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PE requirements bring mixed emotions NICOLE IUTZI Lode Writer As many students know, there is a requirement of three credits of physical education (PE) for all majors. Most PE courses are half credits, meaning that six full courses have to be taken. For Michigan residents, each credit at Michigan Tech is $436.50, and for nonMichigan residents, $900 per credit. For this requirement of three PE credits, students pay $1309.50, or $2,700. “I like PE requirements, but I think the amount should be lowered because many students don’t like having to take the classes at all,” said Olivia Woitulwicz, secondyear communications student at Tech. “It’s strange that we have to take PE credits. My friends from other universities do not have PE requirements. We are adults and yet we are forced to take physical



Online profiles: the new professional identity

education classes; it’s a waste of our money and time,” said third-year material science engineering student Robert Lippus. Whether universities should require PE classes to be taken by students is a debated subject. Some colleges, including Columbia College, require students to pass a swimming test or take beginning swimming for a full term. Other universities that chose to move away from the requirements have been reconsidering their decisions and moving back to requiring physical education. Before college, some students are involved in high school sports and physically active in other ways. Many students, however, upon entering college, lose their physical lifestyle for a variety of reasons. The physical education classes offered allow students a way to work out and require them to take the time to do so. Students across campus feel differently about PE

News: History of Central Mine


requirements. “The PE classes allow me to take my mind off of my more difficult classes and they serve as a stress reliever,” said Sophia Bainbridge, a second-year environmental engineering student. “I disagree with the PE requirement, I don’t believe that you get out of it what you pay for,” said Jordan Kubista, a third-year mechanical engineering student. Bainbridge also said that the PE requirements, “allow students to try something new, or they further expand students’ knowledge about an activity they already know. Ultimately they help to create a well-rounded student.“ PE courses provide students with other benefits. Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs Max Seel said, “They establish foundations for a good balanced lifestyle.” The physical education courses are recommended for a student to take their first and second years, to help make

Pulse: “Halo 4” Review


Cost per student to complete PE credits

In-state: Out-of state: friends, and keep engaged in Michigan Tech, said Steel. Students may however have difficulty in their first two years registering for PE courses, as they fill up quickly and may not fit into their schedule. This causes a student to take the courses in their second to third or even fourth year. Seel also said data shows that PE credits help with a students retention of class information and that students have a higher probability of staying in school and being successful. The implementation of the PE requirement at Tech provides students a way to fit in and find their way. Students close to graduation who still

Opinion: HASS is not a chore


$1309.50 $2,700 have credits to fulfill are generally the only students who complain about the requirement, said Seel. The plan is for students to take the courses their first two years, to get the full benefits of physical education requirements, not have students in their last years take the courses as a burden. No matter your thoughts on the subject, are the courses really worth adding the extra cost to your tuition bill? For the time being, students are required to take PE credits. Some believe the courses lack educational benefits while others think they are a welcomed excuse to get some exercise into their busy schedule.



After a sweep on the road, Huskies return home ready for a dogfight

Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Michigan Tech Lode

106 Memorial Union Building, Houghton, MI 49931 (906) 487-2404 •


Online profiles:

the new professional identity JANE KIRBY

Editor in Chief ...................................Krysten Cooper Business Manager............................Abhishek Gupta Design Editor.........................................Gabriela Shirkey News Editor..............................................Katelyn Waara Opinion Editor...................................Taylor Domagalla Sports Editor ......................................Jordan Erickson Pulse Editor...................................................Nick Blecha Advisor ........................................................Kara Sokol

Staff Writers - Jace Fritzler, Ellie Furmanski,

Nicole Iutzi, Jane Kirby, Sawyer Newman, Travis Pellosma, Alex Saari, Corey Saari, Janelle Scheck, Jacob Shuler, Erika Vichcales, Megan Walsh

Circulation - Christopher Fongers, Joseph Price

Visuals Staff - Michael Hilliard, Alex Mager, Adam Marshall, Kevin Madson, Kaila Pietila, Jacob Shuler, Scott Thompson, Ben Wittbrodt

Copy Editors - Michael Hilliard, Alex Slepak, Zach Ziemke

Opinions expressed in the Lode are not necessarily those of the student body, faculty, staff or administration of Michigan Technological University or the Michigan Tech Lode. The Michigan Tech Lode is designed, written and edited by Michigan Tech students. The paper is printed every Tuesday during fall and spring semesters. The Lode is available free of charge at drop-off sites around campus and in the surrounding community. To the best of its ability, the Michigan Tech Lode subscribes to the Code of Ethics of the Society of Professional Journalists, the text of which is available at ethics_code.asp. The Lode is funded in part by the Michigan Tech Student Activity Fee.

1. for submitting comments to the Lode. Messages posted to this address are received by the editor in chief and faculty advisor and are forwarded to others on the staff as appropriate. 2. for submitting classified ads to the Lode. Messages posted to this address are received by the business manager and secretary. 3. for submitting articles and letters to the editor. Messages posted to this address are received by the editors and the faculty advisor. Work submitted to the Lode should be submitted with the understanding that it may be printed by the Lode and/ or posted to the Online Lode, The Lode reserves the right to edit submissions for length, clarity and potentially libelous material. Submissions should not exceed 500 words.

Michigan Tech Lode

Lode Writer The Internet is both a beneficial and dangerous tool in today’s fast-paced and ever-changing world. Having an online identity can make or break how one’s personal and professional life is depicted, whether it’s through a social media site like Facebook or Twitter, or a more professional networking site like LinkedIn. Using these sites as a resource for networking and sharing information can truly be a valuable experience, as long as you know how to use them in a positive manner. Lynn Makela, the Director of Marketing and Communications in the School of Business and Economics here at Tech, explains how having online identities can impact one’s professional life as they search for jobs. When it comes to social media sites like Facebook and Twitter, Makela said to be smart about what is posted and what can be seen on profiles. “As a general rule of thumb, if your mom doesn’t want to see it, then don’t post it,” she said. In addition, when choosing a profile picture, Makela said to stay away from pictures of partying or drinking. Employers are not looking for who is having the most fun in college. Also, once something is posted on Facebook or Twitter, it doesn’t go away, even if the profile is terminated. Thinking ahead when posting pictures or

tweeting tweets is critical when it will stay out in cyberspace forever. In contrast to the mainstream social media websites, LinkedIn is more of a professional networking site that is used for getting and staying in touch with colleagues, employers and

As opposed to Facebook or

Twitter, having a LinkedIn profile won’t harm one’s identity in any way, but can instead help to create a “strong online identity” that will connect them with companies, Makela said.


references. Makela described LinkedIn as a “polished up, typofree, complete profile” that features everything that could be found on an résumé, just in a website profile format. Users can even upload their résumés directly to their profile so their connections can easily reference it. As opposed to Facebook or Twitter, having a LinkedIn

profile won’t harm one’s identity in any way, but can instead help to create a “strong online identity” that will connect them with companies, Makela said. It’s an easy way to connect with employers or peers in a more professional and businesslike setting than Facebook or Twitter alone. Makela acknowledges that getting started shaping up a Facebook or LinkedIn profile can be overwhelming. “Start by Googling yourself,” she said. Making sure that there’s nothing bad out there is the first step in making progress towards a strong online identity. In addition, be wary and consistent when selecting usernames for various sites by trying to avoid usernames that may make employers question if you’re the one for their company. Having an online identity is becoming more and more popular as the world of digital media and technology expands. Online profiles have also become important to employers. Knowing how to properly manage these identities is critical, especially when staying in touch with peers and potential references, or when being on the verge of beginning the search for an internship, co-op or career. As Makela said, “the Internet is a powerful tool, it’s all about what you do and how you use it,” in the end. For more information on how to create and maintain a sensible online identity, Makela advises visiting Career Services or talking with a trusted professor.


Michigan Tech Lode

Tuesday, November 27, 2012


Tech awarded for diversity INSIGHT into Diversity magazine recently awarded Michigan Tech the first ever national Higher Education Excellence in Diversity (HEED) award

KATELYN WAARA News Editor M e r r i a m - We b s t e r ’s definition of diversity reads, “The condition of having or being composed of differing elements, variety, especially the inclusion of different types of people…” Michigan Tech’s campus is a prime example of this, and now they have the award to prove it. INSIGHT into Diversity magazine recently awarded Michigan Tech the first ever national Higher Education Excellence in Diversity (HEED) award. Released on Nov. 16, the award was given to colleges, universities and school systems that, according to the magazine, “exhibit outstanding efforts and success in the areas of diversity and inclusion.” Chris Anderson, special assistant to the president

order to apply, an extensive application needed to be completed. To achieve this task, a variety of individuals across campus contributed. With approximately 25 questions, including “What policies or efforts do you have in place to recruit a diverse student population,” Michigan Tech needed to showcase their efforts and successes toward creating a diverse and welcoming environment for undergrads, graduate students, faculty and staff. “They want to see that we worked with the local community and other external groups, that we understand the local, regional, national and global challenges and [that] we are working to address them,” said Anderson about the application process. Within the past decade, Michigan Tech has made changes to the academic curriculum as well as campus

ethnic groups, gender, class, etc. is important —that it promotes appreciation, respect and understanding

As Michigan Tech holds the award for the next year, the university plans to complete a series of surveys in the various

colleges/schools and departments, specifically. Using the results, an even more diverse environment for students, faculty and staff can be provided. at the Office of Institutional Diversity, was encouraged to complete the application by President Glenn Mroz and Provost Max Seel. In

life to be more welcoming and inclusive. A minor in Diversity Studies was added, which “sends a message that knowing about cultures,

and maybe the realization that differences enhance [a society], but also that people are very much the same in many ways,” Anderson said.

The prestigious national HEED award was given to 48 educational institutions across the country, with three other schools being recognized in Michigan (Michigan State, Ferris State and Delta College). As Michigan Tech holds the award for the next year, the university plans to complete a series of surveys in the various colleges/schools and departments, specifically. Using the results, an even more diverse environment for students, faculty and staff can be provided. Michigan Tech is featured in the December 2012 issue of INSIGHT into Diversity magazine, released on Nov.

16, 2012. To read the complete article about the HEED award and to see the other recipients, please visit (http:// www.insightintodiversity. com/images/downloads/ digitalissues/december2012/ pageflip.html)

Read the INSIGHT into Diversity article.



Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Michigan Tech Lode

History of Central Mine Lode Writer Industrial and residential mine-related ruins can be found all over the Copper Country. Central, Michigan, associated with Central Mine, is a now-abandoned village, as an example of a mining town and the extreme level of paternalism that defined the area. In 1854, John Shawson, an agent working for the nearby Cliff Mine, found native copper in an ancient pit mine dug out previously by Native Americans. The Central Mining Company was organized that same year, though mining the site did not begin until 1856. The vein proved to be so rich that the organization was able to turn a profit in its first year of mining, which was nearly unheard of in the Keweenaw. Central Mine produced around 52 million pounds of copper during its operational years. During its peak years, the town of Central had 130 buildings for its miners and community members. Today, 20 of the original buildings can still be found on the site, along with a good number of ruins and remaining foundations. There are a couple of buildings that have been restored, including residences and the Methodist Church. For the benefit of touring visitors, a visitors’ center has been established, housing a number of artifacts originally from the town, along with descriptions of their historical significance. The Methodist Church at Central was built in 1868 and quickly became both the

religious and social center of the community by serving all locals regardless of religious affiliation. Services that the church provided included planning Fourth of July picnics, maintaining a library

During its peak years, the town of Central

had 130 buildings for its miners and community members. Today, 20 of the original buildings can still be found on the site, along with a good number of ruins...


and working with the town’s schoolhouse.

After Central Mine closed in 1898, many residents left the town, though some stayed while others kept their homes as summer camps. The construction of the Keweenaw Central Railroad in 1907 helped facilitate the first “homecoming” to the town site by people who had once lived in Central. This new train route allowed the first Central reunion to be held on July 21, 1907, where previous residents once again crowded inside the old Methodist Church. In the initial “homecoming” years, nearly 200 people would return to their former town and church to remember their former lives and lifestyle. These reunions are still held today for relatives of the original residents of Central every year in July. Visitors are encouraged to see the sites at Central and learn the history of the area. Preservationists ask that the visitors, “Please respect the privacy of dwelling occupants when touring the mine site.” The Central Mine site is open year round, though the Visitors Center is only open from mid June to early October.

Along with the historic buildings and ruins, there are now two short hiking trails that meander through the town and industrial

sites. There is also a Central Memorial garden located across the street from the visitor’s center.

Photos courtesy of the Keweenaw Digital Archives


Michigan Tech Lode

Tuesday, November 27, 2012


Student soldiers prepare to lead ERIKA VICHCALES Lode Writer Have you ever noticed fellow students walking on campus in military uniform? They’re student soldiers, representing an excellent opportunity students have at Michigan Technological University: to be a part of the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC) for the United States Army or Air Force. “To identify, prepare, and train the future leaders of the Air Force,” said Lt. Col Michael Brothers when asked about the goal of the Air Force ROTC program. “Not only do they graduate Michigan Tech with their degree, but they are also commissioned in the U.S. Air Force as leaders, hopefully using that degree and skills that they learned at Michigan Tech.” Both Air Force and Army ROTC programs are studentled, while overseen by military officers. “The cadets are set up just like an Air Force base would be set up,” explained Lt. Col Brothers. “There is one cadet that is the Wing Commander, and in charge of all other cadets. There is a cadet that is in charge of training, there is a cadet in charge of communications and each of them have a staff. So they basically practice running an organization with assistance and input from the Cadre.” As a student progresses through the ROTC programs they have more leadership opportunities and responsibilities. The focus for first and second year students is the customs and courtesies of the military. They are required to take a

class to learn the different ranks, responsibilities and duties in the military. Further they learn the proper way to wear the uniform, how to salute and drill and ceremony. “In lab we call it STX, which is Simulated Training Exercise. There is a third year in charge of a squad of eight or nine people, and you are given a mission within a time frame and you need to accomplish it,” said Cadet Lt. Col of the Army ROTC program Reid Barber. “We have opposition forces there, which are typically fourth years dressed up as an enemy. We try to teach tactics as much as possible, but in reality people in ROTC will vary. There could be someone who is going to be a chaplain and then someone who is going to be an infantry officer. We can’t

The Guardians of the North and The Arctic Warriors prepare for their futures as militiary officers. Photos courtesy of Michigan Tech Air Force and Army ROTC

what you taught them.” Not only do students need to learn how the military operates, they also need to be physically up to par. To help reach the physical standards required by the Air

semester for a weekend where they complete combat and deployment training that simulates realworld situations. In both the Army and Air Force ROTC programs

Not only do they graduate Michigan Tech with their degree, but they are also commissioned in the U.S. Air Force [and U.S.

Army] as leaders, hopefully using that degree and skills that they learned at Michigan Tech. teach everyone the doctrine tactics [due to the variety], but we use that evaluation of when they are in charge as a tool to evaluate.” Lt. Col Barber also said that ROTC brings out a lot of leadership qualities, especially in training exercises. “When you are a third year, you are learning how to do that. By doing that [leading cadets through a training exercise] you can evaluate their leadership potential and how they’re implementing

Force and the Army, physical training (PT) is required two to three mornings a week. Students are led by Cadet Officers in a series of physical exercises such as running, push-ups, sit-ups, crunches and other various strength training exercises. Outside of the classes, the weekly physical training and the leadership labs there are some weekend activities the cadets are involved in. The Air Force ROTC has field training once a

students are required to attend a summer program. For the Army it is the Leadership Development and Assessment Course, also known as LDAC, which is a month long evaluation of every third year cadet in the US. The cadets then get an overall grade or ranking which will affect what their job will be after graduation. Similarly, the second-year Air Force ROTC cadets must apply and be accepted for a program. If not accepted,

they cannot continue, though they have two tries to be accepted. During summer training the cadets go through approximately thirty days of boot camp military training at Maxwell Air Force Base. After the training is completed, the cadets have to go through two additional years of ROTC. Though being a part of the ROTC program is time consuming it has many benefits. Students learn many valuable skills such as leadership and organization, which apply to many aspects of life. Furthermore, many students in the program have their college at least partially paid for and are guaranteed a career after graduation and being commissioned. Those interested in ROTC are encouraged to contact one of the cadre in charge to see what steps they need to take to be involved. It is a great opportunity for those who would succeed in the environment the military provides.

6 Tuesday, November 27, 2012


Michigan Tech Lode

“Halo 4”: in review COREY SAARI Lode Writer As per the trend set in the video game industry a few years ago, some new editions to highly popular series arrive in time for the 2012 holiday season. The focus of this article is the latest installment to the Halo series and a new chapter in the storyline, “Halo 4.” Developed by Microsoft subsidiary 343 Industries, this game was an instant success for many, including myself. It’s been a little over 5 years since “Halo 3” was released. In that time, other titles such as “Halo: Reach,” “Halo 3: ODST,” “Halo Wars” and “Halo: Combat Evolved Anniversary” have greatly entertained die-hard fans of the series. So, while it may only have been two years since we saw a title release in the form of “Halo: Reach,” a good amount of time has passed since the ending of the storyline that began in “Halo: Combat Evolved.” Due to Bungie’s departure from Microsoft, the task of developing the next Halo title fell to 343 Industries. For those who don’t know, at least some Bungie staff migrated to 343 and so had a hand in working

on “Halo 4.” It can be said that 343 did extremely well despite being relatively new to this scene. Gamers who have been with the series since the beginning will find that some staples of the series have not changed. Spartan 117, Cortana, and the Covenant are all present in the game. Some familiar weaponry and vehicles, such as the Battle Rifle, Needler, Warthog, Scorpion and Banshee also make a return. However, great effort on the part of 343 has provided us an entirely new story. The Covenant is no longer the most dangerous threat to be encountered. That distinction falls to the Prometheans, Forerunner built A.I. As yet unseen weapons wielded by the Prometheans can be scavenged from the battlefield. While playing through the storyline was entertaining, the staying power of this game is in its multiplayer component. In a first for a Halo title, kill streaks a la Call of Duty are available once a player gets a set amount of points from kills, assists, etc. Not to worry though, these kill streaks are not massively overpowered like some found in Call of Duty games, extra weapons and/or grenades are all that can be obtained.

Armor modifications & abilities, customizable loadouts and much more provide great incentive for players to rank up in the multiplayer scene. In what some may consider as weighing negatively against “Halo 4,” there are all told only 8 weapons that can be unlocked through ranking up. Certain grenades also have to be unlocked in the same manner. While the weapons missing from the unlock list can be found in the kill streaks, some people will undoubtedly dislike only having access to them there. Price may also be an issue for some people in today’s economy, although new releases in highly popular series have cost $60 for a few years now. All in all, Halo 4 is at least definitely worth renting for people who cannot afford to buy but would like to. For more well-off fans, this game warrants purchase consideration.

Final Grade:


Halo 4 part of a highly popular video game series arriving in time for the 2012 Holiday season. Gamers who have been with the series since the beginning will find that some staples of the series have not changed, although there is now an entirely new twist to the storyline. Poster courtesy of

Hampton String Quartet and KSO at Rozsa ALEX SAARI Lode Writer On Dec. 8, two musical acts will step into the Rozsa spotlight. The Hampton Rock String Quartet will perform alongside the Keweenaw Symphony Orchestra for a night of classic rock.

With their first album debut in 1986, the Hampton String Quartet (HSQ) has gained worldwide fame as a founder of chamber-based alternative music. Regis Landiorio (first violin), Abe Appleman (second violin), Richard Maximoff (viola) and John Reed (cello) make up the group.

The ensemble focuses on rock and covers include songs from Led Zeppelin and the Beatles. Collaborations include music from artists such as Sting, Aerosmith, Paul Simon, Eric Clapton and Michael Jackson. The HSQ is a Grammynominated ensemble, has sold over one million albums

and made it on Billboard’s top slots multiple times. The group has released nine albums. The Keweenaw Symphony Orchestra, the night’s other ensemble, has performed in the Upper Peninsula for over thirty years. As with other MTU ensembles, including the Superior Wind Symphony and

Tech’s jazz groups, the KSO includes students, faculty and featured guest professionals at events. The show starts at 7:30 p.m. Tickets are $20 for youth, $22 for adults, $21 for seniors and $20 for Michigan Tech students. To purchase tickets, call (906) 487-2074 or visit (

Michigan Tech Lode


Tuesday, November 27, 2012


“Lego Lord of the Rings” Review

Those familiar with the “Lord of the Rings” films will be excited to hear the voices of their favorite film characters coming from the small lego figurines. Photo courtesy of

KRYSTEN COOPER Editor in Chief Middle Earth comes to life in the newest member of the Lego game family, “Lego Lord of the Rings.” “Lego Lord of the Rings” offers some substantial changes that should cause players who were against the previous Lego games to play this one through. Despite changes, the familiar humor and destructive landscape will make this a must-have for lovers of the Lego game family. Perhaps the most noticeable change is the dialogue between characters. Those familiar with the “Lord of the Rings” films will be excited to hear the voices of their favorite film characters coming from the small Lego figurines. Although this takes some getting used to, the combination of classic

Lego humor with intense film dialogue gives the game a refreshing tone. Lego’s dive into the openworld principle allows Middle Earth to truly come to life. A player can walk all the way from Hobbiton to Mordor if they so choose, giving the game an incredibly real feel. The addition of map stones, which can be used for fast travel, makes this large map easily navigable. Quests are another new addition to the game. Although these can be difficult to find without locating the mapstone for the area, the rewards are rich. Additionally, those who wish to play through levels without partaking in quests can simply follow the trail of transparent blue studs. Of course, with the addition of quests, characters need some way to carry more than one item around at a time.

Each Lego character is now equipped with an eight-item backpack.

often come at a hefty price, they are useful as they often transfer abilities to different

Lego’s dive into the open-world principle allows Middle Earth to truly come to life. A player can walk all the way from Hobbiton to Mordor if they so choose, giving the game an incredibly real feel.

One slot in the backpack allows you to access to the treasure trove. Items added to the treasure trove are able to be used by any character at any time. Throughout levels Mirthril, rather than gold, bricks are collected. These bricks can be crafted into different tools by a blacksmith in Bree, provided you find blueprints when you play through a level. Once completed, these tools will be added to your treasure trove. Although these items

characters. The only complaint to be found in this game is camera angles. Although there is no issue with this while playing through levels, it becomes quite a nuisance when traveling the world. There are times where you are called on to make quick maneuvers while unable to get a good view of your character. However, the camera angles are something that can be worked though and are often hard to get annoyed with

while staring at the astonishing beauty of Lego reconstructions of places such as Rivendell. Overall, “Lego Lord of the Rings” has something for everyone. Those who prefer the previous Lego games will still get their humor and easy-to-find levels. Players who prefer games with more substance will be able to wander freely through Middle Earth completing quests as they go. Lego has shown their talent as they find new challenges for players to unfold.

Final Grade:



Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Michigan Tech Lode

CLASSIFIEDS For Rent: Modern basement flat with private bath Eastpointe, Michigan Perfect for recent grad or co-op Easy commute to GM, Chrysler, or Ford Email for pics and info: E-mail for information about placing a classified ad.

Comics courtesy of xkcd

Michigan Tech Lode


Tuesday, November 27, 2012


Rules: Fill in the grid so that each row, column and 3x3 block contains 1-9 exactly once.

Last Week’s Solution...

No. 1125 A LITTLE EXTRA By Jeff Chen / Edited by Will Shortz








Note: Fourteen symmetrically placed answers in this puzzle are each missing a part … which can be found elsewhere in the grid. Across

1 I t m i g ht a pp e a r o n a spine 6 I n t h e th ic k o f

1 0 T h e “ C ” of F DIC : A b b r. 1 4 M u s l i m m o g u ls 1 9 “ T h e Wr e s t le r ” actress 2 0 Tr i o o n c a m e ls

2 1 T h e b ro th e r i n “ A m I m y bro th e r ’s k e e p e r? ” 2 2 M o n o s y lla bic s ta t e 23 Bialys

2 5 F u s s y a bo u t ru le s 2 7 Wr e s t l in g a c h i e ve m e nt 2 8 C u p h o ld e r

2 9 R a i n - f ore s t flo ra 3 0 C o n t r a il s ou rc e , o n c e : Ab b r. 3 1 J u r a s sic s u ffix

3 3 N o v e l writin g , e . g. 34 Key in a chain, maybe

RELEASE DATE: 12/2/2012

3 5 Tw o o f th e m m a k e a sawbuck 3 6 H a v i n g e ve r yth in g one needs 3 8 Vi c t o r i a ’s S e c re t purchase 3 9 Wa l k , e . g. 40 Whiz

4 1 To r m e n to rs of a s o rt 4 4 G o a t ’s c r y

For any three answers, call from a touch-tone phone: 1-900-285-5656, $1.49 each minute; or, with a credit card, 1-800814-5554.

45 Carrier letters? 46 Je n e s ais q u o i

49 His to m b is a p ilg rim ag e s ite fo r b o th M u s lim s an d Jews 51 Occu p y, as a b o o th 53 To wh o m it is said “So m eth in g is ro tten in th e s tate o f Den m ark ” 54 Dan is h , e. g .

56 Grav e letters

57 Big Red M ach in e h u stler

58 Fo u r-tim e ro le fo r Patrick Stewart

60 Alm o st ev ery m an in th e wo rld h as o n e 62 M y rn a o f “Ch eap er b y th e Do zen ” 64 In d eed

65 Fo llo wers o f a boom? 72 M o re p recise altern ativ e to scis so rs

80 Larg es t m o o n in th e so lar s y s tem 81 Bo tto m lin e, m ay b e 83 “Yo u try !” 84 Decrees

85 Neig h b o r o f Nig er 87 On e o f a p air o f d ru m s

88 Lu n ar m issio n co m m an d ed b y Th o m as P. Staffo rd 89 Ad _ _ _

90 Frat. ’s co u n terp art 92 Co u sin s o f h o n ey b ad g ers

9 3 M o rg an le _ _ _ (Arth u rian so rceress)

9 4 “Th e Lab o rs of Hercu les” p a inter Gu id o 9 5 M arq u ee n am e 9 7 Kau aian rin g

9 8 M m es. o f Espa ña 1 0 0 Wip e o u t, in su rfin g lin g o

1 0 1 Co n v erted into b u n d les fo r a lof t

1 0 3 Th warter o f H A L 1 0 6 Sp an k b u t g ood 1 0 7 Allu re

1 0 8 1 9 7 0 s-’8 0 s F.B.I . stin g 11 0 Xan th ip p e, e.g.

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11 3 Wid ely u s ed te r m d eclared “u n d ig n ified” by Jo h n Pau l II

4 E xcommunicator of Mar tin L uther 5 G er man one

6 D anger ous lia isons, of te n 7 1992 D enz e l Washington title r ole 8 Spanish c hur che s 9 Sor r y state

10 Scr ipt w r ite r ’s study?

13 Q uest of the astr onomer Pe r cival Low ell

14 A thos, Por thos a nd A r a mis, e .g.

17 O uzo her b

18 Q uake r s and Shake r s

24 Snoop L ion’s ge nr e

11 5 Liq u efy

26 Muscle below a de lt

11 7 Sq u ared u p

35 Tr iple Cr ow n jocke y E ddie

11 6 Part o f N. B. 11 8 Nu tcas es

11 9 Cen tu ries, e.g.

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1 2 2 Wield , as in flue nce Do wn

1 Featu res o f so me sp o rts cars

2 Area co n q u ered by Alex an d er the Great 3 Lifto ff p o in t


32 36

32 Sme ll like

37 Rubbish

40 Cuts back on

41 D icke ns sche mer 42 Sha de of bleu 43 D a tes 46 Pic

47 Seine tr ibutar y

48 Sushi bar topping 50 Par t of U .N .L .V.

52 O ne of the X ’s in X X-X 53 H e sita te in spe e c h

55 N ick of “ Ca pe Fe a r ”






89 93





72 82




86 90



96 102

103 109





66 H istor ical tr a nsition point 67 South A f r ican a nte lopes

69 City ne a r Virgi n i a City

70 YouTube video l e a d ins

77 Summer cooler

7 8 C l i c h é d p ri so n c o n t ra b a n d i t e m

7 9 Ve rb w i t h “ v o u s”

110 114


65 Fic tiona l w r ite r in a John I r ving be st se lle r




63 Musta c hioed c a r toon cha r acte r




61 A ctor Ste phe n




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Tuesday, November 27, 2012 Krysten Cooper



ZONE Winter is finally here! I always enjoy coming back from break to piles of white, fluffy snow across Houghton. There are many different opinions regarding winter: some people love it, others hate it and everyone else falls somewhere in the broad range between the two. Hopefully as a Michigan Tech student, or native of the Keweenaw, you’ve found yourself in the group that just can’t get enough of winter. If you find yourself leaning more towards the other side, however, never fret. Although there’s no way to stop the advance of the winter season, there are many ways to enjoy it. And here in the Keweenaw, enjoying winter happens to be a specialty. So, what can you do to enjoy winter? Start by taking advantage of all the activities Michigan Tech has to offer. Attend hockey games, try skiing or snowboarding on Mont Ripley, Cross-Country ski through the Tech Trails, watch a broomball game and get free hot chocolate from the cocoa shack, attend open skate at the SDC, or perhaps visit the OAP to get gear for snowshoeing or winter camping. You might also consider driving through the Keweenaw to gaze at the beauty snow brings or examine the grandeur of frozen waves on lake superior. The possibilities here are endless, so grab your boots and start enjoying them!


Michigan Tech Lode

HASS is not a chore MEGAN WALSH Lode Writer As a humanities major at a science and engineering dominated school, I guess I wasn’t shocked when I first heard the “do you want fries with that?” jokes directed towards my fellow humanities majors and me. I am used to occasionally being underestimated at a school that prides itself on its excellence in producing great engineers and mathematicians. I am also used to being one of the few students in my composition class that actually looks forward to the “Hills Like White Elephants” reading or the intensive research paper due at the end of the term. In mandatory HASS classes such as these, I frequently hear students complain that the class isn’t “relevant to their major” or that they see it purely as a “blow-off class.” At a school full of scientists and engineers, why do we need humanities classes? Some students believe that they should be spending their time and money primarily on classes that are relevant to their major. It is understandable that they can become frustrated when they feel as though a class they took offered them very little knowledge relevant to their field. Alexandra Roche, an Electrical and Computer Engineer at Tech said “I think there are too many (HASS requirements). I would rather more of those credits to be devoted to my major. I want to be well rounded within my major, not with some random classes that I don’t feel contribute to anything.” Although to some they may seem pointless, HASS classes

can be one way for students to express and distinguish themselves from others on campus, depending on what classes we choose to fulfill the requirement. HASS credits allow students to differentiate themselves from others in their field. For example, if two engineers are applying for a position that requires international travel and one of them can say that they took Chinese language classes or international communication courses, those could potentially give them the upper hand at the interview. These classes give us an opportunity to distinguish ourselves and build not only our resumes but also our range of knowledge. “When people hire Tech graduates, they expect an all-around individual with a great personality and a good understanding of not only their major of study, but other things as well” said Justin Levande, a secondyear Chemical Engineering student at Michigan Tech. “I think the HASS credits give us more potential to distinguish ourselves as Tech Alumni in the real world.” Other than just being a good way to distinguish oneself, topics like literature, art and communication offer a window to both enhance creative thinking and an understanding of culture. It is so easy to bury ourselves in one topic and become experts in a single field. Although this has its perks, it can cause students to lack an appreciation for other studies and narrow their knowledge of the world. “Taking classes outside of my major has given me an appreciation for other subjects” said Brian Page, a secondyear Mechanical Engineering student at Tech. “These classes

HASS credits can cultivate unique advantages in any degree when entering the job market.

Photo courtesy of

have given me a chance to learn about how the world works and have widened my interests,” said Page. “We’re becoming an increasingly global nation as well as world,” said Katherine Baeckeroot, a Scientific and Technical Communication major at Tech. “We would be denying ourselves major opportunities if we did not have these requirements. Not only do we need to connect with people from the United States but also with people from other countries.” Communication classes will be useful to a student in any major since in today’s world, international business is becoming increasingly more important. Having an understanding of a different culture conveys respect and can assist in forming ties between international companies. We live in a technological society; a society where it can

seem as though our entire existence depends on the workings of scientists and mathematicians. We attend a school that produces brilliant, groundbreaking engineers, physicists, etc.--students who design, build and change the world that we live in. In a world so wrapped up in technology, it is easy to forget about art and language. It is easy to push literature and history to the side and focus on the technology that may seem to more visibly advance our society. But it is crucial not to forget that although these technologies are important, they are useless when they cannot be shared with the world. All students must understand that even humanities classes, which may seem like a waste of time, are important because they can open the door to communicating their ideas to the world they seek to change.

Michigan Tech Lode


Tuesday, November 27, 2012


Making college affordable

Photo courtesy of

ZACH EVANS Lode Writer Election 2012 is finally over and after a hard fought battle Obama retained his post while Romney walked away in defeat. America has once again chosen its path into the future, but whether or not it’s the one we hope for remains to be seen. Nonetheless, this election has shown the power of the young adult population with the 18-29 demographic making up 19 percent of the total vote, 60 percent voting democrat, 36 percent voting republican, and 4 percent voting for a third party (according to Edison Research). It is no wonder that the younger generations consistently lean to the left, which has become associated with the advancement of minorities, green technology, and social institutions such as

health care, as America drifts towards the utopian dreams of the middle class. Yet it is still important to look beyond all the glitz and glamour that politics spin up and see that there still lies a party with a specific list of goals that can either help or harm. In the case of student lives at Michigan Tech, Obama was probably the best choice simply because of his commitment to the plight of the collegiate student. Although it’s debatable if Obama’s presidency has succeeded in its economic goals, he has made progress in regards to the ability of students to attend college. As former-president Clinton said during a rally at the University of Central Florida, “The most important thing that President Obama has done that not nearly nobody knows about is reform the student loan program and

to launch an [initiative] to help college universities and college cut the rate of inflation in half in college costs.” During his previous term Obama effectively cut out private banks in the federal student loan process which secured millions of dollars which was reinvested into Pell grants for low income students. More importantly he also instituted a policy, which allows students to only have to pay back a fixed percentage of their income for a 20 year term, making it so students won’t be broken by student loan payments after college. In regards to the future, Obama’s higher education goals focus on community colleges. While campaigning he said, “It’s time to reform our community colleges so that they provide Americans of all ages a chance to learn the skills and knowledge necessary to

compete for the jobs of the future.” While this may not be relevant to the many of us who attended Tech straight out of high school, it is a measure that will become essential for students, in the future, who would be otherwise restrained from attending college due to financial reasons. This is in extreme opposition to the plan Romney purposed which focused on the utilization of for profit schools such as Phoenix University. Though his plan may have been the cheaper option, it would have destroyed the collegiate atmosphere, replacing it with a business model that favors objective results. This would have been harmful especially to a place like Tech, which takes pride in the atmosphere created and the experiences gained outside the classroom environment. This and other features of Romney’s education

platform are discussed in detail at (http://www.insidehighered. com/news/2012/05/24/ romney-unveils-highereducation-platform). Obama’s plan for the future continues inhibiting tuition inflation, which is something desperately needed at Tech. Summarily Obama’s policies focus on allowing anyone willing to work towards getting an education the opportunity to succeed as well as survive after a degree is obtained. More details of Obama’s successes and plans for the future can be found at (http:// w w w. w h i te h o u s e. g ov / issues/education/highereducation). Of course politics is a dangerous thing to rely on and quite possibly these promises might simply remain as good intentions, but voters have to have some level of faith in the system and trust in the decisions made.


Tuesday, November 27, 2012


Michigan Tech Lode


# the By

Ali Haidar

JORDAN ERICKSON Sports Editor The senior basketball star netted a season-high 35 points in the Huskies’ 86-59 win at Bemidji State November 20. Haidar was able to get 26 of those points in the first half of the game, making up almost half of the Huskies’ points in that time. The 6’7, 240 lb forward also led the Huskies in rebounds against Bemidji with eight.

s r e b m nu

The Windsor, Ont. Native was selected first in the North Division of the 2012 GLIAC Men’s Basketball Poll for the 2012-13 season. So far he has lived up to his reputation, averaging 29.7 points per game, four games into the season. Last season the forward earned GLIAC Player of the Year for his performance over the season which included averaging 19.1 points per game.


Times the hockey Huskies will face off against rival Northern Michigan this season. The first meeting is one week from today in Marquette.

Photo courtesy of MTU Athletics

Kharia named WCHA Rookie of the Week JORDAN ERICKSON Sports Editor Freshman forward Jujhar Khaira was named WCHA

Rookie of the Week over the holiday break for his 4 point performance while visiting Bemidji State Nov. 16 and 17. The 6’3, 195 lb native of Surrey, B.C. was responsible

Jujhar Khaira looks for the open pass against Nebraksa-Omaha.

for the two goals that tied up Friday night’s game. The goals sent the Huskies to overtime where they eventually gained their second win of the season.

Photo courtesy of Ben Wittbrodt

In the extra minutes, Khaira also got the primary assist on teammate Alex Petan’s game-winning goal. Saturday night Khaira would also help finish off the game, getting the primary assist on Blake Pietila’s goal. The four points brought Khaira up to third place in rookie scoring in the WCHA where he is tied for the spot. The rookie also ranks third for the Huskies in overall points with eight (two goals, six assists). The business management major was among two other Huskies nominated for the WCHA weekly awards. Goaltender Kevin Genoe was nominated for Defensive Player of the Week and fellow freshman Alex Petan was up for Offensive Player of the Week. The Huskies were the only team to have players nominated in all three categories.


Week until women’s basketball returns to the wood gym. The Huskies are on the road at WisconsinParkside and Malone this weekend, but return home December 6.


Points scored in the first half by Ali Haidar in the 86-59 men’s basketball win. at Bemidji State.


Points from hockey Husky Jujhar Khaira during the team’s match at Bemidji last weekend. The rookie is tied for third in the WCHA for points by a freshman.


Days until nordic skiing opens their season in Marquette on December 1.

Michigan Tech Lode


Tuesday, November 27, 2012


Women’s Basketball preview JANELLE SCHECK Lode Writer This past week, the Women’s Basketball team at Michigan Tech had a successful 66-53 win against University of WisconsinParkside. Players Sam Hoyt and Taylor Stippel both lead in points scored for the Huskies, scoring 23 and 10 points respectively. The Huskies hope that their success will carry over to Thursday, Nov. 29 when they play their first game of the GLIAC at Malone. So far this season, the Huskies have had an equal number of wins and losses

in the first few weeks of play. With two big wins against Concordia-St. Paul and Wisconsin-Parkside tucked away, the basketball team hopes to acquire a third win against Malone on Thursday. Malone is expected to be a tough opponent for the Huskies. So far Malone has only had three season games, all of which they won. Their last game on Nov. 20 against Akron Wayne was a large win for the Malone Pioneers. They ended the game far ahead in points, 113-29. With that confidence boost, they are expected to put forth strong effort in the upcoming game against the Huskies. Two major players for

the Pioneers are Deborah Simmers and Trisha Seilhamer. Simmers scored 16 points in their last game while Seilhamer scored 17. Although Malone has a strong offense, Tech’s defense has been on the top of their game. The Huskies defense contributed largely to the recent win against Wisconsin-Parkside on Nov. 24. The Huskies also have Hoyt working for them on offense. She has been an influential part of the team, averaging 15.7 points per game this season. Other big players who contribute to Tech’s success are Stippel, Emma Veach and freshman Kylie Moxley. Moxley totaled a career-

Photo by Scott Thompson

high eight points and seized six rebounds for Tech in the game against Wisconsin last Saturday. With so many players scoring big for the Huskies,

Tech will undoubtedly match Malone’s potential on Thursday to make for a close game. The Huskies play the Pioneers this Thursday, Nov. 29 at 7 p.m.

Nordic Skiers kick off season in West Yellowstone and prepare for NMU Wildcat Open ELLIE FURMANSKI Lode Writer Over Thanksgiving break, 16 student athletes from the Men’s and Women’s Nordic Ski teams traveled to West Yellowstone, Montana, to hit the snow for the first time this season. Six women and ten men participated in the optional, self-funded trip where they were able to kick off the Nordic ski season with a week-long training trip. The skiers, led by assistant coach and former Michigan

Tech student athlete Andrew Joda, were in West Yellowstone from Nov. 16th to the 24th. Despite a minimal showing of snow at the West Yellowstone Rendezvous trails, the skiers benefited from the week of training at a venue other than their home course at the Michigan Tech Trails. Training sessions were held twice daily for the majority of the eight days spent on snow where the athletes were able to break up into small training groups based on skill and ability. Joda helped to monitor the pace and duration

of workouts, measure lactic acid levels to assess the skiers’ intensity, and offer feedback when critiquing the skiers’ technique. Two of the student athletes also opted to compete in one of the races which were part of the West Yellowstone Super Tour. Kyle Hanson and Raphael Bechtiger raced in the 1.6 kilometer sprint on Nov. 24. Bechtiger finished 36th (3:16.70) and Hanson 73rd (3:29.81) out of over 100 participants. Both of their times were within thirty seconds of the first place finisher. Joda

noted, “With the volume of training both had done since we arrived in West Yellowstone, their results were very impressive.” All around, improvements were made by the skiers by the end of the week. “I can say that the team definitely has a solid foundation that we will springboard off for the season,” said Joda. Skiers who missed out on the opportunity to travel to Montana also made sure to focus on ski training elsewhere. Both the Men’s and Women’s Nordic Ski teams will officially kick off competition this

weekend, Dec. 1 and 2, at the Northern Michigan University Wildcat Open. Races will be held at the Al Quaal Recreation Trails in Ishpeming, MI. The Huskies will be able to see for the first time this season where they stack up against their main competitors, including NMU and St. Scholastica. Ideally, after months of preparation and a weeklong training trip in Montana, the Huskies will be ready to compete and produce impressive results this weekend as they open the 2012-2013 Nordic season.


Tuesday, November 27, 2012


Michigan Tech Lode

After a sweep on the road, Huskies return home ready for dogfight JORDAN ERICKSON Sports Editor

The Bulldogs The Bulldogs are almost two months into to play, and are finding themselves in an unfamiliarly low rank of the WCHA with only one win to their name. Friday night the third-to-last Bulldogs gained a much-needed 2-1 victory over visiting St. Cloud State. The win snapped a sevengame losing streak, but the celebration wouldn’t last long as the Bulldogs went on to a 5-1 loss the next night. The Bulldogs are off to their weakest start since 2000, when the team had only one win in the first 10 games of the season. The Bulldog’s offense sits at third-to-last in the WCHA for goals per game, averaging only 2.12, but the team is first in the conference for penalty minutes per game, adding to their troubles. High penalty minutes combined with a lackluster penalty kill unit only adding to their scoring troubles.

The Huskies The Huskies took four tough-fought points out of Bemidji two weekends ago, clinching overtime wins both nights. With 5-4, 2-1 wins, the Huskies’ close games put them back on the winning track after getting swept their past two weekends of competition. Underclassmen currently lead the Huskies in point

The Huskies return to action this weekend as they host the University of Minnesota-Duluth Bulldogs.

production. The top-five spots for point leaders are currently freshman and sophomores, with freshman forward Alex Petan leading the Huskies overall with 10 points. Senior Kevin Genoe earned his first wins of the season as he anchored the Huskies in net during the sweep. Genoe has been sharing time between the pipes with freshman Phenoix Copley, who did not make the trip after struggling since his first and only win of the season back on Oct. 19.

Who’s Hot: Even though his team has been unable to generate scoring overall, senior forward Mike Siedel has 14 points on the season (eight goals, six assists) putting him at the leading spot for the Bulldogs in points. The 5’10, 175 lb winger had the long goal in the Bulldogs’ Saturday night loss and has only one game so far this season where he left the ice without his name on the point sheet.

Husky forward Jujhar Khaira had a breakout weekend at Bemidji, with four points, including two power play goals in the final eight minutes of Friday night’s game, allowing the Huskies to take the game to overtime. The Surrey, B.C. native also had the primary assist on the game-winning goal Saturday night.

Puck Drop: The Huskies got the confidence boost they needed after their sweep

Photo by Ben Wittbrodt

of Bemidji, but after taking the holiday weekend off, it might be hard to keep the momentum going. On their side is the homeice advantage combined with hosting a struggling team. The Huskies can’t take anything for granted at this point, needing every point they can get. The Bulldogs are disadvantaged in almost every way, the best they’ve done while traveling this year is squeaking out two ties.

Michigan Tech Lode


Tuesday, November 27, 2012


Huskies basketball starts regular season on road JACOB SHULER Lode Writer Three out of four of the men’s basketball team’s games ended with a W to start off the 2012-2013 season. After a successful preseason, the Huskies go on to face the Malone Pioneers and the Walsh Cavaliers. The Huskies are in for the longest road trip of the season so far. Both games will be in the Cleveland, Ohio area. First, the Huskies will face the Pioneers, one of the newest teams in the GLIAC. The Pioneers had mixed results in their opening games. They started off with two big wins against the Cincinnati Clermont Cougars and the Notre Dame Falcons. Their second two games ended in defeat. Overall, the Pioneers have outperformed their opponents. Averaging almost 80 points a game, the Huskies will have a highscoring offense to contend

with. Players like Isiah Elliot and Cory Veldhuizen will lead the attack. These players average more than 10 points a game. Also helping the offense are three additional players that average 9 points per game. Against the Caveliers, the Huskies biggest challenge will be the offense just as against the Pioneers. With two wins this season, the Cavaliers scored 95 points or more in both games. Five players average more than 10 points per game so far this season. Leading the effort is Kenny Kornowski. Kornowski is an unknown coming into this game. During the 2011-2012 season, Kornowski suffered a season ending ACL injury. He averaged 18 points per game and enjoyed a 56 percent shooting percentage. The Huskies only loss was on the road to the University of Minnesota Duluth Bulldogs. They struggled to get their offense and defense going against the Bulldogs. Things picked up against

the Bemidji State Beavers. Against the Beavers, Ali Haidar scored 35 points to help the Huskies finish with an 86-59 score. “What a difference a few days makes,” commented head coach Kevin Luke. This season, the Huskies have prepared well for regular season play. They have shown the ability to put up points on the board and play a balanced game. Both offense and defense are ready to face opponents like the Pioneers and the Cavaliers. With some of the best offensive scorers in the league, the Huskies bring an attack that will keep any GLIAC team’s defense occupied. This gives the Huskies the opportunity to keep pressure on and keep control of the ball game. After these road games, the Huskies return to Houghton for two home games against the Findlay Oilers and the Hillsdale Chargers. Senior Ali Haidar flies over Minnesota-Duluth defense. Photo by Ben Wittbrodt

Shelby Jones Earns All-GLIAC Honorable Mention JORDAN ERICKSON Sports Editor Sophomore volleyball Husky Shelby Jones was awarded with All-GLIAC Honorable Mention last week after her

standout season for the Huskies. The only member of Black and Gold to be granted the honor, the Regina, Sask. Was one of the top defensive and offensive players for the Huskies. “Shelby has been our workhorse all season. Her

contributions on offense, on defense and in serve receive were, and will continue to be, vital to our team. Shelby carried a big load for us, especially for only being a sophomore. I’m happy for her, very proud and excited to see her build from here next

fall, “ said head coach Matt Jennings. Jones led the Huskies in five categories, and was also in the top-10 of the GLIAC for the same categories. She was seventh in kills with 365, eighth in kills per set, seventh in points, and eighth in points

per set. The sophomore racked up 11 double-doubles over the season and at least 15 kills eight times. She also had three matches with more than 20 kills. “This recognition is well deserved to say the least,” said Jennings.


Events November 27 - December 4

“The Horror of H.P. Lovecraft” Nov. 29 - Dec. 1, 7:30 p.m. McArdle Theatre

“All.I.Can” Extreme Ski Film Showing Nov. 26, 7 p.m. - 8:30 p.m. , Fisher 139

The Horror stories written long ago by H.P. Lovecraft have been said to move readers more than those written by his predecessor, EA Poe. His influence has been seen throughout the years including horror films and other works such as Hitchcock films and “Chucky”. Brought to life through theatre, these tales are sure to excite and entertain any curious audience. Tickets available at the door.

Chemistry Seminar- Azulene-based Organometallics Nov. 30, 3 p.m., Chemical Sciences Building, Room 101

Hosted by the Students for Environmental Sustainability

Through breathtaking cinematorgrphy, “All.I.Can.” follows extreme skiers as they travel worldwide for the best slopes. Along their story, another one is told. Climate change and it’s affect on the sport is shown in a personal light as these skiers find themselves facing it’s all too real challenges. Photo courtesy of (

Filmboard Presents- The Dark Knight Rises Nov. 30, Dec. 1 Showtimes: 5:30, 8:30, and 11:30 p.m.

Having been named an enemy of the city of Gotham, Batman returns to protect his city against a new enemy. Underground criminals and a shared past brands Bane, Gotham’s new terrorist, as Batman’s toughest enemy yet.

Azulene- based Organometallics- New Platforms for Charge Delocalization and Transport at the Nanoscale

This presentation will overview recent developments in the chemistry of hybrid metal/azulene platforms as well as self-assembled monolayer (SAM) films.

Ticket Price: $3

ASK TECH Brent Cousino “I prepare to make bank by getting my shovel ready.”

Caycie Bray “Stocking up on tea, toe warmers, and vitamin D supplements.”

Runtime: 165 minutes

“With the anticipation of the upcoming winter, how do you prepare for the first big dump of snow?”

Jevon Maddox “Fly home to Georgia!”

Kelly Littlefield “Preparation is for trolls.”

- Jane Kirby


The November 27, 2012 issue of the Michigan Tech Lode.


The November 27, 2012 issue of the Michigan Tech Lode.