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INTERNATIONAL EDITION

Pentagon will consider cyberattacks acts of war

REED’S REVIVAL

BY DAVID E. SANGER AND ELISABETH BUMILLER New York Times Service

PHOTOS BY CHIP LITHERLAND/NEW YORK TIMES SERVICE

Ralph Reed speaks at the Tri-County Tea Party meeting, in Lady Lake, Fla. Below, Reed greets supporters after his speech.

BY ERIK ECKHOLM New York Times Service

Saudi Arabia and Iran square off over Bahrain BY GLEN CAREY Bloomberg News

the rise of the Tea Party and last year’s conservative victories that have whetted Republican appetites for more. In that time the public-relations savvy Reed, who once said a factor in his decision to locate his consulting firm in Atlanta was that the city was the headquarters of CNN, has kept an unusually low profile. Hardly bashful these days, Reed suggests that his party needs him. He said that “a couple good friends, fairly senior in the party” told him, “You need to do something.” They said, “Since you left the Christian

Coalition, we haven’t had a lean, mean operation focused on the grassroots.” Reed is pursuing these grand, some say grandiose, plans with a nonprofit group that he has described as “a 21st-century version of the Christian Coalition on steroids”. As the name implies, the Faith and Freedom Coalition hopes to rope in a broader constituency. His “sweet spot”, he says, is the millions of people who were fired up by the fiscal concerns of the Tea Party and share the cultural • TURN TO REED, 2A

In Germany, answers elusive as E. coli outbreak rages BY JUDY DEMPSEY AND JAMES KANTER New York Times Service

HAMBURG, Germany — Except for the hum of the elevator, there was hardly a sound in the intensive care unit of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf. Two hospital attendants wheeled a stretcher, as quickly and as carefully as possible, along the wide corridor. The woman on the stretcher lay motionless, her eyes closed. There was a grimace on her face, and her skin was a pale yellow-gray. Inside one room, a young man, dressed in a green hospital

PETR DAVID JOSEK/AP

Technicians take samples from a cucumber for molecular tests at a lab in Germany.

02PGA01.indd 1

networks — could be treated as an act of aggression. In response to questions about the policy, first reported Tuesday in The Wall Street Journal, administration and military officials acknowledged that the new strategy was so deliberately ambiguous that it was not clear how much deterrent effect it might have. One administration official described it as “an element of a strategy”, and added, “It will only work if we have many more credible elements.” The policy also says nothing about how the United States might respond to a cyberattack from a terrorist group or other nonstate actor. Nor does it establish a threshold for what level of cyberattack merits a military response, according to a military official. In May 2009, four months after U.S. President Barack Obama took office, the head of the U.S. Strategic Command, Gen. Kevin P. Chilton, told reporters that in the event of a cyberattack “the law of armed conflict will apply”, and warned that “I don’t think you take anything off

WASHINGTON — The Pentagon, trying to create a formal strategy to deter cyberattacks on the United States, plans to issue a strategy soon declaring that a computer attack from a foreign nation can be considered an act of war that may result in a military response. Several administration officials, in comments over the past two years, have suggested publicly that any U.S. president could consider a variety of responses — economic sanctions, retaliatory cyberattacks or a military strike — if critical U.S. computer systems were attacked. The new military strategy, which emerged from several years of debate modeled on the 1950s effort in Washington to come up with a plan for deterring nuclear attacks, makes explicit that a cyberattack could be considered equivalent to a more traditional act of war. The Pentagon is declaring that any computer attack that threatens widespread civilian casualties — for example, by cutting off power supplies or bringing down hospitals and emergency-responder • TURN TO CYBERATTACKS, 2A

Christian Coalition co-founder is escaping the political purgatory that many had predicted

LADY LAKE, Fla. — Ralph Reed turns 50 this month, but as he roused a crowd of retirees here with talk of restoring Christian values and bringing down U.S. President Barack Obama, he still looked like the boy wonder who appeared on the cover of Time magazine in 1995, named “The Right Hand of God” for building the Christian Coalition into an electoral juggernaut. The standing ovation the other day at a meeting of the Tri-County Tea Party in central Florida was just one sign that Reed, who has formed a new group with national aspirations called the Faith and Freedom Coalition, is escaping the political purgatory that even many Republicans had predicted and may be gaining some traction as he seeks to emerge as a player in the 2012 campaign. In 2006, in his first bid for elective office, Reed suffered a humiliating loss in the Republican primary for lieutenant governor of Georgia, dogged by revelations about his close business ties to Jack Abramoff, the lobbyist who went to prison for influence peddling and defrauding Indian tribes. But the ensuing five years have been a political eternity, with the election of Obama,

THURSDAY, JUNE 2, 2011

108TH YEAR I ©2011 THE MIAMI HERALD

gown, sat completely still beside a bed, his hand resting on the side. He looked at a woman lying in the bed. She had the same color as the woman on the stretcher, the same listlessness. The scene Tuesday afternoon is just one part of a food contamination crisis unfolding in northern Germany and beyond, as health officials continue to scramble to find the source of a deadly E. coli outbreak and doctors struggle to keep alive the most vulnerable of the victims. “These people are very, very sick,” said Dr. Joerg F. Debatin, the medical director and chief executive of the hospital, where doctors are fighting to save the lives of the 20 people in intensive care. Hamburg is the center of the crisis that broke out nearly three weeks ago. By Tuesday, 15 people had died, according to the German state authorities, and more than 1,100 are enduring the effects of the bacteria. Scores of people are in intensive care units. Despite earlier statements by the regional authorities that the E. coli could be traced to cucumbers from Spain — an assertion that prompted angry denials from officials there — German officials admitted Tuesday that they were not certain of the outbreak’s source. “We’re not yet able to establish • TURN TO E. COLI, 2A

Saudi-backed rulers are using force to suppress an opposition that mostly shares Iran’s Shiite faith — exacerbating the rivalry between the region’s two most powerful and oil-rich countries. It’s “frightening to think of this conflict and the effects on oil and other markets”, said Paul Sullivan, a political scientist specializing in Middle East security at Georgetown University. Saudi Arabia, like Bahrain a Sunni monarchy and key U.S. ally, sent more than 1,000 troops to its neighbor, the largest component of a Gulf force named Peninsula Shield. They arrived March 15, the day Bahrain’s ruling Al Khalifa family declared a state of emergency after a month of pro-democracy demonstrations. Security forces have killed more than 20 protesters. Human

Diners at Shayan in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia’s capital, are assured by a sign near the cash register that they can enjoy the restaurant’s Persian food without worrying about Iranians profiting. The establishment is Saudi-owned, it says. Saudi fulmination against Iranian interference in the Persian Gulf finds its mirror image in Tehran. There, buses bring doctors and schoolgirls to join protests outside the Saudi Embassy, as clerics, ministers and state-run media denounce the deployment of Saudi troops to Bahrain. The Gulf, home to three-fifths of the world’s oil reserves, has largely escaped the violence that accompanied uprisings in Egypt, Libya and other countries this year. The main exception, though, carries the risk of a wider conflict. Bahrain’s • TURN TO FEUD, 2A

Spain’s king annoyed with health queries MADRID — (AP) — Spain’s King Juan Carlos has shown that he has a sarcastic side, berating reporters who queried him about his health and saying he feels “terrible, terrible, seeing that you like killing me”. The normally affable monarch made the comments to reporters at Zarzuela Palace, and video of the encounter was a hit in Spanish media. The 73-year-old king went back later on Tuesday to the same group of Spanish correspondents who cover the royalty and said he didn’t mean to single them out but that some in the media are hinting he “was about to die, ready to be put in a box”. The palace earlier announced that Juan Carlos will have corrective knee surgery. The monarch had a benign tumor removed from his right lung last year. PIERRE-PHILIPPE MARCOU/AFP-GETTY IMAGES

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6/2/2011 3:58:00 AM


     

      

 

     

          

                

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THE MIAMI HERALD 02 JUN 2011