Page 1

ypographic Calendar 2019


Typographic Calendar 2019


January


30

01

03

05

Sunday

31

Monday

02

Wednesday

04

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

JANUARY


06

08

10

12

Sunday

07

Monday

09

Wednesday

11

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


13

15

17

19

Sunday

14

Monday

16

Wednesday

18

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

JANUARY


20

22

24

26

Sunday

21

Monday

23

Wednesday

25

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


27

29

31

02

Sunday

28

Monday

30

Wednesday

01

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

JANUARY


William Caslon

1692–1766 GB

William Caslon I was the first British typefounder of any renown and was responsible for ending the dependence of British printers on imported Dutch types which (with some French types) had dominated the market throughout the 17th century. Born in Worcestershire, William Caslon began his career in London engraving and chasing gun barrels (occasionally also cutting brass letters for bookbinders) until a printer called William Bowyer, after seeing some of his letters, encouraged him to try punch-cutting. Bowyer lent him €500 to start his own foundry, which he opened in London’s Vine

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789 William Caslon released his first typefaces in 1722. Caslon’s types were based on seventeenthcentury Dutch old style designs, which were then used extensively in England. Because of their remarkable practicality, Caslon’s designs met with instant success. Caslon’s types became popular throughout Europe and the American colonies; printer Benjamin Franklin hardly used any other typeface. The first printings of the American Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were set in Caslon. For her Caslon revival, designer Carol Twombly studied specimen pages printed by William Caslon between 1734 and 1770. The OpenType Pro version merges formerly separate fonts (expert, etc.), and adds both central European language support and several additional ligatures. Ideally suited for text in sizes ranging from 6- to 14-point, Adobe Caslon Pro is

the right choice for magazines, journals, book publishing, and corporate communications.

Caslon Pro

2019


February


27

29

31

02

Sunday

28

Monday

30

Wednesday

01

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

February


03

05

07

09

Sunday

04

Monday

06

Wednesday

08

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


10

12

14

16

Sunday

11

Monday

13

Wednesday

15

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

February


17

19

21

23

Sunday

18

Monday

20

Wednesday

22

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


24

26

28

02

Sunday

25

Monday

27

Wednesday

01

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

February


Max Miedinger 1910–1980 CH

Max Miedinger, born in Zurich, was an in-house designer with the Haas foundry in Munchenstein, Switzerland. His most famous typeface is Helvetica, currently one of the most widely used sans serifs, which was designed in 1956. Edward Hoffman of Haas had asked Miedinger to adapt the existing Haas Grotesk to bring it in line with current taste. Haas Grotesk had its origins in the 19th-century German grotesques like Berthold’s Akzidenz-Grotesk. The type, which was created from Miedinger’s china-ink drawings, seemed like a new design in its own right, rather than an old one with minor retouching as had been the original plan. Although designed for the

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789 home market, the then-called Neue Haas Grotesk proved popluar farther afield. When Stempel AG in Germany released the face in 1961 they called it Helvetica, the traditional Latin name for Switzerland, in order to capitalize on the fashion for Swiss typography. Additional weights were added to the Helvetica family over the years. In 1983 Linotype released a new, more extensive version, Neue Helvetica, in 51 weights. The history of Helvetica includes a number of twists and turns. There are, in fact, two versions of Helvetica. The first one is the original design, which was created by Max Miedinger and released by Linotype in 1957. And secondly, in 1983, D. Stempel AG, Linotype’s daughter company, released the Neue Helvetica® design, which was a reworking of the 1957 original. The outcome was a synthesis of aesthetic and technical refinements and modifications that resulted in improved appearance, legibility and usefulness.

Helvetica Neue

2019


March


24

26

28

02

Sunday

25

Monday

27

Wednesday

01

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

March


03

05

07

09

Sunday

04

Monday

06

Wednesday

08

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


10

12

14

15

Sunday

11

Monday

13

Wednesday

15

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

March


17

19

21

23

Sunday

18

Monday

20

Wednesday

22

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


24

26

28

30

Sunday

25

Monday

27

Wednesday

29

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

March


Robert Slimbach

b. 1956 USA

Robert Slimbach, who was born in Evanston, Illinois, received his training and early experience of type design in the drawing office of Autologic in California. In 1987, after two years of self-employment, which saw him contribute ITC Slimbach and ITC Giovanni to the International Typeface Corporation, he joined Adobe Systems. Since then, he has been designing and developing typefaces for the Adobe Originals program. Slimbach’s typefaces offer type users a rich palette of designs, mostly for text use, based on his enthusiasm for classic letter forms. In 1999 he received the Prix Charles Peignot from the Association Typographique Internationale for excellence in type design.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789 Minion Pro is an Adobe Original typeface designed by Robert Slimbach. The first version of Minion was released in 1990. Cyrillic additions were released in 1992, and finally the OpenType Pro version was released in 2000. Minion Pro is inspired by classical, old style typefaces of the late Renaissance, a period of elegant, beautiful, and highly readable type designs. Minion Pro combines the aesthetic and functional qualities that make text type highly readable with the versatility of OpenType digital technology, yielding unprecedented flexibility and typographic control, whether for lengthy text or display settings. The full Minion Pro family contains three weights and two widths, each with optical size variants, and each supporting a full range of Western languages, including Greek and Cyrillic. With its many ligatures, small caps, oldstyle figures, swashes, and other added glyphs, Minion Pro is ideal for uses ranging from limited-

edition books to newsletters to packaging.

MINION PRO

2019


April


31

02

04

06

Sunday

01

Monday

03

Wednesday

05

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

April


07

09

11

13

Sunday

08

Monday

10

Wednesday

12

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


14

16

18

20

Sunday

15

Monday

17

Wednesday

19

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

April


21

23

25

27

Sunday

22

Monday

24

Wednesday

26

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


28

30

02

04

Sunday

29

Monday

01

Wednesday

03

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

April


Frederic W. Goudy 1865–1947 USA

In 1915, Frederic W. Goudy designed Goudy Old Style, his twenty-fifth typeface, and his first for American Type Founders. Flexible enough for both text and display, it’s one of the most popular typefaces ever produced, frequently used for packaging and advertising. Its recognizable features include the diamond-shaped dots on i, j, and on punctuation marks; the upturned ear of the g; and the base of E and L. Several years later, in response to the overwhelming popularity of Cooper Black, Lanston Monotype commissioned Frederic W. Goudy to design heavy versions of Goudy Old Style. Goudy Heavyface and Goudy Heavyface Italic were released in 1925. The

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789 huge success of Goudy’s typefaces led to the addition of several weights to many of his typefaces; designers working for American Type Founders produced additions to the family. In 1927, Morris Fuller Benton drew Goudy Extra Bold. In 1915, Frederic W. Goudy designed Goudy Old Style, his twenty-fifth typeface, and his first for American Type Founders. Flexible enough for both text and display, it’s one of the most popular typefaces ever produced, frequently used for packaging and advertising. Its recognizable features include the diamond-shaped dots on i, j, and on punctuation marks; the upturned ear of the g; and the base of E and L. Several years later, in response to the overwhelming popularity of Cooper Black, Lanston Monotype commissioned Frederic W. Goudy to design heavy versions of Goudy Old Style. Goudy Heavyface and Goudy Heavyface Italic were released in 1925. The huge success of Goudy’s typefaces

led to the addition of several weights to many of his typefaces; designers working for American Type Founders produced additions to the family. In 1927, Morris Fuller Benton drew Goudy Extra Bold.

Goudy Old Style

2019


May


28

30

02

04

Sunday

29

Monday

01

Wednesday

03

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

May


05

07

09

11

Sunday

06

Monday

08

Wednesday

10

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


12

14

16

18

Sunday

13

Monday

15

Wednesday

17

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

May


19

21

23

25

Sunday

20

Monday

22

Wednesday

24

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


26

28

30

01

Sunday

27

Monday

29

Wednesday

31

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

May


Eric Gill

1882–1940 GB

Designed by Eric Gill and released by the Monotype Corporation between 1928 and 1930, Gill Sans is based on the typeface Edward Johnston, the innovative British letterer and teacher, designed in 1916 for the signage of the London Underground. Gill’s alphabet is more classical in proportion and contains his signature flared capital R and eyeglass lowercase g. With distinct roots in pen-written letters, Gill Sans is classified as a humanist sans serif, making it very legible and readable in text and display work. The condensed, bold, and display versions are excellent for packaging or posters.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789 Arthur Eric Rowton Gill, letter-cutter, sculptor, wood-engraver and type designer, was one of the most prominent and controversial figures of his day. Born in Brighton, Gill studied at Chichester School of Art before being apprenticed to an ecclesiastical architect in London. Whilst there he attended the classes of the calligrapher Edward Johnston at the Central School of Arts and Crafts. Thus he became involved in the small world of scribes and illuminators and the Arts and Crafts Movement, embarking on a career as a stone cutter and letterer. Gill designed his first typeface at the invitation of Stanley Morison of the Monotype Corporation. The drawings for the type, Perpetua, were begun in 1925. Gill Sans, designed during the same period, was based on the same sources as the Johnston Sans Serif. Gill had painted san-serif lettering on the Douglas Cleverdon’s Bristol Bookshop in 1927 and it was this that suggested the idea of a Gill sans serif to Morison. Joanna was cut by the Caslon foundry; one of its first uses in 1931 was for Gill’s own Essay on Typography.

These three typefaces are from his most creative period.

Gill Sans MT

2019


June


26

28

30

01

Sunday

27

Monday

29

Wednesday

31

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

June


02

04

06

08

Sunday

03

Monday

05

Wednesday

07

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


09

11

13

15

Sunday

10

Monday

12

Wednesday

14

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

June


16

18

20

22

Sunday

17

Monday

19

Wednesday

21

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


23

25

27

29

Sunday b. 1956 USA

24

Monday

26

Wednesday

28

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

June


Robert Slimbach b. 1956 USA

Robert Slimbach is credited for the creation of or revival of the Garamond, Minion Pro, Myriad Pro typefaces.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789 An Adobe Originals design, and Adobe’s first historical revival, Adobe Garamond is a digital interpretation of the roman types of Claude Garamond and the italic types of Robert Granjon. Since its release in 1989, Adobe Garamond has become a typographic staple throughout the world of desktop typography and design. Adobe type designer Robert Slimbach has captured the beauty and balance of the original Garamond typefaces while creating a typeface family that offers all the advantages of a contemporary digital type family. With the introduction of OpenType font technology, Adobe Garamond has been reissued as a Pro type family that takes advantage of OpenType’s advanced typographic capabilities. Now this elegant type family can be used with even greater efficiency and precision in OpenType-savvy applications such as Adobe InDesign.

Garamond Pro

2019


July


30

02

04

06

Sunday

01

Monday

03

Wednesday

05

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

July


07

09

11

13

Sunday

08

Monday

10

Wednesday

12

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


14

16

18

20

Sunday

15

Monday

17

Wednesday

19

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

July


21

23

25

27

Sunday

22

Monday

24

Wednesday

26

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


28

30

01

03

Sunday

29

Monday

31

Wednesday

02

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

July


Sol Hess 1886–1953 USA

For 50 Years Sol Hess was art director of Lanston Monotype Machinery Co., where he succeeded his friend and collaborator F W Goudy. He started with the company in 1902 after a three-year scholarship couse at Pennsylvania Museum School of Industrial Art, and as a type designer there he redrew and readapted all their typographical materials. His forte was the development of type families, and during his years with Lanston monotype he carried out commissions for many leading American companies, including Curtis Publishing, CrowellCollier, Sears Roebuck, Montgomery Ward, Yale University Press and World Publishing Company.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789 Century Gothic Regular fonts maintains the basic design of 20th Century but has an enlarged ‘x’ height and has been modified to ensure satisfactory output from modern digital systems. A design based on 20th Century, which was drawn by Sol Hess between 1936 and 1947. The Century Gothic Fonts Regular design is influenced by the geometric style sans serif faces which were popular during the 1920’s and 30’s. Century Gothic Fonts Regular is useful for headlines and general display work and for small quantities of text, particularly in advertising.

Century Gothic

2019


August


28

30

01

03

Sunday

29

Monday

31

Wednesday

02

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

August


04

06

08

10

Sunday

05

Monday

07

Wednesday

09

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


11

13

15

17

Sunday

12

Monday

14

Wednesday

16

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

August


18

20

22

24

Sunday

19

Monday

21

Wednesday

23

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


25

27

29

31

Sunday

26

Monday

28

Wednesday

30

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

August


MorrisFuller Benton 1872–1948 USA

Morris Fuller Benton is accredited with being the most prolific type designer in American history, with an output twice as great as that of Frederic Goudy (although in fairness Goudy did not start his career until a later age). A factor in his relative anonymity was his position as an in-house designer, but in a position that suited his retiring character: when pressed he would put his successes down to ‘Lady Luck’. Benton has been credited with inventing the concept of the type family and although this is not the case he did do his best work expanding faces into families and adapting existing type styles for ATF. Between 1900 and 1928 he designed 18 variations on Century, including the popular Century Schoolbook.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789 Another version of the Century family was produced when Ginn & Company, a textbook publisher, commissioned American Type Founders to design a typeface with maximum legibility. Morris Benton researched the subjects of eyesight and legibility, then created Century Schoolbook, which was released between 1918 and 1921. Century Schoolbook is still seen in elementary school texts, and can be used for text work where legibility is a primary consideration.

Century Schoolbook

2019


September


01

03

05

07

Sunday

02

Monday

04

Wednesday

06

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

September


08

10

12

14

Sunday

09

Monday

11

Wednesday

13

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


15

17

19

21

Sunday

16

Monday

18

Wednesday

20

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

September


22

24

26

28

Sunday

23

Monday

25

Wednesday

27

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


29

01

03

05

Sunday

30

Monday

02

Wednesday

04

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

September


MorrisFuller Benton 1872–1948 USA

Morris Fuller Benton is credited for the creation of the Century Schoolbook and Franklin Gothic typefaces.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789 Franklin Gothic, one of the most popular sans serif types ever produced, was designed by Morris Fuller Benton in 1902 for American Type Founders. In 1979, under license with ATF, Vic Caruso began work on more weights of the design for ITC. This version adheres closely to the subtle thick and thin pattern of the original design; the slightly enlarged x-height and condensed proportions of the new version result in greater economy of space. This typeface is a standard choice for use in newspapers and advertising. In 1991, David Berlow completed the family for ITC by creating compressed and condensed weights. ITC Franklin Gothic Compressed is designed especially to solve impossibly tight copyfitting

problems, while maintaining high legibility standards. ITC Franklin Condensed provides medium weights of narrow proportions. It is frequently seen in newspapers, advertisements, posters, and anyplace with space restrictions.

Franklin Gothic

2019


October


30

01

03

05

Sunday

01

Monday

02

Wednesday

04

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

October


06

08

10

12

Sunday

07

Monday

09

Wednesday

11

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


13

15

17

19

Sunday

14

Monday

16

Wednesday

18

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

October


20

22

24

26

Sunday

21

Monday

23

Wednesday

25

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


27

29

31

02

Sunday

28

Monday

30

Wednesday

01

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

October


Eric Gill 1882–1940 GB

Eric Gill is credited for the creation of the Perpetua and Gill Sans MT typefaces.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789

Type designer Eric Gill’s most popular Roman typeface is Perpetua, which was released by the Monotype Corporation between 1925 and 1932. It first appeared in a limited edition of the book The Passion of Perpetua and Felicity, for which the typeface was named. The italic form was originally called Felicity. Perpetua’s clean chiseled look recalls Gill’s stonecutting work and makes it an excellent text typeface, giving sparkle to long passages of text; the Perpetua capitals have beautiful, classical lines that make this one of the finest display alphabets available.

Perpetua

2019


November


30

02

04

02

Sunday

01

Monday

03

Wednesday

01

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

November


03

05

07

09

Sunday

04

Monday

06

Wednesday

08

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


10

12

14

16

Sunday

11

Monday

13

Wednesday

15

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

November


17

19

21

23

Sunday

18

Monday

20

Wednesday

22

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


24

26

28

30

Sunday

25

Monday

27

Wednesday

29

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

November


Carol Twombly b. 1959 USA Carol Twombly studied design at the Rhode Island School of Design, where she became interested in type design and typography. She received an MS from Stanford University in the graduate programme of digital typography under Charles Bigelow, and later joined the Bigelow & Holmes Studio. In the Morisawa Typeface Design Competition in 1984 she won first prize for Mirarae, a latin design which has since been licensed and released. A member of the Adobe type studio since 1988, Twombly has designed many successful display and text typefaces for the Adobe Originals library. In 1994 she was the first woman to receive from ATypI the Prix Charles Peignot for outstanding contributions to type design.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789 An Adobe Originals design first released in 1992, Myriad has become popular for both text and display composition. As an OpenType release, Myriad Pro expands this sans serif family to include Greek and Cyrillic glyphs, as well as adding oldstyle figures and improving support for Latin-based languages. The full Myriad Pro family includes condensed, normal, and extended widths in a full range of weights. Designed by Robert Slimbach & Carol Twombly with Fred Brady & Christopher Slye, Myriad has a warmth and readability that result from the humanistic treatment of letter proportions and design detail. Myriad Pro’s clean open shapes, precise letter fit, and extensive kerning pairs make this unified family of roman and italic an excellent choice for text typography that is comfortable to

read, while the wide variety of weights and widths in the family provide a generous creative palette for even the most demanding display typography.

Myriad Pro

2019


December


01

03

05

07

Sunday

02

Monday

04

Wednesday

06

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

December


08

10

12

14

Sunday

09

Monday

11

Wednesday

13

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


15

17

19

21

Sunday

16

Monday

18

Wednesday

20

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

December


22

24

26

28

Sunday

23

Monday

25

Wednesday

27

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

2019


29

31

02

04

Sunday

30

Monday

01

Wednesday

03

Friday

Tuesday

Thursday

Saturday

December


Richard Austin 1768–1830 GB

Born in London, RIchard Austin trained as a wood-engraver with Thomas Bewick. In 1788 he joined the British Letter Foundry of publisher John Bell as a punch-cutter. Influenced by Bell’s enthusiasm for contemporary French types, Austin, a skillful cutter, produced a very sharply serifed letter which Stanley Morison was to call the first English modern face. the type retains some old-style characteristics and should more properly be called a late transitional. Austin went on to cut true moderns and later, in 1819, after starting a foundry of his own, he outlined the dangers of such designs being taken to extremes.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789 In 1931 Monotype made this facsimile of the typeface cut originally for John Bell by Richard Austin in 1788, using as a basis the matrices in the possession of Stephenson Blake & Co. Used in Bell’s newspaper, “The Oracle,” it was regarded by Stanley Morison as the first English Modern face. Although inspired by French punchcutters of the time, with a vertical stress and fine hairlines, the face is less severe than the French models and is now classified as Transitional. Essentially a text face, Bell can be used for books, magazines, long articles etc.

Bell MT

2019


he History of Illuminated Letters Illuminated letters where letters with embellisments on them and can be found in manuscripts which were used to record historic events.

Gold leaf was used to enhance illuminated letters and make them appear as if they were glowing. This is where their name “illuminations� came from, as in illuminate or to fill with light.


Along with gold leaf, these letters were decorated with illustrations of foliage, animals, and creatures. Illuminated letters were added to manuscripts in order to add interest and importance to the information written.

These letters were usually the first letter of a page or paragraph and were always enlarged.

Although they are mainly associated with European manuscripts during the medievel period, illuminations can be traced back as far as ancient Egypt.


Design

Mia Villarreal

References

TYPEFACE HISTORIES adobe.com itcconts.com (Helvetica Neue) ascenderfonts.com (Century Gothic) TYPEFACE DESIGNER BIOS An A-Z of Type Designers ByNeil Macmillan DESIGNER PHOTOS Linotype Ascender Fonts (Bell) Indentifont (Slimbach)

Title Page Images Photographer/Illustrator Mia Villarreal

Influences

Thinking wih Type By Ellen Lupton


Villarreal web  
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