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Fun & Free Over 4 million readers in 250 cities, every week!

May 23-29, 2014 Bold Medias Publishing

Issue #00174

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They creep, they crawl, they scuttle. This week, Tidbits studies up on the good, the bad, and the ugly of creepy crawlies of the world. • What makes a creature an insect? In order to be classified as an insect, it must have three body parts (the head, thorax, and abdomen), six jointed legs, two antennae, and an outside skeleton. That counts out spiders and centipedes! There are 1,017,018 known species of insects in the world, but experts feel there might be another nine million that haven’t yet been discovered. Ninety-five percent of all the animal species on Earth are insects.

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• Insects are divided into 32 orders, with beetles as the largest order. There are 125 different families of beetles, and half a million different species. Did you know that one out of every four animals on Earth is a beetle? In fact the world’s largest insect is a beetle found in South America, the longhorn beetle measuring 9.85 inches (25 cm). The world’s heaviest insect is also a beetle, the African Goliath beetle, which can weigh up to 3.4 oz. (96 grams). 
 … turn the page for more!

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CREEPY CRAWLIES (continued): • There’s a difference between an insect and a bug. A bug is actually an insect with characteristics other insects don’t have, such as a stylet mouth (one that is shaped like a straw) that is used to suck plant juices. True bugs have thickened front wings, which are colored close to the body, but clearer and thinner at the wing’s hind end. Cicadas, aphids, and stink bugs are truly bugs, but ticks, beetles, and flies are not. • Perhaps one of the most unpopular crawlies is the cockroach. It is one of the most adaptable creatures on Earth, which makes getting rid of them very difficult. There are more than 4,000 species of this pest worldwide. They are cold-blooded and can live without food for a month. They can even survive for a week without a head. Because they breathe through little holes in each body segment, they don’t need a mouth or head to breathe. After a week of being unable to drink water, they die of thirst. A cockroach is able to hold its breath for 40 minutes, and can survive being under water for 30 minutes. No wonder they are so hard to get rid of! It doesn’t take long for a cockroach to spread bacteria throughout a home – they can run 3 miles per hour (4.8 kg/hr). Although the average cockroach is _” to 2” long (1.3 to 5 cm), one South American species is 6” long (15.2 cm) and has a 12” (30.5 cm) wingspan. • In the British Isles, the ladybug is called the ladybird. The ladybug is a type of beetle that can be red, yellow, black, grey, or brown, depending on the species, and might have spots, stripes, or no markings at all. Red and orange ladybugs have seven spots, three on each side and one in the middle. The number of spots has nothing to do with this beetle’s age. The number and placement of spots are determined by its species and are fixed well before the ladybug is born. • Many countries, including Russia, Turkey, and Italy consider the ladybug a sign of good luck and those folks will make a wish when one is sighted. Ladybugs are very useful creatures, as they feed on aphids and other garden pests. • Termites cause nearly $5 billion in damage every year. These wood-destroying insects can destroy a home from the inside out before a homeowner even notices. Add up the weight of all the humans on Earth,

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Across 1 A dromedary has one 5 Smart guy? 10 Exec’s “I need it now!” 14 Black-and-white snack 15 Military training group 16 Actress Hatcher 17 Like a clock reading 5:05 at 5:00 18 “Eat!” 19 Tenant’s expense 20 *Space-saving computer monitor 22 Fateful March day 23 Equipment on a balance sheet, e.g. 24 Immunity builder 26 Cuban dance 30 Defective cars 33 Devious laughs 36 “That stings!” 38 Often __: about half the time 39 Foofaraw 40 Untidy waking-up hair condition, and what the first word of the answers to starred clues can be 42 Historical span 43 Posh 45 Freezer bag feature 46 Bluish hue 47 Go away

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CROSSWORD 49 Southern speech feature 51 Turn out to be 53 Zodiac transition points 57 Arizona Indian 59 *Title racehorse in a 2003 film 63 Mont Blanc, par exemple 64 Rabbit relatives 65 Foreign Legion cap 66 Falsehoods 67 “Fame” singer Cara 68 First family’s garden site? 69 Oater stronghold 70 Tickle pink 71 Cubicle furnishing

Down 1 Labor leader who vanished in 1975 2 Range dividing Europe and Asia 3 Southwestern tablelands 4 Kiln users 5 Adaptable, electrically 6 Wilderness home 7 Rim 8 Reacts to a tearjerker 9 Pet’s home away from home 10 Some hotel lobbies

and it will be less than the total weight of all the world’s termites! About 10% of the world’s animals are termites. Damp wood is an ideal nesting place for termites. So avoid infestation by dealing with leaking plumbing issues immediately. Be sure water drains away from the house, don’t stack any wood next to your home, and keep an 18” (45 cm) gap between soil and your foundation. Although termites can be extremely destructive, they can be ecologically beneficial. They break down dead and decaying trees in the forest into rich new soil. • Another 10% of the world’s animals are ants, with at least 1.5 million ants for every human being on the planet. There are more than 12,000 species of ants, and they can be found on every continent except Antarctica. One acre of Amazon rainforest is home to up to 3.5 million ants. Ants are hardy creatures, able to survive 24 hours underwater, with many varieties able to swim. They are the longest living of all insects, with a life span of up to 30 years. When seeking food, the colony sends out a scout ant, who wanders about until it finds a food source. After eating some of the food, the ant heads back to the nest in a straight line, leaving a trail of secreted pheromones, a scent that the other ants will be able to follow back to the food.

11 *Start-up capital 12 “Rule, Britannia” composer 13 Depressing situation, with “the” 21 Early Beatle Sutcliffe 25 Enjoy King and Koontz 27 Cohort of Curly 28 Future blossoms 29 Felt pain 31 Director Ephron 32 Kenton of jazz 33 Difficult 34 Falco of “The Sopranos” 35 *Jalape-o, for one

37 Listen to 40 Polar explorer Richard 41 Menu words 44 Most off-the-wall 46 Sounded like a chicken 48 Buttocks, informally 50 Loos, for short 52 Necklace gem 54 Soft leather 55 Plumber’s concerns 56 Reek 57 Football game division 58 Hodgepodge 60 Real estate measurement 61 Curved 62 “That makes sense”

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writer and doubling as a cast member, was just • In 1989, Aykroyd switched to a dramatic role in the classic Driving Miss Daisy and received 23, the youngest on staff. For the program’s an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting first four seasons he established himself as a Actor for his efforts. talented impersonator, famously mimicking Did you know that famous funny-man Dan Jimmy Carter, Richard Nixon, Julie Child, and • Over the years, he has continued writing Aykroyd hails from Canada? Here’s the scoop Rod Serling. He was the well-known father and acting, and occasionally appearing on on this Ontario-born actor, comedian, and of SNL’s Conehead family and one of the Saturday Night Live. He last appeared as guest screenwriter. “wild and crazy guys” alongside Steve Martin. host of SNL in 2003. • Aykroyd was born in Ottawa on Canada Day, Aykroyd received an Emmy Award for his • In keeping with his love of July 1, 1952. His father, a civil engineer, was writing in 1977, and the blues, in 1992, Aykroyd coa policy advisor to Prime Minister Pierre four other nominations founded a nightclub in Cambridge, Trudeau, while his mother worked as a during his tenure. He and Massachusetts called The House secretary. Dan was born with two unusual Belushi created the blackof Blues, an operation that has physical characteristics, syndactyly, meaning suited, sunglass-wearing grown into 13 locations. He also he has webbed toes, and heterchromia – his Blues Brothers duo for the owns several wineries in Canada’s right eye is green and his left eye is brown. show and took it to the Niagara region. big screen in 1980 with a • It was Aykroyd’s original ambition to become • Aykroyd’s wife Donna Dixon, highly successful movie. a priest, and he attended Catholic academies whom he married in 1983, was a until age 17. He switched gears and decided, • The idea of Ghostbusters former Miss Virginia in 1976 and as the grandson of a Canadian Mountie, to came to Aykroyd from Miss District of Columbia in 1977. study criminology and sociology at Carleton his fascination with the The couple has three children. University, although he dropped out before paranormal after reading Although a permanent resident finishing. For a time, he worked as a mail an article about quantum of the United States, he retains his Canadian sorter for the Canadian postal service, as a physics. He and fellow actor Harold Ramis citizenship and maintains an estate on train brakeman, and as a surveyor. wrote the script in a Martha’s Vineyard bomb Ontario’s Loughborough Lake. Every year, he shelter, tailoring the roles to fit John Belushi, • Aykroyd started out in comedy in assorted spends his Canada Day birthday performing Eddie Murphy, and John Candy. When Belushi Canadian nightclubs. He met John Belushi in civil service in Kingston, Ontario, including died of a drug overdose in 1982 and Murphy Toronto where Belushi was scouting out talent swearing in new Canadian citizens. and Candy were unavailable, the script was for the National Lampoon series. In 1975, the tweaked and Bill Murray, Ramis, and Aykroyd pair were hired for the new late-night show starred in the 1984 smash hit and its 1989 sequel. Saturday Night Live. Aykroyd, hired as a FAMOUS CANADIANS:


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is simply cooked garden snails. (The name escargot is the French word for snail.) They are prepared by removing the snails from their shells and cooking in garlic butter, chicken stock, wine, and thyme or parsley. The snails are then placed back into their shells and served with the sauce.

Since May 24 is National Escargot Day, let’s take a look at another creepy crawly, the snail. • Snails aren’t insects, but rather are gastropods, a member of the Mollusks phylum along with slugs and conches. Their one-piece shell is coiled or spiraled. Gastropods • That little garden snail has 14,000 teeth, all of which are on its tongue. rank second behind insects in the It hibernates during the winter while number of named species. Snails are living on its stored fat. Although triploblastic protostomes, which is a most ground snails are passive little fancy way of saying they are made up vegetarians, sea snails are predators of three parts – one foot, a head, and with a sharp tongue resembling a an unsegmented body. harpoon that injects a deadly venom • The thousands of snail species include into their victims. The poison of certain land snails, sea snails, and freshwater cone snails can kill a human. snails. The French delicacy escargot

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Sudoku SNAILS (continued): • Since a snail could never hope to escape a predator, if danger is nearby, snails can withdraw completely into their shells. A flat plate on the back of their foot called the operculum seals up the opening. • How can you tell a male snail from a female snail? The answer is…you can’t! A snail is actually both, as they are hermaphrodites, which means their reproductive organs enable them to both lay eggs like a female and fertilize them like a male. • Snails produce a thick slime as they move which protects them as they travel across any kind of terrain. They

can even crawl across the edge of a razor and come out uninjured, due to this shielding lubricant. The slime also creates a suction that enables them to crawl upside down. • Everybody knows that snails are slow movers, but just how slow are they? The average adult moves along at about 0.04 inches (1 mm) per second. Some travel at 0.0004 miles per hour. If those snails could circumnavigate the Earth, it would take upwards of 7,000 years. The speckled garden snail is the fastest, able to navigate at speeds up to 55 yards per hour (50.3 m), compared to just 23 inches per hour (54.4 cm) for most land

snails. • Snails have very poor eyesight and cannot hear, so their senses of touch and smell are very important in the task of finding food. • The world’s largest snail is the Australian trumpet, a sea snail found on that continent’s northern and western shores. Its shell is as large as 30 inches (77.2 cm) in length, and the flesh can weigh as much as 40 lbs. (18 kg). The length of most species of snails ranges in size from a fraction of an inch to 12 inches (30.5 cm).

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Canadian Tid-bits

▶ Which province was, in 1916, the first to grant women the right to vote? Manitoba. ▶ The very first YMCA in North America was opened in 1851 in Montreal. ▶ Sir Charles Tupper holds the record for the shortest term of prime minister, 69 days, from May 1 to July 8, 1896. Sir Wilfrid Laurier holds the record for longest unbroken term, serving 15 straight years in office, from July 11, 1896, to Oct. 6, 1911.

Pet Bits Q: Cujo stopped using his litter box last week. He’s now using kitchen counters and inside the cabinets to do his business. I’ve always had cats and never encountered this problem before. Please help or I’ll be forced to find Cujo a new home.

▶ Born on a farm in Novia Scotia, Alfred C. Fuller was the 11th of 12 children. He moved to the U.S. when he was 18 years of age and got a job selling mops, washcloths, and brushes door-to-door in Boston. He was a good salesman but also a good listener, and he paid attention when would-be customers told him that the sample brushes in his case were poorly assembled and wrongly shaped for the tasks at hand. When Fuller relayed this feedback to his boss, he was told to stop listening and sell more brushes. Instead Fuller spent his life savings of $375 to buy brush-making tools, and went into business for himself in 1906. The Fuller Brush company was born.

CREEPY CRAWLIES (continued): • Massive communities of ants called supercolonies have been discovered stretching for thousands of miles, with the largest ever found over 3,750 miles (6,000 km) wide. Ants are capable of carrying 5 times their body weight with their mandibles.

A: First and foremost, see your veterinarian. I doubt cats piddle on counters purposely to alert us that something is medically wrong, but this can turn out to be the case. The problem can be anything from feline idiopathic cystitis to diabetes, kidney insufficiency, or hyperthyroid disease, some of the most likely possibilities. Regardless of what’s going on, while I empathize with your frustration, your cat isn’t behaving this way “on purpose.” If nothing is medically wrong, close those cabinets so Cujo can’t get inside. My guess is that there are other cats in the house, or perhaps rowdy children who play near the cat’s litter box or along his route to the box, or a dog who investigates the litter box up close and personal. Cats often use countertops as safe lookouts. Obviously, if dogs or kids are an issue, keep them far from the litter box(es). Also, make sure you have enough litter boxes, which means one per cat plus one more (ideally). Therefore, if you have two cats, three boxes is best. Boxes set sideby-side-by side, is like having one giant box, so it’s often better to place litter boxes at varied locations, offering options (particularly in multi-cat homes). Litter boxes should be scooped daily. Also, if you’ve changed litters recently, return to the old-standby. I suspect you may have a multi-cat home. Sometimes aggression in cats is obvious, but some cat interactions are far more subtle. For example, a cat lying in the sun may actually be actually aggressing by deterring another less confident cat from getting to the box down the hall. The less confident cat won’t pass by. That’s why offering alternative routes to an alternative box or boxes may be vital. If there is aggression, whether subtle or not, contact a professional, a certified cat behavior consultant ( or veterinary behaviorists (

• The 40,000 different species of spiders are arachnids, not insects, since they have eight legs and only two body segments and have no antennae. While birds and bats eat a significant amount of insects, spiders eat more than those combined. • The largest species of tarantulas have a leg span of nearly 10 inches (25.4 cm) and have been known to kill mice, lizards, and birds. When tarantulas feel threatened, they defend themselves by throwing needly, barbed hairs at their attackers. Being hit by one of these causes an irritating rash and sometimes an allergic reaction, but very rarely does it result in death. Tarantulas molt continually, replacing their exoskeletons as they grow. This gives them the ability to even regenerate legs that have been lost. They are very fragile creatures, and a fall from a short height can easily kill them. The female tarantula can live 20 years in captivity and 30 years or longer in the wild. However, males have an average lifespan of between five and ten years. Four over-the-hill hockey players, 30 years past their prime. All they want is three more periods.


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Downtown Vernon Avenue Market Friday, May 23, 2014 from 4pm in Downtown Vernon, 30th Avenue, Vernon runs every Friday night ending September 26th. Catch up with friends, have a date night dinner or quality time with family. Visit downtown merchants and local farmers. Come dance in the streets, join us downtown for the Avenue Market where fresh air is free. RCAF 899 Wing and the 223 Red Lion Air Cadets Hanger/Garage/BBQ Sale Saturday May 24, 2014 from 9am to 1:30 pm at Brigadier Murphy Armoury , 1811 29 Street Vernon. The 223 Red Lion Air Cadets are fundraising for a Citizenship Tour. Huge Hanger/Garage Sale including a hot dog concession. The Air Cadet Program runs from September to June for youth aged 12 – 19 years. This is a great opportunity to meet some Cadets and see where they host their weekly meetings at the historical Brigadier Murphy Armoury. For more information about the Air Cadet Program call (250) 309 - 9490 or follow us on Twitter@223RedLion Free Music Outdoors Sunday, May 25, 2014 from 1 to 3:30 pm, at Polson Park, Vernon with the Okanagan Valley Big Band (formerly Mark Rose Big Band) with conductor is Monty Hughes. Enjoy sultry vocals, swing, jazz, rock tunes and more. This is a City of Vernon Community Bike Fest so walk, bike bus or skateboard then… try the bike obstacle course, bike decorating, parade, activity stations, face painting and the snacks. Bring a lawn chair and settle in for a real treat of a day! W.A.M. All Breed Horse Show Sunday, May 25, 2014 at 9am at Armstrong Fairgrounds, Pleasant Valley Road (IPE Grounds), Armstrong. Open to all breeds and sizes. Offering English & Western classes, driving, halter, trail, games, walk trot and green classes. Ribbons, prizes and money. BC Heritage Qualifier and BC Paint Horse Trophy. Judge is Sheila Neumann. Welsh, Arabians and Morgans welcome (W.A.M.)! http://www. Summer Music Series - Cod Gone Wild Wednesday, May 28, 2014 from 6pm to 8pm at Caetani Cultural Centre , 3401 Pleasant Valley Rd, Vernon. This new and exciting music series will take place the last Wednesday of every month from May to. Each performance will feature a local musical act as well as an artist showcase on the beautiful Caetani grounds. Bring your blankets, folding chairs, and a picnic to enjoy a relaxing evening of music presenting diverse genres throughout the summer. A selection of refreshments will be available for purchase and admission will be by donation. This week: Cod Gone Wild http://

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Vernon 174 may 23 2014 creepy crawlies