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The underDOG project Elk, Poland, 2016


PUBLLISHER Human "Lex" Instytut Matki Teresy z Kalkuty 3 lok. 111 19-300 EĹ‚k Poland e-mail: humaninstytut@gmail.com

This publication has been realized with financial support from the European Commission, the project "The underDOG project", within the program of training activities "Erasmus +" implemented in 2014-2020.


Opportunities: Set to last until 2020, Erasmus+ doesn't just have opportunities for students. Merging seven prior programmes, it has opportunities for a wide variety of individuals and organisations. Detailed information on these opportunities, inluding eligiblity criteria, is available in theErasmus+ Programme Guide. An indicative funding guide for some centralised opportunities is also available.

Aims: The aim of Erasmus+ is to contribute to the Europe 2020 strategy for growth, jobs, social equity and inclusion, as well as the aims of ET2020, the EU's strategic framework for education and training. Erasmus+ also aims to promote the sustainable development of its partners in the field of higher education, and contribute to achieving the objectives of the EU Youth Strategy.

For: -Individuals Erasmus+ has opportunities for people of all ages, helping them develop and share knowledge and experience at institutions and organisations in different countries. -Organisations Erasmus+ has opportunities for a wide range of organisations, including universities, education and training providers, think-tanks, research organisations, and private businesses.


About the project “The Underdog Project” was based on street based work experience from our organization and foreign partners. It was implemented according to the needs of youth workers who involve excluded youngsters into local societies. Moreover we have been working among certain patterns of action, the lack of new and "fresh" tools and working methods, we would like to invite them to participate in our main project. The training was equipped street workers from partner organizations in new and innovative ways of working with socially excluded young people.

During the project participants gained a lot of new skills and knowledge, but also learnt the ins and outs of working with dogs – using dogotherapy. Participants had an opportunity to work with dogs, children and youth with fewer opportunities, they met with experts – kynotherapists and took part in study visits in Republika Sciborska and animal shelter.


About the project The project had been divided into 3 phases: - preparatory, - TC implementation, - the final evaluation along with the dissemination of results.

The training was implemented in Elk (Masurian district - Poland) from 20th to 27th of May 2016, took part 24 participants (street workers) and 2 experienced trainers from Poland, Romania, Italy, Bulgaria, Slovenia and Macedonia, aged 18-35.


About the project The project was carried out in English, relying on tools from non-formal education. Workshops, educational visits, group work, discussions, presentations, intercultural evenings, evaluation sessions.

After training course street workers became more experienced employees who, through self-improvement and personal development, new knowledge and skills will be able to help young people who are at a disadvantage to others.


Streetworking About streetworking Street work (work carried out on the street, pedagogy street) is an example of the method of "outreach" (output - reaching beyond - to), or work outside institutions, in an environment stay the customer. It is an innovative form of social work, which has recently become popular in the institutionalized state aid for people marginalized. This method, through its individualized, focus on the resources and needs of the customer, as well as the flexibility and non-institutionalized enables helping people previously isolated or exclude. It allows you to reach out with the support of many groups, including prostitutes, children, young people, drug addicts, homeless people - in their places of residence (streets, clubs, selected urban districts).


Streetworking Milestones Step one: Environmental Studies. The step of reading the terrain activities (knowledge of social, economic, cultural, historical) by studying the theoretical and practical. Step Two: The presence in the environment. Step relies on direct observation of the site of actions, with the exception of intervention. These activities are aimed at the assimilation of the culture of the environment. Step Three: Get acquainted / Performances. Stage disclose and clarify its role in the local environment. Step Four: Build relationships. Stage networking and interpersonal relationships with people to whom they are directed relief efforts. Step Five: Support and intervention. Stage specific work involving the organization of the assistance and intervention, taking into account both individual support and group activities or community.


Streetworking Name In practice, you can meet with many names defining work of outreach. The names are associated with the individual history and cultural context of the country or local traditions. Name Streetworking remains in use most often, but also can meet with such terms as teacher street, often used in Poland; street educator, used in French-speaking countries and Spanish teacher or street that prevailing in Italy.

In Canada (Quebec) meets two set limits to street work: "travail de rue", which refers to work in such social sectors as bars, squats and apartments and "travail de milieu" associated with work in institutional spaces (schools, factories). In English-speaking countries, the term next to street work, function terms: outreach work, which is associated with street work focused on specific services; detached work, which is associated with the work in all levels of their target groups; as well as street-based work, which is a type of street work, in which the action is carried out on the streets.


Kyno-therapy Historical view Kyno-therapy is derived from zoo-theraphy, the first attempts to introduce as a supporting treatment of mentally ill people with the help of animals date back to the late eighteenth century. In England was led by quarks facility for the mentally ill he led him William Tuke. Situated far from the city, she had a garden where cultivated small animals and looking after them patients. W. Tuke through his methods was a great success. Despite this therapy with the help of the animals were considered "unscientific". Tuke was ridiculed and his method fell into oblivion.

Definitions A few words about dogotherapy (interchangeably called kyno-therapy). Khyno-therapy or interventions involving dogs is a method of supporting the process of rehabilitation, therapy and development involving trained or selected dogs. Classes can be either recreational, educational or therapeutic. Khyno-therapy is a method of supporting the process of rehabilitation and therapy involving trained dogs to assist people with disabilities and socially maladjusted.


Kyno-therapy People usually using dogotherapy with: - Children in the standard as part of the educational programs of schools and kindergartens - Children with learning difficulties (reading, addition) - People with developmental disorders (including autistic more often) - People with intellectual disabilities - People with visual impairment, hearing - People with cerebral palsy - Wheelchair User - Disability conjugated - Lonely (including orphanages) - Seniors (mainly in rich countries) - People with Alzheimer's Disease - Obese people - People with pathological threatened with social maladjustment - Prisoners The role of dogs in dogotherapy - Animals motivate and invite children to intervene - Stimulate curiosity - They build a sense of responsibility and awareness of the existence of other beings


Kyno-therapy - They serve as a bridge between the world of the child with the world of adults - Relax and reduce stress - Allow physical contact - They stimulate physical activity and psychophysical - Awaken the joy of life and improve self-confidence, as well as coordination - They are a refuge and support - They give you a chance to gain experience and build social skills - They build a sense of trust and accept without any bias - They help children, young people cope with anxiety, worry and frustration The following definitions according to IAHAIO White Paper 2014: AAI - Animal-Assisted Intervention Intervention involving animals (dogs) AAA - Animal Assisted Activities - Active meetings with animals AAT - Animal Assisted Therapy - Therapy with animals AAE - Animal Assisted Education - Education with animals AAI Animal-Assisted Intervention Intervention Involving Animals (Dogs) is a goal-oriented, organized intervention, during which deliberately turns animals into action in the area of health, education, service to man (eg, social work-street) in order to achieve therapeutic goals people . A prerequisite is to have knowledge on both humans and animals. Animal Assisted Interventions include measures teams human + animal in organized services for people such as Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT Therapy Involving Animals) Animal Assisted Education (AAE, Education Involving Animals) or, under certain conditions, Animal Assisted Activity ( AAA, Activities Involving Animals).


Kyno-therapy Animal Asisted Activities

Classes create educational opportunities, motivational rest of possible therapeutic benefits. They aim to improve the quality of life. They may be carried out in centers, community centers, the yard arranged in this order conditions by trained professionals or volunteers with animals. These classes do not have therapeutic goals, usually they contain elements of games, free calls, activity, their progress is spontaneous. There is no specific time of their duration and the obligation to keep the documentation describing conducted the meeting. Most often they take the form of group classes. Examples of AAA - Meetings / screenings for children in preschools / schools - Integrating groups of kindergarten / school - Visits to nursing homes - Classes for young dogs


Kyno-therapy Benefits from AAA -Empathy (the ability to feel other people's mental states) -Focus on the external world -Education -Security -Acceptance -Socialization -Education -Benefits upon physology - marked decrease stress, pressure reduction, physical activity of the body, improving circulation (may occur depending on the attitude of the participant and the course of classes)

Animal Assisted Therapy

Therapy with animals is an activity designed strictly defined objectives. An animal that meets specific criteria is an integral part of the entire therapeutic process. For the treatment of animal directs the specialist in the treatment and / or course of treatment of a person. Classes are taught by specialists: educators, psychologists, speech therapists, physical therapists, physiotherapists, doctors, nurses, social workers.


Kyno-therapy Animal Assisted Therapy is expected to result in improving the lives of people with disabilities or sick. The process of seeking to ensure: - disabled decent and independent life up to a sense of social usefulness, safety and self-realization of illness- restore health and mental condition and physical

The specificity of classes AAT - Clearly defined objectives to be achieved in accordance with the program plan of treatment or rehabilitation - Evaluation of the rehabilitation process, - Documenting the process of rehabilitation (for purposes of actions taken, activities, results and observed problems).


Kyno-therapy AAT – areas and fields of therapy: - communication - small motor skills - large motor skills - self-reliance - cognitive functions - memory - coordination - body awareness - agility and speed - muscle tension muscle strength - strength - self-acceptance - a sense of control and agency - reduction of anxiety, loneliness - body weight-obese people - health - medical aspects


Kyno-therapy When choosing a general purpose for therapeutic work, some areas of the human body can be considered as a priority. For such purposes include: - communication - self-service - in many cases, sensor technology and imitation. - communications (transmission, reception)

Communication Exercises supporting the communication development - among the goals in this area can be distinguished: - Improving the functioning of articulatory apparatus, eg. a dog imitation of such behavior as panting, sniffing, licking, yawning, growling, howling, showing teeth, tongue, mimicking eating, drinking, licking. - Supporting passive speech - identifying parts of the dog, reading poems and stories about dogs. - Supporting active speech - child describes the behavior of the dog in the classroom, divided into simple sentences into words, syllables, arranged sentence with verbal puzzle like. - Non-verbal communication - issuing commands the dog gesture without speaking (tz. Commands optical), mines or identify min face (dogs and humans).


Kyno-therapy Goals in the area of communication: - Developing verbal communication group members - Improve breath control - Learning the correct pronunciation of sounds (r, s, p, b) - The stimulation of the sense of sight, hearing, touch - Improving speech active - Small and large motor skills Exercises motor small and large - the child by performing a variety of tasks exercising the muscles of the whole body, visual-motor coordination, spatial orientation and balance. - Throwing kicking a ball, opening all kinds of closures and fasteners, drawing, combing, walking after lying lines, passing over and under the dog. Examples of objectives: - Developing skills properly handle crayons - Science jumping with both feet - Improving sense of balance - Learning by rolling up, crawling, walking on toes, heels - Improving skills on the track cognitive functions - Cognitive development is a very important element of communication and social functioning in this area can be used mass exercises


Kyno-therapy Objectives and exercises in cognitive functions: - Getting to know the names of the members of the class - Science naming objects from the immediate surroundings - Improving the ability to identify food products (bread, bread, butter, sausage) naming and differentiation of colors, shapes and structures - Naming and comparison of dog accessories - Stimulation of spatial orientation - Science of counting and numbers mazes

Self-service Priority status of self-service stems from its impact on freer self-determination, self-awareness and meet their basic needs such as food, drink, sleep. Skills self-service allow it to relieve caregivers and parents of a disabled child with many activities of daily living. In this respect, the dog is used primarily as a motivator to perform certain tasks.


Kyno-therapy Objectives and exercises on self-service: - Science dress themselves before going out for a walk, the formation of shoes - Science eat a spoon (wooden spoon feeding the dog) - Learning to fasten fasteners on buttons, buckles, zippers - Improving “comb� skills- combing dog different brushes - Science pouring liquid into a cup / bowl - Science wiping towel - Cleaning hands- before greeting or giving the dog food - Cleaned after playing with the dog, sensory stimulation

Sensory stimulation Exercises are aimed at the following sensory stimulation of the senses: sight, hearing, touch, including a deep sensation, balance and movement (vestibular sense) and smell Eyesight - Search: where is the dog search of the parts of the dog, dog accessories. - Finding toys with many items - Looking at the tail / nose on time - Imitating a dog (dog tracking and mapping them) Hearing - Where is the dog ?, touch the dog as it passes (with eyes closed) - for people who do not have tactile hypersensitivity - Listening to the heartbeat, - Barking on command - Tapping claws (children imitate a dog)


Kyno-therapy Touch We can distinguish a touch superficial deep feeling, pain, feeling of heat and cold. The density and distribution of receptors superficial touch is very varied, depending on the parts of our body. The most superficial sensory receptors on the head, face, hands, feet and around intimate least shoulders, arms and abdomen. Jobs in stimulating the sense of touch should be carried out in a planned and consistent with the therapeutic program.

In terms of sensory stimulation superficial can offer the following exercises: - stroking a dog, - touching, checking invoices and structures brushes, balls (toys) - dog shaking hands (hand-paw) - identifying parts of the body (with touch)


Kyno-therapy Deep sensory receptors found in muscles, joints and tendons, and allow you to feel your own body, the location of its parts, proper muscle tone and direction of movement of the body without controlling the process eyes. In terms of proprioception: - Bounce with dog - Attaching collar harness with eyes closed - Ward wrap in a blanket - Tug and jerk

The exercises can be proposed: - sniffing, - smelling various foods for dogs (crisps, cookies, cubes) - search the indicated odor - the sense of vestibular (balance, a sense of movement) Receptors that sense can be found in the inner ear and are responsible for the sense of linear and rotary motion, and balance.

Smell Although the sense of this often overlooked is working with a disabled child, dog therapy is a good area to work in this field. Dog-learning world mainly through the sense of smell- can be a good motivation for the child.

- Walking a tightrope dog - Jumping on one and two legs - Going above and below the dog - Move over obstacles with your dog - Imitation dog turnover - Running and walking the dog social functioning


Kyno-therapy Social functioning The essence of the practice in that area is to perform tasks for the dog, playing in tandem with a dog or a working group, learning proper social interaction. Objectives and improvement in the social field - Learning active recreation - Raising self-confidence - Reducing anxiety and loneliness - Science forms of politeness - Learning the fun - Developing motivation to participate in the activities of the group - Learning to work in team Exercises in the field of social functioning: - Understanding and application of the rules in force in the classroom - Watering and feeding dog - Reading dog walks - Exercises in pairs, groups, for example. Replacing brushes combing, retrieving and scoring goals change, collecting tastes at the time - Waiting for own turn during exercise (AAT Animal-Assisted Education) - Education involving animals are all the education programs of humanitarian assistance and the process of education.


Kyno-therapy Animal Assisted Education

Classes are taught by a teacher or a teacher, most often in children in the preschool and early. Education with the participation of a dog concerns. Appropriate and safe behavior towards domestic dogs and strangers both at home and on the street. - Understanding animal behavior - Know the needs of the animals - Science, respect for animals and the broader nature - Prevention of cruelty to animals - Proper and responsible pet care - Appropriate behavior towards strangers or aggressive dogs - Increase knowledge of zoology - Supporting education based on the core curriculum of schools and przedszkoli- including teaching reading, writing, arithmetic, geometry, nature The organization of classes

Classes occasional 1-2x a month - A group of kindergarten for 20 children 30-45 min - Class school groups up to 30 persons 30-45 min


Kyno-therapy Recurring 1-2 times a week - A group of 2-5 people take 30-45 min - Individual lessons of 30-45 minutes

The classes can not participate 1. They are aggressive toward dogs 2. Pass infections, infectious diseases 3. allergy to dog dander saliva 4. Which did not agree to participate

Animal ethics - animal as a subject, not the object, - animal as being sensitive capable of receiving and processing stimuli from the environment, sentient pleasure and capable of suffering - knowledge of and meet the needs of living animals-including the behavior of welfare - the responsibility for the life and health of dogs - the prevention of stress resulting from overwork - protection from harm


Kyno-therapy What dogs are suitable for dogotherapy? A great many doubts and questions arise at the stage of selecting a dog for dog therapy. Is every dog is suitable? And if not, what race you choose, and you may not be purebred? Purebred or mongrel? Purebred - more conscious choice - the specificity of race gives some clues to adult dog - number of bites by Labradors is not significantly lower than among other races - less risk of a wrong choice

Mongrel - less risk of disease and degeneration - we do not know what features will activate - unknown origin


Kyno-therapy Should dog have pedigree? NO AND WHY - They are important psychological traits and predispositions dog and not its origin - Often mass cultures do not give a chance to the proper socialization of puppies - Pedigree puppy get all this irrespective of characteristics and the nature of the dog YES AND WHY - A greater chance for a healthier dog. - It is possible to see the parents and ancestors of a dog and become familiar with their nature, health and history - A greater chance of compliance with the breed standard The basic features of dog: - The desire for human contact - Low propensity to dominate - The average level of confidence (not fearful) - Sober and calm character - No aggressive behavior toward people - Without sensitivity to touch, - Docile and obedient - Healthy and clean - In good physical and mental condition


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