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403 Jackson Street Oregon, IL 61061 815.994.1390 michelle.rose.ryland@gmail.com

The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Graduate School of Architecture

ichelle R. Ryland


1

Green Tech Net-Zero Training Center Leading Edge Competition

11

Henry Administration Building Traditional Addition

19

Henry Administration Building Contemporary Addition

25

Chicago Children’s Discovereum

31

Arch 573 | Fall 2010 Dr. Michael M. Kim

Arch 572 | Spring 2010 Dr. Vidar Lerum

Arch 571 | Fall 2009 Prof. Kevin J. Hinders

Arch 571 | Fall 2009 Prof. Kevin J. Hinders

Arch 475 | Fall 2008 Prof. Kevin J. Hinders

Table of Contents

401 North Wabash


Chicago, IL @ Wabash & The River

401 North Wabash Arch 573 Graduate Design Studio 3 Fall 2010 | 11 weeks

01


Tasked with re-designing the Trump Tower in Chicago, teams of 2 worked with the original program of 2.6 million GSF divided into condominium (600,000 GSF), office (500,000 GSF), hotel (450,000 GSF), retail (100,000 GSF), and various amenity, parking, and service spaces; the original site of the old Chicago Sun-Times Building across from the IBM Building on North Wabash Avenue; and the original “core & shell” architects at Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.

Introduction & Concept

The primary goal of this particular project was to fulfill the mission of the client by creating a building that symbolizes the growth, energy, and innovation of Chicago, enhancing and maintaining the beauty, culture, and sophistication of this world-class city, and offering an exceptional lifestyle for building users through stunning architecture, unparalleled views, and new standards in amenities for hotel guests and residents.

02

A team of 5 from SOM’s Chicago office — Managing Partner Jeffrey McCarthy, Design Director Peter Ruggerio, Associate Director and structural engineer Jim Pawlikowski, Associate Director Lucas Tryggestad, and Sustainable Engineering Studio Director Luke Leung — reviewed the progress of the individual teams, playing the roles of the client and the expert consultants.

The image to the right shows the vertical organization of the 2.6 million GSF program.

L80 | Mechanical L62 — L79 | Upper Condominium

L61 | Mechanical L43 — L60 | Lower Condominium

L42 | Mechanical L45 — L59 | Hotel

L23 | Mechanical

L7 — L22 | Office

L6 | Mechanical L4 — L5 | Hotel Amenities L2 — L3 | Retail L1 | Lobby L-1 — L-2 | Retail L-3 — L-8 | Parking

In this partner project, I was responsible for all of the above grade floor plans, sections, details, and presentation layouts while my partner did the below grade floor plans, 3D computer model, and all rendered images. Both of us worked on all models used for periodic presentations and reviews.


4 degree slope

1.3 degree slope Roof

2.7 degree slope

Transverse Elevation

Longitudinal Elevation

The form of our building directly responds to the restricting shape of the site located on the north bank of the dogleg portion of the Chicago River. Connecting the 4 nodes of the mirrored parallelograms results in a tapered profile that gives the allusion of an elegant twisting building.

Introduction & Concept

Building Form

03


04 Stetson Avenue

Michigan Avenue

Wabash Avenue

State Street

Dearborn Street

Site Grand Avenue

Illinois Street

Hubbard Street

Kinzie Street

Wacker Drive


A

B C C C

D F

C

E

100’

150’

G

View to Lake Michigan from Office Lobby

Plans

A | Hotel Lobby B | Retail Lobby C | Retail Shop D | Residential Lobby E | Office Lobby F | Fire Command Center G | Entrance to Parking

25’ 50’

Level 1

05


H I

H H

H

K

H

H J

H H

Levels 2 & 3

Level 4

H | Retail Shop

I | Health Spa J | Hotel Restaurant & Bar K | Kitchen T

T

T

AA

AA

Y S

X

X

150’

T U

Z

Y R

Z

X

Z

X

100’

V X

Z X

Plans

25’

50’

W

06

Level 24 R | Hotel Lobby S | Business Center T | Meeting Room U | Room Service Prep V | Laundry W | Club Room

AA

AA

Level 32 X | Studio Unit Y | 1-Bedroom Z | 2-Bedroom Suite AA | 3-Bedroom Suite

Y

Y


L

N

P O

M

Q

Level 5

Level 15

L | Pre-function Area & Lobby M | Ballroom DD N | Banquet Hall

O | Office 1 P | Office 2 Q | Office 3 FF EE 150’

DD

CC

Level 51

DD

BB | Studio Unit CC | 1-Bedroom Unit DD | 2-Bedroom Unit

EE

Level 70

FF

50’

BB

25’

CC

DD

100’

BB

BB

EE | 2-Bedroom Unit FF | 3-Bedroom Unit

Plans

BB

07


08

View from Terrace


09

View from Lake Michigan


O TRAININ

TECH

R

Long Beach, CA @ Long Beach Blvd. & 49th

green

G CENTE

Green Tech Net-Zero Training Center

NET ZER

Arch 572 Graduate Design Studio 2 Spring 2010 | 10 weeks

Chicago Award Nominee

11


The 2009/2010 Leading Edge Student Design Competition was a 31,360 sf zero-net energy Workforce Training Center on a 37,000 sf site in Long Beach, CA. The purpose of the Center is to give potential employees the appropriate experience and skills to better perform in the green technology industry by providing a centralized venue for classroom education, employment counseling, and networking. Housing lecture halls, training and computer labs, administrative offices, and counseling, interview, and student gathering spaces, the building must achieve zero-net energy status. My team of 4 developed a design concept ­— integration of the natural world with technology — that combines passive and active strategies, thus minimizing energy use, maximizing energy production, and helping to obtain net zero energy status.

Introduction & Concept

The concept is first expressed within the circulation of the Center. The program spirals around a centralized, sunken courtyard and displays the transition from natural environment to technological systems. Over half of the program is below ground to help regulate temperatures and effectively reduce the cooling and heating loads on the building.

12

s

[+12 feet]

L

G

The tilt of the various canopy triangles also collects rainwater to be used for irrigation purposes by draining 4 of the 8 roof panels into the cistern in the courtyard. UV HO 2

The combination of high-efficiency systems and passive strategies minimized the building’s energy consumption. Active solar collection with photovoltaic panels and solar water heating enables the remaining needs to be met with minimal draw from the power grid. Simulations in Energy-10 and Virtual Environment incorporating these systems demonstrate Green Tech’s achievement of net zero. 60

TotalEnergy Total EnergyUsage Usage(kBtu/sf) (kBtu/sf) 50.9

50 40

34.7

[ground level]

[-12 feet]]

A large rigid canopy structure is the focal point of the site. This canopy serves several puposes. The orientation and shape of the canopy allows for maximum solar collection while it simultaneously acts as a shading device. Perforated sheeting blocks the most intense sun while diffuse daylight is let into the building.

DL

The triangular shape of the grade level entry lobby and covered entrance plaza is to direct the area’s prevailing winds through the space, over the sunken courtyard and out through the southern limits of the site. Air flowing over the courtyard helps pull hot exhausted air from the classrooms away from occupied spaces.

30 17.3

20

12.8 7.4

10

5 0

0 Total Reference

Low-E

E10 PV

Add SHW

Add LED

Add Shade

VE PV

For this project, I was responsible for all AutoCad drawings and the concept narrative required by the competition. The 3 other group members were in charge of the 3D computer model, renderings, final image editing, presentation layout, and calculations to prove we had achieved Net-Zero energy status.


UV 2

DL

s

[+12 feet]

L

G

Introduction & Concept

HO

[ground level]

[-12 feet]]

Early calculations determined the need for a large photovoltaic area (20,000 sf). With a site of only 37,000 sf and the requirement to have 50% of the site landscaped, my team developed this unique solution: put most of the program below ground and develop the required PV area on non-planar surfaces.

13


Second Level

Plans

20’ 40’

80’

120’

Ground Level

14

West Elevation The ground level serves as an entrance to the Center where one can choose to take the ramp down to the courtyard or the public walkway to the south end of the site and up the hill on the east side under the canopy to the second floor which houses the administrative, counseling, and interview areas.


Green Tech uses displacement ventilation to bring fresh, conditioned air into all of the below grade spaces. Various intake vents at grade level are oriented in the prevailing wind directions and bring fresh air into a plenum surrounding the entire below grade program. As the air travels and disperses along this plenum, the temperature is raised or lowered to match the ground temperature, reducing the energy needed to condition the spaces.

80’ 20’ 40’

Plans

The fresh air is introduced into the classrooms and other below grade spaces through diffusers in a raised floor system. Before entering the raised floor cavity, air travels through a mini-AHU with a fan, filter, and heating and cooling coils. This AHU ensures the air’s continual movement and quickly conditions the air to the desired temperature. Clerestory windows that open to the courtyard allow the warm air at the top of the classrooms to escape.

120’

Lower Level

The most occupied spaces of the program — classrooms, labs, shops, and lounges — are on the lower level where the temperature can be more easily regulated. Each of these spaces are shaded on the courtyard side by a 5’ deep light shelf, a vertical green screen, or the canopy itself.

15


The image to the left is taken from the covered entrance plaza on the ground level with the ramp to go into the courtyard to the left. The opposite image shows the light shelves outside the classrooms on the west side of the courtyard. The shelves shade the occupied portion of the classroom while bouncing sunlight through the clerestory and bringing natural, diffuse light deeper into the space.

80’

120’

View Under Canopy on Ground Level

Sections & Elevations

20’ 40’

Transverse Section

16

South Elevation These images clearly show the tilt of the 4 panels of the canopy to direct rainwater to a cistern located in the courtyard and the portion of the second level that is cantilevered over the entrance plaza. Directing the prevailing winds through the plaza and over the courtyard helps draw heated air out of the courtyard.


The image to the right highlights the transition from passive to active and clearly shows the amount of diffuse light allowed through the canopy. View from Ramp on Second Level

20’ 40’

80’

120’

View from End of Ramp on Lower Level

green

North Elevation

Section & Elevations

Longitudinal Section

These images demonstrate the angle of the canopy optimized for the PV panels to maximize solar gain, the circulation down into the courtyard and up to the second level, the integration of the natural with the technological, and the unique termination of the canopy that works to draw people to the Center.

17


Urbana, IL @ Wright & Daniel

Henry Administration Building North Wing Addition Arch 571 Graduate Design Studio 2 Fall 2009 | 6 weeks

Student Choice Award Nominee

19


The north side of the Henry Administration Building is the last spot on the University of Illinois’ main quad to be developed. The goal of this project was to develop this location by designing two additions for this building: one in a traditional architectural style and the other in a contemporary architectural style.

Altgeld Hall

Wright Street

The program was determined based on various campus needs that I perceived necessary. Some of these needs included combining the offices of the President and the Chancellor into the same campus building, adding additional classroom, computer lab, and lecture hall spaces to accommodate the growing mathematics department, and moving and expanding the post office kiosk currently housed in Altgeld Hall.

Green Street

After spending a few weeks researching traditional architectural styles and proportions, my design is based on a Neoclassical and Palladian architectural style. The program is organized around two loggias - a covered exterior one and a similar one mirrored on the inside - and an atrium with a mirrored exterior courtyard.

Introduction & Concept

Site

20

Parti Diagram

Interior Corridor

Illini Union


A

B

A

B

C H

D

B

B

I

K

J J

A

A J

J

J

J

I

B

B

N

O

B

F

E G

L

P

M

Level 1

A

A

I | Computer Lab J | Classroom K | Porch L | Common Area M | Gallery

Level 3

A

N | President’s Office Suite O | chancellor’s Office Suite P | Common Area

Exterior Loggia

Gallery

Atrium

Plans

25’ 50’

100’

150’

A | Administration Parking B | Post Office Kiosk C | Covered Loggia D | Atrium E | Courtyard F | Cafe G | Common Area H | Lecture Hall

Level 2

21


East Elevation

Elevations

20’

40’

80’

120’

North Elevation

22

West Elevation The East and West elevations show the existing facade of the H.A.B. with the new addition on the right and left ends of the images respectively. The North elevation is an entirely new facade showing Palladian windows and a loggia that is a largez covered sidewalk to replace the one students currently use.


120’ 80’

Section B-B Section A-A shows the covered porch on the second level, the interior courtyard that serves as a light well, and the double-height gallery to the right of the courtyard. Section B-B is through the main corridor of the addition showing the colonnade on all 3 floors that mirrors the loggia on the exterior.

Sections

20’

40’

Section A-A

23


Urbana, IL @ Wright & Daniel

Henry Administration Building North Wing Addition Arch 571 Graduate Design Studio 1 Fall 2009 | 6 weeks

Student Choice Award Nominee

25


Introduction & Concept

26

My primary goal was to create a place for students and faculty to come and spend time between classes or during a lunch break. This space would complement the quad which serves a similar purpose. I created a sunken plaza with southernfacing amphitheater seating. The plaza also can be used for speakers and small scale performances. The amphitheater seating continues in plan and profile to determine the form of the building. This becomes a clear transformation of the traditional into the contemporary. The same program used for the “Traditional Addition” is organized in two masses that act like bookends to the amphitheater seating. All of the classrooms, computer labs, and the lecture hall are organized on the plaza level and underneath the amphitheater seating. This level also connects to Altgeld Hall via a basement corridor. The gallery space, cafe, and post office kiosk are located on the main floor. The second floor houses the office suites of the President and the Chancellor with an enclosed bridge to join the two spaces. The third floor on the east side is a faculty lounge and conference room.

Green Street

Altgeld Hall

Wright Street

After spending just under half of the semester designing an addition to the north end of the Henry Administration Building in a traditional architectural style, I spent an equal amount of time designing the same addition in a contemporary architectural style. After recieving positive and constructive feedback while presenting my “Contemporary Addition” to a panel of reviewers, I decided that I needed to further solidify and condense my concept. This process resulted in a whole new building and form. The following drawings and images were completed in the final week of the semester.

Illini Union

Site

View from Northeast Corner of Site


B

C B

D

C

C

D

B A A A

A

E

A

K

A

A

I

A

G

J

F

A

L

H C

A | Classroom B | Corridor to Altgeld Hall C | Mechanical Room D | Computer Lab B C

Level 1 E | Lecture Hall F | Lobby for E G | Plaza H | Stage

A

A

B

C

I | Post Office Kiosk J | Cafe K | Gallery L | Covered Entrance to Plaza B C

A

A

O

M

P

20’ 40’

N

120’

B

80’

Lower Level

B

C

M | Chancellor’s Office Suite N | Bridge O | President’s Office Suite

Level 3

B

C

P | Conference Room & Faculty Lounge

Plans

Level 2

27


View from Northwest Corner of Site

Elevations

20’ 40’

80’

120’

North Elevation

28

East Elevation

West Elevation

View from Plaza looking Northwest


The 2 images on the facing page clearly show how the plan and profile of the amphitheater seating develops into the plan and elevation of the 2 bookend masses of the “Contemporary Addition.” The image to the right shows the enclosed bridge that connects the President’s and Chancellor’s separate office suites. This view also shows the stage area at the front of the sunken plaza. As this is a high-traffic area on the Quad, any performance or speaking taking place here will produce a large crowd. The stairs to the right of the stage lead to the cafe on the main level.

View from Plaza looking South

Longitudinal Section C-C

Sections

20’ 40’

Longitudinal Section B-B

80’

120’

Transverse Section A-A

29


Chicago, IL @ State & Harrison

Chicago Children’s Discovereum Arch 475 Architectural Design & Development | Senior Capstone Studio Fall 2008 | 13 weeks

Earl Prize Nominee

31


The Chicago Children’s Museum is currently located at Navy Pier and is vital to the economic and cultural makeup of the city. The museum is in need of more space and wants to expand to a more interactive and discovery-oriented exhibition space. It also needs to relocate to a more centralized location where it is accessible to all the children and familes of the city. 657 S. Banco de Londres State Street is the new site designated for the new Clorindo Testa Chicago Children’s Discovereum. Buenos Aires, Argentina

Introduction & Concept

My primary goal for this project was to design a Discovereum that is structurally expressive. I wanted the structure to be the most visible and prominent element: to create a building that is so exciting and inviting that the children will enjoy the exhibits as much as they enjoy the space that encloses them.

32

After studying Testa’s Banco de Londres in Argentina, I based my design on “floating” exhibit spaces. I chose an arch as my super-structure with the programmatic spaces suspended at varying heights by tension cables. This system will work because it is similar to the structural system Embankment Place utilized by the Embankment Place in London. Terry Farrell & Co. Arup Engineers Additionally, I wanted to incorporate Richard Serra London, England sculptures into my design because I am intrigued by the way people interact with the spaces he creates and by the way they interact with each other within the spaces. This is clearly seen in my design of the ground floor. Finally, I want the children’s experience in the Discovereum to go beyond the exhibition rooms. I want the path they use to get there to be just as memorable and thrilling. All of the suspended rooms are tied into the central elevator core and Climbing Structure by a series of catwalks and curved ramps creating a truly one-of-a-kind Sculpture traveling experience. Richard Serra


View of Exterior Plaza

G

A B

C

C DE

H

F

Harrison Street

G

Wabash Avenue

J N

K

O

P

100’

M L

Q

50’

Balbo Avenue

25’

State Street

I

150’

View from Southwest

Site A | Admin. Office B | Reception C | Conference Room D | Fire Command Cntr.

Plans

Polk Street

Lower Level E | Security Equipment F | Fire & Booster Pump G | Storage H | Retail

I | Parking Entrance J | Classroom K | Information Kiosk L | Coat/Stroller Check

M | Ticketing N | Climbing Structure Exhibit O | Outdoor Cafe

P | Restaurant Q | Chicago Dig Construction Zone Exhibit

33


View in Exhibit

Climbing

Experience

View of Circulation between Level 3 & Level 4

View in Celebrate Chicago Exhibit

R U

150’

V

T

25’

50’

100’

S

Level 2

Plans

R | Chicago Townsquare Exhibit

34

Level 3 S | Temporary Exhibit

Level 4 T | Early Childhood Experience Exhibit

Level 5 U | Celebrate Chicago Exhibit

Level 6 V | Artabounds Studio & Gallery Exhibit


View of Structure of Science Playground & Inventing Lab Exhibit

View of Urban Garden Exhibit

View of Basement Parking & Delivery Dock

AA

BB

CC DD

DD Y FF

Z

EE

DD GG

HH

150’

X

DD

LL

II W

100’

JJ

50’

KK

W | Skyline Exhibit

Level 8 X | Science Playground & Inventing Lab Exhibit

Y | Play-It-Safe Exhibit

Level 10 Z | Urban Garden Exhibit

Lower Level AA | Data Room BB | Breakroom CC | Supply Room DD | Storage EE| Mech. Room FF | Paint Room

25’

Level 9

GG | Janitor Closet HH | Main Shop II | Maintenance JJ | Elect. Room KK | Dock LL | Parking

Plans

Level 7

35


Elevations & Physical Model

36

North Elevation

South Elevation

The North elevation is a clear interpretation of the circulation that connects the various exhibit spaces. While possibly appearing to be complicated, the circulation is actually quite direct and fun. The exhibit spaces on the southern end are shielded from the glare of the low winter sun by hanging solar panels.


The East & West elevations are nearly mirror images of each other. Cross-braces tie the concrete arches together and prevent them from moving laterally while the enclosure surface is made of flexible solar panels that generate power and only allow some sunlight to pass through, providing shade to the occupants.

Elevations & Physical Model

East Elevation

37


Structural Arch Section & Details

38

Steel shear walls form the enclosure of each exhibit space and are made of AESS and IGUs. Tension cables transfer the load of the exhibit spaces to the concrete arches that carry the load to the foundation. The arches have deep and wide footings to counteract the thrust action inherent in an arch structure.


Cross braces provide lateral stability for the six 80’ tall arches. The density of the braces also provide a certain amount of shading while creating unique patterns of shade and shadow underneath. Six 80’ tall arches are the building’s superstructure. They are oriented in the east-west direction to provided vertical shading from the sun’s glare during the mornings and late afternoons. The exhibit spaces and corridors are individually enclosed with curtain and shear walls. All glass used are Insulated Glass Units. IGUs have multiple layers of glass that are sealed with argon in the air space between the layers. The outermost layer of glass is tempered and has a low-e coating to protect the space from heat gain. Both of these elements greatly improve the thermal performance of the IGU.

The exhibit spaces are offset by 5’ - thus the elevators only stop at every other floor. To access the inbetween floors, the main circulation includes a series of ramps. A hanging grid of solar panels on the south facade provides necessary shading from the sun’s glare during the winter. Vertical solar panels also take advantage of the sun’s direct energy when it is lower in the sky. These solar panels utilize thin film technology which allow them to be colored and opaque, creating a unique experience for the user inside.

To take complete advantage of the square footage below grade, the employee parking and unloading dock for deliveries and traveling exhibits are located in the basement. The access ramp is wide enough for 2 lanes of traffic and has adequate height allowance for the standard semi-trailer. There is also enough space for a semi to maneuever a complete turnaround.

Exploded Axon

The ground level incorporates many of the ideas of Richard Serra. Just like his sculptures, the spaces created by curved walls draw the visitors into the building. Additionally, the series of short walls that provide a screen between the lobby and the administrative offices on the first floor also create an unique experience for the building’s users.

Thin film technology in the solar industry allows a wider variety of enclosure surfaces to be coated with power-generating flexible solar panels. Made of amorphous silicon, “Power Glass” only allows 70% of light to pass through — thus providing passive shading technology while generating power.

Faced with a complicated building and structure, the most thorough way to explain it was to take it apart piece-by-piece. Each component is individually explained, and the final combined product is seen at the bottom of the image.

39

Utilizing the simple mechanisms that power a garage door, the building also has dynamic shading devices that run as “Smart” Systems. Eventually the shading will automatically move along the inside of the arch, mimicking the path of the sun every day of the year.

Michelle Ryland Portfolio  

A collection of my UIUC School of Architecture work, including my graduate work and my senior capstone project.

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