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GOP takes aim at U.N. funding

SECURITY BREACH: Passengers waiting outside Moscow’s Domodedovo international airport on Monday, after an explosion killed 35 people there.



RUSSIA’S PRESIDENT BLAMES AIRPORT OFFICIALS AFTER BLOODY ATTACKS cow’s busiest airport, Domodedovo, killed at least 35 people, New York Times Service injured scores of others and inMOSCOW — Russia’s Presi- jected new pain into a country dent Dmitri Medvedev on Tues- already split along ethnic lines. day sharply questioned security Medvedev did not specify precautions at the airport in Moscow that was hit by a suicide bomber on Monday, saying that officials must be held responsible for failing to prevent the devastating attack. “What occurred shows that there were violations in providing security,” Medvedev said in comments released by the Kremlin. “Such a quantity of explosive material that was carried in or brought in — that’s not so easy to do. We must hold responsible those who have ties to the company that makes decisions, the management of the airport.” Later in the day, Russia’s Prime Minister Vladimir Putin vowed “retribution” for the attack. The suicide bombing at MosBY ELLEN BARRY AND CLIFFORD J. LEVY

which security arrangements at the airport he believed were lacking. The bomb went off in the international arrivals area, where people wait to pick up passengers — a location that is

NOT FORGOTTEN: People pay homage to the victims of Monday’s blast at Moscow’s Domodedovo airport.



Associated Press

often unsecured in many major airports around the world. Security experts consider arrivals areas to be so-called soft targets because they are less heavily policed. In the past, people entering such zones in Russian airports have occasionally had to pass through metal detectors but such checks have generally been sporadic. After the attack on Monday, the authorities immediately set up new inspections. There was no indication on Tuesday morning of who was behind the blast. Past terrorist attacks have been traced to militants in the North Caucasus, a predominantly Muslim region in the south of Russia. And the city was on edge even before the attacks, after ethnic Russian nationalists lashed out violently at migrants from the troubled region in mid-December.

WASHINGTON — Newly empowered Republican lawmakers are taking their first shots at the United Nations, depicting it as bloated and ineffective as they seek to cut U.S. funding for the world body. On Tuesday, a House of Representatives panel aired criticisms of the U.N. at a briefing expected to prescribe congressional action. Republican Rep. Ileana RosLehtinen, chairwoman of the House Foreign Affairs committee, is seeking cuts and has introduced a bill intended to pressure the United Nations to change the way it operates and to make dues voluntary. She also is promising investigations into possible corruption and mismanagement. “U.S. policy on the United Nations should be based on three fundamental questions: Are we advancing American interests? Are we upholding American values? Are we being responsible stewards of American taxpayer dollars?” she said in a statement that was read at the briefing, which she could not attend. “Unfortunately, right now, the answer to all three questions is ‘No.’ ” Congress at various times has withheld funding from the world organization, but last year, under Democratic leadership in both the House and the Senate, the United States paid its dues in full as well as some back dues. The United States is the largest single contributor to the U.N. responsible for 22 percent of its regular budget and 27 percent of the funding for its peacekeeping operations. Tuesday’s briefing comes as Republicans are pressing for broad spending cuts as they seek to reduce the U.S. budget deficit. The United Nations has long been a target for conservative U.S. lawmakers.


Chopin’s hallucinations possibly due to epilepsy BY MARIA CHENG Associated Press

she shared with Chopin, along with her son, after a long journey delayed by flooding. The composer had been playing one of his preludes and told Sand he was lulled to sleep while at the piano and saw himself drowned at the bottom of a lake. Hallucinations are typically seen in patients with psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Other romantic composers such as Robert Schumann, who was committed to an asylum, experienced auditory and visual hallucinations which some believed were the product of his musical genius. Caruncho and Fernandez say Chopin’s hallucinations occurred mostly in the evening or coincided with fever, unlike those linked to psychotic disorders. While Chopin was plagued by health ailments, like severe headaches and insomnia, there is no record he was diagnosed with any neurological problems. Some historians have suggested the composer’s frequently noted melancholic moods may have been due to depression. Experts are split on what ultimately killed him; his death certificate lists tuberculosis as the cause, but others suspect it may have been cystic fibrosis.

LONDON — Frederic Chopin’s habit of drifting off and hallucinating at the piano may have been caused by epilepsy, according to a new study of the 19th-century romantic composer. Chopin’s tendency to lapse out of consciousness was interpreted by his partner George Sand, pseudonym of the French novelist Aurore Dudevant, as “the manifestation of a genius full of sentiment and expression.” But in the analysis published this week, Spanish doctors say Chopin’s hallucinations may have been due to a temporal lobe epilepsy rather than the result of any sweeping artistic tendencies. Manuel Vazquez Caruncho and Francisco Branas Fernandez of the Complexo Hospitalario Xeral-Calde in Spain analyzed descriptions of Chopin’s hallucinations from those close to him. They propose the French-Polish composer suffered from a type of epilepsy that produces conscious hallucinations that last from seconds to minutes. The research was published in the journal Medical Humanities, a specialist publication of the BMJ. Caruncho and Fernandez cite an extract from Sand’s memoir, where she recalls returning to the home • TURN TO CHOPIN, 2A


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Ex-Lebanon leader assails new premier BY ANTHONY SHADID New York Times Service

coup d’etat,” Hariri said. “Me and my allies, we will represent the opposition.” He blamed former allies and said he was filled with “lots of feelings of betrayal.” The prospect of Hariri in the opposition could ensure prolonged instability in a country still haunted by the legacy of its 15-year civil war, which ended in 1990. Hariri represents Lebanon’s Sunni Muslim community in a system that rigidly divides power among its sects. A government without his participation would assuredly be viewed as

Shiite-dominated and beholden to Hezbollah. That very prospect unleashed the protests on Tuesday in Beirut, Tripoli and other predominantly Sunni towns. “It is a day of anger against the interference of Iran and Syria,” Mohammed Kabbar, a lawmaker from Tripoli, told protesters who went on to burn a van belonging to Al Jazeera, the Arab satellite channel, which some believe is sympathetic to Hezbollah. “This is the angry Lebanon. Don’t test our anger.”

BEIRUT — Saad Hariri, whose government was toppled after Hezbollah and its allies withdrew from it this month, declared the appointment of a new prime minister chosen by the Shiite Muslim movement on Tuesday a “coup d’etat,” as angry protesters took to the streets in Lebanon, burning tires and attacking the office of one of Hariri’s foes. The escalating demonstrations deepened one of the worst crises in years in this Mediterranean • TURN TO LEBANON, 2A country whose confrontations often serve as an arena for regional and international disputes. It has pitted Hezbollah and its allies, backed by Iran and Syria, against Hariri and his supporters, backed by the United States and France. After days of political wrangling, Hezbollah’s candidate, Najib Miqati, a billionaire and former prime minister, won 68 seats in Lebanon’s 128-member Parliament, enough to name the next government. His elevation was a clear victory for Hezbollah, which has ruled out Hariri’s return to power, and it marked the culmination of what was already accepted as a fact of life here: that Hezbollah is the country’s preeminent military and political MOHAMMED ZAATARI/AP force. “What has happened is vir- ANGRY: A protester carries a picture of Saad Hariri and a tually a coup d’etat, a political Lebanese flag in Sidon, Lebanon, on Tuesday.




THE AMERICAS........... 4A WORLD NEWS........... 6A OPINION....................... 7A COMICS & PUZZLES.. 6B

1/26/2011 4:49:52 AM




Republicans take aim at UN. funding • REPUBLICANS, FROM 1A

Investigations by Republican-led congressional panels in the last decade helped spur an independent investigation into the U.N.-run oilfor-food program in Iraq. Peter Yeo, executive director of the Better World Campaign, which advocates U.S. support for the United Nations, said he expected Tuesday’s briefing will mark the “beginning of a long examination” by congressional Republicans. But Yeo, who appeared before the panel, said he hoped to convince lawmakers that the U.N. is a good bargain for the United States. “The U.N. serves our interest in a cost-effective way to promote global security,” he said.

He also pointed to U.N. changes already carried out, including creation of an ethics office in 2006. Rep. Howard Berman, the ranking Democrat on the committee, also defended the world body. While offering a long list of criticisms, he outlined ways that U.N. operations serve U.S. interests and noted the recent reforms. It is unclear whether the Republican critiques will lead to cuts in the U.S. contribution. Ros-Lehtinen’s bill probably would face resistance in the Democratic-controlled Senate and from the Obama administration. U.N. dues must be financed through spending plans that are subject to approval by both the House and Senate.




Police search for clues after an explosion in a bus Tuesday in Manila, Phillipines. A powerful explosion ripped through the passenger bus killing at least two people and wounding at least 18 others.

Medvedev blames security for blasts • RUSSIA, FROM 1A

The attack inflicted a deep injury on Moscow’s image just as Medvedev prepared to woo foreign investors at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. The bomb — set off in the international arrivals hall of Domodedovo, the city’s showcase airport — killed and wounded visitors from the West, something that has rarely occurred in previous terrorist attacks. But Russians were too shocked Monday night to focus on the implications. The smoke was so thick after the blast that it was hard to count the dead. Hours later arriving passengers stepped into the hall to see the wounded still being loaded onto stretchers. Ambulances sped away crowded with three or four patients apiece, bleeding heavily from shrapnel wounds. By nightfall, officials reported that at least 35 people had been killed and 168 wounded. “They pushed them away on baggage carts,” said Aleksei Spiridonov, who works at an auto rental booth a few yards from the site of the blast. “They were wheeling them out on whatever they could find.” Russia’s leaders have struggled, with a good mea-

sure of success, to keep militants from the North Caucasus from striking in the heartland. In March, two female suicide bombers detonated themselves on the city’s subway, killing more than 40 people — an act that the Chechen militant leader Doku Umarov claimed to have ordered, promising Russians that “the war will come to your streets.” Umarov’s organization also took responsibility for the bombing of a luxury train, the Nevsky Express, which killed 28 in November 2009. Monday’s attack could also have political implications, coming after a period of tentative liberalization. In the past, such attacks have strengthened the influence of Russian security forces and Putin by firmly establishing security as the country’s top priority. The bomber apparently entered the international arrivals terminal from outside, advancing to the cordon where taxi drivers and relatives wait to greet arriving passengers. The area is open to the general public, said Yelena Galanova, an airport spokeswoman, according to the Interfax news service. Artyom Zhilenkov, a taxi driver who was in that


crowd, said he was standing about 10 yards from a short, dark-complexioned man with a suitcase — the bomber, he believes. Authorities said the blast occurred at 4:32 p.m. local time, as passengers from Italy, Tajikistan and Germany emerged from customs. “How did I manage to save myself? I don’t know,” Zhilenkov said, his track suit dotted with blood and small ragged holes. “The people behind me on my left and right were blown apart. Maybe because of that.” Another witness, Yuri, who did not give his last name, told Russia’s staterun First Channel TV that the shock wave was strong enough to throw him to the floor and blow his hat away. After that, the hall filled with thick smoke and part of the ceiling collapsed, said Spiridonov, the auto rental worker. Thirty-one people died at the site of the explosion, one in an ambulance and three in hospitals, the Health Ministry said. Among the wounded were French and Italian citizens, according to the Health and Social Development Ministry. At least two Britons died, said a spokesman for the Investigative Committee. Witnesses said many of the victims suffered terrible

wounds to their faces, limbs and bodies. “One person came out and fell,” Olga Yaholnikova told RenTV television. “And there was a man with half of his body torn away.” Medvedev, who was scheduled to give a keynote address in Davos on Wednesday, postponed his trip to manage the aftermath of the attack. He gave brief televised remarks almost immediately, telling Russians that he believed the blast was a terrorist act. Putin also appeared on television on Monday night, gravely ordering the health minister to provide aid to all the bombing victims, visiting clinics one by one, if necessary, he said. In Washington, U.S. President Barack Obama condemned what he called an “outrageous act of terrorism” and offered assistance. The airport, southeast of the capital, is Russia’s largest airline hub, with more than 20 million passengers passing through last year. Domodedovo was the site of a previous terror attack, in August 2004, when two Chechen suicide bombers boarded separate planes there, killing themselves and 88 others in midair. The attack exposed holes in security, since the two bombers, both women, had been de-

tained shortly before boarding, but were released by a police supervisor. The authorities have since worked to tighten security. The airport remained open on Monday evening, and passengers continued to flow through the hall where the bomb had exploded. Gerald Zapf, who landed shortly after the blast, said his airplane circled the airport several times before landing, and passengers were forced to wait for some time before they could debark. When they finally made it into the airport, he said, he and the other passengers were led past sheets of blue plastic, which hid signs of the carnage. Meanwhile, transportation officials had ordered “100 percent control of passengers and visitors and their baggage, including their hand baggage,” resulting in long, snaking lines and shoving matches at the airport’s entrances. Monday’s explosion pointed to the continuing fascination with air travel for militants and the difficulty of carrying out an attack aboard a jet, said Stephen A. Baker, a former official with the Department of Homeland Security. “They’d like to be bombing planes and they can’t, so they’re bombing airports,” he said.

Chopin may have had epilepsy • CHOPIN, FROM 1A

A request to the Polish government to perform genetic tests on Chopin’s heart was denied. Determining medical conditions and what killed historical figures is extremely difficult without forensic proof. In recent years, scientists have suggested the Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was killed by strep throat after comparing accounts of his illness with diseases prevalent at his time of death. And after years of computer scans and DNA testing, researchers concluded Egypt’s King Tut died of complications from a broken leg and malaria. Caruncho and Fernandez suggest that because Chopin was able to recall his complex hallucinations in detail, they could have been caused by temporal lobe epilepsy, though it’s not known whether that might have contributed to his death. They acknowledge that without brain imaging or other tests, proving it will be nearly impossible.

Protesters target Lebanon’s new leader • LEBANON, FROM 1A

The protesters also attacked an office belonging to Mohammed Safadi, a Sunni lawmaker and minister from Tripoli who voted for Miqati. In Beirut, scores of youths burned tires, overturned trash dumpsters and built barricades across a main road to the downtown area. They sought to stop traffic, throwing rocks at passing cars, though the army eventually reopened the road. “Sunni blood is boiling, boiling!” some of them shouted. Others yelled insults at the country’s Shiites, who were celebrating one of the more revered days in the religious calendar. Taken together, the tension marked a dangerous — though neither uncommon nor unpredictable — renewal of sectarian tension in a county where identity still powerfully revolves around religious affiliation. Neither side is innocent of mobilizing their respective street-level supporters in the crisis, but Sunni sentiments seem to be especially provoked. Nevertheless, in the interview, Hariri said that “we need to calm this down,” and minutes before he spoke, he delivered an address on tele-

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vision, urging his followers to refrain from violence or vandalism. He thanked supporters, but said, “It is also my duty to express my rejection of all forms of rioting and acts of law-breakers who have accompanied these demonstrations.” The crisis has revolved around a United Nationsbacked tribunal that is investigating the assassination in February 2005 of Hariri’s father, Rafik, himself a billionaire and former prime minister. By the group’s own admission, members of Hezbollah are expected to be named in indictments that were delivered to a pre-trial judge last week, though still kept secret. Hezbollah has denied any role, calling the tribunal a tool of the United States and Israel to put pressure on it, and insisted that Lebanon end cooperation with the body, which began its work in 2007. For months, the two sides negotiated an agreement that would do just that, but in the end, talks broke down, with each side accusing the other of bad faith. In the interview, Hariri said, “I tried my best. I truly and honestly think I did. I really was willing to go very far for the benefit of Lebanon.”

1/26/2011 5:10:00 AM






‘The King’s Speech’ leads Oscar race BY MICHAEL CIEPLY AND BROOKS BARNES New York Times Service


WOOING: Sandwich giant Subway has modified its menu, part of a trend of U.S. eateries that have tailored their dishes for Indian palates.

Brand America spices itself up for Indian tastes BY EMILY WAX Washington Post Service

NEW DELHI — A group of hungry college students crowded around the newest food stall in an upscale market here: the American Hotdog Factory. Its sign proudly announced, “real American hotdogs for the first time in India.” But these “hawdawgs” — the Indian pronunciation — aren’t exactly what they would find on the streets of New York or at ballpark concession stands across the United States. Where’s the beef? The only concession here is to Indian tastes. Cows are considered holy by many Hindus, India’s majority religion. So the top-selling item at this stand is the “American Desi,” a mushy, green log of spicy potatoes, soy beans, peas, garlic, chillies and onions held together by a fat hot-dog bun and topped with raw onions and thick mayo chutney. For generations, the West has tweaked Indian recipes to better suit their taste buds — think Level 1 curries and low-fat naan. Now, it’s India’s turn to play with western food as more U.S. restaurants open here. “I’m telling you, I won’t eat it unless it’s Indianized,” said Jaspreet Dhillion, 20, a college student whose favorite sandwich is Subway’s six-inch Veg Shammi, a kebab made of lentils, garlic and onion. CRAZE FOR U.S. With U.S. companies looking to expand in fastemerging markets such as India and China, restaurants are laying the groundwork by offering a tasty preview of U.S. culture. Those already doing business here have quickly learned that “America” is itself a brand. To many Indians, an America brand symbolizes affluence, aspiration and good hygiene. But while Indians might love the idea of eating at a U.S. eatery, they aren’t looking for authentic U.S. cuisine. India’s most recent craze is Cinnabon, which strays from its global formula and offers an eggless Indian sticky bun, a nod to the 40 percent of Indians who are vegetarian. Last week, Starbucks announced plans to open stores throughout the land of tea in a partnership with India’s Tata Group. Starbucks said its offerings would include many local and U.S. treats, such as samosas next to muffins and spicy chai alongside skinny cappuccino. Another U.S. icon, the barbecue grill, has also entered the Indian market. But one retailer, Weber, has had to launch “experience centers” where customers attend “License to Grill” sessions to learn how to use the gas-powered contraptions to grill Indian staples such as lentil patties, pineapples and idlis, basically fermented rice cakes that are traditionally steamed. Not exactly baby back ribs at a roadhouse barbecue. “They have to buy into the culture before they will buy the food,” Rohan Jetley, vice president for marketing for TGI Friday’s, said from a plush booth at his flagship restaurant. The room was filled with decorative Americana: a bust of Elvis, a Charlie’s Angels movie poster, a surfboard, a disco ball and a statue of a U.S. astronaut. GETTING IT RIGHT Jetley’s insistence on keeping the food authentically has made him a maverick in India. He even flies in official tasters from the TGI Friday’s Dallas headquarters to make sure its signature Jack Daniel’s barbecue sauce tastes the same in Bangalore as it does in Baltimore. Twenty years ago in India, “going out for international cuisine meant basically Chinese food, and even that was completely Indianized,” he said. “When we first opened TGI Friday’s here, we had to show people what nachos were.” Not so surprisingly, TGI Friday’s has done its best business in India’s IT hub of Bangalore, where young call-center employees have immersed themselves in U.S. culture, Jetley said. The rise of U.S. restaurants in India is competing with another trend: the rediscovery of regional foods, championed by foodies such as Rocky Singh, who hosts a food roadshow called Highway on My Plate. “India’s cuisine is the greatest in the world,” said Singh, who brings viewers on a televised tour of the country’s cultural calories by visiting the Dhabhas — or hearty truck-stop food stalls — and street chaat walas, or snack merchants, from Kashmir to Kerala. “So with such a strong cuisine, it’s very hard for people who are used to this powerful combination of spices and tastes and flavors,” he said. “So they have to Indianize. I mean, look at our pizzas, our pizzas are all about onions.”

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The Oscar race turned into a wild scramble on Tuesday, as The King’s Speech took the biggest number of nominations, True Grit surged into second position, and The Social Network, which had seemed a front-runner, was matched by Inception and followed closely by The Fighter in gathering nominations for the 83rd Academy Awards. The King’s Speech, about friendship and speech therapy, garnered 12 nods, including best picture, best director (for Tom Hooper) and best actor (for Colin Firth as a stammering King George VI). The film had just won top honors from the Producers Guild of America over the weekend, and emerged as the leader in an unusually competitive pack of contenders for the best picture Oscar. In the morning’s biggest surprise, True Grit, a western remake from the filmmakers Joel and Ethan Coen, followed with 10 nominations, including best picture, best director for the Coens, and a best actor nomination for Jeff Bridges. True Grit has been an audience favorite since its release in late December but had

barely registered in the panoply of pre-Oscar awards and was not at all recognized at the Golden Globes last week. By contrast, The Social Network, an unauthorized look at Facebook co-founder Mark Zuckerberg, dominated the early awards but slipped somewhat in the Oscar nominations. It secured eight of those on Tuesday, including best picture. David Fincher was nominated for his directing, Aaron Sorkin for the script, and Jesse Eisenberg for starring as Zuckerberg. Inception, a twisted tale of cyber-intrigue, similarly had eight nominations, including best picture, but did not win a best director nomination for Christopher Nolan. That tally was followed by the one for The Fighter, a boxing drama whose seven nominations included best picture, best director for David O. Russell and a best supporting actor nod for Christian Bale, but did not include a best actor nomination for Mark Wahlberg. In a twist that will require some tap-dancing on Oscar night, Feb. 27, one of the ceremony’s hosts, James Franco, was nominated as best actor for his work in 127 Hours, based on the true story of a trapped outdoorsman who

must sever his own arm to escape. Franco’s co-host for the evening is Anne Hathaway, another young star, who was featured in Love and Other Drugs — a contender that was shut out on Tuesday. “One of the reasons I agreed to host was to take my mind off the nominations — I have a reason to show up and not think about winning anything,” said Franco by telephone from Yale University, where he recently began a doctoral program in English. Natalie Portman, fresh off winning a Golden Globe for her performance in Black Swan, led the best actress category. Other nominees included Annette Bening for playing a controlling lesbian in The Kids Are All Right; Michelle Williams for her emotional portrait of a young wife in Blue Valentine; Nicole Kidman as a mother dealing with the loss of a child in Rabbit Hole; and Jennifer Lawrence for her role as an Ozarks girl on a hunt for her crystal-meth-cooking father in Winter’s Bone. In the supporting acting categories, The Fighter dominated. Christian Bale won attention for his crackaddled former boxer, while Melissa Leo, who portrayed

his hard-scrabble mother, and Amy Adams, in an equally gritty role from that film, each grabbed nominations. Other supporting nominees included Hailee Steinfeld, the 14-year-old actress at the center of True Grit and John Hawkes, who portrayed a terrifying Ozarks man named Teardrop in Winter’s Bone. Last year, when the academy doubled the number of best picture nominees to 10 in a bid to shore up television ratings for its ceremony, Oscar-watchers began looking to the directing category for a clue as to which five films were really the top contenders. By that measure, Black Swan would make the cut, as its director, Darren Aronofsky, received a nomination, one of five for the film, including best picture. Paramount Pictures finds itself juggling a pair of contenders in The Fighter and True Grit, as does Fox Searchlight, which has both Black Swan and 127 Hours. Walt Disney Studios and its Pixar unit, meanwhile, can feel vindicated by the nomination of Toy Story 3, which became its third animated film — following Beauty and the Beast and Up — to be nominated for best picture.

Anti-government protests rock Egypt BY MAGGIE MICHAEL Associated Press

CAIRO — Thousands of anti-government protesters, some hurling rocks and climbing atop an armored police truck, clashed with riot police Tuesday in the center of Cairo in a Tunisiainspired demonstration to demand the end of Hosni Mubarak’s nearly 30 years in power. Three people were killed in confrontations around the country. After a day of violence, thousands of demonstrators stood their ground in downtown Cairo’s vast Tahrir Square, steps away from parliament and other government buildings. They promised to camp out overnight, setting the stage for an even more dramatic confrontation. Throughout the day, police blasted crowds with water cannons and set upon them with batons and acrid clouds of tear gas in an attempt to clear demonstrators crying out “Down with Mubarak” and demanding an end to Egypt’s grinding poverty, corruption, unemployment and police abuses. Tuesday’s demonstration, the largest Egypt has seen for years, began peacefully, with police showing unusual restraint in what appeared to be a calculated strategy by the government to avoid further sullying the image of a security apparatus widely criticized as corrupt and violent. With discontent growing over economic woes, and the toppling of Tunisia’s president still resonating in the region, Egypt’s government — which normally responds with swift retribution to any dissent — needed to tread carefully. But as crowds filled Tahrir Square — waving Egyptian


OUTRAGE: Demonstrators clash with police in central Cairo during a protest to demand the ouster of Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak on Tuesday. and Tunisian flags and adopting the same protest chants that rang out in the streets of Tunis — security personnel changed tactics and the protest turned violent. Around 10,000 protesters packed the square, the Interior Ministry said. A policeman was hit in the head with a rock during the protest in Cairo and died later in the hospital, an Interior Ministry official said. In another demonstration in the city of Suez, two protesters were killed, he said. One of them had respiratory problems and died as a result of tear gas inhalation; the other was killed by a rock. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized

to release information to journalists. In Egypt, discontent with life in the autocratic, police state has simmered under the surface for years. It is the example of Tunisia, though, that appeared to be enough to push many young Egyptians into the streets for the first time. “This is the first time I am protesting, but we have been a cowardly nation. We have to finally say no,” said 24year-old Ismail Syed, a hotel worker who struggles to live on a salary of $50 a month. Crowds also marched to the headquarters of Mubarak’s National Democratic Party, shouting, “Here are the thieves.” After remaining silent throughout the day, Egypt’s

government on Tuesday night called for an end to the protests. The Interior Ministry, which controls the security forces, said authorities wanted to allow the protesters the chance to express their opinions and accused the crowds of “insisting on provocation.” Demonstration organizers issued demands for Mubarak and his government to resign, for parliament to be dissolved and for a national unity government to be formed. Nearly half of Egypt’s 80 million people live under or just above the poverty line set by the United Nations at $2 a day. Poor quality education, health care and high unemployment have left large numbers of Egyptians deprived of basic needs.

Tafel, a Frank Lloyd Wright apprentice, dies BY DAVID W. DUNLAP New York Times Service

NEW YORK — Edgar Tafel, an architect who was among the best known of Frank Lloyd Wright’s many apprentices, died on Jan. 18 at his home in Manhattan, N.Y. He was 98. His death was announced by Robert Silman, a structural engineer who was Tafel’s legal representative. Silman said Tafel was the last surviving member of the original Taliesin Fellowship, which convened in 1932 at Wright’s home and school — known as Taliesin — near Spring Green, Wis. On his own, Tafel designed 80 houses, 35 religious buildings and 3 college campuses, among other

projects. As an apprentice in the mid- and late-1930s, he worked on two of Wright’s most important commissions: Fallingwater, the serenely cantilevered house over the Bear Run creek in rural Pennsylvania; and the Johnson Wax Building in Racine, Wis., with its fantastic forest of mushroom-like columns. He also worked on Wingspread, the home of the company’s president, Herbert F. Johnson, near Racine. Though apprentices were given little or no latitude to make design decisions on their own, Tafel said there was much to be learned from the master besides how to follow his orders. “Many people outside Taliesin, es-

pecially critics and writers, mistook our devotion for subservience,” he wrote in 1979. “Mr. Wright didn’t want subservience. He wanted devotion to the cause of an organic architecture — integration of form, materials indigenous to the setting, and function.” Tafel was born March 12, 1912, in New York. He grew up in Manhattan, graduated from the Walden School and attended New York University before joining the Taliesin Fellowship. His first marriage ended in divorce and his second wife died in 1951, Silman said. There were no children. He was 20 when he arrived at Taliesin, where apprentices

learned by doing: drafting, cutting stone, making plaster, preparing cement, keeping Wright’s pencils sharpened. Tafel was an apprentice nonpareil, but he was no disciple. Tension grew between his desire to serve Wright and his wish to practice architecture himself until the summer of 1941, when he left Taliesin abruptly. After serving in a photo intelligence unit during World War II, Tafel returned to New York and opened his own office. Perhaps his best work was a church house completed in 1960 for the First Presbyterian Church at Fifth Avenue and 12th Street in Greenwich Village.

1/26/2011 5:06:28 AM






Peru’s court upholds U.S. activist’s parole BY CARLA SALAZAR Associated Press

LIMA — A Peruvian appeals court rejected a prosecutor’s attempt to revoke the parole of U.S. activist Lori Berenson, who was released in May after serving 15 years for aiding leftist rebels. Berenson and her attorney have told the Associated Press that the ruling is final and cannot be appealed by prosecutors, ending eight months of excruciating legal purgatory. “I’m pleased with the decision and grateful for it,” Berenson said by telephone, adding that she was “greatly relieved.” “The only thing that she can do now, with tranquility, is to plan her life,” said Anibal Apari, her attorney and the father of Berenson’s 20-month-old son, Salvador. Under her parole, the 41-year-old New Yorker cannot leave Peru until her 20-year sentence ends in 2015 — unless President Alan Garcia decides to commute it. He has said he would consider doing so only once the legal case ran its course. Constitutional law expert Mario Amoretti agreed that the ruling should be final. He said the state could conceivably file a challenge claiming a constitutional violation but that he didn’t see the grounds for such an appeal. Berenson was first freed in May only to be sent back to prison for three months on a technicality. The judge who originally granted parole reinstated that decision and released the New Yorker again, but anti-terroism prosecutor Julio Galindo continued to appeal. The three-judge appeals court’s decision — dated

Jan. 18 but made public Monday — rejected Galindo’s argument that, as someone convicted of aiding terrorists, Berenson should not have been able to use work and study to reduce her sentence. The judges also cited a psychological report that said Berenson had “developed projects for a future life, grounded in motherhood” and had, in essence, been rehabilitated. Reached by the Associated Press, Galindo said he had not read the decision and would not comment. Asked what she plans to do now, Berenson said: “I’m just going to go on with my life, basically.” Berenson has said she wants only to return to her native New York, where her parents are university professors, and devote herself to Salvador. “I want to redo my life, live as a normal person,” she told the Associated Press in

a November interview in her rented apartment in Lima’s upscale Miraflores district. She said she hopes to earn a living as a translator. Reached at his home in New York, her father, Mark Berenson said that he and his wife, Rhoda, were “thrilled.” Berenson said the news of his daughter’s parole appeared in the Peruvian newspaper La Republica on Saturday but could not be verified until today because the courts were closed. “It was a tremendous relief,” he said. Had Berenson been forced back behind bars, Peruvian prison rules stipulate that Salvador could not have stayed with her after reaching age 3. Mark Berenson said he and his wife might have had to move to Peru to care for the boy. “None of that is necessary now, and fortunately we can go on with our lives,” he said.

Associated Press

EL PASO — A former CIA operative who is Fidel Castro’s nemesis lied about how he sneaked into the United States in 2005, a Cuban exile has testified, showing a photograph to corroborate his story. Gilberto Abascal, a paid U.S. government informant, testified at the federal trial for fellow Cuba native Luis Posada Carilles, who is accused of lying under oath during immigration hearings in El Paso, after slipping into the United States and seeking political asylum. Prosecutors claim Posada made false statements about how he reached U.S. soil and about his involvement in a series of hotel bombings in Havana in 1997 that killed an Italian tourist. Posada, 82, faces 11 federal counts of perjury, obstruction and immigration fraud. Abascal testified that he was on a shrimp boat converted into a 90-foot yacht that sailed to Isla Mujeres, near Cancun, picked up Posada and brought him to Miami in March 2005. Entered into evidence was a

Associated Press


HAPPY: Lori Berenson, a New Yorker convicted in Peru for collaborating with a Marxist rebel group, playing with her son Salvador, in Lima.

picture of Posada sitting in a barber’s chair and wearing a blue sheet to keep hair off his clothing. He is seen having his hair cropped at the sides with an electric razor. Abascal said the picture was taken in Isla Mujeres. Posada said during immigration interviews in 2005 and 2006 that he paid a smuggler to drive him from Honduras, through Mexico and on to Houston, where he caught a bus to Miami. He originally denied ever having traveled to Isla Mujeres, but now says he went there and made contact with the yacht, The Santrina, to pick up cash to pay the people smuggler. Abascal, 45, will testify again and has yet to be questioned by Posada’s lawyers. Lead defense attorney Arturo Hernandez has argued that Abascal isn’t credible, having collected more than $150,000 in fees from U.S. officials for spying on Posada. Posada, the most-wanted man in Cuba, spent a lifetime crisscrossing Latin America, seeking to topple communist governments. He became an anti-government insurgent

after Castro came to power in 1959. He eventually fled the island, became a CIA asset and joined the doomed Bay of Pigs invasion, though he was not one of those who made it to Cuban soil during fighting. He then joined the U.S. Army, training to be an officer. Posada later moved to Venezuela and headed that country’s intelligence service. In 1976, he was arrested for planning the bombing of a Cuban airliner that exploded off the coast of Barbados, killing all 73 passengers aboard. He was acquitted in military court, but escaped from prison in 1985, while awaiting a civilian retrial. He worked with the CIA again in the 1980s, this time from El Salvador as part of U.S. backing of contra rebels in Nicaragua. In 2000, Posada was arrested in Panama in connection with a plot to kill Castro during a regional summit there. He received a pardon in 2004, then turned up in Miami and asked for political asylum — sparking the current charges against him. He has been living with his family in Miami while the immigration case proceeds.

Pinera lands copter on highway SANTIAGO, Chile — (AP) — Chile’s billionaire president has a reputation for taking risks, insisting on flying his own helicopter against the advice of his security detail. But his unplanned landing on a remote highway had various members of congress saying “enough.” Sebastian Pinera had tried to minimize last weekend’s incident, denying that it was an emergency landing and saying he planned all along to refuel near Cobquecura, a small town near the epicenter of last year’s devastating earthquake. “Unfortunately, cars and helicopters need gas,” he said Sunday, laughing it off. But video of the incident shot by a local resident sug-

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Clinton supports Mexico in ‘messy’ drug war BY BRADLEY KLAPPER

Posada lied about U.S. entry, informant says in testimony BY WILL WEISSERT


BACKING: U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, center, and Mexico’s Foreign Minister Patricia Espinosa, right, walk through the streets of Guanajuato, Mexico, on Monday. Clinton urged Mexico to stay the course in war against drug cartels.

gests the pit stop was hardly planned. The footage shows Pinera asking locals where they were and explaining that he had to land on the highway because the aircraft was running out of gas. He then makes a call for help describing the spot — on a remote stretch of road about 20 miles outside Cobquecura — and a short while later, a police helicopter arrives with more fuel. “We decided to stop because we were really short” of fuel, Pinera can be heard telling officers in the video, broadcast by the Mega channel. Pinera’s insistence on flying helicopters as president was criticized in Congress by allies as well as opponents.

Among the more outspoken was Gabriel Ascencio of the opposition Christian Democrats, who called for an investigation of whether Pinera broke any laws with the landing on a public highway, as well as an accounting of how much the rescue cost taxpayers. “What happened Saturday is no small thing,” Ascencio told reporters. “It cannot be possible that Mr. Pinera, even though he is president of the republic, can land wherever in the country, putting at risk the safety of the people.” “If it was an emergency for lack of fuel, it’s his responsibility for not having taken the necessary precautions before the flight,” Ascencio added.

GUANAJUATO, Mexico — U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has urged Mexico to stay the course in an admittedly “messy” war against drug cartels, saying that the Obama administration will help with new controls on the flow of U.S. guns across the border. Clinton gave strong support for Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon’s battle against the country’s entrenched drug trafficking organizations. And she offered continued U.S. assistance from policing to improving Mexico’s judicial system. More than 34,600 people have died in drug-related killings in Mexico in the four years since Calderon launched the offensive against the cartels. The death toll spiked 60 percent last year. Mayors, police commanders, judges and journalists have been gunned down. Civilians are increasingly being killed and numerous areas remain lawless. The war has only mixed support. Clinton said there was no alternative to confronting the cartels head-on.

“It is messy. It causes lots of terrible things to be on the news,” Clinton said after meeting Mexico’s Foreign Minister Patricia Espinosa in the postcard-perfect central Mexican city of Guanajuato. “The drug traffickers are not going to give up without a terrible fight. And they do things that are just barbaric — like beheading people,” added Clinton, who met later with Calderon in Mexico City and discussed security and economic issues. “It is meant to intimidate. It is meant to have the public say, ‘Just leave them alone and they won’t bother me.’ But a president cannot do that.” The United States has provided hundreds of millions of dollars in support and will deliver another half-billion in equipment and training this year. It has helped train thousands of policemen and sent helicopters and other crimefighting technology. Clinton has been frank about the shared U.S. responsibility for the drug problem. Stubbornly high U.S. demand drives the trade, and firearms smuggled from the United States are involved in much of the violence, an issue re-

inforced by a small group of protesters who greeted Clinton’s arrival with chants and signs saying “No more U.S. guns.” Toeing a sensitive line meant to address Mexico’s concerns while avoiding a fight with firearms supporters in the United States, Clinton said the administration “was committed to doing what could be done” to require dealers near the Mexican border to report multiple purchases of highpowered rifles, which have become the weapon of choice for cartels. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives asked the White House for the requirement last month, and the move is likely to face stiff opposition from gun rights advocates. Clinton said the bureau should have “additional tools” shortly, but said officials were working to ensure that any regulation “isn’t challenged and it is sustainable.” Few hold out hope that the Mexican government can rout the cartels quickly. It faces numerous challenges from sentencing criminals to stamping out corruption in its police ranks.

Rights group accuses Chavez of using judiciary against foes BY CHRISTOPHER TOOTHAKER Associated Press

CARACAS — President Hugo Chavez is using Venezuela’s judiciary to persecute his political opponents, crack down on media critics and curtail the power of labor unions, a prominent human rights organization has reported. In its annual report, Human Rights Watch condemned what it called “the Venezuelan government’s domination of the judiciary and its weakening of democratic checks and balances” last year, warning that Chavez’s control over judges and prosecutors has led to “a precarious human rights situation.” The New York-based group said “judges may face reprisals if they rule against government interests,” noting the arrest of Judge Maria Afiuni shortly af-

ter she ordered the release of a high-profile banker who opposed Chavez’s government. Chavez harshly condemned Afiuni’s decision to free Eligio Cedeno, who was accused of corruption and fled to Florida soon after his release in late 2009. At the time, the president demanded that Afiuni, who is facing charges of abuse of authority and “favoring evasion of justice,” receive the maximum sentence of 30 years in prison. Chavez denies holding sway over the courts, insisting the legal system remains autonomous. Repudiating allegations that his becoming dictatorial, the president argued that his effort to steer Venezuela toward socialism has been — and must remain — completely democratic. “No dictatorship is built

upon socialism,” Chavez told thousands of supporters during a weekend rally outside the presidential palace. “Through dictatorship, it’s impossible for reach socialism.” Members of the president’s ruling party echoed those claims, taking issue with the allegations in Human Rights Watch’s report. “Every single one of the branches of government are independent: the judicial branch, the legislative branch and the executive branch,” Silvio Mora, a pro-Chavez lawmaker, said in a phone interview. Human Rights Watch also accused the government of attempting to weaken unions, citing the cases of several labor leaders who have been imprisoned on charges stemming from strikes and protests.

Guatemala massacre suspect faces charges RIVERSIDE, Calif. — (AP) — A Southern California martial arts instructor suspected of being involved in a 1982 massacre during a civil war in Guatemala has been arrested in Canada and is awaiting extradition to the United States. Suspect Jorge Sosa was arrested last week while visiting his parents in Alberta, Canada, the Riverside PressEnterprise said. Sosa, 52, was indicted in U.S. District Court in Santa Ana in September after authorities said he lied about his role in the civil war when he applied for U.S.

citizenship in 2008.Sosa was granted citizenship, but it was revoked after the grand jury indictment. He lives in Moreno Valley. In Guatemala, Sosa was a member of a special military unit called the “Kaibiles” and was the commanding officer of a unit assigned to find and arrest guerrillas who had stolen military weapons, according to court documents. On Dec. 7, 1982, he and several dozen soldiers stormed the village of Dos Erres, near Las Cruces, and systematically killed the men, women and children, the government claims in the indictment. The unit is accused of

slaughtering villagers with sledgehammers and throwing people into a well. The court documents did not list an attorney for Sosa. A man who answered the door at Sosa’s address in Moreno Valley declined to comment to the Press-Enterprise. The civil war in Guatemala claimed at least 200,000 lives before it ended in 1996. In September, another former Guatemalan soldier who came to the U.S. was sentenced in Florida to 10 years in U.S. prison for lying on citizenship forms about his military service and role in the incident.

1/26/2011 5:22:02 AM






Unusual wave of deadly violence strikes police officers BY DON VAN NATTA JR. New York Times Service

MIAMI — As thousands of law enforcement officers gathered inside the American Airlines Arena here for a funeral for two slain Miami-Dade police officers, news quickly spread that two more officers had been shot and killed a few hours earlier — this time in St. Petersburg, Fla. It was an eerie repeat of the police shootings last Thursday in Miami. In both cases, officers were killed as they tried to serve an arrest warrant. “This is a chief’s worst nightmare,” said St. Petersburg’s police chief, Chuck Harmon. “To lose two officers in one day is a tremendous loss to our department and our community.” The Florida shootings are

part of a wave of violence that law enforcement officials called highly unusual. Thirteen officers have been shot in the United States since Thursday, four fatally and several others critically wounded. “It’s unbelievable,” said Chuck Wexler, the executive director of the Police Executive Research Forum, a research group in Washington. “I can’t remember this many shootings happening in such a short period of time.” Already this year, 10 police officers have been killed in the line of duty, after an especially deadly year for law enforcement. In 2010, 61 federal, state and local officers were killed by gunfire, a 24 percent increase from 2009, when 49 were killed in the line of duty, according to the National Law Enforce-


HOMAGE: Honor Guards salute their comrades at the memorial service for Miami-Dade police officers at the American Airlines Arena in Miami on Monday. ment Officers Memorial Fund, a nonprofit group. “It’s a very troubling trend where officers are being put

at greater risk than ever before,” said Craig W. Floyd, the group’s chairman. “Many of these criminals are out-

gunning our police officers. We’re seeing criminals with high-velocity clips on their guns.” The police shootings come at a time when violentcrime rates are down markedly in most U.S. cities, officials said. One possible explanation for the spike in shootings is that many police departments increased their emphasis on executing arrest warrants against repeat violent offenders. Wexler and several senior police officials said they also believed that the shootings reflected a broader lack of respect for authority in U.S. society. “This has become less of a horrific event to some,” said Jody Weis, superintendent of the Chicago Police Department, where five offi-

cers were shot and killed between June and December of last year, one of them while on duty. “Unfortunately, we have a lot of young men who are willing to shoot first.” In St. Petersburg, the two slain men were identified as Sgt. Thomas J. Baitinger, 48, and Officer Jeffrey A. Yaslowitz, 39, both at least 10-year veterans. Officer Yaslowitz, who was married with three children, had finished his regular shift and was heading home when he responded to a call for backup. Baitinger, who was married, was part of the backup team. Although he was wearing a bulletproof vest, Baitinger was mortally wounded by a shot fired through the floor of the attic that hit an unprotected area, the police said.

Arizona shooter Court restores Emanuel’s name to ballot pleads not guilty BY MONICA DAVEY

New York Times Service


PHOENIX — The suspect in the shooting of Democratic Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords pleaded not guilty in court Monday, the 22-year-old’s first response to the charges. Two weeks after the deadly attack outside an Arizona grocery store, Jared Loughner’s grinning mug shot has become an enduring image of the tragedy. Loughner didn’t speak but grinned in court and wore an orange prison jumpsuit and glasses, and his wrists were cuffed to a chain around his waist as eight U.S. Marshalls kept watch in the packed Phoenix courtroom and gallery above. Loughner faces federal charges of trying to assassinate Giffords and kill two of her aides. More charges are expected. Investigators have said Loughner was mentally disturbed and acting increasingly erratic in the weeks leading up to the attack on Jan. 8 that wounded 13 and killed six. If Loughner’s attorney uses mental competency questions as a defense and is successful, Loughner could be sent to a mental health facility instead of being sentenced to prison or death. But his attorney, Judy

Clarke, said she wasn’t raising issues of competency “at this time” after U.S. District Judge Larry Burns of San Diego asked whether there was any question about her client’s ability to understand the case against him. Giffords was shot in the forehead and spent two weeks in a Tucson hospital before she was flown to Memorial Hermann Texas Medical Center Hospital on Friday. Shortly after her arrival, doctors said she had been given a tube to drain a buildup of brain fluid that has kept her in intensive care. Hospital spokesman James Campbell said Monday the next update on the Democratic congresswoman’s condition would come when they are ready to move Giffords to the rehab hospital. Loughner will likely face state charges in the attack, and also federal murder charges listed in an earlier criminal complaint for the deaths of Giffords aide Gabe Zimmerman and U.S. District Judge John Roll. Those are potential death penalty charges, which require a more painstaking process under Justice Department rules. The judge set a March 9 hearing to consider motions in Loughner’s case.

sumed that Emanuel’s election was all but a done deal. As lawyers for Emanuel filed their appeal with the state Supreme Court, Emanuel himself went right on campaigning on Tuesday as if nothing were amiss. Receiving an endorsement from a local group of Teamsters inside a southwest side fruit warehouse, Emanuel, grinning and highfiving workers, spoke of the city’s struggling economy. He talked about safety on

the streets, his tax plan, a comprehensive wellness plan for city workers and the minimum wage. All this, but not a single unsolicited mention of the appellate court’s decision. If anything, Emanuel told reporters (whose questions finally forced him to talk about the ballot problem) that he was “doubling up” on his campaign push — adding more handshaking events and “L” stops, visits to bowling alleys, and on and on.

In papers filed on Tuesday, Emanuel’s lawyers said that the appellate court’s decision was “one of the most far-reaching election law rulings ever to be issued by an Illinois court, not only because of its implications for the current Chicago mayoral election but also for the unprecedented restriction that it imposes on the ability of numerous individuals to participate in every future municipal election in this state.”

CHICAGO — The Illinois Supreme Court on Tuesday ordered Rahm Emanuel’s name back on the ballot, a day after an appellate court ruled him ineligible to run for mayor of Chicago. The state Supreme Court also told election officials not to print any ballots that exclude Emanuel’s name. The court on Tuesday agreed to hear the case, and on an expedited basis. Officials from the court said the justices will use briefs already submitted in the lower court, and will hold no oral arguments and allow no additional submission of briefs. It was still uncertain exactly how quickly a decision will emerge. On Monday, a panel of the Illinois Appellate Court ruled that Emanuel’s time in Washington as White House chief of staff — a post he left last October — meant that he did not meet a state requirement to have lived in the city for a year before the mayoral election, and that therefore he would not appear on the Feb. 22 ballot. That appellate decision came as a shock to many people here, particularly because Emanuel has held a lead in the polls in the sixperson race to replace Mayor Richard M. Daley, and has SCOTT OLSON/GETTY IMAGES raised far more money than the others. In a way, many PROMOTING: People rallying in support of mayoral candidate and former White had — until Monday — pre- House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel on Monday in Chicago.

Engineer gets 32 years for espionage Texan truck driver resentenced BY AUDREY MCAVOY Associated Press

HONOLULU — A former B-2 stealth bomber engineer has been sentenced to 32 years in prison for selling military secrets to China in the latest of several highprofile cases of Chinese espionage in the U.S. Chief U.S. District Judge Susan Oki Mollway said Noshir Gowadia, 66, would likely be in his late 80s by the time he is released if he gets credit for good behavior in prison. “He broke his oath of loyalty to this country,” Mollway said. “He was found guilty of marketing valuable technology to foreign countries for personal gain.” Gowadia, who was born in India, was convicted in August on 14 counts, including communicating national defense information to aid a foreign nation and violating the arms export control act. Prosecutors said Gowadia helped China design a stealth cruise missile to get money to pay the $15,000-amonth mortgage on his luxurious multimillion dollar home overlooking the ocean on Maui. They say he pocketed at least $110,000 by selling military secrets. The defense argued Gowadia only provided unclassified information to China and was innocent. His son, Ashton Gowadia, told reporters the jury wasn’t able to see documents that would absolve his father of the crimes because they

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were deemed classified. He said his father’s defense team would present these during an appeal. “My father would never, ever do anything to intentionally hurt this country,” Ashton Gowadia said. “We hope the convictions will be overturned and he’ll be able to go home.” Assistant U.S. Attorney Ken Sorenson, the lead prosecutor, had asked Mollway to sentence Gowadia to life in prison. But he said 32 years was a stiff and appropriate sentence given Gowadia’s age. “We’re confident the message is sent that when you compromise U.S. national security, when you disclose national defense secrets, when you profit by U.S. national defense information, that you will be punished, you will be pursued, you will be convicted,” Sorenson told reporters. A federal jury in Honolulu found Gowadia helped China design a cruise missile exhaust nozzle that would give off less heat, allowing the missile to evade infrared radar detection and U.S. heatseeking missiles. The jury, after hearing 39 days of evidence over nearly four months, also found Gowadia guilty of attempting to sell classified stealth technology to the Swiss government and businesses in Israel and Germany. The case follows other high-profile convictions of people accused of providing secrets to China.

Last March, China-born engineer Dongfan “Greg” Chung was sentenced to more than 15 years in prison after he was convicted of six counts of economic espionage and other federal charges. Gowadia’s sentencing came just weeks after China conducted a flight test of its new J-20 stealth fighter during a visit to Beijing by U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates. The Jan. 11 flight was held at an airfield in Chengdu, where prosecutors said Gowadia delivered an oral presentation on classified stealth technology in 2003. Chengdu is a center for Chinese fighter aircraft and cruise missile research and development. The judge sentenced Gowadia to 32 years for each of two counts of communicating national defense information to aid a foreign nation. She also gave him 20 years for each of four counts of violating the arms export control act, and 10 years for each of five lesser counts including money laundering. He received five years for one count of conspiracy and three years for two counts of filing a false tax return. But Mollway ordered the sentences to run together. Gowadia has already spent more than five years at Honolulu’s federal detention center after he was ordered held without bail following his 2005 arrest.

in deaths of 19 illegal migrants BY JUAN A. LOZANO Associated Press

HOUSTON — A truck driver has been resentenced to nearly 34 years in prison after a federal appeals court last year overturned the multiple life sentences he received for his role in the United States’ deadliest human smuggling attempt, which resulted in the deaths of 19 illegal immigrants from Central America. The new sentence of 405 months that Tyrone Williams was given during a court hearing is equal to the longest prison term he previously got in the case, for another count that was upheld on appeal. During the sentencing hearing, prosecutor Daniel Rodriguez made an impassioned plea that despite the appeals court’s ruling, the truck driver deserved to remain in prison for life for the deadly May 2003 smuggling attempt in which Williams transported a group of immigrants inside a sweltering tractor-trailer. Rodriguez said that during the smuggling attempt from South Texas to Houston, Williams heard the immigrants begging and screaming for their lives as they were succumbing to the stifling heat inside his vehicle but he refused to free them. “He alone decided not to open those doors,” Rodriguez said. “When it

comes to the deaths of those 19 people, there really is only one person responsible for that.” But before he was resentenced, a tearful Williams told U.S. District Judge Lee Rosenthal that he did not merit a life sentence because he wasn’t capable of all the “crazy stuff” prosecutors had accused him of doing and that the deaths were an accident. “If I had known those people were in trouble like that, I would have opened those doors. I don’t kill people, your honor,” Williams, 39, said after taking a break to compose himself. “I live with regret every day of my life.” Craig Washington, Williams’ attorney, said the truck driver was being more harshly punished than others who were convicted in the case and that equal blame should fall on those who overloaded the tractortrailer with immigrants. Rosenthal said that while Williams did not want the immigrants to die, his refusals to free them after knowing they were in danger were “callous and ultimately devastating omissions” that led to their deaths and merited not a life sentence but one that went above the sentencing guidelines, which called for a maximum term of just more than 11 years. Prosecutors declined to comment after the sentenc-

ing. Washington said he was pleased Williams avoided a life sentence but that he expected his client would file an appeal asking for a new trial because of issues related to the case being wrongly tried as death-penalty eligible. Williams was convicted on 58 counts of conspiracy, harboring and transporting illegal immigrants. He had faced possible death sentences on 19 counts of transporting illegal immigrants. But a jury in 2007 decided to sentence him to life in prison without parole. However, the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled Williams was not eligible for capital punishment. The court also said that Rosenthal should have sentenced Williams on those counts. While the life sentences were dismissed, the appeal court upheld the other sentences Williams was given by Rosenthal: 20 years for 19 other transporting counts and nearly 34 years for the conspiracy count. Prosecutors had dismissed 19 harboring counts. All the sentences Williams has now been given are running concurrently. Seventeen people, including a 5-year-old boy, were found dead in the trailer. Two others died later. All the deaths were attributed to dehydration, overheating and suffocation.

1/26/2011 4:55:37 AM






NATO and U.S. expect tough year in Afghanistan BY HEIDI VOGT Associated Press

KABUL, Afghanistan — The top U.S. and NATO commander in Afghanistan issued an assessment of the war Tuesday, saying the military “made impressive progress” last year, while stressing that 2011 is “likely to be tough” as forces work to further boost security. Gen. David Petraeus’ letter to the troops comes hours ahead of U.S. President Barack Obama’s State of the Union address, in which Obama is expected to discuss the Afghan war he has expanded with both troops and funding. Obama has said he hopes to begin drawing down U.S. troops in July, though that is dependent on the state of the battle against the Taliban. Petraeus called 2010 “a year of significant, hard-fought accomplishments,” but warned in his letter that “the year ahead is likely to be a tough one, too.” Petraeus praised security gains in the capital, which has seen fewer large-scale attacks over the past six months, but added that this will need to be expanded into neighboring provinces. NATO and U.S. officials have repeatedly said they hope the growing Afghan army and police force will be at the forefront of this security push, creating the opportunity for international allies to start bringing troops home. However, the Afghan forces continue to be plagued by high attrition rates, ineffectiveness and corruption even after bil-

lions have been poured into programs to bring the security forces up to par. “We will have to expand our efforts to help Afghan officials implement President Karzai’s direction to combat corruption and the criminal patronage networks that undermine the development of effective Afghan institutions,” he said. Efforts to root out corruption and cronyism in the Afghan government have been troubled, partly because of a seeming unwillingness on the part of President Hamid Karzai to allow prosecutions that touch his family or allies. The presidential election of 2009 and last year’s parliamentary vote have also seen Karzai pushing to expand his power, sometimes by sidestepping provisions of the constitution and electoral law. Much of the debate about troop levels and strategy in Afghanistan has centered on whether U.S. forces should be focusing their energy on a long campaign of nationbuilding, or simply on targeted strikes against terrorists. Petraeus stressed that the goal of the fight in Afghanistan is to ensure that the country does not again become a sanctuary for al Qaeda or other extremists, but said establishing a functioning government is key to meeting that goal. “Achieving that objective requires that we help Afghanistan develop the ability to secure and govern itself,” he said.


IN HER SHOES: A group of students, wearing Kate Middleton-style engagement outfits and rings, pose outside Buckingham Palace in London.

Royals gear up for William’s wedding BY RAPHAEL SATTER Associated Press

LONDON — The invites for the royal event of the year aren’t even in the mail, but some among the European blue-blood set say they have already been given a quiet tap on the shoulder. Crown Prince Alexander of Serbia and the Romanian royals say they’re among the hundreds of privileged guests expected at the wedding of Britain’s Prince William and his fiance Kate Middleton in London on April 29. Formal invitations to the widely anticipated event aren’t expected to go out until February. But the Romanian royal family will be among those attending, its office told the Associated Press on Tuesday. Crown Prince Alexander

BY SEBNEM ARSU New York Times Service


New York Times Service

BRUSSELS — President Islam A. Karimov of Uzbekistan is getting the redcarpet treatment during meetings here with top European leaders, his warmest reception in the West since his government massacred several hundred protesters in 2005. Karimov met on Monday with both Jose Manuel Barroso, president of the European Commission, and with Anders Fogh Rasmussen, NATO’s secretary-general. Karimov did not speak to reporters after either meeting. Human rights groups were scathing in their criticism. “Karimov came here to get a photo opportunity, and they gave him that,” said Andrew Stroehlein, a spokesman for the International Crisis Group, which works to prevent human rights abuses. “These pictures will

invaded in World War II, while Michael was forced to abdicate in 1947 as the communists tightened their grip on Romania. But their announcements underscore the strong relationships still maintained among European royals, many of whom have been linked by decades of intermarriage. They also highlight the links between Britain — whose monarchist tradition still runs strong — and exruling families from countries whose relationship with their royals have been a bit more tangled. Michael, for example, is a great-great-grandson of Queen Victoria, a third cousin of Britain’s current monarch Elizabeth II, and a first cousin of Elizabeth’s

husband Philip, with whom he spent childhood summer vacations on the Black Sea coast. Michael was also a guest at Queen Elizabeth’s wedding to Philip in November 1947. Alexander, whose family eventually settled in Britain during World War II, was born in a suite at London’s exclusive Claridge’s Hotel. He studied at British schools, joined the British army, and even married his current wife in London, in 1985. His best man was former King Constantine of Greece — a distant relation of Philip’s. Elizabeth II, who attended Alexander’s baptism at Westminster Abbey in 1945, is the Serbian prince’s godmother.

Israeli army used excess force in flotilla raid, Turkey says

In Europe, Uzbek president seeks a new image BY STEPHEN CASTLE

of Serbia said in a statement posted to his website that he and his wife, Crown Princess Katherine, had also been invited. “Their Royal Highnesses are delighted to attend the marriage and are very happy for the young couple,” the statement said. It wasn’t immediately clear whether any other European royalty had already received an informal savethe-date for the wedding at historic Westminster Abbey. A British royal spokeswoman declined to comment on the guest list, which is still being finalized. Neither Alexander nor ex-King Michael, who heads the Romanian royal family, are current heads of state. Alexander’s family fled the Balkans when the Nazis

CRUCIAL CONVENTION: European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso, right, meets with Uzbekistan’s President Islam Karimov in Brussels. be broadcast in Uzbekistan to legitimize him.” Barroso said he discussed specific human rights concerns with Karimov and urged him to release all of Uzbekistan’s political prisoners. “I have raised all key concerns of Europe, notably regarding human rights and fundamental freedoms,” he said. The United States and the European Union imposed sanctions on Uzbekistan, a former Soviet republic that has significant energy reserves, after Uzbek troops killed several hundred protesters in the town of Andijan in May 2005. The sanctions were considered ineffectual and were lifted four years later. Since then, Karimov, who refused to allow an international in-

vestigation of the Andijan massacre, has met with several European leaders, including Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany. Stroehlein said such diplomatic engagement can be useful in 99 percent of cases. But with Uzbekistan, he said, “this is the 1 percent of cases where it has failed every time.” Karimov, who has been in power since the Soviet Union broke apart 20 years ago, has crushed his opposition and jailed dozens of human rights advocates. In 2008, when Karimov began a third seven-year term and received 88 percent of the vote, Human Rights Watch reported that he cared little for democratic values. The United Nations has said torture is common.

ISTANBUL, Turkey — Turkey has released details of its own report about the seizure last year of a Turkish aid ship bound for Gaza by Israeli commandos. The government contended that two of the activists who were killed on the ship had been shot by Israeli forces from a helicopter before the commandos landed on the vessel. In all, nine people were killed in the clash May 31, when the Israeli military stormed a flotilla that had been organized by an Islamist charity in Turkey. Eight of the dead were Turks and one held dual Turkish and U.S. citizenship. The military had ordered the ships to turn back when they tried to breach an Israeli blockade of the Gaza Strip. The flotilla ignored the order. “During the attack, Israeli soldiers have applied excessive, random and disproportionate power against civilian passengers,” said the report, parts of which were published by the semi-official Anatolian News Agency. The report also said that Israeli commandos physi-

cally and psychologically abused passengers after taking control of the ship. “Most of the passengers were kept handcuffed, strip searched, and women were subject to discriminative behavior by the male Israeli soldiers,” the report said. An Israeli commission concluded in a report released earlier that the Israeli military had acted in accordance with international law. The report, which will form the core of Israel’s submission to U.N. investigators, cleared the Israeli government and military of wrongdoing and said the operation had been legal and justified. It concluded that the Israeli military had not fired any rounds from a helicopter and that the commandos had resorted to guns only after other, less lethal weapons failed to drive back passengers who attacked them as they boarded the ship. The Israeli report outraged the Turkish government, which responded by publishing details of the report it submitted in September to the U.N. investigators. “While it had the possibility of intercepting the convoy

carrying unarmed civilians without causing bloodshed, Israel opted for a course which made loss of life inevitable,” Turkey’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement late Sunday night. President Abdullah Gul of Turkey told reporters in Ankara on: “The report issued by Israel is nothing more than a document of its own that has no credibility in the face of international law, no legality or no persuasiveness. It actually clearly indicates that the Israeli government has such a spoiled attitude in disregarding the world and international law.” The reports also offered differing conclusions on the methods used to intercept the flotilla. “Israel could have tied a rope around the ship’s propeller to make it stop, without firing bullets, or it could have used water on activists,” a Turkish Foreign Ministry official said. The report from the Israeli commission said the authorities had used less force than would have been permissible under international law, and that tactics like entangling a ship’s propeller were dangerous.

Bombings continue against Shiite pilgrims in Iraq, toll reaches 85 BY JOHN LELAND New York Times Service

BAGHDAD — Deadly attacks against religious pilgrims and members of Iraq’s security forces continued this week, including three car bombings around the city of Karbala, where as many as 10 million marchers are expected to travel in observance of one of the most sacred holidays on the Shiite Muslim calendar. The attacks on pilgrims, which began with two nearly simultaneous blasts in the early morning hours, killed as many as 30 and wounded more than 100. A roadside bomb in Baghdad’s Shula neighborhood wounded another five marchers.

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The blasts raised the tally of Shiite marchers killed in the past week to as high as 85. The Iraqi authorities provided disparate accounts of the times of the attacks and the numbers of wounded. Initial accounts ranged from as few as 10 deaths to as many as 30. Casualty figures often change in the hours and days after an attack as more information comes to light. No group has claimed responsibility for the attacks. As with other recent attacks, the bombs set off a flurry of theories and recriminations. Some Iraqis speculated they were meant to undermine confidence in security before the Arab League summit scheduled for Baghdad in

March. Others thought they might be the work of foreigners or local people, meant to discredit the police or done with the complicity of security forces. “It is clear that the Baath and al Qaeda are working together on these explosions,” said Nusaif al Khatab, deputy head of the Karbala provincial council, referring to Saddam Hussein’s former ruling party. U.S. and Iraqi security forces have regularly reported discovering collaborations between former Baathists and al Qaeda in Mesopotamia, a Sunni extremist group, though the two groups are radically different in their orientations and goals. Lt. Gen. Robert W. Cone, second

in command of U.S. forces in Iraq, said recently that he had seen little evidence of such collaboration, though some Baathists might work for al Qaeda for money. As with the attacks on Christians late last year, the bombs elicited statements of martyrdom from some members of the group attacked, in this case Shiites. The pilgrimage to Karbala commemorates the martyrdom of Imam Hussein ibn Ali, grandson of the Prophet Mohammed, in the seventh century. “We learn from our imam and say we will be oppressed and not oppressors,” said Ahmed Hashim, 27, a lawyer who marched from Baghdad to Karbala, about 55 miles, in two days.

There were also multiple attacks on lawmakers and members of the security forces Monday, including an unsuccessful assassination attempt against the governor of Salahuddin province, north of Baghdad. In the capital, attackers using guns with silencers — an increasingly common weapon of choice — killed an officer assigned to protect embassies. In Kirkuk, an area disputed by Arab and Kurdish partisans, two men stabbed a police officer, who was evacuated to a nearby hospital. South of Kirkuk, in the village of Humera, a dawn ambush killed a leader of the Sunni Awakening, the government-backed militia credited with helping to

reduce violence in Iraq, according to a police official in Taza. A roadside bomb killed Brigadiar Gen. Samer Hassan Saleh near his home in Baghdad. No one claimed responsibility for the attacks on officials or security force members, but on Monday the website of the Islamic State of Iraq, a Sunni extremist group affiliated with al Qaeda in Mesopotamia, took responsibility for attacks against security forces last week in Tikrit and Diyala that killed dozens. The website said the group wanted to kill “stupid apostate policemen,” who were trying “to turn the Sunni places into Shiite.”

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Iran still holds the U.S. hostage BY TED KOPPEL Washington Post Service

n Jan. 20, 1981, 52 U.S. diplomats, intelligence officers and Marines were released after being held hostage for nearly 15 months at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, Iran. We saw it as the end of a long national nightmare. Iranians saw it as a successful phase in what the Pentagon would come to call the Long War. We were wrong; they were right. On the face of it, Iran achieved what it wanted. U.S. President Jimmy Carter had labored with key advisors through the last night of his presidency, desperately trying to bring about the hostages’ release before Ronald Reagan was sworn in as the 40th president. Iran, though, was determined to humiliate our 39th president and was not about to free the captives on Carter’s watch. As the television networks began their Inauguration Day coverage, the expected moment of release became the theme. TV screens were split to accommodate parallel images from Washington and Tehran. Just outside the Tehran, camera crews were taken to Mehrabad International Airport, where the soonto-be-former hostages would board their flight to freedom. The Iranians stage-managed the drama down to the last second. Precisely at noon, just as Reagan began to recite the oath of office, the planeload of U.S. officials was permitted to take off. The message was blunt


and unambiguous: Carter and his administration had been punished for the United States’ sins against Iran, and Reagan was being offered a conciliatory gesture in anticipation of improved behavior by Washington. That was hardly the interpretation the Reagan administration put on the event. The new president portrayed the hostage release as a long-overdue act by which the Iranians acknowledged the obvious: There was a new sheriff in town. The feckless days of the Carter administration were over, and the Iranian mullahs had bowed to the inevitable. Indeed, the administration seemed to be saying that Iran’s greatest concern was now the possibility of U.S. retaliation for the humiliation of the preceding 444 days. That last point probably was part of Iran’s strategic calculus. Iran was not then, and is not now, any military match for the United States. Without the hostages in Tehran, Iran was plainly vulnerable to U.S. power. Further complicating its position, since September 1980, Iran had been fighting a massive invasion by the forces of Saddam Hussein, the beginnings of a bloody war that would last most of the decade. The U.S. officially proclaimed neutrality but Washington considered Iran the greater threat and covertly assisted Saddam. Once the hostages were released, however, no reprisal came, and the Iranian leadership offered no evidence of wanting to reconcile.

In their approach to the United States in the decade that followed, the mullahs provided chilling evidence of how closely they had studied the influence of the media and public opinion on U.S. foreign policy. During the hostage crisis, they learned how obsessively engaged our news media becomes when U.S. prisoners are taken. What we consider one of our greatest national virtues — concern for the individual — the Iranians recognized as a vulnerability. We in the U.S. news media have a tendency to obsess over one crisis at a time, often to the exclusion of other important issues. Indeed, I can hardly overlook my own role in this. The title that ABC News, where I worked at the time, gave to its nightly coverage seemed hyperbolic at first, but it proved frighteningly prescient: America Held Hostage. The story held the country’s interest so tightly and for so long that our specials on ABC eventually morphed into a regular program — Nightline. Iran watched and learned. They realized that the fixations of the U.S. media could lead to shifts in U.S. policy. They observed how the hostage crisis cost Carter a second term, and they would soon learn that what influenced one administration could be applied to another. On Oct. 23, 1983, a truck loaded with explosives was driven into a barracks building in Beirut housing U.S. Marines, who were there as part of an international peacekeeping force. The driver died in the suicide

attack, as did 241 U.S. military personnel. Eventually, the bomber was identified as a member of an organization called Hezbollah, which was believed to have been funded and trained by members of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps. By the time even that much was established, Reagan had ordered all U.S. military personnel in Lebanon evacuated to ships off the coast. A brief time later, those ships received fresh orders and sailed off. There had been no great public support for engagement in Lebanon in the first place, so there was little reaction to the departure. Iran saw how a devastating attack could force the U.S. out of Lebanon, with little outcry back home and no retaliation. And just as hostages had proved useful during the Carter administration, they would be used again to manipulate the Reagan White House. Dozens of U.S. citizens and Europeans were kidnapped in Lebanon during the early and mid1980s. Again, Hezbollah was believed responsible, and Iranian patronage was more firmly established. These tactics drew the Reagan administration into one of the more bizarre covert negotiations in history. Among those kidnapped was CIA station chief William Francis Buckley. He was held and tortured for 15 months, and at one point he was reportedly taken to Iran. He died in captivity. Reagan’s distress over Buckley the other U.S. captives was a factor behind the Iran-contra affair.

Far from punishing Iran, Washington arranged for Israel to sell weapons to Iran. The Israeli stockpiles would be secretly replenished by the U.S., which was legally prohibited from selling directly to Iran. In return, Iran would free some hostages. Iran’s payment for the weapons would be used to buy arms for anti-communist forces in Nicaragua, circumventing a congressional ban on sales to the contras there. It was a fiasco. Reagan found his administration embroiled in negotiations with the sponsors of Hezbollah. The scheme circumvented the law, and had others not taken the fall, it could have led to impeachment. What Iran learned in those years is that kidnapping and terrorism are useful weapons against the United States. Ultimately, Reagan’s broadshouldered bravado was no more effective in dealing with Tehran than Carter’s mild-mannered diplomacy. We’ve still not found our way. Instead of taking military action against Iran, the U.S. has twice invaded Iran’s bitterest enemy, Iraq. What Iran couldn’t do for itself, George W. Bush did for it: Saddam Hussein is gone, and Tehran’s influence in the Persian Gulf is greatly enhanced. There was every reason to celebrate the release of those 52 hostages in 1981. But what Iran learned then and has applied since has been costly for the United States. Here we are, 30 years after what we thought was the conclusion of a crisis, wondering if the end will ever be in sight.

Don’t touch Social Security BY BOB HERBERT New York Times Service

f there’s a better government program than Social Security, I’d like to know what it is. It has gone a long way toward eliminating poverty among the elderly. Great numbers of them used to live and die in ghastly, Dickensian conditions of extreme want. Without Social Security today, nearly half of all U.S. citizens aged 65 or older would be poor. With it, fewer than 10 percent live in poverty. The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities tells us that close to 90 percent of people 65 and older get at least some of their family income from Social Security. For more than half of the elderly, it provides the majority of their income. For many, it is the only income they have. When you see surveillance videos of some creep mugging an elderly person in an elevator or apartment lobby, the universal reaction is outrage. But when fat cats and ideologues want to hack away at the lifeline of Social Security, they are treated as respectable, even enlightened members of the society. We need a reality check. Attacking Social Security is both cruel and unnecessary. It needs to stop. The demagogues would have the public believe that Social Security is unsustainable, that it is a giant contributor to the federal budget deficits. Nothing could be further from the truth. As the Economic Policy Institute has explained, Social Security “is emphatically not the cause of the federal government’s long-term deficits, since it is prohibited from borrowing and must pay all benefits out of dedicated tax revenues and savings in its trust funds.” Franklin Roosevelt couldn’t have been clearer about the crucial role of the payroll taxes used to finance Social Security. They gave the beneficiaries a “legal, moral and political right” to collect their benefits, he said. “With those taxes in there, no damn politician can ever scrap my Social Security program.” There has always been feverish opposition on the right to Social Security. Now, in a period of deficit hysteria, this crucial retirement program is being dishonestly lumped together with Medicare as an entitlement program driving federal deficits. Medicare costs are a serious problem, but that’s because of the nightmarish expansion of healthcare costs in general. Beyond Medicare, the major drivers of the deficits are not talked about much by the fat cats and demagogues because they were either responsible for them, or are reap-


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ing gargantuan benefits from them, or both. The country is drowning in debt because of the Bush tax cuts for the rich, the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq that have never been paid for, and the Great Recession. Mugging the United States’ grandparents by depriving them of some of their modest, hard-earned Social Security retirement benefits is hardly an answer to the nation’s ills. And, believe me, those benefits are modest. The average benefit is just $14,000 a year, which is less than the minimum wage would pay. With employer provided pensions going the way of the typewriter and pay telephones, the income from Social Security is becoming more precious by the day. “If we didn’t have Social Security, we’d have to invent it right now,” said Roger Hickey, co-director of the Campaign for America’s Future. “It’s perfectly suited to the terrible times we’re going through. Hardly anyone has pensions anymore. People’s private savings have taken a huge hit, and home prices have been hit hard. So the private savings that so many seniors and soon-to-beseniors have counted on have just been wiped out. “Social Security is still there, and it’s still paying out retirement benefits indexed to wages. It’s the one part of the retirement stool that is working.” The deficit hawks and the rightwingers can scream all they want, but there is no Social Security crisis. There is a foreseeable problem with the program’s long-term financing, but it can be fixed with changes that do no harm to its elderly beneficiaries. One obvious step would be to raise the cap on payroll taxes so that wealthy earners shoulder a fairer share of the burden. The alarmist rhetoric should cease. U.S. citizens have enough economic problems to worry about without being petrified that their Social Security benefits will be curtailed. A Gallup poll taken recently found that 90 percent of U.S. citizens ages 44 to 75 believed that the country was facing a retirement crisis. Nearly two-thirds were more fearful of depleting their assets than they were of dying. The fears about retirement are well placed — most U.S. citizens do not have enough to retire on. But there should be no reason to believe that Social Security is in jeopardy. The folks who want to raise the retirement age and hack away at benefits for ordinary working people are inevitably those who have not the least worry about their own retirement. The haves so often get a kick out of bullying the have-nots.

The contest of credibility BY MICHAEL GERSON Washington Post Service

he largest challenge U.S. President Barack Obama faces is job creation. But the largest issue over which the president and Congress have actual control is the deficit. So the first clear comparison between Obama and newly empowered Republicans will be a contest of credibility on the budget. After presiding over budgets adding $3 trillion in debt, one would think Obama is at a disadvantage. But one, as usual, has no idea what one is talking about. On spending, Obama will attempt to outflank Republicans to their right. With Jack Lew and Gene Sperling in charge of its economic policy, the administration’s Clintonian direction is clear. It will seek higher revenue, cuts in defense, spending caps and more aggressive healthcare price controls. When measuring deficit reduction, the last is the most important. It is the combination of cost inflation, an aging population and expansive health entitlements that push the United States toward the fate of Greece. Unless this problem is addressed, no tax increase or cut in discretionary spending will cause federal outlays to flatten at a sustainable percentage of the economy. The Congressional Budget Office will report Obama’s healthcare price controls — payment cuts to doctors and hospitals in


Medicare and other programs — as large, long-term budget savings. The CBO is the most lenient sort of referee, giving credit for a proposed play instead of an actual score. But such reductions are not likely to happen. Every year Congress passes a “doc fix” to avert much smaller cuts. Obama’s healthcare law already pushes Medicare disbursement rates below Medicaid rates — a level that currently makes it difficult for Medicaid patients to find doctors willing to treat them. The Medicare actuary predicts that cuts already passed by Congress will cause about 15 percent of providers to become unprofitable. Proposing even more drastic reductions is more of a ploy than a plan. But it would look good on paper. The Republican budget, meanwhile, will include major domestic discretionary cuts, mostly outside of defense, amounting to between $1 trillion and $2 trillion over 10 years. The proposed repeal of Obama’s healthcare law counts many advantages, but deficit reduction is not one of them. So if Republicans don’t touch Medicare, their budget approach — again, on paper — will have less long-term debt reduction than Obama’s. But major Medicare reform is politically risky. Republican plans would provide generous but limited subsidies to individuals to purchase their own health insurance, controlling costs by providing premium supports on the basis of need, and by encouraging competition among insur-

ers. These are large changes, with no immediate chance of passage — leaving Republicans with a lively, internal debate on their next step. Do they take up an ambitious Medicare reform — or allow Obama to get to their right on the budget? Republicans should be able to make a strong case for reform. Price controls in Medicare — if actually implemented — would cause immediate pain. Republican plans would kick in more gradually — touching no one who is over 55 today. The Democratic approach to Medicare cuts would give doctors and providers less and less money while expecting them to cover the same services. “In reality,” says Levin, “providers won’t just provide the same care for less money — some will stop taking Medicare patients, some will go out of business, and some will reduce the level of care or amenities. That’s what we see in every system that takes this approach to cost control: waiting lines, dirty unsafe hospitals with horrible food and amenities.” Republicans may have the better policy case. But Obama has an easier political task. He can promise to keep the same Medicare system at a lower cost with fewer cuts in other programs — while attacking more drastic Republican domestic cuts and the voucherization of Medicare. If Obama takes this path, he may win the political day — but he would lose the contest of credibility.

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1/25/2011 9:41:16 PM


U.S. airlines hike profits by flying less

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Associated Press




Stocks muted ahead of Obama address

DALLAS — After a decade of multibillion-dollar losses, U.S. airlines appear to be on course to prosper for years to come for a simple reason: They are flying less. By grounding planes and eliminating flights, airlines have cut costs and pushed fares higher. As the global economy rebounds, travel demand is rising and planes are as full as they’ve been in years. Profit margins at big airlines are the highest in at least a decade, according to the government. The eight largest U.S. airlines are forecast to earn more than $5 billion this year and $5.6 billion in 2012.

U.S. airlines are in the midst of reporting fourth-quarter results that should cap the industry’s first moneymaking year since 2007. “The industry is in the best position — certainly in a decade — to post profitability,” says Southwest Airlines chief executive Gary Kelly. “The industry is much better prepared today than it was a decade ago.” The airlines’ turnaround has benefited investors — the Arca airlines stock index has nearly quadrupled since March 2009 — but it’s been tough on travelers. Fares in the U.S. have risen 14 percent from a year ago, according to travel consultant Bob Harrell. Flights are more crowded

than they’ve been in decades. On domestic flights, fewer than one in five seats are empty. Space is even tighter over the summer and holidays. That’s why it took a week to rebook all the travelers who were stranded by a snowstorm that hit the Northeast over Christmas weekend. Travelers also face fees these days for services that used to be part of the ticket price, such as checking luggage (usually $25 to $35 per bag) and rebooking on a different flight (usually $150 for a domestic flight, more when flying overseas). “I’m not averse to anyone making money — that’s great — but [to] take things away and then charge for them, that’s not right,” said Rick

Associated Press

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French finance minister silent on Europe aid


NEW YORK — Stock indexes finished about where they started Tuesday after a round of disappointing corporate earnings and another drop in home prices. Trading was muted ahead of U.S President Barack Obama’s State of the Union speech, in which he was expected to outline a plan to reduce the deficit. The Dow lost 3.33 points, or less than 0.1 percent, to 11,977.19. It had been down as many as 82 points earlier. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index inched up 0.34, or less than 0.1 percent, to 1,291.18. The Nasdaq composite index gained 1.7 points, or 0.1 percent, to 2,719.25. Four of the 30 companies in the Dow Jones industrial average reported results before the market opened: DuPont, 3M, Verizon Communications and Johnson & Johnson. 3M lost 2 percent after the manufacturing company’s income fell because of higher costs. Johnson & Johnson lost 1.8 percent after reporting a 12 percent drop in income. The maker of Tylenol and other drugs was hammered by costly recalls of its products. DuPont’s income fell but still beat expectations. Its stock rose 0.3 percent. Verizon’s stock gained 1.6 percent after the phone company’s profits surged. Another Dow member, American Express fell 2.2 percent after reporting earnings late Monday that came in below analysts’ expectations. Doug Roberts, chief investment strategist for Channel Capital, said investors were looking ahead to Obama’s State of the Union speech Tuesday night and a Federal Reserve meeting that concludes Wednesday. The Fed’s $600 billion bond-buying plan, launched in November, was partially aimed at boosting stock prices. The S&P 500 has gained 8.9 percent in the last three months. “As long as the Fed keeps pumping money into the economy,” Roberts said, “stocks will probably keep going up.” Prices fell in 19 out of the 20 cities tracked by the Standard and Poor’s / CaseShiller home price index in November. Treasury prices rose ahead of the president’s State of the Union speech as traders hoped for news on spending curbs. That would ease worries in the bond market that the United States. might soon run up against its borrowing limit. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 3.34 percent from 3.39 percent late Monday. Bond yields move in the opposite direction of their prices. Three stocks rose for every two that fell on the New York Stock Exchange. Consolidated volume came to 4.6 billion shares.

Jellow, an executive who travels in his job for a lighting-systems company in Virginia. From 2000 through 2009, U.S. airlines lost about $60 billion and eliminated 160,000 jobs, according to an industry trade group, the Air Transport Association. During that tumultuous decade, airlines were hit with a series of events beyond their control: two recessions; the Sept. 11 attacks; an avian flu outbreak that scared away many travelers, and rising fuel costs. The industry was profitable in 2000, 2006 and 2007, when the economy was roaring. But those boom years masked the industry’s



PICKING UP: General Motors announced on Monday the addition of a third shift at the Flint Assembly in Flint, Mich., in a response to customer demand for heavy-duty pickups.


FLINT, Mich. — General Motors has a shot at being No. 1 again. The resurgent automaker has reported that its worldwide sales last year came within 30,000 of beating Japanese rival Toyota, which took a big hit because of safety recalls. GM is hiring, producing more and basking in a better reputation for quality. It expects to sell even more cars and trucks this year, putting it within reach of the title of biggest in the world — an honor it held for 76 years before losing it in 2008. Regaining the global lead means a lot to workers on the assembly line in Flint, a town devastated by years of auto industry job losses. Just two years ago, they didn’t know if their factory or even their company would survive. Dana Rouse, a union official at the pickup truck factory here,

called overtaking Toyota the Heisman Trophy of the auto business. “We’re going to take Toyota on, and the people in Flint are going to be a part of that,” he said. “This is the birthplace of General Motors. We kind of take it a little more seriously than maybe some other towns.” GM executives say they are focused on keeping customers happy, not on the title. They remember the company’s disastrous recent history, when it sold cars at a loss just to hold on to market share. “Satisfying and retaining our customers and delivering worldclass products is pretty much the fundamental business that we’re in,” GM North America president Mark Reuss said Monday at the factory. “The rest of it may come, may not.” Now GM is outselling Toyota in fast-growing China, and its U.S. business is bouncing back. To overtake Toyota, it needs a

sales increase of half a percentage point, about the number of Chevy Silverado pickup trucks it sells per month in the U.S. Toyota is still wounded from recalls of more than 10 million vehicles, mainly to fix gas pedals and floor mats that could make cars speed out of control. It was the only major automaker with lower U.S. sales in December, and it’s uncertain when sales will recover. Dethroning Toyota, experts say, might also help GM with marketing, even if it adds little value to the business. Their advice: GM, which has shed four of its weaker brands in recent years, should focus not on size but on making money. “The game plan has changed enormously,” said Howard Wheeldon, senior strategist with BGC Partners in London. “Its future is not to be all things to all

PARIS —The French finance minister, Christine Lagarde, stopped short of revealing, in a recent interview, whether the negotiations between euro countries over support of heavily indebted member states would lead to a fiscal union. “We certainly need more fiscal consolidation — that’s a given,” she said. “I wouldn’t use the word ‘harmonization’ yet until we’ve come closer.” Lagarde bridled at the suggestion that the euro zone was moving toward a “transfer union,” where rich countries like Germany and France backstop neighbors with weaker budgets as long as the recipients agree to constraints like spending curbs. “If you start to use certain concepts and words, it begins to infuriate some people,” she said. “It’s going to be a give and take process. We can’t talk about the give unless we know about the take.” She was speaking after holding preliminary discussions about the future of the euro zone’s financial • TURN TO EUROPE, 2B






IMF says global financial stability still faces risk BY JENNY GROSS Associated Press

JOHANNESBURG, South Africa — Economic growth in developing countries will expand at more than double the rate elsewhere but financial stability is still at risk, the International Monetary Fund said Tuesday in its latest assessment in the wake of the global recession. The IMF raised its projections for overall global economic output to an increase of 4.4 percent in 2011, slightly higher than the 4.2 percent anticipated in the Washingtonbased institution’s October report, but slower than the 5.0 percent achieved in 2010. However, IMF fnancial counselor Jose Vinals cautioned that

the risk of volatility remains because of the failure to push through reforms, and address fiscal and banking problems that led to the worst crisis since the Great VINALS Depression. The IMF gave the United States the largest projected increase compared with its October report, raising anticipated economic growth in 2011 from 2.3 percent to 3 percent. Still, chief IMF economist Olivier Blanchard warned the predicted growth “is not going to be able to make a big dent,” in high unemployment rates.

U.S. unemployment will hover at 9 percent by the end of 2011 and 8 percent by the end of 2012, Blanchard predicted. The unemployment rate was 5 percent three years ago. The IMF made no change in its forecasts for the rest of the world, with Asian giants leading the way: China at 9.6 percent and India at 8.4 percent growth. Also unchanged was the forecast for Japan and the 17-country eurozone, at 1.5 percent. According to the IMF, the economies of advanced countries will expand by 2.5 percent in the next two years while emerging and developing countries are expected to continue a strong rebound and grow by 6.5 percent in the same period.

Advanced economies are increasingly sensitive to accumulated debt, it says, while policy makers in emerging markets like Brazil and China are grappling with how best to absorb the cash from rising commodity prices and investors without overheating their economies. Progress in advanced economies will be slow coming, said chief IMF economist Olivier Blanchard. They are “in a fiscal hole, large debt, large deficit and these have to be slowly eliminated and that’s going to take a long time.” Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to show the strongest regional progress, at 5.8 percent. The IMF • TURN TO IMF, 2B

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U.K. economic recovery comes to surprise halt BY ROBERT BARR Associated Press

LONDON — Britain’s economy contracted by half a percent in the last three months of 2010, official data showed Tuesday, shocking markets which had expected a continued recovery and causing the pound to slump. Severe winter weather in December had a strong impact, particularly on the construction sector, the Office for National Statistics said. Not counting the effect of the snow, which snarled transport and kept people away from shops before Christmas, it estimated the Gross Domenstic Product would have been flat — still well below market expectations for at least 0.4 percent growth.

Analysts warned that the underlying performance of the British economy had taken a severe hit, casting doubt over the government’s plans for sharp spending cuts and tax hikes. “We are in for a rough ride,” said Graeme Leach, chief economist of the Institute of Directors, a membership organization of business leaders. Expectations of 1.3 percent growth in 2011 would have to be downgraded, he said, and pressure would grow on the Bank of England to resume pumping money into the economy. The pound fell sharply from $1.5901 to a low of $1.5753 immediately after the figures were announced. The dismal figures muted

any expectation that the Bank of England would soon raise its base interest rate from an all-time low of 0.5 percent to deal with persistent high inflation. Its pump-priming program of asset purchases, known as quantitative easing, was suspended in December 2009 after injecting £200 billion ($320 billion) into the economy. “However worried the Bank of England may be about its credibility, raising interest rates against a backdrop of such weak demand seems out of the question,” said Simon Hayes at Barclays Capital. “At the same time, with tax rises in the first half of 2011 already expected to hit consumer demand, the gov-

ernment is open to accusations of causing a doubledip recession. Plan B may need dusting off.” Britain’s Treasury chief, George Osborne, said the government “will not be blown off course by bad weather.” “There is no question of changing a fiscal plan that has established international credibility on the back of one very cold month. That would plunge Britain back into a financial crisis,” Osborne said. But analysts noted that the weak figure was not due only to the poor weather. Output of the dominant services sector dropped by 0.5 percent and construction slumped by 3.3 percent, the

ONS said. Manufacturing and other production industries were a bright spot, with 0.9 percent growth. The figures are preliminary, leaving them open to revision, and followed four quarters of growth — including 0.7 percent in the third quarter — as Britain climbed out of a deep recession. Jonathan Loynes, chief European economist at Capital Economics, said the figure was “shockingly bad” and would “raise serious concerns over whether the economy is in a strong enough position to withstand the coming fiscal tightening.” Analysts generally expect growth to slow in 2011

due to the impact of government job cuts and a hike in the broad-based sales tax — the value-added tax — from 17.5 percent to 20 percent. “Presumably GDP growth will now rebound pretty strongly in Q1, as it did after weather effects in Q4 2009. But other adverse forces, not least the impact of the latest VAT hike, could limit the size of the bounce,” Loynes said. Although British exporters could benefit from strong demand from booming economies in Germany, China and the Middle East, the risks of a return to recession have increased, according to Chris Williamson, chief economist for Markit.

Food costs rise in Southern Sudan Resurgent GM on Toyota’s heels in sales race

BY MAGGIE FICK Associated Press

JUBA, Sudan — Residents across Southern Sudan are in a jubilant mood after what appears to be a landslide vote to secede from the north and to create the world’s newest country. There’s one side effect of this month’s weeklong referendum, though, that people are not cheering: higher prices. Merchants and customers are complaining of price hikes over the last several weeks as the prices of some every day goods like sugar, soap and cooking oil have increased by more than 50 percent. Christine Aman has four children and a husband to feed. On a shopping trip to Juba’s main market last week she carried bags full of onions and greens, but she’s buying less. Sugar, she said, has doubled in price since Christmas. “Now we have less to eat,” the 26-year-old said. One factor in the rise in prices is the reduction of imports from north Sudan related to the independence referendum. In addition, hundreds of thousands of southerners who once lived in the north are streaming back south, putting pressure on supplies. “In Juba, we find that many shops run by northerners are closed, the traders have gone back,” said Martha Anthony,



PRICE OF FREEDOM: Men unload vegetables from a truck in a market in Juba, Southern Sudan. Prices of every day items have increased by more than a half. a statistician for the southern government. He said some Kenyan and Ugandan merchants also left for the voting period. One other factor is that the government in Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, removed sugar and fuel subsidies earlier this month, raising prices across the country. At least 180,000 southerners living in the north have returned since October, initially to register to vote in the Jan. 9-15 referendum and later out of fear of reprisals by the Khartoum government after the vote.

The U.N. expects another 100,000 returnees by early March. Ballot returns show the south voted overwhelmingly for independence. “With referendum uncertainties, the grain supply from northern Sudan and to a lesser extent from Uganda and Kenya has reduced substantially,” said Andrew Odero, who analyzes food insecurity for the World Food Program. “Grain stocks are declining in some border areas, leading to increased prices, which are also under pressure from returnee arrivals.”

Odero said the World Food Program expects that prices will continue to increase and could lead to an increase in those needing food aid. Onno Van Manen, the country director of Action Against Hunger, said a “reasonable” harvest this year of wheat and sorghum has lessened the severity of a potential food crisis, but he noted the rise in prices. “It’s too early to say, but with the population increasing in size — we anticipate that we may have to respond to an increased caseload,” said Van Manen.

men in every part of the world. Its concentration is now related to the ability to make profits.” And taking the lead by growing too fast can be bad. Fast growth brought global leadership but ultimately cost Toyota, which has admitted it lost focus on quality as it overtook GM for the global sales lead. Toyota sold 8.42 million vehicles worldwide in 2010, barely ahead of GM’s 8.39 million. GM made an impressive turnaround from 2009, when it was forced to take nearly $50 billion in government help and go through bankruptcy. GM’s global sales grew by a dramatic 12 percent last year, and it turned a $4.2 billion profit in the first nine months of the year. Financial results for the final three months of 2010 aren’t in yet, but more profit is expected. Along the way, GM pulled off an initial public stock offering and added 9,000 U.S. workers. GM’s sales in China were so strong that they outpaced the U.S. for the first time in the company’s 102-year history.

The federal government still owns about a third of the company and is gradually selling its GM stock on the open market. So far, GM has stuck to its game plan. It has limited rebates and low-interest financing, and it’s made money selling new models, such as the Chevrolet Equinox small Sports Utility Vehicle and Buick LaCrosse luxury sedan. Analysts say there’s no reason to change now. “At the end of the day you can accomplish that goal of beating Toyota without having to focus on market share,” said David Whiston, an auto analyst with investment firm Morningstar. “If you focus on great product, the market share takes care of itself.” On Monday, GM recalled 750 laid-off workers for a third shift at the Flint assembly plant because of strong demand for the heavy-duty pickup trucks made there. The trucks are used mainly for construction, plowing snow and other work, and the increased demand is a sign of economic recovery. Other production increases could be coming, but GM won’t go overboard by reopening closed pickup factories, Reuss said.

Financial French finance minister evasive on Europe aid stability still at risk: IMF • EUROPE, FROM 1B


reflected that confidence by releasing its new report Tuesday in South Africa, the continent’s biggest economic engine. Blanchard said capital flows to emerging market countries were “both a blessing and potentially a curse,” providing cheap imports but the danger of overheating economies. The influx was “a combination of the fact that the countries are doing well so their growth prospects are very good, and the fact that interest rates in advanced countries are not so high, they are very low, so there’s a strong incentive to take your funds to emerging market countries.” China can help ease imbalances by raising the value of its currency, Blanchard said. The U.S. and other countries charge that China keeps its currency artificially low in order to maintain an export advantage. “China is moving in the right direction and focusing increasingly on domestic demand, but we think it can be done faster,” he said. “The yuan is undervalued, and it would be a good thing for China and the rest of the world if there was faster appreciation.”

26PGB02.indd 2

support mechanisms. Finance ministers have been examining their primary financing structure, the European Financial Stability Facility, which can offer guarantees of as much as £440 billion, or $600 billion. There have been suggestions that the facility should be extended by additional guarantees and made more flexible, perhaps being allowed to buy bonds in the secondary market, recapitalize banks directly or set adjustable interest rates for borrowers. Money has already been made available to Ireland. Many analysts contend that the facility needs to expand because more countries, notably Portugal and

Spain, may require support in the future. Citigroup, for example, estimates that £2 trillion, will be needed to secure a safety net for the eurozone. Lagarde said it was premature to give details on the future size of the aid facility or whether it would buy back bonds in the secondary market. She said the eurozone finance ministers would “come back with a comprehensive range of tools and decisions” in March, when European Union leaders meet to discuss economic policies. She said the discussion would feed into negotiations on a permanent bailout mechanism, the European Stability Mechanism, to replace the current aid structures, which expire in 2013.

Graham Bishop, an independent financial analyst who has advised the European and British parliaments, said both aid mechanisms would become vehicles for fiscal harmonization. “By the end of 2011, the eurozone will have emerged from the financial crisis as a political federation,” he said, “loose in some respects but with tightly centralized economic governance at its heart.” Lagarde would not make that conclusion, saying only that she and her fellow finance ministers were discussing both aid facilities and that there was general agreement that the permanent aid facility “needs to be comprehensive, that it has to give a strong signal of our solidarity and unity going forward.”

She added that it was not yet clear whether the permanent structure would require changes to the Lisbon Treaty, the bloc’s enhanced rule book, which took effect in 2009. That would greatly complicate approval of the new structure because of possible legal challenges in some countries and the need for referendums in others. Before the related issue of restructuring bad debts at European banks can be addressed, Lagarde said, European countries need to conduct meaningful tests on the health of their lenders’ balance sheets. Such stress tests have been carried out twice during the current crisis but failed to win investor confidence. Since the last round, published in July, further problems have emerged,

particularly at Spanish and Irish lenders. The results of the latest tests are expected to be published in June. Lagarde also has the task this year of steering the work of the finance ministers of the Group of 20. The priorities of France, as the presiding country of that forum, were laid out by President Nicolas Sarkozy on Monday. The policies aim to mitigate volatility in commodity and foreign exchange markets by improving regulation, bolstering the role of the International Monetary Fund and drawing China into a more active role in the international monetary system. Paris hopes that this will help to put Beijing on the road to convertibility of its currency, the renminbi.

Flying less helps U.S. airlines make more money in 2010 • AIRLINES, FROM 1B

underlying problems, including high costs and more seats than travelers demanded. During 2008 and 2009, airlines lost a combined $23 billion, but they also attacked their problems, setting the stage for a comeback in 2010. • They eliminated moneylosing flights. When travel demand recovered, airlines could raise ticket prices for the smaller supply of seats. • They grounded older, gas-guzzling airplanes. The government says the major U.S. airlines, plus freight delivery companies FedEx and

UPS, used 11.39 billion gallons of jet fuel in the first nine months of 2010, down 11.4 percent from the same period a year earlier. The price of a gallon of jet fuel jumped 20 percent year over year, but overall fuel spending rose just 6 percent. • They added fees. In the first nine months of 2010, airlines collected more than $4.3 billion in fees for checking baggage and changing tickets, up 13.5 percent from the same period in 2009. • They consolidated. Delta Air Lines Inc. bought Northwest in 2008, and United and Continental combined last

year. That leaves four socalled network carriers that operate from hub airports, down from six. And Southwest Airlines’s pending purchase of AirTran Airways will combine two of the biggest discount carriers. Fewer airlines mean higher fares. Delta, Southwest, United Continental and US Airways are expected to have earned nearly $4 billion combined in 2010. The latter two report results on Wednesday. The parent of American Airlines, which suffers from higher costs than the others, said last week it lost $389 million.

The economy is expected to grow faster in 2011 and 2012 than it did in 2010, and this should give the industry a lift. But, there are some challenges on the horizon. The biggest, is higher fuel prices. With oil hovering around $90 a barrel, jet fuel on the spot market costs about $2.60 a gallon, the highest it’s been in more than two years. This will temper industrywide profit margins. Still, Soleil Securities analyst James Higgins says most airlines would make money this year even if oil hits $100. Another factor that will determine how long the in-

dustry’s profitability lasts is how individual airlines manage growth. The airlines so far have been cautious about adding more flights as travel demand picks up. In the past, they added flights and brought back grounded aircraft too quickly. That led to a glut of seats and falling airfares. “The wild card is always capacity discipline,” says William Swelbar, a director at Hawaiian Airlines’ parent and an airline industry researcher at MIT. “All it takes is one carrier to begin to add capacity aggressively, and then we follow and we undo all the good work that’s been done.”

1/26/2011 4:37:09 AM




Spain’s borrowing rate fall in bond sale


BY CIARAN GILES Associated Press


HOT DEAL: Nearly half of all Hooters of America’s domestic restaurants and more than a third of those worldwide are to be bought by a group of investors.

Consortium buys Hooters restaurants From Miami Herald Wire Services

A group of private investors is buying the Atlantabased Hooters of America and its restaurant chain. The deal will give a consortium of private investors including Charlotte, N.C.-based Chanticleer Holdings ownership of nearly half of all domestic Hooters restaurants and more than one-third of those worldwide. The sales price was not disclosed. Hooters of America has about 90 employees in its Atlanta headquarters. The transaction ends nearly three decades of family ownership of Hooters, which started in Clearwater, Fla. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution reports the deal will combine 120 restaurants from Hooters of America and 41 from Texas Wings, creating an operating company with 161 locations in 16 states. • EARNINGS CSX QUARTERLY PROFIT SOARS 42 PERCENT CSX, the United States’ third largest railroad, said Tuesday that its fourth-quarter profit jumped 42 percent as carmakers and other industrial customers stepped up shipments. The results capped off a year of near across-the-board recovery in shipments. Higher prices to ship everything from auto parts to fertilizer allowed the Jacksonville, Fla., company to grow its earnings at a faster pace than it gained new business. The company, which operates its blue and yellow trains from the East Coast to the Mississippi River, earned $430 million, or $1.14 per share, compared with $303 million, or 77 cents per share, a year ago. PEABODY GAINS MORE THAN DOUBLE IN 4Q Peabody Energy says its profit more than doubled in the last three months of 2010 as higher global prices and demand for coal offset production disruptions blamed on devastating rains in Australia. The world’s biggest private-sector coal company says its net income attributable to common shareholders was $210 million, or 78 cents per share, in the OctoberDecember period. That’s up from $92.2 million, or 34 cents, a year earlier. St. Louis-based Peabody says fourthquarter revenue rose 17 percent to $1.82 billion from $1.55 billion the previous year. JOHNSON & JOHNSON POSTS LOWER 4Q PROFIT Healthcare giant Johnson & Johnson, hammered by numerous recalls that have kept some popular nonprescription medicines and other products off the market, posted a 12 percent profit decline and a 5.5 percent drop in revenue for the fourth quarter. The company said Tuesday that net income was $1.94 billion, or 70 cents per share. That was down from $2.21 billion, or 79 cents per share, in 2009’s fourth quarter. The company’s revenue fell to $15.64 billion from $16.6 billion a year ago and was below the $16 billion expected by analysts polled by FactSet. • LAWSUIT TACO BELL FACES FALSE-ADVERTISING CHARGES An Alabama law firm claims in a lawsuit that Taco Bell is using false advertising when it refers to using “seasoned ground beef” or “seasoned beef” in its products. The meat mixture sold by Taco Bell restaurants contains binders and extenders and does not meet the minimum requirements set by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to be labeled as “beef,” according to the legal complaint. The class-action lawsuit was filed in federal court in the Central District of California by the Montgomery law firm Beasley, Allen, Crow, Methvin, Portis & Miles. • HEALTHCARE KIMBERLY-CLARK UNVEILS RESTRUCTURING PLAN Kimberly-Clark reported flat fourth-quarter net income as its personal care and tissue revenue increased. The maker of Kleenex tissues and Huggies diapers also unveiled plans to restructure its pulp and tissue business. Kimberly-Clark also raised its dividend 6 percent Tuesday and plans to buy back $1.5 billion in shares this year. The company said the restructuring will involve selling, streamlining or closing five to six manufacturing plants. The company did not say how many jobs the process would affect. • REAL ESTATE HOME PRICES FALL IN MAJOR U.S. CITIES Home prices are falling across most of largest cities in the United States, and average prices in eight major markets have hit their lowest point since the housing bust. The Standard & Poor’s/Case-Shiller 20-city home price index fell 1.6 percent in November from October. All but one city, San Diego, recorded monthly price declines. Prices in Atlanta, Charlotte, Detroit, Las Vegas, Miami, Portland (Ore.), Seattle and Tampa have set new lows since home prices peaked in 2006 and 2007. Over the past year, prices have risen in four major cities. Prices rose 3.5 percent in Washington, the largest gain. Los Angeles, San Diego and San Francisco also posted gains.

26PGB03.indd 3


MADRID — Spain’s borrowing costs dropped significantly in a heavily oversubscribed auction of ¤2.2 billion ($3 billion) in short-term debt Tuesday, a day after the government announced reforms for its ailing savings bank sector. The Treasury said demand for the 3- and 6-month bills was about five times the amount sold. The average interest rate in the 3-month bill sale was 0.9 percent, down sharply from 1.8 percent in the last such auction Dec. 21. The rate for 6-month bills was 1.8 percent, down from 2.6 percent last month. Spain earlier announced plans to strengthen its banks by increasing the reserve capital requirement to try to quell fears the country might be Europe’s next to need a bailout. The plan is to be passed by decree next month and will give the saving banks, or “cajas”, till September to meet the requirements. Trading on the Madrid

index was down 1 percent Tuesday following the announcement with banks being the worst hit. But the yield on 10-year bonds continued to hover around the 5.2 percent mark, making for a spread — or difference — of around 2 percentage points with the benchmark German equivalent. Spain’s Finance Minister Elena Salgado said the saving banks would need ¤20 billion in new capital to meet new reserve requirements of 8 percent for all banks, up from 6 percent. Speaking Tuesday she said that the average core capital ratio for Spain’s banks at the moment was above 8 percent. She said a government fund set up to help the savings banks might eventually partially nationalize those entities that cannot meet the new criteria of raising capital on the open market. These banks, or cajas, would have to become proper banks listed on the stock market to qualify for this

type of intervention by the fund. Concerns about Spain’s banking system, particularly the cajas, has hampered the government’s bid to convince investors that economy is on the right track and will not need a bailout like Ireland or Greece. Spain is battling to emerge from nearly two years of recession following the collapse of its key real estate sector, which coupled with the international financial crisis has left the country with near 20 percent unemployment and a swollen deficit. The cajas were the most exposed in housing market and have been left with billions in unpaid loans. Salgado said the aim of the restructuring is to “dissipate any doubt about the solvency of lending entities.’’ In an analysts note, Barclays Capital Research said “recognition of the insufficiency of capital buffers in the system is a step in the right direction’’ but doubted that the weak saving banks will manage to raise the needed funds in the market

and that in the end some ¤46 billion would be need in recapitalization. Tullia Bucco of Milanbased UniCredit Research also said the government is underestimating the banks’ recapitalization needs. The reform announcement came as the International Monetary Fund revised downward its growth figure for Spain for 2011 by a tenth of a percentage point to 0.6 percent, which is less than half the government’s prediction. Speaking Tuesday, Salado said Spain’s deficit-reduction drive was going well and closed 2010 with better than expected numbers. Preliminary figures for the central government’s deficit for the year came in at 5.1 percent of gross domestic product, compared to 5.9 percent previously forecast, she said. Numbers for regional government spending are not yet available. The government’s goal for 2010 is for a total Spanish deficit equivalent to or less than 9.3 percent of GDP, then down 6 percent in 2011.

Harley-Davidson on road to recovery BY CHRIS KAHN Associated Press

that the company feels good about its full-year results. “We have made strong progress at transforming our business to be leaner, more agile and even more effective at delivering great products and customer experiences,’’ Wandell said. During the quarter, the company shipped 44,481 Harley-Davidson motorcycles to dealers worldwide, up 24 percent from the year-ago quarter as Harley started to replenish dealer inventories. For the full year, global motorcycle sales dropped 8.5 percent compared with 2009, with the company selling 222,110 Harley-Davidsons. The company shipped

210,494 cycles, 5.6 percent fewer than the previous year. Harley said it expects to ship 221,000 to 228,000 motorcycles this year, an increase of 5 to 8 percent as it continues to refill its dealerships. Harley also expects its gross profit margin to run between 34 and 35 percent, and full-year capital expenditures of $210 million to $230 million. The company also cut $10 million to $25 million from its estimate for restructuring that began in 2009. It now expects total one-time charges of $495 million to $510 million into 2012, including $85 million to $95 million worth of charges in 2011.

Restructuring should bring annual savings of $290 million to $310 million starting in 2013, the company said. Last year, the company had restructuring charges of $164 million and savings of $172 million, Harley said in its statement. Harley-Davidson also said it will begin talks this week on a new labor agreement at its Kansas City, Mo., factory operations, even though the contract doesn’t expire until July of 2012. Harley said it has told unions that Kansas City has to become more competitive and flexible “if those operations are to remain viable.’’

MILWAUKEE — HarleyDavidson cut its fourthquarter loss, getting a ride from a restructuring and a strong performance from its financial services unit even as motorcycle sales slumped. The Milwaukee company on Tuesday reported a net loss of $46.8 million, or 20 cents per share, a vast improvement over the $218.7 million, or 94 cents per share, that it lost in the same period a year ago. The company would have made money for the quarter without an $85 million charge from buying back senior notes. Harley said it lost $42.1 million, or 18 cents per share, from continuing operations. Revenue for the quarter rose nearly 20 percent to $917 million, thanks to the financial services unit. HarleyDavidson Financial Services contributed $43.5 million in operating income. The performance beat Wall Street estimates. Analysts polled by FactSet expected a loss of 24 cents per share on revenue of $853.8 million. But motorcycle sales for the quarter were down 1 percent worldwide and 0.2 percent in the United States. Shares of Harley-Davidson were up one cent to $36.50 in pre-market trading. For the full year, Harley reported net income of $146.5 million, to 62 cents per share, versus a loss of $55.1 million, or 24 cents per KAINAZ AMARIA/NEW YORK TIMES SERVICE share, in 2009. Chief executive Keith REGAINING BALANCE: Harley-Davidson has reported a net loss of $46.8 million, a vast Wandell said in a statement improvement from the $218.7 million that it lost in the same period a year ago.

J.C. Penney to name two investors on its board BY MICHAEL J. de la MERCED New York Times Service

The hedge fund manager William A. Ackman has placed a big bet on J.C. Penney. Now it appears that the retailer will let him have a say in how to fix it. The company said that it would name Ackman, the head of Pershing Square Capital Management, and Steven Roth, the chairman of Vornado Realty Trust, to its board, months after the two investors disclosed major stakes in the company. The move by Penney’s is meant to keep a civil relationship with the two as it tries to rebuild its business after a slowdown in consumer spending, especially among the middle-income customers that the company claims as its core. It also marks another victory for activist investors, who have re-emerged as powerful forces aimed at shaking up companies in an effort to bolster lagging stock prices. In October, Pershing and Vornado disclosed ownership of nearly 27 percent

of Penney’s stock, prompting the company to institute a shareholder rights plan to limit the size of any one investor’s stake. Ackman has already scored one victory in recent months: Fortune Brands, a producer of home, hardware and office products, golf equipment, spirits and wine, announced in December that it planned to split itself up into its three component businesses — two months after the hedge fund manager announced that he had purchased a big stake in that company. Penney’s chief executive, Myron E. Ullman III, said Monday that letting Ackman and Roth join the board was a result of months of talks with the two investors. Soon after learning of the stock purchases by Pershing and Vornado, Ullman invited the two investors to Penney’s headquarters in Plano, Texas. He described subsequent talks as “constructive.” For his part, Ackman offered tempered praise for J.C. Penney in an interview

with CNBC. “It’s a great company, it’s a great brand, it’s been around for years,” he said. “But it has underperformed its peers.” Less than a month ago, Ackman and Roth asked for board seats although Ullman said they made no threat, like a proxy fight. Penney’s management took the request to the company’s directors, who agreed to expand the board to 13 members from 10. A third new director, to be suggested by Ackman and Roth, will be appointed sometime later this year. “Their approach was very much a ‘take the high road’ one,” Ullman said. So far, neither executive has expressed interest in any sort of financial engineering, much like the complicated real estate transactions that Ackman had unsuccessfully pushed for at Target in 2009. In the past, analysts have responded negatively to Ackman’s appearance at a company, especially if there appeared to be the prospect of a complex real estate transaction.

“It’s not about financial transactions, it’s about the core operating business,” Ullman said. “Their assumption is that we have a big opportunity for the consumer.” The company this month announced a management shake-up, including the replacement of Robert B. Cavanaugh as chief financial officer with Michael P. Dastugue. It also reported a 3.7 percent year-over-year increase in holiday sales. Penney’s also said it would close more than two dozen stores, outlets and call centers as part of a growth initiative. Contours of the plan was devised before Ackman and Roth arrived, Ullman said, although both investors have signaled they support the effort. The company plans to announce further growth efforts on Feb. 25. Ullman said the retailer planned to open new locations as well, with an eye on opportunities in cities, although it still expects some potential sluggishness for its core middle-income customers.

1/26/2011 4:39:44 AM



DOW 11,977.19



S&P 500 1,291.18


NASDAQ 2,719.25



Dow Jones industrials


Close: 11,977.19 Change: -3.33 (flat)




30-YR T-BONDS 4.47%


Nasdaq composite


Close: 2,719.25 Change: 1.70 (0.1%)






11,000 2,400 10,500 2,200

10,000 9,500




DOW DOW Trans. DOW Util. NYSE Comp. NASDAQ S&P 100 S&P 500 S&P 400 Wilshire 5000 Russell 2000

DOI;D7I: 1,893 1,845 1210 1428 62 22


Surprising weakness in the British economy drove the dollar higher against the pound. The British economy shrank 0.5 percent in the last three months of 2010. Economists expected it to grow 0.4 percent.












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11977.19 5050.59 414.58 8141.13 2719.25 583.30 1291.18 923.25 13652.88 779.96

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MA CE GJH 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1

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0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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4.73 2.65 4.50 3.96 4.88 2.80 2.14 4.54 2.91 4.75

+1.73 +.95 +1.14 +.71 +.86 +.49 +.34 +.68 +.41 +.64

+57.7 +55.9 +33.9 +21.8 +21.4 +21.2 +18.9 +17.6 +16.4 +15.6





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4.38 2.16 12.50 5.69 4.83 3.10 9.62 13.04 4.50 5.40

-1.35 -.64 -3.30 -1.35 -1.05 -.53 -1.64 -2.20 -.72 -.84

-23.6 -22.9 -20.9 -19.2 -17.9 -14.6 -14.6 -14.4 -13.8 -13.5

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28.76 +.28 7.48 -.20 16.24 -.19 13.63 -.29 21.54 +.37 4.82 -.04 21.21 +1.57 30.17 +.02 4.76 -.15 24.39 +.56 4.52 -.70 17.89 -.04 19.98 -.06 6.90 -.01 26.23 -.13 46.56 -.29 77.88 +.12 21.55 +.31 44.87 -.15 61.08 -1.14 8.91 +.30 45.04 -.79 14.58 -.52


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19.64 +1.28








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IjeYaie\Iekj^ <beh_ZW?dj[h[ij D7C;:?LBWij9^]9^] AMR (AMR) AT&T Inc (T) Alico (ALCO) AmExp (AXP) Assurant (AIZ) AutoNatn (AN) Avatar (AVTR) BB&T Cp (BBT) BE Aero (BEAV) BkofAm (BAC) BkAtl A h (BBX) BeasleyB (BBGI) Benihana (BNHN) BenihanaA (BNHNA) Bluegreen (BXG) Carnival (CCL) CatalystPh (CPRX) CerusCp (CERS) Chicos (CHS) CitrixSys (CTXS) Comcast (CMCSA) CnsTom (CTO) Continucre (CNU) CrssCtryHl (CCRN) Darden (DRI) Disney (DIS) Dreams (DRJ) Dycom (DY) h (DIET) EqtyOne (EQY) FedExCp (FDX) Flanign (BDL) GeoGrp (GEO) HackettGp (HCKT) HarrisCorp (HRS) Heico s (HEI) Heico A s (HEI/A) IntlSpdw (ISCA) IntervalLs (IILG) IsleCapri (ISLE) IvaxDiag (IVD) LadThalFn (LTS) LennarA (LEN) Macys (M) MAKO Srg (MAKO) MarineMx (HZO) Mastec (MTZ) McClatchy (MNI) Mednax (MD) NABI Bio (NABI) NatlBevrg (FIZZ) FPL Group (NEE) OcwenFn (OCN) OfficeDpt (ODP) OpkoHlth (OPK) Parlux (PARL) PerryEllis (PERY) PetMed (PETS) Protalix (PLX) RJamesFn (RJF) RepubSvc (RSG) RylCarb (RCL) Ryder (R) SBA Com (SBAC) SFN Grp (SFN) StJoe (JOE) SeacorHld (CKH) SpanBdc h (SBSA) SunTrst (STI) TIB Fn rs (TIBB) TenetHlth (THC) Terremk (TMRK) TevaPhrm (TEVA) Tongjitng (TCM) TradeStatn (TRAD) 21CentHld (TCHC) UltimSoft (ULTI) UPS B (UPS) VectorGp (VGR) Vonage (VG) Watsco (WSO) Winn-Dixie (WINN) WorldFuel (INT)

26PGB04.indd 4

... 1.72f 0.10e 0.72 0.64 ... ... 0.60 ... 0.04 ... ... ... ... ... 1.00f ... ... 0.16 ... 0.38 0.04 ... ... 1.28 0.40f ... ... ... 0.88 0.48 0.10e ... ... 1.00 0.12 0.12 0.16f ... ... ... ... 0.16 0.20 ... ... ... ... ... ... 2.30e 2.00 ... ... ... ... ... 0.50 ... 0.52f 0.80 ... 1.08 ... ... ... 15.00e ... 0.04 ... ... ... 0.75e ... ... ... ... 1.88 1.60b ... 2.08 ... 0.15

7.21 28.76 24.83 44.80 38.82 29.45 19.81 27.90 38.90 13.63 .93 5.79 8.09 8.22 3.53 46.22 1.15 3.49 10.88 61.95 23.34 28.94 4.48 7.27 47.33 39.86 2.41 16.50 .36 18.88 93.99 8.45 23.60 3.47 48.61 51.58 37.82 28.99 15.22 9.71 .80 1.14 19.77 23.33 16.00 8.49 15.59 5.18 65.89 5.72 12.96 54.57 10.17 5.34 3.83 3.38 28.22 14.91 9.68 35.88 30.71 47.58 48.92 40.64 9.61 27.75 100.32 .94 29.18 18.20 6.80 13.57 54.57 4.41 6.99 3.26 48.98 72.83 16.19 3.27 62.47 6.36 36.34

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CRUDE OIL $86.19


EURO 1.3675




GOLD $1,332.30




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19.35 18.32 12.20 50.32 36.46 41.84 37.44 30.98 11.45 16.85 28.87 25.87 28.90 53.92 38.81 27.82

+.06 +.02 +.03 -.01 ... +.01 +.04 +.03 +.01 +.02 +.04 +.03 +.04 +.05 -.08 +.01

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19.64 18.34 19.72

+.01 +.01 +.01

+1.1 +1.1 +1.1




35.54 17.57

-.10 -.02

-1.7 +2.2

34.91 35.27

-.10 -.11

+1.7 +1.7

72.50 13.29 36.34 112.26

-.03 +.03 -.01 -.10

+3.2 +0.5 +1.8 +4.2







18.55 46.21 9.63 68.45 23.26 29.04 30.45 45.64 11.47 8.14 13.73 13.96 11.67 13.97 84.68 33.26 38.88 73.09 18.21 8.47 11.19 10.75 11.33

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45.71 45.71

+.01 +.01

+2.8 +2.8




6.58 11.18 2.22 2.24

+.03 +.06 ... ...

-2.0 -1.3 +2.4 +2.3

29.85 21.35

-.01 ...

+2.3 +2.7

13.46 ... 18.46

-.01 ... -.01

-0.6 -0.6 +3.8




37.29 61.65

-.08 +.12

+1.6 +1.8

35.78 43.74

+.11 +.05

+3.3 +3.3




24.21 23.52

-.06 -.05

-0.8 -0.9




13.09 13.04

... -.01

+1.5 +1.6








14.40 14.35

-.01 -.01

+0.9 +0.9






35.26 62.20

-.16 +.28

-3.3 +3.0


12.09 9.12 10.42 10.86 10.86 10.86 10.86 10.86

... -.13 +.01 +.02 +.02 +.02 +.02 +.02

+0.3 -1.8 +0.5 +0.3 +0.3 +0.2 +0.3 +0.3










38.89 20.77 34.79 24.39 32.68 24.17 59.59 33.48 9.49 16.71 24.13

-.01 ... +.01 -.02 -.01 ... -.22 -.06 +.02 ... -.05

+2.0 +2.3 +2.7 +3.0 +1.6 +1.9 +1.8 0.0 +0.2 +1.6 +3.4





119.02 119.01 39.29 10.73 10.73 5.77 52.84 125.23 9.94 25.52 12.99 118.18 118.19 29.23 19.36 22.45 19.85 20.69 13.13 10.96 15.85 67.61 70.15 10.79 10.79 19.36 12.58 22.41 13.33 12.82 10.59 10.59 10.59 10.59 15.95 32.33 32.34 32.32 21.89 53.04 31.84 55.00 47.19 13.95 26.59

+.03 +.03 -.12 +.01 +.01 +.01 +.19 +.47 +.03 +.08 +.04 +.03 +.04 +.01 -.02 +.01 +.03 -.02 +.04 ... +.01 -.05 -.06 +.01 +.01 +.01 +.01 +.01 ... +.01 +.03 +.03 +.03 +.03 -.03 +.01 +.01 +.01 +.03 +.09 +.06 +.12 ... +.02 ...

+2.8 +2.8 -1.4 +0.1 +0.1 +1.6 +2.3 +2.3 +0.5 -0.1 -0.1 +2.8 +2.8 +2.4 +0.1 +1.8 +1.4 +1.6 -0.8 -0.2 0.0 +2.8 +2.8 +0.4 +0.4 +1.5 +1.3 +1.4 +1.8 +1.6 +0.1 +0.1 +0.1 +0.1 +1.2 +2.4 +2.4 +2.4 +0.9 +0.9 +2.4 +2.4 +3.6 +3.3 +3.6



D;J'OH O;IJFLI9>=7=E Unleaded Gas (gal) 2.34 2.41 -.07 2.00 Crude Oil (bbl) 86.19 87.87 -1.68 75.26 Gold (oz) 1332.30 1344.50 -12.20 1095.20 Platinum (oz) 1784.20 1814.60 -30.40 1540.50 Silver (oz) 26.81 27.32 -.51 17.13 Coffee (lb) 2.31 2.37 -.06 1.39 Orange Juice (lb) 1.71 1.71 ... 1.42 Sugar (lb) 0.32 0.32 ... .30

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+.45 +1.43 -.11 -.23 -.70 -.12 +1.34 +.02 -.21 -1.31 +.25 -1.82 +.06 -.47 +.58 -.20 -.02 +.15 -.03 +.46 -1.33 -.08 -.29 -1.21 +.18 -1.24 +.79 -1.61 -.70 +.08 +.05 -.19 +.31 -.16 +1.62 +.64 -.34 -.47 +.53 -.10 +.03 -.20 +.51 -.68 -.37 -.13 -.09 -.33 +.29 +.33 -.15 +.13 -.87 -.82 -.09 +.41 -.59 +.36 +.05 +.24 +.11 -.34 +.23 -.13 +.36 -1.56 -.57 -1.00 +.92 -.01 -1.49 +.55 -1.28 +.32 -.15 +3.95 +.01 -.09 +.27 +.47 +.22 -.66 -.08 +.17 +.08 +4.23 -.64 +.08 -.22 -.30 +.03 -.72 +.17 +.17 -2.79 -.08 +1.59 +.13 -.09 -.05 +.40 +.44 +.11 -.11 -1.64 -2.06 -.11 +.07 -.87 -.06 +.20 -.57 -.47 +3.82 -.18 +1.53


BWij 9^]

BcBilVArg 12.09 BcoBrades 19.63 BcoSantand 12.05 BcoSBrasil 12.38 BcSanChile 85.03 BcoChile 84.57 BkMont g 59.64 BkNYMel 31.67 BkNova g 56.32 Barclay 18.98 Bard 93.00 BarrickG 46.13 Baxter 50.98 BaytexE g 46.99 BeckCoult 72.09 BectDck 84.61 BedBath 49.31 Bemis 32.65 Berkley 28.70 BerkHa A 124680 BerkH B 83.25 BestBuy 35.14 BiogenIdc 66.84 BlkHillsCp 31.12 BlackRock 198.01 Blackstone 15.76 BlockHR 13.07 BdwlkPpl 31.80 Boeing 72.24 BorgWarn 68.12 BostProp 91.26 BostonSci 7.03 BrasilTele 23.76 BrasTel C 9.84 Braskem 24.77 BrigExp 25.55 BrMySq 26.03 BritATob 75.10 Broadcom 45.19 BroadrdgF 23.02 BrkďŹ&#x201A;dAs g 33.02 BrkďŹ&#x201A;dPrp 17.69 BrwnBrn 24.98 BrownFA 67.11 BrownFB 67.46 Buckeye 67.79 Bucyrus 90.68 Buenavent 40.51 BungeLt 68.48 CA Inc 25.36 CAE Inc g 12.47 CB REllis 21.75 CBS B 20.61 CF Inds 130.73 CGG Verit 29.16 CGI g 18.80 CH Robins 77.83 CIGNA 41.62 CIT Grp 46.94 CME Grp 306.90 CMS Eng 19.54 CNA Fn 27.26 CNH Gbl 50.19 CNOOC 238.60 CPFL En 77.21 CRH 22.08 CSX 70.25 CTC Media 22.92 CVS Care 35.16 CablvsnNY 34.44 CabotO&G 39.54 Calpine 14.21 CamdnP 55.37 Cameco g 38.28 Cameron 50.32 CampSp 35.01 CIBC g 76.61 CdnNRy g 67.92 CdnNRs gs 41.48 CP Rwy g 66.42 Canon 50.06 CapOne 48.21 CardnlHlth 41.31 CareFusion 26.20 CarMax 32.06 CarnUK 47.27 Caterpillar 94.39 Celanese 40.44 Celgene 56.07 Cellcom 32.45 Cemex 10.56 Cemig pf 16.58 Cemig 12.60 CenovusE 31.59 CenterPnt 16.15 CnElBras lf 13.56 CntryLink 42.20 Cephln 59.25 Cerner 96.30 Cervecer 53.95 CharterCm 41.66 ChkPoint 45.72 ChesEng 27.43 ChesUtl 40.06 Chevron 94.08 ChicB&I 33.31 Chimera 4.16 ChinaEA s 23.08 ChinaLife 59.53 ChinaMble 49.38 ChinaPet 101.23 ChinaSoAir 25.98 ChinaTel 57.29 ChinaUni 15.55 Chipotle 221.99 Chubb 59.04 ChungTel wi 30.57 ChurchDwt 71.11 Cimarex 97.05 CinnFin 32.50 Cintas 28.98

-.26 -.10 -.29 -.24 -.01 -2.04 +.03 +.03 +.08 -.39 +.68 -.24 +1.31 -.59 +1.02 +.95 +.53 -.02 +.73 +280 +.31 -.13 -.30 +.34 +4.43 -.18 -.14 -.16 -.49 -.85 +.74 -.11 -.22 -.08 -.38 +.22 +.03 -.69 -.51 -.06 -.24 +.20 +.54 -.02 +.16 -.67 +.07 -.90 -.79 -.21 +.05 -.18 -.17 -1.54 -.21 +.06 +.08 +1.11 +.78 -2.65 +.16 +.27 -.32 -4.29 -.90 +.59 +2.54 -.35 +.17 -.01 -.49 -.25 +.48 -.67 -.95 -.05 +.35 -.80 -.84 -.73 +.08 -.26 -.16 -.22 -.18 -.28 -.18 -.32 -.56 +.14 -.08 -.07 -.84 +.06 -.13 +.21 +.06 -.90 -.85 +.37 -.11 -.72 +.05 -.02 -.22 -.06 -.13 -.71 -.48 -.38 -.23 -.46 +.03 +1.53 +.81 +1.00 +.51 -.71 +.21 +.27

DWc[ Cisco Citigrp CitiTdecs CityNC CliffsNRs Clorox Coach CobaltIEn CocaCE CCFemsa CCHellenic CocaCl CognizTech ColgPal Comc spcl Comerica CmcBMO CmtyHlt CBD-Pao s CompssMn CompSci ConAgra ConchoRes ConocPhil ConsolEngy ConEd ConstellA ConstellEn ContlRes Cooper Ind Copart Copel CoreLab s CornPdts Corning Corpbnca Cosan Ltd Costco Covance CoventryH Covidien Credicp CredSuiss Cree Inc CrwnCstle CrownHold CullenFr Cummins CypSemi DPL DR Horton DTE Danaher s DaVita DeVry Deere DelMnte Delhaize Dell Inc DeltaAir DenburyR Dndreon Dentsply DeutschBk DevelDiv DevonE Diageo DiaOffs DicksSptg DigitalRlt DirecTV A Discover DiscCm A DiscCm C DishNetwk DrReddy DolbyLab DollarGen DllrTree s DomRescs Domtar grs Donldson DonlleyRR Dover DowChm DrPepSnap DresserR Dril-Quip DuPont DukeEngy DukeRlty DunBrad ETrade rs eBay EMC Cp ENI EOG Res EQT Corp EstWstBcp EastChm Eaton EatnVan EVTxMGlo Ecolab Ecopetrol EdisonInt EdwLfSci s ElPasoCp ElPasoPpl Elan EldorGld g ElectArts EAndinA EAndinB Embraer EmersonEl EElChile EnbrEPtrs Enbridge EnCana g

BWij 9^] 21.54 4.82 137.55 58.58 81.74 63.37 53.09 12.45 25.16 79.34 28.81 62.96 73.35 80.12 21.89 39.10 41.72 35.24 40.65 87.90 53.80 23.58 86.98 67.48 50.16 50.65 18.92 32.00 57.88 60.87 39.53 26.33 84.48 47.84 21.21 79.95 13.30 72.46 55.38 29.52 47.34 111.24 45.99 51.87 42.93 33.49 43.46 61.80 107.07 20.32 26.54 13.01 46.89 47.18 73.43 47.38 89.39 18.88 79.05 13.74 11.63 18.58 35.14 35.94 60.03 13.79 84.53 78.69 72.32 34.82 54.06 42.88 20.45 39.47 34.19 21.69 34.69 59.99 28.70 52.13 43.57 86.60 58.80 18.25 57.48 35.28 35.42 44.07 72.79 49.04 18.13 13.19 86.45 15.53 30.91 24.39 48.45 99.87 45.15 20.55 90.33 103.24 31.08 10.62 49.98 41.39 37.50 83.48 14.34 34.34 6.94 16.16 15.38 24.80 30.36 32.09 58.18 52.43 62.12 56.35 32.23

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BWij 9^] 55.60 25.71 18.13 21.97 60.51 11.06 24.53 57.99 41.70 6.90 17.00 18.35 46.10 72.06 82.22 11.07 65.54 59.16 38.44 39.19 54.91 69.77 41.84 34.36 28.22 40.16 42.40 70.00 46.24 19.59 48.17 21.55 115.40 21.03 161.44 56.84 18.09 28.63 8.46 68.02 10.89 46.50 330.93 23.90 24.89 22.48 28.38 16.14 44.87 19.76 49.49 34.08 25.67 61.08 38.61 88.40 85.09 34.82 51.48 31.95 14.83 43.67 19.85 47.29 51.73 42.46 8.91 65.61 17.87 72.59 64.69 46.44 14.22 16.32 52.55 12.77 31.18 21.65 52.17 102.66 78.82 29.83 17.63 24.32 32.66 5.91 90.96 52.70 38.27 45.04 42.48 106.88 29.41 35.61 22.68 32.55 31.42 40.85 38.48 15.85 63.88 65.11 34.04 54.49 34.73 28.42 29.16 34.85 38.45 3.97 79.07 40.70 19.14 74.41 25.56 107.46 67.08 31.02 35.70 86.98 21.29

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BWij 9^] 14.58 35.15 47.00 55.00 57.01 41.58 67.37 17.57 43.55 401.60 42.15 39.87 28.00 7.17 84.54 19.79 13.38 54.06 241.54 23.74 26.42 46.32 19.68 75.48 38.41 74.57 47.72 60.71 28.04 31.07 63.53 38.14 7.07 69.47 33.36 46.38 13.49 151.34 37.32 9.98 45.08 28.45 95.29 26.26 5.49 339.86 4.08 19.74 58.43 48.08 46.89 72.18 29.01 29.34 75.71 38.70 34.14 71.04 23.80 42.94 20.85 18.03 14.43 784.73 24.28 32.29 22.25 30.03 24.30 1.79 68.14 44.04 39.48 68.13 25.21 14.63 37.19 34.94 63.09 12.01 53.70 40.73 186.74 5.54 7.70 101.04 18.68 17.97 67.67 55.88 15.65 17.30 24.38 54.57 18.82 24.58 82.88 23.35 37.06 85.35 10.59 6.31 24.38 91.17 41.56 62.92 33.03 33.04 52.59 69.51 12.88 57.80 35.61 113.99 43.36 19.80 44.94 68.41 23.97 45.96 56.29

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BWij 9^] 97.15 70.84 62.89 12.85 25.76 45.91 11.23 58.53 80.40 32.29 49.62 36.73 32.34 32.36 47.00 60.88 105.38 83.58 25.83 55.83 49.05 31.91 14.05 86.49 20.59 82.77 32.80 20.75 33.02 60.50 16.77 12.69 25.91 32.13 36.64 13.36 18.70 65.77 25.14 73.46 134.13 18.21 32.55 36.02 40.56 18.47 30.06 57.53 56.64 32.01 58.56 42.11 88.45 24.04 63.86 33.32 41.78 104.45 43.21 3.20 11.69 162.93 91.24 143.79 66.83 428.86 32.53 32.61 66.70 45.39 19.85 14.64 61.41 21.30 32.50 106.74 8.33 38.79 18.77 51.52 23.06 56.28 17.57 6.95 23.12 30.94 62.53 76.30 46.54 58.86 52.32 34.72 40.00 26.70 36.12 42.34 26.82 7.02 58.79 52.02 65.48 30.44 61.40 31.92 32.09 68.57 32.39 33.83 74.69 64.36 40.13 35.30 74.93 66.06 62.76 33.08 53.50 13.79 69.16 69.08 30.11

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BWij 9^] 16.52 55.16 42.50 24.43 17.54 70.74 14.18 56.04 76.62 11.27 48.60 20.98 42.62 123.97 48.55 7.15 34.68 19.64 50.44 83.25 18.08 52.82 46.39 32.08 13.50 26.82 77.57 52.58 29.79 21.39 37.90 86.09 89.79 79.79 17.47 125.31 63.82 41.82 6.56 29.24 100.56 19.77 81.30 58.55 1.58 30.01 55.05 20.15 63.11 36.38 56.72 53.30 51.99 35.92 35.15 38.46 43.85 26.41 12.50 37.41 38.48 25.59 4.36 66.38 23.44 33.65 61.44 47.69 24.20 18.32 79.90 10.09 15.45 58.37 23.12 7.09 31.15 37.71 42.06 17.83 65.22 26.75 29.66 24.69 20.13 18.22 9.77 38.36 48.56 57.46 13.22 24.01 22.03 55.95 26.23 51.63 59.30 16.01 26.21 8.78 14.74 12.05 25.04 25.22 16.75 16.98 46.45 43.39 45.89 43.62 31.63 41.65 17.98 33.98 27.07 56.91 39.53 88.50 21.05 58.60 41.28

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1/26/2011 5:36:25 AM






Dali museum centerpiece of arts-filled Tampa Bay BY TAMARA LUSH Associated Press

ST. PETERSBURG, Fla. — Dali, Chihuly and Degas? It’s possible to see all three in one weekend in the Tampa Bay area — and still have time to savor the beach. The opening of the new Salvador Dali Museum in St. Petersburg this month is the latest in a string of splashy arts venues on Florida’s west coast. The $33 million Tampa Museum of Art — soon to host a Degas show — opened in February of 2010. And the Chihuly Collection, a permanent gallery devoted to the vibrant glassworks of Washington artist Dale Chihuly, was unveiled across the bay in St. Petersburg in July. Add these to the 2008 renovation and expansion of the Museum of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg, and the area has suddenly become much more than a side trip from Orlando to see Busch Gardens or spring training ball games. Instead, it’s now an arts destination in its own right. Most visitors will be drawn to the area by the new Dali museum, a $36-million building that features a stunning collection of Dali’s works. It replaces the old Dali museum, more than doubling the exhibition space for what is considered the world’s most comprehensive collection of the surrealist master’s work — even surpassing the Dali Theatre and Museum in Figueres, Spain. The building itself is a treasure. It’s in downtown St. Petersburg, across the street from a marina and overlooking Tampa Bay. The sleek concrete building is graced by the “Glass Enigma,” a wave of glass paneling that undulates around the building and shifts hue and color with the Flori-


SPECTACLE: The opening of the new Salvador Dali Museum in St. Petersburg, Fla., is the latest in a string of splashy arts venues on Florida’s west coast. da sunshine. Architect Yann Weymouth, who had a hand in creating the glass pyramid at the Louvre in Paris, designed the new museum. Just stepping inside the museum is a surreal experience. Visitors enter through the gift shop and often return after touring the gallery, since every item is tied in some way to Dali’s work, from the ant-themed T-shirts to the melting wristwatches. Dali would have wanted it that way; he was an intense self-promoter. Tickets can be purchased at a counter in a grand hallway. It is worth spending a few minutes contemplating

the tall, helix-like concrete spiral staircase that stretches from the ticket counter to the third floor. (Dali was fascinated by spiral forms and DNA, hence the staircase’s design). Pause to snack on some Spanish tapas or a glass of wine at the cafe on the first floor and gaze at the “Glass Enigma” from the inside. It is comprised of 900 different triangles — none of which are alike — and stretches from the floor to the ceiling. Then walk up the spiral staircase to the third floor — pause again to look out the wave of glass, this time to savor the waves of Tampa Bay — before entering the galleries.

While the Dali Museum is likely to be the star attraction of any arts-themed trip here, the other arts venues are worth noting. Don’t miss “Ruby Red Icicle Chandelier” at the Chihuly Collection, which also offers studio edition glass for purchase. The Chihuly Collection is presented by the Morean Arts Center, which has a separate venue a mile away. There you’ll find art classes, exhibitions and workshops, including a glass studio and hot shop where you can watch artists create glassworks. If you’re visiting later this year, the Tampa Museum of Art will host a Degas exhibit

with sculptures and paintings, March 12-June 19, in addition to its collection of U.S. modernist and realist works. At the Museum of Fine Arts, an exhibit called “Romantics to Moderns,” scheduled to open Jan. 22, offers watercolors and drawings by British artists from the late 18th to early 20th centuries. And at the Crislip Arcade, artists rent nooks and studio spaces and sell their works in what was once a rundown building. If you’re spending more than a weekend in the area, drive an hour south to Sarasota and check out the Ringling Museum of Art, a 30-room mansion and the location of

an impressive Rubens collection, among other works. It was all gathered by circus founder John Ringling. Dali had no connection to St. Petersburg, and the museum’s collection of 100 of his works ended up there almost by accident. The pieces were acquired by A. Reynolds and Eleanor Morse of Ohio — much to the surprise of their staid Midwestern friends and family — beginning with their first Dali purchase in 1942, a painting titled Daddy Longlegs of the Evening-Hope! The couple became so enamored of Dali and his style that they eventually befriended the artist and his wife, Gala. Later they started looking for a home for the collection. A. Reynolds Morse was willing to donate the works for free to any venue that would keep them together, and a St. Petersburg lawyer, Jim Martin, who read about the collection in a newspaper article, suggested St. Pete. The original museum was built in 1980. The works were rotated in and out of storage at the old museum but the new site has room for all the Morses’ Dalis to be on display, along with temporary exhibits by students and other surrealist artists. The collection also shows that Dali wasn’t always a trippy surrealist painter. The museum chronicles his beginnings as a classically trained artist who painted still lifes of bread and soft landscapes of his Spanish hometown, his evolution into the world of surrealism, and his later, religious-themed paintings. And while the museum keeps his legacy alive, it also draws artlovers to a place Dali never visited — St. Petersburg.

Hungary’s cultural history shines in sunny Pecs BY CHRISTINA TALCOTT Washington Post Service

Dead Romans, Christian kings, marauding Mongols, Ottoman occupiers, Hapsburg edifices, pioneering painters and a modernized downtown: All the highlights (and lowlights) of Hungarian history are on display in the little city of Pecs. And today, Hungary’s sunniest town is basking in the glow of its title as a European Capital of Culture for 2010. But like the rocky path from Roman settlement to humming university town, the road to Pecs’ spruced-up state has been long and bumpy. With the cultural capital designation — which the town shares this year with Istanbul and Germany’s Ruhr Valley — came the promise of European Union funds for renovating city parks, building a new concert hall, library and arts center and staging concerts, exhibitions and festivals around Pecs and in neighboring towns. But just as funders were opening their wallets to pay for those ambitious projects, boom! The international banking crisis exploded. And because Hungary is not yet on the euro, shaky currency conversion rates and quickdrying loan sources forced the organizers to scramble for funds, delaying construction. That’s why, even on a June trip to Pecs, I found myself stepping around chopped-up sidewalks, skirting fenced-in construction sites and muddying my shoes on rutted streets. Still, Pecs didn’t fail to charm. Located in southwest Hungary, it’s known as the “Mediterranean City,” which might seem like a joke given that Hungary is a landlocked country. But something about Pecs’ position between the gentle Matra and Villany hills means that it gets an average of 200 days of sunshine a year. Plus, many of its Hapsburg-era buildings, including the post office and the town hall, are painted in cheerful, candy-color pastels. Wandering the winding streets,

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you can imagine the sea just around the next corner. The first stop on any walking tour of town is the Gazi Kasim Pasha Mosque, now the Inner City Parish Church. It’s generally known as the Mosque Church, however, having first been built as a church, then destroyed and remade as a mosque in the 16th century by the occupying Turks, then remade again into a church after the Turks’ expulsion at the end of the 17th century. It was expanded and redeveloped several times over the ensuing centuries, but Arabic inscriptions from the Koran are still visible in portions of it today. A prayer apse faces Mecca, and there are distinctive Islamic geometric decorations and arches below the central domed roof. When the Turks invaded Hungary to expand the Ottoman Empire in the mid-1500s, they found Pecs so inviting that they took over the thriving medieval town, driving locals outside the city walls. Some of those walls still ring the inner city, offering visual interest and a challenging climb for visitors seeking views of Pecs and the hilly countryside beyond. Go up the barbican tower at the corner of Klimo Gyorgy and Esze Tamas streets for the best vistas. Pecs’ proximity to the Balkans and Italy — the city calls itself a gateway to the Balkans — is one of its major draws. Around town, the most obvious evidence of these neighbors is found in the restaurants: terrific brickoven pizza at Az Elefanthoz, luscious pastas at Crystal, and Serbo-Croatian restaurant Afium’s lovely “hatted” bean soup, which comes in a ceramic bowl covered with a baked bread top. But long before there were separate countries whose citizens now make Pecs their home, the Romans ruled the city, and what they left behind is stunning: numerous tombs of the wealthy Christian citizens of Pecs from the 3rd and 4th centuries.

Hungary officially became a Christian nation in the year 1000, but nearly eight centuries before that there were Christians in Pecs. In the Cella Septichora Visitors Centre, a multi-story labyrinth leads to vaulted stone tombs from around A.D. 390, remnants of the city walls, and viewing platforms and windows into the grave sites, with their frescoes depicting saints and Bible scenes, plus still-vivid geometric and floral patterns. Inside the nearby Early Christian Mausoleum is an even older site, an excavated chapel from around 275. All of the early Christian spots are now designated UNESCO World Heritage sites. Downstairs in the crypt, I felt far removed from the ornate church above. Amid the arches and columns in the basement, I noticed children’s artwork. There were paintings, block prints and drawings, both figurative and abstract, of the cathedral and the city, of peace signs and doves, of angels and saints. Some were labeled to indicate last year’s thousand-year anniversary of the Deed of Foundation of the Diocese of Pecs, when King Istvan, with the consent of Pope Sergius IV, formally made Pecs a Christian city. I was impressed by the artful ones, tickled by the naive ones and touched by their collective effect. Those paintings, tacked to boards propped against stone columns there in the crypt, might have been just part of some parochial school homework assignment. But they made me think about what it might be like to be a kid in Pecs, wondering how long a thousand years is, knowing there’s history even older than that beneath the cobblestones outside the cathedral doors. Of course, children’s art is far from the only kind in Pecs. One of the city’s major projects is the restoration of Kaptalan Utca, known as Museum Street for its glut of offerings: the newly-reopened Vasarely Museum, showing works by the Pecs-born pop-

art pioneer Victor Vasarely; the Zsolnay Museum, which chronicles the development of works by the Pecs ceramics factory; the Gallery of Modern Hungarian Art I and II, both slated to reopen in 2011. And nearby is the compact Tivadar Csontvary Museum, which displays works by the self-taught early20th-century painter whose giant canvases were nearly lost after his death when

his family tried to sell them as truck covers. Luckily, an enterprising art collector bought them instead. Back at St. Peter’s, watching the restorers scraping and plastering and grabbing brushes out of fanny packs and buckets at their feet, I realized something: Culture doesn’t mean a thing if it isn’t tended. Maybe that’s what all that mud and construction means; maybe that’s what

the European Capital of Culture designation stands for in the end: that preserving the past to bring meaning to the future takes a lot of elbow grease, money, time and patience. And to witness that transformation in progress is certainly worth a side trip from Budapest. After two millennia — and a couple of years of renovation — Pecs is finally ready for the spotlight.

1/26/2011 5:04:50 AM







NORTH ♠A74 ♥754 ◆K6 ♣ A J 10 6 5



For more comics & puzzles, go to


Opening lead — ♥ queen

At no-trump, declarer normally attacks his longest suit, because that is where he rates to establish more tricks than anywhere else. One reaWEST EAST ♠Q3 ♠ J 10 9 5 2 son for not doing so might be that he doesn’t have time ♥ Q J 10 8 6 ♥932 to do everything he needs to ◆AJ4 ◆ 10 7 2 do. One such example was ♣K73 ♣Q4 submitted by Pedro Paulo Assumpcao of Brazil as an SOUTH entry to the BOLS bridge♠K86 prize competition. ♥AK Playing three no-trump, you must develop five tricks ◆Q9853 in the minors, but you have ♣982 only one heart stopper left, Vulnerable: East-West so you can let the defenders in just once. If you attack Dealer: West clubs and lose the lead to The bidding: East, a heart will come back. South West North East Even though you can now establish the clubs, you have 1♥ 2♣ Pass only eight tricks. You don’t 3 NT All pass 1-26

have enough tempos to establish your ninth trick in diamonds, because West will step up with the ace and cash the setting tricks in hearts. What you must do is lead a low diamond at trick two. Now if West ducks, you win the king, cross to the spade king, and run the club nine, which loses to the queen. Back comes a heart, which you win, and now you run the club eight. When that holds, you have your nine tricks: four clubs, two hearts, two spades and one diamond. If West rises with the diamond ace at trick two and clears hearts, you can take four diamond tricks so long as the suit breaks 3-3 or the J-10 is doubleton. In either case you will need only one club trick for the contract. —BOBBY WOLFF





WHITE HAS A CRUSHER Hint: All pieces participate. Solution: 1. h7ch! Kh8 2. Bh6! and Black’s position collapses [Caruana-Salgado-Lopez ’10].








Dear Abby: I have an issue that has me concerned, and I need some expertise. I have a problem with anger. I don’t know what triggers it. It happens out of the blue sometimes. I have never struck out in anger toward another person, but people have witnessed my outbursts and seemed taken aback by the behavior. The instances occur every month or two. I’m a nice guy. I would bend over backward to help someone if I could. My verbal explosions contradict who I am inside. Do you have any suggestions on what I can do to control my temper in these situations? Hothead in New Jersey Anger is a normal emotion. Everyone has experienced it at one time or another. When primitive men and women were faced with a potential threat, they reacted instinctively with either fear or anger. It was nature’s way of enabling us to run away or fight back. Even infants display anger by screaming or holding their breath until they turn red. And we’ve all seen older children throw tantrums, holler and throw things. Whatever is causing your angry outbursts, it is important to analyze what has been triggering them. Being out of work, unable to pay one’s bills or feeling unfairly treated can arouse feelings of anger. Being hurt emotionally by someone can cause it, too. People have been known to become angry if their beliefs or values are questioned or threatened. Low self-esteem can also cause people to feel easily threatened. Many people who suffer from chronic low self-esteem feel they must continually prove themselves. To compensate for their feelings of inadequacy, they are driven to “win every battle,” whether at sports or in an argument. People who are overly tired have been known to lash out without real provocation. Being physically ill can have the same effect. (You can break that cycle by simply explaining that you’re not feeling well and ask for patience because your temper is short at such times.) Depression, drugs and alcohol abuse have long been known to cause people to lose control of their emotions and say — and do

— things they later regret. I publish a booklet, “The Anger in All of Us and How to Deal With It,” that was created to help people learn to control their anger. For people of all ages, it is a kind of survival guide to help them understand their anger and appropriately deal with it. It can be ordered by sending your name and mailing address, plus a check or money order for $6 (U.S. funds), to Dear Abby — Anger Booklet, P.O. Box 447, Mount Morris, IL 61054-0447. Shipping and handling are included in the price. Most of us have been trained from early childhood to suppress anger. But it is even more important to learn to express it in ways that are constructive rather than destructive. Anger can be a positive emotion if it is channeled in the right direction. Uncontrolled, it can be a killer. Now that we have become somewhat — one hopes — civilized adults, the challenge we face when something angers us is how to deal with it effectively and constructively, rather than thoughtlessly reacting.


HOROSCOPE IF TODAY IS YOUR BIRTHDAY: When you want something, you are willing to work like a dog until you have it. In the year ahead, you may be more ambitious than usual and more astute about business matters. • AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): Don’t forget about obligations or promises, as others are depending on you to come through for them. • PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): Frivolous spending defeats the whole purpose of a budget, so, as painful as it may be, leave the bank alone.


• ARIES (March 21-April 19): Step up to the starting gate or risk falling to the back of the pack. • TAURUS (April 20-May 20): Kind words can only take you so far. Do all in your power to honor deadlines. • GEMINI (May 21-June 20): A treadmill is wonderful exercise, but it doesn’t really get you anywhere. • CANCER (June 21-July 22): The most complex problems often have the simplest solutions. Make sure that essential purchases really are essential. • LEO (July 23-Aug. 22): You may not be able to touch bottom in the deep ocean, but you can at least tread water. • VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): Too much of anything is not healthy. You may be confident in your professional abilities, but everyone needs to take a break once in awhile. • LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): Keep your eyes open, especially when someone tries to pull the wool over them. • SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): If you haven’t caught the carrot dangling in front of your nose by now, you’re not going to. • SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): Take things as they come. Remember that the tortoise beat the hare by being slow but steady. • CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): Be all business. Some people are immune to friendly chitchat and the only way to get through to them is by being a consummate professional.

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CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Parental palindrome 4 Some cottons 10 Decorated pitcher 14 Yoko from Tokyo 15 Extra number 16 Prone to sunburn 17 Sitcom with Judge Harry Stone 19 Where the rial rules 20 Dropped hints about 21 Mischievous youngster 23 They had cool jobs? 25 Superhero’s garment 27 Yearling’s age 28 German engraver Albrecht 29 Speaker systems, briefly 30 Car parker 32 Smelter input 33 Box office triumph 35 “Let’s Get It Started” group 40 Used FedEx 41 Owed, as payment 43 What theme parks do 46 Uncommon sense? 47 Drained of color 49 Pen inhabitant 50 Taro root 52 Restraining order? 53 Penny-pincher, slangily 55 Cavalry blade 56 Tobacco dryer

57 Film characterized by satiric humor 62 Puerto ___ 63 Showing more age, in a way 64 Scottish veto 65 Roller coaster’s feature 66 Ants, old-style 67 Wrecking-ball alternative DOWN 1 Put on 2 Something to buy from Sajak 3 Nonsense verse 4 Varsity member’s prize 5 Pre-Columbian Andean 6 Loch Lomond local 7 Gymnast Mary ___ Retton 8 Commit a faux pas 9 Frame 10 Sweeping story 11 Soup can painter Andy 12 Benes of sitcom fame 13 Curdling substance 18 Where the heart is, proverbially 22 Accelerate sharply 23 Words that end an engagement 24 Sidewalk border 25 West Indian musical

style Out like a light Sounded like a chick Grabbed a bite Hit the slopes Like every other number “With the jawbone of an ___ ...” (Judges 15:16) 37 Nestling’s cry

26 29 31 33 34 36

38 39 42 43 44 45 47 48

Supporter of a cause Egypt’s ___ Canal Dir. opposite of WSW State of harmony Angora’s coat Paris-based peace gp. Tree-shaded areas “... not always what they ___”

51 52 54 55 58 59 60 61

Ram truck maker Gemstone surface Perched on Type of terrier Spot for a shot St. Louis gridder Dapper guy “The best is ___ to come!”

1/25/2011 8:41:59 PM






Tigers trade Galarraga to Diamondbacks PHOENIX (AP) — The Arizona Diamondbacks have added depth to their pitching staff with a right-hander who was nearly perfect. Arizona acquired Armando Galarraga in a trade with the Detroit Tigers for minor league pitchers Kevin Eichorn and Ryan Robowski, giving the Diamondbacks another arm in what should be a pretty good rotation battle in spring training. Galarraga, 29, had an average 2010 season, but gained fame by missing a perfect game when umpire Jim Joyce acknowledged blowing a call with two outs in the ninth inning against Cleveland. He’s expected to compete for a spot in Arizona’s rotation on a staff that already includes Joe Saunders, Ian Kennedy, Dan Hudson, Barry Enright, Zach Duke and Aaron Heilman. “We are excited about the opportunity to acquire a pitcher of Armando Galarraga’s ability a few weeks before the start of spring training,” Diamondbacks general

manager Kevin Towers said. “Armando is a quality pitcher as well as individual that will compete for a spot in our rotation with all of the other starting pitchers this spring.” Galarraga went 4-9 with a 4.49 ERA in 24 starts and one relief appearance last season with the Tigers, gaining national attention when Joyce blew the call at first base against Cleveland and later made a tearful apology. Galarraga, who was 13-7 with a 3.73 ERA just two years ago, is 23-26 with a 4.58 ERA over four seasons with Detroit and Texas. He has a one-year contract for $2.3 million, but became expendable when the Tigers signed Brad Penny. “I talked to Armando and he was very thankful,” Tigers general manager Dave Dombrowski said. “He said he realized it was business and he understood. It’s a great opportunity for him. Arizona was real aggressive because they are looking for a starting pitch-

er. It’s a good match for everybody involved.” Eichhorn, a 20-year-old right-hander, was 5-6 in 15 minor league starts last season. Left-hander Robowski, 22, was 2-4 in 35 relief games in the minors last year. Dombrowski was satisfied with acquiring Eichhorn and Robowski in exchange for a player who wasn’t going to be in Detroit’s rotation. “We look at both of the guys as sort of fringe-type prospects, not blue-chip guys, but guys we think can pitch at the big-league level,” Dombrowski said. Arizona added another pitcher this week, signing right-hander Micah Owings to a minor league contract. Owings, who pitched for the Diamondbacks in 200708, was 3-2 with a 5.40 ERA in 22 relief appearances for the Cincinnati Reds last season. The Diamondbacks also designated right-hander Rafael Rodriguez for assignment.


DEAL: Arizona acquired Armando Galarraga in a trade with the Detroit Tigers for minor league pitchers Kevin Eichorn and Ryan Robowski.

Focused Wozniacki Steelers embrace underdog status ‘I feel like, deep down, in the back of people’s gets past Schiavone heads, they really don’t want us to win. • NFL, FROM 8B


The final set began with a string of service breaks from both players. Wozniacki held her nerves despite some shaky moments at the end, when Schiavone saved three match points. The match ended with a dramatic pause. On the fourth match point, Schiavone hit a backhand return down the sideline that the linesperson called in. The chair umpire overruled the call, which Wozniacki challenged and won when the high-tech “Hawkeye” replay system showed it had landed a few centimeters out. The Italian said she left feeling “a little disappointed” but nonetheless “fantastic.” At 30 years old, she has been playing the best tennis of her career. When Schiavone won the French Open

at 29 she became the first Italian to win a major. By reaching the quarterfinals in Melbourne, Schiavone is expected to rise to No. 4 in the rankings, her personal best and the highest ranking ever held by an Italian woman. Both players walked off the court calling it a hard fight. “It was difficult because she didn’t really let me into the match. And once she’s on fire she’s on fire,” Wozniacki said in her post-match news conference. “I just kept fighting and in the end, it paid off.” Then, she posed for pictures beside the blowup yellow kangaroo, which had green boxing gloves and “Australia” emblazoned across its chest. “I know there were a lot of requests for me to have a picture with the kangaroo, so here it is,” she said, flashing the smile.

suspended by the league until Week 5, and backup Byron Leftwich sustained a knee sprain during the preseason. That meant Dennis Dixon and Charlie Batch quarterbacked the Steelers to a surprising 3-1 start. Four months later, they’re packing their bags for Dallas. “We like to go into every game as underdogs,” receiver Mike Wallace said. But maybe — at least in Taylor’s eyes — it’s wishful thinking on the part of Pittsburgh critics. “I feel like, deep down, in the back of people’s heads, they really don’t want us to win,” Taylor said. “People don’t like successful people. Just the tradition we have here, the success we have here, I just feel that a lot of people don’t want us to succeed. They’re getting tired of seeing the same people over and over again. I guess they want to see somebody new.

They’re getting tired of seeing the same people over and over again. I guess they want to see somebody new.’ — IKE TAYLOR, Defensive back, Pittsburgh Steelers

“Until that happens, I’m just glad to be a Pittsburgh Steeler.” And why not? Taylor was drafted by a team that has advanced to the AFC championship game in half of his eight seasons. Add that run to the lore of the Steel Curtain teams of the 1970s — a unit that won four Super Bowls in six years, becoming the first true dynasty in the Super Bowl era — and the Steelers have quite the tradition for a bunch of underdogs. “You come here and see the pictures on the wall,” Hoke said. “Joe Greene and all those great guys on de-

fense. Terry Bradshaw on offense, Franco Harris, there’s too many to name. You know there’s a standard here, and you know that winning is an expectation. You’re not hoping to win — you’re expecting to win here.” The Steelers maintain they’re not yet considering their legacy and how, with another title, they would pull to within one of their franchise ancestors of 30 years ago. Sounds as if they’ve adopted the mantra of their perpetually composed head coach. Only 38, Mike Tomlin can win his second Super Bowl in only his fourth sea-

Usually elite ACC languishes in mediocrity LOSING SHEEN: The North Carolina State Wolfpack is loaded with highly rated young talent, led by freshman forward C.J. Leslie, center, but has struggled to a 12-7 start.


Young players, he said, “have to make a lot of adjustments, and they don’t play as well especially early as they will later.” The Wolfpack is loaded with highly rated young talent, led by freshman forward C.J. Leslie, but has struggled to a 12-7 start in part because veteran power forward Tracy Smith missed 10 games with a knee injury. Injuries have been widespread in the conference. Virginia Tech opened the season in the top 25 but lost four players to injuries and is 13-5, and 3-2 in ACC play. Duke (18-1, 5-1) has not been spared, either. The Blue Devils lost freshman point guard Kyrie Irving, perhaps for the season, when he injured his toe on Dec. 4 against Butler. Duke was the odds-on favorite to win the title with Irving, projected to be perhaps the best player in the league, but is still a top contender because of its overall experience, including seniors Kyle Singler and Nolan Smith. Beyond injuries and youth, new coaches are also mentioned as a reason for the slip in the polls. Three teams had coaching changes in the off-season: Boston College, Clemson and Wake Forest. Virginia’s Tony Bennett is in his second year. Wake Forest, an NCAA tournament team a year ago, has struggled the most under its new coach, Jeff Bzdelik. The Demon Deacons are 7-13, 0-5 in the conference.

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The transition has not seemed to hurt Boston College as drastically. Steve Donahue, who arrived from Cornell, has the Eagles at 14-6 over all, 4-2 in the conference. Still, the Eagles lost to Harvard, Yale and Rhode Island during their nonconference schedule. They did not receive a single vote in the latest polls. Harvard had one. Duke coach Mike Krzyzewski said he thought the polls were not rewarding teams for their overall success so far. “I think the league is strong,” he said. “And it just started out with a lot of newness this season, and now it’s kind of settling in.” Another reason some give for the ACC’s struggles is lack of talent.

“The fact the ACC has dropped so far off, I think it’s because they’ve had a lack of consistency of coaching and the fact that they just don’t have the players they used to have,” said Billy Packer, a former college basketball analyst for CBS and NBC who called 34 consecutive Final Fours through 2008. Dave Telep, a recruiting analyst for ESPN, said he did not think the conference lacked talent. Telep said the conference had been top heavy for too long, with no teams emerging to challenge Duke and North Carolina. In that regard, the ACC is not as top heavy as it used to be. North Carolina (13-5) has dropped well behind Duke in

their rivalry. The Tar Heels are having a second consecutive season of relative mediocrity after winning titles in 2005 and 2009. And it is becoming ugly in Chapel Hill. North Carolina missed the NCAA tournament last season, and the fans have been so frustrated this season that they have taken it out on coach Roy Williams. Some called in to his weekly radio program on Jan. 17 and criticized the team. After a victory over Clemson the next day, Williams criticized fans for failing to support the team. “I think this was true about their team last year: they were extremely young not only in age but in physical maturity and in basket-

ball knowledge,” Packer said. “And that holds true for this team as well. And sometimes, a coach gets caught in this position as Roy Williams is: they have very low basketball IQ as a team and as individual players and, in most cases, they are physically immature for their class.” Want another theory on what’s wrong? Virginia Tech coach Seth Greenberg points to parity. “I think that obviously there is greater parity in college basketball,” he said. “Everyone wants to point to the ACC. I don’t think it’s an ACC issue. I think it’s across college basketball.” Whether it is injuries, youth, new coaches, lack of talent, lack of depth or parity, those who would diminish or dismiss the ACC may need to reconsider down the road. This is the ACC, after all. As Maryland coach Gary Williams said, it will not be down for long. “I see some really good players around the league,” he said. “And they will be good players in a year or two who can play with anybody. So that’s where we are right now. “So, if you want to say our talent’s down a little bit, that’s fine, but just remember, the ACC’s won five out of the last 10 national championships and has won more NCAA tournament games in the last 20 years than any other conference. So we’ll be there. This might be a little down year, but we’ll be back.”

son, matching Joe Gibbs as the only coach to do that. Tomlin faced the tough task of winning over his players when he was hired as somewhat of an unknown 34-year-old after the 2006 season. He had to replace the popular Bill Cowher, too, which was not easy. If Pittsburgh beats the Packers in two weeks at Cowboys Stadium, though, Tomlin will have doubled Cowher’s one Super Bowl title in less than one-third of the time. “Going into training camp, we knew the odds were stacked against us a little bit in that first month without Ben,” Hoke said. “But [Tomlin] kept us focused, kept that chip on our shoulder when people were counting us out a little bit. I think we played with a chip on our shoulder the first four weeks. And to be able to go 3-1 those first four games, we put ourselves in a good position to be where we are now.” It shows.

NBA EASTERN CONFERENCE Atlantic Boston New York Philadelphia New Jersey Toronto

W 33 23 19 13 13

L 10 21 25 32 32

Pct GB .767 — .523 101/2 .432 141/2 .289 21 .289 21

Southeast Miami Atlanta Orlando Charlotte Washington

W 31 29 29 17 13

L 13 16 16 25 30

Pct .705 .644 .644 .405 .302

Central Chicago Indiana Milwaukee Detroit Cleveland

W 31 16 16 17 8

L 14 25 26 28 36

Pct GB .689 — .390 13 .381 131/2 .378 14 .182 221/2

GB — 21/2 21/2 13 171/2

WESTERN CONFERENCE Southwest San Antonio New Orleans Dallas Memphis Houston

W 38 30 28 22 21

L 7 16 15 23 25

Pct GB .844 — .652 81/2 .651 9 .489 16 .45 771/2

Northwest Oklahoma City Utah Denver Portland Minnesota

W 28 27 25 25 10

L 16 17 18 21 34

Pct GB .636 — .614 1 .581 21/2 .543 4 .227 18

Pacific L.A. Lakers Phoenix Golden State L.A. Clippers Sacramento

W 32 20 19 17 10

L 13 23 25 26 32

Pct GB .711 — .465 11 .432 121/2 .395 14 .238 201/2

MONDAY’S GAMES New Jersey 103, Cleveland 101 Detroit 103, Orlando 96 Philadelphia 105, Phoenix 95 Memphis 100, Toronto 98 New York 115, Washington 106 Chicago 92, Milwaukee 83 Houston 129, Minnesota 125 New Orleans 91, Oklahoma City 89 Sacramento 96, Portland 81 San Antonio 113, Golden State 102

1/26/2011 4:32:01 AM






Wozniacki brings out her feisty side BY JOCELYN GECKER Associated Press

MELBOURNE, Australia — Caroline Wozniacki showed her fighting spirit Tuesday on center court and then dealt a knockout punch to the tall tale of the kangaroo that briefly upstaged her tennis at the Australian Open. Literally. After surviving a scare against Francesca Schiavone on center court, Wozniacki walked into her post-match news conference wearing boxing gloves and holding a large, inflatable kangaroo. The charm offensive continued. This one was aimed at Australians, who have a special affinity with the boxing kangaroo symbol that represents the fighting spirit of their national sports teams. “Now, I’m actually ready to fight,” said Wozniacki, threatening the toy kangaroo with a left hook before she removed her gloves and flashed the trademark sweet smile that she has come to prove belies a tough interior. The 20-year-old Wozniacki’s re-

silience secured her a spot among the final four in Melbourne and at the top of the rankings. She beat Schiavone 3-6, 6-3, 6-3. This was Wozniacki’s first Grand Slam with the No. 1 ranking, and she had faced constant questions about whether she deserved the top spot without having won a major — prompting her to hold a series of entertaining and unusual news conferences. The first one, after her thirdround win, was a sort of selfdeclared coming out party for the young Dane. Wozniacki announced that she wanted to overturn a perception that she was boring and turned the tables on the media by playfully blaming reporters for asking dull questions. She invited more interesting questions, which she answered lightheartedly — on her taste in men, her family, her piano skills and how to stop global warming. A star was born — until the next round, when it dimmed. On Sunday, she announced that a cut on her shin was the


CHARM OFFENSIVE: Caroline Wozniacki speaking to the press after her win against Francesca Schiavone in Melbourne. result of an encounter with a kangaroo in a public park. The story was instantly published, and then retracted a few hours later when Wozniacki called another news

New York Times Service


duced the last two NCAA champions in Duke and North Carolina (2009) and five of the past 10. It could be a costly decline, too. The NCAA tournament selection committee is not likely to embrace a conference with so few teams rated highly in the RPI, the formula for ranking based on wins, losses and strength of schedule. The problem? That depends on whom you ask. “We don’t have ranked teams but we do have some young teams in our conference and in new situations,” North Carolina State coach Sidney Lowe said last week. “No question it has something to do with it. It’s just with experienced players, they have an edge. They just have an edge.”

As the defending NCAA men’s basketball champion and preeminent team in the Atlantic Coast Conference this season, Duke has been fixed in the national spotlight. But the prominence of the Blue Devils cannot disguise the malaise that is afflicting the other teams in the league. Besides Duke, which relinquished the top spot in the polls and is now No. 3 after losing to Florida State on Jan. 12, the Seminoles are the only other ACC team to make an appearance in the Associated Press Top 25 poll since November. They moved into the rankings at No. 22 on Monday. It is a troubling state of affairs for a conference that is defined and elevated by basketball, has pro- • TURN TO ACC, 7B

Four different languages quadruples the fun for Roger Federer BY ROHAN SULLIVAN Associated Press

Steelers take underdog status in their stride PITTSBURGH — (AP) — The mighty Pittsburgh Steelers, equipped with a record six Super Bowl titles, a 14-4 record, the No. 2 AFC seed and a veteran roster on the verge of three championships in the past six seasons, are underdogs for Super Bowl XLV. Really? Don’t worry. It’s not you. It doesn’t make much sense to the Steelers, either. But here Pittsburgh (14-4) is, fresh off its 24-19 win over the New York Jets in the AFC Championship Sunday night, installed by the Las Vegas oddsmakers as about a three-point underdog against Green Bay (13-6), the NFC’s No. 6 seed. “I kind of don’t understand what everybody sees that we don’t see,” Steelers defensive back Ike Taylor said. For a team that wasn’t picked my many to win its division, told it would get off to a rocky start without its suspended quarterback for the first four games and fought through it all to get to the franchise’s record-tying eighth Super Bowl, being the underdog is

a role the Steelers are eager to embrace. “I think we do our best when we’re underdogs,” Steelers defensive lineman Chris Hoke said. “People were talking at the beginning of the season, how we were going to go 6-10 or 7-9. And how two years ago, when we went to the Super Bowl in ’08, we had the toughest schedule in NFL history, ‘Are they going to be able to make it out of this schedule?’ “I think when you put our backs against the wall, when you tell us that we’re an underdog and we can’t do something, that’s when we fight and we’re at our best.” Maybe Hoke is on to something. The franchise’s most recent run of championships began when it slipped into the playoffs as a No. 6 seed, upset three teams with better records on the road and beat the NFC’s top seed, Seattle, for the Super Bowl. Nineteen players from that team are on this roster in a season in which it played its first four games with a third-, and then a fourth-string quarterback. Ben Roethlisberger was • TURN TO NFL, 7B

conference to say she was just kidding. (To quote: “You know, that’s my blonde. Sometimes that happens.”) Cut to Tuesday when Wozniacki was truly tested for the first • TURN TO TENNIS, 7B time on the tennis court.


The usually elite ACC plagued by mediocrity BY VIV BERNSTEIN

She had cruised through to her quarterfinal without dropping a set and spending a total of only 51/2 hours on the court in four matches. Schiavone’s passage to the quarterfinal was more difficult. The sixth-seeded Schiavone’s previous round against 2009 French Open winner Svetlana Kuznetsova lasted 4 hours and 44 minutes and set a Grand Slam record for the longest women’s singles match. It meant Schiavone entered the quarterfinals drained from a combined 11 hours of tennis under her feet. But the 30-year-old Schiavone took a strong early lead against the well-rested Wozniacki. She sent the No. 1-player in futile pursuit of short shots, deep shots, sideline zingers and showed no wear from her marathon match the round before. Trailing a set and a break at 3-1 down in the second set, Wozniacki rallied and won the next six games straight.

‘I have almost, I don’t want to say characters, but I have different humor in all the different languages, which is kind of fun for me, too. Getting to know myself through different languages is actually quite interesting for me.’

MELBOURNE, Australia — Tell Roger Federer a joke in French, and he might not laugh like he would if you told it in English. Or Swiss German, for that matter. Tennis’ multilingual maestro says his sense of humor is different depending on what language gear his mind is running in at the time. The 16-time Grand Slam champion is fluent in English, French, German and Swiss German, the distinctly different version of the Germanic lingo spoken in his homeland. Add into the mix some South African blood on his mother’s side and Federer starts to appear a bit like a one-man United Nations of tennis. The downside is that after each match, the 29-year-old Swiss appears at news conferences where he is asked in English to talk about his game, his rivals, his standings, his prospects for becoming the greatest tennis player ever, and the like. Then, he does it again in French. Then German. And so on . . . “Sometimes I wish I never told anybody I learned French or something like that,” Federer said Tuesday, adding quickly that he’s proud to have learned the language and all the others because it gives him a chance to relate to more people than he could otherwise. He said it is all part of “what I have to do in the tennis world.” “That it comes at a cost, sure, but I don’t mind it. I try to have fun with it,” he told reporters during the English part of his news conference Tuesday after beating countryman Stanislas Wawrinka 6-1, 6-3, 6-3 to reach his eighth consecutive Australian Open semifinal. “I have almost, I don’t want to say characters, but I have different humor in all the different languages, which is kind of fun for me, too,” he said. “Getting to know myself through different languages is actually quite interesting for me.” One language Federer does not speak is Spanish, the native tongue of arch rival Rafael Nadal. The top two players in men’s tennis are on track to meet Sunday in their 8th Grand Slam final. Federer said the two have become friendlier over the years, and while they don’t exactly hang out together, they chat and see each other regularly. “We talk about many things, but tennis probably being one of them at times, yeah,” Federer said.

— ROGER FEDERER, 16-time Grand Slam champion



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