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Cava de’ Tirreni (Italy) Istituto Tecnico per Geometri “Luigi Vanvitelli”


Cava de’ Tirreni (Italy)

• • • •

The project Our town A brief historical course Interesting places: • Benedectine Abbey • Other Churches • The Castle

• Important events in Cava

• Montecastello Cerimony • The competition of the Trombonists

• Famous people of the past • • • •

Mamma Lucia Alfonso Balzico Gaetano Filangieri Eduardo Migliaccio

I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


Speaking ability in a second language is not an inborn skill, but it is the result of continual stimuli coming from the Educational World or from the experience (staying in foreign countries for a long time and participating to extra-projects). A Comenius project is a valid opportunity for students and teachers. It encourages students to learn different languages, to visit new countries and to develop international friendship.

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Our town This is our town Cava de’ Tirreni near Salerno, in the South of Italy. I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


ITALY

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REGIONE CAMPANIA

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I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


A beautiful view of Cava de’ Tirreni. I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


The Town Hall of Cava de’ Tirreni.

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The town is situated in the middle of green and big hills rich in thick vegetation and surrounded by Lattari mountains such as Monte Castello, Monte S. Liberatore, S. Martino, Monte Finestra, Monte S. Angelo, Monte Avvocata and so on, which separate the town from the sea villages of the Amalfi Coast.

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Positano A lovely view of the Amalfitan Coast I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


A brief historical and cultural course Cava de’ Tirreni was called “Little Switzerland” because of the green of its mountains, its abundance of water and its landscape. The history of the town is related with the Benedictine Abbey built in the XI Century.

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The name Cava means “cave” and the most famous cave was the “Arsicia” which was the place where the Benedictine Abbey was founded. I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


The history of the Benedictine Abbey At the beginning of the XI century a little group of monks attracted by the saintly reputation of a nobleman Alferio Pappacarbone, who retired to the Mount Finestra to pray and think, decided to settle there and in that place the Benedictine Abbey of the Holy Trinity was built. It became one of the most religious and cultural centre in Italy.

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The Monastery of Badia In the monastery there are: • the Longobard cemetery; • the library which preserves 50.000 volumes with incunabula; • the archives with 15.000 parchments dated back to VIII Century; • the Codex Diplomaticus Cavensis, a Visigoth Bible of IX Century, the Lex Longobardorum of 1000.

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A photo of the Benedictine Abbey

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The Churchyard

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The Benedictine Museum of Badia Prepared in the thirteenth Century rooms of the ancient pilgrimages’ home, it preserves marbles carved from II to XVI Century, for example some sculptural fragments by Tino da Camaino; paintings by Luca Giordano, Francesco De Mura, Andrea da Salerno e Giovan Francesco Penni; Gothic jewelleries and objects of art: potteries and objects of ivory.

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The Cloister of the Monastery

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Inside the Abbey: the pulpit

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Other Churches in Cava St. Francesco Church I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


The Cathedral.... I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


….. The Cathedral by night…. I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


..... The construction of the Cathedral started in 1517 with a Papal bull. The construction work was entrusted to a bricklayer called Catello Della Monica who noticed that the walls had some damages caused by water inside the foundations. The Cathedral was finished in 1571. It was consecrated in 1662 and modified various times. It was strongly damaged by the earthquake in the year 1980. Today it has been completely restored and it has reached its original splendour.... I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


..... On the right aisle, there is the chapel of the Blessed Sacrament, also damaged by thieves. Interesting is also the Chapel dedicated to the Patron S. Adiutore, but it is not always opened to the public. Inside the Church it is possible to visit the canopy, and admire the large painting dedicated to the Holy Mary of Visitation.

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The Church of Immaculate Conception of Elm

I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


The Sanctuary of Avvocatella It is situated in Badia of Cava de’ Tirreni and is the destination of thousand pilgrims for its tormented origins.Rose nearby a cave of bats it is said that there were ghost visions which scared the passers-by.A priest put an image of the Holy Mary nearby the cave giving origin to the present sanctuary. I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


The Borgo Scacciaventi: an ancient lane….. I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


..... In the middle of the valley where Cava de’ Tirreni lies, there is the main city centre, the ancient “Borgo Scacciaventi”, which represented the religious, administrative and commercial heart of the town during the Renaissance. Nowadays the Borgo Scacciaventi is the centre of trade and handicraft during the day and of pubs, American bars and restaurants at night.

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The Castle

The Castle is situated on a hill in the centre of the valley and dominates the town.... I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


..... The Castle was built in the VIII century and donated by the Longobard Duke Ruggiero at the end of XI Century to the town of Cava. Its name is “S. Adiutore” because, according to a legend dated back to V Century, a Saint Bishop called Adiutore, escaped from Africa and took cover in a cell on this hill. The Castle was destroyed in 1943 and was re-built in 1970.

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Important events in Cava: The Montecastello Ceremony In 1656 among many calamities, there was a plague in Italy. It was brought to Naples by Spanish soldiers and it was diffused in Cava de’ Tirreni where the desease caused many victims. According to the tradition, it was thanks to a pilgrimage by people to worship the Blessed Sacrament into the Chapel of S. Adiutore Castle, that the plague was defeated….

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….. For this reason every year in the 8° of Corpus Domini the Montecastello Ceremony is celebrated on the Thursday or the Sunday following the Holy Trinity. Since the next year, in 1657, the procession of Corpus Domini became as a penitence going as far as the top of the Castle. The Ceremony was also enriched by the presence of Cavesi with their special guns called “pistoni”. At the end of this beautiful show it is possible to see illuminations, fireworks and the phantasmagorical fires of the fortress. I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


Fireworks from Montecastello I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


Fireworks from Montecastello

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Fireworks from Montecastello

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The Competition of the Trombonists Every year in the first week of July, at the stadium “Simonetta Lamberti” in Cava the “Competition of the Trombonists” takes place. It is a deeply felt folk show which reminds the battle of Sarno, when in 1460 five hundred Cavesi soldiers helped King Ferdinand I of Aragon, called Ferrante, who was going to be defeated by the Angevin King John....

I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


..... After that, King Ferdinand sent a “White Parchment”, with his signature to thank the loyalty of Cavesi. On the White Parchment ,Cavesi could have written and asked everything to the King but they did not write anything and the Parchment is still white and untouched in the Town Hall....

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…..The parade of trombonist groups belonging to different hamlets, during the competition…. I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


..... During this historical evocation, the eight groups of trombonists with thousands of participants in period costumes, compete one group at time, in resounding battery gun fires….

I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


..... Today the “White Parchment”, represents the pride of Cavesi and the ambitious award for the “Competition of Trombonists”. The awards “Very Loyal Town” and the legendary “White Parchment” are given to the winner of the competition.... .....

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…..The “Sbandieratori” waving flags during the competion of Trombonists

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Famous people of the past:

Mamma Lucia

Lucia Apicella known as Mamma Lucia (Cava de’ Tirreni, November 18, 1887- Cava de’ Tirreni, July 23, 1982) was an Italian humanitarian benefactor. During the Second World War hundreds of German soldiers were killed in the area. Their bodies were not buried and were left on the battlefields around Cava....

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..... Mamma Lucia was a very religious, simple and pious mother. A day, after having witnessed the scene in which some children were kicking the skull of a soldier and, after a premonitory dream in which eight soldiers implored the Germans to give back their bodies to their mothers, she felt the Christian duty to bury the dead bodies of German soldiers and dedicated herself with “motherly love” to find the remains of the dead soldiers and reassemble them in coffins of zinc....

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..... Her aims was to return the bodies to their mothers or to allow them finding easily. The work was dangerous because of many unexploded booby-traps that where in the area, but at the end of the 1944, she had found more than 700 bodies with different identity cards and signs of identification. In July 1980, at the age of 92, on the initiative of the literary magazine “Verso il 2000” in the large Marbles Hall in the Town Hall, she was awarded in Salerno with a gold medal by the President of the Republic....

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Mamma Lucia….. I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


….. Mamma Lucia kisses and puts a skull in a coffin of zinc. I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


Alfonso Balzico Alfonso Balzico (Cava de’ Tirreni (SA) 1825/ Rome 1901) is a famous sculpture. He carried out numerous busts, the Equestrian Statue of the King’s brother Ferdinand of Savoy, Duke of Genoa, considered his masterpiece and the monument to Massimo D’Azeglio. In Paris he received a prize for the sculpture of Flavio Gioia, that after it was bought by the town of Amalfi.... I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


.....The Equestrian Statue of Ferdinand of Savoy, made by Alfonso Balzico. I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


Gaetano Filangieri Gaetano Filangieri was born in Naples in 1752. He was one of the most important Italian jurists and thinkers. In 1783 Gaetano Filangieri married the Countess Carolina Fremdel of Presburgo and after he retired in Cava de’ Tirreni where he worked out the famous “The Science of Legislation”. His personality was important for his political works such as “The Science of Legislation” published in seven volumes. In his works, he attacked from the basis, the feudal privileges of the Barons. He died, because of tuberculosis, on 21st June 1788 in Vico Equense near Naples... I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


….. A portrait of Gaetano Filangieri I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


Eduardo Migliaccio, called “Farfariello” Eduardo Migliaccio was born in the hamlet of Santi Quaranta in Cava de’ Tirreni on 15th April 1880 by Ernesto and Almerinda Tragni. At the age of 18 he moved to America with his family. He became famous with the “colonial caricatures”. He invented a particular language, in which elements of English and Neapolitan dialect converged. He described the most typical American “boors”: the dissolute person, the patriot, the hooligan, “the guappo”… He created more than hundreds caricatures.... I.T.G. “L. Vanvitelli” – Cava de’ Tirreni (Salerno – Italy) CAVA DE’ TIRRENI


….. Eduardo Migliaccio, called “Farfariello”

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The End Istituto Tecnico per Geometri “Luigi Vanvitelli”


FOOD AND HEALTH TEAM Teachers Mrs Mrs Mr Mr Mrs Mrs Mr Mrs

Gianna Barrella Paola Guarino Izzo Volfango Michele Perone Rosa Rocco Agnese Salerno Andrea Sergio Annamaria Salsano

Students Fifty students from different classes Responsible Students Giovanni Di Domenico IV C Gabriella Memoli VE

Administrative personnel Laboratory Technicians Responsible Teacher Mrs Gianna Barrella Headteacher Mrs Matilde Piselli


Cava de' Tirreni  

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