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Envoy’s jailing strains Pakistan, U.S. ties BY KAREN DEYOUNG AND KARIN BRULLIARD

Washington Post Service

complete the investigation. “Marianne Ny has acted completely in accordance with her role as a public prosecutor and she obviously has the competence needed for the decisions that have been made in this case,” Perklev said. Britain’s Judge Howard Riddle, who has been weighing Assange’s fate over two days at a London extradition hearing, told both sides to return Friday for closing arguments.

The Obama administration has suspended all high-level dialogue with Pakistan, a key U.S. partner in the Afghanistan War, over the case of a U.S. diplomat the Pakistanis have detained on possible murder charges, U.S. and Pakistani officials said. The case of Raymond Allen Davis, who has admitted he fatally shot two Pakistanis he said threatened him from a motorcycle while he was driving in Lahore on Jan. 27, has severely strained relations between the two governments and threatens to scuttle a planned summit among U.S., Afghan and Pakistani leaders scheduled for the end of this month in Washington. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton canceled a meeting last weekend with Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi at an international security conference in Munich to protest Davis’ detention, according to officials from both countries who were not authorized to discuss the situa- DAVIS tion on the record. The administration has twice summoned Pakistani Ambassador Husain Haqqani to the White House for formal complaints and demands that Pakistan recognize Davis’ diplomatic immunity and release him immediately. The message was repeated in a meeting in Islamabad Monday between Pakistan’s President Asif Ali Zardari and U.S. Ambassador Cameron Munter. Davis, 36, holds a diplomatic passport and is a member of the “technical and administrative staff” at the U.S. Embassy in Islamabad “entitled to full criminal immunity in accordance with the Vienna Convention,” the State Department said. The administration and Congress, the statement said, “have repeatedly made clear at the highest levels that this matter must be resolved by the Pakistan government or it could impact other bilateral initiatives.” In Pakistan, the issue has become





REVOLT: Egyptian demonstrators, above, seem inspired by the freeing of Wael Ghonim, below, a Google marketing executive and an organizer of the revolt, who was released Monday after disappearing nearly two weeks ago. BY DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK, KAREEM FAHIM AND ALAN COWELL

New York Times Service

CAIRO — With a new wave of demonstrations in Tahrir Square on Tuesday — by some measures the largest anti-government protests in the two-week uprising — Egyptians loudly rejected their government’s approach to political change and renewed their demands for the immediate resignation of President Hosni Mubarak. In a daily battle for momentum, the government made fresh pledges to create committees

to study proposed democratic openings, but demonstrators came out in force to insist that they wanted more than an evolutionary plan by the existing authorities. With many ordinary Egyptians beginning to complain of the economic toll the protests have had, the government may still have advantages as the standoff becomes protracted. But many younger people are wary of losing the grass-roots fervor that has brought Egypt • TURN TO EGYPT, 2A


Sweden acted illegally, Assange lawyer says BY JILL LAWLESS

Associated Press

LONDON — Swedish prosecutors had no choice but to issue an arrest warrant for WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange after repeatedly failing to pin down the elusive Australian for an interview about sex crimes allegations, a lawyer for the Swedish government said Tuesday. Assange is fighting extradition to Sweden, where his lawyers say he is the victim of a flawed investigation conducted in the media

spotlight and will not get a fair trial. He has not been charged and denies all wrongdoing. At a hearing in a London courtroom, both sides traded pointed remarks Tuesday about the quality of the justice system in Sweden. The argument spilled out onto the lawn outside Belmarsh Magstrates’ Court, where Assange faced a phalanx of cameras to accuse Marianne Ny, the Swedish prosecutor in charge of his case, of being too afraid to come to a British court to answer questions.

“What we’ve seen is process abuse after process abuse being revealed for hours and hours,” Assange told reporters. “What we have not seen however is the chief prosecutor — she has refused to come to the proceedings.” Meanwhile, Sweden’s prosecutor-general, Anders Perklev, issued a statement Tuesday defending both the Swedish justice system and Ny. While Perklev noted that Assange should be considered innocent until proven guilty, he stressed that Ny had a duty to

Trial sought for Italian premier in sex probe BY COLLEEN BARRY Associated Press

who also is under investigation. Supporters have never denied Berlusconi called Milan police, but said it was to avoid a diplomatic incident, believing the girl was the niece of Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak. Berlusconi, 74, has been dogged by scandals related to his relationships with young women and wild parties at his villa. He denies ever having paid for sex and accused the prosecutors of seeking to drive him from office. Ruby has said they never had sex, though she says he gave her ¤7,000 on their first meeting and jewelry later. Prosecutors have been considering a speedy trial for the abuse of power charge, which would skip the preliminary hearing phase if prosecutors believe there is overwhelming evidence to support the charge. But it is also possible they

MILAN, Italy — Prosecutors said Tuesday they will request a trial against embattled Premier Silvio Berlusconi over accusations he paid for sex with a 17-year-old girl and then used his influence to cover it up. Prosecutor Edmondo Bruti Liberati said he would file the request with the Milan court Wednesday, when prosecutors would decide whether to seek trial on both accusations, and whether they would be tried separately or simultaneously. Prosecutors allege Berlusconi paid for sex with a young Moroccan, who has since turned 18, and then used his influence to get her out of police custody when she was detained for a suspected theft of 3,000, allegedly fearing her relationship to him would be revealed. She ultimately was released into the custody of a Berlusconi aide • TURN TO BERLUSCONI, 2A


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Tibetan lama faces scrutiny in India BY JIM YARDLEY

New York Times Service

DHARAMSALA, India — His daring escape from Tibet seemed out of a movie. Then only 14, Ogyen Trinley Dorje was one of Tibetan Buddhism’s most revered incarnate lamas, and his journey through the icy passes of the Himalayas was viewed as a major embarrassment for China. The youth arrived in India in 2000 to a euphoric greeting from Tibetan exiles. India, though, was less certain about what to do with him. Intelligence agencies, suspicious of his loyalties and skeptical of his miraculous escape, interrogated him and tightly restricted his travel. He still remains mostly confined to the mountainside monastery of a Tibetan sect different from his own. And that spurred an idea: He wanted his own monastery. Eventually, his aides struck a deal to buy land. Now, the 17th Karmapa, as he is known, has seen his quest for a monastery unexpectedly set off



SUSPICIONS: Ogyen Trinley Dorje is one of Tibetan Buddhism’s most revered incarnate lamas. a national furor, fanned by Indian media that have tapped into growing public anxiety about Chinese intentions on their disputed border. The Indian police


are investigating the Karmapa after discovering about $1 million in foreign currency at his • TURN TO LAMA, 6A


INDEX THE AMERICAS ............ 4A WORLD NEWS ............. 6A OPINION....................... 7A COMICS & PUZZLES.. 6B

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U.S.-Pakistan ties showing strain • RELATIONS, FROM 1A

embroiled in widespread anti-Americanism and suspicions, fanned by the Pakistani media and used for political advantage, that U.S. spies and intelligence contractors are secretly operating in the country. It has also posed a challenge to Pakistan’s weak civilian government as it struggles to wrest control of national security policy from the powerful military and fends off opposition political parties. The most powerful opposition group, the Pakistan Muslim League headed by former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, rules Punjab province and its capital, Lahore, where Davis is being held and several hearings have taken place in the case. Although the administration has been unequivocal in its insistence that Davis has diplomatic status, it has been less than clear on the nature of his job in Pakistan over the last two years. An early embassy statement said it was “security” related, while officials in Washington have said that he vetted questionable visa applicants. The CIA has declined to comment on the case. On Thursday, the Lahore court extended Davis’ detention for another eight days. The U.S. Embassy complained that it was given no notice of the hearing, that Davis had no attorney present, and that he was not provided with an interpreter. “He was denied due process and a fair hearing,” the statement said. “His continued detention is a gross violation of international law.”


Trial sought for Italian premier in sex probe • BERLUSCONI, FROM 1A


OUTRAGE: The case of Raymond Allen Davis, who has admitted he fatally shot two Pakistanis, threatens to scuttle a planned summit among U.S., Afghan and Pakistani leaders scheduled for the end of February. Although Zardari’s Pakistan People’s Party government has close relations with the administration, and depends on billions of dollars in U.S. military and economic assistance, it fears being painted as a U.S. lackey. A foreign ministry official said that the government itself is divided over the case. The ministry has determined that Davis is immune from prosecution based on his passport and diplomatic visa, and the fact that Pakistan “accepted” that when Davis first

arrived in the fall of 2009, the official said. Other parts of the government, he said, see some advantage in using the situation to prove the government’s independence from Washington. But U.S. officials, he said, “have dropped hints they could go to any extent” to get Davis released. Further complicating the situation, a Pakistani intelligence official said that the two men Davis killed were not, as he has said, armed robbers intent on stealing

money, his telephone and perhaps his car, but intelligence agents assigned to tail him. This official said the two intended to frighten Davis because he crossed a “red line” that the official did not further define. Both the Pakistani military’s Inter-Services Intelligence service and the Interior Ministry’s Intelligence Bureau regularly use motorcycle tails to track the movement of U.S. officials, another Pakistani official said. The Pakistani media has

also suggested that Davis is being held hostage to a wrongful-death case brought in New York by family members of four U.S. citizens killed in the 2008 terrorist attack in Mumbai, India. U.S. and Indian officials have blamed the attack on the Pakistani organization Lashkar i Taiba, which has longstanding ties to ISI. Four senior ISI officials, including the organization’s director, Lt. Gen. Ahmed Shuja Pasha, have been called as witnesses in the case.

would keep the two charges together. Prosecutors have alleged in documents forwarded to parliament that “a significant number of young girls have prostituted themselves with Silvio Berlusconi.” Parliament last week denied prosecutors request to search Berlusconi’s properties for evidence in the case, and challenged the prosecutors’ jurisdiction. Berlusconi’s defense maintains the appropriate body is the Tribunal of Ministers, a threemember special tribunal set up to deal with alleged offenses committed by public officials in the execution of their duties. But magistrates have not renounced their claim to jurisdiction, and believe they have enough evidence to go ahead. They have interviewed Ruby, as well as other young women alleged to have attended parties at Berlusconi’s villa outside of Milan. Evidence contained in documents forwarded to parliament include wiretaps of phone calls describing wild, sex-fueled parties at the villa. A major anti-Berlusconi protest is scheduled for Sunday.

Protests swell in rejection of Egypt’s limited reforms • EGYPT, FROM 1A

to the precipice of historic change. The latest wave of dissent was inspired in part by an emotional television interview Monday night with a young Google executive Wael Ghonim, after his release from secret detention. Ghonim had been a quiet force behind the YouTube and Facebook promotion of the protests, but became a symbol after he disappeared nearly two weeks ago. He became an instant icon Monday when the interview was broadcast on an Egyptian satellite channel, telling his story of detention and continued hope for change that

resonated deeply with the demonstrators’ demands for more fundamental shifts and their outrage over repression. In the interview, Ghonim wept over the death toll from clashes with the government. We were all down there for peaceful demonstrations,” he said, asking that he not be made a hero. “The heroes were the ones on the street.” On Tuesday afternoon, Ghonim galvanized Tahrir Square, briefly joining the tens of thousands of chanting protesters there. “We will not abandon our demand, and that is the departure of the regime,” he told the crowd, which roared its agreement, The Associated

Press reported. State television responded Tuesday with an appearance by Vice President Omar Suleiman offering placating messages of respect and reform that Suleiman said came from Mubarak himself. “The youth of Egypt deserve national appreciation,” Suleiman quoted the president as saying in a statement. “He gave orders to abstain from prosecuting them and forfeiting their rights to freedom of expression.” Mubarak named the panel that will recommend constitutional amendments, and endorsed other moves to create a timetable for a “peaceful and organized transfer of power,” Suleiman said. An-

other panel will begin work to progress on other measures Suleiman announced after meeting with opposition members on Sunday. The president “welcomed this national reconciliation,” Suleiman said, “assuring that it puts our feet at the beginning of the right path to get out of the current crisis.” After demonstrating an ability to bring hundreds of thousands to downtown Cairo, protest organizers have sought this week to broaden their movement, acknowledging that simple numbers are not enough to force Mubarak’s departure. The government — by trying to divide the opposition, offering limited concessions

and remaining patient — appears to believe it can weather the biggest challenge to its rule. But protesters continued to demand Mubarak’s ouster and deep change. Some handed out spoof copies of the official Al Ahram newspaper with the headline: “From the people of Tahrir, Mubarak must go.” Substantial protests were seen in Alexandria, as well. While some demonstrators had urged a general strike on Tuesday, there was little indication that the call had been heeded, or widely broadcast, in the capital, where many people live from day to day on low wages. An Egyptian state newspaper, Al

Ahram, acknowledged scattered reports of walk-outs in Suez and other cities, including a sit-in by as many as 6,000 workers from the Suez Canal Authority. Momentum has seemed to shift by the day in a climactic struggle over what kind of change Egypt will undergo and whether Egyptian officials are sincere about delivering it. In a sign of the tension, U.S. officials described as “unacceptable” statements by Suleiman that the country was not ready for democracy, but showed no sign that they had shifted away from supporting him, a man widely viewed here as an heir to Mubarak.

Sweden acted illegally, Assange lawyer says • ASSANGE, FROM 1A

Assange is wanted for questioning over claims of rape and sexual molestation made by two Swedish women he met during a trip to Stockholm in August. He denies the allegations. Clare Montgomery, a lawyer acting for Swedish authorities, read a statement from Ny describing how she had made repeated attempts to interview Assange about the allegations while he was in Sweden, to no avail. In a court document read aloud by Montgomery, Ny said “it must have been crystal clear to Julian Assange — that we were extremely anxious to interview him.” Montgomery said that even Assange’s own lawyer, Bjorn Hurtig, could not contact him for a week, leading prosecutors to conclude that he was a flight risk and should be arrested. In turn, Assange’s lawyers and a defense witness accused prosecutors in Sweden of irregularities and illegalities in the way they built their case. Hurtig said an initial prosecutor “acted against the laws of confidentiality, telling one of our tabloid newspapers that Julian was suspected of rape.” He said prosecutors and police had leaked details of the case to the media.

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No one in court acknowledged any irony in Assange seeking protections of confidentiality and being a man famous for leaking thousands of secret U.S. military and diplomatic documents. Assange’s lawyers argue that the global publicity around the case and the Swedish custom of hearing rape cases behind closed doors mean he would not get a fair trial. His attorney, Geoffrey Robertson, said closed-door hearings would be “a flagrant denial of justice.” Defense attorneys have sought to paint the behavior of Swedish prosecutors as disproportionate and unreasonable. Sven-Erik Alhem, a former chief prosecutor in Sweden appearing as a defense witness, said Ny “should have made sure Assange was able to give his version of events in detail” before issuing an arrest warrant. Assange is accused of sexually assaulting one woman and raping another by having sex with her while she was asleep during a weeklong visit to Stockholm last August. In Swedish law, sex with a person who is asleep can constitute rape. The defense says Assange had consensual sex with his two accusers and has not committed any crime.

2/9/2011 5:28:36 AM






Iran opposition seeks permit for rally BY WILLIAM YONG

New York Times Service


INSIDER’S VIEW: A cable published by WikiLeaks paints a surprisingly intimate picture of Yugoslavia’s late President Slobodan Milosevic.

Cable details life of ex-Yugoslavian leader in prison BY MIKE CORDER

Associated Press

THE HAGUE, Netherlands — Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic was an avid reader of legal thrillers, a Frank Sinatra fan and a doting husband who called his wife every day while he was on trial for fomenting the deadly Balkan Wars, according to his chief jailer. A diplomatic cable published by secret-spilling site WikiLeaks paints a surprisingly intimate picture of the late Yugoslav strongman and his life behind bars during his trial by the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal, which was halted by his fatal 2006 heart attack. The peek into Milosevic’s relationships with his family, lawyers and fellow detainees has upset his one-time protege, Radovan Karadzic, who complains that the information provided by prison authorities amounted to “interference with the proper administration of justice.” He demanded an independent investigation. “Monitoring of detainees’ conversations ought to be more limited than it is, given the fact that information is being shared with people outside the tribunal,” Karadzic’s lawyer Peter Robinson has told The Associated Press. Karadzic is on trial for allegedly masterminding Serb atrocities during the Bosnian War. STARTLING REVELATIONS The leaked cable came from the U.S. Embassy in The Hague in late 2003 after a diplomat spoke to Timothy McFadden, the then-head of the tribunal’s detention block, a complex of cells inside the high brick walls of a Dutch jail close to the North Sea shoreline. It reveals that Milosevic and his legal advisors cooperated on defense strategy with court-appointed lawyers, known as amici curiae, despite publicly shunning them as he acted as his own defense counsel. “By using his Belgrade advisors to liaise with the amici in secret he is able to maintain the optically favorable appearance of a single man defending himself against an unfair and powerful international process,” it said. The cable said Milosevic’s wife Mirjana Markovic “served as a source of information, comfort, motivation, and strategy for Milosevic and he relied heavily on her guidance.” Robinson said that while that kind of revelation would not affect Karadzic’s trial, he still objects to it. “He wouldn’t want them to be talking about his relationship with his wife either,” Robinson said. “It would offend his sense of whatever minimal privacy he still has left as a detainee.” Regardless of its possible impact on Karadzic’s case, the Milosevic cable offer’s an insider’s view of his life in jail and details his problems with high blood pressure. A ‘NARCISSISTIC’ MAN McFadden described Milosevic as a “narcissistic” man who exercised at least an hour a day by walking in the yard in “sun, rain or hail.” In the evenings he would read books, favoring thrillers such as the legal dramas of John Grisham — which he preferred to read in English. On days when he did not appear in court, Milosevic would sleep late, talk to his legal advisors, take a nap, listen to Sinatra and maybe watch a DVD smuggled into his cell by his lawyers, the cable said. It is not the first time documents unveiled by WikiLeaks have been cited in a war crimes trial. Last month, defense lawyers for Liberia’s former President Charles Taylor challenged the independence of the court trying him for allegedly supporting murderous rebels in Sierra Leon’s civil war following WikiLeaks revelations. In a leaked cable from the U.S. Embassy in the Liberian capital, Monrovia, diplomats warned that Taylor could destabilize Liberia’s fragile peace if he is acquitted and returns home. A verdict in his longrunning trial near The Hague is expected later this year. “The best we can do for Liberia is to see to it that Taylor is put away for a long time” the cable, dated March 10, 2009, said. It also suggested that building a case against Taylor in the U.S. could be one way of ensuring he does not return to Liberia should he be acquitted by the Sierra Leone tribunal. Taylor’s lawyer Courtenay Griffiths said the cable showed the tribunal is not independent, “because the Americans are already putting in place contingency plans so if Mr. Taylor is acquitted they will put him on trial again in the United States.” He added that another cable from the U.S. Embassy in The Hague underscored the lack of independence as it showed that prosecutors were sharing information with U.S. diplomats.

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TEHRAN — With democracy tremors rocking the Arab world, Iran’s opposition has challenged its hard-line leaders to allow a peaceful demonstration — ostensibly in support of the uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt. The request to hold a rally falls short of an open call for supporters of Iran’s “green” movement to return to the streets after more than a year, but it is the closest that Iran’s opposition has come so far to trying to join in the historic events elsewhere. “In order to declare support for the popular movements in the region, in particular, the freedom-seeking movements of the people of Egypt and Tunisia, we request a permit to invite the people for a rally,” read the open letter from Mir Hussein Moussavi and Mehdi Karroubi, two of the presidential candidates who were defeated by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in what they said were rigged elections in 2009. The letter, dated Saturday, was addressed to Iran’s Interior Ministry and published Sunday on websites affiliated with Iran’s opposition. While

similar requests have recently been met with flat refusals or utter disregard, the letter puts Iran’s hard-liners in a quandary. Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, and many other conservative figures have offered clear and ringing support for the movements in Egypt and Tunisia. Their refusal to grant permission for such a rally would be seen by opposition supporters and perhaps others as hypocritical. “This is a test for the Islamic Republic,” Ardeshir Arjomand, an advisor to Moussavi, said in an interview with the JARAS opposition website. “If officials do not give permission for this demonstration, it will be a clear sign that they fear the people’s true beliefs,” he said. “They are afraid that the turnout will be a show of the support for the two” — Moussavi and Karroubi. With just under a week to go before the proposed demonstration, the call has provoked a large online response centering around the “25 Bahman” Facebook page, a reference to the rally’s date in the Persian calendar. In less than 24 hours, the page

has attracted a slew of comments, promotional posters, video clips and more than 12,000 “likes” from online activists hoping to revitalize a protest movement that has been subdued after an effective campaign of state violence, threats, imprisonment of key figures and a blanket ban on access to the mainstream government news media. That does not mean, however, that the renewed online interest will necessarily translate into renewed protests, opposition members say. “It’s just 12,000 clicks,” said a former reformist journalist with a derisive wag of his finger. “It is nothing.” “Do they expect people to come into the streets again and again? For what?” asked the journalist, who refused to be named for fear of retribution from Iran’s authorities. Seemingly in tandem with the opposition leaders’ protest call, the former President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani issued a statement on the Arab awakening that seemed to be aimed at the hard-liners. “The crises in Tunisia and Egypt show that they either

did not hear the voices of protest of their people or did not wish to hear them,” said the statement, which was published on a website representing Iran’s conservative old guard. “These uprisings will not be limited to just two countries,” Rafsanjani warned, before describing the protests in Tunisia and Egypt as arising from a “fire under the ashes” — a phrase widely used by the opposition here to refer to their own subdued grievances. “Everyone has been asking how these Arabs could stand firm while we got scared and ran away,” said a young opposition supporter who helped as a translator for foreign journalists during the 2009 election campaign. He repeated a slogan heard often in opposition circles since the eruption of unrest in North Africa: “Why could Tunisia, while Iran could not?” The word for “could” in Persian sounds close to that for “Tunisia.” “Winning for us on Feb. 14 would mean taking over the streets and staying the night,” he said. “But if they just go home and shout ‘God is great!’ it’s no use.”

Chechen rebel lays claim to bombings BY VLADIMIR ISACHENKOV Associated Press

MOSCOW — Chechen warlord Doku Umarov has claimed responsibility for last month’s suicide bombing at a Moscow airport and threatened more such attacks as a growing Islamic insurgency tries to force Russia to surrender control over its southern Caucasus region. Umarov’s statement in a video posted was likely to add to jitters in Russia’s capital and increase pressure on the government. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, whose popularity has hinged on his tough line against the insurgency, recently admitted that Russia needs to learn from foreign experience in fighting terror. The Jan. 24 bombing of Domodedovo Airport killed 36 people and injured about 180. Russian investigators said the bomber was a 20-yearold man from the Caucasus region that includes Chechnya, but have not released his name or other details. Top security officials briefed Parliament Tuesday about the investigation in a closed session. Vladimir Vasilyev, the head of Parliament’s security committee, told reporters after the session that at least two people have been arrested on suspicion of involvement in the bombing. The arrests appeared to be related to last week’s announcement that several people suspected of having information ab out the bombing had been detained. Vasilyev and other lawmakers said the security officials identified the bomber and his accomplices but ordered their names withheld from the public. “All residents of our country need to realize that we


MOURNING: Russians paying tribute to the victims of the deadly airport bombing during a commemoration rally in Moscow on Jan. 27. will have to live under the threat of terror for a long time to come,” Vasilyev said. His deputy, Gennady Gudkov, said an autonomous group of several militants had carried out the attack, but added that Umarov could have links to the attack. Gudkov said that rebels operate in separate cells, which makes it harder to track them down. Umarov has claimed responsibility for an array of terrorist attacks, including last year’s double suicide bombing of the Moscow subway system that killed 40 people. He is seen more as an ideological than a military figure, as many terrorist cells operate autonomously and shun centralized command.

The Chechen warlord said he ordered the airport bombing and that many more “special operations” will follow, if Russia does not allow the Caucasus to become an independent Islamic state governed by sharia law. “Among us there are hundreds of brothers who are prepared to sacrifice themselves” in further attacks, Umarov said in the video posted on a website affiliated with Islamic rebels in the Caucasus. “We can at any time carry out operations where we want,” he said, clad in fatigues and wearing a black skullcap. Over the weekend, the Kavkaz Center website released another video in which Umarov appeared with

a young man whom he said was being sent to Moscow on a suicide mission. No mention was made of the airport bombing, and it was unclear when the video was made. Chechen rebels have fought two full-scale wars against Russian forces since 1994. Major offensives in the second war died down about a decade ago, but the Islamic insurgency has spread across neighboring North Caucasus provinces, stoked by poverty, official corruption and security force abuses against civilians. The Islamic militancy that once focused on Chechnya’s independence has taken on the broader goal of creating an Islamic state across the entire North Caucasus region.

Troubled grandson of oil baron Paul Getty dies BY BRUCE WEBER

New York Times Service

J. Paul Getty III, who was a grandson of the oil baron once believed to be the richest man in the world and who achieved tragic notoriety in 1973 when he was kidnapped by Italian gangsters, died Saturday at his home near London. He was 54. His son, the actor Balthazar Getty, confirmed the death in a statement relayed in an e-mail from Laura Hozempa, one of his agents. J. Paul Getty had been wheelchairbound since 1981, when a drug overdose caused him to have a stroke that left him severely paralyzed, unable to speak and partly blind.

At the time of his abduction, Getty was just 16 and living on his own in Rome. Expelled from a private school, the young Getty was living a bohemian life, frequenting nightclubs, taking part in left-wing demonstrations and reportedly earning a livGETTY III ing making jewelry, selling paintings and acting as an extra in movies. He disappeared on July 10, 1973, and two days later his mother, Gail Harris, received a ransom request. No longer married, she said

she had little money. The amount demanded was about $17 million. The eldest Getty refused to pay the kidnappers anything. Three months after the abduction, the kidnappers, who turned out to be Calabrian bandits, cut off Getty’s ear and mailed it, along with a lock of his hair, to a Roman newspaper. Eventually the kidnappers reduced their demands to around $3 million. According to the 1995 book, Painfully Rich: The Outrageous Fortune and Misfortunes of the Heirs of J. Paul Getty by John Pearson, the eldest Getty paid $2.2 million. The boy’s father paid the rest, though he had

borrow it from his father — at 4 percent interest. The aftermath of the ordeal left Getty as a reckless personality; the year after his release he married a German photographer whose name has been variously reported as Gisela Zacher and Martine Zacher. They lived for a time in New York. Getty became a drug user and a heavy drinker, reportedly becoming addicted to cocaine and heroin. Getty’s marriage ended in divorce. Beside his son, survivors include his mother, a brother, Mark; two sisters, Aileen and Ariadne; a stepdaughter, Anna Getty, and six grandchildren and stepgrandchildren.

2/9/2011 12:33:26 AM






Cuba assisting U.S. in ex-CIA agent case BY WILL WEISSERT Associated Press


MAJOR LOSS: Firefighters work to put out a fire at warehouses in Samba City, Rio de Janeiro on Monday.

Fire in Rio damages Carnaval preparations BY ALEXEI BARRIONUEVO

New York Times Service

SAO PAULO — A morning fire in a warehouse district has destroyed the costumes and dimmed the hopes of at least three prominent samba schools competing in Rio de Janeiro’s annual Carnaval parade. But city officials vowed that the event would go forward. The fire in Samba City, an area near Rio’s port, destroyed floats and an estimated 8,400 costumes just a little less than a month before some 35 samba schools were to dance and parade with their elaborate floats in the world’s most famous Carnaval celebration, samba school officials said. The unexplained fire was another psychological blow to a metropolitan area still recovering from landslides in nearby hillside communities last month that killed more than 840 people and left about 8,700 homeless.

The annual Carnaval parade is a sacred ritual to many Rio residents and an industry that generates thousands of jobs in the area. The schools invest millions of dollars in their parades, which involve up to 5,000 participants for each school, including dancers, drum queens and drummers. Officials said the fire began around 7 a.m. and was contained after four hours. A thick plume of smoke that resembled a mushroom cloud reached high into the sky and was visible a few miles away. Many workers from the samba schools were sleeping inside the warehouses and were woken by the smoke. The blaze badly damaged the hopes of the three samba schools whose warehouses were most affected by the fire: Uniao da Ilha do Governador; Portela; and Academicos do Grande Rio. They are among 12 samba schools scheduled to parade in a spe-

cial stadium known as the Sambodromo on March 6-7, the most prestigious slots of the four-day competition. The city of Rio constructed Samba City to house the elite schools. “Our Carnaval was ready, beautiful; everything was perfect,” said Helio de Oliveira, president of Academicos do Grande Rio. But “everything was burned,” including eight floats and more than 3,000 costumes, de Oliveira said. Rio officials said they were investigating the blaze, but that their preliminary assessment had found no evidence the fire had been started intentionally. Eduardo Paes, Rio’s mayor, said the city would provide assistance to the affected schools, which he vowed would all parade in the competition “one way or another.” He said the reconstruction of Samba City would begin “immediately.”

Puerto Rico tries retail lottery to boost sales tax collection BY DANICA COTO

Associated Press

SAN JUAN — Don’t throw out that lunch receipt: It could be worth $1,000. That’s the idea behind a campaign to force Puerto Rico’s many tiny markets, food stalls and other momand-pop businesses to collect sales tax. Puerto Rico’s Treasury Department is transforming receipts into lottery tickets, printing contest numbers on each receipt and holding weekly drawings for cash prizes ranging from $100 to $1,000. It also plans to have a monthly drawing for a car. A pilot program started in December in the southern city of Ponce and will be expanded island-wide in July. The government wants prize-hungry consumers to demand receipts, discouraging businesses from dodging the 7 percent sales tax by making unrecorded cash sales. Theoretically, the idea should be a winner on an island where lotteries are popular, but initial results aren’t very encouraging: Eight win-

ning tickets have been drawn so far and not a single consumer has come forward to claim a prize. Winners have up to 30 days to collect, and some receipts have already expired. “It’s a challenge,” concedes Jose Carlos Colon de Jesus, a special assistant in the Treasury Department. “We have to change the mentality of the Puerto Rican so they demand their receipt.” The government plans a media blitz to promote the program, adding to heavy coverage by local newspapers, TV and radio. So far, though, it’s been to little avail in Ponce, Puerto Rico’s second largest city with nearly 200,000 people. Wanda Colon, manager of a Church’s Chicken restaurant in the city, said she’s had customers ask where they can check to see if they have a winning number, but said many people don’t seem aware of the program. She has had to remind them to take their receipt and why. “They open their eyes really wide,” Colon said. “Those

who don’t know say, ‘How is that possible?’ ” Four of Church’s customers in Ponce have won $1,000. But none has collected. The government says it is spending about $16 million on the effort, including equipment to print receipts with lottery numbers. But it is seeking a big payoff: The Treasury Department hopes to collect $400 million in additional sales tax revenue in two years as a result of the program. Puerto Rican officials say they were inspired by Argentina, where a similar program several years ago led to improved tax collection. That country aimed to crack down on tax evaders and black-market sales, and officials ran the program for about two years, said Oscar Murcia, an advisor to the president of the National Lottery agency. It ended successfully after people became accustomed to demanding receipts, leading to increased revenues as tax evasion dropped, he said by phone from Buenos Aires.

Strange bedfellows in Mexican vote BY KEN ELLINGWOOD

Los Angeles Times Service

MEXICO CITY — In another case of topsy-turvy political allegiances in Mexico, the conservative party of President Felipe Calderon of Mexico appears to have won the governorship of the state of Baja California Sur with a candidate who once was a former foe from the main leftist party. Marcos Covarrubias, who defected from the leftist party and ran as candidate of the right-wing National Action Party, or PAN, won by six percentage points over his nearest competitor, according to preliminary results of last weekend’s balloting,

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with votes from all polling places tallied. It is the first time PAN has won in Baja California Sur, home of the Los Cabos tourist zone. The state was in the hands of the leftist Democratic Revolution Party, or PRD, since 1999, but the party has been weakened by infighting and poor performances by some incumbents. Covarrubias, a well-liked federal congressman, bolted from the PRD after Gov. Narciso Agundez passed over him as his choice for a successor. “The people have spoken,” Covarrubias said, urging his opponents to concede. Covarrubias found a new home in the PAN despite

having previously railed against Calderon, whose disputed victory in 2006 was never recognized by many members of the PRD. Despite the philosophical differences, the PAN was happy to accommodate Covarrubias to defeat the PRD and, more important, Mexico’s former ruling party, the centrist Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI. Returns showed Covarrubias leading with 40 percent of the vote. The PRI’s Ricardo Barroso finished second in balloting, with 34 percent. Luis Armando Diaz, of the PRD, was in third place, with 21 percent.

EL PASO — Three officials from Cuba are expected to testify in the U.S. trial of a former CIA operative and anti-communist militant accused of lying during immigration hearings in Texas — a rare example of cooperation between two governments paralyzed by more than a half century of frigid relations. Two police officers and a state medical examiner from Cuba could begin testifying this week in the U.S. government’s perjury case against Luis Posada Carriles. The 82-year-old native of Cuba spent a lifetime using violence to destabilize communist political systems throughout Latin America before seeking U.S citizenship in 2005. Posada is not on trial for his Cold War past, however. Instead, U.S. prosecutors allege that during immigration hearings in El Paso, Posada made false statements about how he reached U.S. soil in March 2005 and failed to acknowledge planning a series of 1997 bombings in Havana that killed an Italian tourist. Posada faces 11 counts of perjury, obstruction and immigration fraud.

Neither side in Posada’s trial has released a witness list, but both the prosecution and the defense said privately that they expect Cuban experts to begin testifying this week. They have divulged the names of the three witnesses, but only on the condition they not be published until they take the stand. The three Cuba officials are expected to detail for the West Texas jury the death of Fabio di Celmo, the Italian tourist killed when a bomb tore through the lobby bar at the Copacabana Hotel in Havana’s spiffy Miramar neighborhood. Posada admitted responsibility for the Havana hotel bombings in a 1998 interview with The New York Times, saying they were meant to hurt Cuban tourism but not kill anyone. He has since recanted. U.S. District Judge Kathleen Cardone ruled last month that defense attorney Arturo Hernandez would be allowed to raise some issue about the credibility of the Cuban government and its state-trained experts while cross-examining the officials from Cuba. However, Cardone said Hernandez cannot put Cuba and its political system on trial.

Hernandez had argued that he should be allowed to cross-examine the experts about the communist government’s domination of all facets of life in Cuba, showing how state officials can be pressured into stretching the truth to further their homeland’s political objectives. Posada is public enemy No. 1 in the island nation and is even likened to Hitler on propaganda billboards. Cuba and Venezuela would like to try him for the 1997 hotel attacks as well as a 1976 airliner bombing that killed 73 people, but a U.S. immigration judge previously ruled Posada can’t be sent to either country for fear he could be tortured. Posada participated indirectly in the U.S.-backed, ill-fated Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961 before joining the U.S. military and becoming a CIA asset. In the 1980s, he helped Washington provide aid to the Contra rebels in Nicaragua. In 2000, he was arrested in Panama in a plot to kill Castro during a regional summit there. He was pardoned in 2004. Posada has been living in Miami since his release from an U.S. immigration detention center in El Paso in 2007.

Two U.S. boys among 3 teens killed in Mexico shootout BY OLIVIA TORRES AND JUAN A. LOZANO Associated Press

CIUDAD JUAREZ, Mexico — Three teenage boys were shot to death in the Mexican border city of Ciudad Juarez, at least two of them U.S. citizens and high school students in Texas, authorities said this week. The boys were killed at 4:22 p.m. local time Saturday while looking at cars in a dealership in the city across the border from El Paso, Chihuahua prosecutors’ spokesman Arturo Sandoval said. One was found inside a white Jeep Cherokee and the other two in the courtyard. There were no leads on suspects or a motive, Sandoval said. Two managers were also in the dealership during the attack. One refused to give a statement, while the statement from the other manager was not released because of the pending investigation, Sandoval added. At least 60 bullet casings were found at the scene. One of the boys, Carlos Mario Gonzalez Bermudez, 16, was a sophomore at Ca-

thedral High School in El Paso, said Nick Gonzalez, the Roman Catholic brother who is the principal. Another victim, Juan Carlos Echeverri, 15, had been a freshman at the private all-boys Catholic school last year but left to study in Ciudad Juarez, Gonzalez said. Both were U.S. citizens, he said. The U.S. Embassy in Mexico City said it could provide no immediate information on the case. The third teenager was identified as Cesar Yalin Miramontes Jimenez, 17. The school principal said Gonzalez Bermudez mainly lived in Ciudad Juarez and commuted each day across the border. He said 20 percent of the 485 students enrolled at Cathedral are from Ciudad Juarez. Gonzalez said the school’s sophomore class had a prayer service Monday and officials planned a rosary service for the entire school later in the week. “It’s a lot of pain, a lot of sorrow, a lot of tears, a lot of coming together as a community to try to hold each other

up and to try and make sense today,” Gonzalez said. “How do you make sense of this meaningless tragedy? Hopefully this can really empower us to make a positive change in the border community because their deaths will have no meaning otherwise.” Many Ciudad Juarez residents travel across the border on a daily basis for work or study. Some Mexicans live in El Paso for safety reasons and commute to Ciudad Juarez. Ciudad Juarez city has become one of the world’s most dangerous cities amid a fierce turf war between the Sinaloa and Juarez drug cartels. More than 3,000 people were killed last year in the city of 1.3 million residents. Gonzalez said students at the school have had a number of relatives killed in the violence in Ciudad Juarez. A graduate of the school was killed last fall, he said. “Our Juarez kids knew all three” of the teenagers killed over the weekend, he said. “It’s a very tight knit community. A lot of them car pool; that’s how they know each other.”

Chilean makes bomb threat ‘for love’ SANTIAGO — (AP) — People are capable of doing many things for love. What Grace Guajardo did forced the evacuation of more than 300 people from a plane moments before takeoff. Authorities say she phoned in a false bomb threat to keep her boyfriend from flying off to a new job. “I’m sorry, but I did it for love,” Guajardo said after she was charged with making a false bomb threat. Freed pending trial, she faces up to 61 days in jail if convicted. Prosecutors decided not to invoke the more severe anti-terrorism law after hearing the couple’s story. Her man, Rodrigo Gomez, had already boarded Iberia Flight 6830 for Madrid, planning to take a months-long job as a cruise ship waiter. Desperate that he was leaving, Grace admitted she called the airport from her cellphone demanding that authorities tell Gomez his father was gravely ill. When that didn’t work, she called back, alleging there was a bomb on the plane, authorities said. The plane was already taxiing down the tarmac when pilots parked it in a


FALSE ALARM: Grace Guajardo, right, with her boyfriend Rodrigo Gomez in Santiago. remote location where the 312 people aboard were taken off and police with bomb-sniffing dogs meticulously searched the luggage. Meanwhile, records showed both calls were made from a cellphone that Gomez had left at home. Guajardo then confessed and was arrested. She did succeed in getting Gomez to stay in Chile. The other 311 people were rescheduled for a Monday flight. “Yes, I’m sorry for what I

did, it wasn’t the best thing to do, but at least he’s here,” Guajardo said outside court. The couple informed the court that they have lived together for eight years and have three children. Gomez has often worked as a waiter on cruise ships, and was leaving home again after a year and a half in Santiago. “I can’t be angry, I have to support her. What she needs is love, nothing more,” Gomez said, and they kissed again before the cameras.

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TV exec charged of beheading wife BY CAROLYN THOMPSON Associated Press

BUFFALO, N.Y. — The founder of a Muslim-oriented New York television station has been convicted of beheading his wife in 2009 in the studio the couple had opened to counter negative stereotypes of Muslims after the Sept. 11 terror attacks. Muzzammil “Mo” Hassan never denied that he killed Aasiya Hassan inside the suburban Buffalo station the couple established to promote cultural understanding. A jury deliberated for one hour before rejecting his claim that the killing was justified because he was long abused by and afraid of his wife. Hassan, who’s stocky and more than 6 feet tall, acted as his own lawyer during the trial. He said nothing when the verdict was read. His reaction was blocked from view by a line of sheriff’s deputies and court officers standing behind him at the defense table. The Pakistan-born Hassan, 46, had been served with divorce papers a week before his wife’s body was found at the offices of Bridges TV in Orchard Park, where the couple also lived. Hassan was arrested after walking into the Orchard Park police station Feb. 12, 2009, and calmly telling officers his wife, who was slender and several inches shorter than him, was dead. Prosecutor Colleen Curtin Gable said Hassan bought two hunting knives less than an hour before the attack, parked his luxury vehicle out of view at the station and then hid in wait inside. During a 37-second frenzy that began when Hassan’s wife

Associated Press


IN HAPPIER TIMES: Muzzammil Hassan with his wife Aasiya Hassan. walked through the door, he stabbed her more than 40 times in the face, back and chest and decapitated her. Surveillance video captured some of the attack inside a darkened hallway. Curtin Gable said Hassan “went on and on about his hurt and pain.” “Think of Aasiya’s hurt and pain in years of marriage and the final 30 or 40 seconds trying desperately to fend off his two knives with her hands and possibly being conscious as he began to behead her,” Curtin Gable said during a closing statement that had some jurors dabbing tears from their eyes. Hassan spent his twohour closing remarks de-

scribing himself as a slave to his wife’s rages. He said he was let down by a domesticviolence system that refuses to recognize men as victims. He said a “religion of patriarchy” in the domestic-violence system had “unleashed a bloodbath on American women because battered men have no legal way out.” “You’re the only ones who’ve ever heard my side of the story after silence for 10 years,” Hassan told jurors. He said he didn’t blame his wife, but her troubled childhood, for abusive behavior he called “the evil dragon.” But Hassan never produced any witnesses or evidence to corroborate his

Associated Press

CHICAGO — Attorneys for Rod Blagojevich filed a pre-trial motion Tuesday seeking what they claimed was missing evidence in the impeached Illinois governor’s corruption trial, including records of a phone call between a Blagojevich aide and then White House chief of staff Rahm Emanuel. The motion claims the telephone conversation took place just a day before Blagojevich’s December 2008 arrest on charges that include allegations he sought to sell or trade the appointment to U.S. President Barack Obama’s vacated Senate seat for personal gain. The motion says details of that conversation could bolster a defense contention that Emanuel, who has not been accused of any wrongdoing, was willing to help with a political deal in which Blagojevich would have named Illinois’ attorney general to the seat. But the call between Emanuel and then Blagojevich chief of staff John Harris is not among hundreds of transcripts of secret FBI wiretaps recorded before Blagojevich’s arrest. The defense motion points only to circumstantial evidence that it even happened, including a reference in a White House transitionteam report from after the arrest that said Emanuel had “about four” conversations

with Harris. The defense was given records of only three conversations, according to the motion. “The fourth and final phone call is the call that is mysteriously missing,” it adds. A message seeking comment left on a voicemail overnight at the U.S. attorney’s office wasn’t immediately returned. Blagojevich faces 23 charges at his April retrial, after jurors at his first trial last year agreed only on one of 24 counts and convicted him of lying to the FBI. Both prosecutors and defense attorneys have been ordered to file all pretrial motions by next week. The defense’s latest filing comes just two weeks before Chicago’s mayoral election. Emanuel has a considerable fundraising advantage and leads in polls in the race to replace retiring Mayor Richard Daley. Emanuel has said little about the Blagojevich case publicly, often citing the ongoing legal proceedings for not commenting in detail. The White House report released in 2008 by the then president-elect’s office concluded neither Emanuel nor anyone else on Obama’s staff had had any “inappropriate discussions” with Blagojevich or his aides. It found that Emanuel had had “one or two telephone calls” with Blagojevich and

abuse claims, unlike prosecutors, who cited numerous police reports filed by his wife and her medical records to prove she was the battered spouse. Aasiya Hassan, 37, had sought treatment for ailments including neck and back pain and early onset cataracts, which may have been caused by repeated trauma, Curtin Gable said. When Mo Hassan killed his wife, their then 4- and 6-year-old children were buckled into car seats outside in a van along with his teenage son from one of his two previous marriages. His wife had been on her way to take them to dinner when she ran into the station to drop off his laundry.


Judge inspects California jail’s death chamber BY PAUL ELIAS

Blagojevich claims phone record missing BY MICHAEL TARM


SAN FRANCISCO — California hasn’t executed anyone in more than five years and its death row population has risen, recently reaching 720 inmates — the largest in the country. U.S. District Court Judge Jeremy Fogel imposed a de facto moratorium on lethal injection executions in California in 2006. His ruling came after he inspected San Quentin Prison’s death room and found the converted gas chamber to be so dim, cramped and antiquated that inmates were at risk of suffering cruel and unusual pain. On Tuesday, the judge returned to the death chamber for the first time since putting the state’s executions on hold. Prison officials, represented by lawyers from the state Attorney General’s Office, want to show the judge the prison’s new $900,000 death chamber and argue that the state is ready to immediately resume. They will also argue at the unusual federal court hearing at the prison that they have adopted new regulations and improved staff training to address the judge’s other reasons to shelve California’s executions. Attorneys for two death row inmates who are challenging the legality of California’s lethal injections argue that the revised system is just as flawed as the execu-

tion process that Fogel ordered fixed five years ago. The judge called off the execution of convicted murderer Albert Greenwood Brown days before a scheduled Sept. 30 execution, ruling that he needed more time to determine if the state’s new death chamber and lethal injection process protected inmates from cruel and unusual punishment. The state Attorney General’s Office dropped its appeal of Fogel’s ruling after an adverse California Supreme Court ruling made it impossible to carry out Brown’s execution because the state’s entire stock of a drug needed for lethal injections expired. Prison officials have since acquired a new stock of the drug, sodium thiopental, from a London supplier. The sole U.S. manufacturer of the anesthesia announced it would no longer make the drug. The overseas supplier was not the subject of Tuesday’s hearing, but will likely be the target of new legal challenges to capital punishment in California and in the nearly three dozen states that use sodium thiopental in executions. Attorneys for death row inmates and capital-punishment foes argue that buying sodium thiopental outside the United States is an unreliable process that puts inmates at risk of suffering cruel and unusual pain.

Arizona lawmaker recalls bill against immigrant citizenship BY JACQUES BILLEAUD Associated Press


ACCUSED: Former Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich faces 23 charges at his April retrial. “about four” with Harris, who testified for the government at Blagojevich’s first trial. Tuesday’s motion also goes out of its way to say the defense isn’t accusing Emanuel of doing anything untoward. “Blagojevich makes absolutely no assertion that Rahm Emanuel was ever involved in, or aware of, any wrongdoing, criminal or otherwise,” it says. Still, the motion’s focus suggests the ousted governor’s attorneys could make Emanuel a part of their defense strategy, which could cause him some political discomfort. He did not testify at the first trial, though both prosecutors and the defense have left open the possibility he could be called at the second trial. A voice message left overnight for Emanuel campaign spokesman Ben Labolt was not immediately returned.

PHOENIX — The Arizona lawmaker who proposed a challenge to automatic U.S. citizenship for children of illegal immigrants has called off a scheduled vote on his measure because he didn’t have enough votes to get it out of committee. But Republican state Sen. Ron Gould said he doesn’t believe his bill is dead. Calling off a vote in committee doesn’t prevent lawmakers from bringing up their proposals for a vote again. Gould hopes the measure would prompt a court interpretation on an element of the 14th Amendment, which guarantees citizenship to people born in the U.S. who are “subject to the jurisdiction” of this country. Supporters of the bill said the amendment doesn’t apply to the children of illegal immigrants because such families don’t owe sole allegiance to the U.S. The bill’s sponsors say the goal is to force a court to rule that a child born in the U.S. is a citizen only if either parent is a U.S. citizen or a legal immigrant. Similar proposals have been introduced by lawmakers in Indiana, Mississippi, Texas, Oklahoma and South Dakota. The South Dakota measure was rejected by a committee Monday.

An accompanying proposal is an interstate compact that defines who is a U.S. citizen and asks states to issue separate birth certificates for those considered to be U.S. citizens and those who are not. Such a compact would have to be approved by Congress, but they do not require the president’s signature. Opponents of the bill — and constitutional scholars — predict such state efforts will be declared unconstitutional. Opponents say the proposal is meanspirited toward immigrants and won’t make a dent in the state’s immigration woes. The Arizona Senate judiciary committee heard three hours of testimony from legal scholars, immigrant rights activists and business lobbyists on Monday. “Even though this law may not affect me, it will affect the people around me,” said Heidi Portugal, a 12-year-old who said she is a U.S. citizen but that her parents aren’t. Two Democratic lawmakers and one Republican legislator raised skeptical questions about the bill. “I want to know what allegiance means,” said Republican Rep. Adam Driggs of Phoenix, an attorney who has expertise in immigration law. Driggs,

who described himself as a conservative Republican, expressed skepticism about how the proposal would be carried out by state government. John Eastman, professor at Chapman University’s law school in Orange, California, said automatic citizenship remains an open question for the U.S. Supreme Court. He believes this proposal would provide a chance for the court to say that merely being born in the United States doesn’t entitle a person to citizenship. “The Supreme Court has never decided this issue,” Eastman said. Immigrant rights advocate Sal Reza, an opponent of the bill, said many children would be left in limbo if the measure were enacted and enforced. “Do the right thing: Become human beings,” Reza told lawmakers. Last year, Arizona lawmakers passed a bill to draw local police deeper into the fight against illegal immigration. The most controversial parts of that law were put on hold by a federal judge. In previous years, the state has passed laws denying government benefits to illegal immigrants, denying bail to immigrants arrested for serious crimes, and creating the state crime of immigration smuggling.

Police report states Bellagio heist suspect talked about robbing casino BY OSKAR GARCIA Associated Press

LAS VEGAS — A tipster told police the suspect in a $1.5 million heist of a Bellagio craps table had mused about pulling off the dramatic stickup and said he would get away with it by selling some chips and slowly gambling away the others, according to a police report. The police document says the tipster tried to provide a reality check to robbery suspect Anthony Michael Carleo by telling him, “Dude, you watch Ocean’s Eleven too much. This is real life and that doesn’t happen.”

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Instead of listening, Carleo, the son of a judge, went ahead with the holdup then quickly gambled and talked his way into jail, the report states. Carleo, 29, made his first court appearance this week since being taken into custody. He spoke only twice and was not asked to enter pleas on six charges, including armed robbery, assault, burglary and carrying a concealed weapon. “I did, your honor,” Carleo said when Las Vegas Justice of the Peace Ann Zimmerman asked if he understood the charges. Carleo, shackled and

dressed in a blue jail uniform, also said he preferred to use the last name Carleo instead of the last name of his father, Las Vegas Municipal Court Judge George Assad. Carleo’s lawyer, William Terry, declined to comment after the hearing. Another hearing was scheduled Feb. 23. Surveillance video from the Dec. 14 heist shows a motorcycle helmet-wearing robber waving a gun as he ran from the Bellagio. The unidentified tipster later contacted police, saying Carleo had speculated that he could off-load individual

chips valued at $25,000 and gamble the rest at about $5,000 a month, according to the arrest report. Bellagio records show Carleo had little restraint, losing about $105,000 during 18 gambling sessions in just over a month, including $72,000 on New Year’s Eve. He also tried to sell chips to Matt Brooks of Washington, D.C., a stranger he contacted through a popular Web forum for poker players, sending pictures of $25,000 chips with a note signed “Biker Bandit,” Brooks told law enforcement officials.


CONSULTING: Anthony M. Carleo, left, talks to his attorney William Terry inside the court on Monday.

2/9/2011 3:33:43 AM






Reporter expelled from Russia, U.K. paper says BY SYLVIA HUI

Associated Press

LONDON — Britain’s Guardian newspaper says its Moscow correspondent has been expelled from Russia after he used WikiLeaks’ cables to report on allegations that Russia under the rule of Prime Minister Vladimir Putin had become a “virtual mafia state.” Luke Harding, who had been back in London for two months to write a book on

Wi k i L e a k s , was refused entry by Russian authorities when he tried to return to Moscow last weekend, the HARDING paper’s editor-in-chief Alan Rusbridger said this week. Harding’s Russian visa was revoked and he was put on the next plane back to

London after being held in a detention cell for 45 minutes, The Guardian said. No explanation of the decision was offered to the journalist, the newspaper said in a statement, adding that it was trying to establish further details. “This is clearly a very troubling development with serious implications for press freedom, and it is worrying that the Russian government should now kick

out reporters of whom they disapprove,” Rusbridger said. Britain’s Foreign Office said Foreign Secretary William Hague had been in contact with the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to seek clarity on the expulsion. “We are awaiting a reply,” a spokesman said. Harding had previously been detained in April 2010 in Ingushetia after the visited the Caucasus region,

according to the newspaper. The journalist said on Twitter: “The Russians have been unhappy with my reporting for a while. But it seems WikiLeaks may have been the final straw.” The Guardian published an article by Harding on Dec. 1 in which he quoted leaked U.S. diplomatic cables as saying Russia is a corrupt autocracy centered on the leadership of Putin. Expulsions of journalists

were more frequent during the Cold War. In one of the most prominent cases, U.S. journalist Nicholas Daniloff was arrested in Moscow in September 1986 on charges of espionage and held for 13 days. The U.S. denied he was a spy. Daniloff was released at the same time as the U.S. released Gennady Zakharov, a Soviet official at the United Nations who had pleaded guilty to espionage.

IRA dissidents hid Belfast bomb on child’s bike BY SHAWN POGATCHNIK Associated Press

DUBLIN — Northern Ireland police arrested two suspected Irish Republican Army dissidents Tuesday over a botched Belfast ambush that involved hiding a bomb on a small child’s bicycle. Police last month spent four days searching Belfast’s Antrim Road — dubbed “the Murder Mile” during the worst days of the Northern Ireland conflict — following telephoned warnings from an IRA faction that its members had hidden bombs in the area that failed to detonate. Two days into the search, police found one small bomb inside a car. Two days later they found a second bomb taped to an abandoned preschool-sized bicycle. About 50 families were avacuated from their homes during the search operation. Police said the two arrested men, aged 33 and 34, were being questioned at their major interrogation center in Antrim west of Belfast. The senior investigator, Detective Chief Inspector Justyn Galloway, said the attackers apparently tried to lure police into the area by vandalizing the window of a shop, then telephoning the police to report the crime. But when police responded, neither bomb in the area detonated. “A trap was put in place to kill police officers which could easily have murdered members of the public,” Galloway said.

Countless civilians walked or drove past both bombs before the IRA dissidents made more telephone calls warning of their undetonated homemade devices. Several splinter groups opposed to the IRA’s 1997 cease-fire have continued to mount occasional bomb and gun attacks in Northern Ireland, particularly since the 2007 formation of a Catholic-Protestant government that includes IRA veterans. The dissidents’ goal is to destabilize the coalition and deter the Irish Catholic minority from cooperating with the police. Dissident IRA gunmen killed two off-duty British soldiers and a policeman in two March 2009 attacks. But most dissident attacks since have fizzled because of police surveillance or the dissidents’ own incompetence. A majority of bombs fail to detonate. Those that do — including a half-dozen car bombs last year — have caused relatively little damage and no serious injuries. In August 2010, one booby-trap bomb designed to maim police instead hurt three children aged 2 to 12. About 4,000 British troops remain based in Northern Ireland as part of its 1998 peace settlement, which reaffirmed Northern Ireland’s status as a part of the United Kingdom. But the troops no longer have any role in combating IRA factions or other local paramilitary groups.


EXHILARATION: Southern Sudanese celebrate the formal announcement of referendum results in the capital city of Juba on Monday.

U.S. to recognize Southern Sudan BY MATTHEW PENNINGTON Associated Press

WASHINGTON — The United States said it would recognize an independent Southern Sudan and review its designation of Sudan’s government in Khartoum as a state sponsor of terrorism after that African nation accepted the south’s vote to secede. Election officials said that more than 98 percent of ballots in the Jan. 9 vote were in favor of independence, meaning Southern Sudan will become the world’s newest country in July. “I congratulate the people of Southern Sudan for a successful and inspiring referendum in which an overwhelming majority of voters chose independence. I am therefore pleased to announce the intention of the United States


BY HYUNG-JIN KIM Associated Press

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ern and southern leaders to continue to work together toward full implementation of the peace agreement and postreferendum arrangements, to ensure they become two “viable states living alongside each other in peace.” The mainly Christian south and mainly Muslim north must still negotiate citizenship rights, oil rights and border demarcation. Virtually all of Southern Sudan’s budget comes from oil revenue, and the north wants to maintain fuel supplies from the south. Sudan’s President Omar al Bashir, who has been indicted for war crimes in the western Sudan region of Darfur, has backed the vote results and said he wanted to be the first to congratulate the south on their new state. Obama demanded an end to

attacks on civilians in Darfur. He said the U.S. supported the aspirations of all Sudanese, and would work with the governments of Sudan and Southern Sudan for a smooth and peaceful transition to independence. “For those who meet all of their obligations, there is a path to greater prosperity and normal relations with the United States, including examining Sudan’s designation as a State Sponsor of Terrorism,” he said. U.S. State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley told a news conference in Washington that the government of Sudan has made clear that it wants normal relations with the United States. Sudan has been on the U.S. list of states that sponsor terrorism since 1993.

Tibetan lama faces scrutiny in India

North, S. Korea meet for talks SEOUL, South Korea — Military officers from North and South Korea held talks inside the heavily guarded Demilitarized Zone on Tuesday in the rivals’ first official dialogue since the North’s deadly artillery barrage of a South Korean island in November. Tensions on the divided peninsula rose sharply following the attack, which killed four people and came just eight months after the sinking of a South Korean warship killed 46 sailors. The South has blamed the sinking on a North Korean torpedo attack, but Pyongyang has steadfastly denied involvement. Colonels from the two Koreas met Tuesday in the border village of Panmunjom to set a date and work out logistics for higher-level defense talks aimed at discussing the two attacks last year, according to South Korea’s Defense Ministry. If officers are able to agree on a meeting of defense chiefs, it would be the first such high-level defense meeting between the Koreas in more than three years.

to formally recognize Southern Sudan as a sovereign, independent state in July 2011,” U.S. President Barack Obama said in a statement. He called it “another step forward in Africa’s long journey toward justice and democracy.” U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton commended the Sudan government for accepting the outcome. She said in a statement the designation will be lifted if Sudan does not support terrorism for the preceding six months and provides assurance it will not do so in future. It must also fully implement a 2005 peace agreement that ended a two-decade civil war between the north and south that killed more than 2 million people. Clinton urged both north-


ON A MISSION: South Korea’s chief delegate Col. Moon Sang-gyun meets the press as he leaves for talks with North Korean officials on Tuesday. “Can [the talks] go well today?” Col. Moon Sanggyun, the chief South Korean delegate, asked his North Korean counterpart while shaking his hand, according to footage provided by the state-run Defense Media Agency. Ri Son Kwon replied: “Yes, they will go well.” No independent journalists were allowed to cover the meeting and no details of the results were made public. The two sides will talk again on Wednesday. The talks were arranged as North Korea pushes for dialogue after weeks of threatening war. Pyongyang wants to return to stalled six-nation talks on ending its nuclear weapons pro-

gram in return for economic aid and other incentives. But South Korea and U.S. say the North must first exhibit sincerity in its promises to disarm — and take responsibility for the two attacks — before the talks can resume. Meanwhile, North Korea’s Red Cross demanded 31 North Koreans who are being held in South Korea be quickly released, South Korea’s Red Cross said in a statement. The North Koreans’ motorboat crossed the Koreas’ western sea border. The two Koreas technically remain in a state of war because the 1950-53 Korean War ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty.

residence, including more than $166,000 in Chinese currency. Flimsily sourced media accounts have questioned whether he is a Chinese spy plotting a monastic empire along the border. “Monk or Chinese Plant?” asked an editorial in The Tribune, a national Englishlanguage newspaper. Many Tibetans scoff at the spying allegations. But the episode exposes the precarious position of the Dalai Lama and the exiled movement of Tibetan Buddhism he has led since he fled China in 1959. The Tibetan cause depends heavily on Indian goodwill, particularly as China has intensified efforts to discredit and infiltrate their exile organization. Tensions are rising between India and China over a variety of issues, including Tibet. Sophisticated hackers, traced to China, have penetrated computer systems in Dharamsala and at Indian government ministries. China has long blamed Tibetan exiles in India for fueling instability across the border in Tibet. But now India, too, seems more wary of Tibetan activities; Indian police are investigating new Tibetan monasteries near the border for possible ties to China, a police official said. Meanwhile, Chinese leaders are betting that the Tibetan movement will fracture after the eventual death

of the Dalai Lama, who is 74; they have even declared their intent to name his successor. Indian suspicions about the Karmapa are a particular problem. He has a global following and, at 25 years old, he is viewed as a potential future leader of the movement — a possibility deeply compromised if Indian authorities consider him a foreign agent. “What Tibetans must address is the idea that Tibetans could be considered a security threat to India and not an asset,” said Tsering Shakya, a leading Tibet specialist. “But the idea that a boy at the age of 14 was selected as a covert agent by a foreign government to destabilize India — and the assumption the boy will assume leadership of the Tibetan movement and eventually work against India — is worthy of a cheap spy novel.” For the past week, Tibetans have rallied behind the Karmapa, with thousands of monks holding candlelight vigils at his residence. Tibet’s political leaders, including the Dalai Lama, have called on the Karmapa’s aides to correct any financial irregularities but have dismissed any suspicions about the Karmapa’s being a Chinese agent. “Baseless, all baseless,” said Samdhong Rinpoche, the prime minister of the Tibetan government in exile. “Not a fraction of anything that has a base of truth.” Within Tibetan Buddhism,

the Karmapa ranks third after the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Lama, with each man believed to be reincarnated through the centuries. After the death of the previous Karmapa, a feud broke out between the high lamas charged with identifying his successor: At least two other people now claim to be the Karmapa, although a majority of Tibetans, including the Dalai Lama, recognize Ogyen Trinley Dorje. But this dispute has complicated efforts by the Karmapa to claim the monastery built by his predecessor in the Indian border region of Sikkim. Indian officials have blocked him from taking ownership until claims from rival Tibetan factions are resolved — which is why, given the uncertainty over the duration of the legal fight, the Karmapa sought land for a new monastery, his aides say. The land deal led to the current controversy. On Jan. 26, India’s Republic Day, police officers apprehended two men at a highway checkpoint after discovering about $219,000 in Indian rupees inside their car — money they said had come from the Karmapa. The next day, the police raided the Gyuto Monastery and found boxes of cash from more than 20 countries, including China; officers arrested the financial officer overseeing the Karmapa’s charitable trust and continue to investigate the Karmapa himself.

2/9/2011 5:15:02 AM






Obama the realist briefly flirt with new strategies, putting more pressure on the Israeli government and attempting n the campaign trail in 2008, outreach to Tehran. But the White Barack Obama played to two House soon reverted to the policy very different foreign policy con- status quo of Bush’s second term. stituencies. Often he presented him- Indeed, from the twilight struggle self as the tribune of the anti-war over Iran’s nuclear program to the left — the only candidate who had counterinsurgency in Afghanistan, opposed the invasion of Iraq from this White House’s approach to inthe beginning, the man who could ternational affairs looks like a conbe trusted to civilize the global war tinuation of the Condoleezza Riceon terror, and the perfect figure to Robert Gates phase. smooth the transition to a Obama’s response to the post-U.S. world order. To Egyptian crisis has crystalmore bipartisan audiences, lized his entire foreign polthough, he cast himself as icy vision. Switch on Rush a cold-eyed realist — the Limbaugh or Fox News, and rightful heir to George you would assume there’s a H.W. Bush, if not Henry terrible left-wing naivete — Kissinger, who would puror worse, a sneaking antisue the United States’ incolonial sympathy for the terests without pretending DOUTHAT Muslim Brotherhood — at (as the younger President work in the White House’s Bush often did) that they matched attempts to usher Hosni Mubarak up perfectly with the United States’ out the door. But look closer, and it’s democratic ideals. clear the administration’s real goal This two-step worked during the has been to dispense with Mubarak election season because realists and while keeping the dictator’s milileft-wingers were united in their tary subordinates in charge. If the weariness with the Bush adminis- Obama White House has its way, tration and their distrust of John any opening to democracy will McCain. But to govern is to choose, be carefully stage-managed by an and after two years in office we insider like Omar Suleiman, the can say with some certainty where former general and Egyptian intelObama’s instincts really lie. From ligence chief who’s best known in the war on terror to the current un- Washington for his cooperation rest in Egypt, his foreign policy has with the CIA’s rendition program. owed far more to conservative real- This isn’t softheaded peacenik dithpolitik than to any left-wing vision ering. It’s cold-blooded realpolitik. of international affairs. Cold-blooded, and probably Many Republicans have been correct. Obama might have done loath to admit this. In the first year more to champion human rights of the Obama presidency, conserva- and democracy in Egypt before the tives rushed to portray the president current crisis broke out, by leavenas a weak-kneed liberal who would ing his Kissinger impression with rather appease terrorists than fight. a touch of Reaganite idealism. But They accused him of abandoning there isn’t much more the administhe Bush administration’s counter- tration can do now, because there terrorism policies, taking the pres- isn’t any evidence that the Egyptian sure off Iran, and playing at being protesters are ready to actually take president of the world while giving power. his own country’s interests short There are moments when U.S. shrift. They insisted his distrust of presidents can afford to stand U.S. power and doubts about U.S. uncompromisingly with demoexceptionalism were making the cratic revolutionaries. But they country steadily less safe. need someone to stand for. In the But this narrative never really Soviet bloc of the 1980s, Ronald fit the facts. On nearly every anti- Reagan had Lech Walesa, Vaclav terror front, from detainee policy Havel, Pope John Paul II — and to drone strikes, the Obama admin- ultimately Mikhail Gorbachev. In istration has been what The Wash- Egypt, Obama has Mohammed Elington Times’ Eli Lake calls a “9/14 Baradei, the Muslim Brotherhood presidency,” maintaining or even and the crowds: The first dubious expanding powers George W. Bush as a grass-roots leader, the second claimed in the aftermath of 9/11. dangerous, and the third perilously Time and again, this president disorganized. has proved himself a careful custoThis is a situation that calls for dian of both U.S. and presidential great caution, rather than grand prerogatives — and the most per- idealistic gestures. And it calls for a ceptive critics of his policies, tell- certain measure of relief, from the ingly, have been civil libertarians U.S. public, that this liberal presirather than Republican partisans. dent’s foreign policy instincts have On Israel-Palestine and Iran, turned out to be so temperamenthe Obama administration did tally conservative.


New York Times Service



STANDING TALL: Police officers present the U.S. flag at Black History Month 2011’s opening ceremony, ‘African Americans and the Civil War,’ in Miami.

Celebrating Black history BY COLBERT I. KING

Washington Post Service

ere we are, another Black History Month: time to lionize great black men and women of the past. Twenty-eight days to praise the first African-American to do this and the first African-American who did that. Another month of looking back with pride — as we ignore the calamity in our midst. When Black History Month was celebrated in 1950, according to State University of New York research, 77.7 percent of black families had two parents. As of January 2010, according to the Census Bureau, the share of two-parent families among African-Americans had fallen to 38 percent. We know that children, particularly young male African-Americans, benefit from parental marriage and from having a father in the home. Today, the majority of black children are born to single, unmarried mothers. Celebrate? Let’s celebrate. Three years ago, I wrote about young girls in our city who are not learning what they are really worth, young men who aren’t being taught to treat young women with respect, and boys and girls who are learning how to make


babies but not how to raise them. Those conditions, the column suggested, find expression in youth violence, child abuse and neglect, school dropout rates, and the steady stream of young men flowing into detention facilities. Boys get guns, girls get babies. This pattern isn’t new. We don’t need maps to tell us what the problem of teen births means to a city. We know that most teenage mothers don’t graduate from high school; that many of the youths in the juvenile justice system are born to unmarried teens; and that children of teenagers are twice as likely to be abused or neglected and more likely to wind up in foster care. We know, too, that children of teenage parents are more likely to become teen parents themselves. An intergenerational cycle of dysfunction is unfolding before our eyes, even as we spend time rhapsodizing about our past. No less discouraging is the response that has become ingrained. Sixteen, unmarried and having a baby? No problem. Here are your food stamps, cash assistance and medical coverage. Can’t be bothered with the kid? No sweat, there’s foster care.

Make the young father step up to his responsibilities? Consider this statement I received from a sexual health coordinator and youth programs coordinator in the District of Columbia concerning a teen mother she is counseling: “She recently had a child by a man who is 24 years old and has 5 other children. He is homeless and does not work, but knows how to work young girls very well. — This young man is still trying to have more children.” He’s a cause. Our community deals with his consequences. A 16-year-old mother who reads at a sixth-grade level drops out of school? Blame the teacher. Knock the city for underserving girls during their second and third pregnancies. Blast social workers for not doing enough to help children with developmental disabilities or kids in foster care. Carp at the counselors responsible for troubled youth in detention. Sure, tackle the consequences. Construct a bigger, better, more humane safety net. I’m for that, especially where children are concerned. And the causes? God forbid, don’t mention causes. Celebrate? Let’s celebrate.

First taste of disruption in a warming world BY PAUL KRUGMAN

New York Times Service

e’re in the midst of a global food crisis — the second in three years. World food prices hit a record in January, driven by huge increases in the prices of wheat, corn, sugar and oils. These soaring prices have had only a modest effect on U.S. inflation, which is still low by historical standards, but KRUGMAN they’re having a brutal impact on the world’s poor, who spend much if not most of their income on basic foodstuffs. The consequences of this food crisis go far beyond economics. After all, the big question about uprisings against corrupt and oppressive regimes in the Middle East isn’t so much why they’re happening as why they’re happening now. And there’s little question that sky-high food prices have been an important trigger for popular rage. So what’s behind the price spike? U.S. right-wingers (and the Chinese) blame easy-money policies at the Federal Reserve, with at least one commentator declar-


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ing that there is “blood on Bernanke’s hands.” Meanwhile, President Nicolas Sarkozy of France blames speculators, accusing them of “extortion and pillaging.” But the evidence tells a different, much more ominous story. While several factors have contributed to soaring food prices, what really stands out is the extent to which severe weather events have disrupted agricultural production. And these severe weather events are exactly the kind of thing we’d expect to see as rising concentrations of greenhouse gases change our climate — which means that the current food price surge may be just the beginning. Now, to some extent soaring food prices are part of a general commodity boom: the prices of many raw materials, running the gamut from aluminum to zinc, have been rising rapidly since early 2009, mainly thanks to rapid industrial growth in emerging markets. But the link between industrial growth and demand is a lot clearer for, say, copper than it is for food. Except in very poor countries, rising incomes don’t have much effect on how much people eat. It’s true that growth in emerging nations like China leads to rising meat consumption, and hence


rising demand for animal feed. It’s also true that agricultural raw materials, especially cotton, compete for land and other resources with food crops — as does the subsidized production of ethanol, which consumes a lot of corn. So both economic growth and bad energy policy have played some role in the food price surge. Still, food prices lagged behind the prices of other commodities until last summer. Then the weather struck.

Consider the case of wheat, whose price has almost doubled since the summer. The immediate cause of the wheat price spike is obvious: world production is down sharply. The bulk of that production decline, according to U.S. Department of Agriculture data, reflects a sharp plunge in the former Soviet Union. And we know what that’s about: a record heat wave and drought, which pushed Moscow temperatures above 100 degrees for the first time ever. The Russian heat wave was only one of many recent extreme weather events, from dry weather in Brazil to biblical-proportion flooding in Australia, that have damaged world food production. The question then becomes, what’s behind all this extreme weather? To some extent we’re seeing the results of a natural phenomenon, La Nina — a periodic event in which water in the equatorial Pacific becomes cooler than normal. And La Nina events have historically been associated with global food crises, including the crisis of 2007-08. But that’s not the whole story. Don’t let the snow fool you: globally, 2010 was tied with 2005 for warmest year on record, even though we were at a solar mini-

mum and La Nina was a cooling factor in the second half of the year. Temperature records were set not just in Russia but in no fewer than 19 countries, covering a fifth of the world’s land area. And both droughts and floods are natural consequences of a warming world: droughts because it’s hotter, floods because warm oceans release more water vapor. As always, you can’t attribute any one weather event to greenhouse gases. But the pattern we’re seeing, with extreme highs and extreme weather in general becoming much more common, is just what you’d expect from climate change. The usual suspects will, of course, go wild over suggestions that global warming has something to do with the food crisis; those who insist that Ben Bernanke has blood on his hands tend to be more or less the same people who insist that the scientific consensus on climate reflects a vast leftist conspiracy. But the evidence does, in fact, suggest that what we’re getting now is a first taste of the disruption, economic and political, that we’ll face in a warming world. And given our failure to act on greenhouse gases, there will be much more, and much worse, to come.

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2/8/2011 9:29:37 PM





S&P 500











Stocks continue gaining streak


U.S. clears Toyota of electronic flaws WASHINGTON — (AP) — The Obama administration’s investigation into Toyota safety problems found no electronic flaws to account for reports of sudden, unintentional acceleration and other safety problems. Government investigators said Tuesday the only known cause of the problems are mechanical defects that were fixed in previous recalls. The Transportation Department, assisted by engineers with NASA, said its 10-month study of Toyota vehicles concluded there was no electronic cause of unintended high-speed acceleration

in Toyotas. The study, which was launched at the request of Congress, responded to consumer complaints that flawed electronics could be the culprit behind Toyota’s spate of recalls. “We enlisted the best and brightest engineers to study Toyota’s electronics systems and the verdict is in. There is no electronic-based cause for unintended acceleration in Toyotas,” Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood said in a statement. Toyota has recalled more than 12 million vehicles globally since fall 2009 to address sticking ac-

celerator pedals, gas pedals that became trapped in floor mats, and other safety issues. The recalls have posed a major challenge for the world’s No. 1 automaker, which has scrambled to protect its reputation for safety and reliability. Toyota did not immediately comment on the report. Shares of the automaker climbed on the New York Stock Exchange following the news. Toyota shares were up more than 4 percent, to 89.00 in midafternoon trading. Toyota paid the U.S. government a record $48.8 million in fines for its handling of three recalls. The

company has said it has not found any flaws in its electronic throttle control systems and said the previously announced recalls have addressed the safety concerns. LaHood said NASA engineers “rigorously examined” nine Toyotas driven by consumers who complained of unintended acceleration. NASA reviewed 280,000 lines of software code to look for flaws that could cause the acceleration. Investigators tested mechanical components in Toyotas that could lead to the problem and bombarded • TURN TO TOYOTA, 2B

BY DAVID K. RANDALL Associated Press

NEW YORK — The Dow Jones industrial average closed higher for the seventh consecutive day Tuesday. That’s the longest series of gains for the index since July. McDonald’s was the biggest gainer of the 30 stocks in the Dow, rising 2.6 percent after reporting January sales that were higher than analysts expected. Investors took in stride a move by China’s central bank to control inflation by raising short-term interest rates. The Dow Jones industrial average rose 71.52 points, or 0.6 percent, to close at 12,233.15. The index has had only one down day in the last 10, on Jan. 28 when the protests in Egypt escalated. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index rose 5.52, or 0.4 percent, to 1,324.57. The Nasdaq composite index rose 13.06, or 0.5 percent, to 2,797.05. China raised interest rates for the third time since October in an effort to keep prices from rising too fast. The country’s economic boom has resulted in higher prices, forcing some poor families to spend up to half of their incomes on food. Many large U.S. companies have counted on spending in China for growth. Previously, interest rate hikes in China have resulted in stock losses in the U.S. because of fears that spending there would fall. Brain Gendreau, market strategist at Financial Network, said investors are becoming less concerned about slower spending in China because they are more confident that the U.S. economy will grow on its own. “Raising interest rates is what the Chinese need to do when they have such an overheated economy,” he said. Bond prices fell, extending a week of losses and sending their yields higher. The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note rose to 3.73 percent from 3.64 percent Monday, its highest rate since last April. The government auctioned $32 billion of three-year notes at a yield of 1.34 percent, the highest borrowing rate the government has had to pay on those notes since last May. Interest from foreign buyers was relatively weak. Better economic news, including a drop in the unemployment rate, has led investors to sell low-yielding government bonds over the past two weeks. Some of that money is going into stocks, especially those of large corporations that pay fat dividends. Quincy Krosby, market strategist with Prudential Financial, said the Dow average has been benefiting from a flight of money out of bonds as conservative investors seek out large, relatively stable companies such as the 30 that make up the Dow industrials. Walt Disney rose 3.7 percent in after-hours trading. The company reported earnings after the market closed that beat expectations thanks to higher advertising revenue at its ESPN and ABC television networks. Avon Products fell 3 percent to close Tuesday at $28.47 after its fourth-quarter earnings fell and missed expectations. Three stocks rose for every two that fell on the New York Stock Exchange. Consolidated volume was relatively light at 3.9 billion shares.

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SPACE ISSUE: The CMA CGM Figaro is seen on the Savannah River in Georgia in this 2010 photo. The Figaro had to sail in loaded at half capacity to avoid scraping the river bottom, and even then could only navigate the relatively shallow channel at high tide. BY RUSS BYNUM

Associated Press

SAVANNAH, Ga. — When Savannah welcomed the largest cargo ship ever to call on its booming seaport, the visiting vessel barely fit. The Figaro had to sail in loaded at half capacity to avoid scraping the river bottom, and even then could only navigate the shallow channel at high tide. East Coast ports from New York to Miami simply aren’t deep enough to handle such mammoth vessels as the CMA CGM Figaro, which measures 1,100 feet long

with space for 8,500 cargo containers a tractor-trailer can haul one at a time. With a major expansion of the Panama Canal projected to be finished by the end of 2014, these gargantuan vessels will be able to sail between Asia and the U.S. East Coast. The canal expansion is pitting seaports up and down the Atlantic coast in a race to dig deeper harbors capable of handling the socalled post-Panamax ships. “It’s going to almost triple the size of the vessels that are going to be able to transit the canal,”

said Kurt J. Nagle, president of the American Association of Port Authorities. “I don’t think it’s overhyped to say it’s a game-changer.” The post-Panamax ships require depths of up to 50 feet of water to navigate when fully loaded. Only one East Coast seaport — Norfolk, Va. — is that deep. Other ports are scrambling for federal permits and hundreds of millions of taxpayer dollars to scrape and suck tons of sand and mud from their bays and river bottoms. The port of New York/New Jersey, the busiest port on the

eastern seaboard, already has a $2.3 billion project under way to deepen its harbor to 50 feet. But the Bayonne Bridge spanning the shipping channel is too low for the biggest ships, and port officials say at least $1.3 billion more is needed to raise the span. Savannah, the fourth busiest U.S. container port and No. 2 on the East Coast, wants $588 million to dredge 6 feet from the Savannah River along 35 miles between the ocean and the city’s port. The • TURN TO PORTS, 2B

China raises rates to quell inflation Europe seeks to monitor short-selling


New York Times Service

HONG KONG — China staged its third interest rate increase since October on Tuesday, the latest sign of the authorities’ intensifying efforts to temper the blistering pace of economic growth and prevent already worrisome inflation levels from escalating further. The central bank in Beijing raised its benchmark one-year deposit rate by a quarter of a percentage point, to 3 percent, and its one-year lending rate by a similar amount, to .06 percent. The timing of the announcement, at the very end of the Lunar New Year holiday, which has kept mainland Chinese markets shut for the past week, was in line with what many analysts had expected. In fact, many economists forecast still more increases and other growth-dampening measures during 2011 as the battle to combat price rises intensifies. “There are plenty of reasons to expect inflation to pick up further in the next few months,” Brian Jackson, an analyst at the Royal Bank of Canada in Hong Kong, wrote in a note following the rate rise announcement Tuesday. “Gradual policy rate increases in the months ahead should help to slow down investment in parts of the economy at risk of overheating, while also reducing the risk that more aggressive and disruptive action may be required at a later stage,” he wrote. Buoyed by ample lending and massive state investment projects, the Chinese economy powered


New York Times Service


PRICE CONTROL: China is looking to rein in the red-hot real estate sector by announcing property taxes for some cities. ahead last year, overtaking that of Japan to become the world’s second-largest economy after the United States. Data released by the National Bureau of Statistics on Jan. 20 put the pace of growth at 10.3 percent for 2010 — up from 9.2 percent in 2009 — significantly above what analysts had expected. Inflation came in at 4.6 percent for December — well above what the authorities are comfortable with — and could rise further, economists believe. As in many other emerging economies, rapid growth has combined with easy credit and inflows of cash from overseas to push up asset and consumer prices this year. Beijing has reacted with a range of tools aimed at containing price rises. These have ranged from measures aimed specifically at the redhot real estate sector — like prop-

erty taxes recently announced for some cities — to instructions to the country’s state-controlled banks to lend less. The reserve requirement ratio for state-controlled banks — which effectively dictates the amount that lenders have to set aside against loans, and thus affects how much they can lend — has been raised seven times since early 2010. Currency appreciation will also most likely be part of Beijing’s efforts to curb inflation over 2011, said Jackson, the RBC economist. The pace of any such rises, however, is likely to remain muted, analysts and bankers with knowledge of policymakers’ views have said. The renminbi has already been rising at an annualized rate of 5.7 percent against the dollar since China broke the currency’s peg to the dollar last June.

The hedge fund manager David Einhorn does not seem to mind revealing his bets against a company, at least on his own terms. Over the years, Einhorn, the founder of Greenlight Capital, has announced several major short positions, most notably in 2008 when he publicly derided Lehman Brothers just months before the investment bank collapsed. But now Einhorn and other large investors do not have a choice in France, where regulators just started to require money managers to disclose on a daily basis the stocks they bet against in the country. On Feb. 3, Greenlight Capital reported it was short more than 1 percent of the shares in Neopost, a French mailroom equipment supplier. While hedge funds have long had to report their long positions on a quarterly basis, the decision by French authorities brings a new level of transparency to some of the most closely guarded investment moves in the hedge fund world. In February, the Autorite des Marches Financiers, the French financial markets regulator, began requiring hedge funds and other investment managers to disclose their short positions when they reached 0.5 percent of a company’s outstanding stock. • TURN TO SHORT-SELLING, 2B

2/9/2011 4:53:52 AM





For Mets’ owners, court fight could be costly BY KEN BELSON

New York Times Service

Last week, Fred Wilpon and Saul Katz, the owners of the Mets, indicated they had no intention of being, as they termed it, strong-armed into settling with the courtappointed trustee who is seeking $1 billion from them to be distributed to victims of Bernard L. Madoff’s vast fraud. The two men accused the trustee, Irving H. Picard, of essentially conducting a witch hunt, claiming that his lawsuit, filed in December in Manhattan, was “abusive, unfair and untrue.” Allegations contained in the suit that they ignored warnings about Madoff’s possible fraud while making a killing over years of lucrative investing with his firm, they said, were “outrageous and irresponsible,” aimed at sullying their good names. Their uncharacteristically blunt statements, at first blush, suggest that they could be willing to fight their case in court rather than settle with the trustee — who has collected nearly $10 billion from other Madoff investors he says profited improperly from their dealings with the mastermind of a multibillion-dollar Ponzi scheme. But should Wilpon and Katz choose to fight, they could well face a very hard road, whatever the merits of their claims of innocence, according to interviews with lawyers and other legal experts. A court case would cost millions of dollars in legal fees, prolong their public association with Madoff potentially for years, and perhaps even drive down the value of their remaining financial holdings, including the Mets.


DUEL: Irving Picard is the court-appointed trustee in the Bernard Madoff scam. And, owing to laws governing bankruptcy court, if they took their case to a jury, the burden of proof would be on them to establish that they never had any serious reason to suspect Madoff was a fake. And the trustee, having been rebuffed at the negotiating table, would probably have fewer incentives to settle for less than the full amount he originally sought. “Normally in civil litigation, what you offer in compromise is less than at trial,” said George Newhouse, a partner at Brown, White & Newhouse, who is a white-collar litigator who has worked on many fraud cases. “If you go to trial and the trustee is successful, they’ll get everything they’re asking for.”

Picard, over hundreds of pages, laid out in the suit what he said was evidence that Wilpon and Katz over more than a decade failed to heed numerous alarms raised about Madoff’s legitimacy — concerns expressed by their own inner circle, by outside financial institutions and other investors. In accusing them of willful ignorance of Madoff’s scam, Picard said that the victims he represents were entitled to additional hundreds of millions beyond the $300 million in what he calls “fictitious profits” — the net gains achieved in scores of Madoff investment accounts over the years. He said Madoff’s false returns had come to course through every as-

Europe mulls short-selling • SHORT-SELLING, FROM 1B

The initiative mirrors a plan by European Union regulators who, in the wake of the financial crisis, want to monitor the potential risks of short-selling. The European Commission is considering a proposal that would require all member countries to publish details on investors’ short holdings. Authorities are expected to vote on the measure this year. “It’s definitely a step in the right direction in terms of providing transparency,” said Andrew Lo, professor of finance at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who has studied hedge funds for more than a decade. “While it is good for the public, there is a potential for unintended consequences.” GREATER MEASURES The action in Europe goes well beyond the efforts of regulators and policymakers in the United States. As part of the Dodd-Frank financial reform act, the Securities and Exchange Commission is drafting rules that would require hedge funds to disclose greater detail about their positions, leverage and performance — although the information would not be public. Investors short stocks for many reasons. They may think a company’s shares are overvalued and headed for a fall. Or they want to cut risk in their portfolio. But the practice has long been contentious. The defenders say such bets pro-

vide liquidity to the market and improve price efficiency. Critics contend it accelerates stock losses, adding unnecessary volatility in times of market stress. There is scant information on short-selling. Limited details are often published on a delayed schedule or in aggregate form, making it hard to know the size and scope of such positions. Companies have long complained that short-selling can lead to stock manipulation. In the financial crisis, managers at Bear Stearns and Lehman Brothers accused large investors of spreading rumors that sent their prices plummeting and created liquidity problems for the investment banks. At the time, several countries — including the United States, Britain, Germany and France — banned the practice for shares in certain companies. Since then, the bans have largely been lifted. As lawmakers across Europe search for ways to prevent another crisis, countries in the region have adopted their own policies around the investment strategy, with the French rules sitting on the more stringent end of the regulatory continuum. German officials voted on Jan. 31 to extend a rule requiring the disclosure of short positions in the stocks of 10 companies, including Deutsche Bank. Unlike in France, the information is disclosed on an aggregated basis, showing the collective short posi-

tions of money managers on a single stock. Since 2008, Britain’s Financial Services Authority has forced firms to report short positions for 30 financial companies, including the investment bank Barclays Capital. UNIFORM POLICY The European Union is moving to create a uniform policy for its 27 member countries. The plan, issued in September, would require firms with short positions of 0.5 percent of an available stock to publicly disclose it. The proposed legislation, which could change as it wends its way through the system, is expected to come up for a vote this year. The patchwork of regulation — and the looming threat of comprehensive rules in the eurozone — have prompted hedge funds to beef up their lobbying efforts. The industry’s main trade group in the United States, the Managed Funds Association, said it planned to open an office in Brussels, the headquarters of the European Commission. The trade group has also sent letters asking European authorities to maintain the records privately, or post them anonymously or in aggregate. The industry argues that such disclosures could spawn copycats, unsophisticated investors who see the moves of respected hedge funds like Greenlight and decide to follow suit. Such piling on could lead to unfair downward pressure on a company’s stock.

pect of Wilpon and Katz’s financial empire, and thus the component parts of that empire were subject to his recovery. The stakes are steep for defendants who roll the dice in bankruptcy court because of the often close relationship between the trustees charged with recovering money and the judges who appoint them, Newhouse said. Judges tend to know the relatively small number of trustees, and they assign the biggest cases like the Madoff fraud to trustees that they have become comfortable with over many years. As a result, “you’ll get a fair hearing, but it will be subjectively biased in favor of the trustee,” he said. “Most bankruptcy judges

tend to be as pro-trustee as federal judges tend to be pro-prosecutor.” Thus far, Picard has recouped $9.7 billion, or about one-fifth of what the trustee is seeking. The biggest settlement came from the Picower family, who paid $7.2 billion. Picard also settled with the family of Carl Schapiro for $550 million and the children of Norman F. Levy for $220 million. Like Wilpon and Katz, they were friends with Madoff and among his earliest investors. Picard has reached many far smaller deals, including several in which he allowed defendants who pleaded financial hardship to pay back less than the full amount the trustee said they owed, according to a person with knowledge of the settlements. “If there is a particular financial hardship, he has shown some flexibility, but not a lot,” this person said. Representatives for Picard declined to discuss any element of their legal strategy. But the trustee’s website states that negotiation is preferable to litigation. Wilpon’s lawyers also would not comment. In December, when the trustee filed suit against Wilpon and Katz, and their investment firm, Sterling Equities, a negotiated settlement seemed likely. In a statement, Picard said that both sides were “engaged in good-faith negotiations.” David Sheehan, a lawyer working with the trustee, added that he was working toward a “mutually acceptable resolution.” Gregory Nero, a lawyer for Sterling Equities, was more tight-lipped, but emphasized that the Mets “have

all the necessary financial and operational resources to fully compete and win.” Yet less than two months later, the Mets, prompted by what they called the uncertainty surrounding the lawsuit, said they were seeking to sell up to 25 percent of the team. A week later, Picard’s complaint against Sterling, Wilpon and Katz was unsealed, leading to a volley of angry comments between them and the trustee’s office. Whether they head to court is another matter. In addition to the emotional and physical cost of going to trial, Wilpon and Katz would probably face legal bills of about $1 million a month, given the number of complaints and entities involved. Then there is the likelihood that every corner of their financial lives would be publicly explored, including their operation of the Mets, as the trustee sought to determine what they should and could pay. Each legal document that is released and every witness who takes the stand is another reason for Wilpon and Katz, and by extension the Mets, to remain in the news for reasons other than baseball. That could drive down the value of the team — and turn away fans, sponsors and television viewers — just as they are trying to sell part of it. Settling itself, however, could prove grueling. Sheehan last week suggested the trustee was not inclined to bargain much, and asserted that the entire “Katz-Wilpon” empire would be considered possible targets for their settlement — a deal, he indicated, that would have to be resolved with cash.

U.S. ports race to keep up with bigger Panama Canal • PORTS, FROM 1B

federal government would pay about two-thirds of the bill, but first the Army Corps of Engineers needs approval to start the project, which is expected within the year. “This is a project that has significance not just for this area of the state or the state itself, but for the entire Southeast,” Georgia Gov. Nathan Deal said during a Jan. 28 visit to the Savannah port. Dock workers at the Savannah port, 240 miles from Georgia’s state Capitol, are doing their part to help push for deeper water. When the Army Corps held a recent workshop here to gather public comment on the project, the local chapter of the International Longshoremen’s Association had 600 port workers show up to voice their support. SOURCE OF LIVELIHOOD Christopher Johnson, a second-generation longshoreman and one of the union’s 1,700 Savannah workers, said larger ships carrying more cargo should translate to more workers needed to unload them. But Savannah could lose jobs, he says, if it doesn’t dredge and its competitors do in nearby Charleston, S.C., and Jacksonville, Fla. “If we don’t get the proj-

ect done, we’re afraid the ships may go to other areas,” said Johnson, 46. “Our workload depends on the ships coming up the river. If the ships don’t come, we don’t eat.” Meanwhile, South Carolina officials are seeking $400,000 in federal money for a feasibility study by the Army Corps to determine if it can deepen the Charleston port from 45 feet to 50 feet Charleston is the East Coast’s fourth busiest container port, and No. 12 in the United States. LEADING BY EXAMPLE Miami’s port already has permission to dredge and is asking for $75 million to start the project’s first phase. Studies are under way to deepen two other Florida ports in Fort Lauderdale and Jacksonville. “Certainly every port is counting on it having a big impact,” said Bernard Groseclose, former chief executive of South Carolina’s seaports who now works as a private consultant. “Everyone is telling the same story: We’re getting ready for the Panama Canal expansion.” But getting funding may have just gotten tougher. Federal dollars used for dredging projects and the studies required to approve them typically get added to congressional budget bills as “earmarks” — line items

requested by individual lawmakers to benefit their districts back home. Yet earmark spending was widely denounced as government waste in the 2010 elections that swept Republicans back in control of the U.S. House. VYING FOR AID As a result, Republican lawmakers in both the House and Senate have sworn off earmarks for the time being. It’s not clear how else port projects would obtain federal money. “It has the potential to have a dramatic impact,” said Nagle, who insists port projects aren’t waste. “There clearly is a distinction between these types of projects and what is typically the target of the ban.” Both Nagle and Groseclose agree not all ports seeking to supersize their harbors will get approved — and both don’t think every U.S. port needs to be deep enough for the largest ships. But some are questioning how the federal government decides which projects move forward. In studies finished last November that recommend deepening Savannah’s harbor, the Army Corps of Engineers concludes the project would have economic benefits for the nation as a whole — the benchmark for the agency’s approval.

Electronic flaws did not cause Toyota throttle problems, U.S. says • TOYOTA, FROM 1B

vehicles with electro-magnetic radiation to see whether it could make the electronics cause the cars to speed up. A preliminary part of the study, released last August, failed to find any electronic flaws based on a review of event data recorders, or vehicle black boxes. Despite its findings, LaHood said the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration was considering new regulations to improve safety. They include requir-

09PGB02.indd 2

ing brake override systems on all vehicles, standardizing keyless ignition systems and requiring event data recorders, or vehicle black boxes, on all new vehicles. Transportation officials said they would also consider conducting more research on electronic control systems and review the placement and design of accelerator and brake pedals. In Tokyo on Tuesday, Toyota reported a 39 percent slide in quarterly profit but raised its full-year forecasts for earnings and car sales. It

is a mixed picture for the automaker, which is enjoying booming sales in high-growth markets in Asia, Africa and South America, while facing lingering worries about quality lapses in the U.S. In addition to the recalls, Toyota began installing brake override systems on new vehicles. The systems automatically cut the throttle when the brake and gas pedals are applied at the same time. The company also created engineering teams to examine vehicles that are the subject of consumer com-

plaints and appointed a chief quality officer for North America amid complaints its U.S. division did not play a large enough role in making safety decisions. Consumer advocates and safety groups raised concerns that flawed electronics could be causing unwanted acceleration in the Toyotas. They have questioned the reliability of the event data recorders studied by the government, saying they could be faulty or fail to tell the whole story of the individual crashes.

Toyota’s safety issues received broad attention from the government after four people were killed in a highspeed crash involving a Lexus near San Diego in August 2009. NHTSA has received about 3,000 reports of sudden acceleration incidents involving Toyota vehicles during the past decade, including allegations of 93 deaths. NHTSA, however, has confirmed just five of them. Congress considered sweeping safety legislation last year that would have

required brake override systems, raised penalties on auto companies that evade safety recalls and given the government the power to quickly recall vehicles. But the bills failed to win enough support, and it remains unclear if Congress will pursue similar legislation before the 2012 elections. The National Academy of Sciences is conducting a separate study of unintended acceleration in cars and trucks across the auto industry. The panel is expected to release its findings this fall.

2/9/2011 2:37:39 AM






Romanian economy shows stability




ADVANTAGE: Sara Lee’s fiscal second-quarter net income more than doubled on the sale of part of its household and body care operations.

Sara Lee 2Q earnings more than double From Miami Herald Wire Services

BUCHAREST, Romania — Romania’s economy is stabilizing after two years of recession and the government must now focus on rebuilding growth, an International Monetary Fund official said Tuesday. Jeffrey Franks, who heads the IMF mission to Romania, said the economy was expected to grow by 1.5 percent in 2011 and by 4-4.5 percent in 2012. “Romania has passed the worst of the crisis,” Franks said. However, he urged authorities to reform unprofitable state-owned companies “which drag down the economy” and simplify bureaucracy to attract more investors. Franks also said Romania should speed up spending the $25.75 billion allocated by the European Union which he described as “money for free, for investments.” Romania has used only

2 percent of the EU funds so far and risks losing the unspent money, a prospect that has been criticized by many in a country which badly needs to attract foreign investment, especially in infrastructure. EU officials say political bickering is keeping the government from allocating and using the funds. In 2009, with the economy contracting by 7.1 percent, Romania took a $27.11 billion loan from the IMF, the European Union and the World Bank. The agreement ends this spring. Romanian authorities said the country did not need the last IMF installment of about ¤1 billion, but was seeking a new $6.78 billion loan until 2013, to tap only in case of emergency. The IMF board will discuss the new agreement at the end of March and if approved, it will make available $4.88 billion. The European Union will contribute $1.9 billion.


REASSURANCE: International Monetary Fund official Jeffrey Franks speaking at the headquarters of the National Bank of Romania in Bucharest. In 2010, Romanian authorities took some of the toughest austerity measures in Europe, slashing public sector wages by one-fourth and increasing

sales tax from 19 percent to 24 percent. Franks said Romania pledged a budget deficit of 4.4 percent of GDP in 2011 and 3 percent the following year.

Higher costs for ingredients squeezed Sara Lee in its second quarter, though net income more than doubled on the sale of part of its household and body care operations. The maker of Jimmy Dean sausage and Ball Park hot dogs, which said last month it plans to split into two public companies, said Tuesday that its adjusted earnings fell to 24 cents per share from 27 cents, hurt by higher costs for coffee and meat. Revenue for the period ended Jan. 1 was nearly flat at $2.35 billion because of the weaker euro and fell short of Wall Street’s forecast of $2.9 billion. Sara Lee earned $880 million, or $1.37 per share, in the quarter compared with $371 million, or 53 cents per share, a year ago. • FAST FOOD CHAIN MCDONALD’S SALES RISE 5.3% IN JANUARY McDonald’s reported a 5.3 percent rise in January sales Tuesday at locations open more than a year, giving credit to its McCafe hot chocolate, Chicken McNuggets and the addition of oatmeal to the menu. That topped the average forecast from analysts of 4 percent, according to FactSet Research. Europe, accounting for 40 percent of revenue, rose 7 percent and Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa, making up 21 percent of revenue, climbed 5.2 percent. Growth in the United States, which accounts for 34 percent of the company’s revenue, came in weaker than the rest of the world. U.S. sales rose 3.1 percent. • BRAZIL MONTHLY INFLATION AT 6-YEAR HIGH Brazilian officials say inflation in January was the highest monthly jump in almost six years. That increases worries Brazil’s economy is overheating. The government’s IBGE statistics bureau says Tuesday that January inflation was 0.83 percent. That’s the biggest monthly jump since April 2005, when inflation was 0.87 percent. Last month’s figure also outpaces that of January 2010, which was 0.75 percent. Inflation in December was 0.63 percent. Brazil’s central bank raised a key interest rate last month in a bid to slow inflation. • DRUGMAKER IRELAND’S ELAN NARROWS LOSS IN 4Q Elan has trimmed its fourth-quarter net losses and reported a full-year operating profit for the first time since the Irish drugmaker nearly went bankrupt amid accounting scandals and research failures a decade ago. Elan said Tuesday it recorded an October-December net loss of $52.2 million, down from a $57.7 million loss in the same quarter of 2009. Company revenues remain heavily dependent on growth in sales of its multiple sclerosis-fighting drug Tysabri. It recorded an operating profit before exceptional costs of $73 million, its first positive showing since 2001. • CHILE ECONOMY GROWS 5.2 PERCENT IN 2010 Chile’s economy grew 5.2 percent last year after contracting 1.5 percent in 2009. That’s according to Chile’s central bank, which has estimated 6 percent growth for this year. Chile’s President Sebastian Pinera says that despite Chile’s devastating earthquake last year, the economy has recovered and he expects the country to have the fastest growth in Latin America this year. • CHEMICAL MAKER MAN CONVICTED OF SELLING DOW SECRETS A former research scientist has been convicted of charges he stole trade secrets from Dow Chemical Company and sold them to companies in China. A federal jury in Baton Rouge, La., has convicted 74-year-old Wen Chyu Liu, also known as David Liou, of conspiracy to commit trade secret theft and perjury. Liu worked at Dow’s Plaquemine, La., facility before he retired in 1992. Prosecutors said he conspired with other employees to sell confidential information about the company’s production of a polymer called chlorinated polyethylene, which is used in automotive hoses, vinyl siding and other products. • ACQUISITION KINDRED BUYING REHABCARE FOR $900 MILLION Kindred Healthcare, a provider of acute care hospital and inpatient rehabilitation services, said Tuesday it has agreed to buy rival RehabCare for about $900 million in cash and stock. The deal would combine Kindred’s contract rehabilitation service business, which has about 550 customers, with that of RehabCare, which has about 1,250. Both companies operate long-term acute care hospitals and inpatient rehabilitation facilities. The combined company will have 118 long term acute care hospitals, 226 nursing and rehabilitation centers, and 121 inpatient rehabilitation facilities. It will do business in 46 states.

09PGB03.indd 3


GEARING UP: College students, who will graduate in March 2012, stage a pep rally in Tokyo on Tuesday.

Japanese job seekers hold pep rally BY ERIC TALMADGE Associated Press

TOKYO — With cheerleaders shouting encouragement, more than 1,000 young Japanese trying to break into the job market held a pep rally in Tokyo on Tuesday to underscore what officials say is the bleakest employment outlook Japan has faced in years. About 1,500 college students crowded into a park to offer each other moral support and appeal for jobs at the rally, which organizers hoped would put the national spotlight on the difficul-

ties job seekers are dealing with in Japan’s once-mighty economy. “It’s a very tough situation, but I won’t give up,” said 19-year-old student Misato Shinotsuka. A record one-third of Japanese university students graduating this spring have not found jobs, according to a recent survey by the Labor and Education Ministries. The survey found less than 70 percent of university students had secured employment as of Dec. 1 — the lowest level since 1996, when the government began

collecting data. It was almost 5 percentage points worse than last year. The situation is even starker for junior college students, who made up the bulk of Tuesday’s rally. Fewer than half of those graduating in March have jobs, the report said. Officials surveyed 6,250 students at 62 universities and 20 junior colleges across Japan. Japan’s unemployment rate is about 5 percent, high by the country’s historical standards. A problem job seekers face is the reluctance of com-

panies to hire amid a persistently high yen — which eats into the profits of exporters — and uncertainty about the global economy. Another major issue is corporate Japan’s reluctance to boost jobs because firing workers is difficult. Alarmed by the squeeze, the government has announced it will offer companies money to hire graduating students and is organizing nationwide job fairs featuring small and mid-size companies that may have been overlooked by job seekers.

Big banks to pay more to insure deposits BY ERIC DASH

New York Times Service

Big financial institutions will pick up a greater portion of the cost to protect deposits when banks fail, under a plan adopted by federal regulators. The new fee structure, which takes effect in April, will result in about 110 large banks covering about 80 percent of the premiums paid into the government’s deposit insurance fund each year, up from 70 percent. The fund, administered by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, is expected to collect $14 billion in premiums this year. The change, approved unanimously by the fivemember board of the agency, was a result of the DoddFrank financial regulations that passed last year. Addressing complaints by small banks that they were taking on too much of the financial burden to save failing banks, the law directed the FDIC to reevaluate the fees according to the value of assets held by each bank, instead of the level of deposits. Even before the collapse of hundreds of small and midsize banks caused the agency’s fund to slip into the red in the fall of 2009, lawmakers and federal regulators had

proposed overhauling the way deposit insurance fees were assessed. A year earlier, taxpayers had led a broad rescue of the nation’s biggest banks, as the U.S. Treasury Department spent billions of dollars on a series of bailouts and the Federal Reserve took on billions more in potential liabilities to stabilize the financial system. Although the Obama administration and Democratic lawmakers had raised the idea of recouping some of that money with a new tax on banks’ deposits and other liabilities, the proposal stalled and was later withdrawn after it appeared likely that the Treasury would turn a profit from its bank investments. The final Dodd-Frank Act called for retooling the FDIC’s fee system. The new fee rules will not raise any additional money for the fund, which continues to insure depositors for up to $250,000 per account. But they aim to shift more of the insurance burden onto banks with more than $10 billion in assets. Today, in the aftermath of the bailouts, those institutions have amassed an even greater share of the United States’ deposits, holding nearly 80 percent of domestic de-

posits, compared with about 75 percent before the crisis. Regulators hope the new fee structure will also discourage the excessive leverage and speculative trading that contributed to the financial crisis by forcing large banks to pay higher assessments as they take on more risk, rather than paying higher fees to prop up the fund after conditions deteriorate. As a group, big banks will pay about 12 percent more in fees. Because of formula change, about half of them will see an increase in fees and half will see a decrease. Trusts like Bank of New York Mellon and State Street won an exemption that will probably lower their premiums, since low-risk securities they manage for large customers will not be included in the assessments. Premiums on smaller institutions are expected to be reduced, on average, by about 30 percent. Fees will be increased on only about 84 of the nation’s 7,661 smaller banks. Paul Salzman, the president of the Clearing House Association which represents the largest banks, called the FDIC action disappointing. “It has approved an exceedingly complex deposit insur-

ance fund assessment methodology that will increase — not decrease — risk to the fund and all its stakeholders — large and small banks alike,” he said. The FDIC board has also voted to propose new rules that would permit senior executives at big banks to take up to half of their bonuses right away. They would be required to defer the rest over the course of three years or longer. Boards of large banks would also be required to identify employees whose activities pose significant risks to the firm and to certify that the employees’ compensation did not promote excessive risk-taking. Small banks, with assets under $1 billion, would be exempted. “This proposed rule will help address a key safety and soundness issue which contributed to the recent financial crisis — that poorly designed compensation structures can misalign incentives and induce excessive risk-taking,” said Sheila C. Bair, the FDIC chairwoman. Several other federal regulators, including the Federal Reserve and the Securities and Exchange Commission, are expected to approve similar proposals.

2/9/2011 2:34:03 AM



DOW 12,233.15



S&P 500 1,324.57


NASDAQ 2,797.05



Dow Jones industrials


Close: 12,233.15 Change: 71.52 (0.6%)





Close: 2,797.05 Change: 13.06 (0.5%)






11,000 2,400



10,000 9,500




1,767 1,739 1533 1110 166 18

<eh[_]d ;nY^Wd][ The dollar fell against the euro Tuesday after investor concerns about Egypt eased, pushing riskier currencies higher. The dollar had been gaining against the euro since protests began.









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12150.05 5049.42 412.32 8322.00 2776.35 592.21 1316.03 951.00 13947.43 805.35

12233.15 5085.07 413.78 8379.85 2797.05 596.27 1324.57 957.67 14039.37 813.69

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=beXWbCWha[ji C7@EHI Buenos Aires Argentina Frankfurt DAX London FTSE 100 Hong Kong Hang Seng Paris CAC-40 Mexico Tokyo Nikkei 225 Sao Paulo Brazil Toronto Canada

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IjeYaie\Iekj^ <beh_ZW?dj[h[ij D7C;:?LBWij9^]9^] AMR (AMR) AT&T Inc (T) Alico (ALCO) AmExp (AXP) Assurant (AIZ) AutoNatn (AN) Avatar (AVTR) BB&T Cp (BBT) BE Aero (BEAV) BkofAm (BAC) BkAtl A h (BBX) BankUtd n (BKU) BeasleyB (BBGI) Benihana (BNHN) BenihanaA (BNHNA) Bluegreen (BXG) Carnival (CCL) CatalystPh (CPRX) CerusCp (CERS) Chicos (CHS) CitrixSys (CTXS) Comcast (CMCSA) CnsTom (CTO) Continucre (CNU) CrssCtryHl (CCRN) Darden (DRI) Disney (DIS) Dreams (DRJ) Dycom (DY) h (DIET) EqtyOne (EQY) FedExCp (FDX) Flanign (BDL) GeoGrp (GEO) HackettGp (HCKT) HarrisCorp (HRS) Heico s (HEI) Heico A s (HEI/A) IntlSpdw (ISCA) IntervalLs (IILG) IsleCapri (ISLE) IvaxDiag (IVD) LadThalFn (LTS) LennarA (LEN) Macys (M) MAKO Srg (MAKO) MarineMx (HZO) Mastec (MTZ) McClatchy (MNI) Mednax (MD) NABI Bio (NABI) NatlBevrg (FIZZ) FPL Group (NEE) OcwenFn (OCN) OfficeDpt (ODP) OpkoHlth (OPK) Parlux (PARL) PerryEllis (PERY) PetMed (PETS) Protalix (PLX) RJamesFn (RJF) RepubSvc (RSG) RylCarb (RCL) Ryder (R) SBA Com (SBAC) SFN Grp (SFN) StJoe (JOE) SeacorHld (CKH) SpanBdc h (SBSA) SunTrst (STI) TIB Fn rs (TIBB) TenetHlth (THC) Terremk (TMRK) TevaPhrm (TEVA) Tongjitng (TCM) TradeStatn (TRAD) 21CentHld (TCHC) UltimSoft (ULTI) UPS B (UPS) VectorGp (VGR) Vonage (VG) Watsco (WSO) Winn-Dixie (WINN) WorldFuel (INT)

09PGB04.indd 4

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9>= +7.68 +39.62 +40.30 -69.29 +17.47 +113.81 +43.94 +409.30 +80.59




Barclays LongT-BdIdx Bond Buyer Muni Idx Barclays USAggregate Barclays US High Yield Moodys AAA Corp Idx Barclays CompT-BdIdx Barclays US Corp




Prime Rate Fed Funds Target 3-month T-bill 6-month T-bill 52-wk T-bill 2-year T-note 5-year T-note 10-year T-note 30-year T-bond

The yield on the 10-year Treasury note rose to 3.72 percent. Changing yields affect interest rates on consumer loans, including mortgages.


DOW DOW Trans. DOW Util. NYSE Comp. NASDAQ S&P 100 S&P 500 S&P 400 Wilshire 5000 Russell 2000




IjeYaiH[YWf Vol. (in mil.) 3,912 Pvs. Volume 4,026 Advanced 1930 Declined 1106 New Highs 265 New Lows 11


9>= +0.22% +0.54% +0.67% -0.29% +0.43% +0.30% +0.41% +0.63% +0.58%

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MA CE GJH 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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RegionsFn S&P500ETF










CRUDE OIL $86.94


EURO 1.3627




GOLD $1,363.40




Nasdaq composite



30-YR T-BONDS 4.76%






6-MO T-BILLS .17%













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122.19 122.17 10.57 10.57 5.81 53.64 127.11 9.79 25.09 10.22 12.77 121.33 121.34 30.10 19.78 22.88 20.06 13.10 10.96 15.85 68.96 71.55 10.74 10.74 19.59 12.70 22.70 22.47 13.63 13.02 10.43 10.43 10.43 10.43 16.27 33.29 33.29 33.28 21.87 52.98 32.22 55.66 48.46 14.34 27.30

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BWij 9^]

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BWij 9^] 4.89 139.73 59.54 90.12 66.53 57.21 13.75 26.25 78.71 29.74 62.87 76.73 78.56 22.25 39.38 41.18 37.77 36.97 94.40 56.54 22.70 97.09 72.00 49.39 49.64 19.97 32.66 63.15 63.76 40.75 25.05 91.40 47.95 22.61 78.40 13.54 74.80 53.95 29.78 49.65 102.29 46.83 52.18 45.11 36.49 41.01 59.48 111.70 22.88 26.61 12.38 46.45 49.74 76.76 53.18 83.90 93.49 18.96 76.93 13.87 11.86 21.00 35.81 36.84 64.18 14.35 86.66 80.52 71.82 38.22 54.49 43.11 21.47 42.55 37.84 21.64 33.91 28.00 49.63 43.54 90.69 59.93 18.85 66.08 37.94 35.26 44.86 77.49 53.71 18.13 13.73 84.49 17.69 32.64 26.16 49.75 104.76 48.09 22.59 93.15 111.14 32.43 10.94 50.42 42.18 36.95 88.05 16.86 35.53 6.98 16.84 18.30 27.37 34.73 61.33 50.74 62.66 57.83 31.43 34.57 58.61

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2/9/2011 5:28:34 AM








NEW RHYTHM: Grammy Award-winning rock band Linkin Park performs at Madison Square Garden in New York City.


New York Times Service

NEW YORK — Many a band promises to reinvent itself. Few have done so as thoroughly as Linkin Park, which played Madison Square Garden last week. Its 2010 album, A Thousand Suns (Warner Brothers), is strikingly different from the music that made Linkin Park a blockbuster band in the early 2000s, when it was a major instigator, or perpetrator, of rap-rock. At Madison Square Garden, Linkin Park was like two bands sharing a stage: the old

hard-riffing rap-rock band and its newer, statelier, electronics-loving successor. On its debut album, Hybrid Theory, in 2000 Linkin Park devised a canny balancing act. Chester Bennington sang, and Mike Shinoda rapped. The music switched between power-chorded but melodic grunge and hip-hop stomps (adding low-end rock-guitar crunch). The lyrics pivoted between bitter insecurity (usually the melodic parts) and back-to-the-wall defiance (usually the raps). Wounded, aggressive and overwhelmingly self-absorbed, the songs

honored countless adolescent mood swings and sold millions of albums. A Thousand Suns shifts both sound and subject matter. Keyboards and percussion, not guitars, are in the foreground; somber marches and quasi-tribal beats largely replace hard rock. Songs expand with multiple sections; the arrangements are thickly layered. Shinoda does more singing too. Instead of Linkin Park’s old first-person rants and plaints, A Thousand Suns mulls something larger: the extinction of humanity. Its

title comes from the Manhattan Project physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, who quoted the Bhagavad Gita after viewing atomic-bomb tests. Video screens above the band showed a mushroom cloud during The Catalyst, with its refrain, We’re a broken people living under loaded gun. The album is part monument, part folly, but it’s a brave step for a band that already had its winning formula. Once you have the theory of how the thing works/Everybody wants the next thing to be just like the first, Shinoda taunted in When They Come for Me.

For this concert the Garden had a standing-room section upfront. It spawned a mosh pit as Linkin Park started the concert with a blast of older rap-rock. Then the band reconfigured itself with keyboards and drums for newer songs like Blackout. It wasn’t entirely a break from the past; Linkin Park does have older keyboard-centered material. But when it played songs like Numb and Breaking the Habit alongside newer ones from A Thousand Suns, keyboards loomed where guitar chords used to charge in.

A few fans gamely kept moshing even when the tempos slowed. But the roar of sing-alongs resumed when Linkin Park reached back again to blunter, decadeold songs like Papercut and Crawling. (The concert is to be telecast on Feb. 18 on the Fuse cable channel.) Linkin Park had a styleshifting postscript. As the arena emptied after the finale, the snarling One Step Closer, the sound system played a bluegrass version of the same song. Would fans be moshing to that someday?

The artistry is apparent, so why is the audience so small? BY STEPHEN HOLDEN

New York Times Service

The quandary in which Teddy Thompson, one of the most gifted singersongwriters of his generation, finds himself is symptomatic of the confusion and uncertainty that pervade the crumbling record industry. With his abundant talent and commercial potential Thompson, the son of the British folk-rock aristocrats Richard and Linda Thompson, would seem to have everything. His golden voice suggests an impassioned fusion of Roy Orbison and Jesse Winchester. His popcountry-rock songs have striding melodies that stick in your mind. His autobiographical lyrics about the ups and downs of relationships are heartfelt and savvy, complete with self-lacerating candor and ferocious wit. With his strawberry-blond hair, intense hazel-green eyes and slender figure, he exudes the glamour of a sullen romantic poet. But Thompson, who has been struggling to succeed for more than a decade (he turns 35 on Feb. 19), has enjoyed only marginal success in the United States — his average record sales are 21,000 — and is acutely aware of his dwindling shelf life in a business with a rapid turnover of talent. If his fifth album, Bella, on Verve/Forecast, doesn’t break through, how many more chances will he get? “I’m a hybrid-genre person, which a lot of people find confusing,” he said during a recent interview in his pub-

09PGB05.indd 5

licist’s office in downtown Manhattan, N.Y. “I grew up listening to American country music and rock ‘n’ roll made between 1955 and 1959. The Everly Brothers and Chuck Berry were my first musical loves and are still what I am most moved by. Roy Orbison came a little bit later.” If Thompson’s indelible tunes have a strong ’50s flavor, he is no retro-rockabilly nostalgist. With string arrangements soaring over his plaintive voice and twangy guitar, Bella echoes the grandeur of Roy Orbison hits, and on certain songs his voice spirals into the same ethereal realm. But his skeptical, biting lyrics feel entirely contemporary. This amalgam of a classic pop-country sound and ruthless self-analysis evokes a cosmic jukebox that collapses styles and eras. Why then has mainstream U.S. radio, the seemingly natural outlet for his music, not taken the bait? “Even for the people in the business who are real music lovers it’s really about putting things in the right boxes, and my style doesn’t fit into a box,” he mused. David Kahne, who produced Bella and arranged the strings, laments the reliance of record companies on test marketing. “They test market everything, and the markets are narrow,” he said. “They don’t bother to work it out in the big market.” Like most serious musicians Thompson only really cares about being able to do what he does. “My goal when I started


SEEKING FAN BASE: Teddy Thompson, a singer-songwriter, is in search of a wider U.S. audience with his new album Bella. out was to get to the point where I could tour a lot and make a living, which means getting paid enough to hire my own band, travel and end up with a bit of money, but I’m still nowhere near that point,” he said. “Because I didn’t have a band and fan base when I started, I did everything backward. I’ve ended up making five reasonably expensive records and not having a commensurate fan base.” Contrary to what one might imagine, Thompson did not grow up in the bosom of British folk-rock. When he was born in London, his parents were Sufi Muslims living in a commune with no running water. His father

still practices Sufism. While he was young, his parents separated and were later divorced. “It was impossible to teach him anything,” Richard Thompson said by telephone from London. “It was the father-son thing. He took guitar lessons at school.” Teddy attended Bedales, a progressive coeducational boarding school in Hampshire, south of London, whose most famous alumnus is Daniel Day-Lewis. At 18 he moved to Los Angeles, where his father was living. New York has been his home base for the past decade, although he spends half his time in England, where he has enjoyed moderate success.

His caustic sense of humor lends many of his songs the same edge of sarcasm that runs through many of his father’s songs. Teddy is an aficionado of the kind of lyrical phrase making found in classic country songs whose cleverness can bring you up short. He cited a couplet from the Randy Travis hit Is It Still Over? — “since my phone still ain’t ringing, I assume it still ain’t you” — as an example of a kind of writing that has largely disappeared from country music. A high point of his harrowing 2006 breakup album, Separate Ways, was the song Altered State, in which he all but snarls, I like to live in an altered state/It makes me love

all the things I hate/And I’m happy to be alive. In I Wish It Was Over, he sneers at a lover with whom he has grown bored: I don’t even like you/Or can’t you tell/Whenever I’m sober/I treat you like hell. “I’m not great in relationships,” Thompson remarked drily. “I haven’t been invited on the Lilith tour.” He ascribes his ornery streak to his English background. “We’re all very sarcastic. We pick on each other with a sense of humor that is almost mean.” He is happier today than he was five years ago, although a seam of nagging discontent persists in songs like The One I Can’t Have, about his addiction to unavailable women. Even the album’s catchiest tune and obvious first single, Looking for a Girl, comes with a barbed note of warning: I been looking for a girl easy on the eye/But not so stupid that I want to cry. The final song on the album, Gotta Have Someone, in which he blurts, My longing for control is leaving me so cold, is a hard-headed acknowledgment of his need for a lasting, even if imperfect relationship. “That’s not a song I would have written a few years ago,” he said. His immediate dream, he added, is to appear on Garrison Keillor’s radio show A Prairie Home Companion. “For a long time I was trying to be poppier and younger,” he said. “I didn’t want to be on” public radio “or do any of that stuff for older people. Then I realized that that is exactly what I listen to.”

2/9/2011 4:20:34 AM








Opening lead — ◆ ace

thoughtlessly shifts to a low heart, declarer can duck, and the danger in hearts has Some readers have passed. If East switches to claimed that column deals either the heart jack or nine, must be the product of a the defenders take their three fevered imagination, rather heart tricks and set the than the humdrum affairs WEST EAST contract. that come up at the club or ♠9 ♠7 Alert readers will note the rubber bridge table. ♥ A Q 10 3 ♥J92 Possibly true, but the deals that I said the second critical ◆AJ873 ◆ K 10 9 6 5 4 in this column, whether from moment had been reached. ♣632 ♣Q54 real life or not, try to convey Can you see what the first was? At trick one declarer a message. Sometimes that SOUTH can almost insure the con♠ A K Q 10 4 3 2 message is brought home tract by discarding a club by the striking nature of the ♥K64 route to success, as in today’s from hand! He wins the con◆— tinuation, draws trumps, and deal. As South, you opened ♣ 10 8 7 four spades in third seat. Plan cashes the club ace and king. If the queen has not dropped, the play on the lead of the Vulnerable: Both he plays the club jack from diamond ace. Dealer: North dummy, discarding a heart At the table most playunless East plays the queen. ers would probably ruff and The bidding: This gives him seven spade draw trumps, then take the South West North East tricks and three club tricks. losing club finesse. Now Pass Pass comes the second critical 4♠ All pass moment in the deal. If East —BOBBY WOLFF 2-9 NORTH ♠J865 ♥875 ◆Q2 ♣AKJ9


For more comics & puzzles, go to






BLACK FORCES MATE Hint: Kill on the black squares.

Solution: 1. ... Bg1ch! 2. Kg3 Qf2ch 3. Kh3 Qh2 mate [from Giri-Nepomniachtchi ’11].








Dear Abby: My 70-year-old father has asked his 40-year-old girlfriend to marry him. This will be his fourth marriage. They have been dating for a year, and she says she wants to have two or three children with him. My sisters and I are not happy at all. Our father was a horrible father when we were growing up. To say he doesn’t like children is putting it mildly. Also, we feel he would be incredibly selfish and irresponsible to consider bringing a baby into this world at his age when he may not be around long enough to take care of the child. Do my sisters and I have a right to be upset about this? How would you suggest we handle this? Disgusted Daughters in Texas

Dear Abby: A couple of years ago we loaned our nephew “Seth” $400 because he was in a tight spot. The amount was something we could afford to lose, but knowing the pitfalls of lending to a relative, we formalized the loan with a written agreement for repayment. We never saw the money again. We have just received a wedding invitation from Seth. We’re not particularly close to him, and because we live across the country we don’t plan to attend the wedding. In lieu of a wedding gift, would it be inappropriate to send a note forgiving some or all of the debt he owes us? Or should we consider the debt and his wedding separately and send him something more traditional? Uncle Mike in Utah

Do you have a right to be upset? You absolutely have a right to your feelings and opinions. However, as an adult, your father is entitled to do as he wishes, regardless of how you feel about his choices. “Handle” this as gracefully as possible without shooting your mouths off unless you want to create a permanent rift.

Because you are not particularly close to this nephew, are not planning to attend the wedding and it’s unlikely that Seth will repay the loan, send him a congratulatory card.

Dear Abby: I have been married to my wife almost 40 years. I love her dearly and she says she loves me, but when I want to hold her, she tenses up like I’m a rapist. When I kiss her longer than a nano-second, she makes noises that sound as though I have a pillow over her face. We haven’t slept in the same bed in so long I can’t remember what it’s like. When I try to talk to her about it, she ignores me. How can I get her to realize how much I hurt? Lonely and Hurt in Middle Granville, N.Y.


Your wife’s hormones may have changed and sex may be painful for her or no longer appealing. She may be afraid that if she lets you hold her, or kiss her longer than a nanosecond, it would imply she is receptive. You need to explain to her how deeply her lack of communication on this subject has hurt you. She should have discussed this with her doctor when the problem started. But if she refuses, then you should both talk to a marriage counselor. If she won’t go, go alone.

HOROSCOPE IF TODAY IS YOUR BIRTHDAY: You might feel like the godfather during the upcoming six weeks. People take you at your word and appreciate your astute business sense, so you can make progress with career in general. • AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): Hum along in harmony. Use tact when you aren’t certain of the facts. • PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): Make sure you are not spending beyond your means due to bad advice.


• ARIES (March 21-April 19): The simplest solutions may solve the hardest problem. Sidestep unnecessary expenses. • TAURUS (April 20-May 20): Opinions are original, but not necessarily outrageous. New groups or friendships might give you a fresh perspective about your relationships. • GEMINI (May 21-June 20): Political correctness corrals your curiosity. Everyone could be so worried about offending sensibilities that there is little left to say. • CANCER (June 21-July 22): Good for the goose and gander. Bask in the light of reflected admiration. • LEO (July 23-Aug. 22): Use someone else as a sounding board. Know when to speak and when to maintain silence. • VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): It can’t be recess all day long. You may find yourself locked into boring routines and schedules. • LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): Hot stuff warms the heart. Seductions simmer like soup in the saucepan. • SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): An amorous interlude could highlight the day, whether with a current love interest or perhaps even somebody new. Be alert for signs of interest. • SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): If you wait too long you’ll miss the boat. Do not agonize over a decision. • CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): With pleasure-loving Venus in your sign you may attract your fair share of ardent admirers.

09PGB06.indd 6

CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Group of lions 6 The sun’s setting? 9 “It’s ___ point” 14 Keeps out of sight 15 Groundbreaker 16 ___ Loa, Hawaii 17 Striking success 18 ___ in a day’s work 19 “Alma” or “dura” follower 20 Popular seek-and-find series 23 Pole with a blade 24 Type 25 Beach pest 27 Deliverers of product lines? 32 Life stories 33 Sword’s superior, in a saying 34 Anticipate 36 These may lead to lead 39 Epochs 41 Share equally 43 Very mean boss 44 Unit of length for Noah 46 Was laden with 48 Spectrum part 49 New Delhi dress 51 Menacing 53 Vocal vibration 56 Egg cells 57 Old biddy

58 Left the straight and narrow path 64 Written in base-8 66 “At Seventeen” singer Janis 67 Fine-grained sedimentary rock 68 Of some value 69 Architectural addition 70 Digital weapon? 71 Lathered up 72 Oscar-winning role for Jamie 73 Comedian Wanda DOWN 1 “That was close!” 2 One good way to be filthy 3 What a getaway car may be waiting in 4 Sweetums 5 Heartless Dickens miss 6 He played Quint in “Jaws” 7 Nut with caffeine (Var.) 8 Whoops and hollers 9 Fertilizer ingredient 10 Pasture plaint 11 “Groovy!” 12 Center of Boston 13 Linger too long 21 Distorts, as data 22 Bit of Vaseline 26 Dunderhead

27 28 29 30 31 35

Blueprint datum Machu Picchu location One way to vote Hanging on every word Where to store grains Arboreal critter of South America 37 Verifiable 38 Visionary sort

40 Country visited by Anna Leonowens 42 Mortise insert 45 San Francisco conveyance 47 Takes away power 50 U.N. workers’ gp. 52 Move down the runway 53 Biblical pronouns 54 Odd-numbered page,

often Willow shoot Samoan currency “Employees ___” Word on an intersection sign 62 Moisturizer ingredient 63 Yearnings 65 European peak

55 59 60 61

2/8/2011 8:53:31 PM



Cavs lose a record 25th game BY KAREN CROUSE

New York Times Service

DALLAS — There is a theorem the Cleveland Cavaliers are disproving nightly, and it is this: effort + enthusiasm = results. No matter how hard the Cavaliers try, no matter what they say or do to lift one another’s performances, they cannot stop losing. With a 99-96 defeat against the Mavericks on Monday night, the Cavaliers established an NBA record for futility. It was their 25th consecutive loss, one more than the Cavaliers strung together over two seasons in 1982. “We’re in the record books,” the Cavaliers’ Antawn Jamison said. “We all know that. Something we didn’t want to be a part of. But the thing is, it is what it is. We can’t turn back the hands of time. We just have to move forward.” The Cavaliers’ previous record losing streak came two years before the birth of LeBron James, the top pick in the 2003 draft. James resurrected the franchise, leading the Cavaliers to the 2007 NBA finals and backto-back 60-victory seasons before bolting last summer for the Miami Heat as a free agent. In the first year after King James’ abdication, the Cavaliers (8-44) have little to look forward to but the draft lottery. “What I keep telling them is we’re right there,” Cavaliers coach Byron Scott said. “We’ve just got to keep playing. Keep pushing forward.” Since Nov. 27, the Cavaliers have one victory, in overtime at home against the Knicks. They have lost on the road by 55 points to the defending champion Los Angeles Lakers and by 2 to the Nets. They lost to the Mavericks (36-15) for the second time during the streak af-


IN THE PITS: The Dallas Mavericks’ DeShawn Stevenson is shoved by the Cleveland Cavaliers’ J.J. Hickson, left. ter jumping out to a 7-point lead in the first nine minutes. Trailing by 10 at the half, they fought back to tie the Mavericks at 79-79 early in the fourth. After the Mavericks built another 10-point lead, the Cavaliers cut the deficit to 3 in the final minute and had a chance to tie the game in the final seconds. The veteran guard Anthony Parker shot a 3-pointer that glanced off the rim, and the Cavaliers got the rebound but could not get another 3-pointer off before the buzzer. “You know what?” said

the Mavericks’ Shawn Marion, who finished with 17 points and 10 rebounds. “They are a talented team. They play hard and they compete. They get up and down the floor, they’re pushing the ball hard. They just don’t have enough to get over the hump right now.” Scott, who won three NBA titles with the Lakers in the 1980s, has been in this position before. He was a player on the Vancouver expansion team that lost 23 consecutive games during its first season, in 1995-96.

Asked which is harder, enduring an epic losing streak as a coach or as a player, Scott said: “It’s tough when you’re playing. It’s tough when you’re coaching. I’d say it’s equal.” Scott said he has been contacted by a psychologist offering his services. “I didn’t really take him up on that,” he said with a chuckle. In the 51 days since the Cavaliers’ last victory, Scott said he has not slept through the night once. He goes to bed late and wakes up four or five times. “I have the game running through my head,” he said. “It’s hard. I just go over situations and scenarios and always look at me first before I look at what our players didn’t do or did do. I always look at what I could have done better as a coach to put them in a better position.” Jamison, a 35-year-old forward, leads the Cavaliers in scoring and anchors a starting lineup that has two players, Christian Eyenga and J.J. Hickson, younger than 23. Samardo Samuels, a 6-foot-9 rookie forward, is one of two reserves who are 22 or younger. He did not play against the Mavericks but contributed 10 points and 2 blocked shots in a 17-point loss at Boston last month. Samuels has endured more losses in the past two months than he did during his two seasons at Louisville and his three seasons before that at St. Benedict’s in Newark, N.J. “I don’t know how to deal with it sometimes,” Samuels said. “As a rookie, you can only do so much in a limited time.” He added: “Every day it seems like we’ve been getting closer. Even the energy on the bench is better. People who normally get mad when they’re not playing, they’re cheering. They’re trying to turn it around.”

House heating up at the right time • HOUSE, FROM 8B

3-point range. This year, he’s shooting 45 percent, 44 percent from beyond the 3-point line. Of late, his exuberance has also gotten him in trouble. He was hit with a flagrant foul after knocking down Clippers’ rookie star Blake Griffin — House insisted it was inadvertent — in Sunday’s win. And an

inappropriate celebration after his 3-pointer off a pass from James that decided the outcome at Oklahoma City drew a $25,000 fine from the NBA. All part of the House package, the Heat say. “He has that ignitable quality,” Heat coach Erik Spoelstra said. “There’s not many guys in the league that can do that. There’s a lot of 3-point

stickers in this league that you have in your scouting report, that you must make them put the ball on the floor. There’s so very few in this league that can be game-changers on three, four straight possessions where it’s bang, bang, bang. He has that unique quality.” A unique confidence, as well. House was brought back as a designated shooter,

someone to stretch the court for players like James, Wade and Bosh — much in the same way that Mike Miller and James Jones also do for the Heat. And with the playoffs getting nearer every day, House is getting himself closer and closer to postseason form. “My job is that if I get open shots,” House said, “I have to knock them down.”



Packers used new age formula on his shoulders with an aggressive plan that emphasized to consecutive Super Bowls the pass from the opening was when the Brett Favre- drive. The Packers rushed just led Packers made it after the 13 times for 50 yards, but Rod1996 and 1997 seasons. (The gers attempted 39 passes, comPackers also pleting 24 of went back ‘As long as you have them for 304 to back in yards and their other a great defense and a three touchtwo appeardowns. He ances, in quarterback, you’ve got might have Super Bowls a chance.’ had at least I and II). 100 yards — MIKE McCARTHY, more passing The PackCoach, Green Bay Packers ers, and the if not for sevPittsburgh eral signifiSteelers, too, would seem well cant drops by his receivers. positioned to challenge for This, then, is a Packers the title again next year. They team built not by the formula are loaded with young play- Vince Lombardi would apers, and their philosophy is to preciate but one for the NFL’s build through the draft. They new age, when teams really have top-five defenses and might not need offensive balextraordinary quarterbacks, ance to win. The Packers and both of whom now have Su- the Steelers, in fact, set a Super Bowl rings. per Bowl record for fewest Last week, as the teams rushing attempts, combining prepared for the Super Bowl, for just 36. the Packers’ president, Mark “We still had a great deMurphy, recalled the painful fense and our quarterback,” spring and summer of 2008, McCarthy said. “As long as when Ted Thompson’s deci- you have a great defense and sion to wrest the Packers from a quarterback, you’ve got a Favre’s hands after the 2007 chance.” season and place it in RodStill, the New Orleans gers’ set off a firestorm. That Saints looked that way last experience steeled the Pack- year, too, until they were ers for almost anything and, freighted with the hangin hindsight, made the more over and bull’s-eye that acroutine challenge of managing companies champions. This an injury-riddled roster seem off-season will present a perudimentary by comparison. culiar challenge to coaches “We all knew we were at that McCarthy, his eyelids a moment in time, that this heavy from lack of sleep, was doesn’t happen often,” Mur- already pondering Monday phy said. “I’m really glad Aar- morning. The Packers, he on is a good player.” said, have had tremendous Even as the bleak injury re- success with getting most of ports piled up on his desk this their players to participate in season, that was enough to the team’s offseason program sustain McCarthy’s hope that in Green Bay. For a young the Packers could weather team, that is particularly crittheir autumn as a MASH unit. ical — it boosts bonding but In the end, he was right. The also helps a young, gifted ofPackers were transformed fense develop time with their into a nearly pass-only team young and extremely gifted for most of the season, their quarterback. prospects only seriously But with a lockout loomthreatened when Rodgers sus- ing in March unless owners tained two concussions. Even and the players union agree that was illuminating. Rod- to a new collective bargaining gers said he first realized what agreement, offseason plans an opportunity the Packers are complicated by uncertainmight have when he saw how ty. Football coaches are nothclosely the team played the ing if not regimented — most New England Patriots in a 31- of the Super Bowl winners 27 loss in December without flip the page to next season by him. When the Packers, then, the time they show up to their had to prepare for a Steelers day-after news conference — defense that does not allow but labor strife will make the any opponent much rushing Packers’ task that much more room, they were ready. difficult. McCarthy told Rodgers be“With what’s on the horifore the game that he had to zon, I’m a little nervous about be disciplined because McCa- how that’s going to go,” Mcrthy intended to put the game Carthy said.


Westwood, Kaymer wary of ‘best player’ Woods • GOLF, FROM 8B

But Kaymer insisted such talk was premature. “He’s the best player in the game,” Kaymer said. “At the moment, Lee and me, we are No. 1 and 2. But in every golfer’s mind, he is the best player in the world. And it would be fantastic if he can get back to where he was and then we challenge him.” The German said he would relish the chance to play alongside Woods for the first time. The draw has not been announced, but organizers are considering playing Woods, Westwood

and Kaymer together for the opening two rounds. Kaymer said the media shouldn’t give Woods “such a hard time,” adding that he has a lot of respect for him and “we are very thankful for what he did for golf.” “We are not enemies on the golf course. We don’t like to see people suffering,” Kaymer said. “Of course you want to win on Sunday, but we don’t like to win a golf tournament when somebody screws up. “The way I won in Abu Dhabi, winning by eight shots, that’s a great win and that makes me happy. But it would not make me happy if Tiger finishes with a double

bogey and an 89 and I win by one [stroke].” Mark O’Meara, a friend of Woods who was also playing in Dubai, predicted Woods will pick up several wins this year and possibly even a major despite his recent form. “Even last year, he hadn’t really played much and was not in his best form but he played well at Augusta so I don’t see it as unrealistic for him to win two to three tournaments and win a major,” he said. “I’d never underestimate what Tiger is capable of doing. He may not be swinging the best. He may not be the most confident player right

now. But saying all that, Tiger being Tiger, he has fought back before and he will fight back from this.” While much of the attention will be on Woods, he is not alone in having a dreadful start to the season. Westwood finished 64th in a European Tour event in Abu Dhabi last month then missed the cut in last week’s Qatar Masters. Westwood, who replaced Woods at the top in October, attributed his troubles to a lingering calf injury and time off over Christmas. He said he’d been on the practice range since Qatar and felt he had gotten the kinks out of his

swing. “When you don’t work on your swing, you go back to your faults, and that’s what’s happened the last couple of weeks on tour in Abu Dhabi and Qatar,” he said. “I needed to do a little bit of work on that, and I’m starting to get a bit of it in place. My game feels like it’s almost ready to go this week.” Westwood could lose the top spot this week if Kaymer wins and he finishes lower than second, and if Kaymer finishes second and Westwood is out of the top 10. If Kaymer is tied for second, he could still become No. 1 if Westwood finishes out of the top 36.

Spring is hardly around the corner, but baseball is • BASEBALL, FROM 8B

about previous seasons, whether it was good season or a bad season,” Jeter told The Associated Press. Across the state in Port St. Lucie, the Mets’ David Wright was working out, too, even as his owners continued to deal with a perilous lawsuit filed against them by the trustee representing the victims of Bernard L. Madoff’s Ponzi scheme. Wright told reporters he had even reached out to Jeff Wilpon, the team’s chief operating officer, to express his support. But the trustee is seeking a billion dollars from the owners and Wright cannot do much about that.

09PGB07.indd 7

In all, pitchers and catchers from 11 of the 30 teams — though not the Yankees (Feb. 15) or the Mets (Feb. 17) — will hold their first official workouts Monday. And almost faster than you can shovel out a driveway, the exhibition season will be under way, with a game between the Philadelphia Phillies and Florida State on Feb. 24. The defending champion San Francisco Giants then open the Cactus League schedule the next afternoon against the Arizona Diamondbacks. If it seems as if teams are assembling earlier than usual, it is because they are. To keep the World Series from again being played in No-

vember, spring training was moved up a few days. And in order not to give those days right back, baseball, a sport that holds fast to its traditions, will begin in a most non-traditional fashion by having opening day on a Thursday, March 31. Aside from season openers played outside the United States, opening day has fallen on a Sunday or a Monday every year since 1998. Only 10 times prior, and not since 1976, has the first pitch been thrown on a Thursday. Six months later, the season will end on Sept. 28, a Wednesday, the earliest conclusion since 2003, and the first time it will be scheduled to conclude on a day other than Sunday since 1990.

In between, intriguing highlights abound. On May 20, presuming it will have been dug out by then, Fenway Park will welcome the Chicago Cubs for the first time ever in a regular-season series. A month later, from June 24-26, the Florida Marlins will play a home game 3,300 miles from home — at Safeco Field in Seattle, against the Mariners, because of a conflict at Sun Life Stadium with a U2 concert. In another rarity, the first scheduled doubleheader in about 10 years is slated for July 16, when the host Oakland Athletics will play two games on a Saturday against the Los Angeles Angels. Meanwhile, bigger changes loom for the sport. In all likelihood, this will be the fi-


nal postseason under the old system, which rewarded the three division winners and a wild-card team. Momentum is gathering for the additions of two wild-card teams, one in each league. The new format is yet to be determined, but it is likely to be in place for 2012. Expansion of instant replay might not be far behind. As for whether there will still be snow on the ground in the Northeast on opening day, Bastardi naturally could not say. But he did suggest that after a winter that could wind up as the coldest nationwide in more than 20 years, the beginning of the baseball season in places like Philadelphia, New York and Boston might not be as peaceful as it was a year ago.

NBA EASTERN CONFERENCE Atlantic Boston New York Philadelphia New Jersey Toronto

W 38 26 23 15 14

L 13 24 27 37 37

Pct .745 .520 .460 .288 .275

GB — 111/2 141/2 231/2 24

Southeast Miami Atlanta Orlando Charlotte Washington

W 37 33 32 22 13

L 14 18 20 29 37

Pct GB .725 — .647 4 .615 51/2 .431 15 .260 231/2

Central Chicago Indiana Milwaukee Detroit Cleveland

W 34 21 19 19 8

L 16 27 30 32 44

Pct GB .680 — .438 12 .388 141/2 .373 151/2 .154 27

WESTERN CONFERENCE Southwest San Antonio Dallas New Orleans Memphis Houston

W 42 36 32 27 25

L 8 15 21 26 28

Pct .840 .706 .604 .509 .472

GB — 61/2 111/2 161/2 181/2

Northwest Oklahoma City Utah Denver Portland Minnesota

W 33 31 30 28 12

L 17 22 22 24 39

Pct GB .660 — .585 31/2 .577 4 .538 6 .235 211/2

Pacific L.A. Lakers Phoenix Golden State L.A. Clippers Sacramento

W 36 24 22 19 12

L 16 25 28 31 36

Pct GB .692 — .490 101/2 .440 13 .380 16 .250 22

MONDAY’S RESULTS Charlotte 94, Boston 89 L.A. Lakers 93, Memphis 84 Minnesota 104, New Orleans 92 Dallas 99, Cleveland 96 Houston 108, Denver 103 Portland 109, Chicago 103 Utah 107, Sacramento 104 Phoenix 104, Golden State 92

2/9/2011 5:25:16 AM






Packers used spare parts and new age formula BY JUDY BATTISTA

New York Times Service

DALLAS — Mike McCarthy, the Green Bay Packers’ coach, spent time last week looking at the lockers of the players his team had placed on injured reserve this season. It was a curious exercise for a coach with the biggest game of his life ahead, but it was impossible to ignore the 15 stalls that have been mostly empty in Green Bay this season. The Packers, McCarthy said,

Spring is hardly around the corner, but baseball is

took a path to Super Bowl XLV unlike any he has seen, and certainly unlike any he would like to retrace. The Packers lost six starters from the season-opening depth chart to injury, and eight of the 15 men on injured reserve started at least one game this season. Their running game was eviscerated when Ryan Grant was hurt in Week 1. Their tight end, Jermichael Finley, was gone after four weeks. There were tackles and safeties and linebackers and defensive ends also banged up.

When cornerback Charles Woodson cracked his collarbone in the first half of Sunday night’s game, and receiver Donald Driver sustained a high ankle sprain, it was oddly, sadly fitting. The Packers were held together by duct tape this season, a deep roster constructed largely through the draft tested so significantly that the team that was a preseason favorite to wind up exactly where it did somehow felt like a surprise. The Packers are not a surprise

TOON COMPANY: Super Bowl XLV MVP Aaron Rodgers offers Mickey Mouse a bite of Wisconsin cheddar cheese at Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Fla. MATT STROSHANE /GETTY IMAGES

anymore. With one Lombardi Trophy in tow, McCarthy gets back what amounts to an extra free agent and draft class — and a really good one — setting the Packers up for what quarterback Aaron Rodgers predicted could be four or five years of runs at championships. “Most of those guys are ready


Associated Press


New York Times Service






Around much of the winter-battered U.S., grass is only a rumor. Winter is but halfway over, and already enough snow has fallen in Boston to blanket its star second baseman, Dustin Pedroia, who stands 69 inches tall. Undoubtedly, another storm — or three — are coming. But for fans residing in the East and Midwest, and in Texas, some of the worst is over. And spring training, an annual antidote, is almost here. For those keeping score, some pitchers and catchers will begin holding official workouts next Monday in Florida and Arizona, and fans can begin feeling optimistic about teams that will inevitably leave them frustrated and fuming. Meanwhile, the intimidating winter of 2010-11 continues. Joe Bastardi, the chief long-range meteorologist for AccuWeather, was relatively optimistic Monday, contending in a telephone interview that “the worst of the winter is over south of a line from New York to Philadelphia to Dodge City, Kansas.” North of that line, he said, there could be more major storms, more snow days for kids, more trains that are not running. But at least those who are afflicted can read baseball stories with datelines from Clearwater and Scottsdale. Already, there are dozens of players working out at various spring training sites. Yankees starter Phil Hughes threw a bullpen session at the team’s complex in Tampa, Fla., and Derek Jeter, armed with a new contract and with much to prove after hitting .270 last season, took batting practice and fielded ground balls at shortstop. “I’ve always been pretty good in my career in terms of forgetting

to go right now,” McCarthy said. “That’s a heck of a team right there. How can you not be excited about what we have on paper. But paper rosters don’t mean anything.” Success is fleeting in the NFL. The last time an NFC team went

PEAKING: Since Jan. 22, Eddie House is shooting 64.5 percent in the 4th quarters of the seven games he’s played in — and Miami has won all those games.

MIAMI — Listed perhaps generously at 6-foot-1, Eddie House is the shortest player on the Miami Heat roster. Little big man, indeed. House’s career has been marked by the ability to deliver big shots — and he’s doing that in bunches of late for Miami. In a little over two weeks, he made a two free throws to beat Detroit, hit a huge 3-pointer late in Miami’s win at Oklahoma City, and on Sunday scored 13 points in the fourth quarter as the Heat pulled away from the Los Angeles Clippers. Since Jan. 22, House is shooting 64.5 percent in the fourth quarters of the seven games in which he’s played — and Miami has won each of those contests. “He’s one of those special players that can shoot cold,” Heat guard Dwyane Wade said. “If he’s made eight in a row, if he’s missed nine in a row, you feel that the next one is going in no matter what. That’s the kind of guy he is and we’re glad to have him.” House sees a natural progression in the way his season has gone with the Heat. He needed time to recover from shoulder surgery, which held him back during training camp and the preseason. That was followed by a learning process to figure how best to fit with LeBron James, Chris Bosh and Wade. Then he needed a few more weeks to get into the rotation — from Dec. 3 through Jan. 12, House played a grand total of 18 minutes in a 20-game span. Better late than never, House said. “All I had to do was stay ready to help this team,” House said. “That’s what I did.” He hadn’t had four straight games of double-digit scoring since November 2007. He’s had two of those streaks in the last month alone. “It’s fun winning,” House said. “The month of December was fun, too. I wasn’t in the rotation but I still had fun with it. We were playing great basketball. As long as we’re winning, man, it’s always fun.” House is having a bit of a bounceback season in his second stint with Miami. A year ago, he shot 38 percent from the field, 35 percent from • TURN TO HOUSE, 7B

Woods down but not out, peers say England batsman Morgan to miss 2011 World Cup

BY MICHAEL CASEY Associated Press

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Rather than celebrating the demise of Tiger Woods, the world’s top two golfers are almost begging him to give them a fight at this week’s Dubai Desert Classic. Lee Westwood and Martin Kaymer could be forgiven for wanting to put some space between themselves and the always dangerous Woods at the Emirates Golf Course. Instead, they both say the third-ranked Woods remains the biggest draw in professional golf and returning to the form that saw him win 14 majors can only be good for the game. “When I’m not playing a tournament and I’m watching, say, somewhere in the States, I’m watching how Tiger is playing,” the No. 1-ranked Westwood said. “I’m seeing if he’s playing well. He’s exciting to watch for everybody.” Woods’ five-tournament winning streak at Torrey Pines ended last month, after a final-round 75 left him in a tie for 44th. It was Woods’ worst start to the

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BAD PATCH: Tiger Woods’ struggles on and off the course have raised doubts about whether he will ever regain his dominance. season since turning professional and follows a year in which he failed to win at least one tournament for the first time in his career and his marriage ended following extramarital affairs. His struggles on and off the

course have raised doubts about whether Woods at age 35 will ever regain his dominance, especially considering the rise of such players as the 26-year-old Kaymer. • TURN TO GOLF, 7B

LONDON — (AP) — England’s was serious at all and it got worse. hopes of challenging for the cricket The pain grew worse and thereWorld Cup title were hit fore the medical team got Tuesday when Eoin Moronto it and found it was gan was ruled out of the sixworse than was previousweek tournament because ly suggested.” of a broken finger. England is already Coach Andy Flower had without several key playalready blamed a grueling ers because of injury, just 31/2-month tour to Australia two weeks ahead of its for a series of injuries to key World Cup opener against players when he announced MORGAN the Netherlands in NagTuesday that Ravi Bopara pur, India. will replace England’s most imporSpinner Graeme Swann and tant limited-overs batsman in the allrounder Paul Collingwood are 15-man tournament squad. among those trying to overcome fitMorgan needs surgery after ness problems, and Flower said he fracturing the middle finger of will only pick fully fit players for the his left hand during the one-day Feb. 16 warmup against Canada. matches that followed England’s Tim Bresnan, Ajmal Shahzad, Stuvictory in the Ashes test series. He art Broad and possible replacement felt discomfort during the fourth Chris Tremlett are also carrying inone-day international in Adelaide juries but Flower said he was happy on Jan. 26 and flew home before with their rate of recovery. Sunday’s final match, which EngBopara’s last one-day internaland lost for a 6-1 series defeat. tional was against Pakistan at The “That’s a serious loss to us,” Oval in September. He averages Flower said. “He didn’t think it 28.50 from 54 matches.

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Edition, 09 february 2011