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INTERNATIONAL EDITION

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 2011

108TH YEAR I Š2011 THE MIAMI HERALD

Recession DEATH AMID DOUBT fears send stocks plunging GEORGIA EXECUTES MAN FOR 1989

MURDER, AFTER

COURTS UPHOLD

SHAKY EVIDENCE BY RICHARD FAUSSET

BY FRANCESCA LEVY

JACKSON, Ga. — “Make no mistakes. They call it an execution; we call it a murder,â€? said Edward DuBose, head of the Georgia NAACP. The Rev. Al Sharpton spoke of a “criminal justice system that will not listen to reason or right.â€? Despite his claims of innocence and a roster of high-powered supporters that included the pope, Troy Davis was executed late Wednesday for the 1989 murder of an off-duty Savannah, Ga., police ofďŹ cer. Strapped to a gurney in the Georgia Diagnostic and ClassiďŹ cation Prison about four hours after his scheduled 7 p.m. execution, Davis, 42, lifted his head and used some of his last words to proclaim his innocence to the family of the victim, Mark MacPhail. The incident that night 22 years ago was not his fault, he said, according to media witnesses. He said he did not even have a gun. “I personally did not kill your son, father and brother,â€? he said. “I am innocent.â€? He was pronounced dead at 11:08 p.m., and a coroner’s van hauled away his body. It was the end of a drama that was followed by thousands of death penalty opponents and others around the world. It began on an August night in downtown Savannah, when MacPhail, an offduty ofďŹ cer working as a security guard, was gunned down in a bus station parking lot as he came to the aid of a homeless man. Davis, whose nickname, according to court documents, was RAH, for “Rough as Hell,â€? was convicted two years later in a jury trial and sentenced to death.

But beginning in 2000, several witnesses whose testimony was crucial to his conviction began recanting their statements. Davis would ultimately face four execution dates as he fought for life in the courts. On orders of the U.S. Supreme Court, a federal District Court judge heard the new evidence in 2010, but determined that much of it was “largely smoke and mirrors,â€? with the recantations unreliable, partial or unbelievable. This week, the Georgia board of paroles and pardons declined to grant Davis clemency. Outcry continued on the streets of Atlanta and in front of U.S. embassies around the world. On Wednesday, Davis’ attorneys tried several last-ditch measures to win a reprieve or clemency, including petitioning the Georgia Supreme Court, the state pardons and parole board, and ďŹ nally the U.S. Supreme Court. The Washington justices held

NEW YORK — Investors on Wall Street and around the world sold stocks with abandon Thursday, more convinced than ever that a global recession is under way. The Dow Jones industrial average lost almost 400 points. The sell-off began in Asia, intensiďŹ ed in Europe and rattled markets in the United States all day. Stocks in New York staged a small rally before the end of trading but still ďŹ nished near their lows for the year. One ďŹ nancial indicator after another showed that investors are quickly losing hope that the economy can keep growing. The price of oil and metals, both of which depend on economic demand, fell sharply. Traders bought bonds for safety. FedEx, a company that ships so many goods it is considered a barometer of the U.S. economy, had to lower its earnings forecast for the year because its customers are putting off purchases of electronics and other gadgets from China. The Dow fell 391.01 points, or 3.5 percent, and closed at 10,733.83. The selling was not just steep but broad: Nineteen stocks on the New York Stock Exchange fell for every one that rose. At one point, the Dow was down more than 500 points. “Markets rely on conďŹ dence and certainty. Right now there is neither,â€? said John Canally, an economic strategist at LPL Financial, an investment ďŹ rm in Boston. It was the second consecutive rout in the stock market since the Federal Reserve announced a change in strategy for ďŹ ghting the economic slowdown — a bid to lower longterm interest rates and get people and companies to spend more.

(TURN TO GEORGIA, 2A

(TURN TO ECONOMY, 2A

Los Angeles Times Service

Rousseff deflates hope of improving U.S.-Brazil relations BY ALEXANDER RAGIR Bloomberg News

RIO DE JANEIRO — Brazil’s President Dilma Rousseff seemed to signal that she would be less accommodating to dictators than her predecessor when she criticized Iran’s human rights record even before taking ofďŹ ce in January. So far, the shift from former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva has been more style than substance, according to former foreign minister Luiz Felipe Lampreia. In March, Brazil, which is serving a two-year term as a United Nations Security Council member, voted against authorizing air strikes in Libya. Then in June, Rousseff declined to meet with Iranian dissident and Nobel Peace Prize winner Shirin Ebadi. Two months later, Brazil joined South Africa and India in blocking a move in the United Nations to pressure the Syrian government as it cracked down on protesters. Rousseff cited her own experience as a victim of torture and said she supports letting Palestine into the U.N. in her speech opening the General Assembly Wednesday. (TURN TO ROUSSEFF, 2A

Associated Press

STEPHEN MORTON/AP

Protesters chant anti-death penalty slogans in Jackson, Ga.

Israel, Palestine stick to their positions; talks unlikely BY AMY TEIBEL AND MOHAMMED DARAGHMEH Associated Press

UNITED NATIONS — Israelis and Palestinians balked Thursday at backing away from positions that have stalled negotiations for years, an ominous sign for U.S.-led efforts to sidetrack a Palestinian statehood bid at the United Nations through a return to talks. An Israeli ofďŹ cial, speaking on condition of anonymity, said there was no talk about a freeze of construction of Jewish settlements. And a top Palestinian ofďŹ cial said they would not drop their twin

conditions for negotiating: That Israel stop building on lands the Palestinians want for a future state and agree to base talks on borders as they existed before the 1967 war. “There will be no negotiations whatsoever as long as Israel refuses to freeze settlement construction and accept the 1967 lines as the terms of reference for the negotiations,� said Azzam Ahmed, a senior aide to Palestine President Mahmoud Abbas. In a sign of the frustration that led to the U.N. campaign, Ahmed said the Palestinians were even prepared to consider dismantling

their limited self-rule government, the Palestinian Authority, an unlikely move that would make Israel responsible for the welfare and policing of 2.5 million unwanted Palestinian subjects. “If we don’t get membership and there are no negotiations, the existence of the Palestinian Authority under Israeli hegemony can’t be justiďŹ ed,â€? Ahmed said. “Handing the keys to the Israeli side has become a very realistic option. We can’t keep the PA without real power.â€? He also ruled out a New York meeting between Abbas and Is-

rael’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who had proposed the two sit down together on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly session in New York this week. The United States and other international mediators have been trying to cobble together a formula that would allow the Palestinians to abandon their plan to ask the U.N. Security Council on Friday to recognize a Palestinian state in the Israeli-occupied West Bank and east Jerusalem and the Hamasruled Gaza Strip. (TURN TO MIDEAST, 2A

More than 30 nations walk out as Ahmadinejad berates West BY EDITH M. LEDERER

Demonstrators rally outside the U.N. headquarters to protest against Iran’s controversial president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, ahead of his speech at the U.N. General Assembly on Thursday

Associated Press

UNITED NATIONS — U.S. diplomats led a walkout at the U.N. General Assembly Thursday as Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad issued a sweeping attack on the United States and major West European nations, calling them “arrogant powers� ruled by greed and eager for military adventurism. The two U.S. diplomats, who specialize in the Middle East, were followed out of the chamber by diplomats from more than 30 countries. They included the 27 European Union members, Australia, New Zealand, Somalia, Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino and Macedonia, a U.N. diplomat said. Ahmadinejad’s speech contrasted what he called the poverty and unhappiness in most coun-

VIOLENCE IN YEMEN KILLS DIPLOMACY EFFORTS, 3A

JOHN MINCHILLO/AP

tries against the riches and power current global economic crisis and European colonial powers of the United States and unnamed and infringing on “the rights and for abducting tens of millions of European nations that he accused sovereignty of nations.� He attacked the United States (TURN TO AHMADINEJAD, 2A of perpetuating wars, causing the

GOP LEADERS REBUFFED AS HOUSE REJECTS STOPGAP SPENDING BILL, 5A

EUROPE’S SOVEREIGN DEBT AT HIGH CREDIT RISK, IMF SAYS, BUSINESS FRONT

IAAF REWRITES WOMEN’S WORLD RECORDS, SPORTS FRONT

INDEX THE AMERICAS ...........4A WORLD NEWS ...........6A OPINION ........................7A COMICS & PUZZLES ...6B 5


   



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THE MIAMI HERALD 23 SEPTEMBER 2011  

Edition, 23 september 2011

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