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Table 2 Common STDs Disease

Symptoms

Treatment or cure

Long-term consequences

Chlamydia

Some people show no symptoms, especially women. Others have a dis-charge from the genitals, painful urination, and severe abdominal pain.

Chlamydia can be cured with antibiotics taken by mouth.

Sterility and liver infection can result from Chlamydial infections.

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

Some people show no symptoms; others have warts on the genital area, and women have an abnormal Pap-smear test.

HPV can be treated , but not cured. Sometimes , warts can be removed. Pap-smear tests help to identify precancerous conditions.

If left untreated , cervical cancer can occur in women.

Genital herpes

Herpes causes outbreaks of painful blister or sores around the genital area that recur, swelling in the genital area, and burning during urination.

Herpes cannot be cured. Treatment with antiviral medication can decrease the length and frequency of out breakers and can decrease the spread of herpes

If left untreated herpes may cause cervical cancer in women. Herpes can cause deformities in unborn babies.

Gonorrhea

Some people show no symptoms. Other people have a discharge from the genitals, painful urination , and severe abdominal pain.

Gonorrhea can be cured with antibiotics , although a new strain of bacteria has shown resistance to antibiotics.

Sterility , liver disease , testicular disease can result from gonorrhea infections in not treated.

Syphilis

Symptoms if present, are sores, fever, body rash, swollen lymph nodes.

Syphilis can be cured with antibiotics.

If left untreated, mental illness , heart and kidney dam-ages, and death can result.

Trichomoniasis

Symptoms include itching, discharge from the genitals, and painful urination.

Trichomoniasis can be cured with medication.

Has been linked to an increased risk of infectious by HIV.

Chancroid

Swollen and painful lymph nodes in the groin area.

Treated with antibiotics.

Is a large, painful blister or ulcer which appears in genital area; may


rupture Pelvice Inflammatory Disease

Chronic pelvic pain, fever, flu-like symptoms, pain during or after intercourse, vaginal bleeding, foul smelling discharge, tenderness in lower abdomen, and chills.

Requires antibiotics

Can cause ectopic pregnancies, infertility and abscesses in the pelvis

Candidacies

burning, itching discomfort.

It is treatable with overthe-counter medication, although it is commonly recurrent.

Yeast infection,

Bacterial Vaginosis

Causes pain urination

Untreatable

can result in kidney failure

Nongonococcal Urethritis

Discharge penis

The main treatments for NGU are the antibiotics azithromycin and doxycycline.

Afflicts men and causes urinary problems.

and

during

from

the

Burning or pain when urinating Itching, irritation, tenderness

or

Left untreated, the germs that cause NGU, especially chlamydia, can lead to serious complications

Underwear stain Discharge vagina

from

the

Burning or pain when urinating Abdominal pain or abnormal vaginal bleeding may be an indication that the infection has progressed to Pelvic inflammatory Disease (PID) Mucopurulent Cervicitis

No symptoms

Must be individually removed by a doctor.

Causes discharge from the cervix.

Molluscum Contagiosum

This virus causes smooth, shiny lesions

Must be individually removed by a doctor.

This virus causes smooth, shiny lesions

HIV – AIDS

Symptoms can include:

Treatment: There is not

leading cause of death


Crab louse

severe loss of weight, fever, headaches, drenching night sweats, fatigue, severe diarrhea, shortness of breath, and difficulty in swallowing. The symptoms are usually episodic and can last for weeks or months at a time

cure of HIV infection or AIDS. Patients are being treated with a mix of antibiotics called the “cocktail�, which provide a better quality of life. FATAL New strains continue to be found.

among young men and women. The virus is fatal involving a long, painful death

Intense itching in the genital hair and produce smell.

Soap

Social embarrassed


Sexual tranasmitted diseases