February 6 - 19, 2018
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BANK ROBBERS by Kathy Wolfe Bad guys have been robbing banks since there have been banks to rob! This week, Tidbits studies up on some famous robbers and their hauls. • The son of a Missouri Baptist minister, Jesse James had a good start in life, regularly attending church, was educated, and was known to refuse to use bad language. In 1863, the family farm was savagely attacked by Union soldiers, and at age 16, Jesse, along with his brother Frank, became Confederate guerrilla soldiers. When the Civil War ended, Frank and Jesse became the leaders of a band of outlaws of ex-Confederates, and began robbing trains, stagecoaches, and banks that were owned by Northern institutions. Their first bank robbery took place at Liberty, Missouri’s Clay County Saving Association Bank, and the gang had a take of $60,000 in cash and bonds. A 17-yearold bystander was killed as the gang made their escape. The gang’s 15-year crime spree produced 26 robberies with a take of more than $200,000, and the deaths of at least 17 men. Jesse was killed by a member of his own gang, Bob Ford, for the reward money, shot in the back of the head as he was straightening a picture on the wall, dead at 34. • Three months after Jesse James’ death, Frank surrendered to authorities, but juries were unable to convict him, based on insufficient evidence. He returned to the family farm, where he conducted tours of the family farm for 25-cents, living to the age of 72. • Jesse James couldn’t have known how his life of crime would spur another on to the same life. Arizona Donnie Clark was a Missouri native who as a child had witnessed the James Gang ride through her hometown, and developed a passion for the wild life. Kate, as she was nicknamed, married a farmer named George
In Bowie, Maryland, a robber entered a bank and gave a teller a note demanding cash. After his demand was honored, he fled. Upon returning home, he was amazed to find the police waiting for him. It appears he had written the note on the back of his bank deposit slip.
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dirt being removed. They even sold plants and turf to cover their operation. The robbery took place on a Saturday, when the thieves took over $79 million, which remained undetected until Monday. While more than 40 arrests were made, only about $9 million was recovered.
Barker and had four sons. All four became involved in crime at an early age, and Kate, who became known as Ma Barker, began traveling with her sons to locations of their crimes. As the matriarch who controlled the crimes, she was referred to by J. Edgar Hoover as “the most vicious, dangerous and resourceful criminal brain of the last decade.” Some say that Ma Barker never participated in any of the robberies, kidnappings, or murders that involved her sons, but nevertheless, she was killed by FBI agents during a shoot-out at her Florida home, along with one son. Another son committed suicide, one was killed trying to escape from Alcatraz, and the fourth was killed by his wife. • In 2005, thieves in Brazil dug a 260-ft (79.3 m) tunnel, complete with wood paneling, electric lights, and a ventilation system from a building to Banco Central in the city of Fortaleza. The tunnel, 13 feet (4 m) below the surface, took three months to excavate and the team posed as landscapers to explain the truckloads of
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• It’s estimated that Ray Bowman and William Kirkpatrick robbed 28 banks across the U.S. between 1982 and 1998, with a stake of more than $7 million. No one was ever hurt, and gunfire only occurred one time. One robbery alone, that of Lakewood, Washington’s Seafirst Bank, yielded $4.46 million. A simple stop for speeding in Nebraska brought an end to Bowman’s spree, when police discovered guns, fake badges, masks, and $1.8 million in cash in the vehicle. Just a few weeks later, Kirkpatrick’s career was over when he failed to pay rent on his storage locker. The owner opened it, found a large stash of guns, and notified authorities, who captured him. • Due to his ability to make quick and narrow getaways from police, bank robber John Dillinger was given the nickname “Jackrabbit.” Dillinger’s first robbery was the theft of $50 from the local grocery store. He was captured
and served over nine years. He was released into a jobless Great Depression, and a month later he robbed his first bank, the New Carlisle, Ohio National Bank, getting away with $10,000. Six weeks later, he robbed another Ohio bank, but was captured. He escaped just four days later. Within 14 months, Dillinger had robbed an estimated 24 banks, and was suspected of 10 murders. The FBI billed him as “Public Enemy #1.” To avoid the heat, Dillinger hid in Chicago, living anonymously, working as a clerk. But within a matter of months, a tip from an informant led FBI agents to the Biograph Theater, where Dillinger was watching a movie. He was shot four times, and his life of crime was over at age 31. • In 1983, six men broke into the Brink’sMAT bank facility at London’s Heathrow Airport and made off with $30 million worth of diamonds, gold bullion, and cash. The
operation was made easier with the help of one of the security guards who provided the robbers with a key and an outline of security measures. His fellow guards were soaked in gasoline and were told they would be set on fire if they didn’t cooperate. Although most of the gang were rounded up and convicted, the majority of the gold has never been recovered. • The biggest news of 1974 may have been the kidnapping of 19-year-old newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst by the Symbionese Liberation Army. Two months later, she was recorded on surveillance video robbing San Francisco’s Hibernia Bank, brandishing an M1 carbine, aiding her captors. When she was captured in September, 1975, she weighed just 87 lbs. (40 kg.), and was described in a “zombie-like” state. She told the story of repeated torture, being locked in a closet blindfolded for weeks, along with brainwashing. It was believed she
“I Love that little paper!” had Stockholm Syndrome, a psychological condition that occurs when hostages develop positive feelings toward their captors. Hearst was initially sentenced to a 35-year prison term that was reduced to seven years, and she eventually served 22 months, having her sentence commuted by President Jimmy Carter. She was fully pardoned for her crimes by President Bill Clinton in 2001. FOOD OF THE WEEK:
NUGGET OF KNOWLEDGE The largest bank robbery in British history took place in 2006 at the Securitas Depot when robbers kidnapped family members of the bank’s manager in order to gain access to the bank. After tying up the staff members, the robbers made off with $92 million. Five robbers were convicted and the majority of the was recovered.
* What’s on sale in February? Get great deals on electronics -including computers -and mattresses, carpet/tile/laminates and other flooring, used cars, catalog closeouts and exercise equipment. Also, look for gift add-ons with perfume purchases and after-holiday deals on candy and red items (think ahead for Fourth of July and Christmas tableware!) * “We recently got a cute pot rack, but when we put up our stainless steel pots, it became clear that we weren’t doing a great job of cleaning them -- eew! My neighbor and best friend came to the rescue with a product called Barkeepers Friend. It’s a scouring powder, but it doesn’t scratch. Anyway, all the yellow stains on the bottom of our pots came off. And it de-grossed a cast-iron skillet too (we reseasoned it). Our pot rack now looks great.” -- M.D. in Louisiana * Fine particles of dust and grease mix in the air in the kitchen, and when they settle on things, it can get sticky! If you have a buildup of this sticky dust on appliances, try this trick: Make a paste from baking soda or cream of tartar and water. Apply with a damp sponge for a little gentle abrasive. Follow with a clean damp cloth. This works especially well on the top of the fridge. * If you dye your own hair, apply a border of petroleum jelly to the outside of your face at the hair line. This will keep those drips from staining your face. Apply some to your ears as well, and the back of your neck for the same reason. * Don’t forget to wash your kid’s backpack from time to time. The places it goes and the things it sees make me shudder, especially in this cold and flu season. Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, 628 Virginia Drive, Orlando, FL 32803. (c) 2018 King Features Synd., Inc.
Hold the mayo! And hold on to these facts about mayonnaise brought to you by Tidbits! • Mayonnaise is made up of eggs, vinegar or lemon juice, oil, and spices. It’s an emulsion, which is a combination of two liquids that normally can’t be combined. By adding one ingredient to the other and mixing rapidly, the droplets of one liquid are suspended through the other. Because the liquids quickly separate, an emulsifier must be added, and in the case of mayonnaise, this is egg yolk. • There are several theories as to the origin of the name mayonnaise. It may be a variation of the French word moyeunaise, derived from the old French moyeu, meaning “yolk of egg.” Some say the sauce was named “mayonnaise,” after Charles de Lorraine, the Duke of Mayenne, while others say the chef of the Duc de Richelieu invented the sauce and named it “Mahonnaise” following the Duc’s victory over the British in a 1756 battle at Port Mahon on the Mediterranean island of Minorca. • German-born Richard Hellmann started out as an apprentice at a food market there until moving to London to work for Crosse & Blackwell, a food production company in business since 1706. At age 29, he moved to New York City, and rented a former tailor shop, opening Hellman’s Delicatessen with his wife. Each day, they whipped up a small batch of mayonnaise for sale. Their successful operation soon expanded into the space next door. • In 1912. after becoming ill from overwork, Hellmann and his family took a sabbatical to Europe. When it was time to return, he was urged by the travel agency to book his passage to New York on the brand-new ship, Titanic. But Hellmann needed to be home sooner, and took an earlier, smaller ship, a decision that
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saved his and his family’s lives. Back in New York, Hellmann experimented with new recipes for an improved mayonnaise that would stay fresh a little longer. He sold it to his deli customers in small amounts, then decided to try selling in glass bottles, not only to his own customers but to grocery stores and other delis as well. He designed a label with a blue ribbon graphic, and trademarked it with the name “Blue Ribbon Mayonnaise.” When the mayonnaise business outgrew the back room of the delicatessen, Hellmann sold the store and opened a factory in 1915. In 1922, “The Chef’s Standby: Blue Ribbon Recipes,” a mayonnaise cookbook, was published. Hellmann certainly wasn’t without competition. By the mid-1920s, there were more than 600 companies vying for the mayonnaise business. So Hellmann improved his emulsifying process, enabling his factory to produce three tons of mayonnaise every hour. By 1927, his annual profit was upwards of $1 million. The company was sold to Best Foods in 1927, and by 1932, the familiar mayonnaise was renamed Best Foods mayonnaise. Although the company sold a multitude of food items, mayonnaise was by far its most profitable item. Lots of folks prefer Miracle Whip to mayonnaise. So what’s the difference? Kraft Miracle Whip was introduced at the 1933 Chicago World’s Fair as a “salad dressing” rather than mayonnaise. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration requires that mayonnaise must contain a minimum of 65% vegetable oil. According to Kraft, their product’s content is too low to meet that standard. Taste-wise, Miracle Whip is sweeter and contains a few additional spices.
BOY SCOUTS February 8 marks the 117th anniversary of the establishment of the Boy Scouts of America. Tidbits commemorates this youth organization with a few facts about its founding and growth. • The BSA was modeled after the Boy Scout Association, an organization founded by British Army officer Robert Baden-Powell in Britain in 1908. An American newspaper entrepreneur named William Boyce was aided by a Boy Scout while traveling overseas, and was so impressed that, four months after his return to the States, he and two others incorporated the Boy Scouts of America, applying for a congressional charter. In 1911, they held their first annual meeting at the White House, where they were addressed by U.S. President William Howard Taft, and the oath, laws, badges and policies were adopted. • The name of Arthur Eldred isn’t a familiar, but in the world of scouting, he is remembered as the first recipient of the Eagle Scout medal, awarded to this 17-year-old Long Island, New York scout in 1912. By 1965, there were 500,000 Eagle Scouts, and one million in 1982. The two-millionth Eagle Scout medal was awarded in 2009. Only about 4% of Boy Scouts are awarded this rank, and only after a lengthy review process and years of efforts on the part of the scout. An Eagle Scout must have earned 21 merit badges, and have served as a patrol leader, assistant senior patrol leader, or senior patrol leader, as well as complete a service project that benefits an organization outside of the Boy Scouts. • The first Boy Scout World Jamboree was held in 1920 in London, with 8,000 Scouts from 34 countries attending. • The Cub Scouts were formally launched in 1930. By 1936, total membership in the BSA
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Grieving Cat Needs Comforting DEAR PAW’S CORNER: My 3-year-old cat, “Rascal,” is having a terrible time adjusting since my other cat, “Fresca,” died just a few weeks ago. He roams the house at night, meowing for hours, and doesn’t always eat his food. What can I do to help him? -- John C., El Paso, Texas DEAR JOHN: I’m sorry to hear about the loss of Fresca. It can be surprising to learn that many animals go through a grieving process after losing a companion -- whether human or animal. And, just as with humans, grieving can take time. The best thing to do is to be supportive of Rascal. Recognize that you’re both missing Fresca, and give Rascal plenty of attention and cuddles. However, don’t change his routine. Mealtimes should stay the same, playing and socialization times should stay the same (though you can extend the length of that play time). If Rascal starts eating less or stops eating altogether, try encouraging him to eat by adding a little bit of warm (not hot) broth to his food. Stay in the room while he eats -- many cats don’t like being petted while they eat, but they often don’t mind owners sitting nearby. It may take as long as six months for Rascal to recover from the loss of his friend. Be as supportive as possible without changing his routine, or feeding him too many treats. If he stops eating for more than three days, still won’t sleep or doesn’t seem to be improving after a couple of months, contact the veterinarian. Send your questions, comments and tips to firstname.lastname@example.org. (c) 2018 King Features Synd., Inc.
Jubilee Cherry Cheese Pie It wouldn’t be February if you didn’t have one cherry recipe to share with your special someone. This recipe has all the flavor of Cherries Jubilee!
surpassed 1 million. The group enrolled its 20 millionth member in 1952, and by 1965, the Boy Scouts of America had 40 million registered members. • Through the efforts of the BSA during World War I, Liberty Loan bonds totaling $147,876,902 were sold in 1917 – 1918. During World War II, the Scouts collected 30 million lbs. (13,607,771 kg) of rubber during a two-week drive, as well as collecting aluminum and salvage for the war effort, along with serving as messengers and assisting emergency medical units. • Camping has long been associated with the Boy Scouts. The first Boy Scout camp, the Philturn Rocky Mountain Scout Camp, opened in 1939, following a generous gift from Oklahoma oilman Waite Phillips. Phillips donated 35,857 acres of land near Cimmaron, New Mexico to establish a wilderness camping area. That first summer, 189 Boy Scouts from Texas, Kansas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma attended the camp at a cost of $1 per week per camper. Two years later, Phillips added to his gift, increasing the size of the property to 127,395 acres. An additional piece of land was purchased in 1963, boosting the total area to 214 square miles. • The song “God Bless America” is familiar to most, but not everyone knows its importance to the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts. In 1940, its composer Irving Berlin created a foundation to distribute the royalties from the song to these organizations “for the benefit of the youth of America.” Sixty years later, at the turn of the 21st century, $6 million had already been donated to the Scouts.
1 Pillsbury refrigerated unbaked 9-inch pie crust 1 teaspoon almond extract 1 (20-ounce) can Lucky Leaf Lite (no sugar added) Cherry Pie Filling 2 (8-ounce) packages Philadelphia fat-free cream cheese 2 eggs or equivalent in egg substitute 1/2 cup Splenda Granular 3/4 cup Land O’Lakes no-fat sour cream 2 tablespoons slivered almonds Dash nutmeg 1. Heat oven to 450 F. Place pie crust in deepdish 10-inch pie plate and flute edges. Stir 1/2 teaspoon almond extract into cherry pie filling. Evenly spoon mixture into prepared pie crust. Bake for 15 minutes. Remove pie from oven and lower heat to 350 F. 2. In a large bowl, stir cream cheese with a sturdy spoon until soft. Stir in eggs and remaining 1/2 teaspoon almond extract. Add Splenda. Mix well to combine. 3. Carefully spoon cream cheese mixture evenly over cherry pie filling. Continue baking for 30 minutes. Place pie plate on a wire rack and allow to cool at least 1 hour. 4. Evenly spread sour cream over top of cooled pie. Lightly sprinkle almonds and nutmeg over top. Refrigerate for at least 30 minutes. Cut into 8 servings. * Each serving equals: 241 calories, 9g fat, 11g protein, 29g carbs, 434mg sodium, 200mg calcium, 1g fiber; Diabetic Exchanges: 1 1/2 fat, 1 Starch/Carb, 1 Meat, 1/2 Fruit; Carb Choices: 2. (c) 2018 King Features Synd., Inc.
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by Samantha Weaver * It was 19th-century French novelist and poet Victor Hugo who made the following sage observation: “Men hate those to whom they have to lie.” * If you’re planning to visit the Hawaiian island of Kauai, you might want to trek up to Mount Waialeale. If you do, though, be sure to take an umbrella, as that mountain holds the distinction of receiving more rainfall than any other place on Earth, with an average of about 40 feet -- yes, feet -- of rain annually. * According to the National Chicken Council’s annual Chicken Wing Report -- yes, there is such a report, and it is strategically timed for release just before the Super Bowl -- 1.35 billion wings were consumed during Super Bowl weekend this year. That’s an all-time high; the number crunchers have determined that if all those wings were laid end-to-end, the resulting line of poultry would stretch 394 million feet. That would be long enough to circle the Earth three times -- or to cross a road 13 million times. * When archaeologists discovered the tomb of King Tut, one of the objects they found inside was a bronze razor -- and it was still sharp enough to use. * Did you ever wonder how the lollipop got its name? A man named George Smith first put the hard treat on the end of a stick, but candy-making wasn’t his only interest. It seems that Smith also had a keen interest in horseracing, and he named the candy after a popular racehorse of the time, Lolly Pop. * Those who study such things say that all mammals, from rodents to elephants, urinate for approximately 21 seconds. This is now known as the “Law of Urination.” Thought for the Day: “The universe is like a safe to which there is a combination. But the combination is locked up in the safe.” -- Peter De Vries
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Opening a new in business in 2018 or looking to increase your existing business and clientalÉ Why not join the Chamber of Commerce. Membership with the Lumby & District Chamber of Commerce can increase your marketing and networking capacities. Join our organization and watch your business grow. Looking for more details don’t hesitate to contact the Chamber office. 250.547.2300 or email email@example.com.
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Jesse James’ mother Zerelda sold tickets to tourists for 25 cents for a viewing of her son’s grave. She also sold rocks from the grave, retrieving more rocks from the river when she ran out. Zerelda also gave paid tours of the family farm.
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Bank Robbers, Mayonnaise, Boy Scouts, Jubilee Cherry Cheese Pie