Teen Epilepsy; What do you know about it?
LEAD What is teen epilepsy? What do you know about it? Epilepsy is a little known disease that effects 2.5 million Americans , and up to 25,000 people in the metropolitan area have epilepsy. Did you know that every year 66,000 teens are diagnosed yearly with epilepsy. Epilepsy is basically a reoccurring seizure. When you get a seizure your brain shoots neurological signals to your body parts which cause them to have spasms, and uncontrollable movement. When this happens you loose all control and you cannot speak or move voluntarily. After this you might feel tired weak and confused, because these are normal things to feel afterward. But before that we must figure out what causes them, how often do people get them, and how they can be treated.
(The human brain pictured above)
WHATS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EPILEPSY AND SEIZURES? There is a major difference between epilepsy and seizures. The main difference which creates smaller differences is the frequency of them. A seizure is a one time event, this could happen because of diabetes, head trauma, high or low blood sugar, electrolyte imbalance, and drug withdrawal. Seizures happen multiple times over your life, they can be as frequent as every week or every other month. They can be caused by many things such as, a brain injury, an infection or illness that effected growth of a fetus, brain tumors, and alcohol or lead poisoning. Someone who isn't diagnosed with epilepsy will need to go to the hospital for extensive testing if they get a seizure to determine if something fatal is wrong with them. If someone who is diagnosed with epilepsy gets a seizure then its not to big of a deal, there is no need for a hospital visit and they aren't out of the norm.
WHAT TYPES OF SEIZURES CAN YOU GET FROM EPILEPSY? There are two main types of seizures you can get, and from those main types you can get more specific like the severity. There are 20 to 30 different types of seizures ranging from twitches to convulsions. The first main type of seizure is called a partial body seizure. This happens when a seizure starts in your brain and moves to a specific part of your brain, sometimes this will just effect a finger or a hand. Sometimes these seizures can effect eyesight and they can make your speech slurred. Also facial muscles could twitch, and your entire leg could as well. The other type of seizure is called a generalized seizure. This occurs when the brain sends out electrical signals all over itself causing the body to stiffen up, and also causing stiff, jerky, and violent movements. After this seizure the person will often feel tired, disoriented, and confused. They will most likely fell sleepy, sometimes people who have a general seizure can pick right back up from where they left off, while others might need time to collect themselves. Seizures can also unofficially be classified by their severity. Sometimes people will have extremely jerky full body seizures that are very violent, and could last for up to a couple of minutes. There can also be mild seizures which simply have less jerky and less violent movements.
Page 5 HOW CAN YOU GET AN EPILEPSY? There are many ways a teen can get an epilepsy. A brain injury could occur like a car crash or a sports injury, an infection or illness could occur during the infants pregnancy. Brain tumors, or oxygen deficiency could also be a factor.
HOW IS EPILEPSY TRIGGERED.
Page 6 Definitions: Epilepsy=a serious of seizures Seizure=a convulsion of the full body, arms, legs, or other body parts, either all at once or separately. Triggered=The start of something Reoccurring=something that keeps coming back and happening Convulsion=violent shaking
Bibliography; Teen epilepsy. November 2007. Teen Health from Nemours 11-20-09. <http://kidshealth.org/teen/diseases_conditions/brain_nervous/ epilepsy.html#> What Causes Seizures? 2005. About.com: Epilepsy & Seizure 11-21-09 <http://epilepsy.about.com/od/basicsofepilepsy/a/seizurefacts.htm> What is Epilepsy? October 24, 2006 Epilepsy.com 11-21-09 <http:// www.epilepsy.com/info/teens_what>
There are seven main triggers to epilepsy. The first trigger could be flashing or bright lights often found in television and video games. The second and third are stress and lack of sleep. Staring at a computer, television, or video game screen for too long. Fever, some medications, and hyperventilation can also trigger epilepsy.
THE CURE TO EPILEPSY As of right now there are many cures to epilepsy. The first is medication. With certain medication epilepsy can stop in 80% of people. Another way especially for teens is to grow out of it. After an uncertain amount of time teens and adults will, most of the time, grow out of it. Other ways to avoid epilepsy if diagnosed, is to stay away from the seven triggers listed above. If an epileptic does this they will dramatically lower their risk for seizures.
TEEN EPILEPSY; WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT IT? TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE 1: TITLE PAGE PAGE 2:LEAD STORY PAGE 3:THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EPILEPSY AND SEIZURES PAGE 4:TYPES OF SEIZURES PAGE 5:HOW CAN YOU GET AN EPILEPSY HOW IS EPILEPSY TRIGGERED THE CURE TO EPILEPSY PAGE 6:DEFINITIONS BIBLIOGRAPHY RESOURCES
United States. United Way. Epilepsy Facts. Zieve, David, MD. “Epilepsy.” Medline Plus Encyclopedia March 29, 09. http://epilepsy.about.com/od/basicsofepilepsy/a/seizurefacts.htm 11/21/09 picture of a brain spasm http://epilepsy.about.com/od/basicsofepilepsy/a/seizurefacts.htm 11/21/09 picture of brain http://epilepsy.about.com/od/basicsofepilepsy/a/seizurefacts.htm 11/22/09 picture of seizure http://epilepsy.about.com/od/basicsofepilepsy/a/seizurefacts.htm 11/23/09 Picture of brain http://epilepsy.about.com/od/basicsofepilepsy/a/seizurefacts.htm 11/23/09 picture of seizure
National epilepsy foundation -(800) 264-6970 Saint Louis epilepsy foundation-(314) 645-6969 Book in school library-Origins of neuroscience : a history of explorations into brain function Website-http://www.epilepsy.com/info/teens_what Website-http://kidshealth.org/teen/diseases_conditions/ brain_nervous/epilepsy.html#> Website-http://epilepsy.about.com/od/basicsofepilepsy/a/ seizurefacts.htm
Written by Max Platin
Date published 11-23-09