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Mexico conflict sparks a linguistic debate


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ing to align himself with the protest. Twice he sought to address the crowd, but both times he was drowned out by roars of approval at what seemed a tacit endorsement of their cause. Field Marshal Mohamed Tantawi, the defense minister and deputy prime minister, appeared in the square as well — the ďŹ rst member of the government elite to do so — but he seemed to be concerned mostly with reviewing the troops and did not seek to speak to the crowd, though he did chat with some protesters. And Mohamed Rafah Tahtawy, the public spokesman for Al Azhar — the center of Sunni Muslim learning and Egypt’s highest, state-run religious authority — told reporters that he was resigning because “I am participating in the protests and I have issued statements that support the revolutionists as far as they go.â€?

MEXICO CITY — Over a 48-hour period this week, gangsters tossed grenades, torched buses, set up roadblocks and strafed police units in Mexico’s second and third largest cities. Assailants in Guadalajara and Monterrey used a variety of tactics. In several assaults, they acted like hit-and-run guerrillas. In other skirmishes, they mimicked small army units. Elsewhere, they hijacked vehicles like common criminals. As gangsters demonstrate an ample repertoire of ďŹ ghting skills, it is little wonder that four years into President Felipe Calderon’s battle against organized crime, many Mexicans aren’t sure what to call the turmoil in their country. Is Mexico at war? Does it face a criminal insurgency? Or is it locked in sustained gangland violence? Calderon himself shies away from uttering the “wâ€? word — war. “I haven’t used it, and I invite you to review all my public and private remarks,â€? Calderon told a group of civic leaders Jan. 12, one of whom talked about war. “You said it. You chose this concept of ‘war.’ I didn’t choose it.â€? Calderon said that he preferred to use the phrase the “struggle against organized crime — and I will continue using it.â€? The linguistic debate came further to the fore when a German think tank, the Heidelberg Institute for International Conict Research, issued its 19th annual rankings of worldwide conict last month, elevating the status of the conict in Mexico from “crisisâ€? to “war,â€? putting it alongside Afghanistan, Sudan, Iraq and Somalia. “Clashes, especially between security forces and drug gang members, rose dramatically in comparison to past years, adding up to several hundred incidents all over the country,â€? the institute said, explaining that it believed Mexico’s conict had “escalated to a full scale war.â€?




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Violence recedes         


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CAIRO — With signs of fracturing within Egypt’s ruling elite, hundreds of thousands of people packed Cairo’s central Tahrir Square on Friday, chanting slogans, bowing in prayer and waving Egyptian ags to press a largely peaceful campaign for the removal of President Hosni Mubarak. As the uprising entered its 11th day, there were few signs of the violent Mubarak supporters who the protesters said were organized and dispatched by the Mubarak government over the last two days in an effort to capture the initiative. Lurking fears among the opposition that their movement may have lost momentum were banished by the sheer numbers of the protesters and the level of their passion. Some carried baskets of bread, food and water for those


  !'")%! !'#%"'&'%&!%%$(% who camped out in the central square overnight after days of running battles, urging the president to depart at one of the most decisive moments in Egypt since the 1952 revolution against the monarchy. “Leave, leave, leave,� protesters chanted. Tens of thousands of jubilant

protesters turned out in the port city of Alexandria, the site of bitter and deadly clashes in the last week. Amr Moussa, the secretary general of the Arab League and a former foreign minister serving Mubarak, appeared among the crowds in Tahrir Square, seem-

Officials push to preserve Auschwitz    


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OSWIECIM, Poland — The red brick barracks that housed starving inmates are sinking into ruin. Time has warped victims’ leather shoes into strange shapes. Human hair sheared to make cloth is slowly turning to dust. Auschwitz is crumbling — the

world’s most powerful and important testament to Nazi Germany’s crimes falling victim to age and mass tourism. Now guardians of the memorial site are waging an urgent effort to save what they can before it is too late. OfďŹ cials last week intensiďŹ ed a global campaign to raise $165 million to create a “perpetual fundâ€?


whose interest can be drawn on indeďŹ nitely to repair barracks, watchtowers, crematoria and other structures at the AuschwitzBirkenau state museum and memorial in southern Poland. The Nazis opened Auschwitz soon after invading Poland in 1939, the act that triggered World War II, using it ďŹ rst as a concentration camp for Poles and political prisoners. As they implemented a plan to exterminate Europe’s Jews, Gypsies and others, they built the neighboring death camp of Birkenau. The Germans ended up transporting people in cattle cars from across the continent to the death camp, and murdered at least 1.1 million in gas chambers or through other acts of barbarity. Museum director Piotr Cywinski made an emotional appeal for help during ceremonies last week marking the 66th anniversary of the camp’s liberation by Soviet troops, as he launched the fundraising campaign. Called “Intervene Now,â€? the campaign’s message has been spread on Facebook, in newspapers and elsewhere.

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SIMI VALLEY, Calif. — Former U.S. President Ronald Reagan would have turned 100 this Sunday, and nearly seven years after his death, one might think he is still alive and leading the Republican Party. Along with the requisite speeches and academic panels, the festivities include: a Rose Parade oat, a 6-foot-high cake, commemorative stamps and jelly beans, a Beach Boys concert, a tribute from the Jonas Brothers and a video homage at the Super Bowl, which is also Sunday. The memorials, including a 21-gun salute and a graveside wreath-laying by Nancy Reagan, are expected to draw hundreds of former aides and supporters. Reagan is not the ďŹ rst former president to enjoy the honor of

a centennial celebration, but it is hard to remember any that were quite so lavish, speaking to his enduring role in U.S. politics. (This weekend’s festivities at the Reagan Library here, the highlight of a year’s worth of events around the country, will cost roughly $5 million; by contrast, the cost of Lyndon Johnson’s centennial in 2008 was a mere $500,000.) And a number of the prospective 2012 presidential candidates will be on hand to offer their praise -   



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Officials push to save Auschwitz • AUSCHWITZ, FROM 1A

“There are no more remains of Treblinka, Kulmhof, Sobibor and Belzec,” Cywinski said, referring to extermination camps that the Nazis destroyed to hide their crimes. “Let us not allow the biggest of these death camps — and the only one that is still recognizable — to fall into decay due to the ravages of time and our indifference.” The efforts have gotten a big boost with a donation of $82 million from a still repentant Germany. Together with pledges from the United States, Austria and smaller amounts from other countries, the fund has now raised about two-thirds of what is needed. Now officials are also calling on individuals worldwide and more governments to help with the new campaign launched last week. The museum plans to start putting the money to use with a massive effort in 2012 to save 45 brick barracks at Birkenau where freezing, starving women once piled together onto hard wooden bunks before being worked or gassed to death. Just a few years ago, visitors could enter all the barracks. Today only four can be viewed in the best weather conditions, as marshy ground and tourism take their toll. Even those in the best shape have buckled floors strewn with loose bricks, walls that are cracked and roofs held up by damp wooden beams. “We really can’t wait any longer,” Cywinski said in an interview with The Associated Press. “In 10 years, these will be ruins.” Part of the challenge comes from the fact that the barracks and other structures at Auschwitz were built in a rush during the war to serve a murderous purpose and were not made to last. Add to that the pressure of tourism: the site drew nearly 1.4 million visitors last year — triple the number in 2001. Tourism has increased as Poland, formerly a communist nation, has been transformed into an economically vibrant member of the European Union. Budget flights now bring in tourists from all over Europe. But the growing interest also stems from the iconic role Auschwitz holds in Holocaust memory — a fact underlined by the many people visiting not just from as far away as South Korea and Japan. “A visit to Auschwitz is more

than just a visit to a memorial,” said Paul Shapiro, director of the Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington. The Germans blew up gas chambers and burnt warehouses at Auschwitz as the Red Army moved in, but their retreat was made in chaos and they did not manage to destroy everything. Today many original structures still stand, making the site a powerful visual testament to the crimes committed there. It also helps people understand what happened at places like Treblinka and Belzec, sites that the Germans completely destroyed. Today those are marked only by memorials. “You can actually picture the full horror of what happened there,” Shapiro said. “You can picture what took place in the death camps that were built by the Third Reich.” With time against them, conservation experts in white lab coats and gloves work in modern laboratories at Auschwitz to save what they can. Recently, brown leather shoes were laid out on a table as experts worked with great care to undo some of the deformity wrought by time. In one room, a woman used a state-of-the-art machine to scan a massive trove of SS papers. In another, a worker photographed pieces of the “Arbeit Macht Frei” sign — the notorious and ironic slogan meaning “Work Sets You Free” which spanned the entrance gate at Auschwitz. It was stolen in December 2009 and cut into pieces before police tracked it down and arrested the thieves. The driving philosophy of the work is to protect authenticity and do no harm. In practice, this means preserving Auschwitz as it was at war’s end, when the Germans had just bombed the crematoria and gas chambers before the Red Army moved in. It also means accepting that not everything can be saved. The human hair, shaved from victims’ heads and recycled into cloth, will be allowed to decay completely. Today one of the most moving exhibits at Auschwitz is an enormous mound of hair shaved from the victims. Cywinski said that to try to save the hair would amount to a “brutal and morally unjustified disturbance” of these human remains, and all that can be done is to keep them in conditions will help them last as long as possible.




North Korean refugees pay their respects to their ancestors as they celebrate the Lunar New Year in Paju, South Korea, on Thursday. About 32 million people will visit their hometowns during the five-day holiday.

Government figures join Egypt protests • EGYPT, FROM 1A

The government broadened its crackdown on Thursday, arresting journalists and human rights advocates across the city, while offering more concessions in a bid to win support from a population growing frustrated with a devastated economy and scenes of chaos in the streets. But, after a night of scattered clashes and bursts of gunfire, an uneasy calm gave way to what seemed like jubilation Friday as antigovernment protesters mustered for what they have called a “Friday of departure.” Television images showed thousands of protesters crowded beneath the palm trees of Alexandria, Egypt’s second-largest city on the Mediterranean coast, waving Egyptian flags and demanding Mubarak’s ouster. On Friday, there were no immediate signs of the proMubarak camp. On one approach to Tahrir Square on Friday, two orderly lines of protesters stretched back hundreds of yards on the Kasr al Nil bridge, their progress slowed by elite paratroops who threw razor wire across the bridge and searched demonstrators as they arrived — apparently a new attempt by the military to assert some control.

On Thursday, authorities said that neither Mubarak nor his son Gamal, long seen as a contender for power, would run for president. They also offered dialogue with the banned Muslim Brotherhood, a gesture almost unthinkable weeks ago. For its part, the Brotherhood insisted Friday that it had no ambitions to field presidential candidates if those talks took place. But, speaking to reporters in Tahrir Square, Mohammed el Beltagui, a leading member of the outlawed group, said that if Mubarak left, the Brotherhood would not present a candidate for election. “It is not a retreat,” Beltagui said. “It is to take away the scare tactics that Hosni Mubarak uses to deceive the people here and abroad that he should stay in power.” A close ally of the United States, Mubarak has cast himself for years as a bulwark against Islamic extremism. The Brotherhood has assumed an increasingly prominent role in the uprising, but its disavowal of long-term political ambitions seemed to contradict an assertion on Friday from Iran that Egypt was in the throes of an Islamic revolution similar to the tumult that ended the rule of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi in Tehran in 1979.

“The awakening of the Islamic Egyptian people is an Islamic liberation movement, and I, in the name of the Iranian government, salute the Egyptian people and the Tunisian people,” Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran’s supreme leader, said at Friday Prayer in Tehran, which were broadcast on television, Reuters reported. On a larger scale than on previous days, thousands of people in Tahrir Square sank to their knees at noon as loudspeakers amplified the sound of prayers filling the air. But those in the square reflected a cross-section of society, not just members of the Muslim Brotherhood. The minute the prayers were over, the square erupted in slogans of defiance, urging Mubarak to go. On Friday, Mohamed ElBaradei, who has been authorized by the protesters to negotiate with the authorities, said that, despite the authorities’ offers of negotiation, no one from government had contacted him or any other opposition leader. At a news conference at his home in Giza, close to the pyramids, ElBaradei said Mubarak’s adversaries had already begun drawing up a constitution and were seeking the creation of a council of two to five members — in-

cluding a representative from the powerful military — to oversee reform over a oneyear period. It was the first public suggestion of a formal proposal for transition. “The earlier he goes with dignity the better it will be for everybody,” ElBaradei said, referring to Mubarak. He said the young people propelling the uprising were not interested in retribution. “The Egyptian people are not a bloodthirsty people,” he said. The conciliatory tone of his remarks contrasted with the demands of some protesters for Mubarak’s execution. “We need to move the current dictatorship and all of its apparatus to a democracy,” he said. ElBaradei, the former head of the International Atomic Energy Agency and a Nobel laureate, took issue sharply with remarks by Mubarak in an interview with ABC News on Thursday when he said that he was fed up with ruling but that his precipitate departure would cause chaos. “We as a people are fed up as well, it is not only him,” ElBaradei said. “The idea that there would be chaos is symptomatic of a dictatorship. He thinks if he leaves power the whole country will fall apart.”

Lavish centennial plans show Reagan’s stature • REAGAN, FROM 1A

during the revelry, among them Sarah Palin and Newt Gingrich, who has just written a book about Reagan and, in an interview, called him the “most successful president at actually achieving his specific and articulated goals.” The accolades illustrate the durability of the Reagan legacy. Reagan’s near-idol status in the GOP is so ingrained that when potential party chairmen were asked last month to name their political hero, the moderator hastened to add “aside from President Reagan.” If the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation has any say, that qualifier will be repeated for decades. “Our job is to promote the legacy of his words and work, which were simply incredible,” said John Heubusch, the executive director of the foundation and a former congressional aide, who said that Reagan inspired him to enter politics. “I’d go toe-to-toe to debate with anyone who said he was not a transformational president. He certainly was.” Staff members at the foundation are careful to point out that the money for the events and for the museum’s $15 million renovation came entirely from private fundraising. “President Reagan would not have wanted Congress to spend any money on

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this,” said Stewart McLaurin, the director of the centennial events, who also went to work for Reagan in 1984. The love for Reagan is not universal, of course, and liberals do not hold him in such high esteem. “Reagan holds unique status today because the Republicans don’t have anyone else,” said Paul Begala, a former Clinton aide and a political strategist. “They can’t lionize Eisenhower because, by today’s standards, he was a liberal. They can’t lionize Nixon because he was a criminal. Who have they got left? He was an extraordinary president, but the right needed a hero, so they turned him into a hero.” Still, President Barack Obama’s aides were happy to let it be known that his vacation reading list included a biography of the 40th president by Lou Cannon. Cannon said that the popular view of Reagan has improved with time, although his approval ratings were higher than many other presidents when he left office. “There’s always a certain nostalgia,” Cannon said. “But the reality is he really did help end the Cold War. The world now ain’t a walk in Central Park, but it’s certainly a much safer place than when Reagan took office. And he convinced Americans to believe in themselves.”

2/5/2011 5:43:34 AM






Army, FBI could have averted Fort Hood BY WILLIAM WAN AND FELICIA SONMEZ

Washington Post Service


REVERED: A Hmong woman of Fresno, Calif., holds a portrait of General Vang Pao, an iconic figure in the community.

WASHINGTON — A Senate investigation into the Fort Hood shooting in Texas faults the Army and FBI for missing warning signs and failing to exchange information that could have prevented the massacre. The report concludes that systemic and cultural problems caused military officials to fail to recognize signs that the alleged shooter, Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan, was becoming increasingly radical before the 2009 shooting. It also concludes that the FBI failed to share information with the Army — notably, e-mails that Hasan exchanged with a “suspected terrorist,” a likely reference

to Anwar al Awlaki, an Islamic cleric well known for his extremist views. The report says the agency might have dismissed such clues to avoid causing “a bureaucratic confrontation.” At a news conference announcing the release of the report, Sen. Joseph Lieberman, I-Conn., said that the investigation’s “painful conclusion is that the Fort Hood massacre could have and should have been prevented.” In particular, Lieberman said that the report, issued by the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, indicated that the FBI had compelling evidence of extremism that should have led to Hasan’s discharge from the mili-

tary and made him the subject of a counterterrorism investigation. He pointed to a “sanitized and misleading officer evaluation report from Walter Reed,” where Hasan worked, and said that Hasan’s words had indicated that he was “not just a ticking time bomb, but a traitor.” The FBI did not have an immediate response to the report. An Army spokesman said in a statement that officials have already implemented numerous preventative steps since the Fort Hood shooting. “We appreciate the committee’s efforts to examine circumstances surrounding the Fort Hood shooting incident, and we will closely ex-

amine the report’s findings and recommendations,” said the spokesman, Col. Tom Collins. The report was the latest in a series of investigations looking into the Fort Hood shootings, which left 13 people dead. Last year, a Pentagon review found that several officers failed to intervene in Hasan’s career as an Army psychiatrist despite widespread signs of his radicalization and shortcomings as a soldier. As a result, the military began requiring soldiers to report behavior by fellow soldiers that might indicate extremism. That information will be included in a database maintained by the Army’s head of counterintelligence.

Supporters push for Vang Pao’s Giffords’ husband will fly on shuttle burial at Arlington BY JOHN SCHWARTZ

New York Times Service


McClatchy News Service

WASHINGTON — Vang Pao’s final battle is being fought over the United States most hallowed ground, Arlington National Cemetery. In a lobbying campaign with both overt and covert fronts, lawyers, lawmakers and former military officers are all pressing the Obama administration to grant the late Hmong general a burial at Arlington. Still, it looks like a tough call. “We don’t always get the results we want, but we’ll take a two-by-four to as many people as we can,” Scott Nishioki, chief of staff to Rep. Jim Costa, D-Calif., said Wednesday. On Friday, mourners will began a six-day funeral service at the Fresno Convention and Entertainment Center in California. The elaborate services are starting nearly a month after Vang died on Jan. 6, at age 81. The lobbying for an Arlington burial spot began almost immediately. Some efforts have been public, as when Costa wrote the Defense Department and the Department of Veterans Affairs on Jan. 11 urging that Vang be given the waiver necessary for an Arlington burial. Congressional staffers have been calling their contacts, e-mailing copies of articles and editorials. Veterans have been weighing in, reminding officials of Vang Pao’s assistance to U.S. forces during the Vietnam War. CONTRIBUTION For 15 years, starting sometime around 1961, Vang Pao led Hmong troops alongside CIA officers and U.S. Special Forces. The U.S. soldiers who served with him uniformly applauded his valor. Even so, Vang Pao’s final resting spot has yet to be determined. “There is some controversy to this,” Nishioki acknowledged. As of Wednesday, neither the Defense Department nor the Department of Veterans Affairs had indicated when or how they might rule on the request for an Arlington burial waiver. At one point, Costa’s office was advised that a burial waiver decision would be made by Jan. 25; that didn’t happen. The delay hints at the complications facing officials who must balance Vang Pao’s service against some of his postwar problems, which included a criminal indictment that was eventually dropped. Officials face, as well, potential resistance from U.S. veterans who are protective of Arlington’s reputation. “I don’t want it done at all,” said Jack E. Steinke, a Fresno resident and 21-year veteran of the Navy. “He doesn’t have any business being there.” A retired chief petty officer, now 87, Steinke noted that “we had lots of people who fought alongside us” in the nation’s various wars. Unless they were directly members of the U.S. military, or met some other strict requirements, these allies were not eligible for an Arlington burial. Arlington may grant burial waivers for those whose military service “directly and substantially benefited” the U.S. military, according to cemetery guidelines. Officials also take into account other factors, including what kind of precedent might be set. LOBBYING Away from Capitol Hill, groups and individuals are weighing in. Philip Smith, Washington liaison for the Fresnobased Lao Veterans of America, said Wednesday that he’s written two letters to the new superintendent of Arlington National Cemetery on behalf of the burial waiver. Jenkins Middleton, former vice president of the Export-Import Bank, said Wednesday that he has talked to a former secretary of the Army about the case. Author Jane Hamilton-Merritt, long associated with Hmong causes, has likewise been active, along with her well-connected husband, retired oil explorer Henry Merritt. Yet another ally has been attempting to enlist former CIA Director James Woolsey to the cause. Potentially, the administration could deny Vang Pao a spot at Arlington but, through the Department of Veterans Affairs, grant a spot in another national cemetery. The secretary of veterans affairs is broadly permitted to authorize burials in these locations, such as the San Joaquin Valley National Cemetery in Santa Nella, Calif., for “such other persons” as deemed appropriate, according to regulations.

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The astronaut Mark E. Kelly, husband of Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, will command the space shuttle mission in April that he was assigned to before his wife was shot, NASA announced on Friday. “I am looking forward to rejoining my STS-134 crew members and finishing our training for the mission,” Captain Kelly said in a statement released Friday. “I appreciate the confidence that my NASA management has in me and the rest of my space shuttle crew.” Whether Captain Kelly would fly on the two-week trip to the International Space Station in the midst of a family crisis has been a question in the background since Giffords was shot in the head and critically injured near Tucson on Jan. 8. Kelly, a Navy officer and who flew 39 combat missions in the Persian Gulf War, came to the decision along with NASA officials, who must decide whether its crew members are able to fulfill their roles. Family crises have led shuttle crew members to remove themselves from past missions. In 1997, Jeffrey S. Ashby, a retired Navy captain, was replaced on what would have been his first shuttle mission because of his wife’s cancer. Ashby would go on to fly on three later shuttle missions. But with the space shuttle program now wind-


TOGETHER: Rep. Gabrielle Giffords with her husband NASA astronaut Mark Kelly. ing down, Captain Kelly, who has flown on three previous missions, would almost certainly have lost his last chance to command the shuttle if he had decided not to fly this time. NASA had prepared for the possibility of having to replace Kelly by naming a backup commander, Frederick W. Sturckow. But officials made it clear that Captain Kelly was still commander of the mission, pending any contrary decision. Last month, Captain Kelly told ABC News that he had not yet been able to discuss the matter with his wife. “I’ve flown in space three

times — I don’t have to do it again,” he said in that interview. “My No. 1 goal is to make sure that my crew is safe, and that they can execute this mission safely — and that it’s successful.” Kelly’s brother, Scott, also an astronaut, is currently aboard the International Space Station, though he will be back on Earth when his brother’s mission launches. In an interview on Wednesday from the station, Scott Kelly said that fighter pilots and astronauts were trained to compartmentalize — to focus on the task at hand, whatever else might be going on around them: “When

you’re in a high performance airplane, you really have to — despite what might be happening in your personal life or things with your job, or things on the ground — you really have to focus on what you’re doing right now.” That might mean flying at low level, “dropping bombs, flying air combat or even doing an instrument approach,” he said. “You know, it’s a lifecritical kind of thing.” Giffords is recovering from her wounds in a rehabilitation program in Houston. On Tuesday, Kelly issued a message to his 28,000 followers on Twitter that “today was a huge day for G.G. Lots of progress!”

Schneider, actress in ‘Last Tango in Paris,’ dies Los Angeles Times Service

Maria Schneider, the French actress who appeared opposite Marlon Brando in Last Tango in Paris, the 1972 movie whose strong sexual content stirred international controversy, has died. She was 58. Schneider died in Paris on Thursday after a long illness, her family told Agence France Presse. She was a voluptuous, 19-year-old newcomer with long, curly brown hair framing a youthful face when she was cast in writer-director Bernardo Bertolucci’s Last Tango in Paris, in which she played a young engaged Parisian woman looking for an apartment to rent. Her character begins an anonymous sexual relationship in an empty apartment with a grief-stricken middle-age man (Brando), whose French wife had just committed suicide. The X-rated film, which critic Pauline Kael called “a landmark in movie history” and which critic Roger Ebert said was “one of the great emotional experiences of our time,” was banned in a number of countries for its sexuality and nudity. “It’s amazing,” Schneider said in a 2007 interview with the London Daily Mail. “I’ve made 50 films in my career and Last Tango is 35 years old, but it’s still the one that everyone asks me about.” The movie’s infamous sex


LANDMARK: Marlon Brando, left, and Maria Schneider are shown in a scene from The Last Tango in Paris. scene, involving butter, was not in the original script. “The truth is, it was Marlon who came up with the idea,” Schneider said. “They only told me about it before we had to film the scene, and I was so angry. I should have called my agent or had my lawyer come to the set because you can’t force someone to do something that isn’t in the script, but at the time, I didn’t know that. “Marlon said to me: ‘Maria, don’t worry, it’s just a movie.’ But during the scene, even though what Marlon was doing wasn’t real, I was crying real tears. I felt humiliated and to be honest, I felt a little raped, both by Brando and by Bertolucci. After the scene, Marlon didn’t console me or apolo-

gize. Thankfully, there was just one take.” In his review of the film when it was released in U.S. in 1973, Charles Champlin of The Los Angeles Times wrote that Schneider “is a triumph of casting — petulant, selfindulgent, and convincingly terrified as someone who has gotten in beyond her depth.” In the 2007 Daily Mail interview, Schneider said she “never went naked in a movie again after Last Tango, even though I was offered many such roles. People today are used to such things, but when the film opened in 1972, it was scandalous.” The film, which earned Brando and Bertolucci Oscar nominations, brought Schneider worldwide fame. But the glare of the media,

she said in the 2007 interview, “made me go mad. I got into drugs — pot and then cocaine, LSD and heroin — it was like an escape from reality . . . I didn’t enjoy being famous at all, and drugs were my escape. I took pills to try and commit suicide, but I survived because God decided it wasn’t the time for me to go.” Although she lost many friends to drugs, she said, she met someone in 1980 who helped her stop. Asked who it was by a reporter for Ireland’s Sunday Independent in 2006, Schneider replied: “An angel . . . I don’t say if it’s a man or a woman. But it was in 1980, and we’re still together.” The daughter of French actor Daniel Gelin and a Romanian mother, Schneider was born in Paris on March 27, 1952, and grew up with her mother near the French border with Germany. Schneider’s most notable post-Tango film credit was starring with Jack Nicholson in director Michelangelo Antonioni’s 1975 drama The Passenger. Looking back on her career in the 2006 interview with the Sunday Independent, Schneider said that in retrospect, she would not have made Last Tango in Paris. “I would have said no,” she said. “I would have done my work more gradually, more discreetly. I would have been an actress, I think, but more quietly.”

2/5/2011 3:13:08 AM






Two more jailed activists to be released by Cuba BY PAUL HAVEN

Associated Press

HAVANA — Cuba will free two prominent political prisoners and allow one of the men to remain in the country, the Catholic church said Friday, a powerful indication that a long impasse over the fate of the last remaining activists jailed in a notorious 2003 crackdown on dissent may be coming to an end. The two men — Angel Moya and Guido Sigler — had refused a government deal to go into exile and insisted on staying in Cuba, along with the other nine dissidents who remain in Cuban jails nearly seven months after the government agreed in principal to free them. Under the agreement announced Friday, Moya

will stay in Cuba while Sigler “has indicated a desire to go to the United States,” church spokesman Orlando Marquez said in a statement. Moya, who was serving a 20-year sentence for treason and other charges, is the husband of Bertha Soler, one of the leaders of the Ladies in White opposition group. Sigler, who was sentenced to 25 years in jail, is the brother of another dissident who has already been released. “I am happy, as it is good news,” Soler told The Associated Press moments after learning her husband would be freed. “But I am not totally satisfied because of the government’s drip-drip approach” to letting the dissidents out. She said several of the other prisoners are not in


STRUGGLE: Berta Soler, left, wife of political prisoner Angel Moya, is an active member of Cuban opposition group Ladies in White.

good health and should also be freed immediately. Cuba’s President Raul Castro agreed in July to free all 52 prisoners remaining from the 2003 sweep, which targeted peaceful activists, social commentators and opposition leaders. Roman Catholic Cardinal Jaime Ortega said at the time that the deal called for the men to be out within four months, or by November. Authorities quickly released 41 of the men, sending all but one of them into exile in Spain, along with their families. But the process had ground to a halt in recent months, as those who remained behind bars refused to leave Cuban soil, a direct challenge to the government. Some have also vowed that they will continue to press for democratic political change the moment they leave jail. Still, pressure has been building on the government to make good on the agreement. Last week, the wife of Diosdado Gonzalez, another of the 11 remaining 2003 prisoners, began a hunger strike to demand her husband’s freedom. The protest was joined from behind bars on Tuesday by Gonzalez and another political prisoner. The Cuban government had no immediate comment on the impending releases. Authorities rarely acknowledge the dissidents, except to say that they are all common criminals and stooges paid by Washington to destabilize the island.

BBC sorry for ‘Top Gear’ remarks against Mexicans BY AARON EDWARDS Associated Press

LONDON — The BBC has apologized to Mexico’s ambassador for remarks on its Top Gear program that described Mexicans as lazy and oafish. The BBC wrote to Ambassador Eduardo Medina-Mora Icaza on Thursday, saying that national stereotyping is part of British humor — and that the presenters did not intend to be vindictive. “Our own comedians make jokes about the British being terrible cooks and terrible romantics, and we in turn make jokes about the Italians being disorganized and over dramatic; the French being arrogant and the Germans being over organized,” the statement read. “We are sor-

ry if we have offended some people, but jokes centered on national stereotyping are a part of Top Gear’s humor.” The remarks came in a segment in which presenter Richard Hammond claimed that cars imitate national characteristics. “Mexican cars are just going to be a lazy, feckless, flatulent, oaf with a mustache leaning against a fence asleep looking at a cactus with a blanket with a hole in the middle on as a coat,” he said. Presenter James May mocked Mexican food, while Jeremy Clarkson suggested the ambassador would be too busy sleeping to register his outrage. The ambassador in turn, wrote to the BBC earlier this week, complaining about the

“bigotry and ignorance,” of the presenters. The BBC received thousands of other complaints about the anti-Mexican comments, particularly from people outside of Britain. Hammond, Clarkson and May are known for frequent and irreverent quips. The BBC has fielded complaints in the past after Clarkson made a joke linking truck drivers with prostitute murders and described former Prime Minister Gordon Brown as a “one-eyed Scottish idiot.” The show’s mix of outlandish jokes and auto worship has made Top Gear a British institution, broadcast in more than 100 countries. More than 6 million viewers saw the episode in question.

Blackouts hit 7 Brazilian states BY BRADLEY BROOKS Associated Press

SAO PAULO — A widespread blackout hit at least seven states in Brazil’s northeast Friday, raising questions about the energy infrastructure of the nation that will host an Olympics and a World Cup. Officials and local news reports indicated the power failures began in the early morning hours and quickly spread around the massive region. It was not immediately clear how many people were affected, but it was certain to be several million. In some areas, the power was only out for a few minutes, in other areas a few hours. Mozart Bandeira Arnaud, director of operations at the Sao Francisco Hydroelectric Company, the biggest supplier of energy in the area, told the Globo TV network the power was mostly restored by 8 a.m. local times, and that the problem originated in a substation that fed hightransmission lines leading to three other energy suppliers, causing the failure to ripple across the region. “There was a failure in an electronic component that

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was part of protection system of the substation,” said Arnaud. He said this triggered the security system of the Luiz Gonzaga substation in Pernambuco state to automatically shut down, cutting power to six hightransmission power lines running from the station, causing the blackouts to quickly spread. “As the substation was very large, the effects were felt in several regions,” Arnaud told Globo. Dilton da Conti Oliveira, president of the Sao Francisco Hydroelectric Company, told reporters in Recife, a major city in the northeast, that “the most important thing now is that the cause of the problem is not preventing the restoration of energy.” The power failures again raise questions about the robustness of Brazil’s energy grid as the nation’s economy rapidly expands and demands for more energy rise. It also raises worries about a secure energy supply as Brazil prepares to host the 2016 Olympics and the 2014 World Cup. Four state capitals hit by

Friday’s blackout are host cities for World Cup football matches. In 2009, a massive power failure left more than 60 million people in the dark in 18 states. Hard-hit then were Sao Paulo, South America’s largest city, and Rio de Janeiro, which will host the 2016 Olympics. That failure was blamed on problems at a substation after heavy storms. The worst of the Brazilian blackouts occurred in 1999 after lightning struck a power substation in Sao Paulo state, plunging 97 million Brazilians into darkness for up to five hours. After severe energy shortages and rationing in 2001, Brazil began to improve the infrastructure of its power grid and diversify its energy supply. During the two terms of former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva of Brazil, the government invested more than $13 billion on improving transmission lines and $5 billion more on transformers. Much of the early planning in improving the power grid was carried out by now-President Dilma Rousseff, who was Silva’s first energy minister.


DETERIORATING: Rising drug violence in Mexico has led the Heidelburg Institute for International Conflict Research to classify the conflict as a ‘war.’

Mexico’s drug violence sparks linguistic debate • MEXICO, FROM 1A

According to a database offered by the government, last year’s 15,273 violent deaths marked the bloodiest year since the president launched a head-on confrontation with the cartels in late 2006. Since then, the death toll stands at 34,612 deaths. Like Calderon, some Mexican analysts shy away from saying that the nation is at war with organized crime groups. “It is a generalized combat against powerful criminals. It’s not exactly a war, because that would imply there are two armies,” said Jorge Chabat, an expert on security issues at the Center for Research and Teaching on Economics. Employing the word “war” may summon a sense of patriotic urgency among Mexicans, Chabat said, but it also creates expectations. “With a war, you either win or lose. And with this one, how are we going to win it?” he asked. Calderon called the White House in September to protest after U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton suggested that some drug gangs in Mexico were “morphing into, or making common cause with, what we would consider an insurgency.” On a visit to Mexico last

week, Clinton watched her words carefully, declaring that Calderon’s intention to smash the cartels is “absolutely necessary. If it were easy, it would have been done before. It is not easy — but there is no alternative.” U.S.-based analysts of Mexico’s violence aren’t so reluctant to use “war” to describe the ambushes of convoys, attacks on military and police outposts, and use of grenades and highcaliber weaponry that now characterize the conflict in parts of Mexico, particularly in the states of Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Chihuahua, Sonora, Guerrero and Michoacan. “Drug trafficking organizations in Mexico have gone way beyond organized crime, and should be considered as hybrids between a mafia, insurgency, and terrorist group based solely on the tactics they’re using,” said Sylvia Longmire, an analyst and frequent writer on Mexico’s internal conflict. “You definitely have a war on your hands because the cartels — while not wanting to take direct control of the state apparatus — want to control it enough through intimidation of state institutions to allow them to operate as a parallel society,” she said.

Crime groups increasingly are resorting to the use of military hand grenades. Since the beginning of the year, outlaws have thrown grenades at a prison, at police facilities and at police roadblocks within the city limits of Monterrey, the industrial capital in the northeast. In one attack Monday, a grenade blast hurt five, including a university professor and a police officer. Grenade attacks occurred Tuesday in both Monterrey and Guadalajara. Longmire called the grenade attacks “a tool of intimidation” used “mostly against the police and media outlets.” Grupo Savant, a security consulting firm with offices in Alexandria, Va., said in an analysis of violence in Nuevo Leon, the state that surrounds Monterrey, that drug gangs have gravitated to the tactics to frighten civilians. Grenade attacks and strafings “are by their nature frightful events that serve not only to drive fear into the intended targets but also result in generating a substantial amount of trepidation in the hearts and minds of the civilians that are living in the midst of the war zone,” the Grupo Savant report said.

Parents of abandoned children were kidnapped, police say MEXICO CITY — (AP) — An official says that there is evidence that the parents of 25 children found abandoned in a northern Mexican border city were kidnapped. Morelos Canseco is Mexico’s interior secretary of Tamaulipas state, home to

the city of Nuevo Laredo where the children were abandoned. He told local news media Thursday that police have “evidence that indicates that their parents were kidnapped and that was the reason they were abandoned.” He says authorities are

looking into who was behind the abductions. The area is rife with violent drug cartels that have been involved in kidnappings. Officials have not revealed the children’s ages, but local news media report that they range from a few months to about 10 years old.

New turn in Colombia’s coal killings BY GREG BLUESTEIN Associated Press

ATLANTA — A lawsuit claiming an Alabama coal company executive paid paramilitary forces to kill three Colombian union leaders was revived when an appeals court ruled the victims’ children could sue in the United States. The mine operator, Drummond Company, was cleared of any wrongdoing by jurors in Birmingham during a 2007 trial in a similar lawsuit brought by the union and the victims’ widows. The new complaint claims a witness who was previously in jail in Colombia can now testify that he saw a Drummond executive give a briefcase full of cash to an illegal right-wing militia to have two of the union heads killed.

The company did not immediately return calls and e-mails Thursday. A lower judge had dismissed the children’s lawsuit, saying they should have sued “on behalf” of their parents instead of seeking their own personal unspecified damages. A three-judge panel of the 11th Circuit disagreed. “The complaint alleges an intricate and vindictive plot, orchestrated by the defendants, that ultimately led to the assassinations of the children’s fathers,” the panel wrote. “If true, such conduct establishes a violation of international law sufficient for purposes of triggering” liability under the federal law. The lawsuit was filed by eight children of Valmore Locarno, Victor Orcasita and Gustavo Soler, who all worked at Drummond’s coal mine at

La Loma. The children live in Colombia and Canada. Locarno, a maintenance worker and president of the local union, and Orcasita, another union official, were taken off a company bus outside the mine in 2001 and shot to death, authorities have said. Soler, who succeeded Locarno as the union president, was killed seven months later in a similar fashion. The new lawsuit hinges on the testimony of Rafael Garcia, who claimed he saw Drummond’s top Colombian executive give the briefcase to an illegal right-wing militia. Garcia, who was in prison on corruption charges, has since been freed and is living in another country. “I’m in touch with him and he is ready to testify,” said Terry Collingsworth, an attorney for the children.

2/5/2011 5:55:12 AM






Man arrested after going back to casino he robbed BY OSKAR GARCIA

Associated Press

LAS VEGAS — The man accused of holding up a posh Las Vegas Strip casino was living large after the heist, gambling away hundreds of thousands of dollars, until he got caught trying to hawk his stolen chips online to poker players, authorities say. Anthony M. Carleo, the bankrupt son of a Las Vegas judge, was arrested this week on allegations that he ran out of the Bellagio hotel-casino with $1.5 million in chips during a gunpoint heist Dec. 14. An arrest report for the helmeted bandit says Carleo lost about $105,000 at the resort over the next month — including $73,000 on New Year’s Eve. CARLEO He stayed at least one week at the resort in late January, enjoying meals, drinks and rooms furnished by the casino. “He likes to gamble,” Las Vegas police Lt. Ray Steiber said as he described for reporters how Carleo, 29, was nabbed late Wednesday on the same casino floor from where the chips came. Carleo wasn’t armed and offered no resistance when he was taken into custody. Police recovered $900,000 in chips of different types — the ones stolen ranged from $100 to $25,000 — and can account for $1.2 million, Steiber said. He said police were still looking for the black motorcycle they say Carleo used to make his pre-dawn getaway. Steiber wouldn’t say whether police still believe the same man robbed the Suncoast casino in northwest Las Vegas at gunpoint early Dec. 8, although police previously said the same person was suspected in both heists. According to the arrest report, Carleo’s downfall came after he tried to broker sales

of the highest value chips of $25,000 through a wellknown Web forum for poker players. Using the handle “Oceanspray 25” — a reference to the beverage company because $25,000 chips are known to gamblers as “cranberries” for their color — Carleo traded e-mails and phone calls with another user who eventually led him to police, the arrest report said. It said Carleo sold five $25,000 chips to an undercover officer, and told him he had robbed the Bellagio. Carleo’s father, Las Vegas Municipal Court Judge George Assad, issued a statement saying he and his family were “devastated and heartbroken to see my son arrested under these circumstances.” Assad said that as a working judge, he couldn’t comment about “any pending legal matter as it relates to anyone, including my son.” “I can say that as a prosecutor and a judge, I have always felt people who break the law need to be held accountable,” he added. Jail records showed Carleo was being held under the name Anthony M. Assad. The name was also used in Carleo’s bankruptcy filing. Carleo is a former real estate broker and student who declared bankruptcy in Colorado in May 2009. On his bankruptcy filing, he listed among his personal belongings a .40-caliber Taurus pistol. His bankruptcy filing said Carleo received at least $19,000 from his father over a three year period, but owed nearly $188,000 in debts. The case was closed seven months later, and the firm that represented him in that case said Thursday that it was not currently representing him.


SINKING: The Census Bureau numbers show that New Orleans is 29 percent smaller than a decade ago. The reduction is largely attributed to the aftermaths of Hurricane Katrina.

After Katrina, New Orleans shrinks BY CAMPBELL ROBERTSON New York Times Service

NEW ORLEANS — When Hurricane Katrina hit and the murky waters rushed through levee breaches, even the facts were drowned. Official documents were lost, years of photographs were destroyed, and hard data about the city itself was rendered cloudy and unreadable — including rough estimates of how many people lived here, where they lived and who they were. Now there finally are some numbers, and they show that the city is 29 percent smaller than a decade ago. The Census Bureau reported Thursday that 343,829 people were living in the city of New Orleans on April 1, 2010, four years and seven months after it

was virtually emptied by the floodwaters that followed the hurricane. The numbers portray a significantly smaller city than in the previous Census, in 2000, though it should be said that New Orleans had been steadily shrinking even then. The latest figure is lower than estimates cited widely by many here in recent months. It is lower by roughly 10,000 than the official Census estimate in the summer of 2009. The Census findings reveal some other changes in the population, as well. According to Andrew A. Beveridge, a Queens College sociologist who analyzed the Census results for The New York Times, the city has roughly 24,000 fewer white residents than it did 10 years ago, though the proportion of the white

population has grown to 30 percent. The city has 118,000 fewer black residents. New Orleans, once more than twothirds black, is now less than 60 percent black. There are 56,193 fewer children, a drop of nearly 44 percent. The numbers have consequences, of course. Many of them will play out in the heated political battle to come in March when the State Legislature meets to discuss redistricting. Louisiana has lost a congressional seat, something that was possible, some say even likely, even without the storm, given the state’s anemic population growth in the first five years of the decade. But while the loss itself may not be a result of the floodwaters, its effect will be.


Officer shoots defendant in rural court BY BOB JOHNSON

Associated Press

GOODWATER, Ala. — A judge pulled a gun on a crutch-swinging defendant who went wild in a crowded rural courtroom after being found guilty of harassment Thursday, a witness said. A police officer shot and wounded the man, who had a cast on his leg, after he lunged at the judge and tried to grab the weapon, authorities said. But some witnesses disputed the account, saying the man who was shot never threatened the judge. Stuck by at least one bullet, the man was taken by helicopter to the hospital at the University of Alabama in Birmingham, where he was in good condition. “The guy came over the

bench at him trying to get it,” said attorney Keith Warren, who was in court representing another person. “He just literally got in the judge’s face, then backed off and started swinging the crutch at the judge.” Some of the 40 or so people who were in the courtroom disagreed, saying they did not see the man attack the judge, who was sitting behind a tall desk, or attempt to grab a gun. Sara Williams said she was sitting in the front row when the man, whom she knew, got agitated after the judge fined him $800. He waved one of his crutches in the air. “The police were hollering for him to get down” when an officer opened fire, she said.

Williams said she yelled “Don’t shoot him no more!” right before the officer fired again. Afterward, she and more than a dozen people stood across the street from City Hall chanting, “We want justice.” Witnesses identified the man who was shot as Bryant Keith Ford. “This gentleman forced the police officer to shoot him. There was no reason for the guy to become as irate as he got. He went nuts,” Warren said. Anyone who claimed the man didn’t attack the judge either was unable to see or was telling an “outright lie,” Warren said. Court records showed that Ford, 25, was due in court on

a harassment charge filed by a neighbor who claimed he cursed at her in December after accusing her of talking to police about him. Teel heard the case without a jury and the trial lasted less than five minutes. Teel’s brother, Frank Teel, a lawyer in nearby Rockford, said the shooting happened at Goodwater City Hall, where district court proceedings are held once a month for people who can’t get to the county seat. “I’ve not talked to him, but I’m told he was OK,” Frank Teel said of his brother. The judge’s aide suffered powder burns, he said. Goodwater is a town of 1,500 about 60 miles north of Montgomery.

Garrido ruled competent to be tried in Dugard case BY MARIA L. LA GANGA

Los Angeles Times Service

PLACERVILLE, Calif. — An El Dorado County Superior Court judge ruled that the man charged with kidnapping Jaycee Lee Dugard in 1991 and holding her captive for 18 years is competent to stand trial. Phillip Garrido, who was also charged with rape, fathered Dugard’s two children while she was in captivity. His wife, Nancy Garrido, also faces charges in the case, which captured international attention when Dugard and her daughters were discovered in 2009 living in a ramshackle compound in the Garridos’ Antioch, Calif., backyard. A two-week jury trial on Phillip Garrido’s mental status was scheduled to begin on Feb. 28, but attorneys in the case agreed to allow Judge Douglas C. Phimister to determine Phillip Garrido’s competence instead. To be able to stand trial,

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Phimister said Thursday, a defendant must be capable of understanding criminal proceedings and assist in his own defense. Having reviewed reports from several psychologists who examined Phillip Garrido, Phimister ruled that the 59-year-old “is in fact competent to stand trial.” He also decided not to make those reports public. Susan Gellman, Phillip Garrido’s attorney, had earlier expressed concern about her client’s mental state. But after several psychologists examined Phillip Garrido and filed their reports, she said she was confident that he was competent to stand trial — at this point. Gellman said after the hearing Thursday that Phillip Garrido is currently assisting in his defense, “but competency is a fluid thing. I would be anxious to move the case along. — Several different doctors saw him, and

they all agreed that he was mentally ill. But they had different labels for it.” Gellman agreed to let the judge decide and allow the case to move forward, she said, because the Garridos were concerned in part about the well-being of Dugard, now 30, and her children if they had to testify during the competency proceedings. Nancy Garrido “doesn’t want them to have to testify,” Stephen Tapson, Nancy Garrido’s attorney, said after the hearing. “If there’s a trial, it would be impossible for them not to be here. Obviously, that’s part of the play.” The Garridos are being held in El Dorado County Jail and for the past year have contacted each other through regular phone calls. But responding to the concerns of jail officials, Phimister also permanently cut those calls off Thursday, although he will allow the couple to continue writing each other.

Gellman and Tapson agreed to the change in communication. Phillip Garrido “was allegedly talking to [Nancy] on the phone, trying to control her and calling the DA bad names and so on,” Tapson said of the jailers’ assessment of their communication. “That’s just their characterization of what they think he meant. I disagree with it.” Phillip Garrido’s control of Nancy Garrido, however, is at the heart of her defense, Tapson said. “But for Phil she would not have done this, because he had her under his thumb, and she submitted — willingly.” Asked by reporters how his 55-year-old client is faring 18 months after being arrested, Tapson said Nancy Garrido is “hanging in there and still misses the kids, misses Jaycee.” Dugard was 11 when she was abducted, and “they had a family relationship at the end of all the horror.”

Certain to be a contentious topic at the legislative session in March are the scores, if not hundreds, of laws on the Louisiana books that exempt New Orleans from a variety of state rules. These exemptions, which go back decades, coyly apply to any city in the state of more than 400,000 people, a description that no longer applies to New Orleans. In an e-mail, James Perry, a former mayoral candidate and the executive director of the Greater New Orleans Fair Housing Action Center, called the city’s population figure “likely devastating,” and raised concerns that it could lead to drops in federal financing for housing, infrastructure and public health efforts, as the city is still steadily pushing forward in recovery.


Disabled passenger booted off airline While her nurses were stowing the 100 pounds of medical equipment she needs to travel with, Carrie Salberg was given a startling order: Get off the plane. Salberg, who has muscular dystrophy, was never told why she couldn’t use the ventilator she requires to breathe on the Jan. 13 flight that was supposed to carry her back home to the Twin Cities from New Orleans. In fact, just a month before the flight, Delta Air Lines said her equipment met the company’s requirements for use on the plane. “It was humiliating, it was upsetting, it was embarrassing,” said Salberg, 33. “We just did what we were told. We didn’t really have much of a choice.” In 2009, disabled passengers filed 17,068 complaints against airlines, up 22 percent from the previous year, according to the U.S. Department of Transportation. In 178 cases, airlines refused to let disabled passengers board a plane, according to complaint data. • ACCIDENT AMTRAK TRAIN HITS EAGLE IN RARE ENCOUNTER A bald eagle was killed when it was struck by an Amtrak passenger train on a lonely stretch of track between Wilmington, Del., and Baltimore. The extremely rare encounter happened in a flash, said Craig Koppie, an eagle coordinator for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. An adult eagle was enjoying a breakfast of fresh deer carcass that lay across the tracks Thursday near Aberdeen, Md. As the Northeast Regional 111 train chugged south about 8:30 a.m. ET, an engineer spotted the majestic bird and blasted his horn. At first, the eagle didn’t budge, Koppie said. Then it slowly took off — too late. The train arrived at Washington Union Station two hours later with the bird stuck to the locomotive like an emblem. • DRUGS MARIJUANA-LIKE DRUG GAINING GROUND It’s popular with adolescents, provides a marijuana-like high, is available online and on store shelves, and it’s legal — for now. As Spice and other synthetic cannabinoids show increasingly public impacts — at poison-control centers, among probationers and teen addicts, and recently at the Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs — law enforcers are looking for ways to nip demand for the drug in the bud. Colorado authorities say they believe the use of Spice, plant material sprayed with THC-like chemicals, is increasing, but the increase is difficult to quantify because the first tests able to screen for the tough-to-track substance have just come out.

2/5/2011 4:16:46 AM






22,000 Pakistanis flee fighting near Afghan border BY HABIB KHAN

Associated Press

KHAR, Pakistan — About 22,000 Pakistani villagers have fled military operations against Islamist militants in a tribal region near the Afghan border, a government administrator and the army said Friday. The offensive, involving aerial bombing, artillery and ground troops, began Jan. 27 in Mohmand, said Roshan Khan Mehsud, the region’s government representative. He said nearly 100 insurgents

had been killed so far, and there had been “some casualties” on the army side. He did not mention any civilian casualties. Pakistan’s military has carried out several military operation in the country’s remote tribal regions bordering Afghanistan over the last three years. It has claimed to have made decisive gains against the insurgents, though many hundreds of thousands of residents have yet to return. Accounts of civilian casualties are numer-

ous and militant attacks in Pakistan remain routine. Reporting independently in Mohmand and other border areas is not allowed by the army and highly dangerous. Mehsud said an estimated 22,000 people had been displaced by the Mohmand operations. They were living in a government building, schools and three camps away from the fighting. He said the United Nations was providing food, water and medical assistance to the people. Military spokesman Maj.

Gen. Athar Abbas confirmed military operations were under way in Mohmand. “We are targeting militant hideouts there,” he said, adding he hoped the displace would soon be able to return. The United States has been pushing Pakistan to take action against Taliban and al Qaeda hideouts in the northwest. It says much of the insurgency roiling Afghanistan and claiming the lives of U.S. soldiers stationed there is planned and funded from the Pakistan side of the border.


UPROOTED: Displaced Pakistanis arrive at a camp set up in Naghi, 11 miles northwest of the Afghanistan border in the Pakistani tribal area of Mohmand.

Police documents in Assange’s case leaked online BY KARL RITTER AND MALIN RISING Associated Press


UNITED: Opposition supporters rally at an anti-goverment demonstration in the town of Lezhe, Albania.

Protests escalate in Albania BY LLAZAR SEMINI Associated Press

TIRANA, Albania — Thousands of Albanians converged on central Tirana on Friday to demand the government step down over corruption allegations, two weeks after a similar antigovernment demonstration turned violent and left three people dead. Protest marches were also being held in another three cities, including the town of Lezha northwest of Tirana, Vlora to the southwest and Korca to the southeast. The demonstrations come two weeks after three protesters were shot dead in clashes with security forces during anti-government protests in Tirana. Anoth-

er 150 were injured in the violence. The opposition Socialists are demanding that conservative Prime Minister Sali Berisha hold early elections over allegations of corruption and vote rigging in the previous 2009 general election. But Berisha has refused to resign, accusing the opposition of trying to stage a coup. The Socialists are seeking “an Albania that is freed from the escalating corruption,” opposition leader Edi Rama told The Associated Press during the demo, adding that the government had “transformed itself into a regime that wants to make of Albania something completely different of the European dream.” Tensions rose sharply

last month when the country’s deputy prime minister, Ilir Meta, resigned amid allegations he tried to influence a state tender for a hydropower station. Chanting “We want Albania without Sali” and carrying banners with slogans such as “Berisha, thief,” at least 5,000 protesters marched through the center of the capital, but avoided the main government building, outside of which the Jan. 21 riots occurred. “The only way out is that Berisha should leave. He has plunged the country deep into poverty, unemployment,” said Ruzhdi Hoxha, a middle-aged demonstrator. Police and opposition figures for the numbers of

demonstrators were radically different, with police saying a total of about 9,000 people demonstrated in all four cities, and the opposition Socialists putting the total figure at 100,000. Police said about 3,000 protesters marched in Tirana, another 3,500 in Vlora, about 2,000 in Korca and up to 600 in Lezha. Socialist Party spokeswoman Armela Ymeraj put the figures at 40,000 in Tirana, 30,000 in Vlora, 20,000 in Korca and 10,000 in Lezha. All demonstrations were peaceful, and no incidents were reported in any, police said. The opposition has vowed to hold weekly rallies across the country every Friday.

Junta leader is Myanmar’s new president YANGON, Myanmar — (AP) — Myanmar’s Parliament named the premier of the outgoing military government as the country’s new president Friday, handing a key junta member the top job in the post-election administration. The appointment of Thein Sein, 65, was the latest step in Myanmar’s selfdeclared transition to democracy following elections in November, but critics have slammed the process as a sham aimed at cementing military rule. “This is not surprising. It is what we had expected,” democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi told reporters. Suu Kyi’s party won the previous elections in 1990 but was blocked at the time from taking power by the military. The party boycot-

ted November’s vote, calling it unfair. The military’s delegates in Parliament and their civilian allies hold an 80 percent majority in the new legislature, which handpicked the new president from a pool of three vice presidents named on Thursday. Thein Sein is the most prominent of the three and was seen as a shoe-in for the head of government. A lawmaker, Khin Shwe, contacted inside the Parliament said Thein Sein won 408 out of 659 votes. The future role of junta chief Senior Gen. Than Shwe, who has wielded absolute power since 1992, remains unclear. But he is expected to remain a dominant force. Under the 2008 Constitution that came into force Monday with the opening

of the Union Parliament, the president appoints the commander in chief, chief ministers of the regions and states and several Cabinet ministers. The president has the authority to sever diplomatic relations with foreign countries with Parliament’s approval and grant pardons or amnesties with the recommendation of the National Defense and Security Council, which he is the head of. Thein Sein is a former general who served as the junta’s prime minister from October 2007 and now heads the military-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party, which won a huge majority in November’s general elections that much of the international community dismissed as rigged in favor of the junta.

Thein Sein also has an image as a “clean” soldier, not engaged in corruption. Still, as prime minister and the fourth-ranking military leader in the junta, Thein Sein previously did not have much decision-making power. Members of the new president’s political party described him as a moderate with political skills that went unnoticed in his previous job. “Thein Sein is an avid reader and a good listener. He’s a very patient man and very decisive. I believe he can do more for the welfare of the grassroots people, and I see him as a person who can help develop Myanmar’s economy,” said Khin Shwe, a business tycoon and lawmaker from Thein Sein’s USDP party.

STOCKHOLM, Sweden — Leaked Swedish police documents on the Julian Assange sex cases raise key questions for both sides about the allegations. Was one of the WikiLeaks founder’s Swedish lovers asleep during intercourse? Did she consent to unprotected sex? Those answers will determine whether rape was committed under Swedish law. The 39-year-old Australian denies any wrongdoing in separate encounters with two Swedish women last summer, and is fighting Swedish attempts to have him extradited from Britain to face questioning in the cases. He will appear in court in London on Monday and Tuesday in that extradition case. In leaked police documents that emerged this week on the Internet, the Swedish woman accusing Assange of rape woke up as he was having sex with her, but let him continue even though she knew he wasn’t wearing a condom. She says she insisted that Assange wear a condom when they had sex in her apartment in the Swedish city of Enkoping on Aug. 16, and that he reluctantly agreed. The incident labeled as rape happened the next morning, when the woman claims she was woken up by Assange having unprotected sex with her. “She immediately asked: ‘Are you wearing anything?’ and he answered ‘You,’ ” according to a police summary of her deposition. “She said to him ‘You better don’t have HIV’ and he answered ‘Of course not.’ She felt it was too late. He was already inside her and she let him continue.” Having sex with a sleeping person can be considered rape in Sweden, but the details in the leaked transcript could explain why different prosecutors have made different assessments of the incident. One Stockholm prosecutor threw out the rape case altogether. A more senior prosecutor later reinstated it, and asked for Assange’s extradition from Britain so she could question him in the case. It’s unclear who leaked the police documents, some of which have been publicly released before but with key portions blocked out. It’s

also not clear which side the full police documents would help more. “It is a complicating factor that this person when she wakes up in one way or another gives her consent,” said Nils-Petter Ekdahl, a judge and expert on Sweden’s sex crimes legislation. “Does the consent also apply to what happened when one was sleeping? This question has not been tested by the justice system.” The documents included a cover letter signed by Assange’s Swedish lawyer, Bjoern Hurtig. “I can just say that I sent them to my client through his lawyer in London. But how it ended up on the Internet I don’t know,” Hurtig told The Associated Press. “It’s incredibly unfortunate.” Assange is also accused of sexual molestation and unlawful coercion against another Swedish woman with whom he had sex in the same week. The leaked documents show she accuses him of deliberately damaging a condom during consensual sex, which he denies. Assange met both women in connection with a seminar he gave on free speech in Stockholm after he and WikiLeaks made headlines around the world with the release of thousands of secret U.S. military documents on the war in Afghanistan. His supporters say the allegations are trumped up and possibly politically motivated, charges that the women’s lawyers have denied. WikiLeaks has deeply angered the United States and other governments by publishing tens of thousands of secret military documents on the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq as well as a massive trove of U.S. diplomatic cables.


PLEADING INNOCENCE: Julian Assange has denied any misconduct in encounters with two Swedish women last summer.

German sues Macedonian government over alleged CIA kidnapping BY KONSTANTIN TESTORIDES Associated Press

SKOPJE, Macedonia — A German man who says he was snatched by the CIA in Macedonia and tortured at a secret prison after being mistaken for a terrorism suspect, was to begin a legal battle against Macedonia on Friday to demand official recognition of his ordeal. Khaled el Masri is seeking $69,000 in compensation — and an apology — from the government in Macedonia, where he says he was abduct-

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ed while on a trip in 2003. His action follows failed attempts to have his case heard in court in the United States and Germany. El Masri, who is of Lebanese descent, says he was brutally interrogated at a secret CIA-run prison in Afghanistan for more than four months. He said he went on hunger strike for 27 days and was eventually flown back to Europe and abandoned in a mountainous area in Albania. His lawyers in Macedonia, Darian Pavli and Filip

Medarski, said they are seeking compensation on the grounds that Macedonia sanctioned his alleged abduction and subsequently blocked any investigation into the incident. “To start with, it would be good if Macedonia at least apologizes to el Masri,” Pavli said Thursday, adding that his client would not be present for the start of the trial at a court in Macedonia’s capital Skopje. U.S. officials have refused to comment publicly on the

case, but diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks website show that diplomats in Germany and Macedonia were at pains to keep the case out of the news and the court. In a cable from the U.S. Embassy in Skopje, dated Feb. 6, 2006, then-Prime Minister Vlado Buckovski is cited as promising the U.S. ambassador he would continue to refuse local press requests to discuss the el Masri case. On Friday, an international campaigner against the United States’ so-called

extraordinary rendition program — to snatch and interrogate terror suspects without court sanction — is due to testify at the Skopje court. Clara Gutteridge, of the London-based rights group Reprieve, will present the findings of the group’s investigation into the el Masri case, the organization said in a statement Thursday. In the United States, el Masri had filed a lawsuit against former CIA director George Tenet in a case assisted by the American Civil

Liberties Union. But the complaint was never heard in court on the grounds that it would reveal U.S. government secrets. That rejection was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court in 2007. In December, a German court rejected a lawsuit filed by el Masri seeking to force Berlin into prosecuting suspected CIA agents who allegedly illegally detained him. The court case in Macedonia was likely to last at least two years, el Masri’s lawyers said.

2/5/2011 4:50:33 AM






Thugs with clubs at Tahrir Square BY NICHOLAS D. KRISTOF

New York Times Service


ro-government thugs at Tahrir Square used clubs, machetes, swords and straight razors on Wednesday to try to crush Egypt’s democracy movement, but, for me, the most memorable moment of a sickening day was one of inspiration: watching two women stand up to a mob. I was on Tah- KRISTOF rir Square, watching armed young men pour in to scream in support of President Hosni Mubarak and to battle the pro-democracy protesters. Everybody, me included, tried to give them a wide berth, and the bodies of the injured being carried away added to the tension. Then along came two middleage sisters, Amal and Minna, walking toward the square to join the pro-democracy movement. They had their heads covered in the conservative Muslim style, and they looked timid and frail as thugs surrounded them, jostled them, shouted at them.

Yet side by side with the ugliest of humanity, you find the best. The two sisters stood their ground. They explained calmly to the mob why they favored democratic reform and listened patiently to the screams of the proMubarak mob. When the women refused to be cowed, the men lost interest and began to move on — and the two women continued to walk to the center of Tahrir Square. I approached the women and told them I was awed by their courage. I jotted down their names and asked why they had risked the mob’s wrath to come to Tahrir Square. “We need democracy in Egypt,” Amal told me, looking quite composed. “We just want what you have.” But when I tried to interview them on video, thugs swarmed us again. I appeased the members of the mob by interviewing them (as one polished his razor), and the two sisters managed again to slip away and continue toward the center of Tahrir Square, also known as Liberation Square, to do their part for Egyptian democracy. Thuggery and courage coexisted all day in Tahrir Square, just like that. The events were some-

times presented by the news media as “clashes” between rival factions, but that’s a bit misleading. This was an organized government crackdown, but it relied on armed hoodlums, not on police or army troops. Pro-Mubarak forces emerge The pro-Mubarak forces arrived in busloads that mysteriously were waved past checkpoints. These forces emerged at the same time in both Alexandria and Cairo, and they seemed to have been briefed to carry the same kinds of signs and scream the same slogans. They singled out foreign journalists, especially camera crews, presumably because they didn’t want their brutality covered. A number of journalists were beaten up, although far and away it was Egyptians who suffered the most. Until the arrival of these thugs, Tahrir Square had been remarkably peaceful, partly because prodemocracy volunteers checked IDs and frisked everyone entering. One man, a suspected police infiltrator, was caught with a gun on Tuesday quite close to me, and I was impressed with the way volunteers disarmed him and dragged him to an army unit — all while forming a protective cordon

around him to keep him from being harmed. In contrast, the pro-Mubarak mobs were picking fights. At first, the army kept them away from the pro-democracy crowds, but then the pro-Mubarak thugs charged into the square and began attacking. There is no reliable way of knowing right now how many have been killed and injured in Egypt’s turmoil. Before Wednesday’s violence, Navi Pillay, the United Nations high commissioner for human rights, said the death toll might be as many as 300 but acknowledged that she was basing that on “unconfirmed” reports. There are some who are missing, including a senior Google official, Wael Ghonim, who supported the democracy activists. On Wednesday, the government said that three more had died and many hundreds were injured; I saw some people who were unmoving and looked severely injured at the least. These figures compare with perhaps more than 100 killed when Iran crushed its prodemocracy movement in 2009 and perhaps 400 to 800 killed in Beijing at Tiananmen Square in 1989. Chinese and Iranian leaders were widely condemned for

those atrocities, so shouldn’t Mubarak merit the same broad condemnation? Come on, President Obama. You owe the democracy protesters being attacked here, and our own history and values, a much more forceful statement deploring this crackdown. Cause of instability It should be increasingly evident that Mubarak is not the remedy for the instability in Egypt; he is its cause. The road to stability in Egypt requires Mubarak’s departure, immediately. But for me, when I remember this sickening and bloody day, I’ll conjure not only the brutality that Mubarak seems to have sponsored but also the courage and grace of those Egyptians who risked their lives as they sought to reclaim their country. And incredibly, the democracy protesters held their ground all day at Tahrir Square despite this armed onslaught. Above all, I’ll be inspired by those two sisters standing up to Mubarak’s hoodlums. If they, armed only with their principles, can stand up to Mubarak’s thuggery, can’t we all do the same?

Candidates start shovelling BY GAIL COLLINS

New York Times Service


ur question for today is: Who is to blame for this weather? This week, 70 percent of the country was looking at snow. Florida is the only state that has not seen snow this winter. But Florida has gotten icicles in the orange groves plus a new governor whose claim to fame was running a corporation that COLLINS cheated the federal government out of enormous amounts of money. Florida’s not feeling all that superior. Chicago’s snowfall was so huge that the news media ran out of things to attach to “snow” — thundersnow! snowpocalypse! snowmageddon! The storm beat the world-famous blizzard of 1979. Really, if you’re going to be cold and miserable and inconvenienced, you might as well be setting a record. The blizzard of 1979 is worldfamous because Chicago’s snow removal efforts went badly, causing everyone to turn on then-mayor Michael Bilandic, who was kicked out of office six weeks later in the Democratic primary. Coincidentally, there’s a Democratic primary coming up this month, and candidates have been shoveling snow off cars and sidewalks all around the city. Not content with snow removal photo-ops, Rahm (I Live Here!) Emanuel, a Chicago mayoral candidate, also wasted no time in sending off a storm-related e-mail, offering “a few helpful tips” on how to weather the weather. They included: “Don’t make any unnecessary trips outside.” And: “If you must go outside, wear several layers of warm, dry clothing. Keep your extremities covered. Wear hats, gloves, winter boots and warm socks.” People, if someone was preparing to walk off into 2 feet of snow without socks and boots, do you think an e-mail from Rahm Emanuel would make that person think twice? Let’s see a show of hands. But I digress. We are sick of bad weather and looking for a dumping place for all our bad vibrations. Ideally, we would like to blame one specific person — like the evil queen in the movie “Red Sonja” who used a magic orb to destroy entire civilizations with terrible storms until she was vanquished by Red Sonja and Arnold Schwarzenegger. But that was a long time ago when Schwarzenegger was still saying things like, “If you yield only to a conqueror, then prepare to be conquered, Little Sonja.” Now, he is more likely to say, “Let’s fix the pension problem,” and

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California has been having terrible weather. Nevertheless, I don’t think we can pin this on Arnold. Al Gore, on the phone between plane flights Wednesday, of course, pointed to global warming. “Here’s a basic fact,” he said. “There is about 4 percent more water vapor in the atmosphere today than there was in 1970.” That extra water, he said, is because of warmer oceans and warmer air, and is returning to earth as extra-heavy rain and snow. Remind me again why we aren’t fighting global warming? It’s winwin. Even if all the hordes of scientists are wrong in believing that human beings are causing climate change, the remedies would still be good for the environment and for energy independence. We could always blame George W. Bush — that never gets old. But Gore declined to be helpful when it came to fixing blame. “I’m sorely tempted to throw out three or four names, but it wouldn’t be right,” he said, showing a depressing level of prudence for someone who was spending the day trying to get cross-country by airplane. We could blame U.S. President Barack Obama for doing healthcare reform instead of global warming, but Congress is even more afraid of the energy lobby than the insurance companies. The president seems to be planning to do what he can by regulation. That prospect makes Republicans so angry that they’re introducing legislation to prohibit the Environmental Protection Agency from using its powers under the Clean Air Act to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Obviously, there is nothing more nefarious than having the agency in charge of protecting the environment use the clean air law to keep harmful gases out. The Senate sponsor is James Inhofe of Oklahoma, who recently claimed that the super-cold winter proves that theories about global warming are “an intellectual fraud.” We could blame Inhofe, but he really isn’t all that satisfactory a villain. It’d sort of be like blaming nuclear proliferation on gophers. Another opponent of EPA action, Sen. Mark Kirk of Illinois, used to be aligned with the environmentalists — until he left his moderate House district to run in a Republican Senate primary and abruptly switched positions. Defending himself in a recent interview with Greenwire, Kirk claimed that there was no longer real support for a climate change bill because of “the personal and political collapse of Vice President Gore.” In other words, environmental warrior Al Gore is responsible for the weather, as well as the pathetic wimpiness of Mark Kirk. Let’s just think of it as the Senator Kirk snowpocalypse.

‘Egypt effect’ might help Chavez BY ANDRES OPPENHEIMER


fter two years of gradually losing popular support at home and political influence abroad, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez could be one of the big winners of a major rise in world oil prices triggered by the Egyptian uprising. OPPENHEIMER But will oil prices rise enough to give Chavez’s 12-year-old regime a second wind, and allow him to win the 2012 elections? Will he be able to resume his checkbook diplomacy in Latin America? Venezuela’s narcissist leader — if you think this depiction is unfair, consider that in his Jan. 15 speech to Congress he used the word “I” 489 times — knows that his political future depends on oil prices. Dwindling popularity His popularity at home is dwindling — 52 percent of the vote in last year’s legislative elections went to opposition candidates, despite massive government propaganda and limited press freedoms — and Venezuela suffers from a 30 percent inflation rate, growing food shortages and the lowest economic growth rate in Latin America. But Chavez is betting that the “Egypt effect” on oil prices will save him. Since late January, when the Middle Eastern turmoil started, New York-traded oil prices have gone up by about

$7 a barrel, and surpassed the $92 a barrel mark earlier this week. Venezuela says it exports about 2.3 million barrels of oil a day, and economists calculate that — after subtracting subsidized oil sales to Cuba and other countries — each $1 rise in world oil prices will give the regime an extra $730 million a year. Some financial analysts say that, just by staying where they are, oil prices would give Chavez a major financial boost. “This will definitely help him,” says Russ Dallen, head trader with the Caracas-based BBO Financial Services firm. “The government was betting that prices of oil would go back up, and it was a good bet.” According to Dallen, if Egypt manages to carry out a peaceful transition of power and oil prices stay at about $92 a barrel, Venezuela would get an additional $5.1 billion this year from oil exports. If Egypt’s transition is chaotic, and fears over the passage of oil tankers through the Suez Canal drive New York-traded oil prices to $100 a barrel, Venezuela would get an extra $10 billion this year, he said. And if the Egyptian turmoil extended to major Middle Eastern oil producers and oil prices reached their previous record of $150 a barrel, Venezuela would get an additional $35 billion a year. But that’s unlikely to happen because such an increase would immediately trigger a major world recession that would immediately drive down world oil prices, he said. Other analysts say Chavez won’t benefit from the “Egypt effect,” among other things, because Venezuela has to pay mas-

sive foreign debts, and its oil production is falling dramatically. Evanan Romero, an energy consultant and former director of Venezuela’s PDVSA oil monopoly, told me that lack of investments in exploration and maintenance have driven down Venezuela’s oil production by more than a third over the past 12 years, and that oil exports will keep falling. Falling income He said that Venezuela’s extra oil income will be reduced by massive domestic consumption — Venezuelans pay less than 5 cents a gallon for gasoline — as well as by large-scale oil smuggling to neighboring countries and Chavez’s subsidized oil exports. “Chavez’s financial problems won’t be solved this year by the current spike in oil prices,” Romero concluded. “What he wins with rising oil prices, he loses with declining oil production.” My opinion: Chavez has been a lucky guy, and record oil prices during the past twelve years have allowed him to buy loyalties at home and abroad. The current rise in world oil prices will no doubt help him, but it won’t be enough to allow him to give away cash to voters like in the past. If oil prices rise above $110 per barrel, the U.S. economic recovery will come to an end, oil prices will drop, and Venezuela’s export income will fall. So we can assume Chavez will get a small respite from the “Egypt effect,” but nothing that would allow him to easily win next year’s elections without further tightening his grip on power, or rigging the vote.

2/5/2011 3:39:45 AM






New York Times Service

AMBUE ARI, Bolivia — The mosquitoes descend so ferociously that residents simply call them “the plague.” Piranhas patrol streams. Caiman lurk in ponds. Then there are the monkeys. Visiting volunteers at this jungle outpost have written verses about their propensity to urinate on human belongings. But the foreigners who make their way to the Ambue Ari animal reserve come here for a very different draw: the big cats. More than two dozen live here in cages, including jaguars, pumas and ocelots. Visitors with training no more extensive than having seen a few episodes of Mutual of Omaha’s Wild Kingdom can walk these beasts around the jungle on a leash. “I’m from Connecticut,” said Ryan Lewis, 31, who came here after serving in the U.S. Army in Iraq and working as a trader of recycled metals in Toronto. “I was searching for something to do which was really different.” He certainly appeared to have found that. He spent a recent Sunday morning taking a puma named Tupac on a walk. Ambue Ari, legendary in hostels up and down South America’s backpacking circuit, has found itself at the center of a controversy among animal welfare officials and big cat experts

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for allowing visitors such intimate contact with predators that are both dangerous and endangered. Animal welfare officials, aware of the risks jaguars pose to the visiting volunteers, would like Ambue Ari to stop allowing jaguars out for walks. “We asked them during an inspection to stop this practice,” said David Kopp, an official in the Vice Ministry of Biodiversity in the capital, La Paz.

A leisurely stroll in the middle of a jungle

GRAY AREAS But in Bolivia, one of South America’s poorest nations, regulatory gray areas can be especially broad here in its remote interior. Kopp acknowledged that Ambue Ari served an important role in caring for rescued jaguars that overpopulated zoos could not accept. He said the authorities had to remain flexible until new safety measures overseeing the handling of big cats could be put into effect. Ambue Ari’s directors and many of its visiting volunteers say they are devoted to the animals in their care, some of which are rescued from captivity as abused household pets or illegally trafficked in outdoor markets. By having the big cats walked, Ambue Ari’s directors contend, the animals are given greater freedom than big cats that rarely leave their cages. “Our cats live with more dignity than those in any zoo,” said Tania Baltazar, 37, the president of Inti Wara Yassi, the nonprofit group

that manages Ambue Ari and two other refuges in Bolivia. She said no one at Ambue Ari, which sprawls over 1,991 acres of forest, had been killed by the cats since the refuge was created in 2002. Still, she acknowledged that some nonfatal injuries were an inevitable result of such close interaction with big cats. “Scars are nature’s tattoos,” said Baltazar, showing a few of her own. The place attracts an eclectic mix. In the depths of January’s rainy season, the visitors numbered 16 souls, including a Canadian carpenter, a Swedish security guard, a British gap-year student and an Australian environmental consultant. SIMPLE LIVING


BIG CAT: Volunteers Wilbert Antonio and Camilla Nasholm walk Katie the jaguar through the jungle at the Ambue Ari animal reserve near Guarayos, Bolivia.

Each pays $10 a day for the privilege of living in a setting somewhere between spartan and squalid. Defiantly off the grid, Ambue Ari has no telephone, no television, no Internet, no air-conditioning, no flush toilets. The place is a foodie’s nightmare. Breakfast one day consisted of ramen noodles with ketchup. Lunch was white rice, potatoes and a fried egg. Dinner: ditto. For those worried about risks involved with big cats, a veterinarian, Zandro Vargas, is on duty. He applies stitches to people, too. Jaguars, apex predators that can weigh about 250 pounds, are capable of killing cattle and horses. Attacks on humans are rare but can easily be fatal.

Staff members say the rainy season, with its mosquito swarms and moldy clothes, attracts the toughest volunteers. They share fungal medication and Clif Bars, sweating through a climate that feels like a 24-hour sauna. Some battle parasites. Many lose weight, acquiring a waifish heroin-chic look. “I heard of this place by word of mouth,” said Camilla Nasholm, 22, a Swedish volunteer. “It’s been wonderful so far.” Some, like Roy Argue, 45, a Canadian volunteer, capture Ambue Ari’s allure in poetry. He posted these lines on his blog: A monkey peed on all my clothes; ’cause my door someone LEFT OPEN; Stung over and over by fire ants; A scorpion’s crawling inside my pants; What’s the worst that could happen? This idyll may not last forever. Poachers have killed peccaries and tapirs within the refuge. The expansion of Bolivia’s agricultural frontier has brought Mennonite settlers to the refuge’s fringes, where they have cut down forest to plant soybeans and sunflowers. “Where there are mosquitoes there is life,” said Baltazar, the president of Inti Wara Yassi, explaining why repellent was banned here: because the cats don’t like it and out of respect for the insects themselves. “The creatures in our care come first.”

2/5/2011 3:39:30 AM



EU leaders work out debt crisis measures




S&P 500











Stocks eke out modest gains




NEW YORK — Stocks managed to hold on to small gains on Friday after the government reported a sharp drop in the unemployment rate. The Labor Department said the unemployment rate dropped to 9 percent in January, the lowest rate since April 2009 and a sharp fall from 9.4 percent in December. Economists had expected the rate would rise to 9.5 percent, in part because of harsh winter weather that affected much of the country. The Dow Jones industrial average rose 29.89 points, or 0.3 percent, to close at 12,092.15. The Dow gained 2.3 percent for the week. The average of 30 large company stocks cleared the 12,000 mark Tuesday, the first time it closed above that level since June 2008. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index rose 3.77 points, or 0.3 percent, to 1,310.87. The Nasdaq composite gained 15.42 points, or 0.6 percent, to 2,769.30. The government also said that 36,000 new jobs were created last month, the fewest in four months. The slow job growth left some analysts doubting that the economic recovery is gathering momentum. Jim O’Sullivan, chief economist at MF Global, said some investors took a skeptical view of the report. “The information value of this report is limited because it was obviously affected by the weather,” he said. The unemployment rate fell even as the economy added few jobs because many people who are unemployed gave up hunting for work, O’Sullivan said. The Labor Department includes only those actively looking for jobs when calculating the main unemployment rate. Bond traders, however, took the employment report as evidence of a stronger job market. They drove Treasury prices down and yields up. The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note jumped to 3.64 percent, the highest yield since last May. The 10-year yield is widely used to set borrowing rates on a wide variety of loans. Strong earnings gave some stocks a lift. Health insurer Aetna shot up 12.5 percent. The company said it will nearly quadruple its quarterly dividend payment to shareholders after its fourth-quarter profit climbed 30 percent. JDS Uniphase soared 27 percent. The maker of telecom and cable equipment reported quarterly results that blew past analysts’ expectations. Information technology companies saw the strongest gains out of the 10 industries represented in the S&P 500 index. Tyson Foods rose almost 6 percent, after its profits increased 86 percent last quarter, in part because of rising prices for beef and pork. All three major indexes fell last week. Financial markets were jarred by swelling protests in Egypt aimed at toppling Hosni Mubarak’s 30-year grip on power. Falling shares and rising ones were almost evenly matched on the New York Stock Exchange. Preliminary trading volume was 920 million shares.

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China’s passenger railways lagging behind in services GETTY IMAGES

EXHAUSTED: A man sleeps on the floor of the Beijing West Railway Station after waiting for hours to get a ticket during China’s annual Spring Festival rush. BY ELAINE KURTENBACH Associated Press

tion,” Yin said. “My boss wouldn’t let me off until just before the Spring Festival.” By this week, most of those lucky enough to have snagged tickets home were already gone. But many others were still trying,

as the electronic ticket availability boards flashed red “sold outs” for almost all destinations. The railway system, run by the Ministry of Railways, employs

SHANGHAI — Fed up after waiting in vain to get train tickets home for the lunar new year, migrant worker Chen Weiwei • TURN TO CHINA RAIL, 2B became China’s latest Internet sensation, standing unclothed except for his gray jockey shorts and socks, after he stripped and shouted in protest. Chen’s frustrations are shared by tens of millions of other Chinese. China’s 56,400 miles of passenger railways are the world’s longest and, in some cases, the fastest. The country’s drive to develop high-speed rail technology rivals its space program in terms of national pride and importance. But the annual scrum for tickets home for the year’s major festival — the world’s biggest annual migration involving 230 million people — highlights the wide gap between showcase Chinese infrastructure and the often abysmal services available to the public. Yin Jie, a 36-year-old electronics salesman, was enduring that reality earlier this week as he waited in the cold night air, along with thousands of other migrant workers, for the chance to buy train tickets back home to Zhenjiang, in neighboring Jiangsu province. VINCENT THIAN/AP “It is cold, but I’m already used to this since it is my sixth PACKED: For most of the 1.3 billion Chinese, travel during year of staying at the railway sta- the Spring Festival remains an ordeal from start to finish.

BRUSSELS — France and Germany pushed other eurozone countries to sign up for tough measures to limit debt loads, make their economies more productive and stamp out the government debt crisis that has crippled their currency union over the past year. In a joint news conference Friday with France’s President Nicolas Sarkozy, Germany’s Chancellor Angla Merkel said governments should decide soon — by the end of March — on a so-called “pact for competitiveness” bringing the 17 countries that use the euro closer together in the way they run their economies. German and French officials indicate the pact could include calls for putting debt limits in national constitutions, raising retirement ages to match increased life expectancy, and getting rid of salary increases tied to inflation. They also want countries to set up orderly ways to handle bank failures and agree on a common base for figuring corporate taxation. The debt crisis that has pushed Greece and Ireland to take international bailout loans has underlined a key vulnerability of the euro — one currency with one central bank, but 17 governments. There’s little way to keep individual countries from undermining the shared currency with overspending, banking disasters or growth-choking policies. The two leaders presented their proposal to their eurozone counterparts over lunch on Friday, as part of a broader discussion over plans to overhaul the region’s ¤440 billion ($600 billion) bailout fund to make it more effective in stemming the crisis. Within a year, eurozone states should demonstrate on “very concrete points” that they are serious about making their economies more competitive, Merkel said. Some of the demands already tabled will surely be tough to swallow for some governments. Belgium and Luxembourg would have a hard time taking away automatic • TURN TO EUROZONE, 2B

Argentine money cop means business BY MICHAEL WARREN Associated Press

BUENOS AIRES — In this society where tax evasion is the rule, corruption is common and whitecollar crimes suck as much as $20 billion out of the country each year, a supercop of sorts has just been given new power to examine the books of the rich and powerful — from politicians and judges to union and business leaders, even foreign diplomats. Under increasing international pressure to crack down on money laundering, President Cristina

Fernandez has empowered a financial watchdog to follow the money, issue fines and confiscate ill-gotten cash. The challenge is nothing short of changing the culture of people who feel they’re above the law, said Jose Sbatella, president of the Financial Information Unit (UIF), in an interview with The Associated Press. “We know we’re going to have some problems with certain sectors that have been operating in the shadows,” said Sbatella. “What we’re asking for is a great leap for-

ward in following the rules. If this doesn’t happen before October, frankly we will have failed.” October is when the international Financial Action Task Force, which sets global regulatory standards, will consider whether Argentina belongs on its high-risk list. Putting it there could increase the costs of doing business and slow the economy. The task force has suggested nearly a thousand changes to better control flows of illegal money, and is watching closely for results. Much of the pressure comes

from the United States. A 2009 U.S. Embassy report released by WikiLeaks said “the near complete absence of enforcement coupled with a culture of impunity and corruption make Argentina ripe for exploitation by narcotraffickers and terrorist cells.” But Sbatella said laundering of Colombian and Mexican drug profits isn’t Argentina’s main problem; it’s tax evasion, which he said robs the government of revenues it needs to establish a more equal • TURN TO ARGENTINA, 2B

JPMorgan knew of fraud, Madoff trustee says BY TOM HAYS

Associated Press

Morgan Chase employee recounts being told “there is a well-known cloud over the head of Madoff and that his returns are speculated to be part of a [P]onzi scheme.” The material supports allegations that “the bank’s top executives were warned in blunt terms about speculation that Madoff was running a Ponzi scheme,” attorney Deborah Renner said in a statement. “Yet the bank appears to have been more concerned only with protecting its own inDON EMMERT/AFP-GETTY IMAGES vestments in [the Madoff firm’s] DEFENSE: JPMorgan has denied having any suspicions about feeder funds.”

NEW YORK — E-mails and other internal documents show that executives at JPMorgan Chase were complicit in Bernard Madoff’s massive fraud, lawyers seeking to recover funds for his victims said. The lawyers work for a courtappointed trustee who filed a $6.4 billion complaint under seal late last year against JPMorgan, the disgraced financier’s primary bank for two decades. The parties agreed to make portions of it public on Thursday. Among the e-mails cited is one in 2007 in which an unidentified JP- • TURN TO MADOFF, 2B

Bernard Madoff, saying it followed all commercial banking regulations in its dealings with him.

2/5/2011 4:39:37 AM





Asbestos mine in Canada seeks aid to restart work BY IAN AUSTEN

New York Times Service

ASBESTOS, Quebec — The belief in asbestos lives on in this mining town of 7,000 people, not just in the name — retained despite its association with cancer — but in the ambitions of the mineral’s long-time champion here, G. Bernard Coulombe. Coulombe, 69, says he believes that you can recapture the past. At a time when Canada, like many countries, is spending millions of dollars to remove asbestos from buildings, to say nothing of covering asbestos-related

disability claims, Coulombe wants a $58 million loan guarantee from the province of Quebec. He is hoping to attract investors and revitalize the mine that gave rise to the town in 1879 and for more than a century has swallowed chunks of it into its ever-expanding pit. Adding to the controversy over the plan, Coulombe’s strategy is to sell to countries like India, Pakistan and Vietnam, where enthusiasm for cheap asbestos often comes with a lax approach to workplace health and safety. It would seem a quixotic venture. Coulombe’s pro-

posal has been widely condemned by the medical and public health community both in Canada and abroad. The mineral’s dangers have largely eliminated the market for it in Canada as well as the United States, where the last asbestos mine closed in 2002. But while many Canadians outside Quebec view the mine’s survival as something of an international embarrassment, history suggests it would be unwise to dismiss Coulombe. The asbestos industry was once a prominent symbol of Quebec’s might in natural resources, and the

mine — now known as Mine Jeffrey — played an outsize role in the province’s political history. The political strength of asbestos will be tested this month when the province is expected to announce a decision on the loan guarantee. Jeffrey was once a key operation of Johns Manville, the U.S. building materials company, and at one time provided most of the world’s supply of one type of asbestos. But over time a large body of scientific evidence linked it to lung cancer and mesothelioma, a fast-acting cancer of major organs, and

asbestosis, a hardening of the lungs that ultimately suffocates its victims. In 1982, health-related lawsuits forced Johns Manville into bankruptcy; the Jeffrey mine was sold to its managers a year later. As he rapped on a wall in his shabby office, Coulombe, an engineer who joined the mine 42 years ago, lamented that its asbestos-based wallboard was no longer available. Coulombe readily acknowledges the mineral’s dangers and the harm it has done. But he asserted that the trouble mainly resulted

from other forms of asbestos and not the variety, known as chrysotile, produced at Jeffrey as well as operations in nearby Thetford Mines. While some studies suggest that the five other varieties of asbestos may be more dangerous, Coulombe’s opponents are adamant that this does not mean chrysotile is safe, even when used with precautions. The World Health Organization has declared chrysotile a carcinogen and notes that “the most efficient way to eliminate asbestos-related diseases is to stop the use of all types of asbestos.”

Argentine money cop means business • ARGENTINA, FROM 1B


IN TALKS: Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany, right, speaks with Prime Minister George Papandreou, left, of Greece and President Nicolas Sarkozy of France at an EU summit in Brussels on Friday.

Germany, France push reforms • EUROZONE, FROM 1B

salary increases from their citizens, while the Irish — already feeling humiliated after being forced to take a ¤67.5 billion bailout — are unlikely to make any concessions on their corporate tax rate, one of the lowest in Europe. Austria’s Chancellor Werner Faymann, usually a supporter of German demands for more fiscal discipline, said that outside intervention in wage negotiations was “wrong,” adding that he thought it was unlikely the EU would be allowed to regulate retirement ages. The leader of Germany’s main opposition party, meanwhile, has called the pact a “fig leaf,” designed to distract taxpayers from having to put up yet more money to save weaker eurozone states. The European Commission, the EU’s executive, and some national governments have said the European Fi-

nancial Stability Facility, the eurozone’s contribution to the region’s ¤750 billion bailout fund, needed more powers and money. If decided, that would constitute a fundamental overhaul of Europe’s crisis strategy. So far, that strategy has revolved around offering expensive bailout loans to countries on the brink of bankruptcy in return for painful budget cuts and economic restructuring. Many analysts have warned that those cuts make it almost impossible for already struggling economies to start growing again. The European Central Bank has also supported a wider role for the EFSF, all too happy to abandon its government bond buying program and focus on keeping inflation in check. Among the suggestions: letting the facility buy the bonds of vulnerable governments on the open market, thus stabilizing their

price and borrowing costs; providing countries with a short-term liquidity line when one-off measures like expensive bank recapitalizations threaten to sink their finances (as with bailed out Ireland), or even lending them the money to buy back their own bonds. Right now, bonds issued by cash-strapped states like Greece, Ireland or Portugal are trading at a discount due to doubts over the governments’ ability to pay them back — theoretically making a buyback an easy way of cutting a country’s overall debt. To do that, the EFSF would likely need more money and the Commission has asked states to lift the fund’s effective lending capacity to the ¤440 billion initially advertised. At the moment, it can only lend about ¤250 billion due to various buffers required to make the EFSF’s bonds attractive to investors. On top of that, there’s a push to cut the interest rates

already bailed-out Greece and Ireland have to pay for their rescue loans. New bank stress tests, to be published this summer, are meant to clear up holes in the European banking system that previous rounds of tests failed to reveal. At their meeting Friday, leaders are unlikely to decide in detail what concrete new powers will be given to the EFSF, but would signal a general willingness to make the fund more effective, said an EU official. The official was speaking on condition of anonymity because discussions were still ongoing. Draft conclusions for the summit seen by The Associated Press, included a joint statement by eurozone leaders saying that by the end of March they would submit “concrete proposals” to strengthen the EFSF so that the “flexibility” and financial capacity necessary for adequate support could be ensured.

society. “Our main problem is the outflow of money to fiscal paradises. The most absurd is that the state of Delaware is the first destination for Argentine money, most of it from tax evasion.” The state’s regulations mask corporate ownership, he complained. “We don’t know who they are. And then the money shows up elsewhere as clean.” Sbatella has issued 22 new rules in recent days, and would get even more power if a proposed money laundering law gets through the opposition-controlled congress this year. Come April, much of Argentine society will be responsible for reporting suspicious transactions by people they do business with, with fines of up to 10 times the money involved if they don’t comply. Employees of financial institutions and government agencies, casinos, currency exchange houses, and issuers of travelers checks and credit and debit cards must make systematic reports to the UIF. Political donations of more than 50,000 pesos ($12,500) must be reported this presidential election year, along with any suspicious transactions involving “publicly exposed people” such as lawmakers, government ministers and judges, leaders of unions and political parties, executives of businesses, cooperatives and charities, functionaries of foreign governments and their direct relatives and housemates. “All these rules close holes, spaces where sources of money are being hidden. Prevention — the factor the task force says we haven’t had — is already being put to work in the streets,” Sbatella said. Sbatella says his unit is already empowered to follow laundered money and confiscate it — powers his predecessors never asserted. The proposed law would

tighten Argentina’s definition of money laundering, making it a crime even if a person is not involved in the underlying illegal activity, and punishing “self-laundering” by the original criminals. It also would give the UIF direct access to confidential tax information without needing a judge’s permission. Individuals and businesses could no longer invoke bank secrecy or contractual confidentiality agreements to block Sbatella’s investigators. This deeply concerns the president’s political opponents, who want the agency to be independent. But Sbatella, an economist from the president’s leftist branch of the Peronist party, insists he won’t use his powers for political advantage. “We’re collaborating in prominent court cases wherever money laundering has been detected,” he said, citing investigations that strike close to the presidency: the illegal enrichment probe of a former Cabinet minister, the unclaimed $800,000 from a suitcase carried by Venezuelan power brokers, and donations to the governing party from the “medicine mafia.” Real estate investments — a key method of laundering money — would come under scrutiny; notaries, brokers and others would have to identify their clients and the amounts involved. This threatens Argentines who have long used real estate as a means to protect wealth both from inflation and tax collectors. Nearly 90 percent of houses and apartments are bought and sold with cash, and the amounts involved are often falsely reported. While Sbatella deserves credit for taking bold new steps, Argentine money laundering expert Ricardo Tondo said, the system depends too much on self-reporting by people who will fear for their careers or even lives if they tattle on their associates and clients.

China’s passenger railway system still lagging behind in services • CHINA RAIL, FROM 1B

nearly 3.2 million people — more than the country’s 2.3 million army troops. New, modern railways snake across vast deserts and Himalayan tundra, while dozens of cities are connected by high-speed rail “bullet trains” that have vastly cut travel times — for travelers who can afford them. China will invest 700 billion yuan ($106 billion) in railways construction this year, railway officials say, as it works toward its goal of

having 8,060 miles of highspeed rail in place by the year’s end. Having successfully incorporated leading foreign technology into their own research and development, Chinese companies are now competing for projects with top foreign rivals, such as Bombadier and Japan Railways. But all of that showcase technology has done little to alleviate the struggles of working class Chinese, especially migrant laborers who scrimp and save all year for

their one visit back home. With railways running fewer slow, cheap trains, migrants like Chen and Yin often have to try for days to buy a ticket. Foiled from buying a ticket for himself and his pregnant wife after scalpers butted in line ahead of him after a 14-hour wait in the cold, Chen had had enough. “Sorry, I was too rash in stripping,” state-run media quoted Chen as saying after he stripped off all but his underwear and ran into the railway station of-

fice in the eastern city of Jinhua. As usual, most of those traveling during this year’s Spring Festival rush are going by regular train, if they can get tickets. Those who don’t will often opt for a long-distance bus, rather than splash out their hard-earned savings on airfare or on tickets for China’s newly built “bullet trains,” which often cost just as much as traveling by air. “The goal is to bump people up-market to faster trains, but they misjudged

and people are instead taking the buses,” said Patrick Chovanec, a professor at Beijing’s Tsinghua University. “Their cash is precious, their time is less so.” The troubles with trains reflect the failure of China’s planners, obsessed with projecting a modern image both at home and abroad, to fully consider the appropriateness of the technology they are deploying, he said. So for most of the 1.3 billion Chinese, travel during Spring Festival remains an ordeal from start to finish:

Travelers who manage to get tickets then must endure crushing crowds just to get into and out of the trains. “The annual problems with the railways during the Spring Festival are caused by shortages in capacity due to excessive investment in the wrong kind of railways,” says Zhao Jian, a professor at Beijing Jiaotong University. “The solution lies in stepping up construction of regular railways. But China is headed in the wrong direction. It’s a big problem,” Zhao said.

JPMorgan executives knew about fraud, Madoff trustee reveals • MADOFF, FROM 1B

In a statement on Thursday, JPMorgan said the complaint “is meritless and is based on distortions of both the relevant facts and the governing law.” It added that the bank “intends to defend itself vigorously against the unfounded claims brought by the trustee.” The bank has denied hav-

05PGB02.indd 2

ing any suspicions about Madoff, saying it followed all commercial banking regulations in its dealings with him. Trustee Irving Picard is in the midst of a two-year campaign to recover funds for Madoff’s burned clients with a flurry of lawsuits against financial institutions and brokers. Last year, he filed multibillion-dollar suits against HSBC and UBS over

similar allegations the banks deny. Madoff, 72, is serving a 150-year sentence after admitting that he ran his scheme for at least two decades, using his investment advisory service to cheat thousands of individuals, charities, celebrities and institutional investors. Losses are estimated at around $20 billion, making it the biggest investment fraud in U.S. history.

Picard’s lawyers have accused JPMorgan and its affiliates of being “willfully blind” to “numerous red flags surrounding Madoff,” including the unwavering doubledigit returns he reported to wealthy investors on fictitious account statements. According to the lawsuit, JPMorgan initiated a thorough investigation of Madoff in 2008 after the nation’s

financial crisis had begun — and that the inquiry was frustrated at every turn. Madoff feeder funds “repeatedly found creative ways to dodge questions” about their knowledge of his investment schemes, the suit says. Bank Medici, one of Madoff’s biggest partners, promised to provide various risk reports, but then balked. By October, a member of

the bank’s due diligence team was questioning claims by a big feeder fund, Fairfield Greenwich, that it had access to the secretive office suite where Madoff did business. “Judging from the lack of thoroughness of some of their other due diligence I am not entirely convinced that Madoff allowed them to actually enter the trading area,” the employee wrote.

2/5/2011 4:00:02 AM






Fungus boosts pharma firm’s income




SKYROCKETING: The price of fuel is adjusted at a gas station in Lincoln, Neb., on Thursday.

New report confirms U.S.-Canada pipeline From Miami Herald Wire Services

A new report says a proposed oil pipeline from Canada to the U.S. Gulf Coast could substantially reduce U.S. dependency on oil from the Middle East and other regions. The report, commissioned by the Obama administration, suggests that the 1,900-mile pipeline, coupled with a reduction in overall U.S. oil demand, “could essentially eliminate Middle East crude imports” over the long term. The $7 billion project would carry crude oil extracted from tar sands in Alberta, Canada, to refineries in Texas. The report, prepared by a private firm at the request of the U.S. Energy Department, was released publicly this week.

TOKYO — Tetsuro Fujita’s eureka moment about a Himalayan fungus in 1985 may mean part of a $5 billion payout for Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma a quartercentury later. While the scientist drove over a bridge between Japan’s Shikoku and Honshu islands on his way to take up a research post for traditional herbal remedies, Fujita realized the fungus, used in a Chinese medicinal soup, must be suppressing the immune system of the insects on which it grew. His research at Kyoto University not only helped yield Gilenya, a new treatment for multiple sclerosis — the debilitating condition afflicting more than 2 million people worldwide — it also promises to bring Mitsubishi Tanabe its biggest money earner. Annual sales of the pill, the first for the autoimmune disease, may exceed $5 billion, UBS said. “Little did I think that it would be a treatment for multiple sclerosis,” Fujita, 80, said in an interview in Kyoto. “I was more interested in immune suppression for organ transplants. I knew nothing about the disease back then.” Novartis, based in Basel, Switzerland, began selling

Gilenya in the United States in October. Projected sales of the medicine would rank it among the 10 best-selling drugs worldwide, based on data from IMS Health, a Norwalk, Conn.-based research company. Mitsubishi Tanabe will probably book royalties equivalent to 10 percent of sales, based on the median of four analyst estimates in a Bloomberg News survey. Kazuko Hamada, a spokeswoman for Mitsubishi Tanabe, declined to comment on the royalty payments that the Osaka, Japan-based drugmaker will receive. Novartis spokesman Eric Althoff also declined to comment on the royalties. Gilenya’s fourth-quarter sales of $13 million were above expectations, Dhavalkumar Patel, who heads Novartis’s autoimmune research, said last week. “Novartis says 2,000 people are already using the drug in three months,” said Kenji Masuzoe, an analyst at Deutsche Bank in Tokyo. “That’s great progress as I’ve been expecting 10,000 people by the end of this year, which will mean sales of about $350 million.” Multiple sclerosis causes the immune system to attack the myelin sheath, which surrounds and protects nerve cells, leading to symp-

toms including numbness, difficulty in coordination and memory loss, according to Medline Plus, a website of the National Institutes of Health. In its severest form, it can shorten life and, in rare cases, lead to death, according to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society’s website. Gilenya is approved for the relapsing-remitting form of multiple sclerosis, the most common type, and competes with injected drugs on the market including Biogen Idec’s Avonex and Teva Pharmaceutical Industries’s Copaxone. The Novartis drug cut relapses by more than half compared with Avonex, an injected therapy from U.S. drugmaker Biogen Idec, ac-

cording to a patient study published in the New England Journal of Medicine last year. Gilenya gained the support of a European medical committee in January, and a European Commission decision on approval may come in about three months. It’s also being reviewed by regulators in Japan. In the United States, the drug is priced at $4,000 for a monthly prescription. That’s 66 percent more than the $2,414.99 for a pre-filled syringe of 30 micrograms per milliliter of Avonex, a month’s supply, according to Analysts including UBS’ Wenner expect Gilenya to be cheaper in Europe.


BREAKTHROUGH: Cordyceps, a Himalayan fungus, helped yield Gilenya a new treatment for sclerosis.

ROSNEFT PROFIT RISES 64 PERCENT IN 2010 Rosneft, Russia’s largest oil company, says its profit for 2010 was almost 64 percent higher than the previous year. In a year-end statement released Friday, Rosneft says net income was $10.6 billion, up from 2009’s $6.5 billion. Total revenue for the year was $63 billion, compared with $46.8 billion in 2009. The company says oil production rose 6.4 percent for the year, thanks mostly to output from its Vankor and Verknechonsk fields in eastern Siberia. • LUXURY GOODS LVMH SALES OF CHAMPAGNE, LEATHER ITEMS RISE LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton says stronger demand for its luxury Champagnes and leather handbags lifted sales to a record high last year, and forecasts continued growth in 2011. The Paris-based group behind brands like Dom Perignon Champagne, Fendi clothing and handbags and TAG Heuer watches says it made ¤20.3 billion ($28 billion) in 2010, up 19 percent from ¤17.1 billion a year earlier. LVMH says in a statement Friday that it is “well-equipped to continue its growth momentum across all business groups in 2011.”

Despite crises, airlines thrive in Africa BY CORNELIUS RAHN Bloomberg News

FRANKFURT, Germany — Deutsche Lufthansa, Air France-KLM Group and British Airways are defying political turmoil in Africa and expanding there as a growing oil-and-gas business swells the continent’s travel market. From Germany, Lufthansa added flights to the Republic of Congo in November, while its British-based BMI unit began services to the Libyan capital, Tripoli, in December and announced routes this week to Marrakech and

Casablanca in Morocco. Air France plans to add Sierra Leone, Liberia and Libya later this year. Lufthansa predicts airtravel demand in Africa will increase an average 6 percent annually until 2025, helped by a burgeoning raw-material industry and a growing middle class. The airlines are undeterred by unrest that caused foreigners to flee anti-government protests in Egypt and clashes that left hundreds dead after a disputed election in the Ivory Coast.

• DIPLOMACY INDIA, IRAN RESOLVE OIL PAYMENT DISPUTE India and Iran have resolved a dispute over how it pays for Iranian crude oil with New Delhi agreeing to set up a new mechanism that will route payments through a German bank, Indian Finance Ministry official said Friday. The decision ends a nearly six-week long stalemate that had threatened to disrupt Iranian oil supplies to India. Iran’s trade is hampered by a range of international sanctions stemming from its nuclear energy program that the United States says is covertly aimed at creating nuclear weapons. Iran is India’s second largest crude oil supplier after Saudi Arabia and meets more than 12 per cent of its oil needs. • MARKET STEEL MERGER PLAN POWERS TOKYO SHARES Tokyo shares rallied Friday as investors cheered robust earnings and a major merger in the steel sector. The Nikkei 225 stock average rose 1.2 percent to 10,552.90, as much of the region took a break for the Lunar New Year holidays. Markets in Hong Kong, mainland China, South Korea, Malaysia, Singapore and Taiwan were closed. Nippon Steel advanced 8.7 percent, and Sumitomo Metal Industries surged more than 15 percent. On Thursday they announced plans to combine their businesses next year to create the world’s second-biggest steelmaker. • TRADE BRAZIL FIRMS LOSING ON HOME TURF TO CHINA A new survey shows Brazilian manufacturers are losing ground to Chinese imports. The National Confederation of Industries says that 45 percent of Brazilian companies surveyed say they’re losing business to Chinese competitors in Brazil. CNI polled 1,529 firms in October, focusing on metal products, leather, shoes and textiles. The Brazilians complained of what they call China’s undervalued currency. That makes Chinese imports into Brazil cheaper. CNI official Flavio Castelo Branco said Thursday that China’s lower production costs are also hurting Brazilian firms. Brazil maintained a $5 billion trade surplus with China last year, mostly because of commodity exports. • ENERGY GDF SUEZ COMPLETES TAKEOVER OF BRITISH FIRM France’s partially state-owned gas and electric utility GDF Suez says it has completed its ¤21.5 billion ($30 billion) takeover of Britain’s International Power, creating the world’s largest independent power producer. GDF Suez agreed last August to combine its assets in North America, Latin America and the Middle East with International Power, to create a new company with total generating capacity of 66 gigawatts. GDF Suez owns 70 percent of the new company, with the rest in the hands of International Power’s existing shareholders. The deal received its last regulatory approval in January.

05PGB03.indd 3


FLYING HIGH: Lufthansa Airlines predicts demand for air travel in Africa will rise an average 6 percent annually until 2025.

“The risk of political instability is higher than in developed countries, but the prospects of strong margins on these routes outweigh that concern,” said Frank Skodzik, an analyst at Commerzbank in Frankfurt. “Many of the markets used to be monopolies with exclusive rights for one carrier, and that’s very attractive for a newcomer airline.” African governments are extending bilateral agreements on air-traffic rights, which as a post-colonial legacy tended to favor Air France and British Airways, to other nations. That’s helping Cologne-based Lufthansa, Europe’s second-biggest carrier after Air France-KLM, add routes that are more profitable than those in European markets. Lufthansa’s main brand last year reported an 11 percent increase in African and Middle Eastern traffic. The carrier’s market share in the region topped 24 percent in November, compared with about 17 percent in 2002. Europe is the main gateway to Africa, with flights between the two continents accounting for 3.2 percent of all traffic in 2009, according to the International Air Transport Association. That compares with 1 percent for Africa-Middle East connections and 0.4 percent between Africa and Asia. International traffic in Africa jumped 9.8 percent last year, outstripping growth of 3.9 percent in Europe and 5.5 percent for North America, said the Montreal-based Airports Council International. Air France-KLM added Kigali, Rwanda and Bata in

Equatorial Guinea to its winter schedule and boosted capacity to Africa by 3.5 percent. It plans to fly to Freetown in Sierra Leone, Liberia’s capital Monrovia, and Air France will begin serving Tripoli in addition to KLM’s daily flights. “It’s not just traffic to France from Africa — Charles de Gaulle airport attracts a big portion of all the traffic coming out of Africa to the rest of the world, to the U.S. or to Asia,” said Yan Derocles, an analyst at Oddo Securities in Paris. “Now this traffic is starting to interest other carriers.” Lufthansa is focusing its network expansion on the oil-rich region around the Gulf of Guinea. The airline’s core brand offers three connections to Nigeria alone, and the group’s destinations reach from Dakar in Senegal to Luanda in Angola. Including subsidiaries, Lufthansa also serves the North African capitals and East African cities including Khartoum in Sudan, Addis Ababa in Ethiopia and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. London-based British Airways will start flying to Marrakech from March 27, offering a year-round service that will fly three times a week from London Gatwick airport. The Egyptian resort of Sharm al Sheik is among recent additions from Gatwick, spokesman Euan Fordyce said. “Africa is a growing and important market to us and we have expanded where we feel appropriate and where we have been permitted in the past few years,” spokesman Richard Goodfellow said in an e-mailed statement.

Food inflation reaches historic peak, U.N. says ROME — (AP) — A U.N. agency reported that world food prices have reached a historic peak, but good harvests are for now forestalling the kind of food emergency felt in many places in 2008. Rising food prices have been among the triggers for protests in Egypt, Algeria and elsewhere. “What is happening in northern Africa seems to be more political in nature,” Food and Agriculture Organization economist and grain expert Abdolreza Abbassian said Thursday. “Of course, we cannot ignore the food inflation as one of the elements of discontent.” FAO said its food price index was up 3.4 percent in December from a month earlier — the seventh straight month of world food price increases.

“What will probably be identified as a major difference is the duration of the rise. It has been a long one, accompanied by strong volatility,” Abbassian said. But he said the situation is “moderately more comfortable” than the crisis of 2008, because of strong harvests, which potentially “can help countries carry on until hopefully world markets settle down to normal levels.” Still, Oxfam said the FAO index “should ring alarm bells in capitals around the world.” “Good harvests are offsetting the worst for many, but if prices remain high, it will be just a matter of months before the world’s poor are hit by another major food price crisis,” Chris Leather, policy advisor for Oxfam, said in a statement. “Govern-

ments need to act now and act together to stop the rot.” He called on G-20 finance ministers meeting later this month in Paris to ensure commodity prices are more transparent and urged governments to avoid the mistakes of 2008, when spiraling prices led to export bands and hoarding. During the 2008 crisis, the world’s biggest rice producers, Thailand, Vietnam and India, curbed rice exports to protect domestic supply, leading to record high prices. The number of hungry then reached 1 billion. This time around, rice, one of the world’s most important staples, is priced 50 percent below 2007 levels, and also below last year’s. FAO said the food price index in January reached 231 points, the highest level

registered since 1990 when the agency started monitoring prices. The index regularly checks monthly changes in global food prices, looking at cereals, fats, dairy, sugar and meat prices. Only meat prices remained stable. Among the factors driving up prices were a weak U.S. dollar, which boosted commodity prices across the board, and a strike in Argentina that has blocked exports of both corn and soy beans. Another issue is uncertainty about winter harvests in the northern hemisphere, in particular the United States, a large swathe of which has been hard hit by winter storms. “There has been a combination of information, none of it very comforting, that characterized the month of January,” Abbassian said.

2/5/2011 4:25:45 AM



DOW 12,092.15



S&P 500 1,310.87



NASDAQ 2,769.30



Dow Jones industrials


Close: 12,092.15 Change: 29.89 (0.2%)




30-YR T-BONDS 4.73%


Nasdaq composite


Close: 2,769.30 Change: 15.42 (0.6%) 10 DAYS


12,000 2,600 11,500 11,000


10,500 2,200 10,000 9,500






DOW DOW Trans. DOW Util. NYSE Comp. NASDAQ S&P 100 S&P 500 S&P 400 Wilshire 5000 Russell 2000

DOI;D7I: 1,912 1,909 1269 1349 169 23

Vol. (in mil.) 4,075 Pvs. Volume 4,505 Advanced 1478 Declined 1534 New Highs 221 New Lows 11


The dollar rose Friday after the Labor Department said the U.S. unemployment rate fell to 9 percent in January, the lowest level since April 2009. That gave investors hope for an improving job market.









12092.42 5060.45 413.80 8289.06 2769.70 589.75 1311.00 945.78 13884.73 800.88

12025.78 5013.62 408.57 8236.94 2747.86 586.02 1301.67 938.24 13789.45 794.61

12092.15 5055.67 411.01 8288.50 2769.30 589.69 1310.87 944.95 13882.70 800.11

+29.89 +8.32 -2.61 -0.55 +15.42 +0.59 +3.77 +5.29 +35.72 +1.48

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Argent (Peso) Brazil (Real) Britain (Pound) Canada (Dollar) Chile (Peso) China (Yuan) Colombia (Peso) Dominican Rep (Peso) Euro (Euro) India (Rupee) Israel (Shekel) Japan (Yen) Mexico (Peso) Norway (Krone) Peru (New Sol) So. Africa (Rand) Switzerlnd (Franc) Uruguay (New Peso)

.2491 .5972 1.6098 1.0120 .002087 .1524 .000538 .0266 1.3587 .0219 .2692 .012159 .083368 .1735 .3613 .1382 1.0466 .0509

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KI_d9khh[dYo B7IJ FH;L$ 4.0141 1.6745 .6212 .9881 479.25 6.5595 1859.50 37.58 .7360 45.620 3.7151 82.24 11.9950 5.7627 2.768 7.2364 .9555 19.6425

4.0151 1.6690 .6193 .9902 480.00 6.5595 1865.00 37.55 .7332 45.620 3.7078 81.63 12.0500 5.7369 2.770 7.2659 .9450 19.6502

=beXWbCWha[ji C7@EHI Buenos Aires Argentina Frankfurt DAX London FTSE 100 Hong Kong Hang Seng Paris CAC-40 Mexico Tokyo Nikkei 225 Sao Paulo Brazil Toronto Canada

O;IJ 3631.22 7216.21 5997.38 23908.96 4047.21 37451.84 10543.52 65269.10 13791.85 Follow the stock markets at business: â– Check local stocks â–  Track your portfolio â–  Customize a watch list â–  Calculate returns

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04PGB04.indd 4

... 1.72f 0.10e 0.72 0.64 ... ... 0.60 ... 0.04 ... ... ... ... ... ... 1.00f ... ... 0.16 ... 0.38 0.04 ... ... 1.28 0.40f ... ... ... 0.88 0.48 0.10e ... ... 1.00 0.12 0.12 0.16f ... ... ... ... 0.16 0.20 ... ... ... ... ... ... 2.30e 2.00 ... ... ... ... ... 0.50 ... 0.52f 0.80 ... 1.08 ... ... ... 15.00e ... 0.04 ... ... ... 0.75e ... ... ... ... 2.08f 1.60b ... 2.08 ... 0.15

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9>= -8.11 +22.53 +14.04 +426.01 +10.62 -287.24 +112.16 -1495.70 -49.50




Barclays LongT-BdIdx Bond Buyer Muni Idx Barclays USAggregate Barclays US High Yield Moodys AAA Corp Idx Barclays CompT-BdIdx Barclays US Corp




Prime Rate Fed Funds Target 3-month T-bill 6-month T-bill 52-wk T-bill 2-year T-note 5-year T-note 10-year T-note 30-year T-bond

The yield on the 10-year Treasury note rose to 3.65 percent Friday. Yields affect interest rates on consumer loans.

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MA CE GJH 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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CRUDE OIL $89.03


EURO 1.3587




GOLD $1,348.30








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120.89 120.87 10.63 10.63 5.80 53.51 126.79 9.83 25.23 10.28 12.84 120.04 120.04 29.76 19.68 22.71 19.96 13.11 10.96 15.85 68.64 71.22 10.75 10.75 19.49 12.65 22.59 22.31 13.52 12.94 10.47 10.47 10.47 10.47 16.19 32.91 32.92 32.90 21.85 52.94 32.02 55.30 47.82 14.21 26.94

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D;J'OH O;IJFLI9>=7=E Unleaded Gas (gal) 2.44 2.51 -.07 1.95 Crude Oil (bbl) 89.03 90.54 -1.51 73.14 Gold (oz) 1348.30 1352.30 -4.00 1062.40 Platinum (oz) 1845.80 1844.10 +1.70 1515.30 Silver (oz) 29.06 28.73 +.33 15.34 Coffee (lb) 2.49 2.51 -.02 1.32 Orange Juice (lb) 1.73 1.73 ... 1.37 Sugar (lb) 0.33 0.32 +.01 .28

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BWij 9^] 23.39 63.06 12.42 57.47 52.22 33.10 43.43 10.02 46.12 51.43 52.55 69.99 11.74 33.36 63.98 8.40 6.54 21.25 28.81 7.61 37.42 99.75 42.99 72.77 91.70 88.61 63.71 41.99 47.88 57.84 37.23 3.42 17.14 163.99 39.67 75.65 84.98 26.14 66.89 71.61 76.51 52.23 37.56 21.46 31.35 53.09 41.01 24.00 10.11 25.41 22.29 26.57 175.93 29.36 28.23 57.51 57.25 35.62 33.55 40.00 53.59 26.73 51.09 58.08 36.56 41.65 55.20 57.52 78.32 40.00 44.73 55.59 17.66 54.26 48.16 116.84 42.14 346.50 16.49 48.60 23.41 36.14 89.92 33.50 36.09 16.94 29.45 41.45 59.03 47.56 44.57 45.82 14.92 33.07 43.69 74.24 49.34 258.70 31.20 113.80 38.78 14.98 36.92 29.25 36.20 30.55 28.44 36.93 94.28 81.27 48.65 51.04 46.03 16.79 30.36 30.17 117.68 67.81 73.72 57.01 12.13

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BWij 9^]

BcoBrades 18.02 BcoSantand 12.09 BcoSBrasil 11.17 BcSanChile 84.47 BcoChile 83.24 BkMont g 59.65 BkNYMel 31.00 BkNova g 59.00 Barclay 19.89 Bard 93.32 BarrickG 48.11 Baxter 48.52 BaytexE g 51.05 BeckCoult 75.17 BectDck 84.50 BedBath 48.34 Bemis 32.68 Berkley 28.98 BerkHa A 124890 BerkH B 83.17 BestBuy 35.24 BiogenIdc 65.93 BlkHillsCp 30.48 BlackRock 194.35 Blackstone 17.20 BlockHR 12.82 BdwlkPpl 32.26 Boeing 71.38 BorgWarn 67.03 BostProp 93.34 BostonSci 6.99 BrasilTele 23.59 BrasTel C 10.07 Braskem 24.26 BrigExp 29.29 BrMySq 25.70 BritATob 77.18 Broadcom 45.82 BrkďŹ&#x201A;dAs g 33.12 BrkďŹ&#x201A;dPrp 17.46 BrwnBrn 24.66 BrownFA 67.50 BrownFB 67.18 Buckeye 65.38 Bucyrus 90.88 Buenavent 43.91 BungeLt 69.91 CA Inc 24.53 CAE Inc g 13.25 CB REllis 23.95 CBS B 20.22 CF Inds 142.66 CGG Verit 32.58 CGI g 20.24 CH Robins 74.06 CIGNA 42.83 CIT Grp 47.73 CME Grp 304.18 CMS Eng 19.35 CNA Fn 27.74 CNH Gbl 48.83 CNOOC 227.44 CPFL En 73.92 CRH 22.56 CSX 69.70 CTC Media 22.31 CVS Care 32.67 CablvsnNY 36.03 CabotO&G 41.38 Calpine 14.58 CamdnP 55.62 Cameco g 41.88 Cameron 57.01 CampSp 34.42 CIBC g 78.86 CdnNRy g 68.38 CdnNRs gs 44.64 CP Rwy g 66.92 Canon 48.53 CapOne 48.76 CardnlHlth 41.86 CareFusion 27.43 CarMax 34.02 CarnUK 46.49 Caterpillar 99.59 Celanese 42.93 Celgene 51.29 Cemex 9.51 Cemig pf 16.12 Cemig 12.50 CenovusE 34.27 CenterPnt 16.14 CnElBras lf 13.63 CntryLink 43.64 Cephln 59.96 Cerner 98.88 Cervecer 53.62 CharterCm 41.99 ChkPoint 45.47 ChesEng 30.06 ChesUtl 39.22 Chevron 97.11 ChicB&I 34.08 Chimera 4.26 ChinaEA s 23.10 ChinaLife 58.47 ChinaMble 49.51 ChinaPet 110.96 ChinaSoAir 25.99 ChinaTel 57.85 ChinaUni 16.50 Chipotle 246.31 Chubb 58.70 ChungTel n 30.30 ChurchDwt 68.75 Cimarex 103.45 CinnFin 33.15 Cintas 28.90 Cisco 22.05 Citigrp 4.82 CitiTdecs 137.05

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BWij 9^] 59.08 90.27 65.66 54.59 13.68 25.81 79.08 29.71 62.56 75.42 76.24 21.95 38.60 40.98 36.87 36.57 93.87 55.76 22.78 95.62 71.67 49.33 49.59 19.76 32.67 62.97 62.97 40.16 25.13 91.09 48.22 23.37 79.43 13.43 74.13 52.93 31.32 48.87 103.84 46.15 52.65 44.90 36.32 41.46 58.55 109.69 23.33 26.24 11.73 46.30 47.98 76.56 52.99 80.94 93.21 18.95 77.58 13.89 11.40 20.89 35.51 36.40 62.84 14.05 88.69 79.38 71.67 38.22 54.43 42.81 20.61 41.69 36.66 21.84 34.74 27.47 49.71 43.61 87.85 59.43 18.44 65.29 37.01 35.64 44.29 77.35 52.53 18.01 13.24 85.36 17.17 32.21 25.69 49.39 106.78 48.38 22.12 91.71 109.56 31.58 10.83 50.28 41.39 36.75 85.94 16.92 35.22 6.63 16.69 18.23 27.80 33.28 60.59 51.58 63.20 58.16 32.07 34.99 57.60 67.38 38.80

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BWij 9^] 53.30 32.24 20.51 54.41 73.25 43.59 36.21 91.53 53.08 12.76 68.39 112.52 93.00 85.39 19.96 42.75 25.25 51.17 57.13 83.28 123.64 32.13 80.21 95.06 101.91 41.51 61.58 79.27 15.02 14.00 30.96 15.39 14.53 29.20 157.94 39.63 60.27 7.97 130.48 68.69 26.45 53.70 15.72 52.45 33.25 39.06 62.09 76.56 37.33 22.42 122.44 56.76 60.52 50.02 9.39 30.05 20.05 16.66 20.10 74.25 31.94 36.27 63.85 75.62 20.56 14.96 35.55 36.59 15.29 31.17 52.57 12.91 73.40 13.69 31.03 38.79 38.01 48.64 14.00 16.15 41.64 164.83 93.09 12.76 610.98 133.45 19.69 39.61 24.51 45.20 30.98 36.77 141.33 56.75 45.92 56.91 41.11 49.26 10.88 29.23 44.82 48.31 48.19 59.10 66.30 66.99 50.49 14.93 82.34 47.43 59.85 19.50 36.80 43.21 57.12 50.60 52.35 24.86 19.05 22.33 63.38

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BWij 9^] 11.14 25.33 60.54 41.06 7.46 17.47 49.00 20.76 43.09 74.42 81.21 12.01 67.03 60.39 41.39 40.72 54.25 71.12 45.93 34.42 28.10 41.52 48.27 67.68 47.90 20.48 48.22 21.68 120.38 21.71 164.00 58.91 17.51 29.22 10.07 73.86 11.75 48.40 331.26 25.40 25.66 20.81 28.43 22.76 44.59 21.22 52.10 34.47 25.09 60.84 38.19 97.20 92.53 40.06 53.15 33.15 16.99 45.63 20.07 51.11 53.42 40.01 9.45 65.01 18.38 72.00 64.86 44.91 14.23 16.95 51.18 12.99 31.19 22.33 51.91 108.04 78.58 27.44 17.45 24.43 33.90 6.36 90.40 52.60 46.03 45.00 107.67 29.18 34.73 22.56 33.31 38.79 41.28 39.46 16.33 70.25 68.66 33.79 52.52 35.53 31.87 30.90 35.47 38.59 4.10 80.71 41.40 19.08 75.00 24.71 111.30 76.96 29.74 36.17 87.49 20.84 14.81 34.80 48.39 57.00 56.66

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BWij 9^] 46.02 68.67 19.08 45.86 412.00 42.65 40.00 28.39 7.25 86.00 19.75 14.02 62.40 247.24 25.25 26.14 44.95 22.13 74.05 36.58 77.74 47.95 58.74 28.85 33.49 62.67 39.24 7.36 69.52 32.89 47.34 12.95 152.72 37.61 11.05 46.54 27.77 93.61 28.53 5.37 362.85 4.02 19.51 56.27 27.15 22.49 47.47 51.30 74.66 29.85 29.85 82.53 39.31 31.34 67.40 23.15 42.39 20.73 18.18 14.47 760.61 27.35 32.65 25.70 27.74 26.56 2.04 69.55 44.80 46.11 76.45 24.41 15.56 36.63 35.57 63.88 11.06 57.93 41.47 220.07 6.38 9.12 98.36 18.39 19.61 74.70 56.97 16.88 18.38 24.23 54.74 18.40 24.16 26.08 85.74 23.69 37.60 89.35 11.06 6.36 24.51 96.06 43.71 61.07 31.75 33.74 51.84 69.57 14.73 56.42 38.81 111.59 44.49 20.33 47.97 68.26 25.67 46.34 57.58 97.51 78.19

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BWij 9^] 66.56 26.63 47.91 11.54 59.01 80.50 55.64 32.62 53.64 38.27 33.70 29.77 46.25 62.00 106.09 85.85 25.08 50.60 54.18 34.19 13.20 91.01 83.05 33.39 25.32 33.26 63.48 16.93 12.72 26.90 31.59 38.18 13.19 18.47 63.84 26.64 71.67 141.65 20.68 33.82 38.04 41.48 19.30 27.83 58.67 55.87 31.04 61.56 41.04 95.75 24.11 63.77 37.29 40.92 112.56 46.30 3.35 11.76 181.44 95.24 144.98 66.08 433.43 34.39 33.56 63.61 45.47 20.13 14.83 62.91 22.98 32.22 109.11 40.28 18.48 55.23 23.59 58.97 17.70 7.19 23.78 36.09 60.33 79.96 49.06 59.94 50.20 34.55 43.57 26.37 35.79 42.00 26.40 7.84 60.51 55.04 66.65 32.12 63.69 32.20 31.94 73.14 37.11 33.61 82.55 66.05 41.86 36.36 79.98 69.89 63.68 36.58 55.60 14.13 69.75 69.68 30.64 16.70 58.91 42.51 23.30

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BWij 9^] 17.67 72.48 14.43 63.15 82.92 12.26 48.93 21.02 41.96 137.95 48.03 7.79 34.40 17.02 52.32 89.33 18.12 52.27 48.55 34.63 14.33 28.17 83.66 52.12 31.69 21.78 38.64 84.11 91.48 79.34 17.04 127.27 63.53 43.50 7.11 33.86 103.47 19.69 91.09 61.28 1.75 34.92 56.94 22.74 62.44 38.57 58.40 54.04 85.76 51.48 36.23 35.63 37.34 46.32 27.32 11.72 37.60 39.34 26.19 4.40 72.52 22.57 32.58 61.71 46.37 25.03 18.95 83.63 10.20 14.67 58.51 24.65 7.07 33.45 41.11 42.36 18.16 65.06 28.33 29.85 21.42 20.76 18.25 9.88 37.06 49.70 57.53 13.62 24.82 23.05 54.27 24.98 52.61 62.51 15.41 26.15 8.68 14.50 12.01 23.62 25.24 17.20 17.37 35.90 30.67 48.27 46.09 46.73 45.01 17.79 36.70 39.32 20.79 35.44 27.20 55.96 41.95 88.29 24.26 61.96 41.70

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BWij 9^] 69.15 35.92 48.98 19.36 20.00 63.60 79.31 59.25 17.41 84.75 52.43 38.49 21.26 51.55 79.25 79.99 57.41 47.88 53.77 15.71 36.89 46.13 18.56 18.44 23.36 32.04 10.40 44.25 49.05 61.81 29.85 29.58 94.25 25.65 3.39 27.42 49.29 58.17 82.52 65.95 42.49 42.62 25.78 34.76 86.93 34.40 30.58 40.07 26.53 30.43 37.71 67.40 45.06 53.70 31.18 42.98 35.28 33.76 36.31 39.46 43.86 14.25 25.93 72.90 71.00 33.67 88.50 29.19 86.22 42.95 64.34 58.57 37.12 56.03 42.37 123.78 23.33 434.84 29.24 37.72 75.37 55.42 24.50 52.73 41.15 65.07 32.76 36.21 20.96 117.79 24.30 85.97 124.73 53.00 27.46 47.10 34.50 37.50 32.87 13.03 13.10 58.50 39.90 29.96 118.06 23.44 23.65 10.85 33.62 50.75 16.79 11.84 28.93 30.52 49.30 60.65 24.60

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2/5/2011 5:24:31 AM






Rent-a-rocker camp

sells power jams to boomers


WHEN ROOKIES ROCK: Singer Roger Daltrey, right with guitar, performs with the Rock and Roll Fantasy Camp band 250 Brazilian Girls, in New York. BY PAUL GOGUEN

Bloomberg News

NEW YORK — The vacuum tubes on my Albion amp are glowing nicely and the volume’s set to peel paint off the walls. I’m on lead guitar; behind the drum kit is Rick Taiano from Queens, N.Y. The second guitarist, Jim LaTorre, is from Boston. Fearlessly we launch into The Who’s Behind Blue Eyes with our front man, Roger Daltrey. This wasn’t even the only highlight of my time at Rock and Roll Fantasy Camp, where aspiring rock stars get to jam with their real-life idols. Packages start at $5,499 for the 4-day “Rock Star,” $7,499 for the 6-day “Head-

liner.” Pony up $9,999 for the “Recording Star” package and you also get 20 hours of studio time. (I was embedded with the campers as a member of the press.) Actual, in-the-flesh rockers lead the camper bands here on their wannabe magical mystery tours. Johnny Winter drummer Sandy Gennaro, Quiet Riot bassist Rudy Sarzo, Poison guitarist Richie Kotzen, Queen keyboardist Spike Edney and Alice Cooper bassistvocalist Kip Winger were among the 10 “counselors” guiding campers of varying degrees of ability. (Although my “camp” took place in New York, the gatherings are held in different cities; there’s one coming up in the Bahamas.)

On the first day of my “Rock Star” retreat, we were sent to the Gibson showroom on West 54th Street, former home of the legendary Hit Factory recording studios. It’s a labyrinth of soundproof rooms, each outfitted with everything a band could need. We were offered a chance to sign out a Gibson guitar (the most famous models are the Hummingbird acoustic and the Les Paul electric) for the duration of the camp, issued a swag bag with strings and drum sticks, and turned loose to jam with other campers. Later, we auditioned for the counselors, so that they could evaluate our playing skills. After that the line-

ups for each band were announced. Edney, who has also worked with Duran Duran and the Rolling Stones, was my counselor. Spike decided it would be cool if we composed an original song to perform at our gig at B.B. King’s in Times Square in New York. After a day spent brainstorming lyrics and melodies, we had a pounding shuffle with lyrics about our doomed society — rock bliss, in other words. Then it was off to a master class with Kotzen, who talked about his career, experiences and guitar-playing style. Afterward, a few of us who still had energy jammed in the band rooms. On day three our band, now named 250 Brazilian

Girls, was off to Avatar Studios on West 53rd Street to record our song. Spike directed the recording session expertly and, much like an episode of Glee, it was wrapped up in about an hour. After lunch it was another afternoon of rehearsals to prepare for the big show. While we were rehearsing, Daltrey showed up to listen to our song and then performed Behind Blue Eyes with us — an experience I’ll never forget. Our final day was given over to rehearsing for the performance at B.B. King Blues Club and Grill along with the nine other camper bands. Nervous excitement was in the air at the venue, punc-

tuated by a chaotic scene backstage and a full house in front. Donning our rock attire, we took the stage and played our 10-minute set, which felt more like 10 seconds. Well, 10 awesome seconds. It was a far richer experience than video games like Guitar Hero or Rock Band that are hugely popular and strictly banned from my PS3. “It was really great to see the transformation that took place,” my bandmate and new friend Ken Freirich said. “Eight strangers with totally different backgrounds joined together by the love and passion for rock ‘n’ roll. What we accomplished as a unified and cohesive band was amazing.”

Muslims seek change in their Hollywood story BY GILLIAN FLACCUS Associated Press

LOS ANGELES — After years of watching Muslims portrayed as terrorists in mainstream TV and movies, an advocacy group hopes to change that image by grooming a crop of aspiring Muslim screenwriters who can bring their stories — and perspective — to Hollywood. The Muslim Public Affairs Council is hosting a series of workshops taught by Emmy-winning and Oscarnominated veterans over the next month, an initiative that builds on the group’s outreach for a more representative picture of MuslimAmericans on the screen. The workshops are the natural evolution of MPAC’s efforts to lobby TV networks and movie studios from the outside, and they fit into a small, but growing, movement to get more Muslim-Americans behind the cameras. MPAC dubbed its effort the Hollywood Bureau, while Unity Productions Foundation recently started a similar project called Muslims on Screen and Television. Other nonprofit arts foundations, such as the Levantine Cultural Center and Film Independent, have joined forces by planning networking events for Muslim actors and training and mentoring young filmmakers. “The idea is to really give Muslims an avenue to tell our stories. It’s as simple as that. There’s a curiosity about Is-

05PGB05.indd 5

lam and a curiosity about who Muslims are — and a lot of the fear that we’re seeing comes from only hearing one story or these constant negative stories,” said Deana Nassar, MPAC’s Hollywood liaison. At the council’s first screenwriting workshop last Saturday, three dozen attendees packed into a classroom in downtown Los Angeles to hear Emmy-winning comedy writer Ed Driscoll give tips of the trade, from knowing the audience to making a script outline. The students reflected a diversity not often seen in Hollywood’s portrayal of Muslim-Americans, from a black woman who grew up in Mississippi to a stay-at-home mom to a defense attorney who dabbles in screenwriting on the side. Khadijah Rashid, 33, said before class that her Hollywood experience included working behind the scenes on everything from reality TV to the award-winning biopic Ray. But Rashid said she had always felt her own story — growing up Muslim in the Deep South — was the tale she most wanted to tell. She recalled being teased as a child for her unusual last name and choking down chunks of dry cheese for lunch when the school cafeteria served pork, a forbidden food in Islam. “I don’t think it’s much drama, but it’s my own personal drama,” said Rashid, now a single mother living in Pasadena, Calif. “I definitely

want to tell my story, but I need to learn how. If I get the tools, I’ll just pour it out.” With any luck, Hollywood will listen. The industry has taken more interest in telling authentic Muslim stories in recent years, said Ahmos Hassan, a Muslim-American talent manager who has been in the business for more than two decades. “There’s a demand for Muslim stories, but whether it’s Muslim writers or not depends on the talent they bring to the table,” Hassan, who owns Chariot Management, said during a break in the class. “They need to bring that to the industry — and I think the industry is open to it now, more so than any time before.” MPAC has had some

success working with writers and producers from the outside. Its Hollywood Bureau was founded after Sept. 11, 2001, with a simple strategy: to make sure the portrayal of Islam on TV screens was accurate, even if it was negative. Since then, the organization has consulted on a parade of hit TV shows, including 24, Bones, Lie to Me, 7th Heaven, Saving Grace and Aliens in America. The group also has held meetings with top network executives from ABC, CBS, FOX and NBC, and throws a Muslim-inspired version of a Hollywood awards show each year for productions, both mainstream and independent, that advance understanding of Islam. In 2009,


SCRIPTING THE CHANGE: Producer-writer Khadijah Rashid prays at her home in Pasadena, Calif.

winners included Slumdog Millionaire and The Simpsons, for an episode that featured Bart befriending a Muslim boy named Bashir. The goal is not to spoonfeed Hollywood Muslimfriendly story lines, but to increase awareness of the diversity of Muslim-Americans and to be a resource for writers and producers, Nassar said. “There’s only a small, small number of people who are trying to drive a negative agenda. Most of the time it’s innocent oversight, and they’re very happy to get our take on what they’re doing, to get our feedback,” said Nassar, who also attended the workshop and is an entertainment lawyer by training. That feedback has been an eye-opener and a challenge for some in the industry, where the Muslim -as-terrorist plot line has been an accepted story for years. “When you’re sitting in the writer’s room, and you’ve got to come up with a plot line and you’ve got to come up with a bad guy, it’s really easy to pull that out and say, ‘OK, Muslim terrorist,’ ” said T.S. Cook, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter who will teach two of the four sessions. “It’s a lazy man’s way to villainy — and it’s pretty ingrained.” Writer Roger Wolfson, who worked on the TNT drama Saving Grace, said MPAC consultants were invaluable when he was assigned to write a script for an episode

that featured a black deathrow inmate who was converting to Islam. In the plot, the inmate Leon had a personal angel, Earl, who had been guiding him. Wolfson’s challenge was to show Leon’s conversion and decide if his angel would change in appearance — or if he would continue to exist for Leon at all. MPAC’s consultants urged Wolfson to resist making Leon’s character a militant, angry black man and instead suggested that he focus on the beauty and mystery of the moment of conversion. The collaboration paid off, he said. “Everything was my idea, but I didn’t know a single detail. I didn’t know how you convert; I didn’t know what it means; I didn’t know what an Islamic angel would say, how an Islamic angel would behave,” Wolfson recalled in a phone interview. In the end, Wolfson showed Leon reciting the Islamic declaration of faith in his prison cell as his angel watches. When Leon opens his eyes, the angel is still there and greets him with a simple “Us salaamu alaykum,” or “Peace be upon you” in Arabic. The episode was one of the high points of Wolfson’s career. “With every writer, you’re always looking for new ways to provide freshness to your characters in abbreviated fashion,” Wolfson said. “You can do that, sometimes, by making somebody a believable Muslim.”

2/5/2011 5:21:52 AM







For more comics & puzzles, go to


Opening lead — ♠ queen

NORTH ♠AK4 ♥KJ92 ◆AK ♣8652 WEST ♠ Q J 10 8 5 ♥85 ◆ Q 10 8 5 2 ♣J



EAST ♠962 ♥73 ◆J964 ♣ K 10 9 7

SOUTH ♠73 ♥ A Q 10 6 4 ◆73 ♣AQ43 Vulnerable: Both Dealer: South The bidding: South West North East 1♥ Pass 2 NT* Pass 4♥ Pass 4♠ Pass 5♣ Pass 5◆ Pass 6♥ All pass *Game-forcing heart raise 2-5

In today’s auction, South suggests a minimum opening with no shortage via his second-round jump to game. North keeps the auction alive by cue-bidding, and finally South upgrades his trump honors and his honors in the long suits to take a shot at slam. From declarer’s point of view, when there are losers in only one suit (clubs) and the side suits can be stripped out, clubs should be the last suit attacked. Declarer draws trumps, ruffs out the spades, then plays the diamond aceking before leading a low club from dummy. If East follows low, South can afford to play low as well, intending to take the finesse later. West wins the

jack and has to give South a ruff and a sluff with a diamond or a spade play. South ruffs in dummy, discarding a club, then can take the club finesse to bag the slam. So is the contract always makable? Not so fast! When declarer does not try to ruff a diamond in dummy, East can count out South’s hand precisely. He knows his partner had a singleton club. If it is a small singleton, the defense has no hope. But if the singleton is the jack or the queen, East has to try to circumvent the looming endplay. Look what happens if East plays the club king and swallows his partner’s jack! After this diabolical defense, there is no way for South to avoid losing two club tricks. —BOBBY WOLFF





WHITE MATES IN 3 Hint: Ring around the Rosie.

Solution: 1. Qg8ch! Kd7 2. Qd8ch Kxe6 3. Qd5 mate! [from Pashikian-Popiiski ’10].






Dear Abby: My older brother “Mike” was married several months ago. The family was informed after the fact. Mike and his bride, “Sophie,” didn’t elope. They had planned their church wedding for the better part of a year, and decided to include only a small group of friends while completely excluding the family. Naturally, this has caused hurt feelings. As far as I’m concerned, I have lost a sibling rather than gained one. Mike and Sophie are now throwing themselves a party in their honor to celebrate their union. My mother not only wants me to attend, but expects me to give them a gift as well. Mom says he is “family” and therefore I am obligated to give a gift. I say I wasn’t invited to their wedding so I’m under no obligation to give one. I have no desire to reward someone who thinks so little of me. What do you say? Left Out Sibling in Wisconsin If you haven’t already done so, tell your brother how hurt you feel to have not been invited to his wedding, then listen to what he has to say. Give him a chance to mend fences. If that doesn’t happen, then skip the celebration. But remember that if you don’t attend, the rift that has been created may never be healed.



not allow your sister’s mental disorder — because that is what you are describing — to keep you from going to college and having a life. Your sister has your parents, so she won’t be all alone. The second is to write a letter to her therapist explaining your concerns. If anyone can help your sister, it is her therapist. Dear Abby: I have a friend from school who is very close to me. I only get to see her at lunch at school. We have managed to keep our friendship going through e-mails and sleepovers. However, she is often not available for sleepovers, and when she is, she must always leave at 12 a.m.! I know it’s not just me because other friends of hers have said this, too. Once I asked her why she had to leave so early and she said it was her mom. Why do you think her mom is so adamant about early endings? Wondering in Atlanta It’s probably because your friend’s curfew ends at midnight or a little after, and her mother hasn’t given her permission to attend all-night sleepovers. But if you want to be sure — have your mother ask her mother.

Dear Abby: I am a high school senior who is worried about leaving my older sister. “Jamie” is 10 years older and moved back home with my parents and me after she finished college. She takes medication because of her anxiety and stays in her room most of the time. In the six years that Jamie has lived here she has made no friends or acquaintances. I believe I’m the only person she has a relationship with other than her therapist. As I spend more time on schoolwork and projects and less time with her, she feels ignored and becomes desperate to spend time with me. I feel I’m her only link to the outside world. I’m worried that when I move away she’ll lose that connection and not make any attempts to find a relationship or a job. I care deeply about Jamie, but I want to go to college. How can I help her to get moving? My Sister’s Keeper in Illinois


I can think of two ways. The first is to

HOROSCOPE IF TODAY IS YOUR BIRTHDAY: Take time out for some sentiment on Valentine’s Day even if your heart is mostly in your ambitions. You are willing to claw your way up the ladder of success this month. • AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): Don’t sweep problems under the rug. Your ambitions will not let you rest much this weekend. • PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): The less said, the better. Maintain a low profile and avoid making significant purchases.


• ARIES (March 21-April 19): The special someone you meet tonight might come with references or a letter of recommendation. • TAURUS (April 20-May 20): If you are working overtime, you might find that you must be overly cautious about the tiny details. • GEMINI (May 21-June 20): Apply a little TLC to a relationship. Put on your thinking cap and set some goals for the future with a partner. • CANCER (June 21-July 22): If you show faith in a special someone, then he or she will work harder to deserve your trust and confidence. • LEO (July 23-Aug. 22): You might need to exercise an enormous amount of self-control and discipline to accomplish everything on your agenda this weekend. • VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): An ability to convey the proper message solves problems. Take time to organize your possessions and fix the little things around the house that are broken. • LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): Do the right thing. Good fences make good neighbors — and you may need to mend a few fences that you have been ignoring. • SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): Give an inch and gain a mile. Be generous with apologies and work hard to clarify misunderstandings. • SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): You might see things that annoy your critical eye, especially where your possessions are concerned. • CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): Put a cap on spending today and don’t start any long-term financial contracts under these stars.

05PGB06.indd 6

CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Under siege 6 World’s fair, for short 10 Some heirs 14 Susan’s “All My Children” role 15 Muslim prince (Var.) 16 Get ___ the ground floor 17 Bit of bedroom furniture 19 Pointed remark 20 Stand for 21 Bring action against 22 You can dig it 23 Pastoral poem setting 25 Square dancer’s need 27 Brunch dish (Var.) 32 Selection after carving the turkey 33 Balthazar’s group 34 Frozen dew 36 Reason to wear boots, perhaps 40 Urban blight 41 Follow in sequence 43 Turkish title 44 Buckwheat porridge 46 Coral reef dwellers 47 Thin incision 48 Demolitionist’s aid 50 Not wishy-washy 52 Operating automatically 56 Holliday at the O.K. Corral 57 Plucked instrument 58 Triumphant interjection

60 Hastily puts together, as a contraption 65 Steinbeck migrant 66 It could knock your socks off 68 Sugar substitute? 69 School newsletter recipient 70 Traditions 71 Eugene O’Neill’s “___ Christie” 72 Come across as 73 Give off, as perspiration DOWN 1 Show flexibility, in a way 2 Source of the Niagara 3 “No Loitering,” e.g. 4 Twice-heard sound 5 Tell secrets 6 Word between two dogs? 7 Yuletide, informally 8 Calendar model, perhaps 9 Severe test 10 It reveals a liquid level 11 Whopper topper, perhaps 12 To the manor born 13 Scornful smile 18 Have underlying anger 24 ___ time (long ago) 26 High-___ monitor 27 Oblast bordering Kazakhstan 28 Wee one’s wail 29 Things that modest

people rarely display 30 Gilbert and Sullivan’s specialty 31 Went slowly 35 Like most notebook paper 37 Wrinkly fruit 38 Knife, in street talk 39 Take dislike to the

extreme Gentleman-at-arms Picnic invader Pageant crowns Frozen spear “Mary Tyler Moore” spinoff 53 Like bourbon barrels 54 Piccolo played by

42 45 49 51 52

James Caan Santiago’s country Chills and fever What swabs swig Needing kneading Puts to work Tap-on-the-shoulder alternative 67 “That’s curious ...”

55 59 61 62 63 64

2/4/2011 9:22:52 PM




Sumo scandal rocks Japan BY ERIC TALMADGE Associated Press

TOKYO — Japan’s latest sumo scandal widened as two wrestlers and a coach admitted fixing bouts, broadcasters pulled their support from telecasts and the nation’s prime minister accused the ancient sport of betraying the public’s trust. Media reports Thursday said police are also now investigating whether active wrestlers bet on the outcome of bouts, deepening concerns that gangsters — who allegedly played a role in an earlier gambling scandal — may again be involved. The widening scandal has become a national embarrassment to Japan, where the sport is followed by millions of fans and considered an important part of the country’s cultural heritage. Japan’s Prime Minister Naoto Kan told Parliament he felt betrayed and angered by the scandal. “If it is true, it is a very serious betrayal of the people,” he said. Sports Minister Yoshiaki Takaki told a parliamentary panel on Thursday the Japan Sumo Association had confirmed wrestler Chiyohakuho and sumo coach Takenawa admitted to bout fixing after police found suspicious text messages on their cellphones. Lower-ranked wrestler Enatsukasa also admitted to fixing matches. The three are seen as the tip of the iceberg. All told, more than a dozen wrestlers

Soccer fans damage players’ cars after defeat SAO PAULO — (AP) — Corinthians fans invaded the team’s training center and damaged cars belonging to several players after the team’s elimination from the Copa Libertadores. A group of fans threw rocks and smashed the luxury cars’ windows early Thursday, shortly after the team lost to 2-0 to Deportes Tolima in Colombia. Other supporters went to the airport to protest, but the squad left through a back exit, escorted by police. Protest messages were also painted on the walls of the team’s headquarters, including some against veteran striker Ronaldo. Corinthians has been under pressure from its fans since last year, when it failed to win any titles while celebrating its centenary. The Copa Libertadores is the only major championship the team is yet to win. The result leaves the Brazilian club with little to play for the rest of the year, and may prompt Ronaldo to halt his career ahead of time. He had already said he wouldn’t play past 2011, and has not dismissed stopping earlier depending on his condition and the team’s results. The visibly out-of-shape Ronaldo said he was “a little stunned” as he left the pitch on Wednesday, as some fans jeered him.


Two NFL teams exemplify split in safety debate • NFL, FROM 8B


TAINTED SPORT: Estonia’s Baruto is thrown down on the ring by Grand Champion Hakuho of Mongolia at the New Year Grand Sumo Tournament in Tokyo. or coaches have been implicated in the scandal, and all top competitors are being questioned in an internal investigation launched by the sumo association. Most Japanese consider

sumo — which traces its origins to religious purification rites — to be more than just a sport. Seen as the keepers of a prized tradition, wrestlers are expected to observe a

high standard of public behavior and wear their hair in topknots like the samurai of old. But the recent spate of scandals has sent sumo’s popularity into a nosedive.

Pettitte decides to retire because of heart, not arm • PETTITTE, FROM 8B

never let that interfere with a life decision I make for myself and my family.” Pettitte said no one had spoken to him about his participation in Clemens’ trial, so he has not spent any time considering what that might be. “God has carried me through that whole situation and He will continue to carry me, no matter what happens,” Pettitte said. “The way that the fans have supported me through all that has been absolutely amazing. That had no impact on my decision. It has had no impact on my life.” Pettitte listed some of his favorite memories of

his career as a Yankee, with the first World Series victory in 1996 being high on that list. But he said he hoped people remembered all of his career for his positive impact on the team. “To play with such great players has been fun,” Pettitte said. “To be able to contend for a championship every year has been fun. It’s been special.” Pettitte, like Mike Mussina in 2008, is one of the rare players to go out on top. Pettitte was 11-3 last season, when he had his best earned run average since 2005. He said that made walking away more difficult. “It’s tough when you can

still do it physically,” he said. “It’s all I know. I’m a pitcher. It’s all I know how to do. It’s a tough decision, but I know it’s the right one.” Laura Pettitte described the up-and-down emotions her husband went through after the season ended and when he started working out just after Christmas. “He told me during the series with the Rangers, he felt like that was it,” she said. “He always asked me what I was thinking and I said if you’re not 100 percent done maybe you should try it. There was a lot of back and forth. The day he told me last week, he just said, I’m done. That’s it.”

The healthy Rodgers has not lost since: He helped rout the Giants, 45-17, in his first game back; secured the Packers’ playoff spot with a win over Chicago; and ripped through Philadelphia, Atlanta and Chicago again to reach the Super Bowl. Had Rodgers returned too soon and sustained another concussion, his season, and his team’s, could very well have been over. While many concussions go unnoticed, Rodgers’ injury against Detroit was no secret to his teammates. But the speed of football kept him from receiving immediate treatment. Tackled after an 18-yard scramble near halftime, Rodgers hit his head hard on the turf and rose slowly, requiring a few Packers to pull him up by the arms. He walked to the huddle and called a 30-second timeout — not long enough for any medical personnel to examine him — before returning to the huddle. “I noticed he wasn’t right,” center Scott Wells said. “He called a play that we didn’t have in that week. We had it the previous week.” Rodgers ran two plays before going to the sideline again for the two-minute warning. As Rodgers talked strategy with coach Mike McCarthy, all the Packers’ athletic trainer, Pepper Burruss, said he had time to ask was, “Are you all right?” Rodgers looked him straight in the eye and said yes. Burruss said he also asked McCarthy if Rodgers was fine, and the coach said yes, although Burruss knew that no coach could truly know.

crowds in the majors. Mired in continuous chaos for impatiently since 1964 to most of the past decade, the celebrate an elusive chamBrowns’ have lost at least 10 pionship that has been games nine times since 1999. irksomely close on a few The misery hasn’t been occasions over the past limited to the field or arena, 40-some years — but always either. Bob Feller, the beout of reach. loved Hall of Fame pitcher Any kind of title now and connection to Cleveseems years away, and the land’s glorious past, died in last few months have tested December. even the most faithful, dieAnd then, there are the hard Cleveland backers. Cavaliers. The poor, poor The months of malaise pitiful Cavaliers haven’t started when LeBron James won since Dec. 18 and have left in July, leaving a frandropped 32 of 33 — a slide chise he restored in near that accelerated once James ruin. The Indians needed returned to town weara late surge in an injurying a Miami Heat uniform. riddled season to avoid Indeed, that was a chilling 100 losses and played in sight that seemed to drain front of the smallest home the team’s collective soul.

Unless they won in Memphis, the Cavaliers will match the league mark of consecutive incompetence shared by Vancouver (1995-96) and Denver (1997-98). That number is 23, the one James wore for seven seasons in the Cavaliers’ wine-and-gold. And if that wasn’t enough, there’s Sunday. Cleveland fans, who have never been closer to the Super Bowl than viewing it on television in the family room, will watch the dreaded rival Pittsburgh Steelers take a run at their seventh Lombardi Trophy against the Green Bay Packers. No Terrible Towels around here, only ones for tears.


“This is as bad as it’s ever been,” said Mike Staehr, 27, who waited in line with hundreds of fans this week at a suburban mall to get autographs from Indians outfielder Shin-Soo Choo and former Cleveland players like Len Barker and Joe Charbonneau. “Back in the ’80s, the Browns had their run, and in the ’90s, you had the Indians getting to two World Series, and more recently the Cavs were good. But now — ” Staehr’s friend, Joe Pavlick, chimed in. “The good thing,” Pavlick said, “is we can’t get any lower.”

Spurs’ Parker misses out on All-Star Four tied for lead in chilly Phoenix Open • ALL-STAR, FROM 8B


“It was cold, and it’s getting colder,” Glover said. Mickelson, coming off a one-stroke loss to Watson last week at Torrey Pines in San Diego, topped the group at 67. Watson shot a 70. “I expected the golf course to be frozen and balls to be bouncing on the greens quite a ways.” Mickelson said. “It played terrific. The greens were receptive.”

05PGB07.indd 7

Gillis said it seemed colder than it was over Christmas in Michigan when he played hockey on a lake in 15-degree conditions. “I was wearing the same stuff and it felt a little colder today,” Gillis said. “Probably because we weren’t moving as much as we were when we were playing hockey. — But it just seemed colder than 15 degrees up there, that’s all I know.”

of competition at the top of the Eastern Conference with such good teams,” Wade said. “So looking at the AllStar team, you understand that most guys are going to be from a few teams. That’s how it should be in the Eastern Conference. The Western Conference is a different argument.” Tony Parker missed out despite being the secondleading scorer for the Spurs. Veteran Steve Nash of the Suns and the Warriors’ Monta

Ellis, the league’s sixth-leading scorer, also fell short. “I think every year it’s hard for point guards to make it, because there are so many great point guards in this league, especially in the West,” Williams said. “There are always young guys that are coming into the league and it’s going to continue to be a fight every year. That’s another reason I feel so honored.” The starters were chosen by fan voting and announced last week. Orlando’s Dwight Howard, Chicago’s Derrick Rose and Knicks forward

“It’s not like I can put my hand up and say: ‘That’s it! I need an injury timeout!’ ” Burruss said. “There’s a red flag for a video review, but I don’t have anything to throw out there to check a player out.” Only after another play brought on the punting unit did Burruss and Dr. John Gray, the Packers’ team physician, get to administer the memory, balance and other tests that determined Rodgers indeed had a concussion. That meant Rodgers could not return to the game, according to new NFL guidelines. Whether before or after that decision — no one quite remembers — Driver sidled up to Rodgers and told him not to come back, to take care of himself first. Those words did not influence the team’s decision — as Burruss put it, “It’s not like Aaron was diagnosed by Dr. Driver” — but they did resonate among concussion-awareness advocates a few days later when the exchange was reported publicly. “I felt an affirmation of the things we have been arguing all along,” said Gerry Gioia, chief of pediatric neuropsychology at Children’s National Medical Center in Washington. “We keep telling kids that they have responsibility not only to your health, but that of your teammates. To hear an NFL player say that is huge for us.” The Packers kept that message strong this week. Even when the Packers lost to the Lions and then to New England, Driver said, “there wasn’t any regret; you make a decision, and you live with it.”

STRONG MESSAGE: Green Bay receiver Donald Driver, left, had encouraged quarterback Aaron Rodgers to put his health first.

Brutal times for sports teams in Cleveland • CLEVELAND, FROM 8B


Amare Stoudemire are the other East starters, while the Lakers’ Kobe Bryant, Hornets guard Chris Paul, forwards Carmelo Anthony of Denver and Kevin Durant of Oklahoma City, and Houston center Yao were the winners from the West. Yao is injured and commissioner David Stern will choose a replacement. That gives another chance to Love, who is averaging 21.4 points and a league-best 15.5 rebounds, and shooting 43.9 percent from 3-point range.

NBA EASTERN CONFERENCE Atlantic Boston New York Philadelphia New Jersey Toronto

W 37 25 22 15 13

L 11 23 26 35 37

Pct GB .771 — .521 12 .458 15 .300 23 .260 25

Southeast Miami Atlanta Orlando Charlotte Washington

W 35 31 31 21 13

L 14 18 19 27 35

Pct .714 .633 .620 .438 .271

Central Chicago Indiana Milwaukee Detroit Cleveland

W 34 19 19 17 8

L 14 27 29 32 41

Pct GB .708 — .413 14 .396 15 .347 171/2 .163 261/2

GB — 4 41/2 131/2 211/2

WESTERN CONFERENCE Southwest San Antonio Dallas New Orleans Memphis Houston

W 41 33 32 26 23

L 8 15 19 24 28

Pct GB .837 — .688 71/2 .627 10 .520 151/2 .451 19

Northwest Oklahoma City Denver Utah Portland Minnesota

W 31 29 29 26 11

L 17 20 21 23 37

Pct GB .646 — .592 21/2 .580 3 .531 51/2 .229 20

Pacific L.A. Lakers Phoenix Golden State L.A. Clippers Sacramento

W 34 23 21 19 12

L 16 24 27 29 34

Pct GB .680 — .489 91/2 .438 12 .396 14 .261 20

THURSDAY’S RESULTS Miami 104, Orlando 100 Golden State 100, Milwaukee 94 San Antonio 89, L.A. Lakers 88

2/5/2011 4:25:07 AM






Two NFL teams exemplify divide in debate on safety BY ALAN SCHWARZ

New York Times Service

DALLAS — Aaron Rodgers sat woozily on the Green Bay Packers’ bench after a hard hit from the Detroit Lions on Dec. 12. Midway through a ghastly loss, and with the Packers’ playoff hopes in the balance, the veteran receiver Donald Driver decided that Rodgers, his star quarterback, needed some encouragement. “I went behind him and told him that this game is just a game,” Driver recalled this week. “Your life is more important than the game.” A professional player telling another to put his long-term health ahead of the team — once and, to

some, still heretical The hardSuper Bowl — thrilled those who hitting linebackSunday, Feb. 6 are trying to temper er James HarriAt Arlington, Texas the sport’s win-now, son mocked the Green Bay vs. Pittsburgh regret-later ideolNFL’s crack6:30 p.m. (FOX) ogy. Neurologists down on headnodded. Parents to-head tackles, cheered. suggesting that As for the rebutthe league “lay tal in football’s cona pillow down tinuing debate, that where I’m going was gladly delivered to tackle them, this week by none so they don’t other than the Packhit the ground RODGERS ROETHLISBERGER ers’ opponent in too hard.” ReSunday’s Super Bowl ceiver Hines — the Pittsburgh Steelers, whose Ward questioned all the fuss stars stumped as football’s defiant about brain injuries, and said traditionalists. that advising his own oft-con-

cussed quarterback, Ben Roethlisberger, about health was all but preposterous. “I know players are under pressure to perform, but these guys are modeling behavior,” said Dr. John P. Sullivan, the University of Rhode Island’s sports psychologist. “If the Steelers players do what they’re saying, high school and youth athletes will do the same thing. If you have someone at the top of the game say not to risk it, like the Packers guys did, that’s powerful.” Dustin Fink, an athletic trainer for Shelbyville High School in Illinois with a special interest in concussions, said he was rooting for the Packers on Sunday primarily

because of the messages delivered by each team’s players. “We want people to say the right things whether they believe it or not, because kids are listening,” Fink said. “The Packers have handled this wonderfully. Meanwhile, Hines Ward makes fun of the people trying to protect him.” The Packers might have saved their season through their handling of Rodgers’ concussion, his second of the year. Doctors kept him out of the Lions game and also Green Bay’s subsequent loss to New England, before ruling him recovered. • TURN TO NFL, 7B


New York Times Service

ward and I’m sure they will be great this year. But yes, I felt a tremendous amount of pressure.” At his news conference, Pettitte sat alongside his wife, Laura, and said he finally arrived at his decision when thinking about packing up and leaving their home in Deer Park, Texas, for another season. That’s when he felt he was sure retirement was the right decision. “When I left Arlington Stadium at the end of last season, I felt like I was done, but as I went through the offseason I felt like I should maybe just make sure,” Pettitte said. Pettitte also said the looming perjury trial of his former teammate Roger Clemens, in which Pettitte is expected to be called to testify against Clemens, had no part in his decision. That trial is scheduled for July and would have certainly been an uncomfortable interruption of his season. “That had absolutely no effect — I mean zero — on my decision,” Pettitte said. “I would

Andy Pettitte said his arm feels good enough to report to spring training and his body feels good enough to pitch another season for the Yankees, but he made his decision to retire when he realized his heart was not in it anymore. Pettitte appeared at a news conference Friday at Yankee Stadium to announce formally that he is stepping away from baseball after 16 seasons, 13 of them with the Yankees. He becomes the first of the four players — Derek Jeter, Jorge Posada and Mariano Rivera being the other three — who formed the core of a team that won five World Series to put down his glove. Pettitte, 38, said his health had no part in his decision, despite some nagging injuries last season. He said he had been working out hard for the past three and a half weeks to see if he was up to another season. “I’m ready to go pitch at spring training if I had to,” Pettitte said. “My arm feels fine. My body feels fine. But my heart’s not where it needs to be.” That heart was tested, though, • TURN TO when the Yankees failed to sign cov- PETTITTE, 7B eted free agent pitcher Cliff Lee, who opted to join the Phillies. “When they didn’t get him, I felt a tremendous obligation,” Pettitte said. “That’s when I started working out. I felt like I owed it to the organization. I felt like they wanted me before, but STEPPING AWAY: Andy Pettitte, 38, now they needed me. But this orga- said his health had no part in his nization will continue to move for- decision.


Four tied for 1st round lead in chilly Phoenix Open BY JOHN NICHOLSON Associated Press

SCOTTSDALE, Ariz. — Bubba Watson started play with a ski cap and kept his hands warm between shots with mittens. Ben Crane wore two hats and three pair of pants. And Phil Mickelson played his final nine holes in short sleeves. Short sleeves? In 45-degree conditions Thursday in the Phoenix Open? “I don’t know how he was doing it because I didn’t think it was that warm out,” said playing partner Bill Haas, tied for the lead in the suspended first round at 6-under 65. “Better than it was in the morning, but it’s still pretty cold.” Lefty thought nothing of it. “I started to get a little bit warm,” Mickelson said. “It felt great.” The start of play was delayed four hours because of heavy frost at TPC Scottsdale and only the scheduled morning starters completed the round. The temperature dipped into the mid 20s overnight and it was 39 when play started at 11:40 a.m. The high was 47 on a cloudless day in the desert. “It’s cold. You’ve got four layers on,” said Haas, tied with Jason Bohn, Tom Gillis and Champions Tour player Tom Lehman. Lucas Glover, sporting a thick beard that prompted calls of “Grizzly” and “Brian Wilson” from fans, was a stroke back along with Chris Couch and Ben Crane. • TURN TO GOLF, 7B

05PGB08.indd 8

Griffin, 4 Celtics picked as reserves Cleveland: BY BRIAN MAHONEY Associated Press

NEW YORK — Blake Griffin is going to his first All-Star game, and Kevin Garnett matched an NBA record Thursday with his 14th straight selection as one of a record-tying four Boston Celtics headed for the midseason event. Rajon Rondo, Paul Pierce and Ray Allen will accompany Garnett, who equaled Jerry West, Shaquille O’Neal and Karl Malone for the most consecutive selections. The Celtics joined the 2006 Detroit Pistons as the only teams to have four players picked as reserves by the coaches. Griffin, the Rookie of the Year favorite of the Clippers, will be-

come the first rookie All-Star since Yao Ming in 2003. Joining Griffin on the Western Conference team for the Feb. 20 game at Staples Center were Tim Duncan and Manu Ginobili of the NBA-leading Spurs; forwards Dirk Nowitzki of Dallas and Pau Gasol of the Lakers; and guards Deron Williams of Utah and Russell Westbrook of Oklahoma City, who joins Griffin as the lone first-time selections. Chris Bosh will go to Los Angeles with Miami teammates LeBron James and Dwyane Wade, who were elected as starters. The other East reserves picked were Atlanta’s Joe Johnson and Al Horford.

The reserves were selected in voting by the head coaches in each conference, who had to vote for two forwards, two guards, a center and two players regardless of position. They went for the winning teams in the East, whose reserves are represented by just three teams. The voting was much more difficult in the West, where coaches bypassed the likes of Kevin Love, LaMarcus Aldridge, Zach Randolph and Lamar Odom at the forward spot. “There hasn’t been too many times where you’ve had this kind • TURN TO ALL-STAR, 7B

Suit says Mets owners knew about Madoff BY RICHARD SANDOMIR

New York Times Service

A lawsuit brought by the trustee for the victims of Bernard L. Madoff’s multibillion-dollar Ponzi scheme accuses the owners of the Mets of being so enamored of the enormous profits they earned while investing over decades with Madoff that they ignored repeated and specific warnings that he might have been operating a fraud. The lawsuit, unsealed in federal bankruptcy court in Manhattan, N.Y., on Friday, contends that the team’s owners, Fred Wilpon and Saul Katz, used the profits from their investments with Madoff to establish personal fortunes, enrich a number of family trusts and financially fuel their array of businesses, from the Mets to real estate to a cable sports network. “There are thousands of vic-

tims of Madoff’s massive fraud,” states the lawsuit. “But Saul Katz is not one of them. Neither is Fred Wilpon.” At various times over the years, the suit says, as the men’s investments with Madoff only widWILPON ened and deepened, they were blind to what it calls a litany of alarms: skepticism expressed by those in their inner circle, by fellow investors and by financial KATZ institutions. Indeed, the lawsuit says the two men, their families and their businesses

“made so much easy money from Madoff for so long” that despite the many warnings they “chose to simply look the other way.” Since Madoff’s arrest in December 2008, Wilpon has portrayed himself as a victim of the fraud, one he conceded was carried out by a man who had been his friend for many years. On Friday, in a personal statement through their lawyers, Wilpon and Katz decried the trustee’s legal assault. “The trustee’s lawsuit is an outrageous ‘strong arm’ effort to try to force a settlement by threatening to ruin our reputations and businesses, which we have built for over 50 years,” Wilpon and Katz said. Lawyers representing Wilpon, Katz and the other officers of their parent company, Sterling Equities, insisted the men had no reason to believe Madoff’s investment firm was a fiction.

The city of losers BY TOM WITHERS

Associated Press


reetings from anti-Titletown USA — Loserland, Ohio. OK, so that nickname might be a little harsh. But these are brutal, brutal times for Cleveland’s three professional sports teams and their fans. Painfully, historically brutal. The undisputed heavyweight championship city of sports despair, and a home to scarred generations of battered-but-loyal followers, Cleveland is suffering through dreary days. Think you’re having a tough winter? Try rooting for one of these squads. The LeBron James-less Cavaliers have lost 22 straight games, one shy of the NBA single-season record. The Indians have low expectations after losing 93 games last season. And the cherished-and-seemingly-cursed Browns, one of only four franchises never to play in the Super Bowl, went 5-11 for the second year in a row and just fired another coach. “You could say the town’s sports psyche is a little bruised right now,” said former Indians manager Mike Hargrove, one of Northeast Ohio’s adopted sons and longtime residents. “But it’s nothing we haven’t always had — and haven’t been used to.” Losing, you see, is sadly a way of life along frozen Lake Erie, where fans have waited


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Edition 05 February 2011

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