Issue 1 // February 2017
It is a privilege to bring Australian farmers the first edition of the Green to Gold newsletter. The aim of this newsletter is to give farmers an update into what LIC has been focusing on, share stories on local farmers using LIC genetics and provide relevant content to farmers that may help them in their business. This edition covers some great topics. We look at what is takes to grow young stock to their full potential, we profile some of the latest 2017 sires and we also feature a young lady in Western Districts who is achieving top results through keeping things simple on farm.
I have been continually impressed with how farmers have adapted to the current challenges on farm and, in most cases, have gotten back to basics, focusing on using home-grown forage and feeding this to high genetic merit cows.
Having taken over the helm of at LIC Australia last August, there has certainly been plenty happening. The first few months in my role has Mike Rose and Operations Manager seen myself meet many of our customers in Sales LIC Australia different regions around Australia as well as acquire an understanding of the Australian This same pattern has been occurring in dairy industry. New Zealand, which has seen two years of sustained low milk price. Many cows have been culled and imported feed has been reduced. There has only been a small drop in production but costs have been significantly reduced. (Continued on pg 2).
Having less cows has often resulted in the we have made the hard decision that will better quality cows remaining and these have cannot to continue to offer this service into been the more productive ones. the future.
Hopefully, through these challenging times, the silver lining will be farmers creating a more profitable farming system that is resilient through both good times and bad.
This was a tough decision to make as we know many farmers valued the service we provided and the quality staff employed. I would personally like to thank the farmers who have been supporting the service we have provided. We will continue to have local LIC District Managers in your region and have begun connecting farmers with other suitable service providers.
Through improved breeding, over time cows have become more efficient convertors of feed into milk. They also require more feed to cater to the demands of producing more milk and getting back in-calf quickly. To meet these demands farmers then have choices about how to cater to these animals: they can grow more feed on farm, bring in more imported feed or reduce the stocking rate. Hopefully, through these challenging times, the silver lining will be farmers creating a more profitable farming system that is resilient through both good times and bad.
This is the time of season that the new sire proofs are coming through and there is always a sense of anticipation on a Monday morning after an Animal Evaluation run to see what new graduates are putting their hand up for selection. There looks to be a number of sires that are going to be very well suited to the Australian market. There are a number of good outcross options coming through with strong type traits, carrying the usual characteristics of New Zealand genetics: positive fertility and longevity, calving ease, moderate size and high components. Keep an eye out on www.licnz.com/australia for our In 2017, LIC will be putting greater focus on the updated bull teams. genetic range we offer with both the LIC and CRV ranges. We have been complementing Lastly, I would like to wish everyone a happy our genetic offering with AI and other services new year. I am sure we all hope 2017 will see in the Gippsland and North Victoria regions; greater prosperity in the dairy industry and farming in general.
2017 NEW ZEALAND STUDY FARM TOUR Interest is currently being sought for farmers interested in a 4 to 5 day Farm Study Tour of New Zealand in June Highlights include: • • •
Visiting high performing grazing and higher input farmers Touring of LIC bull farm and complex Attending the NZ National Agricultural Feildays.
To register your interest, contact LIC: 1800454694 I firstname.lastname@example.org
KEEP CALM AND FARM ON
Shannon does not skimp on her fertilizer plan or the use of high performance AI for her With her parents over the ditch in New Zealand, replacements. “[The] farm business needs to Shannon Notter runs the family farm, milking a be sustainable and profitable year-in, yearout, [so I] need a quality herd that [efficiently herd of 480, in Carlisle River, Victoria. convert feed]. [I also] need to make the most of the land we have available and aim to grow quality feed.” This is another advantage of the investment in the new farm: “[the] new farm also provides additional homegrown feed, [which] reduces the risk of variations in feed costs from year to year,” Shannon says.
Shannon Notter on her farm in Western Victoria
Starting on 200ha and grazing their young stock off-farm, when the farm next door came up for sale the Notters jumped at the chance to add an extra 140ha to their platform, which would allow them to raise their heifers at home and have more control over raising well-grown, healthy heifers. The new farm “will eventually make us able to have a fully closed herd, reducing risks of disease, etc,” Shannon says. Previously, heifers and dry cows were grazed about 45 minutes away so having them at home also significantly saves Shannon travel time and costs. Within a week of acquiring their new purchase, a bridge had already been built over the river, in order for the two farms to run smoothly as one. This is just one example of how Shannon invests back into the business for the sustainability of the farm. Keep in Control Shannon’s outlook on the farm business is to “control the ‘controllables’,” using the cost of milk solids for each season as the foundation of her budget then planning from there. There are always variables in grain prices, milk prices, climate, etc. - being aware how these affect your bottom line is important, she mentions.
Keep Quality Breeding Shannon found that her large-framed Holstein cows looked great in the paddock but were too hard to get in-calf; so, two years ago, made the decision to put LIC Jersey genetics over the whole herd. “It’s hard to look past New Zealand being able to get low empty rates. If I can’t get a low empty rate, I don’t have the ability to start culling for production and improve the herd.” She is aiming to achieve an empty rate of less than 10% from her herd.
It’s hard to look past New Zealand being able to get low empty rates. If I can’t get a low empty rate, I don’t have the ability to start culling for production and improve the herd.
It’s still early days for her refreshed breeding strategy, but Shannon has already seen vast improvement in her herd’s calving. “Calving [was] very easy. [I] only had to pull one or two calves that had legs back, but the Holsteins don’t even know they are calving because the calves are a lot smaller.” Shannon is breeding for a herd of mediumsized, high-component and fertile crossbred cows. “[I] still have a large number of Holsteins, so [it] will take a few more years to get mating and calving where I want it.”
So far, combining the best of both breeds has VIEW FROM OUR FIELD given Shannon nice sized cows that are good Mark Averill foragers and feed converters. Product Manager Keep Cool No Matter the Season Shannon knows farming is an ever-evolving business so, to be and stay successful, she is open to change. She says changing her calving pattern from split-calving to seasonal calving has made a big difference in the challenging season. “Everything is more streamlined and [you] don’t feel like you are chasing your tail. In low payout years [like this one] it means that I can budget more accurately and be aware of costs that can be trimmed.”
Farming is a long term industry, [you need to have] flexibility in your system to make the most out of a high payout year, and to buffer yourself from low payout years.
Welcome to the CRV update of Green to Gold. I would like to begin with the ADHIS proof run that happened in December. The results were particularly good for CRV, as we now have the number three and number six sires on the daughter proven BPI. This has come on the back of CRV bulls being genotyped under the ADHIS model, with the results coming back favourable. Bouw Rocky, who was used as a genomic sire in Australia, sits at number three. He is a special sire due to featuring in the top three sires for all the three main indexes in Australia.
On the BPI he sits at number three, with a BPI of 314, on TWI he sits at number two, with a TWI of 326, and on HWI he sits at number three, “Farming is a long term industry, [you need with a HWI of 255. to have] flexibility in your system to make the most out of a high payout year, and to His fertility sits at 113 which is second-equal of buffer yourself from low payout years.” She all Daughter Proven sires. invests more back into the business in a high payout season to help improve farm costs and efficiency so, if and when a low payout season comes around, she can continue making a profit. Local LIC District Manager, Dawn Waite, says that even though Western Victoria has had a challenging season, Shannon’s stock and farm look great. Shannon estimates production at around 230,000kgMS this season – a solid improvement Number three on the BPI, Bouw Rocky from last season’s 190,000kgms, and climbing closer to her goal of 250,000kgMS from 500 Bouw Rocky is now available in both cows. conventional semen and sexed semen, and will be in hot demand this year. Newhouse Skyfall, also used as a genomic bull, sits at number six on the Daughter Proven BPI: BPI – 292; TWI – 250; HWI - 224; Fertility – 112.
Delta G-Force sits at a credible 17th place on the same list: BPI – 279; TWI – 236; HWI – 204; Fertility – 111. G-Force has been put to good use in Australia; with plenty of his daughters now in milk, we are getting feedback that farmers are satisfied by the G-Force cows’ moderate stature and high components. G-Force should continue to have strong interest in 2017. An eary G-Force son, Skyforce, from a Goldwyn cow, is also available in Australia (pre-order only).
Whatsapp displays great scores for calving ease and udders
Full details for all the bulls can be viewed online: https://shop.crv4all.nl/shop/ibd/catalog/BW Australian Jerseys Last October LIC and CRV had the pleasure of sponsoring part of the North Western Jersey Cattle Breeders Club day. Around 40 people, including two of our district managers, Rowan Priest and Sharyn Collins, attended the day, Farmers are satisfied by G Force daughters’ stature and components which was held around the Lockington District The genotyping also saw some genomic sires in North Victoria. make the grade, so we are now working on which bulls are going to appeal the most to A total of four farms were visited, from which Australian dairy farmers. a good number of first calving daughters from CRV’s Pannoo Brax were on show. Two bulls Bouw Finder and Peak Hotline will The overall opinion on these cows was positive; appeal to the stud breeders. Both of these they are very capacious cows with very good bulls are already being used to sire sons all udders, true to his linear projection. around the world and are getting new enquires every day. The Bouw prefix is renowned for breeding sires in the Netherlands, and the Peak breeding programme in the USA is a name that everyone is now following. Flevo Genetics Whatsapp RF is a bull from the Dutch breeding programme that we launched here last autumn. He is a calving ease specialist, achieving 112, One of Pannoo Brax’s first calving daughters We are looking forward to the results of the with high scores for udder (111), also. LTEs, which are due very soon. Whatsapp has been used to sire sons, resulting in four very good young sires coming through. The results of the Australian Jersey Programme This will include a full red son, Delta Webmail, show Jerseys are punching well above their as well as Delta Magister, Delta Dairyman and weight – two bulls are in the top 10BPI Daughter proven and are showing the traits farmers Delta Wisent RF. desire.
GET THE MOST OUT OF YOUR GENETICS
months of age, there is still some way to go to meet the 22 month target. See Figure 1.
Joyce Voogt, LIC Reproduction Solutions Manager, explains how growing heifers well delivers real benefits. Dairy heifer performance and survival in the herd is a hot topic internationally, with good reason. Heifers that reach their mature-liveweightbased growth targets have been seen to deliver both productive and reproductive benefits to the dairy farmer, helping to drive the bottom line on-farm6. Recent LIC research backs up previous studies and suggests that for every 1% closer to liveweight breeding value based targets heifers are at 22 months, farmers can expect close to 2 kg milk solids extra in the first and second lactation1, 5. Not only that, heifers that were 20% below their 22 month target had noticeably lower 3 week submission and 6 week in-calf rates.
Figure 1. Mean live-weight of spring born heifers by ‘standard age’ compared to MINDA™ target algorithm
Are the targets realistic? Yes, top performers are achieving target, as can be seen in the purple line in Figure 2 below. On average overall, heifers achieved their live weight target at 6 and 15 months but failed to meet it at 22 months.
It’s no surprise to most dairy farmers that poorly grown heifers generally struggle to survive and thrive in the herd. Historically this has been a problem area for New Zealand farmers4. Good News: The good news is that farmers have taken up the challenge and are starting to make real gains in heifer growth1.
Figure 2. Percentage deviation from MINDA™ weights guideline for average of age group compared to national median (2014 borns)
So what can farmers do to grow better In recent years those that are monitoring heifer heifers? growth through the first two years of life by • Set the targets. Heifers should weigh the weighing heifers and entering the liveweights following percentages of expected mature into MINDA™ have shown significant gains. liveweight at the listed ages 2,3 On average their heifers are now achieving • Weigh them 4-6 weekly to track growth. target liveweight at the key milestones of 6 and 15 months. While gains have also been made out to 22
• Manage heifers that are falling behind • Once in the herd, manage them carefully before they are more than 10% below so they can compete, get back in calf target. New Zealand heifer growers have again quickly and deliver the benefits for found that if heifers deviate off their target growth path by more than 10% it is very Heifers that reach their difficult to catch them up when relying on mature-liveweight-based seasonal grass growth patterns alone. • Make sure they hit puberty and get in calf quickly as yearlings, so they can calve down quickly in the herd. The closer they are to the key milestones of mating at 15 months or calving at 24 months, the closer to the target line they need to be.
growth targets have been seen to deliver both productive and reproductive benefits to the dairy farmer, helping to drive the bottom line on-farm6.
Key point: Get the best out of the genetics you purchase • 6 months of age – 30% by growing your replacements to their breeding value based target liveweights and • 15 months of age - 60% ( key target at set them up for a productive and profitable first mating milestone) life. • 22 months of age – 90% (key target for References: first calving milestone at 24 months) 1. Handcock, R.C., Lopdell, T.J., McNaughton, L.R. How do I calculate mature liveweight?
2016. More dairy heifers are achieving liveweight targets. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production, 76: 3-7
• you can calculate this using sire information ( sire liveweight breeding 2. Burke, C., Blackwell, M. and S. Little ed. 2007. values) and the dam liveweight The InCalf book for New Zealand dairy farmers. Hamilton, DairyNZ, p.42 information, or • weigh your 5 year old cows of the same genetic mix in mid-lactation to determine expected mature liveweight and remember to correct it to a standardised body condition score of NZ 4.5.
3. Bryant, J.R., Holmes, C.W., Lopez-Villalobos, N., McNaughton, L. R., Brookes, I.M., Verkerk, G.A., Pryce, J.E. 2004. Use of breeding values for live weight to calculate individual targets for dairy heifers. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production, 64:118-121 4. McNaughton, L.R., Lopdell, T. 2012. Are dairy heifers achieving liveweight targets?. New Zealand Society of Animal Production, 72:120–122 5. McNaughton, L.R., Lopdell, T. 2013. Effect of heifer liveweight on calving pattern and milk production. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production, 73: 103-107
Research suggests heifers that reach their mature-liveweight-based targets are more productive in driving the bottom line on-farm
6. McNaughton, L.R., Voogt, J. 2013. Youngstock – an investment that lasts a lifetime. Proceedings of South Island Dairy Event 4.3 http://side.org.nz/ past-proceedings/
BULLS TO WATCH
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MER SPE UM 40% O FF TH ESE B $24 $ ULLS 14.40 per st raw
when you b u Valid y 40 or mo re stra until 3 1 May ws 2017
Production Milk (lbs)
CONTACT US Office & Administration Mike Rose
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Published on Feb 16, 2017
This edition covers some great topics. We look at what is takes to grow young stock to their full potential, we profile some of the latest 2...