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INTERNATIONAL EDITION

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TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 2011

108TH YEAR I ©2011 THE MIAMI HERALD

Pakistan detains top al Qaeda suspect BY CHRIS BRUMMITT AND ADAM GOLDMAN Associated Press

for nearly 30 years and was widely resented for a regime plagued by corruption, police abuse and a ruling-party monopoly on power. Inside the courtroom, pro- and anti-Mubarak lawyers broke into fist-fights after a loyalist in the audience raised a picture of the ousted president. One lawyer took off his shoes and beat another lawyer with them, and other scuffled

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — A battered al Qaeda suffered another blow when Pakistani agents working with the CIA arrested a senior leader believed to have been tasked by Osama bin Laden with targeting U.S. economic interests around the globe, Pakistan announced Monday. Younis al Mauritani’s arrest — made public five days before the 10-year anniversary of the 9/11 attacks — was seen as damaging al Qaeda’s central leadership in Pakistan, further degrading its ability to mount terrorist attacks abroad. The terrorist organization has seen its senior ranks thinned since Osama bin Laden was killed May 2 along with Atiyah Abd al Rahman, the group’s No. 2, in a CIA missile strike last month. Pakistan’s announcement of close cooperation with the U.S. spy agency appeared aimed at reversing the widespread perception that ties between the CIA and Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence agency had been badly damaged by the U.S. killing of bin Laden inside Pakistan. The Pakistani military said the arrest of Mauritani and two other al Qaeda operatives took place near the Afghan border in the southwestern city of Quetta, long known as a base for militants. It did not say when. The arrests were carried out in the past two weeks, according to a U.S. official speaking on condition of anonymity. The capture of an al Qaeda operative inside Pakistan has become rare in recent years: most targets of CIA operations in the country have been killed by drone aircraft in a relentless series of operations that started to increase in 2008. His capture is likely to create chaos within al Qaeda: even if he does not reveal compromising information, that possibility is almost certain to force the network to alter plans, move operatives and make a variety of other sudden changes damaging its ability to carry out attacks. “This operation was planned and conducted with technical assistance of United State Intelligence Agencies with whom Inter-Services Intelligence has a strong, historic intelligence relationship. Both Pakistan and United States Intelligence agencies continue to work closely together to enhance security of their respective nations,” the military said in a written statement.

• TURN TO EGYPT, 2A

• TURN TO AL QAEDA, 2A

MOISES SAMAN/NEW YORK TIMES SERVICE

Sub-Saharan African prisoners in a cell in the Suq al Jouma neighborhood of Tripoli, Libya.

IN LIBYA, MIGRANTS A TARGET

FOR REBELS’ SUSPICION BY DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK

New York Times Service

TRIPOLI, Libya — As rebel leaders pleaded with fighters to avoid taking revenge against “brother Libyans,” many rebels are turning their wrath against migrants from sub-Saharan Africa, imprisoning hundreds for fighting as “mercenaries” for Moammar Gadhafi without any evidence except the color of their skin. Many witnesses have said that when Gadhafi lost control of Tripoli in the earliest days of the revolt, experienced units of dark-skinned

fighters apparently from other African countries had arrived to help subdue the city. Since Western journalists began arriving in the city a few days later, however, they have found no evidence of such foreign mercenaries. Yet in a country with a long history of racist violence, it has become an article of faith among the rebels that African mercenaries pervade loyalists’ ranks. And since Gadhafi’s fall from power, the hunting down of people suspected of being mercenaries has become a major preoccupation.

Human rights advocates say the rebels’ scapegoating of blacks here follows a similar campaign that ultimately included lynchings after rebels took control of the eastern city of Benghazi more than six months ago. The recent roundup of Africans, though, comes at a delicate moment when the new provisional government is trying to establish its credibility. Its treatment of the detainees is emerging as a pivotal test of both the provisional government’s commitment to the rule of law and of its ability to control its thousands of loosely

organized fighters. And it is also hoping to entice back the thousands of foreign workers needed to help Libya rebuild. The detentions reflect “a deepseated racism and anti-African sentiment in Libyan society,” said Peter Bouckaert, a researcher with Human Rights Watch who visited several jails. “It is very clear to us that most of those detained were not soldiers and have never held a gun in their life.” In a dimly lighted concrete • TURN TO LIBYA, 2A

Fistfights and surprise testimony at Mubarak trial BY MAGGIE MICHAEL Associated Press

CAIRO — A senior police officer said there were no orders to shoot protesters in Cairo’s Tahrir Square in startling testimony Monday at the trial of ousted president Hosni Mubarak on charges he was complicit in killing Egyptians involved in the uprising against his rule. The testimony came from a police general who had been called to the stand by prosecutors who

had expected him to reveal who gave orders for police to open fire on protesters. But Gen. Hussein Moussa said police were ordered to use only tear gas and rubber bullets and resorted to live ammunition only to protect police stations. It was a dramatic and confusing start to the prosecution’s case. Moussa was the first witness to be called in a trial that has been dominated by procedural issues since it began on Aug. 3.

9/11 aftermath leads survivor to a better life BY KRISSAH THOMPSON

Washington Post Service

Heinz, 55, knows this place so well that he could have given the tour himself. This is the wall that was rebuilt at the spot where the jetliner hit. Here, just outside the chapel doors, is a flag that was draped over a casket at Arlington National Cemetery during a ceremony honoring the 184 victims. And here, in front of the chapel’s first pew, is where he stood before a minister and exchanged marriage vows with the woman he calls “my Nora,” the wife he never would have met but for 9/11.

WASHINGTON — Heinz Linderman steps aside as a tour group peers into the Pentagon Memorial Chapel. It is a weekday afternoon, and he has stopped by with his wife to visit the Pentagon’s most sacred corner, where the words “United in Memory Sept. 11, 2001” have been crafted into a circular pane of red, white and blue stained glass. “This chapel was created in the aftermath of September 11th,” the tour guide’s voice booms • TURN TO SURVIVOR, 5A through the narrow space.

Heinz and Nora Linderman met after the Sept. 11, 2001, attack on the Pentagon. They were married in the Pentagon chapel. BONNIE JO MOUNT/ WASHINGTON POST SERVICE

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The session was stormy. Outside the Police Academy compound where the trial is being held, hundreds of relatives of protesters who were killed in the uprising clashed with police and tried to force their way in, frustrated at being prohibited from attending the trial. Live TV broadcasts of the trial have been halted by a judges’ order, angering many Egyptians who wanted to witness the prosecution of the man who ruled their country

Discharged gays seek return to military welcome applications, former ser- skills the armed services need right vice members discharged for homo- now. Some will have aged to the Despite sometimes bitter part- sexuality will not be granted special point that they will need waivers. ings with the military, many gay treatment. They will have to pass men and lesbians who were dis- fitness tests and prove they have • TURN TO GAYS, 2A charged under the military’s “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy say they want to rejoin the armed services, drawn by a life they miss or stable pay and benefits they could not find in civilian life. By some estimates, hundreds of gay men and lesbians among the more than 13,000 who were discharged under the policy have contacted recruiters or advocacy groups saying they want to reenlist after the policy is repealed on Sept. 20. Bleu Copas is one. He had been in the Army for just three years when someone sent an anonymous e-mail to his commanders telling them he was gay. After he was discharged in 2006 under “don’t ask, don’t tell,” the military’s ban on SHAWN POYNTER/NEW YORK TIMES SERVICE openly gay troops, “It took away all my value as a person,” he recalled. Sgt. Bleu Copas was discharged from the Army in 2006 Though the Pentagon says it will under the ban on openly gay troops. BY JAMES DAO

New York Times Service

ARRESTS ABOUND AS SYRIAN TROOPS HUNT FOR OFFICIAL, 6A

ECB CALLS FOR INTEGRATION, BUSINESS FRONT

SERENA ENTERS U.S. OPEN QUARTERS, SPORTS FRONT

INDEX THE AMERICAS ...........4A U.S. NEWS ....................5A OPINION ........................7A COMICS & PUZZLES ...6B

9/6/2011 4:46:18 AM

THE MIAMI HERALD 06 SEPTEMBER 2011  

Edition, 06 september 2011

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