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01 WELCOME

02 LOCATION

03 CULTURE

Kosovo 4

04 LANGUAGE

05 FAMILY

06 4

FOOD

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MirĂŤ se vjen

Kosovo 6

Welcome to the world of Kosovo. Learn about the fascinating culture this country has to offer by taking a journey through the pages of love, language, good food, and laughter; Be inspired and get cultured.

6 Welcome

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QUICK FACTS Official name: Republic of Kosovo

Area: 10 908 km2/4,212 sq miles

Local short name: Kosova/Kosovë/Kosovo

Currency: Euro

Capital: Prishtina/Prishtinë/Pristina

GDP per capita: 2,065 (IMF, 2010 estimate)

Location: Southeast Europe

Language: Official: Albanian, Serbian.

Domonym: Kosovar, Kosovan Population: 2.2 mil Age Structure: 0-14 years: 27.7% 15-64 years: 65.7 %

Other: English, Turkish, German Religion: Muslim, Roman Catholic, and Orthodox Time zone: UTC +1 Literacy rate: Males: 98, Females: 90

65 years and over: 6.6% Median Age: 26.3 years Density: 220/km2 l 500/sq mi Kosovo 8

Life Expectancy: 64 Government: Parliamentary Republic Independence Day: 17 February 2008

Kosovo

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Ways to spell PrishtinĂŤ:

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42.6000 N º 20.8500 E º

Pris htinë, K osovo

Prishtinë is the capital of Kosovo. Location: Southeastern Europe.

12 Pristina, Kosovo

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The Land of Kosovo The non-coastal country of Kosovo is in border with Albania, Macedonia, Serbia, and Montenegro, with less than a 4-hour drive from Greece. Kosovo is ringed among the Sharr Mountains located in the southeast border close to Macedonia. The north is surrounded by the Kopaonik Mountains and the southwest borders neighboring Albania and Montenegro are also rocky and mountainous with the highest mountain, Gjeravica peaking at 2,656m high. As far as the central region of Kosovo, it is chiefly hilly and also possesses two extensive plains which spread over the east and west sides of Kosovo. Prishtina, Kosovo’s capital, is the largest city as well as the administrative center of the country. Other key cities include: Peja, Gjakova, Prizren, Gjilan, and Mitrovica which is currently divided into two parts. The region that is most mountainous and filled with valleys which include the chief basins of Kosovo is the Dukagjini region located in the west, which is also drained by the Southern Morava River.

Kosovo

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The Land OF Prishtinë Pristina is located at the geographical coordinates 42° 40’ 0” North and 21° 10’ 0” East and covers 572 square kilometres (221 sq mi). It lies in the northeastern part of Kosovo close to the Goljak mountains. From Pristina there is a good view of the Šar Mountains which lie several kilometres away in the south of Kosovo. Pristina is located beside two large towns, Obilićand Kosovo Polje. In fact Pristina has grown so

In general, the climate is continental,

much these past years that it has connected with

with cold, relatively dry winters and

Kosovo Polje. Lake Badovac is just a few kilometres

warm, humid summers. Summer

to the south of the city.

temperatures in the mountainous

There is no river passing through the city of Pristina now but there was one that passed through the center. The river flows through underground tunnels and is let out into the surface when it passes the city. The reason for covering the river was because the river passed by the local market and everyone dumped their waste there. This caused an awful smell and the river had to be covered. The river now only flows

areas are notably cooler, averaging about (18°C) with up to 120 days of annual snow cover in the mountains. In mountainous areas, trees cover 40% or more of the region, mostly oak and beech. Deer, bear and wild pigs abound in these areas. May and September are usually the best times to visit climate-wise.

through Pristina’s suburbs in the north and in the south.

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Albanians take great pride in their culture.

18 Pride

Kre nari 19


History and Culture Kosovo’s long, troubled history and its rich culture are linked to the many different empires prominent in the region over the centuries, as well as to the diverse ethnicities of its present-day residents. Population shifts due to wars and internal conflicts have resulted in different religions and traditions, and the country’s recent declaration as an independent republic has brought all its people together in pride and peace. At the present time, ethnic Albanians form the majority of Kosovo’s population, with Albanian the country’s official language and Islam the major religion. Village life, with its extensive family networks ruled by a patriarch, still exist in the rural areas although, as young people move to the cities, it’s being diluted by Western values. Among this group, lifestyles are based on the clan system, with many unwritten rules and norms that date back centuries regarded as legally binding, including personal honor and trust. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia in February 2008, after years of strained relations between its Serb and Albanian inhabitants. It has been recognised by the United States and major E.U. countries.

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The Newborn monument is a typo graphic sculpture and tourist attraction in Pristina, Ko sovo. It was unveiled on 17 February 2008, the Day tha t Kosovo declared independence from Serbia.

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3m high – 22m long – 1m thick Weight: 9 tons23


NEWBORN The Newborn monument was created by Fisnik Ismaili and creative agency Ogilvy Kosova. At the unveiling the organizers handed out black permanent markers Weighing in at 9 tons, Newborn’s

and invited then President Fatmir Sejdiu and Prime

dimensions are 3.0 metres (10 ft) by

Minister Hashim Thaçi to sign it, followed by some

24 metres (79 ft) by 0.9 metres (3 ft),

150,000 people attending the manifestations on 17

set in DIN Black typeface. Newborn

February 2008.

was the first large public monument to

“Newborn” was chosen as a single English word for

commemorate Kosovo’s independence.

the power to describe the birth of a new country,

It was built in ten days of around the

its positive connotations, ease of understanding by

clock work.

non-native English-speakers, and potential to present Kosovo as a new, contemporary, trendy country. The yellow color was chosen in combination with blue banners and the supporting slogans to represent both Kosovo’s new flag colors as well as EU colors. According to New Kosova Report, the supporting slogans used during the unveiling were “NEW life is BORN”, “NEW hope is BORN”, “NEW future is BORN” and “NEW country is BORN”, all presented in blue and yellow colors.

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Gjuha Shqipe

Albanian is an Indo-European language spoken by approximately 7.4 million people, primarily in Albania, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia and Greece.

26 Albanian Language

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The Albanian Language With approximately more than 90% of the population of Kosovo being ethnic Albanians, the Albanian language is recognized as an official language along with Serbian. Other languages including Turkish, Romani, and Bosnian are also spoken. English is widely spoken, especially by youth. English Yes

My name is…

PO

UNË QUHEM…

Please

How are you?

TË LUTEM

SI JENI?

Thank You FALEMINDERIT

Fine thanks, and you?

the inhabitants. The first dialect, Tosk, which derives

Good Morning

MIRË FALEMINDERIT, PO JU?

from southern Albania, is mostly used in Albania,

MIRËMËNGJES

Italy, Greece and Turkey, whereas Gheg, the second,

Good Night

Do you speak English?

is spoken by the majority of the Kosovar people and

NATËN E MIRË

FLISNI ANGLISHT?

in places such as Macedonia and Montenegro and

Good-Bye

northern Albania.

MIRUPAFSHIM

I don’t speak Albanian?

is also taught at schools starting from primary education. Albanian is an Indo-European language that is spoken by numerous inhabitants of the Albanian culture especially those bordering the Albanian and Kosovo countries. The language is divided into two-main dialects used depending on the geographical area of

The language is very distinct to most Indo-European languages and it remains independent of its sub-group. The closest relation towards the language can be the

What is your name?

NUK FLAS SHQIP?

SI JU QUAJNË?

ancient Illyrian language.

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ALBANIAN ALFABETI

A

B

C

Ç

D

Dh

A BË CË ÇË DË DHË

E

Ë

F

G

Gj

H

E Ë FË GË GJË H Ë

I

J

K

L

Ll

M

I JË KË LË LLË MË

Rr

S

RRË

SË SHË TË THË

N

Sh

Nj

O

T P

Th Q

R

NË NJË O PË QË RË

U

V

X

Xh

Y

Z

U VË XË XHË Y Z

Zh 30

ZHË


Close Family ties, lots of love, and friendship are common in kosovo.

I32love you

tĂŤ Dua

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The Selimi’s The Selimi family was born and raised in Prishtinë, Kosovo. Mom, Hava and Dad, Muharrem raised 4 children: Sabrie, Bujar, Agim, and Valdete. They moved to America in 1999 due to the Kosovo war, but have held on to their love and their culture here. Life moves slowly, and family and

Most of their family remains in Kosovo. They visit their

relationships are still the hub of Kosovo.

family members often and Skype with members when

Family matters day in and day out. After

they are unable to travel. The family ties in Kosovo are

experiencing the Kosovo War, families

very strong. Families eat together, work together, and

are stronger than ever, and the Selimi’s

do just about everything together.

are a prime example. Stepping between two worlds was a hard adjustment, but the Selimi’s have balanced it well and continute to remain close. They have even connected to local Albanian’s in the area, and have made multiple frienships here in the states.

The Selimi’s are a very hard working family. After coming to America, their parents got a job right away and have been working ever since. All of their children work harders as well. Everyone helps each other and is always there for each other no matter what. When the Have and Muharrem get older, the children will all help take care of them. The culture strives on selfless among families, and even after moving to America, they have kept this standard.

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Muharrem

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Hava

Agim

Sabrie

Valdete

Bujar

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T’boftÍ mire!

Kosovo is known for having delicious food. Menus are filled with meats, stews, salads, pastas, dips for bread, and much more.

38 appetit! Bon

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The main meal of the Albanians is lunch. The cuisine of Albania is Mediterranean, influenced by Turkish, Greek, and Italian cooking. Albanian cuisine is characterized by the use of spices such as black pepper and Mediterranean herbs such as oregano, mint, basil, rosemary and more in cooking meat and fish, but also chilli pepper and garlic. Olive oil and butter are a main ingredient in dishes. Meat (lamb, beef, chicken, pork and rabbit) is used heavily in dishes in most of the country. Seafood specialties are also common in the coastal cities such as Durrës, Vlorë, Shkoder, Lezhe and Sarandë. Vegetables are used in almost every dish. Usually, Albanian farmers grow every vegetable present in the Mediterranean region and sell them at the local farmers’ market. Vegetables are bought fresh at the farmers’ market early in the morning, which is open every day. The main meal of the Albanians is lunch, which usually consists of gjellë (Stew), the main dish of slowly cooked meat with various vegetables, and a salad of fresh vegetables, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, green peppers, and olives. The salad is dressed with olive oil, vinegar, lemon juice and salt.

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Albanian Food Traditional food of high nutritional value is eaten in Kosovo. Typical Kosovo dishes are made from potato, beans, peppers, meat, dairy products, legumes, rice and pastry. The food is primarily prepared by roasting Traditional Kosovan desserts are often

not boiling.

made with sherbet, which is cooked

Meat is well represented in daily meals. Mainly beef,

sugar with either lemon or vanilla flavor.

baby beef, lamb, poultry (chicken) and rarely kid.

Baklava is one of the most widely used

Meat is also cured and sudĹžuk and smoked beef,

pastries in Kosovo. Another is Kajmaçin,

similar to cutlets, are characteristic dishes. Despite

which is composed of baked eggs,

rich water fauna, fish is rarely found on menus.

mixed with sugar and oil. Sheqer Pare is a pastry similar to Baklava, as it is topped with Sherbet. Other pastries such as Kaqamak, Tespishte, Rovani, Tullumaand Pallaqinka are also a very popular breakfast foods in Kosovo.

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Main meals are pies, burek, kebab, sausages, mainly lamb, stuffed peppers and other dishes made from peppers, beans, and other dishes. Another dish worth mentioning is burjan – spinach with rice baked in an oven with pieces of lamb.

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Ingredients Flour

Water

Spinach

Green Onions

Olive Oil

Salt

2 C.

2 C.

2 Stalks

2 Stalks

1 TBS.

1 Pinch

Instructions 1. In medium mixing bowl, mix together the flour

5. Stretch each dough ball until it’s flat like a pizza.

and water until you get a nice non-sticky texture.

Lay this piece on a large circle pan.

2. Chop the spinach and the green onions and mix

6. Spread a thin layer of the spinach bowl mix on top.

together in large mixing bowl. Add in the olive oil and salt to taste. 3. Knead 2 large sections of the dough.

7. Repeat step 5 and place on top of the mixture. Connect the sides. 8. Bake until golden brown.

4. Preheat oven to 425Âş

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Get Cultured: Kosovo  

A journey through the culture of Kosovo.

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