 24, 2011

INFOCUS

Alex D. Blair of the Kingston band, No Russian, performs at Belleville’s Parkdale Community Centre in January 2011.

Bringing Back the Belleville Music Scene Upon

first meeting Jaden Cote, the promoter of last Friday’s Hardcore show at Parkdale Community Centre, it is not immediately obvious that he is only 17. When you enter the centre, he greets you at a big white table. He is extremely well-mannered and in total control of his show. He greets the audience as they enter, and keeps the bands in line. For the past five months, Cote has been an inspiration to all to follow their dreams. Under his leadership and others like him, the Belleville music scene has slowly been making a comeback. Young and old people have been gathering at Parkdale to listen to music of all genres. After five months of promoting, Cote already has big dreams for a future in the music industry. Cote’s belief is that “Age doesn’t affect anything unless you’re like 12. All you have to do is learn the process; you have to learn that you sometimes lose a lot of money at first.” During his recent entry to the scene, the shows have been filling up. Last Friday’s show at the centre featured Montreal band, Execute The Sinner, gathering 70 people together. They ranged in age from 12 to 30 and all had encouraging words to say. “It would be nice to see different people come out than normal, more variety. Maybe get some punkers and some metal kids at some, and then some indie kids to others. More kids should come out. We must have 5,000 kids in this town. Why can’t we get more out at shows?” says Cote. He states the real secret to success is “to work hard, have a large fan base, know a lot of people and start off just being part of the scene.” Alex Blair, 18, lead vocalist of No Russian (Kingston), states that the new Belleville scene is “Youthful and full of youngins’.” Kenesaw Mountain Landis, 21, member of Belleville band Deep Sea Snatch Attack, has been impressed by Cote’s results. “It’s good that someone in the area finally stepped up to do their part to keep the metal/punk scene going in Belleville, by promoting good shows,” Landis said, “especially since the demand for it is obviously high. And the guy’s young, so you know it’s only going to keep getting better!”

Fifteen-year-old drummer plays for the band Emerge From The Ashes.

Alex Blair hardcore dances at a show in Belleville.

Montreal band, Execute The Sinner, plays Parkdale Community Centre in January. This was the band’s first Belleville visit.

Kenesaw of Hamilton band plays Parkdale Community Centre.

Photos and story by Jessica Mees

Belleville native band, At Fall’s End, plays Parkdale Community Centre . They are the only local band with a girl.


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Page A3 · The Pioneer · February 24, 2011

John Smith is no John Doe

J

(Top left) In his “early years,” John C. Smith of Tweed, Ont. used to play competitive hockey, baseball, and softball. Now, after working for 35 years as a mechanical engineer in the mining industry, Smith enjoys golfing and fishing. However, his sense of adventure has not subsided. “I’ve always wanted to go bungee jumping and parasailing, but I’m afraid of heights,” says Smith. (Top right) John G. Smith of Ajax, Ont. is proprietor of the very successful WordSmith Media Inc. Smith also keeps busy as chair for the Ajax-Pickering Board of Trade and is involved with the United Way. He also considers himself a “foodie.” “I would love to cook in the kitchen of a high-end restaurant with all of the pressures that entails, but the top job in the universe would be to work on Top Chef,” says Smith. (Middle left) John C. Smith of Foxboro, Ont. considers himself a “jack of all trades.” Among other jobs, Smith has experience as a gravedigger, landscaper, mechanic’s helper, Zamboni driver, and for a time, owned a delivery and janitorial business. Now, after 24 years of living in the old Riviera Motel on Ashley Street, Smith is into property management. “I’ve always wanted to be a police officer, but it was more difficult to get in back then,” says Smith. (Middle right) John D. Smith of Kingston, Ont. is a retired consulting engineer from the mining industry. He enjoys golfing, birdwatching, hunting, fishing, and collecting antique tools. In 2002, he wrote the book “The Evolution of the Cataraqui Golf Course” and is now vice-president of the Stanley Thompson Society. “I’ve done everything I’ve wanted to do,” says Smith. (Bottom) John P. Smith of Cobourg, Ont. has a name of tradition. He is a fourthgeneration Canadian, named after his father, great grandfather, and great uncle. A retired purchasing manager, Smith enjoys golfing, curling, boating, and walking. He has walked on the Great Wall of China, rode an elephant north of Thailand, and cruised down the Yangtze River. “I’ve always wanted to go to continental Europe,” he says.

“Every time I go through customs, I am detained so they can verify my identity.” Photos and text by Irene Fior

“ ohn” ranks second in the list of the most common names of all time, according to statistics in the United States. Not to be outdone, “Smith” held first place as the most common surname in Canada until 2006 when it was replaced by “Li,” as reported by CBC News. With popularity like that, you might say that being called “John Smith” borders on celebrity status. Who else gets to see their name repeatedly appearing in magazine ads, on credit card applications, or with sales pitches for insurance? As good as this sounds, there are always inevitable downsides. “Uh, they tease me . . . because when somebody goes to a hotel and they’re going to have an affair on their wife, they use John Smith,” says John C. Smith of Foxboro. John C. Smith of Tweed shares a recurring experience that has become a source of frustration. “Every time I go through customs, I am detained so they can verify my identity,” he says. Similar sentiments are echoed by John P. Smith of Cobourg. “People don’t believe you,” says Smith, with a tone of resignation that this won’t change any time soon. While using a middle initial tends to offer a stamp of validity and appease the skeptics, it’s important to remember the bigger picture. Identity issues are something most of us will experience at some point in our lives, whether it’s asking who we are, feeling like we don’t belong or perhaps that we blend in and are invisible. The truth of the matter is that we have more in common with those around us than we may think and it’s these aspects that connect us as human beings. At the same time, living in Canada is a smorgasbord of multiculturalism with diverse backgrounds, vocations, occupations and lifestyles. Each of these elements not only make us individuals and special in our own way, but also make life interesting. So, if you happen to be a John Smith, only eat vanilla ice cream or your entire wardrobe is beige, be grateful for the comforts of similarity and celebrate the freedom to be different.


Page A4 · The Pioneer · February 24, 2011

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It’s just the littlest of things to bring joy, to bring happiness. You need to have a break from being in the hospital. You need a break from dying. Richard Oskrdal Palliative Care Nurse

Nurse Richard Oskrdal (above) cuddles with his patient Eleanor while wearing her “cancer hat.” Oskrdal has a unique approach to his work within Kingston’s St. Mary’s of the Lake palliative care unit, often using levity and distraction to soften the blow of the often difficult treatment patients receive during their decline. (Centre) Oskrdal gives his patient Levi a stomach injection to subside the discomfort from the distention. Levi, who is dying from stomach and liver cancer, arrived at the St. Mary’s palliative care unit on Nov. 28, 2010. (Centre right middle) Oskrdal listens to his co-worker Britney Jardine in the palliative care unit at Kingston’s St. Mary’s of the Lake Hospital on Nov. 29, 2010. The physical and emotional toll on those who work here is great, though there is no other unit they would rather practice medicine. (Centre right bottom) The nurses’ lounge is a private refuge from the weight of the hospital corridors. It’s here they’re able to chart and decompress from their job on the floor.

GIVING LIFE IN THE SOUTH WING There is no question, people come here to die. Ten beds cradle patients within the renowned palliative care unit at Kingston’s St. Mary’s of the Lake Hospital. Family and friends shift by their side. But looking closer reveals the unexpected -- a safe place where life is rallied to thrive with each breath. “You ask anyone who’s dying, they are just going crazy,” says Richard Oskrdal, a giant of a nurse dwarfed only by his passion for this work. “They just want to scream. They hate the situation they’re in. They want to continue living. And that’s where I come in.” “I’m six-foot-six, 400 pounds,” says Oskrdal. “I walk in and say, ‘Hi, I’m your palliative nurse. My name is Richard.’ They look up at me, and go... ‘Are you sure?’” Oskrdal began nursing in 2002, seeking a place within this femaledominated profession, and specialized in oncology and palliative community care. Patients often want to die at home, but as their condition grows complex, so do their needs. Oskrdal found that when he started to work part-time at St. Mary’s, it eased his patient’s fear toward the transition. Oskrdal challenges routine, turning uncomfortable procedures into a song or game. Something so out of the norm that maybe they won’t think about it

for just five minutes. “Everyone says, ‘I’m dying, I’m dying,’” says Oskrdal. “You need a break from dying. Sometimes dying takes over everything. ‘I realize you’re dying, but can we take a break from it?’” Over the past 20 years, a select group of volunteers have worked alongside the palliative care staff. The hospital’s director of volunteer services, Janet Hunter says that many of the volunteers are drawn to the program following a personal experience with death. “They appreciated what the staff and volunteers did for them during such a difficult time, and want to give back,” says Hunter.    George McGinnis, a retired banker, is one of 15 current volunteers. The process of dying is not new to McGinnis. When not at the bank, McGinnis helped his father-in-law with the family funeral home business. He learned about grief and how the process often begins long before the end, except in the case of a sudden death. But this knowledge rooted itself deeply with the loss of two wives to cancer. “You could expect depression or fear,” says McGinnis. “I’m not saying it doesn’t exist. I just didn’t expect to see the atmosphere here. The idea is to

give patients what they need or what they want. So if somebody with diabetes wants ice cream, they can have ice cream. It doesn’t matter!” Often 70 per cent of volunteering focuses on assisting friends and families, whether it’s lending an ear, fetching coffee or sitting with the patient so a visitor can rest. “I can speak from experience, they’re tired,” says McGinnis. “They’re tired and stressed, because it’s a new situation.” Hunting down that vanilla milkshake gives a diabetic patient a break from dying. And the simple act of a hand massage eases terminal agitation, a common condition during a patient’s final hours in which they struggle to find comfort. Volunteers speak of the gifts they receive each day of service, whether a lesson in pain tolerance or the smallest note of humour from a patient in their darkest hour.

Story and Photography by JANEK LOWE

George McGinnis volunteers each Monday in the palliative care unit at Kingston’s St. Mary’s of the Lake Hospital. The role of the volunteer here is to support where needed. (Above left) McGinnis reviews a notebook in the unit’s volunteers’ office. Volunteers record how each patient is progressing, including those who have passed on or newly arrived. (Left) McGinnis carries on to the next task. Seventy per cent of a volunteer’s work focuses on assisting friends and families, whether it’s lending an ear, fetching coffee or sitting with the patient so a visitor can rest.


Page A5 · The Pioneer · February 24, 2011

The Pioneer ·February 24, 2011 · Page A6

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A Woman’s Care Mental Health and Providence Care’s Assertive Community Treatment Team Photos and Story by Dax Melmer

Marlene Shaw, 72, has been living with bipolar disorder, or manic depression, for most of her life.

It’s a condition that can cause wild and often destructive mood swings. “I’ve been that way ever since I was a kid. I didn’t know it – I knew there was something wrong with me. But I’ve just learned to accept it and I just have to fight like heck to stay on the right track,” says Shaw. While Shaw has lived a large portion of her life in denial of her illness, she recently came to terms with her issues and registered herself with Providence Care’s mental health services. Providence Care’s Assertive Community Treatment Team (ACTT) is a referral-based, team-led program that seeks to provide treatment, rehabilitation and support to adults living with mental health issues in the Kingston area. It is through Providence Care that Shaw was paired up with Kerri Tadeu, a registered nurse who acts as an advocate for Shaw’s well-being. While a lot of the care is health related – taking Shaw to her family doctor or psychologist or addressing fall prevention and diet restrictions – Tadeu also helps out with the day-to-day responsibilities. “We go for groceries and if I want to go driving, we go driving. She helps me work out my problems,” says Shaw. This will often involve helping with remedial tasks such as hanging a picture on the wall, cleaning the apartment, or taking Shaw to euchre – a leisure activity that causes Shaw’s stress levels to plummet. Reducing daily stress, says Tadeu, can help tremendously with maintaining a healthy mental state. But for a woman with mental health issues, a large portion of care Shaw receives is merely preserving her physical condition. According to Tadeu, physical ailments such as a fall can be a very slippery slope towards developing complicated mental health issues. “It can be a downward spiral if her physical health isn’t looked after,” says Tadeu. And that often includes practicing fall prevention with a physiotherapist, monitoring Shaw’s diet as well as caring for her while in the hospital. But not unlike other married couples, the bulk of Shaw’s issues originate from the relationship she has with her husband of nearly 55 years. John Shaw, 80, who suffers from debilitating dementia, is often a source of added anxiety for Marlene, who struggles to merely deal with her own medical issues. “He doesn’t believe anything’s wrong with him – he thinks he’s about twenty-eight years old now and as fast as I clean up he makes a mess again,” says a frustrated Shaw. Yet while John isn’t a client of Providence Care, Tadeu believes that to effectively treat one person, you must often treat the household, which means a lot of Tadeu’s work involves dealing with both John and Marlene and the troubles they collectively have. But despite all the help Shaw receives from Tadeu and the ACTT team at Providence Care, she remains defiant that she’s perfectly capable of managing things on her own. “I just made up my mind. I’m an adult and not a kid. I’m a big girl now and I can stand on my own two feet and I just do what I can,” explains Shaw.

Top left: Marlene Shaw, 72, sits outside of her Rideau Heights home in Kingston, Ont. Top right: Shaw smiles up at Tadeu while being evaluated by her family physician at a routine visit. As part of ACTT, Tadeu regularly takes Shaw to her doctor’s appointments. Bottom right: Tadeu helps Shaw with grocery shopping for the week. Bottom centre: Shaw enjoys a laugh with Tadeu and other staff from Providence Care. Bottom left: John Shaw, who suffers from acute dementia, looks out of his Rideau Heights home in Kingston, Ontario. John often stays behind when his wife goes out with Tadeau. Centre left: Shaw looks out the window at Kingston General Hospital where she was administered for heart complications.


Page A7 · The Pioneer · February 24, 2011

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getting

PRIORITIES straight Between a Catholic church and a used car lot in northeast Toronto lies Canlish Road. Walking down the street on a Saturday afternoon, there is a caucasian woman with a caramel-skinned boy trailing behind her while two Muslim women walk to the bus stop with grocery bags. On the other side of the road, there is a young teenage girl wearing a bright coloured Dora cartoon backpack lugging behind a folded-up stroller. Looking out onto the street like a watchdog is an unattended pet hanging halfway out of a second storey window. Two teenage boys mosey down the road in low-riding jeans and black hoodies. There is a pair of Nike runners hanging off of a tree branch. The meaning behind the practice of flinging shoes over trees or overhead cables is uncertain. Reasons for “shoefiti” could be any of the following: the presence of a crack house, a tribute to a dead gang member, a mark of gang territory, a warning to enemies, a bully torturing their victim or kids just simply flinging shoes for fun. You are not in Forest Hill. But just as you are ready to jump into the safe haven of your car, your eye catches two little Muslim girls, most likely sisters, giggling and running after each other. Their mother calls them in for lunch from a distance. Ah. Families live here. People live here. This short stretch of road is home to Toronto Community Housing units and is part of the neighbourhood of Dorset Park. Dorset Park is assigned a “priority area” by the city in partnership with United Way. In 2004, 13 priority areas were singled out as “at risk” neighbourhoods because of the lack of social services and higher rates of poverty and crime.

Today, $87 million has been spent in these neighbourhoods in the form of youth councils, programs and new spaces designed to help mobilize residents with a specific target placed on new immigrants and youth. But as citizens have elected Rob Ford as their new mayor with his “stop the gravy train” mantra, the future is uncertain. Asked if he would commit to continue funding the 13 priority areas, Ford was quoted in a Toronto newspaper saying: “I haven’t seen the benefits from these initiatives. As you know, I coach football in a priority neighbourhood and I haven’t seen the benefits. I wouldn’t commit to anything if we aren’t seeing results.” Volett, 39, is one of the many people in the neighbourhood who are discouraged with this uncertainty. “Sometimes I think Toronto is going to hell. Since the Mike Harris era… the damn common sense revolution…telling people on welfare they must go eat their sardines and crack while they’re going out having steak night after night,” says Volett, switching between Jamaican patois and a Canadian accent. ”The government, they don’t do business with us little people.” For Volett, getting a job has proven to be difficult. She is constantly being told either she is over-qualified or under-qualified. Karar Jafar, 20, is proof that the city’s money is not going to waste. As a prominent and active member of government-funded initiatives, Dorset Park Youth Council and Dorset Park Crisis Response Team, Jafar dedicates his time to the growth of the neighbourhood. The $450,000 sports pad that was launched last summer in Dorset Park was Jafar’s idea. It started with a simple question about why there wasn’t a place in the neighbourhood for kids to play. But today, Jafar admits that giving someone a ball to keep them distracted

is not enough. “Even funding is not enough. There has to be intelligent planning as to how we are going to free these neighbourhoods from being priority areas,” says Jafar. “We’re trying to create a dynamic movement that starts in the brain. It all starts from within.” He stresses that one important factor that can help young people of priority neighbourhoods is employment. “If these young people aren’t given the opportunity to have jobs, they will find alternative ways to meet their needs.” The current plan for the Dorset Park Youth Council is to create an indoor youth-friendly space in the neighbourhood, equipped with computers and couches. Construction is underway, while Dorset Park Crisis Response Team is working on how to improve racial conflict. “Right now, we are working on what we call intercultural conflict. What we are trying to do is resolve issues that are going on between different races. We’re trying to assess if there is any need for intervention to prevent conflict.” Jafar and other members of the Dorset Park Youth Council are part of the bigger picture. There are 111 other youth-led initiatives divided across the 13 priority areas of the city. Young people across the city care about their neighbourhoods. If Rob Ford doesn’t see the benefits of these initiatives, is it not worth something that they actually exist? There are two types of people — the ones who are being helped or the ones who are helping. As Gandhi once said, “A nation’s greatness is measured by how it treats its weakest members.”

Photos & story by Agnes Ramos

Shereen, 6, lies on top of her mother, Anne-Marie (last names not given) who prefers not to be photographed. Shereen and her family live on Canlish Road in Toronto. She is one of the many children who have benefitted from government-funded projects that help engage young people, such as the sports pad across the street at McGregor Park.

Devante, 14, is the son of Volett, 39 (last names not given). Volett has found it very difficult to find employment after being laid off a year ago. She worked as a cashier at Dollarama for four and a half years. Right: An old piano is left on the curb for garbagemen to pick up. It has been there for more than three weeks. Above right: A pair of running shoes hang off of a tree branch on Canlish Road.


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Page A8 · The Pioneer · February 24, 2011

Kaydance Bradshaw, zero years old. Born Feb. 29,

Every Four Years

Milissa Mulligan, two years old. Born Feb. 29, 2000.

Daniel Shaparew, two years old. Born Feb. 29, 2000.

Judith Garbutt, 16 years old. Born Feb. 29, 1944.

Kaydance Bradshaw was born in 2008, but legally, is zero years old.

Daniel Shaparew, born in 2000, gets teased by his Grade 4 classmates for only being two years old. Judith Garbutt, who has managed Garbutt Trucking Ltd. since 1991, celebrated Sweet 16 on her last birthday. Milissa Mulligan was born three years before her younger sister Eve, 7, however she has only had two birthdays. For those born on Feb. 29, a birthday is not an annual event. ‘Leaplings,’ as people born on this date refer to themselves, are set apart from those born on every other day of the year. Because the 29th only happens every four years, they are only one quarter of the age of others born in their year.

“I felt left out growing up, because I had to celebrate my siblings’ birthdays every year, but my mother would only celebrate mine when it actually came,” recalls Garbutt, who has lived 66 years but has only had 16 formal birthdays. In many cases, leaplings celebrate their birthdays on non-leap years on either Feb. 28 or March 1. For Mulligan, the difference between herself and those with annual birthdays is not that apparent. “My sister’s birthday is on March 1, so even when it’s not a leap year, we always celebrate our birthdays together.” Less than one per cent of the population is born on a leap year (0.068 per cent assuming an equal distribution of birthdays throughout the year), which leaves them few and far between.

According to the Gregorian calendar, it takes the earth 365 days, five hours and 49 minutes to make a complete rotation around the sun. Every four years, the extra hours accumulate to form an additional day, which becomes Feb. 29. However, this system is still imperfect, as each leap day must “borrow” 44 additional minutes to make it a full 24 hours. These minutes also accumulate, and so some leap years - those that take place at the turn of the century but are not divisible by four (such as 1800, 1900) - are not in fact leap years at all, and only have 365 days. The next leap year is in 2012. Leaplings worldwide will have a chance to celebrate something rare and special - their birthdays.

Photos & story by Natelie Herault


The Pioneer, Feb 24