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The Trinity Times Volume LXXVII, Issue 5

veritas omnia vincit

Friday, December 21, 2007

Upper School Reacts to Race Relations Assembly

By Susan Reed ‘08 SECTION EDITOR

Is Trinity School racist? Several students and teachers presented speeches about race relations at Trinity to the entire Upper School on Monday, December 10. Dr. Mark Simpson opened with a speech about prejudice amongst several different communities. George Cook ’08 gave a brief opening to the assembly to explain the smaller discussions to be held after. Using statistics and a historical perspective, Dr. Rachel Scharfman provideed students with an account of recent happenings that involved racism throughout the country. David Telfort ’08 and Becky Baskin ’08 each presented individual accounts of their lives at Trinity. Telfort discussed his personal experiences as a black student in a school that is predominately white. He explained how Trinity has not yet reached the point where its “diverse” population is truly integrated. In his speech, he acknowledged that while racial strife may seem dormant at Trinity, it is not only alive and active, but spread across our entire nation. Telfort reminded us that ignorance is not bliss and that we cannot fall for the trap of believing that racism throughout our city and our nation does not affect us. Baskin spoke after Telfort about racism at Trinity from the perspective of a white student. She discussed Trinity’s “black table” in the lunch room. Like every other tradition, she said that she and others accepted the existence of a “black table” because it had always been part of the Upper School. Baskin also recounted how she formed relationships with minority students. She had previously felt isolated from some of these students because of unwritten rules. She realized, though, that she was missing out on friendships with many students in her grade. Baskin lamented the fact that afterwards, a friend pointed out that people noticed her “hanging out with the black kids a lot.” This anecdote presented an account of her personal understanding of the hidden biases we have at our school and the prejudices she was pressured into accepting.


Trinity Event Special..........................2 Opinion & Editorial.........................3-5 Trinity Life......................................6-7 NYCulture....................................8-13 Arts & Innovation........................14-16 Sports..........................................17-20

Lily Rudd ‘08

At the assembly on December 10, a few students discussed the racial dynamic that exists in the Cafeteria. Ms. Cindylisa Muniz of the English Department then gave a speech about the struggles of being a Puerto Rican woman and mother in the predominantly white and highly-educated, private school milieu in New York. Recounting a parentteacher conference at her daughter’s all-girls school, Ms. Muniz said the teacher asked her to do something “from her culture” for a show-and-tell day that the girls were going to have. She devoted the rest of her speech to explaining the prejudices that she felt and those that she did not want her daughter to feel. Joking about how she considered coming in on show-and-tell day with a Puerto Rican flag as a cape shouting, “Juepa!!” or “Yo soy Boricua!,” Ms. Muniz gave an honest speech about the many ridiculous expectations others have had of her as a Hispanic woman providing a deeply personal account that served as a gateway for further discussions about race. The assembly then closed with a musical offering from seniors Rosalind Schonwald, Daniel Bailen, Zoe Brecher, CJ Junewicz, and sophomore Charlie Raiff. They

performed the song “Strange Fruit,” made famous by Billie Holiday in 1939. The song is a commentary on the proliferation of lynchings in the U.S. Once the assembly concluded, students of all grades broke up into groups and discussed both the speeches and the nature of race relations in our Upper School. A group of seniors was selected to lead each of the group’s discussions in pairs. Many students and teachers appreciated that it was a student-run effort. Ms. Elisabeth Ruedy of the Math Department said that she, “liked that students led it.” With the group discussions limited to first period, several students agreed that this was definitely not enough time to talk about all of the issues presented that morning. “Everyone realized that two hours was only enough time to scrape the surface of the very serious and very real issues at Trinity,” Jon Braun ’08 said. Time, however, was not the only issue he felt plagued the effort. Braun said, “The problem with the day was that I feel it gave most Trinity students a sense of false contentment in that most kids felt proud of themselves for

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taking two hours to discuss race issues at school....and that now they can ignore race relations at Trinity for another ten years, or however long it will be until we have another discussion.” Madeleine Schwartz ‘08, one of the many students who led a discussion group, agreed. “A lot of students were defensive about how they felt and the way the school is run,” she said. “It would be helpful to have more of such days and not confine them to sporadic occasions.” Rose Maclean ‘08 agreed, saying “In order for the day to have some effect, however, I think we need to continue this open dialogue and have more group discussions.” However, MacLean acknowledged that the quantity of discussions is not the only factor in addressing this issue. “I also feel that people need to be as honest as possible because otherwise this problem will remain the way it is now... unspoken and disregarded,” she said. She still felt the day had a positive impact saying, “I feel that the day was helpful to some in opening [students’] eyes to something that hasn’t really been touched on.” Chanelle Campbell ’09 said she “liked [the assembly]

Ms. Preston-Scull: Acting Head of School p. 6

but I am concerned about how much a difference it will make in the Trinity community. It ran smoothly but I did hear people complaining about the assembly not mentioning the apparent racism and antiSemitism in Trinity.” Campbell was referring specifically to the shocking graffiti of racial slurs and possibly anti-Semitic drawings that appeared in a few Upper School classrooms earlier this year. There were also other issues that were not addressed or further delved into during this assembly. Dr. Joel Shapiro of the History Department, for example, said that as he was watching the presentations in the assembly, what ran through his head was that he had never seen interracial dating at Trinity. He said, “Is there an unwritten law that says there should be racial separation? I wonder why there us so little racial mixing on a casual level. I’ve seen it at other schools. Is there peer pressure? I wonder why that is.” Some students felt that the day and the discussions could have been better if the groups had all different types of students. Matt Siegfried ’08, a discussion leader himself, said he would have preferred to see students from each grade integrated into the discussion groups. Overall, though, most people felt the day was successful. “Many senior facilitators reported very impassioned, frank discussions,” Dr. Scharfman said. “Our purpose was not to ‘find a solution’ or uncover all the answers,...the purpose was to air questions, to get people talking.” The general consensus was that the only way to make the Upper School more open is to have more days devoted to topics like race. Lucy Fanelli ’08 agreed: “It was a very good assembly. What they said was very honest and straightforward. Sometimes when Trinity does stuff like this, they do the liberal, ‘P.C.’ cop-out but this was very honest.” Many students seemed to agree that Trinity’s commitment to diversity can only be realized once we adopt honesty and a willingness to open ourselves up for discussion.

NYC Holiday Window Displays p. 10-11

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veritas omnia vincit

Students Give Back to Community at Thanksgiving Dinner By Emma Stokien ‘08 EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

Dozens of Upper School students filled the cafeteria after Thanksgiving All School Chapel setting up tables, stuffing goody bags, and making paper chains that demonstrated their artistic skills retained from preschool. These students were helping to set up for the annual Thanksgiving Dinner where Trinity invites members of the community who may be without a place to go on Thanksgiving for a big lunch of turkey, gravy, and all the works and an opportunity to celebrate with many others. Approximately 250 guests arrived Thanksgiving morning to be served lunch by Upper School student volunteers and those involved with Project Pilot, the community service program with which Trinity joined to have a successful Thanksgiving Dinner. And successful it was. Co-president of the community service club Josh DeLott ’08 said “…the Dinner portion of the program could not have gone better.” Co-president Becky Baskin ’08 agreed, saying “The meal went

Emma Stokien ‘08 Becky Baskin ‘08 was co-president of the community, along with Josh DeLott ‘08 and led the efforts on Thanksgiving Morning. incredibly smoothly. I could not have been happier with the turnout of the dinner.” Unfortunately, the day did not go off entirely without a hitch. Ms. Kessler, the mandolin player about whom Reverend Tim Morehouse spoke in his All

Emma Stokien ‘08 David Telfort ‘08 serves a plate to a woman in a festive turkey hat.

School Chapel speech, fell and broke her hip during the talent show that was planned to precede the meal. The show was cancelled as everyone’s priority was making sure she got the proper care, although Rev. Morehouse was also sorry that the Trinity students who volunteered for the show did not have a chance to perform. An ambulance arrived promptly and Ms. Kessler is currently recovering well. “This lady is amazing,” Rev. Morehouse said, and he hopes she will be able to play her mandolin at the talent show next year. Spirits were still high after the incident, however, and the day continued as planned. “The thing that impressed me about that,” Mr. Morehouse said, “is that the dinner went on…and it went perfectly well.” He added, “That’s what leadership is about.” This impressive leader-

ship was apparent in the wonderful outcome of this program. There were even more guests this year than last, and both co-presidents expressed that many seemed happy and grateful to be there. The guests were not the only people present at Thanksgiving Dinner who expressed gratitude for the occasion. The student volunteers themselves were happy to have the opportunity to help out. DeLott said, “Leading the program was an incredibly fulfilling experience for me.” Chelsea Castillo ’08, who helped serve on Thanksgiving morning, explained that she does it every year and always has fun. “I think it’s good for the community,” she said. “I think it’s great we have this for the people who have no place to go. It’s welcoming.” This “welcome” is an important aspect of this endeavor as it not only provides a warm meal, but also helps to reshape the relationship between Trinity and the immediate community that has not always been positive in the past.

“The program serves as a bond between Trinity and its surrounding community,” said DeLott. “We aim to show our neighbors that we care about them.” Because of this, many feel that Thanksgiving Dinner is a valuable service that must be continued in future years. Baskin’s advice to next year’s presidents is to be enthusiastic and care about the project. “If you really believe in what you’re doing,” she explained, “others will also believe it in and want to do it too.” She also suggested to get started early, alluding to the great amount of effort that goes into planning and raising money for the event. Everyone involved in the program believed this hard work truly paid off this year. Rev. Morehouse, impressed with the outcome of this year’s Thanksgiving Dinner, said enthusiastically, “It’s just a winner.” “The most rewarding part [of Thanksgiving Dinner] was when many of our guests thanked us for all of our hard work and effort,” DeLott said. “One man even called us angels. I’ll never forget that.”

Emma Stokien ‘08 Ali Fradin ‘09, a volunteer at Thanksgiving Dinner, helps clear tables .

Trinity Holiday Fair Takes Place December 9

By Zach Himes ‘09

CONTRIBUTING WRITER In mere days, the Small and Lower Gyms were transformed to become the world of amusements that is the Trinity Holiday Fair. From antiques to candy, potpourri to silent auctions, the Holiday Fair attempts to entertain all once a year. As Sami Braun ‘08, a cochairperson for the Holiday Fair, remarked, the Holiday Fair is “the opportunity for the entire school to come together to have a good time.” Through events, such as the silent auction or the games in the Upper Gym, the school becomes more united. While the Holiday Fair in theory unites the school, it is in essence more of a fund raising opportunity rather than one for school spirit. If it were truly an opportunity to unite the entire school, perhaps it would have more students and faculty participating rather than just the parents of young children. Luke Kooper ‘09 ex-

Lily Rudd ‘08 plained “I find that it really isn’t very age appropriate anymore.” Braun also acknowledges “the problem is that the Holiday Fair is not very appealing to Upper School students”. However Braun proposed

that this problem could be resolved by creating more Upper School involvement. Activities such as a scrimmage basketball game between the Upper School Varsity and Junior Varsity Basketball teams would require more student

involvement within the fair. While involvement by Upper School students would help to make the fair more relevant to the Upper School community, it hardly helps the fair’s main goal of raising money. Regardless of its true pur-

pose or how it could be improved, the Holiday Fair is ultimately about what it can offer to the community. As Yaqing Wen ‘09 stated, “it’s cool, they have good candy and cotton candy in the Small Gym that’s awweeesoomme.”

December 21, 2007

Letter From the Editors

Dear Readers, On behalf of the Trinity Times, we wish you the happiest of holidays! 2007 is coming to a close, and with it we are gearing up celebrate with our families and to relax over winter break. Whether we are having snowball fights in the sub-zero city temperatures or reading a book on a beach in the Caribbean, we can all use this time off to rest, reevaluate our goals, and reinvigorate our spirits. With this issue, we invite you to consider some serious issues and to also take a walk on the lighter side. Ponder your own reactions to the December 10 race assembly after reading our coverage. You could do a little additional research on the Bush’s reaction to the National Intelligence Estimate. On a lighter note, explore some of the festive window displays so beautifully assembled around our city or indulge in one of our six holiday controversies. In any case, the holidays are a time to recognize the fun things in life and those that are more solemn. While you are enjoying your time off, please keep our Headmaster Dr. Moses in mind as he recovers in the hospital. Enjoy the break! Sincerely,

Emma Stokien Chloe Zale


Opinion & Editorial

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Remembering the Past in Pakistan By Ben Eckersley ‘09

CONTRIBUTING WRITER When trying to stay informed on world affairs, keeping up to date with the situation in Pakistan can be a nightmare. The perpetual stream of information is confusing to say the least, and in our world of media saturation, things that have been out of the press’s glare for over a week are forgotten. Of course, many of us know about Musharraf and his PML-Q party, Benazir Bhutto and the PPP, and Nawaz Sharif’s PML-N party. But which casual newsreader remembers Jamaat-eIslami, the oldest religious party in Pakistan that was so instrumental in the unrest this summer? Who, for that matter, remembers the turmoil this past summer? Who remembers Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudry, the ex-chief justice, since he was put under house arrest a month ago? One has to look hard to find anything on him when searching on BBC. There are so many figures, so many events, and so many factions in Pakistan that one might say the country is in a state of anarchy. Yet, it is not anarchy, but rather some terrible combination of partisanship that brings it closer to democracy. However, this democracy is compromised; the voices of many are heard at the price of nearcollapse. We must not forget that Pakistan has certainly made progress in terms of its political development. We have seen hundreds of lawyers take to the streets to support a constitution. We have heard the voices of opposition, despite dictatorial, authoritarian rule. In Pakistant, President Musharraf, who is also a military general, recently declared

Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf has often been accused of holding a dictatorial regime. military rule, giving himself complete authority over Pakistan and ignoring the national Constitution. In the Federalist Papers, James Madison warned against the vice of faction, but he was also concerned that measures were often decided “not according to the rules of justice and the rights of the minor party, but by the superior force of an interested and overbearing majority.” This will most likely not come to pass in Pakistan. So what is the future of the nation? The current situation certainly alludes to Vietnam of the late 1950s and early 1960s. Musharraf is just as corrupt and inept at stifling the opposition as Ngo Dinh Diem, the authoritarian

ruler of Vietnam from 19551963. Just as the United States had hesitations about supporting Diem’s administration despite his staunch anti-communist position, it has not sufficiently propped up the Musharraf regime. Despite the massive inadequacies of Musharraf’s administration, Pakistan is perhaps the U.S.’s only participatory ally in the “war on terror” that is geographically, politically, and cultural-religiously relevant to American interests in the Middle East. To alienate Pakistan would be disastrous for current U.S. foreign policy ambitions. When the U.S. did nothing to stop the coup and assassination against Diem in 1963, Ho Chi Minh, the influential

communist and leader of North Vietnam, said, “I can scarcely believe the Americans would be so stupid.” Indeed, as Musharraf’s regime crumbles only to be replaced by the corruption of Bhutto or Sharif, surely the rebels in Waziristan are shaking their heads in disbelief as well. In the interest of Pakistanis, who knows what the most desirable solution is? Just as there are progressivethinking lawyers, there are hardline Islamic fundamentalists. But the United States has certainly failed to influence the situation towards its most desirable outcome. Whoever Pakistan’s next ruling group may be, it will probably be less friendly to America than this President, “a

Corrections In the last issue, the article “Looking For Something to Read?” was written by Madeleine Schwartz.

Annoucements Please keep an eye out for the Trinity Times’ graphical redesign, which will make its debut in the coming winter months.

Editors-in-Chief Emma Stokien Chloe Zale Managing Editors Alex Bolano Alex Brownstein Jane Chen Arts and Innovation Remy Grosbard Madeleine Schwartz Opinion and Editorial Katharine Pitt Tatiana Schlossberg Photography Lily Rudd

Trinity Life Julia Brownstein Susan Reed NYCulture Jamie Danner Sam Plumer Sports Chris MacNaughton Zoe Vance Layout Patrick Toth Faculty Advisor Peter Donhauser

The Trinity Times is published by the students of Trinity School, 139 West 91st St., New York, NY 10024. Views expressed in signed opinion pieces do not represent the position of the Times editorial board.

Opinion & Editorial

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veritas omnia vincit

Bush Ignores National Intelligence Estimate By Tatiana Schlossberg ‘08 SECTION EDITOR

Anyone who was surprised by the National Intelligence Estimate report released on Monday, December 3 is either an administration-worshipping zealot or doesn’t understand the President’s commitment to deception and dishonesty. The report said that Iran had halted its nuclear weapons program in 2003, before the United States military operations began in Iraq. The report also stated that Iran was collecting enriched uranium ore for an entirely civilian nuclear energy program, but that the ore could potentially be used to make nuclear armaments sometime during the next decade. In response to this outright roadblock of any of his aspirations to invade Iran or at least to continue his posture of bellicosity towards that nation, President Bush declared that Iran remains a threat and is a nation that cannot be trusted to harness nuclear energy in a peaceful manner. This supremely arrogant response is nothing less than what we can expect from our president. Despite what is hoped to be an objective body’s discovery of the President’s fallibility, he still has the audacity and arrogance to proclaim that the leader of another country is not to be trusted. This report and its subsequent reaction from the President necessitate not looking at Iran and its lack of nuclear weaponry, but rather at ourselves.

Although President Bush’s approval rating, coupled with the Democratic majority in Congress, doesn’t allow for much leeway, how can the American people still be willing to give President Bush the benefit of the doubt? He unarguably led us into war under the fabricated pretense that Saddam Hussein was manufacturing weapons of mass destruction, both biological and nuclear. He defied the United Nations, a body that, despite what the President and his cronies may think, does not exist for the convenience of the United States. Yes, the United States was crucial to its founding, but that does not mean that we can continually ignore its sanctions and warnings. The United States is just one organ of the body that is the international community; we cannot act with complete disregard for the world’s other members. Following the revelation that many suspected but few in the political sphere were willing to articulate that Iraq had no weapons of mass destruction, President Bush shifted the focus of his rhetoric, denouncing the tyranny of Saddam Hussein and proclaiming the onslaught of democracy in the Middle East. While it is perhaps a noble idea to bring human rights and democratic government to the thusly-deprived inhabitants of Iraq, this was a doomed plan for oh-so-many reasons. It is unrealistic and morally arrogant to attempt to install an unfamiliar ethical system in a society that operates in a way entirely different from our own. Additionally, the religious tension in the region is an endemic problem that

the United States cannot solve, both because it doesn’t have the skill and because it refuses to understand Islam in non-monolithic fashion. Next on this list of heinous injustices perpetrated by our President is Guantanamo Bay. While we promote our status as a moral exemplar abroad (although few continue to believe it), we torture often-innocents in complete and utter defiance of the Geneva Conventions and the Constitution, the absolute highest law of the land. When the President of the United States endorses torture (or as he would call it, “harsh interrogation tactics) and the Vice-President claims that his powers are not defined by the Constitution and so he can do whatever he wants, you know we’re in trouble. Considering this grim

retrospective, why is it that anyone could possibly be surprised by the National Intelligence Estimate? Knowing that Bush and his gang knew that there were not nuclear weapons in Iraq, why did we still take his word that they existed in Iran? Why have we ceased to question as we did before, especially in circumstances that could indefinitely lead to war, something that most civilized nations try to avoid? Some argue that Americans have, in large part, ceased to examine the facts because the outlook is, as our national Magic Eight Ball might tell us, not good. For better or for worse, I attribute it to systemic optimism. Currently, we are looking to the next president to solve our problems rather than dealing with the current crises we face. In many cases we cannot

afford to wait, but wait we do. Why? We seem content to leave Bush to his devices because we know that it will get better. This obstinacy exists because we have faith in the rule of law, the power of legislation and the authority of the ballot box. The system that the authors of the Constitution designed contains, in its checks and balances, the mechanisms for peaceful change, and as such, gives us hope for a better future. To abandon these fundamental values would destroy the United States as it has stood for over two hundred years. I’m not saying that we should continue to trust President Bush. I think that we can no longer afford to be optimistic. But as it is, optimism seems to be our national blessing and curse.

and the candidates answer in turn. For these debates (the Democrats had theirs in July) Anderson Cooper’s team went through the 5,000 submitted questions (which can all be found on YouTube) and found the very worst. Instead of choosing, “What are some other ways to discourage illegal immigration?” Cooper selected, “Why don’t we spend more money trying to put people on Mars?” Replacing “What would you do

about Darfur?” was the much more pressing question asking former Mayor Rudy Giuilani to come clean about his support of the Red Sox. The theory behind the YouTube debates is that normal people will be able to ask questions without the filter of news stations, and as a result the candidates will reveal never-before-seen sides of their characters. But when Cooper chooses the worst questions, the candidates have no choice but to laugh and make jokes. When former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee made a joke about the Mars question (“…maybe Hillary could be on the first rocket to Mars”), it went over well. When Colorado Congressman Tom Tancredo took the question seriously, the crowd’s unspoken reaction was: “What’s wrong with you? We came to be entertained, not to be lectured on public policy!” It is bothersome that we learn so little from the debates. Our country is relying on these debates to educate us so that we can choose a new leader for our country and a president who can set a good example for the rest of the free world. Sadly, when the debates are organized by news stations, they have no choice but to put ratings above their responsibility to America, and the debates become yet another fraudulent (albeit political) reality show.

Presidential Debates 2008: More Spectacle Than Serious By Peter Ronson ‘11

CONTRIBUTING WRITER Since the inauguration of the presidential race, we have seen all kinds of presidential debates from both parties. These debates have been somewhat less than enlightening, to say the least. They have been rather pointless exercises in the candidates’ eagerness to engage in the pettiest of arguments and a clear demonstration of the media’s ability to choose the viable contenders from each party for the nomination. It is evident in watching these debates that they have become a sham. Instead of a forum in which the public could understand where its candidates stood on issues, the presidential debates have become a circus and essentially a mockery of our democratic process. What we’ve seen most frequently is this: Wolf Blitzer asks only Obama and Clinton questions while the other ignored Democratic candidates stand to the side looking bored. Not much of a debate. In these debates, Obama and Clinton are selected to answer the same questions again and again, but instead, they criticize what the other one would have said if it had been his or her question. This process goes on for about half an hour until the other candidates get a turn at the leftover questions. During this quick intersession, Senator Joe Biden

gets asked something the voters don’t care about and, since he realizes it, spends the time making funnies with the hope that this will get him some attention. Governor Richardson makes some very good points and observations but because his voice doesn’t give you goosebumps like Obama’s, no one cares. Former Senator Mike Gravel compares Viet Nam to Iraq and, like the crazy uncle who spends half an hour saying grace

at Thanksgiving, is not invited back to any more debates. All the while, Wolf Blitzer interjects “time” whenever a candidate takes more than thirty seconds to outline his or her plan for leading the free world. The Republicans have taken a quick break from this format to propose their own style: Anderson Cooper asks the same dull questions that a very small number of people want to hear,

Opinion & Editorial

December 21, 2007

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Bush’s Last Year in Office: Hopeful or Disastrous? By Katie Gamble ‘11

CONTRIBUTING WRITER With the end of the year fast approaching, so draws near the beginning of President Bush’s last year in office. Throughout his entire presidency, President Bush has appeared to be more focused on his foreign agendas than on domestic issues. But now, some people in Washington are sensing a change in the tides. Over the past few months, President Bush has made himself out to be a crusader for the well being of American citizens, rather than the man who proposed to completely revamp Social Security, change the tax code, revise the immigration laws and invade Iraq. Recently, he has been taking small domestic issues and incorporating them into his political agenda, an action some suggest is to increase his relevance to the population. Others contest that he his trying to distract the public from his other failing policies.. One clear instance of President Bush’s new concern for domestic issues in his final year happened recently when he traveled to Chesapeake Bay, Maryland in order to announce federal protection for two rare species of game fish, the striped bass and red drum. Although it seems few in Washington or in the press took any notice of this small-scale event, people

on the coast of Maryland certainly paid attention. After many interviews with local fishermen and recreational fishers, many of President Bush’s aides decided that this small executive order really “struck a chord” with the local population. Some close to President Bush even believe that he can adapt this newfound success into a full-scale political strategy for his final year. Other instances of President

Wayne Meisel’s Call and Response By Patrick Toth ‘10 LAYOUT EDITOR

On November 8, Wayne Meisel, the president of the Bonner Foundation, spoke at our weekly chapel service. His speech was about his position on community service and “giving back,” in keeping with the chapel theme of “Am I my brother’s keeper?” However, much of the school community, including this writer, felt that he went too far, although his ideals were of the highest order. Mr. Meisel’s talk was, in terms of values, in line with the spirit of Chapel; it was about youth involvement in community service and, specifically, his work in notfor-profit organizations. From the beginning, however, he seemed too “passionate,” and several teachers left Chapel during his talk because they objected to the way he delivered his speech. However, the part that everyone was talking about—or objecting to—was the interactive part of his speech. At the end of his talk, Mr. Meisel, by this point speaking loudly and fervently, asked everyone to get up and repeat a set of words with him, words about community service and a personal promise about giving back to the community. A student who wished to remain anonymous said, “It seemed like indoctrination to me, like he was trying to manipulate us.” Indeed, this was the part of the speech that crossed the line between acceptable and unacceptable. Several members of the faculty seemed to feel that Mr. Meisel had overstepped the constraints of the Trinity chapel by using it as a pulpit for his sermon, however good his intentions. These teachers who refused to be quoted, indicated that they essentially felt that Mr. Meisel

had used his evangelical style to unfairly manipulate young minds into his path, and that no matter how good the core ideals of his speech, the way in which he used his platform was less than ethical. Mr. Meisel’s history in the field of community service is quite illustrious. He is the founder of the Campus Outreach Opportunity League (COOL), a program whose mission “is to educate, connect and mobilize college students and their campuses to strengthen communities through service and action,” as stated by its mission statement. His current foundation’s mission is to “meet the basic needs” of education by providing scholarships to students who perform community service. Mr. Meisel has not responded to emails asking for comment on his speech, his thoughts on Trinity, or his work, either at the Bonner Foundation or at COOL. It’s fair to say that Mr. Meisel’s talk was one that was remembered more for his passion in giving it than his subject matter. He has been known, however, to use fiery rhetoric in his crusade, such as in his American Imperative paper. He says that young people are “uniquely gifted” in certain areas: “They make great soldiers. They are our best athletes...They are great community servants.” He then proceeds to advocate that colleges switch the priorities of community service and athletics, using sharp language and shaming colleges that are venerated for their athletics. Commendable, of course; most people would like to see more community service. Practical or achievable? No. It’ll never happen. Inflammatory to proud alumni of any institution? Definitely—if they don’t treat it as a joke.

Bush’s increasing attention to domestic issues came in a speech in the Rose Garden, during which he asked lenders to help anxious homeowners refinance subprime mortgages and supported the Food and Drug Administration in having greater authority to recall unsafe foods. During the Thanksgiving season, President Bush also issued an executive order to free up additional air space in order to lessen traffic in the


Are these changes truly productive, or are they merely a new front to help regain support for the president? If one looks closely, it becomes apparent that many of President Bush’s new initiatives have little practical effect. For instance, fishing for striped bass and red drum is already prohibited in federal waters, and President Bush’s order will only have relevance if the current ban is lifted, which is unlikely. Also, the Federal Aviation Administration already has the power to clear air space without a presidential order. Many of Bush’s other views on domestic issues have so far been mostly talk and little action. At this point in time, it appears that President Bush’s views on politics have changed very little, and it is most likely that he will continue along the course of action that he has been taking for over six years. These sentiments also bear great relevance to the situation in Iraq. Many people are hopeful that President Bush will finally begin to make greater efforts to please the public and pull the troops out of Iraq, but others are fearful that he has his heart set on invading Iran. With his presidency drawing to a close, it is very likely that he will take action soon, for better or for worse. Unfortunately, even with his Iraq policy crumbling around him, the president

keeps insisting that we press onward in the War on Terror, keeping our troops away from home and digging ourselves even further into what can now only be called a total mess. In a possible attempt to redeem himself in the public’s eye and even distract people from the war in Iraq, President Bush has recently been paying greater attention to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in order to polish his severely damaged foreign policy image. On November 27, President Bush reached an agreement with the Israelis and the pro-western Palestinians to begin the first peace talks since the beginning of his rise to the presidency. He is now pushing for a peace treaty by the end of next year and has even revitalized the notion of a “road map” to lead the two parties to lasting peace. In recent meetings, though tensions have been high, it appears that this final effort on President Bush’s part may actually be showing some sort of promise. So is Bush really focused on fixing domestic issues and redeeming his failing foreign agenda, or is he merely seeking the approval and backing of the public for his final decisions in his last year of office? Right now it is hard to say, but one hopes that President Bush will use this last year to help right some of his presidency’s previous wrongs and satisfy America’s demands.

Africa and Estonia. AtatypicalModelCongressconference, every participant presents a bill to his or her committee and argues it in order to pass it in the committee. During a Model UN conference, the participants are separated into distinct committees and are given an international issue to debate and resolve for the best interest of their assigned country. During their debates, delegates with similar opinions convene together and begin to write working papers that describe how to best solve the situation. After presenting their working paper to the entire committee and debating its effectiveness, these delegates transform their working paper into a resolution. This resolution is then presented in front of the entire committee again and the delegates attempt to pass it. Although everyone who participated on these trips had an excellent experience, uncertainty has arisen as to whether these conferences reflect in anyway the actual political process or if they help with other school activities. “Model Congress teaches young Trinitarians the skills needed to set up an argument and defend it. It provides young students with experience in social interactions that are invaluable,” said Eric Gurevitch ‘09 when asked about being part of Model Congress. “It teaches one that in order to get a bill passed, you often have to work with other people and not against them.” Asked whether his experience at Model Congress has assisted him at his position of Senator for the Class of 2009, Gurevitc stated, “not directly, but it does provide one with an understanding of the means in which to get ideas through.” Several other members of both clubs have

agreed with his statement. There is a general consensus thatstudents’debateskillsandteamwork have drastically improved from attending conferences. In addition, these students have also felt that they have improved or even learned the ability to deliver a point in a clear, concise and effective style. On the contrary, some participants have felt that both the Model UN and Model Congress trips, though fun, do not clearly replicate the actual parliamentary procedures utilized by the United States Congress and the United Nations. “I truly enjoy being a part of Model UN but sometimes the other delegates simply repeat their arguments over and over and no progress is made,” argued one student. “Although [the delegates] do use parliamentary procedure during our committees, it does not seem nearly as formal as the way that the actual UN operates.” Given that these conferences are for high school students, it is not at all surprising that these conferences style themselves in a more casual manner. Even if they do not reflect the actual procedures used by Congress and the UN, debate and compromise still exist, and these conferences teach these skills to students. Although these conferences are too informal for some, in general both Model Congress and Model UN are reflective enough of the real political process that they teach students the challenges of resolving issues among a large group of people, all with different ideas and demands. In addition to learning how to work together with strangers, these students have learned the art of correctly presenting an argument and should be able demonstrate that ability in school and the larger world.

How Real are Model Congress and UN? By Michael Kimmelman ‘09 CONTRIBUTING WRITER

During the middle of November and the beginning of December, Trinity’s Model Congress and Model United Nations clubs participated in their main events of the year. Model Congress, led by senior presidents George Cook, Katharine Pitt, andTatiana Schlossberg and faculty advisor Mr. Bradford Anderson, drove down to Washington D.C. in order to participate in the Princeton Model Congress Conference. Model UN, led by senior presidents David Gern, Prateek Janardhan and faculty advisor Mr. Kevin Clark, went to Boston to participate in the fifty-fifth Harvard Model UN Conference where they represented the delegations of South While Mr. Meisel’s speech was about community service, many students across all grades felt that it resembled a religious sermon. At Trinity, we consider ourselves a fairly liberal school. Several students, who refused to be named, stated that they felt his speech was reminiscent of “television priests,” and especially objected his use of that style of rhetoric. Yes, he did speak during Chapel, but Chapel is about morals and ethics, not any specific religion. Mr. Meisel came to Trinity with a good idea and message, but he ruined it by attempting to manipulate young minds in a way reminiscent of religious indoctrination. Most egregious, however, was his violation of the sanctity and traditions of our chapel. His speech was inflammatory and objectionable to the point that some of the faculty he wished to inspire walked out, and many students indicated that they would have done the same had they been allowed.

Trinity Life

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Ms. Suellyn Preston-Scull Steps Up as Acting Head

By Chloe Zale ‘08 EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

As of November 20, Ms. Suellyn Preston-Scull is now officially serving as the Acting Head of Trinity School. Formerly the Associate Head of School, Ms. Scull stepped up to her new position after Headmaster Henry Moses had a heart attack on October 19. Dr. Moses is currently recovering in the hospital. “I took the role because I felt it was in the best interests of the school… Dr. Moses always said that when the Headmaster’s not here, the Associate Head acts as Head in his absence,” Ms. Scull said of her new position. After consulting with the NationalAssociation of Independent Schools (NAIS), Ms. Scull and the President of the Board of Trustees, Mr. Andrew Brownstein, decided that it would be best for Trinity if the Acting Head was someone who knew the school well rather than a hired administrator from the outside. Ms. Scull has been

working at Trinity since 1980, though she was not at the school from 1997 to 2003. She began as an Upper School science teacher and made her way up the administrative ranks as Grade Dean, Assistant Principal for the 11th and 12th grade, Upper School Principal, and Associate Head. She was the first female Head of the Upper school and has been Associate Head since 2003. As Acting Head, Ms. Scull is essentially working two jobs. She has taken on the Headmaster’s

responsibilities while continuing her former ones as Associate Head. Her combined responsibilities include fundraising, overseeing admissions, planning budgets, supervising development, hiring new faculty members, and organizing professional development programs that allow teachers to attend workshops, write new curricula, and take courses. She is also the in-house contact person for Trinity’s 300th Anniversary, and all of the senior Department Heads report to her on a weekly basis.

As things progressed after Dr. Moses initially got sick, Ms. Scull was the one who corresponded by email with members of the Trinity community, from faculty and staff to parents and alumni. However, Mr. Brownstein was the one who sent out an official letter about her appointment. When asked what challenges she is facing in her new position, Ms. Preston Scull jokingly said, “Huge ones!” On a more serious note, she conducts her daily business with

a larger goal in mind: “I want to continue with [Dr. Moses’] vision: leaving Trinity in really good hands for the next person,” she explained. “I think he’s done lots of great things, and he wanted to continue the fundraising part because the endowment’s really grown.” As for the rest of the year, no one can be sure what will happen. If Dr. Moses returns, then Ms. Scull will resume her position as Associate Head. Currently, however, Ms. Brigitte Bentele, Head of the Math Department, is taking the role of Interim Associate Head while Ms. Scull works as Acting Head. With such a drastically increased workload, Ms. Scull copes with stress by reading at home and spending time with her family. “My husband’s been very supportive. We’ve done some walks around the city,” she said. Over Christmas, she and her husband will be visiting Berlin. At Trinity, though, Ms. Scull is making the most of her position. “It’s a big challenge, but I love this place, so I’ll do my best,” she said.

Holiday Traditions Finding A Personal, Meaningful Gift By Michaela Kitson ‘11

CONTRIBUTING WRITER With Christmas tree “shacks” lining Broadway, illuminated snowflakes hanging from city streetlamps, “Happy Hanukkah” and “Merry Christmas” signs hanging from window displays of Duane Reades, and the decorated hallways and stairwells of Trinity, it is evident that the holidays have officially arrived. Along with their arrival, come the joy, excitement, and even chaos, of the holiday season. All await the nights that they can spend with their families, lighting the menorah, gathering around the Christmas tree, enjoying a wonderful meal, and sharing laughter and smiles while opening and giving gifts. However, the holidays would be nothing without their traditions. Traditions, along with being enjoyable, represent the core value of the holidays: spending time with family. Whether with a holiday movie or the preparation of a family dinner, traditions bring families together. Traditions may be broken down into two categories, universal and personal. Universal traditions include putting out cookies and milk for Santa, and maybe even some carrots for the reindeer, and for Hanukkah, the preparation of latkes on some of the nights. However, personal traditions depend on families or individuals. Some of these personal traditions among those in the Trinity community include meals and festivities following or preceding Christmas day. “Each year, on Christmas Eve, our family has Lobster Newburg for dinner,” said Kate Witteman ’11. Adam Copeland ’10 similarly shares a Christmas meal

with his family each year. “Every year, on Christmas morning, we have Cheese Strada.” Bea Spirakis ’11 shares a traditional dessert with her family at Christmas. “Each year for Christmas, we go to England to visit our family. As a British tradition, we make a cake and then set it on fire; eventually, after the flames have gone out, we eat it.” As for festivities, “after a late lunch on Christmas day, we always play a game of charades,” said Beatrix Chu ‘11. Along with games, some families also watch movies, cook, or sing carols. “On Christmas Eve, my family watches ‘Rudolf the RedNosed Reindeer’, ‘How the Grinch Stole Christmas’, and ‘A Christmas Story’,” said Peter Benedict ’08. “When I was younger, each year our family would participate in a ‘Kris Kringle’,” a type of Secret Santa, said Ms. Virginia Closs. Other families have traditions that adhere to religious customs. “For Hanukkah, we always use the menorahs that we made in preschool,” said Samantha Wechsler ‘08. Other families may go on trips or attend events, such as the Nutcracker ballet at Lincoln Center, or the Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree Lighting. “At some time during the holidays, we go to the Big Apple Circus,” said Rose Miller ’11. Traditions, whatever they may be, prove to contribute to the spirit of the holidays through motivating a happiness in all of us. So while some families are bringing their Christmas movies out from the closet, others may be packing their passports or purchasing tickets to the Radio City Christmas Spectacular. But whatever your family is doing this season, have a very happy holiday.

Families shop for their loved ones at Trinity’s Annual Holiday Fair, which was held on December 9.

By Rebekah Foster ‘11

CONTRIBUTING WRITER The month of December brings much excitement into the Trinity Upper School community. Trinity has officially declared the countdown to winter vacation, and the holidays are quickly approaching us. Amidst the mountains of tests and essays students must survive before escaping school for two full weeks, students are faced with the dilemma of purchasing gifts for our family members, teachers, and friends. It is often difficult to find an ideal gift for someone. A gift is supposed to reflect the recipient’s interests and personality. So what are Trinity students and faculty buying for holiday gifts this year? Ms. Deidre Williamson, a history teacher and the dean of the ninth grade said,

“I usually do last minute holiday shopping and end up buying gift cards.” The month of December is obviously a busy time for teachers as well as students. “I usually buy airfare for my daughter so she can come visit us in Florida,” said Mr. Robert Hipkens. “I buy my wife spa treatments, and I bought myself a guitar.” Like Ms. Williamson, many students seem to have put off their holiday shopping until a later date. However, Isabelle Auburn ’11 said, “Scarves are always reliable.” Katie Gamble ’11 agreed with Auburn, and she will be purchasing a scarf for her mom. Max DeLott ’11 said, “I’m buying a lot of gift cards for my family members and teachers.” Alix Forstenzer ’11 replied, “I am buying chocolate.” A ninth grader who wishes to remain anonymous said, “iTunes gift certificates

are always a great gift to receive!” It seems that many members of the Upper School community have found easy solutions to the holiday shopping dilemma. Gift certificates have proven to be a popular gift to give this year. They are not as impersonal as giving someone cash; you can buy someone a gift card to a store that pertains to their interests. American Express Gift Checks can be used wherever American Express cards are accepted. Gift cards to popular chains such as Barnes and Nobles and Starbucks are always great gifts to receive. They can be redeemed at any of the store locations. With the 2007 year coming to a close, the gift card seems to be the most popular gift to give as well as to receive during this holiday season. Happy shopping!

Trinity Life

December 21, 2007

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Do Christmas Celebrations Make Students Uncomfortable? By Kate Kearns ‘10 STAFF WRITER

Many Trinity students view Christmas Chapel as one of the most fun traditions at Trinity. They look forward to the angelic first-graders slowly walking up the center aisle of the majestic Crenshaw Christian Center and the rambunctious rendition of The Twelve Days of Christmas, complete with the graduating class’ creative spin. Christmas All School Chapel, possibly the most memorable of the four throughout the year, finishes up the first portion of the school year with a ceremonious program that is hallowed by many Trinity survivors and newcomers. Everyone agrees, regardless of his or her opinion of Christmas Chapel, that the service is deeply rooted in Trinity tradition. Although Christmas Chapel can feel joyful, fun, and liberating after finishing the first half of the school year, its structure is rigid. Students, teachers, and parents sing the same songs year after year, with little deviation from tradition Every student and faculty member is required to attend Christmas Chapel, and people have mixed and passionate opinions about it. Nyelle Barley ‘10 said that Christmas chapel is one of the best chapels because the students are more “involved” in it than in any other chapel and play a fun and “active role” in the ceremony. Many Trinity students are steadfast in their support of Christmas chapel. Susan Reed ’08 agreed with Barley’s statement: “Christmas chapel is the best chapel by far.” She added that Christmas chapel

Lily Rudd ‘08 The Swamp is usually decorated with Christmas paraphernalia and has few other religious representations, which makes some students uncomfortable. makes students “feel free to celebrate themselves,” and that Christmas chapel truly “defines the way I think about Trinity.” Leigh Sevin ’10 and Katherine Haves ’08 both agreed that one can enjoy Christmas Chapel regardless of personal religion. “I’m Jewish, and I love Christmas chapel,” Sevin said. Similarly, Haves commented, “I love the Trinity tradition, and it doesn’t matter that I’m Jewish.” Almost everyone interviewed brought up the traditions of Christmas Chapel and often used tradition as the reason to preserve it. Jenny Ferentz ’10 illuminated this thought: “I

Lily Rudd ‘08

Some Swamp decorations are a little unorthodox. Yes, that is a raw turkey.

think it is hard for people to challenge Christmas Chapel because it would be such a huge departure from Trinity tradition. I don’t want to destroy tradition, but I would like it better if it wasn’t all Christmas carols, or if they paid more attention to Chanukah.” Others want to turn even farther back to past Trinity traditions. Mr. Donald Connor said, “I like Christmas Chapel. I miss the day when we had Christmas Chapel at our chapel in Trinity, and the kindergarteners carried real candles down the aisle. It had a nicer feel.” He also stressed the importance of community. “ I like it because it is nice time to come together before break. I’ve always liked it,” he explained. Yet one issue with the service is that students are deeply divided about the title ‘Christmas’ Chapel. Sevin said, “I do not want to change the name to ‘Holiday’ Chapel. It is and always will be Christmas chapel.” An anonymous senior disagreed, saying, “Trinity should make Christmas Chapel into Holiday Chapel to celebrate the holiday season, instead of just Christmas. It might make people feel more included.” Meg Gilbert ’10, and Ferentz agreed. “We would like a collective Holiday Chapel. But then again chapel does usually have some religious connotations, so people may not be open to that change,” Gilbert said. When asked whether they ever felt uncomfortable in Christmas Chapel or thought the ceremony was inappropriate, students generally took passive,

ambivalent, or aggressive standpoints. Reed first said she never felt uncomfortable, but then changed her mind. “What makes me uncomfortable is when other people challenge it, or Chapel becomes too political.” She said it was similar to how she felt about the “war on Christmas.” She thinks that the service should be celebrated not condemned. “Why” she asked, “should anyone have reservations about something so wholesome?” A sophomore simply stated, “I just sit there.” When pressed for more information, she stood firm. “I just wait for it to be over.” What seems to be the goal of the chapels at Trinity, to celebrate, discuss, and educate Trinity students about different cultures and religious, is lost on this sophomore. For her, Christmas Chapel has a negative effect, if any, on her life. Will Vickery ’08, took the most aggressive view. “Christmas Chapel is not appropriate at all.,” he stated. “For me, a Catholic, to go into a Protestant church to see an overly Protestant ritual is horrible. Chapel is vague and sentimental. None of it is worth hearing.” Others think that students should not complain about the religious implications brought up or included in chapel. A junior added, “Trinity does have a reverend, and Trinity is a Christian name. You can’t say people did not know what they were getting into when they choose to attend Trinity. I’m mean, there is a huge

cross in the Chapel.” Reverand Timothy Morehouse illuminated what he sees as the main purpose of Christmas Chapel. “I think it’s one of the few times of the year that connects us to the founding traditions of the school, when we can reach all the way back” he explained. “There’s no way that it is a test of belief.” Overall, the majority of students seemed reluctant to destroy Trinity tradition but still unsure that the current celebration of the holidays was right. Others felt Chanukah was not considered enough in Trinity’s celebration. A sophomore said, “It seemed that none of my teachers made any considerations about work on any of the nights of Chanukah.” Yet when it comes down to it, the majority of Trinity students believe that Christmas Chapel embodies everything that is good at Trinity: tradition, community, and the celebration of time off from hard work. Though for some Christmas Chapel does hold blatant and offensive religious implications, most think the Chapel does celebrate the holiday spirit, not just the Christmas spirit. The most common suggestion to solve this controversy is to change the name of Christmas Chapel to Holiday Chapel. Most students may approve of Christmas Chapel’s format and feeling but find the name unnecessarily religious. If the label of Christmas Chapel is the only problem people have, it seems like the solution is simple.


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A Well-Loved Park to Undergo Some Controversial Changes

By Lily Rudd ‘08 PHOTO EDITOR

It was a brisk Saturday morning in the middle of November and Lissette Guzman was sitting on a concrete ledge in the middle of the West Village. To her right, children were frisking in a nearby park. To her left, a Rastafarian was playing a saxophone. In front of her was a large, sunken fountain where dozens of people sat conversing. An antiBush protest had just started, and a scrawny man stood yelling on top of one of the fountain’s stone pillars. “I love Washington Square Park,” said Guzman, a senior at NYU. “I’ve never met anyone who hasn’t. The diversity of who comes here is so refreshing. It’s the raw cultural center of the Village.” Lately, many downtown residents, including some in our own Trinity community (including this reporter), have been wondering if the park will be able to maintain its distinct userfriendly reputation. New York City’s multiphase plan to renovate the park is scheduled be implemented this spring. After two and a half years of compromise and debate, the Landmarks Preservation Commission, Parks Department, and City Council have all approved the proposal. “We approved the renovation plan because the proposed changes were appropriate to the park and the Greenwich Village Historic District,” said Elisabeth de Bourbon, Director of Communications at the NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission. “The alterations were consistent with the design and evolution of the park.” The only group that has yet to endorse it, however, happens to be the group that matters most. “The prospect of its accessibility and flavor being taken away is incredibly distressing,” Guzman continued. “I haven’t spoken to a single person who is in favor of the changes. A fence? You

have got to be kidding me.” Guzman was referring to the most prominent and hotly contested feature of the Parks Department’s proposed changes: the construction of a fence that will wrap around the entire park. Along with the fence are many other disputed alterations. Phase I of the project, which will be formally finalized on the twenty-eighth, includes those most significant and most immediate. The walkways will narrow, the plaza will be level with the ground, the concrete ledges and street vendors will disappear, and the famous fountain will move to be aligned with the arch. “Listen, man,” said a middle-aged man who wished to remain anonymous, “I been smoking grass and strumming my shit in this place for thirty years. Ain’t no one gonna tell me to stop that. They better bring some benches up in here, or people gonna raise some hell.” Mindy Horn, Village resident, Columbia graduate, and mother of two, had similar hostility toward the project. “This place is where I grew up, and it’s where my kids are growing up,” she said. “I can’t imagine that changes so drastic would not have an impact on the culture that thrives here.” “The changes are overwhelmingly in favor of the community and the needs of the park’s users,” said Councilmember Alan Gerson, who has worked with the Parks Department for the past two years in compromising and advocating for changes. “It’s a major, major community victory.” Gerson believes that a reason for local uproar has been a lack of awareness of amendments to the plan that have taken place over the last two years. “Not everyone is fully aware of the extent of change from the original design,” he said. “The original design was totally

unacceptable.” The current plan regarding the fence is to construct a smaller, less imposing version of the first proposition. “Now, it’s a decrepit, ugly looking railing fence with chicken wire. A six-foot gated fence would have totally changed the character of the park. A three-foot-six fence will preserve the open character of the park. There will be no gates, spears, or points,” Gerson said. Concerning the movement of the fountain, Gerson is relatively indifferent. “Moving the center of the fountain twenty-three feet won’t

be removed, and new chess and scrabble tables will be installed. Former mayor Ed Koch, fifty-year Village resident and park advocate, also favors the proposal. When the plan was first announced, he wrote an article for The Villager called, “How’s the park doin’? Awful. It needs a renovation.” He drew from past experience with the park and its previous renovations to justify the new ones. “It has now been more than a generation since the last major renovation of Washington Square Park. What looked trendy then…is more than a little dated today,” Koch

the people to speak out about major things like this,” said del Río. “From an architectural standpoint, though, I think the plan has more strengths than weaknesses. A fence might cause some imposing qualities, but the green will compensate for that by making the park seem larger and more open. The move of the fountain is not drastic.” What del Río is most concerned about is the time it will take to complete. “Now I must go years without sitting in the park when I come here! That is not good. No, no, no.”

A proposal to renovate downtown’s Washington Squre Park has recently been approved, upsetting local residents. affect the park one way or another. The plumbing is falling apart, and it needs to be excavated anyway.” Gerson noted other positive changes, such as the restoration and expansion of lawns and the repair of the three mounds, which have been closed off for months. He also emphasized the augmentation and preservation of the park’s most treasured traditional spaces. Access to the fountain for recreation and performing arts will not change. Game space will not


“I’m not convinced,” said Mindy Horn. “Politicians are great at making things sound better than they are.” Mr. Anonymous agreed. “Nah, man. They’re gonna drive us out. Just you wait and see.” Cecidio del Río, a Spanish architect who frequently visits the city for work with his business partner, makes regular use of the park. “I think it is natural for

Gerson expects construction to be over in less than two years. Half of the park will be open at all times during construction, which will not take place during the evenings or weekends. He also thinks that the sooner things get going, the better. “Delaying going forward will increase cost or cause us to lose victories that we’ve won, which are quite significant,” he said. “We’re now in the perfect place to move forward.”

Global Warming Throws Off Northeastern Winter Temps

By Alanna Olken ‘09 STAFF WRITER

“Watch out Lower East Siders! You’re all doomed.” Ryan Maclean ‘09 is not the only one concerned that as soon as 2080, the entire lower east side of Manhattan could be submerged in water. The potential flooding would be a result of the melting polar ice caps and thermal expansion--the increase in temperature caused by Global Warming would cause particles in the water to move around more vigorously, increasing the water’s volume. At this rate, it is said that volume could increase as drastically as 16-20 feet and completely flood our beloved city. This fairly new statistic which was first mentioned in Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth is certainly an alarming one for Trinity Students, for it

A Google Earth simulation of Lower Manhattan flooded by 12 meters of water. envisioned myself raising a famseems that this aspect of Glob- ily here when I grow up and I al Warming is hitting a little simply could not imagine some too close to home. Ali Lebow parts of this city gone.” ‘09 feels that this one statis- The visual aid of the tic is extremely motivating, lower parts of Manhattan sub“I love New York and I am a merged in water as presented in lifelong New Yorker. I always An Inconvenient Truth, made a

significant impression on Tatiana Schlossberg ‘08, who in addition to being concerned with the potential flooding, is also perplexed by the erratic weather in New York recently. “A more current and relevant issue to us New Yorkers is the biting cold weather,” she said. “Our careless treatment of the issue of Global Warming is now affecting everyone very rapidly. I would say it is unusual to have a week of 60 and 70 degree weather followed by freezing cold and snow.” This is certainly true, and the more immediate effects that people face, the more people will want to do. It seems that around Trinity, Global Warming is becoming a serious concern and priority. Jenny Bright ‘09 observes that, ‘It seems people are doing small things, like recycling, to make a difference. I am noticing a gradual change in my friends’ attitude towards the

environment. They are not as careless.” In another example of making a difference, the Trinity Senate recently appropriated money to the Environmental Awareness Club to put plants in the swamp to increase the amount of oxygen in the notoriously stuffy area. Unfortunately, it took a drastic change and a big potential threat to gain many people’s awareness about the issue of Global Warming, especially New Yorkers. “Last Wednesday, I walked out in the same jacket I wore on Tuesday but froze because it was about 25 degrees colder than Tuesday’s weather, the weather I had anticipated,” said Ariel Gordon ‘11. She got up from her seat in the freshman area and recycled her Snapple bottle, “every little bit counts,” she declared with a smile.


December 21, 2007

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Are New York City Holiday Events Old News? By Beatrix Chu ‘11 and Rose Miller ‘11

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS New York holiday traditions are becoming boring, some Trinitarians believe. In the holiday season, New York City becomes a Mecca for tourists from all around the world. Celebratory events, such as tree lightings and holiday shows, are just some of the festivities the city has to offer everyone between Thanksgiving and New Year’s providing holiday spirit for all the city’s inhab-

“[Tree lightings] are too focused on one religion and are generally silly and boring.” itants. This year marked the 75th Anniversary of the Rockefeller Center tree lighting ceremony. On November 28, at 7 pm, crowds gathered to observe this elaborate spectacle. The ceremony included various celebrity appearances and a lineup of noteworthy musicians. Tuesday, November 27 was the 7th anniversary of the Lincoln Center tree lighting. This giant neighborhood celebration, named Winter’s Eve, was a fest of shopping, entertainment and

kids’ activities. Again New York was proud to host another great holiday event. While many love these spectacles, some find these traditions boring. Carolyn Scheinberg ’11 says that the tree lightings are a nice tradition for New York City residents and make her happy, although she does not ever go to them. Meg Gilbert ’10 agreed, saying, “Tree lightings are a good way for communities to come together during the holidays.” Halley Kaye-Kauderer ’11 despises these events, arguing that “they are too focused on one religion and are generally silly and boring.” There are various other holiday events in New York, including the annual Nutcracker performance at Lincoln Center and the Radio City Christmas Spectacular featuring the Rockettes. While these can be fun shows, not everybody enjoys them. Isabelle Aubrun ’11 loves the Nutcracker and says that it is a timeless show for all ages, but other freshmen dislike the ballet. Ismael Fofana ’11 likes the Rockettes, although he has only seen them once. Although people may differ in their opinions on these activities, they are nevertheless longstanding traditions, unique to New York. Open to all, they attract tourists and New Yorkers alike throughout the holiday season.

NYC Winter Tourism Rises as Dollar Declines By Lauren Kreps ‘10


Zach Himes ‘09

Tourists often flock to Times Square with its entertaining shows, bright lights, and many opportunities to spend the weekend dollar.

Are we, New York City students, at a disadvantage as consumers in our own city? Foreign visitors to New York City this holiday season have an apparent leg-up on the rest of consumers. With the American dollar gradually declining, many foreign currencies have reached all-time high levels against the greenback. In 2002, the American dollar was equal to the European Euro. Today, the dollar is approaching an unprecedented $1.50 against the Euro. For European shoppers, these statistics connote a new sense of unbridled purchasing power. Now able to buy American goods at formidable discounts compared with their home countries, international shoppers have taken full advantage of the fall of America’s dollar, almighty no longer. Though it may leave some New York shoppers jealous of their foreign counterparts, the favorable exchange rate for international shoppers is proving to be an effective marketing campaign for numerous savvy stores. In addi-

tion to the allure of exchange rate savings, small and large stores alike are offering typical Christmas-time discounts. Louise Richards, a tourist from Hampshire England, revealed to the New York Times her incentive for a shopping expedition to New York. She

dollar stands for the first time in three decades as the economic equal to the American dollar. Many Canadian consumers are now willing to take the short trip across the border in order to purchase simple toiletries at considerably lower, American prices.

“Today, the dollar is approaching an unprecedented $1.50 against the Euro.” explained, “Yesterday, we went into Bloomingdale’s and they give you a visitor’s card that allows you about 10 percent off on many purchases, so at the end of the day, you’ve done remarkably well. At home, you spend €250 ($518) for a pair of designer jeans, and here they’ll cost $200, so that’s less than half price.” Even our neighbors to the north, who were for many years unable to consume American goods at par, have been migrating downwards. Five years ago, the Canadian dollar was worth just more than 60 cents in American money. Today, the Canadian

The weak dollar has helped to make New York an attractive destination for consumers worldwide. However, it is not solely the international shoppers of New York City that are reaping the benefits of the low American dollar. The recent influx of tourists has been markedly advantageous for many businesses, including restaurants, Broadway shows, and hotels. Perhaps for a New Yorker, the only noticeable downside of a flood of international tourists is facing new challenges and competitors in the bargain-hunting frenzy, and navigating the glutted streets.


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Wintry Window Wonderlands:

The Best of New York City’s

By Jamie Danner ‘08 SECTION EDITOR

Trinity may be lacking windows, but stores throughout New York City have made the best of theirs. As is the custom, stores across the city have filled theirs with enticing, beautiful and often lavish displays. Possibly the most publicized windows this year are those at Barneys located at 660 Madison Ave. Location, At 61st St. Designed by Simon Doonan, Barneys Creative Director, the theme of the windows is “Have a Green Holiday.” The windows outside the store gleam with green light, created by housing flickering Christmas lights in empty green soda bottles. The walls of all the windows have “snowflakes” made of shredded soda cans, and all of them bear signs declaiming simple things we can do to be greener. One of the store’s windows has a “Heroes of Green” tree with portraits of celebrities including Al Gore and Leonardo Dicaprio. Emma Stokien ‘08 responded to this window saying “Although I appreciate the effort to raise awarness about the environment, I think that honoring only celebrities trivializes the impact of the change ‘regular’ people can make in the fight against Global Warming.” Another window houses a mosaic of “Rudolph the Recycling Reindeer.” Rudolph is a

Emma Stokien ‘08 “...sun gods...loom over a reclining mannequin dressed as a flapper about to sing into a microphone.” mosaic made entirely of recycled bottle caps, with two cans for eyes. His antlers stick out, spanning a breadth of around six feet, and his face has a peace sign, a smiley face and “JOY” worked into it with bottle caps. Finally this Rudolph has a green light bulb nose, and a sign next to him declaims, “Green is the new Black.” “Simon begins thinking up ideas for the windows sometimes a year in advance,” says Taylor, a production manager for the windows at Barney’s. “We’ve gotten tons of positive feedback, especially because of

the message we are sending to the public.” Taylor’s favorite window displays a list of “The Twelve Green Days of Christmas” which reads: “On the twelfth day of Christmas my pro-Green true love gave to me …12 tons of tofu, 11 solar panels, 10 New Age gurus, 9 organic carob bars, 8 tickets to Burning Man, 7 sustainable ostrich farms, 6 compost toilets, 5 rolls of recycled gift wrap, 4 fair-trade futons, 3 free-range sustainable-farmed organic hens, 2 vegan chefs, and a Prius in a pear tree.”

However not all are pleased with the look of the windows. Says 16-year-old Lily Aleksander, “It’s a great message, but its still not, like, Christmasy enough for me. Like that Rudolph thing—his eyes look like Voldemort. But I do love those metro card outfits those elves are wearing, that is hysterical.” Ms. Aleksander is referring to a window in which metro-card-clad elves are supporting, Atlas-like, a model of midtown. Barneys isn’t the only store that has green in its holiday windows. “Earth,” one of Bergdorf Goodman’s windows,

Emma Stokien ‘08 One of Barneys’ holiday windows honors the celebrities who have made the greatest contributions to the fight against Global Warming this year.

radiates green, with green walls and animal statues. Found at 754 Fifth Avenue (57th and 58th Streets), Bergdorf Goodman’s windows, designed by David Hoey, are as überchic as ever. They are based on a theme influenced by award-winning designer Tony Duquette. All the windows are based on a theme of the elements, Fire, Wind, Water, Air, Light and Earth, and all feature elegantly garbed mannequins that hark back to the 1940s. “It’s a fabulous industry tradition to have extravagant windows,” says Vice-President of Visual Merchandising, Susan Homan. Her favorite window, the Fire display, is one of the more lavish of Bergdorf’s windows, displaying a mannequin in a shimmering golden gown surrounded by an oriental motif, complete with a gilt dragon framed by tawny pagodas directly behind the mannequin. The bronzed frame of the window reminds one of scenes from The King and I, and the mannequin is wearing wood, placed just so in her hair. Another more lavish window is the Light window, with two deconstructed sun gods, whose heads are surrounded by flames. They loom over a reclining mannequin dressed as a flapper about to sing into a microphone. She is dressed in what appears to be a silver mirror dress and matching headband. In fact, the entirety of the window is plastered with reflective surfaces, most notably the Venetian blue mosaic behind the mannequin. “I love how incredibly detailed these windows are,” Stokien, whose favorite Bergdorf window was Light, said. “It makes them so unique and astonishingly beautiful. Looking at these windows, you know immediately how much time and effort must have been put into these works of art. That’s why Bergdorf windows are my favorite year after year.” Ms. Homan strongly advocates the tradition of the windows over their power to entice, “The windows are a fixture of New York, and regardless of whether more people come into the store or not because of them is irrelevant to their continued existence.” Michele Boyle would agree. A graduate student at NYU’s Institute of Fine Arts thinks that the windows are “pretty amazing” but is “more content to look at the windows than to go inside.” Her reason? “I am a student after all, so I’m happy just admiring them rather than going broke.”


December 21, 2007

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Dazzling Decorative Displays Holiday Store Windows

Emma Stokien ‘08 A woman in a sheer, shimmering dress dances with a dashing alligator in Bergdorf ’s “Water” window. Further down Fifth Avenue from the suspended star above the intersection of 57th Street and 5th Avenue and more stores delight the eyes of passersby. Henri Bendel’s windows, at 712 Fifth Avenue at 55th Street, pay homage to a land of dreams decked out in Swarovsky crystals, and Fendi has two of its new belts in meticulously detailed super size stretched across the store, at 677 Fifth Ave, nr. 53rd St., with one lit up to represent the white variation the belt comes in. Cartier has converted its scaffolding on 653 Fifth Ave, at 52nd St. into a virtual Christ-

mas cave, with carols piped in and all evidence of construction covered with pine, lights, and presents—even behind the building-high scrim there are flashing lights, like so many of Cartier’s diamonds. Saks’ display, on 611 Fifth Avenue at 49th Street, features Snowpeople, based on a new book by brothers Rick and Ryan Zeeb celebrating uniqueness. Farther south at 424 Fifth Avenue at 38th Street are the grand displays of Lord and Taylor. This year Lord and Taylor presented several vignettes of traditional Christmas scenes.

Emma Stokien ‘08 Even Bergdorf’s smallest windows get festive makeovers with jewels.

Says sales associate Christine Johnson, “There are different senses in each window, and for each sense a different global location; sound is in a house in Vienna; taste is in a Parisian bakery; sight is in the canals of Venice etc, etc.” The wonderfully handcrafted scenes, with magically detailed figures, serve as a yuletide anchor to the past in contrast with more modern windows, such as those at Macy’s a few blocks west on Herald Square at 34th Street and Broadway. Macy’s windows detail “Santa’s Big Journey” inspired by the Rankin/Bass TV classics such as “Rudolph the Red-nosed Reindeer” and “Santa Claus is Comin’ to Town.” The windows are the most high-tech in town, with a miniature roller coaster in one, a rotating world in another and music blasting from all. Frankly, the windows brashly attest to the excessive commercialization of Christmas and unfortunately won this year’s Display and Design Ideas citywide contest, trumping Barneys. When confronted with the news an anonymous employee at Barneys hatched a plan to bomb out Macy’s “trashy” windows with green recycled soda bottles. That comment was quickly followed by the explanation that Macy’s had won because they spent the most money. Regardless of the fact, Noemi Lammert, who works at the Visitor Center at Macy’s has said that there has been overwhelming positive response to the windows. “People just think they are the coolest windows imaginable I’m proud we won and I think we definitely deserved it.”

Farther south still (in SoHo) are avante-garde furniture store Moss, at 150 Greene Street nr. Houston and the Japanese store Kiteya, at 464 Broome St between Greene street and Mercer street. Moss, owned and run by Murray Moss, has large windows with vinyl labels on them, which are green and red speech bubbles declaiming “ho, ho ho!” In the main window are two pieces, a gigantic purple and red glass chandelier, which belongs in a Lewis Caroll novel, and a red screen with prints of golden suns on it. The chandelier, a “Diamentei” chandelier by Venini, is actually mouth blown amethyst and red glass. Weighing in at approximately 500 lbs, with 21 lights, it is one of the heaviest and brightest displays this season. The display went up a week before Thanksgiving, and in only one day. “It was designed by Murray Moss himself,” says Press Relation and Gift Registry Specialist Emily; “most of the displays are.” Moss’ keen

bag of collectors, who usually want limited edition things, and corporate buyers or people who just fall in love with certain pieces.” Compared to the nearby Moss, the window display at Kiteya is a paltry affair, in monetary terms. But the white tree, decorated with Kyoto made Chirimen (traditional kimono fabric) balls, and the bamboo shoots in the window have lured in some high-profile customers. “A few days ago,” begins Yuko, a sales assistant, “Mr. Gabbana, you know of Dolce and, came in and bought a lot of the ornaments that we show in the window.” The fabric ornaments, which range in price from $5-$30 dollars, are beautiful, created with exquisite handmade prints on the soft silk. The softness and durability are a selling point as well says manager, Yumi. “Many customers come in because they are intrigued by the uniqueness of the display, which is a mesh of western Christmas and traditional Japa-

Emma Stokien ‘08 A bejeweled mannequin looks on as Jamie Danner ‘08 takes notes. eye for the extraordinary and extravagant is clearly evident in his windows this year. Valued at $79,000 the chandelier is also easily the most expensive display in one window, even by itself. Add to that the price of the screen, “Soli e Lune” by Piero Fornasetti and his son Barnaba, and the total is at $97,500, without tax. “People do come in and buy the pieces regularly,” says Display Director Stephen Floyd, while instructing other employees on how high other display decorations throughout the store should hang. “We get a mixed

nese materials. But when they come inside and see the ornaments, many realize how kidfriendly they are. They won’t shatter and kids really do love them.” Yumi also notes that many tourists love buying the ornaments, because of their simple elegance. All in all, it seems that whether elegant, political, high-tech, traditional, avante-garde, or subtle, this year, as so many others, the citizens of New York are being treated again to this delightful and festive form of art.


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veritas omnia vincit

Public School Achievement Rewarded with Cell Phone Benefits? By Tatiana Schlossberg ‘08 SECTION EDITOR

Call them, beep them, if you wanna reach them! Is this the new slogan for the New York City public school system? Earlier this month, the New York City Board of Education announced a plan aptly named “The Motivation Campaign.” The plan hopes to inspire New York City public school students to achieve by rewarding them with cell phone benefits. Spearheaded by Dr. Roland G. Fryer, the program’s aim is to motivate students in low-income, low-achievement areas to do well, both in classroom work and on various standardized tests. Dr. Fryer is the newly appointed “Chief Equality Officer” at Opportunity NYC, the department at the Board of Education that has developed “The Motivation Campaign.” Lindsey Matthews, Dr. Fryer’s Chief of Staff, said that this “Motivation Campaign” along with “Spark” (the policy that pays students for success on standardized tests) are part of an “umbrella mission, helping the New York City Department of Education to find different ways to motivate students and change the products that are available to kids. This cell phone endeavor is particularly designed to make kids think that education is ‘cool.’” “These kids see two options,” says Ms. Matthews, “one is what Roland likes to call the ‘street pharmaceutical market’ and the other one is a celebrity lifestyle. Unfortunately, neither one is educationally derived. We want to show them that education can also provide a life of success.” Even at the Department of Education, however, officials seem unsure of the efficacy of this program. “This is not necessarily more effective than giving out money, but with cell phones, we’ll be motivating students in an area that they care about: communication. This is a tangible example of how academic achievement can help them succeed,” said Ms. Matthews. However, whether the incentive is money or cell-phone minutes, educators are wary of this tactic. Carol Murphy, the Assistant Principal at Roslyn High School in Long Island, New York, says that this approach is “absurd and embarrassing.” Ms. Murphy believes that attention and funds should be focused on improving what goes on in the classroom, not on paying kids for what they should already be doing. “I don’t believe this will encourage kids to stay in school or even to continue to do well. What they really need to do is make the class sizes manageable, install programs that support kids within the classroom. What really gets them ready is classroom preparation, and programs where they can learn the material for the standardized tests.” John Nichols, former Dean of Students at Trinity School and future headmaster of a public/ private partnership in New York City, agreed: “I don’t think this is

a good plan because once bribery is used, it’s hard to avoid students’ thinking of the monetary value of everything that they’re encouraged to learn.” “I don’t even understand how Dr. Fryer can even begin to think that this will raise scores. Cash rewards and cell-phone minutes are very short-lived. They won’t change student habits. What’s to say that the cell phone will make them do better in school? It won’t increase their ability. These kids in low-achievement schools can’t do better without consistent help,” said Ms. Murphy. Even kids, both from public and private schools, have doubts. Allegra Kirkland ’08, who was once an attendee of the Delta honors program at PS 54, said, “I find it hard to believe that a kid who is struggling in school will receive significant inspiration from a text message. It seems like kind of a lame attempt by out-of-touch adults to reach out to kids, although the degree to which kids respond will probably vary from school to school. Judging from my own experience at Delta, the effects will be negligible.” Maris Gelman, 16, a junior at Bard High School Early College, a public partnership between Bard College and the New York City Department of Education, echoed Kirkland’s concerns: “I don’t think this will make kids want to do better in school, and I don’t think cell phones will be any more effective than anything else the schools could offer. Plus, I don’t think it’s fair since standardized tests don’t always reflect how hard kids are trying.” Louisa Strauss ’08, a lifelong private-schooler, also expresses doubts about the campaign, citing the harmful competition this policy may present as well as the distraction this reward may provide: the overall futility of the policy. “I mean, think about it: The more cell phone minutes kids have, the more time they will spend on their phones and not on their schoolwork,” she said. Ms. Matthews and her team have an answer for Strauss. “ Mayor Bloomberg is against cell phones in school on principle, but he decided that they wouldn’t go into the schools at first,” meaning that the kids will get minutes on their cell phones to be used outside of school. “We plan to get the

cell phones turned on for school at school,” said Ms. Matthews. Having school-friendly cell phones essentially means that the Department of Education will find a way to stream educational information onto the phones using digital technology. As of right now, the technology is not there, but for now, “kids use cell phones out of school, so they’ll still be excited about getting more minutes,” explained Ms. Matthews. Some see this as somewhat hypocritical as Mayor Bloomberg recently vetoed a bill that would allow students to carry cell phones with them to school. Ac-

cording to the bill the students would not be able to use the cell phones in school, but they would be permitted to have them during the school day for security purposes. Now however, it appears that the Mayor supports students’ using cell phones. Some question the ethical legitimacy of offering cell phone minutes as a reward. “I think there’s something slightly creepy about the Department of Education bribing kids to succeed with cell phone minutes and paying students who receive high scores on AP exams,” said Kirkland. Strauss voiced a similar concern: “The Department of Education is also involving itself in a place where it does not belong: how families choose to spend their money. Generally, parents pay their kids’ cell phone bills. I think it’s up to the parents how many cell phone minutes their kid gets a month. How is that the Department of Education’s responsibility?” Mr. Nichols said that there are better incentives that can be offered, such as “contests among teams, or special meals.” None of the educators deny that there are fundamental problems in the school system, reflected not only in poor test scores, but which also manifest themselves in failing grades and a dropout percentage of 38.9%, according to a

2006 study by USA Today. Reflected Mr. Nichols, “I acknowledge the great challenge that public schools face. That said, the problem with motivation is not going to be solved merely with special prizes, and the students who are barely hanging on in school probably won’t be more motivated once the incentive is removed, or if they never get the cell phone minutes, or whatever the incentive may be, in the first place.” Mr. Nichols asserts that incentives are not the only answer. If the Department of Education wants to make fundamental changes in children’s attitudes towards school and learning, they have to do more than offer cell phone minutes. “Great teaching, more than anything else, will ultimately inspire students to do their best.” Ms. Murphy agrees but also firmly supports better teaching as a way to both inspire students with negative attitudes about school and to improve test scores. “Kids tend to do better when someone is on their side, telling them that they can succeed, not just letting it all happen by chance and giving them money if and when it happens.” According to Ms. Matthews the large-scale plan to give out cell phone minutes as rewards for achievement on tests will begin in late January. Whether the controversy will have resolved itself by then is unclear.

Continuing Columbia’s Controversies:

University’s Expansion Plans Opposed by Harlem

By Kate Witteman ‘11

CONTRIBUTING WRITER Been to the Harlem branch of Fairway Market lately? This outlet of the all-purpose grocery store is in the area under negotiations for the expansion of Columbia University into its surrounding neighborhood. As Trinitarians, we are quite conscious of what goes on around us on the Upper West Side. So what does this mean for Columbia? Columbia has grand plans to branch out into the edge of West Harlem between 125th and 131st streets on Broadway west. Specifically, the schemes include 17 acres of academic and residential buildings, and space for the business and arts schools and the research labs. These efforts would take over 25 years to complete and cost approximately seven billion dollars. This expansion was not a new idea for the University. In 1968, students protested Columbia’s plans to build a gym in Morningside Park. However, this time, with the lesson learned, Columbia is doing a better job of planning this development. Inevitably though, there has been some backlash and resistance by the neighborhood locals. They protest this expansion, arguing that it will drive out small, lo-

“...there has been some backlash and resistance by the neighborhood locals.” cally owned businesses. However, some who live in the area are more afraid that this development will create a private enclave in the center of this industrial neighborhood. In spite of these objections, locals are keeping open minds and believe that most points in the expansion plan are negotiable. City council member Robert Jackson said to the New York Observer, “They laid a framework for negotiations. I’m looking at this with

open eyes and an open mind.” Furthermore, Columbia has promised to make efforts in improving the surrounding area with landscaping, a public school, and parks. Another important aspect of Columbia’s plans is the inclusion of public housing and “green” aspects. The University has said it would develop the new campus in accordance with LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) program, a very high set of standards. The plans look like they will become a reality. On November 26th, the City Planning Commission voted to approve the plan. Five years from now, Columbia students may find themselves taking classes right next to Fairway’s freezer section.


December 21, 2007

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When the Moon Hits Your Eye Like a Big Pizza Pie

By Alex Brownstein ‘08 MANAGING EDITOR

In New York, most of the time it’s round, most of the time it’s cut in eight slices, most of the time it’s thin and most of the time it’s delicious. There are 1,751 pizza places listed in the Yellow Pages and Zagats combined in the five boroughs of New York. They come great and small, fancy sitdown restaurants, and filthy overthe-counter slice locations. But one thing’s for certain, it’s that pizza is the ubiquitous epitome of American food. It’s convenient to eat on the go, in the car, or by delivery. Domino’s even created a pizza dessert. And New York is the capital of a specific type of thin-crust pizza. It’s unlike the pizza found in Italy and the rest of Europe, it’s unlike the pizza found in Chicago and it’s unlike the pizza found in California. It’s Neapolitanesque, but it’s distinctly New York Pizza. The first record of pizza in New York was in 1897 when Genaro Lombardi opened his grocery store in Little Italy, at 32 Spring Street in Manhattan. The Neapolitan treat became such a success that in 1905, he converted his location into a pizza store with a tiny coal oven. They sold no slices, so people would grab an individual pie and eat it on the go. In the next few decades, chefs from Lombardi’s (the name of the Lombardi’s restaurant) left the original pizza haven to create three new places, John’s on Bleecker, Totonno’s in Coney Island, and Patsy’s in East Harlem. In order to distinguish itself, Patsy’s developed a new phenomenon, the slice. It began selling individual slices that were easier to eat for a cheaper price. The slice disseminated throughout the city and the rest is history. Prejudiced because of location, childhood memories, or just plain taste, New Yorkers can easily name their favorite of the thousands of pizza places that the city has to offer. But if New Yorkers claim to love pizza, all of these eight places (to be reviewed over the next few issues of the Trinity Times) are on an infinitely long list of the “must” places to eat. I went all over the city tasting slice after slice, comparing each and finding the unique qualities that qualify the pizza at these places as the “best in the city.” Slices are compared by all of the basic qualities – sauce, cheese, crust etc, but also on “tip sag,” the amount the pizza tip stays on the plate when you pick up the crust, and also the effect of the heat and type of the oven – hotter ovens yield better sauce to cheese ratios, while coal or wood burning ovens give a nice smoky flavor to the crust. The eight places mentioned in this survey are just a fraction of those in New York. You may or may not agree that they represent the best, but there

is no doubt that each produces an amazing slice. So, get on a subway, leave the fortress of Trinity School, venture to someplace you’ve never been, and enjoy both the city and the city’s food. Hasta la Pizza! Nick’s Pizza 1026 Ascan Ave. Flushing, NY, 11375 (718) 263-1126

It’s hard to believe that Nick’s is within the boundaries of New York City. The redbrick Tudor homes just a stone’s throw away from Queens Boulevard seem to steal the demure orange sign and Nick’s Restaurant from the

bustling and busy New York that exists somewhere in the distance. Nick’s pizza was very good, but at the same time it was unremarkable. The highlight of the pie was the seasoning; the combination of spices that seemed to come with the cheese added a subtle flavor and intrigue to the pie. The mozzarella was fresh, melty and stringy. The heat of the oven allowed for a relatively small amount of cheese with a large presence and flavor, the major benefit of a hot oven. However, an 800º oven normally does produce a better sauce-to-cheese ratio. The sauce was quite delicious, neither too watery, nor too thick. It was not the dominant part of the pizza. It did not fade into the background under the cheese. The crust was a little charred. Because the oven is gas the crust does not don that pleasant flavor that comes from the wood or coal ovens. Nevertheless, it was rather flavorful and added a delightful extra touch to the pizza. One waiter, Greg, said, “The best part of the pizza is the dough. It’s made daily with fresh ingredients.” There is definite tip sag to Nick’s pizza. I found it necessary to eat a fair portion of the slice with a fork and knife before I could pick it up in my hands. The pepperoni provided a slightly spicy flavor while not

becoming the overpowering element of the dish. The garlic was fresh and poignant and the chefs achieved the right balance between raw and overcooked, something often done poorly when garlic is added to pizza. The house salad was a pleasant mixture of arugula and watercress doused in a sweet dressing and garnished with a few peppers. While the sweet combination of flavors was very surprising and enticing at first, after eating a few bites, the same sweetness that was so enjoyable at first became overpowering and heavy, almost cumbersome to eat. As the night rolled on,

the families with young children left the restaurant and were slowly replaced by a slightly older crowd of friends. The waiters were friendly and helpful, albeit occasionally confused about orders and special requests. We had to wait a little while for the table, but once we sat down everything came rather quickly until the check. Another waiter, Timothy commented, “We have a hot oven so we don’t have to use too much cheese, which is what makes our pizza so good. People would come here instead of Lombardi’s because, we’re cheaper and we’re in Queens. Very few people take the trip out here.” For me, it was well worth the trip. Patsy’s Pizzeria 2287-91 First Ave. (bet. 117th & 118th Sts.) Manhattan, NY 212-534-9783 Before this historic East Harlem joint opened up in 1933, you could never go to your local pizza store (there were only four in the city at that point) and pick up a slice. Pizza by the slice did not exist. Patsy’s Pizza was truly remarkable. One customer and pizza connoisseur, Lucy Fanelli, commented, “Patsy’s produced some of the best slices I’ve ever had.

But it wasn’t any particular aspect of the pizza that made it marvelous. After each bite and each slice, I couldn’t quite articulate precisely what made it so good. The slice was just delicious. It left me always wanting more. I know that a pizza is good when I can eat more than four slices and feel totally satisfied and not disgusting.” Patsy’s is lucky enough to have one of the few coal ovens in New York. The crust was not smoky and crisp like the dough that normally comes out of these rare treasures, but was doughy, with a fair amount of tip sag. Nevertheless, the dough was the

best part of the pizza. It was very flavorful and truly unique. The other highlight of our pie was the fresh mozzarella, which was truly flavorful, stringy and quite delicious. However, it was listed as an additional topping. Fresh mozzarella should be standard and not an extra at a place as renowned as Patsy’s. The pepperoni was not at all spicy, but provided a very nice garnish to the pie. Similarly, the garlic was very poignant and flavorful. It was cooked perfectly on the pie. It had neither the overpowering taste of raw garlic nor the sweet bitter taste that poorly cooked garlic sometimes offers. The sauce was very sweet and blended nicely with the plurality of flavors on the pie. This pizza was like a unique song. Each part, the sauce, the crust, the cheese and the toppings, had its own melody, and was great individually, but together the harmony they created made for a truly unique pie and a truly unique experience. The Caesar salad to start was also very good, but was forgotten behind the truly outstanding pizza that followed. Patsy’s prides itself on being one of the cheaper pizzerias. Pizza cost $1.50 for a slice, and $11 for a whole pie. But the salad was rather pricy at $8. DiFara Pizza

1424 Avenue J Brooklyn, NY 11230 (718) 258-1367

DiFara is hard to describe with any word but wow. Pizzaiolo Dominic DeMarco creates not just a pizza joint but also a pizza experience that features the best pizza in New York City. The thing that really sets Di Fara’s pizza apart is the oven. It is a small gas oven that cooks at 900º. This oven is both a blessing and a curse, for while the heat allows DeMarco to use the combination of four cheeses that he does, it also limits the number of pies that he can create to two or maybe three at a time. So while the wait can be interminably long, but after DeMarco sticks his bare, calloused hand into the scalding oven to pull out your pizza, it is impossible to remember the wait. One can only think of the overpowering aromas emanating from the bubbling, liquefied mass of cheese bowled up inside the light crust. DeMarco uses a combination of three cheeses: fresh Buffalo Mozzarella imported from Italy, as well as another type of mozzarella and finally a dusting of freshly ground Parmigano Reggiano (although some believe it to be Grana Padano). These three cheeses create a truly unique blend of flavors unlike, those found in all other pizzas. After DeMarco takes the pizza out of the oven, he carefully places the pie on the metal serving platter. He grabs a handful of the Parmesan and sprinkles it unevenly across the pie. Then he takes his very old scissors and cuts the fresh basil or oregano (depending on the mood he’s in), which he grows in his window, over the pizza for some extra flavor. Finally, DeMarco takes his long spigoted pot of olive oil and gives the pizza its finishing touches. His preparation before the long waiting crowd is truly a performance that cannot be rivaled. Because the oven is gas and not wood or charcoal, the crust does not attain that smoky flavor that those types of ovens produce. On the round pie, the crust is merely a vehicle for the fantastic cheese. However, on the square pie, which, surprisingly, is as good as the round, DeMarco cooks the pie in a pan doused in olive oil. And, unlike the round pie, there is no tip sag. The square pie has a unique crust that is at once crunchy, oily, doughy and flavorful, with more layers of cheese and a different, thicker sauce than the round pie. The round pie’s sauce is perfectly mixed in with the cheese and provides a wonderful undertone to delicious cheeses. It is necessary to eat the pizza with a fork and a knife, for there is a significant amount of tip sag and the cheese and fresh toppings weigh the slice down. The selection of toppings at DiFara’s is wide. There are all of the classics, pepperoni, garlic, etc., but DeMarco also provides gourmet delights like fresh artichokes and

Arts & Innovation

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veritas omnia vincit

Weiner’s “As Far As The Eye Can See”

By Ellie Monahan ‘09

STAFF WRITER To what extent can abstract ideas reveal profundity in art? Lawrence Weiner’s work represents a pivotal point in the history of conceptual art. He finds a way to make the mundane beautiful, to recast simple phrases as dynamic and provocative poetry, and to call attention to environmental crises. In his debut retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art, “As Far As the Eye Can See” (open through February 10), this formerly obscure figure is sure to inspire a whole new audience with his unique and experimental work. Weiner leaves the “receiver” (what he calls the observer of his art) with a desire to rethink his or her very definition of art and its true purpose. He is a true innovator: he opens up a myriad of interpretations to the receiver and makes it almost impossible for critics to have one, finite opinion of his work. A true revolutionary, he has undoubtedly changed the scope of conceptual art. The exhibit consists of a variety of materials reworked: Weiner inventively and originally presents sculptures, largescale printed text, posters, and consumer items collected throughout his life. These materials share the common themes of not only language but also geometry and mathematical precision. Weiner explores the connection between resources, both manufactured and natural, and humans throughout the 20th century. Weiner’s profound awareness of the receiver emanates throughout the exhibit. Art, he believes, would cease to exist without the receiver’s active participation and subsequent interpretation. Feeling confined by the parameters of a canvas, Weiner creates his own medium. His large-scale textual pieces are a testament to his desire to enhance the experience

of the receiver. His oversized words and phrases have always been at the heart of his work and have become an iconic symbol of conceptual art. Using only capitalized, bold-faced, sans serif letters, phrases such as “2 Blocks of Salt” and “In the Heat of the Night” appear meaningless at first glance. However, upon second glance, when you look beyond the simple letters, you see the power in the presentation of the words and phrases—with varying color, placement, angles, symbols, and juxtapositions— that make these sentence fragments, blown up on huge white walls, so dynamic and provocative. These fragments, taken together, represent the key components of his artistic philosophy: subjectivity and accessibility. In addition to his written phrases, Weiner has displayed consumer objects. Though they seem trivial at first, these selected objects take on a greater meaning when assembled in an artistic context. Their aesthetic value in their unmediated form and everyday purpose is revealed. Also in the exhibit, his

sketches of intersecting pairs of parallel lines are surrounded by spheres, which he names “spheres of influence,” an obvious reference to the political, philosophical and economic term. In these pieces, he sets emotion against the backdrop of geometry. These sketches, along with materials like tictac-toe boards, render mathematical precision and balance beautiful. The artist also suggests the power in the continuity of language juxtaposed with a turbulent century full of political and social change. English, German, French, Japanese, Hebrew, and Arabic are all represented in consumer objects, which reveal the universality and beauty of language. Isabel Sheinman ’09 said, “The simplicity of the images was so inviting because it was not intimidating as many works of art can be. This is not to say that the exhibit itself was simplistic, because it was in fact the opposite. Each piece was very provocative - raising issues about consumerism and the modern world through the ostensibly juvenile images.” Another aspect of

Weiner’s art is his renowned “Happenings,” written descriptions of moments in time that have already occurred and require the receiver’s imagination to appreciate what transpired. For example, in one piece, Weiner describes a moment as “A Cup of Water Spilling to the Ground.” Such pieces compel the receiver to conjure his or her own image of the “Happening.” There are other instances of this form of communication. For example, “2 Minutes of Spray Paint Directly Upon Floor,” consists of one big circle of pink paint on the floor with a name that describes the action that created it. These “Happenings” are another example of the artist’s alternate approach. He incorporates a past event with the receiver’s present imagination to create a different experience for each receiver. Sheinman describes the task of the receiver: “Each piece of work, whether in the form of words on a wall, a lone rock in the middle of the room or a circle of spray paint on the floor (to name a few) challenged its viewer to analyze and decode its meaning.”

One notable piece, one of what Weiner calls his “storyboards” entitled, “Altered to Suit?” resembles a calendar on brown craft paper. However, it is not a normal calendar as he uses a collage of various photographs and other images to bring contrast to its linear quality. Underneath various dates Weiner has written phrases such as “Child in Window Playing Violin” and “Female Makes Up in Mirror Show Some Signs of Determination and Distress.” Weiner displays moments in time that may appear banal at first sight but are beautiful to the artist. They have left an indelible impression on him. Throughout most of his work, Weiner appears to have an intense fascination with exact and symmetrical form, but his piece entitled “What is Set Upon the Table Sits Upon the Table” shows another side of his artistic philosophy. This piece, created in 1960, features a block of limestone placed on top of a wooden table. Weiner took the block from a Manhattan bridge site and chipped aimlessly at it for a few weeks. Therefore, the block is of no particular shape or form. The artist placed it in many locations until he found the “right” place for the block: atop a wooden table that he also constructed. In this piece, Weiner shows his belief that placement and location of material affect the sculpture. The placement of the block made the sculpture complete. Lawrence Weiner is an “every man.” He received no formal training, and his work is informed by his experiences living in a time of dynamic change and social revolution. His work is a manifestation of his desire for equality and the opportunity for every individual to have a unique experience receiving art. It is more than art; it is a statement about the time we live in, past experiences, and the possibility of appreciating a moment even after it has passed.

Arts & Innovation

December 21, 2007

Page 15

Fall Play Dearly Beloved is a Crowd Pleaser

By Sarah Vickery ‘11

CONTRIBUTING WRITER What do “the change,” cow insemination, big hair, and Texas have in common? They all played a crucial role in Trinity’s hilarious fall play, Dearly Beloved, which went up on December 6, 7, and 8 in the Morse Theater. The play, performed with humor by members of the Upper School, is a comedy of errors about a Texan wedding gone wrong. The story revolves around three semi-estranged Futrelle sisters: Honey Raye, (Tina Garrity ‘10), Twink (Elizabeth Heingtes ‘08) and Frankie, (Julia Black ‘09). When Frankie’s daughter, Tina Jo (Julia Konrad ‘09) marries the son of local snob Patsy Price, (Angel Hopkinson ‘09), Frankie is determined to make the wedding perfect. Frankie’s sister Twink is desperate to get married after a 15-year relationship with Wiley Hicks (David Gassett ‘09). Nelda Lightfoot (Siena Tugendrajch ‘10), a phony fortune teller, gives her the solution: all she needs to do is have Wiley witness a wedding in the next 24 hours, and she will have a ring on her finger by December. Simple? Not so much. Unfortunately, Wiley is running a bad fever. Twinkie decides to cure him with “[a] couple Sudafed, some Bena-

dryl, DayQuil, NyQuil, shot of brandy, three cloves of raw garlic and a warm beer.” Frankie is also in a bind. Not only does she have an ill-fated wedding on her plate, but her marriage with Dub Dubberly (Alec Meacham ‘09) is also falling apart. Her only consolation is her long conversations with her mother—a bit odd, as her mother has been dead for quite a while. A series of ill-fated money-saving attempts changes the wedding from a lavish Gone-with-the-Wind-themed event to a disorganized pot-

luck affair. The sudden arrival of the oldest and most controversial Futrelle sister, Honey Raye, does not help matters. This five-time divorcée is the black sheep of the family, responsible for breaking up the family band years before. She is back in town to lay hands on her inheritance from her fifth husband and desperate to prove that she is not going through menopause. Between hot flashes, she dishes out great advice such as “never marry a carny, no matter how wild you think you are about show business”. Frankie’s other daugh-

Banksy Does New York You probably don’t know who Banksy is. No one does. But you may have heard of some of the British graffiti artist’s exploits: installing an inflatable doll dressed as a Guantanamo Bay detainee in the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad ride in Disneyland and sneaking his own cave painting—a stick figure pushing a shopping cart—into the British Museum. See some of his most recent work at the Vanina Holasek Gallery (502 West 27th street). On view until December 29.

The Spice Girls’ Reunion Tour: Spice Up Your Life! The world’s most famous female quintet is touring again for the first time in ten years. Older, some even mothers, the now “Spice Women” have decided to “never give up on the good times.” Do not worry if you missed the band’s December concert in New York—and “say you’ll be there” in February.

ter, Gina Jo (Julia Konrad ‘09) is also having problems. Unlike her promiscuous twin sister, GJ “never found it that easy to talk to men of the opposite sex.” She has a crush on the timid new minister, Justin Waverly (Sage Hazarika, ‘10), forced to preside over the nuptials when the regular minister goes to rehab. Soon the characters find out that the would-be newlyweds have taken off and eloped. Not even trigger-happy police officer John Curtis (Smith Alpert ‘09) can stop them.

Despite these unfortunate events, the play ends on a happy note. GJ realizes that Justin feels the same way. In the place of the planned wedding, Frankie and Dub renew their vows. Twink and Wiley witness the ceremony, thus fulfilling the prediction. Even the wedding planner, Geneva Musgrave (Amanda Mummery ‘09), is elated, realizing that she will make twice as much money planning vow renewals. Mr. Michael Gilbert, the show’s director, when asked why he chose this particular play answered, “It was time for comedy.” And right he was. His choices in cast were excellent. Some memorable moments were Garrity’s brilliant portrayal of hot flashes and Gassett’s rendition of a stoned wedding date. The audience also enjoyed the play. Katie Mogul ‘11 said, “It was funny, and I thought the acting was exceptional.” Katrina Kostro ‘08 agreed: “Everybody in the cast fit so well together. They really mastered a range of ages.” The sets designed by Mr. Harrison Williams were streamlined in keeping with the venue of the play. The costumes, picked out by Ms. Carole Banninger, fit each characters’ personality and added to the play as a whole. Overall, Dearly Beloved was a success.

Indulge in Six Holiday Controversies!

By Madeleine Schwartz ‘08

SECTION EDITOR It’s the most wonderful time of the year. Finally relaxed for the first time since August, you sit down to a nice holiday meal with your family, when suddenly your annoying uncle Bart leans over and says, “I haven’t seen you in a while! Tell me about your life! What are you thinking about for college?” Suddenly, all eyes turn to you and you have to stammer your way out of an endless series of questions. The Trinity Times has a solution to such vexing problems. Here are six controversies guaranteed to get the dinner conversation so electrifying that no one has a chance to ask you anything. How to Talk About Books You Haven’t Read Lazy English students everywhere: listen up! French literature professor Pierre Bayard’s book holds the solution to your troubles. Bayard describes various styles of “non-reading,” including a helpful scholarly abbreviation system: UB: book unknown to me; SB: book I have skimmed; HB: book I have heard about; and FB: book I have forgotten.

The Golden Compass Christian groups like FOCUS have called for a boycott of this movie, based on Phillip Pullman’s famed children’s book, which they say is “Anti-Christian.” Britain’s National Secular Society is also protesting the movie, which, they claims has been “censored” and “castrated” by Hollywood producers fearful of promoting the book’s more critical anti-religious message. Take your younger sister and see what she thinks. In theaters.

Juno A teenage girl becomes pregnant and embarks on a search for potential adoptive parents for the baby. Hilarity ensues. Ellen Page (Juno) carries the movie’s divisive plot with sardonic wit and subtle grace. In theaters. Damien Hirst, School 30 dead sheep and 300 sausages—it is contemporary art, Damien Hirst style. The British artist, whose work scares museum-goers all over the world, recently completed School: The Archaeology of Lost Desires, Comprehending Infinity and the Search for Knowledge, a $10 million installation at the Lever House (Park Avenue and 54th street). According to Hirst, it is his most “mature” piece yet. (Keep this one for after dinner). On view until February 9.

See some of Banksy’s most recent work at the Vanina Holasek Gallery

Arts & Innovation

Page 16

veritas omnia vincit

Richard Prince’s “Spiritual America”: Art?

By Amanda Joseph ‘09 STAFF WRITER

What constitutes art? We are asked to consider this age-old question as we wander through the Guggenheim and are inundated with the intoxicating array of sculptures, paintings and photography presented by Richard Prince in the exhibition Spiritual America. The controversial artist fills the Guggenheim’s walls with unexpected and daring combinations of bold text and images. Noted for his post-modernist appropriation of pre-existing work, Richard Prince has sparked a heated, ongoing debate that demands: “What constitutes art?” In 1977, Prince claimed a photograph for a luxury home furnishing advertisement that appeared in the New York Times as his own art, thus sparking interest and gaining recognition in the art community. While other artists, such as Andy Warhol with his colorful Campbell’s Soup Cans, had appropriated images in the past, Prince was the first artist to eliminate the editing process altogether and present another person’s work as his own in its original form. Prince redefined authorship by putting other people’s art in new contexts. For instance, by taking Untitled (living rooms), out of the consumer context of the New York Times and placing it in a museum, Prince manages to not only critique but also embrace mass culture. This simultaneous evocation of emotions, criticism and admiration lies at the heart of his works. Although the exhibit is at times overwhelming, with every inch of the Guggenheim’s winding walls covered by Prince’s art, the works are for the most part organized into various series that represent different points in his long career. The collection begins with large canvases that are each painted a single bright color. Layered over the vivid colors are boldly printed recycled jokes in different neon colors. This Joke series, highly reminiscent of pop art, is interspersed throughout the exhibition. He even selects some of his own, already-used jokes and pairs them with unrelated images, often depicting illicit seduction or discovered infidelity. While the jokes are unoriginal and dated, Prince makes them disconcerting to the viewer by transposing them on top of disturbing images. In doing so, he brings new, dark meanings to the social clichés. Farther up the spiraling collection is the Cowboys series, a sequence of photographs borrowed from the long-running ad campaign for Marlboro cigarettes. These photographs portray the well-known Marlboro man with beautiful sunset, stream, or mountainous backgrounds. While Prince avoids any overt social commentary by leaving the ads unedited, in their new settings the photographs reek of irony and hypocrisy; they depict the ideal of health and vitality while selling addiction.

This series is perhaps the most striking of the whole exhibit, because Prince so successfully amplifies the seductive appeal that Marlboro creates while pedaling such a fatal product. The series became one of Prince’s most famed after one image was sold in 2005 for a record $1.2 million. Prince, never ceasing to shock his audience, continues this trend by naming his graphic and explicit exhibit “Spiritual America.” The show is named after one of his most recognized photographs, an appropriated image depicting a naked, 10-year-old Brook Shields. In this image, by far the most disturbing in the collection, young Shields poses in a brothellike setting with a mature, made-up face yet exposes her pre-pubescent body. The inconsistency disconcerts the viewer to the point where one wants to look away. When Prince used the picture in 1983, Shields was suing the original photographer, Gary Gross, in an attempt to prevent further commercialization of the photograph, though it had been taken with her mother’s full consent. This picture represents what is at the heart of Prince’s explorations over the last 30 years: the overarching Puritan values of America clashing with a thirst for wide-spread recognition, even at the price of degradation. Prince’s Spiritual America has received mixed reviews from its audiences. The New York Times interviewed Jim Krantz, a commercial photographer from Chicago, whose photograph for an old Marlboro campaign is being exhibited at the Guggenheim as part of the Cowboy collection. After viewing the show he said, “When I left, I didn’t know if I should be proud, or if I looked like an idiot.” Mr. Krantz is not the only person who struggles with whether Prince’s appropriation is true art. Trinity’s own Mr. Peter Moriarty of the Art Department said, “History will judge the post modernist concept of ‘appropriation’ as the greatest hoax of the late 20th century.” Richard Prince once compared his appropriation with “certain records sound[ing] better when someone on the radio station plays them than when we’re home alone and play the same records ourselves.” Upon entering the exhibit, I was not convinced that art had this same property, and I felt skeptical that a man could receive such extensive credit for other people’s work. Yet, after the hours I spent exploring his art, my views were drastically transformed. It became clear that Prince sheds new light on each image and comments on its deeper meaning in the context of today’s society by both its deliberate position in the show and simply his choice to appropriate it. Though Prince’s art may perhaps be controversial in whether or not it belongs to him, there is no doubt that he exposes deep truths about the society we live in by putting these pieces in a new and even revolutionary context.

Eyes Wide Awake

By Sophie-Claire Lirola ‘09 and Taylor Siegel ‘09 STAFF WRITERS

If you enjoy sitting at the edge of your seat while biting your nails over the outcome of life or death situations, then you will surely love Joby Harold’s new movie, Awake.      Since the advertisements for Awake have been poor and the talk even poorer, we walked into the theater with nothing but low expectations for another Hayden Christensen bust. But to our surprise, after just ten minutes of the shocking, entertaining, and unpredictable thriller, we were enthralled. The twists and turns captivated us, and our jaws were left wide open as we tried to piece together each confounding detail. Though the plot was a bit far-fetched and the actors mediocre, the intensity and suspense of Awake kept us satisfied from start to finish. The movie begins as Clay (Hayden Christensen) leaves the one-bedroom apartment of his fiancée Sam (Jessica Alba)

to sneak back into his mansion in Manhattan before his mother notices he is gone. At 22 years of age, Clay is in charge of a Fortune 500 company and worth millions. However, his life is a perfect example that money does not buy happiness. He is forced to keep his relationship a secret from his overprotective mother, and he is diagnosed with a severe heart condition. Despite his mother’s wishes, he decides to marry Sam and live independently. On his wedding night, Clay is taken off the donor waiting list for open-heart surgery. He and his fiancée rejoice at the news that his operation will happen that night. The audience settles in for a hopeful, romantic storyline. However, just moments later, the climax arrives: during the operation, Clay experiences the phenomenon called “anesthetic awareness.” Where he should have been left numb, he feels the insufferable pain of the operation. He is left paralyzed and unable to seek help. To make matters worse,

he, actually awake, can hear his doctors plotting his death. The audience is left in awe as secrets unravel. Can Clay’s life be saved? People are never who they appear. Clay’s wandering spirit must struggle to discover the mysteries of his life and decode the conspiracy before it is too late.      Awake has been loudly criticized by its audience and has received unfavorable reviews. In a common critique of the film, Dennis Harvey from Variety claims that the movie has “an attentiongetting plot hook, but piles on too many narrative gimmicks to maintain suspense or credibility.” Indeed, the story seems a little outrageous and unrealistic. Yet what makes this movie unique and true to its genre is its ability to involve the audience with the characters’ relationships. It is easy for the audience to gain trust and put faith in certain characters only to be deceived in the end. As Kolya Kerz ’09 says, “ I personally believe the most powerful movies are those with unpredictable endings.”        Part of a largely uninspired cast, Alba delivers an inconsistent performance. She fails to portray the different sides of Sam’s dynamic personality: the sweet, innocent, and loving girlfriend turns vindictive and evil. Her acting, though convincing at first, undermines her versatility as an actress with a weak ending. Perhaps she should stick to action-packed movies and leave the psychological thrillers on the back-burner. The acting of Clay’s mother (Lena Olin) and Dr. Jack Harper (Terrance Howard) represent the best of the film. Their performances were astounding, evoking empathy from the audience.        With all the twists and turns in Awake, the audience members never have a moment to take their eyes from the screen. Every scene and deception is intriguing. Simply put, this movie leaves the audience wanting more. Easy to love and hard to forget, Awake sets high standards for the following thrillers of this holiday season.


December 21, 2007

Page 17

John Homans, Trinity’s Own Cinderella

Q&A with John Homans Q: First of all, congratulations on making Varstiy. But your journey did not start here. How did it feel to be cut from Freshman Basketball? A: It sucked. It was disappointing. Q: How were you motivated to continue to try out? A: I knew that I was better than the coach had made me out to be and I didn’t deserve to get cut. Q: What did you do to improve? A: It helped when I grew like six inches over the summer. I kept practicing. I knew that it wasn’t a fair assessment so I still had a chance. Q: How did it feel finally making JV? A: That was really the turning point because I felt I had a chance to make Varsity if I had made the team now. Mr. Lieberman told me to keep working hard because it could eventually work out so then I really had hope. Q: How is it being on Varsity now? Emma Stokien ‘08 John Homans ‘08, new member of Trinity Varsity Basketball, goes up for a shot in a game against Calhoun.

By Emma Stokien ‘08 EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

It is Tuesday morning and senior John Homans looks dashing. He, like his teammates, is nicely dressed in a suit. Almost like Cinderella, one could say, dressed for the ball. It is game-day and Homans is ready to play. It has been a long road, but Homans has finally made it to Trinity Varsity Basketball. In late fall of 2004, Homans tried out for Trinity Freshman basketball, a team that was made up of over 20 players. Unfortunately, he was one of two cut. This blow could have easily been the end for Homans’ basketball career. However, a year later, Homans went out for JV basketball. Again, he did not receive a place on the team. Having now suffered two years of rejection, Homans

A: It’s awesome. The job is not over. I’m still going for more playing time but this is what I’ve been dreaming of since the beginning.

refused to accept defeat. He once again attempted to earn a place on the JV basketball team and was finally successful beginning his time as a Trinity basketball player. With this achievement and a year of hard work, Homans came to tryouts this season ready to make it to the top. “During this year’s tryouts, there is not a doubt in my mind that he was the hardest-working player on the court, day after day,” Varsity Captain Josh DeLott ’08 explained of his efforts. “The coach commented to me during tryouts that Homans would probably run through a wall if he had asked him to.” Giving each day everything he had, Homans, against the odds, became one of six seniors on the Trinity Boys’ Varsity Basketball Team. This achievement brought Homans recognition and respect from not only his team-

mates but his peers. “John’s such an awesome guy. I want to hug him all the time,” said an anonymous senior boy. “Watching Homans’ journey from nothing to greatness,” said Kushal Patel ’08, “is like watching a phoenix rise from the ashes.” On a more serious note, DeLott said, “I have tremendous respect for John Homans, as a player and as a person.” Coach Kijana Saunders was of course also impressed with Homans. Coach Saunders explained that he looked for three core values in each of his players when deciding who would make the team, saying “our core values are EFFORT, APTITUDE, and SYNERGY, which are relevant in terms of basketball but also in terms of who we are as members of our family, as citizens, and as members of the community. John is part of the program, because he exhibits these qualities as an

athlete and as a teammate.” Coach Saunders lauded Homans’ efforts during games and practices, saying “John makes an impact coming off the bench and providing a spark, particularly rebounding at both ends.” DeLott echoed this sentiment, saying “As a player, he always works hard and hustles, chasing down loose balls, grabbing rebound after rebound and playing solid defense.” However, Homans is not yet at the end of his journey. As Coach Saunders said, “Any first year Varisty player has a lot to learn and little time to do so. John is making progress each day.” However, many have faith that he will give his all to continue improving. As DeLott explained, “As a person, one thing in particular strikes me about him: he never gives up. He is determined, persistent and

motivated.” This could not have been more evident than in his returning to tryouts every year even after multiple disappointments. DeLott said, “After not making the team in ninth grade, he could have easily given up on basketball, but he didn’t…. He worked hard, [and] became a better, stronger player.” Homans’ commitment to Trinity basketball has been helpful to the whole team. Coach Saunders asserted “His contributions in practice are invaluable.” DeLott explained, “His hard work has made me a better player, and for that I thank him.” Teammate Vivek Gidumal ’09 summed up Homans’ career by simply stating, “John Homans is a hero among men, fo’ sho’.” As DeLott says, “He should be very proud of himself.”

hard throughout vigorous tryouts and practices, and this work has paid off as they are playing well. The JV team is very strong with a bunch of fantastic players. Mr. Danny Silver, the head coach, previously coached at the Merchant Marine School in King’s Point, New York. The JV team is still working hard and now is working on transition offense. With a little more practice, the team will perform well throughout the season. The starting unit in the game against Packer was David Robinson ’10 at point guard,

Copeland at shooting guard, Forman at small forward, Zach Hollenbeck ’11 at power forward, and Jason Herzfeld ’10 at center. The team also includes big men Sunder Gidumal ’10, who is injured for the time being; Sylvester Kisluk ’10; Ben Siegel ’10; Suraj Manilal ’10; Nigel Lam ’10; and Jack Holmes ’10. On Wednesday December 5, the team faced a much more experienced Packer. Most of the game was back and forth with both teams claiming and losing the lead. At the half the score

was tied at 17. Although Trinity played a great second half and went on a hot streak for most of the third and fourth quarters, the Tigers just did not have enough firepower to defeat Packer. It was still a great game, and at no point was Packer comfortable with the lead. Also, Trinity fought hard until the very end. It appeared that if the Trinity team had a little bit more experience they would have crushed Packers team, and still might if the two teams meet later in the year. Although the team played well in general, a few

players stood out. Robinson scored 14 points for the team. Siegel had two key steals which helped the team. Copeland had a great all around game. The team is generally a hard-working, solidified unit. Each player will keep improving his skills; thus, teamwork as a whole will improve With a strong team effort, the Trinity Boys’ JV team will be very hard to beat. Copeland agrees: “This team has very high potential, that will be reached, and once we reach it we will be unstoppable.” Good luck Trinity JV!

Boys’ JV Basketball Gets Ready for Fruitful Season

By Ian Jacobster ‘09

CONTRIBUTING WRITER Boys JV Basketball has high hopes and expectations for this season. The team is a highly talented, well-knit unit. Many of the members of the team played together on the Freshman Basketball squad of 2006-7. The team consists of 11 players, ten of whom are sophomores and one freshman. Captains Ryan Forman ’10 and Adam Copeland ’10 always bring enthusiasm, play hard, and lead the team. The players worked


Page 18

Swim Sees Changes

By Zoe Vance ‘08

SECTION EDITOR Swim has always been the winter sport with the most mystique around it. From their intense cheer to the pasta parties, there is something about swim that the rest of us just don’t understand. “It’s a love-hate relationship,” said Captain Molly Fessenden ’08, “I love swimming, I love the team, sometimes I hate practice, but in the end I always love it.” There has been a lot of reshuffling on the team this year, however. Along with losing last year’s seniors Chris Carlon, Michael Straw, Artemis Shaw, Eugene Lee, Andrea Chariez, Jordan Longert and Sonya Mollinger to name a few, the team also lost their coaches. Due to various reasons, last year’s coaches, Ms. Sharon Keigher, Coach Alex Bullock, and Coach Adrian Weindling, could not return this year. In their stead this year are Coach Robert ValdesRodriguez, Coach Michael Leffer, and Coach Charlotte Cheung. As Captain Peter Benedict ‘08 said, “The coaches are pushing the team much harder than last year, but hopefully it will improve us.” So far the practices have been an intense mix of workouts on dry land and swimming, which “is making us pretty buff,” said Captain Samantha Weschler ’08. Benedict said, “I

veritas omnia vincit

Middle and Lower Schools Banned from Trinity Homecoming By Meg Gilbert ‘10

On Thursday during the clubs assembly in the Middle School, Ms. Kara Siegel, the assistant principal, announced that for the first time this year all Middle and Lower School students will be banned from homecoming and turned away at the door if they try to enter. The one exception is that if a Middle or Lower School student has a sibling on a Varsity (not JV) team, he or she is allowed to attend that game and only that game, and must leave immediately afterwards. This announcement was met with outrage and disappointment from the Middle School students. “Homecoming has always been a whole school event, and it kind of breaks the school spirit now that we aren’t aloud to go; this is something all my friends and I look forward to every year,” said Buzzy Ruben-

stein, a sixth grader who has been at Trinity since kindergarten. The stated compensation for this banishment from homecoming is that the Middle School will again have a “Winter Sports Festival,” a mini version of homecoming that Lower School students will be allowed to attend. According to Ms. Jan Ryan, the director of athletics, this new change occurred because “the gym was overcrowded to the point that it had become a safety issue. We are also encouraging more alumni to come back for homecoming, so the gym will by no means be empty. This year’s Homecoming is going to be an Upper School event.” As this is a relatively new development it is yet to be seen whether there will be an onslaught of protests from Middle and Lower School parents.

the swimmers then do a lap of doggie paddle. The team is floating along well though. The Trinity Team has won the first meet, and both the Boys’ and Girls’ Teams have had relay carnivals which, although not scored, they have done well in. Change can be hard to deal with, but hopefully,

by mixing the new coaching with the old traditions, the team can find a way to have fun and continue to improve throughout the season. As Captain Fessenden said, “If the team can only find a way to work the four Ps - Persistence, Parallelograms, Passion, Preparation – it will shape up to a good season.”


no longer have to worry about eating that second cookie and watching my physique because I sweat out pretty much ten times my weight every practice. Sometimes I can feel the calories evaporating off of me.” The Captains, Fessenden, Benedict, Alex Brownstein ‘08, Katrina

Kostro ’08, and Tim Carlon ’09, are keeping the swim spirit alive with traditions such as, the blue-gold meet, pasta parties, and the Twelve Days of Christmas, which is a tradition where the captains say something like “ON the first day of swim practice my swim coach gave to me, a length of doggie paddle,” and

Girls’ JV Basketball Sets Goals Freshmen Basketball

By Ali Cox ‘11

By Charlie Zakin ‘11

CONTRIBUTING WRITER The JV Girls’ Basketball Team has started its season by setting different goals and working hard in the two games and one scrimmage they have already played. The team consists of ninth and tenth graders, who have a lot of fun playing together and work very well as a team. Coached by Mr. Jim Duggan, who previously worked at Horace Mann, the team is extremely excited for its season. Coach Duggan said, “I am excited about getting to know everyone and being able to help everyone get better and improve their skills. I want to have a lot of fun - I want the girls to have a lot of fun and win some games.” He added, “It is part of my responsibility to prepare tenth graders for the Varsity team and to present ninth graders with the opportunity to learn and improve their game.” The team will play 14 more games, as well as the AAIS tournament. The two games so far, although not successes point wise, showed the team what they need to work


Lily Rudd ‘08

“‘I am excited about getting to know everyone and being able to help everyone to get better and improve their skills.’” on and displayed hard work and good teamwork. They are working on

aggressive defense and layup shots. Ms. Jan Ryan, number one fan and Director of Athletics, said, “I share an office with Coach Duggan, and I look forward to hearing and seeing great things in Girls ‘Basketball this year.” Freshman player Katie Grobeck said “I am extremely excited about this season. We have a lot of potential, and I have a great time in the games and practices.”

The Freshmen Boys’ B a s k e t b a l l Te a m m a y n o t receive as much court time as the other teams, but they have nonetheless started the season with a bang. The team has a great diversity of players in terms of physical size. A d d i t i o n a l l y, m a n y of the freshmen came from d i ff e r e n t s c h o o l s . O n l y three members of the team a t t e n d e d Tr i n i t y p r i o r t o t h i s s c h o o l y e a r, h e n c e g i v ing the team a mix of playe r s w i t h d i ff e r e n t s t y l e s . On the first day of practice after tryouts, the team learned that it would receive the least amount of court time out of all five basketball teams. The othe r f o u r b e i n g B o y s ’ Va rs i t y, B o y s ’ J V, G i r l s ’ Va rs i t y, a n d G i r l s ’ J V. As a result, some workouts will be held on the turf. As an alternative, some players may simply elect to lift weights instead of play basketball. The Freshmen team also only has six games, but that has not stopped the

“The team has been working hard since early November to sharpen and gain new skills and moves.”

team members from taking advantage of every pract i c e . E a c h d a y, t h e r e f o r e , every member of the team seeks to improve his skills, which allowed the team to prepare adequately for the opening game at Browning on December 12. The team has been w o r k i n g h a r d s i n c e e a rly November to sharpen and gain new skills and moves. Each day the players develop a bond which is demonstrated during s c r i m m a g e s . T h e Tr i n i t y F r e s h m e n B a s k e t b a l l Te a m c o n tinually improves its skills a n d w i l l b e a s t i ff c o m p e t i tor to Browning, Columbia P r e p , a n d Tr e v o r D a y.


December 21, 2007

Page 19

Boys’ Wrestling Shapes Up For Challenges

This thorough regimen prepared the wrestling team well for its competition. The first wrestling meet took place at Horace Mann on November 30, where the Tigers competed against three other teams. Kau won all three of his matches and William Slotkin ‘09 won two of his three matches. Unfortunately the team as a

whole did not win. The next meet was at Collegiate on December 5. The previous year, the Tigers triumphed over the Dutchmen, their first victory over the Dutchmen since 1995. Unfortunately, the Tigers lost by one match. The final score tallied Collegiate 40, Trinity 34. While that meet was not the Tiger’s finest hour, Nat Schub ‘09 and James Pitt ‘08 had incredible matches as each displayed their determination and tactical prowess. After the meet and during the next day, Coach McKee remarked that the Tigers could have taken victory once again if some wrestlers had avoided certain tactical blunders and had not given up on themselves so easily. The Tigers redeemed themselves by crushing Rye Country Day 58-24 on December 7. Many of the matches were hard-fought and victories welldeserved. Frank McKee ‘10, David Telfort ‘08, and Robert Antonelli ‘11 all overpowered their opponents, effectively boosting the confidence of team as the meet progressed.

on the team’s status, saying, “The team is very young, but that does not mean that the talent isn’t there. It is. Though our record [of 0-3] has not yet reflected how talented we are, the team has great potential and I am looking

forward to a great season.” With help from the expert leadership from captains and coaches, a triumphant and well-deserved win is undoubtedly in the near future for the Girls’ Varsity Basketball team.

Lily Rudd ‘08 Co-Captain Nick Kau ‘08 bravely takes on an opponent in Trinity’s Small Gym. The Boy’s Varsity Wrestling team has proven to be a formidable force this year with intense daily workouts and an impressive win against Rye Country Day with a score of 58-24.

By Zach Himes ‘09 STAFF WRITER

Since the beginning of November, the sweet roar of wrestling shoes beating down the mats in the Small Gym can be heard as this year’s wrestling season commences. With the battle cry of captains Nick Kau ‘08, Dash

Adam ‘08, and Will Holland ‘08, the wrestlers practice once again, with 40-minute warm-ups, careful study of wrestling moves, and finally a session of sparring with a partner. Practices are long and hard. The wrestlers begin by doing agility work for about 20 minutes. Then, the team practices various rolling and spinning

drills. Afterwards, each team member does ten sit-ups for every member of the team, totaling approximately 250 sit-ups. Finally, the warm-ups finish with fifty push-ups. After this daily “warmup,” the wrestlers practice a variety of moves taught by Mr. Brian Mckee, the head coach of the wrestling team.

had many positive aspects. Most notable was the team’s ability to bounce back from a significant point deficit after half time, by using their developed skills and knowledge from practice to bring the game

to a 4 point difference. Though they were not able to close out the win, the girls learned just what they can achieve through composure, spirit, and basketball smarts. MacLean commented

Girls’ Varsity Basketball Shows Talent in Practices By Louisa Strauss ‘08

CONTRIBUTING WRITER This year’s Girls’ Varsity Basketball team is an undeniable recipe for success. Though the squad lost three valuable seniors last year, the influx of fresh talent, unparalleled work ethic, and inspiring leadership all augur well for a triumphant and memorable season. The team is comprised of Varsity demigod returners and a significant number of new players from the sophomore and freshman grades. With a combination of veteran knowledge and rookie athleticism, the team is constantly developing into a strong and cohesive unit. The girls work hard to increase skill level and basketball knowledge in daily practices, led by superstar Head Coach Anne Gravel, Assistant Coach Kevin Clark, and Captains Rose MacLean ’08 and Olivia Westbrook-Gold ’09. Unfortunately, the team’s combined dedication and skill has yet to translate into a win on the court. The team started out the season with successful scrimmages against tough teams, but with players enduring illnesses and injuries, the team faced challenges in their opening games against Packer, Friends Seminary, and Nightingale-Bamford. Though disappointing, these losses helped the team focus on areas of improvement and fuel a passion for an upcoming win. While it was a frustrating loss, the team’s most recent game against Nightingale

Lily Rudd ‘08

Lily Rudd ‘08

John Homans’ Journey p. 17

Varsity Wrestling p. 19

veritas omnia vincit

Friday, December 21, 2007

Page 20

Boys’ Varsity Basketball Starts Strong

By Andrew Linville ‘08

CONTRIBUTING WRITER Coming into tryouts this year, nobody knew what to expect from the basketball team. Only six players remained from last year’s Division C Championship team, and these six players together only totaled a mere seven seasons of experience. In addition, Head Coach Seth Lieberman was gone and in his place stood Assistant Coach Kijana Saunders, who brought with him a new perspective and philosophy. Tryouts seemed to drag on, but by the end of the second week the team was set. The Tigers featured a strong core of six seniors, backed by six juniors and two sophomores. This largely inexperienced team worked hard in the first few weeks of practice, getting used to each other and the new system. The philosophy this year would be to work from the inside out, using the forwards down low as the focal point of both the man and zone offenses instead of first looking to shoot from the outside. The Tigers finally faced their first competition during a scrimmage against a tough Dwight team. Jamal Salmon ’08 led the offense scoring 17 points while the whole team contributed a solid defensive effort. The next scrimmage, against St. Agnes, was cancelled but Trinity used the referees and the court time to play and inter-squad game. The first official game

Emma Stokien ‘08 came in the first round of the Columbia Prep Tip-off Tournament against Birch Wathen Lenox. Trinity blew out Birch by a score of 57-21, led by strong performances from co-captains Josh Delott ’08 and this reporter. Trinity then faced a tough Browning team in the finals. A few dedicated fans turned out for the game but Trinity, reverting to its old habit of shooting threes, fell behind early. But Trinity was able to rally, finally pulling ahead with a three

pointer by co-captain Nathan Nolop ’09 in the final seconds of the first half. “Making that three felt great,” he said later, “It gave us the lead going into halftime and was a real momentum boost for the team after a tough first half.” Trinity carried that momentum into the second half and fed off the energy from its relentless fans. The Tigers showed their heart and held their lead with clutch performances from Dylan Murphy ’08, Adam Lerner ’09, and Ryan Maclean ’09, winning

Emma Stokien ‘08

by a final score of 54-47. Referring to Maclean later, Dr. Joel Shapiro said, “He’s a tough little cookie, that guy.” Trinity continued with its non-league schedule, beating Packer by a score of 61-23. Trinity will begin its league schedule after two more non-league matchups against Calhoun and Trevor, playing Hackley and Fieldston in the week before winter break. Coach Saunders said, “Our schedule gets progressively tougher. We face a physically

and fundamentally sound team in Hackley, and a perennially dominant Fieldston squad. The key in the next few games will be how we defend these teams.” The schedule gets harder after break when Trinity will have to face powerhouses Collegiate and Poly Prep as well as a strong Horace Mann team. However, with a strong start, the boys are confident they can carry their momentum on to league play and do some damage against their Ivy foes.

acclimated with their races. Sophomore star Devon Thompson ’10 came remarkably close to beating the 300 meter record of Andrew Scott ’08. Trinity had a strong showing in the event, with five runners receiving varsity times. Unfortunately the only record broken was that Coach Kivlin was forced to charter two school buses, instead of the typical one, to ferry the massive team to the armory. “For real? I didn’t think Kiv would ever use two buses. I remember last year the seniors had to take a cab to one meet,” mused track legend and former ssistant oach Enrique Santiago when told of the occurrence. Despite the underclassmen bus arriving late due to traffic, many ran inspired races. Emery Poor ’11 won the mile event against many more experienced runners, causing sick incumbent star Jessica Wolf ’10 to remark while doing Spanish homework “ella corre rapidamente!”

Kitty Cook ’11, sister of George Cook, showed that hurdles prowess runs in the family running the 55 meter hurdles very well. Ian Scott ’10 also ran admirably in the 4 X 400 relay team, filling in for two extremely winded upperclassmen that had just finished running the 300. That relay team has high hopes for topping the school record set in 2006. “If we continue with our track lifting program in the morning, afternoon, and evening, we’ll have that record,” said Cook, the anchor of the relay team. The seniors provided strong leadership and support for their team. The two 4 X 200 squads led by example, both placing well. Philip Tom was particularly exuberant in cheering on the team. “Seeing us do well gets me excited. Really, really, really excited,” said Tom. Track aficionados will be very pleased with the strong Trinity results to come.

Indoor Track Kicks Off Winter Season

By Alex Bolano ‘08 MANAGING EDITOR

The likes of this year’s Varsity Track team has not been seen since the fabled 2006 Hot Track squad. Led by captains George Cook ’08, Philip Tom ’08, Allegra Betini ’08, Ming-Toy Taylor ’08, and Zoe Vance ’08, the team finally seems primed to top their 2006 third place finish at the Ivy Meet. Under the wise tutelage of Coaches Brian Kivlin and Anne McKee, and Assistant Coaches David White and Ragnar Anderson, runners learned the fundamentals of the down start and the stick pass on the turf. Cook gave private lessons to underclassmen who could not quite understand the principals of the incredibly important down start. These fundamentals served the team well on the day of the first meet. The first meet is traditionally used for runners to get their bearings and to become

Emma Stokien ‘08

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