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SATURDAY, MAY 28, 2011
108TH YEAR I ©2011 THE MIAMI HERALD
Mladic may stand trial despite claim of ill health
Anti-military protest fills Tahrir square In ‘second revolution’, Egyptians call for civilian rule, faster reforms BY MAGGIE MICHAEL Associated Press
“Our biggest fault is that we left Tahrir Square before seeing Mubarak inside a courtroom being tried,” 24-year-old salesman Ahmed Shawqi said. Two days before the protest, the prosecutor general ordered Mubarak and his sons to be tried over charges of ordering the killing of protesters during the uprising, along with other charges. The step was seen as a way to prevent protesters from returning to Tahrir Square. The Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt’s best organized political force, opposed the protest and called it an attempt to drive a wedge between the military and the people. The Brotherhood’s absence will test the ability of liberal and secular groups to launch their own sustained opposition movement. Some liberal groups are calling for planned parliamentary elections, now set for September, to
be pushed back so that they will have more time to prepare. The Brotherhood, however, stands to make major gains and wants the vote to go ahead. The protest movement wants to oust the ruling Armed Forces Council and replace it with a civilian council. Protesters accuse the army of using excessive force in cracking down on peaceful protesters since Mubarak’s ouster, sending thousands to military tribunals and detaining young protesters. A joint statement by four liberal and secular groups called for postponing the September elections, drafting basic principles that guarantee that Egypt is a civil state and ending military tribunals. The statement reﬂects worries of many political groups that the Brotherhood is poised to win a big portion of Parliament.
BY JOVANA GEC
• TURN TO EGYPT, 2A
CAIRO — Thousands of protesters returned to downtown Cairo’s Tahrir Square on Friday for what they called a “second revolution”, calling for Egypt’s military rulers to speed up the pace of democratic reforms in a country that is still charting its political future. Protesters carried banners reading the “Egyptian revolution is not over” and chanted the slogan. Christians and Muslims took turns praying in Tahrir Square, as they did in the protests that forced the ouster of former President Hosni Mubarak in February. Sectarian clashes have turned deadly since the revolution. The ruling military warned
that “dubious” elements may try to cause chaos during Friday’s protests, and said it would stay clear of the protest area to avoid any friction. Mohamed ElBaradei, the Egyptian Nobel Peace Prize winner and a reform leader, said that he was “seriously concerned about the absence of security forces”. The military’s leadership of the country’s democratic transition has left many protesters dissatisﬁed. “I came here because I didn’t feel that Egypt changed,” technician Raafat Hendi said, under huge posters calling for a new constitution. Some critics accuse the military rulers of collaborating with the former regime and being too lenient in its prosecution of Mubarak, his family and regime members. Mubarak now faces trial on charges of conspiring to kill protesters.
Egyptian protesters attend Friday prayers in Cairo’s Tahrir square.
Saudi Arabia scrambles to limit region’s upheaval BY NEIL MACFARQUHAR
New York Times Service
RIYADH, Saudi Arabia — Saudi Arabia is ﬂexing its ﬁnancial and diplomatic might across the Middle East in a wide-ranging bid to contain the tide of change, shield fellow monarchs from popular discontent and avert the overthrow of any more leaders struggling to calm turbulent republics. From Egypt, where the Saudis dispensed $4 billion in aid last week to shore up the ruling military council, to Yemen, where it is trying to ease out the president, to the kingdoms of Jordan and Morocco, which it has invited to join a union of Gulf monarchies, Saudi Arabia is scrambling to forestall more radical change and block Iran’s inﬂuence. The kingdom is aggressively emphasizing the relative stability of monarchies, part of an effort to avert any dramatic shift from the authoritarian model, which would generate uncomfortable questions about the glacial pace of political and social change at home. Saudi Arabia’s proposal to include Jordan and Morocco in the • TURN TO SAUDI ARABIA, 2A
SPANISH POLICE CLASH WITH PROTESTERS, 3A
BELGRADE, Serbia — Bosnian Serb military commander Ratko Mladic can be extradited to a U.N. tribunal on war-crimes charges despite defense claims he is too sick to face trial, a Belgrade court ruled Friday. A defense lawyer said Mladic would appeal the decision Monday. The former fugitive could be extradited within hours if that appeal is rejected. If Mladic is extradited, he will argue that he’s innocent of war crimes charges that include orchestrating some of the worst atrocities of the 1992-1995 Bosnian War, the suspect’s son indicated after visiting the former fugitive in jail. “His stand is that he’s not guilty of what he’s being accused of,” Darko Mladic told reporters outside the Belgrade court. The U.N. tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands, is seeking to try Mladic on charges that include directing the slaughter of 8,000 Muslim men and boys in the Bosnian town of Srebrenica, and involvement in the relentless four-year siege of Sarajevo. Court spokeswoman Maja Kovacevic said Mladic refused to accept the Hague indictment during Friday’s extradition hearing. “He has a series of chronic ailments, but he’s capable of following the trial,” Kovacevic told reporters. His son said Mladic, 69, suffered two strokes while on the run for 16 years, has a partially paralyzed right hand and can barely speak. Defense lawyer Milos Saljic said Mladic “jumped from subject to subject, and spoke inconsistently”, during the hearing. He said Mladic needed medical care and “should not be moved in such a state”. • TURN TO MLADIC, 2A
Obama visit to Poland a chance to reinvigorate ties BY VANESSA GERA Associated Press
WARSAW — U.S. President Barack Obama’s last stop on his European tour brings him to Poland for the ﬁrst time, giving him the chance to inject new vigor in a relationship with an ally that has sometimes felt slighted by Washington. Obama had planned to attend the funeral last year for President Lech Kaczynski, who was killed in a plane crash, but a volcanic ash cloud forced him to cancel.
There was concern in Poland that history could be repeated as Iceland again produced volcanic ash that caused some travel disruptions this week, even forcing Obama to shorten his stay in Ireland, the ﬁrst stop in his fourcountry European tour. But by Friday, the airspace over Europe was clear and it seemed that Obama would be able to keep to plans to arrive in Warsaw in the evening. Awaiting him are two days of political meetings that will
Veterinarians take blood samples from cattle at a farm in Sri Lanka. The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization has helped eradicate the devastating animal disease rinderpest.
ISHARA S. KODIKARA/AFPGETTY IMAGES FILE, 2010
EIGHT NATO SOLDIERS KILLED IN AFGHANISTAN, 6A
OBAMA AND GOP UNVEIL RIVAL PLANS FOR JOB GROWTH, BUSINESS FRONT
focus on security, energy and joint U.S.-Polish efforts to promote democracy in North Africa, Belarus and elsewhere in Eastern Europe. But unlike past U.S. presidents who visited this nation of 38 million, Obama will not meet or address the Polish public directly. That deprives him of the chance to connect directly — and emotionally — with Poles in the way former presidents such as George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton did on visits to the country.
It will also make it harder for him to win over a nation that has never warmed to him the way many have in more liberal Western Europe, according to Marcin Zaborowski, a political analyst and director of the Polish Institute of International Affairs. Obama also won’t get a chance to meet with former President Lech Walesa, who has turned down an invitation to join a • TURN OBAMA, 2A
Veterinarians eradicate devastating cattle disease BY DAVID BROWN
Washington Post Service
cient Chinese writings and in documents from the Roman Empire. It hobbled Charlemagne when he moved herds to support his armies in the 8th century. When it entered Ethiopia in 1889, it caused starvation that killed one-third of the country’s human population, even though the microbe does not infect people. Even in communities that do not depend on herding for their livelihood, rinderpest could be lethal because it killed draft animals and disrupted agriculture. “This is quite a momentous occasion for humanity,” said Juan Lubroth, chief veterinary ofﬁcer of
Rinderpest, a cattle disease that for centuries felled herds in Europe, Africa and Asia and caused periodic human famine, has been eradicated, veterinary epidemiologists announced this week. Eradication is the Holy Grail of disease prevention and has been successful only once before. Smallpox, an equally devastating human scourge, was eradicated in 1980, proving it is possible to stamp out a microbe across the entire planet. Attempts are underway to rid the world of polio and Guinea worm disease. The bovine equivalent of measles, rinderpest is described in an- • TURN TO RINDERPEST, 2A
MIAMI HEAT ADVANCES TO NBA FINALS, SPORTS FRONT
INDEX THE AMERICAS..........4A U.S. NEWS ..................5A OPINION .......................7A COMICS & PUZZLES ..6B
5/28/2011 4:13:50 AM
1.MALECON EL SALADO -Simon Bolivar Cultural Center:
10.FIREMAN MUSEUM. -Baquerizo Moreno Plaza and Exposition Center:
11.NAVAL MUSEUM. -Anthropological & Contemporary Art Museum: -Writers
Path: -Guayaquil History Museum:
12.HISTORIC PARK. -Health Plaza, Green Gardens, Seafood Pier:
3.LAS PEÑAS. -Sail Bridge:
13.FORESTAL PARK. -Student´s
4.SANTA ANA PORT.
2.MALECON SIMON BOLIVAR (MALECON 2000).
14.SEMINARIO PARK / IGUANA PARK.
15.PLAZA DEL CENTENARIO. 5.CERRO SANTA ANA. -Crystal Palace:
17.PLAZA SAN FRANCISCO / ROCAFUERTE.
18.PEDRO CARBO PARK. 6.NAHIM ISAIAS MUSEUM.
-Malecón Shopping Mall:
19.NAVY PARK / BAE CALDERON PARK. 20.KENNEDY PARK.
7.PRESLEY NORTON MUSEUM. -Playground
21.LINEAL PARK OF EL SALADO.
Exercise Zone, and Gardens,
22.CATHEDRAL CHURCH. 8.MUNICIPAL MUSEUM. -IMAX
9.CASA DE LA CULTURA.