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FRIDAY, JUNE 17, 2011



Mark Kitto, a former magazine publisher from Shanghai, and his Chinese wife are reviving Moganshan, a mountainous retreat of villas in China where gangsters, dignitaries and foreigners enjoyed the good life.

MOGANSHAN, China — The first to build and occupy Europeanstyle stone villas atop this bamboo-cloaked mountain were the foreign missionaries. Then came Big-Ear Du and other Shanghai gangsters looking for a getaway (or maybe hideaway). Later still, the big guns rolled in: Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong. “I think Moganshan is a miniature of the first half of China’s 20th-century history,” said Wu Chengtao, a forestry official who lives at the base of the mountain here in southeast China. “It’s a great window through which you can look at the history.”

These days, the clock is turning back on Moganshan. Foreigners are returning to the retreat, 2,300 feet above the East China plain, where they can escape the summer heat of nearby Shanghai and Hangzhou. They spend nights in the old villas and frolic by day in verdant hillsides that were once the setting for tennis tournaments, swimming pool parties and rounds of gin and tonics at sunset. That life of leisure ended in 1949, when the Chinese Communists won the civil war. More than 100 villas survive, about one-fifth of them owned by a unit of the People’s Liberation Army based in Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang province.

Al Zawahri takes over leadership of al Qaeda BY HAMZA HENDAWI Associated Press

the best tribute to the memory of its “martyrs.” Al Zawahri, who turns 60 on Sunday and has a $25 million bounty on his head, has been behind the suicide bombings and independent militant cells that have become the network’s trademarks. But U.S. intelligence officials have said that some al Qaeda members find al Zawahri to be a micromanager who lacks bin Laden’s populist appeal. Because of that, U.S. intelligence will watch for signs Zawahri is a leader in name only, with affiliates branching out even more on their own, said knowledgable U.S. officials in Washington, speaking on condition of anonymity. They noted, for example, that communications captured in bin Laden’s Pakistan compound showed that the group’s Yemeni branch argued against bin Laden’s idea of spectacular attacks in the United States, and in favor of smaller attacks. With the change in leadership, the Yemenis may have their way. Zawahri also faces significant challenges in promoting al Qaeda’s agenda of a religiously led state after finding itself sidelined in the wake of popular revolts that have been driven by aspirations for Western-style democracy instead. The Pakistani Taliban welcomed the appointment and vowed to fight alongside the terror group against the United States and “other infidel forces” around the world.

CAIRO — Osama bin Laden’s longtime deputy Ayman al Zawahri, a fiery ideologue who is known for his deep hatred of the West and helped plan the 9/11 attacks, has taken control of al Qaeda after the death last month of the terror network’s founder, the group said Thursday. Al Zawahri, an Egyptian-born surgeon, has been credited with bringing tactical and organizational cunning to al Qaeda, which has found itself increasingly decentralized and prone to internal disputes following its expulsion from Afghanistan after the 2001 U.S. invasion. The move also comes at a time the terror network is struggling for relevance as a wave of Arab uprisings threatens to marginalize it. Al Zawahri pledged earlier this month to avenge the U.S. raid on May 2 that killed bin Laden, the al Qaeda founder and mastermind of the Sept. 11 terror attacks, and to continue the terror network’s campaign of attacks against the United States and other Western interests. “The general command of al Qaeda, after completing consultations, decided that the sheik doctor Abu Mohammed Ayman al Zawahri take the responsibility and be in charge of the group,” said a statement purportedly by al Qaeda, posted on militant websites, including several known to be affiliated with the group. Al Qaeda gave no details about the selection process for bin Laden’s successor but said that it was • TURN TO AL QAEDA, 2A


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A Welshman, Mark Kitto, was the first foreigner in a half-century to move back into a villa here. In 2003 he negotiated a 10-year lease with the military, and three years later moved in with his wife and children. Kitto, a former magazine publisher from Shanghai, renovated the villa with his wife, Joanna, a native of Guangzhou, and wrote about his move in a memoir, China Cuckoo (Chasing China in the United States). Today, he is at the center of the revival of interest in the mountain among foreigners. “This was the real thing, solid and three-dimensional, as if transported stone by stone from the Alps or Provence or even north

Associated Press

Wales, where I grew up,” Kitto wrote in his book of the first time he saw the village, in 1999. One morning, Kitto, 44, dressed in a tweed vest and breeches, led visitors through a lush bamboo forest, as farmers hacked away at tree trunks, cows grazed and women picked tea leaves at plantations near the ridgeline. “Nothing changes on top of the mountain,” Kitto said. But that is not quite true, thanks to Kitto. He and his wife opened a restaurant, Moganshan Lodge, when they moved here, and Joanna Kitto has helped renovate three villas to rent to guests. • TURN TO CHINA, 2A


A Welshman rejuvenates the mountain village where Mao napped

New York Times Service


ATHENS — Prime Minister George Papandreou of Greece vowed Thursday to stay and fight to pull his country out of a crippling debt crisis, facing down a revolt from within his governing Socialists over widely unpopular new austerity measures. Greece has been gripped by a major political crisis over a new five-year package of austerity measures demanded by creditors. The political turmoil reached such a crescendo Thursday that it spooked markets and forced a top EU official to say Athens would receive enough rescue loans to avoid a summer default. Talks to form a Greek coalition government with rival Conservatives collapsed Wednesday, and the country’s political crisis deepened Thursday as Papandreou saw two of his Socialist lawmakers resign. The party feud was the latest crisis to heighten worldwide concern that a Greek financial collapse could trigger panic elsewhere in the 17-nation eurozone — a fear that saw borrowing costs in vulnerable EU countries surge and stock markets come under pressure. “We will prevail and we will hold on. We have as a country in the past successfully faced major crises. As hard at this struggle is, we cannot run away from our fight,” Papandreou told party lawmakers in an emergency meeting Thursday in Parliament. “We will fight and we will win, for Greece, its people and the future of the new generations.”


Leader vows to see Greece through debt crisis

Pakistan army chief fights to keep his job Commanders, and almost all of ward a break, Pakistanis who folthem, if not all, were demanding low the army closely said. ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Pak- that Kayani get much tougher with istan’s army chief, the most pow- the United States, even edging to- • TURN TO PAKISTAN, 2A erful man in the country, is fighting to save his position in the face of seething anger from top generals and junior officers since the U.S. raid that killed Osama bin Laden, according to Pakistani officials and people who have met with the chief in recent weeks. Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, who has led the army since 2007, faces such intense discontent over his relationship with the United States that a colonels’ coup, while unlikely, is not out of the question, said a well-informed Pakistani who has seen the general in recent weeks, as well as a U.S. military official involved with Pakistan for many years. ANJUM NAVEED/AP The Pakistani army is essentially run by consensus among 11 top Pakistan’s army chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani faces intense commanders, known as the Corps discontent over his relationship with the United States. BY JANE PERLEZ

New York Times Service

Sex neither good nor bad for heart patients BY THOMAS H. MAUGH II

Los Angeles Times Service

LOS ANGELES — Men with cardiovascular disease often wonder whether sexual activity might be dangerous for them, potentially triggering a heart attack in the midst of the excitement, or whether the exercise might actually be good for the heart. A new review by the Harvard Men’s Health Watch indicates that, as exercise, sex is probably not very


helpful, but it is also most likely not very dangerous either. Careful studies have shown that about one in every 100 heart attacks is related to sexual activity; for fatal arrhythmias, the rate is about one in 200. For a healthy 50-year-old man, the risk of having a heart attack in any one hour is about one in a million; sexual activity doubles the risk, but that risk is still just two in a million. For men with heart disease, the risk is 10


times higher, but that is still comfortingly low at 20 in a million. As exercise, however, sex falls short. Researchers studied 19 men, measuring their vital functions on a treadmill and while having sex. During sex, their heart rate increased by only about 72 percent as much as it did on the treadmill, and blood pressure was only 80 percent as high. • TURN TO SEX, 2A

INDEX THE AMERICAS ...........4A U.S. NEWS ..................5A OPINION .......................7A COMICS & PUZZLES ..6B

6/17/2011 4:43:14 AM



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Edition, 17 june 2011


Edition, 17 june 2011