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INTERNATIONAL EDITION

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

107TH YEAR, NO. 427 I ©2010 THE MIAMI HERALD

Sovereignty concerns derail EU budget talks BY RAF CASERT

Associated Press

PHOTOS BY HARISH TYAGI/EFE

TRAPPED: Rescue workers search for survivors and victims after a four-story building collapsed in New Delhi. Below, women mourn the death of a relative in the tragedy.

Time running out as rescuers search for survivors amid wreckage of New Delhi apartment BY KATY DAIGLE

Associated Press

NEW DELHI — Anna Halder sat on a patch of packed mud and dialed her cellphone Tuesday, clinging to the hope that her parents or sisters somehow survived under the wreckage of their collapsed apartment building and would pick up. “It’s ringing,” she said. No one answered. She dialed again. At least 66 people were killed and 73 were injured after the crude brick building crashed down in a congested New Delhi neighborhood. By Tuesday evening, as rescue workers continued to tear through the pile of broken bricks, twisted iron rods and concrete slabs, hope for finding more survivors was fading. The building collapsed Monday about the time families were

cooking dinner. Halder, 18, had not yet returned from her job as a housekeeper. Her workingclass family, like millions of other migrants, moved to New Delhi hoping to get jobs in the growing Indian capital. They, and many others from West Bengal, found housing in the crude brick building in the Lalita Park neighborhood near the Yamuna River because it was one of the rare homes they could afford amid the skyrocketing real estate prices in the crowded city. But the building was two floors higher than legally allowed, and its foundation appeared to have been weakened by water damage following monsoon rains. The soil near the river is too weak to support such tall buildings, New Delhi Lt. Gov. Tejendra Khanna said.

Cholera backlash fuels protests in Haiti BY JONATHAN M. KATZ Associated Press

thrown at peacekeeping bases. A small protest was also reported in the northwestern city of Gonaives, but U.N. police said it ended peacefully. The U.N. Stabilization Mission in Haiti, or MINUSTAH, dismissed the protests as politically motivated, linking them to the fast-approaching Nov. 28 presidential elections. “The way events unfolded suggests that these incidents were politically motivated, aimed at creating a climate of insecurity on the eve of elections. MINUSTAH calls the people to remain vigilant and not be manipulated by enemies of stability and democracy in the country,” the mission said in a statement. The cholera backlash plays upon some Haitians’ long-standing resentment of the 12,000-member U.N. military mission, which has been the dominant security force in Haiti since 2004. It is also rooted both in fear of a disease previously unknown to Haiti and internationally shared suspicion that the U.N. base could have been a source of the infection that has now left nearly 1,000 dead. Cholera had never before been documented in Haiti before it broke out about three weeks ago. Suspicions quickly surrounded a Nepalese base located on the Artibonite River system, where

PORT-AU-PRINCE — AntiU.N. riots have spread to several Haitian cities and towns, as protesters blaming a contingent of Nepalese peacekeepers for a deadly outbreak of cholera barricaded roads and exchanged gunfire with U.N. soldiers in clashes that lasted late into the night. The protests left at least one person dead, a demonstrator who was shot by a U.N. peacekeeper during an exchange of gunfire in Quartier Morin, near Haiti’s second-largest city of Cap-Haitien, the United Nations mission said. It said it was investigating the shooting but asserted the soldier acted in self-defense. The 12,000-member force reported that at least six U.N. personnel were wounded in protests at Hinche in the central plateau, while local Radio Metropole reported that at least 12 Haitians were injured in Cap-Haitien. The protests apparently began in Cap-Haitien early Monday and within hours had paralyzed much of the northern port city. An APTN television cameraman trying to reach the area was repelled by protesters throwing rocks and bottles from a barricade. As the day went on, other protests broke out in surrounding towns and the central plateau. A police station was reportedly burned in Cap-Haitien and rocks TURN TO HAITI, 4A

PRINCE WILLIAM GETS ENGAGED TO KATE MIDDLETON, 3A

KARZAI URGES U.S. TO REDUCE NIGHT RAIDS IN AFGHANISTAN, 6A

Poor construction material and inadequate foundations often are blamed for building collapses in India. In New Delhi, where land is at a premium, unscrupulous builders often break building TURN TO COLLAPSE, 2A

BRUSSELS — A battle of wills between a cluster of EU nations led by Britain and the European Parliament came to a head Tuesday, when talks over new budget rules collapsed due to a reluctance to yield more budgetary power to the legislature. The talks’ failure means the European Union will face a budget crunch early in 2011 as agreement with states like Britain, Sweden and the Netherlands — who wantt to contain the Parliament’s cloutt and keep essential decisionmakiin in their capitals — is not making expe ec expected before the new year. “A A small number of member states were not prepared to negotiate in a European spirit,” said EU Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso. “Those that think they have won a victory over “Brussels” have shot themselves in the foot. They should know that they have dealt a blow to people all over Europe,” he said. The European Union will therefore start 2011 living off monthly allowances which cannot exceed the 2010 equivalent. “Measures to boost economic growth and research and development in our member states will be delayed. This is highly regrettable,” EU budget commissioner Janusz Lewandowski said. The negotiations were ended despite agreement that the budget could only expand by 2.9 percent next year to match austerity efforts in member states. The EU budget hovers around ($178 billion) and is primarily used to fund agriculture and aid programs to the European Union’s

YVES LOGGHE/AP

WORRIED: Jose Manuel Barroso, president of the European Commission, faces a possible budget crunch in 2011. poorer regions. Lewandowski insisted that some 90 percent of that budget boosted growth and jobs. Beyond the monetary dispute, the budget quarrel has turned into a test of wills between the powers of the EU capitals and the EU institutions, touching on issues like national sovereignty and dominance of the European Union. Nations like Britain complained that the EU legislature was trying to introduce novel concepts on EU taxes into the discussion, issues so sensitive that London, often a reluctant EU partner, could never agree to it. European Parliament President Jerzy Buzek said “the intransigence of a few member states . . . undermines the confidence of our citizens.” He already considered TURN TO EU, 2A

Rangel found guilty of 11 violations BY DAVID KOCIENIEWSKI

New York Times Service

A U.S. House panel on Tuesday found Rep. Charles B. Rangel guilty of 11 counts of ethical violations, ruling that his failure to pay taxes, improper solicitation of fund-raising donations and failure to accurately report his personal income had brought dishonor on the House. After a public hearing Monday that was truncated by Rangel walking out in protest, an adju-

dicatory subcommittee of the House ethics committee deliberated for four hours before finding him guilty of all but one of the 13 counts against him. (Two other counts, involving Rangel’s misuse of House franking privileges, were merged into one.) In a somber tone, chairwoman Zoe Lofgren, a Democrat from California, announced the panel’s findings just before noon. Lofgren described the contentious process

as “difficult and time consuming” and said the committee hoped to decide on a punishment within days. While the committee has the power to recommend expulsion, that is highly unlikely. Ethics experts and committee members have said that Rangel, 80, is more likely to face a letter of reprimand or a formal censure. Rangel did not appear before TURN TO RANGEL, 2A

Beginning of the end for Berlusconi? BY ALESSANDRA RIZZO Associated Press

ROME — For Silvio Berlusconi, the question no longer seems if he will be forced from power — but when. The Italian leader who has survived prostitution scandals and corruption investigations faces no-confidence votes in coming weeks that he appears to have little — if any — chance of surviving. On Monday, four members of the government quit, increasing the premier’s isolation at a time when the man who once was his closest ally is now calling for his head.

STEFANO MEDICI/AP

WALKOUT: Italian officials, from left, Undersecretary Antonio Buonfiglio, Deputy Minister Adolfo Urso, Undersecretary Roberto Menia, and Minister for European Policy Andrea Ronchi, resigned Monday. “There’s no doubt that the government will not last,” said political analyst James Walston of the American University of Rome. “There is some doubt as to exactly when it will finish.”

BEATLES HITS SOON TO BE ON iTUNES , BUSINESS FRONT

Crisis has long been part of the political landscape in Italy, which has a history of revolvingdoor governments. Berlusconi’s TURN TO BERLUSCONI, 2A

VICK AND EAGLES EMBARRASS REDSKINS, SPORTS FRONT

INDEX AMERICAS................... 4A U.S. NEWS................... 5A OPINION...................... 7A COMICS & PUZZLES.. 6B


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WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

FROM THE FRONT PAGE

MiamiHerald.com

THE MIAMI HERALD

Scientists propose one-way trips to Mars BY NICHOLAS K. GERANIOS Associated Press

PULLMAN, Wash. — It’s usually cheaper to fly one way, even to Mars. Two scientists are suggesting that colonization of the red planet could happen faster and more economically if astronauts behaved like the first settlers to come to North America — not expecting to go home. “The main point is to get Mars exploration moving,” said Dirk Schulze-Makuch, a Washington State University professor who co-authored an article that seriously proposes what sounds like a preposterous idea. At least one moon-walking astronaut was not impressed. “This is premature,” Ed Mitchell of Apollo 14 wrote in an e-mail. “We aren’t ready for this yet.” Also cool to the idea was NASA. U.S. President Barack Obama has already outlined a plan to go to Mars by the mid-2030s, but he never suggested these space travelers wouldn’t come home.

“We want our people back,” NASA spokesman Michael Braukus said. The article titled “To Boldly Go” appears in the latest issue of the Journal of Cosmology, which featured more than 50 articles and essays on Mars exploration. Schulze-Makuch and Paul Davies, a physicist at Arizona State University, argue that humans must begin colonizing another planet as a hedge against a catastrophe on Earth. They believe the one-way trips could start in two decades. “You would send a little bit older folks, around 60 or something like that,” Schulze-Makuch said, bringing to mind the aging heroes who saved the day in the movie Space Cowboys. That’s because the mission would undoubtedly reduce a person’s lifespan, from a lack of medical care and exposure to radiation. Radiation could also damage reproductive organs, so sending people of childbearing age is not a good idea, Schulze-Makuch said.

Rangel found guilty of ethics violations RANGEL, FROM 1A

the panel as it announced its findings, and had no immediate comment. The committee’s verdict is a stinging rebuke for Rangel, who has represented Harlem for 40 years and was once one of the most imposing Democrats in Washington. Since the accusations were first raised two years ago, Rangel has acknowledged book-keeping errors in his financial disclosure forms and has said that his failure to pay more than $60,000 in taxes on

rental income from a Dominican beach house was an oversight caused by his inability to speak Spanish. But he angrily denied accusations that he used his position to receive special treatment or misused his office as chairman of the Ways and Means committee to raise money for a City College school of public service being built in his honor. The only charge he was cleared of was an accusation that his involvement with the effort to build the Rangel Center would constitute an improper gift.

SAUL LOEB/AFP-GETTY IMAGES

FALL FROM GRACE: Rep. Charles Rangel, who has represented Harlem, N.Y., for 40 years, was found guilty of 11 charges of ethics violations.

Mars is a six-month flight away, and it has surface gravity, a thin atmosphere, frozen water, carbon dioxide and essential minerals. The two scientists propose the missions begin with two two-person teams, in separate ships that would serve as living quarters on the planet. More colonists and regular supply ships would follow. The technology already exists, or is within easy reach, they wrote. By not taking the extra fuel and provisions necessary for a return trip to Earth, the mission could cut costs by 80 percent. Davies and SchulzeMakuch say it’s important to realize they’re not proposing a “suicide mission.” “The astronauts would go to Mars with the intention of staying for the rest of their lives, as trailblazers of a permanent human Mars colony,” they wrote. They acknowledge the proposal is a tough sell for NASA, with its focus on safety, and suggest the private sector might be more fertile ground.

“What we would need is an eccentric billionaire,” Schulze-Makuch said. “There are people who have the money to put this into reality.” Indeed, British tycoon Richard Branson, PayPal founder Elon Musk and Amazon.com chief executive Jeff Bezos are among the rich who are already involved in private space ventures. Isolated humans in space have long been a staple of science fiction movies, from Robinson Crusoe on Mars and 2001: A Space Odyssey to a flurry of recent movies such as Solaris and Moon. In many of the plots, lonely astronauts fall victim to computers, madness or aliens. Psychological profiling and training of the astronauts, plus constant communication with Earth, would reduce debilitating mental strains, the two scientists said. “They would, in fact, feel more connected to home than the early Antarctic explorers,” they write in their article.

The mental health of humans in space has been extensively studied. Depression can set in, people become irritated with each other, and sleep can be disrupted, studies have found. The knowledge that there is no quick return to Earth would likely make that worse. Despite the lack of enthusiasm from NASA, SchulzeMakuch believes many peo-

ROSS D. FRANKLIN/AP

CONTROVERSIAL: Dr. Paul Davies of Arizona State University is one of two scientists who are proposing we send volunteers to Mars and leave them there.

Builder arrested for building collapse COLLAPSE, FROM 1A

laws to add additional floors to existing structures. While the collapse was still being investigated, New Delhi’s top elected official blamed poor construction and maintenance and vowed to punish those who had allowed the extra floors to be built. “The scale of the tragedy is unprecedented,” Sheila Dikshit said. The building’s owner, Amrit Singh, was arrested Tuesday evening after fleeing the area, the Press Trust of India reported. Officials evacuated another of Singh’s buildings next door, after finding its basement was also flooded. When the building fell, residents said they heard a rumble like thunder. They sprinted to the site and tried to reach those inside by digging with their hands into the piles of concrete, bricks and mortar before police and rescue teams arrived. “There were so many dead bodies, there was no movement at all,” said Dil Nawaz Ahmed, a 25-year-

old journalist who lives nearby. He said he managed to help free five injured residents, but mainly pulled out bodies, which he carried to waiting ambulances. “There were many women and children.” Rescuers sawed through iron rods and shifted concrete with a bulldozer. Sniffer dogs searched out people. Ambulances parked nearby at the ready. Women crying over lost loved ones were led away. Malti Halder was still waiting for information about her husband and daughter. She is was not related to Anna Halder; the name is common in West Bengal where many of the residents had come from. “I did not find them at the hospital. I’ve been searching for them since last night but have not found them,” she said. M.D. Shahanawaz, a 23-year-old student, teared up as his hopes for a friend who lived in the building dwindled. “He’s dead,” he said. “Everybody is coming out critical or dead.”

ple would be willing to make the sacrifice. He and Davies believe a Mars base would offer humanity a “lifeboat” if Earth became uninhabitable. “We are on a vulnerable planet,” Schulze-Makuch said. “Asteroid impact can threaten us, or a supernova explosion. If we want to survive as a species, we have to expand into the solar system and likely beyond.”

When workers carried a body away from the site on a stretcher, nearby rescuers stopped what they were doing and clasped their hands together in respect for the dead. One woman whose granddaughter was killed wailed in grief from a nearby roof. Dozens of black-andwhite photographs of the dead hung on the wall outside a mortuary so relatives and friends could identify the bodies of their loved ones. One man carried away the body of a small boy wrapped in a white sheet. From another family, Jamuna Halder sat outside on a curb. “My husband is gone. My children are injured in the hospital,” she said. She lived with her husband and three children in a room for $54 a month after their nearby slum dwelling was demolished. She had been out cleaning houses when the building collapsed. “When I came back, I saw this tragedy had happened.”

Sovereignty concerns stall EU budget talks EU, FROM 1A

the legislature’s concession to step back from a 6.2 percent budget increase a huge step toward a compromise. He said funding new tasks like the setting up of an EU diplomatic force was now in danger. At an EU summit of government leaders in November, Britain’s Prime Minister David Cameron led a call from EU leaders to reject the increase in the European Union’s 2011 budget, insisting on moderation. Cameron is pushing through deep cuts in British public spending totaling $128 billion to reduce its deficit. All other EU member nations are also curbing spending to meet the challenges of the financial crisis and ease the region’s debt problems. After the collapse of talks Tuesday, Lewandowski will now have to redraft new proposals. Those will have to be assessed by member states and parliaments and then be negotiated among the two, a process that should spill over into 2011.

Beginning of the end for Berlusconi? BERLUSCONI, FROM 1A

dominance of Italian politics — he’s been premier three times in the past 16 years — has been remarkable, and so, in some ways, would be his departure. But few would count him out for good given that Italian politics is full of comebacks — and Berlusconi is a master of that art. Berlusconi, 74, has been locked in a battle with former ally Gianfranco Fini, who has the numbers to bring the government down. Fini had urged Berlusconi to resign, and on Monday carried out his threat to pull men loyal to him from the government. A minister, a deputy minister and two undersecretaries who formed Fini’s delegation in the government stepped down en masse. “The resignations are irrevocable,” outgoing Deputy Minister Adolfo Urso said. “We want to end a political phase and . . . open a new one.” While the resignations do not sink the government, they escalate the battle with Fini, a younger, charismatic right-wing leader, and further weaken the premier. “It’s not just a majority or a government that’s coming to an end: It’s the adventure of a lonely man,” said Italy’s leading daily, Corriere della

Sera. “Berlusconi’s loneliness is what today strikes the most.” The confidence votes are expected to be held after lawmakers pass the budget, likely by mid-December. In the ever-shifting Italian political landscape, many politicians are already plotting their next moves. Fini is creating a new party, and is looking to form a coalition with other small parties in hopes of drawing moderate, center-right voters away from Berlusconi. Berlusconi still has a majority, if a slim one, in the Senate. But it’s in the lower house that he risks more, as his coalition does not have a majority without Fini’s votes. Fini, who also serves as speaker of the lower house, has repeatedly said he considers the current government to be effectively over. Defiant in the face of his declining popularity, Berlusconi insists that if his government falls, the only alternative is an early election. He says he would win it again, as part of a coalition with current government partner the Northern League. “Don’t read the newspapers,” Berlusconi told supporters in Milan this weekend. “Sixty percent of [voters] are with me.”


THE MIAMI HERALD

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

3A

NEWS EXTRA

Diana’s ring unites William, Kate BY SARAH LYALL

New York Times Service

DUSAN VRANIC/AP

KEY REGION: The archaeological site in Logar province of Afghanistan, where a Buddhist monastery is under excavation, is the world’s second-largest unexploited copper mine.

Torn between past and future is an ancient find BY HEIDI VOGT

Associated Press

MES AYNAK, Afghanistan — It was another day on the rocky hillside, as archaeologists and laborers dug out statues of Buddha and excavated a sprawling 2,600-year-old Buddhist monastery. A Chinese woman in slacks, carrying an umbrella against the Afghan sun, politely inquired about their progress. She had more than a passing interest. The woman represents a Chinese company eager to develop the world’s second-biggest unexploited copper mine, lying beneath the ruins. The mine is the centerpiece of China’s drive to invest in Afghanistan, a country trying to get its economy off the ground while still mired in war. Beijing’s $3.5 billion stake in the mine — the largest foreign investment in Afghanistan by far — gets its foot in the door for future deals to exploit Afghanistan’s largely untapped mineral wealth, including iron, gold and cobalt. The Afghan government stands to reap a potential $1.2 billion a year in revenues from the mine, as well as the creation of much-needed jobs. But Mes Aynak is caught between Afghanistan’s hopes for the future and its history. Archaeologists are rushing to salvage what they can from a major seventh century B.C. religious site along the famed Silk Road connecting Asia and the Middle East. The ruins, including the monastery and domed shrines known as “stupas” will likely be largely destroyed once work at the mine begins. Hanging over the situation is the memory of the Buddhas of Bamiyan — statues towering up to 180 feet high in central Afghanistan that were dynamited to the ground in 2001 by the country’s then-rulers, the Taliban, who considered them symbols of paganism. CHINESE INTEREST No one wants to be blamed for similarly razing history at Mes Aynak, in the eastern province of Logar. The Chinese government-backed China Metallurgical Group or MCC, wanted to start building the mine by the end of 2011. But under an informal understanding with the Kabul government, it has given archaeologists three years for a salvage excavation. Archaeologists working on the site since May say that won’t be enough time for full preservation. “That site is so massive that it’s easily a 10-year campaign of archaeology,” said Laura Tedesco, an archaeologist brought in by the U.S. Embassy to work on sites in Afghanistan. Three years may be enough time just to document what’s there, she said. The monastery complex has been dug out, revealing hallways and rooms decorated with frescoes and filled with clay and stone statues of standing and reclining Buddhas, some as high as 10 feet. An area that was once a courtyard is dotted with stupas standing four or five feet high. More than 150 statues have been found so far, though many remain in place. MCC appears to be pushing the archaeologists to finish ahead of schedule. In July, the archaeologists received a letter from the company asking that parts of the dig be wrapped up by August and the rest to be done by the end of 2010. August has come and gone, and excavations at Mes Aynak continue. But the Afghan archaeologist overseeing the dig said he has no idea when MCC representatives might tell him his work is over. So he tries not to think about deadlines. The team hopes to lift some of the larger statues and shrines out before winter sets in this month, but they still haven’t procured the crane and other equipment needed. Mes Aynak’s religious sites and copper deposits have been bound together for centuries — “mes” means “copper” in the local Dari language. Throughout the site’s history, artisanal miners have dug up copper to adorn statues and shrines. DIGGING DISPUTES But a small band of Afghan and French archaeologists raised a stir and put the antiquities on the agenda. The mine could be a major boost for the Afghan economy. According to the Afghan Mining Ministry, it holds some 6 million tons of copper, worth tens of billions of dollars at today’s prices. Developing the mine and related transport infrastructure will generate much needed jobs and economic activity. MCC is expected to make an offer for another lucrative mineral prize — the Hajigak iron mine in central Afghanistan, estimated to hold 1.9 billion tons of iron ore. Kabul opened bidding to develop the mine in late September and is expected to award the contract late this year or in early 2011. Still, a diplomat briefed on internal meetings says MCC has pressured Kabul to stop archaeologists from looking for new places to dig beyond the 12 sites already found. The diplomat spoke anonymously because of the sensitivity of the issue. Zakir, an Afghan archaeologist, laughs. “Yes, they are very helpful. They want to help so that we can finish quickly. They want us gone.”

cee’s, William said that giving Middleton his mother’s ring was “my way of making sure my mother didn’t miss out on today and the excitement.” “It’s very special to me,” he said of the ring. “As Kate’s very special to me now, it was right to put the two together.” Middleton is a different sort of royal bride from William’s mother, Diana, Princess of Wales, whose short but celebrated life ended when she was killed in a car accident in Paris in 1997. Diana was naive and indifferently educated, but she was the daughter of an earl whose family has always mixed in royal circles. By contrast, Middleton, who grew up in Bucklebury, Berkshire, is considered solidly middle class by British standards. Her father is a former British Airways officer and

her mother a former flight attendant; together, they run a successful mail-order business that sells paraphernalia for children’s parties. By all accounts, Middleton is tough and savvy, and far better equipped to deal with media attention than Diana was. Also, while Charles and Diana hardly knew each other at the time of their engagement, Middleton has been virtually living with William for some time and has met his father many times. The couple became engaged in October during a private holiday in Kenya, Prince Charles’ announcement said. After an autumn of dismaying news about budget cuts and Austerity Britain, the engagement provided an all-purpose happy diversion. The BBC started providing saturation coverage of the announcement. Queen

Elizabeth proclaimed herself to be “absolutely delighted.” Prime Minister David Cameron said that when he announced the news, members of his cabinet responded with a “great cheer” and “banging of the table.” The prime minister also admitted that in 1981 he slept on the street outside Buckingham Palace the night before the wedding of William’s parents. William and Middleton met at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland, and then shared a group house with two other students. According to news reports, the highlights of their college years together included the time that Middleton persuaded a wavering William not to drop out when he was having a hard time his first year, and the time that she took part in a charity fashion show wearing her underwear.

LONDON — Years of fevered anticipation and premature speculation ended on Tuesday morning when Prince William, the heir to the British throne, said that, yes, he does plan to marry his girlfriend of many years, Kate Middleton. Prince William and Middleton at the wedding of a friend in Northleach, England in October. In a brief statement, William’s father, Prince Charles, said that he was “delighted” to announce the engagement of William and Middleton, both 28, and that they would be married next spring or summer. “Prince William has informed the queen and other close members of his family,” the statement said. “Prince William has also sought the permission of Middleton’s father.” The statement added that the couple would live in North Wales, where William works as a search-and-rescue helicopter pilot for the Royal Air Force. The announcement brings to an end the long and winding “will-he-orwon’t he?” saga that has provided years of diversion for royal enthusiasts and helped keep the royal-focused gossip industry afloat. It also renders obsolete Middleton’s sometime tabloid nickname, “Waity Katy,” a reference to the fact that she has supposedly been waiting around for William to propose. Interested parties can now focus on a new set of pressing issues: Who will design Kate’s wedding dress? Who will be Prince Harry’s date at the wedding? And, should Middleton become queen — which would not take place until the death of both the current queen and the future king, Prince Charles — will everyone call her Queen Kate? (Her name is Catherine.) The issue of the engagement ring — how big? what stones? Has already been answered. William gave Middleton the sapphire and diamond ring that his father had given to his mother in 1981. BEN STANSTALL/AFP-GETTY IMAGES Standing at a brief press conference with his arm ROYAL AFFAIR: Britian’s Prince William gave his fiancee Kate Middleton the locked together with his fian- sapphire ring that belonged to his mother, Princess Diana.

15 percent of U.S. families went hungry BY P.J. HUFFSTUTTER

Los Angeles Times Service

LOS ANGELES — About 15 percent of U.S. households — 17.4 million families — lacked enough money to feed themselves at some point last in 2009, according to a new U.S. Department of Agriculture report. The study also found that 5.6 million of these households — with as many as 1 million children — had ongoing financial problems that forced them to miss meals regularly. The number of these “food insecure” homes, or households that had a tough time providing enough food for their members, stayed somewhat steady from 2008 to 2009.

But that number was more than triple compared with 2006, before the recession brought double-digit unemployment. The findings were from a survey of 46,000 households about hunger-related issues, including whether family members were able to pay for balanced meals, skipping meals or running low on or out of food and unable to restock because of financial constraints. While the still-high levels of food insecurity were troubling, the survey showed “a stabilization” of the problem since the recession ended, USDA Under Secretary Kevin Concannon said on a news conference call Monday. Concannon said that the

findings underscore the importance of federal and state programs to create a safety net to help families and children access food during sour economic times. “We anticipate that food security will improve as the economy improves,” Concannon said. But “in the near term, without these benefits, many families would face far more severe problems getting the nutritious food they need.” The survey results came amid growing concern about the demand for federal food subsidies. This month, USDA officials announced that the number of U.S citizens getting food stamps hit a record of 42.4 million in August, a 17 percent gain year over year.

Subsidies provided under the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program jumped in July by a similar amount, 17.5 percent. The debate over funding of food subsidy programs is also growing in Congress. Lawmakers adjourned for the November elections before they could reauthorize a federal law that covers the country’s school meals program. There are two versions of the Child Nutrition Act — one working its way through the House and the other introduced in the Senate. The Senate measure offsets some of the costs of the program by cutting more than $2 billion from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.

Black hole-like object intrigues scientists BY AMINA KHAN

Los Angeles Times Service

A mysterious object that is eating interstellar gas and emitting X-rays in a telltale pattern is almost certainly a very young black hole — the first one humans have been able to observe at such an early stage, scientists said. An amateur astronomer first spotted the object 31 years ago, when it was a star in the process of exploding into a supernova. Since then, the Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes have documented that X-rays have been emitted from the former star at a surprisingly steady rate from 1995 to 2007. “If our interpretation is correct, then it’s the first time

we’re seeing a black hole being born in a normal supernova,” said Harvard University astrophysicist Avi Loeb, who reported the discovery in the journal New Astronomy and described it during a NASA press conference. The black hole — known as SN 1979C — is expected to give scientists a rare opportunity to track the evolution of one of the more bizarre phenomena in the cosmos. Black holes are regions of space where matter is so dense that nothing, not even light, can escape from them. “It is in its infancy,” Kimberly Weaver, an astrophysicist at NASA’s Goddard Spaceflight Center in Greenbelt, Md., said at the press conference. “We want

to watch how this system evolves and changes in its youthful stages, from when it’s first born to when it grows into a child and a teenager,” she added. Weaver was not involved in the research. Researchers think the black hole was created by a star that was 20 times more massive than our sun. Junior high school teacher Gus Johnson spotted it in 1979 when it was in its supernova stage. In its collapsed form, it is now about five times more massive than the sun but is less than 25 miles across. The black hole appears to have swallowed an Earth’s worth of mass in its short lifetime, Loeb said. At its current rate, it is set to double its

mass in another 40 million years. The black hole is 50 million light years away, in one of the Virgo galaxies. Finding a black hole so close to Earth is a rarity, Loeb said. Loeb said he and his colleagues cannot rule out the possibility that the object is actually a pulsar wind nebula, a gaseous cloud created by particles blown from a particular type of neutron star. However, he said the object was radiating energy consistent with a black hole. Now that researchers know what X-ray signatures to look for, it will be much easier to scan the skies for more young black holes, Loeb said.


4A

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

THE AMERICAS

MiamiHerald.com

THE MIAMI HERALD

Economic changes based on Fidel’s ideas, says Raul BY JUAN O. TAMAYO

jtamayo@miamiherald.com

MATILDE CAMPODONICO/AP

NO SMOKING: Uruguay has been a pioneer in banning smoking in all enclosed public spaces and requiring that graphic warnings about smoking’s health consequences appear over 80 percent of each cigarette package.

Uruguay defends anti-smoking laws BY RAUL O. GARCES Associated Press

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay — President of Uruguay Jose Mujica is describing the country as a “laboratory of confrontation” with Big Tobacco. Philip Morris International, the world’s secondbiggest cigarette company after state-controlled China National Tobacco, is pursuing a claim before World Bank arbitrators alleging that Uruguay is violating its trade agreement with Switzerland by requiring that anti-smoking warnings cover 80 percent of cigarette packages. Mujica said the trade violation claim seeks to “complicate the life and sovereignty of a small nation that has the boldness to defend itself and try to defend the health of its people.” He said Uruguay will maintain its anti-smoking laws despite the pressure. The president spoke at the opening of a summit representing 170 countries that have signed a global tobacco

control treaty established in 2003. The summit’s goal is to analyze and support policies that reduce smoking globally. The meeting is sponsored by the World Health Organization, which says tobacco kills five million people a year around the world. Tobacco lobbyists set up a tent outside the hotel in protest, saying organizers had denied their request to participate as observers. “The objective is to show the terrible impact the approval of these articles will have on millions of small and mid-size growers around the world,” the International Association of Tobacco Producers said in a statement. Signatory countries promise to apply laws, policies and programs to reduce smoking and protect their citizens from second-hand smoke. Uruguay has been a leader, banning smoking in all enclosed public spaces and requiring that graphic warnings about smoking’s health consequences appear over 80 percent of each cigarette package.

“Tobacco, like war, produces deaths among citizens around the world while enriching a few,” said Mujica’s predecessor Tabare Vazquez, an oncologist who introduced anti-tobacco policies during his tenure. He accused Philip Morris of trying to punish Uruguay and thus intimidate other countries from following the same path, but said “we are not afraid, and we aren’t going to sell out.” “Uruguay is not alone,” Vazquez added. Philip Morris International, with offices in New York and in Lausanne, Switzerland, announced in October that its cigarette shipments grew 4.5 percent from 2009’s third quarter to 229.2 billion sticks, with large gains in Asia, despite falling shipments in Europe, the Middle East and Africa and Latin America and Canada. Altria Group in Richmond, Virginia, owner of Philip Morris USA, spun off Philip Morris International in 2008. Altria is the largest U.S. cigarette seller.

MIAMI — President Raul Castro of Cuba says the island “has no alternative” but to embrace the economic changes he has proposed, and claimed they are based on brother Fidel’s ideas, according to the Granma newspaper. The Granma report added that some of the changes had been subjected to “repeated questions” or “a broad debate” during Castro’s appearance before 532 top Communist Party officials. Castro and most of his Cabinet met with the party officials over the weekend for a seminar to explain the details of the changes, designed to slash public spending and overcome a bleak economic crisis. The changes, listed in a 32-page document made public last week, are to be debated at the grass-roots level throughout Cuba before they are taken up in April at the party’s first national congress since 1997. Castro told the seminar that Cuba “has no alternative left” but to approve the changes, Granma reported before adding a curious sentence: “He was precise in pointing out later that Fidel’s ideas are embodied in each of the proposals.”

Fidel Castro long opposed many of the policies now proposed, such as allowing private-sector economic activity to flourish, before he surrendered power because of ill health in 2006. The older Castro has not commented publicly on the proposed changes, although some orthodox communists have argued they amount to a turn toward capitalism and perhaps even a risk for the revolution. Granma’s report — nearly 3,400 words — seemed to indicate a level of apprehension or lack of understanding among party officials and noted that Castro told them “that life is enriched when there are discrepancies.” The official newspaper of the Communist Party reported said the four-day seminar was “characterized by clarifying debates” and that Castro had urged his audience to ask questions “about those issues that would be most difficult to explain to the people.” Granma wrote that “due to the anxiety of various participants” Economic Minister Marino Murillo explained that the proposed change of state-owned shops such as bakeries into worker-run cooperatives would be done “in an orderly fashion.”

One of the proposals “that drew the most questions” requires the shutdown of state enterprises that lose money, Granma reported. “The state cannot assume the costs of an enterprise that has lost money for 10 years,” Murillo said in reply. Questions on when salaries could rise — the official average stands at $20 per month — “came up repeatedly because this issue is expected to be one of the most debated among the people,” Granma reported. The newspaper reported Murillo replied that the government must first cut its payroll — 500,000 state workers are to be laid off by April 1 — reduce excessive subsidies and increase productivity. There were also “repeated questions” about the planned unification of Cuba’s two official currencies, Granma added. Most salaries are paid in pesos but Cubans need convertible pesos, known as CUCs and worth 24 pesos, to buy some food and imported items. Another proposal that “caused a broad debate” would change university admission to favor careers in science, technology, agriculture and teaching over the humanities.

ALEJANDRO ERNESTO/EPA

REFORMS: The Cuban government enacted legislation to reduce staff and expand state self-employment on the island. Above, a Cuban juice seller mans his shop alone.

Dutch experts test Aruba Paraguay denies permission bone in Holloway case to British science expedition BY PEDRO SERVIN

Associated Press

ASUNCION, Paraguay — Paraguay denied authorization Monday for a British-led scientific expedition to catalog plants and animals in the country’s remote northern corner, saying there isn’t enough time to consult with relatives of nomadic Indians who try to remain isolated as they pass through the area. The non-governmental Amotocoide Initiative, an advocacy group for native Ayoreo Indians who live in the dry forests of northern Paraguay, had warned that scientists might carry European diseases to the Indians, leave trash or otherwise suffer violent encounters. Isabel Basualdo, director of the biodiversity office of Paraguay’s environmental ministry, said in a statement that the decision follows the recommendation of the Interamerican Human Rights Commission that public hearings and all other legal requirements are complied with before such a visit.

Richard Lane, the British Natural History museum’s director of science, said the expedition had been suspended while consultations take place. “We believe that this expedition to scientifically record the richness and diversity of the animals and plants in this remote region is extremely important for the future management of this fragile habitat,” Lane said in a statement. Biologists with the museum have led similar expeditions around the world to verify and document new species, thus contributing to habitat conservation efforts. But some anthropologists who advocate for the Ayoreos say no outsiders should enter these dry forests, where small bands of people are still trying to live in isolation from the modern world. Irene Gauto, who represents the private environmental group Guyra Paraguay, told The Associated Press that the environment

ministry “sent a letter to the British museum arguing that, for now, it’s better to delay the visit of the scientists because there hasn’t been time enough to hold public hearings with the relatives of the forest-dwelling Ayoreos,” one of 20 surviving indigenous groups living in Paraguay. The trip was to begin Saturday to the Chovoreca and Cabrera-Timane hills near Paraguay’s border with Bolivia and Brazil, about 500 miles northeast of the capital. The scientists planned to catalog species on a private cattle ranch within a Paraguayan nature reserve. The ranch’s owners approved the trip and said indigenous people didn’t live there, Gauto said. The government appeared ready to approve the trip. But the situation changed after a leader of the Totobiegosode subgroup of Ayoreos, Chiri Etacori, said about two dozen nomadic Ayoreos wander through the area.

Abducted migrants freed in Mexico MEXICO CITY — (AP) — The Mexican navy says it has freed 10 migrants including a 7-month-old infant during a raid in the cartel-infested northeastern state of Tamaulipas. A statement from the navy says its agents traced a cell phone call from one of

the hostages to a house in the Gulf coast city of Altamira. There they freed five men, four women and a baby who had been kidnapped by an armed gang. Three are from Mexico, four from Colombia, two from El Salvador and one from Ecuador.

The navy said Monday that three police officers suspected in the kidnapping were detained. Mexico’s drug gangs often abduct undocumented migrants headed to the United States. In August, cartel gunmen massacred 72 migrants, most from Central America.

THE HAGUE, The Netherlands — (AP) — Dutch forensic experts are testing a piece of bone found on the Caribbean island of Aruba to see if it comes from missing U.S. teenager Natalee Holloway, a spokeswoman said Tuesday. Experts first will establish whether the bone is human before comparing its DNA to that of Holloway, said Netherlands Forensic Institute spokeswoman Inge Oevering. Holloway, then 18, disappeared in 2005 while on a high school graduation trip to Aruba. Her remains have never been found, despite extensive police searches. If the bone turns out to be from Holloway, it would be the first concrete evidence of her death. Dutchman Joran van der

Sloot, who faces separate murder charges in Peru, is the last person seen with Holloway and is suspected in her disappearance. The Dutch daily De Telegraaf reported Tuesday the bone was found by tourists on a beach last Friday. The newspaper reported it was a human lower jaw bone, but Oevering said the bone was still being analyzed to establish whether it was human. Oevering said prosecutors in Aruba will announce the results of the tests. She could not say how long the tests would take. Van der Sloot is in jail in Lima charged with killing a woman in Peru five years to the day after Holloway’s disappearance. Van der Sloot has told several people he was involved

in Holloway’s disappearance, only to later retract his confessions. He has also admitted in interviews that he is a pathological liar. Among his explanations, Van der Sloot has claimed that Holloway accidentally fell from a balcony and that he disposed of her body in a swamp. He also told an undercover reporter that she died unexpectedly while they were kissing and he dumped her body in the ocean. Aruban prosecutors say they lack evidence to charge Van der Sloot. U.S. law enforcement officials say Van der Sloot extorted $10,000 from Holloway’s mother, Beth Twitty, after offering to help find Holloway’s body in Aruba, then used the money to travel to Lima.

Haiti witnesses anti-U.N. protests • HAITI, FROM 1A

the outbreak started. The soldiers arrived there in October following outbreaks in their home country and about a week before Haiti’s epidemic was discovered. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that the cholera strain now ravaging the country matched a strain specific to South Asia, but said they had not pinpointed its origin or how it arrived in Haiti. Following an Associated Press investigation, the U.N. acknowledged that there were sanitation problems

at the base, but says its soldiers were not responsible for the outbreak. No formal or independent investigation has taken place despite calls from Haitian human-rights groups and U.S. health care experts. Transmitted by feces, the disease can be all but prevented if people have access to safe drinking water and regularly wash their hands. President Rene Preval addressed the nation on Sunday to dispel myths and educate people on good sanitation and hygiene. But sanitary conditions don’t exist in much of Haiti, and more than 14,600 people

have been hospitalized as the disease has spread across the countryside and to nearly all the country’s major population centers, including the capital, Port-au-Prince. Doctors Without Borders and other medical aid groups have expressed concern that the outbreak could eventually sicken hundreds of thousands of people. In the Dominican Republic, which shares the island of Hispaniola with Haiti, health officials banned used clothing from being sold in outdoor markets along the shared border as a precautionary measure to stop the disease’s spread.


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WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

Sen. McConnell flips his position on earmarks

GROUND BROKEN FOR BUSH LIBRARY

BY SHAILAGH MURRAY

Washington Post Service

WASHINGTON — In an abrupt reversal, Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., has endorsed a moratorium on earmarks that GOP conservatives are seeking to send a signal that the Republican Party is serious about curbing federal spending. McConnell announced his concession Monday on the Senate floor, moments after the start of a lame-duck session of Congress that could stretch into mid-December. McConnell’s announcement served as recognition that his bid to retain the practice of steering money to pet projects was losing steam to an emboldened coalition of Tea Party-backed senators, led by Sen. Jim DeMint, R-S.C. “Make no mistake, I know the good that has come from the projects I have helped support throughout my state. I don’t apologize for them,” McConnell said. “But there is simply no doubt that the abuse of this practice has caused Americans to view it as a symbol of the waste and the out-of-control spending that every Republican in Washington is determined to fight. And unless people like me show the American people that we’re willing to follow through on small or even symbolic things, we risk losing them on our broader efforts to cut spending and rein in government.” In a statement, U.S. President Barack Obama said he embraced McConnell’s decision. “I welcome Senator McConnell’s decision to join me and members of both parties who support cracking down

MCT

Former U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, from left, former President George W. Bush, former first lady Laura Bush and former Vice President Dick Cheney turn the earth at the groundbreaking for the George W. Bush Presidential Library at Southern Methodist University on Tuesday.

Dolan surprise pick to lead U.S. bishops’ group BY LAURIE GOODSTEIN

New York Times Service

BALTIMORE — In a close and surprising vote that affirmed a conservative direction for the Roman Catholic Church in the United States, the nation’s bishops elected Archbishop Timothy M. Dolan of New York as their president on Tuesday, for the first time failing to elevate the vice president to the president’s post. The vote cements Archbishop Dolan’s leadership of the U.S. church. He is already the prelate of the nation’s most visible diocese, is comfortable in the news media spotlight and was selected by the Vatican to help conduct an investigation of the church in Ireland, which has been devastated by the sexual abuse scandal.

The bishops passed over their vice president, Bishop Gerald Kicanas of Tucson, a prelate who represents the more liberal “social justice” tradition of the U.S. church and is known for advocating dialogue between Catholic liberals and traditionalists. Archbishop Dolan is a DOLAN moderate conservative who is willing to put his affable and outgoing demeanor in service of a more assertively confrontational approach to the church’s critics. The final vote, after 10 candidates were narrowed to two, was 128 for Archbish-

op Dolan and 111 for Bishop Kicanas. “It is a humbling moment,” Archbishop Dolan said in a quick postelection appearance on the church channel Telecare, which is run by the Diocese of Rockville Centre on Long Island , N.Y., and is broadcasting the bishops meeting from Baltimore. “I’ve got to be honest — it was unexpected.” “The posture of bishops is that you don’t really run for office,” he said. “Our major drive and our major focus is our own diocese.” The bishops also signaled that their conference will move in a decidedly conservative direction in their choice of a vice president to replace Bishop Kicanas. They elected Archbishop Joseph Kurtz of Louisville, Ky.,

who is chairman of the bishops committee on marriage and an outspoken opponent of same-sex marriage. The runner-up was Archbishop Charles J. Chaput of Denver, also a strong theological and political conservative. The Rev. Thomas J. Reese, senior fellow at the Woodstock Theological Center at Georgetown University, said: “The two vice-presidential finalists were the two most conservative on the ballot. That says something about where this conference is going.” Father Reese, a close observer of the bishops meetings, said it was the first time in the history of the bishops conference that they had passed over a vice president who was running for president.

on wasteful earmark spending, which we can’t afford during these tough economic times,” Obama said. “As a Senator, I helped eliminate anonymous earmarks, and as President, I’ve called for new limitations on earmarks and set new, higher standards of transparency and accountability.” According to the nonprofit group Taxpayers for Common Sense, McConnell has been one of the most prolific beneficiaries of the earmark system. In the three years since public disclosure of earmark requests was required, the former member of the Appropriations Committee has sought nearly $1 billion worth of earmarks, mostly benefiting his home state. McConnell defiantly guarded the earmarking practice as recently as last week, arguing that eliminating earmarks doesn’t reduce spending, but rather redirect it. But few of his colleagues were willing to stand alongside him against Tea Party groups and conservative leaders outside of Congress who have elevated the earmark debate to a litmus test for fiscal restraint. By late Monday, 27 Republican senators and senatorselect had gone on record supporting the ban. Obama also has supported an earmark moratorium and has encountered similar resistance from veteran Democratic lawmakers, who like McConnell are former appropriators. In the Senate, the GOP earmark moratorium amounts to a nonbinding party rule, because Democrats remain the majority party.

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WORLD NEWS

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Blogger’s derision angers W. Bank Muslims

Karzai urges U.S. to reduce night raids in Afghanistan BY THOM SHANKER, ELISABETH BUMILLER AND ROD NORDLAND

New York Times Service

WASHINGTON — For the United States, a recent tripling in the number of night raids by Special Operations forces to capture or kill Afghan insurgents has begun to put heavy pressure on the Taliban and change the momentum in the war in Afghanistan. For President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan, the raids cause civilian casualties and are a rising political liability, so much so that he is now loudly insisting that the United States stop the practice. The difference — and a flare-up over the raids between Karzai and Gen. David H. Petraeus, the top U.S. commander in Afghanistan

— is likely to be a central focus at a NATO summit later this week in Lisbon, Portugal, where the United States and NATO are to present a plan that seeks to end the combat mission in Afghanistan by 2014. Publicly, the Obama administration took a diplomatic tone so as not to further inflame the situation before the Lisbon meeting, which will include U.S. President Barack Obama, other NATO leaders and Karzai. “On President Karzai’s concerns, we share these concerns,” U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told reporters Monday. “We’ve discussed them on a number of occasions.” But she stressed that “these operations are conducted in full partnership

with the government of Afghanistan.” Karzai told The Washington Post on Sunday, in the interview that created the latest outbreak of controversy, that the raids were undermining support for the U.S.-led war effort. “The Afghan people don’t like these raids. If there is any raid, it has to be done by the Afghan government, within the Afghan laws,” he told The Post. Clinton and other U.S. officials insisted that Afghan troops participate as full partners. NATO officials in Kabul say that representatives from the Afghan ministries of defense and interior, and from Karzai’s own national directorate of security, work inside the operations center and approve each

BY ISABEL KERSHNER

New York Times Service

BRENNAN LINSLEY/AP FILE, 2009

MATTER OF CONCERN: According to Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai, the night raids by U.S. forces cause civilian casualties and are a rising political liability. mission. They also say that new rules have significantly decreased the chances of civilian casualties and are intended to make the U.S.-led raids seem less like an affront to Afghan sovereignty. “They check the due-

diligence box in very credible ways,” said Bill Harris, a retired senior Foreign Service officer who recently wrapped up a yearlong tour leading the U.S. State Department’s provincial reconstruction team in Kandahar.

Kosovo indicts 7 for organ trafficking BY DAN BILEFSKY

New York Times Service

PRAGUE, Czech Republic — At least seven people have been charged with participating in an international organ-trafficking network based in Kosovo that sold kidneys and other organs from impoverished victims for up to $200,000 to patients from as far away as Israel and Canada, police and senior European Union officials said. According to the indictment, the traffickers lured people from slums in Istanbul, Moscow, Moldova and Kazakhstan with promises of up to $20,000 for their organs. Law enforcement officials say many never received a cent. The operations were performed at a private clinic in a run-down neighborhood on the outskirts of Pristina, the Kosova capital. While the ring was first discovered two years ago, the global scale of the network and its victims is only now becoming clear. Officials said the ringleader was a highly regarded surgeon and professor at Pristina University Hospital, Dr. Lutfi Dervishi. The clinic was run by his son, Arban. Also charged was Ilir Rrecaj, a senior official in Kosovo’s Health Ministry when the ring was broken up. They and two others are accused of crimes including trafficking in humans and body parts, unlawful medical activity, participating in organized crime, and abuse of office. All were released on bail. The trafficking network’s tentacles reached far. Warrants were issued for a Turkish doctor and an Israeli financier, and two other doctors, an Israeli and a Turk, were named as co-conspirators. The police said the ring had its roots at a medical conference in 2006 in Istanbul, where Dervishi met the Turkish doctor being sought, Yusuf Sonmez. Law enforcement officials describe Sonmez as a notorious international organ trafficker.

EFE

INFLAMED: The news of flammable nylon and bamboo scaffolding fueling the fire in Shanghai’s 28-story building has caused concern across China, which is witnessing a construction boom.

Nylon scaffolding fueled Shanghai fire BY DAVID BARBOZA

New York Times Service

SHANGHAI — The 28-story residential building that burned wildly on Monday, leaving 53 dead and 70 injured, had been wrapped inflammable nylon and bamboo scaffolding during renovations that included work by unlicensed welders, Chinese officials and official news media reported on Tuesday. The news was disturbing across China, which is in the midst of a vast construction boom, but it particularly shook Shanghai, a city of high-rises. Sprinkler systems here are not required in residential buildings, according to construction experts, but firehoses can only reach a dozen or so stories. The leading edge and showpiece of the country’s building boom, Shanghai has scores of nylonwrapped buildings under construction or undergoing renovations, and most of its 20 million people live in modern high-rises. “I never thought a fire could end up killing so many people,” said Li De-

zhu, a 66-year-old retiree who escaped from the 17th floor of the building. “We’ve heard about hotels and other entertainment places on fire, but never a residence. And we are the biggest city in the whole country.” The authorities detained eight people and promised a thorough investigation to report directly to the State Council, one of China’s most powerful government bodies. The building that caught fire Monday was built in 1997, the government said, and was occupied a year later. It housed about 440 residents and was undergoing renovation so that it could be fitted with energy saving equipment. The fire erupted at about 2 p.m. and burned for more than four hours, after firefighters managed to position hoses on the rooftops of nearby buildings. Huge crowds gathered in the street as scores of fire engines responded, and television images showed some residents climbing down scaffolding on the building, while at least one person

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was rescued by helicopter. Several witnesses said some people were forced to jump to their deaths. At a news conference on Tuesday, Shanghai officials said 17 of those hospitalized were in critical condition. Sandy Gu, a 25-year-old airport worker who survived, said she was preparing to leave when she began to smell something strange. Before long, flames were coming in through the window, she said, then she rushed out the door and ran down the stairwell. “One of my neighbors died in the fire,” she said Tuesday afternoon. Firefighters were similarly frustrated in Beijing in February 2009, when an illegal fireworks show set off a ferocious fire that destroyed a building as it was nearing completion. With hoses unable to reach more than about a dozen stories, the 34-story building burned all night. Meant to house a hotel and cultural center, it was part of a complex designed by the Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas as the headquar-

ters of the state television network CCTV. But the building was still unoccupied, and claimed only one life. Most of China’s big cities are in the midst of massive building booms as part of an urbanization drive that will reshape this nation over the next two decades. By then, most people in China will live in urban areas and a majority of those will live in high-rise apartment buildings. With China’s property market booming, developers are scrambling to acquire land and build and sell residences as fast as possible. And while many engineers say construction quality has improved in most big cities, there are still many problems. In 2009, a 13-story apartment building that was nearing completion toppled nearly intact, killing one construction worker and creating a scandal about shoddy construction during the housing boom. The cause of the collapse was found to be illegal underground excavation.

QALQILYA, West Bank — It is hard to imagine that a dingy Internet cafe buzzing with flies in this provincial Palestinian town could have spawned a blogger who has angered the Muslim cyberworld by promoting atheism, composing spoofs of Koranic verses, skewering the lifestyle of the Prophet Mohammed and chatting online using the sarcastic Web name God Almighty. But many people in Qalqilya seem convinced that this Facebook apostate is none other than a secretive young man who spent seven hours a day in the corner booth of a back-street hole-in-the-wall here. Until recently the man, Waleed Hasayin, led a relatively anonymous existence as an unemployed graduate in computer science who helped out a few hours a day at his father’s one-chair barber shop. Several acquaintances described him as an “ordinary guy” who prayed at the mosque Fridays. Since the end of October, though, Hasayin — who is in his mid-20s — has been detained at the local Palestinian Authority intelligence headquarters, suspected of being the blasphemous blogger who goes by the name Waleed al Husseini. The case has drawn attention to thorny issues like freedom of expression in the Palestinian Authority, where insulting religion is considered illegal, and the cultural collision between a conservative society and the Internet. While Hasayin has won some admiration abroad, some on Facebook are calling for his execution. Others on the social networking website formed a group in solidarity to support him, and several online petitions are also backing him. In his hometown, the reaction seems to be one of uniform fury. Many here say that if he does not apologize, he should spend the rest of his life in jail. The essays offer some relatively sophisticated arguments in a blunt and racy style. The arrest of Hasayin has caused a sensation since it was first reported by the independent Palestinian news agency Maan. There are also some who question whether he could have written all this material alone. Hasayin’s father, Khaled, was reluctant to talk. Clearly upset and ashamed, he said that his son was in treatment and had been “bewitched” by a Tunisian woman he had met via Facebook. At the local intelligence headquarters, officials seemed to be treading carefully surrounding the arrest. Speaking on the condition of anonymity because of the case’s potentially explosive nature — Salman Rushdie’s Satanic Verses led to riots and death threats in the 1980s, as did cartoons of Mohammed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten in 2005 — the officials said they could not release any details since Hasayin was still under interrogation. They said they had to act fairly and with sensitivity in case the suspicions proved false or exaggerated.

Faced with economic hardships, N. Korea defectors find haven in South BY MARK MCDONALD

New York Times Service

SEOUL, South Korea — Defections from North Korea have risen markedly in recent years, South Korean officials said, driven both by worsening economic conditions and more news from abroad filtering into the secretive communist state. About 2,900 people defected to the South in 2009, said Lee Jong joo, an official

with the Unification Ministry, and more than 2,000 have defected so far in 2010. She cited “humanitarian reasons, including the food situation” as being among the leading reasons cited for defecting, and said that 70 percent of defectors were women. The South Korean government announced on Monday that a 41-year-old woman had become the 20,000th North Korean to defect to South

Korea since the 1953 cease fire ending the fighting in the Korean War. Lee said the woman and her two teenage sons, from Yanggang Province in the northern part of North Korea, defected last week because of economic hardships. Lee declined to describe their route. Most defectors from Yanggang cross directly into neighboring China, then

make their way to South Korea. Defections across the heavily militarized NorthSouth border are nearly impossible because of fences, land mines, sensors and guard posts. Lee said that the woman and her sons, like all defectors, would be sequestered and interrogated by military intelligence agents for about three months. They will then spend another three months

in Hanawon, a state-run orientation facility that teaches newcomers about South Korean government, society and daily life. They are taught how to shop for groceries and other daily necessities, open a bank account, use a cell phone, enroll in schools and look for jobs. It is not always a happy transition, despite the deprivations and political repression in the impoverished

North and the relative freedom and material comforts in the South. Northerners are often viewed with suspicion by South Koreans, who see them as rough and unsophisticated. Also, North Korean professionals like architects, engineers and doctors are not automatically licensed in the South and typically have to start their educations from scratch.


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INTERNATIONAL EDITION

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

7A

CHARLES D. SHERMAN, EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

Debt panel report step toward fiscal sanity BY DAVID S. BRODER

Washington Post Service

W

hat Erskine Bowles and Alan Simpson have given the United States is the equivalent of a cold shower after a night of heavy drinking. It’s sober-up time. The co-chairmen of the U.S. commission on deficits and debt, in outlining the steps they said would be necessary to eliminate red ink and restore the budget to health by 2020, accomplished one great achievement: They made it impossible for anyone to pretend there are relatively easy or painless ways to dig out of the monumental fiscal pit we have fallen into. For a full decade, our politicians have pretended to offer solutions to the budgetary dilemma that were no solution at all. Even before the Great Recession struck, Republican Congresses were playing charades with the approval of former U.S. President George W. Bush, and the United States was sinking deeper into debt each year. U.S. President Barack Obama came to office vowing that he would not just kick the can down the road to his successor. When he said this at a pre-inaugural meeting

with Washington Post reporters, I believed that he meant it — and he did. Bowles, the former Clinton White House chief of staff, and Simpson, the Republican former senator from Wyoming, never doubted that Obama was serious about the charge he had given them to clean up this mess. When I interviewed them in Boston in 2009, they made it very plain they were going to lay out what it would take to solve BRODER this problem, in all its gory detail. Some of the other members of the 18-person commission, charged with recommending action to Congress by Dec. 1, sounded shocked at what Simpson and Bowles had put before them. They should not have been. Everyone and every institution will have to contribute — no, genuinely, sacrifice — if we are to repair the damage to our economic health. No area of government spending will be spared. Not the Pentagon, not Social Security and Medicare, not a single agency or

bureau. The tax system will change and collect more from the people than it does now. As this message sinks in, I think there is a chance that a realistic dialogue will occur in Washington. And oddly enough, divided government may help it along rather than interfere with its growth. As the Bowles-Simpson recommendations are debated within the commission for the remainder of this month, we will learn two things: which of the many uncomfortable options are most objectionable to the most people. Those will have to be modified. And second, is there a core constituency anywhere prepared to step up and face the challenge? The co-chairmen will hold people’s feet to the fire. What they have said is that every time they are told “I can’t support that,” their response will be, “so, what’s your alternative?” What is likely to emerge from that dialogue is a revised agenda that may come closer to commanding a majority in this divided Congress. No Democrat can believe, looking around, that he or she can protect all the programs passed since the New Deal and Great

ALEX BRANDON/AP

HARSH TRUTHS: Co-chairmen of the bipartisan deficit commission Erskine Bowles, left, and Alan Simpson have recommended steep cuts to government spending and tax increases. Society days. Not with all those Republicans and tea partiers sitting there with their knives out. And no Republican, no matter how ideologically isolated, can believe that the Democrats whose votes will be needed for any package will permit all the sacrifices to be made only on the spending side — especially in the low-income programs.

I expect weeks and even months of protest and gnashing of teeth. But unlike others, I think in the end that reality will force accommodations and when it does, there will be genuine reason for celebration. What is happening right now in Britain, where Parliament is debating an austerity budget, will happen here as well. The new day of sobriety will begin.

Time for Obama to take a stand the midterm “shellacking.” Even given the economy’s troubles, however, the adminisn Wednesday, David Axel- tration’s efforts to limit the politirod, U.S. President Barack cal damage were amazingly weak. Obama’s top political advisor, ap- There were no catchy slogans, no peared to signal that the White clear statements of principle; the House was ready to cave on tax administration’s political messagcuts — to give in to Republican ing was not so much ineffective demands that tax cuts be extend- as invisible. How many voters ed for the wealthy as well as the even noticed the ever-changing middle class. “We have to deal campaign themes — does anyone with the world as we find it,” he remember the “Summer of Recovdeclared. ery” — that were rolled out as caThe White House then tried tastrophe loomed? to walk back what Axelrod had Nor have things improved since said. But it was a telling remark, in the election. Consider Obama’s more ways than one. recent remarks on two fronts. The obvious point is the conAt the predictably unproductrast between the adtive G-20 summit meeting ministration’s current in South Korea, the presiwhipped-dog demeanor dent faced demands from and Obama’s soaring rhetChina and Germany that oric as a candidate. How the Federal Reserve stop did we get from “We are its policy of “quantitative the ones we’ve been waiteasing” — which is, given ing for” to here? Republican obstructionBut the bitter irony ism, one of the few tools goes deeper than that: the KRUGMAN available to promote U.S. main reason Obama finds economic recovery. What himself in this situation is that Obama should have said is that natwo years ago he was not, in fact, tions’ running huge trade surplusprepared to deal with the world es — and in China’s case, doing so as he was going to find it. And it thanks to currency manipulation seems as if he still isn’t. on a scale unprecedented in world In retrospect, the roots of cur- history — have no business telling rent Democratic despond go all the the United States that it can’t act way back to the way Obama ran to help its own economy. for president. Again and again, he But what he actually said was, defined the United States’ problem “From everything I can see, this as one of process, not substance decision was not one designed to — we were in trouble not because have an impact on the currency, on we had been governed by people the dollar.” Fighting words! with the wrong ideas, but because And then there’s the tax-cut partisan divisions and politics issue. Obama could and should as usual had prevented men and be hammering Republicans for women of good will from coming trying to hold the middle class together to solve our problems. hostage to secure tax cuts for the And he promised to transcend wealthy. He could be pointing out those partisan divisions. that making the Bush tax cuts for This promise of transcendence the wealthy permanent is a huge may have been good general elec- budget issue — over the next tion politics, although even that is 75 years it would cost as much as questionable: people forget how the entire Social Security shortclose the presidential race was at fall. Instead, however, he is once the beginning of September 2008, again negotiating with himself, how worried Democrats were un- long before he actually gets to the til Sarah Palin and Lehman Broth- table with the GOP. ers pushed them over the hump. Here’s the thing: Obama still But the real question was whether has immense power, if he chooses Obama could change his tune when to use it. At home, he has the veto he ran into the partisan firestorm pen, control of the Senate and the everyone who remembered the bully pulpit. He still has substan1990s knew was coming. He could tial executive authority to act on do uplift — but could he fight? things like mortgage relief — there So far the answer has been no. are billions of dollars not yet spent, Right at the beginning of his ad- not to mention the enormous leministration, what Obama needed verage the government has via its to do, above all, was fight for an ownership of Fannie and Freddie. economic plan commensurate Abroad, he still leads the world’s with the scale of the crisis. Instead, greatest economic power — and he negotiated with himself before one area where he surely would get he ever got around to negotiating bipartisan support would be taking with Congress, proposing a plan a tougher stand on China and other that was clearly, grossly inade- international bad actors. quate — then allowed that plan to But none of this will matter be scaled back even further with- unless the president can find it out protest. And the failure to act within himself to use his power, forcefully on the economy, more to actually take a stand. And the than anything else, accounts for signs aren’t good.

BY PAUL KRUGMAN

New York Times Service

O

The party of no on deficit cuts BY ROSS DOUTHAT

New York Times Service

y offering up their joint recommendation last week for balancing the budget, the co-chairmen of U.S. President Barack Obama’s fiscal commission didn’t solve our deficit problem once and for all, or clear a path through the political thickets facing budget cutters. But Erskine Bowles and Alan Simpson performed a valuable public service nonetheless: The reaction to their proposals demonstrated that when it comes to addressing the long-term challenges facing the United States, the Democrats, too, can play the Party of No. Last week’s media coverage sometimes made it sound as if Bowles and Simpson were taking the same amount of fire from left and right. But the reaction from Republican lawmakers and the conservative intelligentsia was muted, respectful and often favorable; the right-wing griping mostly came from single-issue activists and know-nothing television entertainers. The liberal attacks, on the other hand, came fast and furious, from pundits and leading Democratic politicians alike — starting with the speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi, who pronounced the recommendations “simply unacceptable” almost immediately after their release. Liberals defended this knee-jerk response on the grounds that the commissioners’ vision, ostensibly bipartisan, was actually tilted toward Republican priorities. And it’s true that Bowles and Simpson proposed more spending cuts than tax increases overall. But most of the programs and tax breaks that they suggested trimming — from farm subsidies to Defense Department bloat and the home-mortgage tax deduction —represent the U.S. welfare state at its absolute worst.

B

And the duo went out of their way to avoid balancing the budget on the backs of the poor. (Social Security, for instance, would be strengthened through a mix of tax increases and benefit cuts for wealthier seniors; retirees close to the poverty line would see their benefits increase.) Their proposals certainly weren’t flawless, but they did manage to include good ideas from right and left alike. And it’s illuminating, and very depressing, DOUTHAT that Democrats were so immediately outraged by a plan that reduces corporate welfare, makes Social Security more progressive, slashes the defense budget, raises the tax rate on millionaires’ summer homes — and does all of this while capping the government’s share of gross domestic product, not at some Scrooge-like minimum but at the highest level in modern U.S. history. Needless to say, none of the liberal lawmakers attacking the Simpson-Bowles proposals offered alternative blueprints for restoring the United States’ solvency. The Democratic Party has plans for many things, but a balanced budget isn’t one of them. But pondering what Nancy Pelosi and her compatriots are rejecting gives us a pretty good sense of what they’re for. It’s a world where the government perpetually warps the real estate and healthcare marketplaces, subsidizing McMansions and gold-plated insurance plans to the tune of billions every year. It’s a world where federal jobs are sacrosanct, but the private sector has to labor under one of the higher corporate tax rates in the developed West. It’s

a world where the Social Security retirement age never budges, no matter how high average life expectancy climbs. And it’s a world where federal spending rises inexorably to 25 percent of GDP and beyond, and taxes rise with it. Liberals sometimes justify this vision by arguing that government has to permanently subsidize the middle class and affluent in order to maintain public support for any safety net at all. (Most voters won’t support a system of basic social insurance for the poor, the theory goes, unless they’re getting something out of it as well.) And they defend the ever-rising tax rates required to finance these ever-expanding entitlements by noting that the United States thrived economically in the wake of World War II, when income-tax rates were much higher than they are today. The first argument ignores the lessons of liberalism’s usual teacher, Western Europe, where governments have successfully reduced spending on pension and entitlement systems without compromising their commitment to their neediest citizens. The second argument ignores the fact that the postwar United States didn’t have any serious economic competitors (the rest of the globe having been brought to its knees by total war), whereas today, an overtaxed United States would struggle to compete with China and India and Brazil. But the deeper problem is that the entire approach treats U.S. citizens as moral midgets, incapable of providing for the elderly and indigent without being bribed with giveaways and propped up with subsidies. The alternative sketched by Bowles and Simpson last week has its weaknesses, but it has this great virtue: It treats the people not as clients but as citizens, and not as children but as adults.


8A

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

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BUSINESS&SPORTS B WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

THE MARKETS DOW 30

11,023.50

-178.47

S&P 500

1,197.75

-19.41

NASDAQ

2,469.84

-43.98

2.86

-0.09

$82.41

-$2.45

10-YR NOTE CRUDE OIL

Stocks crash on Asian inflation

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

Weak dollar may not cure joblessness BY MOTOKO RICH AND JACK EWING New York Times Service

A weakening currency traditionally helps a country raise its exports and create more jobs for its workers. But the declining value of the dollar may not help the United States increase economic growth as much as it might have in the past. Though a weakened dollar would help exports to some degree, business executives and economists said that because of the ways U.S. multinational companies operated, it was uncertain whether

it would cause much of an increase in hiring. The issue is crucial for U.S. President Barack Obama, who made economic growth and job creation the main themes of his recent 10-day trip to Asia. He has also held out the prospect that a surge in exports would reduce the nation’s stubborn unemployment rate, currently 9.6 percent. Other world leaders have complained that U.S. policies, especially the monetary easing the Federal Reserve announced this month,

will depress the dollar and give U.S. exporters an unfair advantage. Obama and U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner have repeatedly defended the central bank’s action as a move designed to encourage U.S. businesses to borrow, invest and hire rather than one specifically aimed at lowering the value of the dollar. But even if the Fed’s action does end up weakening the dollar, U.S. workers may not benefit much. For one, many big U.S. manufacturers, from General Motors to Gen-

• TURN TO DOLLAR, 2B

Under fire, Fed tries to stay above the fray

BY STEPHEN BERNARD AND DAVID K. RANDALL Associated Press

NEW YORK — Stocks fell for a fourth day as concerns over a slowdown in China and talks about a bailout for Irish banks combined to push the Dow Jones industrial average to its lowest level in a month. Asian markets started a global sell-off after South Korea’s central bank raised interest rates to curb inflation. Shares also fell in Shanghai and Hong Kong as speculation spread that China will take more steps to rein in its red-hot economy, which would dampen global demand for industrial goods. The Dow Jones industrial average fell 178.47, or 1.6 percent, to 11,023.50, having dipped below 11,000 earlier in the day for the first time since Oct. 20. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index fell 19.41, or 1.6 percent, to 1,178.34, while the Nasdaq composite index fell 43.98, or 1.8 percent, to 2,469.84. All 10 industry groups in the Standard and Poor’s 500, the index followed by most professional money managers, fell. Companies in the materials and energy industries lost the most ground, each falling more than 2 percent. While Asian countries are dealing with excessive economic growth and inflation, European finance ministers were concerned that Ireland would be the latest European country to need a bailout. The country has so far refused any outside financial assistance. A fiscal crisis earlier this year in Greece resulted in a global swoon in stock prices as investors questioned the viability of Europe’s shared currency, the euro. Greece was eventually bailed out in May by fellow European nations and the International Monetary Fund. Ireland’s situation is different from Greece’s, but their respective debt crises are having similar effects on markets. As new doubts emerge about Europe’s ability to keep its financial system sound, investors are abandoning the euro, flocking to the dollar, dumping risky assets like stocks and sending borrowing rates for countries they see as credit risks soaring. The yield on 10-year Irish bonds rose to 8.25 percent from 7.94 percent late Monday. Yields rise as bond prices fall. Higher yields are a sign that investors are demanding more money for their willingness to take on the risk of lending to that country. Greece fell into a fiscal crisis following runaway spending and a lack of trust from investors following revelations that the government had published faulty budget figures. Ireland, meanwhile, is staggering under the costs of nationalizing three banks after that country’s real estate boom imploded. Treasury prices rose for the first time in three days, sending yields lower as investors sought out relatively safe assets. The yield on the 10-year note edged down to 2.86 percent from 2.95 percent. Shares fell overseas as well. The Stoxx 50 index, which tracks blue chip companies in Europe, fell 2.5 percent, while Japan’s Nikkei fell 0.3 percent. China’s Shanghai composite index fell 4 percent.

eral Electric, often make goods in the countries where they are sold rather than shipping the products abroad. This effectively takes exchange rates out of the equation, since they are using only one currency. What is more, companies that do send goods to other countries often buy components from abroad, so the advantage of a weaker dollar in selling is offset by the higher cost of buying.

BY SEWELL CHAN

New York Times Service

fused with the technology company), could not be reached. One of the last major holdouts against selling its music digitally, the Beatles are the ultimate prize for any music company, a group that has held on to blockbuster sales four decades after breaking up — it has sold more than 177 million albums in the United States alone, according to the Recording Industry Association of America — and held on to untouchable cultural prestige.

With the U.S. Federal Reserve under attack at home and abroad, it is making an unusual public bid to keep itself away from the political crossfire. After a barrage of criticism over the last week — including from foreign leaders, congressional officials, economists and Alan Greenspan, the former Fed chairman — the Fed came out to explain its efforts to inject $600 billion more into the sagging economy. One worry of Fed watchers as well as its defenders is that some of the domestic criticism may have the subtext of challenging the Fed’s traditional independence in deciding monetary policy without political interference. In a rare on-the-record interview, William C. Dudley, president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, said that the Fed’s move was not intended to affect the value of the dollar, but rather to encourage a faster, stronger recovery that will also assist international growth. “We have no goal in terms of pushing the dollar up or down,” Dudley said. “Our goal is to ease financial conditions and to stimulate a stronger economic expansion and more rapid employment growth.” And in an interview with The Wall Street Journal, the Fed’s new vice chairwoman, Janet L. Yellen, defended the decision in broadly similar terms. “I’m having a hard time seeing where really robust growth can come from,” she said. “And I see inflation lingering around current levels for a long time.” Yellen said she was “not happy to see us caught up in a political debate.” The comments by Dudley, who is also the vice chairman of the Federal Open Market Committee, which sets monetary policy, and by Yellen amounted to an unusual rebuttal, the first by top Fed officials, of criticism of the Fed’s decision this month to pump money into the

• TURN TO BEATLES, 2B

• TURN TO FED, 2B

AP FILE

‘PLEASE PLEASE ME’: Apple’s iTunes service will sell music from the British pop band The Beatles. The group is the most prominent holdout from iTunes and other online music services so far.

Beatlemania goes digital BY BEN SISARIO AND MIGUEL HELFT New York Times Service

For the next generation of Beatles fans, the wait could soon be over. Apple announced Tuesday that it has finally struck a deal with the Beatles, the best-selling music group of all time, and the band’s record company, EMI, to sell the band’s music on iTunes, according to a person with knowledge of the private deal who requested anonymity because the agreement was still confidential. Depending on the terms of the

deal, customers for the first time will be able to buy Please Please Me, Hey Jude or A Day in the Life online rather than on a CD and perhaps even as individual tracks. While the move to digital does not quite rival the band’s first trip across the Atlantic to appear on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964, it is an acknowledgment that online purchases dominate the music industry’s sales strategy. Apple and EMI declined to comment, and representatives of the Beatles and Apple Corps, the band’s company (not to be con-

Middle class downsizes as its jobs vanish, move away BY KEVIN G. HALL

McClatchy News Service

cases, however. Jobs that paid well, required skills and produced vital communities are going away and aren’t being replaced by anything comparable. “Unfortunately, the evidence is that you see a form of downward mobility of workers who are displaced from middle-skilled, stable career occupations,” said David Autor, an economist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in an interview. Autor published a much-discussed paper in April, suggesting that the U.S. labor market has become polarized, with employment growth in the high-skill, high-wage end, and the low-skill, low-wage end. The vast middle, he concluded, is shrinking. KEVIN G. HALL/MCT “The Great Recession has quantitatively but not qualitatively DESCENT: Lois Williams-Norman, left, seen here with former changed the direction of the U.S. Rochester Mayor William Johnson, had to swallow her pride

WASHINGTON — The good paying, predominantly white-collar jobs that once sustained many U.S. communities are disappearing at an alarming pace, keeping the unemployment rate stubbornly high despite the end of the Great Recession. More troubling, these jobs in accounting, financial analysis, commercial printing and a broad array of other mostly white-collar occupations are unlikely to come back, experts predict. There isn’t a single cause to the trend. Some of it is explained by changing technology, some of it is the result of automation. Sending well-paying jobs to low-cost centers abroad is another big part of the story. So is global competition from emerging economies such as China and India. The result is the same in all • TURN TO JOBS, 2B

and step down the income ladder just like millions of U.S. citizens in the wake of the Great Recession.


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WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

THE MIAMI HERALD

Voices of foreclosure speak of misery daily BY NELSON D. SCHWARTZ

New York Times Service

SIMI VALLEY, Calif. — If the mortgage mess had an address, it could be 450 American Way. This enormous white building, nestled among the hills about 40 miles north of Los Angeles, used to be a warehouse for Bugle Boy jeans. Today, it contains a sea of beige cubicles that seem to stretch on forever. Inside the complex, 4,000 employees of Bank of America face a daily tide of desperation and misery. To many U.S. citizens, financial giants like Bank of America seem like foreclosure machines. First, the argument goes, banks gave people mortgages they could not afford. Now, lenders are foreclosing as fast as they can, sometimes without even reviewing the paperwork. But for employees here like Brenda Seymore, the foreclosure crisis is more complicated than that. She joined as a temporary worker in 2009 and was hired full time a year ago, as one of the employees who together field 50,000 calls a day. She finds herself caught between frustrated, anxious homeowners many months behind

on their mortgage payments, and investors who hold mortgages and do not necessarily want to modify the loans, or reduce the amount of money homeowners owe. “It’s a learning process,” she said. “Our goal here is to find a resolution.” When Seymore was hired, the second floor of the building was nearly empty. Now it is packed with telephone operators in headsets, who fan out across the cavernous floor at 5 a.m., when it is still dark outside, to begin dialing delinquent borrowers on the East Coast. On Friday morning, one caller told Seymore a familiar story: a lost job and a cascade of bills that could not be paid. Behind on her mortgage payments by $60,000, the caller, from North Carolina, had been approved for a loan modification. But the foreclosure wheels were still turning, she told Seymore, and she feared they could not be stopped. This time, the foreclosure was averted. While the caller could not her pay her credit card bills, she was able to come up with a $500 payment necessary to keep her home, at least for now. It was the kind of out-

MIAMI HERALD WIRE PHOTO

DAMAGE CONTROL: At a hearing on the foreclosure crisis, banks are likely to testify that they are trying to fix the problem. Above, Bank of America employees are seen at a mortgage modification seminar for homeowners. come that Bank of America will be highlighting as hearings on the foreclosure crisis began Tuesday on Capitol Hill. Despite the wellpublicized flaws in the process — robo-signers, lost documents, incomplete affidavits — bank officials are expected to testify that they understand and are trying to fix the problem. Back in Simi Valley, posters with feel-good phrases

like “Empathy,” “Winning” and “Leadership,” dot the walls. But even here, signs of just how politically explosive this mess has become have crept in. On the wall of Seymore’s cubicle is a placard warning Bank of America representatives to transfer callers from people like members of Congress, officials from regulatory agencies, attorneys general offices and the news

media “to your team or unit manager . . . no exceptions.” As the United States’ biggest mortgage servicer — Bank of America handles one in five home loans in the United States — the lender has been criticized by politicians, customers and the news media as the uproar over foreclosure practices has intensified. Now the big banks are set to respond, highlighting efforts like the one in Simi Valley and outlining new steps to ease a wave of more than 2 million foreclosures. At the Senate banking committee hearing on Tuesday, Barbara J. Desoer, president of Bank of America Home Loans, plans to announce new initiatives like assigning a single case manager so homeowners do not get passed from one bank employee to another. The bank also will start providing checklists so borrowers know exactly where they stand in the modification or foreclosure process. Despite such steps, Bank of America faces a formidable challenge in rebuilding its public image. Last month, the bank declared a nationwide halt in foreclosures, and in 27 states, foreclosures remain

suspended as it prepares new affidavits from scratch. Sensing the public mood, Desoer also plans to apologize for shortcomings in the foreclosure process, while reiterating her defense that no foreclosure or eviction was pursued by mistake. In addition, critics have condemned Bank of America for making fewer modifications of eligible loans under the federal government’s Home Affordable Modification Program. About 21 percent of eligible Bank of America borrowers have received program modifications, compared with 44 percent at Citigroup, 37 percent at Wells Fargo and 32 percent at JPMorgan Chase. Bank officials say the lower modification rate reflects the 10 million mortgages it picked up when it acquired Countrywide Financial in 2008. And they note that the bank has made more than 700,000 modifications over the last two years, including 85,000 under the program, more than any other lender. For the first time, Desoer also plans to highlight Bank of America’s role as a servicer in most cases, rather than the investor that actually owns the mortgages.

Beatles hits soon Weak dollar can’t cure joblessness to be on iTunes • DOLLAR, FROM 1B

• BEATLES, FROM 1B

Since opening its iTunes music store seven years ago, Apple has reshaped the music industry and become the largest U.S. music retailer. But the Beatles catalog had always eluded the company and Steve Jobs, its tenacious chief executive. Still, while getting access to the Beatles catalog has plenty of symbolic significance, it is unlikely to bolster the company’s bottom line. “It is very symbolic because Steve Jobs is a huge fan of the Beatles,” said Tim Bajarin, an analyst with Creative Strategies, who has been following Apple for more than two decades. But for all the success of Apple in becoming the largest distributor of music on the Internet, the iTunes store is not a major source of profits for the company. Apple executives have said that iTunes is roughly a “breakeven” operation. “The music itself is a vehicle to allow them to sell more iPods and iPhones, which is where they make real money,” Bajarin said. And despite the deal’s

symbolism, its financial value for the Beatles is uncertain. About three-quarters of all albums sold in the United States are still CDs, and physical albums remain far more profitable for record companies than downloads. Like AC/DC, Bob Seger and a few other major acts that sell old albums in large numbers, the Beatles stand to earn far more money from sales of CDs than downloads. But with each new compilation or reissue, like the remastered versions of Beatles albums that went on sale last year, Beatles fans have shown their willingness to buy their favorite music again and again; in the 2000s, only Eminem sold more albums in the United States, according to Nielsen SoundScan. Terms of the deal, including the pricing of the songs, could not be learned. For years, Apple insisted on selling all songs for 99 cents. But in 2009, after intense pressure from the music industry and sometimes rancorous negotiations, Jobs agreed to terms that the industry called “variable pricing.” Apple now sells songs for 69 cents, 99 cents or $1.29.

“There are very few corporations that would see this just in one way,” said Martin Regalia, chief economist at the United States Chamber of Commerce. “It cuts across a whole bunch of lines.” Even when a company enjoys a relative surge in foreign sales, it won’t necessarily lead to a hiring spree. That is because the largest proportion of U.S. exports are still manufactured goods, which are no longer so labor-intensive. And many of the companies that still manufacture in the United States are businesses that have not gone offshore because they are too small to justify setting up overseas operations. A weak dollar can help their businesses, but it may not prompt a wave of hiring. “The net export effect is going to be positive, but it won’t be the driver of jobs,” said Daniel J. Meckstroth, chief economist of the Manufacturers Alliance, a trade group. “You can replace people with machines.” According to Nigel Gault, chief U.S. economist at IHS Global Insight, the dollar fell by 31 percent against a basket of major currencies since 2001, as U.S. exports

increased by 45 percent. But manufacturing employment dropped by nearly a third in that time, to 11.7 million workers from 16.4 million. The dollar has already fallen by about 10 percent against a range of currencies since the beginning of June, and government figures show that U.S. exports rose in September by $500 million, or 0.3 percent, to their highest level in two years. Despite the outcry from other world leaders after the U.S. Federal Reserve’s decision to inject $600 billion into the economy, the dollar strengthened slightly last week. But even if it does start drifting down again, most economists do not expect the devaluation to be steep. Some argue that most of the weakening has already happened because traders have anticipated the Fed’s action for some time. Another reason increased sales abroad might not translate into U.S. jobs is that U.S. companies have moved steadily overseas in recent decades. The number of workers employed by U.S. companies abroad more than doubled from 1989 to 2008, to 10.5 million, according to the United States Bureau of Economic Analysis. Companies mostly wanted to open

up foreign markets, and in some cases take advantage of cheaper labor, studies show, but less vulnerability to currency movements was an important fringe benefit. Experience suggests that currency movements alone are unlikely to correct trade imbalances or lift exports. A decline in the value of the dollar against the yen did little to correct the United States trade deficit with Japan during the 1980s, according to a study released last week by HSBC. Indeed, some U.S. companies report that a weakening dollar does not enhance export volumes. Roger Sustar, president of Fredon, a Cleveland-based manufacturer of parts for the aerospace, defense, rail and medical industries, said that although the dollar had weakened against the British pound over the last two years, the company had not increased sales in Britain. Rather, Sustar said, existing clients “haven’t been beating the bejeebers out of us to lower our prices.” Some economists argue that if the dollar weakness lasts long enough it will have some effect on unemployment in the United States. A sustained increase in exports would create jobs

throughout the economy as businesses that supported the companies selling abroad also started hiring. “There’s a multiplier effect,” said Steve Blitz, a senior economist for ITG Investment Research. Blitz said that, in fact, the U.S. economy should rely more heavily on export businesses to create jobs, rather than predominantly depending on U.S. consumers, who account for an estimated 60 percent of the country’s economic activity. “The model of the last 30 years can no longer continue,” Blitz said. “The job creation has to come from the export sector.” Another potential for jobs will come from foreign companies who build operations in the United States, in part to avoid currency fluctuations going the other way. BMW, for example, broke ground on its first plant in South Carolina in 1992, and in September opened a second factory near Spartanburg, S.C., where it had already hired 1,000 workers, with plans to hire 600 more. “Currency hedging is definitely one piece” of the company’s rationale for building the plants in the United States, said Thomas Kowaleski, a spokesman for BMW North America.

Middle-class sees its jobs vanish Facing criticism Fed tries to stay away from political crossfire

• JOBS, FROM 1B

labor market,” Autor concluded, pointing to an accelerating trend that he said has been underway for more than a decade. As it stands, 14.8 million U.S. citizens were unemployed in September, 6.1 million of them for six months or longer. The unemployment rate has hovered around 9.6 percent for half a year, and few economists expect it to dip below 8 percent for years to come. Lois Williams-Norman is on the upper end of what could be called a middleskill job, working her entire career in corporations as an internal financial and budget expert. Like millions of U.S. citizens, she’s had to swallow her pride and step down the income ladder. “I’ve gone from a sixfigure income to seriously looking at positions that are going to be paying probably half as much. So over the past 10 years, my income has continued to decline year after year,” WilliamsNorman said during an interview in the western New York city of Rochester, in between networking events where she searched for employment. Her problems began in

2001 when she was downsized out of a job at Xerox after 20 years with the iconic company. WilliamsNorman, who holds an MBA degree, was forced to take a 20 percent salary cut when she landed her next job at a pharmaceutical firm. She stayed there four years until her company was bought during the frenzy of mergers and acquisitions in the middle part of the last decade. Finding work at corporate headquarters with eye care company Bausch & Lomb in Rochester, Williams-Norman was put on the street just 18 months later after private equity firm Warburg Pincus bought the company in 2007. She eventually landed with a small local manufacturer that tapped her strategic planning skills, but the economic downturn ended that job in 2009. After going through four corporate employers in 10 years, Williams-Norman, who’s in her 50s, has been out of work for more than a year. She’s sober about her job search. “I know a lot of them aren’t going to come back, and the new jobs aren’t going to pay as much,” she said. While older workers fight it out for a scant number of jobs, younger ones are voting with their feet, depart-

ing what once was prime turf for corporate America. “We’ve had this whitecollar work force, highly educated . . . nevertheless, we’ve gotten almost no [employment] growth. In fact, there’s been a decline; young people are leaving,” said Ron Hira, a professor at the Rochester Institute of Technology and a co-author of the 2008 book “Outsourcing America,” which warned about larger dangers from sending jobs abroad. In cities such as Rochester, where multinational corporations such as Xerox, Kodak and Bausch & Lomb once lorded, the disappearance of middle-skill jobs tears at the very social fabric of community. These corporations used to encourage their executives to join the Rotary Club or the Lions Club and to entrench themselves in community affairs. Through those efforts, these big companies were leading contributors to the United Way and other charities. “This whole support system that we had doesn’t exist anymore,” said William Johnson, a former mayor of Rochester for 12 years and now a professor at the Rochester Institute of Technology.

• FED, FROM 1B

banking system. The plan is to spur the recovery by buying government securities to lower long-term interest rates. Kenneth A. Froot, who teaches international finance at Harvard Business School, said, “The Fed needs to get the word out more clearly” because of the politically volatile times. Froot added, “This is a very rare circumstance where the basic authority we vest in institutions like the Fed has, more than ever, been challenged,” by politicians and economists who are often identified with political parties. The bond markets have been increasingly uneasy about the Fed’s actions. On Monday, bond prices fell and yields jumped as a result of the concerns. The criticism has tended to fall along three lines. Some have accused the Fed of deliberately weakening the dollar to make U.S. exports more competitive. Others fear the Fed’s decision could ignite inflation down the road. Still others say the policy will be ineffective absent additional fiscal stimulus. Fed officials were clearly

unsettled by an opinion piece by Greenspan in The Financial Times on Thursday, at the start of meetings of the Group of 20 nations in Seoul, South Korea. Greenspan said the United States was “pursuing a policy of currency weakening” and increasing the risks of trade protectionism. In an open letter to Ben S. Bernanke, the Fed chairman, on Monday, a group of conservative economists, writers and investors urged that the Fed’s action “be reconsidered and discontinued,” arguing that the bond purchases “risk currency debasement and inflation.” The group included Michael J. Boskin, a former chairman of the White House Council of Economic Advisers; the historian Niall Ferguson; Douglas Holtz-Eakin, a former director of the Congressional Budget Office; and the economist John B. Taylor, one of Bernanke’s most prominent critics. Dudley did not single out any critic, but suggested that the criticisms were unfounded. “There is no long-term conflict between what the U.S. is trying to accomplish and what other countries are trying to accomplish,” Dudley said, echoing statements by

U.S. President Barack Obama and Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner. “A strong economic recovery in the United States is in the interests of the global economy.” While Dudley said the effect on the dollar was not a consideration, he acknowledged that when interest rates adjust, “often times there will be consequences for the dollar.” He added, “We have seen some dollar weakness in this period, but it doesn’t seem to be unusual, given the changes that we’ve seen in interest rates in the United States compared to interest rates abroad.” Dudley rejected the idea that the Fed might be setting the stage for uncontrollable inflation in years to come. He said the Fed had tools for draining the bank reserves sitting on its balance sheet. Dudley argued that the Fed’s efforts had their intended effect. Since August, when the Fed first hinted that it might take further steps to spur the recovery, stock prices have risen and long-term interest rates have fallen. That makes it easier for consumers to buy homes or refinance mortgages, and for businesses to borrow and invest.


THE MIAMI HERALD

MiamiHerald.com

BUSINESS BRIEFS • AIRLINE

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

New York Times Service

he U.S. Federal Reserve’s much-anticipated announcement this month that it was intervening in financial markets was intended to push down interest rates to get the economy moving again. But since it unveiled its $600 billion bond-buying program Nov. 3, the opposite has happened. Again on Monday, bond markets sold off aggressively, pushing the benchmark 10-year Treasury yield back up to 2.96 percent. That is close to where the yield was three months ago when the new policy of so-called quantitative easing was first suggested by the Fed. The yield has jumped from about 2.55 percent since Nov. 8.

T

ROSLAN RAHMAN/AFP-GETTY IMAGES

A380 engine spares shortage likely From Miami Herald Wire Service

Airline industry executives said that an extensive inspection and replacement program of Rolls-Royce engines on their Airbus A380 fleets could potentially lead to a shortage of available spares. The concerns follow Rolls-Royce’s recommendation Friday that the three airlines flying A380s fitted with its Trent 900 jet engines — Qantas Airways, Singapore Airlines and Lufthansa — replace a specific turbine component after an oil fire was determined to have caused an engine to explode on a Qantas flight earlier this month. That flight, carrying more than 450 people, was forced to make an emergency landing in Singapore. • ARGENTINA PARIS CLUB AGREES TO DEBT TALKS, NO IMF The Paris Club has agreed to talks on renegotiating $6.5 billion in outstanding Argentine debt without the participation of the International Monetary Fund, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez said. Settling the debt would help the South American nation emerge from default and regain access to international credit markets closed off since a devastating 2001-02 crisis, when it defaulted on a record $95 billion in debt. Argentina had sought to have the IMF excluded from the negotiations; Fernandez and many others in Argentina blame the institution in part for the country’s collapse a decade ago. • TRADE S. KOREA, PERU SIGN PROVISIONAL DEAL South Korea has taken another step forward in its ambitious free trade strategy, agreeing on the text of a pact with Peru as a much bigger accord with the United States remains snagged amid haggling over autos and beef. Negotiations for the South Korea-Peru deal, which will eliminate tariffs on a wide array of goods within 10 years, were concluded in August. The signing Monday by the trade ministers of South Korea and Peru is one of the final steps in bringing the pact into effect. • MINING ANGLO AMERICAN SELLS TWO STEEL UNITS Mining company Anglo American says it is selling two steel businesses in the Americas to OneSteel of Australia for $932 million. Anglo American said Monday that the sale is part of a process of focusing on its core commodities businesses. OneSteel is buying Moly-Cop, based in Santiago, Chile, which produces grinding balls for mine milling, and AltaSteel of Edmonton, Canada, a steel producer. • EARNINGS WAL-MART 3Q PROFIT RISES; PRESSURE IN U.S. Wal-Mart reported a 9.3 percent increase in thirdquarter net income as the world’s largest retailer benefited from cost controls and a robust international business. The company also raised its full-year profit outlook. The improvements come despite weakness at its U.S. business. Total revenue at U.S. Wal-Mart stores fell as fewer customers visited and spent less when they did. Revenue at stores open at least a year also fell, for the sixth quarter in a row, underscoring the challenges of its U.S. business as many customers struggle economically. • SPAIN INTEREST RATES JUMP IN BOND SALE Spain has had to pay increased interest rates to raise nearly ¤5 billion ($6.81 billion) in a sale of 12- and 18-month bills as investors remained uncertain over whether the country will be affected by debt crises in Ireland and Portugal. The central bank says the treasury raised ¤3.73 billion in 12-month bills but at an average interest rate of 2.4 percent, up from 1.9 percent in the last such auction in September. It raised ¤1.24 billion in 18-month letters, paying an interest rate of 2.7 percent compared to 2.1 percent in October.

MYSTIFYING It is an aggressive sell-off that has left traders and policymakers mystified, and spawned a number of theories. For instance, some wondered whether the fierce attacks on the Fed’s policy

by Republicans meant that the central bank would not extend the program beyond $600 billion, as some economists had predicted. In the light of the political reaction, the Fed might not even complete the full program of $600 billion, they warned. “They are an independent central bank, but the fact is they are not totally immune from political pressure,” said Zach Pandl, economist at Nomura in New York. “The Fed has to take the criticism seriously.” But even as the Fed intervened in the markets again Monday, buying about $7.9 billion in Treasuries, traders said, Pandl said a more likely reason for the sell-off was that the policy of quantitative easing had already had its intended effect. In the months since markets started pricing in the expectation of huge amounts of bond buying, yields fell with the dollar. Rates in the financial markets were now shifting higher in expectation of faster growth in the months ahead, he said.

But there were other theories, too. In recent weeks, the price of the 30-year Treasury bond has fallen even faster, pushing its yield up. As a result, the gap between the 10-year and 30-year yields is wider. DIVIDED OPINION Some economists say that means the market may be signaling fears that the Fed is losing control of inflation, so interest rates will have to rise sharply to head this off. But others contend that most of the movement in yields was a result of changes in real yields, and there was little pickup in inflation expectations, at least in short-term bonds. Meanwhile, stocks ended mostly flat on Monday, raising questions about whether the increase in bond yields is dampening the recent rally in the stock market. Since the Fed began buying bonds, “Treasury yields are higher, and the equity price rally is stuttering, at best,” Neal Soss, economist at Credit Suisse, wrote in a research note. The Dow Jones industrial average closed with a

gain of 9.39 points, or 0.08 percent, to 11,201.97. The Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index was slightly lower by 1.46 points, or 0.1 percent, at 1,197.75. The Nasdaq composite index, which includes many technology stocks, declined 4.39 points, or 0.2 percent, to 2,513.82. Markets on Monday did get an early boost after merger news. The industrials sector rose after Caterpillar agreed to buy Bucyrus International, which specializes in large-scale surface and underground equipment for minerals extraction, for $7.6 billion in cash. The purchase will help Caterpillar expand its global footprint in the mining equipment industry. Caterpillar shares rose nearly 1 percent, or 78 cents, to $81.82 and Bucyrus was up 29 percent, or $20.18, to $89.80. Despite bond-market worries, the stock market is still trading near its highest levels for the year. The Dow and S&P are up more than 7 percent, and the Nasdaq is up 10.98 percent this year.

Unexpected resistance sank Potash bid BY IAN AUSTEN

New York Times Service

OTTAWA — Based on his past, Stephen Harper, the Conservative prime minister of Canada, should have been the least of BHP Billiton’s worries when the company began a bid to acquire Potash of Saskatchewan, the world’s largest fertilizer maker. Harper studied economics at the University of Calgary, a school where free market thinking predominates. And even before entering politics, he advocated for keeping government out of the business of corporations and individuals. But on Sunday, BHP Billiton abandoned its $38.6 billion bid after Harper’s government refused to approve it under Canada’s foreign investment review laws. The opposition from Harper’s government was not only unexpected, but has also fed a debate across Canada on laws governing foreign investment. Until now, Canada was seen as welcoming, rather than restricting, outside investment. There is little public information about how the Canadian government reviews foreign investments. It appears that Potash is only the second deal turned down under the Investment Canada Act since it was introduced 25 years ago. But it is widely believed that many companies have quietly withdrawn takeover applications after encountering government resistance. Speaking with reporters in Japan where he is attending an international meet-

ITSUO INOUYE/AP

SURPRISING: BHP Billiton abandoned its $38.6 billion bid for Potash after Canada’s Conservative government, led by Prime Minister Stephen Harper, right, refused to approve it under Canada’s foreign investment review laws. ing, Harper said his government planned to issue new guidelines to assuage concerns. But analysts are worried about the repercussions to Canadian companies if the latest move results in more restrictions to foreign investment. Ramifications could include dragging down the stock prices of large Canadian companies like Research In Motion, the maker of BlackBerry devices, the transportation equipment maker Bombardier and energy firms that extract from the Alberta oil sands.

An earlier Conservative government introduced the law now in place. It replaced the Foreign Investment Review Agency, which was disliked by many business leaders for being too restrictive. The old legislation had specific criteria before takeovers would be approved, which included weighing factors like employment and Canadian influence in management. Instead, the current law has a vague test requiring that any transaction provide a “net benefit” to Canada.

Still, BHP’s bid followed a string of successful foreign takeovers involving other large Canadian concerns, including Inco, a leading nickel producer, and Alcan, the large aluminum maker. What was surprising about BHP Billiton’s failed takeover of Potash was that much of the criticism came from prominent business executives. For many in the corporate world, yet another major mining company also coming under foreign control was one too many.

Gazprom to drill for oil in Cuban waters BY ANDREW E. KRAMER

New York Times Service

MOSCOW — The Russian energy giant Gazprom has joined a growing list of companies that plan to drill for oil in the waters off Cuba, close to the United States but out of reach of its safety regulators.

Cuba produces little oil now, but petroleum experts say the country’s northern coastal waters could hold plentiful reserves, which could help revive the island’s economy and ease its dependence on oil imported from Venezuela. Half a dozen companies have signed

• INVESTMENT BERKSHIRE TWEAKS ITS $49B STOCK PORTFOLIO Warren Buffett’s company invested in Bank of New York Mellon and sold off stakes in Home Depot, NRG Energy, CarMax and Republic Services during an active third quarter. Berkshire Hathaway revealed a number of changes to its $48.6 billion U.S. stock portfolio Monday in documents filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Buffett also revealed some new details Monday about Berkshire’s incoming investment manager. The changes Berkshire made to its U.S. stock portfolio between the end of June and the end of September included eliminating several investments. Berkshire sold off its 2.8 million shares of retailer Home Depot, 7.7 million shares of used car seller CarMax, 6 million shares of NRG Energy, and 10.8 million shares of trash hauler Republic Services.

3B

Bond sell-off puzzles traders, analysts BY GRAHAM BOWLEY AND CHRISTINE HAUSER

WORRISOME: Rolls-Royce has recommended that the airlines flying A380s fitted with its Trent 900 jet engines, seen above on a Qantas jet, replace a specific turbine component.

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

MIAMI HERALD WIRE PHOTO

RISK: Ocean scientists warn that in case of a well blowout at a Cuban site oil could spew onto Cuban beaches and then the Florida Keys, above, in as little as three days.

deals to work as close as 50 miles off the U.S. coast, but none from the United States because of the 48-year-old trade embargo. The oil arm of Gazprom, Gazprom Neft, bought a 30 percent share of four exploration blocks from the Malaysian stateowned company Petronas, Gazprom Neft said in a statement. Under the agreement, the Russian company will also assume a role in operating offshore drilling platforms. Russian oil firms, which operate mostly on land in Siberia, have little expertise offshore and have sought to form partnerships to gain experience. Gazprom is buying into an exploration deal Petronas reached with the Cuban government in 2007. Work has already begun. After some seismic work, engineers decided to start drilling next year. If hydrocarbons are found, the leases that now belong partly to Gazprom,

pending approval by the Cuban authorities, extend through 2037 for oil and 2042 for natural gas. As Cuba has made plans to drill for oil in the Gulf, concern has risen in Florida. Ocean scientists warn that a well blowout at a site where a Spanish company, Repsol, intends to drill next year could send oil spewing onto Cuban beaches and then the Florida Keys in as little as three days. Repsol has contracted with an Italian operator to build a rig made in China for the deepwater well about 50 miles from the coast of the United States. Cuba lacks the underwater robots and spare drilling rigs that would be needed to contain a big spill, while the trade embargo could complicate assistance by U.S. companies. Other companies, from Norway, India, Venezuela, Vietnam and Brazil, have also taken exploration leases in Cuba.


4B

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

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DOW 11,023.50

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S&P 500 1,178.34

-178.47

NASDAQ 2,469.84

-19.41

11,520

Dow Jones industrials

11,240

Close: 11,023.50 Change: -178.47 (-1.6%)

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MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

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11,500

30-YR T-BONDS 4.26%

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8.08 28.24 22.81 41.93 34.62 25.74 18.14 24.45 34.24 11.94 .84 4.01 7.84 7.99 2.89 41.32 1.09 2.53 10.07 62.26 20.26 27.70 4.25 6.98 47.57 1.22 36.92 2.21 10.98 .69 16.91 85.87 7.25 24.37 3.57 45.56 48.63 35.68 23.34 15.46 8.14 .56 1.13 15.76 24.15 11.30 7.21 14.22 3.06 59.40 7.81 5.15 13.97 52.56 8.73 4.39 2.91 2.54 21.35 17.57 8.58 29.19 27.88 40.25 42.65 36.86 8.04 17.92 101.18 .78 24.84 .31 4.50 11.14 50.34 4.33 6.27 3.46 41.19 67.51 18.47 2.41 58.71 7.18 27.91

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-.11

CRUDE OIL $82.34

.

EURO 1.3490

-2.52

.

-.0109

GOLD $1,338.30

.

-30.10

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17.60 17.24 12.36 49.36 20.83 34.69 40.31 34.50 28.83 11.27 16.23 26.73 24.14 27.34 53.77 36.84 25.83

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18.81 17.54 18.91

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28.02

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35.66

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32.46

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17.02

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34.18

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41.82 41.82

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44.67

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28.80 20.48

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19.38

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... -.59 -1.64

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32.54 39.62

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11.63

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12.65 12.47

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20.99

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26.89

-.41

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LSBDX LSBRX

14.31 14.26

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OAKBX

26.46

-.28

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34.23

-.67

+19.0

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12.50 8.40 10.64 11.53 11.52 11.52 11.52 11.52 11.52 11.52

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PRPFX

43.80

-.58

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SWPPX

18.64

-.30

+7.5

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35.82 19.62 31.82 22.03 30.20 22.28 55.73 9.67 15.92 21.90

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TGVIX

27.53

-.47

+9.6

108.76 108.74 23.48 11.05 11.05 51.28 121.47 10.31 26.12 10.64 13.30 108.05 108.05 26.66 18.61 19.09 13.46 13.46 11.06 15.90 62.56 64.94 10.84 10.84 18.61 12.25 21.62 12.59 12.26 10.78 10.78 10.78 10.78 15.23 29.49 29.50 29.48 21.57 52.27 30.07 51.93 43.18 12.52 24.33

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+7.5 +7.4 +10.0 +7.3 +7.4 +2.1 +2.1 +12.2 +7.3 +7.3 +7.2 +7.5 +7.6 +9.0 +9.5 +8.8 +3.1 +3.2 +2.3 +1.1 +5.2 +5.3 +5.4 +5.5 +7.2 +8.3 +8.3 +8.3 +8.3 +7.4 +7.4 +7.3 +7.4 +5.7 +8.9 +8.9 +8.8 +8.9 +9.0 +6.5 +6.6 +3.9 +5.8 +3.9

VFIAX VFINX VAAPX VFIIX VFIJX VGHAX VGHCX VFIDX VAIPX VIPIX VIPSX VINIX VIIIX VITPX VWIGX VSMGX VWITX VWIUX VMLUX VWSUX VPMCX VPMAX VFSTX VFSUX VGSTX VTXVX VTWNX VTTHX VTTVX VBTLX VBTIX VBMFX VBTSX VGTSX VTSAX VITSX VTSMX VWINX VWIAX VWELX VWENX VWNAX VWNDX VWNFX

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BWij 9^] 24.32 64.31 79.81 29.53 26.91 19.43 4.22 124.97 53.65 66.03 62.99 50.84 9.63 24.51 79.70 26.77 62.08 61.75 76.81 19.11 36.74 37.67 32.03 32.00 38.61 45.84 21.14 75.64 60.94 39.87 48.66 19.65 28.63 48.82 51.73 34.37 23.65 81.88 43.67 17.45 79.00 24.20 65.74 46.49 24.86 42.60 117.01 41.16 55.12 41.63 30.82 45.38 54.28 91.32 25.73 11.02 45.11 42.80 71.25 45.79 75.70 14.35 73.04 13.40 13.15 18.17 35.87 30.87 54.36 12.21 70.44 73.48 67.95 33.51 52.94 41.41 18.10 40.27 34.97 19.08 38.75 63.85 29.16 53.37 42.79 76.98 50.18 15.97 53.52 30.56 36.43 36.83 71.86 45.68 17.61 11.15 75.35 14.76 29.77 21.03 43.45 91.05 39.72 76.40 93.24 29.40 11.16 47.61 43.68 37.34 64.34 13.56 32.75 5.55 16.56 15.39 24.75 30.30 28.50 54.63 54.72

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BWij 9^] 60.27 54.21 27.93 35.11 44.78 69.23 38.83 50.40 26.65 23.55 47.96 71.99 63.49 42.55 33.98 81.17 47.36 10.13 60.39 106.82 70.98 85.60 18.35 39.82 25.50 50.52 50.72 68.94 115.95 27.30 74.55 76.44 86.52 47.99 51.22 77.24 16.26 13.52 27.06 12.68 130.69 35.17 54.39 6.84 105.24 54.11 23.66 53.89 16.51 51.83 31.91 33.04 57.40 65.86 27.26 22.42 114.30 97.61 59.67 50.00 8.92 15.23 27.79 20.85 12.44 20.28 61.62 29.14 31.37 65.54 15.86 14.31 35.57 14.43 20.79 46.89 11.42 69.94 12.61 26.64 37.83 38.54 40.30 16.33 16.61 44.95 165.10 82.39 583.72 124.53 18.58 30.87 22.22 20.18 41.05 27.79 32.10 178.28 52.91 35.03 49.63 30.76 40.26 11.69 23.62 45.97 45.36 27.79 47.72 44.97 56.64 66.17 46.40 11.74 67.78 41.80 46.48 16.41 31.71 35.90 48.44

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BWij 9^] 45.60 57.32 15.31 22.93 54.84 11.57 25.88 57.56 35.99 5.78 12.80 16.26 51.53 63.21 71.81 10.47 60.73 45.88 35.50 36.86 47.01 56.96 36.73 37.00 31.55 39.23 64.61 41.42 17.52 50.53 21.07 33.84 110.76 17.20 142.24 50.74 15.88 24.61 7.71 74.99 10.52 46.89 262.56 21.69 22.00 23.82 23.52 39.61 14.09 39.95 31.22 24.38 63.14 35.50 80.14 74.52 33.66 44.34 25.96 35.92 21.43 44.00 48.94 32.70 7.98 61.53 15.68 69.42 63.00 38.85 14.17 17.42 50.65 12.67 30.34 22.44 45.21 101.33 69.89 29.78 16.37 21.95 5.42 80.85 44.24 34.27 46.24 36.35 86.21 26.34 32.53 19.83 31.56 26.15 36.16 37.38 35.44 15.09 56.45 61.78 31.45 49.72 34.43 31.09 23.67 31.12 35.08 4.21 68.68 38.40 20.02 86.84 21.57 104.01 27.24 26.70 26.57 79.76 20.48 12.34 12.37

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BWij 9^] 35.06 43.12 55.31 94.87 14.33 34.81 53.87 14.87 33.31 358.00 41.82 37.59 24.97 5.09 84.02 18.94 11.11 46.18 233.06 24.33 22.24 43.36 16.68 77.42 35.61 64.12 47.31 59.39 25.21 23.75 58.92 34.17 6.09 60.56 34.10 38.87 11.29 139.32 32.85 7.22 43.41 25.81 90.24 106.95 26.43 4.64 310.10 3.01 21.05 52.18 47.99 59.33 27.15 25.63 66.32 65.46 18.96 39.09 19.44 16.24 13.58 617.98 12.84 28.46 21.28 29.45 21.28 1.90 60.60 46.48 34.09 57.63 25.83 13.20 36.74 29.67 51.65 13.01 52.69 39.60 165.40 5.45 8.48 105.75 16.72 17.27 63.90 59.39 14.25 15.69 21.05 52.56 17.09 24.06 80.51 22.68 36.46 80.90 10.08 5.45 26.97 40.55 60.55 31.35 31.20 50.59 61.90 13.47 55.74 29.92 102.75 41.50 16.22 37.97 65.77 12.71 44.04 58.38 85.17 68.03 55.33

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BWij 9^] 12.52 24.28 44.97 7.86 50.46 79.36 27.58 43.49 26.89 27.21 47.27 55.61 100.38 75.58 25.75 51.56 33.23 43.15 34.96 14.24 93.35 78.46 20.32 77.74 28.11 20.05 27.60 55.82 14.80 12.27 34.62 21.59 30.80 32.47 12.49 18.54 64.04 23.21 59.49 124.22 17.72 29.56 32.50 37.67 16.60 25.26 58.54 54.84 29.83 59.50 40.79 76.34 23.06 61.25 28.75 36.10 102.45 35.01 2.82 13.30 134.63 90.40 131.93 56.86 399.00 31.73 27.86 63.45 43.80 20.85 12.88 53.26 19.30 31.44 95.10 32.88 18.11 46.38 17.05 50.12 17.14 6.70 20.68 26.65 61.74 95.31 40.80 49.96 45.90 33.13 40.91 25.33 33.64 40.19 25.23 5.92 49.92 44.33 59.94 26.14 56.29 32.78 32.04 66.30 27.82 27.00 63.72 55.16 35.24 36.04 69.79 63.57 27.35 52.02 29.72 51.87 12.97 63.14 64.04 50.12 29.20

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DWc[ SAIC SAP AG SCANA SEI Inv SK Tlcm SLGreen SLM Cp SM Energy SPX Cp STMicro SABESP Safeway StJude Salesforce SanDisk SanoďŹ Sappi SaraLee Sasol Schlmbrg Schwab Scotts ScrippsNet SeadrillLtd SeagateT SealAir SearsHldgs SempraEn SenHous Sensata n Shanda ShawC gs Sherwin Shinhan Shire SiderNac s Siemens SigmaAld SignetJwlrs Slcnware SilvWhtn g SimonProp SimsMetal Sina SinopcShng SiriusXM SkywksSol Smith&N SmithfF Smucker SnapOn SocQ&M Sohu.cm Solera SonocoP SonyCp Sothebys SouthnCo SthnCopper SoUnCo SwstAirl SwtGas SwstnEngy SpectraEn SpectraEP SprintNex StanBlkDk Staples Starbucks StarwdHtl StateStr Statoil ASA StlDynam Stericycle SterlngBcp Sterlite Stryker SumitMitsu SunLfFn g Suncor gs Sunoco Symantec Syngenta Synopsys Sysco TAM SA TD Ameritr TECO TIM Partic TJX TRWAuto TaiwSemi TalecrisBio TalismE g Target TataMotors Taubmn TeckRes g TelNorL TlcmArg TelcmNZ TelItalia TelItaliaA TelSPaulo TelefEsp TelMexA TelMexL TelmxIntl TelmxIntA Telus g Tenaris Teradata Terex Ternium TeslaMot n Tesoro TexInst Textron ThermoFis ThomsonR 3M Co

BWij 9^] 15.23 49.07 40.57 22.56 18.31 61.50 11.53 48.44 64.40 8.62 46.73 22.79 38.56 111.02 38.22 32.96 5.40 14.90 46.80 73.18 15.05 50.30 50.99 30.75 13.85 22.25 64.89 49.96 22.90 25.54 40.32 20.48 73.56 74.87 71.90 16.56 112.59 62.37 35.27 5.10 31.69 96.14 16.56 56.99 46.90 1.37 22.36 46.04 16.43 63.10 51.72 49.30 72.28 48.76 32.14 33.67 41.09 38.13 42.43 24.41 13.30 34.32 37.18 23.70 33.85 3.74 59.50 20.07 29.84 54.49 43.13 20.59 15.56 70.55 9.33 15.25 50.70 6.04 28.20 32.90 38.00 16.71 55.19 24.74 28.78 24.10 17.23 16.68 32.64 45.03 46.71 10.86 22.13 18.96 53.79 30.07 44.71 47.07 14.04 23.75 8.14 13.44 11.13 24.21 72.40 14.92 15.05 18.19 17.31 42.46 42.40 38.92 24.61 33.67 29.67 14.19 30.57 20.84 50.27 36.79 84.24

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BWij 9^] 18.38 54.54 38.67 62.07 30.54 42.72 17.16 18.07 57.62 71.06 51.87 15.10 74.93 40.46 35.19 20.04 50.82 3.40 67.28 66.16 54.73 35.97 46.50 18.27 31.01 37.28 15.24 16.70 21.46 29.36 9.84 40.35 46.54 59.73 29.85 29.28 89.76 27.18 2.95 24.72 45.43 74.16 60.68 35.01 40.85 21.59 36.63 78.76 31.51 28.22 24.61 18.76 29.10 31.29 63.25 50.77 29.21 31.84 34.09 30.40 32.19 34.10 37.95 15.78 15.43 25.91 74.99 30.19 76.62 27.20 79.13 39.15 57.26 48.07 54.26 34.01 92.93 20.08 388.38 34.83 75.09 49.60 19.16 50.67 22.84 55.99 27.19 24.85 31.61 17.62 107.12 16.91 74.19 103.96 46.06 22.70 45.42 34.90 32.73 24.48 12.85 13.81 58.65 34.92 27.88 108.06 19.71 23.52 11.03 26.30 41.46 16.24 11.19 28.48 49.28 50.22 20.97

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6B

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

THE MIAMI HERALD

DIVERSIONS GARFIELD

BY JIM DAVIS

For more comics & puzzles, go to www.MiamiHerald.com/comics.

ACES ON BRIDGE

ruffed this with the trump nine, forcing South to overruff with the king. As a result, It is important to know the West’s trump 10 became the odds for some basic suit comsetting trick. binations. It is also important Declarer claimed that he to know when to throw the had been unlucky. While there WEST EAST textbook out the window. For ♠ K J 10 9 8 6 example, when West leads the was some merit to this claim, ♠74 spade seven against your heart the heart finesse was ambi♥ Q 10 5 ♥97 slam, how do you plan to make tious. It would be needed only ◆8432 ◆765 if East had begun with four 12 tricks? ♣ Q 10 5 4 ♣63 The original declarer facing trumps headed by the queen. This was not likely, as he had this problem played the hand SOUTH advertised spade length in the according to the percentage ♠32 bidding. tables and so managed to find ♥AKJ8642 The best plan to make this a way to go down. He took the ◆ K 10 9 first trick with dummy’s spade contact was the simplest. South ♣7 should have played the ace and ace, then played the club ace king of trumps at tricks two and king, discarding his spade Vulnerable: Neither loser from hand. Next, declarer and three, and only then have Dealer: South taken the club ace and king. finessed the trump jack (theoThis avoids any trump promoThe bidding: retically the correct play to avoid two heart losers, but not tions and prevents embarrassSouth West North East ment when East is very short the right play today). 1♥ Pass 2 ♣ 2♠ of clubs, with or without the West won with the heart 4♥ Pass 4 NT Pass heart queen. queen and returned a third 5♥ Pass 6 ♥ All pass round of clubs. East brightly Opening lead — ♠ seven

NORTH ♠AQ5 ♥3 ◆AQJ ♣AKJ982

DILBERT

BY SCOTT ADAMS

—BOBBY WOLFF

11-17

CHESS QUIZ ZITS

BY JIM BORGMAN AND JERRY SCOTT

PEANUTS CLASSICS

BY CHARLES SCHULZ

WHITE WINS MATERIAL Hint: Exploit the long diagonal.

Solution: 1. Nxf7! If ... Kxf7, 2. Ng5ch followed by Bxb7.

DEAR ABBY

BALDO

BY HECTOR CANTU AND CARLOS CASTELLANOS

DOONESBURY

BABY BLUES

BY GARRY TRUDEAU

BY RICK KIRKMAN AND JERRY SCOTT

Dear Abby: At Christmas, “Santa” always fills my children’s stockings with a mix of fun, edible and practical items. A few years ago, when my oldest child was beginning to write, my husband and I started the tradition of tucking packets of thank-you cards into their stockings. We explained that Santa must have given them the cards so they would have stationery to write thank-you notes to family and friends for the gifts they had received. The cards are a wonderful reminder to my children that they need to express their gratitude to those who have spent time and money to buy and send them a gift. Usually there are cards left over to cover thank-you notes at birthday time as well. Unfortunately, these days, not enough people — even adults — take the time to write a note of appreciation for presents they are given. I believe parents should encourage children to do this as soon as they are able to understand the concept. I hope my husband and I are instilling a lifelong habit in our children. Abby, can you help get the point across? Thankful Mom in Brunswick, Maine

thoughts, my booklet “How to Write Letters for All Occasions” covers a few basic rules for acknowledging gifts, expressing sympathy and accepting or declining an invitation. It can be ordered by sending your name and mailing address, plus check or money order for $6 (U.S. funds), to Dear Abby — Letters Booklet, P.O. Box 447, Mount Morris, IL 61054-0447. Shipping and handling are included in the price. Not everyone can write letters that are literary masterpieces, but for anyone who wonders how to put in writing a brief, charming thank-you note, a letter expressing congratulations, a love letter — or one that announces a broken engagement — my booklet will serve as a guide to those who have put off writing because they didn’t know what to say, how to say it, or even how to begin.

Gladly. You are teaching your children an important lesson. It’s a formality that started being ignored decades ago. Then, as years passed, it was a custom that was not just ignored, but many people forgot it existed. The result was that parents who hadn’t been taught the social niceties did not teach them to THEIR children. When I publish letters about thank-you notes, I invariably receive an avalanche of letters and e-mails from readers complaining that they are hurt and offended because they don’t receive thank-you notes. Some individuals use texts and e-mails to acknowledge gifts. However, for most people a handwritten note is much more memorable. Thanking someone for a gift, an invitation to a party or a kind deed in writing is important. While composing a letter may always be a chore to some people, there are occasions when the written message is the only proper means of communication. It shows effort, and can become a keepsake. For those people who have difficulty expressing their

ANSWER TO TUESDAY’S PUZZLE:

HOROSCOPE IF TODAY IS YOUR BIRTHDAY: Between now and the new year, life can take a turn for the better if you look for opportunities to improve some facet of your existence. Cash in on those favors next March and April. • SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): Champion your favorite causes with impunity and show off your myriad skills. • SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): You might be wearing blinders when dealing with investments or family affairs.

JUMBLE

• CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): Stick to sound and conservative principles. Don’t give your heart or your money away too quickly. • AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): It is time to receive your well-deserved rewards. Keep pennies in the piggy bank until the right opportunity shows up. • PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): Play “spin the bottle.” Someone will appreciate the real “you,” even if you are only playing around or seem somewhat vague and hard to pin down. • ARIES (March 21-April 19): This might be a good day to discuss concerns and ideals amicably. Learn to live within your means. • TAURUS (April 20-May 20): In the end you could be viewed as someone’s champion or hero after a casual intervention. • GEMINI (May 21-June 20): Hurry up and wait for the big decisions handed down from on high. • CANCER (June 21-July 22): Don’t make career or business moves that could be misinterpreted by others and seen as a threat. • LEO (July 23-Aug. 22): People are so glad to see your smiling face they won’t notice you have your foot in the door. • VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): You cannot ignore the mastodon in the center of the room; it’s good to get things out in the open. • LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): You could press the wrong buttons at the right time or the right buttons at the wrong time, but in any case, your selfish hunger will not be fed.

CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Chip’s cartoon friend 5 Questionable perfume? 9 Emulate a rat 13 Happily ___ after 14 Dash of panache 15 Farm machinery mogul John 16 Fell to pieces 18 Cut down to size 19 Wine glass part 20 Lair of a wild animal 21 Absorb gradually 23 Slip by, as time 25 Impudent 27 Roman “being” 28 Subordinate staffer 29 Frequent reaction from Scrooge 30 River in central Missouri 33 Reeking 36 Needing fixing 38 Emphasize the importance of 40 Completely ridiculous 41 Do a sartorial job 42 Genesis garden 44 Grabs some shut-eye 48 Like Cary Grant 51 High-flying elite 53 Potatoes and yams, e.g. 54 Trim the lawn

55 Where goats gambol 56 Certain JapaneseAmerican 57 Went kaput 60 Having no drawbacks 61 Cream-of-the-crop 62 Impersonated 63 Fit together harmoniously 64 Caboose’s position 65 Bad grades DOWN 1 Judicial ruling 2 Is of use to 3 Subsidiary propositions 4 Before, to the Bard 5 Siouan shelter 6 Thicke of “Growing Pains” 7 Place to get a screwdriver 8 Secret 9 Gillespie’s genre 10 Ready to be rented 11 Military storehouse 12 Quilting event 15 Like a wrung-out dishrag 17 Attack ___ (campaign tactic) 22 Tijuana timeout 24 Indiana state flower

25 More hot-tempered 26 Talese’s “Honor ___ Father” 28 Grow long in the tooth 31 1/20 of an old franc 32 Emerge 34 Sixty secs. 35 Big-time happening 36 Metrical feet (Var.)

37 ___ Arbor, Mich. 38 Degree of success? 39 Current that goes with the wind 43 Expel from law practice 45 Not on the level 46 Reese or Herman 47 Tiers for cheers 49 West Indies witchcraft

50 He moonwalked before Michael 51 Batman foe (with “The”) 52 Yeanling producer 54 Da Vinci’s “___ Lisa” 56 Takeaway game 58 Mass of fish eggs 59 Palindromic relative


THE MIAMI HERALD

SPORTS

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

7B

Gebrselassie says he will continue racing BY JERE LONGMAN

New York Times Service

Haile Gebrselassie of Ethiopia, the distance-running star who stunningly announced his retirement after dropping out of the New York City Marathon on Nov. 7, said that he had reconsidered and would continue racing. “Running is in my blood, and I decided to continue competing,” Gebrselassie wrote on his Twitter account. “My announcement in New York was my first reaction after a disappointing race.” Jos Hermens, Gebrselassie’s agent, said from Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, that Gebrselassie had reacted emotionally after leaving the New York course at 16 miles of the 26.2-mile race. He also felt guilty for having dropped out of a half-marathon in New York earlier this year. “He wasn’t thinking when

he said he wanted to stop,” Hermens said. “He was too emotional.” Hermens also provided new details about the injury that caused Gebrselassie to drop out of the race, describing it as more of a muscular problem than a knee problem, as New York City Marathon officials had reported. Hermens also suggested that Gebrselassie’s emotional decision to retire might have stemmed in part from political pressure he was feeling in Ethiopia. His phone has been tapped by government officials and he has faced some sort of blackmail attempt, Hermens said of his client. “There is a lot of pressure on him in Ethiopia,” Hermens said of Gebrselassie. “I don’t know all the details.” Gebrselassie could not be reached by phone Monday, and it was impossible to con-

firm independently the accusations about phone-tapping and blackmail. Ethiopia held national elections in May, and the government of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi was accused by opposition figures of intimidation, harassment and vote rigging. The Ethiopian Review, an opposition online journal based in Washington, reported this month that the prime minister’s wife and her associates were attempting to force partnerships with Gebrselassie on a new hotel that he had built and on other real estate ventures. The mayor of Addis Ababa, an ally of the prime minister and his wife, had also recently ordered the confiscation of land that had been leased to Gebrselassie, the journal reported, citing sources in Addis Ababa.

Officials at the Ethiopian embassy in Washington could not be reached for comment. In one of the world’s poorest countries, Gebrselassie, who has made a lucrative career from running, has become one of the most visible and popular figures. He employs more than 600 people in various businesses and has built two schools. He has also spoken about the possibility of seeking political office once his running days are over. Frustration over the injury and political tensions perhaps led Gebrselassie to overreact after dropping out of the New York marathon, Hermens said. “All this pressure came out; he was emptying his heart,” Hermens said. Once Gebrselassie returned home, many of his countrymen urged him to

NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE AMERICAN CONFERENCE East N.Y. Jets New England Miami Buffalo

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T 0 0 0 0

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South Indianapolis Tennessee Jacksonville Houston

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North Baltimore Pittsburgh Cleveland Cincinnati

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West Oakland Kansas City San Diego Denver

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MCT

HALTED: Philadelphia Eagles’ Kurt Coleman breaks up a pass intended for Washington Redskins’ Joey Galloway during their NFL encounter.

Vick, Eagles embarrass McNabb and Redskins • NFL, FROM 8B

on by Landry twice during extra points. “That really fired us all up, and we really put the afterburners on,” McGlynn said. “It’s good to come out and score 60 points almost. We all want to play the game with all the respect in the world. When people come out and disrespect it like that, I think you’ve got to be more respectful of the game. That’s just a terrible thing. I think we just looked at it as ‘Hey, let’s keep pouring it on. ’ ” Landry denied spitting at McGlynn, saying: “I’m aggressive. I’m not that type of player.” As far as the pregame confrontation, Landry described it as “typical talk.” “Me and DeSean was talking, and they took it to another level,” Landry said. Jackson’s take? He said there were “some disrespectful things” said by players who “take this football a little bit too serious.” But then he uttered what would appear to be an unintentionally insensitive remark, given Vick’s recent jail time on a dogfighting conviction.

“The pregame altercation got us going. It had us ready. We came back into the locker room pumped,” Jackson said. “We were like pit bulls, ready to get out of the cage.” The Eagles led 35-0 after the first play of the second quarter. Vick completed his first 10 passes and finished 20 for 28 for 333 yards with four touchdowns. He also ran eight times for 80 yards and two scores, moving past Steve Young and into second place in NFL history for yards rushing by a quarterback. The Eagles set team records for total yards in a game (592), points in a half (45) and had the biggest lead after the first quarter for any NFL road team (28-0) since at least 1950. The win moved Philadelphia (6-3) into a first-place tie with the New York Giants in the division, with both teams two games ahead of the Redskins (4-5). The Eagles are 4-0 when Vick starts and finishes the game. McNabb received a standing ovation and applauded the fans in return when he was introduced with the starting lineups, but most of those fans had left by halftime on a rainy night

in which they heartily booed offense and defense alike. “We just got embarrassed, from start to finish,” Redskins cornerback DeAngelo Hall said. “It’s frustrating to go out there on national TV and play the way we played . . . Anybody that was watching that game thought it was a joke.”

NATIONAL CONFERENCE East Philadelphia N.Y. Giants Washington Dallas

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South Atlanta New Orleans Tampa Bay Carolina

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NFL SCHEDULE Thursday’s Games Atlanta 26, Baltimore 21

Thursday, Nov. 18 Chicago at Miami, 8:20 p.m.

Sunday’s Games Chicago 27, Minnesota 13 Miami 29, Tennessee 17 Buffalo 14, Detroit 12 Jacksonville 31, Houston 24 N.Y. Jets 26, Cleveland 20, OT Indianapolis 23, Cincinnati 17 Tampa Bay 31, Carolina 16 Denver 49, Kansas City 29 Dallas 33, N.Y. Giants 20 San Francisco 23, St. Louis 20, OT Seattle 36, Arizona 18 New England 39, Pittsburgh 26

Sunday, Nov. 21 Detroit at Dallas, 1 p.m. Oakland at Pittsburgh, 1 p.m. Washington at Tennessee, 1 p.m. Houston at N.Y. Jets, 1 p.m. Buffalo at Cincinnati, 1 p.m. Arizona at Kansas City, 1 p.m. Cleveland at Jacksonville, 1 p.m. Baltimore at Carolina, 1 p.m. Green Bay at Minnesota, 1 p.m. Atlanta at St. Louis, 4:05 p.m. Seattle at New Orleans, 4:05 p.m. Tampa Bay at San Francisco, 4:05 p.m. Indianapolis at New England, 4:15 p.m. N.Y. Giants at Philadelphia, 8:20 p.m.

Open: Oakland, San Diego, Green Bay, New Orleans Monday’s Game Philadelphia 59, Washington 28

Monday, Nov. 22 Denver at San Diego, 8:30 p.m.

continue running as an inspiration to Ethiopia’s youth, Hermens said. Having set 27 world records and won 2 Olympic gold medals at 10,000 meters, Gebrselassie is widely considered the greatest distance runner ever. He holds the world record for the marathon: 2 hours 3 minutes 59 seconds. “In Ethiopia, there were discussions on radio and TV, and people were saying he had to continue, that he was an important role model,” Hermens said. “He just needs time to fuel his battery again.” Gebrselassie next plans to run the Tokyo Marathon in February and wants to compete in the 2012 Olympic marathon in London. Although his reputation is secure, he has yet to show that he can win a marathon against a deep field of elite competitors.

Dolphins QB Pennington out for season • DOLPHINS, FROM 8B

hurting the shoulder in Game 3 in 2009. “Devastating,” teammate Davone Bess said. “You can’t really even put it in words.” “Obviously everybody is disappointed,” Sparano said. “I know exactly how hard the guy had to work to get back. This guy is a real pro. He has meant an awful lot to me and this team.” Injury issues weren’t limited to quarterback. Pro Bowl tackle Jake Long hurt his shoulder against the Titans, and his availability was uncertain. Like Long, AFC sack leader Cameron Wake (hip) and safety Chris Clemons (hamstring) finished Sunday’s game on the bench. The Dolphins listed 13 players — not including Pennington — on their injury report Monday, with Henne, Long, Clemons and center Joe Berger (knee) the most seriously hurt. “We have a lot of guys bumped up right now,” Sparano said. “We’re sorting through it all.” As he spoke, Henne was in the training room being treated for a left knee injury that sidelined him in the third quarter. Turnaround time is brief for the Dolphins (5-4), with only a single practice — on Tuesday — between games. “It’s probably good, because we don’t have time to dwell on things,” receiver Brian Hartline said. “We’ve got to win games.” The short week of preparation makes it less likely Henne will be able to recover enough to start, but Sparano was noncommittal. “We’ll see. Right now we are day to day,” he said. “Tyler will be ready, depending on what Chad Henne does this week.” Thigpen started 11 games for the Chiefs in 2008 but has thrown only 20 passes the past two years. He entered Sunday’s game in the fourth quarter and led an 85-yard touch-

Formula One in 2011 needs more show, less hype • F1, FROM 8B

Sebastian Vettel sped off from the front and that, more or less, was it. Game over almost from lap one. Hamilton was unable to even tickle the back end of F1’s deserving new world champion, let alone overtake him. The other championship contenders, Mark Webber and Fernando Alonso, went fruitlessly round and around like hamsters. Webber stuck behind Alonso. Alonso stuck behind Vitaly Petrov. It

was uncool that the Spaniard shook an angry hand at the Renault driver after they crossed the line. But it was easy to share Alonso’s frustration that Petrov’s car proved to be as insurmountable as a bus on a mountain road. Overtaking shouldn’t be too easy. But it shouldn’t be impossible, either. Otherwise, where’s the fun? So, good riddance 2010, a season bookended by the yawn-fest opening race in Bahrain in March and

Sunday’s tiresome letdown in Abu Dhabi. There was excitement in between but also an unsatiated hunger for more. Roll on 2011. For a start, those nifty KERS power-boost systems that teams used to give their cars extra zip at key moments on the track should be making a return next season, having been dropped this season. Hooray. When they were first used in 2009, it was fun to watch the accompanying

made-for-TV graphic showing how the devices store up energy created when drivers brake and then, presto, with the touch of a button, provide a spurt of acceleration for a few seconds each lap. “That’s going to determine which are the smart drivers and which are the less smart ones,” says veteran F1 engineer Peter Wright, who also presides over the safety commission of motorsport’s governing body, the FIA. There will also be a new supplier of tires, with all

EMMANUEL DUNAND/AFP-GETTY IMAGES

the interesting uncertainty about how well its rubber will stand up to the pounding of F1. Perhaps best of all from the viewer’s perspective could be the introduction of movable rear wings on the cars that drivers will be able to adjust to give them extra speed when they are tight on a rival’s tail. It will be the aerodynamic equivalent of a small booster rocket. Only the chasing car will be able to adjust its wing so that it cuts faster through the air.

down drive that sealed the 29-17 win. Thigpen finished 4 for 6 for 64 yards and a score, a remarkably polished performance considering he has been mostly a spectator at practice this season. “As a No. 3, that’s what it is — you don’t get any reps,” he said. “The No. 1 gets about 80 percent, and the 2 gets about 20 percent of the reps. But the 3 has to just sit back there and mentally rep every play.” The injuries prompted Miami to go without a quarterback for five consecutive plays against the Titans, instead resorting to the wildcat. Brown took those snaps and joked that he’ll have his throwing arm warmed up Thursday. Hartline and fellow receiver Bess pointed out they both played QB in high school and were available for emergency duty. “We’re loaded, man,” Bess said. “Whenever my number is called, I’m going to be ready.”

NBA EASTERN CONFERENCE Atlantic Boston New Jersey New York Philadelphia Toronto

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L 2 6 7 8 8

Pct GB .800 — .400 4 .300 5 .200 6 .200 6

Southeast Orlando Atlanta Miami Charlotte Washington

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L 3 4 4 7 6

Pct GB .700 — .636 1/2 .600 1 .364 31/2 .250 4

Central Chicago Milwaukee Indiana Cleveland Detroit

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GB — 1 1 11/2 21/2

WESTERN CONFERENCE Southwest New Orleans San Antonio Dallas Memphis Houston

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Northwest Utah Oklahoma City Portland Denver Minnesota

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1 11/2 41/2

Pacific L.A. Lakers Golden State Phoenix Sacramento L.A. Clippers

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MONDAY’S GAMES Charlotte 113, Minnesota 110 Orlando 89, Memphis 72 Dallas 98, New Orleans 95 Phoenix 100, Denver 94 Oklahoma City 115, Utah 108 Golden State 101, Detroit 97 New Jersey 110, L.A. Clippers 96

GB — 1/2


8B

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2010

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

MiamiHerald.com

SPORTS

THE MIAMI HERALD

FOR LATE GAME SCORES, GO TO MIAMIHERALD.COM/SPORTS

Miami QB Pennington out for the season

Eagles embarrass Redskins

BY STEVEN WINE

Associated Press

NICK WASS/AP

SURGING RUN: Philadelphia Eagles running back Jerome Harrison rushes for a touchdown against the Washington Redskins during the first half of their NFL game in Landover, Md., on Monday. The Eagles won 59-28. BY JOSEPH WHITE

Associated Press

LANDOVER, Md. — Forget about the contract: The Philadelphia Eagles weren’t happy with Donovan McNabb’s words. And they were thoroughly upset with LaRon Landry’s alleged dirty deeds, both before and during the game. The best way to handle it? Have Michael Vick and the offense run up the score. On a day the Washington Redskins hoped to celebrate McNabb’s new contract and set aside the swirl of distractions from his benching two weeks earlier, Vick put up some gaudy numbers of his own and the Eagles stormed the party and embarrassed their NFC East rivals 59-28 Monday night. It was Vick, not McNabb, who played like a $78 million quarterback, accounting for six touchdowns. The Eagles marched down the field in one big chunk after another, putting new entries in the various record books along the way. Vick became the first player in NFL history with at least 300 yards passing, 50 yards rushing, four passing touchdowns and two rushing touchdowns in a game. He hasn’t thrown an in-

by McNabb’s dig after the Redskins beat Philadelphia 17-12 in October. McNabb, speaking of the offseason trade that sent him to Washington, said at the time: “Everybody makes mistakes in their lifetime, and they made one last year.” “Donovan had said some things after they beat us that fired us up, saying how they made a terrible decision and everybody makes mistakes,” McGlynn said. “I think we’re happy with where we are right now.” Then there was a pregame skirmish between the teams on the field, forcing officials to step in and restore peace. McGlynn said Redskins safety Landry started it by saying something to receiver DeSean Jackson. Notably, it was Landry who was beaten by Jackson on the first play from scrimmage, an 88-yard pass from Vick for the first of many scores. MCT “Basically a guy tried to come MILESTONE: Philadelphia Eagles’ Miachael Vick, on Monday, over and intimidate us,” McGlynn became the first player in NFL history with at least 300 yards said. “It was [No.] 30 again. He said passing, 50 yards rushing, four passing touchdowns and two some things to our star player he rushing touchdowns in a game. shouldn’t have said, and he got his. You can see on that first play. He terception or lost a fumble this think I’ve had one quite like this got his.” season. one.” McGlynn also said he was spit “I’ve had some great games in Philadelphia center Mike McGmy day,” Vick said. “But I don’t lynn said the team was motivated • TURN TO NFL, 7B

DAVIE, Fla. — Playing for the first time this season, Chad Pennington was so reluctant to leave the field that he asked a teammate to pop his injured right shoulder back into place. After being hurt on the Miami Dolphins’ first play, Pennington extended his right arm toward running back Ronnie Brown. “He’s in the huddle and he said, ‘Pull it,’ ” Brown said. “I’m scared. I don’t want to pull it too hard — I’ll mess it up. I gave a small tug.” The emergency procedure failed to help. Pennington came out of the game, and now his season is over — and perhaps even his career. Pennington was placed on reserve-injured Monday, part of the fallout from a quarterback calamity in Sunday’s victory over Tennessee. Chad Henne was also hurt but might be available for Thursday night’s game against the Chicago Bears, coach Tony Sparano said. Third-string quarterback Tyler Thigpen is the most likely starter against the Bears after closing out the weird win over the Titans. To replace Pennington on the roster, the Dolphins signed veteran Patrick Ramsey, who may become the backup Thursday. Ramsey, an eight-year veteran, was signed after a hastily arranged tryout Monday. He last played in 2008 with Denver and was most recently with Jacksonville this season. Pennington, 34, has undergone surgery three times on his throwing shoulder. Promoted to the starting job when Henne was benched last week, Pennington suffered his latest injury on his first play since • TURN TO DOLPHINS, 7B

JOE RIMKUS JR./MIAMI HERALD STAFF

CAREER-THREATENING: Miami Dolphins quarterback Chad Pennington was hurt in his first play against the Tennessee Titans on Sunday.

McNabb’s benching is followed by 5-year contract extension BY JUDY BATTISTA

New York Times Service

Two weeks ago, against Detroit, Donovan McNabb was benched by Washington coach Mike Shanahan because a.) he did not know the two-minute offense as well as Rex Grossman, or b.) he did not have the cardiovascular conditioning necessary to execute it, or c.) Shanahan felt like showing who was boss. On Monday, in a confounding

turn of events hours before the Redskins played a pivotal Monday night game against the Philadelphia Eagles, McNabb received the ultimate kiss-and-make-up gift from the Redskins: a contract extension that included a whopping $40 million in guaranteed money. ESPN first reported the new contract, which should more than soothe any wounds still lingering from the benching. It signals that,

despite throwing for seven touchdowns and eight interceptions in the first half of the season, McNabb, 34, is the Redskins’ quarterback of the future. And it adds to the high bar in guaranteed money for the big quarterback contracts yet to come: Michael Vick and Peyton Manning, who figures to command the richest contract in NFL history. In September, Tom Brady signed a four-year extension that made him

the highest-paid player in the game, guaranteeing him $48.5 million. The Redskins and their owner, Daniel Snyder, have never shied away from showering money on big-name players, but the timing of the McNabb extension was shocking. The Redskins were 4-4 entering Monday night’s game, and after the benching, it seemed clear that Shanahan was not yet sold on making a long-term commitment to McNabb.

McNabb had one year remaining on his contract when the Redskins acquired him in a trade from the Philadelphia Eagles, and he would have been a free agent at the end of the season. The total deal is for five years and $78 million, according to The Associated Press. One thing is for certain: Shanahan will have a tough time benching McNabb again.

LeBron nominated for Person of the Year Formula One in 2011 needs more show and less hype BY TIM REYNOLDS

Associated Press

MIAMI — If the Miami Heat locker room was polled, LeBron James would not have unanimous support in the race for Time’s Person of the Year. James wouldn’t even vote for himself. Calling it “crazy” just to be on the list of finalists for the award, the NBA’s reigning two-time MVP seemed almost a bit embarrassed on Monday when he learned that he was one of the final 25 names under consideration. The winner of the award, bestowed since 1927 on a person or group who “has done the most to influence the events of the year,” is expected to be revealed in December. “I am who I am and I think I’m in a position of my life where I’m

going to get better every day,” James said after Miami wrapped up its practice Monday. “But it’s too much.” Other finalists this year include U.S. President Barack Obama (the 2008 winner), Lady Gaga, Sarah Palin, Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert, conservative commentator Glenn Beck, Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai and Turkey’s Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Also on the list: The trapped Chilean miners who spent more than two months underground before finally being reached and rescued in a gripping story that was covered worldwide. “That’s just crazy,” James said. “What those guys did, the courage and what they stood for, I should be nowhere near that list. Nowhere near it.”

BY JOHN LEICESTER Associated Press

ive the drivers pushbutton rockets, give them tire-slashing blades like the ones on James Bond’s Aston Martin. Give them something, anything, to make Formula One more interesting next season. Please. What a crushing anticlimax. The much-hyped but ultimately tedious season-ending Abu Dhabi Grand Prix delivered more proof, as if it was needed, that the sport’s fatal flaw is a continued shortage of exciting overtaking. With four drivers in contention for the world title at this supposedly grand finale in the exotic surrounds of the Middle East, with long-shot Lewis Hamilton bluster-

G LYNNE SLADKY/AP

THE CHOSEN ONE: LeBron James seemed almost a bit embarrassed when he learned that he was in the race for Person of the Year.

ing that he was ready to drive his wheels off to win because he had nothing to lose, we expected thrills and perhaps spills. Instead, we got the paradox of furiously fast, mightily expensive and technically wondrous cars providing a spectacle as dull as a snail race. Again. The soaring architecture of Abu Dhabi’s Yas Marina circuit is beautiful. But the track layout itself is a dog. Kudos to Ferrari driver Felipe Massa for his honesty in suggesting that it could do with tweaks. “At a fantastic venue like this, it’s a shame that overtaking is so difficult,” Massa said after being bottled up in 10th place. • TURN TO F1, 7B




   

 

   

TAZA DORADA This year's winner of the Golden Cup competition (left) was from an association of growers in Southeast Ecuador. THE WINNER

  

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THE MIAMI HERALD 17 NOV 2010  

edition17 november 2010

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