Page 1

bridging decay


01

precedent

02

material decay

03

schedule of decay

04

implementation

05

context

06

the section

07

the view


“There is a tendency to decay inherent in materials and systems themselves—an entropy—that no amount of care in design or maintenance can overcome. Buildings will inevitably decay, and there is nothing architects or those charged with a building’s upkeep can do. So, what is an architect to think or do about it?” - Lebbeus Woods -


“The march of preservation necessitates the development of a theory of its opposite: not what to keep, but what to give up, what to erase and abandon. Doing ‘nothing’: no stripping, no sublimity, no ruin, just nothing.” - Rem Koolhaas -


precedent


Concical Intersect // Gordon Matta-Clark

“A simple cut or series of cuts acts as a powerful drawing device able to redefine spatial situations and structural components.� - Gordon Matta-Clark -


P a r t i a l l y B u r i e d Wo o d s h e d / / R o b e r t S m i t h s o n

"I am for an art that takes into account the direct effect of the elements as they exist from day to day apart from representation." “Entropy contradicts the usual notion of the mechanistic world view. In other words it’s a condition that’s irreversible, it’s a condition that’s moving towards gradual equilibrium. Perhaps a definition of entropy wouble be Humpty Dumpty.” - Robert Smithson -


METHOD

ACCUMULATION

PARTIALLY BURIED UNTIL THE CENTRE BEAM CRACKS

BACKHOE RENTED

20

24000 kg

19

22800 kg

18

21600 kg

17

20400 kg

16

19200 kg

15

18000 kg

14

16800 kg

13

15600 kg

12

14400 kg

LEF

T

ROBERT SMITHSON

STUDENTS FROM THE ARTS FACULTY WORKSHOP

120

RANDOMLY SELECTED ABANDONED & RUNDOWN SHED ON CAMPUS

11

13200 kg

10

12000 kg

9

10800 kg

8

9600 kg

7

8400 kg

6

7200 kg

5

6000 kg

4

4800 kg

3

3600 kg

2

2400 kg

1

1200 kg

TO ER

AS

E

THROUGH

PILES OF EARTH TRUCKED FROM ACCROS CAMPUS

O

TR

EN

PIC

VOTE TO SAVE THE WOODSHED

ES

RC

FO

LANDSCAPING PLANED FOR THE AREA. WOODSHED TO BE REMOVED

TALKS ABOUT WHAT TO DO WITH THE ARTWORK. WIFE WANT WORK TO BE PRESERVED

SMITHSON DIES

1973

NAMED 'PARTIALLY BURIED WOODSHED'

F

400

VALUED $10 000

BEAM SYMBOLISES:

BURIAL SYMBOLISES

- THE CRACKING OF GOVERNMENT - THE CRACKING OF COUNTRY - THE CRACKING OF CONSTITUTION

- BURIAL OF CONSTITUTION - KILLING OF CONSTITUTION

5000

GIVEN TO UNIVERSITY

6000

2700

6000

MAY 1970

STUDENTS KILLED AND INJURED IN SHOOTING

ABANDONED STUCCO & WOOD SHED ON UNUSED OLD FARM AQUIRED BY UNIVERSITY

JAN 1970

9 INJURED

4 DEAD

13 SECONDS 500 STUDENTS PROTEST ON CAMPUS

67 ROUNDS

PRESIDENT NIXON ANNOUNCES INVASION OF CAMBODIA

9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1


The Ice Cube

"NOTHING IS LOST, NOTHING IS CREATED, EVERYTHING IS TRANSFORMED”

The building is being demolished through time. Like an ice cube, the building is transformed, is being melted. It transforms itself in rel roundings. The imprint of the object, embedding it into the landscape, transforming its value. With time the building is spreading ove we need over time.

ICE CUBE

OBJECT TO BE DEMOLISHED

ICE CUBE

OBJECT TO BE DEMOLISHED

ICE CUBE

OBJECT TO BE DEMOLISHED

CONCEPT OF BUILDING DEVELOPMENT WITH TIME

+0

+10

2015

+60

+70

2060 +120

+130

+20

2020

+80

2065 +140

+30

+40

2025

+90

2030

+100

2070 +150

+50

2040

2080

2085

+110

2075 +160

2035

+170

URBAN ANALYSIS What’s the impact of the area in the building? And what’s the impact of the building in the area? Do we fix the area to be the perfect frame for the “melting”. Or will the melting fix the area over time?


MATERIAL LEAD PENCIL

GRAPHITE TIP

BLACK PENCIL

GRAPHITE SIDE

CHALK

OIL PASTEL

INK

PAINT

Material Rubbings

PAINT

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 T X
 PAIN T PAIN IN K IN K IN K

IN K

IV IV PAIN T PAIN T IN IN K IN V K V K

I II

II

L E A D PENC L EA IDL PEN LEAD C ILEAD L PE NCIL P ENCIL LEA D P ENCIL LEAGDRA PLEA P ENCIL HITE DG RAPHI P LEAD ENCI TI P PE TE LGRAPHI NCI TI GRAPHI PL V TE TI TE GRAPHI P TI P GRAPHI TE BL ACK TI PGRAPHI PE BLTI NCI ACK GRAPHI P TE L PE BL TIVNCI P ACK TE BLLACK TIPENCI P PBLA ENCI L CK L BLA P ENCI R ABLA LP HI ENCI CK G T EB RA L LA P SP ENCI ID CK HI ETGP ELRENCI A SGP ID RA HI ELTPEHISTG IE DRA E DHI EG TR E ASPI D HI GVET RA CHA E PSHI IGD LK RA TEE CHA PSHI I DTE LK E SCHA I DVE CHA LK LK CHA LK OI CHA L PA LKCHAL SOI T ELL PASTE KCVH AL O IL K LO PASTE IL PASTE L PASTE O ILLPASTE INOKIL VPASTE L OIN ILK PASTE L IN K IN K V VS IP V V GCK V TE V VL VL O IL

VI

VII VIII

IN K

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II III IV

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L E A D PENC L EA IDL PEN LEAD C ILEAD L PE NCIL P ENCIL LEA D P ENCIL LEAGDRA PLEA P ENCIL HITE DG RAPHI P LEAD ENCI TI P PE TE LGRAPHI NCI TI GRAPHI PL TE TI TE GRAPHI P TI P GRAPHI TE BL ACK TI PGRAPHI TE PE BLTI NCI ACK GRAPHI P TE L PE BL TINCI P ACK TE BLLACK TIPENCI P PBLA ENCI L CK L BLA P ENCI GCK R ABLA LP HI ENCI CK G T EB RA L LA P SP ENCI ID CK HI ETGP ELRENCI A SGP ID RA HI ELTPEHISTG IE DRA ES IPDHI EG TR E ASPI D HI GET RA CHA E PSHI IGD LK RA TEE CHA PSHI I DTE LK E SCHA I D E CHA LK LK CHA LK OI CHA L PA LKCHAL SOI T ELL PASTE KC H AL O IL K LO PASTE IL PASTE L O ILL PASTE O ILLPASTE INOKIL PASTE L OIN ILK PASTE L INLK IN K

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IN K

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PAIN T PAIN T V K V K IN IN K IN VI

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FROTTAGE - 'to II II RUB', rubbing, to ERASE II III

III

III

I

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II III

the from an IV IV IV process of taking a rubbing IV technique or

III

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II

SHAPE SQUARE TRIANGLE

I

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I

TEXTUREII ROUGH SMOOTH

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 VIII XI IX

GEOMETRIC MESH HORIZONTAL VERTICAL DIAGONAL RIGHT ANGLE


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III

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VII VIII

VII VII IX

IX X
 XI

THIN

II III

IV

IV

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THICK SHARP BLUNT LONG SHORT SOLID

IN K

PAIN T PAIN T V K V K IN IN K IN

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MECHANICAL

X

TRANSLUCENT


XI

TRANSPARENT

PAINPAIN T T

PAIN T PAIN T PAIN T PAIN T

PAINPAIN T T

PAIN T PAIN T PAIN T PAIN T

PAINPAIN T T

PAIN T PAIN T PAIN T PAIN T

I III IV

IX

NON-MECHANICAL

PAIN T PAIN T PAIN T PAIN T

II

III IV

VI

VII

X

SHAPE

X
 XI

PAIN T PAIN T IN K IN K IN K

VIII

XI

FROTTAGE - 'to RUB', rubbing, to ERASE

TEXTURE

I

SQUARE

I

ROUGH

II

TRIANGLE

II

SMOOTH

III

LINE

III

THIN

IV

GEOMETRIC

IV

THICK

V

MESH

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SHARP

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HORIZONTAL

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BLUNT

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VERTICAL

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LONG

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DIAGONAL

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SHORT

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RIGHT ANGLE


IX

SOLID

X

MECHANICAL

X

TRANSLUCENT


XI

NON-MECHANICAL

XI

TRANSPARENT

REALISATION

REALISATION

FORENSICS

the technique or process of taking a rubbing from an uneven surface to form the basis of a work of art.

LINE

X
 XI

IN K

I

II

III

IV

VL O IL V VS IP V V GCK V TE V VL L E A D PENC L EA IDL PEN LEAD C ILEAD L PE NCIL P ENCIL LEA D P ENCIL LEAGDRA PLEA P ENCIL HITE DG RAPHI P LEAD ENCI TI P PE TE LGRAPHI NCI TI GRAPHI PL V TE TI TE GRAPHI P TI P GRAPHI TE BL ACK TI PGRAPHI PE BLTI NCI ACK GRAPHI P TE L PE BL TIVNCI P ACK TE BLLACK TIPENCI P PBLA ENCI L CK L BLA Puneven ENCI R ABLA Lsurface P HI ENCI CK G T EB RA L LA P S ENCI ID CK HI ETGP ELRthe ENCI A SGP ID RA HI ELTPEHI STG IaE DRA E DHI Eof G TR E ASPI D HI GVET RA CHA E PSHI IGD LK RA TEE CHA PSHI I DTE LK E SCHA I DVE CHA LK LK CHA LK OI CHA L PA LKCHAL SOI T ELL PASTE KCVH AL O IL K LO PASTE IL PASTE L PASTE O ILLPASTE INOKIL VPASTE L OIN ILK PASTE L IN K IN K toP form basis of work art.

PAINPAIN T T

VI

VII VIII

L E A D PENC L EA IDL PEN LEAD C ILEAD L PE NCIL P ENCIL LEA D P ENCIL LEAGDRA PLEA P ENCIL HITE DG RAPHI P LEAD ENCI TI P PE TE LGRAPHI NCI TI GRAPHI PL TE TI TE GRAPHI P TI P GRAPHI TE BL ACK TI PGRAPHI TE PE BLTI NCI ACK GRAPHI P TE L PE BL TINCI P ACK TE BLLACK TIPENCI P PBLA ENCI L CK L BLA P ENCI GCK R ABLA LP HI ENCI CK G T EB RA L LA P SP ENCI ID CK HI ETGP ELRENCI A SGP ID RA HI ELTPEHISTG IE DRA ES IPDHI EG TR E ASPI D HI GET RA CHA E PSHI IGD LK RA TEE CHA PSHI I DTE LK E SCHA I D E CHA LK LK CHA LK OI CHA L PA LKCHAL SOI T ELL PASTE KC H AL O IL K LO PASTE IL PASTE L O ILL PASTE O ILLPASTE INOKIL PASTE L OIN ILK PASTE L INLK IN K

PAIN T PAIN T PAIN T PAIN T

I

II III

VL O IL V VS IP V V GCK V TE V VL L E A D PENC L EA IDL PEN LEAD C ILEAD L PE NCIL P ENCIL LEA D P ENCIL LEAGDRA PLEA P ENCIL HITE DG RAPHI P LEAD ENCI TI P PE TE LGRAPHI NCI TI GRAPHI PL V TE TI TE GRAPHI P TI P GRAPHI TE BL ACK TI PGRAPHI PE BLTI NCI ACK GRAPHI P TE L PE BL TIVNCI P ACK TE BLLACK TIPENCI P PBLA ENCI L CK L BLA P ENCI R ABLA LP HI ENCI CK G T EB RA L LA P SP ENCI ID CK HI ETGP ELRENCI A SGP ID RA HI ELTPEHISTG IE DRA E DHI EG TR E ASPI D HI GVET RA CHA E PSHI IGD LK RA TEE CHA PSHI I DTE LK E SCHA I DVE CHA LK LK CHA LK OI CHA L PA LKCHAL SOI T ELL PASTE KCVH AL O IL K LO PASTE IL PASTE L PASTE O ILLPASTE INOKIL VPASTE L OIN ILK PASTE L IN K IN K

PAINPAIN T T

I II

IX X


PAIN T PAIN T PAIN T PAIN T

III

VII

XI

PAINPAIN T T

VI

VIII

L E A D PENC L EA IDL PEN LEAD C ILEAD L PE NCIL P ENCIL LEA D P ENCIL LEAGDRA PLEA P ENCIL HITE DG RAPHI P LEAD ENCI TI P PE TE LGRAPHI NCI TI GRAPHI PL TE TI TE GRAPHI P TI P GRAPHI TE BL ACK TI PGRAPHI TE PE BLTI NCI ACK GRAPHI P TE L PE BL TINCI P ACK TE BLLACK TIPENCI P PBLA ENCI L CK L BLA P ENCI GCK R ABLA LP HI ENCI CK G T EB RA L LA P SP ENCI ID CK HI ETGP ELRENCI A SGP ID RA HI ELTPEHISTG IE DRA ES IPDHI EG TR E ASPI D HI GET RA CHA E PSHI IGD LK RA TEE CHA PSHI I DTE LK E SCHA I D E CHA LK LK CHA LK OI CHA L PA LKCHAL SOI T ELL PASTE KC H AL O IL K LO PASTE IL PASTE L O ILL PASTE O ILLPASTE INOKIL PASTE L OIN ILK PASTE L INLK IN K

FORENSICS

VI

VII VIII

IX XI

THE OBJECT FERERRO ROCHER CONTATINER LID

PRESSURE

VI

VII VIII

X
 XI

PRESSURE

VI

VII VIII

SOFT

VI

I

MEDIUM

INK

I II

MEDIUM

OIL PASTEL

I II

HARD

CHALK

I II

HARD

GRAPHITE SIDE

I

VI

ANALYSIS

BLACK PENCIL

II

IX

ANALYSIS

GRAPHITE TIP

SOFT

MATERIAL LEAD PENCIL

MICHELLE DE JONG


“Restoration is destruction; buildings should be preserved, but no attempt should be made to erase the accumulated history encoded in their decay.� - John Ruskin -


material decay


BH G.4

floor

concrete

scribed margins

1.2.3

walls

masonry brick

fine

1.2.3

ceiling

truss beams

concrete expressed timber form work

1.2.3

windows

metal frame

figured frosted and wired. smashed

1.2.5

other

machine boxes

rusted

1.2.4

crate

damaged

1.2.5


CH G.1

floor

concrete

good but rusted and deformed in places

1.2.2

walls

corrugated iron

good but some rust

1.2.2

ceiling

steel

rusted

1.2.3

windows

steel

some chicken wire

1.2.3

doors

steel

rusted

1.2.3

stairs

concrete

good

1.2.3


SH 3.6

floor

gravel

fine

1.3.3

walls

concrete blocks

good

1.3.3

ceiling

concrete

crumbling

1.3.3

other

container

good

1.3.5

debris

1.3.5


SH G.2

floor

concrete

good

1.3.2

walls

brick

okay

1.3.2

ceiling

steel

rusted

1.3.3

doors

steel

rusted, holes, chipping

1.3.3

structure

steel

good

1.3.2

other

sign

good

1.3.4


BH G.3B

floor

concrete

good

1.2.3

walls

brick

good

1.2.3

doors

steel and mesh

sign on door “no 2 aux trans boiler house�

1.2.3

other

concrete bases for machinery remain

evidence of pulverising machines removed

1.2.3


CH G.1

floor

concrete

good

1.4.2

walls

corrugated iron / brick

good but some rust

1.4.2

windows

steel, frosted, figuredwired

panes missing

1.4.4

other

machine

good

1.4.1


BH G.7

floor

concrete

good but rusted and deformed in places

1.1.3

walls

face brick

evidnece of growth

1.1.3

ceiling

steel

rusted

1.1.3

doors

steel

good

1.1.2


“As objects fell from the hierarchy of significance they occupied in the construction, debris formed everywhere, amorphously battleground, devoid of meaning. Forced out of the loop of urban signification, the buildings faced us, stripped naked.� - Arata Isozaki -


schedule of decay


BUILDING

TURBINE HALL

OVERALL

ROOM

VALUE OF SIGNIFICANCE

VALUE

1

TH1A.1

ROOM

SIGNIFICANCE

NAME

VALUE

Level 1 Mezzanine

2

PART

MATERIAL

FINISH

Steel sheet treaded covering

Floor

Concrete

Skirting

Concrete

Walls

Brick

Cornice Ceiling

Steel supports, concrete slab

Painted

Doors Windows Others TH 1B.1

Level 1 Mezzanine

3

Floor

Concrete

Skirting

Concrete

Chips in some places

Walls

Concrete and brick

Messy patching, loose balastrades

Cornice Ceiling

Steel structure, concrete slab

Doors Windows Others TH 1C.1

Level 1 Mezzanine

3

Floor

Concrete, timber boards

Skirting Walls

Concrete and brick

Painted

Corrugated steel

Conduits along

Cornice Ceiling Doors Windows Others TH 2 C.1- 2 D.1

Level 2

2

Floor

Concrete with steel plates

Skirting

Concrete

Walls

Brick

Black paint

Cornice Ceiling

Steel truss frames

Corro Iron

Doors Windows

Frost, figured, wired

Others

Lights and vents

Floor

Concrete with steel plates

Ridge monitor TH 2 E.1

Level 2

2

Skirting

Concrete

Black paint

Walls

Concrete

Painted

Cornice Ceiling

Steel truss frames

Doors

Steel

Windows

Metal framed, figured, frosted, wired

Others

Ridge monitor Clerestory lights and vents

TH3 A.1

Level 3

1

Floor

Concrete with steel plates

Skirting

Concrete

Walls

Brick

Painted

Steel truss frames

Corro iron

Black paint

Cornice Ceiling Doors Windows

Metal frame, frost, figured, wired

Others

2 mobile sentry boxes on wheels Ridge monitor Clerestory lights and vents

TH 3A.2

Supervisor's shed / toolroom

3

Floor

Tongue and groove boards

Skirting Walls

Timber frame, fibro, masonite sheeting

Cornice Ceiling

Timber frame sheets and battens

Doors

Timber

Windows Others TH 3 B.1

Level 3

2

Floor

Concrete with steel plates

Skirting

Concrete

Walls

Brick

Painted

Steel truss frames

Corro. Iron

Black Paint

Cornice Ceiling Doors Windows Others

Frost, figured, wired Ridge monitor Clerestory lights and vents

Th 3 B.2 - TH 3 B.3

Control room

2

Floor

Concrete

Skirting Walls

Concrete

Rendered

Cornice Ceiling

TH G A.1

Ground floor

1

Masonite

Doors

Timer, half glazed

Windows

Frosted and figured glass louvers

Others

Cupboards

Floor

Concrete

Skirting Walls Cornice

Brick

Painted cream


CONDITION

bricks disturbed where pipes pass through

VALUE

FINAL

MAIN

VALUE CODE

DECAY FACTOR

INCREMENTAL FACTOR

ORDER OF DECAYING

2

1.2.2

humidity

2

1.2.2

BH

4

4

1.2.4

humidity radiation

BH

4

vegetation

RR

pollution

RR

4

RR

4

RR

3

2

1.2.2

2

1.2.2

3

1.2.3

2

1.3.2

4

1.3.4

4

1.3.4

1

1.3.1

daily use daily use

BH

2

BH humidity

BH

4

humidity

BH

2

radiation

RR

2

vegetation

RR

pollution

RR

5

daily use daily use very strong

1

1.3.1

Dirty and punctured, cracking

4

1.3.4

Some sheets removed

3

1.3.3

humidity daily use

BH

5

pollution

BH

2

daily use

RR RR

3

radiation

pollution humidity radiation

3

1.2.3

Peeling

4

1.2.4

Paint peeling and flaking. Some water damage

4

1.2.4

some cracking

3

1.2.3

some missing, some broken

4

1.2.4

3

1.2.3

radiation vegetation

BH RR

2

vegetation

humidity

BH

2

humidity

RR RR

radiation

3

3

daily use humidity

2

humidity

damaged

4

1.2.4

paint peeling and flaking

4

1.2.4

dirty and some broken

3

1.2.3

4

1.2.4

3

1.1.3

paint peeling

4

1.1.4

Paint peeling and flaking

4

1.1.4

daily use radiation

BH RR

3

radiation

BH

2

vegetation

BH

daily use

BH

vegetation

daily use

RR

humidity

BH

radiation

RR

pollution

BH RR

3

BH

2

radiation

RR BH

2

pollution

4

1.1.4

vegetation

4

1.1.4

glazing missing

3

1.1.3

radiation

pollution daily use vegetation daily use

Missing

3

1.3.3

3

1.3.3

5

1.3.5

3

1.2.3

Paint peeling

4

1.2.4

Paint peeling and flaking, damp damage

4

1.2.4

3

1.2.3

2 leaves, 1 missing

4

1.2.4

some missing, some cracked

4

1.2.4

pollution radiation vegetation vegetation vegetation radiation vegetation daily use humidity humidity humidity humidity humidity vegetation radiation daily use pollution

3

1.2.3

pollution

1.2.3

daily use daily use

3

1.2.3

4

1.2.4

louvres missing

4

1.2.4

Very damaged, worn, damp

pollution pollution

3

shutter missing

2

daily use

50% cracked, missing, holes

1.3.3

3

daily use

corro shetting failing in places, holes and loose

3

2

pollution pollution radiation pollution

3

1.1.3

radiation

5

1.1.5

vegetation

daily use vegetation

BH BH RR RR

2

2 3

BH RR BH BH RR RR BH BH RR RR BH RR RR BH BH BH BH

3 3 3 1 3 2 2 3 2 2

BH RR RR BH BH BH RR RR BH RR BH RR BH

3 3 3 4 4 3 1


TH G A.1

Ground floor

1

Ceiling

TB G.A.2

Space

2

I-beam and expressed plank concrete

Doors

Metal roller doors

Windows

Metal, figured frosted and wired

Others

Equipment

Floor

Concrete

Skirting Walls

Brick

Painted

Cornice Ceiling

Concrete, timber forming

Doors

Timber, framed and ledged

Windows TH G.B.1-TH G.C.1

Ground floor

2

Others

Wooden cupboard

Floor

Concrete

Skirting Walls

Drains and covered shafts Dark green paint

Brick

Painted

Cornice Ceiling Doors Windows TH G D.1

Ground Floor

2

Others

Concrete blocks for machinery

Floor

Concrete

Skirting Walls

Painted Brick

Painted

Cornice Ceiling Doors Windows Others TH G.E.1

Ground floor

2

Floor

Metal Stairway Concrete

Skirting Walls

Paint Concrete block

Cornice Ceiling Doors

Roller blind doors

Windows Others BOILER HOUSE

1

BH 1.1

Location of Boiler 1- Firing Floor

1

Metal Stair

Floor

Concrete

Walls

N, E: Iron Shafts and brick infill

Doors

Scribed Section. Grille in places

W: Brick piers

Bays with windown openings

W: Board

Over tubular steel frame into pump house

N: Roller Blind to external Windows

W: Metal frame

Figured and frosted glass, 24 panes

N: Corrugated plastic sheeting

Low level with opening

E: Opening for window and precipitator Other BH 1.2

BH 1.3

Location of Boiler 2- Firing Floor

Location of Boiler 3- Firing Floor

2

2

NW Corner: Lift shaft

Floor

Concrete

Scribed margins. Concrete Blocks for former equipment. Void in centre where boiler was

Walls

W: Masonry

Rendered painted pale blue

E: Brick

With steel columns

Ceiling

Metal Truss

Corrugated sheeting

Windows

Plastic corrugated sheeting

Floor

Concrete

Scribed margins. Concrete Blocks for former equipment. Void in centre where boiler was

Walls

W: Masonry

Rendered painted pale blue, boared window above

E: Brick

With steel columns

Above: Iron girders cut off

Other evidence for former machinery/ equipment

Ceiling

Truss beams

Concrete expressed timber form work

Windows

Metal Frame

6 panes, figured frosted and wired

Floor

Concrete

Scribed margins. Concrete Blocks for former equipment. Void in centre where boiler was

16 panes across, 17 vertical, most figured frosted and wired BH 1.4

Location of Boiler 4- Firing Floor

2

Walls

W: Brick

Evidence of earlier structures

E: Brick and iron piers S: Iron frame Ceiling Windows

Other BH 1.5

Control Room

1

Iron trussed beam

W.C.

4

BH 1.7

Sulphite Tank Room

1

Expressed timber formwork concrete

Plaster Corrugated Large window metal frame

24 across, 4 vertical, figured frosted and wired

fixed metal frame

9 across, 4 vertical, figured frosted and wired

Coal Weigher present

Floor

Raised concrete

Walls

N + E + S: Masonry Rendered

Checkerplate covered cable pits and runs

W: brick

Painted

Ceiling

Concrete beams

Supporting concrete ceiling with expressed timber framework

Doors

W: Timber N: Steel

2 panels- top glazed, bottom sheet metal

E: Aluminium

2 panels, top missing glazing

S: Aluminium

glazed top

Windows

Aluminium framed windows

Clear glazing

Other

Control Board W wall: Timber cupboards set into wall

BH 1.6

Brick infill 12 openings onto stair- 7 closed with corrugated iron / 5 clear and open

Floors

Concrete

Walls

E:Face Brick


3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

pollution vegetation daily use vegetation radiation vegetation pollution vegetation daily use radiation pollution

Evidence of former machinery, pipes, ducts etc

3

1.2.3

5

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

vegetation vegetation humidity daily use radiation vegetation radiation pollution

Scarred, holed

4

1.2.4

radiation vegetation

Parts missing

4

1.2.4

Badly damaged, paint peeling, water damage

4

1.2.4

Rust on girders

4

1.2.4

pollution

Covered in plastic

4

1.2.4

radiation

3

1.2.3

Parts missing

4

1.2.4

Evidence for former equipment and machinery

4

1.2.4

2

1.2.2

4

1.2.4

Missing

W: 50% missing

Rusting

All smashed. Chicken Wire

Evidence of cracking

2 broken on south wall

Glazing missing, knob set and locks missing

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

4

1.1.4

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

5

1.2.5

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

4

1.2.4

3

1.2.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

4

1.1.4

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

N, S: middle portion glass and frame missing, 2 panels cracked in east

3

1.1.3

Some enamel cracking

2

1.1.2

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

daily use pollution pollution

RR

3

BH

3

RR RR RR RR BH BH RR BH

3

3 3 3 3

RR BH RR BH RR

3 1 3

BH BH RR RR BH BH RR R

2 2 2 2

pollution 2

daily use

BH

vegetation vegetation

RR BH

2

daily use

RR

2

radiation

BH

3

humidity

RR

pollution

BH

4

humidity

RR

2

pollution

BH

humidity

BH

humidity

BH

3

pollution

BH

3

vegetation

BH

3

vegetation

BH

3

vegetation vegetation

BH BH

2

humidity

RR

3

pollution

3

RR

3

radiation

RR

3

radiation

BH

vegetation

BH

3

pollution

RR

3

vegetation

RR

3

vegetation

BH

radiation

3

vegetation

RR

pollution

BH

3

pollution

RR

3

pollution

RR

3

daily use

RR

3

daily use

3

vegetation

RR RR

daily use

BH

3

vegetation

BH

3

pollution

BH

3

pollution

RR

3

pollution

3

vegetation

RR BH

radiation

RR

3

humidity

2

humidity

BH RR

radiation

BH

radiation

RR

radiation

1

3

3

BH

3

radiation

RR

3

vegetation

BH

3

vegetation

RR

3

pollution

BH BH

3

pollution

2

radiation

BH

3

daily use

BH BH

4

daily use vegetation

BH

2

vegetation

BH

3

pollution

BH

radiation

RR

daily use

3

RR

pollution

RR

3

radiation

BH

3


N, W, S: Masonry

BH G.1A

Location of Boiler 1: Ground

1

Timber Beams

Doors

Timber braced and ledged planks

Windows

metal frame pivot

Floor

Concrete

Cable pits with steel grates

Walls

Brick

Holes for machinery, openings with temp cor steel

Ceiling

BH G.1B

Location of Boiler 1: Ground

1

Rendered

Ceilings

Central section has machinery still in place

Doors

Cor steel and steel frame

Other

Large machinery fills space

Floor

Concrete

Skirting

Brick

Walls

Brick

Ceiling

Steel beams support concrete ceiling

Doors Other

No roof Panes figured and frosted

Roll-a-door Steel stairs Space filled with machinery in place

BH G.2A

Location of Boiler 2: Ground

2

Floor Walls

Concrete E: Brickwork

Engaged steel columns

Some steel framed windows on temporary wall W: partial brick wall

BH G.2B

Location of Boiler 2: Ground

2

Ceiling

Central space open to main steel trussed roof above

Floor

Cable pits filled in and steel work removed

Skirting

Concrete

Walls

Brickwork

Ceiling

BH G.3A

Location of Boiler 3: Ground

2

Half demolished

2 of 3 concrete plints remain Steel I beam steps cut off Machinery

Doors

Steel

Ledged and braced timber double doors into smaller room

Other

Machinery

Pipes

Floor

Central section of floor is raised above concrete

Walls

Doors infilled with cor steel

Engaged steel columns into bricks

Brick infill on N side of wall

BH G.3B

Ground Floor

2

Ceiling

Concrete

Doors

Panelled, punched through brickwork

Windows

Missing on S side of wall

Floor

Cable trenches filled in with concrete

Skirting

BH G.4A

Ground Floor

2

Ground Floor

2

Sign on door "No 2 Aux trans Boiler House"

Other

Concrete bases for machinery remains

Evidence of pulverising machines removed

Floor

Concrete

Lift Shaft

3

Brick Cavity open to top of boiler house

Doors

2

Windows

Steel framed

Other

Stairwell

Floor

Concrete

BH G.7

Stair Well

No 1 2.2 DCV/45 Aux Transformer Room

3

1

Engaged steel columns

perimeter ceiling in steel structure supporting concrete floors Sectio

Brick

Walls

Brick

Ceiling

Heavy Steel beams

supporting concrete ceiling

Doors

Steel

Chicken wire

Floor

Concrete

Walls

Brickwork, concrete

Ceiling

BH G.6

Brick walls continue to ground

Walls Ceiling

Skirting

BH G.5

Steel columns on concrete bases

Brick Recess cavity blocked up- steel door and mesh

Skirting

BH G.4B

Brick

Walls Doors

Demolished

Doors

Timber Frame

Other

Steel rods Attached to walls to hang tools

Door on floor. 5 panel glazed door with white and red.

Floor

Concrete

Walls

Rendered Masonry

Painted blue-grey. Green tiles to 2050mm.

Stair

Concrete

Tubula steel handrail and balauster

Ceiling

Stairs and Landing

Doors

Steel Sheet

Tubular steel and wire mesh to BH

Windows

Precast concrete frame

Square block glass

Floor

Concrete

Walls

All face brick Evidence of cabinets

Ceiling

BH G.8

No. 2 Aux Trans Boiler House

1

Concrete

Doors

Timber

Double barn style

Floor

Concrete

deep cable tray near northern end

Walls

Brickwork Boiler Neutral

Ceiling

Concrete

Doors

Timber

Evidence of large opening in wall now bricked in


Missing W: 4 missing, 3 broken E: 10 Cracked

5

1.1.5

3

1.1.3

4

1.1.4

3

1.1.3

plinths have bricks missing

3

1.1.3

Brick columns have secttions missing at corners

4

1.1.4

Surface rust on steel beams-minor / incorrect holes

3

1.1.3

radiation radiation radiation radiation humidity pollution daily use daily use radiation radiation

Cable tracks filled in

3

1.1.3

Punctured with conduits. Several brick infilled sections

3

1.1.3

2

1.1.2

2

1.1.2

4

1.1.4

Lift doors need repair. All panels rusted and detreriorated. Lift car very rusty

vegetation pollution daily use daily use

Some deep scribed marks, holes.

3

1.2.3

4

1.2.4

3

1.2.3

Holes through concrete have been patched. No spalling. Patched in roughly poured concrete, poor appearnace.

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

4

1.2.4

1

BH RR

2

BH BH BH RR RR RR BH BH BH BH

daily use

RR

pollution pollution pollution pollution pollution pollution pollution

RR RR BH RR RR BH BH BH RR

Punctures, poor appearance

4

1.2.4

2

1.2.2

BH

Pullies with chains, hoppers from upper level, holes, no rust

2

1.2.2

BH

Steel structure supporting concrete deck above boarded formwork.

3

1.2.3

Timber door is in good condition

3 3

1.2.3

Good condition, some cable trays covered with steel or plywood or concrete filled in

2

1.2.2.

3

1.2.3

Spalling concrete

3

1.2.3

Doors punctured with holes

3

1.2.3

3

Windows missing and remainding are smashed

1.2.3

1.2.3

4

1.2.4

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

Pooly constructed, boarded door in good condition

3

1.2.3

Concrete patches on floor

3

1.2.3

Sections of cable trays poorly infilled

4

1.2.4

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

Rough laid bricks. Concrete has deteriorated at base of steel columns.

ons of concrete badly deteriorated, possible concrete cancer, holes covered with plywood and steel plate 4

1.2.4

Corrugated steel has punctures

3

1.2.3

Very bad condition, every window smashed or cracked

4

1.2.4

3

1.2.3

Chips and evidence of impacts throughout Some smashed and filled in with perspex- doors rusted. Random holes in wall.

2

1.2.2

2

1.2.2

4

1.2.4

Random holes in concrete.

2

1.2.2

Rusted steel, recess blocked up

3

1.2.3

3 Doors to be refixed Steel rods rusty

1.3.3 1.3.5

3

1.3.3

4

1.3.4

2 Graffiti on tiles

Mortise lock missing. Timber fractured. South Door missing

1.3.3

3 5

1.3.2

4

1.3.4

2

1.3.2

2

1.3.2

2

1.3.2

2

1.3.2

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

3

1.1.3

4

1.1.4

3 3 3 3 3

BH

BH vegetation daily use daily use daily use daily use pollution daily use vegetation radiation humidity humidity humidity humidity pollution pollution humidity radiation radiation pollution humidity humidity radiation radiation radiation radiation radiation humidity humidity pollution radiation pollution pollution vegetation vegetation radiation radiation daily use daily use pollution radiation radiation pollution daily use daily use pollution vegetation pollution vegetation pollution pollution pollution pollution pollution vegetation

3 3 2 3

3 3 4 4 2

BH

Recessed opening with visible concrete lintel- opening blocked up

radiation

3

BH

daily use

daily use

Half demolished, temp wall has broken windows, brick columns have chunks missing

BH BH

BH BH RR RR BH BH RR RR BH BH BH RR BH BH BH RR RR RR BH RR BH BH RR BH BH BH RR BH RR BH RR BH RR RR RR RR BH BH RR RR BH BH BH BH BH RR BH RR BH RR BH RR BH RR BH

3 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 4 3 4 3 4 4 2 4 3 3 3 1 3 2 4 2 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3


BH Conveyor

Conveyor Level North End

2

Floor

Steel plate and steel walkways

Skirting

Steel

Walls

Corrugted steel outside structure

Ceiling

Machinery Steel truss

Brickwork Corrugated iron roof Windows BH Conveyor SE

Conveyor Level South End

2

SWITCH HOUSE

1

SH 1.1-3.1

Mezzanine Below Hoppers-Walkway

STAIRWELL AND LIFT

2

2

Rendered Lantern window with fixed glass

Steel frame

Other

Hand rails

Tubular steel

Floor

Steel plate and steel walkways

Void hopper mid section

Skirting

Steel

Walls

Steel structure Brick Walls Corrugated Steel

Cornice

BH Mezz

Void hopper mid section

Steel beams

Ceiling

Concrete

Pendant lights from beam and wall

Windows

Steel fram wire

2 sashes, 4 panes on each

Other

Hand rails top and mid rail

Painted Red

Floor

Metal Grill

Walls

Metal framed windows and brick

Ceiling

Trussed roof of boiler house

Windows

Metal framed

Floor

Concrete Stair

Skirting Walls

Masonry

Tiled

Cornice Ceiling

Concrete Stair

Doors

SH 1.2

Cable corridors from cable room

4

SH 1.3A

Inner electric oil filter room

3

Windows

Metal frame, frosted and wired

Others

Lift shaft

Floor

Concrete

decorative strip metal caging

Skirting Walls

Masonry

Rendered

Cornice Ceiling

SH 1.3B

Electric Oil Filter Room

3

Concrete expressed timber plank

Doors

Framed

Windows

Metal pivot, frosted and wired

Others

Metal tank on metal base

Floor

Concrete

Skirting Walls

Masonry

Cornice Ceiling

Conrete expressed timber plank

Rendered


Badly rusted. Central spine rusted and dirty.

4

humidity

2

humidity

2

humidity

2 Some rust Some cracked but all remain. Openings on E side filled with green fabric

radiation

2

radiation radiation

3

Unpainted.

3

Badly rusted. Central spine rusted and dirty.

4

Rusted

2

Paint Peeling

3

radiation radiation humidity humidity humidity

3 Central beam rusted and paint peeling

2

Some smashed and filled in.

3

pollution radiation radiation

3

radiation vegetation

3

vegetation

3

pollution

3

pollution

3

RR BH RR BH RR BH RR BH RR BH RR BR BH RR BH RR BH BH RR RR

Steam Raising System

BH

Pulverising Mills- Drive Motor and Fan Motor

1

Chutes from the Hopper to the Mill

1

Pulverised Fuel Feed Pipes

1

The Boiler

1

Forced-Draft Fans

1

Headers

1

Oil Heater Pumps and Valves

2

Stacks

humidity humidity humidity humidity pollution pollution pollution

1

Soot Blower Cabinet

2

Boiler House Control Room

1

Power Generating System

1

Steam Control Valves

1

Turbo Alternator Set

1

Cooling Fans

1

Overhead Cranes

1

Feedwater System

1

Electric High Pressure Feedwater Pump

1

Steam High Pressure Feedwater Pump

1

Condensate Pump

1

De-aerators

1

Monitor and Meeting Cabinets

3

Feedwater and Condensate Tanks

3

Circulating Waters system

1

Sluice Gates and Motors

1

Circulating Waters Pumps

1

Condensers

1

Circulating Water Penstocks

3

vegetation vegetation radiation radiation pollution vegetation radiation vegetation pollution pollution vegetation radiation humidity humidity radiation radiation radiation radiation pollution pollution vegetation humidity humidity vegetation humidity

3

1.2.3

vegetation

4

1.2.4

vegetation

3

1.2.3

3

1.2.3

vegetation

Many broken

4

1.2.4

Lift currently stationary at top. Dirty

3

1.2.3

some damaged. Graffiti

1.2./

humidity humidity radiation vegetation humidity radiation vegetation humidity radiation vegetation pollution humidity pollution humidity pollution

frame only

radiation

3

1.3.3

vegetation

3

1.3.3

vegetation

humidity radiation

3

1.3.3

4

1.3.4

3

1.3.3

/

1.3./

3

1.3.3

vegetation

3

1.3.3

radiation

3

1.3.3

humidity pollution humidity radiation humidity humidity pollution

BH BH BH BH RR BH BH RR RR RR RR RR RR RR RR RR RR B BH BH RR B RR RR B RR BH RR B RR BH BH BH RR BH BH RR RR RR RR RR RR RR RB BH R RR BH RR BH RR BH RR BH RR BH RR BH

2 4 4 4 4 3 3 2 4 3 3 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 5 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 3 3 5 5 5 5 3


ENTROPY CONCEPT CHAOS

FORMED”

VS VS

DIORAMA CONCEPT ORDER

lted. It transforms itself in relation with andscape, transforming its value. With er time.

ENTROPY CONCEPT CHAOS

VS VS

11, 3, I) (2, 4, B)

DIORAMA CONCEPT ORDER

(3, 5, G) (12,3,G)

(2, 4, B)

(3, 7, D)

"NOTHING IS LOST, NOTHING IS CREATED, EVERYTHING IS TRANSFORMED”

11, 3, I) (2, 4, B) (3, 5, G)

(11, 6, A)

(12,3,G)

(2, 4, B)

The building is being demolished through time. Like an ice cube, the building is transformed, is being melted. It transforms itself in relation with the environment, with the urban grid and surroundings. The imprint of the object, embedding it into the landscape, transforming its value. With time the building is spreading over the site. Why? Adaptability and flexibility are the concepts we need over time.

ENTROPY CONCEPT CHAOS

(2, 4, A)

(2, 4, B)

(8, 1, J)

(1, 1, J)

(3, 7, D)

reference (angles)

(2, 4, A) (13, 5, G)

109

CHG.4

(2, 4, B)

312 107

(12,3,G)

(3, 7, D) 2236

(8, 1, J)

(1, 1, J)

(2, 4, A)

(2, 4,

reference (angles)

(12, 3, G)

(13, 5, G)

3

74

(12, 5, E) 15

107

10 80

109 4

1607

(11, 3, I)

(2, 4, B)

312

2 2 2

2

80

(11, 6, A) reference (points, distances)

5000

CHG.1 CHG.2 CHG.3

CH4.2 1

CHG.1

CH4.2 1

1607

(11, 3, I)

5000

15 10

4

DIORA ORDER

(2, 4, B)

74

(12, 5, E)

VS VS

(11, 6, A)

(12, 3, G)

(2, 4, A)

(3, 7, D) 2236

(11, 6, A) reference (points, distances)

(2, 4, A)

(1, 1, J)

reference (angles)

(12, 3, G)

74

(12, 5, E)

2055

15

500

2050

10

109 4

1607

80

(11, 6,

reference (point

(2, 4, A)

2095

2100

2050

2 2 2

CHG.4

CHG.1 2

CHG.1 CHG.2 CHG.3

CH4.2 1

3

1

2

CHG.4

1

CHG.1 CHG.2 CHG.3

CHG.1

boiler house 1

CH4.2

pump room 1

2 2 2

3

2055

1 2015

2030

2035

2040

2045

2050

2055

2070

2075

2080

2085

2090

2095

2100

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

2 2 2

CHG.4

1

CHG.1 CHG.2 CHG.3

1

CHG.1

1

ROOM SIGNIFICANCE WITHIN THE COAL HANDLING SHED

CH4.2

coal handling shed

1

boiler house

switch house

2

turbine hall pump room

admin/staff

1

ROOM SIGNIFICANCE

3

COAL HANDLING SHED LOCATION WI

power station

ZONE SIGNIFICANCE

control room

ZONE SIGNIFICANCE

CHG.4

1

SIGNIFICANCE

CH4.2

1

3ROOM

2 2 2

coal handling shed

1

2

boiler house

switch house 1

1

CHG.1 CHG.2 CHG.3

admin/staff 2

turbine hall pump room

control room 1

1

turbine hall pump room

coal handling shed

1

What’s the impact of the area in the building? And what’s the impact of the building in the area? Do we fix the area to be the perfect frame for the “melting”. Or will the melting fix the area over time?

switch house

boiler house

URBAN ANALYSIS

admin/staff

2065

CHG.1

2100

2060

control room

2095

2025

CH4.2

0

2020

CH4.2

5

1

COAL HANDLING SHED LOCATION WITHIN POWERHOUSE

a site that would gain value as it diminished in existence. A slow destruction over time from which grows an accumulation of attitudes, events, 1 2 1 actions 1 1 1and associa1 tions.

CH4.2

coal handling shed

HANDLING SHED Envisioning a site that would increase in meaning as it decreased in physical reality,

CH4.2

coal handling shed

CONCEPT OF BUILDING DEVELOPMENT WITH TIME

boiler house

turbine hall pump room

switch house

admin/staff

control room

ROOM SIGNIFICANCE

ROOM SIGNIFICANCE

ZONE SIGNIFICANCE

ROOM SIGNIFICANCE

ZONE SIGNIFICANCE ZONE SIGNIFICANCE

ZONE SIGNIFICANCE


“Ruins may be decaying, they are not dead, they are filled with possibilities for wondrous adventure, inspiring visions, quiet moments, peripatetic playfulness, dystopica preparation and artistic potential.� - Bradley Garrett -


implementation


“Incubated cities are destined to self-destruct Ruins are the style of our future cities Future cities are themselves ruins Our contemporary cities, for this reason, are destined to live only a fleeting moment Give up their energy and return to inert material All our proposals and efforts will be buried And once again the incubation mechanism is reconstituted That will be the future� - Arata Isozaki -


context


“The task of the architect is to set in motion, in a particular direction, a chain of events he cannot control.

A finished building is

really unfinished, the first frame of a descent to destruction.� - Balthasar Holz -


the section


today


10 years


50 years


500 years


1000 years


“Time condemns us to change. We would rather not change, but we have no choice.� - Balthasar Holz -


“Do not let us deceive ourselves in this important matter; it is impossible, as impossible as to raise the dead, to restore anything that has ever been great or beautiful in architecture.� - John Ruskin -


the perspective


Michelle de Jong & Beatriz de Una Boveda

Bridging decay  
Bridging decay  
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