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THE OTHER SIDE: Libyan government supporters display portraits of Moammar Gadhafi in Tripoli.


PANIC: Anti-government demonstrators run during clashes with Bahrainâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s army in Manama on Friday. Government forces opened fire on marchers in Pearl Square in a ruthless attempt to squash the protests.

BRUTAL CRACKDOWNS Security forces in Bahrain open fire on mourners

Dozens reported killed as protests escalate in Libya



New York Times Service

New York Times Service

MANAMA, Bahrain â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Government forces opened ďŹ re on hundreds of mourners marching toward Pearl Square on Friday, sending people running in panic amid the boom of concussion grenades. But even as the people ďŹ&#x201A;ed, at least one helicopter sprayed ďŹ re on them and a witness reported seeing mourners crumpling to the ground. It was not immediately clear what type of ammunition the forces were ďŹ ring, but some witnesses reported live ďŹ re from automatic weapons and the crowd was screaming â&#x20AC;&#x153;live ďŹ re, live ďŹ re.â&#x20AC;? At a nearby hospital, witnesses reported seeing people with very serious injuries and gaping wounds, at least some of them caused by rubber bullets that appeared to have been ďŹ red at close range. Even as ambulances rushed to rescue people, forces ďŹ red on medics loading the wounded into their vehicles. That only added to the chaos, with regular people pitching in to evacuate the wounded by car and doctors at a nearby hospital saying the delays in casualties reaching them made it impossible to get a reasonable count of the dead and wounded. A Western ofďŹ cial said at least one person had died in the mayhem surrounding the square, and reports said at least 50 were wounded. The ofďŹ cial quoted a witness as saying that the shooters were from the military, not the police, indicating a hardening of the governmentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s stance against those trying to stage a popular revolt.

PARIS â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Col. Moammar GadhaďŹ appeared to face its most serious challenge in 41 years of autocratic rule as reports of clashes between protesters and police around Libya streamed in from news agencies, local media and social networks, and there were reports that the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s national congress had stopped meeting due to spreading unrest. The semi-private newspaper Quryna said that the national congress had postponed its next meeting, which could have taken place on Monday, until further notice. The paper has ties to Saif al Islam GadhaďŹ , the leaderâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s son, The Associated Press reported. At least 24 people in Libya have died in the protests, according to Human Rights Watch. Security forces seemed to step up efforts to put down a rising tide of protests as reports of clashes in cities around Libya came in from news agencies, local media and social networks. The reports were impossible to verify independently. Troops took to the streets of northeastern city of Benghazi on Friday, Reuters reported, where witnesses described another day of violent clashes with security forces. In Al Bayda, 100 miles further east, opposition groups said they had seized control of the city after a violent crackdown there on Thursday appeared to have failed, The Associated Press said.


COURAGEOUS: Bahraini protesters face off against army tanks near Pearl Square in Manama on Friday.


Protests end short peace at Puerto Rico university BY TAMAR LEWIN New York Times Service

The president of the university resigned last Friday, the police who had occupied campus were withdrawn Monday, and an interim president arrived Tuesday. But there were only three days of peace.

SAN JUAN â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Months of unrest at the University of Puerto Rico seemed to be reaching a ďŹ nale over the past 10 days. Scores of students were arrested or injured by riot police ofďŹ cers. Faculty and staff members held a two-day walkout. 7TURN TO PURETO RICO, 2A

7TURN TO LIBYA, 2A n U.S. Navy base in Bahrain has Pentagonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s eye, 6A

Haiti candidates start campaigns BY DAVID MCFADDEN Associated Press

PORT-AU-PRINCE â&#x20AC;&#x201D; The two candidates in Haitiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s presidential runoff election have launched their ofďŹ cial campaigns, providing voters with a sharp contrast in tone and style. Mirlande Manigat, a 70-yearold law professor and former ďŹ rst lady, sedately spoke to journalists

on the grounds of an upscale hotel that was leveled in the capitalâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2010 earthquake. She discussed her plans to improve education, contain cholera, and move hundreds of thousands of Haitians out of encampments where they have been living since the disaster. Meanwhile, popular singer Michel â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sweet Mickyâ&#x20AC;? Martelly, the longtime â&#x20AC;&#x153;president of kompaâ&#x20AC;?

music and a pro-military populist, attracted thousands of supporters to the streets of Haitiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s second largest city with a carnival-like atmosphere. People in Cap-Haitien sang and danced in the midday heat to marching bands during breaks from political speeches blaring 7TURN TO HAITI, 4A

GOP freshmen dictate terms in House BY JENNIFER STEINHAUER New York Times Service

WASHINGTON â&#x20AC;&#x201D; The last speaker was U.S. Congressman Steve Southerland, freshman lawmaker from Florida, and so he dug deep. Drawing on the two things that propel him through each day â&#x20AC;&#x201D; his experience as funeral home


FURIOUS: A demonstrator yells at riot police officers as she is detained during a studentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; protest in San Juan.


operator, and his general loathing of all things Washington â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Southerland politely lit into Republican House leaders one day last week, explaining that he had not come to Washington to whack the federal budget this year by one dollar less than the $100 billion he had pledged to cut in his campaign.


â&#x20AC;&#x153;I wanted them to hear my heart, and not just my words,â&#x20AC;? recounted Southerland, one of scores of freshmen lawmakers â&#x20AC;&#x201D; there are seven Republicans from his home state alone â&#x20AC;&#x201D; who pressed for, and prevailed, in 7TURN TO FRESHMEN, 2A


INDEX NEWS EXTRA .............3A THE AMERICAS ..........4A OPINION........................7A COMICS & PUZZLES...6B 5






Bahrain security forces fire on protesters • BAHRAIN, FROM 1A

Thousands gathered at the hospital, offering blood for the wounded, and doctors said they were having to work as “volunteers” because the government had issued orders against helping protesters. The mourners who defied a government ban to march on Pearl Square were mostly young men who had been part of a funeral procession for a protester killed in an earlier crackdown by police. Minutes after the first shots were fired, forces in a helicopter that had been shooting at the crowds, opened fire at a Western reporter and videographer who were filming a sequence on the latest violence. Two young who had been in the march said some of the fire came from snipers. The violence came a day after both U.S. President Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton urged the leaders of the country,

a longtime ally, to show restraint. Former U.S. President Bill Clinton reiterated that message Friday and condemned the violence here, in Libya and in Yemen. “The United States condemns the use of violence by governments against peaceful protesters in those countries and wherever else it may occur,” Obama said. The president made the remarks in a statement read to reporters traveling with him on Air Force One, according to The Associated Press. The protests in Bahrain started Monday and the government initially cracked down hard, then backed off after at least two deaths and complaints from the United States. But since Thursday morning, security forces have shown little patience, first firing on demonstrators sleeping in Pearl Square early Thursday morning, killing at least five, and then shooting today at those who gathered to mark an earlier death.

The violence appeared to be transforming the demands of the protesters who early on were calling for a switch from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional one. On Thursday, the opposition withdrew from the Parliament and demanded that the government step down. And on Friday, the mourners were chanting slogans like “death to Khalifa,” referring to King Hamad bin Isa al Khalifa. The protests here add a dangerous new element: religious division. The king and the ruling elite of Bahrain are Sunni, while the majority of the population are Shiites, who have been leading the demonstrations and demanding not only freedom but equality. The king is distrustful enough of his Shiite subjects that many of his soldiers and police are foreigners hired by the government. On Friday, in the village of Sitra, south of Manama, a crowd of thousands ac-

companied the coffins of Ali Mansour Ahmed Khudair, 53, and Mahmoud Makki Abutaki, 22, both killed by shotgun fire on Thursday. In the sun-scorched cemetery, the bodies were laid to rest on their sides so that they faced the Muslim holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. “Have you seen what they have done to us,” said Aayat Mandeel, 29, a computer technician. “Killing people for what? To keep their positions?” For the Obama administration, the violence in this tiny Persian Gulf State was the Egypt scenario in miniature, a struggle to avert broader instability and protect its interests — Bahrain is the base of the U.S. Navy’s 5th Fleet — while voicing support for the democratic aspiration of the protesters. The U.S. has said it strongly opposed the use of violence. Clinton called Bahrain’s foreign minister Thursday morning to con-

vey “our deep concern about the actions of the security forces,” she said. Obama’s press secretary Jay Carney said that the White House was urging Bahrain to use restraint in responding to “peaceful protests.” The administration’s calculations are even more complicated, given Bahrain’s proximity to Saudi Arabia, another Sunni kingdom of vital importance to Washington, and because of the sectarian nature of the flareup here. For those who were in the traffic circle known as Pearl Square on Thursday when the police opened fire without warning on thousands who were sleeping there, it was a day of shock and disbelief. Many of the hundreds taken to the hospital were wounded by shotgun blasts, doctors said, their bodies speckled with pellets or bruised by rubber bullets or police clubs. Doctors said that at least

five had died and that several patients were in critical condition with serious wounds. A surgeon, who asked not to be identified for fear of reprisals, said that on Thursday the Health Ministry prevented ambulances from going to the scene to aid victims. The doctor said that police officers beat a paramedic and a doctor and refused to allow medical staff to attend to the wounded. News agencies in Bahrain reported that the health minister, Faisal al Hamar, resigned after doctors staged a demonstration to protest his order. In the morgue, Ahmed Abutaki, 29, held his younger brother’s cold hand, tearfully recalling the last time they spoke. “He said, ‘This is my chance, to have a say, so that maybe our country will do something for us,’” he recalled of his brother’s decision to camp out in the circle. “My country did do something; it killed him.”

Libya cracks down Republican freshmen dictate terms in House hard on protesters Talk grows of government shutdown • FRESHMEN, FROM 1A


In Zentan, officials with loudspeakers offered money for residents to stop protesting, a witness told The AP. In Tripoli, Gadhafi made a brief appearance at the central Green Square, surrounded by supporters, but he did not address them. Green is the color Gadhafi has adopted for what he calls his revolution, a system under which he wields absolute power, buttressed by a powerful personality cult, tight controls on the media and a pervasive security apparatus. Exiled opponents of the Libyan leader said Thursday that protests mirroring the turmoil in the Arab world had broken out in several parts of the country on a socalled Day of Rage. But the ferocity of the government’s response emerged only on Friday when the advocacy group Human Rights Watch said security forces had “killed at least 24 protesters and wounded many others in a crackdown on peaceful demonstrations across the country.” The organization quoted an unidentified protester as saying demonstrations also began late Thursday in Tripoli. The worst violence reported so far has been in the restive eastern part of

the country, where Gadhafi has long faced greater discontent than in the capital. “According to multiple witnesses, Libyan security forces shot and killed the demonstrators in efforts to disperse the protests,” Human Rights Watch said, calling the crackdown vicious. Quryna, a privately owned newspaper in Benghazi, said seven killings came overnight when security forces fired live rounds at protesters. While there has been no means of verifying the authorities’ tactics, there has been a steady stream of accusations about the use of live ammunition, reflecting the government’s resolve to quash protest. Throughout the protests, the state media have ignored the demonstrations, offering a counternarrative that depicted Libyans waving green flags and shouting in support of Gadhafi. The official JANA news agency said the government supporters wanted to affirm their “eternal unity with the brother leader of the revolution.” Two days ago, “subscribers to Libyana, one of two Libyan mobile phone networks, received a text message calling upon ‘nationalist youth’ to go out and ‘defend national symbols,’ ” Human Rights Watch said.

crafting a more aggressive plan to cut spending. The big question after the midterm elections: Would this giant class of 87 Republican newbies in the House, many with little or no elected experience, change the ways of Washington or would Washington change them? Round 1 goes to the freshmen. In their first weeks of business, the newcomers upended the budget process, proposing cuts so deep they made even fellow Republicans balk. They handed Speaker John Boehner embarrassing defeats on several votes, and forced the party to pull a trade measure. This week, the group continued to push for even more cuts through more than 400 amendments to the spending measure for this year, igniting a sometimes raucous floor fight that on Wednesday led to the defeat of financing for a fighter jet engine program backed by the Republican leadership. If this bothers people, well, the freshmen came to bother. Many of the amendments offered by Republicans in the budget fight seek to curtail regulations that they say stifle business. But they tend to push their small-government philosophy further


WASHINGTON — The prospect of a government shutdown is a growing possibility as Republicans leaders have ruled out the easiest path around a budget impasse and Democrats accused them of playing a dangerous game of chicken. Tensions over funding the government for the rest of this year escalated as House Republicans crept closer to approving spending cuts to social services, environmental programs, foreign aid and research. The package, amounting to more than $61 billion, is five times larger than any previous discretionary budget reduction proposed in the House, than many of their colleagues in the party. They have not been shy at poking around at the military and other areas that Republicans tend to defend even in tough times. Southerland said he believed that among his class there was not “this commitment to ideological dogma. We want to do the right thing. We don’t have an ax to grind with an agency or service.” In interview after interview, freshmen members said they had been repeatedly en-

Speaker John Boehner said Thursday. But the plan is unlikely to get far when it moves to the Democrat-led Senate. It also has been rejected by the Obama administration as potentially harmful to the frail economic recovery. The resulting stalemate comes with a deadline: Current funding for the government expires on March 4. Democrats had widely expected Republican leaders to agree to temporarily extend current spending levels, giving both sides more time to negotiate. But Boehner on Thursday rejected that approach, saying he would not allow a stop-gap measure that did not include cuts. “When we say we’re going to cut spending, read joined by their voters during their campaigns to cut, often without regard to specifics. What these lawmakers must brace for is the return to the districts where constituents, eager to see government shrink, may be less than pleased to learn that their representative voted to cut programs they actually like, such as those for lowincome student grants, or heating assistance for poor home owners. Many of the freshmen said they had hap-

my lips: We’re going to cut spending,” he said. Boehner’s blunt declaration immediately turned up the heat on the spending talks and appeared to derail what many had seen as the obvious way to buy time. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid suggested it was evidence that Boehner “can’t control the votes in his caucus” and had resorted to “threats” of a shutdown. “It’s not permissible. We will not stand for that,” Reid said. Democrats argued that a resolution extending the budget at current levels would already include spending cuts. Roughly $41 billion in cuts was included when the current spending plan was put in place by the last Congress. pily scheduled constituent meetings, and were ready to show voters what it all means. “We have to tell the story of a shared sacrifice,” Rep. David Schweikert of Arizona said. Raul Labrador, a freshman from Idaho, said people in his district might be upset. “But the message I have for my voters and people of Idaho is if we don’t make these tough decisions now, we will have nothing left over,” he said.

Puerto Rico university faces student protests • PUERTO RICO, FROM 1A

On Thursday morning, students blocked the stairs to classrooms in the social science department with trash cans and chairs, and closed down the humanities department. At the social sciences building, students said only one professor had tried to get through the blockade. The spark for the university’s problems was a budget cut that required students to pay a new $800 fee, increasing their costs by more than 50 percent. “It is the same situation that many universities in the United States are facing,” said Miguel A. Munoz, the interim president. “Our budget is about $1 billion, and we have been cut about $200 million. We need the $800 fee to cover the deficit, and our tuition is so low, $51 a credit, that it’s almost a gift.” The tuition is indeed lower than most other flagship public universities. But Puerto Rico is poorer than the mainland United States, and two-thirds of the students have incomes low enough to qualify for Pell grants. As at many public universities elsewhere in the United States, students here worry that the new fiscal realities will restrict who can attend. “This is a public univer-

19PGA02.indd 2

sity, and it should be accessible to everyone,” said Eduardo Galindez, a second-year student. “I work in the physics department, and I know some graduate students who couldn’t come back this semester because they couldn’t afford the fee.” Student leaders estimate that at least 5,000 students were not able to pay the fee this semester. And the administration acknowledges that there are fewer than 54,000 students this semester, compared with about 60,000 last semester. Munoz attributed the drop to instability. “As a parent, you don’t want to send your son, your daughter to a campus where you see so many protests, and police,” he said. Still, if there are threats to security and safety, he said he would not hesitate to bring back the police. Protests may well flare up again. A general student assembly is scheduled for Tuesday, to discus whether to call a further strike to protest the $800 fee, program cuts, and the unwillingness of the authorities to negotiate. “We have to see if students will ratify a strike or not,” said Giovanni Roberto, one of the student protest leaders. “We know there are alternatives and we have proposed them, but we don’t have any power to get them to listen.”

2/19/2011 5:25:28 AM






GOP targets Planned Parenthood BY ERIK ECKHOLM New York Times Service


INVALUABLE TOOL: The story of Egypt’s historic uprising has a lot to do with the organizing power of the Internet.

Three Egyptians who helped make a revolution BY SHASHANK BENGALI McClatchy News Service

Almost unnoticed in the wars over the federal budget has been a pitched battle over money for Planned Parenthood, which provides contraception, medical services and abortions at 800 clinics around the United States. For the last several weeks, those on opposite sides of a sharp cultural divide have engaged in dueling rallies, virtual conferences, online petitions and phone banks as crucial congressional votes drew near. At stake is more than $75 million that Planned Parenthood receives to provide family planning assistance to low-income women, money that its opponents say only frees up funds for abortions. Now, in a surprise step that has set off deep alarm among advocates for women’s health, the newly conservative

House of Representatives has proposed cutting the entire $317 million program of aid for family planning, known as Title X, in a 2011 spending bill that is expected to pass by the weekend. A proposed amendment to the budget bill would also bar Planned Parenthood from receiving any federal funds for any purpose. The fight will shift to the Senate, where the Democrats retain a small majority. It is unlikely they will agree to cut all financing for Planned Parenthood, let alone the broader federal aid for contraception that serves five million low-income women, said Susan Cohen, director of governmental affairs for the Guttmacher Institute, a research organization. But more legislation in the House aimed at Planned Parenthood is in the offing, putting the organization in its most precarious political spot in decades.

Planned Parenthood’s role as a major abortion provider has long provoked fierce opposition, but this month its opponents broadened their attacks, seeking to discredit the organization by linking it to the sexual exploitation of minors. A group called Live Action, which has repeatedly taken aim at Planned Parenthood and receives support from conservative foundations, released undercover videotapes in which clinic employees are seen answering questions from a man posing as a sex trafficker. Planned Parenthood says the tapes are misleading, that an errant staff member was fired and that its affiliates reported the encounters to law enforcement. Seizing on those videotapes, Rep. Mike Pence of Indiana, a Republican and longtime foe of abortion and the chief sponsor of a House

bill to cut off financing for Planned Parenthood, said that the organization had “a pattern of apparent fraud and abuse” and that “the time has come to deny any federal funding to Planned Parenthood.” In an e-mailed Valentine’s Day appeal, Cecile Richards, president of Planned Parenthood, described the House budget and Pence’s proposals as “the most dangerous legislative assault on women’s health in Planned Parenthood’s 95-year history.” With a total budget of some $1.1 billion, more than a third of which comes from the federal, state and local governments, Planned Parenthood offers family planning, HIV counseling, treatment for sexually transmitted diseases, cancer screening and other services as well as abortions, mainly to low-income women.

CAIRO — Three young revolutionaries, their friendship formed in a classroom and sealed in the fight for their country’s future, sat under the fireworks and marveled. Hosni Mubarak had been the president of Egypt for longer than any of them had been alive. It was almost impossible to believe that he was gone, and that they had helped drive him away. “Before,” said Mahmoud Hafny, 24, “we never dreamed that Egypt could do a revolution like this.” The story of Egypt’s historic uprising has a lot to do with the organizing power of the Internet. It took inspiration from the revolt weeks earlier in nearby Tunisia. And it united a strikingly broad cross-section of Egyptians — students, the working class, conservative Islamists and secular liberals — under the banner of ousting Mubarak and remaking the political order. Perhaps the movement’s greatest force, however, was the strength of a generation of young Egyptians who overcame fear, economic hardship, the memories of countless crushed demonstrations and wave upon wave of statesanctioned violence to occupy the streets of their capital for 18 consecutive days. In the end, Hafny said on Friday night, as he basked in the afterglow of Mubarak’s resignation alongside thousands in Cairo’s Tahrir Square, the recognition that people like him weren’t going home is what forced the 82-year-old dictator to step aside. Hafny and his two friends, 24-year-old Islam Mohamed and 27-year-old Islam Gamal, met as engineering students at Cairo University. It was there that they attended their first protests, joining dozens of classmates in supporting free elections and anti-corruption campaigns in a country where Mubarak’s ruling party had effectively banned all formal opposition. SHOW OF STRENGTH Those demonstrations always seemed to feature more police officers than protesters, and gradually the three of them lost their activist spirit. They focused on school and went on to stable jobs, putting them in a better position than millions of Egyptians of their generation. Mohamed joined a landscape architecture firm as a consultant, but his monthly salary amounts to less than $400. He could afford a shared apartment in a decent neighborhood and a few nights out every month. Beyond that, he couldn’t see a future. “I’m eating, but my pockets are empty,” said the bookish Mohamed. “And I’m thinking, Mubarak and his people are getting rich from tourism, oil, agriculture. My president is stealing from me and I can’t open my mouth.” Hafny, who comes from a family of modest means in the southern city of Luxor, joined the Egyptian army’s officer corps, where he earns an even smaller salary. He started playing out his prospects and became depressed. “In Islam, you know, sex outside of marriage is forbidden,” said the tall, self-possessed Hafny. “How am I supposed to get married if I can’t afford a flat or money for a wedding? Am I supposed to get married at 40?” On Jan. 28, the three of them joined the biggest crowds they’d ever seen marching across the Nile toward Tahrir Square. A large police contingent was waiting, and in the clashes that erupted that night, Hafny and Gamal recalled standing at the edge of a bridge and watching a police vehicle run over four civilians — a woman and three men about their age. The night ended with protesters setting the ruling party headquarters ablaze and some looters entering the famed Egyptian Museum. BLOOD FEUD “It’s not only about you leaving anymore,” Hafny said, describing what protesters suddenly felt about Mubarak. “There is blood between me and you now.” That night, Mohamed’s cousin lost the use of an eye when a police officer fired a rubber bullet at close range and struck his face. Reports spread that authorities had let thousands of prisoners out of jails and that looting was spreading across Cairo. “After the 28th we said, ‘OK, this town is ours,’ ” Mohamed said. “He broke people out of jail. I mean, I can’t imagine that. How could he do that?” They continued to come to Tahrir Square every day, going home only after midnight to rest and change clothes before returning the next afternoon. On Feb. 2, Hafny was in his apartment when he heard that pro-Mubarak gangs had invaded the square, some riding horses and camels. He rushed back to a find scene of medieval chaos. That night, as the rival groups pelted each other with stones and firebombs and corners of the square went up in flames, Hafny stood on the sidelines and cried for the first time that he could remember. “How could those people do this for that president?” he asked of the pro-Mubarak gangs. “I stood away from the battle. I thought they will finish each other.” Mohamed and Gamal brought him back to Tahrir the following day, and he was buoyed to see that the demonstrators had held their ground, and the Mubarak loyalists had all but disappeared. “These people have some kind of power,” Mohamed said. “You are sitting with another protester and you feel that his way of thinking is the same as mine. Before, we couldn’t take the first step, because we were afraid.”

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ARSON? The Art Deco district is seen in Miami. In little more than a week, four historic Art Deco buildings have caught fire, and authorities have deemed the blazes suspicious.

Flames take Miami Art Deco buildings BY TIMOTHY WILLIAMS New York Times Service

Someone is apparently trying to burn down vacant, but once grand, Art Deco buildings in Miami Beach, home to one of the world’s largest collection of such buildings. In little more than a week, four historic buildings in the Collins Park neighborhood, near the Miami Beach Convention Center, have caught fire, and the authorities have deemed the blazes suspicious. On Thursday, the police announced the arrest of a man they described as a transient who they believe is connected to at least one of the fires. He was charged with arson. The buildings date from the 1930s and early ’40s, a high point for Art Deco architecture in Miami Beach

and a period in which droves of middle-class U.S. citizens from colder climes arrived in search of an affordable vacation spot. The most recent fire was reported Wednesday about 7:45 p.m. inside a building that was once the Hotel Miljean. The old hotel was quickly engulfed by flames, and the roof collapsed; no one was injured. Like the three other large buildings that have had fires, the three-story hotel was vacant and the blaze appears to have started on an upper floor. If the fire was deliberately set, the arsonist was able to do it without attracting the attention of a security guard, who told the authorities that he had neither seen nor heard anything out of the ordinary. The building was scheduled to be reno-

vated, officials said. Firefighters arrived within two minutes of the first call, according to the fire chief. It took two hours to extinguish the blaze. As the fire raged Wednesday night, the police arrested Joel Paul Williams, 33, a homeless man, a few blocks away. The police say that he lighted the Miljean blaze and that, earlier in the day, he had started another fire outside an apartment building in the same neighborhood. That fire was quickly extinguished. A police officer recognized him from a surveillance video taken of the previous fires, the Miami Beach police said. Williams has not been charged with setting fire to the three other buildings. He has been arrested several times in the past, but appar-

ently never for arson, said Mayor Matti Herrera Bower of Miami Beach. Aside from the Hotel Miljean fire, the authorities have hesitated to call the fires arson. But they have said an accelerant appears to have been used in each of the fires. A formal investigation is continuing. The first fire, at the Tyler Apartments on 20th Street, happened on Feb. 9 about 9:30 p.m. The 1940 building was severely damaged. Five days later, shortly after midnight, a blaze charred the Collins Plaza Hotel, built in 1936. The next night, Tuesday, a fire broke out around 10 p.m. at the Copley Terrace Apartments, built in 1938. Those apartments are next to the Tyler Apartments. Each of the buildings sustained major damage.

Dispute over cancer tied to breast implants BY DENISE GRADY New York Times Service

When talking to patients about a rare type of cancer linked to breast implants, plastic surgeons should call it “a condition” and avoid using the words cancer, tumor, disease or malignancy, the president of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons advised members during an online seminar on Feb. 3. The comments, by Dr. Phil Haeck, the society president, were made public by Public Citizen’s Health Research Group, an advocacy group in Washington. The group also wrote to the Food and Drug Administration, characterizing the advice as part of a misinformation campaign devised to play down the risks of implants, and urging health officials to put a stop to it.

Haeck was traveling and not available for an interview, according to a spokesman for the plastic surgeons’ group, which issued a statement Thursday responding to Public Citizen’s claims. The surgeons’ group said Public Citizen had taken Haeck’s remarks out of context and misconstrued them. He was discussing a possible link between the implants and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma or ALCL, a cancer that involves the immune system. The events grew out of an announcement on Jan. 26 by the Food and Drug Administration that breast implants might cause a small but significant increase in the lymphoma, which is rare but treatable. It is not breast cancer. It is usually a systemic disease, but in the cases

linked to implants, the lymphoma grew in the breast, usually in the capsule of scar tissue around the implant. Though some evidence suggests that the lymphoma associated with implants might be less aggressive than the more common form of the disease, that evidence is not conclusive, said Dr. William Maisel, the chief scientist and deputy director for science in the Center for Devices and Radiological Health at the Food and Drug Administration. The disease is exceedingly rare. At the time of the January announcement, the drug agency said it knew of only about 60 cases worldwide, a tiny number compared with the 5 million to 10 million women who have implants. But even that small num-

ber appears to be an excess of cases when compared with the usual incidence in the breast of this type of lymphoma in women who do not have implants: 3 in 100 million. In some cases simply removing the implant and scar tissue appeared to eliminate the disease, but in others women were given chemotherapy or radiation, or both. The Food and Drug Administration issued a statement saying it was reviewing Public Citizen’s letter. The agency has said that women with implants should pay attention to changes in their breasts and see a doctor if swelling, lumps, pain, asymmetry or other symptoms develop. The lymphoma can occur years after the implant surgery.

2/19/2011 3:28:06 AM






No end in sight for spat between Mexico, France BY TIM JOHNSON McClatchy News Service


DANGEROUS: Mexican police guard a U.S. Embassy vehicle after it came under attack by Zetas gunmen Tuesday near the town of Santa Maria Del Rio, Mexico. The ambush killed one U.S. federal agent.

Zetas gang ambushed U.S. federal agents BY WILL WEISSERT AND ALICIA A. CALDWELL Associated Press

BROWNSVILLE, Texas — Gunmen from Mexico’s ruthless Zetas drug gang carried out a highway ambush that killed one U.S. federal agent and wounded another this week, a Texas congressman said. Michael McCaul said Immigration and Customs Enforcement Special Agent Jaime Zapata, 32, was killed by members of the Zeta cartel after a group of 10 to 15 armed men in two vehicles forced Zapata’s Chevy Suburban off a highway in San Luis Potosi state on Tuesday afternoon. ICE Agent Victor Avila was shot twice in the leg. McCaul is chairman of the House Homeland Security Oversight and Investigations Subcommittee and

was briefed on the attack by intelligence sources as part of his position. He said the agents, both of whom were assigned to Texas but on temporary assignment in Mexico, identified themselves as U.S. diplomats before being shot, “hoping they [the Zetas] would honor the long-standing tradition that they don’t [target] U.S. law enforcement.” “This was a complete ambush,” said the Texas Republican, who said investigators recovered least 90 bullet casings from the scene. “This is a complete game changer,” McCaul said. “They are changing the rules.” He said that while the motive for the attack remains unclear, one thing is certain: “There’s no case of mistaken identity.” Authorities have said the

agents were likely in the wrong place at the wrong time and that their vehicle is of a kind coveted by drug cartels in the area. San Luis Potosi borders two northern Mexican states where the Zetas and the rival Gulf Cartel have waged bloody battles over territory. Zapata and Avila were temporarily detailed to the ICE attache office in Mexico City and were driving from the northern city of Monterrey to the Mexican capital at the time of the attack. Mexican authorities are investigating the shooting but have not announced any arrests. “My sense is that we know, we probably have pretty good intelligence as to who was behind this,” McCaul said. “That’s what it appears to be.”

U.S. hardens its position on immigration policy BY JULIA PRESTON AND KIRK SEMPLE New York Times Service

After months of internal wrangling and confusion over an ambitious nationwide program allowing state and local police agencies to identify immigrants with criminal records, Obama administration immigration officials have decided to take a hard line against communities that try to delay or cancel their participation in the program, documents reveal. The program, Secure Communities, was initiated in late 2008 and is a centerpiece of the Obama administration’s strategy for enforcing immigration laws. The documents include e-mails and other materials showing deliberations among officials of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, which runs the program. The documents show that well into the second year of the program, as officials were moving force-

fully to extend it to hundreds of law enforcement agencies across the country, the officials remained deeply confused over whether state and local governments could decline to join it. The internal discussions intensified as cities and states — including Arlington County, Va.; San Francisco; Santa Clara County, Calif.; Washington; and the states of Colorado, New York, Oregon and Washington — were considering whether to opt out. But late last year, the documents show, officials from ICE, as the federal agency is known, reaffirmed its policy that every local jurisdiction in the country would be required to join the program by 2013. The officials developed a plan to isolate and pressure communities that did not want to participate. The Secure Communities program connects the state and local police to Department of Homeland Security databases, allowing them

to use fingerprints to check the immigration history, as well as the criminal record, of anyone booked after arrest. If a fingerprint match shows that the suspect is subject to deportation, both the immigration agency and the police are notified. As of this week, the program had been activated in 1,049 local law enforcement agencies in 39 states. Immigrant advocacy groups strongly oppose the program, saying it has led to deportations of thousands of illegal immigrants who had no criminal records, separating established families. Immigrants’ groups have held protests to dissuade local governments from signing on. Immigration officials said they could not respond directly because a court case over the release of the documents remained open. But Brian Hale, an agency spokesman, said in a statement that “deliberative, internal correspondence should not be confused for final policy.”

Census shows huge growth in Texas’ Hispanic population BY JAY ROOT Associated Press

AUSTIN — Ethnic minorities accounted for 89 percent of the staggering growth in Texas over the past decade, according to figures released by the U.S. Census Bureau that support projections putting Hispanics on pace to soon outnumber whites in the secondlargest U.S. state. The explosive Latino growth, confirmed by the long-awaited release of the local 2010 Census numbers

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for Texas, immediately sparked calls from Hispanic leaders for the creation of new Hispanic-dominated seats in Congress and the Legislature. Texas is picking up four seats in Congress this year, twice as many as Florida, the next highest. Latino politicians say it’s time their demographic strength translated into political power. Rep. Roberto Alonzo, DDallas, says map drawers could configure all four of

the new seats to be dominated by Hispanics, even though he figures the Republicans who control the Legislature won’t do that. He’s particularly keen on getting one centered in Dallas, which now doesn’t have one despite heavy Latino growth. Seven of the state’s 32 U.S. House districts have Hispanic majorities, including one in the largest city of Houston — a seat held by Democrat Gene Green, who is not Hispanic.

MEXICO CITY — Relations between France and Mexico appear to grow more poisoned by the day, trapped in a deepening quarrel over the fate of a 36-year-old Frenchwoman convicted of kidnapping in Mexico. The conviction of the Frenchwoman, Florence Cassez, was upheld by a high court a week ago, and she now faces a 60-year term in a notorious Mexican jail. Since then, France’s President Nicolas Sarkozy has spoken passionately and repeatedly about her situation, and his foreign minister declares that France will fight until “justice prevails and the rule of law is respected.” “We will not leave this young woman in prison for another 60 years,” Sarkozy said in Paris on Tuesday, announcing that hundreds of cultural and trade events across his country to celebrate Mexico this year would be dedicated to Florence Cassez. In retaliation, a furious Mexico canceled all 350 or so events. “The government of Mexico considers that the conditions for the Year of Mexico in France do not exist for its properly declared purpose,” a statement from Mexico’s Secretariat of Foreign Relations said. “Unfortunately, the government of Mexico will not be able to participate in these

activities.” Mexico’s Embassy in Paris said Thursday that its ambassador “sadly found himself obliged to leave” a session of the French Senate the night before because of new remarks about the case by France’s Foreign Minister Michele Alliot-Marie. What might seem like a garden-variety dispute, rebounding from the diplomatic to the cultural arena, has broader ramifications. France will hand over the chair of the Group of 20 leading economies to Mexico next year, and the chill between the two nations is likely to hinder action on global financial issues. At the heart of the case is a woman who evokes opposite sentiments on each side of the Atlantic Ocean. Cassez has widespread support in France, where many view her as victim of a corruption-prone Mexican judiciary. Sarkozy met with her parents earlier this week. In Mexico, many see her as a gangster. An opinion survey of 600 people by the polling firm Cabinet of Strategic Communications released Wednesday found that four out of five Mexicans think Cassez should complete her jail term in Mexico and not be allowed to return to serve the time in her homeland, as Sarkozy asks. Only 8 percent think she is innocent. “Sarkozy is feeling out how to raise his popularity. It’s very low now and elections

are coming, so he’s going after Mexico, which is demonized the world over,” said Arturo Arango Duran, a security analyst in the capital. Differing political constituencies in the two countries seem to preclude a quick solution to the bilateral spat, and may even allow it to worsen. Many Mexicans concur, however, that the capture and trial of Cassez were irregular and even bizarre. Cassez came to Mexico in 2003 and soon moved in with a boyfriend, Israel Vallarta, a suspected leader of the Los Zodiaco kidnapping gang, in a ranch house near the capital. She was arrested on Dec. 8, 2005, by agents of the equivalent of Mexico’s FBI. The next day, the agency called in television crews to film a mock raid resulting in the capture of Cassez and other alleged gang members. Only later did the agency admit it was a reenactment. In a small cabin behind the ranch house, agents found three kidnap victims, including Cristina Rios and her then-11-year-old son. Cassez was convicted on the testimony of captives who said one of the kidnappers had a foreign, perhaps French, accent. Maintaining her innocence, Cassez said she did not know abductees were held at the ranch or that her then-boyfriend was a criminal. Vallarta has confessed but said Cassez was not involved.

Hackers struck computers in Canadian government BY IAN AUSTEN New York Times Service

OTTAWA — A federal Cabinet minister said hackers, perhaps from China, compromised computers in two Canadian government departments in early January, leaving bureaucrats with little or no Internet access for nearly two months. Stockwell Day, president of the Treasury Board, told reporters that hackers had infiltrated computers in his department, which supervises the bureaucracy and government operations, as well as in the Department of Finance, which is responsible for the government’s budget and fiscal policy. “Every indication we have at this point is that our sensors and our cyber-protection systems got the alerts out in time, that the information doors were slammed shut,” Day said. He added that the attack, the latest in a series of confirmed assaults on government computer systems, was

more directly focused than were previous strikes against Canada. After the attack was discovered in early January, the government largely isolated computers in the two departments from the Internet. The computers have, for the most part, remained disconnected while security officials search individual computers for evidence in case of a criminal investigation and to remove the compromising software. While the attack was not confirmed until late Wednesday, shortly before a Canadian Broadcasting Corporation report about it, signs that something was wrong have been evident for some time. For the past six weeks, thousands of public servants employed by the two departments have either been staying home to use Internet connections or using wireless Internet connections at nearby cafes. There are concerns that the hackers may have gained

advance knowledge of the federal budget, to be released next month. Vic Toews, the minister of public safety, said in an e-mail that “we have no indication that budget security has been compromised.” Toews and other officials have declined to publicly outline the nature of the attack. But a government computer specialist who was briefed about the attack confirmed the CBC’s report on the condition that he not be identified because of the government’s policy of not discussing computer security issues. According to the CBC and other Canadian news organizations, the attackers adopted the same approach as the one used by a China-based computer espionage ring that stole information from the Indian Defense Ministry. That gang was exposed last year by a team of researchers from the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto.

Haiti candidates start campaigns • HAITI, FROM 1A

from loudspeakers. Martelly was accompanied by Haitian-American hip-hop star Wyclef Jean, an influential figure in Haiti, and other singers popular in this desperately poor country. The winner of the March 20 ballot will be responsible for trying to govern a nation with widespread joblessness, an army of quake homeless, a lack of basic institutions and a cholera epidemic. The victor will also have to deal with countless groups fighting over the billions of dollars in international aid pledged after the deadly quake. In a seriously flawed initial election with 19 presidential candidates in November, Manigat outpaced the field but fell well short of the 50 percent needed to win outright. Controversy erupted when state construction chief Jude Celestin, who was backed by unpopular lameduck President Rene Preval, was announced as the second-place finisher, edg-

ing out Martelly by less than 1 percent of the vote. In the aftermath, nearly all of Haiti’s major cities were shut down by days of protests and rioting. Earlier this month, Martelly was declared the No. 2 finisher after an international team of experts from the Organization of American States found problems with the vote count. On Thursday, Manigat told reporters who gathered at the Hotel Montana’s property in the hills above Portau-Prince that she couldn’t be more different from her political opponent. “The second round is historic, it’s a first, and it pits two individuals who are not remotely similar,” she said, with a smile. “He knows how to sing, but I know how to do many other things that he doesn’t know how to do.” Martelly’s campaign said it expected to issue a statement later reporting his statements in Cap-Haitien. In Port-au-Prince, 53-yearold Charte Eschras, a civil engineer, said he believed

Manigat was the best choice to lead the country, citing her lengthy experience with the law. “For this country to move forward, we cannot hand it over to Michel Martelly. He’s a simple singer, he has no diploma, no experience with business or public administration. This country would go backward by 10 years,” Eschras said. “Manigat must be the next president.” Jean Fritznel, an unemployed 30-year-old who spent the afternoon watching youngsters play soccer in the dirt of his Petionville encampment of roughly 3,400 homeless, said he was enthusiastically backing Martelly. He liked that Martelly is a political newcomer. “We have had experienced politicians running this country and they never accomplish anything. What’s bad about being inexperienced in politics? That’s probably the best thing for the president to be,” Fritzel said. “I’m very frustrated living here. We need change.”

2/19/2011 4:16:58 AM






Breast-feeding plan opposed by both parties BY KATE ZERNIKE New York Times Service

Perhaps it was inevitable that when Michelle Obama proposed something, Rep. Michele Bachmann would be the one to criticize her. The surprise is how many of the reactions crossed the usual political boundaries. On blogs and in interviews, some liberal Democrats found themselves agreeing with Bachmann, a Tea Party celebrity from Minnesota, when she criticized the first lady for a campaign to promote breast-feeding. Some conservatives, meanwhile, stood up for Obama for promoting what they said was a healthier choice. Obama told reporters this month that she would promote breast-feeding, particularly among black women, as part of her campaign to reduce childhood obesity. The Internal Revenue Service then announced that breast pumps, which can cost several hundred dollars, would be eligible for tax breaks. Bachmann lashed out at the campaign on Tuesday on Laura Ingraham’s radio show, saying that it reflected a “hard left” position that “government is the answer to everything.” While noting that she had breast-fed the five children she gave birth to, Bachmann said, “To think that government has to go out and buy my breast pump — You want to talk about nanny state, I think we just got a new definition.” While few if any of those who offered comments were against breast-feeding, many noted that some women were unable to breast-feed for medical reasons. Others said that many women with-

out offices or flexible work hours were not offered the time or a place to use breast pumps. “Holy mackerel, I might have to agree with Michele Bachmann on this one!” noted one person on a blog. A new mother who called herself a progressive Brooklynite — and would not be identified for fear of scorn from her Democratic friends and other mothers — said that while she hated “just about everything to do with Bachmann’s politics, she is not completely wrong here.” “I support what the first lady is trying to do, but I also think there’s already enough pressure on working moms,” she said. “Yes, breast is best, but there are plenty of mothers who love and care for their children, but simply can’t pump — for time, work or physical reasons.” At the same time, people who said they did not like the Obamas applauded the first lady for her efforts. “I am a conservative,” said a writer to an Arkansas Times blog. “I am also a breast-feeding advocate. This is just stupid.” Bachmann was wrong that Obama wants the government to pay for breast pumps; the IRS would simply allow people to deduct breast-feeding expenses if they itemize, or use the pretax dollars in their medical savings accounts to pay for pumps. And the federal government is now one of the biggest buyers of baby formula, through its nutritional programs for women and infant children. So giving a tax break for breast-feeding might actually help reduce government spending, as Bachmann advocates.


OUTCRY: Protesters occupy the State Capitol in Madison, Wis., on Friday.

Wisconsin Democrats disappear BY MONICA DAVEY New York Times Service

MADISON, Wis. — The fury among thousands of workers, students and union supporters is at a boil as state lawmakers prepare to vote on landmark legislation that would slash collective bargaining rights for public workers. With protesters blocking a door to Senate chambers, they sat down Thursday, body against body, filling a corridor, and chanted “freedom, democracy, unions!” in the stately gallery as the senators convened. Then the surprising drama in Madison this week added a new twist: The Democrats disappeared. That left Republicans, who control the Capitol and had expected to push through the bill, in limbo. Although Republicans control the state

Senate by 19 to 14, 20 senators — at least a single Democrat must be in the room to call a vote on such fiscal matters. “It’s disgraceful that people who are paid to be here have decided to skip town,” Michael Ellis, the Senate president, said shortly after the roll was called. And so, as the Republicans fumed and waited, and the protesters (who were buoyed by the vanishing act) went right on protesting, a desperate search begun for the missing senators — one more topsy-turvy chapter in a saga that has, in a single week, turned Wisconsin into a national battleground over public workers, unions, and budget crises. The reason for the disappearance was simple: Democrats, along with the thousands of workers and protesters, vigorously op-

pose the bill, which would weaken unions by limiting collective bargaining for state employees and many local employees, including teachers, to base wages, and would require workers to pay more for pensions and healthcare. Without enough votes to actually stop the bill’s passage, Democratic senators apparently concluded that leaving the building would stop the vote from taking place. “The plan is to try and slow this down because it’s an extreme piece of legislation that’s tearing this state apart,” Sen. Jon Erpenbach, one of the missing Democrats, told The Associated Press by telephone. (He refused to say where he was.) Many among the protest group said they had no plans to leave, that they would wait, as long as it took, to end the proposal, which was

introduced only a week ago by Scott Walker, the new Republican governor here. For his part, Walker, who appeared before reporters from his office even as chants from beyond security barriers echoed into the room, had no apologies for his plans. He said he had no intention of changing the bill. And he chastised the Democratic senators for leaving. “We’re certainly looking at all legal options out there, but I have faith that after they do their stunt for a day or two — it’s more about theatrics than anything else — that they’ll come back and realize again they’re elected to do the job,” Walker said. “Show up, debate the bill, offer amendments, have a healthy debate, but you don’t have that debate if you hang out down in Rockford or Dubuque.”

Digital age is slow to arrive in much of rural U.S. Kidney BY KIM SEVERSON New York Times Service

COFFEEVILLE, Ala. — After a couple of days in this part of rural Alabama, it is hard to complain about a dropped iPhone call or a Cee Lo video that takes a few seconds too long to load. The county administrator cannot get a broadband Internet connection at her house. Neither can the sportswriter at The Thomasville Times. Here in Coffeeville, the only computer many students ever touch is at the high school. As the world embraces its digital age — 2 billion people now use the Internet regularly — the line delineating two Americas has become more broadly drawn. There are those who have reliable, fast access to the Internet, and those, like about half of the 27,867 people here in Clarke County, who do not. In the rural U.S., only 60 percent of households use broadband Internet service, according to a report released Thursday by the Department of Commerce. That is 10 percent less than urban households.


LIMITED: People use computers at a public library in Thomasville, Ala. In the rural U.S., only 60 percent of households use broadband Internet service. Overall, 28 percent of U.S. citizens do not use the Internet at all. The report was developed in conjunction with a national broadband map that was also released

Thursday. The map, considered the most comprehensive of its kind, is expected to show a number of discrepancies in the quality and availability of broadband access between rural

and urban communities. “This is like electricity was,” said Brian Depew, assistant executive direction for the Center for Rural Affairs, a nonprofit research group in Lyons, Neb. “This is a critical

utility.” Increasingly, interacting with certain branches of government can be done only online. And in emergencies, a lack of cellphone or e-mail can have serious consequences. Emergency alerts regarding severe weather, for example, are often sent only through text or e-mail. All of that is important, certainly. But there is also a social component to good Internet access. Here in Clarke County, where churches and taxidermy shops line the main roads and drivers learn early to dodge logging trucks hauling pine trees, most people would simply like to upload photos of their children to Facebook. “Ninety-five percent of the people in this county who want public water can have it, but people can’t even talk to each other around here,” said Sharon Jones, 60, who owns a small logging company with her husband and lives just outside of Coffeeville. “It takes 10 times the effort to do what someone else can do in a matter of five minutes,” she said.

Sharpton compares Ohio mom to civil rights heroes BY MEGHAN BARR Associated Press

AKRON, Ohio — A woman convicted of a felony for using her father’s address to enroll her children in a neighboring school district should be “saluted, not arrested,” civil rights activist the Rev. Al Sharpton said at a rally for her. Sharpton spoke Thursday to a cheering crowd of about 300 people who gathered to support Kelley WilliamsBolar at a church in Akron, a struggling industrial city about an hour’s drive south of Cleveland. The rally was organized by Sharpton’s New York City-based nonprofit

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National Action Network. “I think this woman should be saluted, not arrested,” Sharpton said to rousing cheers at the church, which was packed with people. “This is an issue that everybody ought to get mad about. White, black, whatever.” Williams-Bolar, who is black, was accused of improperly using her father’s address to register her two daughters from 2006 to 2008 in the neighboring CopleyFairlawn school district instead of in the larger, underperforming Akron city district. The 40-year-old single mother and teacher’s aide said her primary concern was

safety. She served nine days in jail for records tampering but plans to appeal her conviction. The felony record could rule out her goal of becoming a teacher. Amid continued public outcry over her arrest, Republican Gov. John Kasich has asked the state parole board to determine whether the felony conviction was an appropriate punishment. Sharpton compared Williams-Bolar to the civil rights protesters in the 1960s, saying the civil rights movement began with the landmark Brown vs. Board of Education ruling, which ended legal segregation in public schools. Trying to ensure a

good education for children shouldn’t be criminalized, he said. “This is an issue about equal education and equal protection,” he said. The crowd was overwhelmingly sympathetic to Williams-Bolar, with some people holding up signs that said “Exonerate Kelley Williams-Bolar.” But there also was tension in the room. The Rev. Curtis Walker, president of the city of Akron’s school board, took the podium to defend its schools. “We have a full-time police officer in our school building,” Walker said. “We have metal detectors to make

sure that our students are safe and well.” But Linda Lanier, a mother who has chosen to homeschool her son rather than send him to a city school, drew cheers from the crowd when she stood up to speak. “I live in Akron, and I have to be concerned,” Lanier said. “Because at the end of the day, I have to do what’s best for my child.” Sharpton said he plans to return to Akron to fight for Williams-Bolar. “I think that tonight showed we can pull a crowd,” Sharpton said. “Now we’ve got to transform that crowd into a movement.”

given to wrong patient in California BY ALAN ZAREMBO AND LISA GIRION Los Angeles Times Service

LOS ANGELES — University of Southern California University Hospital halted kidney transplants last month after a kidney was accidentally transplanted into the wrong patient, according to a spokesman for the program that coordinates organ transplants in Los Angeles. The patient who received the wrong kidney escaped harm, apparently because the kidney happened to be an acceptable match, said Bryan Stewart, spokesman for the program, OneLegacy, which was notified of the error by the hospital. The hospital, which performs about two transplants a week, confirmed in a statement that it had voluntarily halted transplants Jan. 29 after a “process error” was discovered. The hospital did not detail the nature of the error and declined to answer questions. It said no patients were harmed. Dr. Goran Klintmalm, a veteran surgeon at Baylor Regional Transplant Institute in Dallas, said that such a mistake is almost inconceivable. “The safeguards are very substantial,” he said. “I can’t even imagine how this mistake could have happened.” The mix-up apparently occurred after two kidneys, from separate donors, arrived at the transplant center around the same time on Jan. 29, a Saturday. “Our packaging and documentation was accurate,” said Thomas Mone, the chief executive of OneLegacy. “Presumably this was human error” at the hospital.

2/19/2011 2:08:41 AM






Iran opposition leader missing as tensions rise New York Times Service

A main leader of Iran’s opposition reportedly is missing and both the opposition “green movement” and Iran’s hardliners issued calls for street rallies, escalating tensions after the reemergence of street protests and their brutal suppression on Monday. The daughters of the missing opposition leader, Mir Hussein Moussavi, told an opposition website that they had had no word from either of their parents since Tuesday and feared they

had been detained. Security forces have surrounded their home, and all communications have been cut. On Wednesday, the website of another opposition leader, Mehdi Karroubi, reported that the house of his eldest son had been raided and damaged by security officers seeking to arrest him. Calls have intensified from Iran’s Parliament and judiciary for the prosecution of both men, who have been accused repeatedly of waging war against God, a crime that carries the death penalty.

This week, as the opposition revived in solidarity with uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt, lawmakers in Parliament called for them to be hanged. An oppoMOUSSAVI sition group, the Green Path of Hope, issued a call through the opposition website Jaras for supporters to take to the streets on Sunday to remember the deaths of

two protesters in this week, as well those of “other martyrs of the green movement.” The opposition’s Monday rallies were met with a forceful response from Iran’s security forces, which include not only police officers but also plainclothes members of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards Corps and the paramilitary Basij group. The government’s supporters have been called to rally after Friday prayers at Tehran University. According to the website of the staterun TV news service, IRINN,

the rally will be held in order that the “revolutionary people of Tehran” can show their “hatred, rage and disgust” at the reemergence of the kind of opposition rallies — hardliners say “sedition” — that followed the disputed reelection of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2009. Conflicts flared for a second time on Wednesday, when members of the Basij paramilitary force clashed with students at Tehran Art University as they gathered to remember one of two students killed during earlier

protests. Witnesses reported that pro-government forces surrounded the campus and beat and arrested students. The two sides both tried to claim the student, Saaneh Zhaleh, as a supporter. Iran’s authorities had reported that he was a Basiji and had been shot dead by armed antigovernment protesters. Opposition websites published pictures of him attending a meeting of reformist students, and said state media had doctored his photograph to give him a full beard and a more conservative hairstyle.

Britain begins overhaul of welfare system BY SARAH LYALL New York Times Service

LONDON — The British government has introduced legislation meant to simplify and reduce the cost of the country’s welfare system, saying that it wanted to change a culture in which welfare recipients risked losing income if they found jobs. Calling his proposals “the most ambitious, fundamental and radical changes to the welfare system since it began,” after World War II, Prime Minister David Cameron said in a speech Thursday that they were based on a simple idea: “Never again will work be the wrong financial choice.” The Welfare Reform Bill, would among other things merge a number of benefits — including those for unemployment and housing — into a single benefit, and set a limit of about $42,000 that any one family could receive in a year. It would also bring tax changes to let welfare recipients keep more of their income when they found jobs, lower caps on housing benefits, make it harder for workers to qualify for disability allowance, and remove benefits for up to three years from those refusing to work. The bill would also eliminate child benefit payments for higher-income parents and couples. But facing anger from housing advocates, the government backpedaled on a plan to automatically reduce housing benefits 10 percent for people who

had been out of work a year or more. The plans require Parliament’s approval to become law and are likely to be refined further. Cameron said that when the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government took office last spring, 1 in 4 adults of working age was unemployed, and welfare cost the country $145 billion a year — about one-seventh of total government expenditures. The new proposals, he said, would save nearly $9 billion over the next four years. The plans come at an awkward time, during a recession and beside other initiatives to overhaul the healthcare system and reduce the size of the state. Advocates for the disabled and the homeless criticized the plans, as did some union officials. “Long-term unemployment has doubled not because of a sudden increase in work-shy scroungers, but as an inevitable result of economic policies based on cuts that destroy growth,” said Brendan Barber of the Trades Union Congress, which has about 6.2 million workers in 58 unions. But Gavin Poole of the Center for Social Justice, a policy group founded by Iain Duncan Smith, the government minister in charge of work and pensions, said the bill “offers a once-in-ageneration opportunity to overhaul a dysfunctional and chaotic benefits system that locks people in poverty and stifles aspiration.”


UNUSUAL: Young Belgians holding the country’s flag during a striptease organized in Ghent to protest the stalemate over the formation a national government.

Belgians strip to mark political failure BY STEPHEN CASTLE New York Times Service

BRUSSELS — What does it take to form a government? Belgians are not sure, but a lighthearted mood prevails as Belgium now has beaten Iraq’s record in trying to form a government: 249 days and counting. To mark the occasion, 249 people had planned Thursday to strip naked in Ghent (though apparently only about 50 people got down to their underwear), while students in Leuven tucked into free frites and downed beer — Belgian, of course. After general elections June 13, Belgians have vented their frustration with tactics worthy of a country that produced the surrealist painter Rene Magritte. One Belgian actor asked his countrymen

not to shave until a government is formed; a senator suggested that partners of politicians refuse them sex until they get into bed with political opponents. But beneath the superficial joviality, the political deadlock has increased fears that Belgium, made up of French speakers in the south and Dutch speakers in the north, may actually split apart. Forming a government has proved so difficult because Flemish nationalists want a new constitutional settlement to give regions more power over issues like the economy. In Flanders, the more prosperous part of the country, many voters hope to limit transfers of cash to subsidize Wallonia. Historically, French language and culture have

dominated Belgium and Dutch speakers once suffered discrimination, a fact that overshadows relations between the country’s two main groups. Under the Belgian system, people vote for a different set of parties depending on where they live, and in June, Bart de Wever’s Flemish nationalist party emerged triumphant in Flanders, while Socialists won in Wallonia. De Wever, who wants eventual division of the country, has little incentive to compromise over new constitutional arrangements since, if his demands are not satisfied, he can use the crisis as evidence that Belgium no longer functions. Other parties in Flanders are worried that if they join a government and compromise, they

will be portrayed as traitors to the cause of Flemish nationalism. King Albert II of Belgium has introduced six initiatives to construct a coalition, but in vain. Such is his exasperation that some newspapers have reported that he is on the verge of abdication — a rumor quickly squashed by palace officials. Analysts believe that new elections are coming and that the issue of dividing Belgium will move up the agenda. Jean Faniel, a political scientist in Brussels, said that, despite the crisis, it was important to Belgians to keep their sense of humor. The stripping, beard-growing and beer-drinking protests bore a distinctive Belgian character, he said. “Here we have an acute sense of self-mockery.”

U.S. Navy base in Bahrain has Pentagon’s eye Pakistan delays ruling on U.S. official’s status BY THOM SHANKER AND J. DAVID GOODMAN

New York Times Service

WASHINGTON — The U.S. Navy headquarters in Bahrain, the tiny Persian Gulf country whose capital has been rocked by a violent police crackdown on anti-government protesters, oversees warships and combat aircraft that carry out long-range missions across Afghanistan and Iraq, conduct anti-piracy patrols off the Horn of Africa — and keep a wary eye on the activities of a bellicose Iran. But the 5th Fleet compound itself looks like little more than a modern office park in a quiet neighborhood of Manama, the capital, whose piers occasionally host a warship but never a sustained presence of hulking vessels comparable to bases in, say, Norfolk, Va., or Yokosuka, Japan. Day by day, the 5th Fleet is at sea and in the air, across 2.5 million square miles of water. In Manama, a city that is more open and socially welcoming to foreigners than those in much of the restrictive Arab world, U.S. personnel live out in the community, and not in isolation. And thus far, Navy officers are quick to point out, the street protests have giv-

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en voice to a disenfranchised Shiite majority’s complaints about Bahrain’s leadership — but the U.S. has not been cast as a villain, despite six decades of close ties with the governing Sunni elite. “We are monitoring what’s going on,” said Cmdr. Amy Derrick-Frost, the 5th Fleet spokeswoman. “The protests and demonstrations are not against the United States or the United States military or anything of that nature.” NO THREAT, SO FAR

Military personnel, Defense Department civilians, contractors and their families — numbering about 6,100 in total — have been advised to avoid areas where the protests were taking place, but as of late Thursday there was no order to evacuate dependents. “We do not have any information at this time that suggests that planned protests are likely to cause significant disruptions,” said Jennifer Stride, a spokeswoman for the Naval Support Activity, which oversees the military complex. “We will continue to monitor the situation.” The Navy has had a presence in Bahrain since Franklin D. Roosevelt’s presidency, well before it took over

a British army base east of Manama, in 1971, when the country achieved full independence. The 100-acre naval base is in Juffair, a suburb six miles from Pearl Square in the center of the capital, where thousands of mostly Shiite protesters were attacked by security forces early Thursday. Though the base is physically separated from its piers, Stride said there was “no concern” about being cut off if protests were to widen. “There are no demonstrations at all in the vicinity of the base or those piers,” she said. The broad mission of the 5th Fleet includes combat, counterterrorism, air support for the operations in Afghanistan and Iraq, antipiracy efforts and military exercises with regional allies, including Bahrain. JOB AT HAND Much of the fleet’s time is spent watching Iran’s two navies — the more professional Iranian state fleet and the less predictable Revolutionary Guard navy that has harassed U.S. warships in recent years. The U.S. and Bahrain signed a 10-year defense pact in 1991 that includes U.S. training of Bahraini

forces; it was renewed in 2001, according to a Congressional Research Service report.

BY JANE PERLEZ New York Times Service

‘MAJOR ALLY’ “Bahrain has few external security options other than relying on some degree of U.S. security guarantee,” said a study by the research service released last month. “The United States has designated Bahrain as a ‘major non-NATO ally,’ and it provides small amounts of security assistance to Bahrain.” The 5th Fleet’s area of responsibility includes waters that touch 20 countries along the Persian Gulf, the Red Sea, the Gulf of Oman and parts of the Indian Ocean. The area includes the Strait of Hormuz, the Suez Canal and the Strait of Bab el Mandeb at the southern tip of Yemen — all strategic passages for international shipping. “As a longtime ally and home to the U.S. Navy’s 5th Fleet, Bahrain is an important partner and the department is closely watching developments there,” said Col. David Lapan of the Marine Corps, a Pentagon spokesman. “We also call on all parties to exercise restraint and refrain from violence.”

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — A provincial court has given the Pakistani government three weeks to decide whether the U.S. official in custody for killing two Pakistanis has diplomatic immunity, a delay that is likely to intensify a standoff with the United States, the nation’s biggest donor and an ally in the fight against terrorism. The decision on Thursday came a day after a visit by Sen. John Kerry to try to find a quick resolution to the case, which has severely damaged relations between the two countries and exposed the weakness of the pro-U.S. government headed by President Asif Ali Zardari. The public furor in Pakistan has revolved around why Raymond A. Davis, 36, arrested with a loaded Glock handgun and other security gear, was driving alone in an impoverished area of Lahore not usually frequented by diplomats. After Davis killed two motorcyclists he says were trying to rob him, an official U.S. car that tried to rescue him ran over another motorcyclist, who later died. That car fled the scene. In an argument before the

court in Lahore, the advocate general of Punjab province, Khawaja Haris, said the authorities had filed a “double murder case” against Davis. On the matter of diplomatic immunity, which the Obama administration insists on, the lawyer pointed to conflicting statements by the U.S. on the status of Davis. On Jan. 27, the day of the shooting, the U.S. Consulate in Lahore issued a statement saying Davis was an employee of the consulate and the holder of a diplomatic passport. Later, the U.S. Embassy in Islamabad said Davis, a former Special Forces soldier, worked at the embassy and was employed as a “technical and administrative” official. The application sent to the Pakistani Foreign Ministry in late 2009 for Davis’ posting to Pakistan stated he would work as a “technical and administrative” official at the embassy. The distinctions could have a bearing on the outcome, since the Vienna Conventions, the international protocols under which diplomatic immunity is regulated, have different standards of immunity for officials employed at embassies and at consulates.

2/19/2011 3:17:19 AM






The future of a new Egypt BY CONDOLEEZZA RICE Special to The Washington Post


them. The United States has taken a good deal of public blame from friends who secretly supported our policies — fueling hatred against us while shielding themselves. We cannot determine the foreign policy preferences of Egypt’s next government. But we can influence them through our ties to the military, links to civil society, and a promise of economic assistance and free trade to help improve the lot of the Egyptian people. The most important step now is to express confidence in the future of a democratic Egypt. Egyptians are not Iranians, and it is not 1979. Egypt’s institutions are stronger and its secularism deeper. The Brotherhood is likely to compete for the writ of the people in free and fair elections. They should be forced to defend their vision for Egypt. Do they seek the imposition of sharia law? Do they intend a future of suicide bombings and violent resistance to the existence of Israel? Will they use Iran as a political model? Al Qaeda? Where will Egypt find jobs for its people? Do they expect to improve the lives of Egyptians cut off from the international community through policies designed to destabilize the Middle East? Much has been made of Hamas’ 2006 electoral “victory” and the strength of Hezbollah in Lebanon. Many factors set these cases apart. But even in these examples, extremists have struggled when faced with the challenges of governance. What comes next is up to Egyptians. Many are young and full of revolutionary fervor. Democratic politics will be challenged by tenets of radical Islam. This struggle is playing out across the region — in Iraq, Lebanon and especially Turkey, where decades of secularism have given way to the accommodation of religious people in the public square. In Egypt, Christians and followers of other religions will also have to find a place and a voice. The next months, indeed years, are bound to be turbulent. Yet that turbulence is preferable to the false stability of autocracy, in which malignant forces find footing in the freedom gap that silences democratic voices. The United States should support the forces of democracy, not because they will be friendlier to us but because they will be friendlier to their own people. Democratic governments, including our closest allies, do not always agree with us. Yet they share our most fundamental belief — that people must be governed by consent. It is as true today as it was when I said in 2005 that the fear of free choices can no longer justify the denial of liberty. We have only one choice: to trust that in the long arc of history those shared beliefs will matter more than the immediate disruptions that lie ahead and that, ultimately, our interests and ideals will be well served.

s I watched Hosni Mubarak address the Egyptian people last week, I thought to myself, “It didn’t have to be this way.” In June 2005, as secretary of state, I arrived at the American University in Cairo to deliver a speech at a time of growing momentum for democratic change in the region. Following in the vein of President George W. Bush’s second inaugural address, I said that the United States would stand with people who seek freedom. This was an admission that the United States had, in the Middle East more than any other region, sought stability at the expense of democracy, and had achieved neither. It was an affirmation of our belief that the desire for liberty is universal — not Western, but human — and that only fulfillment of that desire leads to true stability. For a time it seemed that Egypt’s leadership was responding — not so much to us but to their own people, who clamored for change. Egyptians had just witnessed the retreat of Syrian troops in Lebanon and the election of a new government; the purple-fingered free elections in Iraq; and the emergence of new leadership in Palestine. A few months later, freer if not fully free presidential elections followed raucous civic debate in Egypt’s cafes and online. Though Mubarak’s party won overwhelmingly, it seemed a kind of Rubicon had been crossed. But shortly thereafter Mubarak reversed course. Parliamentary elections were a mockery, the hated “emergency law” remained in place and opposition figures such as Ayman Nour were imprisoned again. Egyptians seethed — anger that would eventually explode into Tahrir Square. The lesson to others in the region should be to accelerate political and economic reforms. Now the Mubarak regime is gone. There are understandable fears that these events will not turn out so well. The Muslim Brotherhood represents the most organized political force in Egypt. Mubarak always said that the choice was between him and the Brotherhood, and he pursued policies that fulfilled that prophecy. While many decent, more secular political leaders were harassed and jailed by the regime, the Brotherhood organized in the mosques and provided social services the regime could not. It will take time to level the playing field. The U.S. knows democracy to be a long process — untidy, disruptive and even chaotic at times. I do not mean to understate the challenge to U.S. interests posed by an uncertain future in Egypt. For all his failings, Mubarak maintained a cold peace with Israel, which became a pillar of Egyptian foreign policy. He supported moderate Palestinian leadership and helped keep Hamas at bay. But he could never do so fully because he was afraid of “the street.” Authoritarians don’t know or reCondoleeza Rice was U.S. spect their people, and they fear secretary of state from 2005 to 2009.

Tunisia. Egypt. Bahrain? BY NICHOLAS D. KRISTOF New York Times Service


he gleaming banking center of Bahrain is an oasis of moderation and tolerance, symbolized by its appointment of a woman from its small Jewish minority to be ambassador to the United KRISTOF States. But it’s also one of those family-run autocratic Arab states that count as U.S. allies, in this case as the critical base of the U.S. Navy’s Fifth Fleet — and this week it is the latest of the Middle East dominos wobbled by an angry youth. “Egypt has infected Bahrain,” a young businessman, Husain, explained to me as he trudged with a vast protest march snaking through the capital, Manama. Husain (I’m omitting some last names in case this ends badly) said that Tunisia and Egypt awakened a sense of possibility inside him — and that his resolve only grew when Bahrain’s riot police fired savage volleys of tear gas, rubber bullets and even buckshot at completely peaceful protesters. Autocrats never learn: When protesters held a funeral march for the first man killed by police, the authorities here then opened fire on the mourners, killing another person. “I was scared to participate,” Husain admitted. But he was so enraged that he decided that he couldn’t stay home any longer. So he is one of the countless thousands of pro-democracy protesters who are demanding far-reaching change and who have turned the Pearl Roundabout in the center of Manama into a replica of Tahrir Square in Cairo. Thousands of protesters are camped there in tents festooned

with pro-democracy signs, and they say they won’t go until the government ushers in real democracy. At first they just wanted the release of political prisoners, an end to torture and less concentration of power in the al Khalifa family that controls the country. But, now, after the violence against peaceful protesters, the crowds increasingly are calling for the overthrow of the al Khalifa family. Many would accept a Britishstyle constitutional monarchy in which King Hamad, one of the al Khalifas, would reign without power. But an increasing number are calling for the ouster of the king himself. King Hamad gave a speech regretting the deaths of demonstrators, and he apparently called off the police. But with the police no longer firing rubber bullets, the demonstrations are snowballing. All of this puts the United States in a bind. Washington has close relations with the al Khalifa family, partly because of the presence of the Fifth Fleet, and in some ways Bahrain is a model for the region. It gives women and minorities a far greater role than Saudi Arabia next door, it has achieved near universal literacy for women as well as men, and it has introduced some genuine democratic reforms. Of the 40 members of the (not powerful) Lower House of Parliament, 18 belong to an opposition party. Somewhat cruelly, I asked the foreign minister, Sheik Khalid Ahmed al Khalifa, if he doesn’t owe his position to his family. He acknowledged the point but noted that Bahrain is changing and added that some day the country will have a foreign minister who is not a Khalifa. “It’s an evolving process,” he insisted, and he emphasized that Bahrain should be seen through

the prism of its regional peer group. “Bahrain is in the Arabian gulf,” he noted. “It’s not in Lake Erie.” The problem is that Bahrain has educated its people and created a middle class that isn’t content to settle for crumbs beneath a paternalistic Arab potentate — and this country is inherently unstable as a predominately Shiite country ruled by a Sunni royal family. That’s one reason Bahrain’s upheavals are sending a tremor through other gulf autocracies that oppress Shiites, not least Saudi Arabia. Bahrain’s leaders may whisper to U.S. officials that the democracy protesters are fundamentalists inspired by Iran. That’s ridiculous. There’s no anti-Americanism in the protests — and if we favor “people power” in Iran, we should favor it in Bahrain as well. Walk with protesters here, and their grievances seem eminently reasonable. One woman, Howra, beseeched me to write about her brother, Yasser Khalil, who she said was arrested in September at the age of 15, for vague political offenses. She showed me photos of Yasser injured by what she described as beatings by police. Another woman, Hayat, said that she had been shot with rubber bullets twice this week. After hospitalization (which others confirmed), she painfully returned to the streets to continue to demand more democracy. “I will sacrifice my life if necessary so my children can have a better life,” she said. The United States has important interests at stake in Bahrain — but also important values. I hope that our cozy relations with those in power won’t dull our appreciation that history is more likely to side with protesters being shot with rubber bullets than with the regimes doing the shooting.

All you need to know about why things fell apart BY MICHAEL LEWIS Bloomberg News


surprising number of my fellow U.S. citizens appear to be unaware of my service these past 18 months as a member of the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission. Thus it may come as news that I have declined to sign the report issued by the majority, or the dissent by the three-member minority, or even the dissent from their dissent, written by the now-immortal Peter J. Wallison. I hereby dissent from the dissent from the dissent. My dissent is different from all those other dissents, which is why I am dissenting. I do this, of course, not to call attention to myself. Still less do I seek to enhance the status of my application for employment with JPMorgan Chase. I seek merely to inform the general public of the true causes of our so-called financial crisis. The task is not a simple one. In limiting me to a mere two pages at the end of their 633-page book, the majority and the other dissenters have suppressed not only several

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apt metaphors, but deep truths. Here, in a far-too-brief executive summary, they are: l Wall Street’s shifting demographics. In the commission’s report Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke describes recent events as “the worst financial crisis in global history, including the Great Depression.” The event, in other words, was unprecedented. To understand an event that has never before occurred, we must logically begin with those factors that have never before been present. On Wall Street, the most obvious such factor is women. Of course, the women who flooded into Wall Street firms before the crisis weren’t typically permitted to take big risks. They remained in the background. But their presence clearly distorted the judgment of male bond traders — though the mechanics of their influence remains unexplored by the commission (on which several women sat). They may have compelled the male risk takers to “show off for the ladies,” for instance,

or perhaps they merely asked annoying questions and undermined the risk takers’ confidence. At any rate, one sure sign of the importance of women in the financial crisis is the market’s subsequent response: to purge women from senior Wall Street roles. Wall Street’s gender problem is, for the moment, of merely academic interest. l The moral collapse of the U.S. working class. AIG head Robert Benmosche has recently pointed out that the reason his firm has enjoyed such great success is precisely because it has avoided selling insurance to the large number of people who believe, as Benmosche put it, “that the government is responsible for what happens to me.” (As we know, the government is responsible only for what happens to AIG). The chief executive of JPMorgan, Jamie Dimon, has often called our attention to the outrageous amount of banker bashing by those outside the financial sector who seek to blame their troubles on others. Wall Street leaders now understand that they made a mistake, one

born of their innocent and trusting nature. They trusted ordinary U.S. citizens to behave more responsibly than they themselves ever would, and these ordinary U.S. citizens betrayed their trust. Amazingly, these ordinary people don’t even appear to feel guilty for their actions. Like wild animals that have lost their fear of humans, they continue to wander down from the hills to rummage through our garbage cans for sustenance. l The Chinese. The willingness of this remote and curious people to sell us goods at ridiculously low prices is disruptive. It encourages our poor to believe they can afford many items which they should not be able to. And the vast number of dollars the Chinese willingly lend to us at absurdly low rates of interest places an unfair burden on our financiers, who must find someplace to put them. l Impersonal historical forces. The most distressing aspect of the commission’s report is its attempt to blame human beings for the financial crisis: fraudulent CDO managers, greedy ratings companies, Wall

Street bond traders and, especially, Wall Street chief executives. Think about this: If everyone on Wall Street is guilty, how can anyone be? If no one on Wall Street saw it coming, how can anyone be expected to have seen it? Anyway, as several Wall Street chief executives tried patiently to explain to the commission, the details were never their responsibility. Martin Sullivan, the chief executive of AIG in the three years leading up to the company’s near collapse, even went so far as to prove that he had no idea how much he’d been paid ($107 million). The commission proved incapable of grasping the point: the rare man capable of running a big Wall Street firm remains focused on the big picture. And in the big picture, from the point of view of their firms and their earnings potential, the so-called financial crisis was a blip. They’ve already forgotten about it. And they assume that, eventually, you will, too. Michael Lewis is the author of the best-selling The Big Short.

2/19/2011 2:39:01 AM






NEW YORK — River cruising is finding its niche as an alternative to mainstream cruises and megaships. Cruise lines are thinking twice about port calls in Mazatlan, Mexico. And a new port is due to open in Jamaica soon. Those are some of the headlines from the cruise industry for 2011. Here are some details on what’s new in bookings, launchings and other cruise trends for the coming year. BOOKING TRENDS: Travelocity’s year-over-year data on cruise prices shows that overall, consumers should be prepared to pay a little more to cruise this year than last. In 2009, the average price per person for a seven-night Caribbean cruise on Travelocity was $922. The average price for a similar trip dropped to $844 last year, but is back up to $874 for 2011. Luxury cruising, meanwhile, has become a little more affordable, with more deals being offered by highend lines. For example, for 2011 bookings, Regent Seven Seas Cruises includes free overnight accommodations at deluxe hotels before every European cruise. Booking windows for cruises are not expected to change this year compared to last, with consumers on average reserving cruises about 5.8 months in advance, up from 4.5 months in 2009,

Wave season: Most popular time to

according to a survey of more than 500 travel agents conducted by the Cruise Lines International Association, CLIA represents 25 cruise lines, including major brands such as Carnival, Celebrity, Cunard, Crystal, Holland America, Norwegian, Princess, and Royal Caribbean. CLIA’s statistics also show that cruising continues to grow in popularity, with 15 million guests taking trips on its member lines in 2010, up from 13.4 million in 2009. CLIA’s forecast for 2011 is 16 million cruise passengers, with 11.68 million North American guests and the rest international. NEW SHIPS: Fourteen ships are new to the CLIA fleet this year, including the just-launched Disney Dream, already attracting praise for technology and design features like a water coaster and virtual portholes, which stream video

of sea and sky to windowless staterooms. Also getting attention is its specialty restaurant, the Remy, which charges $75 for meals. While many ships now feature fees for special meals, typically the cost is $25 or $30. editor in chief Carolyn Spencer Brown said $75 is “the highest” such fee on any ship. Also just launched is the 1,250-passenger Oceania Marina, which arrives in Miami Feb. 4. Paul Motter, editor of, said Marina sounds “impressive,” with “the largest staterooms at sea on average, 10 dining venues largely coordinated by culinary icon Jacques Pepin, a spa by Canyon Ranch and stateroom amenities by Ralph Lauren.”

Ten to 19-night sailings on the Marina in Europe and the Caribbean start at $1,499 a person. May will see the launch of Carnival Magic, a 3,690-passenger ship sailing the Mediterranean through October and sailings after that out of Galveston, Texas, to the Caribbean. Celebrity Silhouette, with room for 2,866 passengers and a July inaugural cruise, will offer an outdoor interactive grill restaurant; a space called The Hideaway, described as “a high-tech avant-garde treehouse-like spot” for relaxing with an iPad or a book; and a studio that offers both art and culinary-themed instruction. RIVER CRUISING: River

cruises carry about 300,000 people a year, according to Patrick Clark, managing director of Avalon Waterways. That’s just a fraction of the passengers that take mainstream cruises, but the industry has been growing about 10 percent a year since 2003, Clark said, with Avalon’s growth higher, at 50 percent. The appeal of the river ships, in part, is an experience that’s completely different from a modern megaship. “It’s gourmet-oriented, good service, nice accommodations,” said Motter, of Instead of thousands of passengers, there might be a mere 150. And while mainstream cruises charge for excursions or activities in port, on European river cruises, excursions are included in the price, and might range from a walking tour of a small village to a cultural experience in Vienna to sightseeing in the south of France. MAZATLAN: Disney Cruise Line has become the latest cruise line to shift its Mexican itinerary due to concerns about violence, saying that its seven-night Mexican Riviera trips will no longer stop in Mazatlan. Holland America also canceled a port call in late January in Mazatlan “in response

to recent incidents of violence,” the cruise line said in a statement, though it made no commitment either way for the future. Bob Sharak, executive vice president of marketing for CLIA, said that while some ships have pulled out of Mexico’s west coast altogether, other Mexican destinations — like Cozumel in the Yucatan — remain popular for port calls. NEW TERMINALS: Falmouth, Jamaica’s new port, is scheduled to open in late February. The town is located between the popular resort cities of Montego Bay and Ocho Rios, and its port will accommodate megaships like Royal Caribbean’s massive 6,300passenger Oasis of the Seas. San Diego is also home to a new terminal that opened in December and is designed to accommodate large new ships, unlike the city’s original terminal. Philadelphia’s cruise terminal, meanwhile, is closing, with just two ships expected to call in 2011. ALASKA: Cruise visits to Alaska are on the rise. Among the ships joining the Alaska market will be Disney Wonder, which plans 18 seven-night cruises from Vancouver, Canada, beginning May 3. “Disney going into Alaska is huge,” said Spencer Brown of


LUXURIOUS JOURNEY: Holland America’s Rotterdam cruise ship at the New Port Pavilion on Broadway Pier in San Diego.

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2/19/2011 5:04:25 AM





S&P 500











Strong profits send stocks soaring

U.S. learnt lessons from crisis, Bernanke says BY EDWARD WYATT New York Times Service

WASHINGTON — The chairman of the Federal Reserve says that banking regulators are better able to deal with the failure of a large bank today than they were two years ago, thanks in part to the Dodd-Frank Act, which overhauled financial regulation after the crisis of 2007-08. Ben Bernanke, the Fed chairman, told the Senate Banking Committee on Thursday that “it will be some time before we have completely implemented” all of the rules of the new law but that regulators have begun to tighten risk standards and “certainly we’ve all learned lessons from the crisis.” When Sen. Richard C. Shelby of Alabama, the ranking Republican on the committee, asked what

Associated Press

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those lessons were, Bernanke replied, “The importance of being very aggressive and not being willing to allow banks, you know, too much leeway, particularly when they’re inadequate in areas like risk management.” Bernanke’s comments came as he and other chief regulators sparred with lawmakers over whether new regulations would cost businesses and consumers too much, and whether they would adequately protect against another financial crisis. The chairmen of the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and the acting comptroller of the currency explained how their agencies were writing and carrying out hundreds

of rules and regulations that were required by the law, which was signed in July. “In 2008, the financial system failed the American public, but the regulatory system, as well, failed the American public,” Gary Gensler, chairman of the commodities commission, told the committee. The commodities group and the SEC combined have proposed 64 new rules that would affect parts of the financial markets, issued eight final rules and four interim rules. But officials have said they will be hard pressed to meet all of the Dodd-Frank deadlines for new regulation. Several senators focused on a Fed proposal that would require debit card issuers to cut by as much as 90 percent the fees charged to merchants for individual purchases.



NEW YORK — The Dow Jones industrial average continued climbing on Friday, notching its third straight week of gains. The Dow has lost ground only three days in February. The average of 30 large companies rose 1 percent this week and 4.2 percent for the month. The broader Standard & Poor’s 500 index gained 1 percent this week and is up 4.4 percent in February. The Dow gained 73.11 points, or 0.6 percent, to close at 12,391.25. The S&P 500 rose 2.58 points, or 0.2 percent, to 1,343.01. The Nasdaq composite rose 2.37, or less than 0.1 percent, to 2,833.95. The Nasdaq is now 25 points away from reaching a 10-year high. Better manufacturing reports and stronger profits from Dell, McDonald’s and other companies have pushed stocks higher this month. With the earnings season coming to a close, nearly 70 percent of the companies in the S&P 500 that reported results so far have beat analysts’ expectations, according to Royal Bank of Scotland. Caterpillar rose 2.4 percent to lead the Dow. The company said sales of its heavy construction and mining equipment surged 49 percent last month. Alcoa fell 1.4 percent, the largest drop. Finance ministers and central bankers from countries in the Group of 20 met in Paris Friday to discuss issues affecting the global economy. In a speech at the conference, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke said that countries with large trade surpluses like China should let their currencies rise in value in order to prevent another financial crisis. He also said that countries with large tra de deficits must reduce government spending over time, an apparent reference to the United States. Campbell Soup fell 4 percent after the company said its profit fell 8 percent in its latest quarter. The company also cut its outlook for the rest of its fiscal year. Intuit jumped 7 percent after the personal finance software maker raised its forecast for fullyear earnings growth late Thursday. Rising shares outpaced falling ones by a nearly three to two margin on the New York Stock Exchange. Consolidated trading volume was 4 billion shares. Markets will be closed Monday for the President’s Day holiday.



‘Countrywide was

More than two years one of the greatest after Countrywide Financial nearly collapsed un- companies in the der the weight of souring subprime home history of this loans, Angelo R. Mozilo passionately defended country.’ — ANGELO R. MOZILO, the mortgage lender Founder, Countrywide Financial that he founded before a government panel. “Countrywide was one of the greatest companies in the history of this country,” Mozilo told congressional examiners in September, more than two years after Bank of America bought the firm during the throes of the financial crisis. That bold declaration was one of many made by Mozilo in an hourlong interview with the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission. The private testimony, released recently by the government panel responsible for rooting out the causes of the crisis, depicts an emboldened former chief executive, defiant in the face of criticism that his company fed the mortgage bubble. Mozilo told the commission he was “proud of what we accomplished.” Regulators have taken a different view of Countrywide’s legacy. In October 2010, Mozilo agreed to pay $22.5 million to settle federal charges that he misled investors about Countrywide’s risky loan portfolio. The settlement was the largest penalty levied by the Securities and Exchange Commission against a senior executive of a public company. As part of the deal, Mozilo, who did not admit or deny wrongdoing, also agreed to forfeit $45 million in “ill-gotten gains.” “Mozilo’s record penalty is the fitting outcome for a corporate executive who deliberately disregarded his

The Federal Reserve has proposed rules that would exempt smaller banks, which depend more on the fees to maintain profitability, from having to lower their fees. But Bernanke and Sheila C. Bair, chairwoman of the FDIC, said a two-tiered system might not work. “It is possible that the exemption will not be effective in the marketplace,” Bernanke said, because merchants might not accept debit cards from smaller institutions if they had to pay higher fees to do so. In addition, the debit-card transaction networks may be unwilling to set up systems that recognize two different fee rates. Overall, however, Bernanke said, the lower charges, known as interchange fees, would reduce the • TURN TO BERNANKE, 2B

Illinois bonds to test investors’ faith BY MARY WILLIAMS WALSH AND MICHAEL COOPER New York Times Service

The first time Illinois tried to bail out its teetering pension fund by borrowing billions of dollars, in 2003, it ended in disaster. Nevertheless, the state is trying again. Illinois hopes to sell $3.7 billion of bonds to make this year’s contribution to its fund. It is essentially paying a single year’s bill by adding to its already heavy debt load. That short-term thinking is not unlike U.S. citizens taking out home equity loans to pay for cars and vacations before the housing bust. But investors have learned a lot about the pitfalls of debt since the state tried to shore up its fund a few years ago. This time the municipal bond markets are jittery, and federal securities regulators are investigating whether Illinois has been properly describing its pension fund and the risks it may pose. Amid the heightened oversight, Illinois is providing more information about its troubled finances than in the past. So much unfavorable detail is emerging that the bond issue will test investor faith in a deeply troubled state’s commitment to do whatever is necessary, raise taxes or cut services,



BP says settlement terms for spill are too generous BY JOHN SCHWARTZ New York Times Service

In the eight months since Kenneth R. Feinberg took over the $20 billion fund to compensate victims of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, he has been attacked by many of those filing claims and by coastal state politicians who argue that the process is opaque, arbitrary and slow. Many of them have also argued that Feinberg’s recently published estimates of future damage to those in the Gulf are too optimistic, and thus his offer of compensation in a final settlement are too low. Now he is getting complaints from another quarter: BP. The oil giant is arguing that if anything, Feinberg’s proposed settlements are too generous. The planned payments far exceed the extent of likely future damages because they overstate the potential for future losses, the company insists in a strongly worded, 24-page document that was posted on the fund’s website Thursday morning. Basing its estimates on much of the same data Feinberg used, the company concluded that there was “no credible support for adopting an artificially high future loss factor based purely on the inherent degree of uncertainty in predicting the future and on the mere possibility that future harm might occur.” Feinberg released the rules that

will govern final settlements this month. In general, the program announced, settlements paid out by the fund would be double the 2010 losses for most of those filing claims, less any money previously paid by the fund. That payout plan is based on estimates of environmental and economic recovery for the region commissioned by Feinberg that were published with the new rules: while the fund stated “prediction is not an exact science,” it suggested a Gulf recovery by the end of 2012. BP argues in its filing that the Feinberg estimate vastly overstates the likely damage, which it places in the range of just 25 percent to 50 percent of a claimants’ 2010 losses. The company noted that almost all of the closed fishing grounds had reopened, and economic recovery in tourism was well underway, with hotel and sales tax revenues in the fall of 2010 similar to those from the same period in the year before. Feinberg, appointed last June by BP and approved by the Obama administration, has given out more than $3.5 billion so far in emergency money to those affected by the spill, most of that in emergency payments. So far, some 100,000 people have filed for a final settlement. Another 90,000 have opted to take a quick-pay process that

settles all claims with a payment of $5,000 to individuals and $25,000 to businesses. Final payments will begin after the two-week public comment period, which ends today. The comments can be read on the fund’s website, www.gulfcoastclaimsfa

Many are detailed critiques of the fund methodology, while others are raw cries for aid, like the one filed on Feb. 16 that reads, in its entirety: “We need help now! We have not been paid in 8 months. I have a mortgage, car payment, • TURN TO BP, 2B


FACING FIRE: BP says that the estimate by compensation fund overseer Kenneth Feinberg vastly overstates the likely damage.

2/19/2011 5:04:04 AM




Web game maker’s IPO expected in 2012 BY EVELYN M. RUSLI New York Times Service

Zynga, the company behind many of the Web’s most viral games, is in advanced discussions on an investment that would value the company at nearly $10 billion and could pave the way for an initial public offering next year. The company is in talks with the mutual fund giants T. Rowe Price and Fidelity Investments, among other investors, for a round of financing near $500 million, said two people close to the discussions, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the talks are confidential. Zynga is also contemplating filing for an initial public offering as soon as the first quarter of 2012, these people said. The investment negotiations and the lofty valuation they imply could further drive investors’ intense interest in social media companies, highlighted by last month’s deal between Facebook and Goldman Sachs. It would also add to the debate over whether the enthusiasm for these fastgrowing Internet companies points to an overheated market. As part of its deal with Goldman, Facebook raised $1.5 billion in January, giving it a $50 billion valuation. In the same month, the social buying site Groupon closed a $950 million financing round with investors like T. Rowe Price and Fidelity Investments. Groupon is now considering a public offering that could value the company at $15 billion or more, according to people close to the matter. LinkedIn, a professional social network, has also filed for an initial public offering. Although the Zynga fi-

costs of debit transactions. Some of the savings could be passed on to customers, he said. Some members of both houses of Congress and on both sides of the aisle have taken aim at the interchange rule, a section of the DoddFrank Act often referred to as the Durbin amendment after its sponsor, Sen. Dick Durbin, an Illinois Democrat. At a House Financial Services Committee hearing Thursday, as well as at the Senate Banking Committee meeting, lawmakers asked the banking regulators whether the provision should be delayed — something that Congress would have to mandate. John Walsh, the acting comptroller of the currency, asked senators to consider revising part of the law that limits the use of credit ratings to determine whether a financial institution can hold an investment. “We recognize that the misuse of credit ratings, especially in structured finance, contributed importantly to the financial crisis,” Walsh said. “But this was not

BP slams ‘generous’ settlement • BP, FROM 1B


FLOURISHING: Mark Pincus, founder and chief executive of Zynga, at the company’s office in San Francisco. nancing has not yet closed and may still fall apart, there has been significant investor interest, these people said. A spokeswoman for Zynga declined to comment. The Wall Street Journal reported the talks with potential investors on Monday, and the possible $500 million round was reported Thursday by AllThingsDigital. Zynga has emerged as one of the fastest-growing companies on the Internet, propelled by the popularity of games like CityVille and FarmVille. In CityVille, which began in December, users create and manage virtual cities, constructing buildings and collecting taxes. The game, like most in Zynga’s stable, has flourished

Bernanke says U.S. has learnt its lessons • BERNANKE, FROM 1B


true of corporate and municipal ratings. And after significant study and comment, we have found no practical alternative for such ratings that could be used across the banking sector.” While not advocating a return to “a total reliance” on credit ratings, “their use within defined limits is essential for implementation of capital rules,” he said. Walsh also said regulators were considering civil enforcement actions against some home mortgage servicing companies that had “critical deficiencies and shortcomings” in the ways they handled foreclosures. Most of the servicers examined last year were complying with the rules, he said. But regulators are preparing changes to address “the problems identified,” he said, including “appropriate remedies for customers who have been financially harmed.” Several Democrats took time to point out to colleagues that the SEC and the commodities futures group were facing budget squeezes that have led to cutbacks in technology spending, hiring and travel for enforcement action.

on Facebook, where it reigns as the site’s top-ranked game with 96 million active users a month, according to AppData. FarmVille is second, with 51 million players. All together, Zynga’s games attract more than 275 million users every month on Facebook, making it the most popular gaming service on the platform and a major contributor to the social network’s revenue. The bulk of Zynga’s revenue, estimated to be more than $500 million, is tied to the virtual goods it sells on Facebook, analysts say. But Zynga has taken several steps in the past two years to become more independent. The company has signed partnerships with other social networks, like

Yahoo, and it has expanded its reach on mobile devices, with applications for the iPhone and iPad. In what could be its boldest move to date, Zynga is also preparing to start a stand-alone gaming destination that will allow users to play its games outside of Facebook, according to three people briefed on the matter. The project, known as Zynga Live, will also serve as a gaming social network and is expected to make its debut in the middle of this year. “We’re always looking for ways to improve the user experience, but we don’t ever comment on what we may or may not be working on. We’re focused on building a new form of entertainment

that’s connecting the world through games,” Zynga said in a statement. For Zynga, it is a critical step forward as the company considers filing for a public offering. Although people said the company was still reviewing its options, Zynga has laid the groundwork to be a public company. In July, Zynga hired David Wehner, an investment banker from Allen & Company, as its chief financial officer; a move many interpreted as a precursor to an initial public offering. And in 2009, Zynga and its accounting firm, Ernst & Young, began reviewing its books and looking at Sarbanes-Oxley compliance issues, said a former employee.

utilities, and a child. I’m close to losing my home and I pray that you figure out everything before I lose everything. We are people with real lives! This has been a horror for my family.” The BP filing says that uncertainty about the persistence of damage to the Gulf could be handled through mechanisms already in place. Those who believe that Feinberg’s methodology underestimates future losses can wait to see how well or poorly the Gulf recovers over time, and can continue to file for quarterly reimbursement for documented losses. BP noted that Feinberg pledged to review the likelihood of future losses on a regular basis and the ability of those filing claims to receive interim payments that “amply protect claimants against any risk that the future losses factor may ultimately turn out to have underestimated the time to full recovery.” The statement, while strongly worded, gives no indication that BP plans to intercede in the process it handed off to Feinberg, and BP is expected to abide by his decision, albeit grudgingly. Instead, it concludes, using the abbreviation for the Gulf Coast Claims Facility, “BP respectfully requests that the GCCF revise the Proposed GCCF. Methodology consistent with the comments set forth above.” When asked about BP’s statement, Feinberg said, “We read every submission and take them all under advisement.”

Former chief defends Countrywide • COUNTRYWIDE, FROM 1B

duties to investors by concealing what he saw from inside the executive suite — a looming disaster in which Countrywide was buckling under the weight of increasing risky mortgage underwriting, mounting defaults and delinquencies, and a deteriorating business model,” Robert Khuzami, the SEC enforcement director, said on Oct. 15. Three weeks earlier, Mozilo was trumpeting his record. In the interview with commission examiners, he compared Countrywide to Berkshire Hathaway, the conglomerate run by Warren Buffett. He told the examiners that Countrywide’s stock grew “25,000 percent over 25 years — a much better performance than Warren Buffett at Berkshire Hathaway. This is documented.” He is right, to a point. From 1982 to August 2007, Countrywide’s stock price gained nearly 25,000 percent, according to the research firm Thomson Reuters. Berkshire’s investors experienced similarly strong gains over the same period. But Mozilo failed to ac-

knowledge what came next for shareholders. Countrywide plummeted more than 90 percent, to around $4, in February 2008. At the nudging of government officials, Bank of America bought the lender for $4 billion, or roughly $4.25 a share, in July 2008. Mozilo lauded the deal, telling the commission that the sale “did not cost the taxpayers a dime” and saved more than 50,000 jobs. Bank of America, however, is still paying for the acquisition. The firm recently paid more than $2.5 billion to buy back troubled Countrywide mortgages from Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the government-controlled housing finance companies. Repurchase claims by private investors are still outstanding. Mozilo and his business partner, David Loeb, who died in 2003, started Countrywide in 1969 with $500,000. Within a few decades, the company had transformed itself from a conservative home lender based in New York to the largest mortgage lender in the United States. As of 2006, Countrywide had 800 consumer branches,

54,000 employees and about $200 billion in assets. The company’s ascent began in the early 1990s, soon after government data revealed that lenders were disproportionately rejecting minority borrowers for home loans. Countrywide, seeing an untapped market, moved to offer more loans in low-income and minority communities. Mozilo described the shift as a “long, uphill battle.” “When I first brought the loans into the office, they said: ‘You’re nuts, you’re crazy, don’t do this. There’s a reason why we’re rejecting these people,’ ” Mozilo told the commission. The loan officers, he said, “had very static, inflexible guidelines.” So he put the staff through “sensitivity training” and hired more black and Hispanic employees. Countrywide soon started approving one loan for every two applications reviewed, according to Mozilo. Previously, it had been approving one loan for every four applications. The new loans “did perform,” Mozilo said. But that performance did not last. In 2006, Mozilo described some of the company’s riskier loans as

“poison,” according to internal Countrywide e-mails released by the SEC in 2009. “In all my years in the business, I have never seen a more toxic” product, Mozilo wrote in one e-mail. Still, as he saw it, Countrywide was helping to break down the racial and economic barriers to homeownership. This approach “went a long way to avoiding a serious social problem down the line,” Mozilo, the son of a butcher from the Bronx, said in testimony to the commission. “We wanted to make a difference,” he said, claiming that Countrywide had helped create 250,000 jobs and put 25 million people in homes. “This is an accomplishment of which he is rightfully proud,” Mozilo’s lawyer, David Siegel, a partner at Irell & Manella in Los Angeles, said in an e-mail on Wednesday. Siegel said the rapid expansion of credit in the last two decades “was a mission promoted by our government, including by both Republican and Democratic administrations, because it was the right thing to do and smart for our country.”

Illinois hopes to sell $3.7 billion in bonds to generate pension funds • ILLINOIS, FROM 1B

to keep its promises to bondholders. Illinois was initially scheduled to sell the bonds on Thursday. But on Monday, the sale was pushed back until next week, state officials said, so the bond markets, and overseas investors, would have more time to digest Gov. Pat Quinn’s budget address Wednesday. In his budget address, Quinn praised what he called “the most far-reaching public pension reform in our nation’s history,” a law passed last year sharply reducing the pensions of state workers to be hired in the future and cutting the state’s yearly pension contributions for the next few years. Some actuaries who have studied the documents

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have expressed strong reservations, saying the new contribution schedule is not based on any accepted actuarial methodology and puts the pension system at risk. More warnings appear in the fine print of the governor’s budget proposal, also issued on Wednesday. Despite last year’s reform, it said the pension system is still so weak that the state may have to seek “a federal guarantee of the debt” — presumably the kind of intervention that many Republicans in Congress have been warning they will oppose. “While the pension reform of 2010 improved the situation,” the document stated, more fixes are still needed. It suggested further benefit cuts, more bond sales, bigger contributions from the state or federal intervention.

“Until one or more of these options is achieved, pension funding issues will persist.” These grim revelations show the dilemma facing Quinn, who is balancing the state’s budget in part with a big income tax increase and trying to address the pension imbalance without cutting current workers’ benefits. With the SEC watching closely, the state cannot play down its distress without risking accusations of securities fraud, like the complaint the commission filed against New Jersey last year. But if it paints too dire a fiscal picture, investors eyeing its bonds next week will demand a higher rate of interest. John Sinsheimer, the Illinois director of capital markets, said he did not expect a problem.

“From what I’m hearing from our banks, the market is quite interested in this issue,” he said in a telephone interview. And credit analysts said they believed the bonds would offer an attractive premium, even though the actual risk of a default was negligible. Guy Davidson, director of municipal investments at AllianceBernstein, said similar single-A rated bonds were trading about 2.3 percentage points higher than triple-A rated bonds. “Given the size of the deal, our traders would expect Illinois’ pension bonds to come in at higher yields,” he said, “but would expect enough demand to place all of the deal.” Illinois’ first attempt to shore up its pension fund with a record-breaking $10 bil-

lion bond sale has long been criticized, not least because it led to the indictment of former Gov. Rod Blagojevich and several associates on influence-peddling charges. It was pitched at the time as a creative way to strengthen both the state and its pension fund, by allowing Illinois to borrow at low interest rates, then cover the borrowing cost by investing the proceeds at a projected 8 percent rate of return in its pension fund. The strategy failed because the pension investments have so far paid a lower rate of return, roughly 3 percent, than the interest rate on the bonds, about 5.1 percent. “The dynamic is horrific here,” said Robert G. Smith, president of Sage Advisory Services, an investment firm in Austin, who said he gener-

ally avoided bonds sold to replenish pension funds because they could backfire this way. Sinsheimer said that with the current bonds, Illinois was making no attempt to bet on interest rates or investment returns. “The bonds we’re talking about issuing next week are not meant to do what the 2003 bonds did, so the rate of return the portfolio of the pension funds earn is not relevant to this discussion,” he said in a telephone interview. Rather than seek high returns, he said, “the pension bonds we’re issuing next week are simply for this year’s contribution.” “Gov. Quinn believes that we need to make these payments,” he said. “We are financing these payments by borrowing. Period. There is no attempt at arbitrage.”

2/19/2011 4:05:48 AM




New York Times Service


Apple’s subscription service draws scrutiny From Miami Herald Wire Services

Apple’s new subscription service for iPad and iPhone applications, which has drawn complaints from some publishers, has also drawn the attention of federal antitrust regulators, according to a person with direct knowledge of the matter. The person, who agreed to speak on the condition of anonymity because the government inquiries were confidential, said that the regulators’ interest was preliminary. On Monday, Apple introduced a subscription mechanism for apps that required companies to offer customers the possibility of buying content like magazines or music through its payment system, with Apple taking a 30 percent cut. The announcement drew complaints from some publishers who said giving Apple a 30 percent cut would not be economically feasible. • LUXURY GOODS PPR CHIEF TO RUN GUCCI GROUP HIMSELF The French fashion and retailing magnate FrancoisHenri Pinault has surprised the luxury world, saying he would personally take charge of Gucci as he reorganized its parent company, PPR, to focus on the most profitable businesses. Robert Polet will step down in a few weeks as the chief executive of the group, in favor of Pinault. Polet, 55, has headed Gucci since 2004. Under his tenure, the luxury division’s revenue has more than doubled and its operating profit has more than tripled. But he has long been somewhat overshadowed by his energetic boss, Pinault, who is PPR’s chairman, chief executive and controlling shareholder. • HOUSING U.S. MORTGAGE DELINQUENCY RATES IMPROVE As the U.S. labor market improved, the number of homeowners who fell behind on their mortgage payments dropped in the final three months of last year to the lowest level since 2008, according to a U.S. survey released by the Mortgage Bankers Association. But the delinquency rate remains higher than average, and the volume of homes in some stage of foreclosure returned to the record high of early 2010, the report said. The survey covered nearly nine out of 10 primary mortgages. The report’s seasonally adjusted figures showed that 8.2 percent of the outstanding loans were delinquent in the fourth quarter of last year, down from 9.1 percent the previous quarter and 9.5 percent a year earlier. • MINING ANGLO AMERICAN 2010 NET PROFIT RISES 170% Mining company Anglo American says its net profit rose by 170 percent last year, helped by rising commodity prices and productivity gains. The company said Friday that it earned a net profit of $6.5 billion, compared to $2.4 billion in 2009. Revenue rose 34 percent to $32.9 billion. The company says all commodity prices were up, led by 48 percent for nickel and 34 percent for platinum. It adds that earnings benefited from productivity improvements in platinum, iron ore, coal and nickel businesses. • RETAIL NORDSTROM TO BUY HAUTELOOK FOR $180M Nordstrom, the department store chain, said that it will acquire HauteLook, an online retailer that offers flash sales on designer goods, for $180 million in stock. Though a relatively small deal, the transaction is the first time a traditional retailer has acquired a company specializing in online private sales, one of the hottest pockets of the fashion business. While results at brickand-mortar stores have recovered from the depths of the recession, the Web makes up an ever larger portion of retailers’ sales each year. • MEDIA CITADEL SAYS IT IS IN TALKS TO BE SOLD Citadel Broadcasting said that it was in talks to sell itself to a smaller rival, Cumulus Media, for about $2.5 billion in cash and stock. Citadel, the third-largest U.S. radio network operator, rejected several takeover approaches by Cumulus last year. The most recent, which Cumulus disclosed in December, was valued at $31 a share, or $2.1 billion. Citadel appears to have changed its mind after Cumulus raised its bid, and the two began exclusive deal negotiations this week, according to a person briefed on the matter. • CHINA PROPERTY PRICES MOSTLY HIGHER IN JANUARY China says property prices rose in most of its cities in January, despite renewed efforts to cool the overheated market, with the biggest increases in smaller cities. The National Statistics Bureau released newly calculated data Friday that showed prices declining from a year earlier in only two of 70 cities surveyed, and unchanged in five. It said that compared with December, 10 cities saw increases of 10 percent or more. News this week of a change in how the data are reported raised eyebrows given its timing, but analysts said the shift was expected and should provide a more accurate picture than the previous method.

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Judge orders action on drilling permits BY JOHN M. BRODER AND CLIFFORD KRAUSS

UNDER THE SCANNER: Apple’s new subscription service for iPad and iPhone is drawing the attention of U.S. federal antitrust regulators.


WASHINGTON — A federal judge in New Orleans has ordered the Obama administration to move quickly on permits for new deepwater oil wells in the Gulf of Mexico, saying the government could no longer justify long delays in allowing new projects to go forward. Judge Martin Feldman, of U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana, said the Interior Department was required to act on drilling applications “within a reasonable time.” “Not acting at all is not a lawful option,” Feldman wrote, adding that the delays are “increasingly inexcusable” and were causing drilling companies to relocate their rigs to foreign waters. The interior secretary, Ken Salazar, imposed a six-month moratorium on deepwater drilling in the Gulf immediately after the Deepwater Horizon explosion in April, which killed 11 workers and spilled nearly 5 million barrels of oil into the ocean. Feldman declared the drilling ban illegal in June, but Salazar modified it slightly, and it remained in place until the department lifted it in October. However, despite the official end of the ban, Salazar and the agency’s Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement have not issued any deepwater permits. The agency says drillers have not yet demonstrated that they have the

technology and safety practices in place to safely resume deepwater exploration. Some shallow-water permits have been issued. Ruling in favor of the British drilling company Ensco, Feldman ordered the Interior Department to decide within 30 days whether to approve five drilling permits sought by the company over the past year. A spokeswoman for the bureau said officials were reviewing the judge’s decision and would have no immediate comment. The decision came as a consortium of oil companies said Thursday that they had completed an interim emergency plan to respond to a Gulf spill like the one in April caused by a BP blowout. The consortium, known as the Marine Well Containment, which includes BP, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, Exxon Mobil and Shell, is hoping to persuade the government that the industry is ready to start drilling again in the Gulf of Mexico. The plan includes a 100-ton stack of steel valves designed to plug a well under the sea or funnel escaping oil up to the surface. The consortium said the device could capture or otherwise handle 60,000 barrels a day, roughly comparable to estimates of the amount of oil that poured from BP’s Macondo well last year. Federal inspectors have been observing and reviewing test results of the capping device. Regulators cautiously wel-

comed the announcement by the consortium. “We appreciate Marine Well Containment’s significant progress to address this issue,” Melissa Schwartz, a spokeswoman for the ocean energy bureau, said in a statement. “And we continue to encourage them to make their containment system available as quickly as possible to deepwater operators so that new, responsible oil and gas drilling in deepwater can proceed.” At a conference at Rice University in Texas last week, Michael Bromwich, the head of the bureau, said the government was working cooperatively with the industry. But he expressed doubts that permitting would be as speedy in the future as it was before the BP accident. “It would simply be irresponsible,” he said, to move forward without a new industry containment plan firmly in place. A second industry emergency response plan being developed by the Helix Energy Solutions Group is expected to be ready next month. Meanwhile, the lack of new permit approvals is taking its toll on some drilling companies. Seahawk Drilling, a major shallow-water gas driller, filed for bankruptcy protection last week, and other companies have moved some of their rigs abroad. Rep. Fred Upton, R-Mich. and chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, said the oil industry had done what the government demanded of it by

designing a new system to reduce the likelihood of another major spill. “Now that we have the safety measures in place,” Upton said in a statement, “it’s time for the Obama administration to let the Gulf get back to work.” Oil industry officials said the ruling and progress on containment technology should be sufficient to end the de facto ban on new drilling in the Gulf. “Feldman’s ruling is further evidence that the time to begin issuing permits is now,” said Randall Luthi, president of the National Ocean Industries Association, a trade group representing offshore drillers and suppliers. “The court has spoken — the containment technology is there.” Also Thursday, the investigative commission appointed by President Barack Obama to study causes of the Gulf oil spill released a detailed report concluding that the accident was a result of a breakdown of company management and government oversight. The panel’s co-chairmen — Bob Graham, a former senator from Florida, and William K. Reilly, a former administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency — said that the report “lays out the confusion, lack of communication, disorganization and inattention to crucial safety issues and test results that led to the deaths of 11 men and the largest offshore oil spill in our nation’s history.”

Time’s chief quits after six months BY JEREMY W. PETERS New York Times Service

Time’s chief executive, Jack Griffin, is leaving the company after less than six months on the job — forced out over what company executives said was a widespread sense that his management style was brusque and ill-fitting the corporate culture there. Griffin, 50, drew an unusual public rebuke from Jeff Bewkes, chief executive of Time’s parent company, Time Warner, who said in an e-mail to employees Thursday evening that the situation had become unworkable. “Although Jack is an extremely accomplished executive, I concluded that his leadership style and approach did not mesh with Time Inc. and Time Warner,” Bewkes wrote. Griffin’s selection as chief executive of Time, the world’s largest magazine publisher, surprised many in the industry when the appointment was announced in August. Griffin had been head of the magazine division at Meredith, the Des Moines-based publisher of magazines like Better Homes and Gardens, Family Circle and Ladies Home Journal. He was the first chief executive in Time’s history to come from outside the company, replacing Ann S. Moore, who had been with Time for 30 years. His arrival was met with high expectations, but it quickly became evident to many senior managers, some of whom spoke about their relationships with Griffin anonymously to divulge internal matters, that the new chief executive was the wrong choice. Griffin declined to comment. But a person close to


FORCED OUT: Jack Griffin’s selection as chief executive of Time surprised many in the media industry when the appointment was announced in August. him, speaking anonymously because of the confidential nature of Griffin’s discussions with Time, said Thursday that his leaving was not about his leadership. “Jack’s exit had nothing to do with management style and everything to do with the question of whether Time is manageable so long as entrenched interests fiercely resist the change necessary to position the organization for the future,” this person said. “Fortunately, the team Jack leaves behind is first rate and he wishes them all the best of success.” Bewkes said Time would be led by an interim management committee composed of Howard Averill, Maurice Edelson and John Huey, editor in chief. At the time of Griffin’s appointment, Time and Time

Warner executives hailed him as a skilled manager and corporate strategist who helped keep Meredith intact as the recession forced other magazine publishers to eliminate thousands of jobs and shutter publications. Griffin made swift and sweeping moves to reorganize Time in a manner that did not sit well with company managers or executives at Time Warner, these executives said. He brought in consultants, for example, to help implement elements of his reorganization, a move that some employees took as an insult — a sign that Griffin felt they were not up to the job. In an order that many inside the company felt was an unnecessary use of resources, Griffin insisted that all Time’s magazines — which include Sports Illustrated, People,

Entertainment Weekly and Fortune — run mastheads, a listing of the magazine’s staff, that carried his name first. When Time’s magazines ran mastheads in the past, they typically listed top editors’ names first. Griffin, a Roman Catholic, made some in the company uneasy by referencing his faith in meetings and interactions with subordinates, two company executives said. On at least one occasion, he compared Time to the Vatican as a way of illustrating its prestige and might, these people said. Bewkes personally intervened, asking Griffin to tone down the religious references. Senior company executives said they feared an exodus of top managers if Griffin stayed on much longer. Already many had departed in his short tenure.

JPMorgan gives chief $17 million payday BY JACK LYNCH New York Times Service

Jamie Dimon, the chief executive of JPMorgan Chase, is reaping the benefits of a good year for the bank. The company has disclosed that he will receive restricted stock and stock options valued at $17 million. The award includes $12 million in a stock grant. That amount is 50 percent larger than the one Dimon received in 2010, and it comes after a year in which JPMorgan’s annual earnings jumped 48 percent, to $17.4 billion.

In addition, the bank said in a regulatory filing that Dimon received 367,377 stock options with a strike price of $47.73 a share. The options have an estimated present value of about $5 million. JPMorgan also paid Dimon an annual salary of $1 million in 2010, an amount unchanged for several years. Dimon is expected to receive some cash compensation as a bonus, but that will not be disclosed until JPMorgan issues its proxy statement in March. Last year, Dimon received stock and options grants val-

ued at $14.2 million, including $8 million in restricted stock. Several big banks have disclosed parts of their pay packages for their chief executives. At Goldman Sachs, Lloyd C. Blankfein received a stock grant valued at $12.6 million and a salary raise to $2 million, from $600,000. At Bank of America, Brian T. Moynihan received a stock grant valued at $9.05 million and a salary of $950,000. At Morgan Stanley, James Gorman received a stock grant valued at $3.9 million and options valued at $3.5 million.


SUCCESS: The award for JPMorgan chief Jamie Dimon comes after the firm’s annual earnings jumped 48 percent.

2/19/2011 4:38:51 AM




DOW 12,391.25


S&P 500 1,343.01


NASDAQ 2,833.95



Dow Jones industrials


Close: 12,391.25 Change: 73.11 (0.6%)






3,000 2,800


2,600 11,200 2,400 10,400 9,600

2,200 A




DOW DOW Trans. DOW Util. NYSE Comp. NASDAQ S&P 100 S&P 500 S&P 400 Wilshire 5000 Russell 2000

DOI;D7I: 2,037 1,880 1354 1280 248 14


The yield on the 10-year Treasury note rose to 3.58 percent Friday. Changing yields affect interest rates on consumer loans.

<eh[_]d ;nY^Wd][ The dollar slid as investors bet that European countries would raise interest rates faster than the Federal Reserve. Prices have been rising in the U.S. and Europe.


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IjeYaie\Iekj^ <beh_ZW?dj[h[ij D7C;:?LBWij9^]9^] AMR (AMR) AT&T Inc (T) Alico (ALCO) AmExp (AXP) Assurant (AIZ) AutoNatn (AN) Avatar (AVTR) BB&T Cp (BBT) BE Aero (BEAV) BkofAm (BAC) BkAtl A h (BBX) BankUtd n (BKU) BeasleyB (BBGI) Benihana (BNHN) BenihanaA (BNHNA) Bluegreen (BXG) Carnival (CCL) CatalystPh (CPRX) CerusCp (CERS) Chicos (CHS) CitrixSys (CTXS) Comcast (CMCSA) CnsTom (CTO) Continucre (CNU) CrssCtryHl (CCRN) Darden (DRI) Disney (DIS) Dreams (DRJ) Dycom (DY) h (DIET) EqtyOne (EQY) FedExCp (FDX) Flanign (BDL) GeoGrp (GEO) HackettGp (HCKT) HarrisCorp (HRS) Heico s (HEI) Heico A s (HEI/A) IntlSpdw (ISCA) IntervalLs (IILG) IsleCapri (ISLE) IvaxDiag (IVD) LadThalFn (LTS) LennarA (LEN) Macys (M) MAKO Srg (MAKO) MarineMx (HZO) Mastec (MTZ) McClatchy (MNI) Mednax (MD) NABI Bio (NABI) NatlBevrg (FIZZ) FPL Group (NEE) OcwenFn (OCN) OfficeDpt (ODP) OpkoHlth (OPK) Parlux (PARL) PerryEllis (PERY) PetMed (PETS) Protalix (PLX) RJamesFn (RJF) RepubSvc (RSG) RylCarb (RCL) Ryder (R) SBA Com (SBAC) SFN Grp (SFN) StJoe (JOE) SeacorHld (CKH) SpanBdc h (SBSA) SunTrst (STI) SwisherH n (SWSH) TIB Fn rs (TIBB) TenetHlth (THC) Terremk (TMRK) TevaPhrm (TEVA) Tongjitng (TCM) TradeStatn (TRAD) 21CentHld (TCHC) UltimSoft (ULTI) UPS B (UPS) VectorGp (VGR) Vonage (VG) Watsco (WSO) Winn-Dixie (WINN) WorldFuel (INT)

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... 1.72f 0.10e 0.72 0.64 ... ... 0.60 ... 0.04 ... ... ... ... ... ... 1.00f ... ... 0.16 ... 0.45f 0.04 ... ... 1.28 0.40f ... ... ... 0.88 0.48 0.10e ... ... 1.00 0.12 0.12 0.16f ... ... ... ... 0.16 0.20 ... ... ... ... ... ... 2.30e 2.20f ... ... ... ... ... 0.50 ... 0.52f 0.80 ... 1.08 ... ... ... 15.00e ... 0.04 ... ... ... ... 0.78e ... ... ... ... 2.08f 1.60b ... 2.28f ... 0.15

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CRUDE OIL $86.20


EURO 1.3685




GOLD $1,388.20




Close: 2,833.95 Change: 2.37 (0.1%)



30-YR T-BONDS 4.70%


Nasdaq composite




6-MO T-BILLS .14%







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14.54 14.48

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124.01 123.99 10.66 10.66 5.83 54.29 128.64 9.87 25.34 10.32 12.90 123.13 123.14 30.60 19.97 23.18 20.30 13.22 10.98 15.86 70.31 72.96 10.77 10.77 19.83 12.85 22.97 22.76 13.81 13.18 10.50 10.50 10.50 10.50 16.40 33.84 33.85 33.83 22.15 53.66 32.57 56.25 49.11 14.59 27.67

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D;J'OH O;IJFLI9>=7=E Unleaded Gas (gal) 2.55 2.53 +.02 2.07 Crude Oil (bbl) 86.20 86.36 -.16 79.06 Gold (oz) 1388.20 1384.70 +3.50 1118.00 Platinum (oz) 1843.30 1844.00 -.70 1519.60 Silver (oz) 32.30 31.57 +.73 16.06 Coffee (lb) 2.72 2.68 +.04 1.34 Orange Juice (lb) 1.78 1.74 +.04 1.38 Sugar (lb) 0.31 0.31 ... .26

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DWc[ Cintas Cisco Citigrp CitiTdecs CityNC CliffsNRs Clorox Coach CobaltIEn CCFemsa CCHellenic CocaCola CocaCE CognizTech ColgPal Comc spcl Comerica CmcBMO CmtyHlt CBD-Pao s CompSci ConAgra ConchoRes ConocPhil ConsolEngy ConEd ConstellA ConstellEn ContlRes Cooper Ind Copart Copel CoreLab s CornPdts Corning Corpbnca Costco Covance CoventryH Covidien Credicp CredSuiss Cree Inc CrwnCstle CrownHold CullenFr Cummins CypSemi DPL DR Horton DTE Danaher s DaVita DeVry DeckOut s Deere DelMnte Delhaize Dell Inc DeltaAir DenburyR Dndreon Dentsply DeutschBk DevelDiv DevonE Diageo DiaOffs DicksSptg DigitalRlt DirecTV A Discover DiscCm A DiscCm C DishNetwk DrReddy DollarGen DllrTree s DomRescs Domtar grs Donldson DonlleyRR Dover DowChm DrPepSnap DresserR Dril-Quip DuPont DukeEngy DukeRlty DunBrad ETrade rs eBay EMC Cp ENI EOG Res EQT Corp EstWstBcp EastChm Eaton EatnVan EVTxMGlo Ecolab Ecopetrol EdisonInt EdwLfSci s ElPasoCp ElPasoPpl Elan EldorGld g ElectArts EAndinB Embraer EmersonEl EElChile EnbrEPtrs Enbridge EnCana g EndoPhrm Energen

BWij 9^] 29.19 18.85 4.91 140.02 60.76 96.54 68.15 58.28 14.87 76.00 28.36 64.55 27.15 77.73 78.42 24.18 39.65 40.95 38.48 38.06 48.94 22.76 105.52 76.62 45.89 49.02 20.95 31.30 63.84 65.73 41.41 25.74 102.09 49.70 23.23 76.59 75.43 58.80 30.48 51.42 101.15 47.63 54.68 43.78 38.41 39.49 60.41 110.04 22.03 26.50 12.80 47.13 51.79 79.67 55.18 90.03 95.00 18.94 78.72 15.43 11.50 22.77 33.79 36.99 65.45 14.00 88.20 78.06 75.62 38.02 57.52 44.30 21.86 43.91 39.05 23.47 33.85 29.25 52.72 44.37 91.02 57.72 19.39 67.75 38.54 36.41 49.23 81.36 55.98 17.94 13.61 85.03 17.73 34.53 27.18 50.30 108.89 47.63 23.23 95.41 110.92 33.92 10.61 49.35 39.98 36.68 89.50 17.67 37.18 6.53 17.41 19.28 27.71 35.27 61.78 50.33 66.25 58.29 30.97 34.49 59.90

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BWij 9^] 69.76 40.15 54.25 30.56 19.65 53.29 71.71 44.00 36.31 90.99 54.03 12.52 69.21 117.14 94.48 90.58 20.39 41.58 20.96 54.83 56.77 84.50 120.85 32.29 81.15 93.03 107.88 52.55 63.70 81.59 14.98 14.26 32.14 14.99 41.99 15.06 29.76 168.22 37.90 63.52 8.42 130.33 74.77 26.71 56.84 15.77 50.91 34.33 39.05 62.67 78.89 39.48 22.55 130.40 52.95 64.32 52.69 9.46 31.62 16.98 23.05 75.83 33.02 38.33 78.11 21.44 15.76 36.10 36.51 14.59 32.33 55.25 13.99 75.38 14.75 31.32 39.30 39.15 49.40 14.16 17.29 45.05 168.04 91.31 14.89 630.08 135.66 19.72 41.81 24.70 47.47 31.90 37.19 153.31 58.61 48.11 57.27 42.12 51.56 11.24 30.80 45.74 50.25 47.72 62.15 69.85 69.54 50.33 15.91 85.00 48.67 60.43 20.61 38.48 44.49 57.99 26.92 54.61 18.90 22.06 67.19

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BWij 9^] 11.41 25.72 61.44 42.82 7.22 18.20 46.51 21.50 45.57 79.33 83.97 12.69 68.10 59.84 42.93 42.12 54.90 72.27 48.90 34.03 41.65 48.59 69.37 47.10 20.39 49.34 22.14 127.18 23.28 164.84 57.35 16.93 29.02 9.80 75.16 12.64 54.11 340.92 27.35 27.13 23.19 27.69 25.20 48.00 22.57 51.55 36.15 25.04 61.11 42.40 101.19 100.03 44.00 51.30 35.11 16.29 49.89 19.82 55.47 53.01 40.51 9.53 65.66 18.79 72.47 31.37 65.09 48.34 14.23 16.47 53.42 13.10 30.91 23.10 53.23 104.71 80.85 28.27 16.58 26.03 32.91 6.75 89.01 56.10 41.54 47.76 45.46 111.92 30.40 37.24 23.62 34.05 42.19 40.45 17.41 71.88 71.90 34.18 54.41 34.60 33.50 32.06 35.83 38.79 4.44 81.81 43.19 19.37 79.53 26.30 113.89 82.12 30.12 37.95 91.01 21.47 14.59 14.82 36.93 49.27 59.56

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BWij 9^] 58.40 43.55 67.63 19.18 49.51 422.83 40.92 30.78 7.57 92.14 18.89 13.30 64.28 250.74 25.54 28.10 46.06 23.88 76.13 38.85 80.64 47.91 61.31 30.36 31.38 64.78 41.27 7.19 72.80 32.85 47.65 13.41 169.28 38.19 11.70 48.11 27.06 90.27 5.61 370.50 4.19 19.37 59.30 28.22 23.47 45.60 44.63 72.39 30.69 30.99 83.02 39.01 30.03 73.88 23.34 41.00 20.89 18.93 14.92 754.46 29.30 37.79 28.16 27.04 29.09 2.21 71.46 46.65 47.77 80.18 24.75 15.58 38.31 36.15 63.64 10.66 53.05 44.48 235.51 6.28 9.53 97.04 18.85 20.21 68.53 58.50 17.71 18.73 25.51 54.59 19.10 23.96 27.69 88.82 24.61 42.07 88.87 9.19 6.58 24.88 100.07 46.91 65.00 32.35 33.44 54.55 69.11 14.40 57.31 39.86 126.31 44.35 19.46 48.74 70.25 25.63 48.00 55.25 107.37 81.93 74.65

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BWij 9^] 50.41 11.61 64.65 83.66 57.70 33.68 55.52 37.55 37.48 31.65 45.38 63.99 108.42 90.14 25.03 52.65 55.85 37.82 13.55 119.43 91.88 82.10 33.85 26.12 33.60 65.02 17.19 12.55 26.75 37.02 38.58 13.39 18.90 63.41 26.98 75.70 135.44 20.35 33.54 38.00 41.70 19.19 27.97 61.43 52.55 32.55 58.65 41.88 99.23 25.75 63.90 39.02 42.53 127.98 47.43 3.37 11.61 180.00 60.25 99.09 148.63 11.44 71.10 448.93 40.25 34.69 64.30 45.70 20.40 15.87 67.02 23.67 31.74 111.65 39.09 20.42 59.19 23.74 57.56 17.97 6.79 38.45 64.60 81.86 48.31 61.95 52.16 35.48 45.43 27.21 36.99 43.90 27.57 7.79 61.50 58.38 70.58 33.74 69.86 32.84 34.56 71.54 41.32 32.61 89.38 66.87 47.40 35.38 85.29 71.82 57.85 39.70 57.89 15.69 71.27 71.01 30.20 16.52 60.31 40.43 23.34

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BWij 9^] 17.36 74.10 15.20 66.39 84.47 12.76 51.55 22.39 48.51 143.08 51.38 8.92 34.75 17.01 51.24 95.04 19.45 54.47 53.36 36.61 13.72 28.24 93.03 53.30 33.29 21.32 40.60 85.03 86.38 84.23 16.91 133.84 63.83 45.21 6.88 39.19 107.94 19.53 85.52 61.48 1.81 36.65 60.19 22.78 67.33 39.17 61.28 54.65 83.84 53.80 36.13 36.41 48.26 37.87 42.63 27.96 12.57 38.58 36.45 26.25 4.50 76.09 21.48 34.00 65.09 46.12 24.64 20.22 87.38 10.16 14.36 63.00 24.11 7.56 33.36 44.90 43.75 18.58 65.53 28.63 28.64 22.30 21.76 17.80 10.70 37.14 50.08 59.53 12.81 25.50 24.55 51.90 26.40 53.89 55.08 16.37 25.30 8.59 14.38 12.01 24.11 25.25 17.70 17.91 34.29 47.54 47.05 48.21 49.45 18.92 38.17 37.62 24.15 36.23 28.50 57.68 39.67 92.96 25.56 64.70 42.47

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BWij 9^] 71.89 38.18 52.20 20.14 21.84 65.45 81.35 59.74 17.63 58.44 93.20 53.15 38.54 21.31 52.34 81.50 83.40 60.92 50.19 55.19 16.69 37.72 47.33 18.63 19.94 23.86 32.36 10.55 47.38 45.64 61.64 29.91 29.56 97.14 26.92 3.09 28.56 48.93 61.86 85.01 67.42 42.84 42.92 26.87 37.78 89.80 35.03 30.44 40.47 29.42 32.04 39.14 70.00 49.20 56.36 33.12 46.86 36.74 33.78 36.62 39.16 45.50 14.25 28.27 75.83 74.73 33.60 88.74 29.67 89.83 46.73 68.72 62.72 42.06 55.38 42.74 121.98 24.62 451.17 29.73 38.04 83.38 55.75 25.65 64.72 67.40 32.64 33.24 21.66 123.02 25.16 83.44 124.08 60.03 30.37 51.20 38.19 39.68 32.44 12.57 13.26 58.73 39.04 32.07 127.70 24.65 23.81 11.32 33.92 49.55 17.66 12.37 29.72 34.50 51.17 63.73 24.10

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2/19/2011 5:44:26 AM








who’s master in this bedroom?

SLEEPING WITH AN ANIMAL: Mark Doty, left, who wrote a memoir called Dog Years, and Paul Lisicky with their dog, Ned, at their home in New York. At right, Kathy Ruttenberg with her potbellied pig, Trixie, in her bedroom at her home near Woodstock, N.Y. BY BOB MORRIS New York Times Service

Every night for the last year, Kathy Ruttenberg has been taking a bath, putting on pajamas, turning on CNN and getting into bed with a little pig named Trixie. “She’s a great cuddler if you lie still,” said Ruttenberg, a 53-year-old artist who lives near Woodstock, N.Y. “But if you’re restless, she gets annoyed, and her hooves are very sharp.” Ruttenberg has blackand-blue marks to show for it. Still, of all the animals she has in her bed (there are also two kittens and three terriers, to be precise), Trixie, a 16-pound Vietnamese potbellied pig, is her favorite, because of the way she spoons. “I have an Angora rabbit, too,” Ruttenberg said. “But he’s on the floor running around because the other animals don’t allow him up. We have a hierarchy in our bedroom.” Ruttenberg’s habit of sleeping with pets mirrors that of Paris Hilton, who has slept with a pig — of the four-legged variety — and was once bitten at her home at 3 a.m. by a kinkajou, a tiny raccoon-related creature. Keeping that sort of menagerie may be unusual, but the habit of allowing animals in bed is not. Figures vary, but according to a recent study published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 14 percent to 62 percent of the 165 million dogs and cats in this country sleep in

bed with humans, with other surveys skewing higher. The reasons are well documented. First, touching, human or otherwise, raises levels of oxytocin in the body, creating feelings of contentment. And, of course, the comfort that an unconditionally loving animal provides in bed is an emotional balm, especially for the depressed, lonely or anxious. “Animals are uncomplicated and keep us in the present tense,” said Mark Doty, the author of a memoir called Dog Years, which chronicles the death of a lover. “When Wally could barely move, I saw him lifting his hand to reach over and pet Beau, our young retriever, who was curled up next to him. He couldn’t even feed himself, but he had the strength and will to give comfort to a dog at his side. It was remarkable.” It’s no surprise that pet owners like Doty seem unconcerned about the study published earlier this month by the CDC, in which two California doctors warn that allowing pets to sleep in the bed can be dangerous and can spread zoonoses, pathogens that go from animals to people. According to Bruno Chomel, a professor at the University of California at Davis, and Ben Sun of the California Department of Public Health, the risks are rare, but real. They cite instances of fleas from cats transmitting bubonic plague and fleas from dogs spreading chagas in South America,

with symptoms of mild fever and fatigue. Cat scratch fever is a danger, too, they say, as are various forms of meningitis, Pasturella pneumonia and other infections. “We know these are just the tip of the iceberg,” said Chomel, who said he has owned dogs and cats, but has never allowed them in the bedroom. “There are risks and precautions to take. But we aren’t telling people not to be close to their pets.” That’s a good thing, because kicking pets out of bed isn’t likely to be an option for many people. First of all, it’s difficult to retrain animals once they have established a routine. Erica Lehrer and Richard Goldman of Houston learned that when they tried to keep their three cats out of the bedroom after installing an expensive black carpet. “They staged a protest: cried all night, pounded with their cat paws on the door,” said Lehrer, 52, a writer. After three sleepless nights, she said: “They won and moved back in. We bought a really good vacuum cleaner.” At least their cats are indoor animals. That means there is less risk of having mice and other critters deposited in the bed. Staying indoors, like most city cats do, also reduces the risk of fleas, ticks and other potential disease carriers. Which brings us to dogs. Could all that slush they walk through and bring into bed at this time of year be a risk to health as well as to housekeeping?

“I’d say, just wipe them down and you’ll be fine,” said Lucy O’Byrne, a veterinarian at the West Village Veterinary Hospital in New York. “As long as you have good flea and tick control, and keep your pet healthy the way most people do, you don’t have to worry.” Chomel, author of the CDC study, doesn’t disagree. There is far more risk, he warned, with pet licks and kisses. If you have a wound or if your immune system is compromised, licking should be avoided. (Meaning, don’t let the dog lick you — the hazards involved in the other way around have not been researched.) It’s also not good for babies. And there have been cases of animals spreading resistant strains of staph infections and other diseases by licking cuts and wounds after surgery, so it’s not recommended that pets be allowed in bed then. “If the dog starts licking the baby too much, we discourage it,” said Alexandra Horowitz, author of the bestselling Inside of a Dog, and a psychology professor at Barnard, who sleeps with her toddler, husband and dog without worry. “But in general, if you’re a dog person, you live with dirt and other things that come in benign and less benign forms. I think the health risks are overstated. I say that if it’s mutually agreeable, just as it is between two people, then sharing a bed with a dog is fine.” Even Cesar Millan, the hard-nosed dog trainer known

for his TV series The Dog Whisperer, agrees, although he believes the dog should be invited up each night, just to show it who’s the real leader of the pack. “Then choose the portion of the bed where the dog sleeps,” he writes in his book Cesar’s Way. “Sweet dreams.” Sometimes, however, sweet dreams are not an option, as Tracy Rudd, an illustrator in New York, has discovered. One man she dated years ago picked up her growling, nipping Chihuahua and tossed her out of the bedroom, later to find his clothes soaked in urine. When Rudd, 47, met her current husband, she said she knew he was the one because when he put his arm around her in bed during the night, causing her dog to growl and nip at him, he didn’t seem to mind. “He just said he respected her for defending her space,” Rudd said. As a result, the dog respected him and a lasting marriage was born. Perhaps one day it will be the same for Ruttenberg with her upstate menagerie. “Although I’m starting to think it’s not likely,” she said. Most gentlemen callers don’t even make it to the bedroom. One bolted when Ruttenberg, who has a total of 160 animals on her sprawling mountainside property, let a baby goat into the living room after Trixie, the pig, had already joined the visit. “I thought he would find a little goat charming,” she said. “But after the pig, it was too much for him. Especially

as the goat, Iris, was leaving droppings on the floor.” Another date fled, after some wine and a soak in the hot tub under the stars, when Oola, one of the resident pigs (black, 150 pounds) charged and tried to bite him. “And then, the last guy I had in the bed was freaked out by the rabbit,” Ruttenberg said. “He’s huge, and he got territorial seeing this guy in the room, so he started thumping and picking up his dish in his mouth and tossing it in our direction.” Bye-bye, boyfriend. Hello, love? “The truth is, with all my animals around me, I feel loved here, and I always have someone to come home to and someone who misses me when I’m away,” said Ruttenberg, who grew up in New York and got her first pet, a dog, 20 years ago, after a terrible romantic breakup. Ruttenberg’s mother frets her daughter has put herself in the permanent zone of marriage ineligibility. But Ruttenberg is too busy making art, having fun and cooking for her animals (baked potatoes, squash, scrambled eggs with truffle oil for the pigs) to worry about it. As for the health risks of letting the animals sleep in her bed, she’s more concerned with making them sick than catching something from them. “I had the flu and called the vet to make sure I couldn’t give it to Trixie,” she said. The vet told her not to worry, she said. If she called a dating coach, it might be another matter.

Many would choose pet over paramour, poll finds BY LEANNE ITALIE Associated Press

NEW YORK — Your sweetheart or your pet. Who would you choose to dump if one had to go? Most current pet owners said they would hold on to their spouse or significant other (84 percent), but a sizable 14 percent picked their pet, according to an poll. Put Sally Roland, 53, of Omaha, Neb., down in the dog-first column. “I’m divorced, so that might explain it,” she joked. The unmarried, like Roland, are more apt to choose their pet over their mate — 25 percent among unmarried pet owners versus 8 percent among the married. Count Fidel Martinez, 30, of Akron, Ohio, as forever loyal to Killer. That’s his mixbreed, 100-pound rescue dog.

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“I would absolutely give up my girlfriend for him,” Martinez said. “I know it sounds insane but I’ve had numerous relationships with women. My dog has never let me down.” For the record: Martinez and Killer have been together for seven years. Martinez and his girlfriend have been together for four. The two-legged pair have no immediate plans to cohabitate, he said, but she does like the dog a lot. Women are far more apt than men to say the humanpet choice would be a tough one (40 percent among women compared with 26 percent among men). Both genders were equally likely to go with their spouse or significant other, according to the poll conducted by GfK Roper Public Affairs and Corporate Communications.

There was also no difference between dog and cat owners: 35 percent of each said the choice would be a hard one and more than eight in 10 would choose their spouse. Urban dwellers (47 percent) are more apt to say they’d have a difficult time choosing than did suburbanites (35 percent) or rural residents (25 percent). Giving up a pet for any reason can be really tough — unless you are the owners of Princess the canine escape artist. David Rosenthal and his family in Missouri City, Texas, were ready with what they considered an ideal fenced backyard when they welcomed the 2-year-old American Eskimo from a shelter. Then things went from pretty good to not at all. “She kept getting away,”

he said. “She’d dig underneath the fence, sneak out through every little crack. It would usually take about an hour or so to corral her.” Even worse, the 49-yearold Rosenthal discovered the hard way that the bushy sago palm plants in the backyard were poisonous to dogs (and humans, too). Princess sampled them and nearly died. Treatment cost about $2,000. “Plus she was nipping at kids,” said Rosenthal, who has three. “We were told it was friendly to kids.” So off Princess went, back to the shelter after a year. “It was sad but we knew there was already somebody there to adopt her.” The family now has two other rescue dogs. About six in 10 adults (57 percent) have had to give up a pet at some point

in their lives, with current pet owners (64 percent) a bit more likely to have done so. The most common reasons had to do with the pet’s health: 69 percent said their pet was too sick to live on, 52 percent too sick to be cared for at home. But there are other reasons as well, including about one in 10 (9 percent) who, like Rosenthal, said their animal was too dangerous to keep. One-third (34 percent) of current pet owners said it would be “extremely” or “very” difficult if they were forced to choose between a pet and a family member who became allergic. Another 20 percent would find the choice somewhat difficult and 46 percent said it would be “not too difficult” or “not difficult at all.” Christopher J. Hampton,

67, in Bellingham, Wash., has loved Pembroke Welsh corgis since he was a kid. He had a 5-year-old he had raised from a pup when he and his wife realized 40 years ago that their yearold son’s asthma was dangerously exacerbated by their pet. “I couldn’t give up my son, so that was it,” Hampton said. The AP-Petside. com Poll was conducted Oct. 13-20, 2010, by GfK Roper Public Affairs and Corporate Communications. It involved landline and cell phone interviews with 1,501 adults nationwide including 1,000 pet owners. Results among all adults have a margin of sampling error of plus or minus 3.3 percentage points; for results among pet owners it is 4.0 percentage points.

2/19/2011 3:37:46 AM







NORTH ♠AJ976 ♥A854 ◆ 10 3 ♣K6



For more comics & puzzles, go to


Opening lead — ◆ seven

In today’s deal from the NEC tournament held 12 months ago in Yokohama, both declarers went down in WEST EAST game in the match between ♠K54 ♠Q2 ♥Q9 ♥ 10 7 6 3 2 Bulgaria and South Sweden. ◆Q9876 ◆A42 (The latter team was a med♣A42 ♣873 ley of Swedish and South African players — hence the SOUTH amalgamated name.) ♠ 10 8 3 For Bulgaria the North♥KJ ◆KJ5 South pair tried three no♣ Q J 10 9 5 trump, which was far from hopeless in theory, but had Vulnerable: Neither no chance against repeated Dealer: East diamond leads. The Swedish declarer was The bidding: in four spades. West led a South West North East diamond and East continPass ued the attack on that suit. 1♣ 1◆ 1 ♥* 2◆ Declarer looks in good shape Pass Pass 2♥ Pass now, doesn’t he? See if you 2♠ Pass 3♠ Pass 4♠ All pass can improve on the line *Spades found at the table. 2-19

South passed the spade eight to East’s queen. Back came a heart to the jack, queen and ace. The defenders ducked the first club and won the second to play a second heart. This had the effect of removing declarer’s last comfortable entry to hand. Declarer could no longer draw trumps ending in his own hand. Had he retained the trump eight by leading low to dummy on the first round of trumps, all would have been well. As it was, if he led the spade 10 from hand, it would be covered. So he did his best by playing a trump to dummy’s jack and trying to ruff a heart to hand. However, West could overruff and there was still an inevitable heart loser in dummy. —BOBBY WOLFF





WHITE HAS A CRUSHER Hint: Be very direct. Solution: 1. Qf6! (threatens mate) g6 2. Qxg6ch. If 1. ... g5, 2. Qg6ch Kh8 3. Qxh6ch, etc. [Bareev-Romanov ’10].








Dear Abby: I have been in a relationship with “Betsy” for more than three years. For the most part, we get along well, laugh a lot, and have a good relationship. However, Betsy has an awful temper. She gets angry easily and becomes verbally abusive, saying ugly, hateful things that hurt me deeply. I never know what tiny thing will set her off. Although she usually apologizes later, I still feel the hurt she inflicted on me during her rage. Abby, I’m in a quandary. I love Betsy very much and am normally happy with her. But these abusive rants are beginning to take a toll on me and on our relationship. How do you know when it’s time to leave someone — especially when you still love that person? Tired of the Tirades in Temecula, Calif. You and Betsy are overdue for a serious talk. She may have emotional problems — or she may simply be verbally abusive. Give her a choice: Seek help for her problem or the two of you are history. No one has a right to do to someone what she’s doing to you. Unless the problem is resolved, this is the atmosphere in which your children will grow up if you should marry her.

erty with a loaf of bread under both arms. You attend a private school, which isn’t cheap, and your parents have given you a car. Be grateful for what you have; most teens are not so lucky. Or consider getting a job so you can start saving for an auto upgrade. Dear Abby: When I go to someone’s home for dinner, I often take a dessert or beverage for everyone to enjoy, being careful not to “outdo” my host. I would never, for example, bring an entree. I recently met a young lady who always brings not only an entree, but also a side and one or two desserts to our host’s home, and this seems to be causing a bit of tension with our host. Am I wrong in believing this young lady is being rude? A Good Guest in Texas When invited to someone’s home for dinner, it is appropriate to ask, “May I bring something?” If the answer is yes, then you should bring what the host asks for. If the answer is “Just bring yourself,” it is considered good manners to bring a small gift such as candy, an assortment of nuts or a bottle of wine if you know your hosts imbibe. It is not appropriate to bring an entree, sides or a dessert that has not been requested. Are you sure the young lady you mentioned wasn’t asked to do what she did?

Dear Abby: I’m a 15-year-old girl. I go to a private school where everyone gets really nice cars for their 16th birthday. I have a 2001 compact economy car. It’s nothing compared to the cars my peers get. I know if I start to drive this car when I turn 16, people will make fun of me — behind my back and to my face. I don’t want to be seen in it. I know I should be thankful I have a car at all, but it’s hard when you know you’ll be made fun of mercilessly. I told my parents that I don’t want to get my license because of this problem, but I really do want it. I think the reason they’re not getting me another car is because of financial difficulties, so it would be unfair of me to ask for a different one. Should I deal with the car I have and put up with the kidding, or wait two or three years to get my driver’s license? Driving Myself Crazy in St. Louis


You need to grow up. You’re crying pov-

HOROSCOPE IF TODAY IS YOUR BIRTHDAY: Your cup runneth over. You might be the It girl or guy whom everyone looks at with approving eyes. This month is a good time to interview for a new job or to meet your soul mate. • PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): Lovers might find that hearts are beating faster than usual later this evening. • ARIES (March 21-April 19): Your unwavering energy won’t waver. Plan to take some time to revel in pure physical exuberance.


• TAURUS (April 20-May 20): Talk your way out of tough spots. If you expect others to give you the benefit of the doubt, they will. • GEMINI (May 21-June 20): When The Mamas & The Papas sing of “words of love so soft and tender,” you will get plenty of hints about how to talk to your special someone. • CANCER (June 21-July 22): You may need to take a breather from a tough schedule. Kick back and take it easy. • LEO (July 23-Aug. 22): Trust can get rusty; it might look awful for a while, but trust can be restored with some effort. • VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): Singles may find a sweet new someone to add some excitement to long winter hours. • LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): Playfulness could be hard to endure if a cloud of worry looms overhead. • SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): Practice what you preach. Your common sense makes you a valued adviser — especially because you are willing to sacrifice personal interests. • SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): Look for weekend fun that costs very little and make peace with those guilty pangs of conscience that urge you to economize. • CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): It is difficult to be carefree when you have things you care about. • AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): Money makes the world go around, but don’t spend your pennies to spin it faster.

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CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 The hand you’re dealt 4 Round the bend 9 Provide the laughs 14 ET’s ride 15 Sleep disorder 16 Drinks to excess 17 Where to find couch potatoes 20 Stare with your mouth open 21 Union of old 22 Without end 26 “___ the land of the free ...” 27 Grabbed a bite 30 Substandard grade 31 Verve 33 Word on a telephone button 35 Flattened crustacean 37 Jack-in-the-pulpit’s family 38 Collage specialist 42 Forest deity 43 Regional dialect 44 Open, as a dam 47 Write’s companion 48 Plumbing pipe material 51 Soak, as flax 52 Tiny charged particle 54 Bureau 56 Kidnapper’s demand 59 Prefix with “dynamic”

60 Remain firm 65 Informed 66 Volvo factory worker, perhaps 67 ___ and don’ts 68 Improved muscle definition 69 What some wealthy alumni do 70 Lowest sudoku digit DOWN 1 Schlepped 2 These days 3 Comb-over alternative 4 Youthful fellow 5 Show a preference 6 Yoko of “Double Fantasy” 7 Takes home, as pay 8 “Hurray!” 9 It’s got you covered 10 Verb with “heaven and earth” 11 Above the ground floor 12 Visualize 13 New England hrs. 18 Suffix with “convention” 19 ___ since (as of) 23 Woodstock’s home in “Peanuts” 24 Moisturizer ingredient 25 Take in with relish 28 Fully stretched

29 Tree with tough, useful wood 32 Like some stocks 34 Stand for a speaker 35 “___ it ironic?” 36 Out of fashion 38 Windex target 39 Schwarzenegger, by birth

40 Threatening jungle sound 41 The motion of the ocean 42 PETA peeve? 45 Made a pig of oneself? 46 Military station 48 Not real 49 Washington’s mount? 50 La ___, Wisc.

53 55 57 58 60 61 62 63 64

Wild West knot Droop dejectedly Plot set in the suburbs? Cut, as grass Occupied a throne Word in a sequel title Western writer Buntline Tokyo, once Use the Singer

2/18/2011 9:10:25 PM


Tendulkar ready for another shot at elusive Cup BY C.RAJSHEKHAR RAO Associated Press

DHAKA, Bangladesh — India’s star batsman Sachin Tendulkar is heading into a record sixth World Cup, still looking for an elusive title victory to cap his outstanding career. And he is not alone in that personal search. Such is his status in the sport — he has captured all the major batting records in tests and one-day internationals — his teammates say they want to win the trophy for him. Apart from having scored the most runs and centuries in both test and one-day cricket, Tendulkar is also the most prolific run-getter in World Cup history with 1,796 runs in 36 matches. He has also figured in teams that made the final in 2003 and the semifinals in 1996. Though he didn’t elaborate on the importance of the World Cup trophy to him, the 37-year-old Tendulkar made his feelings clear when he said at a recent event in his home city of Mumbai that he still wanted “to achieve something and everyone knows that.” India captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni followed up by saying the team would like to win the World Cup for Tendulkar. “That can be the biggest gift from the team to him. We will try to give it our best shot and make it the best World Cup,” said Dhoni, whose views were echoed by several other of the team’s leading lights

— Harbhajan Singh and Virat Kohli. However, the likes of former greats Kapil Dev and Australia’s Steve Waugh were quick to argue that the Indian team’s World Cup should not be about Tendulkar alone. In all the debate, Tendulkar has remained stoically calm, knowing that big-hitting batsmen like Virender Sehwag, Yuvraj Singh, Pathan and Dhoni also need to prosper. TENDULKAR T e n dulkar, however, is expected to lead the team’s charge on the batting front. Last year, he became the first man to score a double-century in ODIs with an unbeaten 200 against South Africa at Gwalior, India. He is generally known as a more dependable batsman because of his consistency and lack of inherent weaknesses. Tendulkar is the only man to have scored 50 test centuries and is now only three away from a new milestone of 100 international centuries with 47 made in one-dayers. However, he would rather talk about the results of matches than records. “My efforts matter only when they help the team win,” he said. “It is too early to speak about the performances of players, as it is all about what kind of form you are in during the tournament and how you peak at the right time.”





A look back at the Cup’s history NEW DELHI — (AP) — A look at the previous nine editions of the Cricket World Cup: 2007, final: Australia beat Sri Lanka by 53 runs. Moments: Australia clinched an unprecedented third consecutive World Cup title. l In the final Australia’s Adam Gilchrist smashed 149 — posting the fastest century and highest score in a World Cup final. l Gilchrist and Australian pacer Glenn McGrath retired from international cricket after the tournament. l West Indies star Brian Lara also retired from international cricket after being unable to guide the hosts and two-time champion West Indies to the title in the first World Cup ever staged in the Caribbean. l The tournament was overshadowed by the death of Pakistan’s England-born coach Bob Woolmer. Woolmer was found unconscious in his hotel room the day after Pakistan’s shocking loss to Ireland in the group stage, sparking a homicide investigation in Jamaica. Jamaican authorities initially said Woolmer had been strangled. In an embarrassing reversal, police later said experts had concluded he died of natural causes, most likely heart disease. l The group-stage exits of Pakistan and India also detracted from the tournament, while some individual performances left marks that will take a long time to beat.

hosted by South Africa, Zimbabwe and Kenya. l Kenya provided the surprise of the tournament by beating test nation Sri Lanka on the way to an appearance in the semifinals. l The success of Kenya and Zimbabwe in an interminable tournament that required 42 games to narrow the field from 14 teams to six owed much to the refusal of England and New Zealand to play in those countries because of security concerns. The African nations won the fixtures by walkovers. Zimbabwe also reached the second-round Super Six stage.

1996, final: Sri Lanka beat Australia by 7 wickets. Moments: Aravinda da Silva’s all-round brilliance inspired Sri Lanka to its first World Cup title. Da Silva claimed three wickets the final at Lahore. The allrounder then sealed his third man-of-the-match award of the tournament with a stylish 107 not out as his side reached its victory target with ease. l Australia and West Indies forfeited their group games in Colombo following a terrorist bombing in the city three weeks earlier, and still reached the quarterfinals. l The most memorable moment of the group stage 1999, final: Australia was provided by Kenya which shocked semifinalist beat Pakistan by 8 wickets. Moments: It was Aus- West Indies by 73 runs. tralia’s two matches against 1992, final: Pakistan beat South Africa that went down England by 22 runs in cricketing folklore. Moments: The 1992 Australia won the teams’ first meeting in the inaugu- World Cup was the first to ral Super Sixes stage by five feature colored clothing, wickets, with Steve Waugh a white ball and matches scoring a match-winning 120. played under floodlights. l South Africa’s return to The Australia captain was competition dropped by a premature- international ly celebrating Herschelle after 21 years of isolation Gibbs when he was on 56 was a success. But its camand was said to have told the paign ended in bizarre fashSouth African, “You’ve just ion when, needing 22 from 13 balls to beat England, a dropped the World Cup.” Waugh denied saying it, heavy rain shower fell in but the comment rang true Sydney. The rules used at after the teams met in the the time to recalculate targets in rain-affected matches semifinal. With victory in sight, left South Africa needing 21 South Africa’s Allan Donald from one ball. The ensuing was run out with two balls controversy eventually led left following a shocking to the introduction of the miscommunication with Duckworth/Lewis Method allrounder Lance Klusener. of revising targets. The match ended in a tie, 1987, final: Australia beat with both teams on 213 all 2003, final: Australia out, allowing Australia to England by 7 runs. beat India by 125 runs. Moments: The first advance by virtue of its win Moments: The first in the earlier head-to-head World Cup to be played outWorld Cup in Africa was co- match. side England was also the

first to be reduced from 60 to 50 overs for each innings. l Chetan Sharma of India recorded the first hat-trick in a World Cup. 1983, final: India beat West Indies by 43 runs. Moments: India caused a major upset in world cricket by lifting the trophy at Lord’s against a West Indies side that had won the two previous editions and featured Viv Richards, Clive Lloyd and Desmond Haynes. l The Windies were all out for 140 with eight overs to spare in what was a stunning result, and a defining moment for Indian cricket. 1979, final: West Indies beat England by 92 runs Moments: The West Indies were favorites and worthy winners, helped in the final by the brilliance of Viv Richards and Collis King at the crease, and a batting collapse by the hosts that was spectacular even by England standards. l The new ICC Trophy for non-test playing nations, created to give World Cup berths to the tournament’s two finalists, provided places at the main event for Sri Lanka and Canada. 1975, final: West Indies beat Australia by 17 runs. Moments: The inaugural two-week tournament was seen at the time as a major innovation for the sport. l West Indies skipper Clive Lloyd’s 102 in the final helped his side reach a total of 291. Australia was under pressure right from the start. Viv Richards’ three run outs — among a remarkable total of five — decided an entertaining contest.

West Indies happy being overlooked • WEST INDIES, FROM 8B

victorious 2004 ICC Champions Trophy team. It also reached the final of the 2006 Champions Trophy — the last major 50-over tournament in India. “It’s good to be the underdogs,” batsman Shivnarine Chanderpaul said. “The last time we came here for an ICC tournament we were the underdog and we were in the final. We’ve worked very hard over the last year and we just have to go and get the job done now.” Chanderpaul is playing in his fifth World Cup, with

Chris Gayle and Ramnaresh Sarwan in their third. Gibson backed his experienced trio, alongside explosive middle-order batsman Kieron Pollard and young fast bowler Kemar Roach, to lead the West Indies’ revival in 2011. Although the loss through injury of wicketkeeper Carlton Baugh and batsman Adrian Barath was “a setback,” Gibson said he had full confidence in replacement players Devon Thomas and the uncapped Kirk Edwards, who are set to join up with the squad once approved by the ICC.


DEFENDING CHAMPS: Australia won the 2007 World Cup in the West Indies.

Tigers’ Cabrera arrested Couples turns back • CABRERA, FROM 8B

but Guillen, who like Cabrera is from Venezuela, was shaken when he found out. “I worry about him,” Guillen said. Manager Jim Leyland declined to discuss Cabrera’s situation. When asked if Cabrera might have to spend time away from the team for counseling, Dombrowski said he didn’t know. “Those are in experts’ hands,” he said. “There’s people that are experts in these areas, doctors that handle these types of situations. The commissioner’s office and players’ association work very closely together in trying to help these

types of situations. Their knowledge far exceeds mine.” Late in the 2009 season, police said Cabrera got into a fight with his wife after a night of drinking, shortly before his team lost a key game. The Tigers then lost an AL Central tiebreaker to Minnesota. Dombrowski had to pick up Cabrera at the station after that incident. No charges were filed. Avila trained with Cabrera this offseason, and the two are close. “As hard as we work in this game, and everybody wants to win, there’s obviously things that are more important in life. — That’s one thing that

I know Miguel knows — that he has a family here,” Avila said. “Millions of people have problems with alcohol throughout the entire world. It’s not something that can’t be overcome. It’s something that can be overcome, but you need a lot of help.” During spring training last year, Cabrera said he was done drinking alcohol after he spent much of the offseason in counseling. “You guys write in the paper ‘alcoholic,’ that’s not right,” he said last March before a spring training workout. “I don’t know how to explain, but it’s not an alcohol problem.”

Pujols training with no grudges • PUJOLS, FROM 8B

top dollar, handicapping the just-completed talks. “Danny’s been in the business for 20-plus years. I’ve been in the big leagues for 11 years. I’ve been part of the union. I think we can make those decisions on our own,” Pujols said. “At the end of the day it’s not about the union. It’s about what’s best for my

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family, for the ballclub and everyone else.” Negotiations failed to gain momentum after the Cardinals made an initial nine- or 10-year offer with a total value exceeding $200 million. The club offered a number of variations of the original bid by changing the combination of years, annual average value and creative elements that at one point included discussion of an equity stake in the

franchise. It became quickly clear, however, that the sides probably wouldn’t bridge a gulf only widened by several lucrative deals signed by other players in the past year. Various calculations have projected the average annual value of the team’s bid at $19 million-$23 million, though a source familiar with the offer said one variation brought the annual value closer to $25 million.

the clock at Riviera LOS ANGELES — (AP) — No matter his age or the pain in his back, Fred Couples knows his way around Riviera. The 51-year-old Couples started his day with an eagle putt from nearly 100 feet, threw in a few 30-foot birdies putts and wound up with a 5-under 66 Friday to take the lead among the early starters in the Northern Trust Open. Couples is a two-time winner at Riviera. He loves the course so much that he signed up for this PGA Tour event instead of defending his title in Florida on the Champions Tour. Couples was at 8-under 134 and was two shots clear

of J.B. Holmes, who double bogeyed the last hole for a 69. Half the field played in the afternoon as the threat of rain approached. Bubba Watson has withdrawn from the tournament with a strained stomach muscle. Watson says he went to the hospital twice this week to check out the injury and make sure it wasn’t too serious. He says he struggled Thursday in the opening round at Riviera because he was more worried about his oblique muscle instead of his golf. Watson withdrew after a 76.


IN FORM: Fred Couples playing his tee shot on the 11th hole during the second round of the Northern Trust Open in Pacific Palisades, Calif.

NBA EASTERN CONFERENCE Atlantic Boston New York Philadelphia New Jersey Toronto

W 40 28 27 17 15

L 14 26 29 40 41

Pct GB .741 — .519 12 .482 14 .298 241/2 .268 26

Southeast Miami Orlando Atlanta Charlotte Washington

W 41 36 34 24 15

L 15 21 21 32 39

Pct GB .732 — .632 51/2 .618 61/2 .429 17 .278 25

Central Chicago Indiana Milwaukee Detroit Cleveland

W 38 24 21 21 10

L 16 30 34 36 46

Pct GB .704 — .444 14 .382 171/2 .368 181/2 .179 29

WESTERN CONFERENCE Southwest San Antonio Dallas New Orleans Memphis Houston

W 46 40 33 31 26

L 10 16 25 26 31

Pct GB .821 — .714 6 .569 14 .544 151/2 .456 201/2

Northwest Oklahoma City Portland Denver Utah Minnesota

W 35 32 32 31 13

L 19 24 25 26 43

Pct GB .648 — .571 4 .561 41/2 .544 51/2 .232 23

Pacific L.A. Lakers Phoenix Golden State L.A. Clippers Sacramento

W 38 27 26 21 13

L 19 27 29 35 40

Pct GB .667 — .500 91/2 .473 11 .375 161/2 .245 23

THURSDAY’S GAMES Chicago 109, San Antonio 99 Dallas 112, Phoenix 106

2/19/2011 5:44:12 AM









M.S. DHONI India

Tigers’ Cabrera arrested on DUI charge in Florida BY NOAH TRISTER Associated Press


DHAKA, Bangladesh— India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh are all reveling in the chance to make full use of home advantage when the co-hosts do battle at the World Cup. Though Australia is the threetime defending champion and the likes of Pakistan, South Africa and England will expect to do well, the captains of the three home nations are all in confident mood. “Playing at home is great,” Sri Lanka skipper Kumar Sangakkara said as he and his teammates prepared for the tournament, which opens Saturday with a match between India and Bangladesh in Dhaka. “We are playing our league [group] games at home and once you reach the quarterfinals, you are only two matches away from playing the final,” he said. Their familiarity with the slow pitches means that South Asian teams have done well on both occasions when the World Cup was hosted on the subcontinent. Co-hosts India and Pakistan both reached the semifinals in 1987

and Sri Lanka won as co-hosts in 1996 after eliminating India in the semifinals. Like Sangakkara, Bangladesh captain Shakib al Hasan is also looking forward to playing in front of his own people in the weeks ahead. “We have had good preparations, are under no pressure to perform, and hope to do well on home grounds,” the allrounder said. Expectations are particularly high in India, which is tipped as one of the favorites to lift the trophy on home soil in Mumbai on April 2. Some even fear that the pressure to succeed might affect the team’s performance as it tries to become a world champion again for the first time since 1983. It was not a view that cut any ice, though, with India skipper Mahendra Singh Dhoni. “The appreciation or criticism that you get is all part and parcel of the game,” Dhoni said, adding that other teams also had a chance of lifting the cup. “It is all about who is going to be consistent toward the end of the tournament.”

History at a glance 2007 WINNER: Australia HOSTS: West Indies

1992 WINNER: Pakistan HOSTS: Australia and New Zealand

2003 WINNER: Australia HOSTS: South Africa, Zimbabwe and Kenya

1987 WINNER: Australia HOSTS: India and Pakistan

1999 WINNER: Australia HOST: England

1983 WINNER: India HOST: England

1996 WINNER: Sri Lanka HOSTS: India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka

1979 WINNER: West Indies HOST: England


UNMOVED: West Indies coach Ottis Gibson is not bothered that his team has been written off as a title contender.

West Indies happy being overlooked BY GERALD IMRAY Associated Press

But the Caribbean team has not reached a final since and is rated below India, Sri Lanka, South Africa, England and Pakistan as a possible World Cup winner this year. Gibson said he was happy for his team to be written off again. “We are very comfortable with where we are as a team at the moment,” he said. “I believe people underestimate us and that gives us a good chance of getting on with our jobs, doing what we have to do, and surprising a few people along the way.” West Indies’ relatively young group was more experienced than people thought, Gibson said, with five of his 15-man squad being members of the

NEW DELHI — Coach Ottis Gibson said Friday his West Indies team isn’t concerned that no one backs them to win the World Cup anymore and it helps when the former champion is overlooked. “Nobody has given us a chance here and we don’t mind that,” Gibson said after the squad held its first workout in New Delhi on Friday ahead of a tough opening match against South Africa next week. “Everyone seems to have forgotten that we won the first two World Cups.” West Indies was the king of the World Cup in its early years, claiming the title in 1975 and 1979 and reaching the final in • TURN TO WEST INDIES, 7B 1983 — when it lost to India.

















1975 WINNER: West Indies HOST: England


BRETT LEE Australia



LAKELAND, Fla. — Detroit Tigers star Miguel Cabrera was arrested on suspicion of drunken driving in Florida, leaving teammates stunned and concerned about the slugging first baseman less than a week into spring training. The 27-year-old Cabrera has struggled with drinking-related problems in the past, but he’s coming off perhaps his best season. He hit .328 with 38 home runs in 2010 and finished second in the American League MVP vote. Cabrera was spotted Wednesday by a deputy in a car with a smoking engine alongside a road in Fort Pierce, Fla. Inside the vehicle, Cabrera smelled of alcohol, had slurred speech and took a swig from a bottle of scotch in front of a deputy, according to the St. Lucie County Sheriff’s Office. He refused to cooperate and more deputies were called to the scene. The arrest occurred about 110 miles southeast of Lakeland, where the Tigers hold spring training. Pitchers and catchers began workouts earlier this week, but position players don’t start until Saturday. “It was obviously a shock to everybody,” catcher Alex Avila said. General manager Dave Dombrowski said Thursday afternoon he’d spoken briefly to Cabrera. Dombrowski has also been in touch with the commissioner’s office. Dombrowski said he wasn’t sure when Cabrera would be in camp. Position players are supposed to report Friday for Saturday’s workout. “He would love to be here [Friday], but we still need to work through some of this,” Dombrowski said. “We fully support him trying to get help for his situation. You do that for anybody you know, if it was an employee, a friend, whatever it may be.” According to the police report, Cabrera was wandering into the road with his hands up before he was handcuffed. He kept saying, “Do you know who I am? You don’t know anything about my problems,” and cursed at deputies who tried to get him into a patrol car. One deputy struck Cabrera in the left thigh several times with his knee after Cabrera pushed into him, causing the ballplayer to fall into the patrol car. Cabrera refused to take a breath test, deputies said. He was arrested on misdemeanor charges of driving under the influence of alcohol and resisting an officer without violence. He posted a $1,350 bond and was released from jail at 7:45 a.m. Thursday. “It’s hard,” said second baseman Carlos Guillen, who is in camp recovering from an injury. “He’s a really good friend. I know he was working hard in the winter to have a good season this year.” The news was slow to reach the Tigers’ spring training complex, • TURN TO CABRERA, 7B


Albert Pujols arrives in Cardinals camp without any grudges BY JOE STRAUSS St. Louis Post-Dispatch

JUPITER, Fla. — St Louis Cardinals first baseman Albert Pujols walked into camp and an awaiting media throng. He told the crowd of reporters that he carries no bruises from two months of talks that failed to produce a contract extension. “It’s time to play baseball,” Pujols said Thursday. “I’m pretty excited about that and concentrating about that.” Surrounded by a crush of print and broadcast reporters, Pujols declined questions about details of negotations now placed on hold after a Wednesday deadline passed. “It’s part of negotiations with the Cardinals,” Pujols said. “I have so much respect for this organization. They gave me the opportunity

19PGB08.indd 8

to play 11 years ago. No matter what went down yesterday because of the deadline, it doesn’t mean I don’t want to be a Cardinal.” Pujols insisted that he and his agent, Dan Lozano, would not attempt to restart talks during the upcoming season. On Wednesday Cardinals general manager John Mozeliak insisted the organization would honor Pujols’ deadline and not approach him about an extension either during spring training or the season. The stance suggests Pujols is virtually certain to reach free agency this November. “I’m not disappointed, man. It’s negotiations and it happens,” Pujols said. “Two sides didn’t get together on an agreement. That’s the way it goes. You can’t get disappointed. You know why? Because I

still have another chance after the Pujols acknowledged there may “If that’s the way they want to season and maybe we’ll get some- be some negative reaction from fans take it, they can take it,” Pujols said. thing done then.” who have taken sides on the issue. “I can’t judge what people think. All I can do is get ready for baseball and that’s it.” Describing Thursday’s scene as “a zoo,” Pujols said the significance of recent talks had been blown out of proportion. “We’re not going to talk about the contract through the media,” he said. “Even if it gets to the offseason, we’re not going to talk to the media. I know both sides well. There are no hard feelings.” Pujols dismissed manager Tony La Russa’s notion that the Major League Baseball Players Association had pressured him to accept JEFF ROBERSON/AP

HAVING A HIT: Pujols takes batting practice Thursday in Jupiter, Fla.


2/19/2011 4:47:01 AM


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Edition 19 February 2011

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