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Protests rage across Mideast BY SHARON OTTERMAN AND J. DAVID GOODMAN

New York Times Service


INFLAMED: Activists of Pakistani fundamentalist Islamic party Jamaat i Islami shout slogans during a protest against arrested U.S. national Raymond Allen Davis in Lahore on Friday.

CIA contractor appears in Pakistani court BY BABAR DOGAR

Associated Press

LAHORE, Pakistan â&#x20AC;&#x201D; A U.S. CIA employee accused of murdering two Pakistanis appeared handcuffed in a Pakistani court Friday, where he refused to sign a charge sheet after claiming diplomatic immunity, ofďŹ cials said. The detention of Raymond Allen Davis has severely frayed ties between the U.S. and Pakistan, whose counterterrorism alliance is considered a crucial part of ending the war in Afghanistan. Washington insists Davis is immune from prosecution because he is listed as a U.S. Embassy staff member. It says Davis shot two Pakistanis in self-defense when they tried to rob him in late January in the eastern city of Lahore.

Pakistani ofďŹ cials, wary of a backlash in a population rife with anti-U.S. sentiment, have declined to conďŹ rm whether Davis has diplomatic immunity, saying the matter is up to the courts. During Fridayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s hearing, which was held in a Lahore jail and closed to the public, prosecutors tried to present the handcuffed Davis with a charge sheet. The judge also asked whether Davis had engaged a defense attorney, according to Asad Manzoor Butt, a lawyer for a Pakistani bystander who was killed when struck by a car rushing to assist Davis after the shootings. Davis refused to sign the charge sheet and said he did not want to participate in the case because he has immunity from prosecution

under international agreements covering diplomats, said Butt, who attended the hearing. The question of whether Davis has immunity is also being considered by the Lahore High Court. Prosecutor Abdus Samad said Davis would be formally charged on March 3 at the next hearing. The U.S. Embassy declined to comment, though a spokeswoman conďŹ rmed that representatives of the U.S. Consulate in Lahore were present at the hearing. U.S. ofďŹ cials speaking on condition of anonymity have acknowledged that Davis did security work as a contractor for the CIA, but was apparently in Pakistan under a diplomatic cover. U.S. ofďŹ cials, nonetheless, say his exact job has no bear-

ing on whether he qualiďŹ es for diplomatic immunity based on their readings of international agreements. They say they notiďŹ ed the Pakistani government of his ofďŹ cial position as an â&#x20AC;&#x153;administrative and technical staffâ&#x20AC;? member of the embassy more than a year ago. Meanwhile, police in northwest Pakistan said they had arrested a U.S. citizens staying in the area on an expired visa. The man was detained Friday in the main northwestern city of Peshawar, said police ofďŹ cer Haroon Khan. Khan identiďŹ ed the man as Aaron Mark DeHaven of West Virginia. It was not clear what he was doing in Pakistan. The U.S. Embassy said it was looking into the case.

CAIRO â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Hundreds of thousands of protesters turned out in cities across the Middle East on Friday to protest the unaccountability of their leaders and express solidarity with the uprising in Libya that Col. Moammar GadhaďŹ is trying to suppress with force. The worst violence of the day appeared to be in Libya, where security forces shot at protesters as they left Friday prayers to try to launch the ďŹ rst major antigovernment demonstration in the capital. Demonstrations in recent days have been in other cities, and several of those have fallen to armed rebels determined to oust GadhaďŹ . Protests in Iraq also took a violent turn, with security forces ďŹ ring on crowds in Baghdad, Mosul, Ramadi and, in Salahuddin Province, killing at least ten people. Unlike in other Middle Eastern countries, the protesters in Iraq are not seeking to topple their leaders, but are demanding better government services after years of war and deprivation. Religious leaders and the prime minister had pleaded with people not to take to the streets, with -TURN TO PROTESTS, 2A

U.S. plans to cut bases U.S. returns stolen documents to Russia in remote Afghan area BY NATALIYA VASILYEVA Associated Press


Washington Post Service

east is in that valley,â&#x20AC;? said Maj. Gen. John Campbell, the commander of U.S. forces in eastern Afghanistan. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have to realign our forces to better protect the Afghan people.â&#x20AC;? U.S. commanders are hoping to complete the shift over the next several months but are still working to win the support of senior Afghan ofďŹ cials. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We are not in total agreement in all of these areas,â&#x20AC;? Campbell said. Afghanistanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Defense Minister Rahim Wardak, who is in Washington for high-level meetings, expressed concern about what would happen if U.S. troops left long-established bases in the Pech Valley. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It will be difďŹ cult for Afghans to hold these areas on their own. The terrain there is very tough,â&#x20AC;? Wardak said in an interview. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I personally fought against the Soviets in that area.â&#x20AC;?

U.S. military ofďŹ cials are planning a signiďŹ cant repositioning of troops that would reduce the number of bases in one of Afghanistanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most dangerous valleys and free up U.S. forces to conduct shorter-duration strike missions into enemy havens. The changes would cut the number of U.S. troops strung out in bases throughout the Pech Valley in eastern Afghanistan, near the border with Pakistan. The U.S. military has maintained a battalion of about 800 troops in the valley since 2006, and they have consistently been involved in some of the heaviest ďŹ ghting of the war. In recent months, however, commanders have raised questions about the usefulness of ďŹ ghting for such a remote area. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Only about 0.2 percent of the population in the -TURN TO AFGHANISTAN, 6A

MOSCOW â&#x20AC;&#x201D; A trove of historic archive documents dating back to Catherine the Great that were stolen after the Soviet breakup were returned to Russia by the U.S. on Friday. The 21 documents include decrees issued by historical ďŹ gures such as Czar Nicholas II and Soviet Marshal Georgy Zhukov. Among them are a top secret paper on the reconstruction of Russian military airďŹ elds in the 1930s; and Catherine the Greatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s decree to divide command of forces in Poland during the 18th century partitions of the country. U.S. Ambassador John Beyrle said the return of the documents is â&#x20AC;&#x153;just one part of our efforts to broaden and deepen the


Altered foods form a major part of U.S. diet BY MARY CLARE JALONICK Associated Press


WASHINGTON â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Genetically modiďŹ ed plants grown from seeds engineered in laboratories now provide much of the United Statesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; food. Most corn, soybean and cotton crops grown in the United States have been genetically modiďŹ ed to resist pesticides or insects, and corn and soy are common food ingredients. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has approved three more genetically engineered crops in the past month, and the Food and Drug Administration could approve fast-growing genetically




FRIENDLY MOVE: U.S. Ambassador to Russia John Beyrle, right, speaks with a Russian official at a ceremony for the return of the documents at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow on Friday.

modiďŹ ed salmon for human consumption this year. Agribusiness and the seed companies say their products help boost crop production, lower prices at the grocery store and feed the world, particularly in developing countries. The FDA and USDA say the engineered foods they have approved are safe â&#x20AC;&#x201D; so safe, they do not even need to be labeled as such â&#x20AC;&#x201D; and cannot be signiďŹ cantly distinguished from conventional varieties. Organic food companies, chefs and consumer groups have stepped up their efforts â&#x20AC;&#x201D; so far, unsuccessfully â&#x20AC;&#x201D; to get the gov-


ernment to exercise more oversight of engineered foods, arguing the seeds are ďŹ&#x201A;oating from ďŹ eld to ďŹ eld and contaminating pure crops. The groups have been bolstered by a growing network of consumers who are wary of processed and modiďŹ ed foods. Many of these opponents acknowledge that there is not much solid evidence showing genetically modiďŹ ed foods are somehow dangerous or unhealthy. It just doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t seem right, they say. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s an ethical issue. -TURN TO FOOD, 2A


INDEX THE AMERICAS ...........4A WORLD NEWS............6A OPINION........................7A 5 COMICS & PUZZLES...6B



Stolen papers returned to Russia • RUSSIA, FROM 1A

relationship between our two countries overall.” Russian officials alerted Washington about the documents when they appeared on websites of U.S. auction houses. U.S. officials seized them between April and November, but no one had been charged in connection to the theft, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement official James Wolynetz said. Russian authorities at the ceremony declined to name the potential value of the retrieved documents, calling them “priceless,” but Viktor Petrakov, the head of Russia’s cultural heritage protection agency, said some of the documents could fetch tens of thousands of dollars. More than 2,500 pages of documents from archives in Moscow and St. Petersburg have been stolen since the early 1990s and only 500 have been retrieved, Petrakov said. Some of the documents returned to Russia on Friday were stolen from archives in St. Petersburg in the early 1990s. Russian authorities accuse a Russian antiques dealer in Israel, Vladimir Feinberg, of stealing the documents and have been unsuccessful in obtaining his extradition.




Altered foods dominate U.S. diet • FOOD, FROM 1A

“If you mess with nature there’s a side effect somewhere,” says George Siemon, chief executive of Organic Valley, the largest U.S. organic farming cooperative, which had over $600 million in sales last year. “There is a growing awareness that our system makes us all guinea pigs of sorts.” The government has insisted there is not enough difference between the genetically modified seeds its agencies have approved and natural seeds to cause concern. But Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack has acknowledged the debate over the issue and a growing chorus of consumers concerned about what they are eating. “The rapid adoption of GE crops has clashed with the rapid expansion of demand for organic and other nonGE products,” Vilsack said in December. “This clash led to litigation and uncertainty — Surely, there is a better way, a solution that acknowledges agriculture’s complexity, while celebrating and promoting its diversity.” Vilsack later approved genetically engineered alfalfa for use, along with sugar beets and a type of corn used in ethanol, to the disappointment of the organic industry. But he said the department would do additional research on ways to prevent and improve detection of contamination of natural seeds. Organic companies have praised Vilsack for even acknowledging the issue, as


MODIFYING NATURE: Plant pathology experts examining a genetically engineered tomato plant. large seed companies like Monsanto and the substantial chunk of agribusiness that use their seeds have long held sway at USDA. The organic industry fears contamination could hurt sales of its products, especially in Europe, where consumers have been extremely hesitant about biotech foods. While opponents of engineered foods have not found federal agencies receptive to their concerns, they have been able to delay some USDA approvals with law-

suits. The alfalfa decision followed a lengthy court battle that was closely watched not only by the organic industry, but by consumers. “We’re seeing a level of reaction that is unprecedented,” says Jeffrey Smith, who has fought the expansion of genetically engineered foods since they were introduced 15 years ago andhas written two books on the subject. “I personally think we are going to hit the tipping point of consumer rejection very soon.” Many consumers also

have followed the Food and Drug Administration’s consideration of an engineered salmon that grows twice as fast as the conventional variety. If the FDA approves the fish for sale, it will be the first time the government has allowed genetically modified animals to be marketed for humans to eat. Consumer interest in the issue has grown in the past five years, along with consumption of locally grown and organic foods, said Organic Valley’s Siemon. Young,

educated consumers who are driving the organic market have no interest in food from a laboratory, he said. Genetically modified crops were introduced to the market in 1996. That year, engineered corn accounted for less than 5 percent of the total crop. Last year, the USDA estimated that 70 percent of U.S. corn acreage was planted with herbicide-tolerant corn and 63 percent had been planted with insect-resistant seeds. Rates for soybeans and cotton are even higher.

Hundreds of thousands protest across the Middle East • PROTESTS, FROM 1A

Moktada al Sadr saying the new government needed a chance to improve services and Prime Minister Nouri al Maliki warning that insurgents could target the gatherings. But on Friday, the deaths came at the hands of government forces. Demonstrations elsewhere — in Bahrain, Yemen, Jordan, Egypt and Tunisia — were almost exclusively peaceful. In Bahrain, pro-democracy demonstrations on a scale that appeared to dwarf the largest ever seen in the tiny Persian Gulf nation blocked miles of downtown roads and highways in Manama, the capital. The crowds overflowed from Pearl Square in the center of the city for the second time in a week, but the government once again allowed the demonstration to proceed.

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Government forces had cracked down brutally last week, killing at least seven, but backed down under intense pressure from the U.S. Since then, the country appears to be locked in a battle of wills between mostly Shiite protesters and their Sunni monarch. Shiites are a majority in Bahrain, a United States ally, and they say they have long faced discrimination from the country’s minority Sunni elite. In a shift, it was the country’s Shiite religious leaders who called for people to take to the streets Friday, rather than the political opposition. Although some of the chants and symbols Friday had a religious cast, protesters’ demands remained the same — emphasizing a nonsectarian call for democracy and the downfall of the government. “We are winners, and vic-

tory comes from God,” protesters chanted in Manama. Some protesters carried black flags — a Shiite mourning symbol — but they appeared in a vast sea of red and white, the colors of Bahrain. The violence in Iraq came after demonstrators responded to a call for a “day of rage,” despite attempts by the government to keep people from taking to the streets. Security officials in Baghdad banned all cars from the streets until further notice. In Yemen, more than 100,000 people poured into the streets of the city of Taiz after the country’s embattled president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, pledged on Wednesday not to crack down on demonstrators. Protesters in recent weeks have faced sporadic violence from security forces and government supporters.

The protest in Taiz was dubbed “Martyrs’ Friday,” in honor of two protesters who died in a grenade attack last week. While weeks of protests in the capital, Sana’a, have been tense, with clashes between pro- and anti-government forces, the demonstration in Taiz, the intellectual hub of the country, took on a hopeful, exhilarated feel Friday. Along with the youth who organized the protests on Facebook, older residents of the countryside flowed into the area of the town that protesters have dubbed Freedom Square. “There are no parties, our revolution is a youth revolution,” read one banner. In emulation of Tahrir Square, the center of the protest zone in Taiz was filled with tents, where people had spent the night for more than a week.

A cleric delivered a morning speech, reminding people that the revolution was not against a single person but against oppression itself. And as noon prayers ended, the people broke out into the roaring chant that has now become familiar around the Arab world: “The people want to topple the regime.” At the same time in the capital, tens of thousands of people were pouring into a square near the main gates of Sana’a University amid a tight security presence, The Associated Press reported. Demonstrations turned violent in the port city of Aden, where security forces clashed with thousands of protesters in various districts of the restive city, the AP reported. In contrast with the protesters in Taiz and Sana’a, who have sought the ouster of Saleh, those in Aden have focused on secession and drawn a more violent government response. One person was killed and 25 wounded on Friday as security forces fired on the crowds, according to witnesses, and protesters stormed a municipal building, Reuters reported. In Cairo, tens of thousands of Egyptians flooded Tahrir Square as much to renew the spirit of Egypt’s popular revolution as to press for new demands. The square felt like a carnival, filled with banners in Egypt’s national colors of black, white and red. Vendors sold cheese and bean sandwiches and popcorn; a man fried liver on a portable grill, and others sold revolutionary souvenirs, like miniature flags. The spirit of the revolution, which included people from all segments of Egyptian society, was still evident, as secular leftists, members of the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood, and women wearing full Islamic veils with children in their arms circulated through the crowd. Ismael Abdul Latif, 27, a secular writer, chatted with the religious women, only their eyes showing, as they drew revolutionary posters. “I never dreamed in my wildest dreams that we would be talking to a munaqaba”— as women in full veils are called — “in Tahrir Square,” he said. “A secular artist is having a political debate with a fully veiled lady and having a meaningful conversation. What’s the world coming to?”

But there were also signs of tension, as well as a reminder that the military ultimately remains in charge. Several hours into the demonstration, an army officer demanded that protesters dismantle the tents they were again erecting in the center of the square, touching off a series of angry arguments. The military government has been making political concessions since taking over, but the crowds Friday wanted more. There were fervent demands for the resignation of the cabinet that Mubarak had appointed, as well as the dismantling of the security apparatus, the release of prisoners still held under Egypt’s repressive emergency laws, and the prosecution of former leaders for corruption. George Ishaq, one of the founders of Kifaya, an early protest movement, led chants through speakers, saying, “Our demand today is a presidential council in which civilians will take part. We want it to be one politician, one judge, and one representative of the armed forces.” Similarly peaceful demonstrations in Amman and other cities in Jordan were the largest yet after eight weeks of protests calling for political reform. Activists from the Muslim Brotherhood and other opposition groups said the large turnout was a reaction to the violence that erupted last Friday, when government supporters clashed with a relatively small group of several hundred demonstrators, injuring eight. The protesters described being attacked by “thugs” wielding wooden clubs and iron bars. At this week’s rallies, Jordanians called, among other things, for an end to corruption, more democracy and the cancelation of the 1994 peace treaty with Israel, according to the popular Jordanian news website Ammonnews. And in Tunisia, where protesters forced President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali from power and set off the wave of regional unrest, Reuters reported that tens of thousands of people marched in the capital, Tunis, on Friday, calling for the resignation of Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi, a former ally of the ousted president.

2/26/2011 5:12:11 AM






Wisconsin Assembly passes union bill BY TODD RICHMOND Associated Press


TAKING A PUFF: A visitor tastes a brand at the Cigar Festival in Havana.

Glitz and glamour mark Cuban Cigar Festival celebrations BY ANDREA RODRIGUEZ Associated Press

HAVANA — Debora Garcia sits at a table in a room choked with smoke, gently rolling an unbanded cigar between her delicate fingers. She uses her thumb to measure its width and length, then holds it up to her nose to get a sense of its scent. Finally she writes down her answer and moves on to the next cigar. Garcia is one of 27 cigar sommeliers and other experts taking part in a blind “tasting” of Cuba’s world-famous smokes — part of the island’s glitzy and glamorous Cigar Festival, which draws many of the biggest vendors from around the world each year. There are also black-tie dinners, trips to lush tobacco fields, cigar factory tours and lots and lots of schmoozing. The exclusive soirees and jet-set crowd make a strange juxtaposition in a communist country that spends the other 51 weeks of the year proclaiming its egalitarianism and denouncing the excesses of capitalism. While cigars are extremely popular in Cuba, most citizens can afford only no-name brands that sell in Cuban stores for 1 peso each (about 5 cents). In the tasting competition, Garcia and other participants must first guess the type of cigar they are holding based on its size and the type of leaves used. There are Churchills, Marevas, Robustos, Coronas and Panetelas, to name a few. After the blindfolds come off, they light up and try to guess the brand. Cuba is awash with famous cigar brands like Cohiba, Romeo y Julieta, Partagas, Montecristo and Robaina, each with its own passionate followers around the world. All are put out by Habanos, a joint venture between the Cuban government and the English tobacco giant Altadis. The most expensive Cuban cigars, currently the Cohiba Behike, can cost upward of $60 each in Europe and Canada. The sale of Cuban cigars is banned in the United States because of the 48-year trade embargo. MIX OF OPTIMISM AND CONCERN This year’s event, which organizers say has drawn 1,400 aficionados from 80 countries, is being held with a mix of optimism and concern. The sale of Cuban cigars ticked up by 2 percent in 2010 to $368 million, the first increase in three years after a dip brought on in part by the global economic meltdown. Sales in Asia were particularly strong, and there is high hope for a boom in the fast-growing Chinese market. “China has become our third biggest market, passing Germany,” said Javier Terres, vice president of Habanos. But there is also concern for the future of the market as more and more countries approve restrictive smoking laws. Spain, the largest market for Cuban cigars, passed just such a measure in January that bans smoking in all enclosed public spaces. Terres said sales in Spain dropped 30 percent after the law took effect, though he hopes they will recover by the end of the year. Even Fidel Castro, perhaps the island’s most famous smoker — and a big fan of Cohibas — gave up the habit years ago, citing health risks. He used to attend the festival’s formal closing dinner each year, but has stayed away since stepping down as president in 2006. This year the festival is celebrating a new cigar called the half corona, which is being put out under the brand name H. Upmann. It is smaller and designed to be smoked more quickly, a nod to the fact that many cigar lovers in countries with smoking restrictions will need to step outside to take a puff. AUCTION At the weeklong festival’s gala dinner, handmade humidors were auctioned off for large sums. The proceeds will be donated to Cuba’s free universal healthcare system. Garcia, 47, who was the director of quality control at Partagas until a few months ago and still works with Habanos, attributed her cigar-tasting skills to genes, love and hard work. “There are abilities we are born with, like recognizing tastes,” she said. “But I also train a lot.” She hopes to make the finals in a competition that was being held over several days. Of the dangers of smoking, and the laws being passed around the world to restrict the habit, Garcia shrugged. “In modern life everything can hurt you,” she said. “Industrial pollution, car fumes, everything. One must live without fear, and for me, living is impossible without tobacco.”

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MADISON, Wis. — The Wisconsin Assembly early Friday passed a bill that would strip most public workers of their collective bargaining rights — the first significant action on the new Republican governor’s plan. The vote put an end to three straight days of punishing debate, but the political standoff over the bill is far from over. The measure now goes to the Senate, where minority Democrats have been missing for a week, preventing a vote in that chamber. No one knows when — or if — the Senate Democrats will return from their hideout in Illinois. Republicans who control the chamber sent state troopers out looking for them at their homes on Thursday, but they turned up nothing. Gov. Scott Walker’s proposal contains a number of provisions he says are designed to fill the state’s $137 million deficit and lay the groundwork for fixing a projected $3.6 billion shortfall in the upcoming 2011-13 budget. The flashpoint is language that would strip al-

most all public sector workers of their right to collectively bargain benefits and work conditions. Democrats and unions see the measure as an attack on workers’ rights and an attempt to cripple union support for Democrats. Unions have said they would be willing to accept a provision that would increase workers’ contributions to their pensions and healthcare, provided they could still bargain collectively. But Walker has refused to compromise. Tens of thousands of people have jammed the state Capitol since last week to protest, pounding on drums and chanting so loudly that police who are providing security have resorted to ear plugs. Hundreds have taken to sleeping in the building overnight, dragging in air mattresses and blankets. The governor has said that if the bill does not pass by Friday, the state will miss a deadline to refinance $165 million of debt and will be forced to start issuing layoff notices next week. However, the deadline may not be as strict as he says. The nonpartisan Legisla-

tive Fiscal Bureau said earlier this week that the debt refinancing could be pushed back as late as Tuesday to achieve the savings Walker wants. Based on a similar refinancing in 2004, about two weeks are needed after the bill becomes law to complete the deal. That means if the bill is adopted by the middle of next week, the state can still meet a March 16 deadline, the Fiscal Bureau said. Democratic Sen. Jon Erpenbach said he and his colleagues wouldn’t return until Walker compromised. The showdown in Wisconsin between budgetslashing Republicans and Democratic-backed unions is testing whether a way of life for generations of U.S. public employees will endure the country’s dire economic times. Under attack is a system where, in return for earning a smaller salary than they could get in the private sector, teachers and other public employees often have greater job security, better pension benefits and pay less for employer-sponsored health insurance coverage. In many states, those benefits to pub-

lic employees make up a large part of the budget difficulties facing the governors. Walker is demanding changes in the name of closing a budget deficit. He wants to strip unionized workers — school teachers in particular — of most of their bargaining rights. Similar moves are afoot in other states where Republicans sit in the governor’s mansion and newly empowered members of the party took control of state legislatures in November elections. The Republican budgetcutters insist there is no choice but to rein in the public sector unions and defang their bargaining rights to bring state spending under control and to begin whittling away at huge deficits that were made far worse in the recent recession — the worst economic downturn since the 1930s great depression. On the other side, unions and their members say conservative politicians are trying to balance budgets on the backs of the middle class and are out to kill the already struggling U.S. labor movement, once a bastion of support for Democrats.

U.S. prepares sanctions on Libya BY MATTHEW LEE AND BRADLEY KLAPPER Associated Press

WASHINGTON — The United States moved closer Friday to imposing new sanctions on Moammar Gadhafi’s regime after hundreds of U.S. citizens were evacuated from Libya. Washington considered closing its Embassy in Tripoli as fresh violence rocked the country, sources told The Associated Press. The Obama administration could impose travel bans, freeze assets and take other steps against Gadhafi loyalists as early as Friday, officials said. They said closing the embassy also was an option, though the announcement of any punitive steps depended on the safety of U.S. citizens and other foreigners remaining in the Arab country. Officials spoke on condition of anonymity because of the extreme sensitivity of the situation, as protests against Gadhafi’s 42-year rule have become an armed insurrection. The U.S. is urging U.S. citizens to leave if they can. U.S. President Barack Obama was briefing world leaders on U.S. plans and coordinating international pressure on Gadhafi’s government to stop violence against opponents. International officials say thousands may be dead. The president spoke Friday with Turkey’s Prime


SAFER SHORES: Foreign evacuees from Libya disembark from a ferry that arrived at the harbor in Valletta, Malta, on Friday. Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and they discussed measures to hold Libya’s government accountable for its “unacceptable” violence, the White House said. Obama spoke with leaders from the United Kingdom, France and Italy on Thursday. The U.S. ferried some 150 U.S. citizens out of Tripoli on Friday and was chartering a plane for more evacuations. Ahead of a possible asset freeze on the Gadhafi regime’s top brass, the Treasury Department urged U.S. banks Friday to closely monitor accounts connected to senior

Libyan officials and report signs of misappropriation of government funds. The department issued an advisory to U.S. financial institutions telling them to exercise “enhanced scrutiny” on private banking accounts held by Libyan politicians or on their behalf. The advisory stopped short of freezing their assets and is similar to earlier orders covering Tunisia and Egypt. The move follows Thursday’s order by the Swiss government blocking any assets in Switzerland belonging to Gadhafi.

In Geneva, U.S. diplomats joined a unanimous condemnation of Libya at the U.N. Human Rights Council. Countries there also agreed to establish an investigation into possible crimes against humanity in Gadhafi’s crackdown on protesters and recommended that Libya be suspended from the body. The U.N. Security Council in New York was expected to discuss the situation in the Arab country later Friday. NATO is discussing deploying ships and surveillance aircraft to the Mediterranean Sea.

Edwin Kilbourne, expert in flu vaccines, dies BY DOUGLAS MARTIN

New York Times Service

Dr. Edwin D. Kilbourne, a medical researcher who figured out how to outwit fast-evolving flu germs, developing a new vaccine each year by intermingling genes of different disease strains, died this week in Branford, Conn. He was 90. His family announced the death. He lived in Madison, Conn. For all his prestigious discoveries, awards and positions, Kilbourne had his greatest visibility during the swine flu epidemic of 1976. When a soldier died at Fort Dix, N.J., after being infected by a particularly virulent flu virus, Kilbourne wrote an Op-Ed article in The New York Times warning of a worldwide flu pandemic, and personally led in developing a vaccine to meet its challenge. Former President Gerald R. Ford ordered 200 million doses of the vaccine to be administered to that many U.S. citizens. Kilbourne was a principal advisor to the president on the program. But even as the disease seemed

to subside on its own, several hundred people who received shots contracted a kind of paralysis. Some died. Time magazine asserted that “election-year fever” had prompted the president to move quickly, while The Times called Ford’s scientific advisors “panicmongers.” The program was stopped after 43 million vaccinations. A causative connection between the vaccinations and the paralytic syndrome was never proved. And Kilbourne remained convinced that the mass vaccinations were the right policy, pointing out that the virus that killed the soldier bore a sinister resemblance to the pandemic of 1918-19, which infected 2 billion people around the world and killed 20 million to 40 million. He also warned that the disease could be hibernating, which he had proved it could do. “Better a vaccine without an epidemic than an epidemic without a vaccine,” he said years later. He called the episode “my 15 minutes of infamy.”

Although Kilbourne never stopped believing that Ford’s aggressive actions were warranted, only 230 cases of flu were diagnosed at Fort Dix, and none elsewhere. Of the 43 million who got flu shots, 535 came down with the paralytic syndrome known as Guillain-Barre; 23 of them died. Kilbourne’s early research examined links between hormones and viruses, but it was his work on the flu that earned him global note as early as the mid-1950s. His goal was to find weapons to combat the flu virus comparable to the way penicillin fights bacterial infections. He was up against one of the most fickle, enigmatic, persistent microbes to attack man or beast. These microbes are capable of changing their surface characteristics to elude barriers the body has erected against them. Kilbourne’s solution was to mix, or “recombine,” the genes of different strains of the virus to “persuade” the body to come up with new defenses. “This accomplishment

represents the first deliberate genetic engineering of any vaccine,” the New York Academy of Medicine said in presenting Kilbourne with its highest award in 1983. For years after, he created annual versions of flu vaccine targeted at emerging viruses. In 1973, Kilbourne proposed that worldwide epidemics might be terrestrial “Andromeda strains” coming to man from the barnyard and then retreating to await the next great outbreak. The Andromeda strain, as described by the novelist Michael Crichton, was a fictional organism from outer space that Earth was not prepared for. In delivering the R.E. Dyer lecture to the National Institutes of Health in 1973, Kilbourne suggested that two conditions must be met for a new viral strain to go from swine or other animals to man. One was the random recombination of a virus, making it infectious to man. The other was an ecological niche for the virus in a human population unprepared to fight back.

2/26/2011 3:34:57 AM






Suspect in U.S. agent killing evaded charges in the past BY E. EDUARDO CASTILLO Associated Press


THANKFUL FOR LIFE: Jimmy Sanchez, the youngest of the Chilean miners rescued after more than two months underground, with his wife in Jerusalem.

In Israel, Chilean miners count their blessings BY ISABEL KERSHNER

New York Times Service

JERUSALEM — With revolts toppling governments across the Middle East and peace talks between Israelis and Palestinians suspended, 25 of the Chilean miners rescued after more than two months underground toured the holy sites of the Old City of Jerusalem this week. The miners arrived on Wednesday, accompanied by partners or siblings, for a weeklong visit as guests of the Israeli government. Their itinerary includes Yad Vashem, Israel’s national Holocaust memorial, as well as the Dead Sea, Nazareth and the Sea of Galilee. They are also scheduled to visit the Church of the Nativity in the West Bank city of Bethlehem, which is governed by the Palestinian Authority, and the Israelioccupied Golan Heights, captured from Syria in the 1967 Middle East war. Some are planning to take part in a communal baptism in the Jordan River, and on Sunday morning, the president of Israel, Shimon

Peres, will host the group in his official residence. The trip, which Israel clearly intended as good public relations, was planned well before the turmoil in the region, and there was a conspicuous absence of any talk about the IsraeliPalestinian conflict or the upheavals affecting Israel’s Arab neighbors. Reporters mostly focused their questions on the men’s emotions upon visiting Christian and other holy sites after a rescue that many people called nothing short of miraculous. For many, though, the Israeli trip was a highly symbolic pilgrimage, with talk of blessings from God. “I am happy,” said Jimmy Sanchez, 19, the youngest of the miners, at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, venerated as the site of the crucifixion and burial of Jesus. “I never imagined that I would get to the Holy Land.” Wearing a silver crucifix around his neck, which he said he wore while underground, Sanchez, the father

of a baby girl, said he had not returned to work in the mines. Israel was clearly hoping that its gesture to the miners would help promote the area as a religious tourism destination. “Whoever wants to pray to their God has to come to the Holy Land,” said Rafael Ben-Hur, a senior Israeli Tourism Ministry official, outside the church. “They came to thank God for being saved.” The Old City is in East Jerusalem, in territory annexed by Israel after the 1967 war and coveted by the Palestinians as the capital of a future state. Israel’s claims of sovereignty in East Jerusalem have not been internationally recognized. In the narrow alleyways, journalists jostled for position and tour guides became flustered as government organizers tried to find a balance between religious experience and publicity. In the crush, the miners and their families, by now used to the media glare, remained calm.

Gunmen kill 3 young girls in Mexican border city CIUDAD JUAREZ, Mexico — (AP) — Gunmen opened fire on six children playing in the yard of a home in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing three girls aged 12, 14 and 15, prosecutors said. Three other children in the yard were not hit by the bullets in the attack. Some were as young as 8. The Chihuahua state prosecutors’ office said in a statement that the gunmen in the attack were apparently targeting the father of two of the dead girls in a dispute that may have involved lowlevel drug dealing. Two of the dead girls were sisters, and the third victim was their friend. Mexico’s human rights commission said it had

launched an investigation into the shootings. Three other youths, whose ages ranged from 13 to 15, were wounded in a shooting attack in Ciudad Juarez on a vehicle. State prosecutors said three adults in the vehicle were killed in that attack. Also, gunmen have killed the head of a state police agency that prosecutes car thieves in the western state of Jalisco. The Jalisco attorney general’s office said Jesus Quirarte Ruvalcaba and his wife, Maria Guadalupe Aldrete Rosales, were killed in the city of Zapopan, just north of the state capital of Guadalajara. Quirarte, 51, and Aldrete, 49, were traveling in a stateowned Dodge Ram, appar-

ently en route to their jobs, when gunmen fired on them. Investigators found about a hundred 9mm and 7.62mm shell casings at the scene. Those types of bullets are fired by assault rifles and machine pistols favored by drug gangs. Violence has spread in Jalisco recently as rival gangs battle for control. On Feb. 12, armed men attacked a Guadalajara nightclub, killing six people and wounding dozens more. In the Pacific coast resort of Acapulco, where the Mexican Open tennis tournament is being played, police reported finding a man’s hacked-up body in five plastic bags, in a low-income neighborhood far from where the tournament is being held.

U.S. leader pushes Colombia trade pact BY RODRIGO ALMONACID Associated Press

BOGOTA — U.S. Senate Finance Committee Chairman Max Baucus complained Friday that U.S. exporters are losing big chunks of Colombia’s market as Congress delays ratification of a free trade agreement signed nearly five years ago. In a speech to executives, the Montana Democrat noted that China tripled its share of the Colombian market during that time. Baucus said the U.S. share of Colombia’s wheat imports fell from 73 percent to 43 percent over the last two years, while U.S. farmers have lost $1 billion in sales to Colombia in that period. Argentina overtook the United States as the largest agricultural exporter to Colombia. “Colombia is not only a strategic ally,” he said,

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lauding the country’s security gains. “It is also a large and growing market for U.S. farmers, ranchers and entrepreneurs.” He said he believed that Colombia had adequately addressed the main reason why the FTA has not been ratified by the U.S. Congress: concerns over continued killings of Colombian trade union organizers. It is unclear if backers of the Colombia FTA in the U.S. Congress have the votes needed to ratify it, though prospects are improved now that the Republicans dominate the House of Representatives. Baucus, who traveled to Colombia with 15 Montana businesspeople, said 85 percent of U.S. exporters to Colombia are small and medium-sized businesses. The FTA would boost their fortunes by eliminating the 14 percent tariff Co-

lombia currently charges for U.S. manufactured goods. Meanwhile, he said, U.S. exports of food and agricultural products face an average tariff of roughly 30 percent in Colombia. As Colombia’s chief trading partner, the United States accounts for 26 percent of imports — or $40.6 billion worth — to this nation of 45 million whose economy is Latin America’s fourth largest. U.S. Ambassador Michael McKinley noted that President Barack Obama last month indicated the importance of moving ahead with the Colombia agreement, which was ratified by Colombia’s Congress in 2007. Since then, Colombia has implemented trade agreements with Brazil and Argentina and signed them with the European Union and Canada.

MEXICO CITY — A Mexican judge said that he revoked bail for an alleged drug cartel member just weeks before the man allegedly shot a U.S. immigration agent to death and wounded another. The judge said he had originally granted the suspect a form of bail in another case because the most serious charges against him did not hold up. Suspect Julian Zapata Espinoza was detained this week by the Mexican army. The army said he confessed to killing U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agent Jaime Zapata on a highway near the northern city of San Luis Potosi on Feb. 15, in what he claimed was a case of mistaken identity. Zapata Espinoza had been arrested in 2009 on charges of illegal weapons possession, organized crime and possession of counterfeit police insignia and using a stolen car. He was released and later jumped bail. District court judge Juan de Dios Monreal explained the bail ruling, saying he had to dismiss the only two charges under which he could have denied bail for Zapata Espinoza because of a lack of evidence. Zapata Espinoza was shown in detention photos in 2009 with a group of other suspects and guns and ammunition that had allegedly been seized from them in a raid by the army. The remaining charges were for lesser forms of weapons possession and use of police insignia that were eligible for bail. Since that arrest in 2009, there were indications that

Zapata Espinoza was a local leader of the violent Zetas drug cartel, Mexican authorities have said. His bail was revoked Jan. 18. But officials have had a hard time making the charges stick, and even after his detention in the ICE shooting, Zapata Espinoza had not been charged in that case. He was being held under a form of house arrest that prosecutors in Mexico frequently use to gain time to build a case. Zapata Espinoza — known by the nickname “El Piolin,” or Tweety Bird, apparently because of his short stature — allegedly told soldiers after his arrest that a group of gunmen from the Zetas mistook the ICE agents’ SUV for one used by a rival gang. “That event occurred because of the characteristics of the vehicle, given that they [the suspects] thought it was

being used by members of a rival criminal group,” an army spokesman, Col. Ricardo Trevilla, said Wednesday night. The two agents were in a Chevrolet Suburban. Mexico’s drug cartels frequently set up roadblocks and ambushes to steal large sport utility vehicles and pickups. Zapata Espinoza and five other men detained with him were presented to journalists Wednesday night. The army quoted Zapata Espinoza as saying two of the five had participated in the attack on the ICE agents: Jesus Ivan Quezada, alias “El Loco,” and Honduran Ruben Dario Venegas. Agents Jaime Zapata and Victor Avila, who worked at the U.S. Embassy, were attacked as they returned to Mexico City from a meeting with other U.S. personnel in the state of San Luis Potosi. Zapata was killed, while Avila suffered leg wounds and is recovering in the United States. San Luis Potosi is at the center of a power struggle between two rival drug gangs, the Zetas and the Gulf cartel. It is also on the route north used by migrants seeking to reach the United States, and officials say cartels have begun recruiting some migrants to work for the gangs. Last week, some U.S. officials maintained the attack was an intentional ambush of the agents and said the gunmen made comments before they fired indicating they knew who their targets were. But although Mexico is AP seeing record rates of vioPRIME ACCUSED: Julian lence, it is rare for U.S. offiZapata Espinoza is cials to be attacked, and misshown to the press in San taken identity has resulted in Luis Potosi, Mexico. other killings.

Venezuela blames U.S. for fanning unrest in Libya BY CHRISTOPHER TOOTHAKER Associated Press

CARACAS — Venezuela’s top diplomat has echoed Fidel Castro’s accusation that Washington and its allies are fomenting unrest in Libya to justify an invasion to seize North African nation’s oil reserves. Foreign Minister Nicolas Maduro claimed the United States and other powerful countries are trying to create a movement inside Libya aimed at toppling Moammar Gadhafi. Maduro did not condemn or defend the violent crackdown on Libyans participating in the popular uprising against Gadhafi’s long rule. He called for a peaceful solution to the upheaval in Libya and questioned the veracity of media reports on the bloody uprising, which has crept closer to Gadhafi’s stronghold in Tripoli. “They are creating conditions to justify an invasion of Libya,” Maduro said. “Libya is going through

difficult times, which should not be measured with information from imperial news agencies,” Maduro added, referring to Western media. Gadhafi has been a close ally of Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez, and Chavez’s political opponents have strongly criticized those close relations. In a Twitter message, Venezuela’s leftist president said: “Viva Libya and its independence! Gadhafi is facing a civil war.” It was the first time that Chavez has publicly referred to the violence in Libya. On Tuesday, Castro, Chavez’s mentor, said the unrest in Libya might be a pretext by the U.S. to push for a NATO invasion. Castro said in a column published by Cuban state media that it was too early to criticize Gadhafi. But he did urge protests against something that he claimed is planned: A U.S.-led invasion to take control of Libya’s oil. Venezuela and Libya are

both members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Chavez, who has forged close ties with Gadhafi since taking office in 1999, has repeatedly accused Washington of conspiring to topple his own government. The self-proclaimed socialist says the United States wants to control Venezuela’s immense petroleum reserves. U.S. officials have scoffed at suggestions that Washington is plotting against Venezuela’s government. On Thursday, Afif Tajeldine, Venezuela’s ambassador to Libya, said dozens of Venezuelans who were working in the country had been evacuated by their employers. At least 76 Venezuelans were living in Libya, the ambassador said. Tajeldine told the Caracas-based Telesur network all had been staying at the embassy in the capital of Tripoli and just 13 remained Thursday. He described the capital as calm.

Medical examiner testifies against Posada BY WILL WEISSERT Associated Press

EL PASO — Metal shards from an ashtray blown apart by a bomb flew across a Havana hotel lobby and sliced the throat of an Italian tourist, a Cuban medical examiner has told the jury in the federal perjury trial of an exCIA agent accused of lying about planning the attack. Ileana Vizcaino Dime, director of Cuba’s state-run Institute of Forensic Medicine, testified against Luis Posada Carriles, an 83-year-old anticommunist considered Public Enemy No. 1 in his native Cuba, where his face is plastered on numerous billboards. Prosecutors say Posada planned a series of bombings in Cuba before sneaking into the U.S. in 2005. Jurors appeared to be listening carefully as Vizcaino detailed in monotonous,

dry tones the exceedingly bloody 1997 death at the center of the U.S. government’s case against Posada, who faces 11 counts of perjury, obstruction of justice in an anti-terrorism investigation and immigration fraud. Posada admitted responsibility for the bombings to the New York Times in 1998, saying they were meant to cripple Cuban tourism but not kill anyone. He has since recanted those statements, however. In recent interviews with The Associated Press, he sidestepped questions about the bombings. Vizcaino described the autopsy of 32-year-old Fabio di Celmo, an Italian tourist who was in the lobby bar of Havana’s Copacabana Hotel on Sept. 4, 2007, when the bomb planted in a metal ashtray exploded. The blast sent metal shards from the waist-high

ashtray flying, and pieces severed Di Celmo’s jugular. “There was a massive loss of blood and profuse bleeding, the loss was irreversible and impossible to control,” Vizcaino said and described two long, deep wounds across the victim’s neck. “Death was inevitable. It was a violent death, a homicide.” Jurors winced when federal prosecutors showed graphic photos of Di Celmo’s corpse and a jagged metal fragment extracted from his neck. That blast was one of nine that rocked hotels in Havana and the beach resort of Varadero between April and September 1997. A bomb also exploded at an iconic restaurant popular with tourists in the island’s capital. Di Celmo was the only fatality, but about a dozen other people were wounded.

2/26/2011 5:24:33 AM






Illinois becomes haven for Democrats on the run BY DAVID MERCER

Associated Press

URBANA, Ill. — Illinois, known for its wayward politicians and back-door political dealings, is in the odd position of having become the Switzerland on the Prairie as lawmakers fleeing votes in Wisconsin and Indiana take refuge in its borders. If Illinois didn’t invent political dysfunction, it’s made a career of perfecting it. Former Gov. Rod Blagojevich, accused of trying to sell a vacant U.S. Senate seat; imprisoned former Gov. George Ryan, convicted of turning his government offices into little more than divisions of his fundraising machine; and the patronage hiring and backroom dealings of the once-mighty Chicago political machine are just a few entries on the state’s resume. And now with bands of Democratic legislators streaming over Illinois’ bor-

ders to avoid votes on antiunion bills and other measures supported by Republicans, some residents wonder why they had to bring their problems here. Others say it might do the state’s political image a rare bit of good. “It makes us look, for once, a little less crazy than our neighbors politically,” said Chris Mooney a political science professor with the University of IllinoisSpringfield and the Institute for Government and Public Affairs. “We seem like more normal politics, and that’s not always the case.” But Sue Wrede, a Tea Party member, worries that Illinois is being dragged into someone else’s political mess. “I think our state is scandal-ridden enough,” Wrede said as she demonstrated outside the hotel in the southern Illinois town of Urbana where Democrats are staying. “It’s embarrassing.”

The state Republican Party, for its part, is urging donors to send money, lest Illinois — where Democrats control the governor’s office and both legislative houses — become a “Safe Haven for Tax & Spend Democrats.” Wisconsin’s 14 Democratic senators have been in hiding in Illinois since last week, denying their Republican governor a quorum for a vote on his plan to kill collective bargaining rights for government workers. About 30 Democratic members of Indiana’s House followed this week to avoid votes on a raft of Republican-backed legislation. Illinois’ reputation for corruption isn’t lost on other states. “When Illinois pols stay in Indiana, it’s at the federal prison. When Indiana pols stay in Illinois, it’s at Comfort Suites,” Indianapolis Star political columnist Matthew

Tulley wrote on Twitter as Indiana’s Democrats moved into the budget hotel chain’s Urbana location. Not much is known about the day-to-day lives of Wisconsin’s legislators — they’re in hiding and being pursued by state troopers, after all. But you might mistake the Comfort Suites lobby in Urbana and the adjacent conference room — where lawmakers meet and occasionally cheer mysteriously from behind closed doors — for an Indiana embassy. A blue and gold state flag hangs from a fireplace mantel. Legislators, some dressed in red Indiana University and Ball State sweatshirts, laugh about sewer districts and garbage dumps. Some Hoosier lawmakers have found Illinois accommodating. “We found that Illinois has excellent malls,” Rep. Win Moses said, explaining

that light packing didn’t necessarily mean his stay would be short. “You have excellent dry cleaning, too. And there’s a minimart right across the street.” That kind of talk drew a wagging finger from Indiana Republican Party Chairman Eric Holcomb. “Taxpayers will not stand for Indiana House Democrats getting paid to shop in Illinois when they should be at work in Indiana,” he said in an e-mail. There is thick irony in lawmakers from Wisconsin in particular finding a haven in Illinois. Friendly isn’t a word many Wisconsin residents use to describe their neighbors to the south. Neenah, Wis., public relations man Tom Lyons used to market scenic and rugged Door County along northern Lake Michigan to Illinois tourists. They visit and “build condos and drive up real estate prices and have

to be taught how to recycle; their whole idea of the outdoors is a great ashtray.” Anything else? “They are notorious poor tippers,” added Lyons, who grew up in Joliet, Ill. Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn, for his part, extended a welcome to the lawmakers. “Illinois is always open,” the Democrat told reporters in Chicago. “We believe in hospitality and tourism and being friendly.” Mooney, the political scientist, said Quinn has a reputation as a political “bomb thrower” but doesn’t’ seem to want to wade into the political disputes his fellow Democrats from neighboring states are having with Republicans. And for good reason, Mooney said. “It’s just a freak show, basically,” he said of the political theater being staged in the state. “For once, Illinois is not in the center ring.”

Discovery heads for final mission Lawsuit accuses

FBI of spying at California mosques


Associated Press

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — Discovery, the world’s most traveled spaceship, has thundered into orbit for the final time, heading toward the International Space Station on a journey that marks the beginning of the end of the shuttle era. The six astronauts on board, all experienced space fliers, were thrilled to be on their way after a delay of nearly four months for fuel tank repairs. But it puts Discovery on the cusp of retirement when it returns in 11 days and eventually heads to a museum. “Discovery now making one last reach for the stars,” the Mission Control commentator said once the shuttle cleared the launch tower. Discovery is the oldest of NASA’s three surviving space shuttles and the first to be decommissioned this year. Two missions remain, first by Atlantis and then Endeavour, to end the 30-year program. It was Discovery’s 39th launch and the 133rd shuttle mission overall. There were several tense minutes just before liftoff when an Air Force computer problem popped up and threatened to halt everything. The issue was resolved and Discovery blasted off three minutes late, with just two seconds to spare. “Great way to go out,” said launch director Mike Leinbach. Launching late in the window like that “probably makes it a little bit more sweet.” “I would say we scripted it that way,” added Mike Moses, chairman of the mission management team, “but I could use a little less heart palpitations in the final couple seconds of the countdown.” As the final minutes ticked away, commander Steven Lindsey thanked everyone for the work in getting Discovery ready. “And for those watching,” he called out, “get ready to witness the majesty and the power of Discovery as she lifts off one final time.” Emotions ran high as the shuttle rocketed off its seaside pad into a late afternoon clear


New York Times Service


LAST LAUNCH: Space shuttle Discovery lifts off from Pad 39A at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla., on Thursday.

blue sky, and arced out over the Atlantic on its farewell flight. Discovery will reach the space station Saturday, delivering a small chamber full of supplies and an experimental humanoid robot. “Look forward to having company here on ISS in a couple days,” station commander Scott Kelly said in a Twitter message. The orbiting lab was soaring over the South Pacific when Discovery took off. On-board TV cameras showed some pieces of foam insulation breaking off the shuttle’s external fuel tank four minutes into the flight, more than usual in fact. But it shouldn’t pose any safety concerns because it was late enough after liftoff, officials said.

NASA is under presidential direction to retire the shuttle fleet this summer, let private companies take over trips to orbit and focus on getting astronauts to asteroids and Mars. An estimated 40,000 guests gathered at Kennedy Space Center to witness history in the making, including a small delegation from Congress and Florida’s new Gov. Rick Scott. Discovery frenzy took over not only the launch site, but neighboring towns. Roads leading to the launching site were jammed with cars parked two and three deep; recreational vehicles snagged prime viewing spots along the Banana River well before dawn. Businesses and governments

joined in, their signs offering words of encouragement. “The heavens await Discovery,” a Cocoa Beach, Fla., church proclaimed. Groceries stocked up on extra red, white and blue cakes with shuttle pic tures. Stores ran out of camera batteries. The launch team also got into the act. A competition was held to craft the departing salutation from Launch Control: “The final liftoff of Discovery, a tribute to the dedication, hard work and pride of America’s space shuttle team.” Kennedy’s public affairs office normally comes up with the parting line. Souvenir photos of Discovery were set aside for controllers in the firing room. Many posed for group shots.

Remains of 11,500-year-old child discovered BY BRIAN VASTAG

Washington Post Service

Some 11,500 years ago, at the end of the last Ice Age, a child died near a river in what is now central Alaska. The people living with the child in a tent-pole house — presumably the parents — placed the three-year-old’s body in their home’s cooking pit and lit a fire. After two to three hours of burning, the family covered the remains with dirt and left. That’s the dramatic story emerging from the study of the oldest human remains ever found in Alaska — and some of the oldest in all of North America. “The cremation was the

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last event to take place in the hearth,” said Ben Potter of the University of Alaska Fairbanks, who led the team of archaeologists investigating the site on a broad sandy plain southeast of Fairbanks. Their study of site appears in this week’s issue of Science. The cremation left about 20 percent of the child’s bones, enough for a detailed analysis of the scene. The child was placed on his or her back, with knees drawn toward the chest and the arms placed to the side. Charcoal indicates that a fire was built on top of the body. Coloration of the skull shows that the fire was hot

enough to burn the entire face and destroy the small bones there, said Joel Irish, also of the University of Alaska Fairbanks. But the fire was not hot enough to destroy the entire body. Because no other evidence of use of the cooking pit was found above the body, Potter and Irish concluded that the family left soon after the cremation. “This is a child people loved, took care of,” Potter said. “The fact the house was abandoned speaks to that.” The child’s teeth show that he or she was two to four years old, while stone knives at the site — and a peculiar scalloped feature

of the child’s teeth — connect the child to the wideranging band of early North American immigrants, who researchers say migrated from Siberia during the last Ice Age, when the Bering Strait was exposed, to colonize a wide swatch of northern North America. Until now, no one had found a permanent or semipermanent house associated with the hardy people who survived in an subarctic region even colder than it is today. Other sites in Alaska and Siberia from around the same period look instead like temporary hunting camps.

At the Islamic Center of Irvine, Calif., some members look at each new person who walks into the Los Angelesarea mosque with suspicion. They worry that their conversations are being recorded or that law enforcement officers are watching, simply because they are Muslim. The fears were stoked by charges that the FBI paid an informant to infiltrate their mosque and others in Southern California, according to a federal lawsuit filed this week. The American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California and the Los Angeles chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations say in the suit that the informant, Craig Monteilh, violated members’ civil rights and subjected them to “indiscriminate surveillance” because of their religion. Lawyers for the plaintiffs say that the case represents just one of countless complaints they hear from Muslims in Southern California, who say they are routinely singled out for questioning. They hope the case will encourage other Muslims who believe they have been unfairly monitored to come forward. “We hear about this kind of targeting by the FBI without basis again and again from all over,” said Ameena

Mirza Qazi, the deputy director and staff attorney for CAIR Los Angeles. “This is the perfect test case because we have evidence that there was surveillance.” FBI officials said they could not comment on the lawsuit, but they based any investigation on allegations of criminal activity. They said that they did not single out specific religious or ethnic groups. Monteilh, who has a criminal history that includes forgery, has said publicly that the FBI told him to monitor several mosques in Orange County in 2006 and 2007, using a hidden camera and tape recorder. After he began to talk at the mosque about jihad and violence, members contacted the FBI. He ultimately helped the bureau build a case against one member of the mosque, but it was dismissed. The suit also charges that FBI agents “explicitly told Monteilh that Islam was a threat to America’s national security.” Monteilh has also sued the FBI, saying that it failed to protect him from charges of grand theft that he says were related to his work in a drug-ring operation. The class-action lawsuit seeks a court order for the FBI to destroy or return the information Monteilh obtained.

Mayor hopes police take offer to return to Detroit BY COREY WILLIAMS Associated Press

DETROIT — Joelle Terry went to college in Detroit, sings alto in a church choir in the city and fights crime on its streets. But the 14-year Detroit police veteran isn’t sure she’s ready to live in the city again, despite an intriguing offer by the mayor to provide officers with large houses at very little cost in two once-elegant neighborhoods in order to help instill a sense of security. Mayor Dave Bing announced the program earlier this month as his latest bid to bring people back to a city that has lost more than half a million residents since 1970. The target audience is the approximately 1,500 police officers, about half the Detroit force, who live in the city’s suburbs. The offer is prompting discussion in the ranks and even some window-shopping — but few takers so far, perhaps because police officers know best the problems of city life. Terry, for instance, said she might be interested “had the homicide never happened” — a shooting outside her house in Detroit three years ago that left one man dead. “It was scary. You wonder if you are going to be next.

For my family, I just wanted peace and serenity.” She and her family moved to neighboring Macomb County. The house offer is named Project 14 after police code 14, which stands for a return to normal operations. Bing hopes it will revitalize the East English Village and Boston-Edison neighborhoods by reducing crime in those areas. The two had been among the more stable and stately neighborhoods in Detroit until the rampant job losses and the recession forced dozens of homeowners into foreclosure. East English Village borders the affluent Grosse Pointe communities and once was home to doctors, attorneys and the city’s professional class. BostonEdison is a 36-block historic district in the central city with English, Greek and Roman Revival homes that date back to the early 20th Century. The mayor’s office hopes the size of the houses will help make them more attractive. All have at least two bathrooms, central air, energy-efficient furnaces, appliances and garages. Many of the properties had been empty for several years before the city assumed ownership.

2/26/2011 1:28:59 AM






Voting begins in Irish election BY ROBERT BARR

Associated Press

DUBLIN — Polls opened in Ireland on Friday in a national election expected to bring big changes in the nation’s political complexion. The campaign has been dominated by debate on how to rebuild an economy brought low by the collapse of a property boom, which in turn led to a bailout of Ireland’s banks. Unemployment has soared to more than 13 percent. The governing Fianna Fail party is bracing for a rout — it led the government through Ireland’s boom years in 19942007 and into the economic meltdown that precipitated a humiliating bailout from the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Ireland’s plight has inspired a lively contest with a record 566 candidates including 179 independents for the 166 seats in Ireland’s lower house in parliament, the Dail. Nearly 49,000 people have rushed to register to vote in recent weeks. Opinion polls suggest that

Ireland’s 3.1 million voters will usher in a new government led by the opposition Fine Gael party, which until now has been the perennial runner-up in Irish elections. The big question is whether Fine Gael will need a coalition partner, most likely the Labour Party. The opposition has used Ireland’s dire economic situation as a rallying call for change — Fine Gael leader Enda Kenny campaigned in northwestern Ireland on Thursday, urging voters to “turn your anger into action.” Fine Gael has held a comfortable lead throughout the campaign with support nearing 40 percent, large enough to inspire speculation it might even win the 84 seats needed for a majority in the Dail. Labour has been bumping along at around 20 percent, ahead of Fianna Fail. Sinn Fein, the Northern Irelandbased party that supported the Irish Republican Army, is expected to gain seats. Voting will continue until late Friday, and counting of the results begins Saturday morning.

Iraqi forces slay Qaeda ‘minister’ BY MAZIN YAHYA

Associated Press

BAGHDAD — Iraqi security forces killed the top military leader of an al Qaeda front group, surrounding his hideout and firing shots that blew up his booby-trapped getaway car, officials said Friday. The slain militant, al Nasser Lideen Allah Abu Suleiman, was the so-called war minister of the Islamic State of Iraq, an al Qaeda front group responsible for bombings and suicide attacks across Iraq, said Maj. Gen. Qassim al Moussawi, an Iraqi military spokesman. The ISI is an umbrella organization of insurgent

groups that includes al Qaeda in Iraq. It has been seriously weakened since the height of the Iraq war, but is still able to carry out deadly attacks. On Thursday, security forces tracked Suleiman to Anbar province, said the chairman of the provincial council, Jassim al Halbousi. When troops approached his hideout, Suleiman fled in a vehicle rigged with explosives, al Halbousi said. Troops opened fire at the car, setting off an explosion that killed Suleiman. Suleiman had been named “war minister” in May, after Egyptian Abu Ayyub al Masri was killed in a U.S.-Iraqi military strike.


TRAGIC: Family members of an earthquake victim mourn their loss in Christchurch, New Zealand.

New Zealand quake toll rises to 113 BY KRISTEN GELINEAU Associated Press

CHRISTCHURCH, New Zealand — Relatives of people still missing three days after an earthquake shattered the New Zealand city of Christchurch arrived Friday from several countries to join an anxious vigil for news that looked increasingly likely to be grim. The official death toll continued to climb, to 113, and officials said rescue teams had pulled nothing but bodies from the rubble of collapsed buildings for 48 hours. Foreign Minister Murray McCully said the government was preparing to give family members from several countries “the worst type of news.” An English language school was in one of the hardest-hit buildings, the CTV office block, and students from Japan, China, the Philippines and other nations are believed to be among those inside when it collapsed. Police say up to 120 bodies are still inside

and that no one is expected to have survived. Many relatives of the missing arrived at Christchurch airport on Friday, including about 20 from Japan, who were quickly whisked onto a bus by embassy officials. The school posted an open invitation to friends and families of those missing to a meeting on Friday with police and school officials. In the arrivals hall, Danny Campos, 27, waited for his uncle’s flight from Australia. The family is original from Peru and Campos’ aunt, Elsa Torres, was a translator at the language school and is among the missing. We’re “hoping that she’s alive, but unfortunately, we just have to sit down and wait,” he said. Officials insisted that the massive effort involving more than 700 specialist teams from New Zealand and a host of other countries was a search and rescue operation, though they con-

ceded it has turned more to the recovery of bodies. “We are still hopeful that there still may be people rescued but it’s getting less and less likely,” Civil Defense Minister John Carter told reporters. Work teams on Friday began gingerly picking through the piles of crumbled stone of the iconic Christchurch Cathedral, where the spire tower collapsed and where officials have said up to 22 bodies may lay entombed. The Christchurch City Council said workers started removing loose masonry from the site to allow recovery teams in to retrieve the bodies. Another city emblem, the towering Hotel Grand Chancellor, had stopped moving on its foundations and was no longer in danger of imminent collapse, the Civil Defense Ministry said. Officials have said the badly listing building is beyond repair and will have to be demolished. Police superintendent

David Cliff said Friday morning that the latest count of bodies at a special morgue set up to deal with the dead was 113. With 228 people listed as missing, the toll of fatalities was still expected to rise. Mayor Bob Parker said 70 people had been rescued. Parker said about half the city of 350,000 had water that might be contaminated and the other half had none, and urged all to take precautions. “It’s really important that if your water is coming through the tap or is still coming in a container that that water is boiled,” he said. Power supplies also were gradually being restored. Residents have been urged to stay near home to stay out of the way of recovery workers and avoid shaky buildings. Residents and visitors are leaving the city in droves, some on special flights organized by the military.

Young Palestinians seek to end West Bank, Gaza schism BY ISABEL KERSHNER

New York Times Service

RAMALLAH, West Bank — Young Palestinians watching the revolutions in Egypt, Tunisia and elsewhere in the region have no shortage of their own protest-worthy causes. There is the 43-year Israeli occupation; frustration with the entrenched and aging leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization; lack of freedoms under the competing Palestinian authorities in the West Bank and Gaza; and more recently, anger over last Friday’s U.S. veto of a U.N. Security Council resolution condemning Israeli settlement activity as illegal, a move they said showed the “double standard” of the United States. But in recent days, Palestinian students and youth activists have been finding a voice and a focus, coalescing around a single popular issue that they believe will help the Palestinians in all of the above: ending the schism between the West Bank, where the mainstream, secularist Fatah dominates the Palestinian Authority, and Gaza, which is under the control of Fatah’s rival, the Islamic militant group Hamas.


GETTING VOCAL: The revolutions in Egypt, Tunisia and elsewhere have given Palestinian students and youth activists a new voice and focus. “This split weakens us,” said Hatem Abdul Rahim, 26, from Nablus, who volunteers for Sharek, an independent Palestinian youth organization with headquarters in Ramallah and Gaza. “It leaves the door open for the occupiers to do what they want.” Sharek, which provides youth activities and pro-

grams, organized its first protest against the split and for national unity in mid-February in Ramallah. At the time, the Palestinian Authority and Hamas were both preventing demonstrations in support of the revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia because they worried about being seen as taking sides in Middle East disputes

and about the protests’ spilling out of control. But national unity is a consensus issue among Palestinians and one to which the rival leaderships say that they subscribe. Sharek held a news conference this week in Ramallah to present a youth manifesto, adopting the slogan, “The people want an end of the schism,” an adaptation of one resounding across the Middle East, “The people want an end of the regime.” Repeated Egyptian-brokered efforts at reconciliation between Hamas and Fatah have failed. But the renewed call for unity, spearheaded by the young people, seems to be catching on. On Thursday, hundreds of Palestinians converged on Manara Square in Ramallah for a peaceful rally for national unity. Unusually, the diverse political groups that were participating put aside their own symbols and all marched under the Palestinian flag. “Ending the division has become more urgent because of the American veto,” Suheil Khader, a Palestinian union official, said at the demonstration. “We would rather be hungry than pay with our dignity.”

Demonstrations against the veto and for national reconciliation have spread to other parts of the West Bank. And given the demand in the region for more government accountability, leaders in both the West Bank and Gaza have appeared eager to respond. In the past few days, Palestinian officials have started talking about new efforts for unification. Ismail Radwan, a Hamas official in Gaza, said that his movement was consulting with national groups to find a new basis for national reconciliation. Nabil Shaath, a member of the Fatah Central Committee, said he was in contact with Hamas figures and would be heading to Gaza soon. Salam Fayyad, the Palestinian Authority prime minister, is floating the idea of forming a new unity government including Hamas, which could pave the way for national elections and for a more comprehensive reconciliation agreement. If Hamas was committed to maintaining a cease-fire with Israel, it could retain its security control in Gaza and share in the other, practical functions of government, according to Ghassan Khatib, spokesman for the govern-

ment in the West Bank. Yasser Abed Rabbo, a senior Palestinian official and aide to the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, spoke positively of the youth initiatives for national reconciliation in an interview with the official Voice of Palestine radio on Wednesday. “We also support and encourage them,” he said, “as they represent the Palestinian people’s will.” Any genuine reconciliation, which still may be a long way off, would further complicate the prospect of peace with Israel. But the Palestinians suspended short-lived negotiations last September after Israel refused to renew a moratorium on construction in West Bank Jewish settlements. As Khatib put it, “Do you see any negotiations that we should be worried about?” Among the jumble of grievances, the youth activists complain of oppression. Abu Helal noted that youths who had called on Facebook for protests in solidarity with the Arab revolutions were summoned for questioning and said that his organization had been dealt with harshly by the security forces in both Gaza, where it is currently banned, and in the West Bank.

U.S. military plans to reduce number of bases in remote Afghan valley • AFGHANISTAN, FROM 1A

Afghans see the Pech Valley and surrounding Konar province as key terrain because the insurgency against the Soviets in the 1980s first gained significant momentum in those areas. “We have to be very careful in how we manage this area,” Wardak said. The shuttering of U.S.

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bases in the Pech Valley would give Campbell additional troops for strike missions deep into the mountains where the Taliban and other insurgent forces maintain strongholds. Currently, Campbell said, too many of his troops in the valley are tied up guarding small combat outposts. “If your forces are static, it takes

away your opportunities and flexibility,” he said. The changes envisioned by Campbell would shift the U.S. mission in some of the more remote and mountainous areas from classic counterinsurgency to the pursuit of concentrations of insurgents. In more built-up regions of eastern Afghanistan, U.S. troops would remain heavily

focused on counterinsurgency missions such as safeguarding the population and trying to build governance and commerce. Wardak’s meetings with U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates this week focused on ensuring that Afghan troops will have what they need to sustain and defend themselves as U.S. forces thin out over the com-

ing years. “The priority right now for everyone is transition,” Wardak said. For the first time, he said, the Afghan military had exceeded its modest monthly goals for bringing in recruits from the Pashtun south, where the insurgency is strongest. In January, about 5 percent of the Afghan military’s

new recruits came from the southern provinces, Wardak said. “We started at a very low level and will have to gradually raise the number,” he said. He expressed hope that the small numbers of officers recruited from the south would be able to tap into tribal networks to bring in more recruits from the region.

2/26/2011 3:29:28 AM







The revenge of the Pomeranians BY GAIL COLLINS

New York Times Service

ight now concerned U.S. citizens are probably asking themselves: What will happen if the federal government shuts down? Also, why is the federal government in danger of shutting down? Whom can I blame for this? Does it have anything to do with what’s going on in Wisconsin? Did Congress pass a budget last year at all? Why not? And does this relate in any way to the report that Christine O’Donnell, the former U.S. Senate candidate from Delaware, may be joining the next cast of Dancing With the Stars? Wow, you are really asking yourselves a lot of questions, concerned citizens. Calm down. Right now, all around the country, federal agencies are making plans for an orderly way to shut down nonessential services if Congress fails to do anything to keep the boat afloat next week. The air traffic controllers will stay on the job, but I would not plan any visits to a national park if I were you.


Hundreds of thousands of nonessential federal employees will be furloughed, stuck at home without a paycheck and contemplating their nonessentialness. The economy will tank. Nobody is going to be happy. Except perhaps some of the House members, who prowl the corridors yowling about defiCOLLINS cits like accountants on crack. They think they were elected to shut down the government, so the idea of closing nonessential services must sound like a day at the beach. All hope for averting disaster lies with Speaker John Boehner, who used to be a strangely tanned blowhard but is now regarded as a beleaguered statesman. This just happened a few days ago, so you may not have gotten the memo. Unfortunately, so far, Speaker Boehner has not been all that helpful. There is very little in Washington that can’t be explained by an episode of the original Star Trek,

and Boehner is playing out the one where the Romulan captain prefers the ways of peace but is saddled with a crew that will mutiny if he fails to follow through on the plan to blow up the galaxy. Our current problem began last year, when Congress never got around to passing any appropriations bills. It’s not all that unusual for our elected officials to fail to complete their budgetary duties, but this was the first time they didn’t accomplish anything. Really, you’d think they would have issued a stamp to commemorate the achievement. To keep the government going, the House and Senate passed resolutions ordering the agencies to keep doing whatever they’d been doing before. The latest resolution expires next week, and the new, transformed House wants to tell the agencies to do less. Last week, it passed a bill calling for a vast degree of lessness. This happened without a whole lot of preplanning. Although the Republicans are obsessed with stopping illegal immigration, they

cut billions of dollars out of border security and immigration enforcement. “Even with all the money in the world, the administration would not succeed in securing the border because they are not serious about it,” theorized Lamar Smith, the chairman of the House Judiciary Committee. President Barack Obama, who has actually done quite a lot about border security, says he would veto the House version, which would wreak havoc with everything from veterans’ healthcare to Head Start. So the clock is ticking. To make things even more dramatic, the Senate’s metabolism is unchanged, and everyone has gone home to enjoy a much-needed vacation after two exhausting months during which the senators passed a bill on the Federal Aviation Administration and congratulated Barbara Mikulski on being the longest-serving female senator. One thing that never changes in Washington is the difference in metabolism between the House and Senate. Have you ever watched pet-rehabilitation shows like The

Dog Whisperer? The House is the deranged Pomeranian that yelps and throws itself against the window and tears up the upholstery 24/7. The Senate, meanwhile, is like a narcoleptic Great Dane you can hardly rouse for dinner. The senators are scheduled to get back into the swing of things on Monday with a reading of George Washington’s farewell address. Then the Senate majority leader, Harry Reid, has until Friday to come up with a plan. It’s quite a challenge. No doubt it was much on his mind when he made a big speech to the Nevada state Legislature this week and surprised everyone by demanding that the state have an “adult conversation” about its legal brothels. It did not appear to be the problem the politicians were expecting to tackle next. Still, you can understand his eagerness to talk about something nonbudgetary. I can’t wait to move on to that question about Christine O’Donnell and Dancing With the Stars, which I am pretty sure will not require an argument about entitlements.

On the phone with Libya BY NICHOLAS D. KRISTOF

New York Times Service

y telephone, I reached a family in Tripoli, Libya, with deep roots in the armed forces there, and members of the family offered some insight into what we should do to help nudge Col. Moammar Gadhafi from power. One member of the family is a senior naval officer who says that his ship and two others were ordered to sail to the major city of Benghazi, which KRISTOF has been liberated by rebels. The boats were instructed to attack Benghazi, he said, speaking through an English-speaking family member. Some of the senior officers were aghast at the idea of attacking civilians but feared summary execution if they disobeyed orders, by his account. In that tense situation, the officer said, four officials supporting Gadhafi staged a rally for him on the naval base. Other officers then hushed them up without explicitly condemning the government, my contact said, and there was a fierce argument that ended with the pro-Gadhafi group giving way because it was far outnumbered by the anti-Gadhafi forces. There has been no mutiny, and in theory the naval officers accepted their orders, my contact said. But in practice they have not yet set sail. I can’t say more for fear of getting some very brave people in trouble. Likewise, in another phone call to Tripoli, I was given firsthand information about an air force unit in the Tripoli area that is staying on base and refraining from getting involved in the fighting one way or the other. The unit’s leaders don’t dare disobey orders directly, but they are waiting and watching and sitting out the fighting for now. Those are the people we need to send signals to: Libyan military officers who are wavering about which way to turn their guns. We shouldn’t invade Libya, but there are steps the international community can take that may make a difference by influencing these officers who haven’t yet committed. Sen. John Kerry, the Genocide Intervention Network, the International Crisis Group and others have laid out sensible steps that countries can take. These include: l Offer a safe haven for Libyan pilots ordered to bomb their country. For example, they could be encouraged to land on air strips in Malta or neighboring countries. Even if not many took advantage of the offer, Gadhafi might be more reluctant to dispatch his air force if he thought he might lose it.


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l Impose financial and trade sanctions on Libya, as President Nicolas Sarkozy of France has suggested, and freeze the assets of the Gadhafi family. In particular, military exchanges and weapons transfers should be canceled. Sanctions take time to bite (aside from a cutoff from the global banking system), but they would signal to those around Gadhafi that he is going down and they should not obey his orders. l Impose a no-fly zone, as Libya’s deputy ambassador to the United Nations proposed after he defected, to prevent the government from bombing or strafing its own people. This is what we did to prevent Saddam Hussein from attacking his Kurdish population, and in Libya we could do this without dispatching NATO aircraft to hover continually over the region. We can warn Libya (publicly or quietly) that if military aircraft or ships are used against civilians, Libya’s military assets will later be destroyed. The aim is to encourage the air force and navy to keep their assets from being used against civilians. l Encourage the Arab League and African Union to continue to pressure Libya in connection with the killing of its people. Such efforts undermine Gadhafi’s nationalist warnings that this is about foreign powers trying to recolonize Libya and encourage his aides to appreciate that he is losing all his allies. l Seek a referral by the U.N. Security Council to the International Criminal Court for the prosecution of Gadhafi for crimes against humanity. Skeptics will note that none of these moves would convince Gadhafi to be any more genteel. And these are uncertain levers, creating some risk that he would respond by going after citizens of the United States. But there are two reasons why I think it’s very important to pull these levers. The first is that so many Libyans have defected or seem to be wavering. That military family in Tripoli estimates that only 10 percent of those in the Libyan armed forces are behind Gadhafi — and the rest are wondering what to do next. The second is that as this democracy uprising spreads, other despots may be encouraged to follow Gadhafi’s example. We need to make very sure that the international reaction is so strong — and the scorched-earth strategy so unsuccessful — that no other despot is tempted to declare war on his own people. So let’s not sit on our hands.


TOUGH JOB: White House Press Secretary Jay Carney has been forced to talk of universal principles, because the Obama administration doesn’t seem to have any clear policies.

A spokesman with little to say BY DANA MILBANK

Washington Post Service

here have been worse times to start a new job in Washington. When Abraham Lincoln arrived in the capital 150 years ago this week, for example, the South had already seceded. Jay Carney, the new White House press secretary, didn’t have anything quite so dire on his hands when he took over the briefing room podium last week. But U.S. President Barack Obama has put his new spokesman in an unenviable position: He is the mouthpiece of an administration that has painfully little to say. The Middle East and North Africa are erupting in violence. A shutdown of the federal government looms. State governments have been disrupted by noisy protests. And, yet, the White House has been inexplicably passive.


Tough questions CNN’s Ed Henry asked why it has taken Obama so long to speak out about the violence in Libya. “The president puts out statements on paper sometimes,” Carney explained. AP Radio’s Mark Smith pointed out that “since your briefing began, West Texas crude topped $100 a barrel. Is this just a matter of watching, or is there anything the U.S. government can do?” Carney opted for the former. “I don’t want to speculate about where prices will go, or any other potential things in the future,” he replied. “We’re just monitoring it.”

ABC’s Ann Compton asked about whether the state budget standoffs would become a national phenomenon. “I’m not going to speculate on his behalf or mine about where this debate is going,” the press secretary said. Carney even portrayed as a passive gesture the administration’s announcement that it would no longer defend in court the Defense of Marriage Act. “The administration had no choice,” he said. “It was under a court-imposed deadline to make this decision.” The passivity wasn’t the fault of the new spokesman. He merely had the uncomfortable task of articulating a coherent policy in the absence of one. Glaring problem The problem was most glaring on the Libyan uprising, which the president has handled with the detachment of a powerless observer. Finally, after days without speaking publicly about Libya, Obama addressed the cameras Wednesday evening. The president’s statement was admirably strong in its denunciation of the Libyan regime’s “outrageous” and “unacceptable” violence against its people. And he repeated the language of an earlier, written statement about the “universal rights” of the Libyan people to peaceful assembly. But when it came to articulating U.S. policy in the region, the president was again vague. He said he asked his advisors to “prepare the full range of op-

tions that we have to respond to this crisis.” He said he was continuing to determine “how the international community can most effectively support the peaceful transition to democracy in both Tunisia and in Egypt.” He ignored a reporter’s question about what action he would take on Libya. Lack of clarity That lack of clarity probably means his spokesman can expect more of the questions he got during his Wednesday briefing. ABC’s Jake Tapper asked if Carney could “articulate a policy that the Obama administration has for this sweeping wave of protests.” Carney offered a few bromides about “the universal rights of the citizens” and such. Tapper pointed out that these are principles, not policies. “Is it fair to call this policy, as it’s formulated, ad hoc or ad libbed?” Tapper inquired. The press secretary did not think this would be fair — but he had difficulty convincing the press corps. “If there is a clear set of principles, why has the president chosen to not enunciate them for several days now?” asked CNN’s Ed Henry. “So it’s fair to say we are in the midst of, sort of, changing, reworking our Middle East policy?” asked NBC’s Chuck Todd. Carney retreated to more talk about timeless principles. And that’s about the best he can do — until the president devises a policy for him to talk about.

2/26/2011 3:34:27 AM






New York Times Service

CBS and the television production studio Warner Brothers have decided to shut down production of the hit comedy Two and a Half Men, the companies said, after the show’s star, Charlie Sheen, attacked the creator of the show, Chuck Lorre, in two incendiary interviews. In a terse statement, CBS and Warner Brothers, which produces the show, said, “Based on the totality of Charlie Sheen’s statements, conduct and condition, CBS and Warner Brothers Television have decided to discontinue production of Two and a Half Men for the remainder of the season.” The decision is certain to create speculation that the show, which has been the biggest hit comedy of the last decade, may never return. Lorre has said in the past that he was not interested in reframing the show as “One and a Half Men.” If the show does not return to production next season, it would be a considerable loss for both CBS and Warner Brothers, but as one senior executive involved in the decision summed it up, “We had to do it.” The interviews were the latest in a long litany of egregious behavior by Sheen, characterized by numerous events involving drugs, alcohol and women. The network and the studio had tolerated most of the behavior because Sheen mostly managed to show up on time for work (the show shut down production twice in the past two years to give Sheen an opportunity to enter a rehabilitation program). But the two companies acted after the two interviews, the first with a syndicated radio host and then with the celebrity gossip website TMZ. In both, the actor assailed Lorre, calling him a “clown” and a “charlatan” whose “tin

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& Turmoil



IN TROUBLE: Charlie Sheen with co-star Jennifer Taylor in a scene from the hit comedy Two and a Half Men. can” of a show Sheen said he had converted into “pure gold.” Lorre, one of the most successful producers of television series in network history, has created two other comedies that are hits on CBS, The Big Bang Theory and Mike and Molly. He declined to comment. For no apparent reason, in both interviews Sheen said Lorre’s real name is Chaim Levine. He was born Charles

Levine; a Hebrew version would be Chaim. The comment struck executives at both CBS and Warner Brothers as anti-Semitic, according to an executive who had spoken with representatives of both companies. In response to the shutdown, Sheen sent a comment to TMZ. Again he attacked Lorre, saying, “What does this say about Haim Levine [Chuck Lorre] after he tried to use his words to judge

and attempt to degrade me. I gracefully ignored this folly for 177 shows.” He added, “I urge all my beautiful and loyal fans who embraced this show for almost a decade to walk with me side-by-side as we march up the steps of justice to right this unconscionable wrong.” In a previous radio appearance, Sheen had indicated he was ready to go back to work but was being

prevented by the decision to shut down production. In the interviews Thursday, he expressed rage with Lorre for not doing “his job, which is to write.” He accused Lorre of taking money from him by canceling several episodes of the show. Sheen is reported to make $1.2 million for each episode. In the TMZ interview, Sheen said, “I violently hate Chaim Levine. He’s a stupid, stupid little man.”

Beyond the attacks on Lorre, Sheen dismissed the notion that he needed help for drug addiction, saying he had cured himself “in a nanosecond.” Sheen, who had promised to enter rehabilitation after a trip to the hospital following a night of partying, later said he would undergo treatment only at his home. Two and a Half Men had been scheduled to resume production Monday.

2/26/2011 12:07:20 AM





S&P 500











Stocks recover as oil prices stabilize


Obama asks business leaders to aid economy BY JULIE PACE

Associated Press

WASHINGTON — As corporate profits rise and Wall Street earnings soar, U.S. President Barack Obama is pressing business leaders to create more jobs and find ways for struggling middle-class families to share in the nation’s economic recovery. Obama says the private sector has to do its part to ensure that “we’re not simply creating an economy in which one segment of it is doing very well, but the rest of the folks are out there treading water.” “I don’t know exactly where your future customers come from if they don’t have jobs,” Obama said dur-

ing the first meeting of his newly created jobs and competitiveness council. The president asked the 22-member council, comprised of business and labor leaders, to come up with new ideas for increasing hiring and boosting economic growth. He listed streamlining regulations and reforming tax laws as steps he would consider for creating jobs and bringing down the unemployment rate, stuck at about 9 percent. While many U.S. citizens are either without jobs or are under employed, corporate profits continue to rise and 2010 saw record-setting earnings for some Wall Street banks.

Still, many of those companies and banks are keeping trillions of dollars on the sidelines, wary of investing while the economic recovery is still fragile. Some members of the council said their companies’ economic data are showing the signs of economic disparity. American Express chief executive Kenneth Chenault said affluent U.S. citizens are spending again but lower- and middle-class people are not, in part because they don’t have access to credit. And those who do, Chenault said, are wary of using it because of uncertainty over the strength of the economy.

Boeing wins huge Air Force tankers contract

BY MATTHEW CRAFT Associated Press

NEW YORK — Stocks rose Friday as oil prices stabilized following a recent jump. The escalating turmoil in Libya still left major indexes down about 2 percent for the week. The Dow Jones industrial average rose 61.95, or 0.5 percent, to close at 12,130.45. It was the first rise for the Dow after three days of losses. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index rose 13.78, or 1.1 percent, to 1,319.88. The Nasdaq composite rose 43.15, or 1.6 percent, to 2,781.05. All three indexes are still down for the week, largely a result of the fighting in Libya. Oil prices settled at $97.88, down from a high of $103 Thursday but still up 13 percent over the last week. Oil prices have been rising, sending stocks lower, as concerns rose that violence would spread throughout North Africa and the Middle East, affecting oil production for big OPEC producers like Iran and Saudi Arabia. Those concerns eased late Thursday after the International Energy Agency said the impact was far less than analysts had estimated and that any shortfall could be easily made up by tapping oil reserves in other countries. Boeing rose 2.2 percent after the Air Force awarded the company a $35 billion contract Thursday, one of the largest ever made by the military, for nearly 200 airborne refueling tankers. DreamWorks Animation SKG fell 2.8 percent after the entertainment company reported revenue and earnings that were far below what analysts were expecting. Poor box office results from the Will Ferrell movie Megamind were partly to blame. Libya is Africa’s largest producer of oil but only ranks 15th among the world’s oil exporters. Traders have been concerned that fighting could not only threaten Libya’s oil production but also spread to other countries in the region such as Saudi Arabia. Higher oil prices also weigh on the U.S. economy by increasing the costs of moving goods and filling up gas tanks. A sustained $10 increase in the price of oil translates into a 0.2 percent cut in economic growth over 12 months, according to a recent estimate by economists at Goldman Sachs. Treasurys inched up Friday on reports the economy grew more slowly than first thought in the last three months of 2010. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note edged down to 3.42 percent from 3.46 percent late Thursday. The Commerce Department said the economy expanded at an annual rate of 2.8 percent in the October-December quarter. That’s weaker than the previous estimate of 3.2 percent. In an attempt to close budget gaps, state and local governments have cut spending much more deeply than previously thought. Despite this week’s slide, the S&P 500 is up 2.6 percent in February and 4.9 percent for the year.

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“Seventy-five percent of the credit out there is not being used,” Chenault said. “We’ve got to solve this credit issue.” Obama created the competitiveness council last month, naming General Electric chief Jeffrey Immelt as its head. The move came as Obama sought to increase his outreach to the business community and shift his economic policies from short-term stabilization to increasing employment. The economy and joblessness remain top concerns of many voters. Immelt said the council plans to deliver recommendations to the president within 90 days.


New York Times Service

Since then, Box has raised about $80 million, including the $48 million round announced Thursday. Its backers are convinced that the company’s service has a good chance to become an indispensible business tool. “We think it may be reaching an inflection point,” George Bischof, managing partner of Meritech Capital. He sees some parallels to where Facebook was in its evolution when Meritech invested in that company in 2006. It was right about the time that Facebook became available to all comers after initially confining the service to college students. Since the change, Facebook has grown from about 12 million active users to more than 500 million today. It now boasts a market

In a surprise twist to a longrunning saga, the Air Force said that it would award a $35 billion contract for aerial fueling tankers to Boeing rather than to a European company that builds Airbus planes. William J. Lynn III, deputy defense secretary, said Boeing was “the clear winner” under a formula that considered the bid prices, how well each of the planes met warfighting needs and what it would cost to operate them over 40 years. After weighing all the factors, the Pentagon determined that Boeing’s bid was more than 1 percent below that of its rival, the European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company, Lynn said. If the bids had been within 1 percent, the Air Force would have considered 92 additional requirements for the plane as a tiebreaker, and some of those were widely thought to favor the larger EADS plane. The Air Force said the first phase of the contract would be worth $3.5 billion and would cover the construction of the first 18 tankers by 2017. Boeing would build 179 tankers in all for about $35 billion. Boeing, its supporters in Congress and independent analysts were all surprised by the outcome, because in recent days, the Chicago-based company seemed to have given up hope of winning. Lawmakers from Washington state, where Boeing assembles a substantial portion of its planes, had complained that the Pentagon had given EADS extra time to bid and had implemented several evaluation rules that seemed to favor the European company, which had submitted its bid through a North American subsidiary. And the choice could still face






SAN FRANCISCO — Some technology-savvy venture capitalists are making a big bet on a promising Internet company run by a 26-year-old college dropout in Palo Alto, Calif. Only this time, the object of their financial affection isn’t Facebook and its chief executive, Mark Zuckerberg. It’s, a startup that offers online storage lockers for personal and corporate information. The privately held company is getting $48 million from a group of investors and financiers, which include two of Facebook’s major shareholders: venture capital firms Meritech Capital and Andreessen Horowitz. The similarities don’t end there. Box is based in Palo Alto, as Fa-

cebook has been for nearly seven years. Its chief executive, Aaron Levie, is 26 years old like Zuckerberg, who dropped out of Harvard University after his sophomore year in 2004 and moved to Silicon Valley to focus on building what turned into the Internet’s biggest social networking website. Levie dropped out of his college, LEVIE the University of Southern California, in 2005 to think outside the box with Box. It was an audacious decision, given that he had little to go on besides an idea backed by $11,000 that his longtime friend, Box cofounder Dylan Smith, had won in poker games.

Best Buy, Home Depot find tough times in China BY ELAINE KURTENBACH Associated Press

SHANGHAI — Home Depot is no longer open for home improvements in Beijing. Best Buy decided its brand name electronics stores were not best for China. This may well be the world’s biggest and fastest growing consumer market, but foreign retailers are finding China is no easy sell as tough competition and a boom in online shopping prompt some big names to pack up or drastically alter their market strategy. Minneapolis-based Best Buy opened its flagship store and other outlets in Shanghai just a few years ago, to great fanfare. This week it closed all nine of its brand name stores in China, stunning employees and customers: On Friday, hundreds of people were lined up outside the city’s biggest store to seek help with returns and other customer services. Best Buy says it plans to increase the number of its Five Star outlets — acquired through the company’s

purchase of provincial retailer Jiangsu Five Star Appliance in 2006 — to about 210 by early 2012. It also is studying more profitable options for its Best Buy-branded outlets and plans to reopen two of them. “We at Best Buy will not withdraw from the Chinese market. We will try to find new ways to develop,” said a notice posted outside its flagship store in Shanghai’s busy downtown Xujiahui shopping district. Despite its expanded Five Star presence, shuttering the big blue outlets in some of Shanghai’s choicest locations signals the company misjudged the local market, analysts say. “My sense is that their first error was to use a model similar to the one they use in the U.S.,” said Torsten Stocker, vice president of the consultancy Monitor Group. “Maybe their people were good at doing what Best Buy does back in America but not at operating a retailer in China.” Last month, Home Depot closed its last store in Beijing, one of sever-


UNPOPULAR DECISION: Security personnel stand guard as people line up Friday outside one of the Best Buy outlets closed earlier this week in Shanghai. al outlets shut down since 2009. The are presumably lower and competiworld’s biggest home improvement tion perhaps less intense. retailer has retained outlets in some key provincial cities, where costs • TURN TO CHINA, 2B

2/26/2011 4:15:37 AM





Foreign investment ebbs in India, and questions begin BY VIKAS BAJAJ

New York Times Service

MUMBAI — India’s rise has captured the world’s imagination, as the economy grows at nearly 9 percent a year and a growing consumer class buys cellphones, cars and homes. No wonder foreign companies are increasingly eager to tap that growth by investing here. Or are they? Despite India’s stunning growth, foreign businesses and investors have started looking elsewhere. Foreign direct investment in India fell more than 31 percent, to $24 billion, in 2010 even as investors flocked to developing nations as a group. And in the last two months, foreign investors took $1.4 billion out of the Indian stock market, helping drive the country’s Nifty 50 stock index down 17 percent from the all-time high it set in early November. The decline in foreign investment highlights the challenges outsiders still face in India, two decades after policymakers started open-

ing up the country to the world. For Indian leaders, the drop in outside money could make it harder to achieve the faster and broader economic growth that they need to create jobs and pull hundreds of millions of India’s 1.1 billion people out of poverty. While inefficiency and bureaucracy are nothing new in India, analysts and executives say foreign investors have lately been spooked by a highly publicized government corruption scandal over the awarding of wireless communications licenses. Another reason for thinking twice is a corporate tax battle between Indian officials and the British company Vodafone now before India’s Supreme Court. Meanwhile, the inflation rate — 8.2 percent and rising — seems beyond the control of India’s central bank, and has done nothing to reassure foreign investors. And multinationals initially lured by India’s fabulous growth narrative may find that the realities of the Indian

marketplace tell a more vexing story. Some companies, including the insurer MetLife and the retailing giant Walmart, for example, are eager to invest and expand here but have been waiting years for policymakers to let them. Jahangir X. Aziz, an economist with JPMorgan in Mumbai, said that while Indian policymakers have been seemingly ambivalent toward foreigners, some other emerging economies have laid out red carpets. Lately, foreign direct investment to countries like Thailand, Indonesia and Brazil has surged. Direct investment into Brazil, for instance, jumped 16 percent, to $30.2 billion last year, according to the United Nations. “In a world awash with liquidity, there are many other places to fish,” Aziz said. India’s prime minister, Manmohan Singh, told reporters last week that global investor sentiment, not Indian policies, were to blame for the investment decline. But he acknowledged that the country should improve its business

climate, and he promised that his government would outline its “reform agendas” in the budget it plans to present on Monday. “I do agree that we need to strengthen our resolve to create a favorable environment for a larger flow of funds from aboard,” Singh said. There is no doubt that investors and companies around the world are still placing bets on India’s growth. Last year foreign investors poured nearly $30 billion into the Indian stock market — and so, some profit-taking from the market’s all-time high last fall was probably to be expected. And earlier this week BP announced that it would buy into oil and gas fields here for $7.2 billion, which would be the largest foreign investment yet in India. But the broader trend signals that foreign firms and investors are concerned about their ability to do business in India. Aziz and other analysts say the slowdown in foreign money is part of a broader pullback that also includes

Indian companies. Private investment as a percentage of India’s gross domestic product fell to about 22 percent in the current fiscal year, from 25.6 percent a year earlier. Analysts say businesses are more cautious because of trouble getting regulatory approvals, as well as uncertainty about the direction of government policies. Privately, business executives complain that Indian officials are adept at proclaiming their commitment to free markets but delay specific measures to ease restrictions. Doing so is politically difficult in India because many politicians, labor unions and civil society groups prefer government spending and domestic protectionism over further economic liberalization. In the retail industry, for instance, the country still bars foreigners from owning stores that sell more than one brand of products. That restriction, meant to protect India’s many small shopkeepers, prevents Walmart, Tesco and others from selling to India’s grow-

ing consumer class. In recent months, Indian officials have sent conflicting signals about whether the government intends to ease that policy. In insurance, MetLife, which has invested $139 million in an Indian firm, would like to put more money into the country. But it is restricted by rules limiting foreign ownership in insurers to 26 percent — a ceiling that policymakers set in 1999 with the expectation that they would raise it in a few years. MetLife, which has already hit that limit, cannot grow as fast in India as it can in Brazil, where it owns 100 percent of its affiliate. Even in China, notorious for favoring its domestic firms, MetLife owns 50 percent of its insurance operation there. “Our commitment to India is as strong as it ever was,” said Shailendra Ghorpade, MetLife’s chief executive for Europe and India. “However, we would like to see an opportunity for us, and people like us, to participate fully in this marketplace.”

Tough times for Best Buy, Home Depot • CHINA, FROM 1B

Meanwhile, regulators recently ordered up to 500,000 yuan in fines for hypermarket retailers Carrefour and Walmart for overcharging on items ranging from underwear to dumpling flour — a sore point when authorities are jittery over inflation. Shanghai newspaper reports also criticized Carrefour, a French chain, of not paying its employees fair wages. FAST FOOD APPETITE


CUTTING EDGE: An EADS aerial refueling tanker aircraft refuels an F-16 fighter aircraft via a boom system.

Boeing wins Air Force tankers contract • BOEING, FROM 1B

opposition from lawmakers on the Gulf Coast, who were counting on EADS’ promise to build an assembly plant in Mobile, Ala., that would have created thousands of jobs. “I’m disappointed but not surprised,” said Sen. Richard C. Shelby, R-Ala. “Only Chicago politics could tip the scales in favor of Boeing’s inferior plane. EADS clearly offers the more capable aircraft. If this decision stands, our war fighters will not get the superior equipment they deserve.” Sen. Patty Murray, DWash., called the decision “a major victory for the American workers, the American aerospace industry and America’s military.” In a phone interview from her state, she said, “Everybody here is ecstatic. Our economy has been struggling, and this is a good news announcement that we really needed.” EADS had contended that its plane was bigger and better. EADS had also lined up companies from other politically important states, like Ohio, to supply parts. The company has 10 days to decide whether to pro-

test the decision. But it gave no indication of its plans in a statement. EADS said only that it was concerned that the Air Force had selected a “high-risk, concept aircraft” over its “proven, more capable” refueling tanker. Under the contract, Boeing will eventually build 14 planes a year at plants in Washington and Kansas. The victory will also enable the company to keep open the 767 production line at its assembly plant in Everett, Wash. EADS’ confidence that it could win the competition stemmed partly from the success that its a-330 series had in commercial sales over Boeing’s 767 jetliners. And Boeing had planned to phase out the 767 when its new 787 Dreamliner is ready for delivery. The contract, which could be the largest awarded for many years as military budgets tighten, could eventually reach $100 billion. The tankers are like flying gas stations. They transfer fuel in midflight to fighters, bombers and cargo planes. Richard L. Aboulafia, an aviation analyst at the Teal Group in Fairfax, Va., said the victory could also help Boeing in its battle with

Airbus in their much larger fight over sales of passenger jets and freighters. If EADS had won the tanker contract, it planned to eventually assemble commercial freighter planes at the plant in Mobile, giving it a manufacturing foothold that could help expand other U.S. sales. And with sharp budget cuts in Europe, “EADS also faces a home defense market that is imploding like a black hole,” Aboulafia said. “So it was imperative that they get this contract.” The award could signal the end of a long and often embarrassing effort by the Air Force to replace its aging tankers, which date to the Eisenhower and Kennedy years. The bidding represented the service’s third attempt to obtain new tankers since 2001. The first effort collapsed after Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., blew the whistle on corruption involving an airplane-leasing proposal with Boeing. Northrop Grumman and EADS then won in 2008, only to have government auditors block the award after Boeing protested that the evaluation had been too subjective. Northrop dropped out

last year, prompting the Pentagon to extend the bid deadline to give EADS more time out of concern that Boeing could charge a higher price if it were the only bidder. Boeing had complained that EADS could rely on subsidies from European governments to undercut Boeing’s price or to absorb losses if it won the contract with a low bid. Boeing’s concerns were heightened after a World Trade Organization panel concluded last year that Airbus could not have fielded all its models, including the A-330 series, when it did without the subsidies. Boeing’s chief executive, W. James McNerney Jr., had said it would be hard for Boeing to match EADS’ price while still meeting shareholder expectations for a reasonable profit on its projects. And at an investment conference this month, McNerney described Boeing’s final offer as “an aggressive but responsible bid.” He also told the investors: “I think the people in this room would be glad if we won at the bid level we put in and would be happy if we lost at a lower level.”

Some foreign retailers are thriving in China. KFC and Pizza Hut owner Yum Brands saw its annual operating profit surge 26 percent last year, pushing toward the $1 billion mark, thanks to the voracious Chinese appetite for western fast foods. The Shanghai outlets of foreign fashion retailers like H&M and Zara are often packed. As Best Buy stages its strategic retreat from China’s richest city, Apple reportedly plans a yet bigger shop right on Shanghai’s famous Nanjing Road to help accommodate weekend crowds jammed into two recently opened spacious stores. With incomes of many workers rising by more than 10 percent a year, China’s growing affluence makes it a market few companies can afford to ignore. But hitting the right notes with Chinese consumers is crucial, and not always easy, analysts say. PREMIUM EXPERIENCE Chinese customers balked at paying a premium for Best Buy’s offer of a pleasant store experience and helpful service, including its Geek Squad computer troubleshooters, said Liu Hongjiao, a senior consultant with Analysys International Solution in Beijing. While its competitors like Suning Appliance and its archrival Gome Electrical

Appliances Holdings have suppliers that take payments after their products are sold, in Shanghai Best Buy had no such advantage. Add to that costs for labor and for retail space and the overhead was just not competitive, Liu said. “Foreign companies are sometimes bolder than local ones, but the local companies know more about the local customers. They are better at controlling costs and keeping prices low,” said Ding Wenjin, an analyst with Dongguan Securities in the southern city of Dongguan. “Especially in these days of serious inflation, people are more sensitive about prices,” Ding said. In China, Best Buy has also been bested by local competitors in online sales in a market where, increasingly, purchases are done with the click of mouse. From towels and T-shirts to microwaves and cellphones — Chinese go online to comparison shop and then wait for their purchases to be sent, cash-on-delivery, straight to their homes or offices. RETAIL SALES Online retail sales doubled in China last year from 2009, to 513.1 billion yuan, according to figures from the China E-commerce Research Center. Of course, in a shoppingobsessed city like Shanghai, there is still plenty of retailing to be done: companies like Apple and Zara, which manufacture their own products, draw customers with their unique products, analysts say. “Their market positioning is high, because their products are different from local brands,” said Ding. “However, if you want to buy something like a Nokia cellphone, that’s different. It will be the same whether it’s from Best Buy, Suning or online,” he said.

Investing in a Box: $48 million bet on Internet storage service • BOX, FROM 1B

value of $50 billion, based on $1.5 billion in investments engineered by Goldman Sachs last month. Levie won’t reveal the market value implied by the latest investment in Box, but indicated it’s below $1 billion. Box finished last year with 5 million. Box users upload vari-

26PGB02.indd 2

ous documents and other content to the company’s computer centers. Storing information this way, a concept often called “cloud computing,” means it can be called up on any device with an Internet connection. That makes it easier to share with co-workers and other people. Box’s focus on the business, or “enterprise,” market makes

it seem more mundane than some of the other investments that Andreessen Horowitz has made in more widely used Internet services — a group that, besides Facebook, includes Twitter, Zynga, Skype and Groupon. It also means there probably won’t be any Oscar-nominated movies made about Box, as Zuckerberg got with The Social Network. And Levie seems

unlikely to be named Time magazine’s person of year, as Zuckerberg was last year. But that doesn’t mean Box can’t deliver a huge windfall for its investors, said John O’Farrell, a general partner at Andreessen Horowitz. “Enterprise software is a less sexy space, but that has created a huge opportunity for investors like us,” O’Farrell said.

Box offers individual storage accounts with up to 5 gigabytes of storage for free. It tries to make money by persuading companies to pay $15 per user annually to get 500 gigabytes of collective storage as well as administrative powers that allow them to control access to the information. Corporate customers can get unlimited storage for up to $35 per user.

Without providing specifics, Box says its revenue tripled last year. In a sign that the company anticipates steady growth, Levie believes Box’s current payroll of 140 employees will double within the next 18 months. Don’t look for an initial public offering of Box’s stock during that time frame. Levie says that won’t happen until at least 2013.

2/26/2011 3:31:41 AM






Britain pushes corporate gender equality



New York Times Service


CHALLENGE: Participants at a job fair in Anaheim, Calif. The U.S. economy would need to grow by 5 percent to bring down the unemployment rate.

State spending cuts slow U.S. growth From Miami Herald Wire Services

LONDON — Women should make up at least 25 percent of the boards of the largest British companies by 2015, a report commissioned by the government recommends. The report stopped short of suggesting that Britain follow other European countries, including France, Spain and Norway, in introducing compulsory quotas. But it seeks to increase the pressure on British companies to improve gender equality by asking companies to be more transparent about the gender balance in top positions. Under the guidelines, companies would have to announce to shareholders by September their goals for placing women on their boards, and state clearly how they plan to do so.

They also should regularly report the number of female board members and of women in senior positions, the report said. The recommendations were backed by the government. “Radical change is needed in the mindset of the business community if we are to implement the scale of change that is needed,” Mervyn Davies, author of the report, said in a statement. “This is not about aiming for a specific figure and is not just about promoting equal opportunities but it is about improving business performance.” Davies is a former trade minister and a former chairman of the British bank Standard Chartered. The recommendations would not lead to any new law, but they were welcomed by the British government. Vince Cable, the business

secretary, said he would “engage with business in considering the recommendations,” and “encourage regulators, investors and executive search firms to take forward those recommendations that fall to them.” France passed a law this year that would require large companies to fill at least 40 percent of their board seats with female directors within the next six years. Spain introduced a similar quota in 2007. The increase in the share of female directors has stagnated in Britain. At the 100 largest publicly traded companies, 12.5 percent of directors were women last year, compared with 12.2 percent the previous year and 12 percent in 2008, according to a study by the Cranfield School of Management in Britain. Eighteen companies

among the top 100 in Britain still have no female directors and almost half of the companies in the FTSE 250 index have no women on their boards, the report said. In the EU, 9.7 percent of the board members at the top 300 companies were women in 2008, according to the European Professional Women’s Network. In the United States, roughly 15 percent of the board members of the Fortune 500 companies are women. In China and India, they hold about 5 percent of board seats. Davies decided against introducing quotas because, he argued, each company had its own needs and ways of achieving more gender diversity, and it would not be practical to force the same change on every firm.

Deeper spending cuts by state and local governments slowed U.S. economic growth in the final three months of last year. The government’s revised estimate for the October-December quarter illustrates how growing state budget crises could hold back the economic recovery. The Commerce Department reported Friday that economic growth increased at an annual rate of 2.8 percent in the final quarter of last year. That was down from the initial estimate of 3.2 percent. State and local governments, wrestling with budget shortfalls, cut spending at a 2.4 percent pace. That was much deeper than the 0.9 percent annualized cut first estimated and was the most since the start of 2010. Still, economic growth must be stronger to make a noticeable dent in unemployment, which was 9 percent last month. The economy would need to grow 5 percent for a whole year to significantly bring down the unemployment rate. • RETAILER WALMART DE MEXICO TO OPEN 445 BUSINESSES Wal-Mart de Mexico says it will spend 19 billion pesos ($1.6 billion) to expand its operations in Mexico and Central America this year, with plans to open 445 stores. The announcement comes two days after parent company Walmart issued an earnings report showing it has relied on international growth and cost-cutting to offset sluggish U.S. sales. It says it will open 365 of the new businesses, mainly warehouse and discount stores, in Mexico — work that should generate more than 20,000 jobs and stimulate the country’s construction sector. • GERMANY INFLATION RATE HOVERS AT 2 PERCENT An official estimate shows that Germany’s annual inflation rate remained static at 2 percent in February but rising oil and energy costs fueled a month-on-month climb in prices. The Federal Statistical Office’s preliminary estimate for year-on-year inflation in Europe’s biggest economy, released Friday, was a little below economists’ 2.1 percent forecast. But the office says prices rose 0.5 percent on the month. It says oil, energy and electricity costs were the main drivers of inflation.

TORCHBEARER: Helena Morrissey, chief executive of Newton Investment Management in London, has put together a group to raise the number of women on boards without resorting to quotas.



A top economic advisor to President Hugo Chavez said that inflation in Venezuela remains in the double digits partly because of a snowball effect caused by policies implemented by the president’s predecessors. Planning Minister Jorge Giordani said that “the inflation problem in Venezuela is structural, not short-term.” He put some of the blame on “inertia” from high consumer prices that characterized the economy for decades before Chavez’s rise to power in 1999. Speaking to lawmakers in the National Assembly, Giordani said other factors today are food price increases on the world market and a Venezuelan currency devaluation that took effect Jan. 1 when the government eliminated a dual exchange rate. • ENERGY RUSSIA TO FUEL BANGLADESH’S NUCLEAR PLANS Bangladesh says Russia has agreed to build the first nuclear power plant in the energy-starved South Asian nation. The Bangladesh Ministry of Science says officials from the two countries have signed an agreement in Dhaka for the $1.5 billion plant. It says Russia agreed to supply two reactors capable of generating a total of 2,000 megawatts of electricity for the plant, which is to be built by 2018. • GAMBLING CAESARS LOSES MONEY IN FOURTH QUARTER Caesars Entertainment reported a loss for its fourth quarter, stung by the weak economy and higher asset impairment charges. The economic downturn led many gamblers to pull back on their spending. But Caesars, the world’s biggest casino company by revenue, said Friday that Las Vegas is showing signs of stabilizing while Atlantic City is still struggling. The privately-held casino and resort operator lost $196.7 million for the period ended Dec. 31. That compares with net income of $295.6 million a year ago. Impairment charges totaled $49 million versus charges of $12.3 million in the prior-year period. • MARIJUANA POT EMPORIUM TO OPEN IN CALIFORNIA It’s being called the Walmart of weed: a 10,000-squarefoot Sacramento gardening emporium that opens Saturday with how-to experts and merchandise to help medical marijuana patients grow pot. The cavernous weGrow hydroponics store marketing itself as a retail outlet is the first national franchise for a company that bills itself as a supply and training destination for legal pot growers. In coming months, weGrow plans to open stores in Arizona, Colorado, New Jersey and Oregon. The Sacramento Bee reports the enterprise started in Oakland last year as a warehouse store called iGrow.

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AIG posts widening 4Q loss of $2.2B New York Times Service

The American International Group has reported a $2.2 billion adjusted loss for its fourth quarter, as it prepares to sell a big portion of the government’s stake in the insurance company that was gained as part of a huge taxpayer-financed bailout. The loss, reported as an after-tax operating loss and driven by accounting charges, amounted to $16.20 a share, widening from $9.98 a share in the quarter a year ago. Yet the company also recorded $17.2 billion in gains from asset sales, including two big international life insurance units. Much of the loss is related to a previously disclosed a $4.1 billion charge to shore up potential losses at its Chartis property and casualty insurance unit. The accounting charge is

tied to a number of kinds of accidents, including those involving asbestos and workers’ compensation, that took place before 2005. It is meant to shore up Chartis’ reserves, which historically have been lower relative to its peers. “We completed several key restructuring milestones in the quarter, and we remain focused on long-term growth and building value at our ongoing insurance operations and other businesses,” Robert H. Benmosche, AIG’s chief executive, said in a statement. On a generally accepted accounting principles basis, AIG reported an $11.2 billion profit. For the year, the insurer said it had a $898 million after-tax operating loss, slightly larger than the same period in 2009. AIG also filed its annual report, a document that will

help serve as sort of map for potential investors in its pending stock sale. Under Benmosche, AIG has pared back its oncedizzying array of operations to focus on a few crucial areas, notably its Chartis global property and casualty insurance unit and its SunAmerica Financial domestic life insurance division. It sold off several major businesses in 2009 and 2010 to help pay down its government bailout. The performance of Chartis and SunAmerica is likely to receive increased scrutiny as the stock offering draws near. Largely because of the already disclosed charge, Chartis reported a $3.3 billion pretax loss for the fourth quarter and a $116 million loss for the year, though it showed gains in both net premiums written and net premiums earned. SunAmerica fared better,

reporting a $1.3 billion pretax gain for the quarter, up nearly 94 percent from the same time last year, and a $2.7 billion profit for the year. AIG is expected to commence a roadshow for potential investors in April and hold the offering in May, according to people briefed on the matter. The stock sale is meant to reduce the federal government’s 92.1 percent stake in the insurer. The Treasury Department received the share holdings as part of a reorganization plan that paid off AIG’s debts to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. The company is also expected to sell new stock in the offering. The exact timing and size of the stock sale — referred to by government and company officials as a “re-IPO” — will depend on market conditions.

Samsung, Quintiles to form drug venture BY KELLY OLSEN

Associated Press

SEOUL — Samsung said it will form a joint venture with a U.S. drug testing company in its first significant project in biopharmaceuticals — a sector the South Korean conglomerate is targeting for growth. Samsung said in a release Friday that three of its group companies are partnering with clinical research company Quintiles Transnational in a venture with capital of 300 billion won ($266 million). The Samsung companies, which include conglomerate flagship Samsung Electronics, will own 90 percent of the venture. Durham, N.C.based Quintiles, a contract research organization that tests drugs for pharmaceu-

tical companies, will take 10 percent. Samsung said initial plans are for a factory to be constructed in Incheon, a major port city west of Seoul, to produce biopharmaceutical drugs to treat cancer and arthritis. Biopharmaceuticals are made by using living organisms such as cells and bacteria. Traditional drugs are typically produced from inert chemicals. Construction of the factory will begin during the first half of this year, Samsung said. Production is expected to commence in the first half of 2013. The drugs will be produced on a contract manufacturing basis for other pharmaceutical companies, though Samsung said that it

plans to eventually develop new biopharmaceuticals. Samsung, a diverse conglomerate consisting of dozens of businesses with interests in electronics, shipbuilding, finance, leisure and other areas, announced an aggressive plan in May of last year to invest 23.3 trillion won in new businesses over 10 years, targeting solar cells, rechargeable cells for hybrid electric vehicles, LED technologies, biopharmaceuticals and medical devices. The conglomerate said at the time that it would invest 2.1 trillion won in biopharmaceuticals. “Today’s announcement signals the first major step of these plans,” Samsung said Friday. Samsung Electronics, the world’s biggest manufac-

turer of flat screen televisions and computer memory chips, will hold 40 percent of the venture, with Samsung Everland taking a similar share. Samsung Everland is a theme park and resort operator widely seen as the de facto holding company for the conglomerate. Samsung C&T, the group’s construction and trading arm, will take 10 percent. Samsung said it expects the venture to create more than 300 new jobs to be filled from abroad and from Samsung affiliates. The conglomerate said last year when announcing its 10-year investment plan that it expected to create about 45,000 jobs and achieve an additional 50 trillion won in annual revenue for affiliate companies by 2020.

2/26/2011 4:35:18 AM



DOW 12,130.45



S&P 500 1,319.88


NASDAQ 2,781.05



Dow Jones industrials


Close: 12,130.45 Change: 61.95 (0.5%)





30-YR T-BONDS 4.51%


Nasdaq composite


Close: 2,781.05 Change: 43.15 (1.6%) 10 DAYS

3,000 2,800


2,600 11,200 2,400 10,400 9,600

2,200 S



DOW DOW Trans. DOW Util. NYSE Comp. NASDAQ S&P 100 S&P 500 S&P 400 Wilshire 5000 Russell 2000

DOI;D7I: 1,831 2,028 2114 524 88 18


The dollar rose from recent lows against the euro and British pound Friday. The dollar index, which compares the dollar against six other widely traded currencies, rose 0.30 percent.






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O;IJ 3435.44 7185.17 6001.20 23012.37 4070.38 36880.20 10526.76 66902.50 14052.13 Follow the stock markets at business: â&#x2013; Check local stocks â&#x2013;  Track your portfolio â&#x2013;  Customize a watch list â&#x2013;  Calculate returns

IjeYaie\Iekj^ <beh_ZW?dj[h[ij D7C;:?LBWij9^]9^] AMR (AMR) AT&T Inc (T) Alico (ALCO) AmExp (AXP) Assurant (AIZ) AutoNatn (AN) Avatar (AVTR) BB&T Cp (BBT) BE Aero (BEAV) BkofAm (BAC) BkAtl A h (BBX) BankUtd n (BKU) BeasleyB (BBGI) Benihana (BNHN) BenihanaA (BNHNA) Bluegreen (BXG) Carnival (CCL) CatalystPh (CPRX) CerusCp (CERS) Chicos (CHS) CitrixSys (CTXS) Comcast (CMCSA) CnsTom (CTO) Continucre (CNU) CrssCtryHl (CCRN) Darden (DRI) Disney (DIS) Dreams (DRJ) Dycom (DY) h (DIET) EqtyOne (EQY) FedExCp (FDX) Flanign (BDL) GeoGrp (GEO) HackettGp (HCKT) HarrisCorp (HRS) Heico s (HEI) Heico A s (HEI/A) IntlSpdw (ISCA) IntervalLs (IILG) IsleCapri (ISLE) IvaxDiag (IVD) LadThalFn (LTS) LennarA (LEN) Macys (M) MAKO Srg (MAKO) MarineMx (HZO) Mastec (MTZ) McClatchy (MNI) Mednax (MD) NABI Bio (NABI) NatlBevrg (FIZZ) FPL Group (NEE) OcwenFn (OCN) OfficeDpt (ODP) OpkoHlth (OPK) Parlux (PARL) PerryEllis (PERY) PetMed (PETS) Protalix (PLX) RJamesFn (RJF) RepubSvc (RSG) RylCarb (RCL) Ryder (R) SBA Com (SBAC) SFN Grp (SFN) StJoe (JOE) SeacorHld (CKH) SpanBdc h (SBSA) SunTrst (STI) SwisherH n (SWSH) TIB Fn rs (TIBB) TenetHlth (THC) Terremk (TMRK) TevaPhrm (TEVA) Tongjitng (TCM) TradeStatn (TRAD) 21CentHld (TCHC) UltimSoft (ULTI) UPS B (UPS) VectorGp (VGR) Vonage (VG) Watsco (WSO) Winn-Dixie (WINN) WorldFuel (INT)

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... 1.72f 0.10e 0.72 0.64 ... ... 0.60 ... 0.04 ... ... ... ... ... ... 1.00f ... ... 0.20f ... 0.45f 0.04 ... ... 1.28 0.40f ... ... ... 0.88 0.48 0.10e ... ... 1.00 0.12 0.12 0.16f ... ... ... ... 0.16 0.20 ... ... ... ... ... ... 2.30e 2.20f ... ... ... ... ... 0.50 ... 0.52f 0.80 ... 1.08 ... ... ... 15.00e ... 0.04 ... ... ... ... 0.78e ... ... ... ... 2.08f 1.60b ... 2.28f ... 0.15

6.64 28.13 25.88 43.53 40.64 33.51 21.59 27.65 34.34 14.20 1.04 28.82 6.05 9.00 9.10 4.29 42.78 1.14 3.49 13.83 70.93 25.26 32.98 5.46 8.22 47.28 42.95 2.88 16.65 .62 18.76 89.88 8.30 25.03 3.59 46.45 55.73 39.33 28.11 16.95 9.24 1.19 1.00 20.32 23.60 20.78 8.63 17.88 4.11 65.12 5.66 12.83 54.69 10.79 5.41 4.50 3.14 29.87 14.86 7.63 37.84 29.25 44.15 47.47 42.37 13.58 27.67 96.09 .94 30.82 6.18 19.65 7.07 18.94 50.46 4.40 6.82 3.20 53.64 73.46 16.98 4.29 64.81 6.99 41.36

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MA CE GJH 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0

OJ: -2.50% +3.92% +1.72% -0.10% +6.98% -4.33% +2.91% -3.47% +4.53%




MA CE GJH 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

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0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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4.52 31.43 4.51 7.14 3.06 2.35 15.00 13.01 2.40 28.29

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MedAssets NutriSyst Protalix CitiR2K3-14 NovtlWrls CSVS2xVxS GlobusM n ArcWirelss NoahHld n HKN

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132.33 +1.40


10.53 +1.35




CRUDE OIL $97.88


EURO 1.3741




GOLD $1,408.70








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121.94 121.92 10.72 10.72 5.81 53.61 127.03 9.93 25.79 10.50 13.13 121.08 121.09 30.08 19.58 22.90 20.15 13.30 10.99 15.86 68.97 71.57 10.78 10.78 19.67 12.76 22.78 22.49 13.62 13.05 10.56 10.56 10.56 10.56 16.16 33.27 33.27 33.25 22.16 53.70 32.29 55.77 48.15 14.32 27.13

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D;J'OH O;IJFLI9>=7=E Unleaded Gas (gal) 2.74 2.72 +.02 2.04 Crude Oil (bbl) 97.88 97.28 +.60 78.17 Gold (oz) 1408.70 1415.20 -6.50 1107.80 Platinum (oz) 1803.40 1786.80 +16.60 1531.20 Silver (oz) 32.90 33.17 -.27 16.11 Coffee (lb) 2.68 2.64 +.04 1.28 Orange Juice (lb) 1.83 1.83 ... 1.38 Sugar (lb) 0.32 0.31 +.01 .24

9ecX_d[ZIjeYai DWc[ ABB Ltd ACE Ltd AES Corp AFLAC AGCO AMB Pr ASML Hld AU Optron AbtLab AberFitc Accenture AcmePkt ActivsBliz AdobeSy AdvAuto AMD AdvSemi Advantest AecomTch Aegon Aetna AfďŹ lMgrs Agilent Agnico g Agrium g AirProd Airgas Aixtron AkamaiT Albemarle AlbertoC n AlcatelLuc Alcoa Alcon Alere AlexREE Alexion AllgEngy AllegTch Allergan AlliData AlliHold AlliantEgy AllscriptH Allstate AlphaNRs AlteraCp lf Altria Alumina AlumChina AmBevC s AmBev s Amazon Amdocs Ameren AMovilL AMovilA AmCapLtd AEP AFnclGrp AmIntlGrp AmTower AmWtrWks Amerigas Ameriprise AmeriBrgn Ametek s Amgen Amphenol Anadarko AnalogDev AnglogldA ABInBev Annaly Ansys Aon Corp Apache ApolloGrp Apple Inc ApldMatl Aptargrp ArcelorMit ArchCap ArchCoal ArchDan AresCap ArmHld ArrowEl Ashland AstraZen Atheros Atmel ATMOS Autodesk Autoliv AutoData AutoZone AvagoTch AvalonBay AveryD Aviva Avnet Avon AXIS Cap B Comm BB&T Cp BCE g BHP BillLt BHPBil plc BMC Sft BOK BP PLC BRFBrasil s BT Grp BabckW n Baidu s BakrHu BallCp wi BanColum BcBilVArg BcoBrades

BWij 9^] 24.20 63.28 12.26 57.84 53.93 35.67 43.53 8.98 47.64 56.81 52.18 76.65 11.11 34.63 62.63 9.29 5.78 20.76 28.45 7.62 37.33 107.00 42.36 69.22 94.50 91.42 62.51 40.93 39.48 57.24 37.22 4.85 16.68 164.94 38.08 78.33 94.92 24.99 66.36 74.51 78.35 54.78 38.61 21.38 31.48 54.65 42.63 24.94 9.77 24.08 22.27 26.50 177.24 29.41 27.52 56.24 55.98 9.29 35.28 34.37 38.54 53.76 27.37 48.57 63.52 37.39 42.14 52.26 56.85 81.22 39.99 48.50 55.20 17.75 55.83 52.49 123.53 45.77 348.16 16.12 48.04 36.00 89.90 33.40 36.88 17.66 30.11 39.41 56.74 48.09 44.77 14.97 33.73 42.75 74.30 49.61 255.39 34.36 118.11 39.36 15.15 34.49 27.94 36.11 32.50 27.65 36.46 93.91 78.85 48.93 51.44 48.10 17.66 29.03 32.65 120.59 71.50 36.10 55.60 12.34 19.27

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DWc[ Citigrp CitiTdecs CityNC CliffsNRs Clorox Coach CobaltIEn CCFemsa CCHellenic CocaCola CocaCE CognizTech ColgPal Comc spcl Comerica CmcBMO CmtyHlt CBD-Pao s CompSci ConAgra ConchoRes ConocPhil ConsolEngy ConEd ConstellA ConstellEn ContlRes Cooper Ind Copart Copel CoreLab s CornPdts Corning Corpbnca s Costco Covance CoventryH Covidien Credicp CredSuiss Cree Inc CrwnCstle CrownHold CullenFr Cummins CypSemi DR Horton DTE Danaher s DaVita DeVry DeckOut s Deere DelMnte Delhaize Dell Inc DeltaAir DenburyR Dndreon Dentsply DeutschBk DevelDiv DevonE Diageo DiaOffs DicksSptg DigitalRlt DirecTV A Discover DiscCm A DiscCm C DishNetwk DrReddy DollarGen DllrTree s DomRescs Domtar grs Donldson DonlleyRR Dover DowChm DrPepSnap DresserR Dril-Quip DuPont DukeEngy DukeRlty DunBrad ETrade rs eBay EMC Cp ENI EOG Res EQT Corp EstWstBcp EastChm Eaton EatnVan EVTxMGlo Ecolab Ecopetrol EdisonInt EdwLfSci s ElPasoCp ElPasoPpl Elan EldorGld g ElectArts EAndinB Embraer EmersonEl EElChile EnbrEPtrs Enbridge EnCana g EndoPhrm Energen Energizer EngyTEq EngyTsfr

BWij 9^] 4.70 134.95 59.49 95.23 67.98 54.53 15.14 72.34 26.81 64.31 26.57 76.51 78.12 23.94 38.83 40.00 39.95 37.52 48.59 23.00 109.79 77.28 49.81 49.41 20.34 30.18 69.03 63.22 41.19 25.21 101.91 48.83 22.60 22.07 73.57 56.84 30.08 50.73 100.00 46.32 53.18 42.67 38.51 39.77 59.39 102.33 21.83 11.92 46.98 50.51 78.58 54.72 88.30 90.49 18.94 77.09 15.13 11.12 24.32 33.66 36.74 63.97 13.96 90.35 77.77 77.60 37.02 57.98 46.03 21.82 42.91 38.13 23.45 33.69 28.00 50.47 45.00 88.28 55.92 18.43 64.06 36.32 36.43 49.84 79.02 54.07 17.87 13.52 80.80 15.89 33.63 26.90 48.42 111.75 48.72 22.98 91.35 106.93 31.39 10.47 48.23 41.76 36.01 86.40 18.49 37.10 6.38 16.61 19.18 27.45 33.57 59.97 51.17 66.47 58.97 32.29 34.33 60.96 68.46 40.03 53.92

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DWc[ Enerpls g Enersis ENSCO Entergy EntPrPt Equifax Equinix EqtyRsd EricsnTel ErieInd EssexPT EsteeLdr EverestRe ExcoRes Exelon Expedia ExpdIntl ExpScrip s ExxonMbl F5 Netwks FLIR Sys FMC Corp FMC Tech FactsetR FamilyDlr Fastenal FedRlty FibriaCelu FidlNFin FidNatInfo FifthThird Finisar FstRepB n FstSolar FirstEngy Fiserv Flextrn Flowserve Fluor FocusMda FEMSA FordM FordC pfcld ForestLab ForestOil FortuneBr Fossil Inc FosterWhl FranceTel FrankRes FMCG s FresenM FresM pr FrontierCm Gallaghr Gannett Gap GardDenv Garmin Gartner GenDynam GenElec GenGrPr n GenMills s GenMot n Genpact Gentex GenuPrt Genworth Genzyme Gerdau Gildan GileadSci GlaxoSKln GlobPay GolLinhas GoldFLtd Goldcrp g GoldmanS Goodrich Goodyear Google Graingr GtPlainEn GreenMtC s GpTelevisa Guess HCC Ins HCP Inc HDFC Bk HSBC Hallibrtn HansenNat HarleyD Harman HarmonyG HartfdFn Hasbro HltCrREIT Heinz HelmPayne HSchein Herbalife Hershey Hertz Hess HewlettP Hitachi HollyCp Hologic HomeDp Honda HonwllIntl Hormel s Hospira HostHotls HuanPwr HubbelB HudsCity HumGen Humana

BWij 9^] 31.74 19.88 55.41 70.93 43.41 35.20 87.49 53.36 12.43 69.23 121.10 92.99 88.23 20.31 41.29 20.14 47.67 55.43 85.34 120.18 31.99 76.04 92.64 105.00 50.54 61.51 83.03 14.34 13.86 32.03 14.60 41.10 29.30 155.72 37.75 63.00 8.12 125.30 69.16 27.04 55.85 15.07 50.83 31.88 36.14 61.57 77.87 35.82 22.10 124.94 52.45 65.61 55.00 8.42 31.11 16.34 22.75 71.61 33.17 37.70 75.94 20.82 15.58 37.14 33.25 14.00 30.65 52.33 13.30 75.39 13.49 31.65 39.01 38.28 47.96 13.27 17.63 46.98 165.12 86.97 13.90 610.04 131.72 19.17 41.57 23.66 45.83 31.30 37.04 145.91 57.27 47.03 59.00 40.87 48.95 11.67 29.42 44.61 50.86 50.00 64.78 69.42 78.20 51.95 15.14 84.80 42.68 59.12 57.82 20.56 37.08 43.37 57.28 27.15 53.31 18.38 22.07 67.74 11.38 25.13 62.60

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DWc[ HuntJB HuntBnk Huntsmn Hyatt IAMGld g ICICI Bk IdexxLabs IHS Inc ING ITC Hold ITT Corp Icahn Ent IDEX ITW Illumina ImpOil gs IndoTel Inergy Informat InfosysT IngerRd IngrmM IntegrysE Intel IntcntlEx IntCtlHtl IBM IntFlav IntlGame IntPap IntTower g InterOil g Interpublic Intuit IntSurg Invesco IronMtn ItauUnibH IvanhM g JDS Uniph JPMorgCh Jabil JacobsEng Jefferies JohnJn JohnsnCtl JonesLL JoyGlbl JnprNtwk KB FnclGp KBR Inc KKR n KLA Tnc KT Corp KC Southn Kellogg Kennamtl Keycorp KimbClk Kimco KindME KindMor n KindMM KineticC KingPhrm Kinross g Kohls KoreaElc Kraft Kroger Kubota Kyocera L-3 Com LAN Air LG Display LKQ Corp LPL Inv n LSI Corp LabCp LamResrch LVSands Lazard LearCorp LegacyRes LeggMason LeggPlat LenderPS LeucNatl LibGlobA LibGlobC LibtyMIntA LibMCapA LibStarzA LibtProp LifeTech LillyEli Limited LincNat LinearTch LinnEngy LloydBkg LockhdM Loews Logitech Lorillard Lowes Lubrizol lululemn g Luxottica LyonBas A M&T Bk MDU Res MEMC MGM Rsts MSCI Inc Macerich MagelMPtr MagnaI gs Makita ManpwI Manulife g

BWij 9^] 41.06 6.94 17.72 45.86 20.94 43.88 77.65 84.17 12.31 67.77 57.95 42.90 41.07 53.56 69.54 51.30 33.90 41.13 47.65 67.34 45.18 19.98 48.52 21.86 126.91 22.06 162.28 56.93 16.26 28.08 9.34 74.92 12.57 52.40 334.93 26.40 26.06 22.05 27.42 24.80 46.68 20.93 49.67 24.29 59.64 40.68 97.50 93.93 43.90 49.45 32.78 17.19 48.96 19.97 54.09 53.15 38.02 9.29 65.08 18.88 73.25 30.50 65.35 47.34 14.24 16.00 53.34 12.44 31.71 22.86 51.01 103.18 79.95 27.17 16.20 23.60 32.78 6.42 89.68 55.35 46.00 43.56 106.29 30.77 36.12 22.93 33.70 32.97 42.75 40.61 16.83 68.89 68.87 33.15 53.50 34.09 32.32 31.58 34.82 39.70 4.05 80.11 42.91 19.15 77.19 25.27 108.47 76.83 30.78 38.17 88.56 21.11 14.47 14.06 36.10 48.62 59.83 50.32 40.95 64.51 18.73

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DWc[ MarathonO Markel MarkWest MarIntA MarshM MarshIls MartMM MarvellT Masco MasseyEn MasterCrd Mattel MaximIntg McCorm McDrmInt s McDnlds McGrwH McKesson McAfee MeadJohn MeadWvco Mechel MedcoHlth Medtrnic MelcoCrwn Merck MetLife MetroPCS MettlerT Microchp MicronT MicrosSys Microsoft Millicom MitsuUFJ Mitsui MizuhoFn MobileTel s Mohawk Molex MolexA MolsCoorB Molycorp n Monsanto Moodys MorgStan Mosaic MotrlaSol n MotrlaMo n MurphO Mylan NII Hldg NRG Egy NTT DOCO NV Energy NVR NXP Sem n NYSE Eur Nabors NalcoHld NasdOMX NBkGreece NatFuGas NatGrid NatInstr s NOilVarco NatRetPrp NatSemi NatwHP NatResPtrs Navistar NetServic NetApp Netease NetďŹ&#x201A;ix Nevsun g NwGold g NewOriEd NY CmtyB NewellRub NewďŹ&#x201A;dExp NewmtM NewsCpA NewsCpB Nexen g NextEraEn NiSource Nidec NielsenH n NikeB NipponTT NobleCorp NobleEn NokiaCp Nomura NordicAm Nordson Nordstrm NorďŹ&#x201A;kSo NortelInv NoestUt NorTrst NorthropG NovaGld g Novartis Novlus NovoNord NSTAR NuanceCm Nucor NustarEn Nvidia OGE Engy OReillyAu OcciPet Oceaneer OilStates Omncre Omnicom OnSmcnd ONEOK

BWij 9^] 48.62 +.49 411.80 +9.00 44.70 +.74 39.31 +.84 30.20 +.22 7.67 +.07 88.08 +1.44 18.92 +.91 13.19 +.45 63.99 +.90 246.71 +2.53 24.92 +.29 27.63 +.90 47.34 +.32 22.78 +.44 74.44 -.16 38.07 +.41 79.21 +1.18 47.98 +.01 60.70 +1.49 29.71 +.49 29.59 +.88 62.63 +1.29 39.88 +.38 6.83 +.04 32.19 +.16 46.78 +.56 14.11 +.58 171.01 +2.75 37.33 +.61 11.44 +.53 47.38 +1.18 26.55 -.22 88.42 +1.78 5.50 +.08 360.38 +6.18 4.08 +.11 18.59 +.08 58.45 +1.53 27.58 +.45 22.88 +.39 45.00 +.34 48.65 +1.66 72.21 +1.67 31.24 +1.48 29.87 +.38 84.93 +2.73 38.14 +.61 30.61 +.19 73.47 +.60 22.61 +.48 42.43 +.59 19.55 +.25 18.77 -.03 14.63 +.19 728.06 +13.60 30.55 +1.43 37.00 -.02 28.34 +.69 25.74 +.61 28.41 +.39 1.95 -.03 72.68 +.94 46.43 +.56 31.24 +.48 79.83 +1.94 25.22 +.64 15.59 +.54 38.96 +.92 35.69 +.49 61.15 +1.12 10.77 +.04 52.47 +1.63 46.15 +.69 212.44 -2.74 5.67 +.15 9.62 +.29 96.81 +3.71 18.63 +.34 19.42 +.19 72.14 +2.82 54.46 -.30 17.32 +.56 18.34 +.50 26.34 +.57 54.69 +.28 18.95 +.22 23.12 +.19 25.99 +.04 87.98 +1.46 24.54 44.19 +.64 89.19 +2.43 8.65 +.02 6.24 +.12 24.41 +.65 109.84 +.23 45.49 +.49 64.66 +.55 29.51 +.44 33.60 +.71 52.21 +.07 66.49 -.51 13.81 +.65 55.25 +.40 40.30 +1.48 124.44 +2.87 44.64 +.85 18.86 +.12 46.92 69.26 +.56 23.12 +.47 47.90 +.58 55.34 +.76 103.10 +1.34 82.51 +4.64 73.38 +2.83 28.42 +.85 49.92 +1.16 11.38 +.28 64.01 +.94

DWc[ ONEOK Pt OpenTxt Oracle Orix OshkoshCp OwensCorn OwensIll PG&E Cp PNC POSCO PPG PPL Corp Paccar PallCorp PanASlv Panasonic PaneraBrd ParkerHan PartnerRe Patterson PattUTI Paychex PeabdyE Pearson Pengrth g PennWst g Penney Pentair PeopUtdF PepcoHold PepsiCo PerkElm Perrigo PetChina Petrohawk PetrbrsA Petrobras PetsMart PďŹ zer PharmPdt PhilipMor PhilLD PhilipsEl PhlVH PinWst PioNtrl PitnyBw PlainsAA PlainsEx PlumCrk Polo RL Polycom Popular PortglTel Potash wi Praxair PrecCastpt PrecDrill PriceTR priceline PrideIntl PrinFncl ProctGam ProgrssEn ProgsvCp ProLogis Prudentl Prud UK PSEG PubStrg QEP Res n QIAGEN Qualcom QuantaSvc QstDiag Questar s QwestCm Rackspace Ralcorp Randgold RangeRs Rayonier Raytheon RltyInco RedHat ReedElsNV ReedEls plc RgcyCtrs RegncyEn Regenrn RegionsFn ReinsGrp RelStlAl RenaisRe Repsol RschMotn ResMed s ReynAm s RioTinto s Riverbed s RobtHalf RockwlAut RockColl RockwdH RogCm gs Roper RossStrs Rovi Corp Rowan RoyalBk g RBScotlnd RoyDShllB RoyDShllA Ryanair SAIC SAP AG SCANA SEI Inv SK Tlcm SLGreen SLM Cp

BWij 9^] 83.18 58.40 32.95 53.79 35.70 35.36 30.47 45.84 61.88 102.26 87.43 24.81 50.12 54.76 38.06 13.42 116.31 88.55 78.91 33.09 27.59 33.07 65.30 16.90 12.75 28.54 34.16 37.21 13.11 18.43 63.60 26.50 75.91 134.27 21.59 35.30 40.38 41.17 18.86 28.26 62.25 50.64 32.12 60.26 41.72 102.86 24.91 65.18 38.20 41.44 125.29 48.22 3.22 11.53 60.00 98.30 142.23 11.59 67.12 460.03 41.19 33.94 62.84 45.30 20.43 15.85 64.77 22.48 32.42 110.57 39.07 20.65 59.02 22.28 56.67 17.69 6.66 37.16 65.58 81.30 54.28 60.69 51.24 35.64 41.34 26.09 35.36 44.35 27.59 37.00 7.56 59.28 55.11 67.14 33.37 65.99 31.46 33.98 69.57 41.79 31.88 88.82 64.76 45.86 35.10 83.21 71.67 56.83 42.45 57.88 14.69 71.48 71.60 29.08 15.91 59.69 40.36 23.09 17.52 73.07 14.96

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DWc[ SM Energy SPX Cp STMicro SABESP Safeway StJude Salesforce SanDisk SandRdge SanoďŹ SaraLee Sasol Schlmbrg Schwab Scotts ScrippsNet SeadrillLtd SeagateT SealAir SearsHldgs SempraEn Sensata n ShawC gs ShawGrp Sherwin Shinhan Shire SiderNac s Siemens SigmaAld SignetJwlrs Slcnware SilvWhtn g SimonProp SimsMetal Sina SinopcShng SiriusXM SkywksSol Smith&N SmithfF Smucker SmurfStn n SnapOn SocQ&M Solera SonocoP SonyCp Sothebys SouthnCo SthnCopper SoUnCo SwstAirl SwtGas SwstnEngy SpectraEn SprintNex StanBlkDk Staples Starbucks StarwdHtl StateStr Statoil ASA StlDynam Stericycle SterlngBcp Sterlite Stryker Subsea 7 SumitMitsu SunLfFn g Suncor gs Sunoco Symantec Syngenta Synopsys Sysco TAM SA TD Ameritr TECO TFS Fncl TIM Partic TJX TRWAuto TaiwSemi TalecrisBio TalismE g Target TataMotors Taubmn TeckRes g TelNorL TlcmArg TelItalia TelItaliaA TelSPaulo TelefEsp s TelMexA TelMexL TelData Telus g TempurP Tenaris Teradata Teradyn Terex Ternium Tesoro TexInst Textron ThermoFis ThomsonR 3M Co TibcoSft Tidwtr Tiffany THorton g TW Cable TimeWarn Timken

BWij 9^] 72.07 79.01 12.73 50.98 21.54 48.01 138.83 50.18 10.53 34.18 17.14 55.13 92.85 18.91 55.00 51.95 38.12 12.83 27.45 83.10 53.43 33.22 21.20 40.14 81.70 85.19 84.91 16.25 130.06 62.89 43.78 6.71 40.63 106.98 19.49 81.48 53.41 1.77 35.99 58.07 22.90 68.51 38.70 56.87 52.85 82.45 51.86 35.97 36.48 48.26 38.06 42.41 28.24 11.79 38.93 38.87 26.36 4.31 75.11 20.94 32.50 61.55 44.80 26.11 18.42 85.86 10.03 14.25 63.06 25.65 7.45 33.21 45.86 42.18 18.15 65.78 27.73 27.91 21.18 21.67 17.92 10.47 37.73 50.33 57.67 12.29 24.92 24.52 52.36 24.36 53.67 55.32 15.95 23.48 15.07 12.63 24.22 25.11 17.99 17.96 33.58 46.79 47.11 45.12 47.48 18.65 34.19 35.83 24.17 35.62 27.15 55.56 39.24 90.25 24.58 61.66 61.15 43.21 71.29 37.90 49.22

+4.39 +.72 +.21 +.09 -.08 +1.00 +4.51 +1.16 +1.35 +.03 +.29 +.92 +3.20 +.15 +1.67 +.51 +.80 +.09 +.23 +.70 +.45 +.18 +.23 +.49 +.58 -.35 +3.46 -.08 +.25 +.82 +.60 +.08 +2.01 +1.34 +.71 +3.48 +1.97 +.07 +1.08 +.64 +.89 +1.02 +.46 +1.38 +1.30 +.36 +1.03 +.76 +.74 +1.33 +.31 +.63 +1.33 +.03 +.89 +1.26 +.26 +.05 +.88 +.23 +.59 +1.52 +.53 -.02 -.11 +1.40 +.11 +.06 +1.50 +.71 +.09 +.38 +1.17 +.88 +.33 +.71 +.39 +.13 +.05 +.63 +.22 +.36 +.23 +.09 +2.54 +.17 +.03 +.14 +.36 +.37 +1.40 +1.84 +.02 +.36 +.70 +.56 +.12 +.21 +.44 +.02 +.64 +.46 +1.81 +.81 +.61 +.49 +.49 +.14 +1.16 +.19 +.65 +.23 +.39 +.22 +.57 +1.70 +.60 +.57 +.39 +.48 +.76

DWc[ TitanMet TollBros Trchmrk TorDBk g Total SA TotalSys TowersWat Toyota TractSup s TrCda g Trnsalta g TransAtlH TransDigm Transocn Travelers TrimbleN Tuppwre Turkcell TycoElec TycoIntl Tyson UBS AG UDR UGI Corp UMH Prop URS UltraPt g Ultrapar s UnilevNV Unilever UnionPac UtdContl UtdMicro US Bancrp US Cellular USSteel UtdTech UtdTherap UtdhlthGp UnivHlthS UnumGrp UrbanOut VF Cp Vale SA Vale SA pf ValeantPh ValeroE Valspar VarianMed VarianSemi Ventas VeoliaEnv VeriFone Verisign Verisk VerizonCm VertxPh ViacomB VimpelC n VirgnMda h Visa Visteon n VivoPart VMware Vodafone Vornado VulcanM WPP plc WABCO WaddellR WalMart Walgrn WalterEn WarnerCh s WshPst WasteCon s WsteMInc Waters WatsnPh WeathfIntl WebMD WtWatch WeinRlt WellPoint WellsFargo WDigital WstnUnion WestlkChm Westpac Weyerh Whrlpl WhtMtIns WhitingPt s WholeFd WmsCos WmsPtrs WmsSon WillisGp WimmBD Windstrm Wipro s WiscEn WooriFn Wyndham Wynn XL Grp XcelEngy Xerox Xilinx YPF Soc Yahoo Yamana g YanzhouC Youku n YumBrnds Zimmer ZionBcp

BWij 9^] 19.15 +.29 21.32 +.38 64.37 +.96 82.65 +2.13 60.28 +.48 17.63 +.37 58.51 +.75 91.75 +1.65 51.87 +1.25 39.34 +.57 20.82 +.13 50.24 +.84 80.34 +1.11 82.80 +2.18 59.60 +.27 48.85 +1.93 54.00 +1.01 14.11 -.04 35.69 +.20 44.74 +.04 18.87 +.62 19.78 +.26 23.80 +.42 32.01 +.62 10.41 46.49 +1.05 44.70 +.41 15.57 -.23 30.20 +.39 29.65 +.36 94.03 +.32 23.95 -.16 2.86 +.03 27.52 +.02 49.63 +1.75 56.76 -.37 83.37 +.65 67.99 +.86 42.52 -.23 45.22 +1.54 26.60 +.37 37.49 +.42 95.98 -.02 34.27 +.06 29.93 -.02 40.11 +.11 28.56 +1.76 38.20 +.73 68.66 +.78 48.21 +1.95 57.19 +1.06 32.58 +.43 45.94 +.81 35.98 +.35 32.49 +.05 35.97 +.39 44.84 +1.26 44.64 +.70 13.93 +.01 26.99 +.12 74.68 +.77 73.25 +1.28 36.23 +1.03 85.59 +.97 28.35 +.17 89.98 +2.14 44.97 +1.67 67.27 +.88 58.62 +1.14 41.18 +1.13 51.75 -.34 41.97 +.65 120.06 +1.52 23.79 +.58 429.31 +13.82 29.00 +.31 36.88 +.09 82.44 +.84 55.65 +.52 23.96 +.16 57.05 +.22 61.49 -.79 25.72 +.55 66.52 +.43 32.40 +.96 31.19 +.50 21.72 +.72 46.79 +1.10 121.02 +2.75 24.20 +.40 81.52 +.83 378.50 +14.90 65.42 +1.42 57.88 +.47 30.26 +.53 51.69 +.25 36.45 +.77 38.70 +.40 32.50 +.09 12.46 +.17 13.28 +.43 58.81 +.55 36.76 +.31 31.36 +.75 121.84 +2.55 23.28 +.31 23.82 +.30 10.72 +.11 33.79 +.84 50.55 +.78 16.50 +.13 12.60 +.36 29.77 +.57 39.60 +2.61 50.01 +.64 62.00 +.99 23.48 +.40

2/26/2011 5:18:31 AM





TECHNOLOGY used in countries like Russia and China, the homes of many malware creators. “You can even turn on the microphone remotely and listen to what’s being discussed around the phone, even if there’s no phone call taking place,” Hypponen said. Phishing is also a growing problem on all smartphone platforms. Such attacks, common on PCs, involve text or e-mail messages that appear to be from a trusted party, like a bank, that lead people to bogus websites where they are asked to enter personal data. Mobile users are three times more likely to fall for these scams than PC users, according to statistics on phishing recently gathered by one security company, Trusteer. The company believes that is because mobile devices are activated all the time, and small-screen formatting makes the fraud more difficult to spot. It cautions people not to click on Web links in messages. Confidential information can also be collected wirelessly if transmitted unencrypted over a public Wi-Fi network. Experts suggest avoiding transactions over airport or cafe networks. Losing a mobile device and the data inside remains the most likely risk to a smartphone owner. Experts recommend users lock devices with a PIN, so someone who picks it up cannot use it. It is also wise to install apps that can help locate a lost or stolen phone and, if necessary, wipe the data from it. Apple, Microsoft and RIM provide free apps for their devices, and similar apps are available for Android and other phones from third parties, including F-Secure and Lookout. A last bit of advice as true for the desktop computer as for the smartphone: Back up the data on your phone to your computer or an online service. That way, you’ll be able to recover quickly, whether your gadget has been lost, stolen or contaminated.


New York Times Service

More consumers are buying smartphones. So more criminals are taking aim at those devices. Criminals still prefer PCs for stealing personal data, bank and credit card account numbers as well as for running frauds. However, most PC attacks focus on Microsoft’s decade-old Windows XP operating system, which is slowly being replaced by the more secure Windows 7. Over the next few years, hackers will have to find new targets. With smartphones outselling PCs for the first time — 421 million of the hand-held computers are expected to be sold worldwide this year, according to market analysts at IDC — the long-predicted crime wave on hand-held devices appears to have arrived. According to mobile-security firm Lookout, malware and spyware appeared on nine out of 100 phones it scanned in May, more than twice the 4-in-100 rate in December 2009. In fact, the most practical rule for protecting yourself is to start thinking of the smartphone as a PC. Most malicious incidents on mobile devices involve bogus phone or text-message charges or rogue mobile applications, of which there are now more than 500 varieties, according to F-Secure, a Finnish security firm. All these ruses require users to take some kind of action, like clicking to accept or install a program, so caution while using mobile devices can prevent most problems. Most attacks happen in Eastern Europe and China. An overwhelming number — some 88 percent according to F-Secure — have singled out devices running Nokia’s Symbian operating system. Symbian is the world’s most commonly used smartphone platform, but Nokia said this month that it would be replacing it over the next few years with Microsoft’s Windows Phone operating system.


MAULING MALWARE: Customers look at Blackberry phones at an electronics store in Mumbai.

Security to thwart swindlers on phones Early attacks, like the Cabir and Commwarrior worms in 2004 and 2005, caused little damage. But since 2009, attacks have grown more menacing. In September, hackers trying to steal money from accounts at a Spanish bank installed malicious applications on Symbian devices when they synced to home PCs infected with a version of the ZeuS malware. The application enabled criminals to reply to security codes sent by the bank to validate cash transfers. Such assaults could be a preview of what is to come for devices popular in the United States. Criminals have attacked phones running on Google’s Android, Research In Motion’s BlackBerry, Ap-

ple’s iPhone and Microsoft’s Windows Mobile operating system software, which suggest more is ahead. The attacks underscore the importance of exercising care when downloading mobile applications. Users should install apps only from sites they trust. They should research apps to ensure they are not malware. A smartphone is “a microcomputer in your hand, and you can have Trojans and worms and viruses like a PC can,” said Andy Hayter, anti-malcode manager at ICSA Labs, an independent security-testing firm owned by Verizon. The extra-cautious may also want to use a security product; free and paid products are available for all but

the iPhone platform from major security companies like F-Secure, Symantec and Kaspersky as well as specialized providers like Lookout and DroidSecurity. Tighter controls on use of third-party software on mobile devices may help explain the limited number of attacks so far, says Mikko Hypponen, chief research officer at F-Secure. For instance, Apple’s more regulated environment has mostly kept trouble at bay. The only malware seen on iPhones occurred in 2009 and affected phones that had been altered to run software Apple did not authorize. A worm in Australia replaced the phone’s wallpaper with an image of the ’80s pop

singer Rick Astley, in a prank known as rickrolling. There was also an attempt to blackmail people into paying ¤5, and a worm that tried to steal account details from customers of a Dutch bank. Partly for security reasons, Microsoft in October shifted to a system for its new Windows Phone 7 that confined app sales to its own marketplace and issued guidelines to developers that tightened security and privacy requirements. Microsoft says it runs safety tests on every new app. BlackBerrys are rarely attacked because the devices are typically provided and controlled by securityconscious employers, and the phones are not commonly

Carving out a new style of writing for mobile devices BY JENNA WORTHAM

New York Times Service

We’re two months into 2011, and I’ve already crossed the main New Year’s resolution off my list. It wasn’t a pledge to join a running group or to call my parents more often, though those are important goals and I’m sure I’ll get to them eventually. My aim was to read an entire e-book. My failure until now had been a secret shame. After all, I’ve fashioned a career around a deep love for new technologies, and have even sunk $30 into books for my iPad and iPhone. Still, I had yet to make it past the first chapter of a single one. It’s not that I don’t read books. The various shelves and tables in my apartment are overflowing with paperbacks. But without a physical reminder of a book on a nightstand, it’s easy to forget that an extensive digital library is at my disposal. When I do remember to swipe open an e-book, it’s usually such a pain to dive back into the narrative and remember all the plot twists that it doesn’t stay open very long. Which is why the first e-book I devoured on my smartphone was no typical tome. It was “Lifted,” an article — at 12,000 words, a very long article — about a $150 million Swedish bank heist. It cost me $3. The work was written by Evan Ratliff, a co-founder of the Atavist — a new digital publishing house that commissions and sells nonfiction articles written exclusively for distribution on smartphones, e-readers and tablet computers. The Atavist is among the growing number of organizations cultivating a certain niche of writing — stories and articles that are longer than a typical magazine article but shorter than a novel — in the hope that they will

26PGB05.indd 5

find a comfortable home on the glassy screens of ever more prevalent mobile devices. “Word counts are getting shorter in most magazines,” said Ratliff, who is also a contributing editor to Wired magazine. “On a mobile device, we shouldn’t be bound by those constraints.” The attention spans of readers — many of us, anyway — are actually not getting shorter, Ratliff says. The problem lies elsewhere, he adds: “It’s the platform.” The physical dimensions of mobile devices are, in some ways, quite limited. So it’s important to exploit the advantages that the devices do have, he contends. Success, he says, depends on thinking beyond a “one-toone transition from book to e-book,” and on doing more than replacing paper with pixels. The Atavist integrates clever tools into the text, like interactive timelines and character biographies to help a reader quickly find her place without spoiling the plots. I found that this helped me spin through “Lifted” without the digressions that have usually turned me off of e-books. Ratliff did not share specific sales figures for his venture, which began in late January, but he said interest was “much higher than anticipated.” The Atavist isn’t the only boutique publishing house planning to exploit what it believes are readers’ nascent appetites for more medium-length material. Many digital boutiques, including Push Pop Press, Cursor and Byliner, are also promising to deliver new breeds of content primarily through mobile devices. TED, an organization best known for the gatherings of intellectuals it holds in Long Beach, Calif., recently announced a new leg of the enterprise. Called TED Books, it produces short works

based on the talks given at TED events. In late January, Amazon introduced Kindle Singles, a catalog of one-off essays and short stories that cost $1 to $5 and are downloaded to the Kindle itself, as well as Kindle apps for smartphones and PCs. Kindle Singles is Amazon’s attempt to “populate the no-man’s land between books and magazines with digital content,” said Russell Grandinetti, vice president for Kindle content at Amazon. The rise of the digital format has allowed publishers to sidestep some traditional constraints, Grandinetti says. “Written works have either had to be short enough for a magazine or long enough for a paper book,” he said. “This is print on a diet.” Another distinct advantage is a shortened turnaround time, said Tyler Cowen, an economist at George Mason University. Cowen, who has written a dozen print books, released his most recent work as a brief e-book examining the current U.S. economic slump, exclusively for the Kindle in late January. “It got out much more quickly, in just a few months,” he said. It might be easy to explain the emergence of these services as nothing more than a life jacket for publishers or writers seeking new and potentially lucrative outlets for their ancient craft. Certainly, a struggle for survival is part of it. In fact, we may also be witnessing the gradual evolution of the notion of what a book actually is, said Matthew Battles, a librarian and historian at Harvard. He compared the various efforts to adapt print and reading to mobile devices to the invention of the printing press in the 15th century. “It took writers, authors, publishers a while to figure out how to use the press,

how to organize information and tell stories in new ways,” he said. “It took awhile for the format to catch up to the new tools and technology.” Of course, many muchlauded new-media formats have come and gone, or at least have faded into the background. Consider the genre

of hypertext fiction that was intended to let readers navigate text by a series of Web links. Experimental works are still being produced, but the genre has hardly become a dominant form. It’s also been hard to gauge the traction of ventures like the Vook, a hybrid

e-book that embeds videos into electronic text. But it’s much too early to know whether the Atavist and its brethren will become permanently rooted in our reading culture or become a “fossil, embedded in the archaeology of the medium of reading,” as Battles put it.

Into My Father’s Wake by Eric Best

Into My Father’s Wake records a solo, 5,000-mile Pacific journey aboard the 47-foot ketch Feo, in which the author attempts to put his powerful father to rest once and for all... What readers are saying about “Into My Father’s Wake” “Gripping, funny, inspiring. Always interesting.” “A story about life, about fear, about redemption, and most of all, about people in all their fine points and their flaws…” “Of course it takes courage to sail solo across a great ocean, but it requires courage of an even rarer and finer vintage to write publicly about one’s hopes, aspirations, failings and the haunting specter of problematic family relationships. Thank you for this book…”

Should you wish to order a copy at the promotional rate, please contact:

2/26/2011 4:15:28 AM







Opening lead — ♥ four

NORTH ♠J9876 ♥KJ ◆A2 ♣ 10 8 6 5 WEST ♠A52 ♥654 ◆Q84 ♣Q932



For more comics & puzzles, go to


EAST ♠ Q 10 4 3 ♥32 ◆J763 ♣J74 SOUTH ♠K ♥ A Q 10 9 8 7 ◆ K 10 9 5 ♣AK

Vulnerable: Both Dealer: South The bidding: South West North East 1♥ Pass 1♠ Pass 3◆ Pass 3♥ Pass 4♣ Pass 4◆ Pass 4 NT Pass 5 ♥* Pass 6♥ All pass *Denying the trump queen and showing two of the five aces, counting the trump king as an ace 2-26

Anyway, you might as well take whatever you can. It has often been remarked You win the trump lead in dummy, cash the top clubs, that England and America play a diamond to dummy’s are two nations separated ace, and ruff a club. Next by a common language. For example, in England the vise come the diamond king and a diamond ruff. Ruffing dumsqueeze is referred to as a vice squeeze — which throws my’s last club back to hand, up an entirely different image you draw trumps and run the rest of your hearts. this side of the Atlantic. Did You can reduce the hand I hear you ask what a vise to a two-card ending, and squeeze is? Read on. while West is under no presFirst of all, consider how sure, East is the victim of the to make six hearts today on a trump lead, looking only at two jaws of the vise. He has to keep his master diamond the North-South cards. and must thus come down to At first glance prospects the bare spade queen. look poor. Without that Now the lead of the spade trump lead it would be a king pins the queen, and on simple matter of ruffing two winning with the ace, West diamonds in dummy, using must present South with an clubs for transportation. If one defender has a help- entry to dummy’s established spade jack for his 12th trick. ful diamond holding such as Q-J-third, you might still be in business, but not today. —BOBBY WOLFF





WHITE WINS MATERIAL Hint: The e7-rook is immobile.

Solution: 1. Nd6! cxd6 2. exd6 followed by dxe7 [adapted, Kotronius-Bellin ’11].








Dear Abby: I am a junior in high school and will graduate next year. I attend a private school where I have made many good friends — teachers included — and have created many happy memories. I have just been hit with the realization that my time in high school is running out. Once I leave for college, I may never see or talk to my friends here again. I can’t process the thought of having such great friends and mentors and losing them. I’m afraid for the future and how I will miss everything I’ve experienced at my school. Do you have any suggestions on how to deal with all this? I can barely sleep because I feel like it’s only going to get worse. Leaving It All Behind in Louisiana You have the rest of your junior year and senior year of high school to enjoy. Please don’t cloud them by worrying that you will lose touch with your friends and mentors. Once you graduate, you will have the Internet and social networking sites to keep you in touch, and you can see each other during vacations. You have great adventures ahead of you — and so do they. True friendships don’t have to end because of distance. While some of them may, others last a lifetime. And those are the ones that count.

years. What do you tell a 3-year-old who wonders who his grandma is? Out of Answers in Wisconsin You have already started the dialogue. When your son wants to know why Grandma Cindy doesn’t visit, that will be the time you tell him she can’t be around because she’s sick and isn’t able to be. As your son grows older, continue to answer his questions honestly and in an age-appropriate way. Dear Abby: When we are in a restaurant eating a meal and someone we know comes by our table, he or she always reaches out to shake hands with me to be friendly. I am from the country and sometimes I pick up chicken strips, French fries, fish or hush puppies to eat them — naturally my fingers get grease on them. Also, I don’t know whether that person has washed his or her hands or not. So, what’s a polite way to refuse to shake with someone? I don’t want to be rude. I try not to bother people when they’re eating because I believe that is a private time. Arkansas Diner All you have to say is, “I’d love to shake hands, but mine are greasy.” That’s not rude; it’s considerate — and the person will probably thank you.


Dear Abby: I have no contact with my mother for many reasons. It was difficult to sever the relationship, but after my son was born — for his safety and well-being — I felt I had no choice. My mother has seen my son once, when he was 6 months old. She had just been released from jail and arrived at my home stoned and out of it. I made sure she found a safe way home and haven’t spoken to her since. My son will be 3 soon. Yesterday we were talking about families and he asked, “You don’t have a mommy?” I replied, “Yes, I do. Her name is Cindy.” Thankfully, he left it at that. But it started me thinking about what I should say when he asks me questions about his grandmother. I had planned on talking to him when he was older because addictions can run in families, and I want him to be aware of it when making choices in his teen and later

HOROSCOPE IF TODAY IS YOUR BIRTHDAY: Between now and mid-April, not only is your business savvy savvier than usual, you are also likely to make important connections by participating in a group or organization. • PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): Good things come to those who wait. Don’t launch new initiatives or sign agreements. • ARIES (March 21-April 19): A new partner might thrill you by fulfilling a fantasy. Don’t expect too much from a sudden infatuation.


• TAURUS (April 20-May 20): Presto, change-o. Make people believe you are much better than average. • GEMINI (May 21-June 20): Balance the books. Read a good book to find creative ideas or inspirations. • CANCER (June 21-July 22): It is far more important to be fair than to be right. You might stand out in the crowd as a progressive thinker. • LEO (July 23-Aug. 22): Your penchant for fantasy could lead you into conflict with reality. You want to purchase things you can’t afford. • VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): Dreams urge you to go to extremes. Spend some time balancing your budget. • LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): Remain in the middle. Balance desires and expectations with a dose of common sense. • SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): Your most important assets could be invisible. Taking a cynical stance can get you in the door but without any results. • SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): This weekend, it may be difficult to decipher the moral code. Stick with previous decisions. • CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): Cats chase mice — but can be fooled into chasing their tails. Be thrifty, even if money begs to be spent. • AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): There are times when you might feel that your individuality is stifled by conventions, so you go out of your way to demonstrate your creative genius.

26PGB06.indd 6

CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Unspoken 6 Workout consequence 11 Floor-washing aid 14 Rapidly, to Shakespeare 15 Third canonical hour 16 Biology abbr. 17 TV title character who wrote in a diary 19 Big energy supplier 20 Luau offering 21 Piercing site 22 Take a stand against 24 Adding on 27 Whiskered swimmer 28 Novelist Kesey 29 One reason for an employee write-up 33 What knights’ wives are called 36 “Rice-a-___, the San Francisco treat” 37 Partner of “give” 38 ___ on the side of caution 39 Kind of cleaning acid 40 Seedy bread 41 Helps 43 Tiger’s ex 44 More coquettish 46 Guaranteed to work 48 Young seal 49 Something painted red 50 Type of soup 55 Warm up, as leftovers

57 58 59 60 64 65 66 67 68 69

Thing, in legal briefs Sphere Vein valuable Simon & Garfunkel hit Title for Roger Moore Revive the spirits of Ruckus Preferred answer, often Penn et al. Word that makes one feel welcome

DOWN 1 St. Petersburg neighbor 2 Splash guard in the kitchen 3 Rustic rental 4 Winter sidewalk hazard 5 Outdated communiques 6 Rudder’s locale 7 Get married 8 Two-way poetic preposition 9 Puzzle involving a quote 10 Home on the range (Var.) 11 Infamous Chicago cow owner 12 Cross to bear 13 Window section 18 Full of oneself 23 Act like a hot dog 25 Earn laboriously (with “out”) 26 Morning ___ (funnel-shaped flowers)

30 Has ___ with (knows someone at) 31 Type of terrier 32 Person of vision? 33 Unable to hear 34 Soprano’s solo 35 Dagwood’s boss 36 Massage therapy pioneer Ida

39 42 44 45 47 48

Catalpa, for example Gin flavoring Thai, e.g. Take one’s pick Overwhelms One of the common people 51 Stagehands move them around

52 Assume for argument’s sake 53 Having irregular edges 54 Pappy Yokum’s boy 55 Pink, as cheeks 56 U.S.-Canada border lake 61 Place to unwind 62 Train for a marathon 63 Nantes negative

2/25/2011 9:06:12 PM






Federer to face Djokovic in Dubai final BY MICHAEL CASEY Associated Press

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Novak Djokovic will put his unbeaten record in 2011 on the line against Roger Federer in the Dubai Championships final on Saturday. Federer maintained his dominance over Richard Gasquet of France with a 6-2, 7-5 victory in the seminal Friday. Djokovic beat a hobbling Tomas Berdych of the Czech Republic, whose thigh injury forced him to retire while trailing 6-7 (5-7), 6-2, 4-2. Djokovic will look to make it two in a row against Federer. He defeated the Swiss star in the semifinals of the Australian Open en route to his second Grand Slam title. “I lost maybe three times before that to him,” Djokovic said. “So I don’t think that he will think too much about that match, because he hasn’t lost that often in the last five, six years in Grand Slams. “We know each other really well. We know each other’s game. Mostly in last three, four years we had matches in semis or finals. It’s always high stake and big challenge.” The No. 3-ranked Serb has won all 13 matches he has played this year. Federer’s only loss in 15 matches was to Djokovic. The two players have won six of the last eight Dubai titles between them. “He’s been playing well,” Federer said. “Maybe a bit of an up and down performance here this last week,


STRONG SHOW: Roger Federer of Switzerland maintained his dominance over Richard Gasquet of France with a 6-2, 7-5 victory in the semifinal of the Dubai Championships on Friday. but he’s been playing some day matches, some night matches against some tricky opponents, and that obviously makes it harder. “Look, again his class showed. He made it to another final.”

Of the two, Federer has played the more consistent and dominant tennis this week. Coming into his match against Gasquet, Federer had not dropped a set and had won 28 of 29 service games. He also had a 7-1 record

against Gasquet and started strongly against the 24-yearold Frenchman. Federer broke twice to take the first easily, but Gasquet turned things around in the second with an improved serve that produced six aces.

He broke Federer to go up 5-3 and the match appeared to be heading for a third set before Federer took over. Federer took advantage of a double-fault and several unforced errors to break back.

“Yeah, I had my chance at 5-3. I [made] some bad choices,” Gasquet said. “I went to the net two times and I did a double-fault. Against him, it’s over. After, we did a long point and I was a little bit tired after it. The match turned.” Federer then broke the Frenchman’s serve again to go up 6-5 and closed it out with a love game. “Yeah, I was very happy about my performance from the start. I felt I was hitting the ball well,” Federer said. “Obviously should have gone or could have gone three sets, but I was able to avoid that.” Djokovic described his performance against Berdych as his worst of the season. He dropped the first set after committing a series of unforced errors. He managed to save four set points, but Berdych won the tiebreaker when Djokovic hit a return long. Djokovic found his game in the second set and Berdych began to show signs of what he later said was an injured quadriceps muscle in his left leg. The third-seeded Czech was seen several times by a trainer as he struggled to chase down Djokovic’s forehand. Djokovic broke Berdych to go up 3-1 and used several aces and well-placed drop shots to win five of the last six games to take the set. Berdych retired in the third, saying he couldn’t move properly because of the injury.

Mets’ Davis goes from surprise to fixture Arum and King • MLB, FROM 8B

They kept mixing and matching until they had won the World Series. Enough hallucinations from Mets camp. Ike Davis is a given at first base. That’s as much optimism as this team can support at the moment. Davis batted .264 with 19 homers and 71 runs batted in after his call-up April 19. He hit some attention-gathering long balls and made some flashy plays at first base, enough to make Collins, who observed Davis last year at Buffalo in his role as the Mets’ minor league coordinator, expect more this time around. “He’s got enormous power,” Collins said. “As he continues to play, he’ll be more selective. I can see Ike Davis as a No. 4 hitter.” Does the manager worry that Davis will try to come

up with more long-distance homers? “That’s why we have hitters in the cage for three, four minutes, so they can work on things,” Collins said. “Ike Davis is a power hitter. I’m not going to make him into a singles hitter.” Davis said he was working on shortening his swing, so he does not commit to a long sweep too soon. But he added, “I want to hit every ball 800 feet.” He made nine errors in 147 games last year but impressed everybody, particularly his pitchers, with his glove and range. “His range to his right is exceptional,” Collins said. “It changes the whole defense because your second baseman can play up the middle.” Dickey, who became just about the heart of the team last year — not easy for an itinerant knuckleballer


Aussie bowlers set up easy win over neighbors By The Associated Press

Openers Shane Watson and Brad Haddin hit half centuries to take defending World Cup champion Australia to a resounding seven-wicket win over New Zealand on Friday. Chasing New Zealand’s 206 all out, Watson struck 62 from 61 balls and Haddin hit 55 from 50 to help Australia to 207-3 with 16 overs to spare. But Australia’s 25th straight World Cup win was set up by the fast bowlers after Ricky Ponting had chosen to field first. Mitchell Johnson and Shaun Tait destroyed New Zealand’s top order as the Black Caps stumbled to 73-6 before Nathan McCullum (52) and Daniel Vettori (44) made the score somewhat respectable. Johnson finished with 4-33, while Tait was erratic but took 3-35 — including Jesse Ryder and James Franklin in the same maiden over. • BANGLADESH V IRELAND CO-HOSTS WIN BY 27 RUNS IN GROUP B Pace bowler Shafiul Islam claimed four wickets while skipper Shakib Al Hasan and Mohammad Ashraful took two apiece to steer Bangladesh to a 27-run win over Ireland in their World Cup match in Group B on Friday. Batting first, Bangladesh reached 205 all out in 49.2 overs after a 44 from Tamim Iqbal, along with two useful innings from Raqibul Hassan (38) and Mushfiqur Rahim (36). Ireland started steadily in reply but was dismissed for 178 with five overs to spare in its first match of the tournament. Niall O’Brien topscored for the Irish with 38, while Shafiul led the Bangladesh bowling with 4-21 as his side got points on the board after opening with a defeat by fellow co-host India last Saturday. Earlier, Andre Botha took 3-32 as Bangladesh struggled despite a confident start, having reached 49-0 in five overs after winning the toss and opting to bat first.

26PGB07.indd 7

about to turn 36 — admires Davis’ range. It is not illegal to at least drop the name Keith Hernandez in the discussion of a left-handed first baseman who can move and handle the ball. “I’m still going to make mistakes, but I’m working on it,” Davis said. He is an enthusiastic player. That comes across up close but is also transmitted on the field. Davis was prepared for the majors. He probably should have been up on opening day, given the ragtag oldies the Mets brought north, but he hit .364 in 10 games in Buffalo, as the Mets held spring cleaning on the fly. To his delight, Davis discovered that Mets fans were waiting on him. “They know their minor leaguers,” Davis said. “They knew who I was. They want to win.” He busted up a few games and became a favorite very

quickly. It helped that fans could see his smile from the upper deck. They sensed he was going to handle New York. The fans also knew that he has a pedigree, in that his father, Ron Davis, broke in with the Yankees in 1978 as a setup man for Goose Gossage and won 14 games in 1979. In Ethnic City, fans learned that Isaac Davis is half Jewish, from his mother, Millie, which instantly made him a New Yorker. “I’m 6-foot-4, I have a dark beard and a big nose,” Davis said, noting how fans sometimes recognize him when he goes out for a movie or a meal. He’s not all city boy — he and his dad did a lot of hunting and fishing over the winter — but he also enjoyed sharing a high-rise apartment last season, in Queens, with a great view of Manhattan.

bond after years • BOXING, FROM 8B

Showtime and, a week later, bringing it to CBS. Instead, it’s about what comes next. Isn’t it always in boxing? Pacquiao is signed to fight Shane Mosley in May, but after that it could be King’s man, Mayorga. Or, better still, Floyd Mayweather. That’s the superfight boxing fans have been clamoring for the past few years. That’s the mega-millions matchup that could save a flagging sport. De La Hoya, who broke away from Arum to form his own promotion company, has Mayweather’s ear. So does HBO, but talks with Arum keep breaking

Crane and Fowler hog limelight • GOLF, FROM 8B

has played faster than me, and he’ll admit to that,” Fowler said with a grin, adding, more seriously, “It doesn’t surprise me.” It surprised just about everybody else on a day filled with surprises. Whether that includes his next opponent, Miguel Angel Jimenez of Spain (who advanced with a 4 and 2 win over Ryan Palmer), will be determined. But it included Crane himself, who has recently been toying with the idea of doing a video with Folwer, one that Fowler said would “definitely contain some comments about pace of play.” “I’m just as shocked as anybody else,” Crane said. “I figured 2 and 1 would be unbelievable. Or 1-up.” The No. 1-ranked player in the World Golf Rankings, Lee Westwood, got a surprise when he was taken down by No. 30, Nick Watney, 1-up. And when the 17-year-old Italian Matteo Manassero, ranked 59th, coolly dispatched the South African Charl Schwartzel, 1-up, after losing the 16th and 17th holes, it was not exactly the expected outcome. In all, eight of the remaining 16 players are in their 20s or younger, an occurrence that could have prompted a wager or two before the


IN FORM: Ben Crane hits his third shot from a bunker on the second hole during the second round. tournament began. But a bet that one of those remaining would not be McIlroy, ranked seventh in the world and eliminated by Crane, or that the No. 4 player in the world, Mickelson, would get pasted by the 22-year-old Fowler? There would have been long odds available on those two possibilities. But these are the possibilities that pop up like cowlicks in match play, which is not to say that the possibility of Fowler meeting Manassero in the semifinals, or Crane meeting Watson in the semifinal on the other side of the draw, is without some appeal. Both are possible, de-

pending on the next two days. And regardless of which way things go, there is no doubt that Crane might be figuring out some way to turn it all into one of his offbeat, zany golf-related videos, wherein he swims in a water hazard wearing a helmet in search of knowledge, or says to the camera, with all seriousness, “I am speaking to you, as we speak, from the now, from the middle of the now.” “I just couldn’t stop laughing, saying some of the lines,” he said in an interview earlier this year. “I don’t even know what that means, but it just kept cracking us up and we had a great time doing it.”

down over the issue of drug testing. Guess who Mayweather called this week. “He told me he’s coming down, maybe we’re going to get everything done,” King said. “I told him, ‘You’ve said that to me four or five times.’ ” Mayweather can be his “own worst enemy,” King said, adding the fighter has the “wrong advisors,” including some that don’t get along with Arum. “That’s crazy,” King said. “It doesn’t have anything to do with your likes and dislikes. Get the money. Win the people.” Across the table, Arum smiled and nodded. Two Hall of Famers looking for one more big score.

NBA EASTERN CONFERENCE Atlantic Boston New York Philadelphia New Jersey Toronto

W 41 29 28 17 16

L 15 26 29 40 42

Pct .732 .527 .491 .298 .276

GB — 111/2 131/2 241/2 26

Southeast Miami Orlando Atlanta Charlotte Washington

W 42 36 34 25 15

L 16 22 23 32 41

Pct GB .724 — .621 6 .596 71/2 .439 161/2 .268 26

Central Chicago Indiana Milwaukee Detroit Cleveland

W 39 26 22 21 10

L 17 30 35 38 47

Pct .696 .464 .386 .356 .175

GB — 13 171/2 191/2 291/2

WESTERN CONFERENCE Southwest San Antonio Dallas New Orleans Memphis Houston

W 47 41 34 32 28

L 10 16 25 27 31

Pct GB .825 — .719 6 .576 14 .542 16 .475 20

Northwest Oklahoma City Denver Portland Utah Minnesota

W 36 34 32 31 13

L 20 25 25 27 45

Pct GB .643 — .576 31/2 .561 41/2 .534 6 .224 24

Pacific L.A. Lakers Phoenix Golden State L.A. Clippers Sacramento

W 40 28 26 21 14

L 19 27 30 37 41

Pct GB .678 — .509 10 .464 121/2 .362 181/2 .255 24

THURSDAY’S GAMES Chicago 93, Miami 89 Denver 89, Boston 75

2/26/2011 4:23:36 AM







Mediator cites ‘strong differences’ in NFL talks BY JUDY BATTISTA

New York Times Service

INDIANAPOLIS — The federal mediator working with NFL team owners and the players union said that “very strong differences remain on the all-important core issues that separate the parties.” With a week to go before the collective bargaining agreement expires, and after seven days of lengthy talks, it was an indication that it was unlikely a new deal would be done by next week, setting up possible decisions by team owners about whether to lock out players and by the union about whether to decertify. In his statement, George H. Cohen, the director of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, said there had been “some

progress” in the talks, which he described as highly focused and constructive, and he asked the sides to assess their position before they reconvene Tuesday. That will be one day before owners convene outside Washington to discuss their plans. When the sides gather again with Cohen, it is possible owners will join the group. No owners attended the week of bargaining sessions. The labor deal expires at 11:59 p.m. Eastern on Thursday, and owners and players continue to struggle with the most fundamental issue: how to divide the $9 billion in revenue and how much owners should receive off the top of the revenue pool to pay for expenses like stadium construction and renovation.

The labor uncertainty was a prime source of conversation among coaches and general managers during the first day of the league’s scouting combine. They were briefed by league officials in a meeting Thursday evening on how to operate in the event of a lockout, with the COHEN league emphasizing that team personnel are not allowed to have contact of any kind with players during a lockout, including players who are rehabilitating injuries. The league provided them no specifics about negotiations, beyond telling them that talks continue.

“Basically kind of a review of where we are,” Jacksonville coach Jack Del Rio said. “We hope to get something done. In case it doesn’t, here are some of the scenarios that can play out. We got some information.” Coaches said publicly they were preparing for a normal off-season. But privately, teams that have made coaching changes or that will have considerable roster overhauls are concerned that a lockout will put them at a competitive disadvantage against more established teams, especially those with established quarterbacks. In St. Louis, for example, quarterback Sam Bradford has to learn his second offense in two years, but he will be unable to meet with the new coordinator Josh McDan-


New York Times Service

PORT ST. LUCIE, Fla. — The common perception of the 2010 New York Mets is that they were an unmitigated disaster. Things were pretty bad, on and off the field, but the disaster was not total. Four players came along who were a pleasure to watch, for their effort as well as for their skills, and they are back this year — R.A. Dickey, Josh Thole, Angel Pagan and Ike Davis. If Mets fans put blinkers on and do not look at the underachievers and the injured and the deadwood, they can recall Dickey tossing his knuckleball, Thole taking over at home plate, Pagan playing 151 games of alert baseball and Davis — well, what do fans remember most about Davis? Perhaps it was the three times he caught a foul ball while moving fast and tumbling into the Mets’ dugout. “It’s not like I practiced it,” Davis said the other day. One would like to think there is no spring training for headfirst dives into the dugout, even if he had alert teammates like Alex Cora, now departed, ready to catch him, like a spotter in an Olympic gymnastics competition. Davis, 23, played like an enthusiastic rookie, and he showed enough power and fielding ability to own first base going into this season. He can only get better. Somebody else is going to have to be the pleasant surprise this year. “I think he’s going to be one of the premier first basemen in baseball,” said the new manager, Terry Collins, who is spreading late-February enthusiasm that makes spring training n such a delight, every year, in all 30 camps. Everybody is improved. Everybody is hustling. Anyh thing can happen. Look at the San Francisco Giants last year.

iels, who is still constructing the offense. Compare that with the Ravens; quarterback Joe Flacco is making plans to work out with some of his receivers in Arizona if there is a lockout. John Mara, president of the Giants and a member of the NFL’s negotiating team, said he had told team employees — football and non-football staff — that the Giants would not have layoffs, furloughs or pay cuts for at least the first few months. That includes assistant coaches. Some teams plan to cut pay for assistant coaches during a lockout. “Everybody’s got to make their own decisions,” Mara said. “We just looked at our own team, our own organization, and made a decision we felt was in our best interests and we were comfortable with.”

Crane, Fowler produce surprises BY LARRY DORMAN

New York Times Service

MARANA, Ariz., — When Ben Crane made quick work of Rory McIlroy in the second round of the WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship, eliminating the 21-year-old star from Northern Ireland, 8 and 7, it was more than just a stunning upset. It also was the shortest match of the day on Thursday, tying the second-largest margin of victory in tournament history. And it set off a burst of lopsided wins at the RitzCarlton Golf Club at Dove Mountain while incidentally providing material for Crane’s hobby as an underground video comedy star. Crane, his good friend Rickie Fowler and their mutual buddy Bubba Watson all raced decisively into the round of 16. Dressed in pink from hat to shoes, Fowler, 21, dusted Phil Mickelson, 6 and 5, with a barrage that included two eagles and four birdies, and Watson took out Mark Wilson, also by 6 and 5, with four birdies in a six-hole stretch. Crane, 35, once known mainly for his deliberate style of play, has three tour wins in the past six years and a comic workout video that is closing in on 500,000 views online. And he has grown more comfortable launching into his ad-lib, deadpan, self-deprecating humor. “Underrated as a match-play player?” Crane said, raising his eyebrows in response to a question. “I’ve never really advanced, I think, past the Sweet 16. So I don’t think that anyone is going, ‘Wow, Ben Crane is really coming through this bracket, look out! Gosh, sorry you’ve got to play Ben Crane. Boy, tough draw there.’ “So, anyway, I think that answers your question.” Knowing Crane as he does, Fowler — whose edgy attire and fast, go-for-broke style of play all are in vivid contrast to Crane’s oncourse action — could not resist a playful shot at his friend after one was teed up in his post-match news conference. “It probably was the first time he




They’re a match as boxing foes: Arum and King bond after all these years BY MIKE BERARDINO Sun Sentinel

FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla. — Steaks the size of catcher’s mitts had just arrived when Bob Arum’s flip phone rang again. Arum immediately put down his fork and took the call. Dinner could wait. There was international business to conduct. The legendary promoter who has guided Manny Pacquiao to the top of the boxing world was on the line with a key figure from Pacquiao’s home country. “We’re at a dinner with Don King and all the writers,” Arum said. Arum, 79, grinned and held up the phone. “We have the Philippines on,” Arum said. “Everybody say, ‘MaBOO-ha!’ ” The group gladly complied, even the young son of Miguel Cotto,

26PGB08.indd 8

whose father lost to Pac-Man on a technical knockout just 15 months ago. Here, the caller apparently double checked one particular bit of information, a factoid that would have been unthinkable at many points in the past four decades. “Yeah, with Don,” Arum assured him. “Want to say hello to him?” Arum handed the phone across the table to his longtime rival, fellow Hall of Famer and copromoter of the March 12 Cotto-Ricardo Mayorga super-welterweight bout in Las Vegas. “Nick Gianco! How are you, my man? Boo-haaa!” King said in that carnival barker’s voice. “We’re making history here! Give everybody there my regards because I can never forget the Thrilla in Manila in Araneta Stadium. Here’s Bob.” And then King, who turns 80

himself in August, gave a satisfied cackle. Who could possibly have seen this alliance forming a decade ago? Back then, King was calling Arum a “rat fink” under oath. Plus, there was the 1999 incident following Felix Trinidad’s upset of Oscar De La Hoya. When King went on a little too long at the post-fight news conference — “The lights are out in Arumville!” — Arum ordered a casino worker to kill his mike. King stormed out. They co-promoted a card five years ago, but this truce appears more lasting. This isn’t just about striking back at HBO, although both proCHRIS FARINA/TOP RANK moters are thrilled to be stagTOGETHER AGAIN: Hall of Fame promoters Bob Arum, right, and ing this pay-per-view event on • TURN TO BOXING, 7B

Don King are co-promoting the Miguel Cotto-Ricardo Mayorga super-welterweight bout in Las Vegas on March 12.

2/26/2011 4:11:45 AM


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Edition, 26 february 2011