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Tunisia’s president flees amid protests and beyond — as a sign that even a leader as entrenched and powerful as Ben Ali could be brought down by massive public outrage. The president tried vainly to hold onto power amid the riots, declaring a state of emergency Friday, dissolving the government and promising new legislative elections within six months. On Thursday night, he went on television to promise not to run for reelection in 2014 and slashed prices on key foods such as sugar, bread and milk. Yet Friday produced the largest demonstrations in generations. Police repeatedly clashed with protesters, some of whom climbed the walls of the dreaded Interior Ministry, site of torture reports for years.



DISASTER: The toll from floods in mudslides in Brazil has risen to 514. Above, people displaced by landslides rest at a shelter in Teresopolis, Brazil, on Thursday.

Stuck in the mud New rain hampers rescue effort in Brazil slides BY JULIANA BARBASSA Associated Press

TERESOPOLIS, Brazil — A new and ominous rain began falling again Friday in mountain towns where mudslides and flooding killed at least 514 people, hindering rescuers’ efforts to reach survivors even as relatives hauled the dead down the hills to freshly dug graves. The known death toll rose by one overnight in three cities north of Rio in one of Brazil’s deadliest natural disasters on record. Officials feared, how-

ever, that number could sharply rise, though they would not venture a guess of how many remain missing. Local reports put it in the hundreds. Hundreds of rescuers were in the area and officials said the problem was getting them to remote areas isolated after roads were washed out. Despite the new rains, no more mudslides have been reported. For those who did survive remains the grim task of burying loved ones. As night fell Thursday on Teresopolis, barefoot volunteers dragged a generator and stadium lights into a cemetery,

where nearly 200 freshly dug graves lay open like wounds in the red clay soil, waiting for the dead. Funerals already had been held all day: a sister laying her brother to rest, a man burying his 1-year-old niece in a small white casket, a mother who cried her 9-year-old son’s name repeatedly as he was lowered into the earth. Small, handmade white crosses identified only by numbers — the details would have to come later — dotted the desolate, sodden hilltop. Dozens more funerals were to come Friday and 300 more graves will be dug Saturday, • TURN TO BRAZIL, 2A

GRIM TASK: Volunteers bury victims of the landslide in Teresopolis on Thursday. Heavy rains unleashed the mudslides before dawn Wednesday, burying people as they slept.

Crash report angers Poles, shakes ties with Russia BY WILL ENGLUND

Washington Post Service

WARSAW — The crash last spring of a plane carrying Poland’s president and other top officials outside the Russian city of Smolensk unexpectedly drew Poland and Russia closer together. Now, Russia’s report on the crash is driving the longtime antagonists apart again, and dividing Polish politicians as well. Poland’s Prime Minister Donald Tusk cut short a trip Thursday to return to Warsaw, where he attempted to contain the anger building here over the report’s findings, published a day earlier. The Russian investigators blamed Polish pilots for the crash, which killed President Lech Kaczynski and 95 others, and suggested they were pressured into attempting a landing by a Polish general who had been drinking on the flight. Good relations with Russia are too important to throw away, Tusk said. At the same time, he said, “the alternative to truth is a lie, and these relations can’t be built on a lie.” • TURN TO POLAND, 2A

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TUNIS, Tunisia — Violent antigovernment protests drove Tunisia’s President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali from power Friday after 23 years of iron-fisted rule, as anger over soaring unemployment and corruption spilled into the streets. Thousands of demonstrators from all walks of life mobbed the capital of Tunis to demand Ben Ali’s ouster, the culmination of weeks of protests that have swept the country. Prime Minister Mohammed Ghannouchi went on state television to announce that he is assuming power in this North African nation known for its wide sandy beaches and ancient ruins. The shakeup was certain to have repercussions in the Arab world • TURN TO TUNISIA, 2A

Berlusconi faces prostitution probe BY ALESSANDRA RIZZO Associated Press

ROME — Prosecutors are investigating whether Italy’s Premier Silvio Berlusconi had sex with a teenage prostitute and then abused his power in trying to cover up the encounters with the girl, officials said Friday. The investigation, which Berlusconi’s lawyer called “absurd and groundless,” escalated a long history of accusations of sexual and financial impropriety aimed at the billionaire businessman, who has shaken off the crises and maintained his hold on power. The latest allegations are tawdry even for scandal-jaded Italians, however, and they come at a moment of particular vulnerability for the blunt-speaking, high-living prime minister. Berlusconi has been politically weakened in recent months and a law shielding him from two unrelated trials in Milan was significantly watered down Thursday by a ruling of Italy’s Constitutional Court. According to a statement by Milan prosecutors, the probe is looking into whether the 74-year-old premier had sex with a 17-year-old nightclub dancer nicknamed Ruby


UNDER FIRE: Prosecutors are trying to find out if Italy’s Premier Silvio Berlusconi had sex wih a 17-year-old night club dancer. by the press, and then used the powers of his office inappropriately in trying to hide the crime. The prosecutors issued a summons Friday for Berlusconi and his • TURN TO ITALY, 2A

Service held for federal judge slain in Arizona BY DAVID ZUCCHINO AND MICHAEL MUSKAL

Los Angeles Times Service

TUCSON — Nearly a week after the deadly shooting spree that claimed six lives, Tucson on Friday mourned a federal judge, the second funeral of a victim of the attack that has rocked the United States. Federal District Court Judge John M. Roll, a devout Roman Catholic who was killed after attending a morning Mass, was remembered at a service at the same church where a day earlier a funeral was held for the youngest victim, Christina-Taylor Green. Security was especially tight for the judge’s service because many of his judicial colleagues and other dignitaries were attending. Traffic clogged the streets leading to St. Elizabeth Ann Seton Catholic Church. Thousands of mourners were in the church after they were screened by deputies and federal officials. Security was so tight that some were turned away. Patrick McGrath, a bailiff with the state Supreme Court, said he drove from Phoenix to pay his respects to the judge, with whom


he played golf and sometimes had lunch. “If Judge Roll asked you ‘how’s it going,’ he really meant it,” McGrath said. “He’d listen, really listen. He treated me like a close friend.” McGrath said he was unable to enter the church and that a guard

told him: “Unless you are a dignitary you are not getting in.” Among those attending the services were Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer, Sens. John McCain and Jon Kyl, and former Vice President Dan Quayle, fire department spokesman Adam Goldberg said in a telephone interview. Quayle


LOVING FAREWELL: People dressed as angels stand across the street from St. Elizabeth Ann Seton church where the funeral service for U.S. District Court Judge John Roll was being held Friday in Tucson.



had a handwritten message from former President George H.W. Bush, who appointed Roll to the bench in 1991. Among the pallbearers were Roll’s three sons. Relatives and judges gave readings at the service, which ended with When Irish Eyes Are Smiling. Chaplains have been counseling the mourners outside the church. Keith Benavides of Albuquerque, N.M., a chaplain for firefighters and a member of International Fellowship of Chaplains, said his group had come to Tucson to offer help. “We’re here for spiritual support and comfort,” he said. “I never met the judge but respected him. We offer prayers but mostly we just listen . . . people need to get their emotions out.” Last Saturday, Roll had finished his daily prayers and had decided to stop by the shopping plaza where a friend, Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, was holding a meeting with constituents. The jurist entered the shopping center and walked to the area outside the Safeway supermarket. • TURN TO JUDGE, 5A


INDEX THE AMERICAS............4A WORLD NEWS ............. 6A OPINION....................... 7A COMICS & PUZZLES.. 6B

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Tunisia’s leader flees, prime minister takes over • TUNISIA, FROM 1A

Clouds of tear gas and black smoke hung over the city and tour operators hurriedly evacuated thousands of tourists. Tunisian air space was closed and unconfirmed news reports citing unidentified government sources said Ben Ali had left the country. His whereabouts and details about his removal from power were unclear. The prime minister did not say anything about a coup or about the army being in charge, saying only that he was taking over while the president is “temporarily indisposed.” “I take over the responsibilities temporarily of the leadership of the country at this difficult time to help restore security,” Ghannouchi said in a solemn statement. “I promise . . . to respect the constitution, to work on reforming economic and social issues with care and to consult with all sides.”

The state of emergency remained in effect after the prime minister’s announcement, and the streets of central Tunis fell mostly quiet after a day of rioting and volleys of tear gas. A black armored vehicle stood behind the Interior Ministry. Brief, isolated shots of gunfire could be heard into the night. Earlier in the day, tour operator Thomas Cook said it was evacuating 3,800 British, Irish and German vacationers from Tunisia as a precaution. Tourism is one of the nation’s key industries. The 74-year-old leader came to power in a bloodless coup in 1987. He took over from a man called formally President-for-Life — Habib Bourguiba, the founder of modern-day Tunisia who set the Muslim country on a pro-Western course after independence from France in 1956. Ben Ali removed Bourguiba from office for “incompetence,” saying he had

become too old, senile and sick to rule. Ben Ali promised then that his leadership would “open the horizons to a truly democratic and evolved political life.” But after a brief period of reforms early on, Tunisia’s political evolution stopped. U.S. diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks have called Tunisia a “police state” and described the corruption there, saying Ben Ali had lost touch with his people. Social networks like Facebook helped spread the comments to the delight of Tunisians, who have complained about the same issues for years. Under Ben Ali, most opposition parties were illegal. Amnesty International said authorities infiltrated human rights groups and harassed dissenters. Reporters Without Borders described Ben Ali as a “press predator” who controlled the media. He consistently won elections with overwhelmingly questionable scores: In 2009, he was reelected for a fifth

five-year term with 89 percent of the vote. Beforehand, he had warned opponents they would face legal retaliation if they questioned the vote’s fairness. Ghannouchi, 69, is a trained economist who has been a longtime close ally of Ben Ali. Prime minister since 1999, he is one of the best-known faces of Tunisia’s government. He also has served as the country’s minister for international cooperation and its minister of foreign investment. The riots started after an educated but jobless 26-year-old committed suicide in mid-December when police confiscated the fruits and vegetables he was selling without a permit. His desperate act hit a nerve, sparked copycat suicides and focused generalized anger against the regime into a widespread, outright revolt. At least 23 people have been killed in the riots, according to the government, but opposition members put

the death toll at more than three times that. Crowds on Friday sang the national anthem, fists in the air. “We want to end this dictatorship,” said Wadia Amar, a university chemistry professor. “The Ben Ali clan should be brought to justice. They’ve taken everything.” Hundreds of police with shields and riot gear blocked the avenue Friday in front of the Interior Ministry. Helmeted police kicked and clubbed unarmed protesters — one of whom cowered on the ground, covering his face. An AP Television News reporter heard gunfire in the center of the Tunisian capital late Friday afternoon, in addition to the popping of tear gas pistols. A few youths were spotted throwing stones, but most demonstrated calmly. Protesters were of all ages and from all walks of life, from students holding midstreet sit-ins to black-robed lawyers waving posters. “A month ago, we didn’t believe this uprising was

possible,” said Beya Mannai, a geology professor at the University of Tunis. “But the people rose up.” A founder of the main legal opposition party said the dramatic developments do not amount to a coup d’etat. “It’s an unannounced resignation,” Nejib Chebbi said. To declare a permanent absence of a head of state, such as in a coup, elections would have to be held within 60 days, he said. “So they declare a temporary vacating of power.” In Washington, National Security Council spokesman Mike Hammer said the U.S. government was monitoring the developments. “We condemn the ongoing violence against civilians in Tunisia, and call on the Tunisian authorities to fulfill the important commitments made by President Ben Ali in his speech yesterday to the Tunisian people, including respect for basic human rights and a process of muchneeded political reform,” he said.

Rain blocks rescue efforts • BRAZIL, FROM 1A

said Vitor da Costa Soares, a city worker in charge of the cemetery. “We’ll make room. We have to. We’ll stay up here until 10 p.m., midnight if we can, and we’ll be here at 6 a.m. tomorrow,” he said. Heavy rains unleashed the mudslides before dawn Wednesday, burying people as they slept in this area about 40 miles north of Rio. Survivors started digging for friends and relatives with their bare hands, kitchen utensils, whatever they could find as they waited for help in remote neighborhoods perched precariously on steep, washed-out hillsides. In the remote Campo Grande neighborhood of Teresopolis, now accessible only by a perilous five-mile hike through mud-slicked jungle, family members pulled the lifeless bodies of loved ones from the muck. They carefully laid the corpses on dry ground, covering them with blankets. A young boy cried out as his father’s body was found: “I want to see my dad! I want to see my dad!” Flooding and mudslides are common in Brazil when the summer rains come, but this week’s slides were among the worst in recent memory. The disasters punish the

poor, who often live in rickety shacks perched perilously on steep hillsides with little or no foundations. But even the rich did not escape the damage in Teresopolis, where large homes were washed away. “I have friends still lost in all of this mud,” said Carlos Eurico, a resident of Campo Grande, as he motioned to a sea of destruction behind him. “It’s all gone. It’s all over now. We’re putting ourselves in the hands of God.” In the same area, Nilson Martins, 35, carefully held the only thing pulled out alive since dawn: a pet rabbit that had somehow remained pristinely white despite the mud. “We’re just digging around, there is no way of knowing where to look,” he said. “There are three more bodies under the rubble over there. One seems to be a girl, no more than 16, dead, buried under that mud.” The hundreds of homes washed away in the neighborhood were turned inside out, their plumbing and electrical wires exposed. Children’s clothes littered the earth, cars were tossed upside down into thickets. An eerie quiet prevailed as people searched for life. The sounds of digging were occasionally punctuated by shouts as another corpse was located. Conceicao Salomao, a doctor coordinating relief efforts

at a makeshift refuge inside a gymnasium in central Teresopolis, said about 750 people were staying there Thursday and about 1,000 people had sought treatment in the past day. One danger she worried about was leptospirosis, a waterborne bacterial disease. “The hospitals around here are overflowing. The army and navy are setting up field hospitals to help,” she said. Rio state’s Civil Defense department said on its website that 222 people were killed in Teresopolis, 216 in nearby Nova Friburgo and 41 in neighboring Petropolis. It said about 14,000 people had been driven from their homes. An additional 37 people had died in floods and mudslides since Christmas in other parts of southeastern Brazil — 16 in Minas Gerais state north of Rio and 21 in Sao Paulo state. A few rescuers managed to hike to Caleme on Thursday and they had only shovels and machetes — not the heavier equipment needed to hunt for survivors. Residents said they had no food, water or medication, and many made the long walk for help to the center of Teresopolis. Morgues in the cities were full and bodies covered in blankets were laid in streets. More rain is forecast through the weekend.


SENSITIVE ISSUE: Russian investigators work near the wreckage of the Polish presidential plane that crashed in western Russia in April 2010.

Crash report angers Poles • POLAND, FROM 1A

He said he does not contest the “reasons” for the crash, as identified in the report, but wants to address its “circumstances,” which he said the report ignores, including Smolensk’s airport being kept open despite bad weather and the possible role of Russian air traffic controllers. Tusk said he wants to open negotiations with Russia over a rewrite. “It’s not about some false symmetry,” he said. “It’s important for Polish-Russian relations to have common agreement and get rid of all doubts.”

That brought a swift retort from Polish opposition lawmakers. Tusk was acting too late and attempting too little, said Stanislaw Wziatek of the Democratic Left Alliance. He accused the prime minister of “wishful thinking” and said he should have started pressuring the Russians before the inquiry’s report was released. “Now it’s too late for a common stance,” he said. If Poland’s concerns are not recognized by the Russians, “it will be a slap in the face for Poland,” said Grzegorz Napieralski, a colleague of Wziatek’s. He accused

Tusk of trying to score political points by grandstanding over the report without actually attempting to refute it. The Poles agreed that the inquiry had begun in a spirit of solidarity, but that over the summer the Russians had grown less and less cooperative. In Moscow on Thursday, Russia’s Transport Minister Igor Levitin derided Poland’s response, suggesting it was cherry-picking the evidence to shift some blame to Russian air controllers when there were decisive grounds for finding the pilots in error.

Berlusconi faces prostitution probe • ITALY, FROM 1A

lawyers, the statement said. They also ordered Milan police to search the offices of various people implicated in the case, including a showgirl-turned-politician who is close to the premier. Berlusconi’s attorneys, Nicolo Ghedini and Piero Longo, said probe represented a “very serious interference in the prime minister’s private life that has no precedent in the country’s judicial history.” They called the case mediadriven, and said the allegations “have already been refuted by all witnesses and people directly involved.” Berlusconi has been engulfed in a series of scandals relating to his private life, including reports of wild parties at his mansions and alleged encounters with two other prostitutes. In 2009 his second wife, Veronica Lario, announced she was divorcing him, citing his presence at the birthday party of an 18-year-old model and his fondness for younger women. The Ruby case became public months ago when it emerged that Berlusconi had intervened to secure the release from police custody of the girl, who had been held for theft. According to unsourced press reports at the

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time, Berlusconi had told the police she was a relative of Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak. When the scandal broke, Berlusconi said he had done nothing wrong, and that he had only intervened to help someone in need. He insisted he called Milan police solely to inform them that somebody available to act as the girl’s guardian was going to the police station where Ruby was being held. The person who went to the police on Berlusconi’s behalf is Nicole Minetti, the former showgirl whose offices were searched by police. Minetti, who was elected in a regional assembly in Milan for Berlusconi’s party, is also under investigation, the prosecutors said. The prosecutors are investigating whether Berlusconi called Milan police on the night of May 27-28 to secure the release of the girl because he wanted to hide the fact that he had been the girl’s client during encounters at his villa at Arcore, near Milan, between February and May, according to the statement. Berlusconi was placed under investigation Dec. 21, the prosecutors said. They confirmed the probe Friday after Italy’s leading newspaper, Corriere della Sera, reported on it.

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Russian Parliament debates New START BY VLADIMIR ISACHENKOV Associated Press


POPULAR: Heidi, a German opposum, first attracted attention after a local TV reported about her upcoming home, a new nocturnal enclosure in the tropical environment, featured her as one of several animals in quarantine.

MOSCOW — Legislators in the lower house of Russia’s Parliament on Friday passed a set of conditions they say are required for the country to honor a pivotal nuclear arms pact with the United States, reacting to a similar resolution by the U.S. Senate. The State Duma voted 34957 with two abstentions to pass a ratification bill of the New START treaty in the second of three readings. The house is to hold the final vote on Jan. 25, after which the treaty will go to the upper house for final approval. Prospects for the pact’s passage aren’t in doubt, but lawmakers want to respond to the Senate resolution with a similar motion.

That resolution said the treaty shouldn’t restrict U.S. plans to develop a missile defense system. In response, the Duma ratification bill says the treaty can only be fulfilled if emerging missile defenses don’t erode the Russian nuclear deterrent. The Russian draft bill also emulated the Senate resolution that mentioned increased funding for the U.S. nuclear arsenal by emphasizing the need to modernize Russia’s nuclear forces. Neither the Senate, nor the Duma resolution would affect the text of the treaty, which is a centerpiece of U.S. President Barack Obama’s efforts to “reset” ties with Russia under Russia’s President Dmitry Medvedev.

“The treaty is fully balanced and fully conforms with Russia’s national interests,” Konstantin Kosachyov, the head of Duma’s foreign affairs committee, told the lawmakers. “I have not the slightest doubt that the Russian Federation will treat the agreement with the highest degree of responsibility.” The New START would limit each country to 1,550 strategic warheads, down from the current ceiling of 2,200 and also re-establish a system for monitoring that ended with the expiration of a previous arms control pact. Obama pressed strongly for the pact’s approval, and Democrats sought to appease some Republican senators by allowing them to raise their

concerns about the treaty in the accompanying resolution. In response, the Russian legislators felt obliged to outline their own interpretation of the treaty’s provisions. Russia’s Foreign Ministry helped them draft the ratification bill. “Our Parliament must respond to the interpretations that distort the sense of the treaty,” Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov told the Duma on Friday. Lavrov on Friday also dismissed the Senate call for a quick start of U.S.-Russian talks to cut short-range nuclear weapons, saying that such talks must also include potential weaponization of space and conventional armaments.

A cross-eyed opposum is new Ultra-Orthodox Jews challenge Israel German star BY MELISSA EDDY


BERLIN — Heidi, the cross-eyed opossum, is the latest creature to rocket from Germany’s front pages to international recognition, capturing the world’s imagination with her bright, black eyes turned toward her pointed pink nose. Since the first photos were published in December, the marsupial from Leipzig Zoo has attracted more Facebook fans than Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel. By mid-week more than 111,000 fans from as far away as Bangkok and Montreal and clear across Europe were exclaiming “so cute!!” and “so sweet.” Experts say that like Knut, Berlin’s famous fluffy white polar cub who was abandoned by his mother, and Paul, the late octopus who correctly predicted the outcome of all of Germany’s 2010 World Cup games and Spain’s victory in the final, the hype surrounding Heidi is fed by a human weakness for cuddly looking critters and the ability of modern mass media to spread images around the globe instantly. Bangkok resident Julie Queen-Vichitthanarurk said she heard about Heidi on the local radio station on the way to work, and raced home to find a picture on the internet and become a “fan” on Facebook. “Right away when I saw her picture, I fell in love with her!” the 40-year-old told the Associated Press in a Facebook message. “There is just something so sweet about her that made my heart melt.”

JERUSALEM — Dramatic changes may be coming in Israel: Demographers now estimate about a third of Jewish babies in 2010 were born into the ultra-Orthodox community, an insular and devout minority that has long been at loggerheads with the rest of the increasingly modern and prosperous country. Ultra-Orthodox Jews — known in Hebrew as “Haredim,” or “those who tremble” before God — have a birthrate far higher than that of other Israeli Jews, with 10 children in a single family not uncommon. They seem poised to become far more numerous and influential. Relations between Haredim and other Israelis have never been smooth. Critics have long complained that they shun work in large numbers in favor of religious study, rejecting mainstream Israel even as they rely on that mainstream for financial support. But increasingly, even some Haredim share a sense that things cannot continue as they are. “The Haredim have set up a state within a state and have a long conflict with the state of Israel, which is now on the eve of an explosion,” said Kobi Arieli, a popular radio host and author from the liberal edge of the Haredi community. “There is no chance that this situation will continue.” Many community leaders chafe at change, and are especially sensitive to secular concerns about their growing population. “What does society want us to do, kill ourselves? Our community is a fact and everybody needs to understand that we exist and are not going anywhere,” said Rabbi Shmuel Pappenheim, a spokesman for the Eida Haredit, an umbrella group of ultra-Orthodox factions. “This community will con-

Associated Press

DISCONNECT WITH NATURE Media expert Steffen Damm said it is not only the cuddly crowd, but aspects including “bizarre/slimy,” seen in Paul, or “wacky,” like Heidi’s crossed eyes, that pique interest. “Animals are so innocent — in a way that we no longer are,” Damm said. “They remind us of our lost connection to nature.” Leipzig Zoo insisted the “media resonance was surprising and not planned,” but it has nevertheless moved to protect the rights to her name and cross-eyed image — believed to be the result of pressure on her eyes created by fatty deposits. The zoo says the squint doesn’t hurt her. Heidi first attracted attention after a local TV report about her upcoming home — a new nocturnal enclosure in the tropical environment — featured her as one of several animals in quarantine until it opens July 1. She will share her enclosure with her sister Naira and their male companion, Teddy. All three arrived at Leipzig Zoo on May 5, 2010. “She definitively won’t be Germany’s next Super Opossum,” zookeeper Michael Eisner told MDR television, as Heidi squinted up at him from a cage for a documentary about the zoo in December. He couldn’t have been more wrong. The clip attracted so much attention on the Internet, the station has developed 10 episodes featuring Heidi and a local stuffed animal manufacture, Koesen, has adapted its line of plush opossums to include a white one with black ears and, of course, crossed-eyes. While Leipzig Zoo says it is not actively engaging in marketing at this time, the attention will most certainly boost admittance, and thus revenue.

Associated Press


RISING WORRIES: While the population of ultra-Orthodox Jews in Israel is growing at a birth rate far higher than that of other Israelis, widespread unemployment in the community is becoming a major concern for the government. tinue to thrive and nobody can change it.” Part of the issue is the community’s poverty: About half of ultra-Orthodox adults do not work, and many men are full-time Torah students with government stipends that anger the secular majority but are nonetheless quite meager. Of the estimated 700,000 Haredim in Israel — around 9 percent of the population — just under 60 percent live below the poverty line. Perhaps the most corrosive issue is the military draft. Israel’s early leaders agreed to support seminaries and issued several hundred draft exemptions, but over the decades, as the number of ultra-Orthodox Jews ballooned, so did the number of full-time students with exemptions. Today there are around 50,000. The law that exempts them requires them not to work, lest they lose their exemptions. Last week, in unusually strong language, Israel’s military chief, Lt. Gen. Gabi Ashkenazi, criticized Israe-

lis who do not serve in the army, including the masses of young Haredi men. Those who do not serve should be “ashamed,” Ashkenazi said. That feeling is widely shared, and pressure is growing to find ways to draft Haredi youth. But the community’s strong political parties have foiled attempts to reduce the draft exemptions, cut funding, or force ultraOrthodox schools to teach basic subjects like English, math and science. The Haredi lifestyle is inspired by the Jewish world of eastern Europe that was destroyed in the Holocaust. Comprising a mosaic of sects and factions of varying shades and beliefs, they share a tendency to reject a secular society they see as morally corrupt and to sanctify religious study, modesty and charity. Because it is difficult to precisely define who is Haredi and who is not, exact figures on the community’s population and birthrates are difficult to come by. A November 2010 report by two demographers at Haifa

University, Arnon Soffer and Evgenia Bystrov, estimated that 30 percent of the Jewish newborns are now Haredi. Government statistics predict that by 2025 the Haredim will have jumped from 9 percent of the population to 15 percent. Alongside those concerns is a nascent feeling that change is slowly coming. The number of ultraOrthodox men serving in the army or performing national service has quietly inched upward from almost none a decade ago to several thousand today, and the government voted this week to encourage more to join. Over the same period, the number of Haredim in professional training programs has risen from several hundred to 6,500, The Marker reported. The number of Haredi men with jobs has risen 8 percent in eight years. This foreshadows greater changes, said Arieli, the Haredi author. Many young Haredim, he said, are simply unwilling to live in isolation and poverty.

POPULARITY WITH PROFIT The Berlin Zoo recorded a 27 percent jump in 2007, the first year of polar bear cub, Knut, whose image as a playful cotton-puff ball of bear fuzz captured hearts around the world. That included U.S. star photographer Annie Liebowitz, who snapped him for an environment issue of Vanity Fair. The attention brought nearly $6.8 million in revenue. Some animal rights activists, however, maintain the attention is a further form of abuse of animals that are already suffering from their captivity. “These animals are put on show for millions of people, but later they remain incurably crippled,” said Edmund Haferbeck, an animal expert with Germany’s branch of the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. He said he could not name a case where animals benefited from the hype created by the media attention — including Knut, whom he said still languishes in an enclosure much too small for him. “On the contrary, it is completely counterproductive,” Haferbeck said. “The money they generate is not put toward improving the zoo, but go into their [strapped] budgets.” Not every animal is able to generate such interest. Nuremberg zoo, in southern Germany sought to create attention similar to that generated by Knut when it found itself with a polar cub of its own, Flocke, born in December 2007. But she never really created hype. Nor did another polar cub, Willbaer, or an attempt by the Chemnitz Zoo during the 2006 World Cup to have its animals predict the outcome of games — attributed to elements of timing, how an animal’s particular story or affliction is able to hit the public’s nerve at any given moment, a pattern known to humans for centuries. “It recalls ancient Rome, where exotic species were applauded in the Circus Maximus,” said Damm.

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Towers, a master at restoring old jazz records BY DANIEL E. SLOTNIK

New York Times Service

Jack Towers was an expert at remastering early jazz recordings for definitive collections by the Smithsonian Institution and Time-Life. But he may be best remembered for an original recording he made in 1940, a rarity that sat in his basement for 38 years, heard by almost no one. The recording — later to win a Grammy — was of a Duke Ellington Orchestra concert at the Crystal Ballroom in Fargo, N.D., on Nov. 7, 1940. He and a fellow broadcast engineer, Dick Burris, neither of them well versed in recording music, used a portable disc cutter attached to three microphones — one in front of the band by the reed section, one a bit higher, and another by the piano, bass and guitar — to capture the concert on 16-inch acetate-coated aluminum discs. Towers promised Ellington and the William Morris Agency, which booked the orchestra, that he would not

use the recording for commercial purposes. “We had no thoughts other than just the thrill of being there, recording, and having something we could play for our own amazement,” Towers is quoted as saying in the North Dakota State University magazine in 2001. “We had no thoughts whatsoever of recording anything that anybody would be listening to 40 or 50 or 60 years down the line.” Towers died Dec. 28 in Rockville, Md., at 96. The cause was complications of Parkinson’s disease, said his daughter, Jean L. Kemp. His recording remained largely unknown beyond jazz experts and Ellington aficionados, who occasionally asked for a personal copy, to keep and to treasure. But after bootleg copies appeared in Europe and lawyers threatened Towers with repercussions, the Ellington family decided to release it commercially. Duke Ellington at Fargo, 1940 Live was issued as a

three-record set by Bookof-the-Month Club in 1978, and critics were ecstatic at the rare live glimpse of the orchestra during what many consider its peak. It won a Grammy in 1980 for best jazz instrumental performance by a big band. Towers was credited, along with Burris, as recording engineer on the late-1978 release and subsequent reissues. In a 1980 interview with NPR, Towers, who lived in Ashton, Md., said that when a friend told him his music was up for a Grammy: “I just couldn’t see this old 40-yearold recording really competing with these really top bands in the land right now. And I watched the Grammy program out of interest, and when they actually announced the Duke Ellington Fargo 1940 it just took the wind out of my sails.” Dan Morgenstern, director of the Institute of Jazz Studies at Rutgers University, called the record “a milestone in the Ellington recorded literature.”

Towers worked as a radio broadcaster for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. He retired in 1974 and spent his time restoring old jazz recordings. The process was painstaking: It involved carefully selecting styluses to generate the best sound from old discs, recording them on tape and then removing minuscule pops and hisses from the tapes by hand. Towers restored the work of many prominent early jazz musicians for seminal reissue projects by the Smithsonian and Time-Life. His work extended chronologically and stylistically into the early days of bebop and included recordings by Dizzy Gillespie. Jack Howard Towers was born on Nov. 15, 1914, in Bradley, S.D. He attended South Dakota State University and served in the Army from 1942 to 1946. Besides his daughter Jean, of Ashton, Md., Towers is survived by his wife, Rhoda Sime Towers; another daughter, Martha Caudill, also of Ashton; and one grandchild.

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McClatchy News Service


Police officers detain a student protester at the University of Puerto Rico in San Juan on Thursday. Students are demanding that university officials eliminate a fee hike proposal.

Honduran vote could open way to reelection Associated Press

TEGUCIGALPA — Honduras’ congress has approved a measure that may allow referendums on once-taboo subjects like reelection and term limits, the hot-button issues behind the coup that ousted President Manuel Zelaya in 2009. There is a measure of irony in the changes approved this week: Congress justified the removal of the leftist Zelaya in large part on his attempt to hold a referendum that might allow presidential reelection. The interim leaders held firm despite international sanctions and aid cutoffs. But with new President Porfirio Lobo in place, Honduran officials seem less vehement about the issue. Lobo, like Zelaya, has denied wanting to change the law so he could seek reelection. The current constitution flatly says there can be no amendment “in any way” on the prohibition against presidential reelection. It says trying that can be grounds for loss of citizenship. The new measure modifies the law governing referendums to remove a reference to a ban on such “set-in-stone” constitutional clauses. It would have to be approved a second time

after a new session of congress begins Jan. 25 to take effect. Any changes to the constitution also would require a two-thirds majority in a referendum. On Thursday, Lobo praised the measure, saying it “removed the chains that had kept the people silent.” Asked how it differed from what Zelaya allegedly tried to do in 2009, Lobo said Zelaya “had wanted to stay [in power], but I repeat my pledge to the people that . . . I will not stay one day longer in office” after Lobo’s term ends in January 2014. The exiled Zelaya urged Hondurans to keep pushing for the country to hold a referendum on whether to allow presidential reelection. “What two years ago was considered a crime, today is constitutional,” Zelaya said in a message broadcast by Radio Globo. The measure could be challenged by the attorney general’s office or Supreme Court. Melvin Duarte, spokesman for the attorney general’s office, said Thursday that the agency “will make a decision once the process concludes,” adding that “we still don’t know what we will do.” The permanent ban on reelection was imposed as

Honduras emerged from a military dictatorship, and it was meant to break the vicious cycle of leaders perpetuating themselves in power for years. Many people worried the new changes could reopen that risk. Vera Rubi, a leader of the opposition Liberal Party, said that Wednesday “will be remembered as a dark day in the history of Honduras.” Congressman Toribio Aguilera of the small Innovation Party said the change would open the possibility of allowing reelection. “That will contribute to instability in the country.” Honduras’ Constitution limits the president to a single four-year term. Zelaya was ousted after he ignored court orders to cancel a planned referendum. Many suspected — but Zelaya denied — the object of the planned vote was to allow him to seek a second term. Zelaya was never reinstated in office despite international pressure, and he has lived in exile in the Dominican Republic since his term ran out in January 2010 and Lobo took office. Lobo won a presidential election that had been scheduled before the June 2010 coup. Liberal Party Congressman Erick Rodriguez, a Zelaya supporter, praised the bill.

Funds for presidential trip stolen in Buenos Aires BUENOS AIRES — (AP) — Thieves in Argentina have stolen the cash that Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez was to use on a trip to the Middle East. A government official had picked up the travel cash at the treasury and was carrying it in a briefcase when he was intercepted by three gunmen a few yards from his home in an upscale Buenos Aires’ neighborhood, police said. He had just been dropped off by his driver.

Communications Deputy Secretary Alfredo Scocimarro confirmed the robbery took place but declined to say how much was stolen. Local media said the official was carrying $68,000 and ¤17,000 in cash. Police were investigating why the official withdrew the money ahead of the trip and why he was apparently taking it home with him. On Sunday, Fernandez begins a state visit to Kuwait, Qatar and Turkey

aimed at boosting trade and strengthening ties to the region. Fernandez was traveling with her daughter, Florencia Kirchner, to Egypt for some sightseeing before the start of the official trip. Police believe someone tipped off the thieves that the employee was carrying the money and they followed him by motorcycle to his house. Scocimarro said the money had been meant for expenses for the people on the presidential plane.

Canada to censor Dire Straits’ song TORONTO — (AP) — Canada’s broadcast standards council has ruled that Dire Straits’ 1985 hit Money for Nothing should be censored because of a homosexual slur in its lyrics. The council said the British band’s use of a slur referring to gay people three times in the song breaches the national broadcasters’ code of ethics. The council said an edited version of the song could be played. Helen Kennedy, executive director of Egale Canada, an organization that promotes equality for lesbian, gay, bi-

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sexual and trans-identified people, said Thursday the decision is the right move given a number of teenage suicides that took place in the United States in 2010 after they were subjected to homophobic bullying. “It perpetuates the stereotype, it’s negative and it’s offensive. If you look to the origin of the word, it’s disgusting,” said Kennedy. The council said it realized Dire Straits used the word sarcastically when the best-selling Brothers in Arms album was released in 1985, but said it was inappropriate. The decision was made


U.S. to ease travel restrictions to Cuba



after a radio listener complained about the song in 2010. The station would not comment on the decision Thursday. Money for Nothing was a massive hit upon its release in 1985. It won a Grammy, reached No. 1 on the charts in Canada and the United States and spawned a famous music video that featured crude computer animation and became interwoven with the popularity of the then-fledgling music network MTV. Dire Straits dissolved as a band in the 1990s after a string of hit albums.

WASHINGTON — The Obama administration said Friday that it will allow for more U.S. travel to Cuba, making it easier for schools, churches and cultural groups to visit the island. A senior Obama official told McClatchy Newspapers that the much-expected move to expand cultural, religious and educational travel to Cuba is part of the administration’s continuing “effort to support the Cuban people’s desire to freely determine their own future.” U.S. President Barack Obama is also restoring the amount of money — $2,000 — that can be sent to nonfamily members to the level it was during part of the administrations of Bill Clinton and George W. Bush. There will be a quarterly limit on the amount that any U.S. citizen can send: $500 per

quarter to “support private economic activity.” The administration also will restore the broader “people-to-people” category of travel, which allows “purposeful” visits to increase contacts between U.S. and Cuban citizens. The changes could expand the number of U.S. airports from which charter flights to the island depart. “We see these changes, in combination with the continuation of the embargo, as a way to enhance civil society in Cuba,” the administration official said, adding that increased contact between Cubans and U.S. citizens could “support the independence of the Cuban people, making them less dependent on the Cuban state and on Cuban authorities.” The official dismissed speculation that the administration delayed the changes until after the November election because Democrats

in Florida feared it would hurt them among CubanAmerican voters — many of whom back tough sanctions against the Cuban regime. “This package of changes was the result of an interagency process that has concluded only in the last couple of days,” the administration official said. “They are rolling out now that they are ready to be rolled out.” The official underscored that the changes do not lift the economic embargo and that tourist travel to Cuba remains illegal, as does sending remittances to senior government or Communist Party officials. The White House said the changes do not require congressional approval, and the changes will be published in the Federal Register. Under the changes, religious institutions in the United States will be able to sponsor trips to Cuba by their members with a general license.

Recording from ’05 heard at ex-CIA agent’s trial BY WILL WEISSERT Associated Press

EL PASO — A former CIA operative told immigration officials in 2005 that he was not involved in hotel bombings in Havana that killed an Italian tourist, according to a transcript read at his perjury trial in U.S. District Court. Anti-Fidel Castro militant Luis Posada Carriles is facing 11 counts of perjury, obstruction and naturalization fraud, accused of making false statements during immigration interviews five years ago in El Paso, after he sneaked into the United States. Prosecutors say he lied about how he slipped into the country and also failed to acknowledge his role in 1997 Cuban hotel bombings, even though he had admitted responsibility in interviews with The New York Times. In the transcript from August 2005, Posada explains that the Times interview in which he claimed responsibility for planning them was conducted in English, and he therefore did not understand the questions. Posada, 82, was seeking U.S. citizenship and was under oath during the hearings in El Paso when Homeland Security attorney Gina Garrett-Jackson asked if he arranged for associates to plant bombs that exploded in a popular tourist restaurant

and a number of luxury hotels in Havana. When he denied involvement, Garrett-Jackson asked Posada about his admitting planning the attacks in interviews with the Times from Aruba in 1998. She read from a transcript of that hearing, telling the jury that Posada responded POSADA through an interpreter, “the interview was conducted in English, a language I do not know,” and that he added, “there were illegal recordings made” of what was said then. Garrett-Jackson asks why he did not ask for an interpreter during the Times interview, and Posada says, “I did not think about that.” Garrett-Jackson told of asking Posada if he viewed the bombings as “a very big event.” She said he made several responses, including “that doesn’t mean that it was me,” and “I don’t agree with . . . I don’t know. I don’t have an opinion about that.” Audio recordings of those hearings were then played for the jury. Posada is extremely difficult to understand, having taken a bullet to the face

during an assassination attempt against him in Guatemala in 1990. Posada worked for the CIA in the early 1960s under the codename, “AMCLEVE/15” and remained a paid informant for years afterward. Establishing that Posada lied during immigration hearings is key to the case against him, even though U.S. authorities have not charged him with any crime in the hotel bombings, only for lying about them and lying about how he made it to U.S. soil five years ago. Prosecutors say they plan to call around 17 total witnesses. They charge he sailed from Mexico to Florida on a shrimp boat converted into a yacht, even though he said under oath during the same hearings with Garrett-Jackson that he paid a smuggler to take him through Mexico to Houston, where he says he took a bus to Miami. The governments of Cuba and Venezuela say Posada not only orchestrated the hotel bombings, but also planned an explosion aboard a Cuban airliner in 1976 that killed all 73 passengers and crew. A U.S. immigration judge has previously ruled, however, that Posada cannot be deported to face charges in either Venezuela or Cuba because of fears he could be tortured.

U.S. Border Patrol agent charged with harboring illegal immigrants BY RICHARD MAROSI

Los Angeles Times Service

SAN DIEGO — U.S. Border Patrol Agent Marcos Gerardo Manzano Jr. zipped around the hills along the San Diego-Tijuana border pursuing illegal immigrants every day. But his hunt didn’t extend, authorities allege, to the illegal immigrant living in his own home — his father. Manzano’s father, Marcos Gerardo Manzano Sr., was known as a Mr. Fix-it in his working-class San Diego neighborhood. He did painting and landscaping jobs for a few bucks. But authorities say that Manzano Sr., 46, is a twice-deported illegal immigrant with a criminal record and that he may have been dealing drugs. Three days after teams of heavily armed federal agents raided the home, the elder Manzano remains a fugitive. His son was charged with harboring illegal immigrants and lying to federal agents. Authorities and neighbors are trying to sort out if his alleged actions were an understandable though still illegal act of mercy, or part of a larg-

er criminal enterprise. The search of the house offered mysterious clues: Under a patio in the backyard, agents found a small room where an illegal immigrant was hiding. In the house, they also found 61 grams of methamphetamine along with drug paraphernalia and narcotics packaging material. Manzano, 26, a three-year veteran of the agency who was arrested at work Monday night, made his initial court appearance Wednesday. He faces up to 10 years in prison and may lose his house to a criminal forfeiture. Some neighbors expressed shock and sympathy for the young Manzano. To them, he was the hard-working young man who rose early every day to go to work in his neatly pressed green uniform. He faced an impossible quandary, some say, if his father came to him seeking shelter. “What could he do? He’s family,” said neighbor Angelica Garcia. “It’s very sad what happened.” But authorities said Manzano, as a federal officer, should have known better

than to put himself in the position of housing an illegal immigrant, even if he was a family member. “His loyalty to his father was stronger than the loyalty to the Border Patrol, and that’s the sad reality of it,” said one federal law enforcement officer who spoke on condition of anonymity because agents are not authorized to speak with the media. Manzano became a U.S. Border Patrol agent in 2007 and was assigned to patrol along the border fence near Imperial Beach, Calif. Within two years, authorities allege, he was allowing his father to live in his cluttered home, in a neighborhood a few blocks from the Chula Vista border patrol station. Manzano Sr. had been arrested in 2008 for possession of marijuana for sale and was deported the next year. He had also been deported in 2007. Authorities, who had the home under surveillance since September 2009, suspect the house was a center for drug distribution and possibly immigrant smuggling.

1/15/2011 4:33:21 AM






CDC finds disparities among races in health BY DONALD G. McNEIL JR.

New York Times Service

White people in the United States die of drug overdoses more often than other ethnic groups. Black people are hit proportionately harder by AIDS, strokes and heart disease. And American Indians are more likely to die in car crashes. To shed more light on the ills of the United States’ poor — and occasionally its rich — the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released its first report detailing racial disparities in a broad array of health problems. While some are well known, others have had little attention; there were also a few surprises. The agency did not delve into why suffering is so disproportionate, other than to note the obvious: The poor,

the uninsured and the less educated tend to live shorter, sicker lives. (Some illnesses were also broken down by income level, region, age or sex, but the main focus was on racial differences.) “Some of the figures, like the suicide rate for young American Indians, are just heartbreaking,” said Dr. Thomas R. Frieden, the CDC director, who ordered the report compiled. He acted, he said, after promising at his agency’s African-American History Month celebration last February that he would do so. “We wanted to shine a spotlight on the problem and some potential solutions,” he said. Many of the differences are large and striking: l Babies born to black women are up to three times

as likely to die in infancy as those born to women of other races. l American Indians and Alaska Natives are twice as likely to die in car crashes as any other group. l More than 80 percent of all suicides are committed by whites, but young American Indian adults have the highest suicide rates by far — 25 per 100,000 population at age 21, compared with 14 for whites, 10 for blacks and 8 for Asians and Hispanics. l Overdoses of prescription drugs now kill more U.S. citizens than overdoses of illegal drugs, the opposite of the pattern 20 years ago. Overdose death rates are now higher among whites than blacks; that trend switched in 2002, after doctors began prescribing more powerful painkillers, antidepressants

and antipsychotics — more easily obtained by people with health insurance. l Blacks die of heart disease much more commonly than whites, and die younger, despite the availability of cheap prevention measures like weight loss, exercise, blood-pressure and cholesterol drugs, and aspirin. The same is true for strokes. l High blood pressure is twice as common among blacks as whites, but the group with the least success in controlling it is Mexican-Americans. l Compared with whites, blacks have double the rate of “preventable hospitalizations,” which cost about $7 billion a year. l People in Utah, Connecticut and North Dakota report the most “healthy days” per month — about

22. People in West Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee report the fewest, about 17. l Blacks, Hispanics and American Indians, whether gay or straight, all have higher rates of new infection with the AIDS virus than whites, and the situation is getting worse for blacks and Indians. Asians have the lowest rate. l Binge drinking — defined as five drinks at a sitting for men and four for women — is increasing. In a switch from the norm for health problems, it is more common among the bettereducated and more affluent, including college students. But poor people, and especially American Indians, drink much more heavily when on binges. l Teenage pregnancy is holding steady or falling for all ethnic groups, but

is still three times as common among Hispanic girls as among white girls, and more than twice as common among black girls as among whites. Frieden said the purpose of the report was not to nudge the White House or Congress to take any particular action. But he said that two relatively new laws had greatly improved the nation’s health and narrowed the racial gaps. One was the 1994 Vaccines for Children program, which pays for poor children’s immunizations. The second was the earned-income tax credit, which motivates poor people to find jobs. It was first passed by Congress in 1975 but was strengthened several times, and some states and cities have created their own.

Trial opens in immigrant death Service for slain federal judge held


WILKES-BARRE, Pa. — Three police officers in a Pennsylvania town obstructed a federal investigation into the fatal beating of an illegal Mexican immigrant to protect white football players to whom they had close personal ties, a prosecutor said this week. Former Shenandoah, Pa., Police Chief Matthew Nestor and two subordinates orchestrated a cover-up in the July 2008 beating death of 25-year-old Luis Ramirez in an effort to shield the teenage perpetrators, Justice Department prosecutor Myesha Braden said in her opening statement. One officer was dating the mother of one of the teens at the time, she said. “Relationships are at the heart of why these three defendants covered up a malicious crime,” she said. “Relationships combined with privilege to overthrow the rule of law.” Nestor, Lt. William Moyer and Patrolman Jason Hayes are charged with falsifying police reports and tampering with witnesses. Moyer is additionally charged with evidence tampering and lying to the FBI. They have pleaded not guilty. Defense attorneys rejected the government’s allegations, calling their clients honest small-town officers doing the best they could under difficult circumstances. “From the get-go, they had the right suspects,” said Enid Harris, Moyer’s attorney. “Nobody was hid-



PARTNERS IN CRIME: Former Shenandoah, Pa., police chief Matthew Nestor, at left, and two subordinates allegedly tampered with evidence in the 2008 beating death of an immigrant in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., in an effort to shield the teenage perpetrators, Brandon Piekarsky, center, and Derrick Donchak, right. ing anything under a rock or behind a tree.” Two men who took part in the assault were convicted in October of a federal hate crime. Derrick Donchak, 20, and Brandon Piekarsky, 19, face a maximum of life in prison when they are sentenced later this month. Braden told jurors that Hayes and Piekarsky’s mother were dating at the time of the assault; the couple are now engaged. She said Moyer was an avid fan of the high school football team, even attending practices while on duty. Their commanding officer, Nestor, was a close friend of Hayes and Tammy Piekarsky and vacationed with them. So “they covered up the beating, a racially motivated beating,” Braden said. Nestor’s attorney, Joseph Nahas, said the chief called the district attorney’s office

immediately after learning the seriousness of Ramirez’s injuries, and had little to do with the investigation thereafter. Nahas acknowledged that Nestor traded phone calls with Tammy Piekarsky the night of the attack, but urged the jury not to read anything into them. Nahas said it’s not unusual for a police chief, especially one in a small town like Shenandoah where everyone knows everyone else, to talk to the parents of teens in trouble. “Here’s what the government doesn’t get,” he said. “What they view as corruption, collusion and conspiracy, I view as community, caring and consideration.” The confrontation began late in the evening of July 12, 2008, when a group of drunken athletes walking home from a block party came across Ramirez and

his girlfriend in a park. The teens hurled ethnic slurs at Ramirez, then fought with him. Piekarsky was accused of delivering a fatal kick to Ramirez’s head after he’d been knocked unconscious by another teen, Colin Walsh, who has already pleaded guilty in federal court and awaits sentencing. The teens gathered at Donchak’s home shortly after the fight, Braden told jurors, and Piekarsky’s mother showed up and told them that she had been in contact with her boyfriend, Hayes — and that they needed to “get their stories straight” because Hayes had told her that Ramirez’s condition was deteriorating. The teens subsequently hatched a plan in which they falsely told authorities that no one was drunk, did any kicking or used any racial slurs.

Giffords on Friday remained in critical condition but doctors continued to be upbeat about her chances after recent days in which she has been able to open her eyes, move limbs and breathe on her own. She continues to have a breathing tube in place, but that is considered a precaution, doctors said. “We’re confident [Giffords] is making progress now,” said Dr. Michael Lemole, the hospital’s chief of neurosurgery. She is “beginning to carry out a more complex sequence” of activity. More than 30 shots were fired on Saturday, hitting 19 people before the crowd managed to apprehend Jared Lee Loughner, who is now charged with five counts of murder and attempted murder of federal employees. In all, six died and the rest were wounded. On Friday, the Pima County Sheriff’s Department released more details on the arrest. According to officials, the following items were taken from Loughner’s pockets: two

15-round magazines, a 4-inch buck knife, a plastic bag containing currency, a Visa card and Loughner’s Arizona driver’s license. A Glock pistol was on the ground. Investigators were continuing their work in building a case against Loughner, who could face the death penalty on some of the federal charges. Police have recovered a black bag they believe was used to transport ammunition to the scene of the shooting. Authorities also released a 911 call made by a friend of Loughner. Bryce Tierney told the police dispatcher that the “shooter was someone that I knew.” He also told officials that Loughner left a message on his phone at 2 a.m. on the day of the shooting. That would be about eight hours before the shooting. Officials have already said that before the attack Loughner is believed to have been targetshooting in the desert, was stopped by a peace officer for going through a red light and had a dispute with his father. Tierney and Loughner were arrested for smoking pot in a van in 2008.

Discovery set to launch on February 24 The Orlando Sentinel

ORLANDO, Fla. — Space shuttle Discovery is now scheduled to launch on Thursday, Feb. 24, almost three months after its originally scheduled date of Nov. 1, NASA has announced. The 11-day supply mission to the International Space Station is shooting for a 4:50 p.m. liftoff. NASA also set the launch

date for Endeavour — what could be the final flight of a space shuttle — for 7:48 p.m. on April 19. A third shuttle mission has been tentatively scheduled for June, but it’s not clear if pending congressional budget cuts might prompt its cancellation. The target dates for Discovery and Endeavour were selected Thursday during the space shuttle program’s

weekly Program Requirements Control Board meeting, NASA said. Discovery’s final flight had been set for Nov. 1 but was initially delayed by weather and then a leaking hydrogen vent valve. In dealing with that issue, NASA inspectors spotted cracks in the insulating foam of the orbiter’s 15story fuel tank, which led to the discovery of cracks in the

support rods, or stringers, that strengthen the middle of the tank. That prompted engineers to order the shuttle be brought back to the Vehicle Assembly Building for closer inspection and X-rays. NASA announced earlier this week that the cracks were caused by use of a weaker alloy in some of the stringers and that repairs have begun.


PEOPLE’S PERSON: Traffic clogged the streets leading to the church where the funeral for Federal District Court Judge John M. Roll was held in Tucson.

Former Gov. Edwin Edwards out of federal prison after 8 years BY MELINDA DESLATTE Associated Press

BATON ROUGE, La. — After eight years behind federal bars, former Gov. Edwin Edwards’ last six months of confinement will be far cushier. He’ll be completing the final part of his sentence for a corruption conviction in home detention, in the suburbs of Baton Rouge. But Edwards’ return to Louisiana’s capital city isn’t necessarily expected to mark a return to the political scene for the fourterm former governor who once dominated the state’s politics. The charismatic populist is 83, he can’t run for election unless he’s pardoned or is 15 years removed from

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when he headed to federal prison. Anna Edwards tried to describe her father’s absence and the readjustment required after eight years. She said, “When you walk into prison, the world stops for you. But it keeps on going for everybody else. So, I mean, look at it like this, when my dad left, cellphones did not have cameras.” Though Edwards was iniGERALD HERBERT/AP tially assigned to a halfway SERVING TIME: Ex-Louisiana house, he was granted home Gov. Edwin Edwards went confinement, according to Chris Burke, a spokesman to jail in 2002 on a for the Federal Bureau of 10-year term for bribery Prisons. Anna Edwards had and extortion during his said the former governor final term in 1996. had requested home detensentence completion and tion and would stay with her the state’s political climate if it were granted. is far different from 2002, Edwards will be moni-

tored and required to stay in close contact with the halfway house and federal corrections officials. Darla O’Connor, the director of the halfway house, said Edwards will have to report to the house three times a week, will be visited twice weekly and will be called regularly to ensure compliance with regulations. His movements will be restricted, and he’s supposed to get a job, though that requirement can be waived, according to the Bureau of Prisons. His home detention is scheduled to end in July. After that, he’ll have three years of probation, Anna Edwards said. Wearing a gray sweat shirt and cap, Edwards ar-

rived at the halfway house early Thursday morning with his daughter and left two hours later. Asked how it felt to be out of prison, Edwards quipped, “I don’t know yet.” He refused further comment, and Anna Edwards said her father won’t speak to reporters during home confinement. Edwards went to prison in October 2002 on a 10year sentence for a bribery and extortion scheme to rig Louisiana’s riverboat casino licensing process during his final term, which ended in 1996. He has maintained his innocence. “The man’s served his time,” said U.S. Attorney Jim Letten in New Orleans, whose office prosecuted Ed-

wards. “He’s obviously still completing the last portion of the sentence. I do hope he enjoys his freedom as he gets it.” Known for his quick wit and easy charm, Edwards held sway over Louisiana politics for decades and still drew public interest out of elected office for years. Even as he was serving prison time, speculation persisted about whether the former governor would weigh in on state politics once he emerged. “I’m not sure at this point in his life that getting back into the political arena is what he’d want to do. He’ll probably want to go enjoy his freedom,” said Sen. John Alario, R-Westwego, a veteran lawmaker and former Edwards ally.

1/15/2011 5:41:19 AM






Pope John Paul II to be beatified May 1 BY NICOLE WINFIELD Associated Press

VATICAN CITY — The pope on Friday signed off on the miracle needed to beatify Pope John Paul II, and set May 1 as the date to honor one of the most beloved popes of all times as a model of saintliness for the church. Pope Benedict XVI said in a decree that a French nun’s recovery from Parkinson’s disease was miraculous, the last step needed for beatification. A second miracle is needed for the Polish-born John Paul to be made a saint. The May 1 ceremony, which Pope Benedict himself will celebrate, is expected to draw hundreds of thousands of pilgrims to Rome — a major morale boost for a church reeling from a wave of violence against Christians and fallout from the clerical sex abuse scandal. “This is a huge and important cause of joy,” Warsaw Archbishop Kazimierz Nycz told reporters at his residence in the Polish capital. Cardinal Stanislaw Dziwisz, John Paul’s longtime secretary and friend, ex-

pressed “huge thanks” to Pope Benedict for the decree. “We are happy today,” he said. Pope Benedict put John Paul on the fast track to possible sainthood just weeks after he died in 2005, responding to the chants of “Santo Subito!” or “Sainthood immediately!” that erupted during his funeral. Pope Benedict waived the typical five-year waiting period before the process could begin, but he insisted that the investigation into John Paul’s life be thorough so as to not leave any doubts about his virtues. John Paul’s beatification will nevertheless be the fastest on record, coming just over six years after his death and beating out Mother Teresa’s then-record beatification in 2003 by a few days. The last remaining hurdle in John Paul’s case concerned the approval by Vaticanappointed panels of doctors and theologians, cardinals and bishops that the cure of French nun, Sister Marie Simon-Pierre, was a miracle due to the intercession of the late pope.


REVERED: Once he is beatified, Pope John Paul II will be given the title ‘blessed’ and can be publicly venerated. The nun has said she felt reborn when she woke up two months after John Paul died, cured of the disease that had made walking, writing and driving a car nearly impossible. She and her fellow sisters of the Congregation of Little Sisters of Catholic Maternity Wards had prayed to John

Paul, who also suffered from Parkinson’s. On Friday, Sister Marie Simon-Pierre said John Paul was and continues to be an inspiration to her because of his defense of the unborn and because they both had Parkinson’s. John Paul “hasn’t left me. He won’t leave me until

the end of my life,” she told French Catholic TV station KTO and Italy’s state-run RAI television. Wearing a white habit and wire-rimmed glasses, she appeared in good health and showed no signs of tremors or slurred speech which are common symptoms of Parkinson’s. “John Paul II did everything he could for life, to defend life,” she said. “He was very close to the smallest and weakest. How many times did we see him approach a handicapped person, a sick person?” In 2010, there were some questions about whether the nun’s original diagnosis was correct. But in a statement Friday, the Congregation for the Causes of Saints said Vaticanappointed doctors had “scrupulously” studied the case and determined that her cure had no scientific explanation. Once he is beatified, John Paul will be given the title “blessed” and can be publicly venerated. Many people, especially in Poland, already venerate him privately, but the ceremony will make it official.

Born in Wadowice, Poland, in 1920, Karol Wojtyla was the youngest pope in 125 years and the first nonItalian in 455 years when he was elected pope in 1978. He brought a new vitality to the Vatican, and quickly became the most accessible modern pope, sitting down for meals with factory workers, skiing and wading into crowds to embrace the faithful. His Polish roots nourished a doctrinal conservatism — opposition to contraception, euthanasia, abortion and women priests — that rankled liberal Catholics in the United States and Western Europe. He survived an assassination attempt in St. Peter’s Square in 1981 — and then forgave the Turk who had shot him. He was the most traveled pope ever, visiting more than 120 nations during the thirdlongest papacy. After suffering for years from the effects of Parkinson’s disease, he died in his Vatican apartment on April 2, 2005, at the age of 84.

Iran’s nuclear tour without major powers, key allies BY GEORGE JAHN

Associated Press


CHANGING COURSE: U.S. Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates, center, has signaled that the United States was willing to be flexible in allowing Tokyo to resolve the domestic political resistance to the relocation plan of the U.S. air base on Okinawa. Above, Gates addresses students at the Keio University in Tokyo.

U.S. eases up on base relocation in Japan BY MARTIN FACKLER AND ELISABETH BUMILLER New York Times Service

TOKYO — Striking a conciliatory tone on an issue that has divided Japan and the United States, Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates said that the Obama administration would follow Tokyo’s lead in working to relocate a U.S. air base on Okinawa. During talks with Japanese leaders in Tokyo, Gates said he also discussed a sophisticated new antimissile system that the United States is jointly developing with the Japanese, and the two nations’ response to North Korea’s recent military provocations against the South. However, a top item on the agenda was the relocation of the U.S. Marine Corps Air Station Futenma, an emotional issue here that drove

an uncharacteristic wedge between the allies in 2010 when the prime minister at the time, Yukio Hatoyama, wavered on whether to keep the base on Okinawa. While the two nations finally agreed in May to relocate the noisy helicopter base to a less populated part of Okinawa by 2014, local resistance has made that time frame look increasingly unrealistic. On Thursday, Gates said the administration did not want the Futenma issue to overshadow the countries’ overall security alliance, which in 2010 reached its 50th anniversary. He also signaled that the United States was willing to be flexible in allowing Tokyo to resolve the domestic political resistance to the relocation plan. “We do understand that it is politically a complex mat-

ter in Japan,” Gates said after meeting with Japan’s Defense Minister Toshimi Kitazawa. “And we intend to follow the lead of the Japanese government in working with the people of Okinawa to take their interests and their concerns into account.” The softer tone is a departure from Gates’ visit to Tokyo in October 2009, when he strongly pushed the fledgling government of Hatoyama to honor an earlier agreement to relocate the base on Okinawa. Those pressure tactics backfired, creating resentment in the new government that the United States was trying to bully it. Hatoyama eventually stepped down amid criticism that he had mishandled the alliance with the United States. His successor, Prime Minister Naoto Kan, has worked to strengthen secu-

Suspected militants temporarily released in Turkey are missing ANKARA, Turkey — (AP) — More than a dozen suspected militants, including some from a radical Islamic group, have disappeared following their conditional release from custody last week, forcing an appeals court to issue new arrest warrants, authorities and reports said Friday. Legal experts and opposition leaders have sharply criticized the courts and the Islamic-leaning government since the release of dozens of people convicted of terrorism, murder, rape and organized crime. They were freed pending the outcome of an appeal under a new law that restricts the time

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suspects can be held while awaiting the final verdict on the case. The Anatolia news agency, citing police, said nine suspected members of Turkish Hezbollah, who were convicted in 2009 on charges of killing 188 people and attempting to set up an Islamic state in the country’s Kurdish-dominated southeast, are now missing. The group takes its name from the Lebanon-based Hezbollah but shares no formal links. It said also missing were at least three suspected rebels from the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK, which has fought for autonomy in an insurgency that has

killed tens of thousands of people since 1984. An appeals court in Ankara said Friday it has ordered the arrest of all released prisoners who fail to report to police routinely. The suspects were also banned from traveling abroad but there are fears some might have illegally crossed into neighboring Iran, Iraq or Syria. According to the new law — which came into effect Jan. 1 — suspects can no longer be held for longer than 10 years. The government defended the law as a measure to speed up the judicial process but admitted that the system remains far too slow.

rity ties with Tokyo’s traditional protector. In Keio University in Tokyo on Friday, Gates said the rising tensions in the region, including North Korea’s pursuit of nuclear weapons and China’s expanding military, made it essential to fortify the security alliance between the United States and Japan. “Our alliance is more necessary, more relevant and more important than ever,” said. He said it was essential for U.S. military forces to remain in Japan, particularly as a deterrent against North Korean aggression and the ever-bolder Chinese armed forces. Without the U.S. presence, he said, “North Korea’s military provocations could be even more dangerous or worse.” China, he said, “might behave more assertively towards its neighbors.”

VIENNA — A weekend tour of Iran’s nuclear sites appears set to go ahead without Russia, China, the European Union or key allies Turkey and Brazil, blunting Tehran’s attempts to gain support from major powers ahead of crucial talks on its atomic activities. On the eve of the visit, Iran’s envoy Ali Asghar Soltanieh said Friday that representatives of nonaligned nations, developing countries, the Arab League, Venezuela and Syria had accepted invitations to visit Iran’s central Natanz enrichment facility and its still-unfinished heavy water reactor at Arak. “This trip will offer the most transparency” regarding Iran’s nuclear program, Soltanieh told the Associated Press, adding that the diplomats would be able to see “everything they wanted.” He declined to discuss which other nations had been invited or their responses. But China and the European Union have in recent days publicly declined. And diplomats familiar with the issue said Russia, Switzerland, and Turkey and Brazil had also either turned down invitations or had not responded with less than a day to go before the departure from Vienna, where Soltanieh represents Iran at the International Atomic Energy Agency. The diplomats — all accredited to the IAEA, which is tasked with probing Iran’s nuclear activities — spoke on condition of anonymity because their information was privileged. Switzerland, which has attempted to mediate between Iran and the international

community, later confirmed it was not going. “We declined the invitation,” President and Foreign Minister Micheline Calmy-Rey said. “All the likeminded [countries] declined the invitation.” With crucial talks between Iran and six world powers in Istanbul, Turkey, just a week away, the timing of the nuclear tour and the choice of nations invited appeared a possible attempt to weaken unity among Iran’s interlocutors. Moscow and Beijing are part of the talks. At the same time, they are generally opposed to attempts by the other four — the United States, Britain, France and Germany — to sharpen U.N. sanctions on Iran over its refusal to stop activities that could be used to make nuclear weapons. Neither the United States nor the three other Western nations were invited to Iran’s weekend tour. The United States and its allies fear that Iran is trying to make nuclear weapons, not nuclear energy, while Tehran asserts it is enriching uranium to make nuclear fuel and not weapons and says it will not negotiate over its right to enrich for peaceful uses. Brazil and Turkey have recently emerged as important allies for Tehran in backing attempts to restart negotiations on a deal that would see Iran ship out some of its low-enriched uranium in exchange for fuel rods for a small reactor making medical isotopes. Those talks stalled more than a year ago and the West considers them increasingly irrelevant as a way to slow Tehran’s ability to make nuclear weapons by removing some material that could be enriched into weapons grade uranium.

Kazakh president’s term may extend BY PETER LEONARD Associated Press

ALMATY, Kazakhstan — Kazakhstan’s long-serving president inched closer to securing another decade of unchallenged rule Friday after Parliament opened the way for a referendum to scrap upcoming presidential elections. A joint session of the lower and upper houses of Parliament voted unanimously to change the constitution to allow the referendum. President Nursultan Nazarbayev, who has ruled the country since independence from the Soviet Union, was to face reelection in 2012. But organizers of a petition drive to allow him at least 10 more years in power claim to have collected 5 million

signatures, around half the electorate. Supporters say he has ensured stability and economic prosperity, while detractors accuse his regime of corruption and undemocratic practices. Nazarbayev has to approve the amendment. Presidential advisor Yermukhamet Yertysbayev said he was uncertain what Nazarbayev would do now. Yertysbayev conceded that allowing the referendum would likely set Kazakhstan on a collision course with its international commitments to improve democratic standards. “But Parliament was unable to take any other decision since they represent the people, and 5 million people have supported this

idea of referendum,” he told the Associated Press. The one-party Parliament late in 2010 put forth a motion to allow Nazarbayev to extend his term, which is currently limited to seven years by the constitution. But Nazarbayev swiftly rejected the proposal, raising expectations that the initiative might be dashed. But the success of the petition campaign now appears to have made the referendum inevitable. Election officials validated almost all the 5 million signatures in the petition. That is vastly more than the 200,000 signatures required to call a referendum. Opposition politicians have called for a closer scrutiny of the petition.

1/15/2011 4:58:01 AM






Pumping billions into wrong places BY WILLIAM PESEK Bloomberg News

t’s official: the world economy is completely upside down. What else is one to think as Europe goes hat-in-hand to developing China and feeble Japan? You would think China had better things to do with its cash than shore up a sinking eurozone. The same goes for Japan, where deflation and paralysis may soon deliver the sixth prime minister since September 2007. Japan plans to buy bonds issued by Europe’s financial-aid fund, joining China in assisting a region battling a fast-spreading debt crisis. And does Europe ever need the help. Bailouts of Greece and Ireland merely pave the way to even bigger ones of Portugal, Spain and, perhaps, Italy. It’s this last economy that should have officials in Beijing and Tokyo thinking twice about loading up on European debt. Yet here’s something even bigger to consider: what the world really needs isn’t China’s and Japan’s excess cash, but more balanced and sustainable growth in Asia’s main economies. Europe’s debt woes are just beginning. No matter what the region’s policymakers do, they’re still stuck with a currency they can’t devalue and massive and growing debt loads. Buying Europe’s debt may Band-Aid things over, but China and Japan can’t stop the inevitable worsening of the euro crisis. Consider this a We-Are-theWorld moment. Japan, flush with more than $1 trillion of reserves, also is thinking as much about diplomacy as economics. Helping Europe in its time of need will score points for a nation losing power and prestige. Japan’s aid seems more of a me-too gesture to match China than a long-term strategy. But rather than tossing money around, Japan should get busy reviving its economy once and for all. It should act boldly to encourage entrepreneurship, learn to live without huge government borrowings and zero interest rates, increase immigration, raise productivity and boost competitiveness. Japan is doing none of the above, and that’s detrimental to the outlook for world growth. At least Asia’s second-biggest economy isn’t spreading contagion around the globe in the manner of Europe. A few more years of muddling along and avoiding reform, though, could put Japan in dangerous waters. Japan’s bond market has long been a financial pressure cooker. Even though public debt is twice


the size of the economy, 10-year bond yields are less than 1.2 percent. It makes no fundamental sense, even in an economy facing modest deflation. The risk of a Japanese debt meltdown looms. It’s imperative that Japan learns to grow without adding to the debt. China, meanwhile, should close the checkbook and instead fix imbalances that destabilize markets. The first step is faster yuan appreciation. China shouldn’t do it because the United States is demanding action, but because it’s in China’s interest. Surging food and oil prices will exacerbate overheating risks. Higher borrowing costs and regulatory tweaks aren’t enough. A big yuan revaluation would help officials in Beijing regain control, while raising the international purchasing power of 1.3 billion people. It’s great that China is voicing support for Europe and backing it up with bond purchases. It would be even better if China restructured on its own. China’s financial might is a product of its $2.8 trillion of currency reserves. We’re long past the late 1990s when the International Monetary Fund’s vault contained enough liquidity to save countries from ruin. Should Spain come knocking, bigger benefactors will be needed. Yet Asia’s savings won’t be enough if a key economy like Italy crashes, and it can’t be ruled out. It’s no longer debatable whether the global financial system is upside down. The shift began with the realization that economies such as China, India and Brazil might eclipse the United States in the next 30 or 40 years. It got positively tectonic once the savings of developing nations began shoring up economies viewed as role models less than a decade ago. Things have gone full-circle now that China, a nation struggling to eradicate poverty, is being looked upon to act like some massive bond insurer for the eurozone. The same goes for Japan, which has more than its fair share of budding crises and too much debt of its own. You also know things are wildly off-kilter when the West’s financial rot is seeping into the East. Thailand’s 1997 devaluation set in motion a regional crisis that had the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunging several hundred points on single days. Now, the West is returning the favor. It’s not surprising officials in Europe would look to Asia for help. It is, after all, where the money is. What would help even more is for Japan and China to get their economies in order. Sadly, neither is.


VOICE OF REASON: In a moving speech in Tucson on Wednesday, U.S. President Barack Obama called for an end to the political finger-pointing that erupted in the aftermath of the Tucson massacre, urging U.S. citizens not to use the tragedy to turn on one another.

Obama brings it home BY GAIL COLLINS

New York Times Service

aybe U.S. President Barack Obama was saving the magic for a time when we really needed it. We’ve been complaining for two years about the lack of music and passion in his big speeches. But if he’d moved the country when he was talking about healthcare or bailing out the auto industry, perhaps his words wouldn’t have been as powerful as they were when he was trying to lift the country up after the tragedy in Tucson. “Our hearts are broken, and yet our hearts also have reason for fullness,” he said, in a call to action that finally moved the United States’ focus forward. The days after the shootings had a depressing political rhythm. There was the call for civility, followed by the rapidly escalating rhetoric over whose fault the incivility was, which climbed ever upward until Wednesday when you had a congressman from Texas claiming that the FBI was hiding information on the gunman’s political beliefs because the truth would embarrass the White House. For me, Obama’s best moment came when he warned that “what we can’t do is use this tragedy as one more occasion to turn on one another.” In his honor, I am not saying a word about Sarah Palin’s video. But, politically, there’s a challenge about where we go from here. You can’t expect the Republican majority in Congress to give up on killing the healthcare reform law, although it might be a nice step if the leadership urged its members to stop saying that God wants to see repeal.


The president, who was going for great, universal themes, didn’t make any suggestions. Let me offer one really, really modest one. Congress should have an actual debate about Rep. Carolyn McCarthy’s bill to reduce gun violence. You will notice I just said have a debate. And the bill does not even control guns. It simply bans the sale of the special bullet clip that allowed the Tucson gunman to shoot 20 people without reloading. McCarthy’s COLLINS husband was killed and her son permanently injured when a gunman using a pistol with a similar — but less powerful — kind of clip opened fire on the Long Island Rail Road in 1993. “That’s why I came to Congress,” she said on Wednesday. But so far she has collected co-sponsors only from the same small band of members who always support this kind of legislation. Members of Congress are so terrified of the political power of the National Rifle Association that the Democrats, when they were in power, declined even to give McCarthy’s bill a hearing. This is the chance for the Republicans to prove that they’re braver. All John Boehner, the speaker of the House, has to do is say that in the wake of the Tucson tragedy he wants to demonstrate that Congress is open to a serious and mature discussion of ways that it might have been avoided, or mitigated. That might include proposals to better identify people with potentially violent mental illnesses.

And it certainly would also have to involve a conversation over a technology that can turn a pistol into the equivalent of a somewhat slow-moving machine gun. McCarthy’s bill might not have saved Rep. Gabrielle Giffords from being shot. But it has to be worth talking about whether it could have saved some of her constituents. So far, most of the proposals from members of Congress for practical action to reduce gun violence have been directed at protecting themselves. Rep. Peter King of New York introduced a bill to ban anyone from carrying a gun in the vicinity of a federal official. Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr. of Illinois suggested reversing a recent cut in members’ office budgets and tacking on another 10 percent increase to pay for improved security. Rep. Dan Burton of Indiana urged enclosing the House gallery in Plexiglas. And two members vowed to carry their pistols with them when they go about the people’s business back in their districts. Following the president’s lead, I would argue that Congress has the capacity for higher purpose. “I believe we can be better,” he said. “Those who died here — those who saved lives here — they help me believe. We may not be able to stop all evil in the world, but I know that how we treat one another is entirely up to us.” In that light, I believe members of Congress can have a hearing and a civilized debate on a bill that is modest and relevant but that is opposed by a hyperpowerful lobbying group that scares the daylight out of them. Maybe they could do it just to prove it to themselves that they can. Just a thought.

China stealth jet no reason to boost defense spending BY ANDREW COCKBURN

Los Angeles Times Service

the world may be in turmoil, but in the defense business there are signs of a return to normalcy. After dreary decades in which the U.S. military had to live without a presentable threat with which to justify its spending on high-technology weapons, the Chinese stepped up to the plate. With ominous talk gaining currency in Washington of actual cuts in the U.S. defense budget, our Asian friends have suddenly offered a titillating peek from an airfield in Chengdu at their newest warplane, described as a radarevading “stealth” fighter like our own F-22. The reaction from some quarters has been predictably enthusiastic. “From what we can see, I conclude that this aircraft does have great potential to be superior in some respects to the American F-22, and could be decisively superior to the F-35,” claims Richard Fisher, a senior fellow on Asian military affairs at the International Assessment and Strategy Center, a Washingtonbased security think tank.


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Other denizens of the militaryindustrial complex have pushed hyperbole further, with predictions that the plane — though it looks enormous in the photographs — may be pretty much invisible to radar. “You can tell it has some serious stealth technology,” proclaims one former Navy pilot now in the defense investment business quoted by Fox News. “My F-18 looks like an 18-wheeler on radar. That thing might not even show up.” Arriving in Beijing soon after the news broke, U.S. Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates has added his own voice of concern. “We knew they were working on the stealth aircraft,” he said. “What we’ve seen is that they may be somewhat further ahead in the development of that aircraft than our intelligence had earlier predicted.” We should not have to wait too long before some obliging member of Congress calls for the reopening of the F-22 production line, cut off by Gates in 2009 after a mere 187 planes had been built. To those with fond memories of the Cold War, when it seemed that

the arms race was a two-nation affair, things are moving in a familiar pattern. Reading Aviation Week & Space Technology in those days left you with your heart in your mouth, as it regularly broadcast the news that Soviet techno-military ingenuity was on the point, again, of overwhelming our own puny and underfunded efforts. “The Soviet Union is producing and fielding inventory aircraft with major performance improvements at twice the U.S. aircraft production rate,” ran one typical jeremiad in June 1982. “The NATO technological lead is decreasing.” It was never true. Soviet warplanes always suffered from a fundamental deficiency of “short legs” — insufficient range — due to heavier airframes, deficient metalworking technology and shorter-lived engines, not to mention myriad other deficiencies. Whenever actual examples of some highly touted Soviet warplane arrived on public view in the West, the reality invariably fell far short of the advance billing. When the MiG25 Foxbat, once promoted in Aviation Week and elsewhere as a wonder

plane that could fly vast distances at 31/2 times the speed of sound, was inconveniently delivered by a defecting pilot to Japan in 1976, it turned out to have one-third the advertised range and engines that melted well short of the advertised speed. One characteristic of Soviet military aviation culture that the Chinese may indeed be emulating was deference to U.S. technological fashion. Thus, just as the U.S. Air Force was concluding that the “swingwing” technology of the 1960s F-111 bomber had been a technological misstep, the Soviets produced their own even more unwieldy Su-24. Other bad ideas — especially in the field of electronics — were also regularly and dutifully duplicated on the other side of the Iron Curtain. (An official in the CIA’s Office of Strategic Analysis swore to me in the 1980s that the entire contents of Aviation Week were transmitted in encrypted form from the Soviet Embassy in Washington to Moscow as soon as it appeared on Monday mornings.) If the Chinese have indeed invested the necessarily vast sums that an F-22 look-alike program

would require, those disposed to fear the Middle Kingdom need only rejoice. The F-22s now in service with the U.S. Air Force cost at least $355 million each (the total cost is probably higher); it is doubtful whether the F-22 can achieve “supercruise” — the ability to fly faster than the speed of sound without afterburners — for more than a few minutes. Most tellingly, its vaunted stealth performance has proved sadly disappointing. Although it is indeed less visible to tracking radars such as that carried on other fighters or air defense missiles, longer wavelength search radars can detect its presence at considerable distances. In 1999, the Serbs used radar defenses to down one F-117 Stealth fighter and severely damage another. Unfortunately, while some may applaud a Chinese initiative to spend the money that WalMart sends them on a weapon of dubious utility, we too may end up paying a price, as the “threat” of China’s J-20 is invoked to justify further increases in our own bloated defense budget.

1/15/2011 2:17:21 AM






Marsalis family among 2011 NEA Jazz Masters HONOR: Musician Ellis Marsalis Jr. accepts the 2011 Jazz Master Award on behalf of himself and his four sons at the National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Master Awards Ceremony and Concert held in New York, on Tuesday.


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BY CHARLES J. GANS Associated Press

NEW YORK — The United States’ first family of jazz — patriarch Ellis Marsalis Jr. and four of his sons — were presented the nation’s highest jazz honor this week at the 2011 National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Masters Awards Ceremony. It marked the first time the NEA had ever presented a group award since it launched its Jazz Masters program in 1982. The other 2011 Jazz Masters honored in the concert at Jazz at Lincoln Center’s Rose Theater were flutist Hubert Laws, saxophonist and educator David Liebman, composer-arranger Johnny Mandel, and record producer and author Orrin Keepnews. Pianist Ellis Marsalis, 76, who championed modern jazz in his native New Orleans and as an educator mentored not only his sons but such future stars as Harry Connick Jr. and Terence Blanchard, said the award had special meaning to him because he was a member of the NEA jazz panel that chose some of the first Jazz Masters in the ’80s. “I did get to vote for some of those who became Jazz Masters never really thinking that I would be voted at any time to be one of them,” said Marsalis. Then turning toward the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra — with its leader, his son Wynton, seated in the trumpet section — a proud Marsalis said New Orleans might be the “birthplace” of jazz, “but we don’t have this in New Orleans.” The elder Marsalis was then joined by his sons, Wynton (trumpet), Branford (saxophone), Delfeayo (trombone) and the youngest Jason (drums), to play Jason’s composition At The House, In Da Pocket. Earlier in the program, Wynton’s warm trumpet sound was featured in a performance of Mandel’s Oscar-winning song The Shadow of Your Smile, with the composer conducting the JALC Orchestra. Mandel, 85, who went from playing trumpet and trombone and arranging for jazz big bands to become one of Hollywood’s leading film composers, said that since 2005 he has been leading his own big band for the

first time. “I never wanted to lead a band at any time and I discovered I’m having the time of my life,” Mandel told the audience. Saxophonist Benny Golson, a fellow Jazz Master, introduced Mandel as “a man who writes not only with his pen but with his heart.” “I fantasize sometimes and I think that if everybody in the world knew Johnny Mandel’s music, there wouldn’t be any more wars,” Golson said. “Who could fight after listening to beautiful music like that.” Liebman, 64, said he felt “privileged to be here” with fellow Jazz Masters who “were my inspirations, my teachers and in some cases people I’ve worked with.” The soprano saxophonist paid tribute to his former bandleader Miles Davis by performing a medley of Summertime and There’s A Boat Dat’s Leavin’ Soon For New York in honor of Davis and arranger Gil Evans’ 1958 Porgy and Bess album. Laws, 71, decided that rather than “babbling on” in an acceptance speech, he would speak through his music by playing the standard ballad Stella By Starlight in a duet with Jazz Master and pianist Kenny Barron, in which the flutist drew on his classical as well as jazz background. Tenor saxophonist and Jazz Master Jimmy Heath, who recorded his first albums as a leader for Keepnews’ Riverside record label which also released LPs by Sonny Rollins, Thelonious Monk and Bill Evans, introduced the 87-year-old as a producer who “allowed the musicians artistic freedom.” The JALC Orchestra performed Re: Person I Knew from a 1974 Bill Evans album produced by Keepnews. Heath also accompanied Italian singer Roberta Gambarini in a special performance of Angel Face, a tune composed by pianist Hank Jones with lyrics by singer Abbey Lincoln. That was part of a poignant tribute honoring four Jazz Masters who died in 2010 — Jones, Lincoln, saxophonist James Moody, and pianist and educator Billy Taylor. The awards ceremony was broadcast live by Sirius XM Satellite Radio, WBGO radio and NPR Music, which brought this year’s concert its biggest audience ever, said NEA chairman Rocco Landesman. He also announced a $250,000 grant to 15 arts organizations to present concerts featuring Jazz Masters — each of whom also receives a one-time $25,000 fellowship.

1/15/2011 2:10:54 AM





S&P 500











Stocks get the banking boost


Moody’s, S&P warn about U.S. rating BY GRAHAM BOWLEY

New York Times Service

Is Wall Street listening to the Tea Party? Two major credit ratings agencies have warned that the United States might tarnish its triple-A credit rating if its national debt keeps growing. It was not the first time the agencies, Standard & Poor’s and Moody’s Investors Service, warned that the nation’s gilt-edged rating might fall into jeopardy. But the two statements, made

within hours of each other, were seized on by deficit hawks as further evidence that the government must reduce spending and debt to avert disaster. That is just what many Tea Party supporters insist. But many economists say the reckoning, if it comes, is still years or even decades away. The bond market shrugged at the news. Indeed, even some experts who want to see the deficit reduced said now is not the time to cut federal spending drastically,

given the weakness in the economy and high unemployment. But others see the mounting national debt as a potential danger. What once seemed unthinkable — that one day the U.S. government would no longer be accorded the highest credit rating — is now not only thinkable but increasingly probable. “I am concerned about the unsustainability of our long-term situation,” said Peter G. Peterson, a cofounder of the Blackstone Group and a prominent deficit critic.

Associated Press

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New U.S. banking rules hinder foreign missions


NEW YORK — JPMorgan Chase and other banks drove stock indexes higher Friday. The Dow Jones industrial average rose to its highest level in two and a half years. JPMorgan rose 1 percent after reporting that its income soared 47 percent in the fourth quarter. The bank set aside less money to cover bad loans and said it expected to get permission from the Federal Reserve to raise its dividend. Wells Fargo & Company, Bank of America and other large banks also rose on hopes that they too would be able to raise dividends. Banks slashed their dividends during the financial crisis to conserve cash. Investors have been urging banks to raise their dividends now that many of them are making money again. The Dow Jones industrial average gained 55.48 points, or 0.5 percent, to 11,787.38. It was the highest close for the Dow since June 25, 2008. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index rose 9.48, or 0.7 percent, to 1,293.24. The Nasdaq rose 20.01, or 0.7 percent, to 2,755.30. Gains were spread across the market. Consumer staples companies were the only one of the 10 company groups that make up the S&P 500 index to fall. Financial companies gained the most, 1.7 percent. The Labor Department reported that consumer prices rose 0.5 percent last month, the largest increase since June 2009. However, 80 percent of the increase was due to higher gas prices, meaning that the risk of widespread inflation remains low. “Prices of oil, corn and wheat are all way up,” said Tom di Galoma, head of fixedincome trading at Guggenheim Partners in New York. “But at the end of the day, if the unemployment rate is at 9.4 percent, there’s not enough demand to drive inflation higher. People just aren’t spending that much.” Without food and energy costs, consumer prices increased only 0.1 percent for the second straight month. This “core” inflation rate has gained just 0.8 percent in the past year. In a separate report, the Commerce Department said retail sales rose in December for the sixth month in a row, driven by gains in automobile and furniture sales. Treasury prices fell slightly. The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note rose to 3.32 percent from 3.30 percent late Thursday. The yield is used by lenders to set interest rates on mortgages and other loans. The Dow gained 1 percent for the week, its seventh week of gains. The last time it had a rising streak that long was in the seven weeks ended April 23, 2010. The S&P index rose 1.7 percent over the week. The Nasdaq jumped 1.9 percent. Two stocks rose for every one that fell on the New York Stock Exchange. Consolidated volume came to 4.7 billion shares.

In a quarterly report on the nation’s credit risk, Moody’s said there was an increasing probability of revising its outlook on its Aaa rating for the United States to negative from stable within the next two years if no action were taken. That stops well short of actually reducing the rating. But even a small revision, if it comes, would probably rattle the financial markets and might even hamper the United States’ ability to borrow


New York Times Service

and clean water on which they depend.” The mine would have employed 250 workers and produced about 44 million tons of coal over

UNITED NATIONS — Foreign diplomatic missions here and in Washington face the prospect of stuffing their cash into their mattresses as U.S. laws to combat money laundering and terrorism have prompted banks to refuse their accounts. JPMorgan Chase notified more than 150 ambassadors last September that their accounts would be closed as of March 31, but the issue grew into a budding diplomatic crisis this month as embassies scrambling to open accounts elsewhere were turned away. “It really is a problem,” Baso Sangqu, the ambassador from South Africa, said this week. “We cannot get banking services.” Chase and other major banks — including Bank of America, Citibank and HSBC — refused to comment publicly on changes in their diplomatic banking business. The letter Chase sent in September said its “business decision does not reflect on your organization” and noted that personal accounts were not affected. Privately, banking officials said the cost of complying with the regulations and the potential large fines if they did not were not matched by the earnings diplomatic accounts generate. Efforts to more closely monitor foreign bank transfers to combat money laundering started around 1990, but took on renewed urgency to block terrorism financing after the Sept. 11 attacks. Banks must ask customers to specify the sources of large or suspicious transfers from abroad and report them to the government. For now, transfers over $10,000 must be reported, but the Treasury Department has proposed requiring reports on all foreign transfers. “We don’t have an exemption in the United States for foreign governments,” said Edwin Truman, an




ANTI ENVIRONMENT: Several mining projects across Appalachia blast the peaks off mountains for years to reach coal seams and deposit the remaining rubble in surrounding valleys. Above, a Massey Energy mountaintop removal mine in southern West Virginia is seen.


Washington Post Service

WASHINGTON — The Environmental Protection Agency has taken the unusual step of revoking a permit for the United States’ largest surface mine, a setback for the controversial practice of “mountaintop removal” that helps produce 10 percent of the nation’s coal. The 2,300-acre operation at the Mingo Logan Coal’s Spruce No. 1 coal mine in West Virginia has been mired in litigation since 1998. The EPA’s decision could affect dozens of other mining projects across Appalachia, where firms have been blasting the peaks off mountains for years to reach coal seams and then depositing the remaining rubble in surrounding valleys. While the federal government issued permits for hundreds of these activities under the Clinton and Bush administrations, the EPA adopted new environmental guidelines in April and is now reviewing 33 other pending permits. The EPA’s assistant administrator for water, Peter Silva, said the Spruce No. 1 coal mine, whose


FIGHTBACK: Mining proponent Sen. Jay Rockefeller, D-W. Va., above, has urged U.S. President Barack Obama to overturn an EPA decision against mountaintop removal mining, although it is unclear how the White House could do so. expansion was scaled back from 3,113 acres to win a permit from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 2007, “would use destructive and unsustainable mining practices that jeopardize the health of Appalachian communities

Renault files complaint of industrial espionage BY DAVID JOLLY

New York Times Service

PARIS — The automaker Renault filed a criminal complaint on Thursday in an industrial espionage case in which it asserts that a foreign company sought to obtain secrets related to its electric car program. The complaint, filed with the office of the Paris prosecutor, JeanClaude Marin, asserts that Renault was the victim of “organized industrial espionage, corruption, breach of trust, theft and concealment.” Though Renault has suspended three executives, the complaint was made “against persons unknown,” a common tactic in French legal affairs. “We confirmed several days ago that there was an international organization behind it,” Caroline de Gezelle, a Renault spokeswoman, said. “Making the complaint against ‘unknown persons’ gives the investigators the possibility of going after the others.” She declined to identify the organization or the country the company suspects.

Marin said at a news conference that the complaint accused a private company in a foreign country, Reuters reported. “It’s Renault’s position,” Reuters quoted him as saying. “They don’t cite a foreign power. They only cite private persons.” On Tuesday, Renault held disciplinary hearings as a prelude to firing the executives, whom it suspended on Jan. 3. The company suspects the three executives of having sought to pass on data related to its electric vehicle program. Although Renault has not released specific details, it has said none of its secrets were compromised. The French authorities are looking into possible Chinese involvement, a link that Beijing denies. Renault said the complaint followed “the discovery of serious misconduct detrimental to the company and in particular to its strategic, technological and intellectual assets.” “The matter,” it added, “is now in the hands of the judiciary.” The prosecutor’s office did not

immediately respond to a request agency, is also participating in the for a comment. The Central Di- investigation. rectorate of Interior Intelligence, the French domestic intelligence • TURN TO RENAULT, 2B


SPEAKING OUT: Thibault de Moutbrial, left, the lawyer of Mathieu Tenenbaum, right, speaks to journalists on arriving for a meeting with Renault bosses. Tenenbaum is one of the three managers of French carmaker Renault suspected of industrial espionage.

1/15/2011 5:21:05 AM





Tax cuts hinder Obama’s tax code overhaul plans BY LORI MONTGOMERY

Washington Post Service

WASHINGTON — U.S. President Barack Obama’s refusal to raise taxes for the vast majority of U.S. citizens will prevent him from pursuing a broad overhaul of the tax code and is making it difficult to achieve his goals for reducing the budget deficit, according to administration and congressional sources. Barely a month after Obama’s fiscal commission laid out a road map for reining in the soaring national debt,

the president’s resistance to tax increases for families making less than $250,000 a year has ruled out a key prescription: a plan to reduce cherished but expensive tax breaks for individuals. Obama is planning to propose deeper cuts in agency spending in the budget request he will submit to Congress in February, including a sharp reduction at the Pentagon. But the president is unlikely to trim nearly as much from future spending as the commission has proposed

and nowhere near as much as House Republicans are demanding, the sources said. Without deeper cuts or fresh revenue, White House budget officials will have a tough time meeting the president’s own targets for shortterm deficit reduction, including a promise to narrow the budget gap from nearly 9 percent of the gross domestic product last year to 3 percent of GDP by 2015. The sources spoke on the condition of anonymity because the budget is still being drafted.

Administration officials said no one should be surprised to learn that Obama is unwilling to backtrack on one of the central tenets of his administration — protecting middle-class U.S. citizens from higher taxes — particularly after December’s tax battle with Congress. “The president remains committed to returning to a path of long-term fiscal discipline without imposing additional burdens on middleclass families,” White House spokesman Amy Brundage

Industrial espionage complaint filed by Renault

partisan Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget. “The purpose of the fiscal commission is to give politicians cover to do hard things, to pull back from the promises they can’t stick to and to be a game-changer that promotes the real policies we need to fix the situation. If the White House returns to the stale debate over untenable promises about what they won’t do, then they’re not even letting the fiscal commission help them.”

U.S. cracks down on mountaintop removal mining • MINING, FROM 1B


The three suspended employees all maintain that they are innocent. They are Matthieu Tenenbaum, a former deputy director of Renault’s electric vehicle program; Michel Balthazard, formerly a member of the Renault management board; and Bertrand Rochette, who was responsible for pilot projects in the traditional auto business and is a subordinate of Balthazard. Xavier Thouvenin, a lawyer for Balthazard, said that Renault’s formal complaint — which they have only read about in the media — had changed nothing, and that his client “remains ignorant of what he’s being charged with.” “We’re waiting for the letter of dismissal that we’re expecting following the hearing” Tuesday, Thouvenin said. “That letter,” he said, “should finally allow us to see the legal basis on which they’re accusing him. It will be only then that Mr. Balthazard will explain himself in detail.” Thouvenin said the company’s announcement “shows that the case goes over our heads.” “The statement shows clearly that they’re looking for a lot of people, a big conspiracy,” he added. “My client denies having anything to do with that.” Neither the other two employees nor their lawyers could be reached for comment. Renault, along with Nissan Motor, its Japanese affiliate, is pushing toward mass production of a range of electric vehicles, investing $5.3 billion, in the project, and the company hopes to become the pioneer in the technology.

said. “His budget will reflect these values.” But independent budget analysts were nonetheless disappointed, saying Obama is missing an opportunity to build on the momentum established by his fiscal commission, whose leaders persuaded key members of both political parties to embrace an array of politically painful policies to rein in the soaring national debt. “It’s a tremendous letdown,” said Maya MacGuineas, president of the bi-


LEADER: China has created an anti-piracy Enforcement Office in its Commerce Ministry and Vice Premier Wang Qishan, above, has been put in charge.

China promises better anti-piracy enforcement BY JOE McDONALD Associated Press

BEIJING — China’s commerce minister promised Friday in a meeting with dozens of global executives that its latest in a string of crackdowns on product piracy will deliver lasting results as Beijing tries to defuse tensions over rampant copying of software and other goods. The meeting with U.S., European and Asian executives came just ahead of China’s President Hu Jintao’s visit to Washington next week. The latest six-month-long campaign was launched in October, and Beijing is trying to assure Washington and others that it will be effective after complaints the problem has worsened despite repeated earlier crackdowns. “We take it very seriously,” Commerce Minister Chen Deming told businesspeople and foreign diplomats at a government guesthouse. “The Chinese government will not allow such a campaign to disappear after the first six months.” Trade groups say illegal Chinese copying of music,

designer clothing and other goods costs legitimate producers billions of dollars a year in lost potential sales. The U.S. Chamber of Commerce in China says 70 percent of its member companies consider Chinese enforcement of intellectual property ineffective. But businesspeople said they were optimistic about the latest effort because a top economic official and rising Communist Party star, Vice Premier Wang Qishan, has been put in charge and an enforcement office has been created in Chen’s ministry. In unusually candid language for such a senior official, Chen said, “I admit that in terms of enforcement we still have work to do,” and appealed to companies to have faith in Beijing’s efforts. But he added that Beijing is making progress in an effort to compel government offices to use only licensed software. Government inspectors have been sent to regions throughout the country to enforce the orders, he said. This week, a police official said more than 4,000 people have been arrest-

ed since the start of the crackdown. Executives at the fourhour meeting came from top companies including Microsoft, Procter and Gamble, Nokia, Daimler and Sony, as well the U.S. National Basketball Association and Hollywood’s Motion Picture Association. “The six-month campaign is a very good start,” said Werner Geissler, P&G’s vice chairman for global operations, who traveled from Cincinnati for the Beijing meeting. “But it should be an ongoing effort.” Piracy is especially sensitive at a time when Washington and other Western governments are trying to create jobs by boosting exports. In 2009, the World Trade Organization upheld a U.S. complaint that Beijing was violating its trade commitments by failing to root out the problem. Rampant copying also has hampered Beijing’s efforts to attract technology industries because businesspeople say companies are reluctant to do high-level research in China or bring in advanced designs for fear of theft.

15 years, while also burying more than seven miles of streams. The EPA used its authority under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act — which it has used only 12 other times in its history — to argue that the subsequent valley fills would harm the area’s water quality, habitat and wildlife. Kim Link, a spokeswoman for Mingo Logan parent company Arch Coal, said the company is “shocked and dismayed” at the EPA’s decision, which she predicted “will have a chilling effect on future U.S. investment” in mining. “Arch will continue to vigorously defend the permit, now in court, along with the right to have a predictable regulatory environment,” Link said in a statement. “Absent court intervention, EPA’s final determination to veto the Spruce permit blocks an additional $250 million investment and 250 well-paying American jobs.” The 2007 permit is pending before the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia, which has held off ruling on the permit. The Justice Department asked for a delay until the EPA made a final decision on whether to veto it. In the meantime, the two sides agreed that the company could conduct limited mining with a couple of dozen workers within the watershed it had already disturbed. Joe Lovett, executive director for the Appalachian Center for the Economy and the Environment, said the decision reflects growing scientific evidence that these projects are eroding the region’s environment. Studies show that when rainwater is filtered through the jumbles of mining rock it emerges imbued with toxins, which in turn poisons mountain streams.

“This is a road map for what has to happen in this region for these other mines as well,” said Lovett, who has been fighting the Spruce mine ever since a resident of West Virginia’s Pigeonroost Hollow decided to challenge the Corps of Engineer’s permit a dozen years ago. “Now EPA has to step up and apply this law and science to all these other mines.” The EPA’s new mining guidelines bar operations that would exceed pollution limits of salt and specified toxins. Since it adopted those standards it has given permits to three surface mining projects and has indicated it will not block three others. In the case of the Spruce mine, the agency issued a statement Wednesday saying the company’s proposed practices “will lead to unhealthy levels of salinity and toxic levels of selenium that turn fresh water into salty water.” It also noted that after a year of negotiation, “Mingo Logan did not offer any new proposed mining configurations in response” to the agency’s concerns. Under the Clean Water Act, the Corps of Engineers reviews and approves the “dredge and fill” permit that allows mountaintop mining to proceed, but the EPA has the authority to intervene if it determines the waste dumping is too harmful or could be averted. Mining proponents, including industry officials and Sen. Jay Rockefeller, D-W.Va., urged U.S. President Barack Obama to overturn the EPA’s decision, although it is unclear how the White House could do so. Rockefeller predicted that “this is a decision that has a strong chance of being overturned by the courts,” but environmentalists said they were just as confident they could prevail.

New U.S. banking rules Moody’s, S&P warn about U.S. credit rating leave U.N. cash-strapped • RATING, FROM 1B


international finance expert at the Peterson Institute for International Economics in Washington. Several recent events have probably prompted the banks to act. A report by the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations last February criticized Bank of America and HSBC for what it called lax policing on a few African accounts, including some from Angola and Equatorial Guinea. The State Department dispatched Ambassador Patrick Kennedy, the under secretary for management, as well as a senior Treasury Department official, to the United Nations on Thursday to brief diplomats from about 100 nations on efforts to solve the problem. Kennedy said the U.S. government had approached Chase about the issue, but stressed that ultimately U.S. banks were private enterprises that made business decisions free of government intervention. The envoys left unim-

15PGB02.indd 2

pressed. “I don’t think it is providing any solution at this time,” Sangqu said. Larger countries, like China and France, said they did not anticipate difficulties finding other banks. But smaller countries, or those under sanctions like Iran and Cuba, are expected to face problems. Mohammad Khazaee, the ambassador from Iran, said that without bank accounts, the entire U.N. business risked grinding to a halt as member states would be unable to make the financial transfers needed to pay for costs ranging from their annual dues to peacekeeping operations. “Missions cannot function,” he said. Khazaee suggested that the United Nations retaliate against Chase by closing its substantial accounts there. Martin Nesirky, the U.N. spokesman, said the organization had not been approached. With the Secretariat building under renovation, the space that a Chase branch used to occupy was open to negotiation, he noted.

the money it needs to finance its deficit. Moody’s has been rating U.S. government debt since 1917 and has always rated it Aaa. Only once, in 1996, did the agency put some U.S. debt on review for possible downgrade — a much stronger step than a negative outlook. That was after Republicans refused to vote to increase the debt ceiling. That debate is being repeated now in Washington, where the Obama administration is warning that the government could reach its legal borrowing limit within a few months. The administration is urging Congress to raise the debt ceiling to avoid a default. Moody’s statement was a repeat of a warning it had issued for the first time in December, after the Obama administration’s $858 billion deal with congressional Republicans to extend the Bush-era tax cuts. That compromise was likely to act as a stimulus on economic growth — indeed

Moody’s raised its forecast for growth this year — but on balance it worsened the nation’s finances, the agency said. Moody’s also cited the failure to adopt the ambitious measures proposed in 2010 by U.S. President Barack Obama’s bipartisan commission on debt reduction to shave $4 trillion from projected deficits over the coming decade. “The U.S. is going in exactly the opposite direction from fiscal consolidation,” said Steven Hess, one of the authors of the Moody’s report. “In fact, they are going for more stimulus to the economy.” Separately, S&P analysts, speaking at a conference for financial reporters in Paris, said that the United States’ fiscal condition had worsened in recent months. “We can’t rule out the possibility that maybe one day we might have to change the outlook,” Carol Sirou, head of the agency’s French office, was quoted by Dow Jones Newswires as saying. In one of its own recent

reports, S&P emphasized the “growing economic, fiscal, and protectionism risks” of the United States but said it was maintaining its strong AAA rating on the country. The Moody’s report also raised worries about other countries, like Britain, Germany and France. But although those countries were taking steps in various degree to improve their fiscal positions, the United States had so far failed to do so. “We therefore retain stable outlooks on these countries ratings, although there are questions about the willingness of the U.S. to take the necessary steps,” Moody’s said in its report. It said “the medium-term trajectory for the deficit and debt ratios continues to present a worsening picture.” For some economists, the failure to rein in the deficit now could spell trouble, not immediately but in 10 or 20 years. Peterson said aggressive government spending was warranted in the short run

to stimulate the economy. But once growth returns, spending must be cut drastically, he said. Otherwise the nation’s debt will explode in coming decades, as an aging population reduces the number of taxpayers and increases public costs on services like healthcare. For other critics, however, the dangers seem more imminent. “There is a significant risk that we can lose the confidence of our foreign investors within the next two years,” said David M. Walker, former U.S. comptroller general and founder and chief executive of Comeback America Initiative, an organization devoted to improving the country’s financial standing. He criticized the rating agencies for underplaying the threat. “Unless we make some tough choices sooner rather than later,” Walker said, “then it’s only a matter of time before interest rates go up significantly and the dollar takes a significant hit.”

1/15/2011 4:14:02 AM






Starbucks to tie up with Indian firm



New York Times Service


GLOBAL IMPACT: A research bureau in Australia said the flood would put pressure on international food and energy costs. Above, a farming machine is stuck in a muddy field near Grantham, Australia.

MUMBAI, India — Starbucks, the coffee chain based in Seattle, said this week that it would work with Tata Coffee, an Indian company, to buy coffee beans from India and would explore the possibility of opening outlets in this fast-growing country. The announcement follows months of speculation in the Indian media about Starbucks’ plans. The company withdrew an application to enter India three years ago amid uncertainty about whether it would receive government approval to invest there.

India tightly regulates foreign-owned retail chains. Companies that sell only one brand of goods can own 51 percent of their Indian operations while those that sell more than one brand cannot have any foreign ownership. Policymakers have recently hinted they might relax the policies. Tata Coffee, which owns and operates coffee plantations and is part of India’s largest business conglomerate, the Tata Group, could help Starbucks in numerous ways. A spokesman for Starbucks, Corey duBrowa, said the company would explore opening stores inside India’s

Taj hotel chain, which is controlled by the Tata. Tata will also consider putting Starbucks locations inside other retail outlets of various subsidiaries. Howard D. Schultz, the chairman and chief executive of Starbucks, has been in India this week visiting coffee plantations and having meetings with Indian government officials. He is hoping to capitalize on the increasing popularity of coffee in India, a country where many still prefer tea. Coffee, which traditionally has had a stronghold in south India, has gained a broader following across the

country in the last decade; new coffee chains appeal to young Indians who have more disposable income than their parents did when they were young. Along with being one of the world’s fastest-growing countries, India is also one of its youngest. About half of Indians are younger than 25. Cafe Coffee Day, a local chain, dominates the Indian market. Lavazza, the Italian company, owns India’s other big chain, Barista. Starbucks said it had been buying coffee beans from various suppliers in India for its stores elsewhere for the last seven years.

Floods hit farms, mines in Australia From Miami Herald Wire Services

Australia began to tally the multibillion dollar toll of massive flooding that left fertile farmland in the northeast a boggy mess of rotting vegetation and swamped the third-largest city of Brisbane, where residents waded through stinking mud Friday in search of salvageable possessions. Mining companies have also announced that they won’t be able to meet contracts for coal, Australia’s biggest export, due to the flooding in Queensland state, while farmers there are counting crop losses that could push up world food prices. The floodwaters that swamped entire neighborhoods in Brisbane, the state capital, receded Friday, leaving behind a thick layer of putrid sludge that covered streets and thousands of houses. More than 30,000 homes and businesses were flooded with muddy water and officials warned some residents their homes were so badly damaged, they’d need to be destroyed. • PUBLISHING BORDERS SAID TO BE CLOSE TO REFINANCING In a meeting with publishers this week, Borders laid out a more detailed proposal for moving the troubled company forward, including asking publishers to provide money for a large portion of the company’s debt as a loan, according to people briefed on the matter. Borders executives told publishers that they were close to securing refinancing from GE Capital and other lenders, these people said, speaking only on the condition of anonymity, and that the company intended to reduce costs, improve liquidity and expand marketing efforts, as well as sell some assets. • ICELAND TWO FORMER LANDSBANKI EXECUTIVES HELD Two former senior executives with Iceland’s failed Landsbanki bank have been arrested over allegations of market manipulation, the special prosecutor’s office said Friday. Prosecutor Olafur Hauksson said he had asked that former Landsbanki chief executive Sigurjon Arnson and former head of corporate finance Ivar Gudjonsson be detained in connection with investigation into the collapse of the institution, one of several Icelandic banks that failed in 2008 under the weight of enormous debts racked up during the tiny North Atlantic nation’s boom. • TOBACCO REYNOLDS PLANS TO SELL LANE SUBSIDIARY Reynolds American, the parent of several tobacco companies including R.J. Reynolds, said Friday it will sell its Lane subsidiary for $205 million in cash to Scandinavian Tobacco Group, a Danish company which is a leader in pipe tobacco sales. Lane, based in Tucker, Ga., has about 110 employees and makes Kite and Bugler roll-your-own tobacco and Captain Black pipe tobacco. Reynolds American, which is based in Winston-Salem, N.C., said the deal is expected to close in the first half of 2011. • FRAUD PAIR CHARGED IN INSIDER TRADING SCHEME Federal prosecutors in New Jersey say a Connecticut man and his friend from Thailand conspired in an insider trading scheme related to the sale of a Florida-based medical products firm. George Holley of Norwalk, Conn., and Phairot Iamnaita both pleaded not guilty during an initial appearance this week in U.S. District Court in Newark. If convicted, each man could face up to five years in prison. Holley was chairman and chief executive of Fort Lauderdale, Fla.-based Home Diagnostics. • AUCTION BANK WARRANTS TO GO UNDER HAMMER The U.S. government announced Friday that it will auction warrants it holds from Citigroup and two smaller banks in the first quarter of this year. It is the latest effort to recoup costs of the $700 billion financial bailout. The Treasury Department said that it would conduct warrant auctions for Citigroup, Massachusetts-based Boston Private Financial and Wintrust Financial, based in Lake Forest, Ill. Sales of the warrants will sever the remaining ties the three companies have with the government’s financial bailout fund. • TOYMAKER HASBRO SAYS 4Q SALES WERE WEAK Hasbro said Friday that people bought fewer toys than it had expected during the crucial holiday season and says revenue will probably decline for both the fourth quarter and the year. Its shares fell 5 percent in premarket trading. The company also says it expects a modest increase in earnings per share for the year compared with $2.48 per share in 2010. Analysts expected $2.70 per share.

14PGB03.indd 3


COLLABORATION: Tata Coffee, which owns coffee plantations and is part of India’s largest business conglomerate, the Tata Group, could help Starbucks expand in India.

Groupon IPO said to be valued at $15B BY EVELYN M. RUSLI AND ANDREW ROSS SORKIN New York Times Service

business. Child spent nearly 12 years at the giant online retailer, serving in a variety of financial roles. Earlier this week, Groupon raised nearly $1 billion from large investors, including Fidelity Investments, T. Rowe Price and Morgan Stanley. It was the largest fundraising effort ever for a start-up, a venture capital record previously held by DreamWorks Animation SKG for 15 years, based on Thomson Reuters data. Given Morgan Stanley’s recent stake, some analysts think it is on the short list of banks vying to take Groupon public.

“Morgan Stanley is one of the premier firms on Wall Street. An investment would give them an inside track on an IPO,” said Greg Sterling, an analyst and the founder of Sterling Market Intelligence, a research firm. CNBC first reported Groupon’s meetings with bankers this week. Groupon, analysts say, may be moving quickly to take advantage of the market’s momentum and the excitement around fastgrowing Web companies. “It’s smart to strike while the iron is hot, and they’re the most visible and fastest-

Groupon, the social buying site that spurned a $6 billion offer from the search giant Google, is pushing ahead with plans for its initial public offering, a debut that could value the company at $15 billion or more. The company, which just raised a record $950 million from big investors, discussed a public offering with bankers this week, according to two people with knowledge of the deal who were not authorized to speak publicly on the matter. Banks are pitching Groupon on dizzying valuations at which they expect to take the company public, with many at $15 billion and some as high as $20 billion, these people said. Groupon, which is expected to make its debut in the spring, prepared to meet with bankers again on Friday, according to the two people. A public offering, if it happens, will be a significant milestone for the start-up, led by its young founder Andrew Mason, whose quirky personality has helped shaped the site. The offering, which would also be among the most anticipated since Google’s in 2004, would also represent the highest valuation on the company to date. Since rejecting Google’s overtures, the company has been on the fast track for a public offering. In late December, Groupon hired TIM BOYLE/BLOOMBERG NEWS its first chief financial ofGROWING: A public offering by Groupon, a social fer, Jason Child, the former vice president of finance buying site, could be a significant milestone for the for Amazon’s international start-up, led by its young founder Andrew Mason.

growing player in their market,” Sterling said. “To wait a year would inject a level of uncertainty for the proposition of going public.” The latest step by Groupon comes during a particularly frenzied period for Web start-ups. Twitter recently raised $200 million, at a $3.7 billion valuation. LinkedIn, the professional social network, is preparing its own public offering this year, said people with direct knowledge of the matter. LinkedIn is expected to file a prospectus with regulators by the end of the quarter, one person said. Groupon’s eagerness for a public offer stands in contrast to Facebook, the social networking giant that seems reluctantly headed for an offering in 2012. This month, Goldman Sachs invested $450 million in Facebook, at a $50 billion valuation. The investment bank is selling another $1.5 billion of Facebook -shares to its wealthy clients through a special-purpose vehicle. Groupon’s sprint to the public markets matches the speed of its own evolution. In less than three years, the daily deal site has gone from a start-up to one of the Web’s fastest-growing company, with more than 50 million users worldwide and annual revenue of more than $1 billion. Its employee base, now 3,100, has expanded so quickly that the company, which is based in Chicago, had to relocate its staff meetings to a nearby church.

Former Chicago publisher to be resentenced BY ANNIE SWEENEY

Chicago Tribune Service

CHICAGO — Conrad Black, the wealthy Canadian native who was chairman of a Chicago-based newspaper empire, will be resentenced in June on two counts that survived an appellate court’s review of his 2007 fraud conviction, a federal judge has decided. Black, 66, will be resentenced on June 24 by U.S. District Judge Amy St. Eve, the federal judge who presided over his trial. Black appeared at a 15-minute status hearing in

Chicago, once again greeting the throngs of reporters who have tracked his criminal trial. As he left with his attorneys, Black told the reporters he was “surprised in the interest” in the case. His lawyers have said they plan to appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court. “We’re all waiting on the Supreme Court,” he said. In October 7, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago affirmed Black’s guilty verdicts on single counts of defrauding Hollinger International and obstruction of

justice but vacated two of his fraud convictions. He was freed on bail in July pending his appeal after the U.S. Supreme Court in June sharply limited the controversial federal “honest services” fraud law, a key part of the case against him. Black and three other senior Hollinger executives were convicted of depriving the company and its shareholders of their honest services, as well as looting millions of dollars through fraudulent non-compete agreements. Hollinger once owned

more than 300 newspapers, including the Chicago SunTimes, Jerusalem Post and Canada’s National Post. Black was originally sentenced to 6 1/2 years in prison and had served about two years when he was released after the Supreme Court ruling. Federal charges against Hollinger executive Mark Kipnis were dropped in court Thursday in light of the Supreme Court decision in June. The government indicated it would drop the charges on the other two executives later.

1/15/2011 5:53:32 AM




DOW 11,787.38


S&P 500 1,293.24


NASDAQ 2,755.30



Dow Jones industrials


Close: 11,787.38 Change: 55.48 (0.5%)





30-YR T-BONDS 4.53%


Nasdaq composite


Close: 2,755.30 Change: 20.01 (0.7%) 10 DAYS




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DOW DOW Trans. DOW Util. NYSE Comp. NASDAQ S&P 100 S&P 500 S&P 400 Wilshire 5000 Russell 2000

DOI;D7I: 1,955 1,897 1703 954 231 11


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Argent (Peso) Brazil (Real) Britain (Pound) Canada (Dollar) Chile (Peso) China (Yuan) Colombia (Peso) Dominican Rep (Peso) Euro (Euro) India (Rupee) Israel (Shekel) Japan (Yen) Mexico (Peso) Norway (Krone) Peru (New Sol) So. Africa (Rand) Switzerlnd (Franc) Uruguay (New Peso)

.2516 .5942 1.5881 1.0106 .002044 .1517 .000535 .0268 1.3360 .0221 .2810 .012049 .082713 .1710 .3586 .1442 1.0363 .0502

.2516 .5983 1.5843 1.0107 .002041 .1513 .000538 .0268 1.3350 .0222 .2809 .012087 .082737 .1706 .3584 .1465 1.0380 .0501

0 0 1 1 1 1 1

0 0 1 1 1 1 1

0 0 0 1 0 0 0

4.38 5.35 3.54 8.60 5.32 2.39 4.58

KI_d9khh[dYo B7IJ FH;L$ 3.9741 1.6828 .6297 .9895 489.25 6.5902 1869.50 37.36 .7485 45.290 3.5591 82.99 12.0900 5.8469 2.789 6.9358 .9650 19.9005

3.9750 1.6715 .6312 .9894 490.05 6.6085 1858.00 37.38 .7491 45.065 3.5600 82.74 12.0865 5.8617 2.790 6.8278 .9634 19.9521

=beXWbCWha[ji C7@EHI Buenos Aires Argentina Frankfurt DAX London FTSE 100 Hong Kong Hang Seng Paris CAC-40 Mexico Tokyo Nikkei 225 Sao Paulo Brazil Toronto Canada

O;IJ 3539.06 7075.70 6002.07 24283.23 3983.28 37994.72 10499.04 70940.21 13464.06 Follow the stock markets at business: â&#x2013; Check local stocks â&#x2013;  Track your portfolio â&#x2013;  Customize a watch list â&#x2013;  Calculate returns

IjeYaie\Iekj^ <beh_ZW?dj[h[ij D7C;:?LBWij9^]9^] AMR (AMR) AT&T Inc (T) Alico (ALCO) AmExp (AXP) Assurant (AIZ) AutoNatn (AN) Avatar (AVTR) BB&T Cp (BBT) BE Aero (BEAV) BkofAm (BAC) BkAtl A h (BBX) BeasleyB (BBGI) Benihana (BNHN) BenihanaA (BNHNA) Bluegreen (BXG) Carnival (CCL) CatalystPh (CPRX) CerusCp (CERS) Chicos (CHS) CitrixSys (CTXS) Comcast (CMCSA) CnsTom (CTO) Continucre (CNU) CrssCtryHl (CCRN) Darden (DRI) Disney (DIS) Dreams (DRJ) Dycom (DY) h (DIET) EqtyOne (EQY) FedExCp (FDX) Flanign (BDL) GeoGrp (GEO) HackettGp (HCKT) HarrisCorp (HRS) Heico s (HEI) Heico A s (HEI/A) IntlSpdw (ISCA) IntervalLs (IILG) IsleCapri (ISLE) IvaxDiag (IVD) LadThalFn (LTS) LennarA (LEN) Macys (M) MAKO Srg (MAKO) MarineMx (HZO) Mastec (MTZ) McClatchy (MNI) Mednax (MD) NABI Bio (NABI) NatlBevrg (FIZZ) FPL Group (NEE) OcwenFn (OCN) OfficeDpt (ODP) OpkoHlth (OPK) Parlux (PARL) PerryEllis (PERY) PetMed (PETS) Protalix (PLX) RJamesFn (RJF) RepubSvc (RSG) RylCarb (RCL) Ryder (R) SBA Com (SBAC) SFN Grp (SFN) StJoe (JOE) SeacorHld (CKH) SpanBdc h (SBSA) SunTrst (STI) TIB Fn rs (TIBB) TenetHlth (THC) Terremk (TMRK) TevaPhrm (TEVA) Tongjitng (TCM) TradeStatn (TRAD) 21CentHld (TCHC) UltimSoft (ULTI) UPS B (UPS) VectorGp (VGR) Vonage (VG) Watsco (WSO) Winn-Dixie (WINN) WorldFuel (INT)

15PGB04.indd 4

... 1.72f 0.10e 0.72 0.64 ... ... 0.60 ... 0.04 ... ... ... ... ... 0.40 ... ... 0.16 ... 0.38 0.04 ... ... 1.28 0.40f ... ... ... 0.88 0.48 0.10e ... ... 1.00 0.12 0.12 0.16f ... ... ... ... 0.16 0.20 ... ... ... ... ... ... 2.30e 2.00 ... ... ... ... ... 0.50 ... 0.52f 0.80 ... 1.08 ... ... ... 15.00e ... 0.04 ... ... ... 0.75e ... ... ... ... 1.88 1.60b ... 2.08 ... 0.15

8.63 28.43 26.64 46.25 39.31 28.39 21.60 27.78 39.41 15.25 1.23 5.60 8.14 8.15 3.70 47.85 1.16 3.42 10.81 68.05 22.72 29.19 4.71 8.39 46.15 39.29 2.52 15.87 .36 18.87 95.83 8.50 23.41 3.72 48.33 54.66 40.64 27.62 16.70 11.15 .70 1.29 20.63 23.08 16.79 9.41 15.32 5.07 69.11 5.71 13.67 54.15 10.62 5.76 4.01 3.44 29.41 15.80 10.06 34.02 29.85 49.96 51.43 39.25 9.86 25.26 104.44 1.06 28.92 19.51 7.06 14.26 54.26 4.40 7.19 3.32 50.89 72.48 17.25 3.19 61.88 6.55 37.55

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9>= -4.41 +0.59 -21.81 +44.25 +8.45 -75.47 -90.72 +218.80 +62.58




Barclays LongT-BdIdx Bond Buyer Muni Idx Barclays USAggregate Barclays US High Yield Moodys AAA Corp Idx Barclays CompT-BdIdx Barclays US Corp




Prime Rate Fed Funds Target 3-month T-bill 6-month T-bill 52-wk T-bill 2-year T-note 5-year T-note 10-year T-note 30-year T-bond

The yield on the 10-year Treasury rose to 3.33 percent. Changing yields affect interest rates on consumer loans.


IjeYaiH[YWf Vol. (in mil.) 4,758 Pvs. Volume 4,355 Advanced 1744 Declined 1284 New Highs 233 New Lows 154


9>= -0.12% +0.01% -0.36% +0.18% +0.21% -0.20% -0.86% +0.31% +0.47%

MA CE GJH 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

OJ: +0.44% +2.34% +1.73% +5.42% +4.69% -1.44% +2.64% +2.36% +0.16%




MA CE GJH 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

OJ: +1.81% +2.38% +1.45% +2.64% +3.86% +2.90% +2.83% +2.63% +2.85% +3.05%

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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17.32 4.91 5.68 3.46 2.90 7.34 3.80 6.72 11.85 4.98

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41.50 2.03 7.25 12.00 10.40 5.84 4.30 3.00 4.92 2.62

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-27.1 -22.7 -18.9 -16.1 -14.8 -14.5 -14.0 -13.8 -13.4 -12.7

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28.43 8.20 3.32 15.97 29.00 15.32 49.25 15.25 21.21 5.13 8.26 31.46 24.54 77.84 18.65 18.82 7.25 11.15 27.74 47.93 80.54 21.08 44.91

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CRUDE OIL $91.54


EURO 1.3360




GOLD $1,360.40








6-MO T-BILLS .17%












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19.66 18.36 19.74

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... ...

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6.48 10.93 2.21 2.23

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29.83 21.32

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13.16 13.15

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39.55 20.67 34.84 24.38 33.20 24.32 60.58 34.44 9.49 16.79 24.14

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119.19 119.18 40.25 10.75 10.75 5.75 52.54 124.51 9.94 25.62 13.05 118.35 118.35 29.39 19.61 22.53 19.89 20.91 13.06 10.96 15.85 67.77 70.31 10.78 10.78 19.42 12.61 22.49 13.39 12.86 10.59 10.59 10.59 10.59 16.02 32.50 32.51 32.50 21.82 52.85 31.69 54.74 47.12 13.96 26.55

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D;J'OH O;IJFLI9>=7=E Unleaded Gas (gal) 2.49 2.44 +.05 2.07 Crude Oil (bbl) 91.54 91.40 +.14 79.39 Gold (oz) 1360.40 1386.90 -26.50 1142.60 Platinum (oz) 1813.40 1818.60 -5.20 1600.10 Silver (oz) 28.31 29.25 -.94 18.64 Coffee (lb) 2.35 2.38 -.03 1.44 Orange Juice (lb) 1.73 1.72 +.01 1.33 Sugar (lb) 0.31 0.32 -.01 .28

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BWij 9^] 23.55 60.79 12.99 57.67 53.74 32.50 40.83 10.01 46.89 51.55 50.00 61.61 11.76 33.79 63.18 8.20 6.04 22.17 27.85 7.02 33.89 104.77 43.26 69.27 93.35 88.73 63.72 43.22 51.75 59.86 37.13 3.32 15.97 163.13 39.46 75.22 82.37 25.40 57.84 71.04 72.16 50.35 37.43 20.82 30.71 59.04 39.33 24.16 9.79 23.38 23.20 28.08 188.75 28.84 28.19 58.33 58.06 35.45 32.62 54.00 49.85 25.98 50.20 60.88 35.43 40.33 56.50 52.26 79.48 38.60 44.67 57.91 17.75 54.96 44.70 125.63 42.31 348.48 15.32 48.47 23.33 36.28 88.02 34.04 33.51 16.88 25.97 35.08 55.32 19.55 47.52 44.62 44.33 13.91 33.14 41.44 82.33 48.75 252.62 29.01 112.50 42.09 13.87 33.96 28.91 35.29 36.70 27.78 35.76 90.56 79.19 47.97 55.94 49.25 16.96 29.18 28.55 107.73 59.58 63.37 69.81

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DWc[ Cisco Citigrp CitiTdecs CityNC CliffsNRs Clorox Coach CobaltIEn CocaCE CCFemsa CCHellenic CocaCl CognizTech ColgPal Comc spcl Comerica CmcBMO ComScop CmtyHlt CBD-Pao s CompSci ConAgra ConchoRes ConocPhil ConsolEngy ConEd ConstellA ConstellEn ContlRes Cooper Ind Copart Copel CoreLab s CornPdts Corning Corpbnca Cosan Ltd Costco Covance CoventryH Covidien Credicp CredSuiss Cree Inc CrwnCstle CrownHold s CullenFr Cummins CypSemi DPL DR Horton DTE Danaher s DaVita DeVry DeckOut s Deere DelMnte Delhaize Dell Inc DeltaAir DenburyR Dndreon Dentsply DeutschBk DevelDiv DevonE Diageo DiaOffs DicksSptg DigitalRlt DirecTV A Discover DiscCm A DiscCm C DishNetwk DrReddy DolbyLab DollarGen DllrTree s DomRescs Domtar grs Donldson DonlleyRR Dover DowChm DrPepSnap DresserR Dril-Quip DuPont DukeEngy DukeRlty DunBrad ETrade rs eBay EMC Cp ENI EOG Res EQT Corp EstWstBcp EastChm Eaton EatnVan EVTxMGlo Ecolab Ecopetrol EdisonInt EdwLfSci s ElPasoCp ElPasoPpl Elan EldorGld g ElectArts EAndinA EAndinB Embraer EmersonEl EElChile EnbrEPtrs Enbridge

BWij 9^] 21.21 5.13 145.70 61.62 88.84 63.98 54.38 13.39 25.49 82.29 26.77 63.13 75.01 78.31 21.34 42.25 41.97 31.48 37.91 40.40 53.16 23.11 94.11 67.72 51.74 49.83 19.32 32.05 62.67 60.78 37.56 26.71 90.53 47.82 19.81 83.44 14.35 72.51 54.15 30.01 47.43 111.59 45.07 63.77 40.73 33.04 42.09 61.83 112.56 21.34 26.16 13.50 46.85 47.15 71.21 46.39 81.73 89.52 18.94 75.44 14.05 12.75 19.16 37.16 36.29 57.96 13.43 82.79 78.24 74.90 35.51 53.79 42.51 20.38 38.56 33.28 21.41 36.74 61.51 29.46 50.39 42.98 79.11 59.55 17.63 59.59 35.93 35.55 44.71 77.04 49.80 17.92 13.28 84.38 16.70 29.18 24.54 47.65 100.58 46.99 21.31 92.76 104.15 31.66 10.57 48.83 43.06 37.78 81.70 14.14 34.74 6.85 17.12 15.95 24.43 30.48 33.00 58.16 53.46 63.26 56.49

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BWij 9^] 31.51 34.88 55.00 72.80 39.30 53.82 32.93 21.31 53.85 73.11 43.44 36.87 87.71 50.91 11.58 65.79 113.59 83.99 83.40 19.52 42.87 27.30 54.42 57.59 77.84 144.17 29.49 77.75 88.79 95.05 43.22 59.89 76.87 16.46 13.62 30.12 14.95 12.53 14.45 31.35 140.84 38.60 61.92 8.39 117.60 71.19 23.50 57.16 18.65 55.12 31.44 37.88 61.55 70.29 37.32 21.24 121.21 118.35 57.30 9.39 13.72 28.93 20.37 14.88 20.41 72.43 30.85 34.60 72.18 18.82 15.10 35.80 38.20 15.18 32.38 51.15 14.31 72.18 14.62 28.25 38.22 39.18 47.29 16.13 16.67 40.59 175.00 90.59 624.18 135.90 19.77 35.33 26.00 20.98 42.88 29.83 36.23 150.06 56.16 39.99 54.49 36.99 46.00 11.11 28.48 44.49 47.05 48.63 50.76 64.20 68.62 49.55 13.96 82.13 46.25 54.52 19.17 35.89 40.74 55.02 50.38

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BWij 9^] 56.29 24.63 18.49 21.45 60.59 13.19 26.85 59.35 42.22 7.25 17.94 48.16 17.42 45.10 69.33 78.77 10.56 64.52 59.30 36.76 39.48 55.96 69.05 42.90 33.57 28.78 41.63 44.65 70.73 46.82 19.25 47.97 21.08 116.27 21.38 150.00 55.95 18.80 28.67 8.66 76.56 11.10 46.98 288.28 25.00 24.80 23.81 25.94 17.77 44.91 21.34 51.02 33.01 26.84 62.55 40.45 87.90 91.18 38.73 54.55 32.03 15.68 42.11 20.12 52.04 51.00 42.71 8.77 63.64 18.08 72.36 65.54 45.82 14.17 16.80 51.51 12.82 31.34 21.44 49.80 103.43 75.87 30.37 17.08 23.33 33.36 6.22 91.15 52.69 48.07 42.68 109.36 30.06 36.10 22.95 31.85 37.53 35.53 16.14 64.25 66.37 32.73 55.25 34.91 29.11 29.27 35.87 38.64 74.50 40.35 18.62 77.07 25.00 106.35 71.81 31.10 36.61 86.38 20.77 16.76 36.42

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DWc[ Macerich MagelMPtr MagnaI gs Makita ManpwI Manulife g MarathonO Markel MarkWest MarIntA MarshM MarshIls MartMM MarvellT Masco MasseyEn MasterCrd Mattel MaximIntg McCorm McDrmInt s McDnlds McGrwH McKesson McAfee MeadJohn MeadWvco Mechel MedcoHlth Medtrnic MelcoCrwn MercadoL Merck MetLife MetroPCS MettlerT Microchp MicronT MicrosSys Microsoft Millicom MitsuUFJ Mitsui MizuhoFn MobileTel s Mohawk Molex MolexA MolsCoorB Molycorp n Monsanto MonstrWw Moodys MorgStan Mosaic MotrlaSol n MotrlaMo n MurphO Mylan NII Hldg NRG Egy NTT DOCO NV Energy NVR NXP Sem n NYSE Eur Nabors NalcoHld NasdOMX NBkGreece NatFuGas NatGrid NatInstru NOilVarco NatRetPrp NatSemi NatwHP NatResPtrs Navistar NetServic NetApp Netease NetďŹ&#x201A;ix Nevsun g NwGold g NewOriEd NY CmtyB NewellRub NewďŹ&#x201A;dExp NewmtM NewsCpA NewsCpB Nexen g NextEraEn NiSource Nidec NikeB NipponTT NobleCorp NobleEn NokiaCp Nomura NordicAm Nordson Nordstrm NorďŹ&#x201A;kSo NortelInv NoestUt NorTrst NorthropG NovaGld g Novartis Novlus NovoNord NSTAR NuanceCm Nucor NustarEn Nvidia OGE Engy OReillyAu

BWij 9^] 47.14 +.21 55.67 +.09 58.86 +.08 42.09 +.67 66.99 -.13 17.74 +.19 42.59 -.39 393.35 +3.27 42.86 -.14 41.89 +.76 27.71 +.31 7.24 +.14 83.89 +.75 21.87 +.44 14.00 +.25 55.38 -2.04 236.91 +3.40 23.95 -.10 25.99 +.27 45.95 +.01 20.54 +.04 74.06 +1.39 37.50 +.17 74.17 -.23 47.38 -.02 62.86 -.07 27.19 32.78 -.48 64.89 -.05 37.20 -.07 7.55 +.26 75.20 +1.85 34.23 -.46 46.62 +.99 13.06 +.10 151.57 +1.13 37.03 +1.02 9.71 +.08 45.52 +.02 28.30 +.11 97.10 -.34 5.55 344.55 -6.45 4.14 -.01 20.65 +.05 58.37 +1.26 24.79 +.15 20.81 +.11 47.70 -.23 46.13 -2.74 74.33 -.45 23.31 -.20 28.94 -.01 28.98 +.68 82.97 +2.28 38.28 +.43 33.77 +.69 74.15 +.85 22.80 +.07 42.20 +.12 20.24 +.01 17.77 +.27 14.27 -.09 797.98 +20.77 23.39 +.06 32.46 -.09 22.52 +.44 30.58 +.17 24.37 +.26 1.77 +.03 69.85 +.73 42.69 +.11 39.30 +.41 69.31 +2.18 24.81 -.04 14.77 +.50 35.77 -.15 35.89 -.35 63.10 +.30 13.33 -.09 59.48 +.86 38.73 -.27 191.48 -.01 6.37 -.31 8.63 -.31 107.71 -.93 18.69 +.33 17.76 -.02 71.06 -.80 55.72 -1.09 14.17 +.04 15.94 -.03 24.28 +.16 54.15 +.39 18.57 +.24 25.78 -.31 84.07 +1.51 22.66 +.21 38.09 +.04 84.08 +.22 10.99 +.11 6.55 -.08 26.13 -.08 93.55 -.28 42.09 +.46 65.40 -.28 35.00 -.14 32.01 +.26 55.88 +.38 67.23 +.71 13.63 -.32 56.82 -.21 36.85 +4.04 111.01 -1.45 42.28 +.03 20.76 +.25 44.20 -.52 69.01 +.05 23.59 +.20 45.00 +.01 57.31 +.60

DWc[ OcciPet Oceaneer OilStates OldRepub Omncre Omnicom OnSmcnd ONEOK ONEOK Pt Oracle Orix OshkoshCp OwensCorn OwensIll PG&E Cp PNC POSCO PPG PPL Corp Paccar PallCorp PanASlv Panasonic PaneraBrd ParkerHan PrtnrCm PartnerRe Patterson PattUTI Paychex PeabdyE Pearson Pengrth g PennWst g Penney Pentair PeopUtdF PepcoHold PepsiCo PerkElm Perrigo PetChina Petrohawk PetrbrsA Petrobras PetsMart PďŹ zer PharmPdt PhilipMor PhilLD PhilipsEl PhlVH PinWst PioNtrl PitnyBw PlainsAA PlainsEx PlumCrk Polo RL Polycom Popular PortglTel Potash Praxair PrecCastpt PriceTR priceline PrideIntl PrinFncl ProctGam ProgrssEn ProgsvCp ProLogis Prudentl Prud UK PSEG PubStrg PulteGrp QEP Res n QIAGEN Qualcom QuantaSvc QstDiag Questar s QwestCm RPM Rackspace Ralcorp Randgold RangeRs Rayonier Raytheon RltyInco RedHat ReedElsNV ReedEls plc RgcyCtrs RegncyEn RegionsFn ReinsGrp RelStlAl RenaisRe Repsol RschMotn ResMed s ReynAm s RioTinto s Riverbed s RobtHalf RockwlAut RockColl RockwdH RogCm gs Roper RossStrs Rovi Corp Rowan RoyalBk g RBScotlnd RoyDShllB RoyDShllA

BWij 9^] 97.32 74.89 66.18 13.20 26.00 44.83 11.64 57.77 80.90 31.25 50.23 37.55 33.21 31.64 47.33 64.22 105.88 83.14 25.65 56.38 50.37 35.07 14.26 102.18 89.65 20.10 81.38 31.40 20.51 32.31 62.01 16.01 13.45 25.67 30.40 36.98 14.42 18.25 66.78 25.54 67.06 138.05 19.94 33.40 37.42 40.02 18.34 27.92 56.67 56.72 33.22 60.54 41.52 93.41 23.93 64.55 33.51 40.06 110.01 41.81 3.30 11.10 171.90 92.99 144.76 67.70 437.99 33.98 33.35 65.53 44.73 19.47 14.68 61.70 22.25 31.62 103.72 8.69 38.24 19.27 52.04 22.22 54.64 18.00 7.28 22.80 34.63 62.91 81.31 48.42 56.98 50.26 33.71 45.86 25.70 34.80 41.41 27.48 7.47 58.00 53.35 64.19 30.34 64.77 32.99 32.61 71.05 39.44 33.05 73.00 62.17 41.04 36.36 75.37 63.85 68.58 35.25 54.40 13.61 67.79 68.12

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DWc[ Ryanair SAIC SAP AG SCANA SEI Inv SK Tlcm SLGreen SLM Cp SM Energy SPX Cp STMicro SABESP Safeway StJude Salesforce SanDisk SandRdge SanoďŹ SaraLee Sasol Schlmbrg Schwab Scotts ScrippsNet SeadrillLtd SeagateT SealAir SearsHldgs SempraEn Sensata n ShawC gs ShawGrp Sherwin Shinhan Shire SiderNac s Siemens SigmaAld SignetJwlrs Slcnware SilvWhtn g SimonProp SimsMetal Sina SinopcShng SiriusXM SkywksSol Smith&N SmithfF Smucker SnapOn SocQ&M Solera SonocoP SonyCp Sothebys SouthnCo SthnCopper SoUnCo SwstAirl SwtGas SwstnEngy SpectraEn SprintNex StanBlkDk Staples Starbucks StarwdHtl StateStr Statoil ASA StlDynam Stericycle SterlngBcp Sterlite Stryker Subsea 7 SumitMitsu SunLfFn g Suncor gs Sunoco Symantec Syngenta Synopsys Sysco TAM SA TD Ameritr TECO TFS Fncl TIM Partic TJX TRWAuto TaiwSemi TalismE g Target TataMotors Taubmn TeckRes g TelNorL TlcmArg TelcmNZ TelItalia TelItaliaA TelSPaulo TelefEsp TelMexA TelMexL TelData TelDta spl Telus g Tenaris Teradata Terex Ternium Tesoro TexInst Textron ThermoFis ThomsonR 3M Co TibcoSft Tiffany

BWij 9^] 31.90 16.46 53.60 41.84 24.61 17.77 70.95 14.28 58.50 74.17 11.80 53.58 21.04 41.47 146.47 52.77 7.86 34.35 18.35 51.92 86.91 18.83 51.90 47.75 33.87 14.26 26.86 73.23 52.35 30.96 21.02 37.37 84.28 96.54 77.57 18.01 122.36 64.41 42.55 6.17 31.70 98.94 20.70 88.17 62.75 1.56 32.51 54.83 20.51 63.40 57.00 57.19 53.37 35.99 35.88 45.37 38.50 46.45 26.50 13.24 37.30 39.38 25.01 4.45 68.15 23.39 32.70 62.89 49.99 24.43 18.24 78.13 10.33 15.83 57.82 25.09 7.31 31.76 38.77 40.22 17.52 63.24 26.81 30.45 24.76 20.65 18.20 9.97 37.11 45.97 60.22 13.68 23.10 55.07 26.60 51.00 62.90 16.01 26.38 8.70 13.90 11.30 25.16 71.08 16.52 16.66 36.33 31.24 44.69 46.49 46.05 31.69 41.61 18.85 34.04 25.34 56.65 38.41 88.10 21.02 60.05

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DWc[ THorton g TW Cable TimeWarn Timken TitanMet TollBros Trchmrk TorDBk g Total SA TotalSys Toyota TractSup s TrCda g Trnsalta g TransAtlH TransDigm Transocn Travelers TrimbleN Tuppwre Turkcell TycoElec TycoIntl Tyson UBS AG UDR UGI Corp UMH Prop URS UltraPt g Ultrapar UnilevNV Unilever UnionPac UtdContl UtdMicro US Bancrp US Cellular USSteel UtdTech UtdTherap UtdhlthGp UnivHlthS UnumGrp UrbanOut VF Cp Vale SA Vale SA pf ValeantPh ValeroE Validus Valspar VarianMed VarianSemi Ventas VeoliaEnv VeriFone Verisign Verisk VerizonCm VertxPh ViacomB VimpelC n VirgnMda h Visa Visteon n VivoPart VMware Vodafone Vornado VulcanM WPP plc WABCO WaddellR WalMart Walgrn WalterEn WarnerCh s WshPst WasteCon s WsteMInc Waters WatsnPh WeathfIntl WebMD WellPoint WellsFargo WDigital WstnUnion Westpac Weyerh Whrlpl WhitingPet WholeFd WmsCos WmsPtrs WmsSon WillisGp WimmBD Windstrm Wipro s WiscEn WooriFn Wyndham Wynn XL Grp XcelEngy Xerox Xilinx YPF Soc Yahoo Yamana g YanzhouC Youku n YumBrnds Zimmer ZionBcp

BWij 9^] 42.58 65.61 33.13 50.34 18.30 20.90 61.56 76.81 57.11 16.41 85.96 46.65 37.64 22.17 51.85 76.62 79.01 54.63 43.38 47.27 17.05 36.58 45.24 17.01 17.62 22.73 32.59 10.70 42.34 47.30 63.95 30.57 30.19 98.66 25.88 3.30 27.37 49.51 54.67 79.08 67.34 40.77 45.97 25.09 35.94 83.95 36.15 31.44 35.03 24.99 30.90 36.09 70.47 43.80 52.91 30.74 43.82 33.15 33.73 35.46 39.42 41.79 15.34 25.20 71.12 72.50 34.03 97.00 27.51 86.16 41.06 61.71 61.27 37.25 54.81 41.44 128.95 23.87 423.77 27.56 37.03 76.44 51.87 23.93 53.85 63.55 32.75 33.44 19.26 111.97 21.63 88.24 117.10 53.03 26.46 46.68 32.63 35.51 33.52 13.09 14.97 59.30 42.90 30.34 118.82 23.57 23.47 11.62 31.69 51.73 16.81 11.52 32.20 37.48 47.84 55.77 24.59

+.11 +.47 -.47 -.31 -.10 +.51 +.25 +1.89 +1.08 +.60 +.57 +.30 +.08 -.19 +.18 +1.69 -.04 +1.97 +.89 -.41 +.25 +.29 +.20 +.32 -.06 +.15 +.02 +1.47 +.67 -.66 +.22 +.20 -.36 -.08 +.04 +.62 -.07 -.93 -.42 +.34 +1.17 -.03 +.19 -.37 +1.60 +.35 +.12 -.54 -.05 -.03 +.79 +.49 +2.21 +.31 +.28 -.44 +.58 -.27 -.34 +.87 +.52 +.01 -.02 -1.33 -.33 +1.50 +.15 +1.79 +.55 +.59 -1.01 +.02 -.20 -8.52 -.06 +2.47 +.25 +.35 +.05 -.44 +.70 +.14 +1.74 +.86 +.69 +.15 +.34 +.29 +.77 +.92 +.72 -.06 -.30 -.27 +.52 +.08 -.07 +.37 +.20 +1.00 +.84 +2.10 +.61 +.02 +.30 +.80 -.89 +.06 -.43 -.27 -.10 -1.06 +.33 +.79

1/15/2011 5:29:09 AM






Despite Nazi occupation, French cut thrived BY MICHAEL DIRDA

Washington Post Service

Alan Riding is an esteemed journalist, long a European cultural correspondent for the New York Times and, before that, the author of what is still the best modern introduction to Mexico, D i s t a n t RIDING Neighbors: A Portrait of the Mexicans. Since 1985 the book has sold nearly half a million copies. And the Show Went On deserves a comparable success. It is certainly one of the finest works of serious popular history since the heyday of Barbara Tuchman. If you’re a Francophile or a Francophobe, this is the holiday present you should have received. Like Tuchman’s The Proud Tower and The Guns of August — her portraits of European society and politics in the years leading up to World War I — Riding’s account of “cultural life in Nazioccupied Paris” is actually larger than its announced subject. As he writes in his preface, “How, I wondered, had artists and intellectuals addressed the city’s worst political moment of the twentieth century? Did talent and status impose a greater moral responsibility? Was it possible for culture to flourish without political freedom?” Riding’s triumph lies in refusing to affirm any simplistic answers. Instead, he plunges the reader into the French cultural scene of the 1930s and ’40s and shows us how real men and real women dealt with the devil. “On June 14, 1940, the German army drove into Paris unopposed. Within weeks, the remnants of French democracy were quietly buried and the Third Reich settled in for an indefinite occupation of France.” Many French fascists and anti-Semites, including the important novelists Cline and Robert Brasillach and public intellectual Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, welcomed the Nazis. A few writers and artists elected silence (essayist Jean Guehenno), exile (surrealist Andre Breton) or cunning (Pica-

sso). But most chose various forms of accommodation. Where, though, did accommodation leave off and collaboration begin? Despite the Wehrmacht uniforms on many members of their audiences, French artists still wanted to make movies and music, mount plays and ballets, publish poems and novels. Between 1940 and 1945, Albert Camus brought out The Stranger, Colette created Gigi, JeanPaul Sartre presented The Flies and No Exit, and Marcel Carne directed his epic film Les Enfants du Paradis. Was it not, after all, essential to maintain French cultural institutions at such a dark hour? Or was it simply that, as Guehenno acidly observed in his journal, the Parisian man of letters was “incapable of surviving for long in hiding, he would sell his soul to see his name in print . . . ‘French literature must continue.’ He believes that he is French literature and thought and that they will die without him.” Marshal Philippe Petain similarly justified the Vichy regime, in which the southern half of France was permitted limited autonomy in return for pledging loyalty

to her conqueror: Thus, Gallic culture and traditions would survive, perhaps even be reinvigorated. The Nazis, of course, simply wanted the French pacified or co-opted: It made ruling them all that much easier. As Hitler once told Albert Speer: “Let’s let them degenerate. All the better for us.” Then, again, even Aryan warriors need occasional R&R. So the Reich also wanted Paris to remain Paris — the world’s favorite playground. Educated Germans, like the novelist Ernst Juenger, could enjoy its salons, theaters and dining at Maxim’s. Gerhard Heller, who oversaw cultural activities for the Propaganda Staffel, soon counted distinguished novelists, critics and editors among his new best friends. The actress Arletty and the couturier Coco Chanel took German lovers; the playwright Sacha Guitry preened for Teutonic attention; and the frivolous genius Jean Cocteau enthused about the monumental

sculpture of Arno Breker, Hitler’s favorite artist. Meanwhile, goosestepping foot soldiers could visit those other highkickers at the Folies Bergere, or shop for silk underclothes for girlfriends back home. And not all of these were back home. It’s been estimated that “collaboration horizontale” resulted in 100,000 to 200,000 children with German fathers. All in all, life in Paris could continue with a degree of normality — if you weren’t a Jew. In short order, all Jewish businesses were Aryanized, art collections seized (Hitler liked Old Masters), and innumerable scholars, teachers, actors, musicians, writers and intellectuals banned from working. Later came the yellow stars and the “rafles,” in which undesirables were rounded up and sent to a camp at Drancy, France, before being loaded onto cattle cars bound for Auschwitz. The government actively assisted their new masters in this loathsomeness. And yet, as Riding

reminds us, “the record of the French as a whole was more heartening. Threequarters of the Jews trapped in France in 1940 escaped deportation and . . . most survived because they were in some way protected — or at least not denounced — by their French neighbors.” Various chapters in And the Show Went On focus on the movie industry, publishing, the art trade, nightlife, opera and ballet, magazines and newspapers, as well as Nazi cultural events. It’s nonetheless shocking to learn of the questionable performances, in all senses, of pianist Alfred Cortot, soprano Germaine Lubin, actor Maurice Chevalier and chanteuse Edith Piaf. Each had his or her reasons, and Riding seeks to understand them. Still, there were clear heroes and heroines. Dina Vierny, a very young model for Maillol, Bonnard and Matisse, guided escapees through the mountain passes to Spain. The waspish diarist Jean Galtier-Boissiere recorded every aspect of the betrayal of the intellectuals. Jean Paulhan, the longtime editor of the Nouvelle Revue Francaise, led a Scarlet

DEALING WITH THE DEVIL: Allan Riding’s And the Show Went On plunges readers into the French cultural scene of the 1930s and ’40s, and shows us how the artists and intellectuals of Paris dealt with the Nazi occupation. Adolf Hitler, center, tours Paris after the German conquest in 1940. MCT

AND THE SHOW WENT ON By Alan Riding. Knopf. 399 pages $28.95. Pimpernel existence as an habitue of salons and a leader of the resistance. Rose Valland, a nondescript employee of the Jeu de Paume, risked her life to keep a secret record of the art — more than 20,000 works — looted from Jewish collections. One entire chapter chronicles the birth of organized resistance by the long revered “Reseau du Musee de l’Homme,” that is, the Museum of Man network, so called because many of its members were, believe it or not, ethnologists. Twentyeight of them were killed by the Nazis. Riding notes that “at a time when most of the French were coming to terms with the occupation, they were almost alone in acting on their belief in the idea of resistance.” That idea, however, spread. Eminent poets, including Louis Aragon and Paul Eluard, organized underground movements; Rene Char commanded an army of 2,000 maquis. In the end, Parisians were judged by the company they kept, and sometimes saved by whom they knew. During the occupation the fascist Drieu La Rochelle told Gerhard Heller to “make sure nothing ever happens to Malraux, Paulhan, Gaston Gallimard and Aragon, no matter what allegations are brought against them.” These may have been ideological enemies, but they were also friends and former classmates. In 1945, after Drieu La Rochelle committed suicide to avoid being tried for treason, nearly all of them came to his funeral.

‘Chinaberry Sidewalks’: a tribute to enduring love BY JANET MASLIN

New York Times Service

Rodney Crowell’s parents met in 1941 at a Roy Acuff concert in a high school in Buchanan, Tenn. “I knew right then and there he was the boy I was gonna marry,” Addie Cauzette Willoughby said about J.W. Crowell. “I loved Roy Acuff, but I couldn’t hear a word he was singin’ after your daddy showed up,” Crowell’s mother would tell her son. Fifty years later, she met Roy Acuff again, backstage at the Grand Ole Opry. She was introduced to Acuff by another country music luminary: Rodney himself. “Identifying herself as a lifelong fan, she told the most popular country musician of her generation that she’d met the love of her life at his concert,” Crowell writes in Chinaberry Sidewalks, his new memoir, “obliging everyone present, myself included, to imagine this had taken place only a night or two before.” As Crowell tells it, Acuff graciously gave the senior Crowells’ love song its final verse. “The courtly superstar paid rapt attention,” he writes. Then Acuff told Cauzette, now widowed, that “his most treasured memory from that evening was of two young lovebirds whose faces

15PGB05.indd 5

shone from the audience with the light of love everlasting.” If the heartache and sweet eloquence of this story go CROWELL straight to your tear ducts, you will not be alone. This tribute to enduring love leaps out of Chinaberry Sidewalks, a memoir that echoes the spirit of Crowell’s music. Crowell’s other, more rollicking, mad-dog memories of his parents don’t sound anything like fairy tales. J.W. was apt to address his wife with an “Aw, hell, Cauzette,” as in “Aw, hell, Cauzette, you ain’t got a bit more sense than God give a mule.” Cauzette “liked the sound and feel of sliced air,” which she’d hear whenever she cut a switch off one of the Chinaberry trees of the title and whipped little Rodney for one of his seemingly nonstop infractions. Since Rodney had the honor of helping to plant Chinaberry saplings, his book’s title reflects the triple tenets of the honkytonk hit parade: nostalgia, pride and pain. Crowell has written many such songs himself, many of

them hits for other artists (including Emmylou Harris, Bob Seger and the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band) before his own performing career took flight in the late 1980s. But becoming a memoirist is a useful change of pace for a 60-year-old musician, especially when the memoir is as rip-snorting as this one. Those who know what a shapely verse Crowell can turn out may be newly amazed at his way with words when he simply writes sentences. About his parents’ household in Jacinto City, Texas: “Underfunded, underwhelmed and out of their league from the git-go, my parents took to home ownership like horse thieves to a hanging judge.” Chinaberry Sidewalks is focused on his parents’ marriage and his own early years. Given the turbulent nature of this subject matter, Crowell’s tone is folksy but complicated. On the one hand, he is full of wild tales about the Crowell family’s knock-down, drag-out version of domestic bliss: The book opens with a drunken 1955 New Year’s Eve party at which 5-year-old Rodney headed off real trouble by firing his father’s rifle. On the other, his parents clearly did each other real harm and

C H I NA B E R RY SIDEWALKS By Rodney Crowell Illustrated. 259 pages. Alfred A. Knopf. $24.95. left their son with a lasting residue of anger. Yet he has come to regard J.W. as a hero and to believe that he, Rodney, has been able to live out J.W.’s thwarted musical dreams. A boy whose father took him to a Hank Williams concert at age 2 cannot help thinking that his parent was trying to tell him something. The message, according to Chinaberry Sidewalks, is

“look at me up there on that stage, son, that’s who I really am.” There’s a hokey but charming tall-tale tone in these pages. How wet did Texas get when the rains came? “Mailmen needed diving suits.” How many bugs cohabited with the Crowells? “A mere 75-watt bulb sparked an exodus beyond biblical proportions in less than four seconds.” How gassy was Grandma Iola? “Cain’t nobody get a poot in sideways ‘round here when Momma gets ‘em goin’.” This hyperbole segues beautifully into the real, highintensity details and events with which the book is studded, and the enthusiasm with which they are described. Crowell says his mother lived through a stroke before she was even born and grew up to endure polio, 13 miscarriages, the death of Rodney’s infant brother and 28 years of severe epileptic seizures. He says when his father was happily drunk, his eyes were the color of clear blue sunshine; when he was angrydrunk, they were the blue of muzzle fire from a gun. Crowell attaches nearapocalyptic impact to his experiences watching Pentecostal preaching (a particularly bravura chapter) and

witnessing a Jerry Lee Lewis performance, and listening to a Jimmy Reed record. He appreciates the showmanship of each one. He recalls being stunned by his first glimpse of Johnny Cash in concert, making it sound credible that Cash could make the sun come out after a violent storm. And by the way, that’s about as close as Chinaberry Sidewalks cares to get to the Cash family. Crowell’s book discreetly avoids discussing his marriage to Rosanne Cash, just as her recent memoir, Composed, stuck to their professional producer-singer collaboration and emphasized music over domestic details. Chinaberry Sidewalks also steers clear of the particulars of Crowell’s long career; if he wants to write another memoir, he’s got the goods. For now, he leaves readers with eloquent, movingly spiritual accounts of his parents’ very different deaths, events that inspired his deepest awe. One of the gifts of losing them, he says, was the realization that they were free of their troubles. “Another,” he says, for all their turmoil, “was my conviction that in the end she was a wise and powerful woman, and he a kind and gentle man.”

1/15/2011 4:39:52 AM








Opening lead — ♠ seven

king, drawing the three and six, then a small heart back. This David Greenwood’s interna- line would have succeeded tional career dates back to 1980, whenever West had the doubleton heart queen, since South when he played for England could have established hearts in the Camrose Trophy, the WEST EAST home countries’ internationals. without letting East on play. Had Greenwood, East, folIn today’s deal, from the 2008 ♠7 ♠Q5 lowed with the 10 on the secCamrose, he was playing for ♥J3 ♥ Q 10 6 ond round of hearts, declarer Northern Ireland. His oppo◆AJ943 ◆Q62 would have ducked, knowing nents were from England. ♣AJ876 ♣ Q 10 9 3 2 that if West held the jack or South, Neil Rosen for queen — or both — he would England, ended in four spades SOUTH be forced to overtake, and after North had made a pre♠ A K 10 8 6 3 West could not attack the emptive raise of spades. See ♥A92 minors profitably from that if you can spot declarer’s best ◆ K 10 side of the table. But instead of play for his contract, and the ♣K5 the 10, Greenwood played the defenders’ riposte. queen — the crocodile coup — West made the safe lead Vulnerable: Both to swallow his partner’s jack. of his singleton trump, which Dealer: South Declarer took his ace, then led Rosen won in hand with the his third heart, hoping that it ace. He drew the last trump was West who held the 10. It The bidding: with his king, then shifted to the heart suit, seeking to estab- wasn’t to be. East won, and the South West North East diamond return sank the lish it for diamond discards in 1♠ 2◆ 3 ♠* Pass contract. 3 NT Pass 4♠ All pass hand. He led a heart to dummy’s *Pre-emptive 1-15 NORTH ♠J942 ♥K8754 ◆875 ♣4


For more comics & puzzles, go to







WHITE TO PLAY Hint: Force checkmate.

Solution: 1. Ng1! with the threat of Nh3 mate.








Dear Abby: I am a 17-year-old mother. I am afraid to tell my mom that I have been speaking to my son’s father, “Jeremy,” who is also 17. She doesn’t like him because when she found out I was pregnant, my best friend told her about the abuse I suffered from Jeremy. Mom is scared he will abuse my son, and, being a teen, he will up and leave me when he finds the right person to be with. He has missed a year of the baby’s life and so has his family. Jeremy’s parents want to meet their grandson. It’s difficult to talk to Mom because of the way she feels about the family. She thinks they haven’t tried to see my son, but in reality they’re leaving it up to me to set up. How can I get my mom to be less angry about the situation? Teen Mom in Grand Rapids You may be only 17, but because you are now a mother you are going to have to grow up — fast. Your mother has your best interests at heart, and also her grandchild’s. You didn’t say whether Jeremy was physically or emotionally abusive, but both are bad. And those are habits he may have learned from his parents. If he dropped out of your life for an entire year, the odds are high that he’ll disappear again. So don’t count on him for anything. I am urging you to be completely honest with your mother. Sneaking around is childish. TELL her that the reason Jeremy’s parents haven’t seen the baby is they left it up to you to arrange, and you were afraid to tell her. It’s honest and better than letting them take the rap for your unwillingness to speak up. It may make her less angry about the situation and more willing to compromise.

stepmom contributed to my sister’s wedding. Considering how long she has been in my life, this was a shock to me. What do you think, Abby? Feeling Abandoned in Montana Many people have the mistaken impression that a bride’s parents are required to pay for or contribute to her wedding. It’s not true. A wedding is a gift, and while it would have been nice of your stepmother to have agreed to give you money for yours, no rule of protocol dictates that she had to. At 33, you and your fiance should be able to finance your own wedding — and that’s what you should do, without feeling abandoned. Many couples these days do exactly that. Dear Abby: My former boss told me that my numerous suggestions, voluminous descriptions for systems improvements, suggestions for work outside the office, extra reports and documentation, large number of phone calls and multitudinous e-mails came across as intractable, intolerant and superfluous. Could he have been right? T.K. in Raleigh, N.C. In a word: yes.


Dear Abby: I recently became engaged to a man I have been with for six years. We’re planning a wedding this year. I lost my dad six years ago. My stepmom has been in my life since I was 3. (I am now 33.) When I asked her if she would be willing to contribute to the wedding in place of Dad, she refused! According to her, Dad did not discuss this with her prior to his death. What is proper protocol here? Was I out of line to ask if she’d be willing to contribute? I feel like the odd child out because my dad and

HOROSCOPE IF TODAY IS YOUR BIRTHDAY: Hard work never hurt anyone. In your case, a new feeling of enthusiasm can extend to starting a fresh cycle of physical exercise as well as labor during the next four weeks.

• PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): Wishful thinking can wear out your welcome. Beware of going too far, too fast and failing to impress someone.

• CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): You can seem rough and ready — and yet steady. You can take pride in your ability to get a job done.

• ARIES (March 21-April 19): A passion for patriotism might keep you up until the wee hours, reading about history or discussing political affairs with a special and succulent someone.

• AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): If you want to hear the truth, go straight to the horse’s mouth. You might idealize someone.

• TAURUS (April 20-May 20): Play for keeps. Your heart can be banished to exile if you take a new romance out for a spin.


• GEMINI (May 21-June 20): You are too brilliant for words. Be gentle with loved ones and your fantasies can come true. • CANCER (June 21-July 22): If you want to get rid of aggravating problems, use your powers of diplomacy to promote a compromise. • LEO (July 23-Aug. 22): Use your leverage to level the playing field. Save some energy for love, as late night romantic interludes are entirely possible. • VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): You are more articulate than usual and your words may be repeated far and wide. • LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): A chance to share cozy, intimate moments can bring a smile to your face and blessings to your heart. • SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): Sometimes stiff competition for someone’s attention makes you appreciate those who are your best allies. • SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): An overload of input could have your wheels spinning in opposite directions, making it difficult to relax.

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CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Filly, after maturing 5 Aquarium attraction 9 Butch Cassidy or the Sundance Kid, e.g. 14 Well-versed in 15 Turner or Louise 16 Fat-nosed antelope 17 Backside 18 They’re there for you in the clutch 19 Vilified villager 20 A Scottish loch, for example 23 Popular disinfectant brand 24 Enterprise enterprise 25 Bloke from Stoke-onTrent 29 Fireside yarn 31 Cloister 33 Recess game 36 Incubator sound 38 “Three’s Company” landlord 39 Very small amount 43 Breakup command 44 Enveloping glow 45 Curly shape 46 Reversals for the better 49 Parcel (out) 51 Daisy supporter 52 Decorative needle and scissors case

54 Bumbling 58 Doesn’t advance or retreat 60 Compare 64 Skating star Kulik 65 Spoonbill’s kin 66 Santa ___ (California track) 67 Diplomacy breakdown 68 Lake Tahoe neighbor 69 How beer may be served 70 Lid sore 71 Tree of Life location DOWN 1 It’s the big picture? 2 Monkey business? 3 Wanders 4 Implant deeply 5 Leave in, to an editor 6 Number of wheels on a semi 7 Feeling of hostility 8 Highland gals 9 Land bounded by three seas 10 Highland boy 11 Trilogy finale designation 12 Give it ___ (try it) 13 Warmed the bench 21 Charleston dancer 22 ___ out (barely get) 25 Group that votes together

26 27 28 30 32 33 34 35 37

Coin of India or Pakistan Think-tank products Gull relatives Hawaiian neckwear Adriatic Sea republic Ankle bone Highly proficient Shred potatoes It may meet after school

40 41 42 47 48 50 53 55 56

Fallopian tube traveler Moisturize, in a way Before, to the Bard Circus safety device They make many flights Complete Like a new cigarette Flowed back, as the tide “Common Sense”

pamphleteer Thomas Boxing ex-champ Mike Break sharply Fulfill, as one’s desires Tony Randall movie, “7 Faces of Doctor ___” 61 Country stopover 62 ___ and caboodle 63 In-flight announcement

57 58 59 60

1/14/2011 9:10:25 PM






Without LeBron, Heat loses to Nuggets BY JOSEPH GOODMAN

McClatchy News Service

DENVER — The Miami Heat’s LeBron James missed Thursday’s game due to an injured ankle. His teammates took the night off, too, but they didn’t have any excuses. Instead of bouncing back after its first loss of the month, the Heat simply walked through the motions for the second straight night. The result: A 130-102 loss to the Nuggets, which started the week not knowing if Carmelo Anthony would still be around for the team’s big home game against the Heat’s traveling circus. Few would have predicted then that James and not Anthony, possibly heading to New Jersey, would be the superstar missing Thursday’s game at Pepsi Center in front of a sold out arena. Of course, few also would have predicted such a poor showing by the Heat, which has now lost two consecutive games on the road after winning 13 straight. Both Dwyane Wade and Chris Bosh watched the game from the bench during the entire fourth quarter. Thursday was the fourth game of the Heat’s 10-day, five-game road trip and it showed. Heat coach Erik Spoelstra commented on Wednesday night that the team appeared to be walking in mud while attempting to guard the young and quick Los Angeles Clippers.


TOP SHOT: J.R. Smith of the Denver Nuggets puts up a shot between Chris Bosh and Eric Dampier, right, of the Miami Heat as Al Harrington of the Nuggets follows the play at the Pepsi Center in Denver on Thursday. The Nuggets defeated the Heat 130-102. On Thursday in Denver, the Heat’s effort was worse — much worse. The court must have had the consistency of quickly drying cement. At

one point, Wade was 1 of 6 from the free-throw line in the first half — a statistical measure of the Heat’s lack of focus. Wade finished the

game with 16 points, four rebounds and four assists. James sat out Thursday’s game after rolling his left ankle on Wednesday against

the Clippers. It was the first game James has missed this season and the third time one of the Big 3 has not been available. Wade did not play

against the Grizzlies and Suns early this season. The Heat (30-11) is 1-2 in games when one of the Big 3 has been unavailable.

Won and done: Auburn quarterback Newton to enter draft BY JOHN ZENOR

Associated Press

MONTGOMERY, Ala. — Heisman Trophy winner Cam Newton will skip his senior season and enter the NFL draft after leading Auburn to a national championship and drawing nearly as much attention for a payfor-play scandal as for his dynamic performances. Auburn released a statement Thursday night announcing the quarterback’s decision following his lone year as a major college starter. Newton led the Tigers to their first national title since 1957 and a 14-0 season with a 22-19 victory over Oregon on Monday night. “This decision was difficult for me and my family,” Newton said, adding that he made it after talking to coach Gene Chizik and offensive coordinator Gus Malzahn. “It’s been a blessing for me

to be a part of something so great,” he said. “Any time you win games it’s a big deal, but for this school to win a BCS national championship, what a way to make people happy. Auburn is a special place that I can call home.” The former backup to Tim Tebow at Florida arrived after leading Blinn College in Texas to a junior college national championship and won on a much bigger stage with the Tigers. The national champions are waiting on Lombardi Award-winning defensive tackle Nick Fairley to announce his NFL decision on Friday in his hometown of Mobile. Fairley might be the No. 1 overall pick, but the 6-foot-6, 250-pound Newton is the guy that Chizik called “probably the best football player I’ve ever seen” after the Southeastern Conference championship game.


NFL CALLING: Auburn quarterback Cam Newton said ‘this decision was difficult for me and my family,’ adding that he made it after talking to coach Gene Chizik and offensive coordinator Gus Malzahn. “We appreciate Cameron’s many contributions to Auburn and the outstanding leader that he was for our football team,” Chizik said.

“He had one of the greatest individual seasons ever by an Auburn player and was a key part of our championship run. Cam will always be a

member of the Auburn family and we wish him the best in his future endeavors.” The College Park, Ga., native was chosen the Walter Camp and Associated Press National Player of the Year. Newton also won the Maxwell Award as the nation’s top player and the Davey O’Brien Award as the best quarterback. The dual-threat quarterback brought joy to Auburn, but some troubles also came along with him. He played under a cloud the last two months of the season after reports surfaced that his father, Cecil, shopped his services during Mississippi State’s recruitment of his son. All that came of it so far is that Auburn declared Newton ineligible the week of the SEC championship game against South Carolina and the NCAA reinstated him a day later. The NCAA

In Zenyatta’s mating game, pressure builds for Mr. Right • ZENYATTA, FROM 8B

being just “a horse” since arriving here about five weeks ago. The way that she crunches through the snow here like a downhill skier — a really big one — it is hard to imagine that she has spent virtually all her life in sunny California. Zenyatta, 7, is healthy. She has put on about 100 pounds without losing her muscle tone, and her winter coat is growing in with luster. “Maybe most important of all, she has two healthy ovaries,” the Lane’s End farm manager, Michael Cline, said, “especially with mares that have been at

the racetrack as long as she has.” Just as casual horse fans were seduced by Zenyatta’s prerace dance steps and charismatic bearing, the seasoned horsemen here have been mightily impressed by her gentle nature and outsize personality. Bill Farish, who runs the farm founded by his father, Will Farish, the former ambassador to England, has been around champion horses all his life. Walk 40 yards in either direction from Zenyatta’s stall to Lane’s End stallion barns and a virtual who’s who of modern racing’s superstars stand ready for duty — the great A.P. Indy, the fashionable Smart Strike and the

strapping Curlin are among them. Still, Farish is dazzled by the mammoth 17-hand, broad-bottomed mare who can flash footwork as delicate as a ballerina’s. “She’s a one of kind,” Farish said. “She’s intelligent, and everything she does is so nice.” No one here is taking any chances with Zenyatta. Even though her trainer, John Shirreffs, grazed her outside his barn at usually sunny Hollywood Park for up to five hours a day, it’s a different experience altogether to be turned loose in a 15-acre field in freezing temperatures. For the first two weeks here, she was hand walked

by Lane’s End employees who cordoned off a smaller area beginning at 8 a.m. and passed Zenyatta off to one another until it was time to return to her stall at 3 p.m. Who inevitably gets the first dream date with the big girl remains a guessing game among the hardboots in the bluegrass as well as more than 58,000 Zenyatta followers on Facebook and the multitudes more who hang on her daily diary at They have their opinions and well-wishes and offer them up by the screenful after each bit of news. Zenyatta’s jockey, Mike Smith, insists there is not a

stallion out there worthy of the best horse that he is has ever ridden. In reality, there is a short list headed by a couple of superstars that live at Lane’s End. Will the Mosses pay $150,000 to mate with the proven stud A.P. Indy or offer up a mere $40,000 for the up-and-comer Curlin? If the Mosses choose to sell the baby, which is doubtful, it could fetch several million dollars. No one is talking, of course. The Mosses, who live in California, are coming here to visit Zenyatta on Sunday before heading to the Eclipse Awards in Florida on Monday.

Sanchez expects better Ferrari duo wary of complicated cars results against Patriots BY ANDREW DAMPF Associated Press


and Tom Brady, the personifications of excellence. But Sanchez said he no longer is concerned about how he stacks up to opposing quarterbacks. “Maybe my first year I thought about that a little more; about how the other quarterback was doing and trying to match him and have better stats,” he said.

15PGB07.indd 7

“But if you play the way you’re supposed to play . . . then, inevitably, things will go right. So there’s no reason to worry and track what Tom’s doing. It’s really not worth your time.” Even in the face of another major challenge — on the road, against football’s best — Sanchez said he wouldn’t script it any other way.” That’s playoff football at

MADONNA DI CAMPIGLIO, Italy — Ferrari drivers Fernando Alonso and Felipe Massa are worried they’ll have too many buttons to press on their steering wheels following the latest Formula One rule changes. Speaking at Ferrari’s annual winter retreat in the Italian Dolomites on Thursday, the drivers addressed the admission of adjustable rear wings, the return of the KERS power boost system, plus the switch to Pirelli tires

for this season, all combined with extensive testing limits. “Without realizing it, we’re losing the focus on driving,” Alonso said. The rear wings are perhaps the biggest novelty. While designed to facilitate more passing and appease fans, nobody is quite sure what effect they will have. Drivers will be able to adjust the wings from the cockpit once they are two laps into a race, but the system’s availability will be electronically controlled and it will only be activated when a

driver is less than one second behind another at predetermined points on the track, then deactivated once the driver brakes. “If you make the wrong choice and you have three cars behind you, you could fall from first to fourth in an instant,” Massa said. “We have so many things to do on the steering wheel but we still need to drive the car. We can do it, but from a driver’s point of view it’s not fantastic. On every [turn] there are three or four buttons to press. It’s definitely a little too much.”

said it hasn’t closed the case but that it had no evidence at the time that Cam Newton knew about his father’s solicitation. The case may prompt a new addition — call it “Newton’s Law” — in the NCAA rule book. It was prominent and polarizing enough that NCAA president Mark Emmert, speaking at the governing body’s annual convention Thursday, called for new rules ensuring that parents can’t “sell the athletic services” of their children. “If you look at the Newton case, a lot of people came away from that, because it’s a complicated case, saying, ‘Gosh, it’s OK for a father to solicit money for the services for his son or daughter?’ ” Emmert told reporters afterward. “The answer to that is no, it isn’t. But we don’t have a rule that makes that clear.”

NBA EASTERN CONFERENCE Atlantic Boston New York Philadelphia Toronto New Jersey

W 29 22 15 13 10

L 9 16 23 25 28

Pct GB .763 — .579 7 .395 14 .342 16 .263 19

Southeast Miami Atlanta Orlando Charlotte Washington

W 30 26 25 15 10

L 11 14 14 21 27

Pct GB .732 — .650 31/2 .641 4 .417 121/2 .270 18

Central Chicago Indiana Milwaukee Detroit Cleveland

W 25 16 14 12 8

L 13 20 22 26 30

Pct GB .658 — .444 8 .389 10 .316 13 .211 17

WESTERN CONFERENCE Southwest San Antonio Dallas New Orleans Memphis Houston

W L Pct GB 33 6 .846 — 26 11 .703 6 23 16 .590 10 18 21 .462 15 17 22 .436 16

Northwest Oklahoma City Utah Denver Portland Minnesota

W 27 26 22 20 10

L 13 13 16 19 30

Pct GB .675 — .667 1/2 .579 4 .513 61/2 .250 17

Pacific L.A. Lakers Phoenix Golden State L.A. Clippers Sacramento

W 29 16 15 13 8

L 11 21 23 24 28

Pct GB .725 — .432 111/2 .395 13 .351 141/2 .222 19

THURSDAY’S GAMES Minnesota 109, Washington 97 Oklahoma City 125, Orlando 124 Denver 130, Miami 102

1/15/2011 4:11:38 AM






Sanchez up for Patriots challenge BY KIMBERLEY A. MARTIN Newsday

FLORHAM PARK, N.J. — Mark Sanchez refused to be sucked into the back-and-forths of yet another Jets-Patriots week, preferring instead to focus on the task at hand. While Antonio Cromartie reasserted his disdain for New England quarterback Tom Brady, Sanchez took the high road — an art his coach, Rex Ryan, and some of his teammates have yet to master. “To me, it’s just not worth saying too much before the game. Even after the game,” the secondyear quarterback said. “You respect those guys as competitors, so I don’t really get into the bulletin-board material stuff. But, you know, that’s just me.” For Sanchez, there are far more important things to focus on this week, and none more important than his own play. He completed 17 of 33 passes, with no touchdowns and three interceptions, in the Patriots’ 45-3 rout Dec. 6 on Monday Night Football. And his paltry quarterback rating of 27.8 looked even worse next to Brady’s 326 passing yards and four touchdowns. Sanchez, however, is optimistic the results will be different this time. He claimed his sore right shoulder is not an issue — “It feels the best it’s felt in three, four weeks,” he said — and he’s excited for Round 3 vs. the Patriots. “All we could ever ask for is to play them one more time,” he said. “We’ve got our chance this week. Last game, I didn’t play well, but we didn’t play well in all phases. That led to the ultimate outcome and we’re going to have to play well — offense, defense, specials teams — and it starts with the quarterback.” The Jets struggled to generate any offense against the Patriots last time, when Sanchez’s inaccuracy and poor decisions handcuffed the running game. And as turnovers mounted for the Jets, Brady put on a clinic. It was “the perfect storm,” Sanchez said. But the Jets have learned their lesson, he said. And most notably, he has matured. “It’s going to be imperative to start fast, bounce back from little bits of adversity in this game,” he said, “and the most important thing is winning the turnover battle.” Getting the run game going

Denver, Cleveland choose coaches BY JUDY BATTISTA

New York Times Service

NFL PLAYOFF SCHEDULE All Times EST Divisional Playoffs Saturday • Baltimore at Pittsburgh, 4:30 p.m. (CBS) • Green Bay at Atlanta, 8 p.m. (FOX) Sunday • Seattle at Chicago, 1 p.m. (FOX) • N.Y. Jets at New England, 4:30 p.m. (CBS) Conference Championships Jan. 23 • NFC, 3 p.m. (FOX) • AFC, 6:30 p.m. (CBS) Super Bowl Sunday, Feb. 6 • At Arlington, Texas AFC champion vs. NFC champion, 6:30 p.m. (FOX)


OPTIMISTIC: The New York Jets quarterback Mark Sanchez, right, is excited for Round 3 vs. the New England Patriots. He says, ‘all we could ever ask for is to play them one more time. We’ve got our chance this week.’ Above, Sanchez is tackled by Indianapolis Colts’ Eric Foster, center, and Robert Mathis during their NFL AFC wild-card game. early also will be key. “Honestly, I think we’re the best — and I’ve said it all year — when we’re balanced,” Sanchez said. “And we

kind of feed off each other. The In back-to-back weeks, Sanchez completions come with good runs will have faced Peyton Manning and the good runs come with some • TURN TO SANCHEZ, 7B completions.”

After a tumultuous and embarrassing season, the Denver Broncos have opted for no surprises and the potential of a fast turnaround, hiring John Fox, the former longtime Carolina Panthers coach. The news was announced on Twitter by John Elway, the Broncos’ Hall of Fame quarterback who is now the team’s executive vice president for football operations. The Broncos fired Josh McDaniels after two controversy-filled seasons in the job. The Broncos finished 4-12. When Fox began in Carolina in 2002, he took over a 1-15 team and two years later led them to the Super Bowl, where they lost to the New England Patriots. In nine seasons, Fox was 73-71, with three winning seasons, three playoff appearances and two NFC championship game appearances. The Panthers finished an NFL-worst 2-14 this season. But Fox, who spent five seasons as the Giants’ defensive coordinator, is regarded as an outstanding defensive coach and never had the benefit of a franchise quarterback in Carolina. He and Elway will have to decide whether Tim Tebow, the former first-round draft pick who is still considered a raw talent, will start next season. Fox, Elway said in a statement, was “a dynamic and proven leader who will energize our entire organization.” Hours before the Broncos’ announcement, the Cleveland Browns hired Pat Shurmur as their coach. Shurmur was the Rams’ offensive coordinator and is credited with rapidly making the rookie quarterback Sam Bradford a rising star. The Browns hope Shurmur can do the same for Colt McCoy, who showed promise when he was thrust into the starting job because of a series of injuries. Shurmur’s uncle, Fritz, who died in 1999, was the defensive coordinator for Mike Holmgren, now the Browns president, in Green Bay when the Packers won the Super Bowl in 1996. One team still has a head coaching vacancy: the Oakland Raiders.

Redknapp casts doubt on Beckham loan move


MATING GAME : The owners of Zenyatta, a once-in-a-generation mare winning 19 of 20 starts with her lone defeat coming in her final race, are looking for the right horse to breed her. Above, Zenyatta is seen at the Lane’s End Farm in Versailles, Ky.

Looking for Zenyatta’s Mr. Right BY JOE DRAPE

New York Times Service

VERSAILLES, Ky. — Zenyatta has had her nails done and been visited by Capone, a teaser stallion with a not very romantic name. He will never have her, though. She is destined for a more pedigreed mate and, as in all arranged weddings, the days before will be fraught with the anxiety and stomach-turning expectations usually directed on the union of British royals. Who it is may be known as early as Monday, after the award for Horse of the Year is announced and Zenyatta’s owners, Jerry and Ann Moss, tell the

15PGB08.indd 8

equine world which stallion is Mr. Right. How Zenyatta will fare in her career as a broodmare at Lane’s End Farm is anyone’s guess. She was a once-in-a-generation princess on the racetrack, winning 19 of 20 starts with her lone defeat coming in her final race and against males in the $5 million Breeders’ Cup Classic. It was a heart-stopper. After spotting the field 20 lengths, Zenyatta bounded down the stretch only to come a half-head short of catching the colt Blame. Breeding, however, is more magic than math. For every Personal Ensign, a mare who retired

undefeated in 1988 after 13 races and became even more appreciated for her knack of passing on her talent to a bevy of high-class stakes horses, there is a Genuine Risk. She won the Kentucky Derby in 1980, one of only three fillies ever to do so, but produced just two named foals, neither of whom made it to the racetrack. The Mosses and the people they have entrusted Zenyatta to know the odds of coming up with another like her are long. They have been encouraged, however, by how Zenyatta has adjusted to • TURN TO ZENYATTA, 7B

LONDON — (AP) — The chances of David Beckham joining Tottenham on loan appeared remote Friday after Spurs manager Harry Redknapp said the midfielder wouldn’t be fit to play a Premier League match until the end of January. Beckham began a monthlong training stint with Spurs this week, and Tottenham had been in negotiations with the Los Angeles Galaxy about signing the former England captain on loan until March. But Redknapp said Beckham is still two weeks away from full fitness and suggested it may not be worth adding him to the squad for such a short spell. “It’s only two months and before you know it, a month will have gone and then it would be only a couple of weeks. So it’s a difficult one really,” Redknapp said. Beckham had his first day of training on Tuesday and his presence at Spurs’ training ground in northeast London has generated a huge amount interest. Redknapp said there has been “nothing flashy” about the 35-year-old Beckham and acknowledged his fitness levels weren’t up to the required standard to play in England’s top division. “David is a fitness fanatic but getting fit to play Premier League football is very different to just going training on your own and keeping your fitness up,” Redknapp said. “He would be the first to admit that in his first week in training he has felt tired, and it’s going to be a couple of weeks before he is fit enough to play.” Spurs initially expressed interest in Beckham earlier this month, rais-

ing the prospect of the midfielder playing for Tottenham against his former club Manchester United in the Premier League on Sunday. Redknapp said he never considered that possibility. “I never felt he’d be fit enough to play this week,” said Redknapp, while delighted with Beckham’s impact on the team. “It has been good having him here. Everyone respects him, likes him. He just comes in and just gets on with it. He’s a great role model for any footballer.”


NOT IN SHAPE: Tottenham coach Harry Redknapp has said David Beckham, above, is still two weeks away from full fitness.

1/15/2011 3:07:06 AM


Edition, the 15 january 2011

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