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Annotated Bibliographies The purpose of any bibliography is to give teachers, fellow researchers, and curious information seekers a trail to follow in locating resources cited in a paper. An annotated bibliography provides an extended review of your information sources. The annotation should include critical analysis, showing that you are drawing from the most appropriate and relevant information.The sources consulted represent the scope and quality of your research. Remember, your research paper will only be as good as your sources are! For the purposes of the Author Project, you will be using NoodleBib to create your annotated bibliography. As you research, use NoodleBib to keep track of your sources, take notes, and write your annotations. Your partial annotated bibliography, worth 5% of your grade, will be due on Monday, April 4. Your complete annotated bibliography, worth 10% of your grade, will be due on Thursday, April 28. Use the NoodleBib Export feature to print and format your bibliography. Here are some guidelines for creating your annotated bibliography:  Create each source’s citation and annotation using NoodleBib.  An annotation is typically 150 words in length.  In your annotation, you should: o Briefly summarize the work as a whole. o Then, evaluate the quality of the information. o Inform the reader of your opinion of the source and how this source may or may not be helpful in your research. o Note any exceptional features of the source (index, appendices, glossary, maps, photos, etc.).  It is acceptable to use phrases rather than complete sentences or a combination of both. However, your annotation must be readable! You may think about the following questions to evaluate each source: Author: What are the author’s credentials? Is this his or her field of expertise? With which institutions is he or she associated? Date of Publication: Is the information outdated? Have there been significant developments in this area since original publication? Is this a new edition? Have revisions been made? Publisher/ Name of Journal: Is this a scholarly rather than a popular source? Intended Audience: Who was this written for? Is it at an appropriate level? Is it too advanced or too technical? Scope of Material: Is the material well researched? Is documented evidence presented? Is the material simply opinion? Make note of errors and omissions. Does it correspond to information you have seen in other sources? Is bias present? Coverage: Is this primary or secondary? Are there a variety of viewpoints evident in your sources?


Some examples of annotations: Waite, Linda J., Frances Kobrin Goldscheider, and Christina Witsberger.“Nonfamily Living and the Erosion of Traditional Family Orientations Among Young Adults.” American Sociological Review 51 (1986): 541-554. The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. The information, unfortunately, is a little dated, but there are no other current articles that deal with this topic. Along with other, more current articles to fill in the gaps, I believe that this will be a very valuable source for my paper.

Smith, John. "Songhai Empire." ABC-CLIO Ancient World History. ABC-CLIO, 18 Oct. 2010. Web. 8 Dec. 2010. <http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/>. Smith is a professor of history at Yale University, so he is a very credible source, and the article is very relevant to my topic. Smith provides somewhat lengthier entries than Porter’s The Empire, focusing on better known individuals. This is an excellent source for my paper, particularly for information about individuals who lack book-length biographies. The article goes into depth about the daily lives and culture of individuals living in the Songhai Empire. The article also includes citations for further research, so I will be able to explore other sources.


Annotated Bibliography