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TUESDAY, AUGUST 23, 2011
108TH YEAR I ©2011 THE MIAMI HERALD
Syrians say Assad’s rule will topple like Gadhafi’s BY ZEINA KARAM
PHOTOS BY SERGEY PONOMAREV/AP
Libyan rebel fighters enter a military base in Tripoli on Monday. Below, residents welcome the rebels into the city.
More clashes after rebels sweep Tripoli
Transitional Council, said at a news conference in Benghazi, up until now the de facto rebel capital. He acknowledged, too, that the area of Tripoli around Gadhaﬁ’s compound, Bab al-Aziziya, was not under rebel control. A rebel ﬁghter told Al Jazeera television that pro-Gadhaﬁ forces still controlled 15 to 20 percent of the capital. An elite rebel brigade that deployed in a waterfront neighborhood, assigned to establish a police presence throughout the city, instead found itself involved in a ﬁreﬁght with pro-Gadhaﬁ forces including snipers and pickup trucks with machine guns. The brigade decided to relocate to a more secure neighborhood. News reports quoting rebel ofﬁcials said tanks had emerged from Gadhaﬁ’s compound and opened ﬁre. “There haven’t been many silent minutes,” Karen
BY KAREEM FAHIM, DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK AND ALAN COWELL
New York Times Service
TRIPOLI, Libya — Col. Moammar Gadhaﬁ remained at large Monday, and loyalist forces still held pockets of the city, stubbornly resisting the rebels’ efforts to establish full control, but there was little doubt that the Libyan leader’s four-decade grip on power was ending. U.S. President Barack Obama declared as much in a brief address, saying that the future of Libya “is in the hands of its people.” Emerging from his vacation home on the island of Martha’s Vineyard, Obama hailed the rebels’ victory. “Although there will be huge challenges ahead, the events in Libya remind us that fear can give way to hope,” he said. He pledged that the United States would seek to help the country in its attempt to establish democracy.
He called on Gadhaﬁ to order his followers to lay down their arms, saying that he “still has the opportunity to reduce bloodshed.” And Obama urged rebel forces to refrain from reprisal killings, maintaining that the rights of all Libyans must be respected.
The victorious rebel leaders had little time to celebrate, and many reasons for concern, beginning with the whereabouts of Gadhaﬁ. “We do not know if he is inside or outside Libya,” Mustafa Abdel-Jalil, the chairman of the • TURN TO LIBYA, 2A rebel government, the National • NATO coordination aided rebels, 2A
Amid abductions in Mexico, chip implants transmit hope BY NICK MIROFF
Washington Post Service
haps, is the ﬁnding that police ofﬁcers or soldiers were involved in more than one-ﬁfth of the crimes, contributing to widespread perceptions that authorities can’t be trusted to solve the crimes or recover missing loved ones. Under-the-skin devices such as the one allegedly carved out of Boss Diego are selling here for thousands of dollars on the promise that they can help rescuers track down kidnapping victims. Xega, the Mexican company that sells the chips and performs the implants, says its sales have increased 40 percent in the past two years. “Unfortunately, it’s been good for business but bad for the country,” said Xega executive Diego Kuri, referring to the kidnappings. “Thirty percent of our clients arrive after someone in their family has already experienced a kidnapping,” added Kuri, interviewed at the company’s heavily fortiﬁed ofﬁces, opposite a tire shop in this industrial city 120 miles north of Mexico’s capital. Xega calls it the VIP package. For $2,000 upfront and annual
QUERETARO, Mexico — Of all the strange circumstances surrounding the violent abduction last year of Diego Fernandez de Cevallos, the Mexican power broker and former presidential candidate known here as “Boss Diego,” perhaps nothing was weirder than the mysterious tracking chip that the kidnappers allegedly cut from his body. Lurid Mexican media accounts reported that an armed gang invaded Fernandez’ home, sliced open his arm with a pair of scissors and extracted a satellite-enabled tracking device, leaving the chip and a streak of blood behind. Fernandez was freed seven months later with little explanation, but the gruesome details of his crude surgery have not dissuaded thousands of worried Mexicans from seeking out similar satellite and radio-frequency tracking products — including scientiﬁcally dubious chip implants — as abductions in the country soar. According to a recent Mexican congressional report, kidnappings have jumped 317 percent in the past ﬁve years. More alarming, per- • TURN TO MEXICO, 2A
GAZA MILITANTS RENEW ROCKET FIRE DESPITE TRUCE, 3A
BEIRUT — Thousands of antigovernment protesters took to the streets across Syria on Monday after a televised appearance by President Bashar al Assad, shouting for him to step down and chanting “Gadhaﬁ is gone, now it’s your turn Bashar!” Security forces opened ﬁre in the central city of Homs, killing at least one person, a witness said. Crowds there and in several other cities were angered by Assad’s remarks on TV and taunted him with warnings that his regime would be the next to unravel, as Moammar Gadhaﬁ’s 42-year rule was crumbling under a rebel advance in Libya. Human rights groups say more than 2,000 people have been killed in the government’s crackdown on a ﬁve-month-old uprising. The regime has unleashed tanks and snipers in an attempt to stamp out the revolt. In a now-familiar refrain, Assad on Sunday promised imminent reforms — including parliamentary elections by February — but insisted the unrest was being driven by armed gangs and Islamic militants, not true reform seekers. He also said he was not worried about security in his country and warned against any Libyastyle foreign military intervention. His remarks appeared designed to portray conﬁdence as the regime comes under blistering international condemnation. On Monday, Syria’s state-run news agency said Assad formed a committee to pave the way for the formation of political groups other than his Baath party, which has held a monopoly in Syria for decades. The opposition rejected Assad’s remarks, saying they have lost conﬁdence in his promises of reform while his forces open ﬁre on peaceful protesters. Thousands of people across several Syrian cities took to the streets after the interview. In the ﬂash point central city of Homs, a hotbed of dissent against the regime, protesters shouted that Assad will follow Gadhaﬁ, whose • TURN TO SYRIA, 2A
Military name change irks Canadians BY ROB GILLIES
TORONTO — Canadians were thrilled when Prince William and Kate traveled across the country on their ﬁrst ofﬁcial trip as a married couple. They barely noticed when their pro-monarchy Conservative prime minister appointed Prince Philip, Queen Elizabeth II’s husband, an honorary admiral on his 90th birthday. But Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s decision to restore the royal name to the Canadian armed forces and other recent moves to embrace the monarchy have raised hackles in this former British colony that has largely been indifferent to the fact that the queen remains the titular head of state. It’s reﬂective of Harper’s broader agenda to shift the country’s ideological bearings from center-left to center-right — a project that lays greater stress on such traditional symbols as the monarchy, military, ice hockey and Arctic sovereignty. And there has been resistance to such moves in a traditionally liberal and increasingly diverse country. Last week’s decision by Harper to restore the word “Royal” to Canada’s air force and navy angered Canadian nationalists who say Harper is out of touch with modern-day Canada even though he received
VICTIMS OF NORWAY MASSACRE REMEMBERED AT SERVICE, 6A
Canada’s Defence Minister Peter MacKay, right, meets top military personnel at a ceremony in Halifax, Canada. a stronger mandate by gaining a coveted parliamentary majority in May’s elections. Former Defense Minister Paul Hellyer, who removed the royal labels from the armed forces in 1968 when he served in Liberal Prime Minister Lester Pearson’s government, accused Harper of trying to turn back the clock to a day that
STRATEGISTS DEBATE WAY AHEAD FOR OBAMA, BUSINESS FRONT
doesn’t exist anymore. “I’m incredulous,” Hellyer said. “Canada should be for Canadians at this stage of our development and we should emphasize our achievements whether they be in the ﬁeld of art or armed forces and no longer just try to be a pale imitation of somebody else.” • TURN TO CANADA, 4A
IN CALIFORNIA, ANOTHER EPISODE OF FAN VIOLENCE, SPORTS FRONT
INDEX THE AMERICAS ...........4A U.S. NEWS ....................5A OPINION ........................7A COMICS & PUZZLES ...6B
8/23/2011 3:52:38 AM
Edición, del 23 de agosto del 2011