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The Trinity Key verse: John 17:22 (NASU) " that they may be one (1520), just as W e are one (1520); John 17:23 (NASU) I in them and You in M e, that they may be perfected in unity (1520), so that the w orld may know that You sent M e, and loved them, even as You have loved M e. Acts 4:32 (NASU) And the congregation of those w ho believed w ere of one (1520) heart and soul; and not one (1520) [of them] claimed that anything belonging to him w as his ow n Roma 3:29 (NASU) Or is God [the God] of Jew s only? Is He not [the God] of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30 since indeed God w ho w ill justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith is one . God is one (1520) God is singular in purpose God is not partial. Roma 15:6 (NASU) so that (w ith one accord – 3661) you may w ith one voice (en <1722> {PREP} eni <1520> {A-DSN} stomati <4750> {N-DSN} – literally “w ith one mouth”) glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

3661 omoyumadon homothumadon om - o-qu-ma-don hom-o-thoo- ma- don’ AV-w ith one accord , w ith one mind 1) w ith one mind, w ith one accord, w ith one passion ++++ A unique Greek w ord, helps us under-stand the uniq ueness of the Christian community. Ho-mo-thu-ma-don is a compound of tw o w ords meaning to "rush along" and "in unison". The image is almost musical; a number of notes are sounded w hich, w hile different, harmonize in pitch and tone. As the instruments of a great concert under the direction of a concert master, so the Holy Spirit blends together the lives of members of Christ’s church. 1Cor 3:8 (NASU) Now he w ho plants and he w ho w aters are one (1520);

1Cor 11:5 (NASU) But every w oman w ho has her head uncovered w hile praying or prophesying disgraces her head, for she is one (1520) and the same as the w oman w hose head is shaved. 1Cor 12:12 (NASU) For even as the body is one (1520) and [yet] has many members, Gala 3:28 (NASB) There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one (1520) in Christ Jesus. Ephe 2:14 (NASU) For He Himself is our peace, w ho made both [groups into] one and broke dow n the barrier of the dividing w all, 1Joh 5:8 (YLT) and three are w ho are testifying in the earth], the Spirit, and the w ater, and the blood, and the three are into the one. Dt. 6:4 #259 echad Tw o possible definitions: 1. One Gene 1:5 one day. Dt. 6:4 #259 echad Tw o possible definitions: 1. One 2. Oneness (relational oneness) some examples Gene 2:24 (NASB) For this cause a man shall leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave to his w ife; and they shall become one (echad- 259) flesh. Gene 3:22 (NASB) Then the Lord God said, "Behold, the man has become like one (echad- 259) of Us, Gene 11:6 (NASB) And the Lord said, "Behold, they are one (echad- 259) people, Gen 41:25 (NASB) Now Joseph said to Pharaoh, "Pharaoh's dreams are one (echad- 259). God has told Pharaoh w hat He is about to do. Exod 24:3 (NASB) Then M oses came and recounted to the people all the w ords of the Lord and all the ordinances; and all the people answ ered w ith one (echad- 259) voice, and said, "All the w ords w hich the Lord has spoken w e w ill do!" Exod 36:18 (NASB) And he made fifty clasps of bronze to join the tent together, that it might be a unit (echad- 259). 2Sam 2:25 (NASB) And the sons of Benjamin gathered together behind Abner and became one (echad- 259) band, 1Kin 22:13 (NASB) Then the messenger w ho w ent to summon M icaiah spoke to him saying, "Behold now , the w ords of the prophets are uniformly (echad- 259) favorable to the king. Please let your w ord be like the w ord of one (echad- 259) of them, and speak favorably."

1Chr 12:38 (NASB) All these . . . came to Hebron . . . to make David king over all Israel; and all the rest also of Israel w ere of one (echad- 259) mind to make David king. Ezra 3:9 (NASB) Then Jeshua [w ith] his sons and brothers stood united (echad- 259) [with] Kadmiel and his sons, the sons of Judah [and] the sons of Henadad [w ith] their sons and brothers the Levites, to oversee the w orkmen in the temple of God. Jere 32:39 (NASB) and I w ill give them one (echad- 259) heart and one (echad- 259) w ay, that they may fear M e alw ays, for their ow n good, and for [the good of] their children after them. Ezek 11:19 (NASB) "And I shall give them one heart, and shall put a new spirit w ithin them. And I shall take the heart of stone out of their flesh and give them a heart of flesh, Gen. 1:1 In the beginning God (Eloihim – plural “gods”) created (he created – singular) the heavens and the earth. Tw o distinct beings meet w ith Abraham Gene 19:24 (NASB) Then the Lord rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven, Plurality expressed in the Old Testament Ge.1:26, Ge.3:22, M t.28:19, Distinct personalities in the New Testament: M att 3:16 (NASB) And after being baptized, Jesus w ent up immediately from the w ater; and behold, the heavens w ere opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, [and] coming upon Him, 17 and behold, a voice out of the heavens, saying, "This is M y beloved Son, in w hom I am w ellpleased." Scripture commands us to w orship no one except God. Jesus received w orship M atthew 14:33; 15:25; 28:9; Luke 24:52; Hebrew s 1:6 Apostle Thomas, after Christ's resurrection, called Him, "M y Lord and my God." John 20:28

Jesus claimed he w as God egw eimi Ex 3:14 And God said unto M oses, I AM egw eimi THAT I AM : Septuagint (Greek translation “But straightw ay Jesus spake unto them, saying Be of good cheer; I AM (egw eimi); be not afraid.” (M t 14:27 ASV) “I AM (egw eimi) the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.” (M t 22:32 ASV) M r 14:62 And Jesus said, I am (egw eimi): and ye shall see the Son of man sitting at the right hand

of Pow er, and coming w ith the clouds of heaven. Lu 22:70 And they all said, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am (egw eimi). {1) Or Ye say it, because I am} Joh 6:20 But he saith unto them, I AM (egw eimi); be not afraid. Joh 8:24 I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for except ye believe that I am (egw eimi), ye shall die in your sins. Joh 8:28 Jesus therefore said, W hen ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am (egw eimi), and that I do nothing of myself, but as the Father taught me, I speak these things. Joh 8:58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was born, I am (egw eimi). Joh 13:19 From henceforth I tell you before it come to pass, that, w hen it is come to pass, ye may believe that I am (egw eimi). Joh 18:5 They answ ered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am (egw eimi). Joh 18:6 W hen therefore he said unto them, I am (egw eimi), they w ent backw ard, and fell to the ground. Joh 18:8 Jesus answ ered, I told you that I am (egw eimi); if therefore ye seek me, let these go their w ay: If Christ is merely the first Being the Father formed, and did not always exist, He could not have told the Pharisees, "Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham w as, I am (egw eimi)." Instead He w ould have had to say: emen — "I w as", or egenomen — "I came to be", or egennethen — "I had been born", or ekitshen — "I had been created", or exesa — "I lived" The Holy Spirit is • fully God 1Cor 2:10-12; Eph 3:3-5 • fully God 1Cor 2:10-12; Eph 3:3-5 • is a person • fully God 1Cor 2:10-12; Eph 3:3-5 • is a person – John 14:26 masculine Ekeinos not feminine Ekeine or neuter Ekeino (Spirit is a neuter w ord) • 26 But the Comforter, even the Holy Spirit,. . . he Ekeinos (that one) shall teach you • to{T-NSN} the pneuma{N-NSN} spirit to{T-NSN} the agion{A-NSN} Holy . . . ekeinov{D-NSM} that one -He- umav{P-2AP} didaxei{V-FAI-3S} he will teach The Holy Spirit acts as a person 1. Speaks. (Revelation 2:7; Acts 13:2; etc.) 2. M akes intercession. (Romans 8:26.) 3. Calls, oversees, commands. (Acts 13:2; 16:6,7; 20:28.) 4. M ay be grieved. (Ephesians 4:30.)

5. M ay be insulted. (Hebrew s 10:29.) 6. Can be lied to. (Acts 5:3.) 7. Can be blasphemed and sinned against. (M atthew 12:31,32.) 8. Teaches. (John 14:26.) 9. Glorifies Christ. (John 16:14.) 10.Counsels. (John 14:16.) The Holy Spirit Not an energy field, but a distinct person Ro. 8:27 talks about "the mind of the Spirit." Do forces or influences have minds? 2Cor 13:14 (NASU) The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellow ship of the Holy Spirit, be w ith you all. Jesus – eternally existent Jesus has alw ays been eternally God John 1:1 (NASU) In the beginning w as the W ord, and the W ord w as w ith God, and the W ord w as God. Ph.2:5-7 (W eymouth) . . . let this mind be in you that [is] also in Christ Jesus, w ho, being in the form of God, thought [it] not robbery to be equal to God, yet He emptied himself, and taking on the form of a servant, he took on the likeness of men, and having been found as a man, he humbled himself, having become obedient unto death -- even death on a cross, Col.1:15 (NASU) And He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. Jesus is the first born: prw totokoV not “first created”: prw ton ejktisqh First born refers to pre-eminence Exod 4:22 (NIV) Then say to Pharaoh, `This is w hat the LORD says: Israel is my firstborn son, Septuagint: The Lord says, “son, the first-born prw totokov {<4416> A–NSM} of me, Israel” W as Israel born first, or w as Esau? if Christ not Yahw eh God and eternally existent. Then "I am" (ego eimi) w as definitely the w rong phrase Christ not the first Being created but "Beginner" or "Originatior" (he arche) of creation (Rev. 3:14). Arche also appears in Revelation 21:6 [...I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end...], where the Alpha and Omega obviously cannot be the first created Being, but must be creation's origin. firstborn special honor and preeminence. God, for example, calls David and Ephraim His firstborn (Psalm 89:27; Jeremiah 31:9) w hen they w ere literally not. The eldest son's special position w as w idely recognized in the ancient Near East,

# Ge 21:9-13; Jud 11:1-2 privileges w ere highly valued, * a larger inheritance, * a special paternal blessing, * family leadership and an *honored place at mealtimes # Ge 25:5-6; 27:35-36; 37:21; 42:37; 43:33; De 21:15-17 * the double inheritance # De 21:15-17, prototokos prw totokoV (First-born). Colo 1:15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. Colo 1:18 And He is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all things He may have the preeminence. Hebr 1:6 But w hen He again brings the firstborn into the w orld, He says: "Let all the angels of God w orship Him." Hebr 12:23 to the general assembly and church of the firstborn [w ho] [are] registered in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, Reve 1:5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful w itness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler over the kings of the earth. To Him w ho loved us and w ashed us from our sins in His ow n blood,

monogenh monogenes – Semantic range 1. Only begotten 2. Only 3. Unique Jn. 3:16 ton uion autou ton monogenh the Son of Him, the one of a kind one monogenh mono genes ‘One’ ‘Kind’ His one of a kind Son (very God of very God) John 1:14; 3:16; 1 John 4:9) John 5:18 (NIV) For this reason the Jew s tried all the harder to kill him; not only w as he breaking the Sabbath, but he w as even calling God his ow n Father, making himself equal w ith God. Voluntarily emptied Himself of Divine rights Ph.2:5-8 "Have this mind among yourselves, that you have in Christ Jesus, w ho, though he was in the form of God ["w ho had alw ays been God by nature," Phillips; "had the very nature of God," T.E.V.], did not count equality w ith God a thing to be grasped ["did not cling to his prerogatives as God's equal," Phillips], but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. And being found in human form he humbled himself and became obedient unto death, even death on a cross."

Having emptied Himself, He could not use any pow er or ability that people do not also have access to. He chose not to use Divine abilities and lived in the sphere of human abilities. kenosis from the Greek w ord meaning "an act of emptying", In some w ay chose a temporary loss of memory. Luke 2:52 (NIV) And Jesus grew in w isdom and stature, and in favor w ith God and men. The first born (prĂ´totokos). Col. 1:15 Paul is here refuting the Gnostics w ho pictured Christ as one of the aeons. Paul declares that he has pre-eminence before "all creation" Not the Philosophy of Gnosticism God (pure good, not corrupted by contact w ith the physical) emanation emanation emanation ... Jesus (w ith an evil physical body) the physical earth. Christ in his human nature, is the visible discovery of the invisible God, and he that has seen Him has seen the Father. (Jn.1:18) All things being created by Him, w ere created for him; being made by his pow er, they were made according to his pleasure, and for his praise and glory. He not only created them all at first, but it is by the w ord of his pow er that they are upheld. Christ as M ediator is the Head of the body, the church; all grace and strength are from him; and the church is his body. All fulness dw ells in him; a fulness of merit and righteousness, of strength and grace for us. Trinity Unity Absolute oneness (One God) 1. M otive â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Love 2. Absolute Oneness of Purpose a. Possible because of 1) Infinite intelligence 2) Perfect love b. The perfect harmony, that only can come from infinite intelligence and perfect love. 3. Precisely equal Abilities of: a. Personality (intellect, w ill, emotions) b. Omnipotence c. Omnipresence d. Omniscience e. Eternal existence f. Character Qualities 1) Absolute Love 2) Absolute W isdom 3) Absolute Righteousness 4) Absolute Loving-kindness 5) Absolute Truthfulness

6) Absolute Faithfulness 7) Absolute Holiness 4. Absolute oneness of relationship, existing in such perfect oneness that it does not matter w hether you refer to them as one or as three. One in • Abilities • motive, • agreement, • equality, and • character • Absolutely perfect Trinity oneness of relationship Trinity Individual Distinctiveness The Trinity, Three distinct persons 1. Distinct functions w ithin the Trinity a. Jesus died, 1Jo 2:1, b. Holy Spirit Jn.16:8-10, Ro. 8:16, etc. 1) w ill convict the w orld concerning sin 2) and righteousness 3) and judgment; 4) testifies w ith our spirit that w e are children of God 5) guides you into all the truth c. The Father M t 6:4, M t 6:6, M t 6:14, M t 6:26, M t 6:26, M t 7:21, M t 12:50, M t.16:17, M t 16:17, M t.25:34, Lu 6:36, Lu 11:13, Lu 12:32, Joh.3:35, Joh 5:17, Joh 5:37, Joh 6:32, Joh 6:44, Joh 14:16, Ro 8:15, Eph 4:6, 1Th 3:11, 2Ti 1:2, Heb 12:9,Jas 1:17,2Pe 1:17, 1Jo 1:3, 2Jn.1:4, The Trinity, Three distinct persons 1. Distinct functions w ithin the Trinity 2. W ith Uniqueness of expression