NUMUN Press Daily
Vol. 2, Issue 1
April 12, 2014
ECOWAS debates funding opportunity By RACHEL O’GRADY Press Corps Reporter France offered money to Francophile nations in the Economic Community for West African States, creating a harsh divide in the committee. “Cote d’Ivoire believes that the $20 billion from France can be used very efficiently to help increase the energy production within the country. We believe we can increase efficiency and help stop the rolling blackouts in the region, and everyone, even non-Francophone countries, can benefit from this,” Côte
d’Ivoire Delegate Timothy Lipman (Lincoln Park HS) said. This money would go towards solving the energy crisis in West Africa, but the discrimination is raising some concerns for non-Francophone nations. “Gambia would prefer the money be used no matter what because it would benefit the entire region. Gambia is saddened that England does not help its colonies in such matters,” Gambia Delegate, Aviral Pandey (North Farmington) said. Ultimately, it appears the committee would rather see the money used to some
We will indirectly help them, we will get them money…which will in turn help other nations,” - Senegal Delegate Mark Meyers.
degree rather than not at all. “The problem with this is that we are trying to work as a region to support energy and this obviously discriminates against certain people who aren’t necessarily Francophone,” Senegal Delegate Mark Meyers (Glenbard West HS) said. “We
will indirectly help them, we will get them money…which will in turn help other nations.” The energy crisis in West Africa is only getting worse, and delegate appreciate any help. “Obviously, we would like the funds to be equally distributed but we can’t change their mind, and although it will lessen the influence of my country, I think overall it is better for everyone,” Nigeria Delegate Nick Stratman (Libertyville HS) said. The committee hopes to move forward and accept these funds for the greater good of African nations.
Child labor issue proving difficult to solve for G20 By MAGGIE BYRNE Press Corps Reporter Although a resolution on child labor was expected to pass earlier this evening in the G20, delegates postponed this action in favor of returning to a working paper, a reflection of the meticulous consensus building of this committee. Child labor is a difficult issue. Although a declared violation of human rights, child labor is vital to many countries’ economies. The economic impact of eradicating child labor has forced the G20 to reconsider many idealistic solutions. France Delegate Eddie Madrala (Carl Sandburg HS), expressed reservations about some of the harsher economic measures proposed in the
Photo by Maggie Byrne working paper. “The markets [in countries effected by the measures] would plummet,” Madrala said. Furthermore, Madrala pointed out that child labor is often the only option to provide means to survive, saying “sometimes the child works or they starve.” These harsh realities are
a reminder of why child labor still exists today. United Kingdom Delegate Bryce Tuttle (Latin School of Chicago) pointed out that the issue of child labor should not be viewed only through just a cold and calculated manner. “Child labor is not only an economic issue but a human rights issue,” Tuttle said. “We need to remember that
these are people and not just means of production” The limited jurisdiction of the G20 has also been an obstacle to meaningful legislation. Besides economic reforms educational programs have been part of proposed solutions but the practical application of these solutions has been Continued on page 3
FAO passes resolution, forms new committee By AUDREY DING Press Corps Reporter The FAO successfully merged and passed a resolution on the topic of Food Price Volatility. The successful merger was the work of Thailand Delegate Lizzie Youshaei (Deerfield HS), Finland Delegate Ariel Sheffey (Deerfield HS), Pakistan Delegate Sam Ropa (Middleton HS) and Colombia Delegate Ryan
Cho (Lake Forest HS). The new resolution includes crop insurance, the use of government funding, providing education for farmers on new technology and the need for an oversight committee. “The resolution overall was incredibly comprehensive. We tried to find a way to combat each of the problems with price volatility. We tried to cover the funding aspect with the use of micro-finance of it as well as the educational
aspect,” Sheffey said. “We fashioned an oversight committee that would open trade barriers and it would discipline countries that might try to restrict their exports,” Ropa said. In addition to the oversight committee. The resolution also addresses the need for “a sub-committee of the Economics and Financial Committee to address price speculation in commodities and futures markets.” While the majority of the
body was able to fully agree on the merged resolution, China (Timothy Grider- Lyons Township HS) abstained from the vote because “they didn’t want that much specific trade because they thought that could lead to a monopoly,” China said. The new resolution will use funds from Food for Progress and the Emergency Food Security Program. It will also request that nations focus on research and raise awareness regarding bio fuel.
1990s NATO takes action after Gorbachev steps down By BRANDON GARCIA Press Corps Reporter A major world power has disintegrated as Mikhail Gorbachev stepped down from his position as President of the USSR. The Soviet flag was lowered for the last time at the Kremlin in Moscow, and has been replaced with the tri-colored Russian flag. The new Russian president, Boris Yeltsin, has stepped up, as the Soviet Union officially is replaced by the Russian Federation. Yeltsin’s first act was to grant independence to all former Soviet states. This signifies the end of the cold war between the Soviets and the United States. “Germany is thrilled to see the emergence of former Soviet satellites, as future cooperation between the Eastern bloc and NATO can pave the way to peace and growth across the continent,” Germany Delegates George Levy and Naveen Balaji (Hinsdale Central High), said.
This presents the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) with a peculiar situation, as the dissolution of the USSR has created a power vacuum in Eastern Europe. NATO is unsure of what to do with the newly independent states, as their intentions, as well as Yeltsin’s, are at this time unclear. A major concern is what will become of the Soviet
We look to facilitate peace talks between our body and the former Soviet states, as well as with Russia.” - Belgium Delegates Zoi Dohner and Avery Campbell
nuclear arsenal, and there are fears that they may fall into the wrong hands. NATO delegates were quick to respond. There was much discussion on how to address this issue, with delegates discussing what to do about these former Soviet states. There were talks of
incorporating these new states into NATO, determined by a vote by member states. While there was debate on whether that would be a good idea, delegates were able to write up working papers. Three were voted on with two of them being passed. “We look to facilitate peace talks between our body and the former Soviet states. as well as with Russia,” Belgian Delegates Zoi Dohner and Avery Campbell said in a joint statement. Two directives were passed by the committee. Directive 1.1 had widespread support throughout the committee, and was passed by a ten to three vote. Directive 1.2 looks to secure nuclear arms in three forms. The first form involves direct disarmament in communication with Russia. NATO also looks to consolidate loose arms into a centralized location so they don’t fall into the wrong hands. Finally, it provides information on these weapons via a NATO intelligence community. This
directive was sponsored by Italy and France and received widespread support by other delegates. A third directive was proposed, however it received little support besides its sponsors, the Unites States and the United Kingdom. “We’re looking for a defensive economic partnership to promote positive relations with the former Soviet states and Russia,” United States delegate Anne-Marie Downey (St. Ignatius) said. It became clear that the downfall of this directive was its emphasis on economics rather than military action. “NATO is not about economics, we are a military organization,” Portugal’s delegates Gracie Kavinsky and Noah Heilenbach (Oak Park River Forest) said. Many other delegates echoed this opinion. As the world continues to respond to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, NATO will continue to address the issue at hand.
NUMUN XI in photos
Human Rights Council
All photos by Rebecca Winiarski
IMF debates loan to Argentina By AMY BLOCH Press Corps Reporter China’s delegate, Mathew McGuinn, pushes for a $55 billion loan to Argentina in order to combat the economic depression in Argentina. As part of the working paper 2.BLUE, the $55 billion loan would act as a short-term goal while the long-term goal would be to reduce the poverty line to 20%, as opposed to the current 30%. The $55 billion would be paid in 5 increments of $11 billion to the Argentinean government. In addition, this working paper would involve “backing the Peso with a definite form of monetary value
to eliminate all insecurities involving inflation,” French delegate, Dennis Spanos (Carl Sandburg HS) said. Potential candidates for backing the Peso include the Yuan and the silver standard. In addition, Working Paper 2.BLUE would take measures to avoid corruption among Argentinean banks by requiring that they comply with stress tests and investigations by the IMF, which is typical after giving loans. If corruption is found, all funds would be frozen until the corruption is dealt with. Argentina has specifically requested that money be given to Argentina in response to the “vultures” who have taken money from Argentina for their own “meager purposes.”
While Working Paper 2.BLUE is widely accepted by the United States, France, Germany and many others, the issue arises of whether loans are the best way to help Argentina. “We must be pragmatic. Progress them by investing in technology and agriculture. Relief, relief, relief,” United States Delegate Christian Johns said. Spanos warned that “improper use of investments and loans could hurt the economy.” United Kingdom Delegate Ben Golub (Latin School of Chicago) agreed with France, saying “Argentina has poor array of jobs and high rates of inflation. Developing the infrastructure is the best move.”
G20 cont. from page 1 questioned. EU delegate Kim (Glenbrook South HS) admitted this difficulty. “We can’t force anyone to implement [education programs], that’s the bottom line,” Kim said. But, because of the currently existing NGOs working to improve educational standards, the EU asserts that education is a viable tool to reduce child labor throughout the world. Hopefully, through continued meaningful debate, the G20 will pass a resolution that serves a more practical application than a piece of idealistic paper.
ASEAN works to end human trafficking By MAGGIE BYRNE Press Corps Reporter This morning a directive was introduced to the Association of South East Asian Nations meant to tackle the issue of human trafficking. The directive was prompted by a recent incident in which 12 young women were prostituted from Laos and Thailand to Cambodia. General consensus was in support of the directive but opinions varied on specifics. The main division within debate was whether to prioritize short-term or longterm solutions in response to human trafficking. Laos and Thailand seemed primarily focused on long-term prevention while Vietnam and Malaysia stressed the importance of immediate action. “There is a division between people that want to work from the bottom up and
people that want to act now… Laos’ priority is really creating preventative measures for the future because it is such a cycle,” Laos Delegate Brooke Hopkins (University School of Milwaukee) said. Laos is a source country for human trafficking and they suffer from an unstable economy, which leaves women and children with few sources of income. The country asserts that stabilizing the economy and providing women with more opportunities will break the cycle while the short-term solutions will only interrupt it. However, victims of human trafficking are having their human rights violated now and don’t have time to wait for economies to stabilize. This horrific fact is why many treat the issue with immediate urgency. Malaysia Delegate Ben Baroy (Niles North High School) expressed the need to immediately curb expansion
Photo by Maggie Byrne ASEAN delegates discuss directives during committee on Friday. of human trafficking. As a destination country for human trafficking, Malaysia believes the transport of individuals should be the main focus of antiexpansion efforts, “focusing attention on source countries through anti-corruption, information sharing between countries and stronger immigration control.” echoed these sentiments: “One of the main solutions is focusing on anti- corruption,
UNHCR close to compromise By RACHEL O’GRADY Press Corps Reporter Delegates in the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees are making big strides towards reaching a comprehensive solution to the issue of the refugee crisis in Syria. “We have had to make some tweaks to our paper, so that everyone could get what they want...and yes, we are open to suggestions,” Netherlands Delegate, Jeremy Joseph (Glenbrook South HS) said. Compromise is the theme in the UNHCR.
“I think what we need to do is open the body up to discussion about it [the current draft resolution] and debate... so that we can amend it and debate those amendments,” India Delegate Stephanie Smelyansky (Glenbrook South HS) said. While German Delegate, Serena Tolani (Hinsdale Central), was previously uncomfortable with such a “super merger” she is now a sponsor on the Netherlands paper. “Working paper 1.1 and 1.2 were more economically focused and 1.4 and 1.5 were more humanitarian...and now
all four of them have combined to create one paper,” Tolani said. Issues with proposed solutions have arisen, including the problem of a lack of funding. However, supporters of draft resolution 1.1 plan to address this to qualm fears. “While there are many good aspects to draft resolution 1.1, some delegates have brought up concerns of funding and that certain funding methods in this draft resolution were not entirely whole,” Ethiopia delegate Jasper Gilley (Chicagoland MUN Club) said. The committee looks to pass this draft resolution soon.
specifically in border areas, and international cooperation on information sharing,” Vietnamese delegate John Lambrecht (Ithaca HS) said. These short-term solutions would come with a memorandum of understanding, serving to protect national sovereignty. There has also been talk during committee of using an international naval force that would essentially police high traffic area.
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