Bipolar Disorder November 24th, 2009 buckeyepsych.wordpress.com
Inside this issue:
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes people to feel really good (high or mania) at times, and also to feel really bad (low or depression) at other times. In the United States, about 5.7 million adults suffer from bipolar disorder, representing about 2.6% of the adult population. The median age for bipolar disorder to appear is 25. Of bipolar disorder patients, one in five completes suicide and it results in the expected
life of a person to go down by 9.2 years. There are four kinds of bipolar patients: (1) patients who have extreme highs with moderate lows, (2) patients who have severe lows separated by modest highs, (3) patients who have moderate highs and lows (cyclothymia), and (4) patients who experience rapid cycling between highs and lows, spiraling downward.
Women suffering from bipolar disorder experience depression more than men, and women are three times more likely than men to experience rapid cycling. In the United States, every person knows probably one person that suffers from bipolar disorder. There are many famous people who have had bipolar disorder. Some examples are Vincent Van Gogh, Ludwig van Beethoven, and. Mark Twain, Robin Williams, and Theodore Roosevelt.
Bipolar disorder is believed to be one of the oldest known illnesses. Bipolar disorder was first discovered in the second century around Turkey. Research has given information of symptoms for bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder was first revealed in the second century. Jules Falret introduced the term â€œfolie circulaireâ€? (circular
insanity). He was able to link depression and suicide together. His work led him to name this illness bipolar disorder. He discovered that some patients experienced extreme highs and extreme lows. In 1875, the term Manic-Depressive Psychosis was used to describe this disorder. Schizophrenia is sometimes compared and con-
trasted with bipolar disorder. The difference between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder is that these illnesses causes different symptoms during the depressed phase. Now bipolar disorder is in its own category of mental disorders.
ing, being easily distracted, being anxious, not believing in what one can do, behaving impulsively, and taking part in high-risk behaviors. When a person is depressed, his or her mood is worried, sad or apathetic. His or her behavior might include being lethargic, acting restless, having trouble with focus-
ing, changing habits or thinking about or trying to commit suicide.
Bipolar disorder usually first appears around adolescence or mid-twenties. The symptoms of bipolar disorder appear in mood and behavioral changes. When a person is manic, his or her mood is happy, angry agitated, or antsy. His or her behavior might include letting the mind race by talking, or think-
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Risk Factors If there is a chance to get bipolar disorder it would be genetic. Genetics is causes many people to have bipolar disorder. Many people with bipolar disorder have a relative that has been diagnosed with depression or bipolar disorder. The more risk factors a person has, the greater chance that person has of developing bipolar disorder. There are some
medications and medical conditions that can help people with bipolar disorder treat their conflicts. Medications such as corticosteroids and medical conditions such as thyroid disease, and neurological diseases such as Parkinsonâ€™s syndrome may present solutions to problems caused by bipolar disorder. A diagnosis is made only when none of these con-
ditions are present. Other risk factors that people with bipolar disorder have are periods of high stress, drug abuse, major life changes such as death of a loved one.
doctor prescribed schedule. Carbamazepine, an anticonvulsant, is prescribed to patients who have tried lithium but were not helped by the lithium. Valporate is used for patients who are cycling rapidly. Patients also use valporate when lithium does not work. Antidepressants are prescribed medicines used to treat bipolar disorder on
a short term, but they cannot be used long term. Over time antidepressants can actually make a person feel worse.
Treatment Bipolar disorder is often treated with medication. There are four drugs that are commonly used to treat bipolar disorder. Lithium is a chemical that is the oldest and the most frequently prescribed drug to treat bipolar disorder. It does not work well for every form of bipolar disorder but it is effective for patients if they take it on a
Support and Self-help There are different types of support and help to assist people with bipolar disorder. There are 2 useful important tips to help people with bipolar disorder . One tip is Getting involved in treatment. People with bipolar disorder should be involved in their own
treatment. The treatment patients should learn and study about their disorder so they can understand what they have to go through with bipolar disorder. Another useful tip is the person should monitor symptoms and moods. Monitoring symptoms and moods
can help a person to see what there problems are and how they can be able to fix their problems. Another thing by monitoring symptoms and moods a person can see if they person have made progress with their mood.
Bibliography: Bipolar Disorder Magazine | Bipolar Symptoms | bphope. Web. 17 Nov. 2009. <http://www.bphope.com/>. "Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms and Types." WebMD - Better information. Better health. Web. 21 Nov. 2009. <http:// www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/guide/bipolar-disorder-symptoms-types>. Burgess, Wes The Bipolar Handbook. New York: Avery, 2006 "Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance: Bipolar Disorder Statistics." Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance: Improving the Lives of People Living with Mood Disorders. Web. 17 Nov. 2009. <http:// Mental Health America: Welcome to Mental Health America. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. <http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/ Newton, Ed David, and Donna Olendorf. Bipolar Disorder. Detroit: U*X*L*, "NIMH 路 Bipolar Disorder." NIMH 路 Home. Web. 30 Oct. 2009. <http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/bipolardisorder/complete-index.shtml#pub3>. "NIMH." NIMH. Web. 21 Nov. 2009. <http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-numbers-count-mentaldisorders-in-america/index.shtml#Bipolar>. "Risk Factors for Bipolar Disorder | Psych Central." Psych Central - Trusted information in mental health and psychology. Web. 13 Nov. 2009. <http://psychcentral.com/lib/2006/risk-factors-for-bipolar-disorder/>. "Statistics about Bipolar disorder - WrongDiagnosis.com." Wrong Diagnosis. Web. 8 Nov. 2009. <http:// www.wrongdiagnosis.com/b/bipolar/stats.htm>. "Treatment for Bipolar Disorder: Getting Help and Choosing Treatments." Helpguide.org: Understand, Prevent and Resolve Life's Challenges. Web. 17 Nov. 2009. <http://www.helpguide.org/mental/bipolar_disorder_diagnosis_treatment.htm>.
School, Book, Burgess, Wes The Bipolar Handbook, This book gives an overview of bipolar disorder and it helps people with bipolar disorder understand more about it and what they can do to help them feel better. This can help for my topic because it gives good information for my project and it has information for people who suffer from bipolar disorder. Local, Independence Center, 4245 Forest Park Avenue, Saint Louis, MO, (314) 533-4245, Mike Keller, executive director of Independence center. This organization supplies wrap around service for people with bipolar disorder and rehabilitation such as working, house help, money problems, management problems, and educational problems. This organization can help people with bipolar disorder by providing jobs so they can feel needed, wanted, and expected. The organization creates independence so the adults in the organization are not dependent on other people for help. The organization provides meals for food and interaction helped people to talk to other people with bipolar disorder and so the adults are not alone. National, Mental Health Institute of America, 2000 N. Beauregard Street, Alexandria, VA, 1-800-273TALK Website, www.bphope.com, this website is where people with Bipolar disorder can go to. This website can inform people about what other patients have to go through with bipolar disorder. There is a lot of useful information for patients with bipolar disorder.