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INTERNATIONAL EDITION

WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3, 2011

108TH YEAR I Š2011 THE MIAMI HERALD

Debt bill becomes law, averting default needed under the rules, 28 Republicans voted against the bill but only 6 Democrats voted against it. One independent went each way. In contrast, in the House, mostly the Republicans voted yes and about half the Democrats voted no. Sen. Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the minority leader, who played a central role in the ultimate compromise, said his party’s goal was “to get as much spending cuts as we could from a government we didn’t control.â€? “It may have been messy,â€? he said. “It may have appeared to some that their government wasn’t working, but in fact the opposite was true.â€? Legislating, he added, “was never meant to be pretty.â€? He and Sen. Harry Reid of Nevada, the majority leader, had a gentle toe-to-toe as the debate ended, praising each other’s performance while denouncing each other on the substance. “It’s never, ever personal,â€? McConnell said. Reid presaged the next battle, when an appointed Congressional committee is to seek new ways to cut the deďŹ cit, by rejecting the assertions of his Republican colleagues that the next phase would again exclude revenue increases, which the Democrats failed to include in the ďŹ rst round. “That’s not going to happen,â€? Reid said. Obama, too, called for the ultimate solution to include new revenues, including raising taxes on the wealthiest U.S. citizens and closing corporate loopholes, saying he would ďŹ ght for that approach as the Congressional commission considers what to recommend to Congress for an up-or-down vote before the end of the year, as the new law requires. Enactment of the legislation signals a pronounced shift in ďŹ scal policy, from the heavy spending on economic stimulus and warfare of the past few years to a regime of steep spending cuts aimed at reducing the deďŹ cits — so far, without new revenues sought by the White House. “Make no mistake, this is a change in behavior from spend,

BY JENNIFER STEINHAUER AND CARL HULSE New York Times Service

WASHINGTON — U.S. President Barack Obama signed into law on Tuesday legislation raising the government’s debt ceiling and cutting trillions of dollars in spending, ďŹ nally ending a fractious partisan battle just hours before the government’s borrowing authority was set to run out. The Senate passed the bill, 74 to 26, earlier Tuesday after a short debate devoid of the oratorical passion that had echoed through both chambers of Congress for weeks. A few minutes after the vote, Obama excoriated his Republican opposition for what he called a manufactured crisis that could have been avoided. “Voters may have chosen divided government,â€? he said, “but they sure didn’t vote for dysfunctional government.â€? The compromise, which the House passed on Monday, has been decried by Democrats as being tilted too heavily toward Republican priorities, mainly because it does not raise new taxes as it reduces budget deďŹ cits by at least $2.1 trillion in the next 10 years. But it attracted many of their votes, if only because the many months of standoff had brought the country perilously close to default. Rather than soothing already nervous markets, the ďŹ nal passage sent stocks lower. The wrangling also laid bare divisions within both parties, in the House where scores of the most conservative Republicans and most liberal Democrats refused to vote for the bill, and again in the Senate where senators such as Kelly Ayotte of New Hampshire and Mike Lee of Utah, both Republican freshmen blessed by the Tea Party, also voted against it. The last to vote was Sen. Olympia Snowe of Maine, who conferred for several minutes with Sen. Jon Kyl of Arizona, her face twisted in a grimace, then voted yes, as he had done. Snowe, a moderate Republican who faces reelection next year, is already a target of Tea Party activists in her state. In a chamber where a Democratic majority was essentially bending to the will of a Republican minority, and where 60 votes were .TURN TO DEBT LIMIT, 2A

THANASSIS STAVRAKIS/AP FILE, 2010

Muslim immigrants hold outdoor prayers in central Athens. Human rights and immigrant groups are warning of a rise in anti-immigrant attacks carried out by far-right groups.

Fears of far-right rise in Greece BY DEREK GATOPOULOS Associated Press

ATHENS — They descended by the hundreds — black-shirted, bat-wielding youths chasing down dark-skinned immigrants through the streets of Athens and beating them senseless in an unprecedented show of force by Greece’s far-right extremists. In Greece, alarm is rising that the twin crises of ďŹ nancial meltdown and soaring illegal immigration are creating the conditions for a right-wing rise — and

the Norway massacre drove authorities to beef up security. The move comes amid spiraling social unrest that has unleashed waves of rioting and vigilante thuggery in Athens. The United Nations’ refugee agency warns that some Athens neighborhoods have become zones where “fascist groups have established an odd lawless regime.� Greek police on Monday said they have increased security checks at Muslim prayer houses and other immigrant sites in re-

sponse to the Norway shooting rampage that claimed 77 lives. “There has been an increase in monitoring at these sites since the events occurred in Norway,â€? said police spokesman Thanassis Kokkalakis. Greece’s fears are shared across Europe. Last week, EU counterterror ofďŹ cials held an emergency meeting in Brussels on ways to combat right-wing violence and rising Islamophobia, .TURN TO GREECE, 2A

Castro says he’s working to ease migration regulations BY JUAN O. TAMAYO

jtamayo@MiamiHerald.com

MIAMI — Cuba’s ruler Raul Castro said he is working to relax Cuba’s migration policies, almost certainly referring to Cubans abroad who want to travel back to the island but perhaps also — and much more signiďŹ cantly — to Cubans on the island who want to travel abroad.

Castro’s comments to Parliament, as reported in the state-run news media, remained unclear late Monday but sparked broad interest among island residents who have long demanded the right to travel abroad without the need for obtaining a government “exit permit.� He was quoted as saying that the government “is making advances

Study examines experiences of homosexual Mormons BY JENNIFER DOBNER Associated Press

feelings themselves were a sin. One faith leader last year even suggested gays could change their sexual orientation through prayer. So as a teen growing up in west Texas, Clayson skirted the issue with his parents, devout members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 10 children. Watching television one day with his mother, Clayson said he pointed out that one of the Survivor cast members was a gay Mormon. “She said, ‘You can’t be both,’ � Clayson said. It’s a dilemma many face as they struggle with their identities as both homosexual and religious believer. Clayson is among nearly 1,000 people sharing their experiences

SALT LAKE CITY — Evan Clayson came out as gay to his Mormon congregation from the pulpit in Houston this year. “I was asked to talk about how the Holy Ghost can be a comforter,� the 24-year-old software developer said. “I talked about relying on the Holy Ghost to boost my self-esteem . . . It got a positive reaction. I had a couple of members give me hugs.� But like many gay Mormons, Clayson wasn’t always so open, given the church’s stance on homosexuality. Like many faiths, Mormonism teaches that any sexual relationship outside of traditional marriage is a sin, and in the past, the church preached that homosexual .TURN TO GAY MORMONS, 2A

PENTAGON FACES POSSIBILITY OF LARGE BUDGET CUTS, 3A

U.S. SAYS TROOPS MUST HAVE LEGAL IMMUNITY TO STAY IN IRAQ, 6A

with the reform and elaboration of a series of regulationsâ€? on migration that have lasted “unnecessarilyâ€? for a long time. But the reports gave no details on exactly who would beneďŹ t. “We take this step as a contribution to the increase in links between the nation and the emigre community, whose makeup has changed radically since the ďŹ rst decades of

the revolution,� Castro reportedly said in comments that seemed to indicate that the eased regulations would apply to Cubans abroad. “In their overwhelming majority, Cubans today emigrate because of economic reasons, and almost all of them preserve their love for family and country,� he added. The government for decades referred to Cubans who moved abroad

as “counterrevolutionaries� and “worms� Estimates of the number of Cubans who are living abroad and have been denied Havana permission to return range from 67,000 to 200,000, including “rafters� or others who left the island illegally and those who left legally but .TURN TO CUBA, 4A

U.S. to propose fertilizer regulations BY EILEEN SULLIVAN Associated Press

WASHINGTON — More than 15 years after a fertilizer bomb was used to blow up a U.S. government building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people, the federal government is proposing to regulate the sale and transfer of the chemical ammonium nitrate. The proposal comes nearly four years after Congress gave the Homeland Security department the authority to develop a program to regulate the compound. Ammonium nitrate is one of the most common farm fertilizers in the world, and instructions for turning it into a bomb are available on the Internet. Its deadly potential was once again realized on July 22, when a Norwegian man .TURN TO FERTILIZER, 2A

BILL WAUGH/AP FILE, 1995

The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was attacked with a fertilizer bomb in 1995, killing 168 people.

FORMER INSURANCE EXECUTIVES’ CONVICTIONS OVERTURNED, BUSINESS FRONT

RANDY MOSS RETIRING FROM NFL, AGENT SAYS, SPORTS FRONT

INDEX THE AMERICAS ..........4A U.S. NEWS ....................5A OPINION ........................7A COMICS & PUZZLES ...6B 5


   



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THE MIAMI HERALD 03 AUGUST 2011