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Hezbollah pullout throws Lebanon in turmoil

SUBMERGED: An entire shopping mall submerged outside Ipswich, west of Brisbane, Australia on Wednesday. Deadly floodwaters flowed onto the streets of Brisbane, the nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s third-largest city, causing people to flee suburbs.



New York Times Service


rivers spilling over their banks, inundating an area larger than France and Germany combined. Brisbane, the state capital with a population of 2 million, is the latest city to face down the waters. On Wednesday, Brisbane residents who had spent two days preparing took cover on higher ground while others scrambled to move their prized possessions to the top ďŹ&#x201A;oors of their homes Some stacked furniture on their roof. The Brisbane River is expected to reach its peak Thursday, Mayor Campbell Newman said. The ďŹ gures were constantly being revised as the threat became clearer â&#x20AC;&#x201D; and it was getting consistently worse. Australiaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s dragged-out crisis escalated when a violent

BRISBANE, Australia â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Emergency sirens blared across Australiaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s third-largest city Wednesday as ďŹ&#x201A;oodwaters that have torn a deadly path across the northeast poured into an empty downtown, swamping neighborhoods in what may be Brisbaneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s worst ďŹ&#x201A;ooding in 100 years. The surging, muddy waters reached the tops of trafďŹ c lights in some parts of Brisbane, and the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mayor said at least 20,000 homes were in danger of being inundated. At least 22 people have died and more than 50 are missing elsewhere in Australiaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s northeastern state of Queensland since drenching rains that began in November sent swollen 3TURN TO AUSTRALIA, 2A

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BEIRUT â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Hezbollah and its allies forced the collapse of the government here on Wednesday, deepening a crisis over a U.N.-backed tribunal investigating the assassination of a prime minister. former p Eleven of the cabinetâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 30 minisEleve announced their resignations, a ters ann that dissolves the government. move th said they were prompted to act They sa by the cabinetâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s refusal to convene emergency session to oppose the an emer tribunal, which is expected to indict members of Hezbollah. Ten of the ministers announced their resignations just as Lebanonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Prime Minister Saad Hariri was meeting with U.S. President Barack Obama in Washington. The opposition had hoped that all 11 ministers would resign together, to bring down the government at that time and expose Hariri to the maximum embarrassment. But the 11th minister, Adnan Sayed Hussein, announced his resignation in a statement later in the evening, the National News Agency reported, after the meeting in Washington was over. The collapse of the fragile government is the worst crisis in Lebanon since 2008, when an agreement reached in Qatar achieved a truce to end sectarian clashes that killed 81 people and brought Lebanon to the brink of a renewal of its 15-year civil war, which ended in 1990. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We were committed but they were not,â&#x20AC;? said Ammar Houri, a lawmaker with Haririâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s bloc. He added 3TURN TO LEBANON, 2A

Haitians in U.S. adrift as hopes begin to fade PLEADING: U.S. Department of Homeland Security says federal officials are reviewing policies regarding Haitians who fled the earthquake.



disaster, using visitor visas to enter the United States and stay with friends or relatives, hoping to stay, at least temporarily, to work and rebuild. In April, a top federal immigration ofďŹ cial said Haitians who ďŹ&#x201A;ed the earthquake could apply for deferred action, a rarely used immigration beneďŹ t that could allow them to stay and work for a ďŹ xed amount of time. But hundreds of applications are still unresolved nationwide, and advocates say that many Haitians are still unaware that the option exists. Because they are not permitted to work, many are becoming burdens on their families or ďŹ nding themselves homeless, according to Catholic Charities

BROCKTON, Mass. â&#x20AC;&#x201D; The young schoolteacher ďŹ&#x201A;ed Haiti after the powerful earthquake, the day she spent four terrifying hours pinned under a car and a pile of rubble. In Massachusetts, she found medical care to heal her grotesquely swollen leg, counseling to quiet her nightmares, and hopeful messages from the U.S. government that it would help her start over. But Wednesday, the one year anniversary of the quake, she was homeless, with no documentation to work or drive, and living in a Brockton shelter with her husband and two daughters, aged 3 and 2 months. She is among a ďŹ&#x201A;ood of Haitians silently adrift across the United States. Many ďŹ&#x201A;ed the horriďŹ c 3TURN TO HAITI, 4A


Giffords moving toward recovery BY JENNIFER MEDINA New York Times Service

TUCSON â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Just three days after a bullet passed through Rep. Gabrielle Giffordsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; brain, and one day before the president was scheduled to come here to address the shooting rampage in which she was wounded, doctors said Tuesday that Giffordsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; chances of survival were certain. She is able to breathe on her own, although she remains on a ventilator as a precaution. What her recovery will look

like, however, and how long it will take remain unclear. â&#x20AC;&#x153;She has a 101 percent chance of survival,â&#x20AC;? said Dr. Peter Rhee the director of medical trauma at the University Medical Center, where Giffords is being treated. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t tell whether sheâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s going to be in a vegetative state. I hope that sheâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not and I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t think she will be in a vegetative state, but I know that sheâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not going to die.â&#x20AC;? U.S. President Barack Obama was to deliver a speech here Wednesday evening at a memorial

service for the victims of the attack. His aides said he would focus on the theme of service to country and avoid the debate about whether the stateâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s political climate might have played a role in the tragedy. Instead, Obama, who was still working with his speechwriters Tuesday, will call for unity among U.S. citizens, while trying to hold up the lives of the victims, including their service to government, as 3TURN TO GIFFORDS, 2A n Real threats rarely give warning, 3A

Dutch taxman hunting sex workers BY TOBY STERLING Associated Press

AMSTERDAM, the Netherlands â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Workers in the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s oldest profession are about to get a lesson in the harsh reality of Europeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s new age of austerity. The Dutch government has warned prostitutes who advertise their wares in the famed windows of Amsterdamâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s red light district to expect a business-only visit from the taxman. Prostitution has ďŹ&#x201A;ourished in Amsterdam since the 1600s, when the Netherlands was a major naval power and sailors swaggered into the port looking for a good time. The country legalized the pracPETER DEJONG/AP tice a decade ago, but authorities TAX AX: The Dutch government has warned prostitutes, who are only now getting around to 3TURN TO NETHERLANDS, 2A


advertise their wares in the famed windows of Amsterdamâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s red light district to expect a tax on their business. INDEX



THE AMERICAS............4A U.S. NEWS ..................... 5A OPINION....................... 7A COMICS & PUZZLES.. 56B





Lebanese government falls  LEBANON, FROM 1A

that Hariri’s allies were meeting to decide the next step. Hezbollah and its foes have wrestled over the direction of the small Mediterranean country since the former prime minister, Rafik Hariri, was killed in a bombing along Beirut’s seafront in 2005. Twentytwo other people died in the attack. Since then, the tribunal has investigated his death and is now widely expected to indict members of Hezbollah, the country’s powerful Shiite Muslim movement. Hezbollah has denied involvement and denounced the tribunal as an “Israeli project.” It has urged Prime Minister Saad Hariri, the slain man’s son, to reject its findings. Hariri, who has so far resisted the pressure, cut short his visit to the United States in order to return early to Lebanon and deal with the widening political crisis. There has been a sense of inevitability to the resignation by cabinet ministers allied with Hezbollah. For months, Hezbollah has warned that it would not stand by as its members were accused of involvement in the assassination of Hariri’s father. Though it is technically part of the opposition, Hezbollah joined a unity government formed after elections in June 2009. It has emerged as the single most powerful force in the coun-

try, aided by its alliance with a powerful Christian general and the fracturing of its foes. In contrast to 2005, Hezbollah’s adversaries — gathered around Hariri — have fewer options and less support than they once did, emblematic of the vast changes in Lebanon’s political landscape the past few years. While the Bush administration wholeheartedly backed Hariri and his allies then, Obama has not pledged the same kind of support. Syria, whose influence was waning in 2005, has reemerged in Lebanon, and even its detractors here have sought some kind of relationship with it. Most Lebanese also vividly recall the speed at which Hezbollah and its allies vanquished their foes in just a few days of street fighting in Beirut in May 2008. “Who are your allies these days?” Sateh Noureddine, a columnist with AsSafir newspaper, asked of Hariri’s camp. “You are going to get beaten on the streets and you will not be able to respond.” The decision to resign came after the collapse of talks between Saudi Arabia and Syria aimed at easing the political tension. The two countries have backed rival camps in Lebanon since 2005 and their initiative was seen across the political spectrum as the best chance to end the stalemate. But Tuesday night, Michel

Dutch prostitutes may face tax ax NETHERLANDS, FROM 1A


WITHDRAWAL: Ten of Lebanon’s ministers hold a press conference Wednesday to announce their resignation in a northern Beirut suburb. Aoun, a former general and Hezbollah’s Christian ally, announced the two sides were unable to reach an agreement. “The initiative has ended with no result,” he said. The prospect of the government’s collapse sent a wave of anxiety through Lebanon, which has seen only brief periods of calm since Rafik Hariri’s killing and has often found itself perched between the competing agendas of Hezbollah allies — Iran and Syria — and Hariri’s supporters, in particular the United States and Saudi Arabia. “The Saudi-Syrian initiative was an attempt to prevent strife in the country,” said Walid Sukkariyeh, a lawmaker allied with Hezbollah’s bloc in Parliament. A leading opposition newspaper, Al Akhbar, underlined the sense of un-

ease with an editorial headlined, “The beginning of the unknown.” Many here fear that “unknown” could turn bloody with street clashes in which Hezbollah is likely to prevail. An outbreak of violence might enable it to effectively seize control of the government and force a new reality on the streets of Beirut, at least until a new agreement can be reached under the auspices of foreign powers, who have long played an outsized role in the country’s domestic affairs. Other analysts dismiss the prospect of violence, given Hezbollah’s strength. A more likely scenario, they say, is months of political stalemate, not unlike Lebanon witnessed between 2006 and 2008, before another deal is reached.


looking to sex workers for taxes. “We began at the larger places, the brothels, so now we’re moving on to the window landlords and ‘the ladies,’ ” said Janneke Verheggen, spokeswoman for the country’s Tax Service. The move is meeting with little formal opposition, even among prostitutes — though some are skeptical it can be enforced. But it marks yet another shift away from the permissive attitudes that once prevailed in the Netherlands. “It’s a good thing that they’re doing this,” said Samantha, a statuesque blond Dutchwoman in a white leather dress who offers her services from behind one of the hundreds of red-curtained windows in the heart of the city’s ancient center. “It’s a job like any other and we should pay taxes,” she said. She said she has been paying her share for years and felt she was competing on unequal terms with women who didn’t, many of them immigrants from Eastern Europe. Although the Netherlands has weathered the fallout from the 2008 financial crisis better than many countries, the government ran a deficit of 6 percent in 2010 and is cutting spending and hiking taxes in hopes of balancing the budget by 2015.

Prostitutes were told they would be audited in typically bureaucratic fashion, with a notice addressed “to landlords and window prostitutes in Amsterdam” published last week in the city’s main newspaper. “Agents of the Tax Service will walk through various elements of your business administration with you, such as prices, staffing, agendas and calendars,” the notice said. “The facts will be used at a later date in reviewing your returns.” Though the Dutch state is not going to fill its coffers just by squeezing prostitutes, the sex trade is a serious industry that went almost entirely untaxed until legalization. The Central Bureau of Statistics estimates prostitution generates ¤660 million ($865 million) in annual turnover, or a little less than ¤50 per person in a country of 16 million — though many customers are tourists. Under Dutch law, prostitutes should be charging 19 percent sales tax on each transaction. Customers typically pay ¤50 for a 15 minute session. In addition, afterexpense profits are personal income, taxed at anywhere from 33 percent for someone making less than ¤18,000 per year to 52 percent for people making more than ¤54,000. Sex workers, who are almost all women, can fall beyond both ends of that range.

Floods hit empty Brisbane; 20,000 homes in danger AUSTRALIA, FROM 1A

storm sent a 26-foot, fastmoving torrent — described as an “inland instant tsunami” — crashing through the city of Toowoomba and smaller towns to the west of Brisbane on Monday. Twelve people were killed in that flash flood, and 51 remain missing. “This is a truly dire set of circumstances,” Prime Minister Julia Gillard said. The flooding has transfixed Australia and is shaping up to become the nation’s most expensive disaster, with an estimated price tag of $5 billion. The relentless waters have shut down Queensland state’s crucial coal industry and ruined crops across vast swaths of farmland. Brisbane’s office buildings

stood empty Wednesday with the normally bustling central business district transformed into a watery ghost town. Most roads around the city were closed, and people moved about in kayaks and rowboats. One of the city’s sports stadiums, which hosts international rugby games, was flooded with muddy, chest-deep water. Boats torn from their moorings floated down the rising river along with massive amounts of debris. A popular waterside restaurant’s pontoon was swept away by the current and floated downstream. Officials said they would probably have to sink a barge that serves as an entertainment venue, to stop it from breaking free and becoming a floating torpedo. Two evacuation centers have been established in

the city and Newman said up to 6,500 were expected to use them in coming days. Officials have urged people to get to higher ground and keep off the streets. “This incident is not a tourist event — this is a deeply serious natural disaster,” Queensland state Premier Anna Bligh said. “Stay in your homes. Do not travel unless it is absolutely necessary.” The Brisbane River broke its banks on Tuesday and was continuing its rise Wednesday — partly controlled by a huge dam upstream that has had its floodgates opened because it is brimming after weeks of rain across the state. Water levels were expected to stay at peak levels until at least Saturday, but many people won’t be able to access their homes for sev-

eral days beyond that, Bligh said. Energex, the city’s main power company, said it would switch off electricity to some parts of the city starting Wednesday as a precaution against electrocution. Almost 70,000 homes were without power across Queensland by Wednesday afternoon, Bligh said. “I know that this is going to be very difficult for people,” Bligh said. “Can I just stress: Electricity and water do not mix. We would have catastrophic situations if we didn’t shut down power.” Darren Marchant spent all day moving furniture and other household goods to the top floor of his home, near the river in the low-lying Brisbane suburb of Yeronga, which is expected to be inundated. He and two neighbors

watched in awe as dozens of expensive boats and pontoons drifted past. “We were watching all kinds of debris floating down the river — one of the [neighbor’s] pontoons just floated off,” he said Wednesday. “It was amazing.” For weeks, the flooding had been a slow-motion disaster, devastating wide swaths of farmland and small towns. On Monday, the crisis took a sudden, violent turn, with a cloudburst sending a raging torrent down the Lockyer Valley west of Brisbane. Houses were washed from their foundations and cars tossed about like bath toys in what police commissioner Bob Atkinson described as “an inland instant tsunami.” Hundreds had to be rescued by helicopter Tuesday and emergency vehicles were

moving into the worst-hit parts of the valley on Wednesday. Bligh warned that the death toll would likely rise as rescue officials gained access to the devastated areas. In the Lockyer Valley town of Grantham, entire houses that had been swept off their foundations sat in sodden heaps of jumbled debris. Waters that had submerged a railway bridge receded, exposing an avalanche of twisted wreckage caught in its foundation: furniture, a “for sale” sign, a child’s swing set — even a dead cow. The city of Ipswich, home to about 15,000 people, was swamped Wednesday by the water heading Brisbane’s way. By the afternoon, 3,000 properties had been inundated, and 1,100 people had fled to evacuation centers, Mayor Paul Pisasale said.

Doctors say Giffords’ condition improving GIFFORDS, FROM 1A

an example to all U.S. citizens. He will share some anecdotes about the victims from private phone calls he has made to the families, aides said. Meanwhile, across Tucson, there was a flurry of efforts to address the psychological effects of Saturday morning’s shootings, which left six dead and 14 wounded. Two churches held memorial services Tuesday night, drawing large crowds. In Phoenix, the state Legislature quickly passed an emergency law to block a church that protests outside funerals from getting too close to the services planned in Tucson. The measure, which keeps protesters 300 feet back from funerals, is intended to head off members of the Westboro Baptist Church in Kansas, who have praised the shooting and plan to picket the funeral Thursday of Christina Green, a 9-year-old victim, and a service Friday for Judge John M. Roll of Federal District Court. “I was physically sick when I heard this,” said state Sen. Kyrsten Sinema, who sponsored the measure. “Then I decided to do something. Nothing hap-

pens in one day in politics, but this did. This tragedy is nonpartisan. It’s human.” At the hospital, Giffords’ doctors said the outcome could have been far worse. They said she had done remarkably well so far. But they cautioned that there was little more they could do medically to help her improve. Over the past several days, Giffords has repeatedly given nonverbal responses to her doctors’ commands, they said, and CAT scan X-rays have shown that there is no swelling, which continues to be the most serious threat. So far, doctors said, she has shown only slight movement on the right side of her body, raising questions about her functional neurological status. Doctors again declined to give some specific details about Giffords. “This is the phase of the care where it’s so much up to her,” said Dr. G. Michael Lemole Jr., the hospital’s chief of neurosurgery, during a news conference Tuesday morning. “As long as we don’t backslide and as long as she holds her own, that’s good. That keeps us hopeful. But we have to play this really according to her timeline, not ours.”






Clinton touts women’s role in Mideast BY MATTHEW LEE Associated Press


OUTCRY: President Alexander Lukashenko of Belarus had seven of his nine opponents in the Dec. 19 presidential election arrested. Above, people stage a protest against Lukashenko in front of the Belarus Embassy in Moscow.

MUSCAT, Oman — Women can be a major power in convincing Mideast leaders to agree to a comprehensive Arab-Israeli peace deal, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Wednesday as she urged regional leaders to embrace the rising expectations of their skyrocketing youth populations. At a town hall meeting with civic leaders in the capital of Oman, Clinton said calls from women on both sides of the conflict in Northern Ireland had contributed to a resolution and suggested that a meeting of minds between Arab and Israeli women could provide a similar impetus for peace.

“Women played a major role in pushing the politicians to find some solutions,” she said. “It was very clear that there just couldn’t be a divide when people on both sides were suffering in the same way.” Clinton stressed that she had no illusions that such a process would be easy or successful, saying, “There is a lot of work that we need to do in this world to try and create this awareness.” But she said joint demands from women concerned about their families’ futures could “press government and leaders to make the necessary decisions that will lead to sustainable peace.” Clinton also said that failing to address the concerns

and aspirations of Middle Eastern women and youth could have disastrous consequences. She said the region is seeing a “generation larger than anything we have ever seen coming of age” and they need to heard if Arab nations want to succeed in the 21st century. Clinton arrived in Oman late Tuesday from Sana’a, Yemen, where she gently prodded the country’s longtime autocratic president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to open up his political system while leaving no doubt that he remained a crucial partner in the fight against Islamic extremism. “I want to be frank about the fact that there are terrorists operating from Yemeni

territory today,” Clinton said Wednesday to an audience of legislators, businesspeople and students. “Stopping these threats would be a priority for any nation, and it is a priority for us.” At the same time, Clinton said that the United States was ready to help Yemen with problems like its dwindling oil and water supplies. The Yemeni economy, she said, had been sapped by terrorism, which scares away the tourists and investors who could help lift it out of poverty. Clinton is on the thrid stop of a tour of the Gulf. She began her trip in the United Arab Emirates and was scheduled to visit Qatar on Thursday before returning to Washington.

Crisis in Belarus, Curfew imposed in Tunisia capital Russia raises questions for U.S. BY BOUAZZA BEN BOUAZZA Associated Press

BY KATHY LALLY Washington Post Service

MOSCOW — Opposition leaders in Belarus and Russia are in jail, setting off a debate here about what that means for Russia, the West and the United States “reset” of relations. For Belarus, the arrests proclaim an unrelenting hard-line regime under President Alexander Lukashenko. In Russia, they raise questions about where the country is headed, how much credibility the country’s President Dmitry Medvedev — who casts himself a champion of liberalization and rule of law — has lost and just what the West should do. Lukashenko had seven of his nine opponents in the Dec. 19 presidential election arrested, along with 600 protesters, part of a crowd of about 10,000 who questioned his winning 80 percent of the vote. Hundreds, many complaining of brutal beatings, remain in jail. Sixteen face trial for organizing mass protests, and Amnesty International calls them prisoners of conscience. In Moscow, only four opposition leaders have been arrested, but the presidential election isn’t until 2012. Boris Nemtsov, a former deputy prime minister and governor in the Yeltsin era, is serving a 15-day sentence after he was detained leaving a legal demonstration on New Year’s Eve. Three others were also arrested, one accused of swearing at police as he headed to a separate unauthorized demonstration. CONNECTION IN CRISES “We see the same trajectory in both systems,” said Lilia Shevtsova, senior associate for Russian domestic politics at the Carnegie Moscow Center. “But Russia offers more rhetoric that the West wants to believe.” Medvedev, especially, has assured the West that Russia is trying to liberalize, in contrast to Russia’s Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, who sounds a more repressive theme. The U.S. policy of resetting relations with Russia has achieved short-term goals, Shevtsova said, reaching agreements on the New START accord, Iran and Afghanistan. “But it’s short-term, without vision,” she said. “The ability of the West to find a workable policy toward Belarus could be an example for how it deals with Russia.” Shevtsova said the similar authoritarian direction the two countries are pursuing calls for the United States and Europe to create a coordinated policy for dealing with repressive regimes, one that could be developed for Belarus and fine-tuned for Russia. Although the United States and Europe have applied sanctions to Belarus at various times, she said, they have failed to bring about any real change. IRON-HANDED CONTROL In a conference call arranged this week by Radio Free Europe, Eva Nyaklyaeva, daughter of imprisoned Belarusian presidential candidate Uladzimer Nyaklyaeu, said Lukashenko has been successfully manipulating Europe and Russia, suggesting to the West that he has grown less repressive and to Russia that he is a reliable ally as he seeks help for his economically distressed country. “I don’t want to be diplomatic anymore,” Nyaklyaeva said. “I am sick and tired, with all respect, of the analysts who say that in this situation it is very difficult for Europe or for the West to take serious steps because of the economic situation. To hell with realpolitik. These are human lives now on the line.” Lukashenko has ignored complaints from the West about the brutal detention of protesters. He responded to criticism about the vote count by throwing out election monitors from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. The arrests in both countries make it harder for the West to come up with an effective policy toward them, said Alexei Makarkin, an analyst at the Center of Political Technologies in Moscow, because the crackdowns may have weakened the reset. “I think they might be a strike against reset,” he said, “because the reset is founded on the idea that there are at least some common values and principles. Today there are many doubts about these principles and values. Nobody wants to isolate Russia, but there will be less trust, and the reset then might be less efficient.” Russia’s leaders remain haunted by the political restructuring of the late 1980s, said Makarkin, remembering how a weak democratic opposition grew to formidable strength without authorities really understanding what was happening — until angry residents filled the streets and turned back the coup of 1991.

TUNIS, Tunisia — Tear gas and stone-throwing youth reached the heart of Tunisia’s once-calm capital Wednesday as rioters desperate for jobs defied their autocratic president in escalating unrest that poses his biggest challenge in 23 years in power. The army deployed armored vehicles around Tunis, and the government imposed a virtually unprecedented curfew to try to quell protests over unemployment and political repression that began more than three weeks ago in a central Tunisian town. The demonstrations set off clashes with police as they spread around the country, leaving at least 23 demonstrators dead and shattering Tunisia’s image as an island of calm in a region beset by Islamist extremism. The rioting stayed outside the capital until Wednesday, when Tunisia’s interior minister was fired and clashes broke out hours later, intensifying an unprecedented sense of uncertainty about the future of Tunisia’s government. European countries issued warnings about the dangers of travel to the country. President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, 74, has maintained an iron grip on Tunisia since grabbing power 23 years ago in a bloodless coup, repressing any challenge to a government many see as corrupt and intolerant. The image of stability and religious moderation helps draw millions of mostly European visitors a year to the Mediterranean beaches of this small North African nation, making tourism the mainstay of the economy. But Ben Ali’s tight control has also created


ENFORCED CALM: The Tunisian army deployed armored vehicles around the captial Tunis and the government imposed a virtually unprecedented curfew Wednesday to try to quell protests over unemployment and political repression. the simmering sense of anger and resentment that erupted in the capital. Hundreds of protesters emerged from a souk, or market, in the capital and hurled stones at police at a key intersection. Officers responded with volleys of tear gas, driving the protesters to disperse into adjoining streets. Stores in the area were shuttered. Two army vehicles were posted at the intersection, which is right by the French Embassy, and military vehicles patrolled neighborhoods on the edges of the capital. The government ordered the army to ensure the overnight curfew is obeyed. The rioting first erupted in mid-December in an inland town after a young man tried to kill himself. They then hopscotched around the

country, as social networks like Facebook spread word of the unrest, circumventing tight control of the media. Police have repeatedly shot at demonstrators setting fire to buildings and stoning police. The government says 23 people have died but unions and witnesses put the toll at 46 or higher. The United States calls Tunisia a strong ally in the fight against international Islamist terror groups, which Ben Ali has consistently claimed threaten the nation. There has been no indication that of a militant Islamist role in the rioting, but Denmark’s Foreign Ministry said Wednesday that there’s a risk of terror attacks against Western targets in Tunisia. Germany’s government issued a statement warning

about the “danger of kidnapping and attacks, and Spain issued a travel warning urging its citizens to avoid inland Tunisia and to be careful in tourist areas along the coast. “We are worried, in general, about the unrest and the instability, and what seems to be the underlying concerns of the people who are protesting,” U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said in an interview in Dubai with Al Arabiya television, according to a transcript provided by the State Department. Tunisia’s Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi announced the firing of Interior Minister Rafik Belhaj Kacem, and said that most prisoners arrested during the riots are being freed. He said official Ahmed Friaa would replace Kacem.

Real threats rarely give warning, experts say BY CHARLIE SAVAGE AND ERIC LIPTON New York Times Service

WASHINGTON — In September 2009, a Veterans Affairs caseworker reported that a man had threatened to kill Sen. John Cornyn, a Republican, and Rep. Ciro Rodriguez, a Democrat, both of Texas, for failing to help him in a dispute over his retirement benefits. In June 2009, a man called an aide to Rep. Zoe Lofgren, D-Calif., and said that if she held a town hall meeting on immigration or nuclear energy — or if he saw her on the street — he would attack her. And in May 2009, Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., was in a parking lot in his district when a man driving by shouted that the lawmaker had blood on his hands over the Iraq War, had a bulls-eye on his head and was going to die. The result in all three cases was the same: Federal prosecutors declined to charge the men because they apparently had no intention of carrying out the threats, Federal Bureau of Investigation files show. As the FBI probes the shooting of Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, D-Ariz., a review of hundreds of cases involving threats to lawmakers from

2000 to 2009 demonstrates just how hard it is to discern real threats from mere bluster. So far, no reports have emerged that Giffords’ assailant ever directly communicated a threat to her or her staff. In fact, studies of assaults on public figures have found that attackers have almost never telegraphed their intentions to their targets or to the authorities. That suggests that the threats to lawmakers are likely being made by people other than those they most need to worry about. “The hunters are those that do not directly threaten,” said J. Reid Meloy, a forensic psychologist at the University of California at San Diego School of Medicine who consults with the FBI. A review of the documents shows that some common patterns emerge. Some cases involve mentally or emotionally disturbed people who make threats but appear to lack any intent or capacity to cause harm. Sometimes they had temporarily stopped taking psychiatric medications at the time of the threat, making it hard to establish any criminal intent. In August 2008, for example, an Idaho man sent a letter to William Sali, then a

Republican representative, saying that if the congressman did not help stop a city from invoking eminent domain to take a church’s property for use by a hospital, he would “blow the hospital to hell and the city too.” The man told the FBI he had been diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia in the 1970s and had been having “medication issues” when he wrote the letter. He said he had no intention of committing any violent acts. Because he was not believed to be “a viable threat,” the case was closed. Another common category consists of people who vented in an overheated way. In February 2008, for example, an Alabama man sent an e-mail to a government agency threatening Sen. John McCain, the Arizona Republican then campaigning for president. The man, who owned several guns, later admitted sending the e-mail, saying he “was drunk when I wrote that one” and was upset at McCain for “not campaigning in Alabama as a Republican should be.” He apologized and promised to send no more threats. While attackers almost never telegraph their intentions, they do often show

signs of fixation on public figures against whom they harbor grievances — real or imagined — and often tell a friend or a relative that they might attack them, forensic psychologists say. They also tend to plan their attacks, rather than carrying them out spontaneously, the experts said. As the event nears, assailants take steps like purchasing a gun or exploring the security around a target — potential steps investigators look for. Richard A. Falkenrath, former deputy commissioner of counterterrorism of the New York Police Department, said the files demonstrated the complexity of the authorities face in protecting public officials, all the time knowing that most threats never result in acts of violence. “It is really hard,” Falkenrath said. “The vast majority of threats don’t amount to anything other than that — threats. It is that small few that keep you up at night and result in what we had in Arizona. For law enforcement agencies, there is no good answer. You work these things as hard as you can and long as you can. But you have a lot of demands on your time.”






Haiti needs leaders, House Foreign Affairs head says BY JENNIFER KAY Associated Press


A DECADE OF DETENTION: Activists are dressed up as prisoners during a protest against the detention center in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, outside the U.S. Department of Justice in Washington, DC.

Protests mark 10th year of Guantanamo camps BY CAROL ROSENBERG

MIAMI — Protesters donned orange jumpsuits from the gates of the Southern Command to London’s Trafalgar Square as activists marked the start of 10th year of Guantanamo’s prison camps with small, scattered protests. At the Southern Command headquarters, Tuesday morning rush-hour motorists seemed unfazed by the half-dozen protesters, one kneeling in an orange jumpsuit and black hood on the sidewalk at a busy Doral intersection. “I thought Guantanamo was closed,” cracked a police officer securing the scene, referring to U.S. President Barack Obama’s failed pledge to close the prison camps by Jan. 22, 2010. Instead, the Pentagon is still holding 173 foreign men as captives at the remote prison camps, directed by the Southern Command, whose staff conducted surveillance of the tiny protest as well. “Somebody’s got to re-

member,” said Miami protester Ray Del Papa, 57. “Obama promised that he’d close Guantanamo. That’s why I voted for him. We’re two years into the administration and nothing has changed.” The biggest demonstration of the day, by far, was in Washington, where Amnesty International teamed up with other activist groups outside the Justice Department and the White House. They knelt and marched in protest, many with black hoods on their heads, others with simulated shackles. One protester added a skeleton mask and carried a sign proclaiming, “End Indefinite Detention: Charge or Release!” At around the same time, a federal judge up Constitution Avenue upheld the indefinite detention of an Algerian captive at Guantanamo who was scooped up in a Pakistani security forces sweep in March 2002. The American Civil Liberties Union set up an online clock that ticked off the amount of time, down to

the second that the prison camps remained open “On Obama’s Watch,” as it put it. Tuesday, it said, was the 721st day. In London, the Associated Press reported that 20 demonstrators held a peaceful protest at Trafalgar Square beneath the columns of the National Gallery. A focus of concern was Britain’s last known former resident, Saudi citizen Shaker Aamer, 42, who has been detained at Guantanamo since 2002. A coalition of human rights groups planned to demand the release of Aamer, whose family lives in England. There is no end in sight for the prison camps, which opened on Jan. 11, 2002 with an airlift of 20 men from Afghanistan, where they had been scooped up in the war on terror. At least 10 of those first 20 men are still at the prison camps, including Yemeni Ali Hamza al Bahlul, 42, convicted of war crimes for serving as Osama bin Laden’s media secretary and filmmaker.

U.S. Chamber of Commerce hails Mexican trucking effort BY GABRIELLA FERRARI Hearst Newspapers

WASHINGTON — U.S. Chamber of Commerce President Thomas J. Donohue, a frequent critic of the Obama administration, has hailed the president’s efforts to resolve the long-festering trucking dispute between Mexico and the United States. In his annual “State of American Business” address, Donohue emphasized the chamber’s support for improved trade with Mexico as well as a better system for visas and immigration, which he called important to improving the market for U.S. jobs “A relationship with Mexico is fundamental to longterm [U.S. economic] well being,” Donohue said. Donohue’s comments about immigration were at odds with the chamber’s close allies in the Republican Party. Rep. Lamar Smith,

R-Texas, chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, has ruled out consideration of comprehensive immigration legislation by the GOPcontrolled House. But Donohue said the chamber will pursue comprehensive immigration reform and said it was important to find a way for the 12 million illegal immigrants in the country to establish legitimacy and participate in society. The chamber is staying out of the debate over whether immigrants should ultimately be granted citizenship, he said. Instead, business wants to focus on other issues now, including protecting the border. He said the business community is seeking higher levels of security along the border, which has been wracked by drug violence, to protect vigorous trade with Mexico. He said the United States

needs a simplified and faster process to handle visa applications and to increase the number of worker visas. The United States also should find ways to keep high-skilled immigrants in the work force as well as devising a temporary guest worker program, possibly seasonally for agriculture or recreation Donohue praised the Obama administration for pledging to resolve the U.S.Mexico trucking dispute. It has been 15 years since the United States agreed under NAFTA to allow carefully inspected trucks to move back and forth between the nations. As the United States works to persuade China and others to adhere to principles of free and fair trade, Donohue said, in trade with Mexico, “We must live up to these principles ourselves.”

Richardson named as OAS envoy SANTA FE, N.M. — (AP) — Former New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson has been named a special envoy for the Organization of American States. OAS Secretary General Jose Miguel Insulza announced Richardson’s appointment on Tuesday in Washington, D.C. after

a meeting between the two. Richardson, a Democrat, finished his second term as governor at the end of last month. He held a similar post with the OAS in 2006, but left it after launching a presidential bid in 2007. The secretary general said in a statement that

Richardson’s missions as a goodwill ambassador for the organization will be decided in the next few weeks but the former governor will focus on immigration and economic development. Richardson served as U.N. ambassador and energy secretary under former U.S. President Bill Clinton.

Catholic leaders condemn Chavez CARACAS — (AP) — Roman Catholic leaders in Venezuela are calling for Venezula’s President Hugo Chavez to give up special lawmaking powers granted to him by his congressional allies. The Venezuelan Bishops’ Conference condemned a package of laws approved in

December by the National Assembly, including one that grants Chavez power to enact laws by decree for the next 18 months. Chavez gained those powers shortly before a new congress took office with more opposition lawmakers. A statement from the

bishops released Tuesday accuses Chavez of trying to impose a totalitarian system in Venezuela. Chavez and the bishops have feuded for years. Chavez has accused the Catholic leadership of neglecting the poor and of siding with his opponents and the rich.

MIAMI — Real recovery and development in Haiti depends on accountability and strong leadership by the Caribbean country’s government, according to the new chairwoman of the U.S. House Foreign Affairs Committee. “Leadership that is not there,” Rep. Ileana RosLehtinen, R-Fla., said after returning to Miami International Airport. Wednesday marked the one-year anniversary of the magnitude 7 earthquake that killed more than 230,000 people and left more than 1.5 million homeless. Ros-Lehtinen said future U.S. and international support for Haiti depended on concrete efforts to curb corruption and graft. The congresswoman said she planned to reintroduce legislation to increase oversight of U.S. funding to Haiti. In her first trip abroad since becoming foreign affairs

chairwoman, Ros-Lehtinen joined former U.S. President Bill Clinton and Cheryl Mills, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s chief of staff, on a daylong tour of reconstruction efforts and a Project Medishare hospital in Haiti’s capital. Mills has said the United States could support throwing out the disputed results of Haiti’s first-round presidential election in November, if that’s what is proposed by a 12-member election team from the Organization of American States. “It will be crucial, critical, necessary for Haiti’s next leader to take every step necessary to institute the needed changes to bring transparency, trust and credibility back to this nation.” Haiti’s first round of voting Nov. 28 was criticized for low turnout, disorganization, fraud, violence and voter intimidation. A two-candidate run-off was supposed to be held Jan. 16.

Ros-Lehtinen last visited Haiti six months ago, and she said she could see a distinct difference in the amount of rubble cleared and the number of Haitians moving from tent camps back into their homes or transitional shelters. However, much work remains, as roughly a million people remain homeless. “What frustrates me greatly is the electoral system and having people not have faith in their system of government,” Ros-Lehtinen said. “If you don’t have that faith, I worry about looting, I worry about crime in the streets, I worry about people taking to the streets. Those are the things that keep me up at night when I think about Haiti.” An industrial park project on the northern coast, which includes an clothes factory for U.S. retailers, could help meet Haiti’s reconstruction goals by offering the opportunity for jobs and stability outside Port-au-Prince, RosLehtinen said.

Korean firm to become Haiti’s largest employer BY JONATHAN M. KATZ Associated Press

PORT-AU-PRINCE — As former U.S. President Bill Clinton looked on, Haiti’s government signed a deal with a South Korean garment manufacturer to create an industrial park that will export clothing to the United States. The deal on the eve of Wednesday’s one-year anniversary of Haiti’s devastating earthquake will make Sae-A Trading, the largest private employer in an impoverished Caribbean nation desperate for work. Officials said it will create 20,000 jobs — though many who work in Haiti’s few existing garment factories today say their low wages are not enough to feed their families. “I know a couple places in America that would commit mayhem to get 20,000 jobs today,” Clinton said at the gathering in a Port-au-Prince industrial park. Haiti’s Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive said the agreement will help break Haiti’s dependence on foreign aid as a substitute for a functioning economy. “Aid had never been able to bring sustainable economic prosperity to any nation, including ours,” Bellerive said. He called the signing “the best day of my life.”

The deal was in negotiation long before the earthquake, moving forward after Clinton was named U.N. Secretary General Ban KiMoon’s special envoy to Haiti in 2009 and given responsibility for increasing private investment. The agreement will create an industrial park near the northern city of Cap-Haitien also open to other factories. It is scheduled to open in early 2012. Sae-A said it will invest $78 million on equipment and agreed to adhere to In-

ternational Labor Organization standards. The United States, represented at the signing by senior State Department official Cheryl Mills, will provide $120 million for generating electricity, housing for workers and improvements to the port. The Inter-American Development Bank will provide $50 million for building factory shells and infrastructure. The European Union is separately spending to improve roads in the region.


OPTIMISITIC: Former U.S. President Bill Clinton said he hopes that the Haiti’s deal with a South Korean garment firm will encourage other investors to move forward with projects in Haiti.

Haitians adrift in U.S. post-quake HAITI, FROM 1A

and other advocates. In Massachusetts, some are reluctant wards of the state, which pays for food stamps, apartment shelters, or hotel rooms for destitute families. “I just want to have legal status. I need to start over,” said the woman, who asked not to be identified because she has applied for deferred action and fears deportation. She spoke in a single room in the Westgate Hotel in Brockton, where her family lived for nearly two months before being moved Tuesday to an emergency family shelter. A spokesman for the immigration official, Alejandro Mayorkas, director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, declined requests for an interview for this story. Matthew Chandler, spokesman for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, which oversees the immigration agency, said federal officials are reviewing their policies regarding Haitians who fled the earthquake. Many Haitians had hoped for another designation that would allow them to work, called temporary protected status. But the Obama administration did not extend that option to Haitians fleeing the

quake’s devastation, partly to discourage a life-threatening mass migration by sea. Some advocates have pressed the government to give Haitians who fled the earthquake temporary protected status, as they did for Hondurans and Salvadorans who came to the United States after disasters in their countries. It is unclear how many Haitians who fled the quake remain in limbo, but Catholic Charities officials said they know of at least 330 people in Boston and Brockton. The organization’s Miami offices estimated their numbers in the thousands nationwide. The unresolved cases are concentrated in Massachusetts, home to the thirdlargest Haitian and HaitianAmerican population in the country, behind Florida and New York. Though Haitians could apply for deferred action, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services has done little to promote it. According to the latest figures, only 150 Haitian immigrants nationwide have received deferred action, or 19 percent of the 785 who have requested it. In Boston, the approval rate was higher, at nearly 60 percent, but only 89 people applied for it. On Friday night, families

gathered for an interview at the Westgate Hotel, which is tucked off a dark, lonely road behind a shopping mall. Bundled in hats and scarves against the unfamiliar cold, they said a year after the earthquake that they have nothing to return to in Haiti. Their houses collapsed, their work is gone, and they believe they could start over here. Many were professionals in Haiti — an accountant, a hospital laboratory technician, a judge. They had houses, cars, and household help. They say they are deeply grateful for the help from nonprofits and the state, but they are also desperate to work, unaccustomed to relying on donations from others. Those who are eligible for food stamps said they feed their children microwaved macaroni and cheese; others rely on donations from friends. Children play soccer in the narrow hotel hallways while parents learn English and wait. “You feel depressed,” said Ricardo, a 32-year-old former auto parts manager at an auto dealership who now lives with his wife and two boys in the Westgate Hotel, as they try to figure out what to do next. He declined to use his last name, for fear of deportation. “It’s not a life.”






Poll shows Obama, GOP improve their standing BY LIZ SIDOTI Associated Press

WASHINGTON — U.S. citizens gave higher marks to President Barack Obama and congressional Republicans after a holiday season of compromise paid dividends for both, according to the latest Associated Press-GfK poll. At the start of the divided government era, the survey found that 53 percent of U.S. citizens approve of how Obama is doing his job, his best numbers since the divisive healthcare vote 10 months ago. And, compared with just after the November elections, more now express confidence that Obama and the new Republican-controlled House can work together to solve the country’s most urgent problems, chief among them the struggling economy.

“It’s going to be difficult because there are some bleeding-heart liberals way over on the left and some uptight conservatives,” said Spirit Fliege, 83, a Republican from Brentwood, Calif. “It’s going to take someone who can operate very smoothly. Whether Obama can or not, we don’t know.” Most people, according to the poll, now are putting their faith in Republicans to implement the changes needed to fix the economy. But a majority also now view the Democrats favorably, an oddity just two months after voters dealt Obama’s party what he called “a shellacking” in congressional elections. Still, despite expressing more optimism in certain areas, U.S. citizens are down on Congress itself. And roughly half express anger with U.S.

politics, while disappointment and frustration remain with politicians of all stripes. “They’re totally ignoring the people. They make all kinds of promises and put the shaft to the people,” said Sandy Parton, 66, of Honey Grove, Texas. The period during which the poll was conducted included last Saturday, when a shooting rampage in Arizona left six dead and several more injured, including a congresswoman, and touched off debate over the caustic nature of U.S. politics. The December lame-duck session of Congress left an imprint on U.S. citizens who had made it clear in November that they were tired of one-party rule in Washington and hungry for bipartisanship. In a bow to that desire as 2010 ended, Obama struck

a deal with Republicans to extend temporarily all the Bush-era tax cuts. And he has indicated a willingness to work with new House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, on several other issues, including looming trade deals and the reauthorization of an education law. Some people like what they see. “He’s doing the best he can with what he was handed,” said Richard Cambell, 42, a truck driver from Rockingham, N.C., who says Obama deserves a second term. The poll found that since the year began: l Obama improved his job-performance rating by 6 percentage points, up from 47 percent just after the November elections. Disapproval is at 46 percent. He scored higher marks on handling the

economy, too, as the unemployment rate edged down to 9.4 percent; 47 percent now approve, compared with 41 percent two months ago. And 59 percent view him favorably, while 40 percent view him unfavorably. l Boehner became better known to the general public in his first foray on the political scene as a national leader. And impressions of him were about evenly divided, with 34 percent viewing him positively and 31 percent viewing him negatively. l Republicans in Congress got a slight bump, too, though they are not nearly as popular as Obama. Now, 36 percent give them high marks, compared with 29 percent last fall. l On the question of whether Obama and Republicans can work in a bipartisan manner to solve what

ails the country, 48 percent express some degree of optimism and 52 percent express some level of pessimism. l Democrats generally are back to being viewed in a positive light by most U.S. citizens — 53 percent favorable to 45 percent unfavorable. That’s better than at any point during the height of the 2010 campaign. Views of the Republican Party are evenly split at 48 percent. l More than half — 56 percent — say they are confident that the GOP can improve the economy, though slightly less — 51 percent — say they think Republicans in Congress will actually implement their campaign policy promises. And relatively few think Republicans in Congress understand the important short-term issues the country must focus on.

Murray’s medical license revoked Immigrant drivers face uncertainty

BY HARRIET RYAN Los Angeles Times Service

LOS ANGELES — A judge has stripped Dr. Conrad Murray of his California medical license after ruling that prosecutors have sufficient evidence to try the physician for manslaughter in the death of Michael Jackson. Los Angeles County Superior Court Judge Michael Pastor said Tuesday that testimony presented during a six-day hearing into Murray’s treatment of the pop icon had convinced him that allowing the cardiologist to keep his license “would constitute an imminent danger to public safety.” Evidence presented by prosecutors, the judge said, showed “a direct nexus and connection between the acts and omissions of Dr. Murray and the homicide in this case,” Pastor said. The judge’s decision to send the case to trial was widely expected, including by Murray’s attorneys, but his defense had strongly contested the suspension of his license, with one of his lawyers calling it a “nuclear option” that could destroy the 57-year-old doctor’s ability to support his family and mount a criminal defense. Murray is licensed in California, Texas and Nevada, but does not practice in California, his attorney said. As part of his ruling, Pastor gave the doctor 24 hours to inform medical authorities in the two other states that the court had suspended his California license until the conclusion of the criminal case. The notifications could have repercussions on his practice in the other states, his attor-

BY SUSAN CARROLL New York Times Service


END OF THE ROAD? As part of a ruling, Dr. Conrad Murray, left, who will be tried for manslaughter in the death of Michael Jackson, was given 24 hours to inform authorities in Texas and Nevada of the suspension of his California license. ney said. The judge denied a request by prosecutors to raise Murray’s bail, now set at $75,000, to $300,000. Murray is to return to court for arraignment Jan. 25, when he is expected to reiterate

his not guilty plea. Jackson died June 25, 2009, from an overdose of the surgical anesthetic propofol. Murray acknowledged to police that he had used the drug for two months to

treat the 50-year-old singer’s chronic insomnia, but he insisted that on the day of Jackson’s death he had only administered a small amount that should not have been fatal.

Austin tops list of migration destinations BY SABRINA TAVERNISE New York Times Service

WASHINGTON — Austin drew the largest numbers of young U.S. citizens from 2007 through 2009, according to an analysis by a senior demographer at the Brookings Institution, replacing Riverside, Calif., which was the most popular destination for young people in the middle of the decade.

Migration slowed greatly during the recession, and rates have continued to remain low. But in an analysis of migration still occurring among some of the country’s most mobile citizens — people ages 25 to 34 — the cities at the top of the list were those that had remained economically vibrant, like Dallas, and those that were considered hip destinations, like Austin

and Seattle, the demographer, William H. Frey, found. In the middle of the decade, before the recession, the top five destinations were Riverside, Phoenix, Atlanta, Houston and Charlotte, N.C., according to the analysis, which was based on Census Bureau data. Austin ranked ninth in that period, and Las Vegas was No. 10. Cities like Las Vegas and Riverside be-

came popular destinations in the last decade, when overheated housing markets were churning growth and jobs. But since the recession began, they have fallen in the list of choices. From 2007 through 2009, the most recent data available, Dallas, Denver and Seattle moved into the top five. Riverside fell to 10th place, and Las Vegas to 24th.

Salvador Gutierrez, a native of El Salvador, said he has built a modest but prosperous life in Pasadena with the money he earns driving his Kenworth 18-wheel truck. But his livelihood is threatened now, he said, by a recent decision by the U.S. Department of Public Safety to cancel the commercial driver’s licenses of immigrants who lack certain immigration and travel documents — even though they are legally authorized to work in the United States. The controversy centers on a change to the Texas Transportation Code enacted in 2007 but only recently enforced by DPS, said Bianca Santorini, an attorney with Houston’s America for All, an immigrant advocacy organization. Santorini said the change jeopardizes the commercial licenses of immigrants granted Temporary Protected Status, or TPS — a kind of temporary reprieve from deportation for people from countries ravaged by natural disasters or destabilized by war. DPS spokeswoman Tela Mange said a change in the law in 2007 required all applicants for commercial driver licenses who are not U.S. citizens, lawful permanent residents, asylees, or refugees to obtain a special, “non-resident” commercial driver license. By law, applicants for the non-resident CDLs must present three specific documents — a passport, visa and an I-94 form issued by U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers upon arrival to the United States, Mange said. But until recently, DPS did not enforce that specific paperwork requirement. Mange estimated that about 1,800 “non-resident” CDLs have been issued in error since Sept. 1, 2007. Mange said everyone issued “non-resident” commercial licenses will be required to show DPS the specific documents — the passport, visa and I-94 form — during the next 90 days,

or their licenses will be canceled. But recipients of TPS are not issued those specific documents by the U.S. government, even though they are given paperwork showing they are legally authorized to work in the United States. Mange conceded that TPS recipients are not issued the documents required by the code but said DPS is powerless to change it. “The Legislature would have to change that,” Mange said. “It’s a law, not a rule. “Our hands are tied right now,” she said. Asked why DPS started enforcing the 2007 code recently, Mange said: “I’m not sure what changed.” For many of the truck drivers, including Gutierrez, losing their commercial licenses could mean losing their jobs. “It’s their whole livelihood,” Santorini said. “They cannot work. Some of them own their own trucks or their own trucking companies. “The most unfair thing is that there was no notice,” she said. “They find out when they’re driving that their licenses have been suspended.” Santorini said DPS could redraft the Texas Transportation Code to expand the list of acceptable documents to those issued to people with Temporary Protected Status. She said action by the Legislature is not required. While the state and immigrant advocacy organizations try to figure out a resolution, truckers like Gutierrez said they are worried about losing their jobs. Gutierrez was granted temporary legal status in 2002 after an earthquake hammered his native El Salvador. He was shocked to learn during a December traffic stop that the state had canceled his commercial driver’s license in March. He said he never got a letter warning him that there was a problem. Gutierrez, who has lived in the United States for 22 years and has three U.S.-born children, said that if he’s unable to resolve the license cancellation, he’s not sure what he will do.

Quinn to decide fate of death penalty in Illinois after Senate votes to ban it BY RAY LONG, TODD WILSON AND TED GREGORY Chicago Tribune

SPRINGFIELD, Ill. — Gov. Pat Quinn now has to decide the fate of the death penalty in Illinois, a state whose troubling record of condemning innocent men to death row put it at the center of the national debate over capital punishment. The Democratic led state Senate on Tuesday approved legislation to end the death penalty in Illinois by a vote of 35-22, with two senators voting present. The House approved the measure a week earlier and now it’s up to Quinn. Quinn’s staff said only that he would review the bill. During the fall campaign, the Democratic governor said

he supports “capital punishment when applied carefully and fairly.” But Quinn also backed the moratorium on executions put in place 10 years ago by former Republican Gov. George Ryan, who in 2003 cleared the state’s death row after a string of men who had sat there were found innocent. The gravity of the issue played out Tuesday under the bright lights of the ornate Senate Chamber. Looking down from the spectator gallery was Gordon “Randy” Steidl, who spent 17 years in prison, including 12 on death row, after he was wrongfully convicted of a 1986 double-murder. After the vote, Steidl said he felt senators knew “in their heart and soul” that Illinois should abolish the death pen-

torney Anita Alvarez argued against the measure at a Senate Judiciary Committee meeting early Tuesday. Following the vote Alvarez said she was “extremely disappointed” and that the Senate made its decision “without a full, open and public debate.” Alvarez called the death penalty “a deterrent to violent crime in the most heinous of cases” that should be available, particularly “when we have witnessed MCT outrageous crimes such as THOUGHTFUL: Former death row inmate Gordon the senseless murder of five Steidl, who was wrongly convicted of a murder has Chicago police officers this past year.” said that Illinois should abolish the death penalty. The Senate bill was chamalty because the cost of mak- said. “I think the Senate saw pioned by Democratic state ing a mistake is “irreversible.” it, and I’m pretty sure that Sen. Kwame Raoul, who pointed to Steidl and urged “We’re all human, and we Gov. Quinn is aware of it.” Cook County State’s At- fellow lawmakers to seize all make mistakes,” Steidl

the chance to “join the civilized world” and end the death penalty in Illinois. The U.S. Supreme Court struck down death penalty guidelines in 40 states, including Illinois, in 1972. Illinois reinstated capital punishment in 1977, and is now among 35 states with the death penalty. New York, New Jersey and New Mexico have done away with the death penalty in the last three years. The fate of 15 people now on death row in Illinois is uncertain. They would not be affected by the legislation now being considered by Quinn, according to the Department of Corrections. However, the moratorium on executing prisoners could remain in place.





Gates tours Chinese nuclear base BY ANNE GEARAN Associated Press

MUTIANYU, China — China invited U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates inside its nuclear warfare headquarters on Wednesday, giving him a rare glimpse into control of weapons that could one day be launched at the United States. Both the United States and China have long-range missiles that could reach the other’s shores. Both nations say they have no intention of using the weapons that way. “There was a discussion of nuclear strategy and their overall approach to conflict,” including China’s policy of not using nuclear weapons preemptively, Gates told reporters afterward. “It was a pretty wideranging conversation, pretty open,” Gates said. He spoke atop China’s Great Wall, where he paid a brief tourist visit before leaving the country. Gates’ assignment during four days in China was to patch up damaged ties between the two militaries. He claimed success Wednesday, saying military leaders he met support broader engagement. “I think the discussions were very productive and set the stage for taking the military-to-military relationship to the next level,” he said. Gates said that during the base visit China’s commander of nuclear rocket forces, Gen. Jing Zhiyuan, accepted an invitation to visit U.S.


REFLECTIVE: ‘There was a discussion of nuclear strategy and their overall approach to conflict,’ U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates, right, told the reporters atop China’s Great Wall, after visiting the country’s nuclear warfare headquarter. Strategic Command headquarters in Nebraska. The weapons command center in the Beijing suburb of Qinqhe is a site a few U.S. officials have visited previously, including former U.S. Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld in 2005, so Gates was unlikely to learn much about China’s capabilities that was not already known. Chinese military officials also routinely scrub all traces of truly sensitive materials before allowing Westerners inside such places, as Gates seemed to acknowledge Tuesday. Reporters were barred from the site.

Still, Gates’ visit to the base was sought by the United States to balance the 2009 visit of a senior Chinese general to the U.S. Strategic Command. The Chinese base maintains control over nuclear and conventional strategic missile forces, although U.S. analysts have said wartime operations probably would be conducted from another, more secretive site. China has short-, medium-, long-, and intercontinental-range ballistic missiles. China maintains a nuclear arsenal of about 200 warheads deliverable by land- and submarine-based

missiles as well as bomber aircraft, according to the Federation of American Scientists. China last week reaffirmed its commitment not to use nuclear weapons preemptively. Foreign observers have suggested China might abandon its no first-use policy in the event of a major crisis over Taiwan or other crucial concerns, although ranking Chinese military officers and government-backed scholars repeatedly have denied such speculation. Gates’ four-day trip to China was dominated by the effort to repair strained military ties ahead of China’s President Hu Jintao’s state visit to Washington next week. Gates met Hu on Tuesday. The U.S. defense secretary’s visit turned the page on a rocky year in which China pulled out of military talks and withheld an earlier invitation to Gates in protest of a nearly $6.4 billion arms sale to China’s rival, Taiwan. China agreed Monday to more direct military cooperation with the United States but stopped short of the broad give and take the United States says would benefit both nations. Gates said China is taking seriously his proposal to erect a new, more durable framework for military talks. He hopes to convene the first such discussions in the first half of 2011.

China all for new talks on N. Korea BY CHRISTOPHER BODEEN Associated Press

BEIJING — China’s President Hu Jintao will call for new talks on North Korea when he makes a state visit to the United States next week, a senior diplomat said Wednesday. Hu’s long-planned Jan. 18-21 trip will include a stop in the midwestern business hub of Chicago, China’s Vice Foreign Minister Cui Tiankai said. Cui said Hu will meet U.S. President Barack Obama, other administration figures and members of Congress, and will deliver a speech. He did not give any other details, saying the two sides were still finalizing arrangements. Cui said North Korea would be among the issues discussed, but played down differences over the Chinese ally, which has sent tensions in northeastern Asia soaring with its development of nuclear weapons and the deadly shelling of a South Korean island in November. China and the United States “have broad common interests and share the same goal on the Korean nuclear issue,” Cui said. He urged a quick resumption of six-nation talks on North Korean nuclear disarmament, along with the implementation of past commitments. The long-stalled negotiations among North and South Korea, China, Russia, Japan

Ivory Coast forces crack down on opposition BY ADAM NOSSITER New York Times Service

ABIDJAN, Ivory Coast — The shouts came from the end of the dusty road: “They’re coming, they’re coming!” Young men broke into a run, waving their arms in warning. Bursts of automatic gunfire crackled in the humid air behind them. In a flash, the wide, pitted road — crowded a moment before with angry residents — emptied. The inhabitants, all too accustomed to raids, had quickly scattered. For the next 45 minutes, the neighborhood was raked by the pop-popping of gunfire and the sounds of explosions, delivered by the security forces of Laurent Gbagbo, the strongman who refuses to give up power despite losing a presidential election in late 2010. By the end of the assault, several people had been killed. Spent shells and trails of blood streaked the streets. All the while, the United Nations, which has nearly 10,000 troops here, was nowhere to be seen. Although top U.N. officials have recently pledged to enforce their mandate in Ivory Coast robustly, promising to run roadblocks or other obstructions to protect civilians here, no peacekeepers arrived, much to the anger of residents. “We sent a patrol there this morning; they were blocked,” said a U.N. military spokesman here, Lt. Col. Rais Shakib. “They blocked us completely,” he repeated, referring to the pro-Gbagbo forces. So the shooting continued, uninterrupted. These muscled raiding parties — or “death squads,” as opposition officials call them — have been widely condemned by international


and the United States produced a 2005 agreement in which North Korea pledged to dismantle its nuclear programs in exchange for economic aid and diplomatic concessions. South Korea has ruled out a return to the talks until North Korea assumes responsibility for the shelling and for the earlier sinking of a South Korean naval ship and take steps toward nuclear disarmament. The United States has been pushing China to help moderate North Korea’s behavior. North Korea depends on China for aid, but Beijing says its influence over the impoverished inwardlooking nation is limited. China props up the North largely out of fear that a collapsed state would unsettle the entire North Asian region. Cui also sought to minimize friction over U.S. diplomatic efforts in Asia that some Chinese describe as unwanted interference in the region. “We hope to have effective cooperation in the Asian-Pacific region to contribute to regional peace, stability and prosperity,” he said. “I am confident that with the joint efforts the upcoming state visit by President Hu will be a full success.” Hu’s trip reciprocates Obama’s state visit to China in November 2009.

U.S. to help Afghans beyond 2014 BY JOSHUA PARTLOW AND PAMELA CONSTABLE Washington Post Service


DEFIANT: A U.N. convoy is forced to turn back by a group of youth supporters of Ivory Coast’s incumbent President Laurent Gbagbo, in the Abobo neighborhood of Abidjan, Ivory Coast. U.N. peacekeepers retreated from the neighborhood where security forces loyal to Gbagbo had opened fire Tuesday. officials, who warn of prosecutions and other consequences for attacks on civilians. But after a brief lull in recent weeks, the deadly raids appear to be back. Alassane Ouattara, the man recognized as the winner of the election by the United Nations, the African Union and most governments around the world, calls the tactic a calculated bid to induce terror in the civilian strongholds of his supporters, helping suppress

opposition to Gbagbo’s extended stay in office. A Gbagbo government spokesman, Alain Toussaint, said the government forces had a legitimate mission. “The security forces received information that there were numerous armed persons in the neighborhood,” he said. “They proceeded there to conduct a security operation.” Asked if any weapons had been found, he said “certainly,” adding that two of the

government’s own police officers had been killed in the operation. But of the scores of residents who scattered as the security forces swept in, only one appeared to be armed. Residents also spoke of repeatedly calling a U.N. emergency hotline for help and getting no answer. Incensed that the United Nations has called on him to step down, Gbagbo demanded that its forces leave the country. The United Nations refused, but its ability

to operate has been severely hampered at times. On Tuesday at the United Nations, the secretary general, Ban Ki-moon, asked the Security Council to authorize an additional 2,000 military personnel for the peacekeeping forces, as well as three attack helicopters and a military hospital, due the deteriorating situation. He cited “direct threats from regular and irregular forces loyal to former President Gbagbo.”

KABUL, Afghanistan — U.S. Vice President Joe Biden has pledged long-term U.S. support for Afghanistan, offering a commitment to help the war-torn nation beyond the 2014 target both countries have set to have Afghans fully in charge of their own security. On Tuesday, a day after he arrived in Kabul on an unannounced visit, Biden toured a training academy for Afghan soldiers, had lunch with Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai and said he was confident of the effectiveness of the U.S. counterinsurgency strategy. “We’ve largely arrested the Taliban momentum here in some very important areas,” Biden said, speaking alongside Karzai. “But these gains — as you pointed out to me, Mr. President — we know are fragile and reversible.” During the intense Washington debate leading to the dispatch of 30,000 additional U.S. troops to Afghanistan in 2010, Biden argued for a smaller military footprint, more focused on counterterrorism operations against al Qaeda and Taliban leaders. “It is not our intention to govern or to nation-build,” Biden said. “As President Karzai often points out, this is the responsibility of the Afghan people, and they are fully capable of it.” But he stressed that the United States would continue to assist the Afghan government. “If the Afghan people want it, we won’t leave in 2014,” Biden said.

Zardari loyalist Khosa to succeed slain governor in Pakistan’s Punjab BY SALMAN MASOOD New York Times Service

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — President Asif Ali Zardari of Pakistan has appointed a party loyalist to replace the assassinated governor of Punjab, a move that analysts said was likely to inflame tensions with his political opposition. The new governor, Sardar Muhammad Latif Khan Khosa, a lawyer by profession and a former senator, is con-

sidered a close associate and confidant of Zardari and his late wife, the former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto. He replaces Salman Taseer, who was shot 26 times on Jan. 4 by Malik Mumtaz Hussain Qadri, a member of his elite police guard, who was apparently incensed by the governor’s campaign against Pakistan’s blasphemy laws. The assassin has since been celebrated by large crowds in a challenge

to the government of Zardari’s secular-leaning Pakistan Peoples Party. The post of the governor is largely ceremonial, but Taseer had infused new life into the office with his flamboyant personality and bold public stances on rights issues, especially the blasphemy law. He was also politically aggressive, and traded barbs regularly with the leader of the opposition, Nawaz Sharif, whose political base is in Punjab.

Khosa is relatively low-key compared with his predecessor, but political analysts say the appointment of a party loyalist like him would lead to further political tension with Sharif, the leader of the Pakistan Muslim League-N. Sharif’s younger brother, Shahbaz Sharif, is the chief minister of Punjab. “The appointment unnecessarily muddies waters that were already terribly muddy,” said Cyril Almeida,

a columnist for Dawn, the country’s leading English daily newspaper. Khosa is no stranger to controversies. He was appointed attorney general in 2008 but was removed by Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani in 2009 after allegations of corruption. He was reappointed as an adviser to the prime minister in 2010, but resigned when differences with Gilani persisted. Bhutto stayed at Khosa’s residence during her visit to

Lahore in 2007, when former President Pervez Musharraf imposed emergency rule in the country and put Bhutto under house arrest. Khosa has been active in the politics of the bar. He was one of the leaders of the lawyers’ movement in 2007. Close family friends say that Zardari wanted to appoint Khosa earlier as well, but that Musharraf insisted on having Taseer as the governor in 2008.






Japan’s offer of security BY FRED HIATT Washington Post Service

hen the Obama administration first looked to Asia, China was the grand opportunity. Korea was a problem to be managed, and Japan, at best, a declining ally you could take for granted. Two years in, South Korea is, improbably, U.S. President Barack Obama’s best friend in Asia. China is a disappointment. And Japan has cycled from afterthought to headache to, at least potentially, useful ally again. The relationship “became shaky for a moment,” Japan’s foreign minister, Seiji Maehara, told me during an interview last week. But “we have been working hard to restore” an alliance which, he said, “is of extreme importance.” Maehara, 48, is a telegenic and popular politician, a possible future prime minister, who has spoken with unusual candor since becoming foreign minister in September. Shortly after assuming office, he asked how a nation can defend its interests abroad when the home front is “marked by a shrinking population, a declining birthrate, an aging society and a massive fiscal deficit.” Last week he added another challenge: “young Japanese, who have become inward looking these days.” Maehara and his Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) colleagues, who in 2009 ended a cool halfcentury of dominance by the nation’s previous ruling party, are looking for answers both at home and abroad. Japan’s Prime Minister Naoto Kan wants to close the deficit by raising the consumption tax. A new program of child allowances, decried by the opposition as pure pandering, is designed to reverse the population decline, Maehara told me. Meanwhile, he said he is committed to easing immigration, for example of nurses from the Philippines and Vietnam — always a fraught issue in insular Japan — and increasing tourism and student exchanges. But what U.S. officials have noticed most is his emphasis on the alliance and on shared values of democracy and open trade. And probably nothing has done more to ease the relationship past its “shaky” patch than shared disillusionment with China. The left-leaning DPJ’s first prime minister, Yukio Hatoyama, came into office with ideas of balancing Japan’s dependence on the United States with warmer ties with China. Not entirely coincidentally, a dispute with the United States over its military bases on the Japanese island of Okinawa came to define, in an unhappy way, the U.S.-Japan relationship. For its part, the Obama administration hoped that by ramping up engagement with China, and offering it a full-size seat at the table of world governance, it could encourage responsible cooperation


on global issues such as climate change and nuclear proliferation. As China surpassed Japan to become the world’s No. 2 economy in 2010, talk of a U.S.-China “G-2” seemed to eclipse the long-standing Washington-Tokyo friendship. But the fruits of U.S. engagement with China have been meager, limited chiefly to grudging cooperation on Iran, while on other fronts U.S. officials have been let down: North Korea, currency and trade, military-to-military exchanges, human rights. China meanwhile has alarmed Japan (and other Asian neighbors) with swaggering behavior in the South China Sea, bullying mercantilism (cutting off exports of essential rare earth minerals) and officially encouraged outbursts of anti-Japanese nationalism at home. China is so powerful, and such an essential economic partner, that much of this is discussed only in code. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, after meeting with Maehara last week, said they agreed that “our defense posture must continue to evolve in order to deal with the emerging strategic environment,” without elaborating on what or who is emerging. Maehara last week warned of the “increase in military spending by some countries without transparency” and emphasized the importance of cooperation rather than “hegemony,” again without specifying any particular hegemon. In our interview, in fact, Maehara stressed that China is Japan’s most important market and source of imports, while Japan is China’s chief source of imports and (after the United States) its second-ranking export market. “There is absolutely no change in our policy to develop relations with China further,” he said. Yet the tonal change in U.S.-Japan relations is unmistakable. The clearest sign, ironically, is not that the Okinawa base issue has been settled but that it remains unresolved — and neither side is making a big deal about it. Obama is no longer delivering ultimatums or setting deadlines for its resolution. His counterpart, having replaced the hapless Hatoyama after he served less than a year in office, stresses that the alliance can’t be held hostage to one disagreement. None of this guarantees smooth sailing. The DPJ holds a majority in only one of two legislative chambers, and it’s not clear whether Kan can break Japan’s recent pattern of replacing prime ministers on an annual basis. Japan’s long-term trajectory remains problematic. But China’s upward trajectory is no sure thing, and the Obama administration has seen over the past two years how autocracies such as China and Russia make for unpredictable partners. Now democratic ally Japan is offering an “unshakable Japan-U.S. alliance” as the “cornerstone of peace and stability” in Asia, as Maehara said last week. Sounds like a pretty good deal.

The politicized mind BY DAVID BROOKS New York Times Service

efore he allegedly went off on his shooting rampage in Tucson, Jared Loughner listed some of his favorite books on his YouTube page. These included: Animal Farm, Brave New World, Alice in Wonderland, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, Through the Looking Glass and The Communist Manifesto. Many of these books share a common theme: individuals trying to control their own thoughts and government or some other force trying to take that control away. Loughner also made a series of videos. These, too, suggest that he was struggling to control his own mind. Just before his killing spree, Loughner made one called My Final Thoughts. In it he writes about different levels of consciousness and dreaming. He tries to build a rigid structure to organize his thinking. He uses the word “currency” as a metaphor for an inner language to make sense of the world. “You create and distribute your new currency, listener?” the video asks. “You don’t allow the government to control your grammar structure, listener?” All of this evidence, which is easily accessible on the Internet, points to the possibility that Loughner may be suffering from a mental illness like schizophrenia. The vast majority of schizophrenics are not violent, and those who receive treatment are not violent. But as Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, a research psychiatrist, writes in his book, The Insanity Offense, about 1 percent of the seriously mentally ill (or about 40,000 individuals) are violent. They account for about half the rampage murders in the United States. Other themes from Loughner’s life fit the rampage-killer profile. He saw himself in world historical terms. He appeared to have a


poor sense of his own illness (part of a condition known as anosognosia). He had increasingly frequent run-ins with the police. In short, the evidence before us suggests that Loughner was locked in a world far removed from politics as we normally understand it. Yet the early coverage and commentary of the Tucson massacre suppressed this evidence. The coverage and commentary shifted to an entirely different explanation: Loughner unleashed his rampage because he was incited by the violent rhetoric of the Tea Party, the antiimmigrant movement and Sarah Palin. Mainstream news organizations linked the attack to an offensive target map issued by Sarah Palin’s political BROOKS action committee. The Huffington Post erupted, with former Sen. Gary Hart flatly stating that the killings were the result of angry political rhetoric. Keith Olbermann demanded a Palin repudiation and the founder of the Daily Kos wrote on Twitter: “Mission Accomplished, Sarah Palin.” Others argued that the killing was fostered by a political climate of hate. These accusations — that political actors contributed to the murder of six people, including a 9-year-old girl — are extremely grave. They were made despite the fact that there was, and is, no evidence that Loughner was part of these movements or a consumer of their literature. They were made despite the fact that the link between political rhetoric and actual violence is extremely murky. They were vicious charges made by people who claimed to be criticizing viciousness. Yet such is the state of things. We have a news media that is psy-

chologically ill informed but politically inflamed, so it naturally leans toward political explanations. We have a news media with a strong distaste for Sarah Palin and the Tea Party movement, and this seemed like a golden opportunity to tarnish them. We have a segmented news media, so there is nobody in most newsrooms to stand apart from the prevailing assumptions. We have a news media market in which the rewards go to anybody who can stroke the audience’s pleasure buttons. I have no love for Sarah Palin, and I like to think I’m committed to civil discourse. But the political opportunism occasioned by this tragedy has ranged from the completely irrelevant to the shamelessly irresponsible. The good news is that there were a few skeptics, even during the height of the mania: Howard Kurtz of The Daily Beast, James Fallows of The Atlantic and Jonathan Chait of The New Republic. The other good news is that the mainstream media usually recovers from its hysterias and tries belatedly to get the story right. If the evidence continues as it has, the obvious questions are these: How can we more aggressively treat mentally ill people who are becoming increasingly disruptive? How can we prevent them from getting guns? Do we need to make involuntary treatment easier for authorities to invoke? Torrey’s book describes a nation that has been unable to come up with a humane mental health policy — one that protects the ill from their own demons and society from their rare but deadly outbursts. The other problem is this: Contemporary punditry lives in the world of superficial tactics and interests. It is unprepared when an event opens the door to a deeper realm of disorder, cruelty and horror.

Tea Party Republicans may crack party discipline BY RALPH NADER Bloomberg News

he hot question buzzing through Washington is: What impact will the many faces of the Tea Party have on congressional Republicans, now in charge of the House of Representatives? Republicans under Mitch McConnell in the Senate and John Boehner in the House have been almost 100 percent unified — a feat that has given them many victories over the Democrats. Any fracturing of that discipline can weaken the Republican Party on Capitol Hill and give new headaches for business interests. The Tea Party phenomenon is really composed of three layers of political energy. First are the Tea Party people who range from pure libertarian Ron and Rand Paul types to defenders of plutocracy. They are mostly from the long-neglected conservative wing of the Republican Party that dislikes both the corporate Republicans such as George W. Bush and Dick Cheney as well as the Democrats like Barack Obama and Nancy Pelosi. The second layer is those new members of Congress who owe their election, many over incumbent


Democrats, to the fund-raising energy and voter turnout of grassroots Tea Partiers. And the third layer is composed of incumbent Republicans such as Reps. Steve King of Iowa and Michele Bachmann of Minnesota, and Sen. Jim DeMint of South Carolina, who have declared their fealty to the Tea Party, though what that specifically means isn’t clear. It is no secret that the established Republican leadership is trying to co-opt the 87 newcomers in the House and 13 in the Senate to the ways of Washington. Even before the Tea Party reformers took office last week, the incoming class of 2011 had been treated to fund-raising parties swarming with seasoned corporate lobbyists, some of whom they’ve already hired as staff. The pressure in December from champion Republican earmarkers to support the $1.1 trillion spending bill, containing more than $1 billion in earmark projects inserted just by Senators McConnell of Kentucky, and Thad Cochran and Roger Wicker of Mississippi, provoked angry charges of hypocrisy from Tea Partiers back home. The result: Republican leaders in Congress jettisoned their members’ earmarks

and forced Obama to replace the bill with a short-term spending measure expiring in March. But earmarks, which don’t add significantly to the budget deficit, are just the low-hanging fruit. Bigger clashes between the Tea Partiers in Congress and the corporate Republican establishment will come this year. And nothing scares incumbents more than uncontrollable, high-energy, angry citizens back home who receive regular national media attention. Five conflicts on corporate policies that likely will divide Republicans are: No. 1. Curbing the Federal Reserve. Here Ron Paul of Texas, the new chairman of the House subcommittee overseeing the Federal Reserve, is straining at the bit to lead the way. In 2010, he had more than 300 House members signed on to a bill to audit the central bank. Paul has far more ambitious goals as his book, End the Fed, outlines. The central bankers are anxious about his growing influence. Paul has a demonstrated ability to articulate Fed issues. There is rising anger around the country against the central bank and its many secret bail-

outs. Moreover, there are a number of Democrats, including Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders, an Independent, who have significant agreement with Paul’s determination to overhaul this giant regulator and debt juggernaut whose budget is funded not by Congress but by banks. No. 2. Watch for heightened criticism of corporate welfare programs — numbering in the hundreds — that feed companies subsidies, handouts and special protections from markets. The huge corn ethanol subsidy will probably be among the first to be challenged. No. 3. After many years, the swollen, waste-ridden military budget, with its over-reaching corporate contractors operating in two unpopular wars, will receive bipartisan examination (with the help of libertarian think tanks such as the Cato Institute). The coalition building around the alliance of Representatives Barney Frank of Massachusetts and Ron Paul, Texas, will start exposing this taboo subject. Defense contractors are bracing for a new pushback on procurement deals. No. 4. The World Trade Organization, the North American Free Trade Agreement and proposed bilateral extensions will receive Tea Party

scrutiny, especially as China continues to de-industrialize the United States, all with the eager cooperation of U.S. companies and their compromising of U.S. sovereignty. No. 5. Whistleblower protection inside government and corporations strikes fear and consternation among both bureaucrats and corporate executives. Long-time Republican senatorial champions of expanding whistleblower rights against waste, fraud and abuse, led by Charles Grassley of Iowa, will have many new allies and support from progressive Democrats. The new financial reform law’s whistleblower recovery rights, expanding on the federal False Claims Act, will force this issue to the forefront, judging by the early mobilization of corporate lobbies to weaken or repeal that provision. During the four-year domination of Congress by Democrats, Republicans were able to put party unity ahead of principle. With their ascension to the House majority and having within their ranks independent freshmen and Tea Party-backed incumbents in both Houses, the Republican caucuses may now have legislators putting principle above party discipline.





2010: A Year in Miami Real Estate


he U.S. real estate market can be described as one of contrasts in 2010. Many consumers took advantage of record affordability, favorable market conditions and rare incentives when purchasing new homes while the economy and job market continued to face challenges.

Statewide sales increased 11 percent to 5,411 for condominiums and decreased 15 percent for single-family homes to 11,900. Nationally, sales of existing single-family homes, townhomes, condominiums, and co-ops rose 5.6 percent from October but are 27.9 percent below November 2009, according to the National Association of Realtors (NAR).

The Miami and South Florida real estate markets also exhibited contrasts this year, particularly by outperforming the national market and other markets throughout the country even after the expiration of the homebuyer tax credit in April. The local market currently is considerably stronger than it was in mid-2008, when sales began to increase and inventory levels to drop. The latest monthly statistics reďŹ&#x201A;ect the trends observed throughout the year.

Pending Sales

Rising Sales Overall home sales increased locally throughout the year and were much stronger than the two previous years. Compared to single-family homes, there was a higher number of condominium sales resulting from increased demand from buyers and investors. The sales of existing single-family homes in the Miami Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) increased 49 percent to 679 compared to November 2009 and 86 percent higher than they were in November 2008 according to the MIAMI Association of REALTORS and the Southeast Florida Multiple Listing Service (SEFMLS). Sales of condominiums increased 98 percent to 1,039 compared to November 2009 and 237 percent compared to November 2008.

Similar to closed sales, pending sales continue to rise in the local market. Pending sales are indication of future sales. Total cumulative pending home sales â&#x20AC;&#x201C; including single-family homes and condominiums - in MiamiDade County increased 26 percent in November compared to a year earlier, from 8,288 to 10,495, and increased 2.3 percent, up from 10,264, compared to the previous month according to the MIAMI Association of REALTORS and the Southeast Florida Multiple Listing Service (SEFMLS). November marks the fourth consecutive month of increased pending home sales in Miami-Dade County. Pending sales of condominiums in Miami-Dade County continue to perform stronger than that of single-family homes. In November, condominium pending sales increased 38 percent compared to the previous year, from 4,414 to 6,094 and increased 3.68 percent, up from 5,878 the previous month. Pending sales of single-family homes in November increased 14 percent from the previous year, from 3,874 to 4,401, and increased .34 percent from the previous month, when pending single-family home sales totaled 4,386.

Stabilizing Prices

Distressed Properties

After more than a year of increased sales, singlefamily home prices have achieved stabilization based primarily on location. While condominium sales have continued to surge, condominium prices are expected to take longer to stabilize. Still, short sales and foreclosures are impacting the values of all property types, which are expected to rebound as excess distressed inventory continues to be absorbed.

In October, several mortgage servicers (banks) halted sales of Real Estate Owned (REO) properties to review the accuracy of information provided in documents ďŹ led during the foreclosure process. As a top market for distressed properties, the halting temporarily impacted local sales, which have now resumed and are performing well.

In the Miami MSA, the median sales price of singlefamily homes in November decreased seven percent to $171,500 from a year earlier. The median sales price of condominiums dropped 29 percent to $105,600. Statewide median sales prices decreased 16 percent to $88,200 for condominiums and ďŹ ve percent to $132,700 for single-family homes.

Inventory Levels Continue to Drop Since August 2008, inventory of residential listings in Miami-Dade County has dropped 44.7, from 43,095 to 24,278. The inventory of residential listings in Miami-Dade County dropped 4.5 percent from 25,415 to 24,278 since December 2009, according to the SEFMLS. Compared to last month, the total inventory of homes dropped .05 percent. Nationally, total housing inventory at the end of November fell four percent from the previous month.

In Miami-Dade County, the monthly average of distressed closed sales versus regular sales in 2010 was 59.3 percent for single-family homes and 62.2 percent for condominiums.

International Buyers The South Florida area continues to be a hot spot unlike any other in the nation for international buyers. In 2010, Florida was again ranked the top state in the U.S. for foreign buyers. In fact, about 60 percent of the transactions in South Florida are made by buyers from around the world, most of which are paying cash although ďŹ nancing is available. 2011 Outlook As the economy and job markets recover, the housing markets are expected to strengthen further. The South Florida real estate market is expected to continue to outperform the national market and local markets throughout the U.S., primarily due to its unique attraction for international buyers from a wide variety of foreign markets.

MIAMI Association of REALTORSÂŽ Representing 24,000 Real Estate Professionals Property Information in 19 Languages WWWMIAMIRECOMsINFO MIAMIRECOM





S&P 500











Stocks surge as Europe worries ease


Barroso calls for expansion of bailout fund BY STEPHEN CASTLE AND RAPHAEL MINDER New York Times Service

BRUSSELS — As Portugal gained some breathing room Wednesday with strong demand for its bonds, European officials pushed for a longer-term solution to the eurozone debt crisis, setting a deadline of less than a month to agree on expanding the size and reach of the bailout fund. The bailout fund’s “financing capacity must be reinforced and the scope of its activities widened,” Jose Manuel Barroso, the commis-

sion president, told a news conference. He said it was “perfectly possible” to come to a decision by Feb. 4, when European Union leaders are scheduled to meet. European officials say Barroso sees an opportunity, after Wednesday’s relatively successful bond auction by Portugal, to end a cycle in which the 17 eurozone countries have been forced by market pressure into crisis management, bailing out first Greece then Ireland under duress from bond traders. “We have to get this over and done with,” said one European

official speaking on condition of anonymity because of sensitivity of the issue. The Portuguese auction was seen as a critical test of market confidence and came before a similar test for Spain on Thursday. Italy, which has been more sheltered from financial market pressure than Portugal and Spain, is also selling as much as ¤6 billion of debt due 2015 and 2026 on Thursday. In the sale, Portugal was able to push its key long-term borrowing costs down slightly during the

sale of ¤1.25 billion, or $1.6 billion, of bonds, which was at the upper limit of its planned auction. The sale included ¤599 million of 10-year bonds at an average yield of 6.72 percent, down from the 6.81 percent at the previous sale Nov. 10. The bonds were roughly three times oversubscribed, compared with twice oversubscribed at the previous sale. But the results were different with shorter-term bonds. The ¤650 million of bonds maturing in 1TURN TO EUROZONE, 2B


NEW YORK — Hopes that banks would start raising their dividends sent financial stocks sharply higher Wednesday. Indexes closed at their highest levels in more than two years after a successful bond auction in Portugal eased worries about Europe’s debt crisis. Portugal borrowed $1.6 billion at a lower long-term interest rate than many expected. Investors have been concerned that Portugal will struggle with its debts and become the third European country to require a bailout after Greece and Ireland. The Dow rose 83.56 points, or 0.7 percent, to close at 11,755.44. That’s the Dow’s highest close since Aug. 11, 2008. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index also reached its highest level since Aug. 28, 2008. The index gained 11.48, or 0.9 percent, to 1,285.96. The Nasdaq composite rose 20.50, or 0.8 percent, to 2,737.33. Analysts cautioned that it’s still possible Portugal could need a financial lifeline if its economy slips back into recession this year. “Things are not resolved completely here,” said Rob Lutts, president and chief investment officer of Cabot Money Management. Banks led the market higher after an analyst at Wells Fargo Securities issued a report saying their earnings should grow much faster than other companies this year. He also said banks were likely to distribute more of their earnings to shareholders as dividends. JPMorgan Chase rose 2.5 percent to $44.71 after the company’s chief executive, Jamie Dimon, told CNBC late Tuesday that the bank hopes to raise its dividend in the second quarter. JPMorgan’s stock led the 30 large companies that make up the Dow Jones industrial average, followed closely by Bank of America. Bank of America gained 2 percent to $14.99. ITT jumped 16 percent to $61.50 after the defense contractor said it would split itself into three publicly traded companies. ITT plans to separate its defense and information, water technology and industrial products divisions. That should make it easier for investors to understand the company’s various businesses, said Robert Pavlik, chief market strategist with Banyan Partners. American International Group slipped 1 percent to $58.40 after the company agreed to sell its stake in Taiwan’s third-largest insurer for $2.2 billion. The deal is part of AIG’s plan to raise money to repay the $182 billion it received in government bailout funds. More than two stocks rose for every one that fell on the New York Stock Exchange. Consolidated volume was 4.3 billion shares.


CHANGING PICTURE: New York may have won the sobriquet Silicon Alley because of numerous tech start-ups, but there were few big success stories, and little infrastructure had been developed. New York City’s Times Square is seen above.


NEW YORK — Alexis Ohanian’s company, Reddit, was based in New York four years ago when it decided to follow the yellow chip road to Northern California. “New York didn’t feel like a place where things were happening,” Ohanian said. “There weren’t a lot of people having conversations about start-ups, frankly.” But in 2010, Ohanian headed back east. New York now has a hot Internet scene. There are marquee start-ups, such as social networking service FourSquare and fashion website, and heavy-

‘There’s nothing wrong with Silicon Valley. It’s a great place. There’s great weather and things to do. But it doesn’t have what New York has.’

Ron Conway, a storied Silicon Valley investor, said New York has left behind its reputation as an also-ran tech hub. “We no longer object when a company says, ‘I’m going to move from Silicon Valley to New York,’ ” Conway said. “We say, ‘Hey, that’s probably a good idea for you.’ It’s not like in the past.” A series of subtle shifts have enabled twentysomethings working out of their studio apartments in Brooklyn and Manhattan to give Northern California techies a run for their money. New York used to have a


weights such as Google have increased their presence. Ohanian returned as the first New York-based employee of Y Combinator, a Silicon Valley investment firm that seeks out promising start-ups. He’s glad he made the move, even though he’s working harder. “In San Francisco people are

focusing on enjoying their life and eating well and living well,” said Ohanian, who has rumpled hair and favors T-shirts. “When I am living in New York, I am probably cutting my life span a bit. But I am getting so much more done that it is worth it. “It is the place to be if you are trying to do big things.” 1TURN TO NEW YORK, 2B

Weather firm turns to greenhouse gases The real BY TOM ZELLER JR. New York Times Service

The company behind one of the largest networks of weather monitoring stations on the planet — and the purveyor of the ubiquitous WeatherBug application and website — is betting that providing greenhouse gas data will also prove to be a lucrative market. AWS Convergence Technologies of Maryland announced Wednesday that it was rebranding itself Earth Networks, and that it would be making a capital investment of $25 million over the next five years to deploy a network of 100 greenhouse gas sensors at various sites around the planet — 100 in the United States, 25 in Europe and 25 more at locales yet to be determined. The network, which will initially monitor concentrations of carbon dioxide and methane — two critical greenhouse gases — will be the first commercial venture of its kind and will substantially increase the density and level of detail of currently available greenhouse gas data. Today, such data are collected through a patchwork of several dozen monitoring sites oper-

ated by a mixture of government and academic entities around the globe, including fewer than a dozen in the United States. These typically provide broad, planetary snapshots of greenhouse gas concentrations. The Earth Networks system would be capable of real-time

measurements at the national and even regional level, allowing regulators to more accurately pinpoint emissions sources. The data could also become a starting point for verifying whether individual countries or regions

problem with China BY DAVID LEONHARDT New York Times Service


hen China’s president, Hu Jintao, visits Washington next week, the exchange rate between Chinese and U.S. currency will inevitably become a big topic of conversation. China has been holding down the value of its currency, the renminbi, for years, making Chinese exports to the United States cheaper and U.S. exports to China more expensive. The renminbi’s recent rise has been too modest to change the situation, and Hu’s state visit is sure to highlight the real tensions between the countries. Yet the focus on the currency has nonetheless become excessive. The truth is that the exchange rate is not the main problem for U.S. companies hoping to sell more products in China and, in the process, create more jobs in this



INNOVATION: AWS Convergence Technologies said that it was rebranding itself Earth Networks, and that it would be making an investment of $25 million over the next five years to deploy 100 greenhouse gas sensors at various sites around the planet.






An inside view of the Fed’s bond buying program BY GRAHAM BOWLEY New York Times Service

Deep inside the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, the $600 billion man is fast at work. In a spare, governmentissue office in Lower Manhattan, N.Y., behind a bank of cubicles and a scruffy copy machine, Josh Frost and a band of market specialists are making the Fed’s ultimate Wall Street trade. They are buying hundreds of billions of dollars of U.S. Treasury securities on the open market in a controversial attempt to keep interest rates low and, in the process, revive the economy. To critics, it is a Hail Mary play, an admission that the economy’s persistent weakness has all but exhausted the central bank’s powers and tested the limits of its policymaking. Around the world, some warn the unusual strategy will weaken the dollar and lead to crippling inflation. But inside the Operations Room, on the ninth floor of the New York Fed’s fortresslike headquarters, there is no time for second-guessing.

Here the second round of what is known as quantitative easing QE2, as it is called on Wall Street is being put into practice almost daily by the central bank’s powerful New York arm. Each morning Frost and his team face a formidable task: They must try to buy Treasuries at the best possible price from the savviest bond traders in the business. The smallest miscalculation, a few one-hundredths of a percentage point here or there, could unsettle the markets and cost taxpayers dearly. It could also embolden critics at home and abroad who say QE2 represents a dangerous expansion of the Fed’s role in the markets. “We are looking to get the best price we can for the taxpayer,’’ said Frost. Whether Frost will reach that goal is uncertain. What is sure is that market interest rates have risen, rather than fallen, since the Fed embarked on the program in November. That is the opposite of what was supposed to happen, although rates might have been even higher with-

out the Fed program. Frost’s task is to avoid paying top dollar for bonds that could be worth less when the Fed tries to sell them one day. Louis V. Crandall, the chief economist at the research firm Wrightson ICAP, said Wall Street bond traders were driving hard bargains. The Fed has tipped its hand by laying out which Treasuries it intends to buy and when, giving the bond houses an edge. “A buyer of $100 billion a month is always going to be paying top prices,’’ Crandall said of the Fed. “You can’t be a known buyer of $100 billion a month and get a good price.’’ Nevertheless, Frost and his team have been praised on Wall Street for creating a simple, transparent program. Neither the Fed nor Wall Street want any surprises. The central bank is even disclosing the prices at which it buys. Frost and his team work out of a small, beige corner office with arched windows that used to be a library. There, at about 10:15 most workday mornings, one of them pushes a button on a computer. Across Wall Street,

culation of what constitutes a “fair value’’ price. The real work is done by three traders who are referred to during the operation as trader one, trader two and trader three. They sit at a long table against the wall, tapping at seven screens. On one recent morning, trader one was Tiffany Wilding, 26. While she reviewed the stream of offers and then the prices finally accepted by the algorithm, trader two, Blake Gwinn, 29, double-checked her decisions and trader three, James White, made a duplicate of everything in case the computers crashed. All the while, Frost stood behind his colleagues, ready to intervene and even cancel the Fed’s purchases at any sign of trouble. They have their work cut out, trying to outwit the 18 investment firms that deal directly with the Fed. These so-called primary dealers the Goldmans and Morgans of the world employ some of the sharpest minds on Wall Street. The job carries great responsibility and is prominent within the Fed. But outside

three musical notes an F, an E and a D sound on trading terminals, alerting traders that the Fed is in the market. On one recent Tuesday morning, what Frost and his five young colleagues did over a 45-minute period might have unsettled even a seasoned Wall Street hand: They bought $7.8 billion of Treasuries. Frost and his team drew up the daily schedule for what the Fed calls its Large-Scale Asset Purchase program. And that program is, by any measure, large scale: Through next June, these traders will buy roughly $75 billion of Treasuries a month on top of another $30 billion it is reinvesting in Treasuries from its mortgagerelated holdings. But depending on daily market conditions, Frost can decide not to buy certain bonds if they are already in short supply. As offers to sell Treasuries flash on a bank of trading screens, a computer algorithm works out which ones to accept. The computer compares the offers from Wall Street against market prices and the Fed’s own cal-

the Fed Frost and his colleagues are still seen more as staid central bankers doing a job, bankers say, not necessarily Wall Street hotshots likely to be snapped up by the likes of Goldman Sachs. When devising the program, Frost and his team decided to focus most on buying Treasury notes with an average maturity of five to six years. That is because the yields on these notes have the biggest impact on interest rates for mortgage holders, consumers and companies issuing debt, and on banks’ decisions to lend to businesses. Over the weeks and months of the program, his purchases should drive up the prices of these securities because they will be in greater demand and consequently push down their yields. The trouble is, though yields fell sharply between August and November as the markets anticipated the new program, they have risen since it was formally announced in November, leaving many in the markets puzzled about the value of the Fed’s bondbuying program.

Barroso calls for expansion of bailout fund New York EUROZONE, FROM 1B

2014 went for an average yield of 5.4 percent, compared with 4.04 percent in October. Investors bid for 2.6 times the bonds on offer, slightly less than in October. In his call to broadening the size of the fund, Barroso went further than many expected, partly in an effort to put the European Commission, the bloc’s executive, at the heart of the discussion. But the initial reaction from Berlin and Paris was negative. A spokesman for Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel said it was neither useful nor necessary to discuss whether to increase the ¤440 billion, or $570 billion, rescue fund for ailing eurozone-states, Reuters reported from Berlin. “We consider that the fund as it stands today is sufficiently big to meet requests made by this or that country,” added Francois Baroin, speaking for the French government in Paris, according to Reuters. Some governments argue that extending the capacity of the fund sends a signal that the European Union expects Portugal, and maybe Spain, to call upon it and could therefore be self-defeating. But many diplomats believe that opposition in Berlin and Paris is bound to weaken, particularly if market pressure continues. No formal proposals have been drawn up but a range of options have been on

the table for weeks, and will probably be discussed next Monday and Tuesday when European finance ministers meet in Brussels. Such a discussion needs to take place within the next few months anyway because the European Union decided in December to make the bailout fund permanent from 2013. But the commission is pressing for a quicker solution. The ideas being pushed by the commission include an increase to allow the bailout fund’s full headline figure of ¤440 billion to be made available for loans, according to officials with knowledge of the discussion. Because of the way it is structured, analysts estimate that the fund, which has already been called upon by Ireland, can lend substantially less at present, possibly around ¤250 billion. Perhaps more important, suggestions being circulated would give the eurozone more tools to ease market pressure. This could include giving the bailout fund the ability to buy bonds of countries under market attack. Another possibility is to allow the fund to extend credit lines to countries that are under market pressure but are succeeding in bringing down their deficit in line with European recommendations. This could allow them to avoid having to accept a full bailout, with all the atten-

becomes new tech hot spot NEW YORK, FROM 1B


URGING: The bailout fund’s ‘financing capacity must be reinforced and the scope of its activities widened,’ said Jose Manuel Barroso, EU Commission president. dant strings imposed by the European Union and the International Monetary Fund. Fernando Teixeira dos Santos, Portugal’s finance minister, said his country’s bond sale was “clearly a success” and vindicated the government’s efforts to continue to tap financial markets rather than seek rescue funding. The finance minister noted not only the high demand, but the fact that 80 percent of the bond issue was snapped up by foreigners. That would allow the government to con-

tinue to “diversify our investor base,” he said. Analysts took the comment as evidence that much of the foreign buying had come from Asia, given recent commitments by Japan and China to help eurozone countries finance their deficits. Still, most analysts cautioned that the bond sale should be seen as a reprieve rather than a sign that Portugal’s woes were at an end. The auction followed by a day a forecast from the Portuguese central bank that

the country would sink back into recession this year. That would make more difficult the government’s efforts to close a gaping budget deficit and meet its obligations. European Union officials have been working in recent weeks to prepare emergency loans to Portugal if it becomes necessary, and analysts have said a bailout could require as much as ¤70 billion. Greece received a ¤110 billion rescue package, while Ireland got an ¤85 billion bailout.

reputation as a stodgy, suitand-tie kind of place that frowned on the casual creativity of Silicon Valley and the San Francisco Bay Area. During the tech boom in the late-1990s, New York may have won the sobriquet Silicon Alley because of numerous tech start-ups, but there were few big success stories, and little infrastructure had been developed. New York’s expensive real estate served as a deterrent to many innovators who needed space for their servers and laboratories. But now the growth fields are in applications and software that capitalize on existing hardware. Someone looking to build the next social networking site now needs only a laptop and a sublet, thanks to the migration of servers and hard drives onto the Internet cloud. In the Internet sector, New York is attracting almost half as much venture capital as Silicon Valley, and twice the amount of the next biggest locales, Boston and Los Angeles.

Weather firm turns The real problem with China that bothers U.S. to greenhouse gases sold there and every Chinese product sold here. But discussion of the renminbi country. The exchange rate typically ends up exaggeratdoes not need to be the focus of next week’s meetings. ing the problem somewhat For the United States, the by relying on an imperfect measure. No. 1 problem with China’s The most relevant comeconomy is probably parison of two currencies is intellectual property theft. one that is adjusted for inTechnology companies, for example, continue to notice flation in the two countries. When inflation is higher Chinese government agenin one country, as in China cies downloading software today, it means that counupdates for programs they try’s products are becomhave never bought, at least ing more expensive — and not legally. imports into the country No wonder China has become the world’s second- become relatively cheaper. largest market for computer In effect, the real price of Chinese-made goods is rishardware sales — but is ing faster than the exchange only the eighth-largest for rate suggests. software sales. Without taking inflation Next on the list, say into account, the renminbi people who work in China has risen 3 percent against or do business there, is the the dollar since last summyriad protectionist barriers China has put up. These mer, when China began letting it rise. Once inflation barriers make this counis accounted for, the real try’s recent efforts at “buy increase has been about American” protectionism 5 percent. At that pace, the look minor league. In some renminbi could erase its arcases, Beijing has insisted tificial undervaluation — as that products sold in China some economists estimate it must not only be made — in less than two years. there but be conceived and Of course, one reason designed there. The policy for the rise is the political goes by the name “indigpressure from the United enous innovation.” States and other countries. The renminbi certainly As much as China’s Commatters, too. It affects the munist Party leaders may price of every U.S. product



are complying with international or local agreements aimed at cutting greenhouse gases. The lack of robust monitoring capability has been a key sticking point in international climate negotiations. Picarro, a Silicon Valley manufacturer of gas analyzers, has been tapped to provide the initial suite of sensors, which will cost about $50,000 each. Picarro’s chief executive, Michael Woelk, suggested that as countries and governments increasingly grappled with the rise in greenhouse gases, sales of monitoring equipment were likely to grow rapidly. “The only way you can know that emissions are coming down is to measure,” he said. “You’ve got to measure the air.” Nearly all inventories of greenhouse gas emissions rely on self-reporting by companies and governments, and they often use predictive modeling, rather than direct collection of emissions data. The Earth Networks system will use “inverse modeling,” a technique that allows researchers to combine ac-

tual atmospheric data with the real-time weather information it already harvests — like wind direction and speed, atmospheric pressures and sunlight — to more accurately identify where greenhouse gases are coming from, where they are moving and how concentrations fluctuate over time and in various conditions. Still, much about the Earth Networks system remains uncertain, including how much the company will charge commercial customers, and precisely where sensors will be located. So far just two stations have been deployed, in California and Maryland. Robert S. Marshall, the chief executive of Earth Networks, said he expected to market the data to many of the subscribers to the company’s weather information, which included governments, energy companies and media outlets. Earth Networks also plans to include some greenhouse gas information in its free and premium WeatherBug offerings, and the full range of data will be made available to the academic and research communities at no cost.

claim otherwise, they really do respond to international lobbying sometimes. The obvious question now is how the Obama administration can apply similar pressure on intellectual property theft and trade barriers. The best hope for getting another country’s leaders to do anything is to persuade them that it’s in their interest. That task is not so easy with trade barriers, because every time a U.S. company is kept from making a sale in China, a Chinese company presumably benefits. It makes the sale instead or, in the case of piracy, it saves money that it would have spent on the authentic product. Still, China’s leaders have reason to be nervous about all the barriers they have built. China’s elite, in government and business, are deeply concerned that their companies remain unable to create truly innovative products. Opening up your economy to more competition may bring some short-term pain, but it also forces companies to become stronger and more creative — or to wither. Competition breeds innovation. This self-in-

terest argument is the one that U.S. President Barack Obama and his advisors are most comfortable making. They worry that outright pressure on China will put it on the defensive and ultimately backfire. The United States should be able to round up some allies on these issues, just as it has with recent military matters relating to China. BASF and Siemens, two big German companies, have already complained about Chinese protectionism, as have some European leaders. Other countries also have reason to be frustrated with the exchange rate: Relative to many currencies other than the dollar, the renminbi has actually lost value in recent months. But even by itself, the United States is big enough — and important enough to Chinese companies — to exert some pressure. That is why the recent “buy American” provisions in a couple of bills, small as they may be, are useful. The same goes for continued discussion of Congressional bills that would penalize China. If anything, the Republican takeover of the House offers a new chance to hold hearings on those bills.






Chinese inflation to hit U.S. imports


BY KEITH BRADSHER New York Times Service


MAMMOTH DEAL: The European aircraft manufacturer Airbus is calling an order made by low-cost Indian carrier IndiGo for 180 aircrafts as the largest buy in aviation history.

Airbus says IndiGo buying 180 aircrafts From Miami Herald Wire Services

Airbus has unveiled a possible mega-order for its planned new eco-conscious A320neo jet â&#x20AC;&#x201D; a deal the European aircraft manufacturer is calling the largest in aviation history. The commitment by Indian low-cost carrier IndiGo for 180 A320s â&#x20AC;&#x201D; including 150 of the new A320neos â&#x20AC;&#x201D; would have a value at list prices of $15.6 billion if converted into a ďŹ rm order, Airbus said. Airbus says it would be the biggest order in terms of number of jets in aviation history. The deal won applause from industry analysts. ,TELECOMMUNICATIONS VERIZON TO OFFER iPHONE IN FEBRUARY Ending months of speculation, Verizon has announced that it will begin selling Appleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s iPhone 4 in early February. For starters, the Verizon model will not be the same iPhone 4 that is sold by AT&T, which until now has had the exclusive right to sell the iPhone in the United States. They are nearly identical on the outside, apart from some small changes to the metal antenna around the edge, but their innards are quite different. Apple had to create a new version of the iPhone 4 for Verizon because its network uses a different technology. ,GERMANY ECONOMY SURGED BY 3.6 PERCENT IN 2010 The German economy grew in 2010 by a powerful 3.6 percent, its fastest pace since reuniďŹ cation two decades ago, as a rebound in exports was accompanied by strengthening domestic demand, ofďŹ cial data showed Wednesday. The preliminary growth ďŹ gure for Europeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s biggest economy contrasted with a painful contraction of 4.7 percent in 2009, which was by far its worst showing since World War II. Germanyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s swift recovery has made it a standout in the 17-nation eurozone, where smaller economies such as Ireland, Greece and Portugal have been struggling with huge debts. ,MARKETS GOLDMAN SAYS S&P 500 TO GAIN 18% # !"& predicts the Standard & Poorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 500 Index will rise to 1,500 by the end of December and Treasuries will have a â&#x20AC;&#x153;decentâ&#x20AC;? year. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have a very out-of-consensus view for how much the economy can grow before this growth generates higher inďŹ&#x201A;ation and interest rates,â&#x20AC;? Jan Hatzius, the companyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s chief U.S. economist, wrote in a report that he distributed by e-mail today. â&#x20AC;&#x153;If weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re right, the likely implication is a decent environment for the Treasury bond market and a very good environment for the equity market.â&#x20AC;? ,    MYSPACE PLANS TO CUT 500 JOBS As ## was negotiating a half-billion-dollar investment from Goldman Sachs recently, *$, once the dominant website for social networking, was preparing to ďŹ re nearly half its staff. The layoffs, which are cutting nearly 500 employees from a payroll of close to 1,100, were announced Tuesday. The downsizing is the most draconian yet for the beleaguered company and could be a precursor to a sale of the site by News Corp., which bought MySpace in 2005 for $580 million after a bidding war with Viacom. ,   DUBAI CROWN PRINCEâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S FIRM IN DEBT TALKS An investment company controlled by Dubaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s crown prince is reportedly in talks with lenders to rework terms on about $1.6 billion in debt. The Abu Dhabi government-owned newspaper The National reported on the talks by   ")&'!"'& in its Wednesday edition, citing unnamed ďŹ nancial sources in Dubai. DifďŹ culties at Zabeel could compound Dubaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s challenges as it works to sort out billions of dollars in state-linked debt. The paper says Zabeel has missed some loan repayments, and is considering seeking new terms on its debts as well as outside cash injections and possible asset sales. ,   SNOW DEPRESSES HEATHROW TRAFFIC BY 10% December snowstorms cut passenger trafďŹ c at Londonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Heathrow airport by nearly 10 percent, capping a year marked by costly disruptions including strikes and volcanic ash, the airportâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s owner said Wednesday. BAA said Heathrow, Europeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s busiest airport, handled 65.7 million passengers in 2010, down 0.2 percent. Without the disruptions, BAA estimated that Heathrow trafďŹ c would have grown by 3.4 percent. The snowstorms which snarled trafďŹ c in late December knocked ÂŁ19 million off proďŹ t at Heathrow, BAA said.

BEIJING â&#x20AC;&#x201D; When garment buyers from New York show up in February at Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s annual trade shows to bargain over next autumnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s fashions, many will face sticker shock. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re going to go home with 35 percent less product than for the same dollars as last year,â&#x20AC;? particularly for fur coats and cotton sportswear, said Bennett Model, chief executive of Cassin, a Manhattan, N.Y.-based line of designer clothing. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The consumer will deďŹ nitely see the price rise.â&#x20AC;? InďŹ&#x201A;ation has arrived in China. And after Tuesdayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s release of crucial ďŹ nancial statistics by Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s central bank, few economists expect Beijing ofďŹ cials to be able to tame rising prices any time soon. While U.S. importers of Chinese goods will feel the squeeze, the effect on U.S. consumers may be more subtle and the overall impact on United States inďŹ&#x201A;ation may be minimal. There are simply too many other markups along the way â&#x20AC;&#x201D; from transportation to salesclerksâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; wages â&#x20AC;&#x201D; that af-

fect the U.S. retail prices of Chinese-made products. Excluding those markups, imports from China represent little more than 2 percent of the overall U.S. economy. The bigger consumer impact is in China itself. As Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s booming economy enables more of its own citizens to buy the goods pouring out of its factories, consumers are feeling inďŹ&#x201A;ation directly. And Beijing is increasingly worried about the social unrest that could result. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Four percent, China can bear it â&#x20AC;&#x201D; beyond 5 percent, people will complain a lot,â&#x20AC;? said Huo Jianguo, president of the Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation here. Higher global commodity prices, as well as rising wages in China, play roles in the increasing cost of Chinese goods. But economists say the main reason for the inďŹ&#x201A;ation now is Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s foreign exchange reserves, which surged by a record amount in the fourth quarter. The central bank has been pumping out currency at an ever-accelerating pace over the past decade to limit

the renminbiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s appreciation against the dollar. That strategy has helped preserve a competitive advantage of Chinese exporters by keeping their prices relatively low on global markets â&#x20AC;&#x201D; while also protecting the jobs of tens of millions of Chinese workers in export factories. Now, though, that cheap currency policy seems to be reaching its limits. The extra renminbi are feeding inďŹ&#x201A;ation. That is starting to undermine exportersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; price competitiveness â&#x20AC;&#x201D; just as a stronger renminbi would do if Beijing was not intervening to begin with. Money supply ďŹ gures for December, which the central bank released on Tuesday, showed that cash and bank deposits were increasing at a rate twice as fast as even Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s soaring economy. Ever more renminbi are available to buy goods and services. Victor Fung, the group chairman of Li & Fung in Hong Kong, a 35,000-employee trading company that supplies most of the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s big retailers with Asian goods, said that contracts signed in late 2010 would produce a jump of 10 percent to

20 percent in the import prices of consumer goods arriving at U.S. ports by the second quarter of this year. â&#x20AC;&#x153;By the middle of this year, youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll see considerable diversion of trade away from China,â&#x20AC;? which will start to bring down the United States trade deďŹ cit with China, Fung said in an interview. But there are only limited alternatives to China as a supplier of cheap goods. As U.S. retail chains scramble to shift orders to other countries like Bangladesh and the Philippines, they are ďŹ nding that inďŹ&#x201A;ation is emerging as an issue across much of Asia. Rising prices for exports products are also caused by wage increases for Chinese blue-collar workers, whose pay has been climbing as much as 15 percent a year. Those workers have more clout than they once did because the supply of factory labor from rural areas, which once seemed inexhaustible, is starting to dry up â&#x20AC;&#x201D; a result of three decades of Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x153;one childâ&#x20AC;? policy of family planning, as well as a big expansion in university enrollment.

Auto show outsiders seek rebirth BY NICK BUNKLEY New York Times Service

DETROIT â&#x20AC;&#x201D; In early 2010, General Motors kicked its Saab brand to the curb as part of its postbankruptcy reorganization. And that was, literally, where Saab showed up at this weekâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Detroit auto show, showing off a half dozen models outside the convention hall on a concrete terrace across the street. The display was sprinkled ďŹ rst with artiďŹ cial snow, before getting a solid coating of the real thing when a storm blew in Tuesday afternoon. Saab, now owned by a Dutch carmaker, was among a cadre of brands conspicuously absent from the Cobo Center after being discarded during the shakeout of the U.S. auto industry. Some, including Pontiac, Saturn, Hummer and Mercury, were nowhere to be found, having been sent to the scrap heap as General Motors and Ford streamlined operations. Several others â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Volvo, Jaguar and Land Rover, all of which were sold off by Ford â&#x20AC;&#x201D; remained but without the protective cover of their former parentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s exhibit. Mazda, too, was on its own after Ford divested most of its stake in the Japanese brand. Much of the North American International Auto Show here has been focused on big companies trying to become even bigger. Chryslerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s chief executive, Sergio Marchionne, said 6 million in annual sales was the ideal size for an automaker, and Volkswagen made no secret of its ambition to become the largest car company in the world. But at the same time, the small brands seeking rejuvenation under new owners were also trying to not be overlooked â&#x20AC;&#x201D; even when relegated to the sidelines. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Saab was perceived to have died with old GM,â&#x20AC;? Victor Muller, the chairman of


LOOKING FOR NEW LIFE: Saab, now owned by a Dutch carmaker, was among a cadre of brands conspicuously absent from the Detroit auto show after being discarded during the shakeout of the U.S. auto industry. Saabâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s new Dutch parent, Spyker Cars, said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;People mentioned Saab in the same breath as Hummer, Pontiac and Saturn. But in fact we were the company that got away.â&#x20AC;? Saab survived, but its position is the most tenuous of the orphaned brands, particularly in comparison to its fellow Swede, Volvo. Volvoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sales in the United States were down 12 percent, to 53,948, but Saabâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s were down 37 percent, to just 5,445. At Volvo, now owned by the Chinese carmaker Geely, it was â&#x20AC;&#x153;so far so good,â&#x20AC;? said Jesse Toprak, vice president for industry trends and insight at, a website that tracks industry sales and pricing. Toprak said Saabâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s future is cloudier but holds promise. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s got a cult following,â&#x20AC;? he said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s good potential for them to build the volume back with a couple of new products.â&#x20AC;?

Muller said Saab had a rough go in 2010 because GM had shut down its factory; restarting production and in some cases reopening dealers took months. But he said the brand can become proďŹ table in 2012, by increasing global sales to 80,000 this year and 120,000 in 2012 â&#x20AC;&#x201D; ambitious goals from 2010â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s total of 31,696. Volvo, which swung to proďŹ tability in the ďŹ rst quarter of 2010, also revealed plans for a big marketing splash. Its chief executive, Stefan Jacoby â&#x20AC;&#x201D; a German in charge of a Swedish brand owned by the Chinese â&#x20AC;&#x201D; said the company would spend more money on advertising in the ďŹ rst quarter than it did in all of 2010. On Tuesday, Volvo made the unusual move of unveiling a crumpled C30 electric hatchback to demonstrate its crashworthiness. Jacoby said Volvo intended to capitalize on its reputation for building safe vehicles by focusing

on that aspect of the C30 as it brings a test ďŹ&#x201A;eet to the United States later this year. Jacoby said Geely has given Volvo more autonomy and is not taking an active role in the companyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s operations to avoid squandering its positive attributes. â&#x20AC;&#x153;They are very much aware they need to maintain Volvo as a premium brand,â&#x20AC;? Jacoby said. To be sure, executives at the brands that were cut loose say they have beneďŹ ted from being able to make their own decisions rather than being constrained by an often distant parent. But the ďŹ&#x201A;ip side is less ability to weather lengthy unproďŹ table periods. â&#x20AC;&#x153;You control your own destiny, but youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re also more accountable for yourself,â&#x20AC;? said Stuart Schorr, a spokesman for Jaguar and Land Rover, which Ford sold to an Indian company, Tata Motors, in 2008. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s emboldened the whole organization.â&#x20AC;?

More workers complain of bias on the job BY CATHERINE RAMPELL New York Times Service

In a tough job market, more and more workers are accusing their employers of discrimination, according to a report from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Accusations of workplace discrimination â&#x20AC;&#x201D; which workers ďŹ le with the commission when they think they have been unfairly treated based on their race, sex or other so-called protected categories â&#x20AC;&#x201D; soared to 99,922 in the year ended Sept. 30, from 93,277 in the previous year. That was an increase of 7.2 percent and the highest level of new discrimination cases ever recorded. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Discrimination continues to be a substantial problem

for too many job seekers and workers, and we must continue to build our capacity to enforce the laws that ensure that workplaces are free of unlawful bias,â&#x20AC;? the commissionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s chairwoman, Jacqueline A. Berrien, said in a statement Tuesday. The largest increase was from people who said they had been discriminated against because of a disability, an increase that may be linked to recent changes in the legal deďŹ nition of disability to make it more expansive. The Obama administrationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s growing reputation of greater interest in discrimination cases than its predecessor may also have increased ďŹ lings. But experts say the chief reason for the increase in accusations of prejudice is most

likely tied to the broad layoffs of the past few years. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The uptick in EEOC complaints is directly correlated to the downtick in employment,â&#x20AC;? said Michael J. Zimmer, a professor of employment law at Loyola University in Chicago. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The people who think theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re discriminated against when theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re not terminated really think twice about whether they should ďŹ le a charge or not because of the hassle and possibility of retaliation. But once theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re terminated, then for most of the private sector employees in this country who are at-will employees, the only way they can challenge their dismissal is by bringing a discrimination claim of some sort.â&#x20AC;? A similar rise occurred in the aftermath of the 2001 re-

cession. And then, as now, the number of complaints that accused an employer of an improper ďŹ ring rose. Meanwhile, the number of sexual harassment cases has fallen since the recent recession began, perhaps because workers could be reluctant to rock the boat because they know that ďŹ nding a replacement job is so difďŹ cult. Workers themselves argue that a poor job market has brought out the often hidden prejudicial side of employers who can afford to be especially picky in selecting employees. Women believe they are being passed over in favor of men, blacks believe whites are taking their jobs, and older workers say fresher faces are having better luck in the job market at the expense of their elders.



DOW 11,755.44



S&P 500 1,285.96


NASDAQ 2,737.33



Dow Jones industrials


Close: 11,755.44 Change: 83.56 (0.7%)





30-YR T-BONDS 4.52%


Nasdaq composite


Close: 2,737.33 Change: 20.50 (0.8%) 10 DAYS




11,000 2,400 10,500 2,200

10,000 9,500





DOW DOW Trans. DOW Util. NYSE Comp. NASDAQ S&P 100 S&P 500 S&P 400 Wilshire 5000 Russell 2000

DOI;D7I: 1,846 1,874 1792 851 227 7


<eh[_]d ;nY^Wd][ The euro rose against the dollar Wednesday after Portugal successfully raised more than $1.6 billion in a bond auction. That helped calm some fears that the country will need a bailout.






11782.23 5214.61 410.79 8126.79 2737.33 579.52 1286.87 926.21 13674.35 802.40

11673.62 5174.37 406.29 8018.75 2722.32 574.28 1275.65 919.11 13549.89 795.82



D;J 9>=

3.25 .13 .14 .17 .25 .58 1.96 3.35 4.52

3.25 .13 .14 .17 .26 .57 1.96 3.34 4.48

... ... ... ... -0.01 +0.01 ... +0.01 +0.04

Prime Rate Fed Funds Target 3-month T-bill 6-month T-bill 52-wk T-bill 2-year T-note 5-year T-note 10-year T-note 30-year T-bond

The yield on the10-year Treasury rose to 3.35 percent. Changing yields affect interest rates on consumer loans.


IjeYaiH[YWf Vol. (in mil.) 4,302 Pvs. Volume 4,131 Advanced 2186 Declined 869 New Highs 308 New Lows 41






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4.18 5.77 2.99 7.23 4.99 2.08 4.01


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9khh[dYo_dKI % B7IJ FH;L$

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/ / 0 1 1 1 1 1 1

3.25 .13 .03 .13 .33 .90 2.47 3.71 4.62

/ / 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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KI_d9khh[dYo B7IJ FH;L$ 3.9741 1.6750 .6342 .9879 490.50 6.6055 1860.50 37.41 .7615 45.025 3.5441 82.90 12.0600 5.9060 2.791 6.8320 .9671 19.9521

3.9750 1.6880 .6410 .9910 496.75 6.6221 1864.70 37.31 .7710 45.167 3.5411 83.27 12.1800 5.9538 2.804 6.8880 .9735 19.9800

=beXWbCWha[ji C7@EHI Buenos Aires Argentina Frankfurt DAX London FTSE 100 Hong Kong Hang Seng Paris CAC-40 Mexico Tokyo Nikkei 225 Sao Paulo Brazil Toronto Canada

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MA CE GJH 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

OJ: +2.21% +2.24% +2.56% +4.73% +3.69% -1.52% +2.78% +3.36% +0.13%



0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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23.35 +3.04




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CRUDE OIL $91.86


EURO 1.3132




GOLD $1,385.70








SP Consum






Vale SA

36.61 +1.28







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39.13 20.61 34.65 24.26 32.91 24.18 60.24 34.12 9.47 16.71 24.04

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118.51 118.50 40.38 10.72 10.72 5.74 52.58 124.61 9.92 25.62 13.04 117.67 117.68 29.22 19.60 22.41 19.80 20.78 13.17 10.98 15.86 67.40 69.93 10.78 10.78 19.34 12.56 22.39 13.32 12.80 10.57 10.57 10.57 10.57 15.94 32.32 32.32 32.31 21.77 52.74 31.53 54.46 46.84 13.86 26.39

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D;J'OH O;IJFLI9>=7=E Unleaded Gas (gal) 2.46 2.48 -.02 2.10 Crude Oil (bbl) 91.86 91.11 +.75 80.79 Gold (oz) 1385.70 1384.00 +1.70 1128.90 Platinum (oz) 1797.90 1767.60 +30.30 1573.90 Silver (oz) 29.53 29.49 +.04 18.24 Coffee (lb) 2.41 2.35 +.06 1.43 Orange Juice (lb) 1.78 1.79 -.01 1.36 Sugar (lb) 0.32 0.33 -.01 .27

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MA CE GJH 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0







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ABB Ltd ACE Ltd AES Corp AFLAC AGCO AMB Pr ASML Hld AU Optron AbtLab AberFitc Accenture AcmePkt ActivsBliz AdobeSy AdvAuto AMD AdvSemi Advantest AecomTch Aegon Aetna AfďŹ lMgrs Agilent Agnico g Agrium g AirProd Airgas Aixtron AkamaiT Albemarle AlbertoC n AlcatelLuc Alcoa Alcon Alere AlexREE Alexion AllgEngy AllegTch Allergan AlliData AlliHold AlliantEgy AllscriptH Allstate AlphaNRs AlteraCp lf Altria Alumina AlumChina AmBevC s AmBev s Amazon Amdocs Ameren AMovilL AMovilA AEP AFnclGrp AmIntlGrp AmTower AmWtrWks Amerigas Ameriprise AmeriBrgn Ametek s Amgen Amphenol Anadarko AnalogDev AnglogldA ABInBev Annaly Ansys Aon Corp Apache ApolloGrp Apple Inc ApldMatl Aptargrp AquaAm ArcelorMit ArchCap ArchCoal ArchDan AresCap ArmHld ArrowEl Ashland AssuredG AstraZen Atheros AtlasEngy Atmel ATMOS Autodesk Autoliv AutoData AutoZone AvagoTch AvalonBay AveryD Aviva Avnet Avon AXIS Cap B Comm BB&T Cp BCE g BHP BillLt BHPBil plc BMC Sft BOK BP PLC BRFBrasil s BT Grp BabckW n Baidu s BakrHu Baldor BallCp

BWij 9^] 22.90 60.85 12.94 57.15 55.11 32.46 37.48 10.10 47.58 52.69 49.89 60.82 11.96 33.57 62.80 8.39 6.08 22.68 28.00 6.66 32.81 104.52 43.13 72.49 93.75 88.65 63.63 43.92 49.26 58.81 37.10 3.26 16.24 162.77 38.64 75.61 84.25 25.19 58.64 70.94 73.60 50.76 37.27 20.79 30.81 66.38 36.75 24.06 9.65 24.15 24.61 29.34 184.08 27.87 28.42 57.91 57.83 35.95 32.97 58.40 50.70 25.58 49.65 61.10 34.86 39.97 56.85 52.82 78.53 38.04 45.56 58.11 17.79 53.82 43.90 126.20 41.86 344.42 14.26 48.20 23.04 36.52 87.97 34.13 32.56 16.67 24.02 34.87 55.17 19.05 47.60 44.70 44.27 13.79 32.19 40.53 83.53 48.98 251.16 28.17 111.17 41.83 13.46 33.42 29.36 35.51 36.70 26.85 36.06 91.07 80.23 47.56 54.01 47.69 17.54 29.79 27.25 105.93 58.76 63.33 70.04

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BWij 9^]

BanColum 59.77 BcBilVArg 10.30 BcoBrades 20.40 BcoSantand 10.89 BcoSBrasil 13.39 BcSanChile 85.91 BcoChile 87.93 BkMont g 59.11 BkNYMel 31.66 BkNova g 57.13 Barclay 19.10 Bard 91.68 BarrickG 50.00 Baxter 50.97 BaytexE g 47.48 BeckCoult 72.65 BectDck 83.64 BedBath 49.47 Bemis 32.49 Berkley 27.04 BerkHa A 120910 BerkH B s 80.74 BestBuy 35.67 BiogenIdc 67.40 BlkHillsCp 30.84 BlackRock 193.84 Blackstone 15.28 BlockHR 12.63 BdwlkPpl 32.08 Boeing 70.15 BorgWarn 70.10 BostProp 86.46 BostonSci 7.44 BrasilTele 23.29 BrasTel C 9.34 Braskem 24.08 BrigExp 27.81 BrMySq 25.95 BritATob 76.23 Broadcom 46.05 BrkďŹ&#x201A;dAs g 32.43 BrkďŹ&#x201A;dPrp 17.68 BrwnBrn 24.49 BrownFA 67.86 BrownFB 68.10 Buckeye 68.28 Bucyrus 90.28 Buenavent 43.83 BungeLt 67.29 CA Inc 25.09 CAE Inc g 12.45 CB REllis 21.16 CBS B 19.78 CF Inds 141.81 CGG Verit 30.96 CGI g 18.25 CH Robins 79.75 CIGNA 39.32 CIT Grp 46.97 CME Grp 314.93 CMS Eng 18.86 CNA Fn 27.49 CNH Gbl 52.90 CNOOC 249.73 CPFL En 77.66 CRH 19.18 CSX 68.70 CTC Media 23.52 CVS Care 34.81 CablvsnNY 33.76 CabotO&G 38.30 Calpine 14.47 CamdnP 53.49 Cameco g 39.53 Cameron 52.13 CampSp 34.90 CIBC g 78.41 CdnNRy g 67.54 CdnNRs gs 42.53 CP Rwy g 67.11 Canon 50.51 CapOne 47.17 CardnlHlth 40.25 CareFusion 25.92 CarMax 32.37 CarnUK 49.37 Caterpillar 93.49 Celanese 43.56 Celgene 57.91 Cellcom 33.30 Cemex 10.81 Cemig pf 17.56 Cemig 13.10 CenovusE 32.87 CenterPnt 15.77 CnElBras lf 13.80 CntryLink 44.63 Cephln 60.29 Cerner 95.95 Cervecer 57.97 CharterCm 39.87 ChkPoint 45.15 ChesEng 27.89 ChesUtl 40.01 Chevron 92.45 ChicB&I 34.46 Chimera 4.09 ChinaEA s 26.28 ChinaLife 62.93 ChinaMble 50.44 ChinaPet 100.94 ChinaSoAir 30.94 ChinaTel 58.07 ChinaUni 14.49 Chipotle 217.67 Chubb 58.18 ChungTel wi 30.48 ChurchDwt 70.59 Cimarex 94.56 CinnFin 32.01 Cintas 28.51

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DWc[ Cisco Citigrp CitiTdecs CityNC CliffsNRs Clorox Coach CobaltIEn CocaCE CCFemsa CCHellenic CocaCl CognizTech ColgPal Comc spcl Comerica CmcBMO ComScop CmtyHlt CBD-Pao s CompssMn CompSci ConAgra ConchoRes ConocPhil ConsolEngy ConEd ConstellA ConstellEn ContlRes Cooper Ind Copart Copel CoreLab s CornPdts Corning Corpbnca Cosan Ltd Costco Covance CoventryH Covidien Credicp CredSuiss Cree Inc CrwnCstle CrownHold s CullenFr Cummins CypSemi DPL DR Horton DTE Danaher s DaVita DeVry DeckOut s Deere DelMnte Delhaize Dell Inc DeltaAir DenburyR Dndreon Dentsply DeutschBk DevelDiv DevonE Diageo DiaOffs DicksSptg DigitalRlt DirecTV A Discover DiscCm A DiscCm C DishNetwk DrReddy DolbyLab DollarGen DllrTree s DomRescs Domtar grs Donldson DonlleyRR Dover DowChm DrPepSnap DresserR Dril-Quip DuPont DukeEngy DukeRlty DunBrad ETrade rs eBay EMC Cp ENI EOG Res EQT Corp EstWstBcp EastChm Eaton EatnVan EVTxMGlo Ecolab Ecopetrol EdisonInt EdwLfSci s ElPasoCp ElPasoPpl Elan EldorGld g ElectArts EAndinA EAndinB Embraer EmersonEl EElChile EnbrEPtrs

BWij 9^] 21.12 5.08 143.65 61.87 88.43 63.12 54.31 13.68 25.13 82.92 26.47 63.04 75.24 78.41 21.26 42.02 40.71 31.47 37.68 42.00 90.02 52.54 23.21 91.75 68.69 54.00 49.56 19.32 31.72 62.44 60.87 37.45 26.41 89.49 47.68 19.93 83.79 14.52 71.49 55.73 29.60 46.87 113.80 43.83 69.20 42.09 33.33 43.54 60.82 111.83 20.34 26.12 13.11 46.66 47.10 69.71 45.46 79.40 87.45 18.90 74.48 14.39 12.51 19.33 37.11 36.28 55.37 13.19 81.99 75.86 71.65 35.42 52.90 41.83 19.90 39.66 34.41 21.53 36.62 65.83 29.46 50.89 42.26 79.60 59.93 18.15 58.88 35.85 35.86 43.88 76.57 49.10 17.71 13.04 84.11 16.47 28.83 23.45 45.55 98.49 46.26 20.78 92.90 105.44 30.92 10.38 49.52 42.25 38.12 79.39 13.80 34.38 6.90 18.27 16.03 24.38 30.35 30.17 58.21 53.40 63.64

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DWc[ Enbridge EnCana g EndoPhrm Energen Energizer EngyTEq EngyTsfr Enerpls g Enersis ENSCO Entergy EntPrPt Equifax Equinix EqtyRsd EricsnTel ErieInd EssexPT EsteeLdr EverestRe ExcoRes Exelon Expedia ExpdIntl ExpScrip s ExxonMbl F5 Netwks FLIR Sys FMC Corp FMC Tech FactsetR FamilyDlr Fastenal FedRlty FibriaCelu FidlNFin FidNatInfo FifthThird FstHorizon FstNiagara FstRepB n FstSolar FirstEngy Fiserv Flextrn Flowserve Fluor FocusMda FEMSA FordM FordC pfS ForestLab ForestOil FortuneBr Fossil Inc FosterWhl FranceTel FrankRes FMCG FresenM FrontierCm GaďŹ sa s Gallaghr GameStop Gannett Gap GardDenv Garmin Gartner GenDynam GenElec GenGrPr n GenMills s GenMot n Genpact Gentex GenuPrt Genworth Genzyme Gerdau Gildan GileadSci GlaxoSKln GlobPay GolLinhas GoldFLtd Goldcrp g GoldmanS Goodrich Goodyear Google Graingr GtPlainEn GreenMtC s GpTelevisa GuangRy Guess HCC Ins HCP Inc HDFC Bk HSBC Hallibrtn HansenNat HarleyD Harman HarmonyG HartfdFn Hasbro HltCrREIT Heinz HelmPayne HSchein Herbalife Hershey Hertz Hess HewlettP Hitachi Hologic HomeDp Honda

BWij 9^] 55.94 29.64 34.10 53.91 72.60 39.09 53.64 32.43 21.43 52.87 72.70 42.90 36.20 87.49 50.06 11.40 65.82 113.85 83.52 84.29 19.34 42.58 26.65 54.24 56.75 76.58 142.61 29.03 77.94 88.60 94.44 43.33 58.78 76.14 16.65 13.22 29.53 14.76 12.44 14.34 30.30 139.83 38.28 60.82 8.33 120.12 69.92 23.34 56.38 18.71 55.55 31.64 38.02 62.50 68.59 36.88 20.92 118.01 121.84 56.82 9.43 14.21 28.84 20.67 14.80 20.38 72.87 30.90 34.90 71.16 18.67 14.80 36.66 38.62 15.67 31.58 51.52 14.31 72.34 14.96 28.39 37.82 39.03 47.52 16.25 17.27 43.64 171.67 89.98 13.19 616.87 134.46 19.75 35.33 25.67 20.81 42.66 29.57 36.06 155.15 56.26 39.89 53.21 36.78 46.88 11.51 28.16 45.04 47.00 48.67 50.09 63.48 69.36 48.79 13.68 80.19 45.64 54.75 19.15 34.83 40.11

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DWc[ HonwllIntl Hormel Hospira HospPT HostHotls HuanPwr HubbelB HudsCity HumGen Humana HuntJB HuntBnk Huntsmn IAMGld g ICICI Bk IdexxLabs IHS Inc ING ITC Hold ITT Corp Icahn Ent IDEX ITW Illumina ImpOil gs IndoTel Indosat Inergy Informat InfosysT IngerRd IngrmM IntegrysE Intel IntcntlEx IntCtlHtl IBM IntFlav IntlGame IntPap IntTower g InterOil g Interpublic Intuit IntSurg Invesco IronMtn ItauUnibH IvanhM g JDS Uniph JPMorgCh Jabil JacobsEng Jarden Jefferies JohnJn JohnsnCtl JonesLL JoyGlbl JnprNtwk KB FnclGp KBR Inc KKR n KLA Tnc KT Corp KC Southn Kellogg Kennamtl Keycorp KimbClk Kimco KindME KindMM KineticC KingPhrm Kinross g Kohls KoreaElc Kraft Kroger Kubota Kyocera L-3 Com LAN Air LG Display LKQ Corp LPL Inv n LSI Corp LabCp LamResrch LamarAdv LVSands Lazard LearCorp LegacyRes LeggMason LeggPlat LeucNatl LibGlobA LibGlobC LibtyMIntA LibMCapA LibStarzA LibtProp LifeTech LillyEli Limited LincNat LinearTch LinnEngy LockhdM Loews Logitech Lorillard Lowes Lubrizol lululemn g Luxottica LyonBas A M&T Bk MDU Res

BWij 9^] 54.72 50.46 56.23 24.11 18.45 21.83 59.94 12.97 26.96 56.93 41.83 7.22 17.62 18.41 46.54 69.36 79.54 10.01 65.24 61.50 36.06 39.27 55.44 66.95 41.70 33.64 29.49 41.28 44.48 76.68 47.19 19.45 48.06 21.30 115.40 21.02 149.10 55.95 18.80 28.77 9.32 77.29 11.13 46.58 282.21 24.88 24.92 24.26 24.63 16.72 44.71 20.96 48.68 33.10 26.78 62.50 40.74 87.88 89.43 38.32 53.01 30.39 15.22 38.99 19.73 51.38 51.11 42.50 8.77 63.87 17.93 71.47 65.45 44.84 14.14 17.85 51.70 12.92 31.50 21.75 49.29 104.67 76.42 30.35 17.26 23.83 34.18 6.11 91.16 50.22 39.22 48.61 42.08 106.18 29.92 35.68 23.02 31.15 37.52 35.53 16.23 63.95 67.57 32.14 56.14 35.03 28.93 29.54 34.81 38.83 74.24 40.80 18.32 76.88 24.44 104.68 72.85 30.58 36.74 87.36 20.73

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DWc[ MGM Rsts MSCI Inc Macerich MagelMPtr MagnaI gs Makita ManpwI Manulife g MarathonO Markel MarkWest MarIntA MarshM MarshIls MartMM MarvellT Masco MasseyEn MasterCrd Mattel MaximIntg McCorm McDrmInt s McDnlds McGrwH McKesson McAfee MeadJohn MeadWvco Mechel MedcoHlth Medtrnic MelcoCrwn MercadoL Merck MetLife MetroPCS MettlerT Microchp MicronT MicrosSys Microsoft Millicom MindrayM MitsuUFJ Mitsui MizuhoFn MobileTel s Mohawk MolsCoorB Molycorp n Monsanto MonstrWw Moodys MorgStan Mosaic MotrlaSol n MotrlaMo n MurphO Mylan NII Hldg NRG Egy NTT DOCO NV Energy NVR NXP Sem n NYSE Eur Nabors NalcoHld NasdOMX NBkGreece NatFuGas NatGrid NatInstru NOilVarco NatRetPrp NatSemi NatwHP NatResPtrs Navistar NetServic NetApp Netease NetďŹ&#x201A;ix Nevsun g NwGold g NewOriEd NY CmtyB NewellRub NewďŹ&#x201A;dExp NewmtM NewsCpA NewsCpB Nexen g NextEraEn NiSource Nidec NikeB NipponTT NobleCorp NobleEn NokiaCp Nomura NordicAm Nordson Nordstrm NorďŹ&#x201A;kSo NortelInv NoestUt NorTrst NorthropG NovaGld g Novartis Novlus NovoNord NSTAR NuanceCm Nucor NustarEn Nvidia OGE Engy

BWij 9^] 16.33 +.04 39.72 +.65 46.79 -.01 55.01 -.93 59.89 -.21 41.41 +.38 67.34 -.59 17.72 +.03 40.53 +.81 391.57 -1.65 42.80 -.20 40.82 +.08 27.49 +.42 7.09 +.03 83.60 +.63 20.99 +.47 13.78 -.01 58.04 +.53 232.83 +3.43 23.95 -.09 25.37 +.16 45.90 +.19 20.78 +.38 73.60 -.30 37.59 +.14 73.99 -.48 47.45 -.04 62.28 +.43 27.18 -.01 34.10 +.34 64.47 +.47 36.70 +.18 7.43 +.02 73.29 -.91 37.15 +.20 46.58 +.72 12.97 +.02 151.05 -1.01 35.75 +.13 9.34 +.62 45.82 +.39 28.55 +.44 97.12 -.33 26.68 -.84 5.55 +.22 350.80 +5.30 4.11 +.16 20.71 +.08 57.59 +.34 47.78 -.07 52.40 -.84 74.92 +2.40 24.00 +.04 28.98 +.30 28.71 +.75 79.81 +3.67 37.96 -.42 32.63 +.22 74.52 +.19 22.60 +.01 42.76 -.30 20.12 -.06 17.32 +.09 14.43 -.08 766.02 +14.12 23.60 -.40 32.23 +1.46 22.37 -.10 30.59 +.57 23.96 +.19 1.69 +.13 69.40 +.56 43.24 -.41 38.98 -.31 67.38 +.98 24.76 -.09 14.23 +.21 36.41 +.08 36.38 +.13 62.88 +.90 13.55 +.02 58.93 +.65 38.98 +.05 188.90 +2.25 6.91 -.16 9.27 +.04 105.22 +.82 18.48 +.02 18.21 +.34 72.73 +1.68 57.79 -.42 14.36 -.05 16.16 24.38 +1.09 53.63 +.87 18.32 +.09 26.44 -.06 83.73 -.29 22.43 +.07 38.13 +2.20 83.95 +1.15 10.76 +.31 6.50 26.31 +.02 94.10 +.24 41.75 +.13 65.42 +.46 35.34 +.84 31.62 +.05 55.90 +1.05 66.92 +.50 14.14 +.44 57.69 +.69 32.62 +.20 114.57 -.52 42.10 +.25 20.48 +.48 44.73 +.01 69.01 -.11 23.35 +3.04 45.25 -.23

DWc[ OReillyAu OcciPet Oceaneer OilStates OldRepub Omncre Omnicom OnSmcnd ONEOK ONEOK Pt Oracle Orix OshkoshCp OwensCorn OwensIll PG&E Cp PNC POSCO PPG PPL Corp Paccar PackAmer PallCorp PanASlv Panasonic ParkerHan PrtnrCm PartnerRe Patterson PattUTI Paychex PeabdyE Pearson Pengrth g PennWst g Penney Pentair PeopUtdF PepcoHold PepsiCo PerkElm Perrigo PetChina Petrohawk PetrbrsA Petrobras PetsMart PďŹ zer PharmPdt PhilipMor PhilLD PhilipsEl PhlVH PinWst PioNtrl PitnyBw PlainsAA PlainsEx PlumCrk Polo RL Polycom Popular PortglTel Potash Praxair PrecCastpt PriceTR priceline PrideIntl PrinFncl ProctGam ProgrssEn ProgsvCp ProLogis Prudentl Prud UK PSEG PubStrg PulteGrp QEP Res n QIAGEN Qualcom QuantaSvc QstDiag Questar s QwestCm RPM Rackspace Ralcorp Randgold RangeRs Rayonier Raytheon RltyInco RedHat ReedElsNV ReedEls plc RgcyCtrs RegncyEn RegionsFn ReinsGrp RelStlAl RenaisRe Repsol RschMotn ResMed s ReynAm s RioTinto s Riverbed s RobtHalf RockwlAut RockColl RockwdH RogCm gs Roper RossStrs Rovi Corp Rowan RoyalBk g RBScotlnd RoyDShllB

BWij 9^] 57.16 97.50 73.59 64.81 13.25 25.75 45.37 11.37 57.38 80.71 30.95 49.49 38.02 32.91 32.23 46.72 62.20 111.10 83.01 26.60 57.41 28.51 50.45 37.69 14.23 88.66 20.16 81.52 31.49 20.41 32.27 63.11 15.64 13.38 25.42 30.66 36.90 14.14 18.09 66.73 26.00 66.15 135.93 19.68 34.09 38.43 39.65 18.37 27.88 56.59 57.55 31.96 60.28 41.52 91.89 23.87 64.51 34.00 39.76 108.64 41.77 3.26 11.02 169.99 93.72 140.45 66.61 434.24 33.78 33.23 64.97 44.24 19.23 14.73 61.57 22.03 32.16 101.30 8.42 39.25 19.62 52.34 21.62 55.00 17.86 7.32 22.77 33.82 64.59 81.60 47.84 57.02 49.35 33.60 46.06 25.32 34.17 41.73 27.45 7.27 58.05 53.70 64.22 27.89 63.53 33.17 32.71 71.84 38.56 32.97 72.75 60.84 41.43 35.57 75.40 64.07 64.02 34.69 53.69 13.06 67.73

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DWc[ RoyDShllA Ryanair SAIC SAP AG SCANA SEI Inv SK Tlcm SLGreen SLM Cp SM Energy SPX Cp STMicro SABESP Safeway StJude Salesforce SanDisk SandRdge SanoďŹ SaraLee Sasol Schlmbrg Schwab Scotts ScrippsNet SeadrillLtd SeagateT SealAir SearsHldgs SempraEn Sensata n ShawC gs ShawGrp Sherwin Shinhan Shire SiderNac s Siemens SigmaAld SignetJwlrs Slcnware SilvWhtn g SimonProp SimsMetal Sina SinopcShng SiriusXM SkywksSol Smith&N SmithfF Smucker SnapOn SocQ&M Solera Solutia SonocoP SonyCp Sothebys SouthnCo SthnCopper SoUnCo SwstAirl SwtGas SwstnEngy SpectraEn SprintNex StanBlkDk Staples Starbucks StarwdHtl StateStr Statoil ASA StlDynam Stericycle SterlngBcp Sterlite Stryker Subsea 7 SumitMitsu SunLfFn g Suncor gs Sunoco Symantec Syngenta Synopsys Sysco TAM SA TD Ameritr TECO TFS Fncl TIM Partic TJX TRWAuto TaiwSemi TalismE g Target TataMotors Taubmn TeckRes g TelNorL TlcmArg TelcmNZ TelItalia TelItaliaA TelSPaulo TelefEsp TelMexA TelMexL Telus g Tenaris Teradata Terex Ternium Tesoro TexInst Textron ThermoFis ThomsonR 3M Co TibcoSft Tiffany

BWij 9^] 67.56 31.89 16.06 51.18 41.32 24.52 17.91 70.02 14.16 59.88 74.49 11.65 53.71 21.17 41.73 141.64 51.87 7.82 33.71 18.18 51.51 84.45 18.16 51.76 47.83 34.46 14.20 26.26 75.14 51.90 31.50 20.52 37.11 83.13 92.96 77.30 18.33 122.05 64.80 42.24 6.01 34.53 97.71 20.59 81.55 62.63 1.56 31.88 53.93 20.22 64.18 56.66 57.36 52.11 24.40 35.44 36.40 45.52 38.08 47.26 26.26 13.16 36.85 38.91 25.22 4.41 68.03 23.49 32.20 60.09 47.78 24.08 18.99 78.04 10.22 15.93 57.81 25.31 7.30 30.97 38.25 39.56 17.63 63.00 26.65 30.46 24.79 20.31 18.31 9.63 36.74 45.89 59.79 13.51 23.30 55.45 27.56 50.94 65.10 15.55 26.26 8.48 13.52 11.04 25.15 68.66 16.58 16.64 44.54 47.87 45.66 29.53 43.09 18.77 33.66 24.92 56.64 38.22 88.66 20.84 60.99

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DWc[ THorton g TW Cable TimeWarn Timken TitanMet TollBros Trchmrk TorDBk g Total SA TotalSys Toyota TractSup s TrCda g Trnsalta g TransAtlH TransDigm Transocn Travelers TrimbleN Tuppwre Turkcell TycoElec TycoIntl Tyson UBS AG UDR UGI Corp UMH Prop URS UltraPt g Ultrapar UnilevNV Unilever UnionPac UtdContl UtdMicro US Bancrp USSteel UtdTech UtdTherap UtdhlthGp UnivHlthS UnumGrp UrbanOut VF Cp Vale SA Vale SA pf ValeantPh ValeroE Validus Valspar VarianMed VarianSemi Ventas VeoliaEnv VeriFone Verisign Verisk VerizonCm VertxPh ViacomB VimpelC n VirgnMda h Visa Visteon n VivoPart VMware Vodafone Vornado VulcanM WPP plc WABCO WaddellR WalMart Walgrn WalterEn WarnerCh s WshPst WasteCon s WsteMInc Waters WatsnPh WeathfIntl WebMD WellPoint WellsFargo WDigital WstnUnion Westpac Weyerh Whrlpl WhtMtIns WhitingPet WholeFd WmsCos WmsPtrs WmsSon WillisGp WimmBD Windstrm Wipro s WiscEn WooriFn Wyndham Wynn XL Grp XcelEngy Xerox Xilinx YPF Soc Yahoo Yamana g YanzhouC Youku n YumBrnds Zimmer ZionBcp

BWij 9^] 43.38 64.91 33.69 51.70 18.51 20.46 61.63 75.23 55.00 16.13 84.44 46.98 37.57 22.02 52.00 76.60 77.04 54.59 41.35 46.76 17.55 36.20 43.88 16.83 17.28 22.89 32.26 10.62 41.50 46.44 64.46 30.33 30.02 98.08 25.90 3.24 26.69 56.63 79.43 67.20 38.86 44.74 25.14 36.21 83.03 36.61 31.94 35.63 24.56 30.90 35.16 69.58 41.36 52.52 29.58 42.99 32.54 34.10 35.47 37.21 41.22 15.65 25.94 72.61 74.76 35.18 95.16 27.19 84.05 40.71 61.03 63.54 36.95 54.85 41.20 136.67 23.97 419.18 27.29 36.36 76.75 52.08 23.18 54.42 61.93 32.01 32.95 19.15 110.20 21.55 89.69 352.33 118.14 50.01 25.89 46.73 34.18 35.16 33.47 13.37 15.04 59.25 41.15 29.46 116.78 22.28 23.54 11.53 30.99 53.00 16.65 12.33 33.07 37.21 49.15 55.70 24.02

+.52 -1.20 +.22 +.80 +1.01 +.13 +.68 +.56 +1.68 +.09 +1.06 +.04 -.08 +.26 -.01 +.23 +.86 +.69 +.31 -.54 +.20 +.34 +.68 -.04 +.86 +.35 +.14 +.05 +.74 -.57 +.34 +.24 +.25 +.61 +.21 +.04 +.64 -.45 +.51 -.16 -.22 -.05 +.21 +.32 +.27 +1.28 +.79 +.11 +.40 -.30 +.69 +.12 +2.00 +.69 +1.11 +.14 -.23 +.16 +.11 +.42 +.23 +.21 +.49 +.73 -.99 -.15 -.53 -.15 +.98 +.21 +.20 +.25 +.46 +.56 +.37 -1.91 +.04 -10.96 +.18 +.32 +.45 -.68 +.44 +.88 +.06 +.61 +.39 -.09 +.52 +.42 +1.90 +2.09 +1.49 +.49 +.52 +.03 +.21 +.14 +.14 +.38 +.03 +.55 +.41 -.20 -.31 +.11 +.06 +.05 +.48 -.63 +.07 +.04 +.64 -1.71 +.13 +.81 -.29







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HAVE A FOOD ALLERGY? NORTH â&#x2122; A3 â&#x2122;Ľ54 â&#x2014;&#x2020; Q 10 8 â&#x2122;ŁAJ7632

today. East won an early club and knew that continuing spades was fruitless. His heart shift let West cash two winners in that suit, for down one. Could South have done better? Yes, if he had ducked the opening lead! Now he can discard a club on the spade ace and establish thewas clubs nancy and lactation efwithout East food get the fective in letting preventing allead to play a heart through. lergies in her offspring. Nor Best defense is a trump at did they ďŹ nd strong evidence trick two, but declarer has that exclusive breast-feeding enough entries to the board for four to six months can11 in diamonds to bring home tricks. He wins disease. the diamond prevent allergic shift, plays off the black aces, Moreover, there is danger a club high, goes to the inruffs restricting childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s diets diamond 10, and ruffs a club for fear of allergies, even real high again. Then he goes ones: developqueen nutribackThey to thecan diamond ent deďŹ ciencies in to run the clubsthat andresult discard retarded developthree ofgrowth his fourand heart losers.

-&+)+'*&#:? â&#x2122; king

When this deal came up in a local duplicate, several North-South pairs tried to cash in on four spades by WEST EAST East-West, doubled. This was â&#x2122; K Q 10 8 2 â&#x2122;  J 9 7 6 5 hardly unreasonable, but with â&#x2122;ĽAQ82 â&#x2122;Ľ 10 9 3 the heart suit lying beautiâ&#x2014;&#x2020;2 â&#x2014;&#x2020;764 fully for East-West, there was â&#x2122;ŁQ98 â&#x2122;Ł K 10 no in defense to the N.Y., game.did a Manhattan, of children but 2.5 percent ter Of of course, North-South parentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; label readof adults.SOUTH It is not possible study could do much better than 4 severity of a ing and found that they to predictâ&#x2122;  the that. Say you reach fivewere diaâ&#x2122;Ľ K J 7 6 poor at identifood allergy reaction based surprisingly monds after West overcalled â&#x2014;&#x2020; A K J 9 5 3 foods toEast which their on past reactions. In the case fying in spades and made a â&#x2122;Ł54 pre-emptive to three wereraise allergic. of nut allergy, for example, children leaving room to Symptoms ofyou food allersubsequent exposures can spades, Vulnerable: North-South explore the hand more fully. gies are often confusing and be much worse than what a Dealer: East Planbe themistaken play on the of can forlead other child ďŹ rst experienced. the spade king. They can affect There are no treatments problems. The bidding: Many declarers won and South North Eastto the skin (for example, as ecfor foodWest allergy except immediately tackled clubs Pass zema hives), eyes, upper avoid the culprit food, which whileor they still had entries 1 â&#x2014;&#x2020; require 1 â&#x2122;  careful 2 â&#x2122;Ł reading 3â&#x2122;  or lower respiratory tract, to the dummy in trumps. A may 4â&#x2014;&#x2020; 5â&#x2014;&#x2020; All pass good idea, but it did not work ment. Thus, the panel recomany part of the digestive of labelsPass and potentially em1-13

ITâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S TIME TO RECHECK Food allergies have gen erated a great deal of anxiety in recent years, with some schools going so far as to ban popular staples â&#x20AC;&#x201D; especially peanut butter â&#x20AC;&#x201D; after appeals from worried parents. Some airlines have quit serving peanut snacks, and more and more restaurants are offering dishes for diners concerned about gluten or dairy allergies. There is no question that some foods, especially peaZITS nuts and shellďŹ sh, can provoke severe reactions in a small fraction of the population. But a new analysis of the best available evidence ďŹ nds that many children and adults who think they have food allergies are mistaken. According to a deďŹ nitive report compiled for the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases by a 25-member panel of experts, a big part of the problem is misdiagnosis, from overreli    ance on two tests â&#x20AC;&#x201D; a skinprick test and a blood test for antibodies â&#x20AC;&#x201D; that can produce misleading results. The mere presence of antibodies to a particular substance in food does not mean that someone is allergic to that food. Nor does a reaction to a skin prick with a suspect food; in fact,   a skin-prick test can remain positive long after an allergy is gone. Sometimes a diagnosis is based on no test at all, solely on a patientâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s or parentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s report of a bad reaction after a particular food was eaten. People often mistake food intolerance, like difďŹ culty digesting the lactose in milk, for an allergy. (Allergies involve the immune system; lactose intolerance results from" deďŹ ciency of  an enzyme.) The only test that can deďŹ nitively establish a food allergy is a so-called

oral challenge, in which the According to the panelâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s depatient ingests the suspect tailed and well-documented food and waits for a reaction. report, about one child in oneSCOTT adult inADAMS 25 have This can be safely done only 20 andBY by an experienced health a food allergy, nowhere near professional with emergen- popular estimates that up to cy treatment at hand in case 30 percent of U.S. citizens are afďŹ&#x201A;icted. of a severe reaction. The panel also reported Understandably, doctors are often reluctant to try an that most children outgrow oral challenge. But in chal- allergies to milk, egg, soy lenges where a suspect food and wheat, but until they are is compared with a placebo properly tested they may and neither doctor nor pa- not know it is now safe to tient knows which food is eat the food â&#x20AC;&#x201D; or, perhaps which, only about a third of more important, to receive a the foods have been found to vaccine prepared in eggs. Allergies to peanuts and cause allergies, the panel reBY JIM BORGMAN ANDare JERRY SCOTT tree nuts relatively rare ported. Nonetheless, genuine food allergies seem to have (about half of 1 percent of risen during the last decade the population in each case, or two, for reasons no one according to the panel). But knows, said Dr. Anthony S. they tend to be lifelong and Fauci, director of the allergy life-threatening, and can reinstitute. The institute, a divi- quire extreme vigilance. Some food allergies start sion of the National Institutes of Health, sponsored the in adulthood, and tend to panelâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s two-year effort to es- last indeďŹ nitely as well. In tablish national guidelines for particular, shellďŹ sh allergies, the deďŹ nition, diagnosis and which can be life-threatening, occur in only 0.5 percent treatment of food allergies.


barrassing inquiries when eating away from home.  9 Although immunotherapy has been proposed as a means of curbing an established food allergy, the panel did not recommend this outside of â&#x20AC;&#x153;highly controlled clinical settings.â&#x20AC;? Many packaged food labels now warn not only that a particular allergen is present, but also that the product was prepared where allergens like nuts, wheat or soy are present. But Mount Sinai Medical Cen-

8    )+/ Kill on the diagonal.




Dear Abby: My wife went on a diet a year ago and lost a tremendous amount of weight. The problem now is she wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t quit. Every time I suggest she stop and put a few pounds back on, she gets angry and wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t speak to me. My wife isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t anorexic, but I have a feeling she may be headed in that direction. She has no health concerns that either of us is aware of, and when I say anything she just says, â&#x20AC;&#x153;You wanted me thin, so now Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m thin!â&#x20AC;? Please tell me what I should do before her dieting gets out of control and becomes a serious threat to her health. Distraught Husband of a Very Thin Wife Your wife may have worked so hard to lose the weight you urged her to lose that she hasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t figured out how to stabilize and maintain it. Because you are worried that she may have gone off the deep end, the two of you should make an appointment with her doctor to discuss what a healthy weight is for her â&#x20AC;&#x201D; and possibly get a referral to a licensed nutritionist who can help her establish a healthy maintenance plan.


mended â&#x20AC;&#x153;nutritional counseling and regular growth monitoring for all children with food allergies.â&#x20AC;? The panel devoted the last section of its lengthy report to food-induced anaphylaxis, a potentially fatal disorder that is often recognized too late for adequate treatment. The most common food causes of anaphylaxis, the panel said, are peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, ďŹ sh and crustacean shellďŹ sh, and a life-threatening reaction can occur even the ďŹ rst time a person is exposed. Symptoms that occur within minutes to several hours after exposure may involve lesions of the skin and mouth; difďŹ culty breathing; a precipitous drop in blood pressure, dizziness or rapid heart rate; pain,Your vomiting and you should abdominal stay away from. brothdiarrhea; and toanxiety, er-in-law mightor be more receptive the mental confusion, lethargy message if he hears it from his wifeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s brother. or seizures. Anyone with Dear Abby: a life-threatening food alI have been spending more time than usual lergy must always in doctorsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; offices now that I care for my have readily available doses elderly father. Lately, a lot of thesetwo offices have added TVs to their rooms. epinephof waiting self-injectable The sets are invariably tuned to 24-hour rine (commonly known news channels on which combative people yell by the brand EpiPen), to at each other. I think this is a bad choice for be injected into the thigh sick people. Subjecting them to this kind of promuscle. with an gramming can only raise Treatment their blood pressure. If the televisionsantihistamine have to be there, is they not should an efshow calmer programming, like shows fective substitute, theabout panel food and cooking, homes and gardens, science warned. Fatalities result or history. when the of to epinephrine I have tried making thisuse point the various health care professionals, look at me is delayedbut or they the dose given like Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m from Mars. I overreacting? is Am inadequate. When in of Yelling Heads in Southsaid; Carolina doubt,Tired treat, the panel call 911. is Yes, you are. then The next timeThe youEpiPen encounter a stopgap measure torecepbuy this situation with your father, ask the tionist to pleasetime change the life-saving channel andcare Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m until sure you will becan accommodated. be administered.

tract, and the cardiovascular system. But unless a food allergy is proved, the panel does not recommend avoiding foods to control allergic dermatitis, asthma or inďŹ&#x201A;ammation of the esophagus. As for vaccines, the panel said that even children with an egg allergy could safely be immunized for measles, mumps, rubella and varicella (chickenpox), but the ďŹ&#x201A;u vaccine should not be given. The experts found little evidence that restricting a womanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s diet during preg-


New York Times Service

,*0/),+ 1. Re7! If ... Qxe7, 2. Rf8 (a double check) mate!


Dear Abby: My husbandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sister, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Irma,â&#x20AC;? has hurt us with her words and actions many times. When the drama is over, she will suddenly send an e-mail saying  88 "5 99

the long 20,000 you motivated over ployers rarely it at all, she â&#x20AC;&#x153;missesâ&#x20AC;? mycover husband and me. estimates I do not want that to seem like an unforgiving person, but Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m U.S. citizens went abroad haul. Blackstone said. tired of this repeated behavior. husband Some insurers will also weight loss surgery Medicare pays for weightMyfor and I feel weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re better off not socializing with stipulate that you join a carein 2010. loss surgery, but the majority her and my brother-in-law, but if I respond to Butanothchoose the doctor and management program, which of herpeople e-mail, who it justhave opensthe theprodoor for yet er incident. can we55. clear the hospital air but not carefully. Look for a could cost $1,500 or more cedure are How under age leave ourselves for another facility that has been accred- out of pocket, Flum said. Even if youropen insurer cov- attack? Forgiven But Notby Forgotten ited Joint Commission Most doctors will insist that ers bariatric surgery, make

After surgery to slim down, the bills can pile up co-payments, nutritional decreases the size of the paand behavioral counseling, tientâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s stomach and also the After dieting unsuccess- and cosmetic surgery, for ex- bodyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ability to fully absorb fully her entire life, Barbara ample, can easily add up to food and thereby calories. mostly Gastric bypass is more exWarnock-Morgan, 46, decid- thousands of dollars,  "  BY RICK KIRKMAN AND JERRY SCOTT pensive but typically results ed she needed to do some- out of patientsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; pockets. Despite the cost, more in greater weight loss than thing radical. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I was the fat kid,â&#x20AC;? she and more people are signing gastric banding. If youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been considersaid. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Over the years I yo-yo up. The number of bariatric dieted my way up the scale. surgeries performed in the ing bariatric surgery, tally Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d lose 20 pounds, then gain United States rose 804 per- up all your expenses upfront cent from 1998 to 2004, to so youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll know your liability back 30.â&#x20AC;? The cycle was so insidious 121,055 from 13,386, accord- down the line. Hereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s what that by her early 40s, War- ing to a study by the Agency you need to know, along with nock-Morgan, who lives in for Healthcare Research and tips on how to minimize the New York with her husband Quality. The number of an- costs: l Insurance coverage: and daughter and works for nual surgeries now is closer a music company, was obese, to 200,000 or 250,000, ac- Just half of large employer with a body mass index over cording to Dr. Robin Blackhealth plans  40. (A BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 is stone, president-elect of the cover barSociety for Metanormal; 30 BIRTHDAY: is consid- It American a t r i c 3&$ #.%(

Switch igears IF TODAYover IS YOUR is business as bolic and Surgery. ered s uwith rge r y, grinding them. Be cold and hard usualobese.) during the month ahead. It might evenBariatric be without with business much better than usual Thecase, surgerytheisnumbers, also be-but warm and kindheartedw In November 2009, she in your hile since you to are have on your toes and in coming tiptop shape safer; people. the rate of decided adjustable small to make your mark in the outer world. down, and gastric banding, a form of complications is em3 #.%( -.)* 

It isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t necessary are who the number of deaths. bariatric surgery in which so to accept everything at face value. You can gain 3 &%#+ 

Those goodtrust treatafeelsilicone is placed lasting and admiration by making a genercorneredband or defensive may tell a â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s whitethe lie only gesture. or stretchthe the top truth.portion of ment for severeous obesity,â&#x20AC;? said around the stomach, restricting the Dr. James Mitchell, a profes3   #+&$  Put forth a little 3   -.)*#2 You are not clinical afraid neuroscience amount person of hard work. There is no reason to even effort at of thefood rightatime and can in the sor rightof places. of North comfortably consume. be tempted by a shortcut or get-rich scheme. You must work for what you the University Bariatric surgery costs Dakota School of Medicine. 3#20+&

You are the guru   Warnock-Morgan has no $15,000 to $30,000, dependgratitude. friends away from unsavory andSteer I ing on the procedure and the regrets: â&#x20AC;&#x153;I feel ofbetter, happier than area of the country in which look better. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;moffers. years.â&#x20AC;? the patient lives. Warnock- I have been in 25 3 0+&0*2

The hidden intenThe Nationaltion Institutes of Naked ambition may be in the Morgan was fortunate in is the thing. air, but people bariat-are taking time to cloak it. many ways. Not only was Health recommends her surgery successful (she ric surgery for people with Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be lured into (or 35 to 40 if has lost 127 pounds), but her a BMI over 40 30*2  0'

trouble by the carrot-and-the-stick routine. It related mediinsurance covered all the they also have wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t pay to want what you canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have. cal condition, like diabetes). costs. 3! 0' &-/

Hold your horses. AdminisEven so, sheâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s facing new A Food and Drug You canrecombe passionate about buying this or bills. Once she loses all her tration panel recently signing up for that, but you might forget to BMI base excess weight, she said she mended that the read the fine print. would need to spend thou- for lap-band surgery (a form surgery) sands of dollars on cosmetic of adjustable-band 3 &-/ %/

In Wonderland, Alice wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t sure what was real and what was and higher surgery to â&#x20AC;&#x153;rebuild my bodyâ&#x20AC;? be lowered to 35 Be asafe rather than sorry. have relatâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; which she will have to pay (30 to 35 if theynot. ed disease). for herself. 3%/ ,1 Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t leave the Adjustable gastric bandIndeed, many bariatric door open to criticism. Let inner intuition guide most popupatients like her discover ing is the second you to find ways to maintain the peace. that there are unexpected lar form of bariatric surgery. 3   Put the is laparo-,1&%

expenses associated with The most common MCT toys away and concentrate on showing off your which weight loss surgery. High scopic gastric bypass, BY LESLEY ALDERMAN

New York Times Service


a U.S.-based you quit smoking before you inquiries about are theunderstandable, fees in- International, Your feelings but this nonproďŹ volved. Co-payments is your sister-in-law â&#x20AC;&#x201D; sotend you canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t dodget that accredits hos- have surgery. herbe forever. doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t must see Once you lose the excess pitals abroad. to muchThis higher thanmean for you her often. When you do, take an emotional â&#x20AC;&#x153;Spend some time on- weight, youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll have excess other operations, sometimes step backward and treat her with the same line about bariatrics skin, and this may require as muchâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;$5,000, Blackstone respect and degree of closeness â&#x20AC;&#x201D; reading that abroad,â&#x20AC;? said Vicky Gould, another unforeseen expense: said. you would any other acquaintance. When she acts out,too, absent Ask, howyourself. your insurer 48, who had adjustable-band cosmetic surgery. Most inThe woman appears have poor impulse surgery in Monterrey, Mex- surers donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t cover surgery to typically responds if tothere control and a high degree of volatility. And ico, in 2007. â&#x20AC;&#x153;If a hospital is remove sagging and excess are complications and you thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a subject that your husband might not doing good work, people skin after weight loss, unless need to spend a month sobrother-in-law approach (privately) withorhis it is considered medically at a skilled nursing facility. will write about it.â&#x20AC;? Be sure you have found a necessary â&#x20AC;&#x201D; if the skin is And what is your insurerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s policy if the ďŹ rst surgery doctor to care for you once causing rashes, for instance, 8 doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t work and you need a you return home, said David or infections. Some patients need more Flum, a professor of surgery second operation?  51 Go Some nuts with frustration l Foreign options: and public health at the Uni- than one procedure to re1 Oil group without insurance 57 Touched down versity of Washington. move skin from the abdopeople 5 Where to find 58 Road runners â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not necessarily a bad men, thighs and upper coverage choose to have barthe world in two in Latin 59 Stargazerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s iatric surgery Amer-bearidea to go abroad for surgery, arms. 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Pats to avoid verbal duels BY JUDY BATTISTA New York Times Service

FOXBOROUGH, Mass. — Poor Alge Crumpler. He spent the first nine years of his career in relatively tranquil NFL outposts like Atlanta and Tennessee, where opposing coaches do not heave Molotov cocktails about their next opponent’s study habits, where a playoff game is not reduced to a personal grudge match between two people who have more reason to compare their fleece separates than their 40-yard dash times, where the entertainment options preferred by the star quarterback are not scrutinized and discussed on an endless talk-radio loop. So Crumpler, a respected, softspoken tight end, is just a little bewildered by the big talk that engulfs any game between the New England Patriots and New York Jets, especially the teams’ AFC divisional round game Sunday. His first reaction? “Here we go,” Crumpler, 33, said Tuesday, still a bit dismayed. “I thought we would get a few days before some of the banter started, but it is what it is.” Patriots coach Bill Belichick

Seahawks don’t want to be called underdogs in the NFC divisional playoff. But those aren’t the motivational tactics Carroll relies on, even if his players find that a bit strange. “Every game, no matter how much the people on the outside say that we have no chance, he makes sure that we know that we have a chance,” Seattle tight end John Carlson said. Tuesday was the one-year anniversary of Carroll leaving behind his decade of dominance at USC and returning to the NFL. In that time, he’s changed nearly everything about the franchise, from the nearly 300 roster moves to the slogans that surround Seahawks headquarters. Whether it’s “I’m In” or “Win Forever,” Carroll’s message has resonated with the younger players. And while it might seem corny, veterans understand what he’s trying to accomplish. “It’s good for the younger guys who don’t have the experience and I learned to understand that,” said defensive end Raheem Brock, who

BY TIM BOOTH Associated Press


TALKING SOFTLY: The New England Patriots coach Bill Belichick has asked his players not to engage in verbal battles with the New York Jets counterparts ahead of their AFC divisional round game Sunday. knew better, of course, since he is the maypole around which much of the annual animus with the Jets revolves. Long before the arrival of reporters, their ears still tingling from the verbal jousts proffered by Jets coach Rex Ryan on Monday, Belichick gave his players a simple

message: Do not engage. Let him handle it. “That’s why I’m hoping no one asks me those types of questions,” linebacker Jerod Mayo said. Good luck with that. The TURN TO PATRIOTS, 7B

RENTON, Wash. — If the Seattle Seahawks cared about what oddsmakers think, they’d see that for the second straight week they are decided, 10-point underdogs in the NFC playoffs, even after pulling off a stunning upset last weekend. Don’t try convincing Seahawks coach Pete Carroll that playing the underdog card is a viable motivational tactic. “I think it’s different than what most people go on,” Carroll told reporters. “The story lines that you guys come up with all the time are kind of the ones that we don’t use.” Maybe it’s simply because he became so used to never being an underdog in his time dominating the college game at Southern California, but the phrase “underdog” isn’t being uttered much around the Seahawks headquarters. Sure, it’s a bit odd to not play the disrespect card, especially in a winor-go-home setting the Seahawks will face Sunday against Chicago TURN TO SEAHAWKS, 7B

Will Auburn’s BCS title stick?


invited to train with Stoke City of the English Premier League. Quickly the chatter turned from a training spell to a possible transfer. “I was there for 10 days and they gave me an opportunity to train and build relations,” Bunbury said. “Guys like Gudjohnsen and Fuller helped me out and gave me advice on how to take things to the next level.” He was referring to striker Eidur Gudjohnsen of Iceland and the Jamaican striker Ricardo Fuller. But a transfer to the Premier League? “That’s most people’s initial reaction, but they don’t know what’s really going on,” Bunbury said. “It’s just good to go out and train and play against some of the best. No, I’m not going to sign with them.” No yet, at least.

It was last October in the tunnel leading to the field at Red Bull Arena when Teal Bunbury found himself standing next to his boyhood idol as the Kansas City Wizards prepared to play the Red Bulls. “Arsenal is my favorite team and growing up Thierry Henry was always my favorite player,” Bunbury, 20, said in a telephone interview from California, where he is training with the U.S. national soccer team. “And there I was standing next to him. At first, it was weird. I was in awe. But I had to snap out of it and play the game. We talked briefly and he sent me one of his Red Bulls jerseys autographed.” One can forgive Bunbury his sense of wonder. From a stellar career at the University of Akron to Major League Soccer, Bun- TURN TO bury, a promising 6-foot-2 BUNBURY, 7B striker, has moved up the soccer ladder quickly. After a recent trip to Spain with a collection of young MLS players, Bunbury was

BY PETE THAMEL New York Times Service

D’Antoni would prefer to have a center who finished at the basket. Plenty of teams have already inquired about Camby, but Richard Cho, Portland’s general manager, is not inclined to trade him. There has been no dialogue between the Knicks and Cho concerning Camby in some time, according to an NBA executive. “Marcus is having a good year,” Cho said. “Teams are always looking for centers.” Last season, Camby tantalized the imaginations of reporters when he left a Trail Blazers game in New York with a Knicks bag and jerseys. Before the Knicks were given a chance to recruit Camby, he signed a two-year, $21 million contract extension to remain in Portland. The next time the Knicks saw Camby, he helped sour this season’s home opener by stripping and knocking the ball off Stoudemire, denying his opportunity to tie the game with 6.5 seconds left. “There’s always been talks about them wanting to bring me back and stuff like that,” Camby said. “But nothing ever materialized.” When it was suggested that Camby did not provide the chance for them to retain him, Camby responded: “I did. They traded me away.” The 2002 trade ignited the

unning from the field to the locker room after Auburn’s 22-19 victory in the Bowl Championship Series title game on Monday night, Auburn center Ryan Pugh raised his arms and screamed to no one in particular, “They can’t take that away from us!” Later, by his locker, Pugh elaborated on his impromptu celebration. “Winning on the field,” he said. “You might not always be the media favorite or the favorites of the game. People might want to hate you for this or that, but at no point can they ever argue that there was a better team than us this year.” But amid the crisp white celebratory T-shirts and sweaty hugs, an elephant still loomed in the winning locker room on Monday night. As players picked confetti from their hair, they ducked questions about whether they were worried about Auburn’s national championship holding up under NCAA scrutiny of quarterback Cam Newton’s recruitment. “I’m not even going to answer those questions right now,” Pugh said. But Auburn cannot lock the crystal championship trophy in a case until the NCAA finishes the Newton investigation. The NCAA enforcement staff has been looking into Newton’s recruitment for at least four months. If it finds that he or his family committed violations, he could be ruled ineligible retroactively and Auburn could be forced to vacate its title. In the aftermath of the NCAA ruling that Reggie Bush and his family received improper benefits from Southern California, the Trojans are expected to lose their 2004 title. The university is appealing the decision. When asked if there was any concern within the Auburn program that the title would be vacated because of the investigation, the Tigers’ defensive coordinator, Ted Roof, did not comment. The silence of the usually talkative Roof underscores the awkwardness of this Auburn victory. Athletic Director Jay Jacobs avoided reporters most of the past week here. One of the few times he did talk was to the Associated Press before the game, saying that Cecil Newton Sr., Cam’s father, would not attend. (The NCAA ruled that Cecil Newton should have his access to the Auburn program limited because he was trying to shop his son to another university, and he skipped the Heisman Trophy ceremony.) Nevertheless, Cecil Newton was at University of Phoenix Stadium on Monday night, and father and




BRIGHT START: From a stellar career at the University of Akron to Major League Soccer, Teal Bunbury, left, a promising striker, has moved up the soccer ladder quickly.



Camby knows just what the Knicks are missing BY JONATHAN ABRAMS New York Times Service

PORTLAND, Ore. — Center Marcus Camby made the transition long ago from being the mere pogo-stick leaper he was as a Knick. As his points and blocks have dipped, his basketball knowledge has increased and his rebounding remains on par with the NBA’s best. Camby, 36, is aware of the New York Knicks’ resurgence and of what type of player they are in the market for, should they be permanently diverted from their pursuit of Carmelo Anthony. “They have a lot of good pieces,” Camby said. “I’m sure they would like to have a center so Amar’e can go back to his natural position at 4.” He answered with a smile, knowing he could be that center who would allow Amar’e Stoudemire to be more comfortable on the court. The murmurs of Camby’s return to the Knicks, nearly a decade after they traded him, come up biannually, whenever Camby faces them. The present would make sense for Donnie Walsh, the Knicks’ president, to engineer Camby’s return. This also happens to be a time when such a trade is least likely to happen. The Knicks are in the market for a starting center, one who can offer more minutes than Ronny Turiaf and more experience than Timofey Mozgov, and who could

allow Wilson Chandler to return to the bench, where he would headline a better second unit. Figuring out such a goal is much easier than solving it, and quality centers are a rarity in the NBA. Nearly every team is in the market for a starting center; Portland’s — Greg Oden — is sidelined another year. The Trail Blazers

would most likely not accept a deal simply for the year’s worth of salary relief that Camby would create, and despite their injuries, the Trail Blazers are still seeking a playoff appearance. Camby, a link from the last Knicks team to reach the NBA finals, in 1999, is also predominantly a jump shooter. Knicks coach Mike


GENERATING INTEREST: The Portland Trail Blazers’ Marcus Camby who was traded away by the New York Knicks in 2002 could prove to be the center Knicks are looking for. Above, Houston Rockets’ Luis Scola shoots against Camby.






Yahoo sports adds an online magazine BY RICHARD SANDOMIR New York Times Service

Yahoo Sports has built an audience of more than 50 million visitors on news, commentary and fantasy games. Now it is shifting gears with a product extension: an online magazine. Yahoo’s sports division and, a social networking and blogging site, has started producing, a daily magazine that will publish lengthy articles (and 140-word rants), and reports on athlete style, sports technology, travel, fitness and betting lines. It will also be packed with blogs from its partners, Twitter messages from athletes and polls. “We all know that the print world is challenged and that the form, structure and delivery of magazines in the print form are quickly be-

“Anything ambitious is a good idea,” said Terry McDonell, editor of the Time sports group, which includes Sports Illustrated. He said that a critical requirement of a site like is that the navigation “needs to be intuitive when you create it and intuitive to your readers and users. You need that feeling that you’re in good hands on a website. The whole idea of navigation and finding what you want underlies the idea that a lot of this is a service business that journalism never was.” The home page of the first edition of the Yahoo magazine features a design that looks a bit like that of The Daily Beast. The day’s major feature article, “Tom Brady’s Guru,” is in a block across the top, with four columns beneath it, two with photos that roll over into headlines,

coming anachronistic,” said David Katz, the chief executive of SportsFanLive, which began in 2008. “But the purpose they were meant to serve — the long stories and the context that they gave in the sports landscape — is still very much needed.” He added, “It’s our job to rearchitect the sports magazine for the Internet generation.” The general-interest sports magazine world is dominated by Sports Illustrated and ESPN The Magazine. The former spun off, which has far more content than its print parent. The latter is a rare print product from the mostly electronic ESPN media empire. Other major magazines, like Sport and Inside Sports, have died; The Sporting News survives in print and online.

and two that link to articles and blogs. Yahoo Sports began in 1997 and started investing in original content in 2004. Creating ThePostGame is a lateral move but one that the company felt it was time to make. “This is the logical evolution of Yahoo Sports,” said Dave Morgan, Yahoo’s executive editor of North American audiences. He said, “Yahoo is very much about what’s going on right now in sports. A magazine can give a greater shelf life to the breadth of content we have and the talent on our roster.” According to comScore, which measures Internet traffic, Yahoo is the top sports site, with 52.1 million unique visitors in December. SportsFanLive has six million visitors, Katz said.

“We’re a destination,” Morgan said of Yahoo Sports, “and we don’t have a TV network.” He added that the recent wave of 600 layoffs at Yahoo has not affected his division. Katz and Morgan said the new venture is not a mass migration of the type of articles that were not exposed well on Yahoo Sports but a platform where 90 percent of the content will be original. “Our writers want to say something in forms that doesn’t really exist on Yahoo Sports, whether it’s really long-form stories or short hits,” said Morgan, a former deputy sports editor at The Los Angeles Times. “This will have the tools to let them participate.” The Yahoo Sports staff includes Dan Wetzel, Mike Silver, Jason King, Jeff Passan and Adrian Wojnarowski;

Katz said the SportsFanLive’s group of writers and bloggers totals 500. “When I look at what I want to do with this, I have Wetzel and others who are book authors,” Morgan said. “You think about the depth of their ability to tell a story and how the standard online story template is pretty limiting. This will broaden what they are uniquely capable of doing.” Wetzel, Passan and Josh Peter, a former Yahoo writer, recently wrote, “Death to the BCS.” Morgan and Katz said they are not worried that the innovative ESPN, which seems to create a new platform every week, will alter to counter ThePostGame. “Our offering will stand up even if they do that,” Morgan said. “We’ll succeed on the merits of our voice and content.”

Seahawks not playing underdogs card As noise turns up, Patriots talk softly


has reached the playoffs in each of his nine NFL seasons. “Everybody hasn’t been in my situation where I’ve been in, going to the playoffs so many times . . . The younger guys have never been in this situation and they need to hear things like that and they need to understand the situations we go through. “All the things he says, they’re helping.” Hence the idea of not bringing up the underdog factor heading into a place the Seahawks won earlier this season, 23-20 in Week 6. Carroll seems to be relishing the situation. It’s an opportunity to test his philosophies against conventional beliefs, while at the same time making up for a dubious regular season that landed Seattle in the playoffs as the first division winner with a losing record. It’s opposite of what Carroll experienced at USC, when one loss early in the season often ended his hopes for a national title because of the BCS format. While it’s overly cliche, the idea of wiping the slate and starting over when the playoffs begin is true in the NFL.

Knicks have eyes set on Camby NBA, FROM 6 8B

vacuum for a skilled frontcourt player that lasted years. Antonio McDyess, the main player acquired for Camby, was injured, and players like Eddy Curry and Jerome James proved to be contractual disasters and disappointing performers. Stoudemire is a willing center but a natural power forward who has nonetheless finally pushed the Knicks back into respectability. “They’re playing inspired basketball,” Camby said. “I’m happy for the city. I know how it is to win in New York City. I know how the fans can gravitate to you and everyone wants a winner. I’m happy that that organization has turned itself around.” With the Knicks in town, Portland coach Nate McMillan joked that he would lock up Camby. Camby began Tuesday averaging 11.4 rebounds, fifth in the NBA, and 1.8 blocks, 12th in the league. “I still feel like I have a couple years left,” he said. “I still haven’t won a title. The last time I was in the finals, I was back in New York in ’99. That’s always going to be my driving force.” He added: “I like it here out in Portland. Hopefully, I can finish my career here.”



MAKING PROGRESS: No matter the outcome this week against the Chicago Bears, the Seattle Seahawks appear to have taken significant steps forward in coach Pete Carroll’s first year. “You can extend your opportunities by winning games and the tension and the buildup and the excitement and the fun all mounts as you go through that — that’s what is different than the non-playoff system,” Carroll said. “When you play one bowl game it’s just a one-shot deal and now you go to the polls to see what happens. But I

never really liked that part of it, I’d just play it and see what happens because you’re competing.” The Seahawks could be perfect examples. They would need to advance to the Super Bowl to ensure at least a .500 record, but no matter the outcome this week against the Bears, they appear to have taken significant steps

forward in Carroll’s first year. “I’m really pleased with where we are right now,” Carroll said. “The fact that we’ve responded at this time of the year and our guys are really in it right now, they’re championing the cause, they’re talking the right talk, and we’re focused like we want to be focused — there’s no question.”

diverse personalities of these two teams could provide enough material for a graduate class in mastering motivation, but the Jets and the Patriots are startlingly evenly matched, at least statistically. They split the two regular-season games, although when they played last month — presumably a truer barometer of the teams now — the Patriots obliterated the Jets, 45-3, a rout that on Monday Ryan ascribed entirely to poor coaching. The all-time series record is 51-51-1. Still, New England is 14-2 and considered the favorite to advance to the Super Bowl from the AFC by those not on one of the other three remaining AFC teams. The Patriots reflect Belichick’s colorless “button your lips” philosophy, and though nearly everyone else in the NFL thinks it would be a hoot to play for the freewheeling Ryan, New England’s success is such that there are those who are desperate to be in Foxborough. On Tuesday, Crumpler said he wished he had gotten to play for the Patriots earlier in his career. He has so embraced their stripped-down

Will Auburn’s national championship stick? AUBURN, FROM 8B

son reportedly hugged after the game. An Auburn official later told USA Today that Cecil Newton had not received tickets from the university. The actions of Cecil Newton put Auburn under the NCAA microscope. The NCAA and Auburn agree that he attempted to shop his son to Mississippi State for $180,000 in a pay-forplay scheme brokered by a middleman. The Mississippi secretary of state is looking into the case because of the involvement of the middleman, Kenny Rogers, who has financial ties to the NFL agent Ian Greengross. When reached on his cellphone on Tuesday afternoon, Jacobs said that he

was going through airport security and could not talk about the investigation. “I’m not going to do that,” he said. The NCAA does not comment on the specifics of a continuing investigation. One question behind the inquiry is this: Why would Cecil Newton try to sell his son’s services to one Southeastern Conference university for $180,000 but not seek a similar payment from Auburn? (The NCAA declared Newton eligible because it ruled he had no knowledge of his father’s scheme.) The SEC’s commissioner, Mike Slive, said in an interview Saturday that to his knowledge, the NCAA had found no wrongdoing in the Newton case. He was also quick to say that it was

the NCAA’s investigation, not his. The conference’s handling of the case, which included taking months to forward Mississippi State’s allegations to the NCAA, may help spur a change in the way the SEC and other leagues handle potential infractions. But the possibility that the NCAA would take the national title away from Auburn offered little solace to the Oregon players, who said it would mean nothing. “They could take it away down the road; I don’t know,” the reserve quarterback Nate Costa said. “That’s unforeseen. For us, it really wouldn’t matter. We know Auburn beat us on the field today.” Costa said the wins Oregon received from USC’s having to vacate games be-

cause of the Bush ruling did not matter to the Ducks. “You win the game on the field, and that’s really all that matters,” he said. Auburn players said the Newton turmoil and scrutiny helped them bond throughout the season, and they kept defying expectations and came from behind eight times to win. “I think it was something that fueled our fire a little bit,” Pugh said. “You can say that you don’t want to read the media and you don’t want to listen to it, but at the same time, it’s there in front of you every time you turn the TV on.” Until the NCAA investigation is complete, and there is no telling when that will be, Auburn will have to face questions about whether its title will stick.

Young striker Bunbury finds new opportunities BUNBURY, FROM 6 8B

Bunbury is among a cadre of mostly young players training with the U.S. national team ahead of the international friendly against Chile at the Home Depot Center in Carson, Calif., on Jan. 22. Among the two dozen in camp are mostly players from out-of-season MLS teams and U.S. players in European leagues that are on their winter break, half of whom have never played for the senior national team. Bunbury made his debut for the United States late last year in an international

friendly at South Africa. He is also one of a handful of young players who, faced with a choice, have pledged their allegiance to the U.S. national team program. Last week, coach Bob Bradley added a Europebased player to his roster. Eugene Starikov, 22, a striker for Zenit St. Petersburg in Russia who is playing on loan with Tom Tomsk, chose the United States over Ukraine. He was born in Odessa but grew up in Florida and played at Stetson University. Then central midfield-

er Fabian Huerzeler, 17, of Bayern Munich, who was born in Texas but grew up in Germany, decided to play for the United States under20 national team, which is preparing for this year’s FIFA U-20 World Cup in Colombia. The United States currently has in camp midfielder Mikkel Diskerud, who was born and plays in Norway, but whose mother is an American from Arizona. Their choice to play for the United States mildly assuages the disappointment at losing players like striker Giuseppe Rossi

(born in New Jersey) to his father’s native Italy and defender Neven Subotic (born in Serbia, grew up in the United States) to his homeland. For Bunbury (whose father, Alex, played 65 times for Canada from 1986 to 1997) and others, it is mostly about opportunity (Canada has not played in the World Cup since 1986) and pride. “It’s just where I felt my heart was,” said Bunbury, who grew up in suburban Minneapolis. “You can’t please everybody and you have to do what’s right for yourself.”

nature that he reminisced about how unpleasant the feedback from Belichick was after the Patriots lost a preseason game. When asked if he thought Belichick would let them practice inside Wednesday, when a storm is expected to dump as much as 20 inches of snow on Foxborough, he replied, smiling, “Our bubble is just for naming rights, it’s not for us to practice in.” He even joked that Patriots players would leave their homes earlier Wednesday morning to avoid getting to work late and being barred from the building, as happened in 2010 to the former Patriots linebacker Adalius Thomas. The blinders are on, blocking out what running back Sammy Morris called “noise,” the players focusing their attention on the subtle changes the Jets may have made since the teams’ last meeting. The way the Jets got Mark Sanchez out of the pocket more against Indianapolis, for instance, Mayo said. Belichick was careful to keep up a rigorous routine even during the bye week, when the Patriots practiced in full pads twice. They were in full pads again Tuesday.

NBA EASTERN CONFERENCE Atlantic Boston New York Philadelphia Toronto New Jersey

W 28 22 15 13 10

L 9 15 23 24 27

Pct GB .757 .595 6 .395 131/2 .351 15 .270 18

Southeast Miami Orlando Atlanta Charlotte Washington

W 30 25 25 14 10

L 9 12 14 21 26

Pct GB 769 .676 4 .641 5 .400 14 .278 181/2

Central Chicago Indiana Milwaukee Detroit Cleveland


L 25 15 20 14 21 12 25 8 30

Pct GB 12 .676 .429 9 .400 10 .324 13 .211 171/2

WESTERN CONFERENCE Southwest Oklahoma City Utah Denver Portland Minnesota

W 25 25 21 20 9

L 13 13 16 19 30

Pct .658 .658 .568 .513 .231

Northwest Oklahoma City Utah Denver Portland Minnesota

W 25 25 20 20 9

L 13 13 16 18 29

Pct GB .658 — .658 — .556 4 .526 5 .237 16

Pacific L.A. Lakers Phoenix Golden State L.A. Clippers Sacramento

W 28 15 15 12 8

L 11 21 22 24 27

Pct GB .718 .417 111/2 .405 12 .333 141/2 .229 18


Indiana 111, Philadelphia 103 Washington 136, Sacramento 133, OT Milwaukee at Atlanta, ppd. San Antonio 107, Minnesota 96 Denver 132, Phoenix 98 New York 100, Portland 86 L.A. Lakers 112, Cleveland 57

GB 31/2 51/2 161/2



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