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Final Judgment


1st 4 Means of Direction • 1) Acts of Loving-kindness – Ro. 2:4

• 2) Moral Law – Is. 1:18 – 20

• 3) National Calamity – Jer. 3:19

• 4) Gov’t Providence. – Ex.8:13-15, Ex.9:8-17

Neh. 9:26


Final Judgment 

Definition: The total extermination of a culture or people.


(2 Kinds of Questions) 

--Honest



--Antagonistic


Antagonistic Oh yeah? Well what about……..?

\


Honest • --Jeremiah 12:1 Righteous are You,

O LORD, that I would plead my case with You; Indeed I would discuss matters of justice with You: Why has the way of the wicked prospered? Why are all those who deal in treachery at ease?

• God is not put off by honest questions.


What kind of God do we serve?


WE WILL BECOME LIKE THE GOD WE SERVE.


Man becomes like what he worships b/c the object of worship becomes his standard of perfection,  a man condemns in himself whatever does not conform to that standard. He hates everything that is not like what he worships.


The Final step

• so rare that it only occurred 4 times in 3,570 years.


Why? 

We can see in scripture, some common, key elements or conditions.


Case 1: The Flood (Gen 6)  i.

People are exceedingly wicked,

– moral entropy in the context of incredibly long life-spans; every inclination of every thought all the time‌..


 Verse 5,

--wickedness of man was great --every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.  Verse 6 --God was sorry --God was grieved  Verse 11 --Corrupt in the sight of God --filled with violence  Verse 12 --All flesh had corrupted their way upon the earth  Verse 13 -- The end of all flesh because…… --the earth is filled with violence because of them  Verse 7:1 --You alone…..


ii. God places His representatives in their midst.


Noah 

2 Peter 2:5

and did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a preacher of righteousness . . . when He brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly; 

Genesis 6:8,9 8 But Noah found favor in the eyes of the LORD. 9

Noah was a righteous man, blameless in his time; Noah walked with God.


Enoch / Methuselah  Enoch,

father of Methuselah

 Enoch

was a prophet of some sort (Jude vs. 14). One possible translation of ‘Methuselah’ is, ‘when he dies, there shall be an emission.’

 Methuselah

lived almost 1000 years.


Adam  Adam was still living when God decided to send the flood.


Adam to Flood Timeline Father begets ‘X’

death / flood

Adam’s Age

God Creates Adam Adam 130 lives to 930 130 + 0 = Seth 105 lives to 912 130 + 105 = Enosh 90 lives to 905 235 + 90 = Kenan 70 lives to 910 325 + 70 = Mahalalel 65 lives to 895 395 + 65 = Jared 162 lives to 962 460 + 162 = Enoch 65 taken 365 622 + 65 = Methuselah 187 lives to 969 687 + 187 = Methuselah is 56 when Adam dies Lamech 182 lived to 777 874 + 182 = Noah 500 flood at 600 1056 + 600 = Methuselah died in the year of the flood

0 130 235 325 395 460 622 687 (M. Born) 874 1056 1656 (Flood)




Notice, Methuselah is born when the Adam is 687 years old. The Flood occurred when Adam would have been 1656.  If Methuselah means, ‘when he dies, there shall be an emission,’ or idiomatically, after he dies, the flood comes, then it would appear God gave the earth 969 years (almost a Millennium!) to repent. During at least portions of that time, Adam, Enoch, Methuselah, and Noah would all have been alive to testify for God.


iii. God is Patient • Methuselah • Noah builds the ark for ~100 years.




iv. God shows He is willing to spare those who will listen. (Noah and family)


v. God sends the flood after exhausting all other options.


--Case 2: Sodom & Gomorrah, (Genesis 18)


i. People are exceedingly wicked  Genesis 13:13 Now the men of Sodom were wicked exceedingly and sinners against the LORD.  Genesis 18:20 And the LORD said, " The outcry of Sodom and Gomorrah is indeed great, and their sin is exceedingly grave.


Sexual Immorality  Jude 1:7 just as Sodom and Gomorrah . . . indulged in gross immorality


Greed  Ezekiel 16:49 "Behold, this was the guilt of your sister Sodom: she and her daughters had arrogance, abundant food and careless ease, but she did not help the poor and needy.


Violence  9 But they said, "Stand aside." Furthermore, they said, "This one (Lot) came in as an alien, and already he is acting like a judge; now we will treat you worse than them." So they pressed hard against Lot and came near to break the door.


ii. God places His representatives in their midst.  Not

long after tower of Babel, not long after the flood.

 Abraham

Genesis 14


Melchizedek

– Genesis 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; now he was a priest of God Most High. – Hebrews 6:20 where Jesus has entered as a forerunner for us, having become a high priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.


Lot 

2 Peter 2:7 and if He rescued righteous Lot, oppressed by the sensual conduct of unprincipled men 8 (for by what he saw and heard that righteous man, while living among them, felt his righteous soul tormented day after day by their lawless deeds),












Verse 20 --Outcry against the city is great. --Sin is exceedingly grave. Verse 21 (Gen 18:16-19) --Going down to test them Verse 19:1 --Lot meets the angels Verse 2 --Invites them to stay at his house --They say no, in the square Verse 3 --Urges them strongly!!!




 





Verse 4 --Every man, young and old surrounds Lot’s house. Verse 5 --Send them out so we can rape them Verse 6, 7, 8 --Lot shuts the angels inside while he talks to Sodomites --Pleads with them not to do….even offers virgin daughters! Verse 9 --Judging! --We’ll rape you too! Verse 11 --Angels strike men blind, --Men weary themselves trying to find the door!


iii. God is patient • Genesis 13:13 to Genesis 19 --Abraham timeline. --At 75, leaves Ur of the Chaldeans --Gen. 13:13, Lot leaves, Sodom’s sin is exceeding. --At 86 Ishmael --At 99, receives promise of Isaac and Sodom is destroyed Gen. 13, when Sodom receives Lot, Abraham could be anywhere from 75-86, giving a range of 13-24 years that Lot lived among them as God’s representative.


iv. God shows He is willing to spare those who will listen. 





Abraham’s conversation in Gen. 18 shows God would save more. Lot and his daughters (extended also to the sons in law) Intended to save Lot’s wife.


v. God sends fire from Heaven after exhausting all other options.


Case 3: The Canaanites 

Exodus 23:23 "For My angel will go before you and bring you in to the land of the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hivites and the Jebusites; and I will completely destroy them.

24"You shall not worship their gods, nor serve them, nor do according to their deeds;


Case 3: The Canaanites 

Exodus 23:23 . . . but you shall utterly overthrow them and break their sacred pillars in pieces.


27 “I will send My terror ahead of you, and throw into confusion all the people among whom you come, 28 "I will send hornets ahead of you so that they will drive out the Hivites, the Canaanites, and the Hittites before you. 29 "I will not drive them out before you in a single year, that the land may not become desolate and the beasts of the field become too numerous for you. 30 "I will drive them out before you little by little, until you become fruitful and take possession of the land.


31 . . . I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand, and you will drive them out before you. 32 "You shall make no covenant with them or with their gods. 33 "They shall not live in your land, because they will make you sin against Me; for if you serve their gods, it will surely be a snare to you."


Canaanite gods 

El: head of the Pantheon, dim and shadowy figure. He had three wives who were also his sisters, could step down and become the hero of various sexual escapades, bloody tyrant, terrified other gods, murdered his own son, decapitated his own daughter


Baal 

favorite Son of El, giver of rain and fertility, life, lord of heaven, rain and storm, one who prevails, family have enough to eat if worship and sacrifice the right way. Means master or lord.








Numbers 25:1 While Israel remained at Shittim, the people began to play the harlot with the daughters of Moab. 2 For they invited the people to the sacrifices of their gods, and the people ate and bowed down to their gods. 3 So Israel joined themselves to Baal of Peor, and the LORD was angry against Israel.




Baal was ‘sun-god,’ was supreme among the Phoenicians and Canaanites.



He was Bel to the Babylonians, Zeus to the Greeks, and Jupiter to the Romans.



Hadad, the son of El, chief god in the Canaanite pantheon.


  



Baal means ‘lord,’ or ‘ruler;’ governed the material universe. To his slaves/subjects, ‘the great father who gave wool, flax, bread and water, oil, corn and wine, and all the earth yielded for their wants and happiness,’ –Geikie. Given titles, ‘king of the universe,’ ‘light of the gods,’ ‘creator,’ ‘father.’










Extreme idolatrous practices  ritual prostitution,  child sacrifice. Worshipped on high places; mountains, etc.  the sun shone on them longest. Originally represented by stone pillars as phallic symbols; later represented as a kilted warrior w/ a horned helmet and a lightning bolt or spear.




Each city had a Baal, represented by different animals.


2 Major Baal Myths 

1. Baal is a storm-god who, along with another god (the faithful and percipient one), fights, defeats, and confines Yam, a chaos-water monster (in the form of a dragon).




2. A palace is built for Ba‘al/Hadad with cedars from Mount Lebanon and Sirion and also from silver and from gold. In his new palace Ba‘al hosts a great feast for the other gods. When urged by Kothar-wa-Khasis, Ba’al, somewhat reluctantly, opens a window in his palace and sends forth thunder and lightning. He then invites Mot 'Death', another son of El, to the feast.




But Mot is insulted. The eater of human flesh and blood will not be satisfied with bread and wine. Mot threatens to break Ba‘al into pieces and swallow Ba‘al. Even Ba‘al cannot stand against Death. Gaps here make interpretation dubious. It seems that by the advice of the goddess Shapsh 'Sun', Ba‘al has intercourse with a heifer and dresses the resultant calf in his own clothes as a gift to Mot and then himself prepares to go down to the underworld in the guise of a helpless shade.




News of Ba‘al's apparent death leads even El to mourn. ‘Anat, Ba‘al's sister, finds Ba‘al's corpse, presumably really the dead body of the calf, and she buries the body with a funeral feast. The god ‘Athtar is appointed to take Ba‘al's place, but he is a poor substitute. Meanwhile ‘Anat finds Mot, cleaves him with a sword, burns him with fire, and throws his remains on the field for the birds to eat. But the earth is still cracked with drought until Shapsh fetches Ba‘al back.




Seven years later Mot returns and attacks Ba‘al in a battle which ceases only when Shapsh tells Mot that El now supports Ba’al. Thereupon Mot at once surrenders to Ba‘al/Hadad and recognizes Ba‘al as king. During the hottest part of summer (when vegetation is dying), Baal is slain by Mot (signifying sterility and drought).




Ashtoreth and Shapsh (sun-goddess) search for his body. They find it, slaughter 70 each of buffalo, small cattle, deer, mountain goats, and roebucks and Baal is restored to life. Then Ashtoreth ‘cuts [Mot] with a blade, winnows him with a shovel, parches him with fire, grinds him with a millstone, and scatters him in a field.’ These sacred rites are acted out by worshippers with the first or last sheaf of corn. When Baal revives, he reigns over Mot, assuring life and fertility for the time ahead.


1 Kings 18 21 Elijah came near to all the people and said, "How long will you hesitate between two opinions? If the LORD is God, follow Him; but if Baal, follow him." But the people did not answer him a word. 22 Then Elijah said to the people, "I alone am left a prophet of the LORD, but Baal's prophets are 450 men. 23-28 Confronts them on Mt. Carmel.


Asherah (Anoth) 

wife of El (or Baal), primary fertility goddess, worship involved wooden instruments and sexual practice, female facet of focused immorality, fornication commanded in the worship of Baal and Asherah.




Deuteronomy 16:21 " You shall not plant for yourself an Asherah of any kind of tree beside the altar of the LORD your God, which you shall make for yourself.



Judges 6:25 Now on the same night the LORD said to him, "Take your father's bull and a second bull seven years old, and pull down the altar of Baal which belongs to your father, and cut down the Asherah that is beside it;




1 Kings 15:13 He also removed Maacah his mother from being queen mother, because she had made a horrid image as an Asherah; and Asa cut down her horrid image and burned it at the brook Kidron.


Mot 

Baal’s brother, god of death, killed Baal each year then his sister or wife would revive him. Semitic god of death, son of El, brother of Baal. Associated with numerous death-gods of other mythologies and cultures (Hades, Thanatos, Pluto, Muth)


Ashtoreth 

(Anath) Sister and spouse of Baal, patroness of sex and war along with sisters Astarte and Asherah, hung the shorn penises of her victims on her apron


Astarte 

goddess of the evening star, violence and war, perverse mixture of lust, death, and self-mutilation


Moloch 

Leviticus 20:2 "You shall also say to the sons of Israel: 'Any man from the sons of Israel or from the aliens sojourning in Israel who gives any of his offspring to Molech, shall surely be put to death; the people of the land shall stone him with stones.


Moloch 

1 Kings 11:7 Then Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the detestable idol of Moab, on the mountain which is east of Jerusalem, and for Molech the detestable idol of the sons of Ammon.




2 Kings 23:10 He also defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter pass through the fire for Molech.




Jeremiah 32:35 "They built the high places of Baal that are in the valley of Ben-hinnom to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire to Molech, which I had not commanded them nor had it entered My mind that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin.




Moloch always associated in Bible with child sacrifice. Child and Animal sacrifice considered food for the gods. prosperity and power and sustenance through child sacrifice to Moloch.




An ancient Palestinian deity of unnatural cruelty. According to the People’s Bible Encyclopedia, he was the embodiment of ‘the sun in his fierce summer heat, scorching the pastures, drying up the streams, smiting the land with unfruitfulness, pestilence and poisonous winds.’ He required human sacrifice, specifically the burning to death of children


i. people are exceedingly wicked  Rape  Dinah and the Schechemites  Genesis 34


 --Sexual immorality;  Leviticus 18  Leviticus 18:24


ii. God places His representatives in their midst. • Abraham • Isaac • Jacob


iii. God is patient • Genesis 15:13 - 18 – 400 years – for the iniquity of the Amorite is not yet complete


iv. God shows He is willing to spare those who will listen. Rahab and family. Joshua 6:22-24


v. God sends the Israelites to wipe them out after all other options. 

Exodus 23:23 "For My angel will go before you and bring you in to the land of the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hivites and the Jebusites; and I will completely destroy them. 24 "You shall not worship their gods, nor serve them, nor do according to their deeds; but you shall utterly overthrow them and break their sacred pillars in pieces.


Judges 2 11 Then the sons of Israel did evil . . . 12 and they forsook the LORD, the God of their fathers, . . . and followed other gods from among the gods of the peoples who were around them . . . 13 So they forsook the LORD and served Baal and the Ashtaroth. 14 The anger of the LORD burned against Israel, and He gave them into the hands of plunderers who plundered them; and He sold them into the hands of their enemies around them, so that they could no longer stand before their enemies.


16 Then the LORD raised up judges who delivered them from the hands of those who plundered them. 17 Yet they did not listen to their judges, for they played the harlot after other gods . . . 18 When the LORD raised up judges for them, the LORD was with the judge and delivered them from the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge; for the LORD was moved to pity by their groaning because of those who oppressed and afflicted them.


19 But it came about when the judge died, that they would turn back and act more corruptly than their fathers. . . 20 So the anger of the LORD burned against Israel, and He said, "Because this nation has transgressed My covenant which I commanded their fathers and has not listened to My voice, 21 I also will no longer drive out before them any of the nations which Joshua left when he died, 22 in order to test Israel by them, whether they will keep the way of the LORD to walk in it as their fathers did, or not."


Case 4: Assyria 

Jonah 

1:2 "Arise, go to Nineveh the great city and cry against it, for their wickedness has come up before Me."


Ninevah 

Nimrod was the founder: 

 

Gen 10:11 Out of that land went forth Asshur, and built Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,

At first, part of Babylon Later, replaced Assur as the capitol of Assyria


i. people are exceedingly wicked 

1:2 "Arise, go to Nineveh the great city and cry against it, for their wickedness has come up before Me.“



Reputation for Cruelty



Statues


ii. God places His representatives in their midst.



Jonah (800-180 BC)


iii. God is patient • 40 days


iv. God shows He is willing to spare those who will listen. Jonah 3:1 Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah the second time, saying, 2"Arise, go to Nineveh the great city and proclaim to it the proclamation which I am going to tell you." 3 So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh according to the word of the LORD. Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, a three days' walk. 4 Then Jonah began to go through the city one day's walk; and he cried out and said, "Yet forty days and Nineveh will be overthrown."


5 Then the people of Nineveh believed in God; and they called a fast and put on sackcloth from the greatest to the least of them. 6 When the word reached the king of Nineveh, he arose from his throne, laid aside his robe from him, covered himself with sackcloth and sat on the ashes. 7 He issued a proclamation and it said, "In Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles: Do not let man, beast, herd, or flock taste a thing. Do not let them eat or drink water. 8 "But both man and beast must be covered with sackcloth; and let men call on God earnestly that each may turn from his wicked way and from the violence which is in his hands.


9 "Who knows, God may turn and relent and withdraw His burning anger so that we will not perish." 10 When God saw their deeds, that they turned from their wicked way, way, then God relented concerning the calamity which He had declared He would bring upon them. And He did not do it.


Jonah’s Issues Jonah 4:1 But it greatly displeased Jonah and he became angry. 2 He prayed to the LORD and said, "Please LORD, was not this what I said while I was still in my own country? Therefore in order to forestall this I fled to Tarshish, for I knew that You are a gracious and compassionate God, slow to anger and abundant in lovingkindness, and one who relents concerning calamity. 3 "Therefore now, O LORD, please take my life from me, for death is better to me than life." 4 The LORD said, "Do you have good reason to beangry?"


Relapse  Hezekiah

– 701 BC

2 Kings 18-19


v. God wipes out after exhausting all other options. 

Nahum 1:11 From you has gone forth; One who plotted evil against the LORD, A wicked counselor. 12 Thus says the LORD, "Though they are at full strength and likewise many, Even so, they will be cut off and pass away Though I have afflicted you, I will afflict you no longer. 13 "So now, I will break his yoke bar from upon you, And I will tear off your shackles." 14 The LORD has issued a command concerning you: "Your name will no longer be perpetuated I will cut off idol and image From the house of your gods I will prepare your grave, For you are contemptible."




Nahum 3:4 All because of the many harlotries of the harlot, The charming one, the mistress of sorceries, Who sells nations by her harlotries And families by her sorceries. 5 "Behold, I am against you," declares the LORD of hosts; "And I will lift up your skirts over your face, And show to the nations your nakedness And to the kingdoms your disgrace. 6 "I will throw filth on you And make you vile, And set you up as a spectacle. 7 "And it will come about that all who see you Will shrink from you and say, 'Nineveh is devastated! Who will grieve for her?‘ Where will I seek comforters for you?"


Nineveh falls 

606-607 BC


Assyrian and Babylonian records are silent with regard to the fall of the city, but Alexander Polyhistor, Abydenus and Syncellus all speak of it. The best account, however, is that of Diodorus Siculus, who refers to a legend that the city could not be taken until the river became its enemy. Arbaces, the Scythian, besieged it, but could not make any impression on it for 2 years. In the 3rd year, however, the river (according to Commander Jones, not the Tigris, but the Khosr), being swollen by rains, and very rapid in its current, carried away a portion of the wall, and by this opening the besiegers gained an entrance.


The king, recognizing in this the fulfillment of the oracle, gathered together his concubines and eunuchs, and, mounting a funeral pyre which he had caused to be constructed, perished in the flames. This catastrophe is supposed to be referred to in Nah_1:8 : “With an over-running flood he (the Lord) will make a full end of her place (i.e. of Nineveh),” and Nah_2:6 : “The gates of the rivers are opened, and the palace is dissolved.” The destruction of the city by fire is probably referred to in Nah_3:13, Nah_3:15. The picture of the scenes in her streets - the noise of the whip, the rattling wheels, the prancing horses, the bounding chariots (Nah_3:2 ff), followed by a vivid description of the carnage of the battlefield - is exceedingly striking, and true to their records and their


Conditions that Lead up to Final Destruction 1.


Condition 1.  The

people become exceedingly wicked.


Condition 2 • God places His representatives in their midst.


Condition 3 • God is patient. 2 Peter 3:9 The Lord . . . is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance. Exodus 34:6 Then the LORD passed by in front of him and proclaimed, "The LORD, the LORD God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth; 7 who keeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin;


Condition 4 God shows He is willing to spare those who will listen.


And finally‌.. 

God brings final judgment upon the people after exhausting all other options.


--Man will worship “. . . . .you're gonna have to serve somebody, yes indeed you're gonna have to serve somebody, well, it may be the devil or it may be the Lord but you're gonna have to serve somebody.� -Bob Dylan


--God does not hide His acts (Sodom & Gomorrah)


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