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Pakistan court extends jailing of U.S. man



States who has been instrumental in implementing U.S. policy in the region for decades. Mubarak’s fall also came three weeks to the day after a sudden revolt in Tunisia toppled another enduring strongman, Zine el Abidine Ben Ali of Tunisia — a domino effect that may upend conventional wisdom about the passivity of the Arab street and the staying power of authoritarian governments in the region. Monarchies and one-party dictatorships still hold sway in many countries in the region, including Syria, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Yemen. “Taking into consideration the difficult circumstances the country is going through, President Mohammed Hosni Mubarak has decided to leave the post of president of the republic and has tasked the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces to manage the state’s affairs,” Suleiman, grave and ashen, said in a brief televised statement. U.S. President Barack Obama

LAHORE, Pakistan — A Pakistani court on Friday ordered a U.S. official, arrested in the killing of two Pakistanis, to be held for another two weeks while the authorities prepared charges in what the police called a “coldblooded” murder. The official, Raymond A. Davis, 36, whose arrest has a cast a deep chill over relations between the United States and Pakistan, said he acted in self-defense when he shot the men in an attempted daylight robbery on Jan. 27. After a 30-minute, closed-door court hearing, the Lahore city police chief, Aslam Tareen, said that Davis had committed “coldblooded” murder, a statement that appeared likely to further inflame the highly contentious case. Davis was transferred to DAVIS a crowded city jail to await formal charges. A lawyer for Davis, Hassam Qadir, asked Judge Aneeq Anwar Chaudry of the Municipal Court to adhere to the principles of diplomatic immunity and release Davis. The State Department has repeatedly said that he is protected by diplomatic immunity under the Vienna Convention and must be released immediately. In a statement on Friday night, the senior U.S. official posted to Lahore, Carmela Conroy, who heads the consulate there, described the shooting as “a tragedy.” At the same time, she criticized the Pakistani authorities for ignoring what she called eyewitness accounts and physical evidence, including the police statement that one of the assailants carried a loaded gun. Davis was entitled to “full immunity from criminal prosecution,” and under the rules of




Egypt’s military officially takes control as crowds in Cairo erupt in jubilation BY DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK AND ANTHONY SHADID

New York Times Service

CAIRO — Egypt erupted in a joyous celebration of the power of a long repressed people on Friday as President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt resigned his post and ceded control to the military, ending his nearly 30 years of autocratic rule. Shouts of “God is Great” competed with fireworks and car horns around Cairo after Mubarak’s vice president and longtime intelligence chief, Omar Suleiman, announced during evening prayers that Mubarak had passed all authority to a council of military leaders, bowing to a historic popular uprising that has transformed politics in Egypt and around the Arab world. Protesters hugged and cheered and shouted, “Egypt is free!” and “You’re an Egyptian, lift your head.” “He’s finally off our throats,” said one protester, Muhammad Insheemy. “Soon, we will bring someone good.” The departure of the 82-year-


TEARS AND TRIUMPH: Top and above, anti-government protesters celebrate the announcement of President Hosni Mubarak’s departure in Cairo’s Tahrir Square. old Mubarak, at least initially to his coastal resort home in Sharm el Sheik, was a pivotal turn in a nearly three-week revolt that has upended one of the Arab’s world’s most enduring dictator-

Workplaces turning to tobacco-free hiring BY A.G. SULZBERGER

New York Times Service

Smokers now face another risk from their habit: It could cost them a shot at a job. More hospitals and medical businesses are adopting strict policies that make smoking a reason to turn away job applicants, saying they want to increase worker productivity, reduce healthcare costs and encourage healthier living. The new rules essentially treat cigarettes like an illegal narcotic. Applications now explicitly warn of “tobacco-free hiring,” job seekers must submit to urine tests for nicotine and new employees caught smoking face termination. This shift to smoker-free workplaces has prompted sharp debate, even among anti-tobacco groups, over whether the policies establish a troubling precedent of employers intruding into private lives to ban a legal habit. “If enough of these companies adopt theses policies and it really becomes difficult for smokers to find jobs, there are going to be consequences,” said Michael Siegel, a professor at the Boston Uni-


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versity School of Public Health, who has written about the trend. “Unemployment is also bad for health.” Smokers have been turned away for jobs in the past — prompting more than half the states to pass laws rejecting bans on smokers — but the recent growth in the number of companies adopting nosmoker rules has been driven by a surge of interest among healthcare providers, according to academics, human resources experts and antitobacco advocates. “We’ve had a number of inquiries over the last six to 12 months about how to do this,” said Paul Terpeluk, a director at Cleveland Clinic, which stopped hiring smokers in 2007 and has vigorously championed the policy. “The trend line is getting pretty steep, and I’d guess that in the next few years you’d see a lot of major hospitals go this way.” A number of organizations have justified the new policies as advancing their institutional missions of promoting personal well-being and finding ways to reduce the growth in healthcare costs.

ships. The popular protests — peaceful and resilient despite numerous efforts by Mubarak’s legendary security apparatus to suppress them — ultimately deposed an ally of the United

Yacht owners do good for the planet BY CURTIS MORGAN

The floating palaces set to line South Florida’s docks next week will offer plenty of luxury features, from hot tubs to helipads. But only a select few of the yachts in town for the Miami International Boat Show will boast an innovative option that allows owners to do a little something good for the planet as they cruise the playgrounds of the rich, famous and tanned. The boats owned by members of the International SeaKeepers Society — whose elite ranks include an Arab prince who has brought a pair of his yachts to Miami for a group fundraiser — also serve as very fancy scientific platforms. They’re equipped with specially designed sensing systems that automatically collect ocean and weather readings and stream them to scientists around the world, including climatologists studying global warming and forecasters tracking storms at the National Hurricane Center in Miami-Dade. Once they shell out $30,000 or more for the system, all owners have to do is enjoy exotic sunsets, fight massive marlin, cavort



NEW MISSION: The Golden Shadow, with Captain Steven Breen, will be using Miami as home port to launch a four-year research mission. with bikinied supermodels or do whatever it is that wealthy yachters do. Mark Luther, an oceanographer at the University of South Florida, credits SeaKeepers’ small but expanding fleet of


pleasure vessels and commercial and cruise ships for providing a wealth of data — at no cost to a chronically underfunded scientific community. • TURN TO YACHTS, 2A


INDEX THE AMERICAS ............ 4A U.S. NEWS ..................... 5A OPINION....................... 7A COMICS & PUZZLES.. 6B

2/12/2011 5:38:26 AM






Egypt’s military officially takes control • EGYPT, FROM 1A

reacted to the news Friday afternoon with effusive praise for the Egyptian people, especially its youth. “Egyptians have inspired us, and they’ve done so by putting the lie to the idea that justice is best gained through violence,” he said. Mubarak’s departure came after a 24-hour period that mixed celebration and anger, as Egypt and the outside world at first anticipated Mubarak’s imminent resignation on Thursday afternoon, then recoiled in outrage when he continued to cling to power in a combative televised address Thursday night. Whether Mubarak’s speech represented a real attempt to hold on to power, or a prideful, deluded assertion of influence in defiance of political reality, was not immediately clear. But Obama administration officials said Friday that Egyptian officials explained that Mubarak had in fact been removed from his posts in favor of a military council and that the transfer of power was well under way. The shift leaves the military in charge of this nation of 80 million, facing insistent calls for fundamental democratic change and open elections. The military has repeatedly promised to respond to the demands of protesters.

But it has little recent experience in directly governing the country, and will have to defuse demonstrations and labor strikes that have paralyzed the economy and left many of the country’s institutions, including state news media and the security forces, in shambles. Shortly before the announcement of Mubarak’s departure, the military issued a communique pledging to carry out a variety of constitutional reforms in a statement remarkable for its commanding tone. The military’s statement mentioned Mubarak’s earlier delegation of power to Suleiman, but also suggested that it would oversee implementation of the reforms. Among Egypt’s scattered but triumphant opposition, the initial reaction to Mubarak’s departure and the military’s assertion of authority was ecstatic. “Egypt is going to be a fully democratic state,” said Wael Ghonim, the Google executive who helped organize the youth-led protests and became one of the movement’s most prominent spokesmen. “You will be impressed.” Mohamed ElBaradei, the Nobel Laureate and Egyptian opposition figure said, “Egypt has been going down the drain for the last few weeks and we need to get it back to where it should be.” He added, “We

need a democratic country based on social justice.” There were voices of caution as well. Abdel-Rahman Samir, a protest organizer, said the movement would open negotiations with the military, but said demonstrations should also continue to ensure changes are carried out. “We still don’t have any guarantees yet — if we end the whole situation now it’s like we haven’t done anything,” Samir told the Associated Press. “So we need to keep sitting in Tahrir until we get all our demands.” In the United States, Vice President Joseph R. Biden called Mubarak’s departure a “pivotal” development. The European Union welcomed the shift in leadership and also emphasized its desire to see changes that lead to “a broad-based government.” In Switzerland, the foreign ministry said in a statement that it had frozen possible assets of “the former Egyptian president” and his associates. The military has been far more popular among the Egyptian people than the government of Mubarak, even though Mubarak and many of his top officials had military backgrounds. Its standing was reinforced by its signals of support for the people’s demands, repeated visits to Tahrir Square by top generals,

and its decision not to forcibly suppress the protests. In its communiqué on Friday, the military reiterated that it intends to supervise political change, but also largely stuck to the main constitutional and electoral reforms that Mubarak and Suleiman had already promised to implement. Whether those changes are sufficient — and whether they can be carried out quickly enough — to satisfy protesters remains to be seen. It was not immediately clear whether Suleiman would retain a role, under the military council, in running the country. In Tahrir Square, the focal point of the uprising, many protesters were overcome with the emotion of achieving their unlikely but determined quest to overthrow Mubarak. More than an hour after Suleiman spoke, the din was undiminished, as the celebrants, some in tears, shouted, sang, embraced and chanted. The slogan of the revolution, “The people want to bring down the regime,” adopted from Tunisia, became, “The people, at last, have brought down the regime.” Parents were seen putting their children on the tanks to have their photos snapped with the soldiers, while the soldiers reached down to shake hands with the protest-

diplomacy should be freed immediately, she said. In response to the U.S. demands for Davis’ release, Pakistani officials say he will be dealt with in the courts. Although senior Pakistani officials agree in private that Davis, who carries a diplomatic passport, is protected by the Vienna Convention, they appear unable or unwilling to enforce the protocol, according to senior U.S. officials. The civilian government of President Asif Ali Zardari is being assailed daily in the news media about the case, and the cause of the two dead men has been taken up by right-wing religious parties. The Pakistani military and security apparatus appear to be willing to allow the Davis case to dominate the relationship with Washington for the

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moment, U.S. and Pakistani officials said. That way, Pakistan can wring concessions on the breadth of the presence of U.S. security officials and contractors in Pakistan, an issue that is at the center of deepening antagonism among the Pakistani public toward the United States, according to the officials. U.S. officials say that two armed men threatened Davis when he was driving alone on a busy Lahore road, and that he fired in self-defense. The statement on Friday night said that Davis was assigned as an “administrative and technical” member of the staff at the U.S. Embassy in Islamabad. But his exact duties have not been explained, and the reason he was driving alone with a Glock handgun, a pocket telescope and GPS equipment has fueled speculation in the Pakistani news media.

square against an army of club-wielding toughs loyal to Mubarak. And it was here that they continued to call down hundreds of thousands of protesters even as the United States and the rest of the West began to rally around the idea of a gradual, tentative political transition that left Mubarak in power. The protesters said throughout that only the ouster of Mubarak would demonstrate their power thoroughly enough to ensure that no new strongman might try to reconsolidate power. And on Friday they said they were ready to proclaim victory. “Our country never had a victory in our lifetime, and this is the sort of victory we were looking for, a victory over a vicious regime that we needed to bring down,” said Shady el Ghazaly Harb, a 32-year-old transplant surgeon who was among the small group of organizers who guided the revolution. “After the celebration, we are going to insist on a civil government to run our country for the transition. We are not going to ask the people to stay in the square or leave — it is their choice,” he added. “Even if they leave any government will now that we can get them to the streets again in a minute.”

Yacht owners do some good for the planet

U.S. official’s jailing extended • PAKISTAN, FROM 1A

ers and people chanted, “The people and the army are one hand.” In a show of solidarity in at least lower levels of the army, three Egyptian officers shed their weapons and uniforms and joined the protesters. “Now, we can breathe fresh air, we can feel our freedom,” said Dr. Gamal Heshamt, a former member of Parliament and a member of the Muslim Brotherhood. “Now we can start to build our country. After 30 years of absence from the world, Egypt is back.” Some people waved Tunisian flags, while young women danced on the hulking remains of burned-out armored personnel carriers. The Qasr al Nil bridge, the sight of ugly fighting between the protesters and Mubarak supporters, was crammed from one end to the next with people cheering and chanting, “Egypt! Egypt! Egypt!” It was here two weeks ago, that thousands of unarmed protesters beat back a six-hour assault by thousands of riot police armed with shields, clubs, tear gas and water cannons to march in to the square. It was here 10 days that the same unarmed protesters organized themselves into brigades to break up the pavement into stone missiles to use as ammunition in a 14-hour battle to hold the



TUMULT: Protesters chant slogans during a rally against Raymond Allen Davis in Karachi, Pakistan. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has warned the Pakistani government in telephone calls to Zardari that the continued detention of Davis threatened the foundations of the strategic relationship between the two countries. As the United States government argued for Davis’ release, photographs and video from his camera and his cellphone were shown on two Pakistani television channels in what appeared to be deliberate leaks by the Pakistani security forces. Several images showed one of the two men, Faizan Haider, lying on the road af-

ter he had been shot, a pistol in his hand. Other photographs showed the road near Lahore that leads to the border with India, old military bunkers along the road and office buildings in the city. The video taken shortly after Davis was detained included his voice asking the police the whereabouts of his passport. In the video, he is heard saying he worked as a consultant at the United States Consulate in Lahore. Davis, who arrived at the court in an armored van with tight security, was kept away from the news media.

“There are large areas of the ocean where we never, or very rarely, get measurements. It’s critical we fill in those gaps,” said Luther, a member of SeaKeepers’ science advisory board. “We have 90 vessels now. We could easily have 900 or 9,000 and not answer all the questions.” SeaKeepers, based in South Florida and Monaco, isn’t widely known outside of yachting and society circles. Not all members are rich but several rank high on lists of the world’s wealthiest people. They include Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen; publisher and former presidential candidate Steve Forbes, and Miami Heat and Carnival Cruise Lines owner Micky Arison, who has equipped five ships with Seakeeper systems. Another is Prince Khaled Bin Sultan, a member of Saudi Arabia’s royal family. He founded the Living Oceans Foundation, which supports science expeditions aboard the Golden Shadow, a 219-footer that will be open for tours at a Feb. 18 SeaKeepers’ gala at the Epic Hotel on the Miami River. The Shadow — originally built as a support yacht for the prince’s 265-foot personal vessel, Golden Odyssey, also moored at the Epic — isn’t fitted for luxury but for long-range research. For all the yachting glitz, SeaKeepers’ mission is about as basic as science gets: monitoring the vital signs of the ocean and atmosphere, two complex, constantly interacting systems. Michael Moore, a Miami maritime law attorney and chair of the SeaKeepers board, acknowledged recruiting for the organization can be tough. It’s not a group that attracts hard-core greens. Yachts guzzle fossil fuel — Golden Shadow, for instance, carries enough diesel for its twin 3,000-horse engines to fill two swimming pools — and there are no photos of injured marine life to make the pitch. “We’re talking about something that doesn’t have a face. Basically, it’s data,” Moore said. “It’s something that is extremely difficult to convey to people, that this is a global game changer.” The nonprofit organization was born from a

discussion about climate change among a group of yacht owners gathered off Monaco in 1998, Moore said. Though members’ personal views on climate change might differ on the origins and threat, he said, they agreed the potential implications were profound and that there was huge need for more hard data. Their idea was to create a reliable, accurate system that could allow yachts to do work previously left to research vessels. The innovative monitoring system, called the SeaKeeper 1000, was developed with millions of dollars donated by the group’s founding members and initial help from scientists and engineers at the University of Miami’s Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science. The system was issued a U.S. patent in 2003. The basic model measures temperature, salinity, oxygen and acid in the ocean and gathers a host of weather readings. Software melds the data, keyed to time and location by a vessel’s satellite navigation system, and automatically transmits it to computer servers available to an international network of scientists and forecasters. Hurricane center forecasters have tapped the data to sharpen computer models that predict storm tracks and intensity, said hurricane center director Bill Read. Precise readings in open ocean are scarce, he said, and data from nearby ships are more accurate than satellite-based estimates, said Read, who is also on the group’s advisory board. “Forecasts for the weather or hurricanes over the ocean are only as good as the data that goes into them,” Read said. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which oversees the hurricane center and National Weather Service, gave the group a $100,000 grant last year and installed systems on some offshore buoys and research ships. To Steven Breen, captain of the Golden Shadow, mobility is what makes the system unique and valuable. “When it’s put on a vessel, obviously we can go to places where it is just impossible to put a set buoy,” said Breen, whose ship has sailed as far as Tahiti and the Seychelles in the Indian Ocean.

2/12/2011 5:36:40 AM






GOP leaders stress budget cuts BY CARL HULSE

New York Times Service


BEREAVED: Sam Davis and his late wife Nancy Davis.

Missionary vows return to Mexico after wife killed BY LINDA STEWART BALL

WASHINGTON — House Republican leaders said Thursday that they would accede to demands from conservatives and dig deeper into the federal budget for billions of dollars in additional savings this year, exhibiting the power of the Tea Party movement and chances of a major fiscal clash with Democrats. In response to complaints from rank-and-file Republicans that the party was not fulfilling a campaign promise to roll back domestic spending this year by $100 billion, the chairman of the House Appropriations Committee said his panel would abandon its initial plan and draw up a new one to slice spending more aggressively. The reversal was the most concrete demonstration yet that the wave of fiscal conser-

Associated Press

DALLAS — Sam Davis and his wife Nancy worked tirelessly as missionaries, building churches and medical clinics in Mexico before she was killed by suspected drug smugglers. Though returning would be dangerous — maybe fatal, he admits — Davis wants to continue the work to which his beloved “Nanz” dedicated her life. Speaking with The Associated Press exactly two weeks after the couple was ambushed in their pickup truck, Davis said Wednesday that he doubts his wife’s attackers will be brought to justice. But he prays for them. “I miss her terribly, but those people who killed her need to be saved,” Davis said during a telephone interview from his home in South Texas. “I pray for them, that God will have mercy on them and help them to know him.” “Only God knows why I made it through,” he said later. “It’s been the most horrible experience of my life.” Davis believes the gunmen wanted his truck and weren’t targeting him and his wife, a registered nurse who helped deliver newborns in clinics they built through their Gospel Proclaimers Missionary Association. But now, after speaking publicly about the shootings, Davis knows he’s a target. ON CARTELS’ RADAR He said a friend called earlier Wednesday to tell him that his home in Mexico was being watched by drug cartel members. A Mexican prosecutor was to interview Davis on Friday. “I know it’s the drug cartel and the Zetas and the guys who shot at us, shot up my truck and killed my wife,” Davis said. “They know who I am.” The couple was returning from a visit to one of their churches when they encountered an illegal roadblock Jan. 26, on a highway just south of the border city of Reynosa. The couple had been pursued 15 times before during their years in Mexico, and Sam Davis decided not to stop. He then heard gunfire from semiautomatic weapons. The back window of the truck shattered — and the woman he married more than 38 years ago, whom he described as perfect, fell motionless. “I felt and heard the impact of the bullet that hit her in the back of her head,” Davis said. “She instantly slumped over unconscious . . . blood began pouring out all over the console and seat. I laid my hand on her neck and could feel her heart was still beating. But I still had over 70 miles to get to the border.” He drove at 137 mph, “but it still seemed like forever” before they made it to Texas. Nancy was pronounced dead at a hospital. She was 59. Earlier that day, the couple had talked about what they would do if they were ever kidnapped. After hearing about recent violence — tortures, rapes, beheadings — they agreed “we were not going to stop and surrender without fighting. That’s why I did what I did,” Davis said. Because of escalating violence, Davis was able to convince his wife to stay behind for the last few weeks when he went into some remote villages to check on their pastors and congregations. After his last trip, his wife told him she couldn’t stand being without him. They’d been working in Mexico together for nearly four decades. A REGRET “We’ve been together through thick and thin. She said, ‘please let me go, take me with you,’ ” Davis recalled. Granting that request, he said, is something he’ll always regret. He acknowledged that the shooting “was simply one more in a long chain” of drug-related violence in Mexico. If he could go back in time, Davis said, he maybe would have packed up his family and fled Mexico with other missionaries, then waited for the violence to quell before returning to their work. Through donations, their Gospel Proclaimers Missionary Association supports some 15 churches on a 2,000-mile circuit through Mexico. “We had counted the cost and were very aware that it was going to take our lives, but I didn’t know what that would mean,” he said. He has found some solace speaking with Tiffany Hartley, the Colorado woman whose husband was shot by pirates as the couple rode Jet-Skis on a Texas-Mexico border lake. His body was never found. “To know and sense what we’ve been through, the trauma of watching your mate be killed, the suffering of that. The agony is beyond words,” Davis said. Yet he wants to continue the mission for which his wife died. The couple has two adult sons and seven grandchildren, and Davis said both his sons have decided to help. Davis has established a memorial fund to build a new church honoring his wife. He has seen lives transformed as people come to embrace faith, and he wants to keep experiencing that beauty. “I am not angry with God that my wife is gone,” Davis said. “I don’t understand why he took her. But I know that he has a plan that is working out and it’s part of that plan. And so, I remain committed and surrender to his will even though my heart is hurting and I’m grieving.”

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vatives who catapulted Republicans into the House majority is reshaping the political and policy calculations being made by the party leadership. It highlighted the challenges Republican leaders face as they try to enact a spending plan for the balance of this fiscal year before a March 4 deadline, and it portends further clashes as Congress turns to battles over raising the federal debt ceiling and adopting a budget for next year. Senate Democrats, who will have to negotiate with their Republican counterparts in the House, criticized the plan, accusing Republicans of slashing too deeply into programs like community law enforcement while refusing to end subsidies to powerful allies like the oil industry. The $100 billion goal set by the House Republicans as they sought to defeat Demo-

crats in November was to come from requests from the Obama administration for the 2011 fiscal year, which began Oct. 1. Some of those requests were significant increases that were never enacted, so the cuts being sought by Republicans may still fall short of the $100 billion target — although they would be farreaching in the domestic programs that would absorb the brunt of them. The initial Republican plan called for $35 billion in cuts for the balance of this year, which has more than seven months yet to run. Republican leaders had said that figure was equivalent to about $74 billion in cuts had they been applied to the full fiscal year, measured against the budget request made last year by the Obama administration. But that argument rang hollow to many conserva-

tive Republicans who did not relish the idea of explaining to constituents why the new majority was coming up short of the pledge. After Republicans challenged the plan in a closeddoor party meeting Wednesday, Rep. Harold Rogers, the Kentucky Republican who heads the committee, and his fellow committee leaders say they now intend to provide new cuts that would meet the target of eliminating $100 billion from Obama’s request in “one fell swoop.” Republican leaders signaled that they now intended to seek about $25 billion in additional cuts over the balance of the fiscal year. That would bring their total proposed reductions to more than $60 billion, a level that even some Republicans have warned would be disruptive to government services.

Is he a geezer or just a thug in a mask? BY THOMAS WATKINS Associated Press

LOS ANGELES — Entrepreneurs are printing surveillance shots of his wrinkled face on T-shirts, thousands of people “Like” him on Facebook and many are wishing him continued success at evading the law. To his legion of fans, the “Geezer Bandit” is a bankrobbing old man with a quirky nickname whose popularity only seems to grow with each heist. But authorities trying to track him down say there is nothing light hearted about the doddering robber. They say he is an armed and dangerous menace who leaves bank tellers terrified and could strike at any time. He might even be someone younger disguised under a lifelike special-effects mask. In a region the FBI has dubbed the bank robbery capital of the world, where stickups still occur on an almost daily basis, the “Geezer Bandit” case has captured the public’s interest like few others in recent memory. And for now at least, the aging robber is showing no signs of retiring. On Jan. 28, authorities say the blazer-clad geezer struck at a Bank of America branch in Goleta, a city northwest of Los Angeles. Witnesses estimated him to be between 60 and 70 years old. It was the farthest he’d roamed from San Diego County, where he is suspected of robbing 11 banks starting in August 2009. He is also believed to have robbed a Bank of America in Bakersfield, bringing the total tally to 13. A typical posting on one of the two Facebook pages set up to honor the crook exhorts him to “Run Geezer Run!” One frequent commenter, Kenny Walsh, said he is pleased to see a robber targeting Bank of America. “Talk about a bunch of crooks glad


UNUSUAL SUSPECT: This image shows the ‘Geezer Bandit’ robbing a bank in Goleta, Calif. to see you got some of the americans money back,” he wrote. Hoping to make quick money, several people have designed T-shirts, mugs and other paraphernalia with the robber’s image from surveillance footage. The fascination with bank robbers goes back generations in the United States, with some venerating the most notorious — John Dillinger, Bonnie and Clyde and Jesse James. University of California, Los Angeles, sociology professor David Halle said some people derive satisfaction from seeing large institutions under attack. “There is a long tradition of not liking banks in the U.S.,” Halle said. “They have been unpopular for ages and now they are unpopular again for obvious reasons. [The ‘Geezer Bandit’] is not robbing old ladies.” Adding to the case’s intrigue is the possibility that the elderly looking robber is not old at all. The theory gained traction after a white Ohio man admitted to rob-

bing several banks while wearing a mask that looked like a black man. It was so realistic that police mistakenly arrested a man who had similar facial characteristics. Even the wrongly accused man’s mother thought a photo she’d seen of the robbery suspect she’d seen on the news was her son. The real culprit, Conrad Zdzierak, who pleaded guilty in November, said he had bought the mask from SPFX masks in the San Fernando Valley. Another type of mask the firm makes is called “The Elder.” Its deep wrinkles and blemished skin bear a striking resemblance to the grizzled visage of the “Geezer Bandit.” The FBI has spoken with the mask company but is not saying if agents have tried to track customers and publicly, the agency says it is still looking for an old man, not someone else with a silicone mask. In some cases, witnesses reported seeing plastic tubes running from the robber’s nose to a bag housing what may have been breathing ap-

paratus. He speaks in a deliberate voice and often wears smart clothes such as buttondown shirts or a fedora. The FBI and various banks are offering a $20,000 reward for information leading to his arrest and conviction. If it turns out the robber’s geezer credentials are real, he is part of a rare but persistent demographic of older bank robbers. Such criminals are usually men younger than 50, Foxworth said, but there are plenty of exceptions. In October, authorities snagged a man suspected of being the “Golden Years Bandit” when they arrested William McCormick Jr., 59, on suspicion of robbing five banks in the Los Angeles region. The Los Angeles region currently has its own robber with the same moniker. The local “Grandma Bandit,” a frail, straw-hat wearing woman in her 60s, is still at large, most recently robbing a bank in Palm Springs, FBI spokeswoman Laura Eimiller said. The unlikely image of an older person robbing a bank at gunpoint may help in letting them escape. In the “Geezer Bandit” robberies, his frail gait and inconspicuous manner attracted little attention. Often, the only person aware that a robbery was taking place is the teller. “When he goes in, he is not drawing a lot of physical attention to himself,” Foxworth said. “He will wait in line sometimes. When he gets to the teller counter — he tells them to give him the money or he will shoot them.” In several cases, he has been captured on surveillance camera brandishing a small-caliber revolver in his left hand. He might be wearing gloves. The bandit then shuffles out of the building and disappears. The FBI is not sure if he uses a vehicle or has a getaway driver.

U.S. archive retrieves Revolutionary War letter BOSTON — (AP) — A 1775 letter announcing the victory at Fort Ticonderoga, N.Y., was spotted in an auction catalog and returned to the Massachusetts state archives six decades after it disappeared. State archivists spotted the letter from Joseph Warren in a Sotheby’s catalog of Revolutionary War manuscripts, and the state negotiated its return, Massachusetts Secretary of State William Galvin said. At the time he wrote it, Warren was a doctor and president of the Provincial Congress that sat in Watertown, Mass. In the letter, he wrote that he had just learned that Col. Benedict Arnold, along with Ethan Allen, had captured Fort Ticonderoga, New Year, and forts at Crown Point and St. John’s in the Lake Champlain

area, which reduced the threat of British attack from Canada. In a postscript, Warren asks that his letter be shared with Gen. Henry Knox. Three weeks after writing the letter, Warren joined the provincial army and was killed in the Battle of Bunker Hill. The following winter, Knox would transport the Ticonderoga cannons across Massachusetts and install them on Boston’s Dorchester Heights to pressure the British to depart from Boston on March 17, 1776. Galvin said he was glad to have the letter back in the public archive. “This letter is a contemporary account of a key struggle in the Revolution as it affected Massachusetts written by a Revolutionary War hero,” he said.


HISTORIC MANUSCRIPT: The 1775 letter describing the victory at Fort Ticonderoga, N.Y., has been discovered after six decades.

2/12/2011 2:28:24 AM






Mexican court charges U.S. teen with 4 killings BY OSWALD ALONSO Associated Press

CUERNAVACA, Mexico — Mexican prosecutors have filed homicide charges against a 14-year-old U.S. citizen who allegedly acted as an assassin for a drug cartel. Authorities say Edgar Jimenez Lugo confessed to killing four people whose beheaded bodies were hung from a bridge in Cuernavaca, a central colonial city that is popular with Mexican and international tourists alike and is known for its yearlong springlike climate. Jimenez has been charged with the homicides and other crimes, including arms possession and transporting cocaine, prosecutors from Morelos state, where Cuernavaca is located, said in a statement late Wednesday. Because he was charged as a juvenile, he faces a maximum three years in prison. Prosecutors identified the boy only by his first name,

but his family gave his full name to journalists. Jimenez was born in San Diego, California, but grew up in Mexico, raised by his grandmother. He and his sister were arrested in December as they tried to board a plane to Tijuana, where they purportedly planned to cross the border and reunite with their mother in San Diego. The two siblings allegedly worked for Julio “El Negro” Padilla, a reputed drug trafficker who authorities say has been fighting for control of the drug trade in Morelos. Morelos was formerly under the control of the Beltran Leyva gang, which broke up after alleged leader Arturo Beltran Leyva was killed in a shootout with Mexican marines a year ago. The battle among remnants of the gang has caused an unprecedented spike in violence in Morelos and in neighboring Guerrero state,

where the resort city of Acapulco is located. Stories of a hit boy, maybe as young as 12, spread after a YouTube video appeared in November with teens mugging for the camera next to corpses and guns. One boy on the video alleged that “El Ponchis” was his accomplice. A relative has said Jimenez was nicknamed “Ponchi” by his family because he was a pudgy child. When he was handed over to federal prosecutors, the boy calmly said in front of cameras that he participated in four killings while drugged and under threat. But his family has said they don’t believe the confession. A close relative, who asked not to be quoted by name for fear of retaliation, has told The Associated Press that he believes Jimenez was an errand boy for criminals, not an assassin. The relative said the boy might have confessed to the killings to show off.

Mexico upholds French woman’s conviction BY E. EDUARDO CASTILLO Associated Press

MEXICO CITY — An appeals court upheld the conviction of a French woman imprisoned in Mexico for kidnapping, a case that has ignited passions in both Mexico and France and caused friction between the two governments. France’s foreign minister reacted strongly, calling Thursday’ decision deplorable and saying it would affect relations with Mexico. Mexico’s Foreign Relations Department rejected the charge that an injustice was done and said it regretted “profoundly” that France would allow relations to be harmed by the case. The court said in a statement that the conviction and 60-year-sentence of Florence Cassez would stand. The court said that prosecutors had proved Cassez’s guilt in three 2005 kidnappings and that irregularities alleged by her defense attorney did not hinder the case. Cassez has acknowledged she lived at a ranch near Mexico City where the kidnapped victims were held, including an 8-year-old girl. But she said she was simply dating a Mexican arrested in the case and did not know the people at the ranch had been kidnapped. One of the victims iden-

tified Cassez as one of her captors, and another suspect in the case said the Frenchwoman not only participated in abductions, but helped lead the gang that carried them out. The appeals court ruled that while the victims never saw Cassez’s face, they identified her by her voice, foreign accent and hair color. Cassez’s imprisonment became a hotly debated issue in France after Mexican police acknowledged they staged a televised raid of the ranch in which officers appeared to rescue the hostages and detain Cassez and a Mexican man. The Attorney General’s Office acknowledged that, in fact, Cassez had been arrested the day before outside the ranch. French Foreign Minister Michelle Alliot-Marie harshly criticized the court’s decision, saying she was dismayed by the ruling and warning it “will weigh on our bilateral relations” with Mexico. “This decision is deplorable,” Alliot-Marie added in a statement. “None of the fundamental legal or factual elements raised by Florence Cassez’s defense were taken into account, as they should have been in a state of law,” she said.

Alliot-Marie said the French government will not abandon Cassez and will explore all legal paths available. Defense lawyer Agustin Acosta argued that parading Cassez in front of the cameras after her arrest prejudiced the case from the beginning. But the appeals court rejected that argument, saying those videos were not formally considered during the trial. “She was presented as guilty in front of the television,” Acosta said. “We all know the impact of television and how it can influence judges and everybody.” He also said the victims described the events as they unfolded before the cameras during the staged raid — and not how they really happened. Cassez was initially convicted of four kidnappings and sentenced to 96 years, but in 2009 a court reduced the charges to three kidnappings and cut the sentence to 60 years. She is the only person convicted in the case. The case against her former boyfriend, Vallarta, is pending. Cassez has found little sympathy in Mexico, which has one of the world’s highest kidnapping rates.

Scuffles erupt in National Assembly of Venezuela CARACAS — (AP) — Scuffles and a fistfight erupted between allies and adversaries of President Hugo Chavez in Venezuela’s National Assembly, forcing security guards to separate two battling lawmakers. It was the second scuffle among lawmakers since early January, when newly elected opposition lawmakers took their seats in a legislature that had for years been controlled almost exclusively by Chavez allies. Tensions boiled over on Thursday when several opposition lawmakers, including Alfonso Marquina, approached the podium during

a debate involving top government officials who were taking questions. Marquina complained that boisterous Chavez supporters inside the chamber should be silenced. Incensed lawmakers in front of the podium began pushing and shoving, then Marquina and pro-Chavez lawmaker Henry Villanueva went to blows. The melee ended after the assembly’s vice president called for calm and security guards and fellow lawmakers separated Marquina and Villanueva. Nobody suffered serious injury, state television said. Another scuffle between the rivals factions erupted

last month, but nobody was injured in it either. Venezuela’s previous National Assembly was controlled almost entirely by Chavez allies after the opposition boycotted 2005 legislative elections. But voting in September saw Chavez opponents win 67 of the assembly’s 165 seats. The arrival of those lawmakers in early January raised tensions with Chavez’s allies used to rubber-stamping government initiatives. Sessions have seen insults and threats. The opposition’s gains prevent Chavez allies from obtaining the two-thirds majority needed to pass some types of legislation.

Bolivia’s president rattled by protests LA PAZ, Bolivia — (AP) — Bolivia’s President Evo Morales has abruptly abandoned the southern highlands city of Oruro after protesters angered by rising prices booed him and set off dynamite. Morales canceled plans to participate in a Thurs-

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day march, returning to La Paz, after people in the mining city mounted protests against rising food prices and shortages. They are especially upset about a near doubling in the price of sugar after the government lifted subsidies. Morales’ popularity has

plummeted since he tried to lift subsidies on gasoline, flour and sugar in December. He subsequently abandoned the effort — but did remove price controls on sugar. On Thursday, there were also protests in the main Bolivian cities of La Paz, Santa Cruz and Cochabamba.


UP AND ALERT: Guatemalan soldiers patrol the jungles surrounding the city of Coban, Guatemala, to crack down on the hideouts of Mexican drug cartels.

Mexican cartels draw army back to jungles in Guatemala BY WILLIAM BOOTH AND NICK MIROFF

Washington Post Service

COBAN, Guatemala — The once-fearsome Guatemalan army has returned to the jungles where it battled Marxist guerrillas a generation ago, this time to hunt shadowy Mexican drug traffickers fighting for control of strategic smuggling routes to the United States. So serious is the perceived threat to national security that President Alvaro Colom of Guatemala has extended “a state of siege” and martial law in his country’s Alta Verapaz province, where authorities say the soldiers are beating back an invasion by the Mexican cartel known as the Zetas. Colom plans to extend troop deployments to other conflict zones in the country, officials say, militarizing the drug war here and reviving a Guatemalan army still tainted by the 36-year civil war, decades of human rights abuses and an unfinished peace process. The military operations are the clearest sign yet that as Mexico’s wealthy drug mafias spread into Central America, wary but weak governments here are preparing to follow Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon’s U.S.-backed decision to turn the armed forces against the cartels. That strategy has failed to slow the violence in Mexico, which has left more than 34,000 dead in four years. The move is also likely to renew calls for more U.S. anti-narcotics aid beyond the $250 million allocated to Central America since 2007 as part of the $1.8 billion Merida Initiative, which has mostly targeted Mexico. Last month, Colombia made a remarkable call for a unified counternarcotics force that would set aside nationalist rivalries to combine soldiers from Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras to retake territory from the expanding crime syndicates. The Guatemalan president is also asking for help — more money, training, equipment and intelligence — from Mexico and the United States. The U.S. government recently moved helicopters from Co-

lombia to Guatemala to expand operations by the Drug Enforcement Administration. In the past year, DEA operatives working in Guatemala have sharply curtailed narcotics shipments into the region by air, as armed U.S. agents riding in Huey helicopters have chased down and ambushed smugglers when they attempted to land at clandestine airstrips. The number of known drug shipments arriving in Guatemala by light aircraft dropped from more than 50 to five or six in 2010, according to a U.S. official. But because of that success, land routes through Guatemala have become even more critical to controlling the flow of narcotics, specifically shipments of South American cocaine bound for the United States, the world’s biggest consumer of illegal drugs. Coban and the surrounding Alta Verapaz region sit at the crossroads of many of those smuggling corridors. Before soldiers arrived in Coban in December, the people of this farming town of 80,000 say they were powerless to confront the rapacious outsiders who rode through the streets in shiny new sport utility vehicles, brandishing automatic weapons and looking to recruit local talent with fat wads of dollar bills, especially former Guatemalan special-forces soldiers. “The people here were too scared to do anything,” said Col. Marco Tulio Vasquez Sanchez, commander of the 300 troops now patrolling Coban and the surrounding area. At his desk in the military barracks, the colonel opened his laptop and played a video that soldiers confiscated at a farm allegedly abandoned by retreating Zeta forces in December. The disc shows a Sept. 15 Mexican Independence Day celebration at the local airstrip, where beefy men wearing white cowboy hats with pistols on their hips cheer horse races from the backs of their pickup trucks. The soundtrack is a bouncy Mexican ballad known as a narcocorrido. “That’s the one they call ‘El W,’ ” the colonel said, zooming in on a mustachioed

figure in dark aviator glasses. “I’m still hunting for him.” Military commanders say they have seized dozens of vehicles, many of them stolen from Mexico, along with five airplanes and more than 100 weapons, including launchers and machine guns. Many of the arms were recovered at a farm on the outskirts of Coban, where they had been hastily buried in grain sacks beneath towering palms and plants heavy with coffee beans. In a muddy grave behind the farmhouse, troops unearthed the body of a man kidnapped near Guatemala City. According to the military, the farm belonged to Otoniel Turcios, a suspected Guatemalan drug smuggler who fled to Belize, where he was arrested in October. He was then handed over to DEA agents and flown to New York, where he is charged with conspiracy to import and distribute narcotics. U.S. law enforcement agents say Turcios and other alleged local drug bosses, including Walter Overdick, known as “El Tigre,” may have brought the Zetas into the country as partners or protectors but were quickly muscled aside. Unlike in Mexico, where cartel gunmen stage brazen assaults on government officials and security forces, the criminals in Coban have not followed through on the threats of attack. Instead, since the military’s arrival, the Mexican traffickers here have been mostly ghosts, the subject of sightings, rumors and anonymous Internet postings but very few arrests. None of the 21 suspects taken into custody since December in Coban is a Mexican national, and authorities said the Zetas commanders have probably slipped back into Mexico or relocated to more lawless parts of Guatemala. “This is just a slight disruption for them,” said one U.S. official who spoke on the condition of anonymity, citing security protocols. He estimated that 70 percent of Mexico’s 550-mile border with Guatemala is controlled by the Zetas.

FARC frees 2 more captives BY CESAR GARCIA

Associated Press

BOGOTA — Colombian rebels released to the International Red Cross on Friday two more captives, a young marine they captured eight months ago and a 48-year-old town councilman seized in 2009. That brought to three the number of captives that the leftist The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, have released this week. Two more liberations are slated for Sunday. The two were flown to safety from remote southern Colombia in a Brazilian military helicopter. However, hopes that a new batch of liberations by the FARC could augur peace talks were dampened by the kidnapping Wednesday by

suspected rebels of two men authorities identified as paper company employees. That same day, the FARC freed another town councilman, its first unilateral release of a captive since May of last year. President Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia complained Thursday that the new abductions indicated the FARC was playing “a double game” — “on the one hand mounting liberations with great fanfare and on the other continuing to kidnap.” He said he had considered suspending permission for the liberations but decided against it thinking of the families awaiting the men. In all, 17 so-called “political” hostages of the FARC have been freed since early 2008. Fewer than 20 remain

in rebel custody, several for more than 12 years. All the releases have been brokered by leftist former Sen. Piedad Cordoba. One of two Brazilian choppers loaned for the mission was used Friday to evacuate a soldier from the area. Armed forces chief Adm. Edgar Cely said the soldier’s left foot was blown off by land mine. Normally, freed hostages have arrived to freedom in the gear they wore as captives in the jungle: rubber boots, sweat pants and the like. The councilman freed Friday, Armando Acuna, was wearing a light gray suit and a pink tie when he got out of the helicopter in the southern provincial capital of Florencia. He told reporters they were gifts of the rebels.

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Sen. Jon Kyl won’t run for reelection BY NICHOLAS RICCARDI

Los Angeles Times Service


FIRST FOREIGN-BORN MAYOR: Mayor Guillermo ‘Bill’ Vidal, who immigrated from Cuba following Fidel Castro’s revolution, greeting his wife Gabriela Cornejo Vidal in Denver.

Cuban immigrant now Denver mayor BY IVAN MORENO

Associated Press

DENVER — As a child, Guillermo “Bill” Vidal shook Fidel Castro’s hand shortly after he seized power in Cuba in 1959. It was, Vidal jokingly says, his first “Forrest Gump” moment, referring to the movie character who crosses paths with iconic figures throughout his life. At the time of his second such moment — meeting Robert F. Kennedy at a Chicago airport two years later — Vidal was on his way to an orphanage in Pueblo, Colo. He was one of thousands of Cuban children flown to the U.S. in Operation Pedro Pan following Castro’s revolution. “I would measure that as the most traumatic experi-

ence of my life,” said Vidal, Denver’s first foreign-born mayor, of being separated from his family. “To leave my parents and come to this country and not know what we were facing, not knowing the language, not knowing the culture.” Vidal, 59, honored his parents, Roberto and Marta Vidal, at his Jan. 12 inauguration as he replaced his boss, Democrat John Hickenlooper, who is now Colorado’s governor. “I stand in front of you today as a Cuban immigrant whose life — if only for a brief moment — has become directly intertwined with our city’s destiny,” Vidal declared. “Like other immigrants, both legal and illegal, I came to this country in search of a better life.”

Denverites have embraced the interim mayor, whose term officially ends July 18. He affirmed this week he is not seeking election, although he touched off a political flap by briefly flirting with the possibility. “I think he’s viewed as a wise elder. He’s one of those people who, when he talks, people listen,” said Bob Murphy, mayor of suburban Lakewood, who’s known Vidal since Vidal headed a regional council of governments. “I think it’s almost poetic justice,” said Denver City Councilman Paul Lopez. “His story is proof that if you work hard and never give up and work in the service of others, it’ll pay off.” Vidal was born in Camaguey, Cuba. His upper-

middle class family had a cook, a gardener and several nannies. The day he met Castro, Vidal’s parents lifted him and his two brothers toward a tank Castro was riding in as confetti rained down. When Castro’s government began seizing private property, Vidal’s parents told him they were taking a vacation. It culminated in what Vidal called “probably the most terrible day of my life.” Vidal was 10 when he and his 11-year-old twin brothers were placed in Colorado’s Sacred Heart Orphanage in 1961. They were reunited with their parents three years later — the point Vidal considers the real beginning of his family’s immigration story.

Sen. Jon Kyl, the secondhighest ranking Republican in the U.S. Senate, announced that he will not run for reelection, setting off a scramble for a seat long considered safe for the GOP. Kyl, 68, who was first elected in 1994, said he had no health or other issues leading him to retire, but that it was the right time to step down. “It’s time for me to have an opportunity to do something else,” the Arizona senator said Thursday at a news conference in downtown Phoenix, with his wife, Carol, at his side. As the minority whip in the Senate, Kyl has been a vocal critic of President Barack Obama’s agenda on spending, healthcare, immigration and foreign policy. He is the fifth senator to announce retirement this year, joining Sen. Kent Conrad, D-N.D., Jim Webb, D-Va., Joe Lieberman, I-Conn., and Kay Bailey Hutchison, RTexas, all of whom have said they will leave the Senate in January 2013. Kyl’s retirement has been a matter of speculation for months. He said Thursday that he would have retired in 2006, but it was clear the GOP would have lost his seat in a Democratic year. Handicappers predict Democrats will have a hard time keeping control of the Senate in 2012, so the party leapt on Kyl’s announcement as a chance to pick up a seat. Republicans, however, are confident they can hold the seat. The party has an edge in registration in Arizona, and

Democrats have not won a Senate seat there since 1988. Republicans won every statewide election in 2010, and many political professionals on both sides of the aisle agree that the Arizona Democratic Party is weak. Among the possible GOP contenders are Reps. Jeff Flake and Trent Franks, Pinal County Sheriff Paul Babeu, Maricopa County Supervisor Andrew Kunasek and former Reps. John Shadegg and J.D. Hayworth, who lost a primary challenge to Sen. John KYL McCain last year. “The list will be long,” said Doug Cole, a veteran GOP consultant in Phoenix. “It will create quite a cascading effect on the Arizona political scene.” The list of possible Democratic candidates is far smaller. Topping it is former Gov. Janet Napolitano, who was once one of Arizona’s most popular political figures and is now secretary of Homeland Security. But Napolitano’s role in the Obama administration hasn’t helped her profile in Arizona, where a poll last week by a Democratic group found she has a 55 percent disapproval rating. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords had been frequently mentioned as a possible contender for Kyl’s seat before she was gravely wounded last month in an assassination attempt in Tucson.

Congressman jabs Ape-woman used to walk, research finds at religious right by hailing Darwin BY ALAN BAVLEY

McClatchy News Service


Contra Costa Times

WALNUT CREEK, Calif. — Rep. Pete Stark, who made waves in 2007 by coming out as Congress’ only avowed atheist, delighted secular humanists and took a jab at religious conservatives this week by offering a resolution to proclaim Saturday as “Darwin Day.” Stark, D-Calif., on Wednesday introduced H. Res. 81. It praises Darwin’s theory of evolution and the “monumental amount of scientific evidence he compiled to support it,” which “provides humanity with a logical and intellectually compelling explanation for the diversity of life on earth.” The resolution goes on to state that “the advancement of science must be protected from those unconcerned with the adverse impacts of global warming and climate change,” and that “the teaching of creationism in some public schools compromises the scientific and academic integrity of the United States’ education systems.” ‘DEVIL’S ADVOCATE’ Stark on Thursday explained he’s “just trying to get people to understand that we’re trying to get our kids to be scientists, were pushing for green jobs and green development, and you can’t stick your head in the sand and not recognize that we’re in a modern age. To get there, it seems to me, we have to understand that science is all part of what we’re doing. “I’m sure there are people out there who’d say I’m the devil’s advocate, but I’ll give the devil as much

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chance as any god that people choose to deal with,” he said. “To say some unknown god up there in the stratosphere directs all of our lives and our development is naive.” Tom McClusky, senior vice president of the conservative Family Research Council’s legislative action arm, said after reading Stark’s bill he “had to look at my calendar to see if it was April 1. — If he really thinks this is a priority, I guess it shows why he’s not in the majority anymore. ‘WASTE’ OF TIME “I don’t think he gives a good reason of why someone like Charles Darwin needs to be celebrated and recognized by the federal government. It’s a waste, I think, of taxpayers’ time,” McClusky said, asking why Congress shouldn’t instead honor someone like Booker T. Washington or Thomas Edison “who actually invented things, not just threw out theories.” But American Humanist Association executive director Roy Speckhardt issued a statement calling Stark’s resolution “a thrilling step forward for the secular movement. Not only is this an opportunity to bring the scientific impact of Charles Darwin to the forefront, but this also signifies the potential for greater respect for scientific reasoning on Capitol Hill.” Don’t hold your breath for passage. H.Res. 81 was referred to the Committee on Science, Space and Technology, where — in this conservative, Republicandominated House — it’ll surely be deemed not fit to survive.

KANSAS CITY, Mo. — Our celebrated ancestor Lucy was no waddling, hunched-over ape-woman who felt more at home in the trees. New research from the University of Missouri in Columbia offers the most conclusive evidence yet that Lucy and her tribe spent their lives on solid ground and walked much as modern humans do — more than 3 million years ago. Lucy, just 31/2 feet tall, would have been more capable of strutting her stuff on a dance floor than of swinging from branch to branch. “I bet she could dance,” said MU anatomy professor Carol Ward. “I don’t know if I could do any better.” In research published Friday in the journal Science, Ward and two colleagues

used a newly discovered foot bone from a dig in Ethiopia to determine that members of Lucy’s species, Australopithecus afarensis, had arched feet like ours. That may seem like a small detail, but it has huge implications for the course of human evolution. And it may help settle a decades-old argument among scientists over whether Lucy was a dedicated land rover or still spent much of her time in trees, as many apes do. Arches put a spring in her step and made it possible to comfortably stand and walk. But arches also took away the flexibility that lets apes grasp with their feet as they scramble up trees. “Is she a shuffling ape that just stood up?” Ward said. “This tells us she’s given up the ability to be good in trees to be good on the ground. There was no more

compromise. “We can walk well over distances, and that started with Australopithecus. It turned out to be a good plan for us.” The possibility that our early ancestors stood upright and walked with humanlike agility might surprise a lot of people, said Jeremy DeSilva, an anthropologist at Boston University. Classic charts of human evolution often show a series of pictures of hulking chimplike creatures that gradually become more upright. “The anatomical evidence just doesn’t support that view,” DeSilva said. “These [Australopithecus afarensis] were good upright walkers.” That suggests upright walking was favored early in human evolution, long before brains grew larger, DeSilva said. Lucy’s brain

wasn’t much bigger than that of a chimpanzee. But why did our ancestors leave the safety of the trees for life on the ground? One possibility may have been climate change, said Bruce Latimer, a paleoanthropologist at Case Western Reserve University. Millions of years ago, huge forests that provided habitat for dozens of species of apes in Europe, Asia and Africa began to shrink. But life on the ground held dangers for a twolegged animal. “We’re incredibly slow on two limbs,” Latimer said. “If we injure one leg, that makes us leopard food. It’s such a peculiar way to get around.” The big advantage of standing upright may have been that it freed the hands of Australopithecus to carry things, Latimer said.

California governor flying coach without staff BY ANTHONY YORK

Los Angeles Times Service

SACRAMENTO — Anyone who needed a reminder about how much has changed in terms of California’s gubernatorial style with the election of Jerry Brown just needed to look at Southwest Airlines Flight 896 from Sacramento to Burbank. There, in the fourth row, was Brown, sitting amid the regular procession of business travelers on Thursday morning. Not only does Brown fly commercial, but he flies coach, and without an entourage. No staffers or security made the trip south with the governor, who made the trip to address the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce on Thursday night. “We have to divide labor,” Brown quipped when asked by reporters why no staff was travelling with him. Brown took his seat with


ACCESSIBLE: In an era of political celebrity, Jerry Brown’s style is a welcome change for some. a white briefing binder on his lap — a binder that remained closed for most of the flight. Brown spent the bulk of hourlong trip talking

to Tianne Rios, an employee of the state Department of Corrections who teaches special education classes to incarcerated youth.

“Nice to meet you. I work for you,” Rios said, introducing herself to her seatmate. When he did begin thumbing through his binder, he discussed its contents with Rios. Brown shook hands with a couple of well-wishers, some of whom snapped shots of the governor with their cellphone cameras. In an era of political celebrity, Brown’s throwback style is a welcome change for some. Mark Pinkus, a senior vice president for Rhino Records, was also on the flight, and called Brown’s presence “refreshing. I think it’s great that he’s so accessible.” That populist flair could also be an important weapon for Brown as he tries to persuade voters to support billions of dollars in extended taxes. As he begins taking his message to voters around the state, he may be doing it one Southwest flight at a time.

2/12/2011 5:04:34 AM






U.S. spied on NATO’s top official, cables show BY SLOBODAN LEKIC Associated Press

BRUSSELS — Leaked U.S. diplomatic cables appear to show that the United States has been snooping on NATO’s top official using secret sources on his own staff. Confidential cables from the U.S. mission to NATO released Friday by WikiLeaks, the site that has published many secret government memos, said U.S. diplomats

received information on the private conversations of Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen from “a member of the NATO international staff.” Instead of the staffer’s name, the phrase “strictly protect” was inserted in a cable dated Sept. 10, 2009. The cable dealt with Fogh Rasmussen’s proposal to improve ties with Russia by establishing contacts with the Collective Security Treaty

Organization, a Russia-dominated security alliance. The cable was signed off by U.S. Ambassador Ivo Daalder. NATO’s 28 member nations, and a number of partner countries including Russia, maintain diplomatic offices inside the alliance’s sprawling compound on the outskirts of Brussels. While their envoys regularly monitor developments within the alliance, there has been no known case

in the past of a nation spying on the secretary-general. Another cable, signed by John Heffern, deputy chief of the U.S. mission, cited “a usually reliable source” as saying that a report by Fogh Rasmussen after a Dec. 17, 2010 meeting with Russia’s President Dmitry Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin “conveyed additional details — that were not reflected in the secretary-general’s report on the visit.”

“Based on information from someone present at the Moscow meetings, the source reported that while Russian President Medvedev was polite, neither he nor PM Putin had expressed any real interest in cooperating with NATO,” Heffern reported. He contrasted that with the generally positive tone of Fogh Rasmussen’s official report submitted to the 28 NATO allies about the pros-

pects of future cooperation, particularly in Afghanistan. The alliance has condemned the release of the secret diplomatic cables, which were carried by several European newspapers on Friday. “NATO does not comment on alleged leaked documents,” spokeswoman Oana Lungescu said. The U.S. mission to the alliance said it could not comment on the documents or their veracity.

Southern Sudan Photo of Afghan woman wins award fighting claims nearly 140 lives BY TOBY STERLING Associated Press


Associated Press

KAMPALA, Uganda — Two days of fighting in Southern Sudan between the region’s army and a rebel faction has killed nearly 140 people, mostly civilians, a southern army spokesman said Friday. A former high-ranking southern army member who rebelled against the southern government following April elections broke a January cease-fire by attacking the towns of Fangak and Dor on Wednesday, said Col. Philip Aguer, the spokesman for the southern army. Renegade commander George Athor’s troops captured Fangak on Wednesday, and the fighting continued through Thursday until the southern military retook it, Aguer said. No new fighting was reported on Friday. Aguer said 89 civilians in the two towns were killed, along with 20 southern soldiers and police officers. Aguer also said 30 of Athor’s men were killed. The Associated Press attempted to reach Athor and his top aide for comment but the phone calls to the remote region did not go through. In September, Southern Sudan President Salva Kiir offered Athor and several other men who had launched armed uprisings against his government amnesty offers. On Jan. 5, four days before the south held an independence referendum, Athor signed a cease-fire with the army in what then appeared to end one of the

largest security threats to the south in the run-up to its self-determination vote. The independence referendum passed overwhelmingly, according to final results released Monday, and Southern Sudan is set to become the world’s newest nation in July. The vote was the culmination of a 2005 peace agreement that ended more than two decades of war between north and south Sudan. “We were preparing for peace and we don’t know why he is waging war at the time when war has ended in Sudan,” Aguer said. “Meanwhile we still maintain the spirit of reconciliation because the amnesty is still holding. So if Athor stops fighting we will welcome him for reconciliation.” A U.N. spokesman, Kouider Zerrouk, said Friday that the U.N. mission in Sudan “is very concerned about the renewed fighting — and the resulting civilian casualties.” U.N. leaders have engaged both sides and are urging an immediate end to the attacks, Zerrouk said. Last week in Upper Nile state, more than 60 southern soldiers who are members of the northern Sudanese army died in a mutiny related to the imminent breakup of the country. Ongoing insecurity, the widespread presence of small arms, and severe underdevelopment due to decades of civil war are just some of the problems facing Southern Sudan in the run-up to its independence declaration.

AMSTERDAM — A South African photographer’s portrait of an Afghan woman whose husband sliced off her nose and ears in a case of Taliban-administered justice won the World Press Photo award for 2010 Friday, one of photojournalism’s most coveted prizes. Jodi Bieber’s posed picture, which contrasts the woman’s arresting beauty against the results of the violence done to her after she fled an abusive marriage, was published on the cover of Time magazine Aug. 1. Bieber, 44, a winner of eight previous World Press Photo awards since 1998, is a freelance photojournalist affiliated with the Institute for Artist Management/Goodman Gallery. She has published two books on her native South Africa. Jury members said the photo, though shocking, was chosen because it addresses violence against women with a dignified image. The woman, 18-year-old Bibi Aisha, was rescued by the U.S. military and now lives in the United States. “This could become one of those pictures — and we have maybe just 10 in our lifetime — where if somebody says ‘you know, that picture of a girl’ — you know exactly which one they’re talking about,” said jury chairman David Burnett of Contact Press. The picture also gains part of its resonance from its similarity with the iconic 1984 National Geographic photograph of a beautiful young Afghan woman with a piercing gaze. Time’s publication of the


A PICTURE OF STRENGTH: Bibi Aisha fled an abusive marriage in Afghanistan and now lives in the United States. picture provoked international debate over the ethics of publishing — or not publishing — such a disturbing image. “It’s a terrific picture, a different picture, a frightening picture,” said Juror Vince Aletti, a U.S freelance critic. “It’s so much about

not just this particular woman, but the state of women in the world.” In a video commentary on Time’s website, Bieber said, “It was more about capturing something about her — and that was the difficult part.” She said she did not want

Online campaign rescues abducted Chinese children BY ELAINE KURTENBACH Associated Press

SHANGHAI — An online campaign to gather photos of Chinese kids begging on the streets is pressuring authorities to crack down on gangs that kidnap children for exploitation and is helping reunite them with families. Many of the children seen begging in Chinese cities, often in the arms of women who are not their mothers, are snatched from their real families by kidnappers and then sold into virtual slavery, forced to beg by gangs that sometimes maim them to elicit greater sympathy. Several families have been reunited with their abducted offspring since Beijing-based social researcher Yu Jianrong launched a campaign last month urging people to post photos of beggar children on microblogs — websites similar to Twitter. The effort is winning fresh support for efforts to protect children from such abuses, though some visitors to the microblogs have expressed worries over privacy issues and possible retaliation against kids by their abductors. Yu would not comment directly when contacted Friday, saying only that he would not speak to foreign media before hanging up. In his blog comments, he has urged media to “cool” their coverage of his campaign — likely out of concern over official sensitivities. Using children under the age of 14 for begging is ille-

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UNDERBELLY: Many of the children seen begging in Chinese cities, often in the arms of women who are not their mothers, are kidnapped from their families. gal in China, but like many other outlawed practices it is often tolerated, even in big showcase cities like Shanghai. Some, barely big enough to walk, stumble through subway trains, hands outstretched. Others sit out in the cold, on grimy sidewalks. Children are sometimes forced to beg by their own relatives. But others are used by gangs that have kept alive a long tradition of trafficking in children, women and the disabled. The Public Security Ministry issued a statement Thursday urging citizens to tell the police if they see children or

the handicapped being used for begging. But it said the vast majority of cases were not kidnapped but were being used or “rented” by their families for begging. Yu began encouraging China’s increasingly online citizens to post photos of children they saw begging after receiving a request from a follower of his microblog appealing for help with finding his missing son. The sites on Chineselanguage and have since posted more than 2,500 photos of children seen begging in cities across China. At least six missing children

had been rescued as of Thursday, the state-run newspaper Shanghai Daily reported. The campaign is part of a growing trend to use the Internet to help track down missing family members. “Microblog Miracle: Child Lost for Three Years Recovered,” said a headline in the usually staid Communist Party newspaper the People’s Daily. It showed a picture of Peng Gaofeng holding his 6-year-old son Wenle, who was recovered after Internet users spotted the child begging in a village far from the southern Chinese city where he was abducted.

Internet users had spotted the child after his picture was posted on another microblog last fall. Wary of the potential, as in Tunisia and Egypt, for social media to be used as a tool for dissent, China generally blocks access to foreign sites like Facebook and Twitter. But domestic versions of such social media are thriving. Such forums are a promising way to help address such social problems and a reminder of their potential for fostering positive changes, said Yu Hai, a sociologist at Shanghai’s prestigious Fudan University. At the same time, “This is an alert that the government needs to do more for people,” Yu wrote. “I’m optimistic about this in the long run, but obviously there is a need for more official support.” Earlier this week, authorities in Taihe, a district in neighboring Anhui province that is known to be home to some organized begging rings, issued a notice ordering people using disabled children for begging to turn themselves in within 10 days or face “harsh penalties,” according to a photographed notice posted online by the Shanghai newspaper Oriental Morning Post. Chinese police have set up a DNA and photo database as part of a crackdown on human trafficking that began in the spring of 2009. As of September, 813 children had been returned to their families.

to portray Aisha as a victim. “I thought, no, this woman is beautiful.” Aisha posed for the Time cover photo because she wanted readers to see the potential consequences of a Taliban resurgence, the magazine said when it was published.

Gay English bishop Rawcliffe dies at 89 LONDON — (AP) — Derek Rawcliffe, the first Church of England bishop to be open about his homosexuality, has died. He was 89. St. Aidan’s Church in Leeds, which will celebrate a requiem Mass for Rawcliffe on Sunday, said he died Feb. 1. Rawcliffe disclosed his homosexuality on television in 1995, when he was serving as an honorary bishop in Ripon and Leeds diocese. He was dismissed the following year for conducting blessings of same-sex couples. In an interview with the Yorkshire Post in 1995, Rawcliffe said he faced the issue of his sexual identity when he was working in Melanesia, and realized he loved a young man who had made approaches. “I began to love everybody in a new way and to see that in spite of our sins and failings, God loves us,” the newspaper quoted him as saying. Later, however, Rawcliffe befriended and corresponded with Susan Speight, who had what he called a “miraculous healing” from a disease which had put her in a wheelchair. He said he asked, “God, do you want me to marry her?” and he did so in 1977. She died in 1989.

2/12/2011 4:15:33 AM






Warnings Obama ignored on Egypt BY JACKSON DIEHL

Washington Post Service

aught totally unprepared for Egypt’s uprising, the Obama administration has offered a series of excuses. It was, officials claim, quietly supporting reform all along. The CIA never warned that Egypt might blow up. No one could have anticipated what has happened in Cairo since Jan. 25. The claim on reform is easily dismissed. Anyone who has been following Egypt for the past two years knows the administration’s record of coddling President Hosni Mubarak, cutting funds for Egyptian democracy programs and eschewing criticism of the regime’s repression. But another part of the record also needs clearing up: The White House was warned, publicly and repeatedly, that Egypt was approaching a turning point and that the status quo was untenable — not by an intelligence agency but by a bipartisan group of Washington-based experts who pleaded, in vain, for a change of policy. The Working Group on Egypt was formed a year ago to sound the alarm about Mubarak’s crumbling regime. The first sentence of its opening statement: “Egypt is at a critical turning point.” The group


is still issuing detailed proposals about how to handle the crisis. On Monday, it warned that the administration “may acquiesce to an inadequate and possibly fraudulent transition process in Egypt.” Sadly, the administration is still not listening. The group draws on considerably more expertise on Egypt than exists within the White House, which until Jan. 25 had only one staffer dedicated to DIEHL North Africa. The panel’s chairs are Michele Dunne, a former White House and State Department official now working at the Carnegie Endowment’s Arab Reform Project, and Robert Kagan, a foreign policy expert based at the Brookings Institution. Members run the gamut of the political spectrum and include Tom Malinowksi and Maria McFarland of Human Rights Watch; former Bush administration official Elliott Abrams; Brian Katulis of the Center for American Progress; Neil Hicks of Human Rights First; Ellen Bork of the Foreign Policy Initiative; and Scott Carpenter of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. The group first wrote to U.S.

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on April 7, 2010, saying that Egypt “faces substantial leadership changes in the near future without a fair and transparent political process” and that “if the opportunity for reform is missed, prospects for stability and prosperity in Egypt will be in doubt.” The letter attacked the administration’s mind-set: “The choice is not between a stable and predictable but undemocratic Egypt on the one hand, and dangerous instability and extremism on the other. There is now an opportunity to support gradual, responsible democratic reform. But the longer the United States and the world wait to support democratic institutions and responsible political change in Egypt, the longer the public voice will be stifled and the harder it will be to reverse a dangerous trend.” The group wrote again to Clinton on May 11: “We strongly encourage you to act quickly and effectively . . . [T] he administration’s practice of quiet diplomacy is not bearing fruit. As a major aid contributor to and strategic partner of Egypt, the United States is uniquely positioned to engage the Egyptian government and civil society and encourage them along a path toward reform. The

time to use that leverage is now.” No response. In June, a frustrated Dunne and Kagan warned in an oped in The Post: “The Obama administration, in pursuit of an illusory stability, stands mute and passive as the predictable train wreck draws nearer . . . it is repeating the mistake that Cold War-era administrations made when they supported right-wing dictatorships — right up until the point when they were toppled by radical forces.” The group did not only make public statesments; it met with State Department and White House officials. In a November meeting that included Dennis Ross, one of Obama’s top advisors on the Middle East, it urged a vigorous reaction if, as expected, Mubarak rigged an upcoming election for Parliament. When the election was, indeed, a travesty from which international monitors were excluded, the administration reacted with mild statements by low-level officials while affirming its support for Mubarak. On background, administration briefers told journalists that it was “unrealistic” to expect Mubarak to hold a democratic election. Since the current crisis erupted, the working group has urged the administration to state explicitly

that “Mubarak has no place in a process leading to meaningful political change” and to “suspend all economic and military assistance to Egypt until the government accepts” genuine democratic reforms, including lifting the state of emergency, releasing political prisoners and inviting in international monitors to oversee the process leading to elections. Given how often the working group has been right when the administration has been wrong, the open letters it issued Monday deserve attention: “The process that is unfolding now has many of the attributes of a smokescreen. Without significant changes, it will lead to preservation of the current regime in all but name and ensure radicalization and instability in the future . . .” “You [Obama] have indicated that the transition must begin ‘now’ . . . For those words to have meaning, your administration must commit itself to full democracy in Egypt. That can only be brought about with the participation of all of the democratic opposition and the unmistakable departure of Hosni Mubarak from the scene.” Will the administration listen? Given its record, the odds don’t seem good.

Don’t worry, be happy BY GAIL COLLINS

New York Times Service

n troubled times it’s important to pace yourself. There’s only so much you can worry about at once, and we’ve already got Egypt, the weird weather, rising food prices and unemployment. Plus, the secretary of homeland security says the terror threat is really high. It would COLLINS be at least reddishorange if we hadn’t gotten rid of the color code. Good grief, maybe we shouldn’t have gotten rid of the color code. At moments like this, I find it soothing to make lists of things that we don’t have to worry about at all. Such as: Outrageous bills proposed by state legislators In South Dakota, we recently learned that Rep. Hal Wick, R-S.D., dropped a bill into the hopper that would require every adult in the state to own a gun. In Georgia, Republican Rep. Bobby Franklin introduced legislation that would eliminate the requirement that Georgia drivers have licenses, arguing that he was tired of “agents of the state demanding your papers.” And, people, you do not need to worry about it! These bills are not going to pass. Besides, if we worried about every nutsy idea tossed around in state legislatures, we would never have adequate time to devote to work, family and the fate of the Broadway musical, Spider-Man. About 10 percent of a state legislature is composed of people who are totally loony. This is in a good state. It’s possible that in yours, the proportion is much, much higher. That is probably something to worry about, but not today. The point is, they only introduce these bills to get your attention. Resist. Although Franklin is not making it easy, having also proposed that suburbanites be permitted to keep cows and other farm animals in their yards and that the state be required to pay all of its debts in gold or silver. Glenn Beck’s declining ratings Honest. They’re down. Who will win the Conservative Political Action Conference straw poll The conservative activists are meeting in Washington at a gathering that will culminate in a muchanticipated straw poll. It is, in theory, our civic duty to follow their activities and determine if they will provide a boost for one of the Republican presidential candidates. Even though the poll has, in the past, proved to be about as good


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at predicting the future as Punxsutawney Phil. Former Sen. Rick Santorum made news this week when he said Sarah Palin was ducking the conference because she prefers events where somebody is paying her. One of the few joys of following presidential politics two years in advance of the election is that it gives you a chance to ponder hopefuls like Santorum, who prepared for this quest by losing his senate seat by 18 percentage points. But don’t worry about Sarah Palin running for president. Even Sarah Palin doesn’t know if she’s running for president. Mull instead the news that Bristol is now said to be writing a memoir. The fact that Congress isn’t doing anything Ever since the Senate reached a bipartisan agreement to speed up the legislative process, there has been not a single filibuster in the upper chamber. This may be partly because there have generally been no senators in the upper chamber. Really, every once in a while they drop by to talk about a bill on the Federal Aviation Administration. And then they go home again. Meanwhile, in the House, the powerful new Republican majority has continued its laserlike focus on jobs by arguing about abortion and failing to pass the bills it votes on. “We’re not going to be perfect every day,” said Speaker John Boehner. On Wednesday, the House argued about whether it should make the government repossess $179 million from our account at the United Nations despite the State Department’s plan to have the United Nations use it to improve security in New York City. This is supposed to be part of the GOP budget-balancing initiative, and on that count it is somewhat like planning to lose 50 pounds by reducing your intake of kale. Mainly, it was an opportunity for Republicans to spend an enjoyable day complaining about international organizations dedicated to world peace. “It’s a disgrace that we continue to fund an organization like the U.N.,” said Rep. Connie Mack of Florida. Did you know his real name is Cornelius Harvey McGillicuddy IV? Also, he is married to Rep. Mary Bono of California, who has now been the wife of two members of Congress, only one of whom once had a singing act with Cher. But I digress. Despite the Republicans’ rancor about international organizations, the leaders failed to muster the necessary two-thirds majority to get the bill through. It’ll probably pass later, and would then be preserved in amber until sometime in the next millennium when the senators get around to it. Works for me.

Lincoln the inflationist BY PAUL KRUGMAN

New York Times Service

here was a time when Republicans used to refer to themselves, proudly, as “the party of Lincoln.” But you don’t hear that line much these days. Why? The main answer, presumably, lies in the GOP’s decision, long ago, to seek votes from Southerners anKRUGMAN gered by the end of legal segregation. With the old Confederacy now the heart of the Republican base, boasting about the party’s Civil War-era legacy is no longer advisable. But sooner or later, Republicans were bound to notice other reasons to disavow Lincoln. He was, after all, the first president to institute an income tax. And he was also the first president to issue a paper currency — the “greenback” — that wasn’t backed by gold or silver. “There is nothing more insidious that a country can do to its people than to debase its currency,” declared Rep. Paul Ryan in one of two hearings Congress held Wednesday on monetary policy. So much, then, for the Great Liberator. Which brings me to the story of what went on in those monetary hearings. One of the hearings was called by Rep. Ron Paul, a harsh critic of the Federal Reserve, who now has an oversight role over the very institution he wants abolished in favor of a return to the gold standard. Paul’s subcommittee called three witnesses, one of whom was an odd choice: Thomas DiLorenzo, a professor at Loyola University


and a senior fellow at the Ludwig von Mises Institute. What was odd about that choice? Well, DiLorenzo hasn’t actually written much about monetary policy, although he has described Fed policy — not just recently, but since the 1960s — as “legalized counterfeiting operations.” His main claim to fame, instead, is as a critic of Lincoln — he’s the author of Lincoln Unmasked: What You’re Not Supposed to Know About Dishonest Abe — and as a modernday secessionist. No, really: Calls for secession run through many of DiLorenzo’s writings — for example, in his declaration that “health care freedom” won’t be restored until “some states begin seceding from the new American fascialistic state.” Raise the rebel flag! OK, it’s going to be a while before the GOP as a whole embraces neo-secessionism, and Paul, although highly visible, is, in fact, a somewhat marginal figure even within his own party. But Ryan, who led the other hearing — the one at which Ben Bernanke, the Fed chairman, testified — is a rising Republican star. So it’s worth nothing that Ryan’s hard-money rhetoric was nearly as bizarre as DiLorenzo’s. Start with that bit about debasing our currency. Where did that come from? The dollar’s value in terms of other major currencies is about the same now as it was three years ago. And as Bernanke pointed out, consumer prices rose only 1.2 percent in 2010, an inflation rate that, for the record, is well below the rate under the sainted Ronald Reagan. The Fed’s preferred measure, which excludes volatile food and energy prices, was up only 0.7 percent, well below the target of around 2 percent.

But Ryan is sure that the dollar is being debased and won’t take no for an answer. In an attempt to create a gotcha moment, he waved a copy of a newspaper bearing the headline “Inflation Worries Spread” at the Fed chairman. But the gotcha actually went the other way. As Bernanke immediately pointed out, the article was about inflation in China and other emerging markets, not in the United States. And the Fed chairman declared, correctly, that “inflation made here in the U.S. is very, very low.” Advantage Bernanke. But the facts don’t matter, because conservative hard-money mania, the demand that the Fed stop trying to rescue the economy, isn’t really about inflation fears. Ryan said as much in Wednesday’s hearing, in which he declared that our currency “should be guided by the rule of law, not the rule of men.” A few years ago, my response would have been, say what? After all, even Milton Friedman saw the conduct of monetary policy as a technical issue, not a matter of principle; his complaint about the Fed’s role in the Great Depression was that it didn’t print enough money, not that it printed too much. Wednesday’s hearings aren’t likely to have any immediate effect on monetary policy. But they offer a revealing — and appalling — look at the mindset of one of our two major political parties. We’ve always known that the modern GOP wants to take the United States back to the way it was before the New Deal; but now it’s clear that the party wants to build a bridge to the 19th century, and maybe even to the antebellum era. Backward, march!

2/12/2011 2:20:36 AM






Washington Post Service

WASHINGTON — Brian Greene is one of the most famous theoretical physicists in the world. He specializes in the super-brainy field of string theory, he has degrees from Harvard and Oxford, he has written four books, he is one of the few people in the world who has an Erdos-Bacon number, meaning that he can be traced back to both Hungarian mathematician Paul Erdos and to Kevin Bacon. So naturally, we are talking about cheese. “Have you tried the Whole Foods vegan pizza with the vegan cheese?” the string theorist, a vegetarian, asks pleasantly during a lunch interview. “It doesn’t completely melt like real cheese, but it’s close enough that it brings back the memory.” We are supposed to be talking about The Hidden Reality, Greene’s new book, which discusses the possibilities of alternate dimensions and parallel universes. Because even though Greene, a professor at Columbia University, has written about the topic in the user-friendliest way possible, it is still a book that uses terms like “inflationary cosmology.” Let us begin with an English-major quibble: The very definition of “universe” refers to the entire cosmos, the whole of all matter. But Greene’s book is centered

For Brian Greene, the truth is out there on the concept of multiple universes, or “multiverses.” This seems logically incorrect. “Most people are aware of the big bang,” Greene says. But there’s a theory that “the big bang was not a one-time event . . . There might have been a lot of other bangs throughout the cosmos, which would mean that our universe was just one of many.” Again the conversation strays to cheese, this time Swiss. The various universes are like the holes in the Swiss, he says. As the cheese expands, the hole-universes expand, too. The cheese represents the inflationary multiverse model, but Greene has several more examples of what genre of parallel world we might be living in (Sliders? Sliding Doors? The X-Files?). In The Hidden Reality, each variety is illustrated by a set of everyday analogies, making the book if not easily readable then at least not migraine-inducing. The experience of reading a Brian Greene book is feeling like you are

the smartest person in the world while the pages are open, and then closing the book and realizing you have no idea what he was talking about. Inasmuch as string theorists can have groupies, Greene has them: grad student physicists, tinfoil cappers, Madeleine L’Engleites, bored desk jockeys who like to read Greene’s books in prominent, public places and casually mention their own theories. People see a term like “theoretical physicist” and mentally lop off the “physicist” part, leaving a misguided notion that Greene’s research is basically a bunch of guesswork. “It’s kind of an occupational hazard,” he says of the fans who to share their own

“research.” “On the one hand, I love it because it shows how curious we are as a species . . . On the flip side, when I get a manuscript where someone says, ‘I’ve been working on this for 36 years, and my wife has almost left me, but here it is, I’ve got the answer’ — and its pages and pages of largely incoherent ideas, there’s something deeply sad about that.” “In their minds,” he says, “they have Einstein [who was toiling in obscurity at the patent office when he had some of his most revelatory thoughts] as an example of how discovery can happen.”

Maybe they are successful in a parallel universe? Greene’s facial expression says he’s heard that line before, and it’s still not funny. However, he uses the lame joke as a segue to explain the Brane Multiverse — a theory in which other universes exists almost on top of our own. We can’t see them because “our matter is made up of string,” he explains, picking up a shred of carrot to represent the string. “The strings are tethered to the universe,” which, in this demonstration, shall be played by a napkin. Greene holds the end of the carrot shred against it to illustrate the tethering. “But light itself is one of these strings. It can’t jump off. So if there is another universe, and if there is light you would use to see this other universe, you can’t. It’s trapped, and it can’t traverse the gap” to our world. Greene grew up in New York, with a mother who sent him to the planetarium whenever she needed alone time. His father was a com-

poser — Turn Around, from that 1960s Kodak commercial? That was Alan Greene — who supplemented his income with voice lessons to the stars. “I would be doing homework in my bedroom,” Brian Greene says. “And Harry Belafonte would be practicing Day-O in the living room.” Recently, Greene collaborated with composer Philip Glass on an orchestra-accompanied retelling of the Icarus myth. In Greene’s version, Icarus does not fall to his death after flying too close to the sun, but rather gets sucked into another dimension after flying too close to a black hole. It’s a much more comforting tale for his 5-year-old son — he has two kids with ABC producer wife Tracy Day — than the version in which the guy dies. Now he’s considering a whole series of science-based interpretations of classic myths. Icarus. A boy who wants to see beyond the world he lives in. It’s a perfect story, really, to describe humanity’s desire for there to be alternate dimensions, wrinkles in time, Doctor Whos. “I think we have an urge for there to be more to reality than our daily lives,” Greene says. “We delight in the possibility that, under what we’ve long taken to be certain, lies something hidden.”

TALENTED: Brian Greene’s new book, The Hidden Reality, discusses the possibilities of alternate dimensions and parallel universes. MIAMI HERALD FILE

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2/12/2011 1:56:00 AM


DOW 30



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Stocks rally after Mubarak steps down BY JOYCE M. ROSENBERG Associated Press

NEW YORK — Stocks ended the week with a moderate gain Friday after the resignation of Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak eased investors’ fears about a spread of violence to oil-producing countries. The Dow Jones industrial average, down nearly 50 points early in the day as Mubarak tried to remain in office, closed up 44. The price of oil fell to a 10-week low. The Dow rose 43.97, or 0.4 percent, to 12,273.26, its highest close since June 2008. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index rose 7.28, or 0.6 percent, to 1,329.15. The Nasdaq composite index rose 18.99, or 0.7 percent, to 2,809.44. Investors have been concerned during the nearly three weeks of anti-government demonstrations in Egypt that the unrest could spread to countries like Saudi Arabia, one of the world’s biggest exporters of oil. Traders’ uneasiness didn’t stop the market from rising in response to strong fourthquarter earnings, and it didn’t’ stop the Dow from making its first move past 12,000 since June 2008. But Egypt nonetheless has been a nagging concern. “The market is relieved that the unrest in Egypt has come to an end with Mubarak having relinquished power,” said Peter Cardillo, chief market economist at Avalon Partners. Cardillo noted that news of Mubarak’s resignation came shortly after encouraging U.S. economic news, a pickup in consumer’s feelings about the economy. The University of Michigan’s consumer sentiment index rose to 75.1 in February, from 74.2 in January, economists said. The index of current conditions rose to 86.8, its highest reading since January 2008. Economists said they expect consumer confidence to continue to rise this year as hiring increases and consumers’ finances improve. The next reading on consumer spending comes Tuesday, when the Commerce Department releases retail sales numbers for January. Bond prices rose. While investors were pleased with the developments in Egypt, many were also The yield on the 10-year Treasury note, which is used to help set interest rates on loans including mortgages, fell to 3.64 percent from late Thursday’s 3.71 percent. Egypt is not a major producer of oil, but it plays a key role in the industry because it controls the Suez Canal, a major route for oil tankers and cargo ships. Crude oil was trading higher earlier in the day, but fell $1.15 to $85.58 after the news about Mubarak came out. Wael Ziada, head of Egypt research at EFG-Hermes, says questions will remain for the next few months about how stable the country is and “how the military will be ruling.” Among big stock moves, Expedia plunged 17 percent after the online travel company said its earnings fell 30 percent due to higher expenses. Chipotle Mexican Grill rose 7 percent after its earnings soared 47 percent.

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Nokia, Microsoft join forces against rivals BY MATTI HUUHTANEN Associated Press

deal was a bigger win for Microsoft than Nokia, whose chief executive Stephen Elop in a leaked memo this week compared his company to a burning oil platform with “more than one explosion — fueling a blazing fire around us.” Nokia said the partnership would “deliver an ecosystem with unrivaled global reach and scale.” However, it warned that the new strategy would also bring “significant uncertainties,” and said it expects profit margins to be hit by strong competition from rivals. Nokia’s share price plunged 9 percent to ¤7.43 ($10.11) in afternoon trading in Helsinki. Elop, a Canadian national, joined

HELSINKI, Finland — Technology titans Nokia and Microsoft are combining forces to make smartphones that might challenge rivals like Apple and Google and revive their own fortunes in a market they have struggled to keep up with. Nokia, the world’s largest maker of cellphones, said Friday it plans to use Microsoft’s Windows Phone software as the main platform for its smartphones in an effort to pull market share away from Apple’s iPhone and Android, Google’s software for phones and tablets. The move marks a major strategy shift for Nokia, which has previously equipped devices with its own software. Analysts said the • TURN TO DEAL, 2B


PACT: Nokia chief executive Stephen Elop, left, and Microsoft chief executive Steve Ballmer in London on Friday.

Using words to lure online readers BY CLAIRE CAIN MILLER

New York Times Service

Congress, was signed into law by President Bill Clinton in 2000. Building high-end commercial projects goes against the intent of the New Markets program, says Cliff Kellogg, a former senior policy advisor at the Treasury Department who helped design New Markets. “Things like luxury hotels are entirely contrary to what we set out to do,” says Kellogg, who’s now a bank consultant. “Some hotels may create jobs and spur other nearby investment, but you have to ask if these projects prevent worthwhile ones from getting done.” Some of the subsidized luxury projects may not have required federal aid at all, the Government Accountability Office found in a 2010 study. “This underscores the need to ensure the program is operating as efficiently as possible at a time when the government is under severe pressure to address the

The Huffington Post has hired veteran journalists to beef up its news coverage. But a significant chunk of its readers comes instead for articles like one published this week: “Chelsy Davy & Prince Harry: So Happy Together?” The two-sentence article was just a vehicle for a slide show of photographs of the couple and included no actual news. But “Chelsy Davy” was one of the top searches on Google that day, and soon after the article was published it became one of the first links that popped up in Google’s search results. It was an example of an art and science at which The Huffington Post excels: search engine optimization, or SEO. The term covers a wide range of behind-the-scenes tactics for getting search engine users to visit a website, like choosing story topics based on popular searches. Because Google is many Internet users’ front door to the Web, SEO has become an obsession for many Web publishers, and successful ones use the strategies to varying degrees. But as newspapers, magazines, blogs and onlineonly news sites increasingly compete for readers, they are making it more of a priority than ever and adopting new techniques, like trying to maximize pass-alongs on social networks. The Huffington Post’s skill at using these tactics to increase readership and revenue was one of the ways it made itself worth $315 million to AOL, which acquired it this week. And Demand Media, which runs sites like eHow and and values search engine optimization perhaps more than any other publisher, raised $151 million in a public offering in January. Models like these could pave the route toward profitable journalism




TAKING THE SHEEN OFF: Renovation of the upscale Blackstone Hotel in Chicago was subsidized with the aid of federal tax credits intended to help poor communities.



Bloomberg News

The landmark Blackstone Hotel in downtown Chicago, which has hosted 12 presidents, opened in 2008 after a two-year, $116 million renovation. Inside the Beaux Arts structure, built in 1910, buffed marble staircases greet guests spending up to $699 a night for rooms with views of Lake Michigan. What’s surprising isn’t the opulent makeover: It’s how the project was financed. The work was subsidized by a federal development program intended to help poor communities. The biggest beneficiary of taxpayer help for the Blackstone revamp was Prudential Financial, the nation’s second-largest life insurer. The company got $15.6 million in tax credits from the Department of the Treasury for helping to fund the project, according to Chicago city records. JPMorgan Chase, the secondlargest U.S. bank, also took in money by serving as a lender and

the monitor of Blackstone construction financing, city records show. Since 2003, some of the world’s biggest financial companies, including Goldman Sachs, U.S. Bancorp, JPMorgan Chase and Prudential, have taken advantage of a federal subsidy that will cost taxpayers $10.1 billion — and most of the public has never heard of it. Investors have used the program, called New Markets Tax Credits, to help build more than 300 upscale projects, including hotels, condominiums, office buildings and a car museum, on streets far from poverty, according to Treasury Department records released through a federal Freedom of Information Act request. Money spent on high-end development could have been used to build more than 1,000 job-training centers, medical clinics and schools. The program, endorsed by then-Sen. Rick Santorum, R-Pa., and House Speaker Dennis Hastert, R-Ill., and adopted by

Tyson settles U.S. charges of bribery BY WILLIAM NEUMAN

New York Times Service

est producers of poultry, beef and pork, with revenue of $28 billion in its last fiscal year. Its Mexican operations represent only about 1 percent of total sales. The Mexican plants processed chicken into products like patties and tenders and fresh breast meat for sale in Mexico, Japan and other countries. Tyson, which is based in Arkansas, said that none of the products from the plants were shipped to the United States. “There were not any issues with the safety of the products,” the company said in a statement. The court papers, filed in U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, did not say which aspects of the plants’ procedures, if any, the inspectors had been paid to overlook or if there were concerns about the safety of the chicken

When top executives of Tyson Foods discovered that the company’s Mexican chicken plants were paying bribes to government inspectors, they not only allowed the practice to continue, they formed a committee to find a more acceptable way to make the illicit payments, according to federal court documents. Federal officials announced Thursday that Tyson had agreed to pay $5.2 million in fines and other penalties to settle enforcement actions by the Justice Department and the Securities and Exchange Commission, which included criminal and civil charges under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. In the settlement, the Justice Department agreed not to prosecute the company if it carried out policies to prevent similar cases from occurring. Tyson is one of the world’s larg- • TURN TO TYSON, 2B




2/12/2011 4:52:08 AM




AMC, Regal to enter film releasing BY BEN FRITZ AND RICHARD VERRIER

Los Angeles Times Service

LOS ANGELES — The United States’ two largest movie theater chains are about to encroach on Hollywood studios’ turf. Regal Entertainment Group and AMC Entertainment are close to launching a joint venture to acquire and release independent movies, according to people familiar with the situation, a part of the business historically dominated by the Hollywood studios. The move potentially disrupts the longtime and delicate business relationship between theater operators and studios, in which they have acted as partners and divided a movie’s box office ticket sales. Instead, the venture would essentially thrust theaters into the studio’s role of distributor, turning a partner into a rival as the theaters’ own movies compete for screens against those from the studios. It also is occurring against a backdrop of increasingly strained relations between theaters and studios as the latter are looking to release movies directly into the home through videoon-demand shortly after they have appeared in theaters. Theater operators fear that will dissuade people from going to the movies. The still-unnamed company has yet to acquire any movies. However, the partners have hired a chief executive: Tom Ortenberg, a former senior executive for the Weinstein and Lions Gate Entertainment, who has been

Records show tax break funds luxury hotels • FUNDS, FROM 1B


EXPLORING NEW GROUNDS: An AMC Grand 24 movie theater in Dallas. AMC Entertainment and Regal Entertainment will seek to acquire and release independently financed movies that may not otherwise make it into theaters. working as an independent consultant since 2009. AMC and Regal hope in part that by acquiring their own movies for distribution they will fill the supplyand-demand gap created by Hollywood’s downshift in movie making. From 2007 to 2010, the number of movie releases in the U.S. dropped 16 percent, according to Box Office Mojo. At the same time, the theater industry’s trade group estimates that the number of screens in the country has risen 1 percent, making fewer pictures available for a larger number of screens. And with attendance flat over the last five years and down 5 percent in 2010, theater owners have been ex-

perimenting with ways to draw more people into their venues, such as showing live sports events and concerts. Some chains have already taken steps to promote independent movies. AMC currently runs a program called AMC Independent that helps market independent films that play in its theaters. However, the company does not buy distribution rights to the pictures as its joint venture with Regal would. People familiar with the plan said the joint venture will not compete with the studios by acquiring big-budget event films. Instead, the new company will seek out independently financed movies that may not otherwise make it into theaters, such as low-

budget dramas, comedies and horror pictures. Independent or specialty films have been largely eschewed by the studios in recent years but are experiencing a resurgence thanks to such broad-appeal movies as Oscar contenders Black Swan and The King’s Speech. The venture’s movies will have automatic access to theaters owned by AMC and Regal, which together control 31 percent of the nation’s nearly 40,000 screens, but will also be offered to other cinemas. AMC and Regal also will aim to release movies on DVD, television and the Internet, which would also provide new sources of revenue that theater companies sorely need.


growing federal budget deficit,” says Michael Brostek, GAO’s tax issues director. The Blackstone adjoins Chicago’s cultural hub, one of the most vibrant in the nation, and is miles from the city’s neediest neighborhoods. Prudential invested $9.3 million and made $30.4 million in loans, according to Chicago records. Under New Markets rules, firms get a credit of 39 cents on the dollar, paid over seven years, for cash or loans they put in. For its contribution, Prudential collected $15.6 million in credits, according to a July 2008 JPMorgan project oversight report filed with Chicago. Prudential spokesman Simon Locke declines to answer specific questions about the Blackstone project. “We do not comment on individual transactions or discuss our clients,” Locke says. JPMorgan spokesman Tom Kelly also declines to discuss specifics. “We think these projects help the community,” Kelly says. The Blackstone says it hired more than 200 workers when it opened in 2008. Clinton regarded New Markets as a way to spur development and create jobs in communities held back by high unemployment and

lagging business growth. He touted the program on a sixstate tour in 1999. “This is a good business opportunity here,” he said at a cabinet factory in Clarksdale, a Mississippi Delta town with a per capita income of $12,611. “If we can’t fully develop the Delta now, with the strongest economy, when will we get around to it?” Clarksdale has received no benefit from the tax credit program, Treasury Department records show. U.S. President Barack Obama has endorsed New Markets to help ease the effects of the longest recession since the Great Depression and proposes increasing the tax credits. In December, Congress extended the program for two more years. The Treasury controls who gets tax credits money and how the subsidies can be used. The agency bases decisions on Census tracts, which are supposed to have common economic standards. Only tracts with at least a 20 percent poverty rate or with a population earning 20 percent less than the median family income of the surrounding metropolitan area qualify for subsidized projects. The numbers are from the 2000 Census. The 2010 count hasn’t yet been used.

Tyson Foods pays $5.2 million Nokia, Microsoft sign pact in settlement of bribery charges • DEAL, FROM 1B


products produced in the plants. “The first thing I thought of was, ‘Oh God, did I eat a piece of this Mexican chicken?’ ” said Richard L. Cassin, a lawyer who specializes in foreign bribery cases and writes the FCPA Blog on issues related to the foreign corruption statute. “It raises the question whether there were food safety issues in the plants that were overlooked because of the bribery.” ON A LARGE SCALE Cassin said the fines were large for the scale of the bribery plot, which involved payments over several years to two veterinarians employed by Mexico’s agriculture department. He said that the involvement of top Tyson officials in carrying out and covering up the bribery and the potential food safety risk made the case especially serious. According to the federal documents, the two veterinarians, who were not named, supervised inspections at the plants and certified its products for export under Mexican law. The two men were already assigned to the plants,

located in Gomez Palacio, in north-central Mexico, when Tyson bought the facilities in 1994. At that time, the veterinarians were already receiving bribes. In June 2004, according to the court filing, a Tyson manager discovered that the wives of the two veterinarians had been given noshow jobs on the company payroll. The next month, several top Tyson executives meeting at the corporate headquarters in Springdale, Ark., were told of the illicit arrangement that served to funnel money to the veterinarians. The purpose of the payments, the officials were told, was to keep the inspectors “from making problems at the plants.” The documents said that the executives agreed that the wives had to be taken off the payroll and discussed ways to continue the payments in another way. They assigned a group of three company officials to look into the matter. The federal papers did not name the company officials, but a Justice Department filing said they included a vice president and a “senior executive” who later became president

of Tyson International. The company’s chief administrative officer was also informed, the filings said. Later that summer, the officials decided to replace the payments to the wives by having one of the veterinarians submit phony invoices for payments. SCAM SURFACES Those payments continued until late 2007, when a company lawyer finally ordered them halted. The company began an internal investigation, and in April 2007 it told federal investigators about the bribery scheme. Federal officials said that Tyson had cooperated in their investigation. From 2004 to 2006, the company paid $90,000 to $100,000 to the veterinarians. From 1994 to 2004, the papers said, the men received about $260,000, either through the bogus invoices or through their wives’ no-show jobs. In its agreement with the Justice Department, Tyson acknowledged that the accusations of wrongdoing were true. The company refused to name the officials involved but said that they either no longer worked for Tyson or had been disciplined.

Nokia from a senior executive position at Microsoft last year. The first non-Finn to lead Nokia, he is under intense pressure to reverse the company’s market share losses to North American and Asian competitors. “Nokia is at a critical juncture, where significant change is necessary and inevitable in our journey forward,” Elop said. He added the company was aiming at “regaining our smart phone leadership, reinforcing our mobile device platform and realizing our investments in the future.” Speaking later to analysts in London, he declined to say when Nokia would introduce a new device running on Windows Phone. But he said Nokia won’t bury its own Symbian operating system or the new Meego platform that it is currently developing. The Symbian technology is being used in 200 million phones with 150 million more expected on the market, Elop said. Android surpassed Symbian to become the world’s No. 1 smartphone software in the fourth quarter of last year, according to the Canalys research firm. Microsoft chief executive Steven Ballmer said the partnership would give the team

“more innovation, greater global reach and scale.” “We need to, and we will, collaborate closely on development — so we can really align and drive the future revolution of the mobile phone,” he said. The key challenge will be to come up with devices of a quality level and hip factor that helps position Windows Phone as an attractive alternative to iPhone or Android. Windows Phone 7, which was launched last year, still has a lot of catching up to do in terms of both the number of users and the number of “apps” available for the phones. Nokia said its expertise in developing new software with Microsoft will be “on top of the platform in areas such as imaging, where Nokia is a market leader.” Its map services will be a core part of the new device as will Microsoft’s Bing search engine, Nokia said. Neil Mawston of Londonbased Strategy Analytics said Microsoft was the big winner in the partnership, by teaming up with the biggest mobile hardware vendor in the world. “In terms of expanding their distribution reach, this is a huge win for Microsoft,” he said. For Nokia the deal leaves uncertainty about what will happen to its current Symbi-

an operating platform. Mawston said he expects it to be phased out within two years and “completely, or at least mostly, replaced by Windows Phone.” Although Nokia still is the industry’s biggest handset maker, its market share has plummeted from a high of 41 percent in 2008 to 31 percent in the last quarter of 2010. It has also lost its innovative edge in the fiercely competitive top-end sector and is virtually invisible — with a 3 percent share — in the world’s largest smartphone market, North America. Apples’ iPhone has set the standard for today’s smartphones and Research In Motion’s BlackBerrys have become the favorite of the corporate set. More recently, Google’s Android software has emerged as the choice for phone makers that want to challenge the iPhone. He warned of further layoffs and restructuring, saying Nokia must “improve the speed and nimbleness and agility of the organization — by taking significant steps in how we operate.” He gave no details. The company said it will announce a new leadership team and organizational structure “with a clear focus on speed, results and accountability.”

Online publications vying for search engine optimization • SEARCH, FROM 1B

in a postprint world, some analysts say — or, others worry, drive online media to publish low-quality articles that are written to appeal to search engines instead of people. SEO is “absolutely essential,” said Rich Skrenta, chief executive of the search engine Blekko. Still, he said, it can turn into a “heroin drip” for publishers: “They had this really good content at the beginning, but they realize the more SEO they do, the more money they make, and the pressure really pushes down the quality on their sites.” There is a whole industry of search engine optimization and social media experts, and many of them have found jobs at Web publishers. Their standard strategies include

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things like filling articles with keywords that people might search for, writing teaser headlines that people cannot help but click on and including copious links to other stories on the same site. In addition to writing articles based on trending Google searches, The Huffington Post writes headlines like a popular one this week, “Watch: Christina Aguilera Totally Messes Up National Anthem.” It amasses often-searched phrases at the top of articles, like the 18 at the top of the one about Aguilera, including “Christina Aguilera National Anthem” and “Christina Aguilera Super Bowl.” As a result of techniques like these, 35 percent of The Huffington Post’s visits in January came from search engines, compared with 20 percent for, ac-

cording to Hitwise, a Web analysis firm. Mario Ruiz, a spokesman for The Huffington Post, said search engine optimization played a role on the site but declined to discuss how it was used. Although traditional print journalists might roll their eyes at picking topics based on Google searches, the articles can be useful for readers. The problem, analysts say, is when websites publish articles just to get clicks, without offering any real payoff for those who are reading them. “You’re not really crossing the line if you’re creating content for the sake of disseminating information, like HuffPo,” said Vivek Wadhwa, visiting scholar at the School of Information at the University of California, Berkeley. “The problem is these other players

producing content based on what people click on.” Those publishers, which many dismissively refer to as content farms, include Demand Media, Yahoo’s Associated Content and AOL’s Seed. Demand Media uses software that looks at activity on search engines, Facebook and Twitter; generates headlines based on it; and assigns freelancers to write corresponding pieces. The result is articles like “How to Lose Weight in Your Face,” which is a top Google result for related searches and includes tips like “drink plenty of water.” But that approach might not be so effective for long. In recent weeks, there has been swelling criticism in technology circles of these types of websites, and of Google for listing the articles as top results.

Blekko, a search engine that limits results to an edited list of sites, removed all links to eHow and Answerbag. Google said it was working on changes that would push such links lower in search results. “We definitely have heard feedback in the last two weeks that people are concerned about the lowquality content farms in Google, and we’re working on a variety of algorithms to try to address that,” said Matt Cutts, a principal engineer at Google who leads the Web spam team. He declined to single out any specific sites. The ultimate prize for most Web publishers is loyal readers who go directly to their site without passing through a search engine. They are more likely to visit

on a regular basis and stick around. Some Web publishers say that these days, the most effective way to build that following is to find readers on social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter, an approach known as social media optimization. That could improve the quality of articles, they say, because the best way to get links on Twitter is to write a story people want to share with friends. “Search is, in my mind, yesterday’s story,” said Lewis Dvorkin, chief product officer at Forbes, which recently redesigned its website to make it more social. “You’re finding that today’s audience is much more interested in the filter of their colleagues and friends who they trust than an algorithm produced by someone else.”

2/12/2011 2:19:27 AM




Associated Press


Pakistani state airline grounded after strike From Miami Herald Wire Services

Pakistan’s state-owned airline grounded all flights Friday, stranding thousands of angry passengers as an employee strike stretched into a fourth day and turned violent in some areas as police clashed with striking employees. Pakistani International Airlines is the country’s largest carrier and the main operator of domestic flights. At least 250 domestic and international flights have been canceled since the strike began Tuesday, PIA spokesman Mashhood Tajwar said. Pilots and support staff went on strike Tuesday over a proposal to have the struggling carrier share routes with Turkish Airlines. PIA managers say the route-sharing idea will lessen its financial losses, but strikers fear it will lead to job and pay cuts. A relatively peaceful rally of employees and supporters in Karachi turned violent Friday afternoon as police wielding batons charged a group of men sitting on the airport floor, according to footage broadcast by a private Pakistani television station. • DROUGHT CHINA DRILLS WELLS TO SAVE WHEAT CROP China says it is launching a massive well drilling operation to save the crucial wheat crop stricken by the worst drought in decades. The plan to drill 1,350 wells across eight northeastern provinces follows the announcement of plans to spend $1 billion to alleviate the drought. China is the world’s largest wheat growing nation. Expected shortages of the crop in China have already pushed up global prices for the commodity. • GERMANY BUNDESBANK CHIEF TO STEP DOWN EARLY The head of Germany’s Bundesbank, who was long a favorite to become the European Central Bank’s next president, is stepping down a year early for personal reasons, the government said Friday. The government announced Axel Weber’s decision to quit on April 30 after the Bundesbank president met behind closed doors with Chancellor Angela Merkel and Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble, following days of confusion over his future. Merkel and Schaeuble “took note of this decision with respect for Prof. Weber’s personal reasons,” Merkel’s spokesman Steffen Seibert said in a brief statement. • LEBANON BANK DEFENDED IN MONEY LAUNDERING CASE The governor of Lebanon’s Central Bank on Friday disputed claims by the United States that a local bank was laundering money for smugglers tied to the militant Hezbollah group, saying the financial institution abides by all national and international regulations. Riad Salameh said the Lebanese Canadian Bank SAL has the “absolute support of the Central Bank,” the state-run National News Agency reported. The U.S. Treasury Department on Thursday had designated the bank a “primary money laundering concern,” claiming it helped launder up to $200 million a month for a Lebanese-based drug smuggling with ties to the militant Hezbollah group. • TRADE U.S. SAVORS ‘SWEET SPOT’ IN BRAZIL TIES A top U.S. diplomat says U.S. chances to strengthen economic ties with Brazil are in a “sweet spot” with the Latin American nation’s new government. Jose Fernandez, the U.S. State Department’s assistant secretary for economic, energy and business affairs, met Thursday in Brasilia with his Brazilian counterparts. He says U.S. President Barack Obama’s planned March trip to Brazil should help U.S. businesses gain more chances to win work in the South American nation, especially on infrastructure projects planned for the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympics. • VENEZUELA WORKERS END STRIKE AT COCA-COLA PLANT Workers at a Coca-Cola bottling plant in Venezuela have ended a strike that lasted nearly a month and drastically cut back production of soft drinks in the country, the company said. Coca-Cola Femsa de Venezuela said Thursday it signed a new contract with workers at its plant in the northerncentral city of Valencia. The new contract includes salary increases and a one-time bonus for the workers, said the company’s legal director, Rodrigo Anzola. EARNINGS RISE FOR STATE OIL COMPANY Venezuela’s state oil company says higher world oil prices allowed it to increase earnings 35 percent during the first nine months of 2010. Petroleos de Venezuela reported earnings of more than $3.4 billion from January through September. That was up from less than $2.6 billion during the same period in 2009. The company presented the audited financial results Wednesday night as it announced it was issuing $3 billion in bonds. Oil Minister Rafael Ramirez said last week that the company had total revenues of $96.1 billion in 2010.

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Obama backs plan for a wireless U.S. BY ERICA WERNER

GONE UGLY: Pakistani police baton charge the employees of Pakistan International Airlines in Karachi on Friday.


by AT&T, Verizon and others. And it will cost billions of dollars that Republicans now running the House signaled they may be unwilling to spend. But the president cast it as crucial for the United States’ future prosperity and competitiveness with other nations. “This isn’t just about faster Internet,” the president said. “It’s about connecting every corner of America to the digital age.” Obama has taken a domestic trip each week since the Jan. 25 speech to promote different aspects of his competitiveness agenda; previous trips focused on high-speed rail and energy efficiency. Obama’s wireless plan involves increasing the space available on the airwaves for high-speed wireless by auctioning off space on the radio spectrum to commercial wireless carriers. The White House says this would raise nearly $30 billion over

10 years, and the money could be spent on initiatives that include $10 billion to develop a national broadband network for public safety agencies and $5 b illion for infrastructure to help rural areas access high-speed wireless. Portions of the plan will be in the 2012 budget Obama sends to Capitol Hill on Monday. Republicans sounded skeptical Thursday about the proposal, which needs congressional approval. Rep. Fred Upton, R-Mich., chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, said billions had already been allocated for broadband services in the 2009 economic stimulus bill. “Before we target any more of our scarce taxpayer dollars for broadband, it is critical to examine whether the money already being spent is having an impact,” said Upton, who is holding hearings on the topic. But Obama’s proposals won applause from AT&T

and other telecom companies. White House domestic policy advisor Melody Barnes told The Associated Press that Obama wants more spending on Internet broadband because business leaders and emergency responders have told him more funds are needed. “We know that this is the right thing to do,” she said. Obama chose Marquette for Thursday’s remarks because the university town of 20,000 overlooking Lake Superior is becoming an example of how the Internet can bring opportunity and prosperity to far-flung locales. Numerous local businesses market online. Northern Michigan University also has a high-tech wireless program, which Obama saw in action, that lets students and teachers connect with other classrooms in the region. Michigan will also be an important state in the 2012 presidential campaign.

MARQUETTE, Mich. — U.S. President Barack Obama promoted plans to bring high-speed wireless to nearly all U.S. households, pushing his domestic agenda in a small, snowy city in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula on a day of dramatic developments in Egypt. Obama kept in touch with his security team throughout the trip Thursday and opened his remarks at Northern Michigan University with brief comments on the events overseas, where Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak appeared close to resigning. But in a late-night speech Thursday Egypt’s president announced he was transferring some powers to his deputy. “We are witnessing history unfold,” Obama said. He then turned to the importance of investing in wireless technology, part of a new White House focus on innovation, competitiveness and infrastructure as a pathway to jobs and “winning the future.” The president compared the goal of extending wireless access to important successes that connected previous generations of U.S. citizens: the building of railroads and the federal highway system. “For millions of Americans, the railway hasn’t shown up yet,” Obama said. “For our families and our businesses, high-speed wireless service: that’s the next train station; it’s the next offramp. It’s how we’ll spark new innovation, new investments and new jobs.” Obama wants to make high-speed wireless available to 98 percent of the population within five years, a goal he set out in his State of the Union address. TIM SLOAN/AFP-GETTY IMAGES It’s a lofty aim considering such technology is only now SETTING TARGETS: U.S. President Barack Obama wants to make high-speed being built in major cities wireless available to 98 percent of the U.S. population within five years.

Hackers ‘customers’ of Chinese server firm BY JOE McDONALD Associated Press

BEIJING — A Chinese man cited by a U.S. security firm as being linked to cyberspying on Western oil companies said Friday his company rents server space to hundreds of hackers. The disclosure highlighted the pervasiveness of both professional and amateur hacking in China, a leading source of Internet crime. But it also left open the possibility that the hackers cited in a report Thursday by McAfee might be non-Chinese who concealed their identities by routing thefts through computers in China. The man cited by McAfee, Song Zhiyue, is a salesman for a company in the eastern city of Heze that rents server space. He said he has heard of Chinese hackers targeting

U.S. oil companies but he declined to comment on McAfee’s report. It said Song provided crucial infrastructure to the hackers but wasn’t believed to be the mastermind. “Our company alone has a great number of hackers” as customers, Song said in a telephone interview. “I have several hundred of them among all my customers.” Song said hackers using his company’s services had an estimated 10,000 “meat computers” controlled remotely without the owners’ knowledge. He said “yes” when asked whether such activities might be improper but he said Chinese authorities never have contacted him about them. He hung up the phone when a reporter asked for other details. McAfee said the hackers broke into computers

of oil and gas companies in the United States, Taiwan, Greece and Kazakhstan and stole sensitive information about bidding on oil and gas fields, operations and financing. McAfee’s report gave no indication that China’s stateowned oil companies benefited from the spying. But Chinese energy companies are expanding abroad and such information could be useful as they compete for access to oil and gas resources. Spokesmen for several U.S., British and Greek oil companies said they either were unaware of the hacking or could not comment on security matters. A vice president of Taiwan’s biggest oil company, Chinese Petroleum, said it had detected no hacking of its computers. The execu-

tive, Paul Chen, said it would investigate. China’s Police Ministry did not immediately respond Friday to questions about whether it knew of the attacks or was investigating them. Taiwan’s computer crime office was not aware of the attacks, said a police official. He spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not permitted to talk to reporters. Security experts say China is a center for Internet crime, including espionage against major companies. The government denies it is involved but experts say the high skill level of some attacks suggests the Chinese military, a leader in cyberwarfare research, or other agencies might be stealing technology and trade secrets to help state companies.

India’s microcredit industry faces backlash BY RAMA LAKSHMI

Washington Post Service

NEW DELHI — Designed to give poor women easy access to small loans, India’s microcredit industry is battling for survival amid a political backlash, dwindling cash flows and high default rates. To rein in the $4 billion industry, the government recently proposed a set of regulations that would require credit checks and crack down on the strongarm tactics some lenders use to collect payments. A government-appointed review panel has also recommended capping loan amounts and prohibiting women from borrowing from more than two lenders. But microfinance advocates say such rules could kill an industry that has helped lift millions of women out of poverty. “How can we promote the goal of financial inclusion for the poor with these restrictions?” said Sanjay Sinha, managing director of Micro-Credit Ratings Inter-

national, a company that assesses the industry. The panel also said an eligible borrower should earn less than $1,000 a year, a figure that some say excludes a large number of urban poor. India’s central reserve bank set up the review panel after political parties called for an investigation of the industry. The bank will decide in April which recommendations to adopt. India’s microfinance industry has grown by 70 percent annually over the past five years. But the lack of confidence in the system has meant that “the cash flow from banks to the microfinance companies has virtually dried,” Sinha said. Concerns about the industry first surfaced last year, when authorities in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh reported that dozens of suicides might be connected to abusive lending practices. The state, which has the highest number of microlending businesses in India, introduced a law banning aggressive collection practices

and restricting the number of loans per borrower. The law also called for greater disclosures by the lending companies. But problems persist, and some women have stopped repaying their loans, said Jamuna Paruchuri, project manager for gender at Andhra Pradesh’s Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty. “They just cannot cope anymore,” Paruchuri said. “A woman’s right to life is bigger than the companies’ right to collect loan payments.” In a meeting last week in Hyderabad, the state capital, women from self-help groups demanded compensation for those who had committed suicide and the arrest of the agents who harassed them. “The companies are now asking us in the self-help groups to collect money from borrowers. But the companies did not consult us before luring women and dumping them with so many loans. It is not our responsibility to ensure they repay,” said Yadamma Yadaiah, 28, president of a women’s group in the village of Sultanpur.

About 200 women in her village have stopped repaying their loans since October, she said. A spokeswoman for one of the largest microlenders, Spandana Sphoorty, said the company has received payments on only 30 percent to 50 percent of loans in the past three months in Andhra Pradesh. Microfinance companies are “neither a magic wand against poverty nor a fiendish trap,” she said, speaking on the condition of anonymity because of company policy. The microcredit industry has also had trouble in Bangladesh, the country of its birth. Nobel Peace laureate Muhammad Yunus, whose Grameen Bank became the micro-finance model, was recently accused of transferring a portion of $100 million in aid money from Norway and other countries to one of his companies to evade taxes. Yunus, 70, has denied any wrongdoing and said he welcomed the probe because he hoped it would bring out the truth.

2/12/2011 5:32:23 AM



DOW 12,273.26



S&P 500 1,329.15


NASDAQ 2,809.44



Dow Jones industrials


Close: 12,273.26 Change: 43.97 (0.4%)





Close: 2,809.44 Change: 18.99 (0.7%)






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DOW DOW Trans. DOW Util. NYSE Comp. NASDAQ S&P 100 S&P 500 S&P 400 Wilshire 5000 Russell 2000

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Prime Rate Fed Funds Target 3-month T-bill 6-month T-bill 52-wk T-bill 2-year T-note 5-year T-note 10-year T-note 30-year T-bond

The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 3.64 percent Friday. Yields affect interest rates on consumer loans.


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MA CE GJH 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0

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0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

OJ: +6.01% +2.52% +2.06% +5.16% +5.90% +5.43% +5.69% +6.86% +5.58% +4.91%

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4.10 4.78 2.30 5.95 6.57 116.11 15.00 4.45 2.70 2.53

+2.10 +1.07 +.39 +.90 +.99 +16.40 +2.09 +.60 +.36 +.33

+105.0 +28.8 +20.4 +17.8 +17.7 +16.4 +16.2 +15.6 +15.4 +15.0





Vertro rs MannKd TrnsRty Expedia VillBk&Tr EnerNOC NokiaCp AmrRlty BlueNile Orbitz

3.53 3.79 4.19 21.31 2.96 20.49 9.36 4.56 55.87 4.26

-1.45 -1.27 -1.06 -4.38 -.58 -3.41 -1.52 -.71 -7.79 -.55

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28.47 +.23 4.69 +.21 17.37 +.25 14.77 +.28 18.70 -.22 4.88 +.10 13.16 -.45 7.55 -.30 33.67 +1.17 21.31 -4.38 16.38 +.43 21.33 +.06 14.97 -.33 45.63 +.55 82.07 +.88 21.76 -.04 28.16 +2.91 46.57 +1.04 31.05 30.66 -.45 47.22 +.97 10.05 +.88 15.54 -.24


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12PGB04.indd 4

... 1.72f 0.10e 0.72 0.64 ... ... 0.60 ... 0.04 ... ... ... ... ... ... 1.00f ... ... 0.16 ... 0.38 0.04 ... ... 1.28 0.40f ... ... ... 0.88 0.48 0.10e ... ... 1.00 0.12 0.12 0.16f ... ... ... ... 0.16 0.20 ... ... ... ... ... ... 2.30e 2.00 ... ... ... ... ... 0.50 ... 0.52f 0.80 ... 1.08 ... ... ... 15.00e ... 0.04 ... ... ... 0.78e ... ... ... ... 2.08f 1.60b ... 2.08 ... 0.15

7.30 28.47 24.56 46.75 40.00 33.96 21.47 29.12 38.71 14.77 1.13 29.15 6.43 9.00 9.10 4.03 47.63 1.17 3.44 12.00 69.81 24.00 30.20 4.69 7.50 49.49 43.41 3.01 16.05 .41 18.76 95.42 8.40 24.57 3.77 49.21 56.60 40.61 28.97 17.18 9.73 1.37 .00 20.91 24.62 17.20 9.05 15.55 4.27 63.80 5.44 12.51 55.06 10.74 6.07 4.54 3.58 28.99 15.39 9.47 38.67 30.05 47.87 49.31 44.26 12.98 26.70 108.32 .93 32.53 19.20 7.00 18.93 51.04 4.39 7.04 3.21 51.06 75.32 16.57 3.67 63.76 6.99 40.02

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CRUDE OIL $85.58


EURO 1.3541




GOLD $1,359.90



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34.42 17.94

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41.06 21.15 35.85 25.12 34.41 24.83 63.14 9.39 17.07 24.89

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122.66 122.64 10.60 10.60 5.81 53.51 126.79 9.84 25.11 10.23 12.78 121.79 121.80 30.25 19.66 22.89 20.09 13.12 10.96 15.85 69.34 71.95 10.74 10.74 19.63 12.72 22.73 22.48 13.63 13.03 10.46 10.46 10.46 10.46 16.05 33.46 33.46 33.44 21.94 53.17 32.24 55.68 48.45 14.34 27.30

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D;J'OH O;IJFLI9>=7=E Unleaded Gas (gal) 2.47 2.47 ... 1.94 Crude Oil (bbl) 85.58 86.73 -1.15 75.28 Gold (oz) 1359.90 1361.90 -2.00 1094.20 Platinum (oz) 1813.50 1830.80 -17.30 1519.30 Silver (oz) 29.99 30.09 -.10 15.59 Coffee (lb) 2.52 2.56 -.04 1.32 Orange Juice (lb) 1.65 1.65 ... 1.34 Sugar (lb) 0.31 0.32 -.01 .28

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MA CE GJH 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0



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30-YR T-BONDS 4.71%






6-MO T-BILLS .15%



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DWc[ CinnFin Cintas Cisco Citigrp CitiTdecs CityNC CliffsNRs Clorox Coach CobaltIEn CocaCE CCFemsa CCHellenic CocaCl CognizTech ColgPal Comc spcl Comerica CmcBMO CmtyHlt CBD-Pao s CompssMn CompSci ConAgra ConchoRes ConocPhil ConsolEngy ConEd ConstellA ConstellEn ContlRes Cooper Ind Copart Copel CoreLab s CornPdts Corning Corpbnca Cosan Ltd Costco Covance CoventryH Covidien Credicp CredSuiss Cree Inc CrwnCstle CrownHold CullenFr Cummins CypSemi DPL DR Horton DTE Danaher s DaVita DeVry DeckOut s Deere DelMnte Delhaize Dell Inc DeltaAir DenburyR Dndreon Dentsply DeutschBk DevelDiv DevonE Diageo DiaOffs DicksSptg DigitalRlt DirecTV A Discover DiscCm A DiscCm C DishNetwk DrReddy DollarGen DllrTree s DomRescs Domtar grs Donldson DonlleyRR Dover DowChm DrPepSnap DresserR DuPont DukeEngy DukeRlty DunBrad ETrade rs eBay EMC Cp ENI EOG Res EQT Corp EstWstBcp EastChm Eaton EatnVan EVTxMGlo Ecolab Ecopetrol EdisonInt EdwLfSci s ElPasoCp ElPasoPpl Elan EldorGld g ElectArts EAndinB Embraer EmersonEl EElChile EnbrEPtrs Enbridge EnCana g

BWij 9^] 33.58 29.29 18.70 4.88 138.85 59.97 87.51 71.26 57.86 13.72 26.24 78.04 28.12 63.57 75.50 78.92 22.60 39.82 41.30 36.92 37.54 94.82 47.92 22.52 99.03 71.58 47.00 50.10 20.12 31.40 61.86 65.83 41.11 24.18 96.55 47.90 22.36 79.91 12.52 75.04 54.81 29.87 50.51 99.63 43.01 55.36 45.97 37.86 42.97 59.61 111.70 23.56 26.40 12.51 46.94 51.61 78.51 53.28 86.05 95.42 18.92 76.82 13.97 11.90 21.37 35.15 36.62 63.01 14.44 86.44 77.23 69.91 37.77 57.15 43.49 21.72 43.75 38.73 23.40 33.15 27.24 50.50 44.12 90.57 60.70 18.77 66.64 38.38 33.96 45.34 54.58 17.84 13.76 85.57 17.89 34.51 27.04 49.56 103.30 48.28 23.50 93.32 112.44 33.38 10.89 49.55 41.26 37.02 88.87 16.71 35.68 6.86 16.40 18.21 27.58 33.90 61.56 50.50 63.50 58.53 31.45

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DWc[ EndoPhrm Energen Energizer EngyTEq EngyTsfr Enerpls g Enersis ENSCO Entergy EntPrPt Equifax Equinix EqtyRsd EricsnTel ErieInd EssexPT EsteeLdr EverestRe ExcoRes Exelon Expedia ExpdIntl ExpScrip s ExxonMbl F5 Netwks FLIR Sys FMC Corp FMC Tech FactsetR FamilyDlr Fastenal FedRlty FibriaCelu FidlNFin FidNatInfo FifthThird Finisar FstRepB n FstSolar FirstEngy Fiserv Flextrn Flowserve Fluor FocusMda FEMSA FordM FordC pfcld ForestLab ForestOil FortuneBr Fossil Inc FosterWhl FranceTel FrankRes FMCG s FresenM FrontierCm Gallaghr Gannett Gap GardDenv Garmin Gartner GenDynam GenElec GenGrPr n GenMills s GenMot n Genpact Gentex GenuPrt Genworth Genzyme Gerdau Gildan GileadSci GlaxoSKln GlobPay GolLinhas GoldFLtd Goldcrp g GoldmanS Goodrich Goodyear Google Graingr GtPlainEn GreenMtC s GpTelevisa Guess HCC Ins HCP Inc HDFC Bk HSBC Hallibrtn HansenNat HarleyD Harman HarmonyG HartfdFn Hasbro HltCrREIT Heinz HelmPayne HSchein Herbalife Hershey Hertz Hess HewlettP Hitachi Hologic HomeDp Honda HonwllIntl Hormel Hospira HospPT HostHotls HuanPwr

BWij 9^] 35.09 57.94 70.01 39.02 53.18 31.24 19.95 52.93 72.11 42.66 36.41 91.24 54.55 12.67 69.07 115.90 94.15 88.60 20.18 42.06 21.31 53.69 58.27 82.82 126.62 32.18 81.59 89.48 104.83 44.16 63.36 82.19 15.15 14.04 31.89 15.46 43.01 29.13 166.11 39.74 62.34 8.04 132.03 73.52 25.69 53.49 16.38 51.03 33.62 38.32 60.87 82.79 38.26 22.12 128.55 53.52 62.33 9.51 30.30 17.06 21.40 76.52 33.08 38.22 77.45 21.33 15.45 35.91 36.45 14.54 32.42 54.04 13.59 72.55 13.99 30.69 38.39 37.75 49.34 14.40 15.84 42.98 166.66 92.50 14.30 624.50 135.73 19.98 43.46 24.34 45.80 31.32 36.88 148.18 57.24 44.64 56.57 43.11 51.58 10.65 29.75 45.45 49.39 48.01 59.24 67.36 68.07 50.01 16.41 80.60 48.64 59.31 20.18 37.48 42.93 57.98 51.30 54.26 25.52 19.77 21.98

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DWc[ HubbelB HudsCity HumGen Humana HuntJB HuntBnk Huntsmn Hyatt IAMGld g ICICI Bk IdexxLabs IHS Inc ING ITC Hold ITT Corp Icahn Ent IDEX ITW Illumina ImpOil gs IndoTel Inergy Informat InfosysT IngerRd IngrmM IntegrysE Intel IntcntlEx IntCtlHtl IBM IntFlav IntlGame IntPap IntTower g InterOil g Interpublic Intuit IntSurg Invesco IronMtn ItauUnibH IvanhM g JDS Uniph JPMorgCh Jabil JacobsEng Jarden Jefferies JohnJn JohnsnCtl JonesLL JoyGlbl JnprNtwk KB FnclGp KBR Inc KKR n KLA Tnc KT Corp KC Southn Kellogg Kennamtl Keycorp KimbClk Kimco KindME KindMor n KindMM KineticC KingPhrm Kinross g Kohls KoreaElc Kraft Kroger Kubota Kyocera L-3 Com LAN Air LG Display LKQ Corp LPL Inv n LSI Corp LabCp LamResrch LVSands Lazard LearCorp LegacyRes LeggMason LeggPlat LeucNatl Lexmark LibGlobA LibGlobC LibtyMIntA LibMCapA LibStarzA LibtProp LifeTech LillyEli Limited LincNat LinearTch LinnEngy LloydBkg LockhdM Loews Logitech Lorillard Lowes Lubrizol lululemn g Luxottica LyonBas A M&T Bk MDU Res MEMC MGM Rsts MSCI Inc Macerich

BWij 9^] 66.11 11.48 25.58 58.31 42.20 7.53 18.11 49.19 20.34 45.34 76.71 82.31 12.18 67.18 59.59 42.15 42.18 55.81 73.66 45.67 34.44 41.58 49.41 67.12 47.49 20.04 49.25 21.76 128.78 22.34 163.85 56.45 17.52 29.34 9.36 73.74 12.31 50.62 345.27 25.75 26.68 21.91 28.45 28.16 46.57 21.66 52.14 35.15 25.53 60.70 41.41 100.75 93.89 43.41 51.27 34.49 16.08 46.93 19.96 54.75 53.09 41.34 9.54 65.85 18.56 71.57 31.05 64.60 46.57 14.23 16.44 52.75 12.31 30.66 22.59 54.31 104.92 80.04 28.78 16.57 25.73 32.95 6.48 87.79 53.96 47.22 44.52 110.27 29.37 35.58 23.63 34.25 40.23 42.33 40.60 16.66 73.41 70.77 34.57 54.38 34.52 33.03 31.75 35.51 38.20 4.25 81.69 43.03 19.12 78.24 25.09 112.20 84.31 30.05 37.07 89.86 20.86 13.73 15.54 36.11 49.37

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DWc[ MagelMPtr MagnaI gs Makita ManpwI Manulife g MarathonO Markel MarIntA MarshM MarshIls MartMM MarvellT Masco MasseyEn MasterCrd Mattel MaximIntg McCorm McDrmInt s McDnlds McGrwH McKesson McAfee MeadJohn MeadWvco Mechel MedcoHlth Medtrnic MelcoCrwn MercadoL Merck MetLife MetroPCS MettlerT Microchp MicronT MicrosSys Microsoft Millicom MitsuUFJ Mitsui MizuhoFn MobileTel s Mohawk Molex MolexA MolsCoorB Molycorp n Monsanto Moodys MorgStan Mosaic MotrlaSol n MotrlaMo n MurphO Mylan NII Hldg NRG Egy NTT DOCO NV Energy NVR NXP Sem n NYSE Eur Nabors NalcoHld NasdOMX NBkGreece NatFuGas NatGrid NatInstru NOilVarco NatRetPrp NatSemi NatwHP NatResPtrs Navistar NetServic NetApp Netease NetďŹ&#x201A;ix Nevsun g NwGold g NewOriEd NY CmtyB NewellRub NewďŹ&#x201A;dExp NewmtM NewsCpA NewsCpB Nexen g NextEraEn NiSource Nidec NielsenH n NikeB NipponTT NobleCorp NobleEn NokiaCp Nomura NordicAm Nordson Nordstrm NorďŹ&#x201A;kSo NortelInv NoestUt NorTrst NorthropG NovaGld g Novartis Novlus NovoNord NSTAR NuanceCm Nucor NustarEn Nvidia OGE Engy OReillyAu OcciPet Oceaneer

BWij 9^] 57.03 57.77 43.81 67.59 18.17 46.48 419.10 41.22 28.80 7.38 89.54 19.75 14.17 63.09 253.49 25.56 26.64 45.10 22.47 76.14 37.45 78.77 47.90 60.30 29.99 31.86 62.10 39.69 7.18 72.11 33.07 48.23 13.06 167.11 37.98 11.32 48.32 27.25 92.78 5.46 357.40 4.06 19.77 59.54 27.39 22.87 45.05 47.77 75.05 30.46 30.16 88.32 39.34 31.15 68.97 23.35 42.13 20.90 18.17 14.59 760.00 25.27 38.31 25.71 27.35 28.12 2.04 70.22 46.06 46.59 77.86 24.69 15.42 37.68 35.57 65.23 10.87 60.60 43.85 231.07 5.96 9.21 94.87 18.87 20.02 70.91 56.88 17.40 18.33 22.54 55.06 18.96 23.55 25.22 86.21 23.60 38.91 87.06 9.36 6.27 24.84 98.04 46.15 64.10 30.81 33.57 52.86 70.51 14.37 55.94 39.93 118.77 44.18 18.93 47.81 67.38 23.47 46.67 57.63 99.74 76.27

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DWc[ OilStates Omncre Omnicom OnSmcnd ONEOK ONEOK Pt OpenTxt Oracle Orix OshkoshCp OwensCorn OwensIll PG&E Cp PNC POSCO PPG PPL Corp Paccar PallCorp PanASlv Panasonic PaneraBrd ParkerHan PartnerRe Patterson PattUTI Paychex PeabdyE Pearson Pengrth g PennWst g Penney Pentair PeopUtdF PepcoHold PepsiCo PerkElm Perrigo PetChina Petrohawk PetrbrsA Petrobras PetsMart PďŹ zer PharmPdt PhilipMor PhilLD PhilipsEl PhlVH PinWst PioNtrl PitnyBw PlainsAA PlainsEx PlumCrk Polo RL Polycom Popular PortglTel Potash Praxair PrecCastpt PriceTR priceline PrideIntl PrinFncl ProctGam ProgrssEn ProgsvCp ProLogis Prudentl Prud UK PSEG PubStrg QEP Res n QIAGEN Qualcom QuantaSvc QstDiag Questar s QwestCm Rackspace Ralcorp Randgold RangeRs Rayonier Raytheon RltyInco RedHat ReedElsNV ReedEls plc RgcyCtrs RegncyEn RegionsFn ReinsGrp RelStlAl RenaisRe Repsol RschMotn ResMed s ReynAm s RioTinto s Riverbed s RobtHalf RockwlAut RockColl RockwdH RogCm gs Roper RossStrs Rovi Corp Rowan RoyalBk g RBScotlnd RoyDShllB RoyDShllA Ryanair SAIC SAP AG SCANA SEI Inv

BWij 9^] 72.52 +2.52 27.38 +.31 49.43 +.50 11.32 +.13 60.32 +.53 80.00 +.25 58.51 +.14 33.47 +.21 52.78 +.23 38.91 +.85 34.33 -.18 30.83 +.61 46.53 -.18 64.49 +.64 107.79 -.84 88.38 +.86 24.75 -.08 52.52 +1.05 55.13 +.51 34.00 -.49 13.18 -.04 116.11 +16.40 93.56 +1.74 81.68 +.35 33.93 +.23 25.78 +.18 33.33 +.03 62.84 +.79 17.22 12.29 -.05 26.78 +.48 36.30 +.30 38.14 +.18 13.13 +.03 18.97 +.03 63.87 +.51 27.03 +.12 73.46 +1.52 133.76 +.15 19.95 -.38 32.16 +.03 36.24 +.20 41.44 +.26 18.83 -.20 28.90 +.16 59.62 +.45 54.31 -.27 31.85 +.01 62.02 -.11 41.94 96.40 +.07 25.88 +.43 63.46 +.07 37.23 -.23 42.58 +.48 126.87 -.11 49.22 +1.28 3.33 -.01 11.70 -.18 188.30 +3.28 97.00 +1.47 149.29 -.20 68.98 +.91 455.39 -.05 40.08 -.24 32.53 +.13 64.73 +.15 45.90 20.15 +.03 15.28 +.28 65.14 +.14 23.23 +.19 32.87 -.02 111.36 +.33 38.51 +.66 19.21 +.37 57.60 +.60 23.98 +.18 57.49 +.50 17.73 +.16 7.42 +.06 40.07 +3.05 64.16 +.31 77.02 -1.74 48.78 -.10 61.73 +.22 51.08 -.12 34.80 -.24 44.88 +.16 27.81 +.15 37.74 +.27 43.09 -.08 26.33 -.04 8.02 +.29 60.83 +.46 54.87 -.55 69.53 +1.00 31.81 -.13 66.87 -.01 32.42 +.14 32.68 +.70 74.27 +.18 41.87 +.64 33.25 +.01 87.91 +1.11 66.89 -.31 44.65 +1.43 34.89 +.02 83.74 +.65 71.77 +.86 64.46 -.54 38.01 -.02 55.68 +.49 14.18 -.08 68.47 -.46 68.40 -.74 30.22 +.41 16.45 -.39 60.17 +.77 40.67 -1.74 23.30 -.05

DWc[ SK Tlcm SLGreen SLM Cp SM Energy SPX Cp STMicro SXC Hlth s SABESP Safeway StJude Salesforce SanDisk SandRdge SanoďŹ SaraLee Sasol Schlmbrg Schwab Scotts ScrippsNet SeadrillLtd SeagateT SealAir SearsHldgs SempraEn Sensata n ShawC gs ShawGrp Sherwin Shinhan Shire SiderNac s Siemens SigmaAld SignetJwlrs Slcnware SilvWhtn g SimonProp SimsMetal Sina SinopcShng SiriusXM SkywksSol Smith&N SmithfF Smucker SmurfStn n SnapOn SocQ&M Solera SonocoP SonyCp SouthnCo SthnCopper SoUnCo SwstAirl SwtGas SwstnEngy SpectraEn SprintNex StanBlkDk Staples Starbucks StarwdHtl StateStr Statoil ASA StlDynam Stericycle SterlngBcp Sterlite Stryker Subsea 7 SumitMitsu SunLfFn g Suncor gs Sunoco Symantec Syngenta Synopsys Sysco TAM SA TD Ameritr TECO TFS Fncl TIM Partic TJX TRWAuto TaiwSemi TalecrisBio TalismE g Target TataMotors Taubmn TeckRes g TelNorL TlcmArg TelcmNZ TelItalia TelItaliaA TelSPaulo TelefEsp s TelMexA TelMexL TelData TelDta spl Telus g TempurP Tenaris Teradata Teradyn Terex Ternium Tesoro TexInst Textron ThermoFis ThomsonR 3M Co TibcoSft Tiffany

BWij 9^] 17.56 74.50 15.00 63.14 85.25 11.84 51.07 49.67 21.61 47.09 141.51 51.01 8.53 33.85 17.00 52.42 90.37 19.25 53.10 51.78 35.84 14.39 28.39 91.20 53.27 32.41 21.84 39.93 85.83 87.54 81.49 16.52 129.03 62.40 44.04 6.55 34.23 107.16 18.13 93.16 58.78 1.84 36.55 58.47 22.76 62.73 39.44 59.01 56.65 88.88 52.39 36.04 34.90 38.03 44.40 27.38 12.39 38.30 36.91 25.85 4.60 74.09 22.25 33.35 65.01 46.98 23.70 18.82 84.28 10.60 14.22 60.22 23.99 7.24 33.85 40.82 42.87 18.44 66.12 28.78 28.24 22.27 21.12 17.79 10.18 36.90 50.80 61.05 12.94 24.93 22.59 54.39 26.40 53.82 58.81 15.77 25.42 8.27 14.28 11.91 23.59 24.92 17.23 17.40 35.50 30.13 46.02 48.62 46.49 48.97 18.02 36.56 35.94 21.92 35.62 27.60 57.85 40.10 91.80 25.31 64.45

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DWc[ THorton g TW Cable TimeWarn Timken TitanMet TollBros Trchmrk TorDBk g Total SA TotalSys TowersWat Toyota TractSup s TrCda g Trnsalta g TransAtlH TransDigm Transocn Travelers TrimbleN Tuppwre Turkcell TycoElec TycoIntl Tyson UBS AG UDR UGI Corp UMH Prop URS UltraPt g Ultrapar UnilevNV Unilever UnionPac UtdContl UtdMicro US Bancrp US Cellular USSteel UtdTech UtdTherap UtdhlthGp UnivHlthS UnumGrp UrbanOut VF Cp Vale SA Vale SA pf ValeantPh ValeroE Validus Valspar VarianMed VarianSemi Ventas VeoliaEnv VeriFone Verisign Verisk VerizonCm VertxPh ViacomB VimpelC n VirgnMda h Visa Visteon n VivoPart VMware Vodafone Vornado VulcanM WPP plc WABCO WaddellR WalMart Walgrn WalterEn WarnerCh s WasteCon s WsteMInc Waters WatsnPh WeathfIntl WebMD WtWatch WellPoint WellsFargo WDigital WstnUnion Westpac Weyerh Whrlpl WhitingPet WholeFd WmsCos WmsPtrs WmsSon WillisGp WimmBD Windstrm Wipro s WiscEn WooriFn Wyndham Wynn XL Grp XcelEngy Xerox Xilinx YPF Soc Yahoo Yamana g YanzhouC YumBrnds Zimmer ZionBcp

BWij 9^] 42.10 71.11 36.54 51.74 19.57 21.46 63.44 79.65 58.82 17.70 57.44 90.05 53.69 38.36 21.07 52.15 81.53 77.23 58.99 48.18 55.27 16.00 38.51 46.29 18.49 19.06 24.00 31.65 10.52 46.40 46.69 60.79 29.56 28.95 99.02 27.29 3.06 28.37 48.91 58.92 85.20 67.27 42.38 42.79 26.56 37.61 87.13 34.37 30.06 40.54 27.97 31.44 38.42 69.11 45.60 55.22 32.70 45.02 36.71 33.86 36.39 38.46 45.14 14.39 27.42 74.93 70.87 32.97 89.06 29.21 88.99 44.47 66.77 62.23 40.08 55.69 42.58 119.23 23.62 29.24 38.04 79.87 57.16 24.84 53.84 43.96 65.25 33.76 34.42 21.40 121.74 25.20 86.70 121.59 59.67 26.99 48.25 37.96 38.46 32.55 13.19 12.70 58.57 39.00 30.15 129.10 23.24 23.93 10.97 33.78 48.80 16.85 11.77 28.44 49.77 60.63 24.96

+.52 +.79 +.17 +1.00 +.27 -.17 +.61 +.92 -.32 -.03 -.10 +1.23 +.53 +.23 +.21 +.07 -.24 -1.53 +.53 +.49 +1.17 +.17 +.42 -.02 +.05 -.01 +.42 +.14 +.05 +1.19 -.76 +.19 -.25 -.37 +1.51 +.73 -.07 +.51 +.47 +1.09 +.45 -.09 -.05 +.73 +.33 +.29 -.41 +.55 +.46 -.46 -.11 -.25 +.15 +.03 -.08 +.09 +.16 +1.10 +.50 +.10 -.03 +.30 +.39 +.40 +.83 +.19 +.07 -.29 -.74 -.14 +.69 +.37 +.25 +5.01 +2.38 +.10 -2.38 +.27 +.14 -.10 +.41 +.70 +.60 +.29 +1.11 -.11 +.76 -.74 +.16 -.51 +.47 -.39 -1.36 -.38 -.37 +.50 +.42 +.46 +.08 +.15 +.16 +.06 -1.33 +.51 +8.95 +.04 +.13 +.13 +.36 +.10 +.23 -.17 +.30 +.03 +.58 +.35

2/12/2011 5:26:34 AM







New York Times Service

For two reasons, the choice of Emmanuelle Alt as editor-in-chief of French Vogue, in January, was anticlimactic. First, dness there was all the weirdness of her predecessor’s departure. Was Carine Roitst for feld, who held the post he re10 years, fired or did she sign, as Conde Nast maintained? Second, the swift m the promotion of Alt from shion No. 2 position of fashion director suggested thatt her g for bosses weren’t looking much change. As she herw my self said, “They know bably work by heart, and probably fe for they felt like it was safe them.” Vogue editors do not come along every day, except in China and Inshdia, where Western fashew. ion magazines are new. S. Anna Wintour (U.S. zVogue) and Franca Sozzani (Italian Vogue)) have held their jobs forr a 22 years; Alexandra Shulman, the chief of British Vogue, a little less. If anything, the cult of the editor has exploded in the last decade, with books, documentaries and fan sites like I Want to be a Roitfeld, which is dedicated not so to just to Roitfeld but also e site offspring. Recently the clude branched out to include Alt. At the same time, in a, series of posts on, cal of Sozzani has been critical mong this cult, suggesting, among eople other things, that people have their priorities conng to fused. Without referring e said anyone specifically, she view: this week in an interview: ng in “They think it’s sitting the front row and looking around with a tough eye as if you’re the one to decide about the life of people. This attitude is completely wrong. It’s what you do for the magazine that matters.” Then she added, “Honestly, I don’t think a stylist has a vision for a magazine.” Roitfeld was a freelance stylist before she became editor of French Vogue, where she continued to style shoots. She was also the model for Tom Ford’s louche glamour at Gucci, down to her black bra and

Even at French Vogue, image isn’t everything

PAST WORKS: WILLIAM P. O’ DONNELL/NE Photograp W YORK TIME S hs that we Emmanue re styled b SERVICE lle Alt, new y editor-in-c Vogue, in hief of Fre the Octob n er 2010 iss ue of the m ch agazine.

stilettos. Insiders doubted that she could run a magazine, but within a few years, with the help of the art director Fabien Baron and Alt (not to mention a bunch of great photographers and models, who seemed to have interned at the same disco), French Vogue felt coolly revitalized. “It’s one of the best female fashion magazines in the world,” the photographer Jean-Baptiste Mondino said. “It’s as simple as that, and people couldn’t cope with it.” The magazine was also profitable under Roitfeld, said Jonathan Newhouse, chief executive of Conde Nast International, with a 40 percent jump in circulation over her tenure. Roitfeld’s undoing as editor in chief was triggered, people in Paris speculated, by her December issue, which was devoted to all things Ford, not least sex. For one spread, he photo-


VETERAN AT VOGUE: Carine Roitfeld held the post of editor-in-chief at French Vogue for 10 years. graphed a pair of elders groping each other in a smear of lipstick and neck wrinkles. Ford declared he was tired of youth culture. What happened to Roitfeld was this: she offered to resign, according to several individuals close to the matter. She was frequently absent from the office, on shoots, and when the issue of her management came to a head, she offered to resign.

‘Less is more’ is mattering most

Celebrities kick-start New York Fashion Week


New York Times Service


NEW YORK — A catwalk of celebrities kicked off New York Fashion Week this week, getting the audience all pumped up for the Red Dress runway show, which draws attention to a national awareness campaign about women and heart disease. Denise Richards did the ’70s look in a halter-top, empire-waist dress by Matthew Williamson, while ’70s pinup Suzanne Somers went for a flared minidress with a jeweled waist by Ina Soltani. Matthew McConaughey cheered on girlfriend Camila Alves in her sexy, tiny-strap asymmetrical gown by Kaufman Franco, snapping photos the whole show through, and Susan Sarandon let her daughter, Eva Amurri, soak up the spotlight in her high-neck lace dress by Chris Benz. Sarandon, dressed in an unassuming pink polo shirt and hair pulled back, quietly took her front-row seat just a few minutes befo re the show began. No one strutted quite like actress Taraji P. Henson, in a Naeem Khan-designed beaded dress with a high slit, who milked her moment with the crowd, singing Michael Jackson’s The Way You Make Me

12PGB05.indd 5

She may have been bluffing, hoping she would be asked to stay, but her resignation was accepted. Her friendship with Alt did not survive, however. Both women said they were no longer speaking. Neither would reveal the reasons. A few days later at the Cafe de Flore, Alt, as candid as she is unfazed, said: “I don’t look back and see clouds anywhere. Carine is

someone who needs to be free. She’s the rebel of the class. She hates authority. She dealt with it for years but . . .” Alt, 43, the daughter of a Parisian model who worked for Lanvin and Nina Ricci and a professional writer of children’s songs, is every inch a fashion editor. Starting from the bottom, as a summer intern at French Elle, she arrived at Vogue in 2000, three weeks before Roitfeld. She is tall, lanky, with dark brown hair. Her style twin would surely be Daria Werbowy. What isn’t known is whether the centimeters, when broken out, add up to editor in chief. Alt’s great strength, say those who work with her, like the photographers Inez van Lamsweerde and Vinoodh Matadin, may be that young women, with careers and families (Alt has a daugh-

ter, 6, and a son, 13) identify with her style. “It’s believable,” van Lamsweerde said, adding, “I always say to her, ‘I want everything you’re wea wearing.’ ” Personally, Van La P Lamswe eerde said, she doesn’t doe sweerde car e to see a more w care wellrou unded French Vog rounded Vogue. “Do we rea really need ano another magaz magazine lat about the latest architectural feat, the lat latest book? To me, what’s need needed is a real fash fashion w magazine, with ta the best taste incredi and incredible photography.” pl Alt, who plans to attend the sho New York shows ti for the first time in years, liken likened the changes she m wants to make to “opening a w few more winwa dows.” She wants femin a more feminine attitude. m “I don’t mean sa girlie,” she said, tou “but less tough. y And I think you v can make very fash strong fashion with pictures without shocking or beborderlin ing borderline.” m French Vogue may display a nostal nostalgic cigaret love for cigarettes Bar and nude Bardot blondes, “but it’s not p because everything is possible that you can do eve everything,” she said. t She seems aware that to be a great editor is to be styl more than a daring stylist. photograph She has told photographers that she will only st style one shoot per issue. And she has given up her outside styling jobs, with Balmain and Isabel Marant, which she was permitted to do when she first came to Vogue. In an internal Conde Nast memo in January, Newhouse reminded editors about the company policy against taking on outside jobs without permission. “I completely understand that in life you have to make choices,” Alt said. “It’s not even a discussion. I’m going to be exclusive to French Vogue.”


WILD THING: Denise Richards walks the runway wearing a dress designed by Matthew Willamson at the New York Fashion Week on Wednesday. Feel. OK, maybe Dita von Teese, wearing a Zac Posen number that emphasized her hourglass shape, one-upped her in the hip-swinging department. Pop singer Natasha Bedingfield performed at the end of her turn, but one could have forgotten her day job as she wore a deep V halter dress by Nicole Miller. Patti LaBelle hammed it up in her kimono-style dress by Zang Toi, and Linda Gray wore a Pamella Roland off-the-shoulder gown. Katrina Bowden went short in a flounce-front Oscar de la Renta. Julianne Hough’s red Swarovski dress played into the heart-health theme with its sweetheart neckline and

her necklace with crystals shaped into hearts. By fashion standards, Alberta Ferretti’s eyelash pleat dress on TV personality Cat Deeley and Monique Lhuillier’s rose-covered ballgown, modeled by Garcelle Beauvais, were standouts. The Red Dress show has become an annual event in February at Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week, which officially kicked off Thursday for eight days of previews for the fall season. Some designers are further supporting the national heart disease campaign, sponsored by The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, by auctioning dresses through the Clothes Off Our Back website.

NEW YORK — Tom Ford’s fashion show at his Madison Avenue, N.Y., store last fall was a tour de force of image control. Staged with little fanfare, documented by a single photographer and attended by no more than a hundred hand-picked guests, the show was a signal departure for Ford, who, during his tenure at Gucci in the 1990s, was a master of the super-size spectacle. “I wanted fashion to be fun again, like it was in the ’60s,” he said of his insidersonly affair. Today, he added, “you see the clothes on the runway, and within an hour or so, they’re online.” “They’re overexposed,” he said. “I wanted to pull everything back.” Ford’s audacious gesture, some argue, set a new bar. “He shook up the industry,” said Paul Wilmot, a fashion publicist, “and if somebody says they weren’t influenced, that would be a lie.” Which may be why, as New York Fashion Week began this week, many designers are scaling back, abandoning the extravagant productions of the past in favor of more pointedly exclusive affairs. Like the fabled Kansas City of “Oklahoma!” fashion, they suggest, it has “gone about as fer as it could go.” “A show has been done on the Great Wall of China,” said Coline Choay, the director of publicity and marketing for the Altuzarra label, referring to a much

documented 2007 Fendi spectacle. “So now we have to ask ourselves, ‘What are we going to do next?’ ” “Next,” for a significant number of the more than 250 designers parading their collections this season, entailed finding smaller sites and limiting attendance, with the aim, in some cases, of recreating the plummy atmosphere of an old world defile, with its velvet-voiced narrator and little gilt chairs. Such strategically elitist moves suggest that Ford’s presentation, the most talked-about of last season, has had a ripple effect. James LaForce, a fashion publicist, has encountered designers who are questioning the validity of a blockbuster show. “I’ve heard plenty of people saying, ‘Let’s do a Tom Ford kind of thing,’ ” he said. “They are asking themselves, ‘Is more really more, or is more watering down our influence?’ ” And according to a spokesman for IMG, which produces the fashion shows at Lincoln Center, there has been a stepped-up demand this season for the smaller spaces, like the 250-seat Box, and the Studio, which accommodates 500. Smaller shows “put the focus on the product, where it should be,” said Wes Gordon, a designer with an uptown following. Gordon plans to showcase his 18-piece collection at the St. Regis Hotel, in the gilded, wood-paneled Fountainebleau Room, his models arranged around a grand piano. More-modest productions

are not without precedent. Over a year ago, Marc Jacobs made waves by largely eliminating celebrities and slashing attendance at his show to only 500 from 1,400. More recently Victoria Beckham captivated audiences by showing at an Upper East Side town house, the models brushing by spectators’ knees as Beckham herself narrated the proceedings. Such arguments, of course, could be seen as putting an acceptable face on hard realities. The publicist Vanessa von Bismarck noted that some of her designers were driven by financial pressures to limit the size of their productions. “They just don’t have the money to put on a big show,” she said. Others may stick to larger shows because they simply lack Ford’s charisma or formidable clout. “What worked for Tom Ford doesn’t work for everybody,” Filipowski said. He further questioned whether going minimal is not “just another of those artificial debates that fuels our industry.” “In reality,” Filipowski said, “we’re not seeing big changes in the size of the shows.” Stephen Courter, a partner in the Ohne Titel label, has actually added 100 seats this season, about one third more than last fall, an attempt to be more inclusive. “Even editors you have no relationship with insist on coming to the show,” he said. “People really want to be part of it, and it’s hard to say no.”

2/12/2011 4:53:46 AM







NORTH ♠ K 10 7 5 ♥873 ◆ A 10 9 3 ♣K4



For more comics & puzzles, go to


Opening lead — ♥ queen

When South played four spades on the lead of the heart queen to the ace and a heart return, he won, cashed WEST EAST the spade ace and king, then played a club. West took the ♠Q83 ♠2 ♥QJ ♥ A 10 9 5 4 2 ace, cashed the spade queen, and exited with a club. When ◆65 ◆Q84 East turned up with six ♣A87652 ♣ 10 9 3 hearts, declarer played West SOUTH for the diamond length and ♠AJ964 went one down. Let’s revisit declarer’s ♥K6 play. At trick three it looks ◆KJ72 far better to lead the club ♣QJ jack. If West ducks, you win and take the top spades, East Vulnerable: Both pitching a heart, planning to Dealer: South ruff a heart and then play a club. If West captures the The bidding: club jack at trick three and South West North East exits with a club, you win 1♠ Pass 3♠ Pass and take the top spades, then 4♠ All pass ruff a heart and exit with a 2-12

spade. Either way, West will be on lead and has only minorsuit cards left. He should know that a club would give a ruff and discard, but since declarer has a 4-4 diamond fit, a ruff and discard will do him no good. So West exits with a club, and declarer needs to guess diamonds himself. But now he has a better count of the East-West hands. While East might have started with 1-61-5 shape, his heart discards combined with his play of the club nine and 10 on the second and third round of the suit make it more likely that he had three clubs and thus began life with 1-6-3-3 pattern. If so, declarer should play East for the diamond queen. —BOBBY WOLFF





WHITE TO PLAY Hint: Win a pawn and simplify.

Solution: 1. Rxg7ch! Kxg7 2. Qg4ch Kf8 3. Rxe3 [adapted, Nakamura-Grischuk ’11].








Dear Abby: I am a 17-year-old girl who is obsessed with remaining a virgin. I’m uncomfortable around guys my age for fear they will want sex. I am tormented all day long by thoughts of losing my virginity. If I see a mildly racy scene in a movie or have a sexual thought and experience some sort of physiological reaction, I become extremely upset. I must repeatedly reassure myself that any arousal was not deliberate. I’m sick of feeling so anxious over this stuff. I sometimes wish I didn’t know about sex at all. What can I do? Embarrassed in New York Stop beating yourself up for having normal feelings for someone your age. As young women (and men) mature, sexual feelings happen. They are not shameful, and experiencing them does not mean they must be acted upon. The more you tell yourself NOT to think about something, the more you will. (I feel similarly about chocolate.) One way to deal with obsessive thoughts is to divert the thought into an action that IS acceptable. In your case, becoming involved in sports might rechannel some of your sexual energy. The key is to stay busy. But if your obsessive thoughts persist, they should be discussed with a licensed mental health professional.

when her children misbehave sends a strong message. You should detail your concerns to your son because they are valid. Not only is your daughter-in-law’s behavior rude and a poor example, but the children are being neglected. The Internet is not the problem. The problem is her fixation on it. Dear Abby: After entertaining family and friends with BBQ holiday dinners, which includes purchasing all the food and beverages, must I send guests home with leftovers? Over the years, it has been “expected” that I’d give them a take-home dinner at my expense. What’s right — pack the leftovers for my own personal use or divide them up for guests? Left Holding the Bag People “expect” you to send the leftovers with them because that’s the pattern you set all these years. Because you now prefer to keep them for your personal use, pare down the menu and prepare less food. You might also clean up earlier and put the excess food away — out of sight, out of mind. If you are questioned, deal with it by pointing out that in this economy everyone needs to cut back — and while in the past you sent food home with your guests, for the foreseeable future “charity” begins at home. YOUR home.


Dear Abby: My daughter-in-law is driving us crazy. She is constantly on her cell phone with Facebook, e-mail or playing games when she’s at our home. Her sons (3 and 7) were fighting last week and she didn’t even raise her head to break it up. She just repeated in a monotone, “Stop,” because she didn’t want to break her concentration! What I don’t understand is, she’s a teacher. How would she feel if her whole class tweeted, e-mailed and played games during her lessons? If I say anything about her using the phone at our dinner table, she makes a face and later tells my son I’m rude. Had the Internet Up to Here! The Internet has many virtues. It provides information and diversion — but it can also be addictive. From your description of your daughter-in-law, it appears she has become hooked. That she would fail to intervene

HOROSCOPE IF TODAY IS YOUR BIRTHDAY: You are on a roll for the next several weeks, so do everything possible to get your business and personal affairs in order. Influential friends may be willing to lend assistance. • AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): You are so mentally adept that you might be able to estimate exactly how many pennies are in the jar. • PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): Your intuitions are right on target during the next few days and your imagination knows few boundaries.


• ARIES (March 21-April 19): If you want to win someone’s heart, wear yours on your sleeve. • TAURUS (April 20-May 20): The writing on the wall might be written in invisible ink. Your warmth and understanding will make the message clear. • GEMINI (May 21-June 20): Try not to be too businesslike when engaged in discussions with others. • CANCER (June 21-July 22): Spread good news and brilliant ideas. Loved ones could be disturbed by sloppy surroundings, so strive to make your nest neat. • LEO (July 23-Aug. 22): Reach out and touch someone. Dancing and music might add to the evening’s joys. • VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): Don’t mix business with pleasure. Funnel energy into creative outlets this weekend. • LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): Be less practical and more poetical. This weekend, vision and imagination can make the piggy bank bulge. • SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): Lasting love is the latest rage. Don’t give in to a passing temptation that might disrupt your life. • SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): Take the middle path. Rather than taking sides, you should make an effort to avoid controversy. • CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): Visualize a victory and you will be victorious. It is said that if you can imagine success your subconscious will help you achieve it.

12PGB06.indd 6

CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Waste no time 5 Performance hit 10 TV’s Magnum and Rockford, for two 13 Gobi Desert locale 14 Sioux shelter 15 Is not wrong? 16 U.S. patriotic display 19 Before, poetically 20 Lager alternatives 21 Lower in public estimation 22 ___ the lily (overembellish) 23 Like some military vehicles 25 Wool gatherer’s need 28 One-time Yugoslavian 29 John Grisham’s “A Time to ___” 30 Some bridge positions 31 Zambia’s capital? 34 Dorothy followed it 38 What tee follows 39 Quarter-acres 40 Prefix with “trust” or “matter” 41 Some subatomic particles 42 Most repulsive 44 Diplomat’s building 47 Ore store 48 Slow, musically

49 50 53 57 58 59 60 61 62

Dublin’s land Certain undergarment Part of a healthy diet Food thickener “Red sky at night, sailor’s delight,” e.g. Produced Symbol of punishment Ancient manuscript Horse-stopping word

DOWN 1 Steak house specification 2 Manual reader 3 The margin runs along it 4 “Yee-___!” 5 Film photos 6 Apportioned (with “out”) 7 Zoo’s houseful 8 “Deep Blue ___” (1999) 9 Egg manufacturer 10 Pablo’s wife in “For Whom the Bell Tolls” 11 Like a locked lavatory 12 Trusty mount 15 Trappist head 17 It’ll grow on you 18 Upholstery fabric 22 Nerve 23 Part of a metrical foot 24 Univ. drill team? 25 Small type of terrier 26 Gets the lead out

27 Building annexes 28 Birthday mail 30 Wood for black piano keys 31 The Z in ZIP code 32 Makes a fast stop? 33 Revise 35 Prayer 36 Seeks the affection of

37 41 42 43 44

Wheezy chest sound Doctor’s summoner Whirlpool or tornado Inventor’s springboard Composer of the “Pomp and Circumstance” marches 45 Bette’s “All About Eve” role

46 47 49 50 51 52 54 55 56

Server’s basketful Monarch’s loyal subject Days-of-yore oath How the apathetic feel Make over Sailing the Pacific Wet/dry ___ (shop acc.) Tokyo, once Upscale German car

2/11/2011 8:57:36 PM






Jazz coach Sloan resigns Cavs coach stays confident despite slide


waned recently and he contemplated stepping down a few days ago. “I try not to make a big deal out of things anyways,” said Sloan, 68. “My time is up and it’s time to move on.” Sloan’s resignation came two days after he agreed to coach next season. “They had asked me to sign it and that’s what I had done for the last four or five years,” he said. Multiple news media outlets reported that Sloan experienced a growing divide with some of his players, most notably the All-Star point guard Deron Williams. The Salt Lake City Tribune reported that Williams and Sloan clashed during Wednesday’s loss to the Chicago Bulls, and Sloan, normally quick to meet with reporters after games, spent more than half an hour with Utah management before conducting a postgame interview. Williams was particularly frustrated last season when Utah traded Ronnie Brewer, whom he had mentored, to the Memphis Grizzlies. “You look at all the teams that are getting better around the West and we essentially get worse, if you ask me,” Williams told The Salt Lake City Tribune. Greg Miller, who assumed control of the franchise from his father, denied the reports and said that Sloan made the decision and that he and general manager Kevin O’Connor tried to change Sloan’s mind right up until the news conference. “Nobody pushed Jerry or Phil out,” Miller said. “No players pushed him out. Kevin didn’t push him out, an aspiring head coach didn’t push him out, and I certainly didn’t push him out.” Sloan said that confrontations with players became a familiar routine through



END OF AN ERA: Jerry Sloan’s tenure ended midway through his 23rd season, the longest of any coach in the four major professional sports in the U.S. the years. “Those things are minor as far as trying to go forward and that’s what it is,” he said. “You hate to see a guy go out without having won a championship after all the great teams he’s had,” Lakers coach Phil Jackson said. Coach Doc Rivers of the Celtics said: “It caught us all off guard. It’s kind of a sad day, to me, for the league. He’s been such this stable

guy in the league. He’s been there like this rock. And all of a sudden the rock is gone. It’s like your franchise moved or something. It’s strange.” Sloan averaged 14 points and 7.5 rebounds in 11 NBA years as a defensive stalwart with the Chicago Bulls and the Baltimore Bullets before knee injuries shortened his career. His No. 4 jersey hangs from the United

Center, along with Michael Jordan’s. He began his coaching career with the Bulls in 1979 and was fired in his third season. With 1,221 career victories, Sloan is third on the NBA career list. He did things his way, as the NBA continually transformed around him, and could be spotted each night eating his pregame dinner along with media members.

As the losses have piled up, Scott has maintained his public composure. But following Wednesday night’s 103-94 home loss to Detroit, a game in which the Cavaliers seemed uninterested at times, Scott lambasted his players for their general lack of effort. They weren’t ready, and it was beyond him why. He hasn’t backed off his hard stance. There’s only so much he can do, after all. Players have to play. “I never needed a coach to motivate me to go out and play basketball, to go out and compete,” said Scott, who won three NBA titles playing for Pat Riley and the Los Angeles Lakers. “That has nothing to do with us as coaches. All we can do is put you in the best position possible. You’ve got to come out wanting to compete. Our guys didn’t do that last night. “That’s on all of us, but more on them because they’re the ones going out there on the court.” Scott was particularly bothered by the Cavaliers’ overall commitment to winning. They had recently shown signs of being ready to bust out of their epic slump, and with a beatable Pistons team in town, it appeared the Cavaliers might finally end their slide. Instead, loss No. 26 was secured and the sarcastic website provided those not following the Cavaliers closely with the same oneword update: “No.” Forward Antawn Jamison said the blame falls squarely on Cleveland’s players. Jami-

son was acquired last season in a trade from Washington to help Cleveland win an elusive title that remains out of reach. Now, he’s part of history that no one wants. “We can’t make excuses, we can’t hide from the rest of the world,” he said. “We’re in a bigger spotlight now than we were in last year when I got here. Life is just funny. I try to tell these guys to continue to stay upbeat, continue to be positive, try to enjoy what you’re doing. But it’s definitely a disappointment to have a streak like this. “We’re in the record books and there’s nothing we can do about it now.” Except not make things worse. Jamison praised Scott and Cleveland’s other coaches, who have had to deal with an assortment of injuries — Anderson Varejao and Mo Williams, arguably the Cavaliers’ top two players are still out — and forced them to use inexperienced players in key roles. “I have no problems with what our coaching staff has been doing,” he said. “They’re going over and beyond. Our coaching staff has been phenomenal. They bring it every day, they expect us to do it and we’ve been doing it. The coaching staff is not at fault here.” There’s plenty of blame to go around, for sure. It would be easy for Jamison to take the easy way out and demand a trade. But the stand-up, well-respected veteran isn’t planning any escape. He’s committed to helping the Cavaliers get back to winning — some time.

Who’s greedier, the millionaires or billionaires? • NFL, FROM 8B

bolts to make sure everybody who bought a ticket to last week’s Super Bowl actually had a working seat. The players are essentially arguing for the status quo, and with flawless logic. The league has never been more popular, and everyone is already making money hand over fist. But in case logic doesn’t prevail, the players’ association has already

hedged its bets by filing several legal challenges and laying the groundwork to unveil the nuclear option — decertifying the union and mounting an antitrust lawsuit. There’s nothing wrong with making preparations, of course, The owners have already established a slush fund and have access to enough in TV rights fees to black out an entire season and more. What’s insulting,

on the other hand, are the pleas for public sympathy from both sides, who’ve cast themselves as almostregular Joes. The league has hired several of the high-priced management lawyers behind the NHL’s lost season. So far, their contribution is to try to convince us that NFL owners are just like small-business owners everywhere, struggling just to keep the doors open week to week.

The union has countered with a “Let Us Play!” campaign, as though they were strictly about love of the game and not money. Several players used their podiums at the Super Bowl to note that a lockout would mean they’d have to go out and get health insurance on their own. It would be tempting, especially in these uncertain times, to believe their problems and concerns are

similar to ours. But given the multiples involved, they’re not even close. When he owned the Cleveland Browns, Art Modell defined the NFL’s success this way: “We’re — Republicans who vote socialist.” What he meant is that by sharing the biggest revenue sources the league ensured the competitiveness and viability of every franchise. That parity, along with la-


Kumaritashvili remembered • LUGE, FROM 8B

other members of the Georgian Olympic federation lashed out against both Vancouver organizers and the FIL. Kumaritashvili had only 26 runs in the span of about a year down the treacherous ice to get ready for the Olympics, crashing on four of them. Some said the course was too fast. Some said the training conditions weren’t fair. Some members of the Georgian delegation contended that Kumaritashvili’s vision was impaired by shadows on the ice because shades — attached to the track lip to protect the ice from excessive sunlight or precipitation — were improperly used.

It wasn’t just Kumaritashvili who had problems on the Whistler track, either. Many luge athletes, including some of the world’s elite, crashed either in competition or training during the Olympics. Some required hospitalization, some were concussed, and no shortage of bobsled and skeleton competitors echoed their luge brethren in wondering about the track’s safety. And just this week, a series of e-mails were released, revealing conversations between VANOC chief John Furlong and members of his staff about ongoing talks about the fears of trouble at the Whistler track. Most of the dialogue was in response to FIL concerns that

the track being built in Sochi, Russia for the 2014 Olympics would be faster than engineers promised, which was the case in Whistler as well. “An athlete gets badly hurt or worse and I think the case could be made we were warned and did nothing,” Furlong wrote on March 24, 2009. “That said I’m not sure where the exit sign or way out is on this.” The Georgian Olympic committee has said it wants an explanation of the newly released documents and Furlong told The Canadian Press on Thursday he RICARDO MAZALAN/AP would provide any information the committee wants FATAL SLIDE: Georgia luger Nodar Kumaritashvili died concerning Kumaritashvili’s in a training wreck just hours before the start of the death. 2010 Vancouver Olympics.

McIlroy leads, Woods 4 back after second round in Dubai • GOLF, FROM 8B

of good shots,” said Woods, who likened his game on Friday to the way he played at last year’s Chevron World Challenge, where he lost in a playoff to U.S. Open champion Graeme McDowell. “I felt like I drove it pretty good and more than anything I controlled my [trajectory], which was nice,” he said. “I feel good. We worked out a few of the things last night that I didn’t like.” McIlroy has struggled to

12PGB07.indd 7

meet expectations since winning the Quail Hollow Championship last year. He says he’s approaching his game with more patience, and it seems to be paying dividends — he finished second in last month’s Abu Dhabi Championship. McIlroy bogeyed the par-4 second hole then settled himself with five birdies over his last 12 holes, including the 18th for the second straight day. “I thought after the start that I had, I really hung in

there and stayed patient and just sort of picked up my birdies when I could,” McIlroy said. “I think I was 5-under from 7 onwards. So, really pleased with the round.” Much of the talk going into the tournament was on the powerhouse group of Woods, Westwood and Kaymer. But only Woods delivered on Friday, with Westwood (70) at 5-under 139 and Kaymer (71) at 4-under. Westwood had four birdies but bogeyed two of his

bor peace, enabled the NFL to kick every other pro sport in North America to the side of the road in a break neck dash to prosperity. If after all that time, owners and players haven’t figured out the concept of giving a little to get a lot, here’s hoping they shut down the business for a long time. Because by then, fans will know all the details and care less than ever about them.

last four holes, missing two makable putts. Kaymer, meanwhile, never seemed to get going, posting three birdies but also two bogeys in a row during his first six holes. “I didn’t hit it so good. I didn’t give myself enough chances,” Westwood said. “It was just a plod round really, a bit of a boring day.” Westwood, who last year struggled with a calf injury, said his distance has been suffering as has his control. It showed on approach shots

that fell short, leaving him long putts on several holes that just missed. “Distance control is poor when you are not striking it very well,” he said. “I’m just playing for the fat of the greens really and trying to make a few long ones which I haven’t, which is the reason I’m 5 under. Still in there with a chance.” Aiken, ranked 97th and known as much for his shoulder-length hair as for his swing, has 67s in the first two rounds.

Atlantic Boston New York Philadelphia New Jersey Toronto

W 38 26 24 16 14

L 14 25 28 37 39

Pct .731 .510 .462 .302 .264

GB — 111/2 14 221/2 241/2

Southeast Miami Atlanta Orlando Charlotte Washington

W 38 33 34 22 14

L 14 19 20 30 37

Pct GB .731 — .635 5 .630 5 .423 16 .275 231/2

Central Chicago Indiana Milwaukee Detroit Cleveland

W 35 22 20 20 8

L 16 28 31 33 45

Pct GB .686 — .440 121/2 .392 15 .377 16 .151 28

WESTERN CONFERENCE Southwest San Antonio Dallas New Orleans Memphis Houston

W 44 37 32 28 25

L 8 16 22 26 29

Pct GB .846 — .698 71/2 .593 13 .519 17 .463 20

Northwest Oklahoma City Denver Utah Portland Minnesota

W 33 31 31 28 13

L 18 23 23 24 39

Pct .647 .574 .574 .538 .250

GB — 31/2 31/2 51/2 201/2

Pacific L.A. Lakers Phoenix Golden State L.A. Clippers Sacramento

W 37 25 23 20 12

L 16 25 29 32 37

Pct .698 .500 .442 .385 .245

GB — 101/2 131/2 161/2 23

THURSDAY’S GAMES L.A. Lakers 92, Boston 86 Phoenix 112, Golden State 88 Denver 121, Dallas 120

2/12/2011 5:45:42 AM






NBA DEFIANT dean of UNDER PRESSURE coaches resigns abruptly BY JONATHAN ABRAMS

New York Times Service

Jerry Sloan and Larry H. Miller, the late owner of the Utah Jazz, had a gentleman’s agreement a few years ago. Sloan would agree to a one-year contract every winter, mull it over in the spring and officially commit in the summer. The process was as certain as the changing of the seasons. Sloan, a coach considered to have the safest job in the NBA, often half-jokingly said that either he or management could always decide to part one day. On Thursday, he did. “Basically that’s where we are,” Sloan said at an emotional news conference to announce his sudden resignation. His tenure ended midway through his 23rd season, the longest of any coach in the four major professional sports. Sloan’s longtime assistant Phil Johnson also resigned. The Jazz appointed the assistant Tyrone Corbin as coach. Sloan’s departure leaves San Antonio’s Gregg Popovich as the league’s longest-tenured coach (15 seasons). Manager Tony La Russa begins his 16th season with the St. Louis Cardinals; Andy Reid of the Philadelphia Eagles is the longest-tenured NFL coach (12); and the Buffalo Sabres’ Lindy Ruff is the dean of NHL coaches (14). “Jerry moves on having established himself as one of the greatest and most respected coaches in NBA history,” commissioner David Stern said in a statement. The plain-spoken, hard-driving Sloan did not elaborate on his decision. He said that his energy had • TURN TO SLOAN, 7B


Associated Press

INDEPENDENCE, Ohio — Byron Scott’s emotions run the gamut these days. Cleveland’s coach is alternately mad, disappointed and frustrated with his historically awful team. However, he’s not worried. “Not one bit,” he said. Despite the Cavaliers being in the grips of a 26-game losing streak that has turned them into a late-night TV punchline and punching bag for any NBA team that takes the court with them, Scott says he’s not concerned about being fired during a troublesome first season in Cleveland. “I just have a lot of confidence in what I do,” Scott said Thursday after practice. “I know I’m the right man for the job. We obviously need to keep improving, but I know I’m the right guy for the job.” He’s got a tough gig right now. Scott’s security, and his performance with a young roster, have come under greater scrutiny now that the Cavaliers have matched the NFL’s Tampa Bay Buccaneers (1976-77) — longtime laughingstocks — for the longest losing streak in professional sports history. Cleveland hasn’t won since Dec. 18, and unless the Cavaliers, who have dropped 36 of 37, could beat either the Los Angeles Clippers on Friday or Washington Wizards on Sunday, they’ll likely head into next week’s All-Star break riding a losing streak stretching across two months. But as bad as things are, Scott, who was part of turnarounds in New Jersey and New Orleans, believes he’s doing all he can to improve. And the Cavaliers have faith in him. “Byron has the complete and total support of myself and our entire organization,” general manager Chris Grant said in an e-mail to The Associated Press. • TURN TO SCOTT, 7B

‘I just have a lot of confidence in what I do. I know I’m the right man for the job. We obviously need to keep improving, but I know I’m the right guy for the job.’ — BYRON SCOTT, Coach, Cleveland Cavaliers


Who’s greedier, the millionaires or billionaires? BY JIM LITKE

Associated Press

FL commissioner Roger Goodell was right when he said fans “don’t care about the details” of contract negotiations. But he better keep his fingers crossed that doesn’t change anytime soon. This is one of those arguments where the more you know, the less you like everyone involved. So let’s get the blame game started with a few details: Owners and players are fighting over how to divvy up roughly


$9 billion in revenues. The average franchise is valued at just over $1 billion and the average player salary is just under $2 million. Yet they’re still so far apart on a new deal that Thursday’s bargaining session ended after just two hours without a word on when it might resume. So why not call off the rest of the scheduled sessions and just go straight to a lockout? That way, fans can focus on the one question they do care about: Who’s really greedier, the millionaires or billionaires?

The short answer is you can’t go wrong picking either side. It’s always risky trying to fix the main obstacle to an agreement until one is signed. But the early deal-breaker appears to be the GOODELL owners’ demand to take $2 billion from the pot — instead of the $1 billion set out in the last deal — even before discussions start on how

to split the rest of the economic pie. The owners are smart enough not to plead poverty, especially since they’ve just pulled in record TV ratings and an even bigger stockpile of goodwill following one of the most entertaining seasons ever. So they’re arguing they need the extra billion or so to set up a rainy-day superfund to cover the rising costs of everything, from buying and improving stadiums to supplying chalk for locker-room bulletin boards. “We have a healthy business.

We are not losing money. We have never said that,” Eric Grubman, NFL executive vice president of business operations, told reporters during a briefing session last month at league headquarters. “We do not have a healthy business model,” he added. “We don’t want to be the home-building industry of 2005. We don’t want to be the ‘dot-com’ industry of 1999.” That sounds good, especially after Cowboys owner Jerry Jones couldn’t afford enough nuts and • TURN TO NFL, 7B

Luge world remembers McIlroy leads in Dubai; Woods is 4 back Nodar Kumaritashvili

TOP FORM: Tiger Woods plays the third hole during the second round of Dubai Desert Classic at the Emirates Golf Club in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, on Friday. Woods made six birdies as he shot a bogey-free 6-under 66.

BY MICHAEL CASEY Associated Press


Associated Press

you every single day,” said Svein Romstad, the secretary general of the International Luge Federation, the sport’s worldwide governing body. “It’s gone very fast, but very slow. There’s a reminder every single day.” The latest of those reminders will come Saturday. A ceremony is planned in Paramonovo, Russia, the site of this weekend’s World Cup luge circuit stop. USA Luge athletes will have black stickers — “In Memory of Nodar Kumaritashvili,” they say — adorning their sleds, and have invited sliders from other nations to join them in the gesture. “I think everyone’s looking for a villain, and in essence, there isn’t one,” said Tim Gayda, who was the director of sport for the Vancouver Organizing Committee. “That’s part of the frustration. People are still looking for someone to blame. And really, it’s a very difficult thing to point blame at anyone.” Nonetheless, blame is pointed at many. In the first hours following Kumaritashvili’s death, his family — which has deep roots in luge — and

How it happened, that’s no longer truly in question. Why it happened, that will likely never be answered. In simplest terms, that explains the conundrum still wrestled with by many people in the luge world, some of whom will gather outside of Moscow on Saturday to again celebrate — and again mourn — Georgian luger Nodar Kumaritashvili, the slider who lost control of his sled and died in a training wreck just hours before the start of the 2010 Vancouver Olympics. He went from unknown to unforgettable in a matter of three seconds, all the time it took for Kumaritashvili to steer himself into trouble toward the bottom of the course at the Whistler Sliding Center, crash into the track walls near the finish line, catapult off the sled, sail helplessly over the side of the concrete chute and collide into a steel support beam at 89.4 mph. Months later, a coroner would confirm what was painfully obvious to those who saw it happen: He died right then and there. “This is something that’s with • TURN TO LUGE, 7B

12PGB08.indd 8

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Tiger Woods surged into contention at the Dubai Desert Classic on Friday, shooting a bogeyfree 6-under 66 in his bid to win his first tournament in more than a year. With stellar putting and a consistent short game, Woods made six birdies for the day’s low score. He was at 7-under 137 after two rounds, four shots behind leader Rory McIlroy. McIlroy followed his opening 65 with a 68 to maintain his lead going into the weekend at Emirates Golf Club. The 21-year-old golfer from Northern Ireland earned his only European Tour victory at this tournament two years ago. A shot behind at 10 under were Sergio Garcia (67) and South Africa’s Thomas Aiken (67), followed by England’s Steve Webster (68) at 8 under. “I’m just concentrating on myself,” McIlroy said. “I don’t mind who plays well over the weekend or who shoots what score. As long as I go out and shoot the numbers that I want to, then that’s the most important thing.” Woods was tied for fifth with Jean-Baptiste Gonnet of France, Anders Hansen of Denmark, Mi-


chael Hoey of Northern Ireland and Brett Rumford of Australia. Woods, who has been outdriving his playing partners, No. 1-ranked Lee Westwood and No. 2 Martin Kaymer, added accuracy to his blistering drives and approach shots. And unlike Thurs-

day when he missed several makable putts and hit approach shots wide of the green, the winner of 14 majors routinely gave himself chances. “It felt good today. I hit a lot • TURN TO GOLF, 7B

2/12/2011 5:05:29 AM

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Edition, the 12 february 2011