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MOURNING: At left, victims and family members hug during the ‘Together We Thrive’ program honoring victims of the Tucson shooting rampage in which six people were killed and 13, including Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, wounded. At top, Daniel Hernandez, an intern for Giffords, helped staunch her bleeding.


TUCSON — U.S. President Barack Obama exhorted citizens to refrain from partisan bickering and urged the country to embrace the idealistic vision of democracy held by 9-yearold Christina Taylor Green, the youngest Arizona shooting victim and an aspiring politician who was buried Thursday in the first of half-a-dozen funerals. Speaking to an arena audience of about 14,000 and even more in a nearby football stadium and at homes across the country, Obama drew on themes of unity, patriotism and heroism as he tried to help the United States make sense of a tragedy that unfolded as citizens were exercising their most basic of rights, meeting with their congresswoman. Christina and five others were killed and 13 injured Saturday in a shooting rampage as a crowd waited to meet Democratic Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, who was shot in the head and left gravely wounded. Obama revealed during his speech that she had opened her eyes for the first time shortly after he visited her bedside. Obama focused on memories

Mount Etna spews ash and lava ROME — (AP) — Italy’s Mount Etna has come back to life with a brief eruption that sent lava down its slopes and a cloud of ash into the sky, forcing the overnight closure of a nearby airport. The volcanology institute in Catania, eastern Sicily, said Thursday that a two-hour eruption overnight sent a little stream of lava down the eastern slope of the mountain. Nobody was injured. The volcano also spewed out ash, which rained down and forced Catania’s Fontanarossa airport to shut down overnight, canceling or diverting a few domestic flights. Officials said the airport reopened early Thursday. Etna is Europe’s most active volcano. Its last major eruption was in 1992.

of the victims and the heroism of those who sprang to their aid after the gunfire. He steered clear of the political tit-for-tat that has consumed much of the dialogue since the massacre while acknowledging the “sharp polarization” that has gripped the country. He reminded the audience that the third-grader’s neighbor had brought Christina, a Little League player and newly elected student council member, to meet Giffords because of her budding interest in democracy. “She saw all this through the eyes of a child, undimmed by the cynicism or vitriol that we adults all too often just take for granted,” he said. “I want to live up to her expectations. I want our

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ing moment, the president revealed that Giffords had opened her eyes. First lady Michelle Obama held hands with Giffords’ husband, astronaut Mark Kelly, as the news brought soaring cheers. Giffords continued to make progress Thursday, doctors said. Obama bluntly conceded that there was no way to know what triggered the shooting rampage and cautioned people to avoid dwelling on the role of incendiary rhetoric that could sully the memory of the victims. “If this tragedy prompts reflection and debate — as it should — let’s make sure it’s worthy of those we have lost,” he said. “Let’s make sure it’s not on the usual plane of politics and pointscoring and pettiness that drifts away in the next news cycle.” The president also lauded the actions of the men who wrestled the gunman to the ground, the woman who grabbed the shooter’s ammunition, the doctors and nurses who treated the injured and the first responders. He singled out for praise a Giffords intern and University of Arizona junior who tried to staunch the congresswoman’s bleeding.


Associated Press

DOHA, Qatar — U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on Thursday delivered a stark warning to Arab leaders that they will face growing unrest, extremism and even rebellion unless they quickly address depleting oil and water reserves and enact real economic and political reform. Wrapping up a four-nation tour of U.S. allies in the Persian Gulf with unusually blunt remarks to a regional development conference in the Qatari capital of Doha, Clinton said economic and political space must be opened up for the Arab world’s exploding youth population, women and minorities. Without that, respect for human rights, improved business climates and an end to pervasive corruption, she said people will increasingly turn to radicalism and violence that will bleed outside the region, threatening not only Middle Eastern stability and security but the rest of the world. “In too many places, in too many ways, the region’s foundations are sinking into the sand,” she told officials at the Forum for the Future conference. “The new and dynamic Middle East . . . needs firmer ground if it is to take root and grow everywhere.” Clinton made her comments after visiting the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Yemen and Qatar. During her trip, civil unrest continued unabated in Tunisia and Algeria, Egypt remained tense after disputed elections and a political crisis hit Lebanon, underscoring what Clinton said were deep concerns about trends in the Middle East. “While some countries have made great strides in governance, in many others, people have grown tired of corrupt institutions and a stagnant political order,” she said. • TURN TO CLINTON, 2A



Clegg appears to be losing Britain’s love BY ANTHONY FAIOLA

Washington Post Service

During a riveting election campaign in 2010, a photogenic 43-yearold stole the hearts of the British people, cutting through their peasoup-thick cynicism with a Barack Obama-like message of change. But eight months later, Britain has fallen out of love with Deputy Prime Minister Nicholas Clegg. In a country long dominated by the Conservative and Labour parties, Clegg’s star turn in U.S.-style television debates elevated his typically also-ran Liberal Democrats into contenders in 2010. Even Colin Firth, star of The King’s Speech, jumped off the movie set and onto the campaign trail for the new prince of British politics.

Clegg emerged as the kingmaker of the May elections, striking a hard-fought coalition deal with the Conservatives that brought his party into government, albeit as junior partners, for the first time in almost a century. Clegg, however, is now discovering the high price of success. Thousands of voters are deserting the party, with support for the Liberal Democrats falling from 34 percent last April to a rock-bottom 9 percent in December. Even Firth is disavowing the Liberal Democrats. “I am without an affiliation now,” he recently told reporters at the Dubai Film Festival. After snowstorms engulfed Britain in December, Clegg proclaimed: “I am getting blamed for

everything. I will be blamed for the weather.” The news is bad not only for Clegg. The Liberal Democrats’ extraordinary decline marks the first real sign of weakness in Britain’s

coalition government, which the conservative prime minister, David Cameron, must hold together to serve out his five-year term. • TURN TO CLEGG, 2A

DECLINE: Britain’s Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg is discovering the high price of success. Support for his party slipped to 9 percent in December. PETER MACDIARMID/ AFP-GETTY IMAGES

Sudan’s debt should be erased, Carter says BY JASON STRAZIUSO Associated Press

JUBA, Sudan — Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter called on the international community Thursday to forgive Sudan’s $39 billion debt burden so that dividing it between the north and south won’t become another issue to resolve after Southern Sudan likely votes to become its own nation. A weeklong independence



democracy to be as good as Christina imagined it. I want America to be as good as she imagined it.” The funeral for Christina, who was born on Sept. 11, 2001, was the first of several planned in the coming days for the victims, including a federal judge with nearly 40 years of service and a Giffords aide who was about to be married. Obama’s comments brought the crowd to their feet and his speech was frequently punctuated by rousing cheers and applause. One woman waved a sign that read “We Will Heal!” while another hoisted a painting of the president. In an electrify-

Clinton warns ‘sinking’ Mideast

referendum is expected to divide Africa’s largest nation in two, but officials have not yet determined how the finances will be separated. The presidents of Sudan and Southern Sudan “both hope the entire debt will be forgiven without getting them in another unnecessary argument about who has what percentage of the debt,” Carter said Thursday. The World Bank says $30 bil-


lion of Sudan’s debt is currently in arrears, and Southern Sudan remains desperately poor despite its substantial oil reserves. The entire France-sized region has only 30 miles of paved roads and only 15 percent of its population can read. The United States already has offered Sudan’s Khartoumbased government a range of incentives for a peaceful southern vote, including removal

from its list of state sponsors of terrorism. In recent weeks Sudan’s President Omar al Bashir has sought to play down fears of potential violence, saying the north will accept a vote for secession. The north and south fought a two-decade war that killed 2 million people before a 2005 peace agreement.




THE AMERICAS............4A WORLD NEWS ............. 6A OPINION....................... 7A COMICS & PUZZLES.. 56B

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Iran invites foreign experts to visit nuclear sites BY NASSER KARIMI Associated Press

TEHRAN, Iran — Iran said foreign experts can accompany the international envoys it has invited to inspect its nuclear facilities ahead of planned talks with world powers, the Foreign Ministry said Thursday. Spokesman Ramin Mehmanparast said the invitation by Iran to representatives of Russia, China, the European Union, developing and Arab countries to visit its nuclear facilities could be extended to the experts as well. “There are no restrictions

on bringing nuclear experts as companions,” he said, in response to concerns by some country representatives that they didn’t have sufficient expertise for the trip. Mehmanparast said the invitation aimed at building trust ahead of talks Jan. 21 with world powers in Istanbul over Iran’s controversial nuclear program that many fear might be aimed at developing weapons. Iran denies the charge. Iran’s invitation pointedly did not include the United States, one of its biggest critics, and many saw this as an attempt to divide the nations

conducting the nuclear talks. Already a number of countries have indicated they may pass on the tour. EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton has said the European Union will not attend the tour and the inspection of nuclear sites should be done by the United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency. Then on Thursday China also said it is unlikely to take up Iran’s offer. China’s Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei said that “as our representative to Vienna is now at home, it will be difficult for him to visit Iran.”

Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, meanwhile, said Thursday that the invitation “deserves attention as any gesture showing some extra openness in relations with the international community,” but maintained it could neither replace IAEA inspections or the upcoming Istanbul talks. “The Iranian nuclear program is quite an acute problem now both because we aren’t seeing due Iranian cooperation with the IAEA and also because excessive tensions are being fanned around it,” he added. Iran said the facilities to be

visited include the uranium enrichment facility at Natanz and the Arak site where it is building a plutoniumproducing heavy water reactor. Both facilities are considered suspect by the West because they could be used to make the fissile core of nuclear warheads, and Tehran’s refusal to shut them down has triggered U.N. sanctions. Iran invited several countries — including Russia, China and Hungary, which currently holds the European Union’s rotating presidency — to tour the sites ahead of

the next round of international talks on its disputed nuclear program. The invitation was not extended to the United States or the three European countries — Britain, France and Germany — that have been more critical of Iran. Those four countries will also take part in the talks, together with Russia and China. Iran’s IAEA envoy Ali Asghar Soltanieh also said the representatives from Egypt, Algeria, Venezuela and Syria would visit the sites on Saturday and Sunday, according to IRNA, the state news agency.

Clegg seems to be losing popularity in Britain • CLEGG, FROM 1A

Cameron appears so concerned about flagging support for the Liberal Democrats that he took the unusual step of offering warm words for the party’s candidate in a special election that is being held this week, even though the Conservatives are fielding their own hopeful in the race. The waning of Clegg, analysts say, stems from what many of his former backers call a series of bitter betrayals. None was more stinging than Clegg’s decision to back the Conservatives in dramatically scaling back subsidies for university students, forcing an increase in tuition as part of the coalition’s crusade to bust the mammoth British budget deficit. It came only months after the Lib Dems had swept up young voters in an undercurrent of excitement during the campaign, promising that they would strongly oppose tuition increases. Going back on that pledge now has made Clegg the main target for thousands of young protesters who have taken to the streets of London in recent months to oppose the coalition’s austerity measures. Like Obama, Clegg was an inspirational, out-of-thebox candidate who energized a generation of young voters. Although the U.S. president’s ratings have also fallen sharply, Clegg appears to be facing a far stronger backlash, especially among students. “I supported the Lib Dems. I campaigned for

them amongst my friends and handed out leaflets,” said Rachel Sullivan, 20, an English literature major at Oxford who has taken part in the demonstrations. “But now I feel that I was championing a childish cause, a cause for people who were not honest about what they stood for . . . There are many students who will never vote Lib Dem again.” Indeed, the Liberal Democrats, who run the spectrum from left-wing liberals to fiscally conservative libertarians, have emerged as what many here are calling “human shields” for the Conservatives. They are effectively taking most of the flak for the unpopular policies the government is advancing. It could have severe consequences for Clegg, his party and potentially the coalition. Clegg’s plummeting support is jeopardizing the chances of success for a measure seen as the main reason he entered into the coalition: a referendum on election reforms that would make it far easier for the Liberal Democrats to beat the dominant Conservative and Labor parties in future votes. Under an agreement with the Conservatives, that referendum is set for May, at the same time as regional elections in which analysts are predicting significant setbacks for Liberal Democrats. “The Liberal Democrats are finding themselves held accountable in a way they were never held accountable before,” said Andrew Russell, senior lecturer on politics at the University of

Manchester. “The irony is that because they are being blamed for everything, they may now be set to lose the one chance in a generation to change the electoral system in Britain.” Liberal Democrat officials are divided over Clegg, a personable Cambridge graduate with a Spanish wife and Dutch-Russian roots. Some have criticized him for supporting the tuition increases and other measures, including the rise in the national sales tax that took effect this week. Still, no likely challenger has emerged within the party. But if the votes in May go decidedly against the Liberal Democrats, some analysts question whether Clegg may be forced to reconsider whether the price of power is too high to remain in the coalition. Clegg and his aides, however, reject any suggestion that they would throw in the towel. To bolster the image of Clegg and the Liberal Democrats, the government is reportedly preparing to let him announce a long-awaited overhaul of the House of Lords, paving the way for 80 percent of the lawmakers in Britain’s unelected upper house to be voted in by the public. That, some say, could help reposition Clegg as the agent of change he has professed to be.” Our leadership made a fundamental error” by supporting higher tuition, said Adrian Saunders, a Liberal Democrat lawmaker. “But it is not too late to get the message out that we can and are doing good in government.”


OBSERVERS: Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, center, his wife Rosalynn, right, and former U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan visit a polling center in Sudan’s southern capital of Juba on Sunday.

Erase Sudan’s debt: Carter • SUDAN, FROM 1A

Sudan, geographically the largest country on the continent, will lose a third of its land, nearly a quarter of its population if the south secedes. Khartoum’s only consolation will be that the pipelines to get the product to market all run through its territory. Carter has been in Sudan this week to monitor the historic independence vote and to meet with top officials. His foundation, the Carter Center, has been involved in health programs and democracy building in Sudan for more than two decades. Polls remain open un-

til Saturday, but Carter and southern officials say 60 percent of the 3.9 million registered voters have already cast ballots, the threshold required for the independence referendum to be valid. Voters flooded the polls Sunday and Monday, but voting stations have been much quieter since. There were reports of clashes in several states last weekend, including in the contested region of Abyei, but no new violence has been reported in more than 24 hours, and Carter said the vote has gone smoothy. “We’ve had almost uniform reports that it’s been calm and peaceful,” he said.

Abyei had also been scheduled to hold a selfdetermination vote, but its fate now appears likely to be decided by north-south negotiations. Carter said the world needed to continue to pay attention to Sudan in the coming months so that violence does not again flare up. Independence won’t be finalized until July, and many issues are yet to be worked out. They include northsouth oil rights, water rights to the White Nile, border demarcation and the status of the contested region of Abyei, a north-south border region where the biggest threat of a return to conflict exists.

Clinton warns ‘sinking’ Mideast • CLINTON, FROM 1A

She appealed for leaders to rein in rampant graft and offer their people a better way of life. “Those who cling to the status quo may be able to hold back the full impact of their countries’ problems for a little while, but not forever,” Clinton said. “If leaders don’t offer a positive vision and give young people meaningful ways to contribute, others will fill the vacuum.” Extremist elements, terrorist groups and others who would prey on desperation and poverty are already out there appealing for allegiance and competing for influence,” she said. “This is a critical moment and this is a test of leadership for all of us.” Improving the climate for business and outside investment is one approach, she said. Critical to that is fighting corruption, she said, reeling off a list of complaints about payoffs she had heard from businesspeople around the broader Middle East and North Africa. “There needs to be a concerted, constant chorus from the business community to end the corruption,” Clinton said, her voice quavering with frustration. At each of Clinton’s stops

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in the Gulf, she met members of civil society, including women’s rights activists, opposition leaders and students, encouraging them to speak out for reforms they see as necessary. She urged governments to listen to their citizens and to provide them job opportunities. She hailed planning, development and innovation in Abu Dhabi and Dubai and congratulated vibrant civic groups in Oman that have helped improve the standard of living to among the highest in the Arab world. But the limits of Clinton’s message were clear in Yemen, a fragile, politically closed and impoverished nation that is a critical U.S. ally in the war on terrorism. She said civil society in Yemen is viewed with deep suspicion by the government. “There is not the level of cooperation that there needs to be to improve the lives of the Yemeni people and put Yemen on a firmer foundation going forward,” she said. Developments in Yemen appeared to underscore that concern. A day after Clinton met Yemeni opposition leaders at the U.S. Embassy in Sana’a, authorities in Yemen announced that citizens must get prior approval before entering a foreign embassy.

1/14/2011 5:43:15 AM






Lebanon plunges into uncertainty BY ZEINA KARAM

Associated Press


INDOMITABLE SPIRIT: Players belonging to Haiti’s unofficial national amputee soccer team warm up prior to a friendly match against a local team in Port-au-Prince. They won 1-0.

BEIRUT — The collapse of Lebanon’s government plunged the country into deep political uncertainty Thursday after a year of relative stability, as the president began the process of putting a new administration together. Lebanon’s President Michel Suleiman asked Saad Hariri to stay on as caretaker prime minister after the Iranian-backed militant group Hezbollah and its allies resigned Wednesday and brought down Hariri’s government. The crisis was the climax of tensions that have been simmering for months over the U.N. tribunal investigating the 2005 assassination of Hariri’s father, former Lebanon Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. The tribunal is widely expected to indict members of Hezbollah soon, which many fear could rekindle violence in the tiny nation plagued for decades by war and civil strife. Lebanon’s 14-month-old unity government was an uneasy coalition linking bitter rivals — a Western-backed bloc led by Hariri and the

Shiite Hezbollah — that was an attempt to stabilize the country. But in reality, it had been paralyzed for months because of disputes over the Hariri tribunal. Hezbollah, which is supported by Syria and Iran and maintains an arsenal that far outweighs that of the national army, denounces the Netherlands-based tribunal as a conspiracy by the United States and Israel. It had been pressuring Hariri to reject any of its findings even before they came out, but Hariri has refused to break cooperation with the tribunal. Now, the chasm between the two sides is deepening with Hezbollah accusing Hariri’s bloc of bowing to the West. Hezbollah’s ministers timed their resignations to coincide with Hariri’s visit to Washington, forcing him to meet U.S. President Barack Obama as a caretaker prime minister. The collapse of the government ushers in the worst political crisis since 2008 in one of the most volatile corners of the Middle East. Lebanon suffered through a devastating civil war from

1975 to 1990, a 1982 Israeli invasion to drive out Palestinian fighters in the south, a 2006 war between Israel and Hezbollah, and deadly sectarian fighting between Sunnis and Shiites in 2008. Arab League chief Amr Moussa expressed concern that Lebanon could again descend into chaos. “It is bad. It is tense. It is threatening,” he said of the situation. “All of us have to work together in order to reach some kind of compromise,” he told reporters in Doha, Qatar. Israel also said it was worried about renewed violence on its northern border with Lebanon. Israeli troops stationed along the frontier were on alert Thursday. Suleiman began consultations over the choice of a new prime minister Thursday. He met with Parliament speaker Nabih Berri, who told reporters after the meeting that the president would begin polling lawmakers on their choice on Monday. There were expectations of prolonged wrangling over the selection of prime minister. Politicians in the pro-

Western coalition said there was no alternative to the 40year-old billionaire Hariri, who remains the most popular choice among Sunnis. According to Lebanon’s constitution, the president must be a Christian Maronite, the prime minister a Sunni and the Parliament speaker a Shiite. Samir Geagea, leader of the Christian right-wing Lebanese Forces group which is allied with Hariri, said Hariri’s backers would name him again as their choice. “It would be a grave mistake to even think about an alternative to Saad Hariri,” he warned Wednesday. The opposition, meanwhile, said it would be futile for Hariri to return as prime minister and insisted there were alternatives among Lebanon’s Sunni community. Hezbollah lawmaker Mohammed Raad suggested Thursday the next prime minister should be a supporter of the group. “We should agree on the way to administer the country with a strong government headed by someone with a history of national resistance,” he said.

Haiti amputees find new outlet in soccer Jeb Bush guides outreach to Latinos BY JULIA GALIANO-RIOS


PORT-AU-PRINCE — MacKendy Francois lost a leg in Haiti’s Jan. 12 earthquake, one of thousands whose limbs were amputated so they could be extricated from the rubble or to stop a dangerous infection. The 23-year-old is one of the lucky few who have found an unlikely outlet in amputee soccer, a physically demanding sport that advocates for the disabled hope will create new opportunities for Haitians who have lost limbs and are now struggling to survive. Francois, who previously worked in a factory that was destroyed in the earthquake, now plays defense for the Haiti Men’s Amputee National Team, which was set up with the aid of the International Institute of Sport, based in Arlington, Texas, in the aftermath of the disaster. “It is something I love and God created this possibility for me,” he said before a match Monday against Zaryen, another team formed after the earthquake, at the national stadium. “He created something for me to live for right now.” The exhibition match against Zaryen was held to mark this week’s anniversary of the earthquake, which left much of the capital in ruins and killed an estimated 300,000 people, according to the Haitian government. The national team won the match 1-0.

MIAMI — A Republican group that includes former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush on Thursday kicked off its efforts to improve the party’s outreach to Hispanic voters, many of whom have been critical of some Republican candidates’ harsh rhetoric on illegal immigration. The new Hispanic Action Network is part of a growing number of Republican organizations reaching out to Hispanics in advance of 2012’s presidential election — and it has powerful support. The group is backed by former Minnesota Sen. Norm Coleman, whose American Action Network funneled more than $30 million in campaign funds to Republicans in about 30 congressional races in 2010. Republicans don’t need to win a majority of Hispanic votes. But with the Latino population growing in swing states such as Nevada, Colorado and Florida, Republicans need to chip away at Hispanics’ overall 2-1 preference for Democrats. Democrats say their party’s support comes from their stances on issues such as healthcare, education and the economy, as well as its response to Republican attacks on illegal immigrants. But Bush and other Republicans have long main-

Associated Press

PHYSICALLY DEMANDING Amputee soccer is fierce, requiring enormous strength and balance. The players lunge onto the field, each with one leg pumping furiously toward the ball, their crutches skittering over the artificial turf. Powerful kicks often send the men crashing to the ground, but they jump up quickly and head down field. “These guys are extremely physical,” said Chris Campasano, managing partner of Phoenix Pro Soccer who helped organize the national team. “Other than the loss of the leg, they give 110 percent and are extremely strong and physical guys.” The American Amputee Soccer Association says the game has been around since 1980 and is a thriving international sport with a world cup held every two years. Uzbekistan won the world cup for a second time in a row in 2010 against Argentina in an event held in the South American country. The rules of the game differ slightly to those of traditional soccer: Each team has seven men on the field and games have two-25 minute halves. Goalkeepers must have two legs, while outfielders run with crutches. Prosthetic limbs are not allowed during play. SUPPORT FROM ALL CORNERS There were thousands of amputees in Haiti before the earthquake, many barely getting by in an impoverished country where disabilities have long been a social stigma and few have access to physical therapy. The quake created as many as 4,000 more amputees, but also brought aid from around the world. One of those who came to help was Fred Sorrell, president of the International Institute of Sport, who started the effort to create a national team — not such a hard task in a country where soccer, or football rather, is a beloved sport. They eventually recruited 15 players for the national team, including three who lost limbs in the quake and sent a team to the world cup in 2010 in Argentina but didn’t win any matches. Though the Haitian team lost all its games in the tournament, the coaches said they exceeded expectations, given the team had only been formed 35 days prior to the world cup, and had never played a competitive game. More important are the physical benefits and emotional support for the players. Sorrell said he also hopes to eventually raise enough money for a rehabilitation center that will provide physical therapy and educational training for amputees.

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Associated Press


VITAL DEMOGRAPHIC: Jeb Bush, center, who met his Mexican-born wife Columba when he taught English in her homeland, said the Republicans need to be more engaged in the Hispanic community and not just during election campaigns. tained their party is a natural fit for Hispanics, particularly recent immigrants, because of the party’s social conservatism, anti-abortion stance and positions for private school vouchers and other school choice proposals as well as lower taxes. Bush, who met his Mexican-born wife Columba when he taught English in her homeland, said the party needs to be more engaged in the Hispanic community and not just during election campaigns.

“It’s about more than running ads in the Spanishlanguage media,” said Bush, who speaks fluent Spanish. “It’s also about showing people you want them to be part of the effort, putting in the time even when people aren’t looking . . . it means using rhetoric that doesn’t turn people off.” Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, a possible 2010 presidential candidate, announced a similar effort in Washington, D.C., in December with his Americanos

group. Meanwhile, Alfonso Aguilar, former President George W. Bush’s first citizenship and immigration czar, now runs the Latino Partnership for Conservative Principles. The former president, who is Jeb Bush’s brother, had a stronger and more successful Hispanic outreach program than almost any other national Republican. He unsuccessfully pushed sweeping immigration reform during his presidency.

On shootings and politics, Palin has her own rules BY CHARLES BABINGTON Associated Press

WASHINGTON — With her video defending herself against critics — in which she accused them of “blood libel” — Sarah Palin again showed she is weighing a presidential bid in unprecedented and even daring ways. The former Alaska governor commands nationwide attention with her selective use of Facebook and Twitter, choosing provocative words when others testing the presidential waters prefer a lighter touch. Some political pros say her tactics, which protect her from mainstream reporters and neutral audiences, are savvy and effective. Others say she will have to change if she hopes to win the crucial Iowa caucus or New Hampshire primary, let alone the 2012 general election. Many agree she’s a master at exploiting the campaign possibilities of fast-changing social media. Palin was bound to be drawn into the national debate that followed Saturday’s shooting rampage in Arizona, which killed six people and gravely wounded Democratic

Rep. Gabrielle Giffords. Last March, Giffords noted in a TV interview that Palin’s political committee had targeted her district, among others, with crosshairs. “There are consequences to that action,” Giffords warned. There is no evidence that the shooting suspect, Jared Loughner, knew of Palin’s actions. But Giffords’ remarks seemed eerily prophetic, and her husband and friends complained bitterly of the criticisms Republicans had heaped on her in the fall campaign. Palin issued a brief statement of condolences Saturday, when some news reports erroneously said Giffords was dead. She rebuffed countless media requests for further comment. On Monday, conservative talk show host Glenn Beck read an e-mail from Palin saying, “Our children will not have peace if politicos just capitalize on this to succeed in portraying anyone as inciting terror and violence.” On Wednesday, Palin posted a video on her Facebook page in which she defended her actions and rebuked the news media and her critics. “Especially within hours

of a tragedy unfolding,” she said, “journalists and pundits should not manufacture a blood libel that serves only to incite the very hatred and violence they purport to condemn.” The term “blood libel” raised eyebrows. While the phrase “has become part of the English parlance to refer to someone being falsely accused,” said Abraham Foxman of the Anti-Defamation League, it is “fraught with pain in Jewish history.” The term is associated with centuries-old claims that Jews killed Christian children for rituals. Some Jewish lawmakers felt Palin’s comments were especially ill-advised because Giffords is Jewish. While bloggers speculated on whether Palin knew the term’s history, political pros marveled at her continued ability to dive into national debates when, where and how she chooses. “Nobody understands her base better than she does,” said Democratic consultant Erik Smith. He said Palin has established “a communications mechanism that gets around the mainstream media.”

Republican strategist and commentator John Feehery said Palin, the 2008 vice presidential nominee, “is now the dominant media presence on the Republican/Tea Party front. She can make news quicker and more effectively than any other conservative Republican.” If she decides to run for president, Feehery said, “you would have to make her the favorite to win the nomination.” He added, however, that he doubts she could beat U.S. President Barack Obama in November 2012. That’s a possibility that worries many Republicans. Polls, all conducted before the Tucson shootings, show Palin to be the most divisive of the potential GOP candidates. Many U.S. citizens are solidly for or against her, and relatively few are undecided. “Will Palin run?” is almost a parlor game in political circles. Wednesday’s video did little to settle it. Some politicians questioned why a presidential hopeful would take chances with phrases like “blood libel” at a time when many elected officials are trying to lower the rhetorical temperature.

1/14/2011 3:49:13 AM






Activist for slain Juarez women killed in Mexico BY OLIVIA TORRES Associated Press

CIUDAD JUAREZ, Mexico — In the end, she became one of the women of Juarez for whom she sought justice. Susana Chavez, a 36-year-old poet and activist who adopted the slogan “Not One More Death,” was found strangled, mutilated and dumped on a street in this border city infamous for a series of murders of women — even before drug violence made it one of the most violent places in the world. She befriended three teenagers, who authorities say invited her home to drink with them, then killed her in an argument and cut off her hand to make it look like an execution. The three suspects, who are in custody, told authorities they are members of the local drug gang Azteca and became enraged when Chavez told them she was a police officer and was going to report them, according to a statement from the state Attorney General’s Office. Her body was found last week but not identified until Tuesday, authorities said. “What’s strange is that we’re fighting to eliminate feminicide in Juarez and, look, she died that way, in

the hands of criminals,” said her friend, Linda Meza. Chavez was a well-known artist in the city across from El Paso, a prominent member of the group May Our Daughters Return Home, comprised of family members and friends of the slain Juarez women and girls. CHAVEZ Her only book, Song to a City in the Desert, grew from a cry from the heart against violence, she wrote, and included the poem Blood, written from the perspective of a victim. Her murder was condemned by international and Mexican human rights groups, as well as the president of Mexico’s lower house of Congress, Jorge Carlos Ramirez Marin, who called on his fellow legislators to honor her memory. “Susana was a noble woman committed to the cause and to her city, which she loved with all of her being,” said Gustavo de la Rosa Hickerson of the Human Rights Commission in Chihuahua state, where Ciudad Juarez is located. The killing was the result of an “unfortunate encounter” and had nothing to

do with Chavez’s activism, said Chihuahua state Attorney General Carlos Manuel Salas. According to the statement from his office: Chavez’s mother said she left home the night of Jan. 5 to go to a bar to play dominoes with friends. The suspects told authorities they met her in a convenience store and invited her to drink with them. After several hours of drinking, they argued, then took her to the shower, covered her face in adhesive tape and started to drown her until she suffocated. The suspects — one of them a neighbor — told investigators that because the boys had been drinking and taking drugs, they found it “easy” to kill her over an argument, said Arturo Sandoval, a spokesman for the state Attorney General’s Office. They dumped her body in the street, forgetting that they left her hand back at the house, the statement said. The fact that Chavez’s killers were so young rocked a community already jaded by more than 3,000 murders last year, which now dwarf the more than 100 women and teenage girls who were sexually assaulted, killed and dumped in the desert over a decade, starting in 1993 — crimes that resembled a pattern.

Jamaica names airport after James Bond creator BY DAVID MCFADDEN Associated Press

KINGSTON, Jamaica — A new international airport for private jets and small commercial aircraft was unveiled in northern Jamaica this week, named after the British thriller writer who invented the literary and cinematic super spy James Bond. Ian Fleming International Airport is close to the scenic retreat where the late author reportedly wrote all 14 of his books about the elegant, crafty spy. The property is now an exclusive resort owned by Island Records founder Chris Blackwell, who is credited with introducing reggae great Bob Marley’s music to the world. The small airport, formerly called the Boscobel Aerodrome, features a terminal with customs and immigration sections to accommodate global travelers. Officials said the facility just outside the coastal town of Orcabessa is the Caribbean island’s third international airport.

The 007 author’s niece, Lucy Fleming, who traveled from her Oxfordshire home in southwestern England to attend the ribboncutting ceremony, said her uncle would have been thrilled to see an airport emblazoned with his name in the Jamaican parish of St. Mary. “He adored Jamaica and found so much inspiration and relaxation here. So I tell you something, to have this accolade of having an airport named after him here I know would have been a great honor for him,” Fleming said. “Honestly, I don’t think he would have written those [Bond] books without Jamaica.” Fleming first visited Jamaica in 1942, when he was an intelligence agent in Bermuda. He returned and bought a property he dubbed GoldenEye four years later — in the dying days of the British Empire, when the north shore of Jamaica teemed with scions of wealthy British families

and U.S. celebrities like Errol Flynn. It was at GoldenEye where Fleming sat down at his desk to write Casino Royale, launching the phenomenally successful series that is still going strong. He named his dashing spy after an unassuming U.S. ornithologist who wrote Birds of the West Indies. Fleming died in 1964. Several 007 movies including Live and Let Die and Dr. No were filmed near Fleming’s Jamaica estate, and it shares a name with the 1995 Bond film GoldenEye. Music industry mogul Blackwell, who also attended the opening, said the airport will be a boon not only for his nearby GoldenEye resort, but also for the nearby tourist mecca of Ochio Rios and the northeastern town of Port Antonio. “It’s very well set up,” said Blackwell, whose GoldenEye retreat is the flagship resort of his Island Outpost company, which has a collection of hotels and villas in Jamaica and the Bahamas.

Cuba hails ‘fruitful’ immigration talks, but U.S. downplays meeting BY PAUL HAVEN

Associated Press

HAVANA — Senior U.S. and Cuban diplomats met to discuss immigration issues amid tensions over the long detention of a U.S. man on suspicion of spying. While the Cuban side described the talks as fruitful and respectful, U.S. State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley was less effusive. He noted the U.S. delegation again raised the issue of Alan Gross, a U.S. government subcontractor held by Cuba without charge since Dec. 3, 2009. As for immigration, Crowley said in written comments sent from Washington that the two sides discussed areas of positive cooperation, as well as other issues “where there have been obstacles.” He gave no details. Cuba’s Deputy Foreign Minister Dagoberto Rodriguez, who led the Cuban delegation, said the two sides discussed ways to combat people-smuggling across the treacherous Straits of Florida. “It was a fruitful exchange

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aimed at . . . the establishment of more effective mechanisms of cooperation to combat illegal migrant smuggling,” he said. The Cuban government said both sides recognized that the number of Cubans attempting to get to the United States illegally, often in rickety rafts or inner tubes, had dropped significantly. The U.S. side was led by Roberta Jacobsen, the United States’ principal deputy assistant secretary of state for Western Hemisphere affairs. The gathering focused on a 17-year-old agreement under which the United States issues 20,000 visas to Cubans a year. But diplomats from both countries also use the twice-yearly meetings to detail a long-standing list of complaints, including Gross. “As U.S. officials have consistently done, the U.S. delegation raised the case of Alan Gross . . . and called for his immediate release,” Crowley said. U.S. diplomats were also likely to have raised what Washington considers Cu-

ba’s spotty human-rights record overall. The Cuban delegation, meanwhile, never fails to voice its opposition to the 48-year-old U.S. trade embargo, which Havana says has put a stranglehold on the island’s economy. The Cuban statement said its officials also reiterated displeasure with a U.S. policy that allows any Cuban reaching U.S. soil to remain, while sending back those intercepted at sea. The Cubans have said in the past they believe the policy encourages people-smuggling. Despite the many points of contention, the Cuban statement said the meeting “developed in an atmosphere of respect.” It voiced Havana’s willingness to hold another round of talks in six months. U.S. officials have made clear there is little hope for improved relations while Cuba holds Gross. They have also continued to call on Cuban authorities to open up the island’s political system to democratic reform.


REVELATION? A U.S. prosecutor told jurors that Luis Posada Carriles, a Cuban exile, lied during a deportation hearing in 2005 when he said he had not recruited the bombers who carried out the 1976 bombing of an airliner in Cuba.

Cuban exile lied to U.S., prosecutor tells jury BY JAMES C. McKINLEY JR. New York Times Service

EL PASO — A prosecutor told jurors this week than an elderly Cuban exile lied repeatedly under oath about how he entered the United States and about his role in terrorist attacks in Havana. The exile, Luis Posada Carriles, 82, is a veteran of the Cold War struggles against Fidel Castro who once worked for the CIA and is a suspect in several bombings. He is charged with perjury, obstruction of federal proceedings and making false statements during a naturalization hearing. Cuba and Venezuela have charged that Posada was the mastermind behind the downing of a Cuban airliner in 1976 in which 73 people were killed. Both governments also claim that he orchestrated a series of bombings in Havana in 1997, killing a tourist. Timothy J. Reardon, the lead prosecutor, told the jury in his opening argument that Posada was not on trial for his opposition to the Cuban government. But he said he would show that Posada lied during a deportation hearing in 2005 when he said he had not re-

cruited the bombers who carried out the attacks in Cuba. A key piece of evidence, he said, will be tapes of a lengthy interview Posada gave to The New York Times in 1998, in which he freely admitted organizing the campaign of explosions at hotels and a restaurant to scare off tourists. The prosecutor also said the government had evidence that Posada entered the country on a converted shrimp boat that docked in Miami in March 2005, even though he later claimed under oath that he had crossed through Mexico and had sneaked into Texas near Brownsville. “This is a case, at bottom, in its essence, about lying, about lying to gain a benefit, a benefit with which all are very sensitive to, and that’s the benefit of naturalization, of the great privilege of being a U.S. citizen,” Reardon said. “No matter who you are, no matter what you have done, you must play by the rules and tell the truth to become a citizen.” But Posada’s lawyer, Arturo V. Hernandez, said the prosecution’s case rested on unreliable witnesses. He also

raised questions about the reliability of the tapes of the Times interview, saying there were at least 16 places where the tape had been erased. His voice rising in passion, Hernandez claimed Posada had told the truth when he said that he had come into the country in Texas. He said the paid government informer who told the FBI that the exile had arrived on a shrimp boat was lying and had a history of mental illness and fraud. He also accused the informer, Gilberto Abascal, another Cuban exile, of spying for the Castro government. Hernandez also said Posada did not take responsibility for the bombings in Cuba in his interview with The Times. He said that a close reading of the interview showed that Posada said several times that the bombings “were a product of internal dissent.” “He makes it abundantly clear that the bombings were an inside operation,” Hernandez told the jurors, a number of them Hispanic. “He never admitted to being involved. That was not his role. What we will prove is that his role was to bring publicity to the acts of sabotage.”

Brazil mudslides toll rises, survivors tell of horrors BY JULIANA BARBASSA Associated Press

TERESOPOLIS, Brazil — Walls of earth and water swept away homes in the mountains north of Rio de Janeiro, wiping out families and leaving survivors scrambling Thursday to reach stilltrapped neighbors. At least 350 people died in three towns after the slides hit at about 3 a.m. Wednesday, and 50 or more were still missing, according to officials and reliable local news reports. “We were like zombies, covered in mud, in the dark, digging and digging” after the slides hit at about 3 a.m. Wednesday, said Geisa Carvalho, 19. A tremendous rumble awoke Geisa and her mother Vania Ramos as tons of earth slid down a sheer granite rock face onto their

neighborhood. The power was out, but by lightning flashes they could see a torrent of mud and water rushing just a few feet from their home — and the remnants of their neighbors’ houses that were swept far down a hill. “I don’t even have the words to describe what I’ve seen,” said Ramos, during a 5-mile hike to the main part of her town in search of food and water. “A lot of our friends are dead or missing. There are people we may never find.” Carvalho and Ramos said they ran out of their home moments after the mudslide and joined neighbors in digging for survivors with bare hands and sticks. They quickly located a family of four who had died under the rubble of their home — and said another neigh-

bor’s 2-month-old baby was washed away in his crib and has yet to be found. Nearly all the homes in their Caleme neighborhood were swept to the bottom of a hill, seemingly turned inside out. Tangles of plumbing were wrapped in trees, children’s’ clothing littered the earth, massive trees were tossed about like toothpicks. A river of water and mud flowed through the streets as a light rain continued to fall Thursday. Only a few rescuers had managed to hike to Caleme by Thursday and they only had shovels and machetes — not the heavier equipment that may be needed to hunt for survivors. Residents said they had no food, water or medication, and many made the long walk for help to the center of Teresopolis, about 40 miles north of Rio.

Colombians feel left out of oil boom BY CHRIS KRAUL

Los Angeles Times Service

YOPAL, Colombia — Weather-beaten rancher Leonardo Bautista brings to mind the character in a Gabriel Garcia Marquez novel who waited years in vain for a pension. Only Bautista is waiting for a new road, or any other benefit to filter down to those who live at ground zero of Colombia’s oil boom. Every day, 150 crude-laden semitrailer trucks grind over his town’s dirt road, raising dust and spewing oil. Bautista and his neighbors want a paved road to mitigate the noise and environmental damage, and to leave room for other vehicles, which often get muscled off course

as the lumbering tankers swerve to avoid potholes. He says residents have been promised a road since the boom began out here in Colombia’s eastern plains, which just five years ago were a stronghold for leftist rebels, paramilitary militias and other armed groups. The region has had a surge in economic activity not seen since the rubber craze a century ago. “We hear about a so-called oil bonanza, but all we see are the negatives: the higher cost of food, the abandonment of ranches by owners who go to work at the wells, and this heavy truck traffic,” said Bautista, 61, pointing to an oil tanker churn-

ing down the Orocue-Yopal road. “There is a permanent curtain of dust and the noise never ends.” Bautista and other ranchers say the road is often in such bad shape that they can’t get cattle truck drivers to pick up their animals for slaughter. In the rainy season, neighboring rancher Manuel Espinosa says, oil leaking from wells and trucks gets into pastureland, killing cows and crops. Luz Edith Roldan, who owns a resort called Rancho Fortuna on the scenic Cravo Sur River, says tourism has dropped 80 percent in the last decade because oil runoff from nearby oil wells has polluted the waterway.

1/14/2011 4:04:12 AM






Many factors key Obama urges nation to stay united to Giffords survival • UNITY, FROM 1A


Associated Press

TUCSON — It looks like Rep. Gabrielle Giffords is one of the lucky ones. Few people who take a bullet to the brain — just 10 percent — survive such a devastating wound. Yet doctors have reported the critically injured woman has been making steady progress each day since she was wounded last weekend. If all goes well, she may be “out of the woods” on Friday, said Dr. Peter Rhee, trauma chief at University Medical Center, who has treated soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan. It’s a far cry from Saturday when a shocked nation braced for the worst for the 40-year-old Arizona congresswoman. Several news outlets erroneously declared her dead soon after the shooting rampage that killed six. Stunned by the day’s events, crowds held candlelight vigils outside the hospital and Giffords’ Tucson office. After her surgery, Dr. Richard Carmona, the former surgeon general and family friend who looked at Giffords’ brain scans, gave a bleak outlook. “With guarded optimism, I hope she will survive, but this is a very devastating wound,” he said. But as the days ticked by, doctors shared signs of improvement even as they cautioned about a long and uncertain path to recovery. There was a glimmer of hope early on: Giffords was able to squeeze a doctor’s hand in the emergency room. By Sunday, her neurosurgeon Dr. Michael Lemole said he was “cautiously op-

timistic” about her survival. She could follow basic commands when they briefly eased up on her sedation. Giffords’ condition was unchanged Monday, which doctors took as a good sign. There was no further brain swelling. She could raise two fingers of her left hand and even flashed a thumbs-up, doctors reported. The following day, doctors said Giffords was breathing on her own, but still connected to a respirator as a precaution. She was also moving both arms. Doctors gave their most confident prognosis yet: She will survive. Rhee said he was “101 percent” sure she’d pull through. “She has no right to look this good and she does,” Lemole said. As her sedation was scaled back, Giffords became more alert and moved on her own — touching her wounds and fixing her hospital gown. She even scratched her nose, Lemole said. So how did Giffords survive the gunshot wound? The path of the bullet, quick and quality medical care, and a stroke of luck meant the difference between life and death, say her doctors and brain experts. Doctors think the bullet pierced the front of Giffords’ head and exited the back, slicing the left side of the brain, which controls speech abilities and muscles on the right side of the body. Had the bullet damaged both sides of the brain or struck the brain stem, which connects to the spinal cord, the outcome would likely be worse — extensive permanent damage, vegetative state or death.

The intern, 20-yearold political science student Daniel Hernandez, was seated next to Obama during the service and appeared to tear up after the crowd broke into deafening applause at Obama’s tribute. Hernandez spoke briefly before the president and rejected the label of hero, saying those involved in public service are true heroes. Obama politely disagreed. “Daniel, I’m sorry, you may deny it, but we’ve decided you are a hero because you ran through the chaos to minister to your boss, and tended to her wounds and helped keep her alive,” the president said. The attack ended when bystanders tackled the suspect, Jared Lee Loughner, 22, who is in custody and has been charged with murder and attempted murder. Those who attended Obama’s speech said they appreciated that he focused on the memories of the fallen without adding to the political back-and-forth that has marked the days since the tragedy. Karla Schumann, 41, drove from Phoenix to attend and said she particularly was touched by Obama’s challenge to people to live up to the Christina’s innocent beliefs. She left wearing a blue T-shirt emblazoned with the words “Together We Thrive: Tucson & America,” which had been given to each attendee. “I think Obama was spot on. He really pumped the patriotism but it wasn’t


CONSOLATION: U.S. President Barack Obama embraces Mark Kelly, right, the husband of critically wounded Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords, at the end of a ceremony honoring the victims of a shooting rampage in Tucson. distasteful and I appreciate that immensely,” she said. “He basically said he wants us to live up to the America she believed in . . . Sometimes we have to be reminded of that.”

High school basketball coach and graduate student Briana Felix, 28, said her family was friends with John Roll, the federal judge, and the mother of one of her team members was shot but survived.

“I was privileged to hear one of the best orators of our time and I think he struck a chord in the right spot, calling on us to come to a common place and get over the hate and the fear,” she said.

Two more states might strip Jackson’s doctor of license BY HARRIET RYAN

Los Angeles Times Service

LOS ANGELES — A day after a Los Angeles County judge yanked Dr. Conrad Murray’s medical license for his alleged role in Michael Jackson’s death, officials in two other states said they were evaluating whether to do the same. A spokeswoman for the medical board in Texas, where Murray runs a cardiac clinic, said the ruling by Superior Court Judge Michael Pastor “gives us the authority to do a similar action.” “We certainly have the

option of suspending him,” said Leigh Hopper, the board’s public information officer. She said the agency was awaiting an official confirmation of the judge’s ruling before deciding whether to proceed against the physician. In Nevada, where Murray had a cardiology practice until going to work for Jackson, a medical board official said the agency normally “takes reciprocal action” when the medical board of another state strips a physician of his license. But Murray’s case is unique because he lost his

license as a condition of bail set by a judge, rather than as the result of an investigation by the state medical board, said Edward Cousineau, deputy execMURRAY utive director of the Nevada Medical Board. “We need to review our statutes and regulations to know if there are any grounds for suspension or disciplinary action,” he said.

Pastor revoked the license at the request of the state medical board at the conclusion of a six-day hearing in which prosecutors presented evidence for their argument that Murray’s substandard care had led to Jackson’s death. The judge said allowing the doctor to keep his license “would constitute an imminent danger to public safety” given testimony about Murray’s conduct, which included administering the dangerous anesthetic propofol without proper monitoring. Murray’s licenses in

all three states were already restricted by agreements he made in 2010 not to use propofol or other heavy sedatives in his practice. Lawyers for Murray are considering whether to appeal Pastor’s decision, said Charles Peckham, the doctor’s civil attorney. “It’s difficult to understand the reasoning the court had to adding this additional bond restriction,” Peckham said. Since “this one horrific event” — Jackson’s June 25, 2009, death — “Dr. Murray

has been saving lives in Nevada and Texas,” he said. He said that Murray is primarily concerned about his patients, but that the potential loss of income is also troubling, given the expenses of mounting a defense. “The state of California is taking every action to try to make certain Dr. Murray has no resources to try to defend himself, and of course, that is of grave concern,” Peckham said. Murray has pleaded not guilty to a charge of involuntary manslaughter. His arraignment is set for Jan. 25.

San Francisco gets 1st Asian-American mayor Wrong body cremated in New Orleans BY ROBIN HINDERY Associated Press

SAN FRANCISCO — San Francisco welcomed its first Asian-American leader when City Administrator Edwin Lee was sworn in as interim mayor before a crowd of hundreds. The Board of Supervisors voted unanimously to appoint Lee to fill the remainder of Mayor Gavin Newsom’s term. Newsom was sworn in Monday as California’s lieutenant governor. Immediately following the vote, Lee took the oath of office before a packed audience of family members, current and former city leaders and supporters from the Chinese-American community who gathered in the City Hall rotunda. “This is a big step we’re making as a city,” said supervisor Eric Mar, one of four Asian-Americans serving on the 11-member board. San Francisco’s population of 815,000 is nearly one-third Asian — the largest percentage of any county in the continental United States, according to U.S. Census Bureau. With Lee serving as the city’s 43rd mayor, San Francisco is now the largest in the country with an AsianAmerican leader, said Don Nakanishi, director emeritus of the UCLA Asian Studies Center. Earlier this month, neigh-

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WAVE OF CHANGE: With Edwin Lee serving as the city’s 43rd mayor, San Francisco is now the largest in the country with an Asian-American leader. boring Oakland inaugurated Mayor Jean Quan, the first Asian-American woman to helm a major U.S. city. Quan, a longtime acquaintance of Lee’s, also was present at the ceremony to show her support. The 58-year-old will serve as interim mayor until next January, when the winner of November’s mayoral election will take over. Lee, a

city employee for more than 20 years, has said he does not plan to run. But he said he sees the temporary job as a “tremendous, historic opportunity.” “I will work with each and every one of you to see that constituents are well-served, that the doors of diversity and opportunity are open,” he told the supervisors. Newsom on voiced

his strong support for his successor. “I have all the confidence in the world in Mayor Lee’s ability to lead the city we both love,” he said. The former mayor delayed his transition to Sacramento until after four new supervisors took office on Saturday, in an effort to ensure that Lee would replace him. Several members of the previous board originally backed other interim-mayor nominees, though all but one had moved to Lee’s corner by late last week. Lee worked as a private sector attorney for 10 years before beginning his public service career in 1989, when former Mayor Art Agnos named him investigator under the city’s first whistleblower ordinance. He has since worked under four mayors, heading the Human Rights Commission and the Department of Public Works and overseeing purchasing for the city. He took over as city administrator in 2005. That record makes Lee a solid choice to lead a city grappling with a $379 million deficit, his supporters said. “This is not a time for someone who needs a learning curve,” said Supervisor Scott Wiener. “You need someone who can step in on day one, and Ed Lee will do that.”


Associated Press

NEW ORLEANS — After a drive-by shooting victim was cremated by mistake, the coroner in New Orleans put part of the blame on inadequate morgue facilities and a high rate of violent and accidental deaths, which left bodies stacked on top of each other and stored for months in refrigerator trucks that sometimes fail. Officials said Ralph Bias, a 20-year-old black man killed last week in a driveby shooting on Interstate 10, was mistakenly cremated in place of a 60-year-old white man, after his body was turned over to the wrong funeral home. On Wednesday, Orleans Parish coroner Dr. Frank Minyard said Bias’ body had been stacked under another that was scheduled for cremation. The identification tags were tangled, and the attendant read the wrong one, believing it was attached to Bias’ body bag, he said. Minyard acknowledged however that the attendant failed to open the bag and identify the body by the wrist band attached to it. “I’m not going to deny responsibility in this,” Min-

yard said. “This is a horrible error, on my part, my office’s part. It was something that never happened before.” Others were to blame as well, Minyard said: the funeral home that picked up the body, the crematory, and the city which has failed to begin construction on a new morgue. For more than seven months after Hurricane Katrina flooded the old morgue, Minyard worked out of the trunk of his car. The morgue is now housed in an old funeral home which does not have storage facilities for bodies, so they are stored in three refrigerator trucks out back. They average 80 bodies a day in storage, Minyard said. Many are held for months. “I think that it’s bordering on criminal that we have to keep refrigerated trucks that are parked in the back parking lot,” he said. “It’s not right, it’s inhumane.” City officials did not return several messages asking about plans to build the new office. Minyard said most of the money had already been secured and he did not know why construction had not begun.

1/14/2011 5:35:50 AM






Iraq’s success is in U.S. interest, Biden says BY LARA JAKES

Associated Press

BAGHDAD — Vice President Joe Biden emphasized to Iraqi leaders Thursday that the United States wants nothing more than for Iraq to be a free and democratic country in a daylong visit that officials said would focus on the departure of U.S. troops from the country. Biden’s trip marks the first visit by a top U.S. official since Iraq approved a new Cabinet in December, breaking a political deadlock and jump-starting its stalled government after March’s inconclusive elections. Three explosions in the capital killing two people, however, demonstrated the lingering security challenges facing the country’s young democracy. “We have one overwhelming desire, the single best thing, that could happen

to the United States, literally, is for you to be a free, prosperous democracy in this part of the world,” the vice president told reporters before a meeting with Iraq’s President Jalal Talabani. Officials said they expected the issue of whether to keep some U.S. forces in Iraq beyond the Dec. 31 deadline to dominate the agenda with Talabani, Prime Minister Nouri al Maliki and Kurdish President Massoud Barzani. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity to be able to discuss the sensitive diplomatic issues frankly. Under a security agreement between Washington and Baghdad, all U.S. troops are to leave Iraq by the end of the year. However, Iraq’s top military commander Gen. Babaker Shawkat Zebari, has said U.S. troops should stay until Iraq’s security forces

can defend its borders — which he said could take until 2020. But al Maliki, under pressure from hardline Shiite Muslims, has signaled he wants U.S. troops to leave on schedule. Last weekend, the influential and anti-U.S. cleric Muqtada al Sadr returned to Iraq after nearly four years of exile in neighboring Iran, in part to insist that the U.S. “occupiers” must leave on time or face retribution among his followers “by all the means of resistance.” Iraq must walk a careful line, balancing its relationship with the United States and its Shiite-majority neighbor, Iran, to the east. Iran views a continued U.S. military presence along its western border with suspicion and is believed to be lobbying its Iraqi allies to adhere to the timeline.

Talabani emphasized the importance Iraq puts on its relationship with the United States. “We remain grateful to you . . . and we know you are one of our best friends,” said Talabani. Both Washington and Baghdad had refused to discuss publicly any possibility of U.S. troops staying until after Iraq installed its new government. Biden congratulated Iraq on accomplishing that political feat, which took months of negotiations. “I’m here to help the Iraqis celebrate the progress they’ve made. They’ve formed a government and that’s a good thing. Biden told reporters before meeting with U.S. ambassador James F. Jeffrey and Gen. Lloyd Austin at the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad. The Obama administra-


ENCOURAGING TROOPS: U.S. Vice President Joe Biden meets with U.S. soldiers at Baghdad’s Camp Victory. Biden’s trip marks the first visit by a top U.S. official since Iraq approved a new Cabinet in December. tion has maintained it would consider the security agreeleave on time unless Iraq’s ment and allow at least some officials asked the U.S. to re- troops to stay.

Australian floods recede to reveal extent of damage BY JOHN PYE

Associated Press

POSTMANS RIDGE, Australia — Residents began a long wait Thursday for floodwaters to subside and reveal the extent of devastation to Australia’s third-largest city, while upstream soldiers picked their way through the debris of washed-away towns looking for more victims from one of the country’s worst natural disasters. The waters left behind tractor-trailers snapped in half, concrete slabs where houses used to be and a car hanging from a tree. The slow-motion inundation of Brisbane overnight — played out live on television before a nation transfixed — was a critical moment in flooding that has built for weeks as rain fell incessantly across Australia’s tropical northeast. The emergency is not over, but Brisbane’s escape from what forecasters had predicted would be a flood worse than one that laid waste to much of the city 37 years ago triggered relief nationwide. The death toll stood at 25, including a 24-year-old man who drowned Thursday when he was sucked into a storm drain as he tried to check on his father’s home in a swamped Brisbane neighborhood. Officials said they expect to find more bodies farther upstream as they finally got access to hamlets struck by flash flooding on Monday. The deadly floodwaters began to recede Thursday after cresting about three feet below the depth of 1974 floods that swept through Brisbane and set a benchmark for disaster.

Still, 30,000 homes and business were swamped — many all the way up to their terra-cotta roof tiles. Skyscrapers stood empty as downtown closed for a for a second day, and thousands remained huddled in evacuation centers or with friends and family on higher ground. “Queensland is reeling this morning from the worst natural disaster in our history and possibly in the history of our nation,” a visibly shaken state Premier Anna Bligh told reporters. “We’ve seen threequarters of our state having experienced the devastation of raging floodwaters and we now face a reconstruction task of postwar proportions.” The flooding across Queensland has submerged dozens of towns — some three times — and left an area the size of Germany and France combined under water. Highways and rail lines have been washed away in the disaster, which is shaping up to be Australia’s costliest. Damage estimates were already at $5 billion before the floodwaters swamped Brisbane. At least 61 people are still missing, most of them from around Toowoomba, a city west of Brisbane that saw massive flash floods on Monday. Fourteen died in that flood alone, including two whose bodies were found on Thursday. Deputy Police Commissioner Ian Stewart warned that number was likely to rise as search and rescue teams are able to move into more devastated areas. “We’ve got to brace ourselves for more bad news,” Stewart said.

Tunisia’s president hints he won’t seek new term BY BOUAZZA BEN BOUAZZA Associated Press


SEETHING: Local residents walk past the burnt shell of a truck in the Abobo neighborhood of Abidjan, Ivory Coast on Thursday.

Ivorian army warns troops will retaliate against protesters BY RUKMINI CALLIMACHI Associated Press

ABIDJAN, Ivory Coast — The head of the army is warning that his troops reserve the right to retaliate following two days of deadly clashes in an opposition stronghold neighborhood, raising concerns about more violence amid Ivory Coast’s political crisis. The residents of the Abobo area in Abidjan voted in large numbers for opposition leader Alassane Ouattara, whose victory in the Nov. 28 presidential election has been recognized by the international community. Incumbent Laurent Gbagbo, who refuses to cede power, still controls the military. Authorities have imposed a curfew in Abobo and sent in a convoy of military trucks following the clashes that began Tuesday after a police raid. At least four civilians and as many as seven police officers have been killed in the unrest. “In order to find these people attacking the repub-

lic inside their hiding places, the armed forces of Ivory Coast want all human rights organizations, as well as the national and international community to know that that these attacks against us are equal to acts of war . . . putting us in a position of legitimate self-defense,” army head Philippe Mangou said in a declaration read on state TV on Wednesday. U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has expressed deep concern about the violence in Abobo, and U.N. spokesman Martin Nesirky said that Ban urged both sides “to exercise maximum restraint and to avoid further clashes.” Gbagbo lost the election by a nearly 9-point margin according to results certified by the United Nations. A peace agreement after the country’s 2002-03 civil war invited the United Nations to act as the final arbiter of the election, creating an independent mechanism for determining the outcome. Elections in Zimbabwe

and Kenya in recent years have ended with the opposition candidate forced to accept a power-sharing agreement with the sitting president, even though most observers say the opposition had won in both instances. Country experts warn that Gbagbo is likely hoping for a similar arrangement and is using the tool of human rights abuses, including the military crackdown, as a way to raise the stakes. Africa expert Jennifer Cooke of the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington said there is a strong aversion from both African and Western leaders to reinforce the precedent of “government by negotiation.” “The idea that an incumbent who loses an election need only hang on and threaten violence in order to obtain a power-sharing deal,” she argues, “is a dangerous blow to democracy in a continent that will see some 15 national elections in the coming year.”

Belarus draws criticism for crackdown on dissent BY MICHAEL SCHWIRTZ

New York Times Service

MOSCOW — As Belarussian diplomats scrambled to assuage European concerns about the sweeping crackdown on dissent in their country, the authorities in Belarus were stepping up their campaign against the family of a former presidential candidate whose 3-year-old son they have threatened to seize. The security services conducted a search of the home of the former candidate, Andrei Sannikov, as well as the apartment of his wife’s mother, who has been caring for the child, Danil. Both Sannikov and his wife, Irina Khalip, a journalist, were arrested after a brutal police assault on demonstrators protesting the results of a presidential election in Belarus in December. The government has warned that it could take custody of Danil if his grandmother is deemed unfit to care for him.

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DANGER: Belarussian forces have searched the home of former presidential candidate Andrei Sannikov as well as the house of his wife’s mother, right, who has been caring for Sannikov’s child, Danil, left. Relatives, however, believe it is an effort to intimidate the boy’s parents. The grandmother, Lyutsina Khalip, said she signed an agreement promising not to reveal details about the search. “I can’t say anything or I risk making it worse,” she said by telephone.

The searches are part of a broader clampdown on opponents of President Aleksandr G. Lukashenko. Almost daily, the security services, still called the KGB in this former Soviet republic, have been conducting raids on the offices and homes of people linked to the opposition, in-

terrogating them for hours and confiscating computers and other potentially compromising materials, human rights groups say. Independent media outlets have been shut down, and hundreds were detained. Seven of the nine opposition candidates who ran against Lukashenko in elections were arrested, and four of them remain in custody. Citing the continuing campaign, European leaders rebuffed a last-ditch diplomatic effort by Belarus on Wednesday, all but dismissing the possibility that relations between the West and the former Soviet republic could be salvaged. The foreign minister of Belarus, Sergei Martynov, had traveled to Brussels for meetings with European leaders in an apparent attempt to counter what the government of Belarus has called a distorted perception of events in the country.

The European Union has threatened to impose sanctions, including a travel ban on Belarussian leaders, in response to the postelection crackdown. Lukashenko won the election with almost 80 percent of the vote, though independent observers said the ballot counting was rigged. In a meeting with Martynov on Wednesday, Catherine Ashton, the EU foreign policy chief, reiterated the condemnation and warned of “appropriate measures” if the government failed to quickly release opposition leaders, journalists and others jailed for organizing and participating in December’s rally, according to a statement on the EU website. The United States, which has had sanctions in place against the government of Belarus for several years, has also denounced the authorities’ actions.

TUNIS, Tunisia — Tunisia’s autocratic president, facing deadly riots that have rocked his nation, ordered prices on food staples slashed and suggested he will leave the presidency — but not until 2014. President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, in a televised speech Thursday night, also pledged to end Internet censorship and to open up the political playing field in a country where he has allowed little public criticism for the past 23 years. Pent-up anger at unemployment, and at a leadership many see as controlling and corrupt, has exploded into protests and clashes with police over the past few weeks. At least 23 have been killed, possibly dozens more. A protester was fatally shot and a journalist was hit in the BEN ALI leg by police gunfire Thursday as rioting youths clashed with authorities in Tunisia’s capital, witnesses said. The second day of violence in the heart of Tunis sharply escalated a conflict between protesters and an authoritarian government that appears more and more willing to use force to put down its greatest challenge in at least a generation. Calling for a “cease-fire,” Ben Ali told his nation, “I have understood you.” “I won’t accept that another drop of blood of a Tunisian be spilled,” he said. He said he had issued orders to the interior minister that no bullets be fired on protesters, unless security forces are under threat. Significantly, he said the 75-year age limit on presidential candidates should remain untouched. That would mean Ben Ali, who is 74 and has never faced serious opposition for the presidency, would not be able to run for a sixth term in 2014. The unprecedented violence that has rocked this nation has revealed deep anger against autocratic Ben Ali, who has clamped down on civil liberties, jailed opponents and tightly controlled the media during 23 years of rule in the Mediterranean tourist haven. Online media and social networks have helped spread the outrage since a desperate young graduate tried to set himself on fire in a provincial town last month. That incident touched off protests around the country that turned into increasingly violent clashes with police before reaching the capital this week.

1/14/2011 4:30:08 AM







Allow Iran’s politics to play out BY SHAHIN GOBADI

McClatchy News Service


n Dec. 31, 1977, in our middleclass home in western Tehran, Iran, I was watching the Shah’s state dinner for then-U.S. President Jimmy Carter. For me, who had learned something about the U.S. political system as a curious tourist to the United States the previous summer, Carter’s speech was interesting. When Carter called Iran “an island of stability in one of the more troubled areas of the world,” I looked questioningly at my uncle, who was back in Iran after years in California, and said, “Where is he talking about? Americans really don’t know what is going on in Iran?” My uncle tried to convince me that the president of the strongest country in the world definitely knew things that an Iranian teenager did not. After a heated argument, neither of us was convinced. That autumn, I had witnessed anti-government demonstrations by university and high-school students. I will never forget the first time I heard the chant “down with the Shah” in the streets of Tehran.

Thirty-three years later, as an anti-mullah political activist, I still follow U.S. policy. While I still cannot figure it out, I am sure that U.S. policymakers are utterly confused when it comes to Iran. In my first days in Washington in July 1985, I went to the capitol. At a hearing of the House subcommittee on Near-Eastern Affairs, Richard Murphy, then assistant secretary of state for the Near East, told congressmen he wanted to provide unsolicited information about the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran, the principal Iranian opposition organization. He leveled several allegations against the PMOI, including involvement in terrorism. I could not believe my ears and whispered to my colleague, “Did you expect this?” The next year, after the revelations of the Iran-Contra scandal, it became clear that the branding of the PMOI was part of a calculated scheme by the State Department to appease the ruling mullahs. Fast-forward a quarter-century. Anxiety about Iranian intentions permeates the Middle East. The concern is not limited to Iran’s

efforts to acquire nuclear weapons, but also to its brutal and systematic violations of human rights, its support for extremist and Islamic fundamentalist groups and its attempts to interfere in the affairs of Iraq and other countries. Of the foreign-policy challenges facing the United States in 2011, Iran is up there. The Obama administration tried to jump-start Iran policy with another round in the failed policy of engagement. Deja vu. Once again, it was shown that the notion that direct talks might bring rewards was a mirage. Very few believe the sanctions imposed on Tehran by the U.N. Security Council or even the touted new round of coordinated U.S. and European Union sanctions can cause a major policy shift. As former Homeland Secretary Tom Ridge underlined at an international seminar on Iran in Paris in December, time is not an ally when it comes to preventing the tyrannical regime in Iran from becoming a nuclear power. Frances Townsend, a former U.S. presidential advisor on coun-

ter-terrorism, underscored that what is called the containment policy on Iran is a smokescreen for the failed policy of appeasement. But the alternative to appeasement is not military intervention. As Maryam Rajavi, presidentelect of the Iranian Resistance, has reiterated, the Iranian crisis has an Iranian solution: democratic change by Iranians and their organized resistance. Uprisings in Iran in 2009 and 2010 proved its plausibility. But the United States should at least remove the restrictions it has placed on the PMOI as part of its dealings with Tehran. All the participants in the Paris conference, including former U.S. Attorney General Michael Mukasey, agreed that the United States had blacklisted the PMOI as part of deal-making with Tehran. That was a huge moral and political mistake. As former New York Mayor Rudi Giuliani put it, for the “PMOI to be described as a terrorist organization is just a disgrace.” The PMOI ceased military operations in 2001 and voluntarily disarmed in 2003. Nine U.S. security agencies confirm that more

than 3,400 PMOI members in Camp Ashraf, Iraq, have no link to terrorism. The PMOI has in fact served as the world’s eyes and ears by exposing the mullahs’ clandestine nuclear weapons program for eight years. More than 110 members of the House of Representatives called in a bipartisan resolution for the removal of the PMOI from the blacklist. This came after a ruling by the D.C. Circuit Court in July remanding the case to the State Department for a review. Inclusion is not abstract. It has been an enabler for the regime to suppress and kill demonstrators as “Mohareb” (enemy of God) and has provided an excuse to pressure and suppress Ashraf residents. Ali Saremi, Iran’s most prominent political prisoner and an activist of the PMOI was hanged as a Mohareb in Tehran on Dec 28. As millions cry for freedom in Iran, by removing the terror tag from the most organized opposition group, the United States could allow the dynamics of Iranian politics to play themselves out. This is exactly what rattles the mullahs.

Attack makes gun control a joke BY ROGER LOWENSTEIN Bloomberg News


ears ago, incidents of mass murder by gun-wielding assailants were followed by calls for tighter gun control. Sadly, wouldbe advocates of gun laws barely bother anymore. Everybody knows that members of Congress — Democrats as well as Republicans — are terrified of the political clout of the National Rifle Association. In the wake of the mass murder at Rep. Gabrielle Giffords’ community event in Tucson, critics are calling for pleasanter political discourse rather than fewer guns. The Boston Globe even carried an op-ed calling for greater gun safety — not for tighter controls on guns. It’s time to state the obvious: No safety rules, no inspections of rifles or demonstrations on how to keep your weapon well-oiled, will prevent a madman from killing innocents. The hostile political climate may conceivably nourish violence, particularly in Arizona, where anti-immigrant sentiment is encouraged by many officeholders. But it’s doubtful that a more genteel political culture would pacify a would-be attacker with a history of mental illness. The surest way to prevent such acts of terror is to halt the distribution of semi-automatic weapons in the first place. In any sane country, semiautomatic weapons — those that can be shot rapidly with repeated pulls of the trigger, without stopping to reload each time — would be banned, period. They should be banned, for good, in the United States. Because of the NRA, calls for banning semi-automatic weapons have been made to sound extremist. I wonder how they sound to the parents of Christina Green, the 9-year-old girl curious enough about government to attend Giffords’ community event, where she was slain. I also wonder if gun-rights absolutists were glad that the accused killer, Jared Lee Loughner, was able to exercise his supposed Second Amendment rights. Thanks to pressure from the NRA, the federal law enacted in 1994 that restricted the sale of certain semi-automatic firearms was permitted to expire in 2004. (Whether that complicated law would have stopped Loughner is unclear, only underscoring the need for an unambiguous and strict new ban.) As for state gun laws, Arizona’s are among the most lenient in the country. No matter the legalistic distortions of the gun lobby, there is no constitutional right to own a semi-automatic weapon. The Constitution establishes the right

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to bear arms for a “well regulated militia.” Well-regulated militias do not require that independent civilians be permitted to possess such weaponry. This principle is recognized in everyday law. No court would allow you to fill a tub of kerosene and spread it over the highway, nor would it allow you to park an Army tank in your garage. The principle that weapons of mass destruction must be kept out of public hands is well established. Only in the case of guns has the NRA been able to twist the meaning of the Constitution so that a Glock 9mm pistol such as the one Loughner bought in November becomes a false icon of the American Revolution. In the 18th century, there was widespread fear of a standing army. The Constitution’s “well regulated” militia was viewed as protection from a would-be marauding general. It’s doubtful that the framers envisioned people possessing private weapons or taking weapons to their individual homes, as that would have detracted from a militia’s effectiveness. As the conservative jurist Richard Posner wrote in the New Republic in 2008, debunking the supposed protections of the Second Amendment: “The text of the amendment, whether viewed alone or in light of the concerns that actuated its adoption, creates no right to the private possession of guns for hunting or other sport, or for the defense of person or property.” Even if legislators believe, as a matter of political preference rather than constitutional right, that people should be able to own weapons for hunting, sport or self-defense, there’s no plausible call for permitting semi-automatics such as those used at Columbine High School in Colorado in 1999, at Fort Hood in Texas in 2009, and now in Tucson. No one needs a semi-automatic weapon to fend off a prowler. No sportsman deserving of the term hunts with an assault weapon. Political leaders who preach about stopping terrorism and commit young lives to fight and die overseas don’t give a second thought to stopping the means of murder on our own streets. It’s been years since Congress has even debated a serious piece of gun-control legislation. In the recent election for Congress, Blue-Dog Democrats often outdid their GOP rivals in demonstrating their red-blood, gun-worshipping credentials. Now that real blood has been shed again, will U.S. President Barack Obama, as well as state and federal lawmakers, have the guts to take a stand?

Mohammed the Briton BY ROGER COHEN

New York Times Service


oodbye Jack Smith, hello Mohammed Malik, model British subject. Mohammed, in its various spellings, is now the favorite name for newborn boys in the United Kingdom, edging out Oliver. Those named for the Prophet of Islam ride the Clapham omnibus. Churn is a wondrous thing, grease in the wheels of vital societies able to adjust their self-images over time. But what to think of the Mohammedization of this murky isle? Say Luton or Bradford, and the vision that leaps is that of the alienated Muslim radicalized by jihadist teaching and ready — like the Luton-incubated Stockholm bomber Taimour Abdulwahab al Abdaly — to blow himself up to kill Western infidels. The 2005 London bombers also set out from Luton. These are potent images. Exclusion exists; its other face is danger. But so does a particular British elasticity that registers Mohammed and shrugs. Having lived in France and Germany, I’m struck on returning to Britain after 30 years not by the hard lines hiving off immigrant Muslim communities as in those countries but by the relative fluidity that produces Faisal Islam, economic editor of the influential Channel 4 News, or Sajid Javid, a bus driver’s son and Tory MP. British identity has proved more capacious than French or German, perhaps because, even before the legacy of empire, it had to absorb the English, the Scottish and the Welsh (as well as fail to absorb the majority of the Irish.) The variegated texture of London — projects full of immigrants hard by upscale housing — stands in stark contrast to ghettoized Paris. I’ve been listening to a BBC Radio 4 series — how the polarized United States would benefit from a national broadcaster of

this quality! — called Five Guys named Mohammed, conceived to mark the name’s first-place surge. The programs are a good antidote to the simplistic caricature that conflates Muslim with threat, and a useful barometer of an integration that is uneven, but ongoing. There was Mohammed Yahya, Mozambique-born rapper and creator of a Muslim-Jewish band. Or Mohammed Anwar, the manager of a Glasgow Muslim daycare center, waxing lyrical about Damson Jam and the crush he once had on actress Diana Rigg (who didn’t?) and his 21-year-old daughter, who could do big things if she was not “so laid-back, it’s just unbelievable.” And there she was, more Scottish even than he, laughing over his premature hunt for a husband for her. Or Muhammad Hasan, a bubbly Birmingham real-estate dealer in his mid-30s, explaining his Islamic investment theory: Because under Islam you cannot charge or pay interest, Muslim investors in his property deals have to take equity rather than lend money — and that spurs motivation. Bent on business, Hasan has had little time to look for a wife who, in his mother’s view, “has to be a Muslim and from Pakistan and a Princess Diana clone!” He’s now sipping tea with potential spouses while his binoculararmed Mom observes. Overall, these Mohammeds see themselves as British citizens, not Muslims in the United Kingdom. Their universes may be distinct, as in attitudes to marriage, but distinct in a way that complements rather than confronts. “There’s an upward mobility and optimism that is much higher than in continental Europe,” said Muddassar Ahmed, a 27-year-old college dropout and chief executive of Unitas, a public relations firm. Ahmed is involved in the drafting of a letter by 50 British Muslim scholars denouncing Malik

Mumtaz Qadri, the 26-year-old killer of Salman Taseer, the Punjab governor assassinated this month for denouncing Pakistan’s draconian blasphemy laws that prescribe the death sentence for anyone insulting Islam. Qadri, self-described “slave of the Prophet,” has been feted in Islamabad. In this context, the readiness of European Muslims, many bearing the Prophet’s name, to stand up for values of free speech assumes bridge-building importance. It reflects the experience of faith as practiced within a modern secular society. Those bridges do not come easily. Britain has been riled in recent weeks by the conviction of Mohammed Liaqat, 28, and Abid Saddique, 27, the ringleaders of a gang that raped and sexually abused several white girls aged between 12 and 18 in Derby. The reaction of Jack Straw, the former foreign secretary, was to say a problem exists with “Pakistani heritage men thinking it is OK to target white girls in this way.” He said they were “popping with testosterone, they want some outlet for that, but Pakistani heritage girls are off limits and they are expected to marry a Pakistani girl from Pakistan, typically” — so they seek the “easy meat” of white girls. It was a neat — and explosive — argument. Vigorous debate has ensued. Racial slur? Courageous frankness? I don’t think Straw’s argument stands up to scrutiny of overall sex-crime patterns, but I do think Britain’s Muslim community needs to take a hard look at repressive attitudes toward women. The debate is salutary. There’s a Mohammed — in fact there are many — in Britain’s future. Oliver’s prospects look more dubious given the ties between the name’s popularity and the heady success of the chef Jamie Oliver — but that’s another story of positive British change.

1/14/2011 3:29:33 AM






Nelson was a member of sitcom family BY DENNIS MCLELLAN

Los Angeles Times Service

LOS ANGELES — David Nelson, the elder son of Ozzie and Harriet Nelson and the last surviving member of the family that became a U.S. institution in the 1950s and ’60s as the stars of the classic TV sitcom The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, died Tuesday. He was 74. Nelson died at his Century City home of complications from colon cancer, said publicist Dale Olson. The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet began on radio in 1944, as a day in the home life of bandleader Ozzie Nelson and his vocalist wife, Harriet Hilliard. In 1949, the popular show became a true family affair when 12-year-old David and 8-year-old Ricky replaced the child actors who had been portraying them on radio. The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet moved to television three years later, debuting on ABC in October 1952. When the series ended in 1966 after 435 episodes, it had become the longestrunning family situation comedy in TV history — as well as serving as the launch pad and showcase for teen idol Rick Nelson’s singing career. In the process of playing fictionalized versions of themselves on television each week for 14 years, David and Rick Nelson literally grew up in front of millions of U.S. citizens. Indeed, after David and Rick were married in the early 60s, their wives — first David’s wife, actress June Blair; and then Rick’s wife, the former Kris Harmon — became their TV wives. The blurring of what was real and what was not

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Gross was a critic, essayist and editor BY WILLIAM GRIMES

New York Times Service


STAR OF YESTERYEARS: David Nelson, the last surviving member of the family that starred in the classic sitcom The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, died of complications from colon cancer. caused confusion in some viewers’ minds. When David enrolled at the University of Southern California and joined a fraternity after graduating from Hollywood High School in 1954, his TV character started college and joined a fraternity. But unlike his TV character, who became a lawyer on the show, David did not go into law. Instead, he launched his career as a director by taking the reins from his director-father for about a dozen episodes of the show in the early ’60s. He spent the next several decades directing commercials and occasional TV series and movies. The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet has been criticized for presenting an idealized version of U.S. family life that few could live up to.

That included the Nelsons, as David pointed out in a 1971 Esquire article headlined “The Happy, Happy, Happy Nelsons.” “We would keep up the front of this totally problemless, happy-go-lucky group,” he said. “There might have been a tremendous battle in our home, but if someone from outside came in, it would be as if the director yelled, ‘Roll ’em,’ We’d fall right into our stage roles. “It’s an awfully big load to carry, to be everyone’s fantasy family.” He was born Oct. 24, 1936, in New York City, when Ozzie and Harriet were in their big-band heyday. Rick was born in 1940, the year before the Nelsons moved permanently to Hollywood. After Ozzie and Harriet launched their radio

show in 1944, David and Rick would accompany their parents to their live broadcasts. They had no show business aspirations, but when they heard that their young friend Lindsay Crosby was going to make a guest appearance with his father, Bing, in an episode of the show in December 1948, David and Rick lobbied their parents to let them appear as well. Ozzie and Harriet finally agreed to let them play David and Ricky in the preview show before a studio audience but not the actual broadcast. The boys did not disappoint their parents. David and Ricky joined the cast of The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet in February 1949. Within six months, Radio Life magazine dubbed them “The Crown Princes of Radio.”

John Gross, the editor of The Times Literary Supplement in London in the 1970s and a book critic for The New York Times in the 1980s who was known for his fluid style and easy erudition, died on Monday in London. He was 75. The cause was heart and kidney failure, said his son, Tom. Gross, a critic, essayist and editor of anthologies, was a prize specimen of a type he wrote about memorably in The Rise and Fall of the Man of Letters: English Literary Life Since 1800 (1969), his prize-winning history of the reviewers and essayists who once dominated the English literary scene. He edited The Times Literary Supplement when it was the preeminent literary journal in Britain and assembled a half-dozen anthologies for the Oxford University Press that reflected his extraordinary range as a student of literature, the most recent being The Oxford Book of Parodies, published in 2010. He wrote a biography of James Joyce, a study of Shylock and a memoir about growing up Jewish in Britain, A Double Thread (2001). He also edited books on Dickens and Kipling. In 1989 he became the drama critic of The Sunday Telegraph of London. John Jacob Gross was born on March 12, 1935, in the East End of London, where his father, who had emigrated from Poland as a boy, was a doctor. The family lived in Egham, Surrey, during the war, and John later attended the Perse School in Cambridge and the City of London School. At 17 he won a scholarship to Wad-

ham College, Oxford, where he studied English literature and earned a first-class degree in 1955. After working as an editor at Victor Gollancz Limited, he taught at Queen Mary College at the University of London and King’s College, Cambridge, where he was a fellow, but he became disenchanted with the academic study of literature. Instead, he turned to book reviewing and, with Gabriel Pearson, edited Dickens and the 20th Century (1962). The Rise and Fall of the Man of Letters became a popular and critical success, winning the Duff Cooper Memorial Prize and the admiration of literary A-listers like Angus Wilson and Cyril Connolly. Gross leapt to the fore as a brilliant all-rounder, the kind of writer and editor who could turn his hand to virtually anything with wit and flair. All manner of literary arcana and trivia seemed to be at his fingertips. In a ruminative essay, he once took to task the author of a book on anagrams for omitting a few gems. The author, he wrote, missed “a celebrated transmutation of Salvador Dali — ‘avida dollars’ — and none of his William Shakespeare anagrams seem to me as felicitous as one that I once came across: ‘I like Mr. W.H. as a pal, see?’ ” After writing a short biography of Joyce for the Modern Masters series and editing Rudyard Kipling: The Man, His Work and His World (1972), he became the literary editor of The New Statesman and, in 1974, succeeded Arthur Crook as the editor of The Times Literary Supplement, one of the most prestigious literary jobs on offer.

1/14/2011 3:22:50 AM



Bond auctions ease euro fears

THE MARKETS 11,731.90


S&P 500











Stocks dip on rising jobless claims BY CHIP CUTTER AND DAVID K. RANDALL Associated Press

NEW YORK — Stocks dipped Thursday after a report found that more people applied for unemployment benefits last week. The U.S. Labor Department said first-time applications for unemployment benefits rose 35,000 from the week before to 445,000. It was the highest level since October and above what economists had predicted. The Dow fell 23 points, or 0.2 percent, to 11,731.9. The Standard and Poor’s 500 lost 2, or 0.2 percent, to 1,283.76. The Nasdaq composite lost 2, or 0.1 percent, to 2,735.29. “It was a disappointing number,” said Kim Caughey Forrest, an analyst at Fort Pitt Capital. Merck fell 6.6 percent to $34.69 after announcing that clinical trials of its cardiovascular drug vorapaxar would be discontinued for some patients. Merck fell the most among the 30 stocks that make up the Dow Jones industrial average. Home Depot, which gained 1.3 percent, led the index. Losses were spread across the market. Seven of the 10 company groups that make up the S&P 500 fell. Materials companies had the largest move, falling 0.8 percent. Whole Foods Market jumped 4.6 percent to $52.31 after an analyst said that the company’s shares would continue to rise because its customers are willing to pay higher costs for food. The company is up nearly 80 percent over 2010. The Labor Department also reported Thursday that wholesale prices in December rose by the largest amount in nearly a year, as a result of higher energy and food costs. Most other prices rose only slightly, suggesting inflation isn’t spreading through the economy. A decline in the dollar helped limit stock losses. The dollar lost 1.1 percent against an index of six currencies after successful bond auctions by Spain and Italy pushed the euro higher. The dollar’s slide helps U.S. companies that rely on exports by making their prices more competitive overseas. After the market closed, Intel reported that its income rose 48 percent last quarter. That easily beat analyst estimates. Bond prices rose, pushing their yields lower. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 3.30 percent from 3.35 percent late Wednesday. That yield is used to set interest rates on many kinds of loans including mortgages. Four shares rose for every three that fell on the New York Stock Exchange. Consolidated volume came to 4.4 billion shares.

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Associated Press

DIGITAL DAILY NEWS CORP.’S iPAD NEWSPAPER READY TO BE UNVEILED the event will be attended by Steve Jobs, chief executive of iPad-maker Apple, and Rupert Murdoch, chief executive of News Corp. The people were not authorized to speak publicly and spoke on condition of anonymity. Details are scant, including how much a subscription to the tablet-only paper will cost, if there is indeed a fee, but the name at least implies it will come out once a day. It will cover general news, culture and entertainment

BY RYAN NAKASHIMA Associated Press

LOS ANGELES — Stop the presses — completely. The world’s first iPad newspaper, The Daily, is prepping for launch. Journalists have been hired and are in place at multiple U.S. bureaus, including Los Angeles and New York. The formal announcement of the digital publication owned by News Corp. will be made at an event at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art on Jan. 19, according to two people familiar with the matter. The people said • TURN TO iPAD, 2B



PARTNERSHIP: The formal announcement of the digital newspaper will be attended by Rupert Murdoch, left, chief executive of News Corp. and Steve Jobs, right, chief executive of Apple. MIAMI HERALD WIRE PHOTO

DOW 30

LONDON — Europe got modest relief from its debt crisis after Spain and Italy successfully tapped investors for more money and amid reports that Germany is ready to back proposals to increase the powers and size of Europe’s bailout fund. Still, European leaders face a struggle to come up with longerterm fixes amid fears that Portugal may soon be forced to seek a financial rescue. The bond auctions come a day after Portugal — most people’s favorite candidate to join Greece and Ireland in the bailout club — easily borrowed ¤1.25 billion ($1.6 billion), which helped set the tone for Thursday’s offerings from Spain and Italy. Spain raised ¤3 billion via an auction of five-year bonds and investor demand, as with Portugal, was more than double what was being offered. And though the interest rate the Spanish government had to pay rose, it was not astronomical. The yield spiked to 4.542 percent from 3.576 percent the last time the bond with a 2014 maturing was offered, in line with developments in the bond markets follow ing the stresses caused by the ¤67.5 billion bailout of Ireland. A similar picture picture emerged in Italy, which is considered less vulnerable in Europe’s debt crisis than Spain. The Italian government sold ¤6 billion in medium- and longterm bonds, with room to spare. Again, though the yields on the two offerings spiked up higher than the last time, they weren’t anything to get too worried about. Given this underlying relief — after all, only a few days ago, there was speculation that there could be a major disappointment lurking somewhere in this week’s auctions — the euro has shot up to one-week highs above $1.32 as the bond market pressure on countries like Portugal and Spain eased further. The yield on Portugal’s 10-year bonds fell for the fourth straight day, to 6.664 percent, while Spain’s • TURN TO EURO, 2B

Millions may lose homes in 2011 BY JANNA HERRON Associated Press

NEW YORK — The bleakest year in foreclosure crisis has only just begun. Lenders are poised to take back more homes this year than any other since the U.S. housing meltdown began in 2006. About 5 million borrowers are at least two months behind on their mortgages and more will miss payments as they struggle with job losses and loans worth more than their home’s value, industry analysts forecast. “2011 is going to be the peak,” said Rick Sharga, a senior vice president at foreclosure tracker RealtyTrac.

The outlook comes after banks repossessed more than 1 million homes in 2010, RealtyTrac said Thursday. That marked the highest annual tally of properties lost to foreclosure on records dating back to 2005. One in 45 U.S. households received a foreclosure filing in 2010, or a record high of 2.9 million homes. That’s up 1.67 percent from 2009. For December, 257,747 U.S. homes received at least one foreclosure-related notice. That was the lowest monthly total in 30 months. The number of notices fell 1.8 percent from November

and 26.3 percent from December 2009, RealtyTrac said. The pace slowed in the final two months of 2010 as banks reviewed their foreclosure processes after allegations surfaced in September that evictions were handled improperly. Under increased scrutiny by the government, lenders temporarily halted taking actions against borrowers severely behind on their payments. However, most banks have since resumed their eviction processes, and the first quarter will likely show a rebound in foreclosure activity, Sharga said. Foreclosures are expected to re-

main elevated through the year as homeowners contend with stubbornly high unemployment, tougher credit standards for refinancing and falling home values. Sharga said he expects prices to dip another 5 percent nationally before finally bottoming out. The decline will push more borrowers underwater on their mortgages. Already, about one in five homeowners with a mortgage owe more than their home is worth. The pain likely will be the most acute in states that have already been hit hard. That includes former • TURN TO FORECLOSURE, 2B

Neighboring states happy over Illinois tax increase BY CHRISTOPHER WILLS Associated Press

dysfunctional family down the block,” Indiana Gov. Mitch Daniels said in an interview on Chicago’s WLS-AM. But economic experts scoffed at images of highways packed with moving vans as businesses leave Illinois. Income taxes are just one piece of the puzzle when businesses decide where to locate or expand, they said, and states should be cooperating instead trying to RON EDMONDS/AP FILE poach jobs from one another. “The idea of competing on state MOCKING: ‘It’s like living next door to The Simpsons — you know,

SPRINGFIELD, Ill. — While many states consider boosting their economies with tax cuts, Illinois officials are betting on the opposite tactic: dramatically raising taxes to resolve a budget crisis that threatened to cripple state government. Neighboring states are gleefully plotting to take advantage of what they consider a major economic blunder and lure business away from Illinois. “It’s like living next door to The Simpsons — you know, the • TURN TO ILLINOIS, 2B

the dysfunctional family down the block,’ Indiana Gov. Mitch Daniels said in an interview on Chicago’s WLS-AM.

1/14/2011 5:33:30 AM




Strikes continue to stall Greece ATHENS — (AP) — Greek unemployment has risen to its highest level in at least six years, official data showed Thursday, as government austerity measures continued to prompt strikes and street protests. The annual jobless rate jumped to 13.5 percent in October, the Greek Statistical Authority said, the highest rate since monthly figures were first released in 2004. Some 192,000 people lost their jobs during the 12 months since October 2009, when the country’s financial crisis became acute. Greece, battling recession and rising unemployment, is struggling to cut costs and to meet targets set under the ¤110 billion ($143 billion) bailout loan deal with European countries and the IMF. The Socialist government came under further pressure in November when the European Union added losses by Greek state companies to the national deficit figures. In Athens, public transport workers defied a court order and went on a 24-hour strike against the austerity measures. About 2,000 strikers

The Philadelphia Inquirer


marched to Parliament in a rally that ended peacefully. The protest, which halted most services, went ahead after the government announced plans to restructure loss-making state transport companies, using fare increases and involuntary staff transfers.

A court late Wednesday declared the strike illegal, but protesters leaders claimed they had not been formally notified of the decision when the walked-out started. Tickets for public transport services will rise on Feb. 1 from the cur-

rent price of ¤1 to up to ¤1.40, but the government said it was maintaining high subsidy levels to keep prices low. “We have the cheapest public transport in Europe,” Greece’s Deputy Transport Minister Spyros Vouyias told Parliament.

Banks repossessed 1M homes in 2010 • FORECLOSURE, FROM 1B

housing boom states Nevada, Arizona, Florida and California, along with states that are suffering most from the economic downturn, including Michigan and Illinois. Nevada posted the highest foreclosure rate in 2010 for the fourth straight year, despite a 5 percent decline in activity from the year before. One in every 11 house-

holds received a foreclosure filing in 2010 in the state. In December, foreclosure activity increased 18 percent from November with a 71 percent spike in bank repossessions. Arizona and California also showed sharp December increases in the number of homes banks took back, at 52 percent and 47 percent, respectively. Arizona, along with Florida, finished the year at No. 2 and No. 3

for the highest foreclosure rates. One in every 17 Arizona households got a foreclosure filing last year, while one in 18 received a notice in Florida. California, Utah, Georgia, Michigan, Idaho, Illinois and Colorado rounded out the top ten states with the highest foreclosure rates. More than half of the country’s foreclosure activity came out of five

Bond auctions ease euro fears • EURO, FROM 1B

dropped to 5.37 percent. “As of today, the markets have breathed a sigh of relief but underlying issues remain unresolved in the absence of a more coherent policy to deal with potential debt restructuring,” said Neil MacKinnon, global macro strategist at VTB Capital. Europe’s finance minister will tackle longer-term solutions at a meeting in Brussels next week. Options include increasing the size of its bailout fund and charging countries that use it less interest. Though many analysts believe Portugal will end up having to get a lifeline, as Greece and Ireland have had to, the real concern is stopping the crisis spreading to Spain. Emergency support for Spain would test the limits of the existing bailout fund, potentially putting the euro project in jeopardy if governments don’t put up more cash. The country makes up over 10 percent of the eurozone economy, whereas Greece, Ireland and Portugal only account for around 2 percent each. This fear of the debt contagion spreading to Spain that’s reportedly the main reason behind growing speculation that eurozone finance ministers are preparing ini-

Oil prices don’t vex airlines BY LINDA LOYD

CHOCKABLOC: Transport workers in Athens defied a court order and went on a 24-hour strike against the austerity measures Thursday. The strike resulted in heavy flow of private vehicles on road causing traffic jams in the city.

tiatives to boost Europe’s bailout fund — the so-called European Financial Stability Facility — as well as making it more proactive in dealing with the crisis. In his monthly press conference following the decision to keep the main interest rate unchanged at the record low of 1 percent, European Central Bank president JeanClaude Trichet urged governments once again to back measures to improve the bailout fund “both quantitatively and qualitatively” and that governments should be “ahead of the curve.” Speculation that discussions about changes to the rescue fund will be held in Brussels have ratcheted up in the wake of a report in the Financial Times. The paper, citing unnamed sources, said that Germany is backing proposals to increase the capacity of the current fund from ¤440 billion as part of a package of measures designed to increase coordination among the euro’s 17 countries, and that an agreement could be agreed at the next EU’s leaders’ summit in February. Steffen Seibert, spokesman to Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel, sought to dampen speculation that an increase is imminent. Agreeing that the German govern-

ment would do whatever is necessary for the rescue fund to fulfill its task, Seibert noted the facility was currently able to do so. Seibert’s comments had little impact in the markets as there’s no denying that the current facility is able to deal with a potential bailout of Portugal. The problems arise if bigger fish require help. The hope in the markets is Germany will concede to requests for Europe’s response mechanisms to be revitalized. The ECB has reportedly been buying the bonds of the most indebted euro countries in the markets, which helps to raise their prices, taking pressure off the banks that hold them. It also lowers their yield, whi ch represents the rate countries would pay if they went back to bond investors for more borrowing. The fear is that higher rates will make borrowing too expensive, leaving an indebted government unable to pay off debt that’s coming due. In that case, the options are default or a bailout. Trichet said the program was “ongoing” but did not indicate if it has been stepped up further over the past few days to help the bond auctions meet a successful outcome.

states in 2010: California, Florida, Arizona, Illinois and Michigan. Together, these states recorded almost 1.5 million households receiving a filing, despite year-over-year decreases in California, Florida and Arizona. RealtyTrac tracks notices for defaults, scheduled home auctions and home repossessions — warnings that can lead up to a home eventually being lost to foreclosure.


PHILADELPHIA — Will 2011 be another 2008 for airlines, with a surge in oil prices sending some carriers to near bankruptcy? No, it’s a leaner industry. Airlines made lasting changes after oil peaked at $147 a barrel in summer 2008 and after the financial collapse on Wall Street plunged the economy into recession, crippling demand for corporate and consumer air travel. To offset higher fuel and operating costs, airlines might push through a wave of new fees that are sure to be unpopular. One industry watcher has a lineup that show how inventive the airlines might be: Charging for lap-held infants, paying by the pound for checked luggage, fees for carry-ons, and a “convenience” fee to book on the Internet. “We can withstand this,” US Airways Group chief executive Doug Parker told CNBC last week. “I am not about to suggest that rising oil prices are good for the business. It’s gonna increase our cost.” But airlines made fundamental changes in the last 2 years and are in a better position to cope. “Most carriers would still make money in 2011 in a $100 oil environment,” airline analyst James Higgins of Soleil Securities wrote in a client note. For starters, there is less competition. After a flurry of mergers and acquisitions, there are fewer airlines. Delta Air Lines combined with Northwest. United Airlines is tying the knot with Continental. Southwest Airlines announced it will buy rival AirTran Airways. “The competition is cer-

tainly much less fragmented,” said airline analyst Hunter Keay of Stifel Nicolaus Capital Markets. “There’s been a lot of inefficient capacity taken out of the system.” Airlines managed the recession with capacity cuts — fewer seats and flights. The result: planes are fuller. Even as passengers returned, airlines limited the number of flights and planes they added back. “U.S. capacity is down about 6.5 percent through 2011,” said Higgins. At the same time, airlines improved their balance sheets. “They have better cash positions. They’ve got lighter order books in terms of aircraft deliveries, so fewer capital obligations going forward,” Keay said. Airlines got rid of some of their older gas-guzzler jets, and now fly more fuelefficient planes. They also are buying fewer fuel hedges, which are contracts that lock in fuel prices. Since 2008, airlines instituted a host of new fees — for checked bags, pillows and blankets, priority boarding, ticket changes, choice seats with leg room. Such “ancillary” revenues are up over $2 billion for the industry. “That, in and of itself, covers a 10 percent increase in fuel prices,” Higgins said. Airlines will pass along higher fuel prices to customers by raising fares, adding fees, trimming capacity, and possibly adding fuel surcharges, experts said. Airfares saw small, but frequent increases throughout December, said JPMorgan Chase analyst Jamie Baker. The flurry of recent domestic fare increases supports “our view that managements are unlikely to sit idly by as oil prices chip away at 2011 business plans,” Baker wrote.

News Corp.’s iPad newspaper to be unveiled by journalists • iPAD, FROM 1B

and will include video. The publication is a bold attempt by Murdoch to rewrite the business of journalism, as revenue from print circulation and advertising has plunged and growing advertising sales on websites have not made up the difference. At an investor’s conference in December, News Corp. chief operating officer Chase Carey called The Daily a “small bet” because costs were limited mainly to a modest editorial staff. By contrast, printed newspapers also have such costs as newsprint, ink and delivery. Carey touted the benefits of tablet computing technology. “We didn’t want it for a PC,” he said. “We think the tablet, you know, is a unique experience. You can design something that takes advantage of that experience, takes advantage of the multimedia capabilities of it, the technological capabilities of it. I think it could be an interesting product.” News Corp.’s other digital initiatives are setting the pace in a struggling industry.

The Wall Street Journal’s website has required a paid subscription for 14 years and now has nearly 450,000 electronic subscribers, according to the latest report by the Audit Bureau of Circulations. The newspaper charges $3.99 per week for an iPad subscription, which includes access to its website. News Corp. won’t say how many people are paying, but more than 1 million have downloaded the app for free (it contains some preview material, but full access is restricted). In Britain, since July, News Corp.’s The Times of London and Sunday Times require at least a one-pound payment to access content beyond the front page online. While online visitors have plummeted, Carey has been upbeat about the financial prospects of the new model, though he acknowledged the businesses will take years to build. The company’s push toward paid content comes as its MySpace entertainment site, which is free to users, has lost hundreds of millions of dollars annually and moved this week to slash

half of its staff, or about 500 people. Newspaper publishers view the iPad and other tablets as a golden opportunity because they can sell ads and subscriptions at higher prices than they have been able to get on websites, though those rates are still lower than for print. User behavior so far has indicated that reading on the iPad is more of a “lean back” experience akin to perusing a print newspaper. Apple is the clear leader of the tablet makers, selling an estimated 13 million iPads since its launch in April, but a bevy of electronics makers including Motorola Mobility, Toshiba and Dell showed off their tablets last week at the International Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. Technology research firm Gartner expects that 55 million tablet computers will be shipped this year. The New York Times offers a free iPad version of its newspaper. Installed on about 1.5 million tablets, the app will require a subscription later this year when the Times also will start charging to read multiple stories on its website.

Neighboring states seem eager to cash in on tax increase in Illinois • ILLINOIS, FROM 1B

tax rates is . . . hopelessly out of date,” said Ed Morrison, economic policy advisor at the Purdue Center for Regional Development. “It demonstrates that political leadership is really out of step with what the global competitive realities are.” By going where no other state dares to tread, Illinois could prove itself to be a policy pacesetter or the opposite — a place so dysfunctional that officials created a jaw-dropping budget crisis and then tried to fix it by knee-capping the economy.

14PGB02.indd 2

Illinois faced a budget deficit of $15 billion in the coming year, equivalent to more than half the state’s general fund. Officials warned that state government might not be able to pay its employees. It certainly would fall further behind in paying the businesses, charities and schools that provide services on the state’s behalf. To avoid that, the Democrat-controlled General Assembly voted to temporarily raise personal income taxes 66 percent, from 3 percent to 5 percent. Corporate rates will rise, too — from 4.8 percent to 7 percent —

when Democratic Gov. Pat Quinn signs the measure. The increase is expected to produce $6.8 billion a year for the four years it’s in full effect. That should be enough to balance Illinois’ annual budget and begin chipping away at a backlog of roughly $8 billion in old bills. The tax move inspired a day of taunts across state borders and finger-pointing between parties. “Years ago Wisconsin had a tourism advertising campaign targeted to Illinois with the motto, ‘Escape to Wisconsin,’ ” Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker said in a statement. “Today we renew that call to

Illinois businesses, ‘Escape to Wisconsin.’ You are welcome here.” Illinois state Sen. Dan Duffy, a Republican, labeled the tax increase “the nuclear bomb of jobs bills.” There was even some carping from Illinois Democrats. Chicago Mayor Richard Daley predicted jobs will start trickling out of Illinois with little fanfare. But Illinois’ governor rejected the idea that the increase would allow other states to lure jobs away. “Lots of luck to them, but that’s not going to happen,” Quinn said at a news conference. Businesses look at more

than taxes when making financial decisions, Quinn said. They also look at whether state government is stable and able to provide good roads and schools. “It’s important for their state government not to be a fiscal basket case,” Quinn said. A Wisconsin company seemed to prove his point. Train-maker Talgo is threatening to leave Milwaukee because Wisconsin rejected federal funds for high-speed rail. Talgo still considers Illinois a strong possibility for its new the company’s new home, despite the tax increase, said

spokeswoman Nora Friend. The tax increase “would not weigh in as a positive, but it’s difficult to say whether it’s the deciding factor,” Friend said. “It would be one more factor that gets weighed in.” Illinois Democrats note that even after the increase takes effect, the 5 percent personal income tax rate will still be lower than many nearby states’. The top personal rate in Wisconsin is 7.75 percent, for example, and Iowa’s is 8.98 percent. Indiana and Michigan will have lower rates, however — 3.4 percent and 4.35 percent.

1/14/2011 5:32:27 AM




Washington Post Service


Target to buy leases of Canada’s Zellers From Miami Herald Wire Services

Target is expanding north, agreeing to acquire most leases of Canadian retailer Zellers and planning to open its first Canadian stores in 2013. Target said this week it will pay 1.83 billion Canadian dollars ($1.85 billion) for the 220 Zellers leases from Hudson’s Bay. Target aims to open 100 to 150 Target stores throughout Canada in 2013 and 2014. Hudson’s Bay will sublease the stores back from Target and keep operating them as Zellers for a period of time. Target also says it will try to sell its credit card receivables portfolio, a move some activist investors have pushed for a long time. TESCO’S U.K. SALES OVER HOLIDAYS DISAPPOINT Tesco, Britain’s largest supermarket group, on Thursday reported disappointing sales in its home market over the holiday period, causing its shares to slump on the London stock exchange. Tesco, the world’s third-largest retailer, said U.K. sales were up just 0.6 percent in the six weeks ending on Jan. 8 on a like-for-like basis, which strips out the contribution of new stores or expanded space. Tesco said the weather particularly dampened nonfood sales as many customers chose not to drive to larger stores. • ENERGY MARATHON OIL TO SPLIT ITS BUSINESS Marathon Oil said Thursday it will split into two companies, separating its business of exploring for and producing oil from its lower-margin refining operation. The company says the move will allow it to be more flexible in operational decisions. Analysts say it’s a good time to divest less profitable businesses as energy markets recover. The Houston company had considered a spin-off two years ago but shelved it as prices for oil and gas plummeted in the recession. The refining company will be known as Marathon Petroleum and will be based in Findlay, Ohio. It’s expected to be the United States’ fifth-largest refiner with refineries in the Midwest, Gulf Coast and Southeast. • BAHAMAS ECONOMY PREDICTED TO GROW IN 2011 Bahamas’ prime minister predicts the island’s economy will grow between 2 percent to 2.5 percent this year, buoyed by more foreign investment, construction projects and tourist arrivals. Hubert Ingraham says economic conditions finally stabilized in 2010 in the tourism-dependent Bahamas, which was battered by the global recession. He says lingering unemployment will likely keep the Bahamas a year away from starting a more rapid ascent toward prosperity.


Beige Book shows improving economy BY NEIL IRWIN

GOAL: Target aims to open 100 to 150 Target stores around Canada in 2013 and 2014.


WASHINGTON — The economy “continued to expand moderately” at the end of 2010, according to a new report from the Federal Reserve that shows a recovery that, although not rapid, is on track. The Beige Book, a compilation of anecdotal reports from businesses across the United States, offered further confirmation of trends that have emerged from a range of economic data in recent weeks: The manufacturing, retail and service industries outside of finance appear relatively strong. The job market is gradually improving. And the housing sector remains a significant drag on the economy. Add it all up, and the picture is an economy very slowly gaining momentum, with some continued pockets of distress but also definite signs of progress as 2011 gets under way. In the all-important labor market, for example, conditions “appear to be firming somewhat,” though not enough to push wages upward. The document, prepared in advance of each Fed policy meeting to help officials decide the course of monetary policy, is in line with recent economic reports as varied as business surveys, retail sales data and weekly

unemployment insurance claims. “In general, the tone of the report was consistent with the recent data flow,” said Peter Newland, an economist at Barclays Capital. The Commerce Department will release data on fourth-quarter gross domestic product this month, which economists expect will show that the economy grew at a 3 percent to 3.5 percent annual rate in the final three months of 2010, up from 2.6 percent in the third quarter. The Beige Book had a more upbeat tone than its previous installment, issued Dec. 1, which said that the economy “continued to improve, on balance,” but acknowledged more caveats to that growth than the newest report. And in contrast to this summer, when Fed officials’ interviews with business contacts revealed fears that the economy would contract again, no reports from the 12 regional banks that constitute the Federal Reserve system “made mention of lingering fears of a doubledip recession.” One of the encouraging areas was the manufacturing sector, which “continued to recover” across all Fed districts. The auto industry was a particular source of strength. Industrial contacts in the states served by the Chica-

go Fed “pointed to pent-up demand for both light and heavy motor vehicles, attributed to an aging fleet, as a key driver of activity in the manufacturing sector.” The strength in auto manufacturing was matched by growth in auto sales, which were either steady or up in eight of the 12 Fed districts. The holiday retail sales season appeared to be solid across most of the United States, the report found, “with most retailers reporting sales growth consistent with or ahead of plan for the recent 2010 holiday season.” Tourism was generally a positive for the United States’ economy as well, with a strong start to the winter ski season in many parts of the country, an uptick in attendance and revenue at Broadway theaters, and stronger business travel in the areas covered by the Atlanta and San Francisco Fed. Another plus for the economy was much of the service industry, with signs of strength in information technology, advertising and consulting, and law firms. Healthcare-related industries showed more mixed results. The biggest negative for the economy continued to be the housing industry, as “activity in residential real estate and new home construction remained slow across all Districts.”

Nine of the 12 Fed districts reported that home prices declined or held steady, and the oversupply of houses from the boom years discouraged builders to construct residences. The financial sector was mixed, with districts across the country reporting conflicting trends in business demand for loans and bank lending. In a sign of improvement for the moribund job market, staffing firms in six Fed districts gave positive reports, and in some parts of the country, firms were said to be raising work hours “instead of or in addition to hiring.” On the inflation front, higher prices for fuels and other commodities in recent months were affecting businesses, though few were finding themselves able to pass the higher prices through to end users. “Specific markets or products identified as experiencing high or rising prices included various food products, steel and other metals, building materials, textiles, chemicals, and petroleumrelated products,” the report said. Businesses are apparently not counting on the rise in fuel prices being short-lived. Many of the Fed districts “mentioned concerns among business contacts that petroleum-related prices, already above year-earlier levels, will continue rising in 2011.”

ITT to spin off its water, military units BY MICHAEL J. de la MERCED New York Times Service

Years after beginning a long and laborious corporate breakup, ITT has announced that it would split itself into three companies, the latest conglomerate to streamline to try to bolster its stock price. Under the plan, ITT will spin off its water and military technology units, keeping the business that focuses on industrial products. The move began from a corporate review in 2010, when management decided that ITT’s military unit would drag on the overall company’s profits, hurt by declining government spending. Despite examining alternatives like potential sales of business units, the tax-free spinoffs were considered the best way to generate value. “It was not a decision that

was taken lightly,” Steven R. Loranger, ITT’s chairman and chief executive, said in a telephone interview. “But over the past year, we came to the conclusion that this was the right thing to do.” With the plan announced on Wednesday, ITT will live on as a maker of complex technology for the aerospace, industrial and energy markets, with $2.1 billion in pro forma revenue for 2011. ITT itself will be led by the company’s chief financial officer, Denise L. Ramos. The water unit, which will have $3.6 billion in pro forma revenue, will be led by Gretchen W. McClain, the current head of ITT’s fluid and motion control business. And the military unit, with $5.8 billion in pro forma revenue, will be led by its current head, David F. Melcher. Loranger is expected to

become executive chairman of the water business, and promoted its business prospects as global demand for clean water rises. ITT is already one of the world’s largest suppliers of water pumps, and sees opportunity in servicing aging infrastructure in developed countries as well as new construction in emerging markets. “It is just a really remarkable business,” Loranger said. “It’s one that I love, one that’s very global.” The plan does not require a shareholder vote, and ITT expects each new company to maintain an investmentgrade credit rating. If completed, the breakup will follow decades of shrinking at ITT, a company once synonymous with the conglomerate business model. Founded as International Telephone and Telegraph in 1920, it grew into a multina-

tional behemoth with businesses in hotels, rental cars and frozen foods. The idea — promoted by the longtime chief executive Harold Geneen and his chief deal advisor, Felix Rohatyn of Lazard — was acquisitions as growth, sometimes as frequently as a deal a week. But since the 1970s, ITT has focused on slimming itself down. Its first major breakup was another threeway split, in 1995. Breaking up conglomerates has become popular. Sara Lee is leaning toward splitting itself into its meats and coffee businesses, after spurning a takeover bid by JBS of Brazil. And Fortune Brands, prodded by the activist investor William A. Ackman, is pursuing the spinoff of its home products business and the sale or spinoff of its golf products unit.

• INSURANCE AIG TO SELL TAIWAN BUSINESS FOR $2.16 BILLION The American International Group said Wednesday that it would sell its Taiwan life insurance business, Nan Shan Life, to a local consortium for $2.16 billion. Nan Shan Life has 4 million policyholders, making it an attractive asset in the country’s crowded insurance sector. The sale is part of AIG’s broader efforts to pay back the bailout funds it received from U.S. taxpayers at the height of the financial crisis. The sale of Nan Shan Life has been plagued by political and regulatory concerns. In August, regulators in Taiwan blocked an effort by AIG to sell the unit for $2.15 billion to an investment group, including Primus Financial Holding in Hong Kong and China Strategic Holdings, saying the bidders did not have the financial strength and industry experience to run the company. • INTERNET S. KOREAN POLICE SAY GOOGLE VIOLATED LAWS Police said Thursday that Google violated South Korean laws and referred the case to state prosecutors, adding to a slew of privacy cases the world’s largest search engine is facing. Google has been accused of collecting e-mails and other personal information from unsecured wireless networks while it took photos of neighborhoods in South Korea for its “Street View” mapping service between October 2009 and May 2010. • MINING CANADA’S INMET, LUNDIN TO COMBINE Inmet Mining and Lundin Mining announced they are combining to form a new copper company, Symterra with a market value of about 9 billion Canadian dollars ($9.12 billion). The new company will have five mines in Europe as well as two large copper development projects in Panama and in the Democratic Republic of Congo.For each share held, Inmet shareholders will get 3.4918 shares of Symterra, and Lundin shareholders will get 0.3333 shares of Symterra.

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ENGROSSED: Defense contractor ITT has said it will split itself into three publicly traded companies, separating its defense and information business, its water technology unit and its industrial products business. Above, traders gather at the post that handles ITT on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange on Wednesday.

U.S. trade official says Doha deal possible in 2011 BY FRANK JORDANS Associated Press

GENEVA — A key U.S. trade diplomat said Thursday the Doha round of international trade liberalization talks could finally be concluded this year if negotiators begin to tackle issues of substance rather than persist in focusing on procedural questions. The U.S. ambassador to the World Trade Organization, Michael Punke, said concrete proposals to lower

tariffs for specific sectors need to be put forward if a deal is to be reached in 2011. In particular, the United States is looking for progress on chemicals, industrial and agricultural machinery, forestry products, retails services, express delivery services and computer services, Punke told reporters in Geneva. “It is critical that we begin to get into the meat of negotiating,” he said. “We are ready, willing and able to negotiate

anywhere, to negotiate any issue, to negotiate with anybody except ourselves,” he said of the U.S. position. Washington feels it has already made more concessions than it has received, especially from emerging economies such as China, Brazil and India. Punke called on Beijing and others to show “responsibility” by helping bring the decade-long talks to a successful end. The trade ambassador

said he doesn’t expect a substantive breakthrough to occur in Davos, Switzerland, later this month, when senior officials from major economies will be meeting at the annual World Economic Forum to discuss progress on Doha. But a comprehensive deal is possible this year and should be the goal for negotiators, Punke said. “We won’t settle for Doha light,” he said.

1/14/2011 5:51:39 AM



DOW 11,731.90



S&P 500 1,283.76



NASDAQ 2,735.29



Close: 11,731.90 Change: -23.54 (-0.2%)



6-MO T-BILLS .16%


30-YR T-BONDS 4.49%



Close: 2,735.29 Change: -2.04 (-0.1%)









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DOW DOW Trans. DOW Util. NYSE Comp. NASDAQ S&P 100 S&P 500 S&P 400 Wilshire 5000 Russell 2000

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.2516 .5983 1.5843 1.0107 .002041 .1513 .000538 .0268 1.3350 .0222 .2809 .012087 .082737 .1706 .3584 .1465 1.0380 .0501

.2516 .5970 1.5767 1.0122 .002039 .1514 .000537 .0267 1.3132 .0222 .2822 .012063 .082919 .1693 .3583 .1464 1.0340 .0501

9>= -57.98 +6.33 -26.84 +113.37 +29.76 +106.88 +76.96 -911.50 -58.73

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4.44 5.35 3.50 8.59 5.25 2.42 4.52

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MA CE GJH 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

3.9741 1.6750 .6342 .9879 490.50 6.6055 1860.50 37.41 .7615 45.025 3.5441 82.90 12.0600 5.9060 2.791 6.8320 .9671 19.9521

OJ: +0.56% +2.33% +2.10% +5.22% +4.47% -1.25% +3.53% +2.04% -0.31%




MA CE GJH 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

OJ: +1.33% +2.40% +1.07% +1.95% +3.11% +2.09% +2.08% +1.90% +2.13% +2.17%

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Argent (Peso) Brazil (Real) Britain (Pound) Canada (Dollar) Chile (Peso) China (Yuan) Colombia (Peso) Dominican Rep (Peso) Euro (Euro) India (Rupee) Israel (Shekel) Japan (Yen) Mexico (Peso) Norway (Krone) Peru (New Sol) So. Africa (Rand) Switzerlnd (Franc) Uruguay (New Peso)



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Barclays LongT-BdIdx Bond Buyer Muni Idx Barclays USAggregate Barclays US High Yield Moodys AAA Corp Idx Barclays CompT-BdIdx Barclays US Corp

... 1.72f 0.10e 0.72 0.64 ... ... 0.60 ... 0.04 ... ... ... ... ... 0.40 ... ... 0.16 ... 0.38 0.04 ... ... 1.28 0.40f ... ... ... 0.88 0.48 0.10e ... ... 1.00 0.12 0.12 0.16f ... ... ... ... 0.16 0.20 ... ... ... ... ... ... 2.30e 2.00 ... ... ... ... ... 0.50 ... 0.52f 0.80 ... 1.08 ... ... ... 15.00e ... 0.04 ... ... ... 0.75e ... ... ... ... 1.88 1.60b ... 2.08 ... 0.15



C7@EHI Buenos Aires Argentina Frankfurt DAX London FTSE 100 Hong Kong Hang Seng Paris CAC-40 Mexico Tokyo Nikkei 225 Sao Paulo Brazil Toronto Canada

AMR (AMR) AT&T Inc (T) Alico (ALCO) AmExp (AXP) Assurant (AIZ) AutoNatn (AN) Avatar (AVTR) BB&T Cp (BBT) BE Aero (BEAV) BkofAm (BAC) BkAtl A h (BBX) BeasleyB (BBGI) Benihana (BNHN) BenihanaA (BNHNA) Bluegreen (BXG) Carnival (CCL) CatalystPh (CPRX) CerusCp (CERS) Chicos (CHS) CitrixSys (CTXS) Comcast (CMCSA) CnsTom (CTO) Continucre (CNU) CrssCtryHl (CCRN) Darden (DRI) Disney (DIS) Dreams (DRJ) Dycom (DY) h (DIET) EqtyOne (EQY) FedExCp (FDX) Flanign (BDL) GeoGrp (GEO) HackettGp (HCKT) HarrisCorp (HRS) Heico s (HEI) Heico A s (HEI/A) IntlSpdw (ISCA) IntervalLs (IILG) IsleCapri (ISLE) IvaxDiag (IVD) LadThalFn (LTS) LennarA (LEN) Macys (M) MAKO Srg (MAKO) MarineMx (HZO) Mastec (MTZ) McClatchy (MNI) Mednax (MD) NABI Bio (NABI) NatlBevrg (FIZZ) FPL Group (NEE) OcwenFn (OCN) OfficeDpt (ODP) OpkoHlth (OPK) Parlux (PARL) PerryEllis (PERY) PetMed (PETS) Protalix (PLX) RJamesFn (RJF) RepubSvc (RSG) RylCarb (RCL) Ryder (R) SBA Com (SBAC) SFN Grp (SFN) StJoe (JOE) SeacorHld (CKH) SpanBdc h (SBSA) SunTrst (STI) TIB Fn rs (TIBBD) TenetHlth (THC) Terremk (TMRK) TevaPhrm (TEVA) Tongjitng (TCM) TradeStatn (TRAD) 21CentHld (TCHC) UltimSoft (ULTI) UPS B (UPS) VectorGp (VGR) Vonage (VG) Watsco (WSO) Winn-Dixie (WINN) WorldFuel (INT)




Prime Rate Fed Funds Target 3-month T-bill 6-month T-bill 52-wk T-bill 2-year T-note 5-year T-note 10-year T-note 30-year T-bond

The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 3.30 percent Thursday. Yields affect interest rates on consumer loans.


IjeYaiH[YWf Vol. (in mil.) 4,355 Pvs. Volume 4,302 Advanced 1369 Declined 1648 New Highs 246 New Lows 108






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3.48 55.10 3.86 2.50 3.17 17.74 3.00 2.27 9.06 39.00

+1.44 +17.60 +.89 +.54 +.56 +3.12 +.51 +.38 +1.49 +6.30

+70.6 +46.9 +30.0 +27.6 +21.5 +21.3 +20.5 +20.1 +19.7 +19.3





SemiLeds n ChiValve DragonW g Westwy un YM Bio g SmithMicro Goldcp wt StratDiag SumFWV Subaye

18.76 7.15 7.25 5.68 2.24 13.43 2.44 2.30 3.95 13.00

-9.87 -1.57 -1.41 -1.04 -.40 -2.27 -.37 -.33 -.53 -1.62

-34.5 -18.0 -16.3 -15.5 -15.2 -14.5 -13.0 -12.5 -11.8 -11.1

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28.08 +.04 8.26 -.13 15.75 -.49 27.22 +3.20 11.36 +.47 14.77 -.22 7.47 +.03 21.08 -.04 5.04 -.04 14.17 -.22 8.63 +.06 30.16 -.25 23.98 +.53 18.68 -.03 18.60 -.07 7.12 -.10 11.15 -.01 28.00 -1.00 47.79 -.42 79.94 -.03 21.29 -.01 44.45 -.26 47.21 -1.40




CRUDE OIL $91.40


EURO 1.3350





GOLD $1,386.90




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19.24 18.19 12.21 50.05 36.20 41.85 37.26 30.97 11.40 16.69 28.57 25.60 28.86 54.78 39.48 27.52

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19.63 18.33 19.71

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36.37 17.53

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34.84 35.20

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71.70 13.27 36.35 110.60

-.13 +.02 +.28 -.34

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18.56 46.92 9.64 69.05 23.18 29.16 30.51 45.41 11.50 8.18 13.77 14.01 11.72 14.03 86.92 33.63 38.96 73.11 18.24 8.47 11.16 10.76 11.35

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45.44 45.44

-.08 -.08

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6.52 11.02 2.21 2.23

-.07 -.12 ... ...

-2.9 -2.7 +1.9 +1.9

29.68 21.22

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37.77 61.48

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35.68 43.70

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24.93 24.22

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13.12 13.09

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14.42 14.37

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36.07 61.73

-.21 +.14

-1.1 +2.3


12.14 9.35 10.43 10.88 10.88 10.88 10.88 10.88

+.02 -.03 +.03 +.03 +.03 +.03 +.03 +.03

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39.17 20.60 34.59 24.18 32.94 24.16 60.24 34.15 9.50 16.71 23.96

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+2.7 +1.4 +2.2 +2.1 +2.5 +1.9 +2.9 +2.0 +0.2 +1.6 +2.7





118.31 118.30 40.19 10.74 10.74 5.74 52.44 124.27 9.95 25.70 13.09 117.47 117.48 29.17 19.56 22.41 19.82 20.77 13.12 10.97 15.85 67.33 69.85 10.78 10.78 19.35 12.57 22.40 13.32 12.81 10.60 10.60 10.60 10.60 15.96 32.27 32.27 32.26 21.79 52.80 31.54 54.47 46.69 13.84 26.31

-.20 -.20 -.19 +.02 +.02 ... -.14 -.34 +.03 +.08 +.05 -.20 -.20 -.05 -.04 ... +.02 -.01 -.05 -.01 -.01 -.07 -.08 ... ... +.01 +.01 +.01 ... +.01 +.03 +.03 +.03 +.03 +.02 -.05 -.05 -.05 +.02 +.06 +.01 +.01 -.15 -.02 -.08

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D;J'OH O;IJFLI9>=7=E Unleaded Gas (gal) 2.45 2.47 -.02 2.06 Crude Oil (bbl) 91.40 91.86 -.46 79.65 Gold (oz) 1386.90 1385.70 +1.20 1136.40 Platinum (oz) 1818.60 1797.90 +20.70 1570.20 Silver (oz) 29.25 29.53 -.28 18.54 Coffee (lb) 2.38 2.41 -.03 1.45 Orange Juice (lb) 1.73 1.78 -.05 1.33 Sugar (lb) 0.32 0.32 ... .28

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BWij 9^]

BanColum 59.31 -.46 BcBilVArg 11.01 +.71 BcoBrades 20.24 -.16 BcoSantand 11.36 +.47 BcoSBrasil 13.37 -.02 BcSanChile 86.89 +.98 BcoChile 88.45 +.52 BkMont g 59.17 +.06 BkNYMel 31.64 -.02 BkNova g 56.57 -.56 Barclay 19.31 +.21 Bard 91.66 -.02 BarrickG 47.44 -2.56 Baxter 50.35 -.62 BaytexE g 47.35 -.13 BeckCoult 72.49 -.16 BectDck 83.13 -.51 BedBath 49.24 -.23 Bemis 32.50 +.01 Berkley 27.05 +.01 BerkHa A 121200 +290 BerkH B s 80.76 +.02 BestBuy 35.54 -.13 BiogenIdc 67.52 +.12 BlkHillsCp 30.66 -.18 BlackRock 195.81 +1.97 Blackstone 15.70 +.42 BlockHR 12.53 -.10 BdwlkPpl 32.31 +.23 Boeing 69.83 -.32 BorgWarn 68.87 -1.23 BostProp 87.21 +.75 BostonSci 7.47 +.03 BrasilTele 23.90 +.61 BrasTel C 9.64 +.30 Braskem 23.61 -.47 BrigExp 28.31 +.50 BrMySq 25.90 -.05 BritATob 73.45 -2.78 Broadcom 45.86 -.19 BrkďŹ&#x201A;dAs g 32.58 +.15 BrkďŹ&#x201A;dPrp 17.57 -.11 BrwnBrn 24.36 -.13 BrownFA 67.69 -.17 BrownFB 67.85 -.25 Buckeye 68.38 +.10 Bucyrus 90.34 +.06 Buenavent 43.06 -.77 BungeLt 69.86 +2.57 CA Inc 25.06 -.03 CAE Inc g 12.15 -.30 CB REllis 21.31 +.15 CBS B 19.87 +.09 CF Inds 142.47 +.66 CGG Verit 31.22 +.26 CGI g 18.06 -.19 CH Robins 79.38 -.37 CIGNA 39.53 +.21 CIT Grp 47.45 +.48 CME Grp 313.60 -1.33 CMS Eng 18.94 +.08 CNA Fn 27.09 -.40 CNH Gbl 53.00 +.10 CNOOC 248.83 -.90 CPFL En 78.55 +.89 CRH 19.73 +.55 CSX 69.27 +.57 CTC Media 23.65 +.13 CVS Care 34.86 +.05 CablvsnNY 33.41 -.35 CabotO&G 37.95 -.35 Calpine 14.28 -.19 CamdnP 53.60 +.11 Cameco g 39.65 +.12 Cameron 51.65 -.48 CampSp 34.92 +.02 CIBC g 77.67 -.74 CdnNRy g 68.04 +.50 CdnNRs gs 41.78 -.75 CP Rwy g 67.72 +.61 Canon 50.94 +.43 CapOne 46.69 -.48 CardnlHlth 40.63 +.38 CareFusion 26.49 +.57 CarMax 32.38 +.01 CarnUK 49.08 -.29 Caterpillar 94.14 +.65 Celanese 43.19 -.32 Celgene 57.25 -.66 Cellcom 32.65 -.65 Cemex 10.51 -.30 Cemig pf 17.94 +.38 Cemig 13.30 +.20 CenovusE 32.69 -.18 CenterPnt 15.77 CnElBras lf 13.98 +.18 CntryLink 44.86 +.23 Cephln 59.94 -.35 Cerner 95.42 -.53 Cervecer 58.16 +.19 CharterCm 40.02 +.15 ChkPoint 45.18 +.03 ChesEng 27.70 -.19 ChesUtl 40.36 +.35 Chevron 92.18 -.27 ChicB&I 34.59 +.13 Chimera 4.11 +.02 ChinaEA s 25.52 -.76 ChinaLife 62.68 -.25 ChinaMble 50.25 -.19 ChinaPet 101.36 +.42 ChinaSoAir 30.61 -.33 ChinaTel 56.03 -2.04 ChinaUni 14.64 +.15 Chipotle 229.64 +11.97 Chubb 57.46 -.72 ChungTel wi 30.36 -.12 ChurchDwt 69.71 -.88 Cimarex 95.96 +1.40 CinnFin 31.85 -.16 Cintas 28.52 +.01

DWc[ Cisco Citigrp CitiTdecs CityNC CliffsNRs Clorox Coach CobaltIEn CocaCE CCFemsa CCHellenic CocaCl CognizTech ColgPal Comc spcl Comerica CmcBMO ComScop CmtyHlt CBD-Pao s CompssMn CompSci ConAgra ConchoRes ConocPhil ConsolEngy ConEd ConstellA ConstellEn ContlRes Cooper Ind Copart Copel CoreLab s CornPdts Corning Corpbnca Cosan Ltd Costco Covance CoventryH Covidien Credicp CredSuiss Cree Inc CrwnCstle CrownHold s CullenFr Cummins CypSemi DPL DR Horton DTE Danaher s DaVita DeVry DeckOut s Deere DelMnte Delhaize Dell Inc DeltaAir DenburyR Dndreon Dentsply DeutschBk DevelDiv DevonE Diageo DiaOffs DicksSptg DigitalRlt DirecTV A Discover DiscCm A DiscCm C DishNetwk DrReddy DolbyLab DollarGen DllrTree s DomRescs Domtar grs Donldson DonlleyRR Dover DowChm DrPepSnap DresserR Dril-Quip DuPont DukeEngy DukeRlty DunBrad ETrade rs eBay EMC Cp ENI EOG Res EQT Corp EstWstBcp EastChm Eaton EatnVan EVTxMGlo Ecolab Ecopetrol EdisonInt EdwLfSci s ElPasoCp ElPasoPpl Elan EldorGld g ElectArts EAndinA EAndinB Embraer EmersonEl EElChile EnbrEPtrs

BWij 9^] 21.08 5.04 143.59 61.54 87.40 63.42 53.87 13.68 25.33 82.65 26.82 63.40 74.59 78.31 21.24 42.01 40.88 31.48 37.78 41.06 89.61 52.66 23.20 91.97 67.26 54.06 49.96 19.35 31.53 61.35 61.42 37.62 26.93 89.95 47.99 19.85 84.76 14.45 71.60 54.60 29.48 47.32 111.27 43.85 65.46 41.92 33.34 43.13 60.49 112.91 21.23 25.99 13.08 46.72 46.89 70.21 46.22 80.44 89.47 18.93 75.38 14.17 12.61 19.06 36.60 36.30 56.84 13.29 81.94 77.23 72.14 35.78 53.70 42.22 20.04 38.83 33.65 21.46 36.32 63.00 28.70 50.65 42.61 78.99 59.68 17.65 59.06 35.65 35.75 44.17 77.22 49.39 17.80 13.05 83.82 16.64 28.71 23.98 46.62 97.86 46.49 20.64 92.28 103.78 31.22 10.47 49.04 43.17 37.96 81.79 14.09 34.51 6.73 17.73 16.04 24.60 30.75 30.01 58.00 53.60 63.96

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DWc[ Enbridge EnCana g EndoPhrm Energen Energizer EngyTEq EngyTsfr Enerpls g Enersis ENSCO Entergy EntPrPt Equifax Equinix EqtyRsd EricsnTel ErieInd EssexPT EsteeLdr EverestRe ExcoRes Exelon Expedia ExpdIntl ExpScrip s ExxonMbl F5 Netwks FLIR Sys FMC Corp FMC Tech FactsetR FamilyDlr Fastenal FedRlty FibriaCelu FidlNFin FidNatInfo FifthThird FstHorizon FstNiagara FstRepB n FstSolar FirstEngy Fiserv Flextrn Flowserve Fluor FocusMda FEMSA FordM FordC pfS ForestLab ForestOil FortuneBr Fossil Inc FosterWhl FranceTel FrankRes FMCG FresenM FrontierCm GaďŹ sa s Gallaghr GameStop Gannett Gap GardDenv Garmin Gartner GenDynam GenElec GenGrPr n GenMills s GenMot n Genpact Gentex GenuPrt Genworth Genzyme Gerdau Gildan GileadSci GlaxoSKln GlobPay GolLinhas GoldFLtd Goldcrp g GoldmanS Goodrich Goodyear Google Graingr GtPlainEn GreenMtC s GpTelevisa GuangRy Guess HCC Ins HCP Inc HDFC Bk HSBC Hallibrtn HansenNat HarleyD Harman HarmonyG HartfdFn Hasbro HltCrREIT Heinz HelmPayne HSchein Herbalife Hershey Hertz Hess HewlettP Hitachi Hologic HomeDp Honda

BWij 9^] 55.85 30.69 34.87 54.21 72.75 39.40 53.76 32.75 21.50 52.25 72.77 43.01 36.40 87.05 50.23 11.45 65.88 113.24 83.80 83.31 19.41 42.37 27.12 54.03 57.63 76.71 143.95 29.13 77.58 88.83 94.50 43.31 58.81 76.23 16.57 13.37 29.64 14.62 12.48 14.20 30.51 141.55 38.36 60.76 8.30 116.53 70.18 23.88 56.21 18.68 55.36 31.56 37.58 61.81 69.28 37.07 21.17 119.26 118.07 57.35 9.43 13.93 28.69 20.60 14.76 20.29 72.17 30.76 34.67 71.78 18.60 14.81 36.33 38.27 15.19 31.57 51.05 14.24 72.36 14.74 28.31 38.12 38.88 47.12 16.25 16.88 42.07 171.57 90.25 12.47 616.69 134.78 19.78 35.47 25.90 20.57 43.56 29.64 36.37 154.50 56.18 39.23 53.15 36.91 45.93 11.34 28.28 44.65 47.09 48.80 49.72 63.91 69.37 49.81 13.77 79.92 45.65 54.74 18.88 35.27 40.42

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DWc[ HonwllIntl Hormel Hospira HospPT HostHotls HuanPwr HubbelB HudsCity HumGen Humana HuntJB HuntBnk Huntsmn IAMGld g ICICI Bk IdexxLabs IHS Inc ING ITC Hold ITT Corp Icahn Ent IDEX ITW Illumina ImpOil gs IndoTel Indosat Inergy Informat InfosysT IngerRd IngrmM IntegrysE Intel IntcntlEx IntCtlHtl IBM IntFlav IntlGame IntPap IntTower g InterOil g Interpublic Intuit IntSurg Invesco IronMtn ItauUnibH IvanhM g JDS Uniph JPMorgCh Jabil JacobsEng Jarden Jefferies JohnJn JohnsnCtl JonesLL JoyGlbl JnprNtwk KB FnclGp KBR Inc KKR n KLA Tnc KT Corp KC Southn Kellogg Kennamtl Keycorp KimbClk Kimco KindME KindMM KineticC KingPhrm Kinross g Kohls KoreaElc Kraft Kroger Kubota Kyocera L-3 Com LAN Air LG Display LKQ Corp LPL Inv n LSI Corp LabCp LamResrch LamarAdv LVSands Lazard LearCorp LegacyRes LeggMason LeggPlat LeucNatl LibGlobA LibGlobC LibtyMIntA LibMCapA LibStarzA LibtProp LifeTech LillyEli Limited LincNat LinearTch LinnEngy LockhdM Loews Logitech Lorillard Lowes Lubrizol lululemn g Luxottica LyonBas A M&T Bk MDU Res

BWij 9^] 54.59 50.40 56.20 24.33 18.40 21.46 60.55 12.97 26.88 57.36 42.02 7.12 17.88 17.87 45.66 68.50 79.15 10.35 64.74 59.45 36.03 39.02 55.76 69.55 42.22 32.99 28.93 41.35 44.42 71.84 46.90 19.50 47.72 21.29 116.35 21.01 148.82 55.98 18.88 28.87 9.10 76.65 11.13 46.36 279.11 24.73 24.73 23.96 25.51 17.46 44.45 21.01 48.75 33.01 26.70 62.91 40.21 86.75 89.70 38.22 54.45 30.86 15.65 39.75 19.76 51.86 51.50 42.36 8.57 63.60 17.90 72.03 65.42 45.37 14.15 17.28 51.48 12.78 31.44 21.52 49.01 105.25 75.49 30.47 17.16 23.74 33.65 6.12 91.81 50.40 38.43 47.21 42.27 106.74 30.19 36.19 22.94 31.48 37.32 35.42 16.05 63.90 66.94 32.40 55.93 34.90 29.43 29.01 34.88 38.76 73.84 40.47 18.12 76.99 24.55 105.22 71.76 30.90 36.40 86.26 20.77

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DWc[ MGM Rsts MSCI Inc Macerich MagelMPtr MagnaI gs Makita ManpwI Manulife g MarathonO Markel MarkWest MarIntA MarshM MarshIls MartMM MarvellT Masco MasseyEn MasterCrd Mattel MaximIntg McCorm McDrmInt s McDnlds McGrwH McKesson McAfee MeadJohn MeadWvco Mechel MedcoHlth Medtrnic MelcoCrwn MercadoL Merck MetLife MetroPCS MettlerT Microchp MicronT MicrosSys Microsoft Millicom MitsuUFJ Mitsui MizuhoFn MobileTel s Mohawk MolsCoorB Molycorp n Monsanto MonstrWw Moodys MorgStan Mosaic MotrlaSol n MotrlaMo n MurphO Mylan NII Hldg NRG Egy NTT DOCO NV Energy NVR NXP Sem n NYSE Eur Nabors NalcoHld NasdOMX NBkGreece NatFuGas NatGrid NatInstru NOilVarco NatRetPrp NatSemi NatwHP NatResPtrs Navistar NetServic NetApp Netease NetďŹ&#x201A;ix Nevsun g NwGold g NewOriEd NY CmtyB NewellRub NewďŹ&#x201A;dExp NewmtM NewsCpA NewsCpB Nexen g NextEraEn NiSource Nidec NikeB NipponTT NobleCorp NobleEn NokiaCp Nomura NordicAm Nordson Nordstrm NorďŹ&#x201A;kSo NortelInv NoestUt NorTrst NorthropG NovaGld g Novartis Novlus NovoNord NSTAR NuanceCm Nucor NustarEn Nvidia OGE Engy OReillyAu

BWij 9^] 16.29 -.04 36.75 -2.97 46.93 +.14 55.58 +.57 58.78 -1.11 41.42 +.01 67.12 -.22 17.55 -.17 42.98 +2.45 390.08 -1.49 43.00 +.20 41.13 +.31 27.40 -.09 7.10 +.01 83.14 -.46 21.43 +.44 13.75 -.03 57.42 -.62 233.51 +.68 24.05 +.10 25.72 +.35 45.94 +.04 20.50 -.28 72.67 -.93 37.33 -.26 74.40 +.41 47.40 -.05 62.93 +.65 27.19 +.01 33.26 -.84 64.94 +.47 37.27 +.57 7.29 -.14 73.35 +.06 34.69 -2.46 45.63 -.95 12.96 -.01 150.44 -.61 36.01 +.26 9.63 +.29 45.50 -.32 28.19 -.36 97.44 +.32 5.55 351.00 +.20 4.15 +.04 20.60 -.11 57.11 -.48 47.93 +.15 48.87 -3.53 74.78 -.14 23.51 -.49 28.95 -.03 28.30 -.41 80.69 +.88 37.85 -.11 33.08 +.45 73.30 -1.22 22.73 +.13 42.08 -.68 20.23 +.11 17.50 +.18 14.36 -.07 777.21 +11.19 23.33 -.27 32.55 +.32 22.08 -.29 30.41 -.18 24.11 +.15 1.74 +.05 69.12 -.28 42.58 -.66 38.89 -.09 67.13 -.25 24.85 +.09 14.27 +.05 35.92 -.49 36.24 -.14 62.80 -.08 13.42 -.13 58.62 -.31 39.00 +.02 191.49 +2.59 6.68 -.23 8.94 -.33 108.64 +3.42 18.36 -.12 17.78 -.43 71.86 -.87 56.81 -.98 14.13 -.23 15.97 -.19 24.12 -.26 53.76 +.13 18.33 +.01 26.09 -.35 82.56 -1.17 22.45 +.02 38.05 -.08 83.86 -.09 10.88 +.12 6.63 +.13 26.21 -.10 93.83 -.27 41.63 -.12 65.68 +.26 35.14 -.20 31.75 +.13 55.50 -.40 66.52 -.40 13.95 -.19 57.03 -.66 32.81 +.19 112.46 -2.11 42.25 +.15 20.51 +.03 44.72 -.01 68.96 -.05 23.39 +.04 44.99 -.26 56.71 -.45

DWc[ OcciPet Oceaneer OilStates OldRepub Omncre Omnicom OnSmcnd ONEOK ONEOK Pt Oracle Orix OshkoshCp OwensCorn OwensIll PG&E Cp PNC POSCO PPG PPL Corp Paccar PackAmer PallCorp PanASlv Panasonic PaneraBrd ParkerHan PrtnrCm PartnerRe Patterson PattUTI Paychex PeabdyE Pearson Pengrth g PennWst g Penney Pentair PeopUtdF PepcoHold PepsiCo PerkElm Perrigo PetChina Petrohawk PetrbrsA Petrobras PetsMart PďŹ zer PharmPdt PhilipMor PhilLD PhilipsEl PhlVH PinWst PioNtrl PitnyBw PlainsAA PlainsEx PlumCrk Polo RL Polycom Popular PortglTel Potash Praxair PrecCastpt PriceTR priceline PrideIntl PrinFncl ProctGam ProgrssEn ProgsvCp ProLogis Prudentl Prud UK PSEG PubStrg PulteGrp QEP Res n QIAGEN Qualcom QuantaSvc QstDiag Questar s QwestCm RPM Rackspace Ralcorp Randgold RangeRs Rayonier Raytheon RltyInco RedHat ReedElsNV ReedEls plc RgcyCtrs RegncyEn RegionsFn ReinsGrp RelStlAl RenaisRe Repsol RschMotn ResMed s ReynAm s RioTinto s Riverbed s RobtHalf RockwlAut RockColl RockwdH RogCm gs Roper RossStrs Rovi Corp Rowan RoyalBk g RBScotlnd RoyDShllB

BWij 9^] 96.42 72.95 65.10 13.15 25.92 44.84 11.43 57.71 80.81 31.18 49.75 38.05 33.00 32.01 46.94 61.13 106.41 82.54 25.73 56.40 28.46 50.04 36.33 14.16 102.11 89.23 20.07 80.80 31.48 20.15 32.09 63.85 16.08 13.34 25.52 30.67 37.05 14.21 18.25 66.91 25.81 66.16 136.72 19.77 33.18 37.18 39.66 18.22 27.97 56.50 57.48 32.87 60.34 41.51 92.64 24.00 64.61 33.60 39.78 108.51 41.37 3.21 11.25 170.13 92.90 144.12 66.74 439.51 34.01 32.86 65.48 44.52 19.16 14.76 60.98 21.92 31.59 102.36 8.35 38.55 19.44 51.87 21.36 55.17 17.87 7.37 22.63 33.79 64.43 80.87 48.16 56.97 49.52 33.68 45.54 25.30 34.26 41.35 27.50 7.24 57.80 53.12 63.85 29.89 64.01 33.03 32.80 71.11 39.72 32.88 72.94 61.95 40.49 36.19 75.25 63.80 67.14 34.85 53.53 13.42 67.42

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DWc[ RoyDShllA Ryanair SAIC SAP AG SCANA SEI Inv SK Tlcm SLGreen SLM Cp SM Energy SPX Cp STMicro SABESP Safeway StJude Salesforce SanDisk SandRdge SanoďŹ SaraLee Sasol Schlmbrg Schwab Scotts ScrippsNet SeadrillLtd SeagateT SealAir SearsHldgs SempraEn Sensata n ShawC gs ShawGrp Sherwin Shinhan Shire SiderNac s Siemens SigmaAld SignetJwlrs Slcnware SilvWhtn g SimonProp SimsMetal Sina SinopcShng SiriusXM SkywksSol Smith&N SmithfF Smucker SnapOn SocQ&M Solera Solutia SonocoP SonyCp Sothebys SouthnCo SthnCopper SoUnCo SwstAirl SwtGas SwstnEngy SpectraEn SprintNex StanBlkDk Staples Starbucks StarwdHtl StateStr Statoil ASA StlDynam Stericycle SterlngBcp Sterlite Stryker Subsea 7 SumitMitsu SunLfFn g Suncor gs Sunoco Symantec Syngenta Synopsys Sysco TAM SA TD Ameritr TECO TFS Fncl TIM Partic TJX TRWAuto TaiwSemi TalecrisBio TalismE g Target TataMotors Taubmn TeckRes g TelNorL TlcmArg TelcmNZ TelItalia TelItaliaA TelSPaulo TelefEsp TelMexA TelMexL Telus g Tenaris Teradata Terex Ternium Tesoro TexInst Textron ThermoFis ThomsonR 3M Co TibcoSft

BWij 9^] 67.52 31.86 16.22 54.58 41.50 24.37 17.83 70.19 14.09 58.71 73.84 11.86 53.88 21.14 41.60 143.85 51.40 7.83 34.43 18.33 51.49 84.60 18.55 51.60 47.68 33.80 14.08 26.58 72.83 51.96 31.20 20.79 36.84 83.61 94.95 78.29 18.00 122.39 64.15 42.39 6.15 32.50 98.15 20.60 85.53 60.69 1.53 31.80 54.35 20.30 64.05 56.44 57.33 52.23 24.38 35.60 35.62 44.88 38.28 46.37 26.33 13.09 36.90 39.26 24.81 4.48 67.93 23.24 32.41 61.31 48.57 24.15 18.65 77.32 10.18 16.25 57.65 24.95 7.36 30.93 38.69 40.17 17.39 63.31 26.44 30.50 24.76 20.89 18.33 9.62 36.34 45.52 57.80 13.37 23.20 22.87 55.42 27.33 50.69 63.64 15.87 26.15 8.72 13.72 11.14 25.34 70.48 16.46 16.59 44.41 45.24 45.30 31.25 42.71 18.89 33.48 25.20 56.54 37.95 88.04 21.07

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DWc[ Tiffany THorton g TW Cable TimeWarn Timken TitanMet TollBros Trchmrk TorDBk g Total SA TotalSys Toyota TractSup s TrCda g Trnsalta g TransAtlH TransDigm Transocn Travelers TrimbleN Tuppwre Turkcell TycoElec TycoIntl Tyson UBS AG UDR UGI Corp UMH Prop URS UltraPt g Ultrapar UnilevNV Unilever UnionPac UtdContl UtdMicro US Bancrp USSteel UtdTech UtdTherap UtdhlthGp UnivHlthS UnumGrp UrbanOut VF Cp Vale SA Vale SA pf ValeantPh ValeroE Validus Valspar VarianMed VarianSemi Ventas VeoliaEnv VeriFone Verisign Verisk VerizonCm VertxPh ViacomB VimpelC n VirgnMda h Visa Visteon n VivoPart VMware Vodafone Vornado VulcanM WPP plc WABCO WaddellR WalMart Walgrn WalterEn WarnerCh s WshPst WasteCon s WsteMInc Waters WatsnPh WeathfIntl WebMD WellPoint WellsFargo WDigital WstnUnion Westpac Weyerh Whrlpl WhitingPet WholeFd WmsCos WmsPtrs WmsSon WillisGp WimmBD Windstrm Wipro s WiscEn WooriFn Wyndham Wynn XL Grp XcelEngy Xerox Xilinx YPF Soc Yahoo Yamana g YanzhouC Youku n YumBrnds Zimmer ZionBcp

BWij 9^] 59.88 42.47 65.14 33.60 50.65 18.40 20.39 61.31 74.92 56.03 15.81 85.39 46.35 37.56 22.17 52.04 76.44 77.32 54.67 41.41 46.38 17.46 36.33 44.95 16.81 17.30 22.79 32.44 10.68 40.87 46.63 64.61 30.35 29.99 99.02 25.96 3.26 26.75 55.60 79.50 67.00 39.60 46.00 24.90 36.31 82.35 35.99 31.51 35.57 25.04 30.93 35.30 69.98 41.59 52.60 30.46 44.26 32.57 34.00 35.80 38.55 41.27 15.34 25.19 71.14 73.83 34.36 95.50 27.36 84.37 40.51 61.12 62.28 37.25 54.79 41.64 137.47 23.93 421.30 27.31 36.68 76.39 52.31 23.23 53.71 61.81 31.89 32.75 19.11 111.63 21.34 87.47 116.18 52.31 26.52 46.98 32.90 34.99 33.44 13.16 14.60 59.10 41.90 29.50 116.72 22.96 23.45 11.32 30.89 52.62 16.75 11.95 32.47 37.58 48.90 55.44 23.80

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For more comics & puzzles, go to GOING BACK IN TIME: Des Hommes et Des Dieux (Of Gods and declarer cashed its second top NORTH Opening lead — � three Men), byplayed director spade, then a heart to �AK Xavier Beauvois, his king. Few autobiographical �83 It takes bridge books have made much left, is acard-perfect quiet, �AJ98743 defense to beat four hearts, of a stir recently, but one that �J6 contemplative and Hanlon’s teammate, Adam I enjoyed was “A Bridge Too dramawas about Mesbur, up tofaith. the task Far?” by Tom Hanlon with WEST EAST asIt West. He of ducked the heart is one the two � J 10 6 5 2 Enda Murphy. It centers on �Q983 king, an essential part of the the Irish bridge player Tom �A4 �965 films that have defense, though far from an Hanlon and his decision to �K5 � 10 moved and angered obvious one, then won the � A Q 10 7 3 � 9 8 4 2 become a full-time bridge France. The film continuation. Now came professional and poker player. heart Although there is more narra- hisissecond SOUTH aboutmaster-play, the time the switch to the only card that tive than customary in bridge �74 when radical Islam — defeat the contract books, this is not necessarily a could � K Q J 10 7 2 was gaining hold the diamond king. This in locked bad thing. And there are cer�Q62 declarer in dummy. tainly plenty of deals, mostly Algeria and trying �K5 South knew fromin the featuring those (good and bad) to take power a bidding that West held both the played by the Irish team that civil an Vulnerable: Both acewar, and queen, so to draw has established England as the club Dealer: West the last trump, he attempted to most powerful of the Englisheffort crushed by come hand with a diamond. speaking countries of Europe. theto Algerian Today’s deal, from the 2004 But East, Nick Fitzgibbon, was The bidding: government. quick to ruff, then shift to the Schapiro Spring Foursomes, South West North East


1 NT 2 �* 4� All pass *Diamonds

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highlights an accurate defense to four hearts. After the spade lead was won in dummy,

club that sent the game one down.





AS MOVIES OPEN, French wounds from Algeria ache as if new


New York Times Service

PARIS — The French colonial experience in Algeria, marked by warfare, terrorism and torture, is a wound that never quite seems to close. Anger and guilt about Algeria infuse some of the anxiBALDO ety today about the heavily immigrant and Muslim banlieues, or suburbs, about the French concern with national identity, radical Islam and veiled women. Lately, France has been moved and angered by two films about Algeria and the French confrontation with its colonial past. The films could not be more different: One, made by Rachid Bouchareb, a Frenchman of Algerian deDOONESBURY scent, is a raging historical fiction about the Algerian fight for independence; the other, made by Xavier Beauvois, is suffused with religious belief and saintliness. But both are set in a period of violence, the first when the Algerian independence fighters of the National Liberation Front, the FLN — terrorists in French eyes — began the nasty and blood-drenched struggle to throw off French rule, and the second when radical Islam BABY BLUES


was gaining hold in Algeria contemplative drama about and trying to take power in a faith, and it sold more than civil war, an effort crushed by 2 million tickets in France the Algerian government it- within five weeks of its opening. It features some of self. One film features Algerian France’s best actors, includmartyrs and the other French ing Michael Lonsdale and martyrs. Both are remarkably Lambert Wilson, in a largely story of a group of nine unbalanced, and CANTU both use AND the true BY HECTOR CARLOS CASTELLANOS “other” as puppets in a his- Trappist monks who live torical drama. One glorifies among the Algerian poor in criminality and terrorism in the monastery of Tibhirine, the name of Algerian free- where they decide to remain dom and justice, while the even though they sense a other, set in the mid-1990s, growing danger. In March looks on horrified as religion 1996, seven were kidnapped mixed with Algerian politics during the Algerian civil seeks to justify murder and war, held for two months and found dead, beheaded, in terrorism. Yet both films have been May. The details of their kidchosen by their respective napping and deaths remain countries, France and Alge- unclear, although the Armed ria, to represent them for the Islamic Group (GIA) claimed BY GARRY TRUDEAU foreign-language Academy responsibility. The film touched someAward, which will be prething profound in France, a sented Feb. 27. “It is a wound,” said Ben- largely Roman Catholic counjamin Stora, one of France’s try that is fiercely proud of its best historians of Algeria and constitutional secularism but French colonialism. “Algeria also haunted by the loss of is France, it is part of the his- selflessness and faith. Le Monde said, “The tory of French nationalism. Algeria continues to obsess monks of Tibhirine incarpeople and still torments nate everything that the public, from the left to the right, French society.” Beauvois’ movie, Des no longer finds in society — Hommes et Des Dieux (Of nobility of spirit, a sense of Gods and Men) is a quiet, sacrifice, freedom, sincerity, BY RICK KIRKMAN AND JERRY SCOTT

WHITE TO PLAY Hint: Win material.

daily ecology, meditation, re- When it was first shown, at thirstiness, with unarmed ciflection on death.” L’Express the Cannes Film Festival, riot vilians lined up against a wall said the fiABBY lm “offers a magnif- police officers were stationed and shot in the back of the DEAR icent response to terrorists, nearby to deal with angry head. The brothers immigrate as to soldiers, while show- French demonstrators, and in to France, where they become anything about committed her antics when Dear Abby: to you the wrote Algerian something ing the torments of those France it has been her recommendation. If you are wondering A former student asked me to write a charrevolution, raising money and of a commercial fl op. who refuse the logic of war.” how to respond to the ministry of education, acter reference to help her land a teaching attacking French police, Le Parisien called it “the Le moresince acutely what you need to convey the is that you had no as job Figaro abroad.said I agreed, I thought highly of well as more moderate knowledge social networking sitesAlgeor film that because of it any that the film as touched on and con-scholar, her potential a teacher and disturbs” postings relatedrian to her, and that you were her level of character. However, was and coarse rivals. is anshe angry indicttemporary unease: “The Isla- after basing your onthe your per-inplaced in theand classroom, the ministry of eduThe story of fight ment of French colonial rule,recommendations mist surge the situation sonal interactions with her. cation of the nation where she was to teach side France by the FLN is opening with the May 1945 of Christians in the Muslim Let this be a lesson to all young people discovered some inappropriate posting on her little networking known, andsites. the story of massacre of mostly world in general.”site. whounarmed are using social social networking Employers are doing background and Because I had written of thethe recommendation, the brothers is checks compelling. Algerian civilians by French While the murder you will be discovered. Any past communicathey contacted asking they had a problem But it is Bouchareb’s effort soldiers in the town of Setif monks hangs me over the iftale, tions you have on the Internet are there to and provided me with copies of what they had — civilians saw the end to compare the FLN to the and the themselves found. Hermonks posting detailed a history of forgingwho stay. Resistance against of the Second World War, talk about the meaning of the This has as beenFrench a hot topic in the media. But fake IDs to buy alcohol while underage, numerI’mand interested know what you,ismy readthe Nazis that most condid school many in Africa Indo- to sacrifi ce they sensedrinking is com-in high ous episodes of binge ers, both and old, think this. You and college, her is marijuana several andabout what drives china, as marking the endyoung of troversial ing, the film idyllic use andand teach me more most than IFrench teach you, and crazy. this subexhibitionistic stunts and sexual activities thatempire. critics the French bizarrely apolitical. It seems ject is one of great importance. I won’t mention. I was shocked. None of this Bouchareb dismisses the strangely ignorant the comatched the person Iof thought I knew.Algeria finally won its independence in 1962 af- protests as ignorant, says lonial implantation thather the When I tried to contact to let her know she had been discovered, rebuffed ter amywar that shook France, the film is about “injustice” monastery represents,she so inquiries andafter cut off all contact! parents’down the Fourth and told reporters at Cannes brought many years Algeria won Her response was denial and to Republic and caused nearly that “it is for sociologists or its independence, and that a “kill the messenger.” I have proselytizing Roman Catholi- a million French citizens of other experts to say why in been left with the problem of how to respond to theIt is an Algeria, the so-called pieds France people find it difficult cism itself represents. ministry’s a poor, noirs, and at least 100,000 Al- to journey into the past,” as odd obliviousness Ordinarily I would not jihad gerian supporters of French if the past had a clarity that divided country where want my signature associatis the rise aswith the those political rule, known as harkis, to emi- current politics do not. edon with someone For Stora, the historian, the grate en masse to France. response the very peasantbehaviorsof and attitudes, but thisamong young woman in legal The film features three fine films make various arguments ry whom isthe monks jeopardy abroad. I still knowFrench-born if what she actors of North about politics, sacrifice and live so blissfully, and don’t apparwrote is true, but I find it highly problematic But in both films, he said, African Alge- faith. ently blindly. TO THURSDAY’S PUZZLE: that she would portray herself as she did. descent (none ANSWER playing three brothers “Algeria is absent.” Hors-la-Loi (Outside themyrian) This situation has so shaken trust in the character and judgment of the Algeria is not France’s who survive the Setif killings Law) is a simpler business, an20-something crowd fi that now reluctant to write recom- as an act of com- Vietnam, he said, but some— depicted action lm,I’m with lots of noise, mendations for any of myblood. students. Whatbarbarity do and blood- thing more ingrained. speechifying you think I shouldand have done? I’m plete concerned Solution: 1. Ng6! Rh7 2. Nf8 (attacking rook and queen). [Sedlak-Fucak 10].


that too many of these young people, however intelligent, lack integrity, character, judgment and common sense. Heartbroken Teacher, Oakland, Calif.

‘Twin’: one who was left alone, disconnected but not lost were turning into his sister, “as if the unchained spirit of The formative event in her distress was no longer bethe composer Allen Shawn’s ing held down and was eruptlife happened when he was ing like a monster inside me.” Like his 2007 memoir, Wish 8 years old: His twin sister, Mary, who was mentally I Could Be There, in which disabled, was sent away, Shawn dissected the sources abruptly disappearing from of his own many phobias, HOROSCOPE his daily life. Allen not only this volume is an unsparing • PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): Words of love, IF TODAY IS YOUR BIRTHDAY: Sense and senmissed her terribly, but he but deeply compassionate sibility are two words you know well. You won’t so soft and tender. You can find someone who into hisknows family’s also terrifi ed of “the howlife. to hum a few bars and get you in needbecame to read Jane Austen’s book inquiry to know how It’s You a book combines mental illness thatthe Mary the mood for love. to proceed during next had six weeks. have that a talent forand using common exhibited, which had sense. led, the sympathetic insight of • ARIES (March with 21-April 19): A stiff upper lip or so it had seemed to me as Oliver Sacks’ writings can be part of a smile. Let a new romance CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): Figure it all Joan Didion’s autobiographia•out child, to her being ‘ostrafinally and create a finale. Find a way to put know that you are happy to let good times roll. cal candor and Mary Karr’s cized’ the family. doubtsfrom to rest. — 20-May 20): Go ahead; let “I suppose that as her twin, sense of familial• dynamics TAURUS (April the the bullets fly. People will shower you with a bookdickory that leaves reader it• AQUARIUS was doubly(Jan. hard20-Feb. for me18): to Hickory, ‘TWIN: A MEMOIR’ kindness. dock. how The mouse mightto run up your clock and with a haunting sense of how By Allen Shawn know and where draw trigger an alarm. broth- 232 pages. Viking. $25.95. the boundary line between relationships between • GEMINI (May 21-June 20): Play your cards ers and sisters, and parents her nature and mine, between as though you hold a winning hand. You might JUMBLE for certainty irrevocathe inherent strangeness of and children, can find an excellent opportunity to hold an intimate o r i gthe i n afuture. tes of discussion an indi- about being a person and the kind of bly bend the arc strangeness that led to what I vidual’s life, how childhood in a sense of CANCER (June confusion 21-July 22):not Find ways to shape one’s saw as banishment from nor- dynamics can •remain within the guidelines and still achieve a apprehension of the world.that unlike mal human society.” compromise will honormine your viewpoint. As he did in Wish I Could when I am Shawn himself suffers from • LEO (July his 23-Aug. 22): Strive traveling, theto create a balgrounds myriad phobias and fears, and Be There, Shawn anced with many interests.of Keep in mind experience c andlifemediin the years that followed, he story in scientifi that any job worth doing is worth writes in his extraordinary cal research, in this case giv- being over- doing well. SHAWN whelmed by might overview new book, Twin, he would of- ing the reader • an VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): You think impressions sensations.” and general ten find himself “wondering of scholarship on thatautism the surgeon wouldand be wise to put warning label Shawn’s need to reconnect may on life. if it was only a matter of time how disparate atheories before the magic glue that illuminate its causes and with Mary, he explains, stems LIBRA 22):intensity Taking a of hardfrom the his origiaim(Sept. is to 23-Oct. held my own brain together manifestations. •His nosed stance could result in vindication. Forget nal relationship with her — as as he can to would lose its adhesive prop- come as close and forgive later this evening. erties, and I would join the understanding Mary’s inner twins, they had spent their • SCORPIO (Oct. early 23-Nov. 21): You“lying might next feel to months why she lines of shuffling institutional life: to apprehend thatcommuniyou don’t have enough buy what youcrib, each othertoin the same dependents at Briarcliff,” an has such difficulty wantwhy but ritual if you shave a fewgrown cents off and and had up here in our first invented name for the place cating with others; there, eventually you will attain security. years” as playmates — and and routine and repetition are where Mary lives. “the abruptness with which her: “I can’t When Shawn suffered so necessary for • SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): Purr ourprivacy lives had diverged.” They with pleasure of your personal this needin the panic attacks, he felt as if he help but think that BY MICHIKO KAKUTANI

New York Times Service


14PGB06.indd 14PGB05.indd 65

You responded appropriately by trying to contact your former student and her parents. that would last for 40 years were separated when If the information on thattheir social networking site is an reflection of her behavior, and involve an adopted child. parents —accurate Cecille and William she could herself in real trouble if the Allen Shawn would Shawn, theget legendary editor of Later country she’s in is one with conservative The New Yorker magazine — wonder if the problems with social views. contributed to his farealized that “there It is intelligent ofwas you someto think Mary twice about givingwrong references to students in the future. ther’s “turning partially away thing with Mary.” It’s“First important be careful because the family,” adding that she that was you down the from there could be liability for you if you knew

the nonverbal communication he once shared with Mary. “Like any twins,” he writes, “we had developed a way of communicating in a language of gestures, looks and vocal inflections.” Starthall from me, keeping my while he doesn’t believe that ing at the age of 12 or 13, brother up at night with her “these additional pressures he recalls, “a musical form screams,” Shawn writes. “As caused Mary’s institutional- would appear in my mind she increasingly became the ization,” they certainly “con- the way a steak appears in a CROSSWORD center of family concerns — a tributed to the shaky marital thought bubble over the head source of worry and anxiety ACROSS 57 “How distasteful!”environment in which the of a comic-strip dog: I would and exhaustion 1 Bind, as a chicken — our 58 original Cool and balanceddecisions” about her were feel an appetite to create music that would fill a particular togetherness became for roasting 64 increasLenya of “The being made. ingly painful ThenOpera” As children, both Allen shape. Melodies would come 6 White House to mention. Threepenny shename, was honestsimply absent, 66 “Hail,” toreCaesar and his older brother, Wal- to me easily when I sat down 9 “Here’stoto ayour health!” 67 Single-handedly lace — who would grow up to compose, as if they had duced kind of shimmering 14 Financial standing 68 Some native Canadians to become the author of plays been there all along but had nostalgic image, an essentially 15 Hanoi’smythical home, for shortbeing: 69 Do’s alternative like Aunt Dan and Lemon, been drowned out by the din static, always 16 Huge river creature 70 Chutzpah ‘improving,’ yet always staying The Fever and The Designat- of life.” 17 Onsame the Pacificand never71 actually “I ___ thought about it” Music, he says, is less a ed Mourner — sensed an unthe 18 However, briefly 72 Reindeer’s kin dertow of emotional inten- way of “deliberately expressgetting anywhere.” 19 The Modify, Shawn as the 73 with Cafeteria its items sity in the family that their ing particular emotions, but home, Constitution on discretion and parents “strenuously denied about discovering them,” emphasis 20 Fast, intellectually DOWN decorum, magnified neuro- was there.” And Allen Shawn and this “need to ‘discover,”’ 23 Alumna 1 “___ the night before speculates that “the unseen he goes on, surely stemmed ses. Theidentifier author’s father suf24 Keanu’s character in Christmas ...” sides of our family’s life — from his “lost twinship.” fered from an array of phoMatrix” made it 2hard Type of 33-Across bias“Thethat for our sister’s disability and ab- Mary’s absence, he says, “had 25 Puzzling posers 3 ___ Major (Greatsence, our parents’ psycho- been left largely undiscussed him to travel or attend large Bear) 27 One who brings change 4 Jelly fuel gatherings, while his over- logical and marital struggles and papered over in our famfor the better 5 Some woodworking protective mother seemed — were probably fueling my ily life. Something essential 32 Submarine creator tools brother’s and my creative ef- in me had been papered over reluctant let him 33 Bank offering,to for short 6 Not ingrow favor of up. She even chaperoned 34 Economized 7 Bangkokhis currencyforts, since precisely those too, and music was my one taste music, “instituting a aspects of life that seemed means of access to it.” 36 Splitsin asunder 8 Act melodramatically This deeply affecting rule that I could only listen 39 In need of stitching 9 More unsavory generally absent from family from the magazine book, like the author’s muto41 one jazz forNovak every Connection or linkrecord 10 or Basingertalk and 27 Sacred ceremony 38 Eyelid sore 54 Athens marketplace sic, is both a 55love letter to his three ones.”11 Receptive to new— 43 Workclassical on a film ideasthe tasteless, 28 Amorous deitythe lurid,40the Light gas Refuse to face twin sister and an intimate reunreasonable, the violent, the was also a great, 12 Sleeper’sunbreathing 44 There Snakelike letters 29 Presbyopic 42 ___ Jessica Parker 59 What superheroes fight construction60ofOnionlike the plant toppling spoken Shawn uncontrollable, 46 Summarysecret in the problem 30 “Be it ___ sothe personal, 45 Least appetizing, that her — seemed household: his father’s con13 Mineral ore veins the psychological 48 Isle of ___ (England) humble ...” as breademotional dominoes 61 “___ the Explorer” institutionalization set in play most fascinating.” tinuing extramarital affair 21 Genesis 1:27 creation 49 Teeniest Greek letter? 31 Actor Harrison, 47 Miss USA contest, e.g. (kid’s show) than half For Allen with a woman who worked 22 Remnant at 51 Sit astride and othersShawn music 50 Dined in their family 62 more Sin of the green-eyed a century a way The Newbusinessperson Yorker —26an ___affair club (schoolprovided 53 Powerful 35 Heating systemtoventrecapture 52 Opponent in blackjack ago. 63 Middle’s middle singing group) 37 Pickle type 56 Become older 53 Landscaper’s covering 65 Years in a decade

1/14/2011 3:05:47 5:36:59 AM

8B 6






Coaches often fumble in managing the clock



New York Times Service

Heat’s 13-game road streak ends in loss to Clippers


Associated Press

LOS ANGELES — Energized by the prospect of taking on the Big Three, the Los Angeles Clippers came out attacking and never let up. Blake Griffin had 24 points and 14 rebounds for his 30th doubledouble, and the Clippers surprised Miami 111-105 Wednesday night, ending the Heat’s 13-game road winning streak. Eric Gordon added 26 points and Baron Davis had 20 points and nine assists for the Clippers, who led virtually the entire game against the NBA’s second-best team. It was just the 13th win of the season for Los Angeles. “I’m sure they were a lot more hyped up for that Christmas Day game against the Lakers and not us,” Griffin said. “Beat the Heat!” the sellout crowd stood and chanted in the closing seconds. “It’s a good win for us,” Davis said in a muted locker room. “It’s not like we have done anything. We still have to get a lot better to improve our record.” Dwyane Wade scored 31 points, LeBron James added 27 and Chris Bosh had 26 points and 13 rebounds for the Heat, who had also won nine in a row overall. “It was too much for us to overcome,” Heat coach Erik Spoelstra said. “They absolutely blitzed us to start the game. It looked like we were running in mud.” From the start, the Clippers repelled all of Miami’s threats, the


TAXING: Miami Heat forward LeBron James walks off the court for a timeout during the first half of an NBA game against the Los Angeles Clippers in Los Angeles on Wednesday.

had the ball and sank a 3-pointer from the left corner. After a timeout, James returned to the game, though Spoelstra later said the league’s MVP sprained his ankle. A 3-pointer by Mario Chalmers again drew the Heat within two, but the Clippers then scored six in a row to lead 103-95 with 4:17 left. Griffin had four points, with Davis sandwiching a fast-break driving layup in between. With the sellout crowd hanging on every possession, Chalmers and Griffin were called for offsetting technicals when they tangled with 4:32 to go. A three-point play by James and a 3-pointer by Bosh got the Heat within four, but Gordon calmly made two free throws to seal the stunning win. “It means a lot,” said Gordon, in his second season. “We know we’re a really good team. This might be the best win of my career here.” Los Angeles won its third in a row and eighth in its last 11, while notching its 10th home victory nearly halfway through the season. “It’s one win,” first-year coach Vinny Del Negro said. “We don’t get extra wins for this game. I’m more concerned about the growth of the team. These wins give us WALLY SKALIJ/LOS ANGELES TIMES SERVICE confidence but we have another EYES ON THE BALL: The Los Angeles Clippers’ Blake Griffin, right, game on Friday.” is fouled by the Miami Heat’s Joel Anthony while attempting The Clippers led by 11 early in a shot in the second quarter. the third, when Miami twice got within three, mostly by making most dramatic coming with 6:37 to he got blocked and his momentum nine of 10 free throws. But the Clippers outscored the carried him out of bounds past the play. James appeared to hurt his left baseline. He hobbled back onto the leg on a drive to the basket when court wincing while the Heat still • TURN TO NBA, 7B

By some accounts, the turning point of the drum-tight playoff game between the New York Jets and Indianapolis Colts last weekend was not a catch or a throw, a run or a kick. It was a misused timeout. And after the Jets won, 17-16, Colts coach Jim Caldwell was added to the growing list of gamemanagement blunderers. Every weekend, it seems, a game is decided as much by sideline goofs as on-field plays. So many NFL coaches, those monarchs of micromanagement, never fully grasp the best use of the clock at the end of games. Why is it so difficult? “It’s kind of funny,” said Herm Edwards, the former coach and current ESPN analyst who, after a number of bungles and subsequent criticisms while coaching the Jets, hired an assistant coach for the main purpose of managing the clock and whispering in his ear to track all the details. “When you’re sitting away from it and you don’t have the headphones on, you can sit there and say, ‘He should do this, he should do that.’ ” Saturday, the Colts called a surprising timeout with 29 seconds left and the Jets on the outskirts of field-goal range. The Jets, handed an unexpected deep breath and with only one timeout left, reevaluated their play-calling options. They exchanged a plan to run for one to pass. An 18-yard completion later, the Jets kicked a short, game-winning field goal. Fans on the couch, announcers in the booth, even players on the sideline — in last week’s case, a perplexed Peyton Manning, arms raised in a “what are we doing?” gesture — often have a cooler sense of when to call a timeout, when to let the clock run, when to run or pass or punt. Those are, in fact, the parts of an enormously complicated game that observers probably understand — and criticize — best. “I also sometimes wonder what people are thinking when they call timeouts,” former Steelers coach Bill Cowher, now a CBS analyst, said. “I don’t have an answer for it, except for probably inexperience and probably not having someone to talk to about it. As a head coach you have a lot going through your mind.” Cowher said he did not allow his players to call timeouts in the second half of a game; he wanted • TURN TO CLOCK, 7B

Despite Marta’s rise, women trail men Cricket breaks through BY ROB HUGHES

New York Times Service

LONDON — Marta is unrivaled at what she does, but is a person of no fixed abode, with no certain future. She has scored goals galore in Brazil, Sweden and the United States. This week FIFA once again acknowledged her as overwhelmingly the best female player on earth, for the fifth year in a row. She is only 24. And yet right now, she has no club or contract to her name. The problem isn’t Marta. It is that women’s soccer cannot gain a permanent footing even for a young woman who has proved she is willing to perform magic from the rural plains of Brazil to the foothills of the Arctic Circle. She loves the game and lives for it. But she struggles to earn a stable living. And if Marta struggles, you have to believe that women’s soccer has yet, even in 2011, to be fully accepted in a sport that remains very much a man’s world. Yet when she took her photo opportunity on stage this week alongside Lionel Messi, the Argentine who was named the best men’s player for the second straight

14PGB08.indd 8

year, they looked like a matching pair. He is a year her junior, and he didn’t cry when he made his acceptance speech. But he can look quite youthful and unworldly in a formal setting. He’s only a few inches taller than Marta, and although Messi has been a Barcelona star since his teens and his scoring record is extraordinary, it would not eclipse Marta’s. In the one place where she was able to settle for four consecutive seasons, Umea in Sweden, she scored 111 goals in 103 games. Goals, however, are only part of her repertory. Marta has that balance, that movement, that touch and imagination that make her an artist on the field. But from Brazil — Marta’s roots are near Dois R iaMARTA chos, where she was born and raised in the arid cane-cutting country 1,000 miles, north of Rio de Janeiro — to California, where she now lives, the struggle of women’s soccer has been

one of high ambition meeting bankruptcy. In her childhood, Marta was as good as the boys playing on the grassless fields, but as welcome as a pariah. Girls don’t play, she was told. Worse, she took physical beatings from her brother until her mother intervened. When she was 14, a soccer scout took her to Vasco da Gama, a Rio club 1,000 miles away that, against all the macho trends, ran a women’s team. For a girl born seven years after a complete ban on female soccer in Brazil was lifted, that was heaven. But heaven soon folded. Vasco da Gama could not financially sustain its women’s team, and after a period at Santa Cruz, Marta went out into the cold, moving to Sweden, which has a much more advanced attitude toward female sports. There she flourished, but eventually came the call to help form a league, Women’s Professional Soccer in the United States. Her first team, the Los Angeles Sol, signed five terrific Brazilians, but it didn’t have the cash to stay afloat. Her move to FC Gold Pride south of San Francisco met a similar end in November when it went bankrupt, leaving Marta, the world’s finest female player, without a club or a contract. Since Marta adapted to the U.S.

Britain’s winter gloom BY JOHN F. BURNS

New York Times Service

turned to rain. With it all, there has been the anticipation of new rounds of job losses and strikes, of transportation shutdowns and shrinking public services, as Europe’s harshest government spending cutbacks begin to bite. But in far-off Australia, something remarkable has been taking place: England has been beating the Australians in cricket, and not just beating them but walloping them — or skittling them out, as cricket parlance has it — to the point that the English have turned to something deeply unnatural. They have actually begun to feel sorry for the

LONDON — In the bleakest winter Britain has known in years, it has been, for millions, the source of unbridled good cheer. In the pubs, untold tankards of beer have been washed down in celebration. Keeping abreast of it has kept the prime minister up into the predawn hours, glued to the television, then taking his BlackBerry to bed to get regular updates through the night. At home, Britain’s 60 million people have had to cope with some of the heaviest snowstorms in memory, with airports closed for want of snow-clearing equipment and heavy floods as the snow has • TURN TO CRICKET, 7B



ECSTATIC: English cricket fans cheer their team in Australia.

1/14/2011 4:46:57 AM




Florida upsets No. 1 Duke BY BRENT KALLESTAD Associated Press

TALLAHASSEE, Fla. — Top-ranked Duke hadn’t lost in 25 games, the secondlongest run in school history. Florida State had lost twice in little more than a week. None of that mattered much Wednesday night. Derwin Kitchen scored 17 of his 22 points in the second half, Chris Singleton added 18 points and the Seminoles pulled of their latest upset of the Blue Devils, 66-61. It was the third time since 2002 that Florida State beat a top-ranked Duke team at home. “We have not been in a game like that [this season]. They knocked us back,” said Duke coach Mike Krzyzewski, whose team hadn’t lost since a 79-72 setback last March at Maryland. “You just learn from the experience. We have a long way to go.” While the Blue Devils were putting together their winning streak, which included another ACC title and their fourth national championship, the Seminoles were trying to find an identity. They lost competitive back-to-back games earlier this season to Florida State and Ohio State, then seemed to get things going in the right direction, before dropping three of their last four to Butler, Auburn and Virginia Tech. But there’s just something about the Seminoles when they play top-ranked teams. This was the fourth time they’ve knocked off No. 1, including in 2002 and 2006 against Duke. Florida State fans rushed the floor follow-

New York Times Service


ing the final buzzer, making for a garnet-and-gold mob scene at center court, and one was still climbing on the rim 15 minutes after the game ended. “We’ve had some kinks and some problems earlier in the season,” center Bernard James said. “We’ve fig-

ured some stuff out in the last couple practices we had, creating for each other.” The Seminoles were up 28-24 at halftime and by as many as 11 early in the second half, but the game was tight to the finish. Florida State needed five free throws in the final 33 seconds.

Kyle Singler scored 20 points and Nolan Smith had 19 for the Blue Devils, who missed their first 10 3-point attempts and shot 31.1 percent overall. “Tonight wasn’t about us being bad,” Krzyzewski said. “They were really good.”


Trevor Hoffman’s greatness was not limited to pitching BY TYLER KEPNER

AIR ATTACK: Florida State’s Michael Snaer shoots as Duke’s Mason Plumlee defends during their NCAA college basketball game Wednesday.


Most of baseball’s greatest closers are known for a devastating pitch. Bruce Sutter had the splitter, Goose Gossage had the fastball, Mariano Rivera has the cutter. Trevor Hoffman, who retired Wednesday, had the changeup. And no matter how many times he showed teammates the grip, the pitch was one of a kind. “The thing that made it work was his hand,” said the former San Diego Padres reliever Dirk Hayhurst, who basked in Hoffman’s shadow as a late-season call-up in 2008. “He had huge hands and thick fingers — the quintessential masculine hands. They would just ensconce the ball in his grip. You put his hands next to mine, and I felt like I should be doing my nails at a salon.” Hoffman used those fingers to steer his changeup past hitters’ bats for 18 seasons, mostly for the Padres. His 601 saves rank first on the career list; Rivera, the Yankees’ stalwart, is next at 559. The saves will be Hoffman’s statistical legacy and almost certainly earn him a spot in the Hall of Fame. His peers will remember him for more. “Everybody looks up to guys in the league, but there’s only a handful — Jeter, Rivera, Hoffy, Maddux — that you just hold up there and wait on every word he says,” said Heath Bell, who succeeded Hoffman as the Padres’ closer, in a telephone interview. “Usually with such great

competitors, some guys are really cocky, some guys are all about the money or the fame, some guys don’t want any part of it, some guys are very shy. He wasn’t any of those things.” Hoffman pitched in San Diego for 16 years, and he was on the mound when the Padres clinched their last pennant, in 1998. He converted 88.8 percent of his saves (just behind Rivera, at 89 percent), and when he left as a free agent after the 2008 season, he made the All-Star team for Milwaukee the next summer. But Hoffman HOFFMAN struggled last season, losing his closer’s role in May, and he finished with a 5.89 earned run average, the highest of his career. With no opportunities to close, Hoffman took a frontoffice job with the Padres. “Being around the game is going to be important,” he said, “to have a foot in the door and to be a part of the guys and be around them and provide input in any way that I can.” The Padres will welcome it. Hoffman is still revered in their clubhouse and among their fans. Manager Bud Black said Hoffman would be an ambassador in the community and with local businesses, and he would be in uniform as a spring training instructor.

Despite the rise of Brazil’s Marta, women trail men in soccer • SOCCER, FROM 6 8B

lifestyle, and kept on charming audiences and scoring goals, the failings would not appear to be remotely her fault. And in Zurich on Monday, national team coaches and captains and journalists from around the world were quite clear on her position

in the sport: Marta received more than 32 percent of the votes. Germany’s captain, Birgit Prinz, polled 15 percent in second place, and Fatmire Bajramaj, Kosovo-born but also a German national team player, was third, with just under 10 percent. The leading U.S. player,

Abby Wambach, was fifth, with 6 percent. So Marta’s tears, this time, were those of a young woman almost made an orphan within her game. “It’s almost too good to be true,” she said of her fifth award. Later, in interviews, she

said she was still waiting. Her agent is working on the case, and she may know in February or March which team will take her. The United States is her choice of where to play — there are still six teams left in the league — and though the money is less than a tenth of what Messi earns with Bar-

celona, a woman has to earn a living to pursue her right to play. She has come a long, long way from the child abused by her own brother for wanting to join the boys playing in the backlands of Brazil. “It’s harder for women,” Marta said on FIFA’s website. “The men earn a lot of

Heat’s Coaches often fumble in managing clock 13-game road streak ends in loss to Clippers • CLOCK, FROM 6 8B

• NBA, FROM 6 8B

Heat 8-3 over the final 3:23 to lead 86-78 going into the fourth. Gordon scored four in a row, and rookie Al-Farouq Aminu had the crowd roaring when Eric Bledsoe stole the ball and fed him for a fast-break dunk. “They jumped on us and we just have to do a better job of imposing our will,” Bosh said. “But it’s one game. It’s very small in the grand scheme of things.” The Clippers outplayed the Heat in the first half, helped by their transition game and the high-energy crowd. Their 44 points in the first quarter, when they shot 77 percent, were a season high and their 68 in the first half tied a season best. “You can’t say we haven’t improved,” Griffin said. “That first quarter was a thing of beauty. We were playing great basketball and it was a lot of fun.” The Heat’s shooting improved to 60 percent in the second quarter, but they trailed by 21 near the start before cutting their deficit to 68-58 at the break. Los Angeles owned a 24-12 edge in the paint and led by 18 in the opening quarter. Miami’s lone lead came when the Heat scored the game’s first three points.

14PGB07.indd 7

that sole authority. It has become a standard game-management tenet. Among others is the importance of saving a timeout for replay challenges; using time-saving timeouts while on defense (where opponents have 40 seconds between plays to snap the ball) rather than offense (where the right plays may drain only a few seconds); and, desperate to get the ball back, not calling a timeout just before the twominute warning because it gives the opposing offense the option of throwing a game-changing pass without fear of a clock-stopping incompletion. Game management is not something that happens only at the end of the game, of course, but that is when the memorable mistakes are made. And it means more than just keeping a keen eye on the clock. In last year’s NFC cham-

pionship game, Minnesota’s hope for a game-winning score against the Saints in the final seconds of regulation ended with a memorable interception by Brett Favre. But the costly blunder that led to the interception happened the play before. The Vikings, at the 33-yard line and in position for a 50-yard field-goal attempt, stopped the clock with 19 seconds left. They emerged from the timeout and put 12 men on the field — a 5-yard penalty. Forced to get into closer range, Favre threw the interception. Michael Lombardi, a longtime NFL executive who managed the personnel departments in Oakland and Cleveland, and who now works as an NFL Network analyst, has little patience for such coaching mistakes. In weekly online analyses, he often rails on coaches for giving away games with bad judgment. He wrote this sea-

son that Philadelphia coach Andy Reid was “my all-time worst game manager.” “Andy Reid should outsource it to India,” Lombardi said in a telephone interview this week. Near the end of games, Lombardi said, coaches must decide who is the bigger opponent — the other team or the clock. “It’s about strategically giving your team the best chance to win,” he said. “That’s really the essence of it. How to do that? There’s 1,000 different ways, based on the situations. Those situations present another set of circumstances that you have to spend a lot of time reviewing, understanding, preparing for. The game is going to happen so quickly, if you’re not prepared for it, it could affect you.” John T. Reed was a high school assistant coach when he became fascinated by the subject. In 1997, he wrote Football Clock Management, now in its fourth edition. It

is filled with tables listing when leading teams can start taking a knee (it depends on time left, timeouts remaining and the length of the play clock at various levels) and “pace graphs,” which detail the speed at which teams should play, depending on the situation. “If a team has the lead in the second half, they should be in max slowdown,” Reed said. “How many seconds did they leave on the clock unnecessarily, and did the opponent use those on the back end to win the game?” Several teams have purchased the book, said Reed, who has written six other football books, mostly geared to youth coaches. Most NFL coaches use a card that provides basic guidelines — how much time can be burned per play if the other team has no timeouts, for example. Many, like Edwards, assign an assistant to be their conscientious clock manager.

Cricket breaks through Britain’s winter gloom • CRICKET, FROM 6 8B

Aussies, who never showed much sympathy in the long years when English cricket teams playing in Australia have been lambs to the slaughter. How improbable that has been was captured when England won the fourth of five, five-day “test matches,” in Melbourne after Christmas, taking a 2-1 lead (there was one draw) that put an Australian victory in the series out of reach. The prime minister, David Cameron, beaming, emerged

from his country residence, Chequers, to congratulate the English players. Did he feel any sympathy for the Australians, whose captain, Ricky Ponting, had acknowledged that his team had been “outbowled, outbatted and outfielded,” the man from the BBC asked. “Sympathy? Absolutely not!” Cameron cried, before checking himself and saying well, yes, he could sympathize with the losers. The celebrations in Britain have worn off fast in recent days as Australia has turned its attention to

the floods now bringing loss of life and heavy property damage to Queensland and the east coast city of Brisbane. But it will be years before people in England — cricket lovers especially, but many others, too, for whom English debility at cricket has been a bellwether of decades of post-imperial decline — forget how England, in the “Ashes” contest of 2010-11, achieved one of the most convincing triumphs in the 125-year history of the series, winning three games to one.

In England’s three winning games, records tumbled as quickly as Australia’s batsmen, with England surpassing 500 runs in an inning twice and 600 on two other occasions — mammoth scores whose baseball equivalent might be scoring 20 or more runs in a game. One English batsman, Alistair Cook, 25, spent a total of 36 hours at the wicket in the five games, racking up a total of 776 runs that has only once been exceeded by an Englishman in Australia, in 1928-29.

money, and they have a lot of clubs they can choose to play for. We work very hard, but we’re always thinking about what might happen next year, if there’s going to be a team or a competition even.” She dedicated her award to family, and to the struggle for women’s soccer.

NBA EASTERN CONFERENCE Atlantic Boston New York Philadelphia Toronto New Jersey

W 29 22 15 13 10

L 9 16 23 25 28

Pct GB .763 — .579 7 .395 14 .342 16 .263 19

Southeast Miami Orlando Atlanta Charlotte Washington

W 30 25 26 15 10

L 10 13 14 21 26

Pct GB .750 — .658 4 .650 4 .417 13 .278 18

Central Chicago Indiana Milwaukee Detroit Cleveland

W 25 16 14 12 8

L 13 20 22 26 30

Pct GB .658 — .444 8 .389 10 .316 13 .211 17

WESTERN CONFERENCE Southwest San Antonio Dallas New Orleans Memphis Houston

W L Pct GB 33 6 .846 — 26 11 .703 6 23 16 .590 10 18 21 .462 15 17 22 .436 16

Northwest Oklahoma City Utah Denver Portland Minnesota

W 26 26 21 20 9

L 13 13 16 19 30

Pct GB .667 — .667 — .568 4 .513 6 .231 17

Pacific L.A.Lakers Phoenix Golden State L.A. Clippers Sacramento

W 29 16 15 13 8

L 11 21 23 24 28

Pct GB .725 — .432 111/2 .395 13 .351 141/2 .222 19

WEDNESDAY’S GAMES Charlotte 96, Chicago 91 Indiana 102, Dallas 89 Atlanta 104, Toronto 101 Boston 119, Sacramento 95 Memphis 107, Detroit 99 San Antonio 91, Milwaukee 84 New Orleans 92, Orlando 89, OT Oklahoma City 118, Houston 112 Phoenix 118, New Jersey 109, OT Utah 131, New York 125 L.A. Lakers 115, Golden State 110 L.A. Clippers 111, Miami 105

1/14/2011 4:54:19 AM

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