Page 1

PSUCHE Womens Rehabilitation and Housing celebrating diversity: graduating projec t proposal

michael degirolamo | arsc 8000 + 8280 | november 7, 2013


Acknowledgments: Ron Kato Michel Labrie Petar Levar Wesley Wollin City Studio City of Vancouver NSDA Architects Union Gospel Mission Sheway + Crabtree


contents PSUCHE Womens Rehabilitation and Housing Part 1: critical analysis

3

Part 2: precedents

19

Part 3: functional program

33

abstract site location climatic data inhabitants of the DTES neighbourhood + amenities DTES view site view

5 6 7 12 13 14 15 16 17

functional precedent 1: union gospel mission functional precedent 2: sheway + crabtree functional precedent 3: the belkin house, salvation army architectural precedent 1: w채lderhaus (the forest house)

20 22 24 26 28 30

site codes site analysis + constraints

34 35 36 37 38 39 40 44 45 46 48 50

understanding the implications

architectural precedent 3: woonhoven cortinghborg groningen

privacy | security: main

privacy | security: second -fourth

Part 4: design process

57

Part 5:

67

part 1: the beginning [1/3 review] part 2: revision [ 3/4 review] part 3: structural model

58 60 62 64

analysis + reasoning site + plans elevations + sections rooms + views structural system structural system + details details

68 70 72 74 75 76 78

support | encourage | grow 1


2


part 1: critical analysis

support | encourage | grow 3


4


abstract This portfolio is a compilation of work from the arsc 8000 integration studio in the fall term of fourth year, with supplemental work added through arsc 8280 graduating project proposal and arsc 7350 building envelope lab of the Architectural Science Degree program at BCIT. The proposed building will be a Young Women’s Home + Rehabilitation Centret, for women between the ages of 16 and 26. It is for women that have been abused, involved in prostitution, alcohol and/or drugs whom want to change there life and create a new journey for them selves. The home would be a place to stay for up to two-years to facilitate the person individual. It would also contain a medical facility that past women could return to for continuing support. When walking around the area and doing research, the prevalence of young woman doing drugs soliciting is profound. When reading the “Sex Work In Vancouver’s East side: Second Location Report”, it was seen that woman are more likely to contract HIV/HEP-C, hepatitis and tuberculosis in the Downtown East Side. It was also noted that 70% of the sex workers in the DTES were of aboriginal decent under the age of 26 years and that 80% of the female injection users work within the sex trade. The DTES is quoted as having the highest HIV/HEP-C infection rate in the western world. Considering the shear quantity of people whom contract noted infections and the age of woman who work in the sex trade, we need to create a facility that can help young woman at the right stage and time. The proposed home will need to be a building that considers all females (between 16 and 26) in need of help and to be a place that is conducive with a high level of support and encouragement to inhibit growth as they adjust to a new equilibrium and develop a sense of safety outside of there “box.”

5


site location Canada To the Site

site: 431 block e. pender street

vancouver 6

downtown east side vancouver

e. pender street


climatic data Degree Days + Temp | Dew + Relative Humidity + Precipitation

percent, %

Average Degree Days 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 jan

feb

mar

apr

may

jun

cooling degree days (above 18C)

Average Monthly Relative Humidity (%)

feb

average dew point

mar

apr

may

average temp.

jun

jul

aug

record low temp.

sep

oct

nov

dec

heating degree days (below 18C)

Average Monthly Precipitation

sep

oct

nov

dec

record high temp.

90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

centimeters

36 32 28 24 20 16 12 8 4 0 jan

aug

90

percent, %

temperature, C

Average Monthly Temperatures and Dew Point

jul

jan

feb

mar

apr

may

jun

jul

average morning humidity

aug

sep

oct

nov

dec

average evening humidity

160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 jan

feb

mar

apr

may

jun

total

jul

aug

sep

average snow fall

oct

nov

dec

snow cover

7


climactic data Vancouver Full Year

Spring

Prevailing Winds (Full Year) P revailing W inds P ea k R a infa ll (mm) Wind Frequency (hrs)

Prevailing Winds (Spring)W inds P revailing k R a infa ll (mm) Wind FrequencyP ea(hrs)

h rs

5 0 k m/ h

786+

L o c a tio n : V a n c o u v e r In t'l, C A N (4 9 . 2 ° , -1 2 3 . 2 ° ) D a te : 1 s t J a n u a ry - 3 1 s t D e c e mbe r T ime : 0 0 : 0 0 - 2 4 : 0 0 © W e a th e r M a n a g e r

628 550 471 393

3 0 k m/ h

°C

h rs

45+

192+

40

172

35

153

30

134

25

115

20

96

15 10

76 57

5

38

<0

<1 9

5 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h

L o c a tio n : V a n c o u v e r In t'l, C A N (4 9 . 2 ° , -1 2 3 . 2 ° ) D a te : 1 s t M a rc h - 3 1 s t M a y T ime : 0 0 : 0 0 - 2 4 : 0 0 © W e a th e r M a n a g e r

707 4 0 k m/ h

Summer

4 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h

3 0 k m/ h

3 0 k m/ h

314 235 157

2 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

<7 8

786+ 707

471

A v e ra g e W in d T e mpe ra tu re s

W in d F re q u e n c y (H rs )

A v e ra g e W in d T e mpe ra tu re s

W in d F re q u e n c y (H rs )

5 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h

%

5 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h 2 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h

3 0 k m/ h 1 0 k m/ h

3 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

A v e ra g e W in d T e mpe ra tu re s

© W e a th e r M a n a g e r

4 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h

55 45 35 25 15 <5

Average WindsWeekly (km/h) S ummary

A v e ra g e T e mp e ra ture ( °C )

3 0 k m/ h

Location: Vancouver Int'l, CAN (49.2°, -123.2°) Contour R ange: -0.71 - 50.00 °C km/ h In S teps of: 1.00 °C

3 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

25

20

48

24

% 95+ 85

0.8

75

0.8

75

5° C 5 4455+

4 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h

h rs 192+

3450 2355

172

1350 <5 25

134

20

96

15 10

76 57

5

38

<0

<1 9

Prevailing Winds (Spring) P revailing W inds ea k R a infa ll (mm) Average Wind TemperaturesP (C)

3 0 k m/ h L o c a tio n : V a n c o u v e r In t'l, C A N (4 9 . 2 ° , -1 2 3 . 2 ° ) D a te : 1 s t J u n e - 3 1 s t A u g u s t T ime : 0 0 : 0 0 - 2 4 : 0 0 2 0 k m/ h © W e a th e r M a n a g e r

153 115

1 0 k m/ h

0.7

65

5 0 k m/ h 3 0 k m/ h

0 . 6 5 0 k m/ h 0.5

5° C 5 4455+

0.4 0 . 3 4 0 k m/ h 0.2

3450 2355

115

4 0 k m/ h 2 0 k m/ h

1350 <5 25

89

20

64

15 10

51 38

5

25

<0

<1 2

<0 . 1 3 0 k m/ h 1 0 k m/ h

3 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

1.0+

95+

0 8. 9

85

5

0 3. 8

75

km/ 0<0. 7h

65

0.6 23+ 0.5 21

55

15 0.2 13. 1 <0 10

15

45 35 25 <5

Average Temperature Weekly (C) S ummary

M inimum T e mp e ra ture ( °C )

8 5 3 <0

40

20

5 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h

3 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

25

10 24

12 20

5

10

8 4

24 20

5 8 4

25

A v e ra g e R e la tiv e H u mid ity

15 10 5 <0

A v e ra g e R e la tiv e H u mid ity

A v e ra g e W in d T e mpe ra tu re s

20 17 14 11

Weekly S ummary

mm

%

1.0+

95+

0 8. 9

85

6

°C 25+ 23

M inimum T e mp e ra ture (°C )

0 3. 8

75

°C 0<0. 7

65

0.6 25+ 0.5 23

55

17 0.2 14. 1 <0 11

15

Location: Vancouver Int'l, CAN (49.2°, -123.2°) Contour R ange: -7.20 - 50.00 °C In S teps of: 1.00 °C

mm

5 0 k m/ h

© W e a th e r M a n a g e r

1.0+ 0.9 0.8

4 0 k m/ h

Minimum Temperature (C)

0.7 °C

45

0.6 25+ 0.5 23

3 0 k m/ h

35 25

0.4

20 0.3 17 0.2 14. 1 <0 11

°C

2 0 k m/ h

30

<5

1 0 k m/ h

8 6 3 <0

8 6 3 <0

25

Wk Hr

52 48 44

15

40 36 32

16

28 10

12

°C

24 20 16

8 12

5 4

30

8 4 0

0

A v e ra g e R a in fa ll (mm)

20

2 0 k m/ h

12

4

30

1350 <5 25

0.2

20

16

8

0

8

40 36 32 28

12

4

0.4 0.3 <0 . 1

24

44

15

12

°C

16

8

5° C 5 4455+ 3450 2355

0.5

20

52 48

16

28

1 0 k m/ h

3 0 k m/ h 1 0 k m/ h

65

0.6

Wk Hr

20

36 32

16

4 0 k m/ h 2 0 k m/ h

0.7

1 0 k m/ h

0.4 20 0.3

© W e a th e r 30 M a na ge r

2 0 k m/ h

W in d F re q u e n c y (H rs )

3 0 k m/ h

Location: Vancouver Int'l, CAN (49.2°, -123.2°) Contour R ange: -7.20 - 50.00 °C °C In S teps of: 1.00 °C

3 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h 3 0 k m/ h

76

°C

© W e a th e r M a n a g e r

4 0 k m/ h

102

25+ 23

Location: Vancouver Int'l, CAN (49.2°, -123.2°) Contour R ange: -0.71 - 50.00 °C In S teps of: 1.00 °C

4 0 k m/ h

A v e ra g e R a in fa ll (mm)

Weekly S ummary

%

128+

Prevailing Winds (Summer) Average Wind Temperatures (hrs)

A v e ra g e R e la tiv e H u mid ity

A v e ra g e T e mp e ra ture ( °C )

mm

h rs

1 0 k m/ h

A v e ra g e W in d T e mpe ra tu re s

18 15 13 10

24

44

<1 2

0.9

20

52 15

25

<0

mm

Wk Hr

51 38

5

1.0+

0.4 18 0.3

© W e a th e r M a n a g e r

64

15 10

%

23+ 21

85

76

20

85

km/ h

5 0 k m/ h

89

25

95+

W in d F re q u e n c y (H rs )

5 0 k m/ h

102

30

0.9

A v e ra g e R a in fa ll (mm)

Weekly S ummary

35

mm

A v e ra g e R e la tiv e H u mid ity

Location: Vancouver Int'l, CAN (49.2°, -123.2°) Contour R ange: 0.00 - 50.00 km/ h In S teps of: 1.00 km/ h

115

1.0+

1 0 k m/ h

A v e ra g e W ind S p e e d (k m/h)

h rs 128+

40

85 65 5 0 k m/ h 3 0 k m/ h

°C 45+

95+ 75

4 0 k m/ h

<7 8

65

2 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

W in d F re q u e n c y (H rs )

157

75

3 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

314 235

95+

3 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

393

%

4 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

L o c a tio n : V a n c o u v e r In t'l, C A N (4 9 . 2 ° , -1 2 3 . 2 ° ) D a te : 1 s t M a rc h - 3 1 s t M a y T ime : 0 0 : 0 0 - 2 4 : 0 0 © W e a th e r M a n a g e r

550

4 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

Prevailing Winds (Full Year) P revailing W inds P ea k R a infa ll (mm) Average Wind Temperatures (Ct)

628

5 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h

L o c a tio n : V a n c o u v e r In t'l, C A N (4 9 . 2 ° , -1 2 3 . 2 ° ) D a te : 1 s t J u n e - 3 1 s t A u g u s t T ime : 0 0 : 0 0 - 2 4 : 0 0 © W e a th e r M a n a g e r

1 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h

h rs

Prevailing Winds (Summer) P revailing W inds k R a infa ll (mm) Wind FrequencyP ea(hrs)

A v e ra g e R a in fa ll (mm)

25

A v e ra g e R e la tiv e H u mid ity

A v e ra g e R a in fa ll (mm)

20 17 14 11 8 6 3 <0


30

20

10

0

Autumn

Winter

Prevailing Winds P revailing W inds P ea k R a infa ll (mm) (Autumn) Wind Frequency (hrs)

Prevailing Winds (Winter)W inds P revailing k R a infa ll (mm) Wind FrequencyP ea(hrs)

h rs

5 0 k m/ h

226+

L o c a tio n : V a n c o u v e r In t'l, C A N (4 9 . 2 ° , -1 2 3 . 2 ° ) D a te : 1 s t S e pte mbe r - 3 0 th N o v e mbe r T ime : 0 0 : 0 0 - 2 4 : 0 0 © W e a th e r M a n a g e r

°C

180 158 135

4 0 k m/ h

113

3 0 k m/ h

°C

h rs

45+

264+

40

237

35

211

30

184

5 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h

L o c a tio n : V a n c o u v e r In t'l, C A N (4 9 . 2 ° , -1 2 3 . 2 ° ) D a te : 1 s t D e c e mbe r - 2 8 th F e bru a ry T ime : 0 0 : 0 0 - 2 4 : 0 0 © W e a th e r M a n a g e r

203 4 0 k m/ h

Monthly Ave’s + Psychometric

4 0 k m/ h

3 0 k m/ h

3 0 k m/ h

90 67 45

2 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

<2 2 1 0 k m/ h

25

158

20

132

15 10

105 79

5

52

<0

<2 6

MONT HLY DIUR NAL AVE R AGE S - Vancouver Int'l, CAN

W / m²

45+

Jan

40

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

4 0 k m/ h

Jun

40 35

Jul

1.0k

30 30

0.8k

25 20

3 0 k m/ h

15 10

20

°C5

2 0 k m/ h

0.6k

DAILY CONDIT IONS - 1st January (1)

<0

10

1 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

°C

5 0 k m/ h

-10

0.4k

1 0 k m/ h

40

0

0.2k

-10

0.0k Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

S ep

Oct

Nov

Dec

30 °C

DAILY CONDIT IONS - 1st January (1)

W / m²

40

1.0k

20

30

0.8k

20

0.6k

10 10

A v e ra g e W in d T e mpe ra tu re s

W in d F re q u e n c y (H rs )

GE ND ND LELEGE Comfort: T hermal Neutrality Comfort: T hermal NeutralityDirect S olar T emperature

W in d F re q u e n c y (H rs )

R el.Humidity W ind S peed

%

5 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h

95+ 85

h rs 226+ 203

65

L o c a tio n : V a n c o u v e r In t'l, C A N (4 9 . 2 ° , -1 2 3 . 2 ° ) D a te : 1 s t D e c e mbe r - 2 8 th F e bru a ry T ime : 0 0 : 0 0 - 2 4 : 0 0 © W e a th e r M a n a g e r

180 158 135

75

4 0 k m/ h

Prevailing Winds (Autumn) P revailing W inds ea k R a infa ll (mm) Average Wind TemperaturesP (C)

113 90 67 45

5 0 k m/ h 3 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h 2 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h

3 0 k m/ h 1 0 k m/ h

3 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

5° C 5 4455+ 3450 2355

<2 2

h rs 264+ 237

4 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h

Prevailing Winds (Winter) Average Wind Temperatures (C)

184

20

132

15 10

105 79

5

52

<0

<2 6

% 95+

0.9

85

0.8

75

0.7

65

0.6

5° C 5 4455+ 3450 2355

3 0 k m/ h

5 0 k m/ h 3 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h 2 0 k m/ h

20

1 0 k m/ h

3 0 k m/ h 1 0 k m/ h 2 0 k m/ h

5

211

1350 <5 25

mm 1.0+

0.5 0.4 0.3 <0 . 1

Diffuse S olar Cloud Cover

0

-10 Direct S olar 2 Diffuse S olar Cloud Cover

0.2k

0 4

6

5 0 k m/ h

8

10

12

14

16

18 mm

20

22

24

0.0k

1.0+ 0.9 4 0 k m/ h

0.8 -10 0.7 0.6

3 0 k m/ h

2

4

6

0.5 0.4 0.3

1350 <5 25

0.2

158

T emperature R el.Humidity W ind S peed

0.4k

A v e ra g e W in d T e mpe ra tu re s

2 0 k m/ h

0.2 <0 . 1

1 0 k m/ h

15 10 <0

1 0 k m/ h

Comfort Psychometric Chart

A v e ra g e R e la tiv e H u mid ity

A v e ra g e W in d T e mpe ra tu re s

A v e ra g e R a in fa ll (mm)

W in d F re q u e n c y (H rs )

% 95+

© W e a th e r M a n a g e r

5 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h

4 0 k m/ h

mm 1.0+

85 75 65 55 45 35 25 15 <5

Weekly S ummary

°C 25+ 23

5 0 k m/ h

0.9

Maximum Temperature Weekly S (C) ummary

3 0 k m/ h

Location: Vancouver Int'l, CAN (49.2°, -123.2°) Contour R ange: 0.00 - 50.00 km/ h°C In S teps of: 1.00 km/ h

© W e a th e r M a n a g e r

0.8 0.7 °C

A v e ra g e W ind S p e e d ( k m/h)

3 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

2 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

1 0 k m/ h

20 17 14 11 8 6 3 <0

% 193+ 171

R e la tiv e H umid ity (% )

% 95+

Location: Vancouver Int'l, CAN (49.2°, -123.2°) Contour R ange: 50.00 - 100.00 % In S teps of: 2.00 %

75

© W e a th e r M a n a g e r

1.0+

65 55

17 0.2 <0 14. 1 11

15

0.9 0.8

4 0 k m/ h

Relative Humidity (%)

0 . 7h km/

45

150 129 107 86 64 43 21 <0

0.6 23+ 0.5 21

3 0 k m/ h

35 25

0.4

18 0.3 15 0.2 <0 13. 1 10

%

2 0 k m/ h

<5

8 6 3 <0

25

mm

5 0 k m/ h

85

0.6 25+ 0.5 23 0.4 20 0.3

30

A v e ra g e R a in fa ll (mm)

A v e ra g e W in d T e mpe ra tu re s

Weekly S ummary

M a ximum T e mp e ra ture ( °C ) Location: Vancouver Int'l, CAN (49.2°, -123.2°) Contour R ange: 0.60 - 50.00 °C In S teps of: 1.00 °C

A v e ra g e R e la tiv e H u mid ity

1 0 k m/ h

200

8 5 3 <0

160

20 Wk

Wk Hr

52 48

24

44

15

40

20

36 32

16 10

24 20

40

20

36 32

5

28 24

12

km/ h

20 16

8

12

4

44

80

16

8

52 48

120

24

16

28 12

Hr

12

40 4

8

8 4

4 0

0

25

A v e ra g e R a in fa ll (mm)

A v e ra g e R e la tiv e H u mid ity

A v e ra g e R a in fa ll (mm)

9 20


WINTER SOLSTICE

AUTUMN EQUINOX

SUMMER SOLSTICE

climactic data Shadow Study

10 9:00 12:00 15:00


18:00

Whole Day

Whole Day

S pheric a l P rojec tion

%

L o c a tio n : 4 9 . 2 ° , -1 2 3 . 2 °

O bj 2 4 6 O rie n ta tio n : 0 . 0 ° , 0 . 0 °

100

N

S u n P o s itio n : 1 7 2 . 8 ° , 6 4 . 0 °

345°

V S A : 115.8°

90

15°

H S A : 172.8°

10° 20°

330°

80 30°

70

30°

60

40°

315°

50

45°

40 50° 1 s t J ul

30

20

300°

60°

5

1 s t A ug

20

1 s t J un 60°

10 0

19

1st May

70°

6

285°

75° 18

1st S ep

80° 7 1 s t A pr 17

270°

90°

8

1st O c t

16 9 1st Mar

15

255°

105°

10 14

1 s t N ov

11

13

12 1st Feb

240° 1st D ec

120° 1st Jan

225°

135°

210°

150° 195°

165° 180°

S pheric a l P rojec tion

%

L o c a tio n : 4 9 . 2 ° , -1 2 3 . 2 °

O bj 2 4 6 O rie n ta tio n : 0 . 0 ° , 0 . 0 °

100

N

S u n P o s itio n : 1 7 2 . 8 ° , 6 4 . 0 °

345°

H S A : 172.8° V S A : 115.8°

90

15° 10° 20°

330°

80 30°

70

30°

60

40°

315°

50

45°

40 50° 1 s t J ul

30

20

300°

60°

5

1 s t A ug

20

1 s t J un 60°

10 0

19

1st May

70°

6

285°

75° 18

1st S ep

80° 7 1 s t A pr 17

270°

90°

8

1st O c t

16 9 1st Mar

15

255°

105°

10 14

1 s t N ov

11

13

12 1st Feb

240° 1st D ec

120° 1st Jan

225°

135°

210°

150° 195°

165° 180°

S pheric a l P rojec tion

%

L o c a tio n : 4 9 . 2 ° , -1 2 3 . 2 °

O bj 2 4 6 O rie n ta tio n : 0 . 0 ° , 0 . 0 °

100

N

S u n P o s itio n : 1 7 2 . 8 ° , 6 4 . 0 °

345°

H S A : 172.8° V S A : 115.8°

90

15° 10° 20°

330°

80 30°

70

30°

60

40°

315°

50

45°

40 50° 1 s t J ul

30

20

300°

60°

5

1 s t A ug

20

1 s t J un 60°

10 0

19

1st May

70°

6

285°

75° 18

1st S ep

80° 7 1 s t A pr 17

270°

90°

8

1st O c t

16 9 1st Mar

15

255°

105°

10 14

1 s t N ov

11

13

12 1st Feb

240° 1st D ec

120° 1st Jan

225°

135°

210°

150° 195°

165° 180°

11


inhabitants of the DTES Neighbourhood Demographics

DTES Districts

There is a high disproportionate number of people living in the DTES corridor who do not own there home. Vancouver - 49% Owner Occupied + 51% Renter Occupied DTES - 11% Owner Occupied + 89% Renter Occupied

port

victory square

gastown w. ha sting s

oppenheimer

industrial

st. e. hastings st.

clark dr.

strathcona raymur dr.

jackson ave.

chinatown

dunlevy ave.

main st.

e. pender st.

downtown

thorton park

grandview woodland

n.t.s. 12


neighbourhood + amenities Neighbourhood Demographics + Statistics of the DTES comparison to the rest of Vancouver. Furthermore, our area was seen to have a high number of women in the sex-trade who were homeless. 70% of the women, who were street-workers, were 26 years old or younger and were of

The context of our project, being in the Downtown East Side (dtes) of Vancouver, is a place that contains a high community presence. The people are friendly and saying high to one-another, for the most part. They care about the area in a

Life Expectancy

Hospital Visits Hospital Visits

28000

80 yr.

24000

75 yr.

20000 16000

70 yr.

12000 8000

65 yr.

4000

60 yr.

Population per District of The DTES

van. dtes

van. dtes

0

Medical Practitioners

Types of House-Holds

First-Nations Demographic

Population per district of the DTES

single-detached

victory square - 2,103

:f

gastown - 2457 :g

48%

semi-detached

160 120

1% 3%

40

c

d

e

f

g

strathcona - 5,760 :b oppenheimer - 6,108 :a thorton park - 220

:c

industrial - 552 :d

b

detached-duplex general :b

female male

a

48% row house

0

van.

4%

3% b

80

sex trade dtes

200

a

chinatown - 1,277 :e

100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

240

dtes

apartment >5 storeyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0

apartment <5 storeyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

van.

specialists :a dtes

13


DTES view DTES S.W.O.T. Analysis

S.W.O.T. -DTES

a negative, it depends on the intent and design work that will take place. If the

S

strengths

O

opportunities

pedestrian way access and size close proximity to good transit culture and history proximity to chinatown + etc. community presence jobs

W

weaknesses

drugs / homelessness amenities Hastings is a busy corridor to downtown Vancouver border [Hastings] unused spaces around [alleyways + park + etc.] no close grocery

T

threats

not enough available housing

hastings street toward downtown Vancouver

area of observed solicitation proposed site womens shelters proposed greenway 5-minute radii public park school transit corridor

n.t.s. 14

increase the quality of amenities integration of people instead of segregation connection to greenway + bike routes connection to surrounding areaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s in a positive way job creation

increase and pushing people out resistance from community improper government involvement


site view S.W.O.T. - Site

S

strengths

proximity to transit proximity to family atmosphere community presence connection to proposed greenway elementary school near by working garden space to the north and north-east

W

weaknesses

drugs / homelessness and lack of safety areas lack of amenities no connection to oppenheimer park unused spaces around [alleyways + park + etc.] no close grocery other than stores in chinatown alleyway is a dark corridor that has a medium frequency

D C

K Davidâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s proposed site D Collinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s proposed site C Kimâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s proposed site K area of observed solicitation proposed site womens shelters proposed greenway public park school transit corridor

O

opportunities

access to parks and other proposed amenities connection to greenway + bike routes create a area of safety and inclusion connection to new amenities that have been proposed

T

threats

change in housing demand and allocation of zoning in the neighbourhood resistance from community improper government involvement neglect from neighbouring buildings

n.t.s. 15


Location of Services + Sun + Heights

64째summer

Laneway 41째spring+autumn

18째winter

2 storey 2

450 m

3 storey 3 storey

3+4 storey

city sanitary connection city storm water connection city water main connection

2 storey

winter sun spring + fall sun summer sun

431 E. Pender Street 0

16

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3

5

10

15

3 storey


understanding the implications Boundaries and Conditions of the Site

Orientation + Shadow + Topography summer shadows - 9a.m. + 12p.m. + 7p.m. sanitary - 9a.m. + 12p.m. + 5p.m.

A connection will be made toward Kimâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s adjacent site which will be a long term communal housing facility. The people who live in the adjacent building will be able to access services in the proposed building, which will be provided near the alleyway for discrete/private access. We are both planning the alleyway

sanitary - 9a.m. + 12pa.m. + 3p.m. access to commercial users only, softening the alley by providing trees and

63m. L over 1m. rise slope = 1.6% 0

5

10

15

17


18


part 2: precedents

support | encourage | grow 19


functional precedent 1: union gospel mission 601 East Hastings Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada Orbis Architecture [ 2011 ] SRO + Shelter + Services Centre

The building The occupants of the building, if they intend to go through the stepped program at union gospel mission, must work into a more permanent residence. This counseling for there issues.

google earth

20


Attributes

Union Gospel Mission Programs & Services modo’s are posted everywhere that instill the tradition and commitment to people

cosey furniture to give the occupant a more homely feel, also to provide a sense of com and value. not all suites provided with in-room kitchens and dining table, the resident must work up and toward a goal to enter these rooms

using forms of art to provide a sence of humanity

words of meaning throughout the building that are

Facility Independent suites for men and women who are committed to maintaining a

Transitional living suites in a culturally diverse neighbourhood, near schools, doctor’s clinics, restaurants and a theatre. Close to downtown shopping, many bus routes, and near Main Street Skytrain Station. Visitor parking. Lots of amenities, activities and programs. Application-based tenancy, with a maximum occupancy of two years.

Activities & programs Just a few examples: Special Dinners ESL (English as a Second Language) classes Ladies’ Night, Men’s Night Budgeting/Smart Shopping classes Games, Crafts, Music Night, Movie Night, Dances Substance Abuse Counseling AA Meetings Pastoral Services Bible Studies GED (high-school equivalence) And more. [ugm.ca]

posters which help residents think further into how they can change there behavior in a positive way. posters viewed in class rooms and in high visibility spaces

classrooms which are used as multi-purpose style spaces. can be used for group sessions or for lectures

21


functional precedent 2: sheway + crabtree 101-533 East Hastings Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada SRO + Services Centre

The Building The residents of the building must meet criteria to live in the housing and must provide supporting documents and application to be considered.

google earth

22


Attributes

Sheway + Crabtree Programs & Services

providing the children with an outlet to help cope with there situation

Facility Pregnancy outreach program which provides health and social service supports to pregnant women and women with infants under eighteen months who are dealing with drug and alcohol issues. The focus of the program is to help the women have healthy pregnancies and positive early parenting experiences.

vcn.bc.ca sheway.vcn.bc.ca

care and learning of young families is a priority of the organization

vcn.bc.ca sheway.vcn.bc.ca

Activities + programs Hot Meal Programs Food, Facts and Fun: a community kitchen program Early Learning and Care for children six weeks to six years old The Saturday Family Activity Program Community Action Program for Children (CAP-C) Nobodyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Perfect Parenting Program Single Mothersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Support Groups Books, Bags and Babies: an early childhood literacy program Violence Prevention Program Aboriginal Infant Development Program (AIDP) Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Prevention Intergenerational FASD Support Group And more. [ywcavan.org + sheway.vcn.bc.ca]

all programs/excursions are family focused

vcn.bc.ca sheway.vcn.bc.ca

excursions are planned to allow buy-in to the culture and to promote the intake of new people and families. also provides the current program users with friends in the same situation

23


functional precedent 3: the belkin house, salvation army 555 Homer Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada NSDA Architects [ 2004 ] SRO + Shelter + Services Centre

The Building Active positive participation in a personal development program is a requirement of supported housing residency at Belkin House.

google earth

24


Attributes

Belkin House Programs & Services Facility Belkin House exists to assist the homeless and those at risk of homelessness partnered with emily carr to design artwork that provides a sense of humanity and pride

emotional, social and spiritual barriers. Purposely designed as the “next step” for men and women seeking to break the cycles of poverty, despair and destructive patterns of living, and to progress

who enter there personal development plan program through the emergency shelter system, the correctional system, and through referrals.

nsda.bc.ca Activities + Programs Counseling & Referral Services Education & Skills Development Pro Bono Legal Services Recreational & Social Activities Spiritual Formation Programs & Services Breaking the Cycle Program -Building Healthy Community -Imparting Tools for Living -Forming A Spiritual Foundation area’s are meant to provide a homely feel instead of institution

-Preparing For Employment & Worker Training

nsda.bc.ca

children’s play area that is separated from the rest of the building. inhibits a safety area for women with families

nsda.bc.ca

25


architectural precedent 1: wälderhaus (the forest house) AM Inselpark 19, 21109 Hamburg, Germany Andreas Heller Architects & Designers [2012] Hotel + Restaurant + Conference/Meeting

Building Use The WÄLDERHAUS, a multi-functional building, was built as an excellence project for the International Building Exhibition. The WÄLDERHAUS was designed with sustainability in mind. It functions as a hotel which houses a restaurant, 4 meeting rooms and an exhibition on forests and sustainability totaling 64,000 s.f. /6,000 sq.m. WÄLDERHAUS also houses the Regional Hamburg association of the nature conservation organization Schutzgemeinschaft Deutscher Wald who is the principal and operator of the WÄLDERHAUS. They also base themselves inside of the building and are pursuing an environmental educational program together with the Science Center Wald and the Forum Wald.

addition a three-star plus standard hotel with 82 rooms on the upper three

[architonic.com]

26


Attributes

Wälderhaus Construction + Unique Utilities Construction

Germany and Austria and 20% from Finland. multi-faceted rooms that are inviting with an Untreated European larch was used for the façade, roof and exteriors of the

www.deutschlandurlauber.de architonic.com cdn1.spiegel.de

each room is meant to greet the occupant and give them a sense of being in the comfort of a home

Green House 9,000 bushes and 500 hornbeams were planted on the roof of the building, the concept of which is based on Living Place/4th Nature. The evaporation and transpiration of the green roof contribute to improving the city’s micro climate. The dense roof planting acts as additional insulation and protects the building from summer’s heat and winter’s cold. The plants bind dust and pollutants in the air and reduce CO2 contamination. The dense vegetation also provides sound of the green roof enhances the performance of the roof-installed photovoltaic system. Sustainable Energy Supply A photovoltaic system on the roof, and the exploitation of geothermal energy (94 energy piles in connection with a heat pump) provide energy needs by means of its own resources. The WÄLDERHAUS is also connected to a district heating network (biogas co-generation plant). The hotel on the upper three

raphaelhotels.de

[architonic.com]

kitchens and living area’s are designed in the same way as the rest of the building, making you feel as thou you are in comfort and unknowingly at a hotel

hotel-hirschen-bregenzerwald.at

27


3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC, Canada Alfred Waugh Architects [2009] First Nations Centre

Building Use This 12,160 s.f./ 1,161 sq.m. multi-purpose educational facility is inspired by the Coast Salish Longhouse. Acting as a home away from home, the centre is a place of culture, honour and spirit. Inspiration is drawn from traditional Coast Salish and surrounding coastal First Nations cultural structures and their ability to mediate the environment, maximize sunlight, ventilation, natural resources and local materials. The House includes academic, administrative and ceremonial spaces: Academic Classroom for 25 students Seminar room Computer lab Reading room

Administrative

Washrooms (male, female and unisex) Janitorial room Storage room Mechanical room Ceremonial Entry hall [accommodates 200 people] Ceremonial hall Change rooms for dancers Eldersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; lounge Lounge Kitchen [uvic.ca]

28


First Peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s House Construction + Unique Utilities

Attributes

Construction The project uses wood as a primary building material in support of the provincial Wood First Act. The exterior of the House is clad in wide cedar planks, similar to those in pre-European Coast Salish longhouses. the building is in the inspiration of the occupants which hold core values which includes the principle that all people are welcome and that everyone should be embraced as family

The building also houses a rambed earth wall that wraps around the north

hashilthsa.com Sustainability pond and natural ventilation. The site has been landscaped extensively with increase bio-diversity. materiality was used to enhance the connection of people to place

Heating + Cooling First Peoples House is passively cooled and reduces energy consumption through the use of a low-velocity displacement ventilation system, which is inspired by the Coastal Salish longhouse which had a smoke vent at the top and movable cedar planks at the bottom of the perimeter walls, and could be

Modeled on this system, a combination of DDC [direct digital controlled] and user-controlled operable windows and vents surround the building. A single 100% outdoor air handling unit serves heating and ventilation requirements,

sabmagazine.com

light is an essential part of First Nations buildings, the building is designed as previous generations have done with low-tech technology

sabmagazine.com architizercdn.s3.amazonaws.com

29


architectural precedent 3: woonhoven cortinghborg groningen Groningen, Netherlands Architecten|en|en [2012] Housing

Building Use New construction of nine social-sale + rental apartments in four closed blocks (buildings) totaling 150,700 s.f. /14,700 m2 or 39,000 s.f./3,650 sq.m per square unit. The blocks contain similarities in design and scale of the neighbouring buildings. The layout of the housing blocks consist of a combination of standard row houses on the long sides and specials on the short sides. Within these dwelling types, the entrances towards the streets and the inner courtyards are elaborated as white voids, based on the design of the nearby historic gateway named Cortinghpoort.

created. Because of their white colour, the corners and inner areas automatically become the special elements. The inner areas contain a typical Dutch layout of private gardens with storage that is situated on a collective area. [architecten-en-en.nl]

www.architecten-en-en.nl

30


Attributes

Woonhoven construction + unique utilities Construction Materials that makeup the building are: Shells made of glued bricks/masonry Repetitive window frames And sloping roofs with steel tiles all the same colour.

materials and composition than normally seen in north america

area, which is white, to form a naturally special place.

architecten-en-en.nl Garden Space

modern facade made from a classic material like brick. the brick helps soften the buildings clean edges and makes it more approachable and homely

the access from the street. The inner areas form private gardens with storage located on the common courtyard. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The meandering structure provides depth making it a comfortable indoor area.â&#x20AC;? [architecten-en-en.nl]

architecten-en-en.nl

inner courtyard that provides unites with a sense of there own space, private from the outside world

architecten-en-en.nl

31


32


part 3: functional program

support | encourage | grow 33


site codes Lot 23 - 25 Block 70 Plan VAP196 District Lot 196 New Westminster Code Requirements Site Area: 851m2 Current Zoning - RT-3 Allowable Setbacks: Front - Average setback of adjacent 2 buildings or max. 3.7m Back - From the centre of the lane 20m Side - 10% of entire site width to a max. of 1.5m on both sides Allowable F.S.R.: 1.0 Allowable Buildable Site Area: 851m2 Allowable Max. Building Height: 10.7m or max. of 2.5 storey’s or if 2 adjacency buildings are taller, the average of the 2 buildings heights Proposed Zoning - CD-1 Proposed F.S.R.: 2.6 Proposed Building Area: 2200m2 Proposed Building Height: 16m max. 1.0 GENERAL DESCRIPTION The project consists of 36 single room occupancy housing with a small kitchen to serve 1/3 of the reception and an attached medical facility. The medical facility is comprised of two full time doctors’

Mezzanines:

Fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h.

Roof Assembly: Fire Suppression:

less than that required for the supported assembly. Fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h. Sprinklered in accordance with NFPA-13

RT-3 zoning CL - Lane

Subsection 3.2.3 Article 3.2.3.1 Limiting Distance and Area of Unprotected Openings The limiting distance and area of unprotected openings for the exposing building face is determined in accordance with Table 3.2.3.1C (sprinklered buildings). Subsection 3.2.4 Fire Alarm and Detection Systems

compliance with Sentence 3.2.4.18(6). Subsection 3.1.17 Occupant Load Article 3.1.17.1.(1)(b) + (2) Occupant Load Determination 2 persons per sleeping room in a dwelling unit

20m.x23m. =460m2

Dining, beverage and cafeteria space (1.2 m2/person) = 1.2 x 72 = 86.4 m2 Reading or writing rooms or lounges (1.85 m2/person) = 1.85 x 72 = 133.2 m2 Care, treatment or detention uses [suites] (4.6 m2/person) = 4.6 x 72 = 331.2 m2 Care, treatment and sleeping room areas (10 m2/person) = 10 x 2 x 5 rooms = 100 m2 Total = 86.4 + 133.2 + 331.2 + 55.8 + 100 = 607.6 m2

2.0 BUILDING DATA Major Occupancy: Construction: Sprinklers: Building Height: Streets Faced: Building Area:

Group B + D, Div. 3 Combustible [Heavy Timber = CLT + Glulam] Yes 4.5 Storeys [16m.] 1 2004m2

Section 3.4 Exits Subsection 3.4.2. NUMBER AND LOCATION OF EXITS FROM FLOOR AREAS Article 3.4.2.1. Minimum Number of Exits

than 100 [Group B] and 300 [Group D]. 3.0 CODE COMPLIANCE Div. B Section 3.2 Building Fire Safety, Article 3.2.1.4. Floor Assembly over Basement

CD-1 zoning

Subsection 3.4.3. WIDTH AND HEIGHT OF EXITS Article 3.4.3.2. Exit Width Group D: Exit Corridor = 1 100 mm; Ramps = 1 100 mm; Stairs = 1 100 mm; Doors = 800 mm

assembly, but not less than 45 min. Group B3 [more than 10 persons]: Exit Corridor = 1 100 mm; Ramps = 1 100 mm; Stairs: serving = 1 100 mm not serving = 1 650 mm; Doors = 850 mm Subsection 3.2.2. [4 – 7] Article 3.2.2.42 Group B, Division 3, Any Height, Sprinklered Max. Building Area: 2 880m2 Construction: Non-Combustible

Table 3.7.2.2.B Total water closets: Group B3 – 50 or more persons = 3 w/c Group D – 1-25 persons = 1 w/c

Mezzanines:

Fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h.

Roof Assembly: Fire Suppression:

less than that required for the supported assembly. Not Rated Sprinklered in accordance with NFPA-13

3.7.2.3. Lavatories at least one lavatory shall be provided in a room containing one or 2 water closets or urinals, and at least one additional lavatory shall be provided for each additional 2 water closets or urinals.

Article 3.2.2.55 Group D, Division [n.a.], Up to 6 Storeys, Sprinklered Max. Building Area: 2 880m2 Construction: Non-Combustible

3.7.2.10. Accessible Washrooms (Will need to meet or exceed) Section 3.8 Building Requirements for Persons with Disabilities All requirements for persons with disabilities will need to be met or exceeded. Note: All codes shall be met or exceeded. information.

01

34

3

5

10

15

19.5m.x30m. =585m2


site analysis + constraints Site analysis

Site Constraints important. The site has to be tucked away in a secure neighbourhood that is away from the typical everyday life they maybe used to. Avoiding institutional environments and distancing oneself from alcohol or street activities like sex work is necessary, therefore, more privacy is key to healing and moving forward.

Laneway

An important aspect of the design in a space that ensures connected and openness to view where all residents understand their own rights and responsibilities. Communal space to crash, in this case, can be preferable.

431 E. Pender Street 0

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Building Requirements Home [co-living] Laundry Dining Kitchen Common Living Cleaning Closet Bathroom Room Size 1 Room Size 2 Storage Mechanical + Electrical

L (m) / A. per p. W (m) / p. quantity of space 3 4 3 5 4 6 5 4 6 5 4 3 2 2 3 2.35 1.5 6 5 4 18 5 4.5 18 3 3 3 2 2 3

Total Area [co-living] Circulation Factor Total

Rehabilitation Counselling Rooms Reception + Waiting Medic ce 1/2 Bath Utility Rooms

L (m) / A. per p. W (m) / p. quantity of rooms 2.9 2.9 2 7 3 1 3.5 3.5 2 2 2 1 2 4 2

Total Area [Rehabilitation] Circulation Factor Total

Communal Lounge + Gathering [42 residents] Dining [1.2m2 | 12.9ft.2 per person 60] Kitchen + Pantry Bathrooms Grooming Rooms Teen Room [22 residents] Quiet Room [22 residents] Activity Room [42 residents] Storage + Locker Room [26 lockers] Donation + Volunteer Room Phone + Internet Electrical + Mechanical Laundrey Room Total Area [Communal] Circulation Factor Total

36

L (m) / A. per p. W (m) / p. quantity of rooms 7 7 1 1.2 60 1 7 5 1 1.8 1.8 4 2 2 2 1.2 22 1 1.2 22 1 1.2 42 1 4 3 1 3.6 3.6 1 4 3 1 2.5 2.5 1 4 3 1

m2 36 120 120 60 12 21.15 360 405 27 12

ft2 387.5 1291.6 1291.6 645.8 129.2 227.7 3874.9 4359.3 290.6 129.2

Daycare Area | Multipurpose space Activity Room Bathroom Storage

1173.15 1.2 1407.8

12627.4 1.2 15152.8

Total Area [D + M] Circulation Factor Total

m2 17 21 24.5 4 16

ft2 183.0 226.0 263.7 43.1 172.2

82.5 1.2 99.0

888.0 1.2 1065.6

m2 49 72 35 12.96 8 26.4 26.4 50.4 12 12.96 12 6.25 12

ft2 527.4 775.0 376.7 139.5 86.1 284.2 284.2 542.5 129.2 139.5 129.2 67.3 129.2

335.37 1.2 402.4

3609.8 1.2 4331.8

Office St Room + Kitchen St room St ces Receptions Volunt rd Room

Total Area [ ] Circulation Factor Total

Sum of All Floor Space Home Rehabilitation Communal Daycare ce

Final Total Area

L (m) / A. per p. W (m) / p. quantity of rooms 4 4 1 2 2 1 2 1 1

L (m) / A. per p. W (m) / p. quantity of rooms 4 3 1 2 2 1 2 2 4 4 3 1 4 3 1

m2 16 4 2

ft2 172.2 43.1 21.5

22 1.2 26.4

236.8 1.2 284.2

m2 12 4 16 12 12

ft2 129.2 43.1 172.2 129.2 129.2

56 1.2 67.2

602.8 1.2 723.3

m2 1407.8 99.0 402.4 26.4 67.2

ft2 15152.8 1065.6 4331.8 284.2 723.3

2002.8

21557.7


Floor Diagrams + Size Capacities

Fourth Floor Housing = 576m2 | 6200s.f.

Third Floor Housing = 576m2 | 6200s.f.

Second Floor Housing = 576m2 | 6200s.f.

First Floor =841m2 | 9040s.f.

1:250 37


Connections

private areaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s, limited access to these areas rooms that require limited access but are used by a variety of people

1:200 38


privacy | security: main 3 Levels of Privacy: Main Floor

public semi-public private

1:200 39


Dining

Kitchen

40 people] with anticipation of guests for special occasions. Recommendation is to provide 1.2 m2 per person = 38 m2..

Kitchen amenities need to be matched to the ones in the diagram, provisions need to be made toward allowing expansion in the future and for having extra guests during certain periods of the year.

served in regards to food. Only suggestions of size and utilities.

CLEARANCES 5.83

a b c d e f g h i

6 (minimum no passage) 18 (limited passage) 19 30 30 42 48 54 72 dimensions (inches)

n.t.s. 40

architectural graphic standards 11th edition | ramsay + sleeper / building access handbook | bc building code 2006


Reception

Small Volunteer/Team Room

Conference/Board Room

An important space in the building, the reception desk, needs to be approachable and comfortable. The two receptions that are required both need space for

Volunteer space is required in this facility to house everyday volunteers and for special guests. Guests could be hair dressers, makeup artists, pedicurists and many other unique, once and awhile activities.

is used for one purpose then the space will be waisted. The space can house schooling or communal social learning/counseling.

and stored.

41


*** the aforementioned plans are only suggestions of what is needed

Multi-Purpose Clinic

Medical

Storage

Each multi-purpose clinic is larger than the medical rooms to provide a transitional space for multiple disciplines. This room would have rotating services, i.e. dental services and any other non-daily function.

have to transform during the year.

When housing families storage will can be essential, especially secured storage. This was seen throughout all the shelters and housing facilities that were walked through.

LOCKERS 1780 (70) 1780 (70) 1780 (70) 1780 (70) 1780 (70)

LOCKERS 1780 (70) 1780 (70) 1780 (70) 1780 (70) 1780 (70)

n.t.s. 42

305 (12) 305 (12) 305 (12) 380 (15) 460 (18)

305 (12) 380 (15) 460 (18) 380 (15) 460 (18)

height

width

depth

mm (inc.)

mm (inc.)

mm (inc.)

architectural graphic standards 11th edition | ramsay + sleeper / building access handbook | bc building code 2006

-

1

2

3

-

4

305 (12) 380 (15) 460 (18) 380 (15) 460 (18)

height

width

depth

mm (inc.)

mm (inc.)

mm (inc.)

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2

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4

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-

-

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-

-

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16

clean + uniform two dirty + janitor person

twin

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compartments | doors

-

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compartments | doors

305 (12) 305 (12) 305 (12) 380 (15) 460 (18)

clean + uniform two dirty + janitor person

twin


the occupancy of a manager, counselor or mentor due to the need of multiple people occupying the space at one time.

various uses. Typical sizes are given based on the function inside and the appliances that are required.

43


Connection

private areaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s, limited access to the bedrooms rooms that require limited access but are used by a group of people utility space

1:200 44


privacy | security: second - fourth 3 Levels of Privacy: Second to Fourth Floor

public semi-public private

1:200 45


If no patio doors are one provided, at should least one be located with a sill atio doors3.are provided, at least window bewindow located should with a sill height610 of approximately 610 mm. of approximately mm. theat top of a the mattress aboutasthe same height as a***wheelchair seat, the top of4.aHaving mattress about same at height a wheelchair seat, the aforementioned plans are only suggestions of what is needed i.e., 450greatly mm toaids 500amm, greatly aids a person in one transferring from one to the other. 0 mm to 500 mm, person in transferring from to the other. 5. When several accessible are provided in a building they should be distributed several accessible suites are providedsuites in a building they should be distributed among types price of suites available that are generally the types and pricethe range of and suites thatrange are generally includingavailable including Single Accessible Suite Double Non-Accessible Suite choice of beds and smoking rooms. and non-smoking rooms. of bedsTypical andunit smoking and non-smoking that is in a cube format, accessible for a single person. This unit After altering the space to allocate double occupancy, the accessibility of can 6. also alter to be available for a parent with a singlepreferred child or forcabinets two people. suite ‘a’ is removed. While losing the availability occupancy, the Sliding doors for closets and are preferred but bi-fold doorsof disabled are also doors for closets and cabinets are but bi-fold doors are also advantage is the provision of multiple tenants. acceptable. able. 7. Door closers should offer minimum resistance. osers should offer minimum resistance. 8. Use low pile backing. carpeting on firm backing. w pile carpeting on firm 9. Windows and be coverings should beaeasy to use from a wheelchair ws and coverings should easy to use from wheelchair and by persons and by persons mited use ofwith theirlimited hands.use of their hands. See comments to Sentences 3.3.1.13.(10) & (11). [p. 31] ments to Sentences 3.3.1.13.(10) & (11). [p. 31]

MINIMUM 1 500 mm

MINIMUM 1 500 mm

CLEAR AREAS

CLEAR AREAS SUITE 'A' ACCESSIBLE

n.t.s. 46

SUITE 'A' ACCESSIBLE

SUITE 'B' NOT ACCESSIBLE

SUITE 'B' NOT ACCESSIBLE

architectural graphic standards 11th edition | ramsay + sleeper / building access handbook | bc building code 2006

FIGURE3.8.55. 3.8.55.- – Suite FIGURE3.8.55. 3.8.55.- – Suite FIGURE Suite FIGURE Suite


Single | Double Accessible Suites for Families mothers with more than one child. The layout below is for small unites that can be self-contained for single women or a women with children. The goal is to create spaces that can be used by multiple people or a single person, being private to mother and child(ren) while still being comfortable.

possible spot to add kitchenette for residents who have earned the right to a kitchen

bed + shared space

full accessible bath

space, it can act as a storage room for the extra beds etc.

second bedroom + utility space

entry + storage area

full accessible bedroom

1500 turnaround

full accessible bath

Note: these suites can be made into double occupancy rooms if people are not disabled

47


spatial qualities The Principle

Stage 1

Stage 2

Security of the building is of great concern. Most of the women who enter the building, if they are going to reside there, will need a formal sense of security. The building will also have to be soft on the inside to provide the true amenities of a home.

The outside world needs to have limited access to the building. Barriers need

After passing the barriers of the property edges, you will be led to the emergency exits and front and back entry points. The doors will have secured entry points with keyed access or manned by personnel. Emergency exits will be alarmed so that no unknown persons can enter or exit the building.

Fencing - soft materials Gated access to property in front entrance. These two are possibilities to the site, it might also be best to have plants as a soft barrier to the entry of the property.

The barriers need to provide the occupants with a feeling of security but provide a level of comfort as if they were in intimate home. Some key locations are: Front / back entry Storage And additional secure areas.

48


Stage 3

Stage 4

Stage 5

Rooms or spaces inside the building that are fully-transparent, once allowed inside of the building. If you have been given access to the building the belief is that you will be able to freely walk around certain spaces. These rooms or spaces are separated from the residents personal areas and area generally

These rooms or spaces are semi-transparent. They allow occupants to pass

The most secured places inside of the building, the bedrooms. They require an

This level of security and privacy encourages a safe state for the occupants to gather and communicate with one another.

level of security encloses and provides a comfortable and safe state of mind for the occupants.

keep and eye on the rooms / spaces.

Some examples of these rooms / areas include: Common living Kitchen Dining

Some examples of these rooms / areas include: Computer room Activity room Reception areas Locker room Washroom And various other rooms.

49


functional requirements Room Type

Functional Description

Adjacencies

welcoming and safe. It will also provide a visible connection to the street while being accessible from the interior communal spaces. The reception will be close to the residents for extra support as well as close access to the main access of the building.

Volunteer + Board Storage + Steam Room

Reception + Entry

Service Needs Electrical

Reception + Entry

Electrical

desk for present/future clients and other team members Storage + Steam Room Volunteer + Board Room

Volunteer + Board Room

The volunteer and board room will be used by people who are volunteering there time so there is a need for private storage and access to a computer and monitor system for meetings.

Reception + Entry

Electrical

Storage + Steam Room

Locker

Storage + Steam Room

Electrical

Reception + Entry

Storage + Steam Room

Storage room will house the mass storage for long term items, from paper to food supplies to residents items. The space will also have a steam room to kill unwanted pests that may enter the

Reception + Entry Locker

Mechanical Electrical

Volunteer + Board Room

Mechanical Electrical

people.

Volunteer + Board Room Locker Storage + Steam Room

50

Mechanical Electrical


Major Space - Communal

Room Type

Communal

Gathering + Lounge

Functional Description transparent where anyone can stop, rest and interact with fellow occupants. There will be a connection to a courtyard or green space to provide a sense of calm while feeling secure from the outside environment. Furthermore, the space will be open to allow the occupants to have a large viewing angle with ample light.

Adjacencies

Services

Quiet Room Teen Room Dining Area Kitchen Bathroom Activity Room Phone + Internet

Electrical

Dining Area

Capacity of the dining area is for 60 people in total. The total is due to the quantity of occupants, the workers and anticipation of guests. Also, the allocation of extra eating spaces is to provide a universal space with multiple uses.

Gathering + Lounge Kitchen Bathroom

Mechanical Electrical

Kitchen

Kitchen space is allocated for the preparation, cooking and providing food for residents. The kitchen will have to provide typical amenities that a large scale kitchen has, such as a dishwashing station, walk-in freezer and fridge and sanitary washing stations. In addition, the kitchen will have to provide views out into the rest of the building due providing safety from the

Gathering + Lounge Dining Area Bathroom

Mechanical Electrical

Quiet Room Teen Room Gathering + Lounge Dining Area Kitchen Activity Room Phone + Internet

Mechanical Electrical

Quiet Room Gathering + Lounge Dining Area Bathroom Phone + Internet

Mechanical Electrical

Bathroom space to apply makeup. Several bathrooms that have showers stalls will be required for immediate response to new residents, special equipment have to be required to anticipate people in wheel chairs or people that require special assistance.

Activity Room areas to run around and play active games, do artistic activities and to do educational activities. These spaces will help balance the lives of the children and the child to establish and a place to provide the children with schooling. A connection to the outdoors is required for the children, not only for daylighting but for the space to feel natural and comfortable. It will provide a space for the children to play in an outdoor area. The space will be for up to 12 children and a provision to expand into adjacent areas.

51


functional requirements

52

Major Space - Communal

Room Type

Functional Description

Adjacencies

Services

Communal

Phone + Internet

Allocation for a room dedicated for computers and phone. The space can be used as a classroom to teach computer skills to those who are missing them and to help setup email accounts and make phone calls.

Quiet Room Teen Room Gathering + Lounge Bathroom Activity Room

Electrical

Quiet Room

The quiet room will be for adults looking for a communal space away from all other facets of the building. It will be a place where games can be played, people can read and movies can be watched. The size of area will be provided for 22 adults to relax in a larger communal space.

Gathering + Lounge Dining Area Bathroom Activity Room

Electrical

Teen Room

This space will provide an outlet for youths who want to watch tv, play games and hangout and chat with someone there own age and not worry about the amount of noise they are

Gathering + Lounge Dining Area Bathroom Phone + Internet

Electrical


Major Space - Medical

Room Type

Medical Facility

Reception + Entry

Functional Description be welcoming and safe. It will also provide a visible connection to the street/lane while being accessible from the interior communal spaces.

Adjacencies

Service Needs

Children’s Bathroom Children’s Care Room

Electrical

Medical Facility Bathroom

Washroom for the medical facility, it will be directly connected to a doctors examination room consisting of a lavatory, water closet and pass through door for various medical tests.

Doctors Room

Mechanical Electrical

Doctors Rooms

Open to private guests who require an assessment before acceptance into the facility. Two

Powder Room Reception + Entry Counseling

Mechanical Electrical

Each room will be designed for a single patient and provide a high level of privacy. Each room will have typical utilities, such as a lavatory, medical chair and storage. One of the rooms will conducted in a adequate manner.

Childrens Care Area

Counseling Rooms

Each space will be quiet, with high sound barriers so that no sound from the outside will bother the users. The room is intended to be used for one purpose, therefore the room size does not have to be rationalized for extra transitional space. The room should feel safe from the outside environment.

Reception + Entry Doctors Rooms

Electrical

Children’s Care Space

This room will be transparent to the medical facility with a direct connection for when women arrive with a child. Transparency is for the parents and the need for the children to be visible at all times. The room will have a closet for toys, books and various other supplies. The room will consist of soft materials for the children to play on.

Children’s Bathroom Reception

Electrical

Children’s Bathroom

Accessibility for people in wheel chairs will be provided with the provision of child friendly utilities, such as the toilet and sinks. An area will be provided for mothers with change tables and proper garbage depositories. Visibility is key, the bathroom will be next or close to the reception and the children’s care room while being visible to all of the medical facility rooms.

Children’s Care Room Reception + Entry

Electrical Mechanical

53


functional requirements Major Space - Housing

Room Type

Functional Description

Adjacencies

Services

Communal Space: Housing

Common Living

Comfortable space that inhibits residents to socialize with each other, being open to the adjacent areas. The dining and kitchen spaces should be open to provide a better connection to one-

Dining Area Kitchen

Mechanical

Kitchen

Open, accessible to impaired persons and large enough to have several people cooking at once. Based on the occupancy of each zone (roughly 6 persons) and the relationship from housing facilities, there needs to be three fridges, two large stoves, two microwaves and two sinks.

Bedroom Units Dining

Mechanical Electrical

Dining

A space for occupants to eat and socialize, connected to the adjacent spaces. The area should provide multi-functionality with access from all other spaces, allocated as the backbone to the

Kitchen Common Living Bedroom Units Utility Spaces

Electrical

Utility Spaces

Laundry, mechanical and electrical, bathroom and storage rooms will provide services for the

Bedroom Units Dining

Mechanical Electrical

include a washer and dyer, general storage which houses various cleaning supplies and any other service required. Single Unit

Several rooms (15% of all rooms) will have to be allocated for persons in wheel chairs and impairments, large enough to have a wheel chair turning radius of 1.5m. Each unit is designed for a single occupant with a fully equipped washroom, bedroom set and storage.

Dining Kitchen Utility Spaces

Mechanical Electrical

Family Unit

Several rooms (15% of all rooms) will have to be allocated for persons in wheel chairs and impairments, large enough to have a wheel chair turning radius of 1.5m. These rooms will have to be designed larger than the single units anticipating a person having more than one child. Each unit, designed for a several occupants, has a fully equipped washroom, bedroom sets, storage and the design provision to add a kitchenette. Adjacent rooms will have linkages to provide an

Dining Kitchen Utility Spaces

Mechanical Electrical

Bedroom Units

54


55


56


part 4: design process

support | encourage | grow 57


part 1: the beginning [1/3 review] Evolution

58


1st Floor

2nd to 4th Floor

5th Floor

Roof

1:300 59


part 2: revision [3/4 review] Evolution

60


1st Floor

2nd to 4th Floor

5th Floor

Roof

Roof

1:300 61


part 3: structural model Evolution

62


North 1:600

East 1:600

West 1:600

South 1:600

1st Floor

2nd to 4th Floor

5th Floor

Roof

u.n.o. 1:300 63


Evolution

64


North 1:600

East 1:600

West 1:600

South 1:600

Basement

1st Floor

2nd to 4th Floor

5th Floor

u.n.o. 1:300 65


66


pa

support | encourage | grow 67


analysis + reasoning Vicinity Plan + SIte

Site Analysis

Site Setbacks and Dimensions

park building entrance connections pedestrian way greenway parking bus stop bus route

P

1.6m

P

e. hastings street

e. hastings street

laneway

40.6m

laneway

jackson ave

KIM

dunlevy ave

dunlevy ave

COLLIN

1.5m

e. pender street

2.2m 4.4m

e. pender street

10m

68

10m

Om

5m

10m

22.8m


Split and Connection Of The Programs

Concept

Parti - Vertical Integration

The communal space in the building acts as the hub for both functions. It provides the barriers to enter and exit the living unity so there is a high level

1. Having a solid mass creates a building that does not take advantage of the sun in the early morning

With security of the building being priority, the centre light well/atrium space is used to create a more comfortable and more habitable area within the building.

provided to be separate from the rest of the building so that people who do not live inside of the building can access its services.

2. Create 2 masses that allow the sun to penetrate the building in the middle of the day 3. Pushing the right side mass back and into the left mass create more abundant early morning light and links the 2 together

Level 1. Communal area and reception Level 2. Single rooms meant to transition people Level 3. Medium term rooms Level 4 + 5. Long term space for people that want to live there for a extended period

KIM COLLIN

COMMUNITY

1. double program COUNSELLING + DOCTORS OFFICE

COMMUNAL SPACE FOR RESIDENCE AND STAFF

PRIVATE AREAS KITCHENS + LIVING ROOM + LIVING UNITS

2. open the centre to the south

3. push the right side

69


site + plans Site Plan Materiality

Site Plan + Ground Floor Plan

Materiality between kimâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s site and my own is essential to providing a pedestrian friendly area. We are proposing to have one physical plane that makes up the entire lane with speed bumps at the entrances and three types of materiality. The materiality is to be used in place of curbs to provide crossings and a sidewalk that is dedicated to the pedestrian.

kimâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s site

reception

doctors

couselling spare

kitchen

quiet

stor. + ste. board

staff

reception

1:300 70

communal

teen + comp.


Basement Plan

2nd +3rd + 4th Floor Plan

5th Floor Plan

Roof Plan

Closeup of the room provided on page 74

water entry + services common living

kitchen

shallow green roof

common living + kitchen

patio

patio

b

b b b

patio

b

patio

b b b

b

s2

s2

s2

s2 accesable b

accesable b

b b * include patio area = 502m2

b = bedroom * include atrium area = 502m2

area = 582m2 possible garbage

s3

s1

s3

s1

s3

s3

s1

individual

private

s1

semi-private

movement area

71


elevations + sections Elevations

north north

east

south

west

south 1:300 u.n.o.

72


Detailed Section

Environmental Section + Longitudinal Section

stack effect structure local wood [clt + glulam] green roof

north

bed

bed bath

bed

bed bath

bed

bed bath

bed

office

teen + quiet

storm water retention

S2 roof +17.0

deck fifth +13.5

fourth +10.5

kitchen

third +7.5

kitchen

second +4.5

kitchen

ground +0.0

S1 - 1:125

patio

communal

medical

S3 individual

private

semi-private

movement area

73


rooms + views

74

Individual Room

Windows Treatment

Each room will need to be adequate to provide a personal touch to the individual and to provide a sense of home and community. The rooms will also be large enough to have two beds to anticipate women with children, there will also be rooms that adjoin to others to increase the overall size of the space so that mothers with more than one child will have a space to live.

Furthermore, resident windows will be given screening system that provides privacy and shading when they want privacy and shading and when the occupant is comfortable enough, the screens can be moved to let in more light.


structural system Structural System

Basement - Concrete Structure

1st Floor - Concrete + CLT + Conventional

2nd to 5th Floor - Concrete + CLT + Conventional

The structural system is composed of Cross Laminated Timer (CLT) and concrete for shear components. CLT is also to complete a moment frame system. It is also used for its spanning capabilities to minimize the need for concrete in the building assembly. Intermediate supports in the center of the structure are comprised of glulam columns with glulam beams as required.

2nd to 5th

1st Basement

structural + shear walls

possible extra shear support wall placements

75


structural system + details Concrete Structure

Detail - CLT to Concrete Foundation

CLT Structure

CLT Wall Panel Metal Bracket CLT Structure Lag Screw EWP Anchor Bolt

Concrete Upstand Connection: CLT to CLT

Connection: CLT to Concrete Foundation

Concrete Structure

Note: All concrete elements shown will be used as shear components and will be revised at a later date with instruction from an engineer.

Thermal Barrier Water Shedding Surface Water Barrier Vapour Barrier Air Barrier

1:10. 76

Note: All CLT elements shown will be used as shear components and will be revised at a later date with instruction from an engineer.


Detail - CLT Structure

Conventional Framing

Detail - Conventionally Framed

Composite Z-Girt System

CLT Wall Panel

CLT Wall Panel

Composite Z-Girt System Lag Screw Conventional Framing

Metal Brackets CNCâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;D Into CLT Panel Lag Screw Metal Bracket

Conventionally Framed

Connection: CLT to Conventional

Note: Some parts of the Conventional are used for load bearing elements but are not used in coupling shear forces.

77


details Sectional Reference

Detail - Roof Construction

Detail - Window Connection MIN. 2% Slope

Roof Connection Detail

Window Connection Detail Typical wall

Typical Wall

Wall Membrane Lag Screw Possible CLT roof structure or conventional

Positive lapping membrane

Green roof Flashing Sealant

Thermal Barrier Water Shedding Surface Water Barrier Vapour Barrier Air Barrier

1:10 u.n.o. 78


79


80


celebrate diversity, support | encourage | grow

a00750248 michael degirolamo arsc 8000 + 8280 | november 7, 2013 81

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