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Demonstrative Pronouns A. There are 2 demonstrative pronouns in Greek: 1. The near demonstrative (ουτος) points out something near at hand -THIS house; 2. The remote demonstrative (εκεινος) points out something further removed - THAT house. B. Usages: •

Demonstrative Pronouns are often used alone with the force of a substantive. Example: D-NSM V-PAI-3S T-ASM N-ASM ουτος βλεπει τον οικον. This man is seeing the house D-NSM V-PAI-3S T-ASM N-ASM εκεινος γινωσκει τον αποστολος. That man is knowing the apostle. In this way αυτη could mean “this woman” and εκεινη could mean “that woman” ουτοι “these men”; εκεινοι “those men”; τουτο “this thing”, etc.

Demonstrative Pronouns are usually used with nouns with force similar to that of an adjective. In this use the noun has the article and the demonstrative pronoun stands in the PREDICATE position, not the attributive. Example: D-NSM T-NSM N-NSM ουτος ο ανθρωπος This man

T-NSM N-NSM D-NSM or ο ανθρωπος ουτος This man

The same position could be used with either of the demonstratives in any case function. Example: V-PAI-1S D-ASF T-ASF N-ASF βλεπει εκεινην την εκκλησιαν. I am seeing that church.


C. Forms:

“This” (Singular)

“These” (Plural)

M

F

N

M

F

N

ουτος

αυτη

τουτο

ουτοι

αυται

ταυτα

Gen τουτου

ταυτης

τουτου

τουτων

τοουτων

τουτω

Dat

τουτω

ταυτη

τουτω

τουτοις

ταυταις

τουτοις

Acc

τουτον

ταυτην

τουτο

τουτους

ταυτας

ταυτα

Nom

“That” (Singular) M Nom εκεινος

F

N

εκεινη

εκεινο

“Those” (Plural) M εκεινοι

F

N

εκειναι

εκεινα

Gen

εκεινου

εκεινης

εκεινου εκεινων

εκεινων

εκεινων

Dat

εκεινω

εκεινη

εκεινω

εκεινιος

εκεινιας

εκεινιος

Acc

εκεινον

εκεινην εκεινο

εκεινους

εκεινας

εκεινα

TIP - If the Greek form begins with “εκuse “that” or “those.” If it begins with anything else, use “this” or “these”

New words to watch for: αλλα (CONJ) – but, yet, nevertheless οτι (CONJ) – that, because


l11-dem-pronouns